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Pontificia Universidad Catlica Madre y Maestra

Campus-Santiago

What effect does stress have on health?


Academy Redaction.
ST-ILE-322-T-013
Wanda Padua.
By:
Darvis de Js. Pea A.
2011-0993

November 13, 2014


Santiago, Dominican Republic.

What effect does stress have on health?

Have you ever asked yourself what is the stress or what effect does stress have on health?
The stress is your body's way of responding to any kind of demand. It can be caused by
good and bad experiences. The stress had helped me on my life. I remember one night that I
had to stay up for study for an exam but I was so tired for others exams that I get sleep. The
stress for that exam woke me up two hours later. I could study but had to take the exam
with a strong headache.
When people feel stressed by something going on around them, their bodies react by
releasing a flood of stress hormones, including adrenaline and cortisol into the blood. These
hormones rouse the body for emergency action. These chemicals give people more energy
and strength, which can be a good thing if their stress is caused by physical danger.
However, this can also be a bad thing.
As a result of being stressed out we can be working harder or run faster, but we will
exhaust quickly. As a consequence of our differences, there is people who enjoy the excited
world of a life fully stressing; doing last minute jobs, studying for an exam the day before,
and things like that.
Stress is a normal part of the live. Joseph Goldberg said on his article, The Effects of
Stress on Your Body, on June 24, 2014: Stress becomes negative when a person faces
continuous challenges without relief or relaxation between challenges. As a result, the
person becomes overworked and stress-related tension builds. Stress that continues without
relief can lead to a condition called distress [1]
Distress is an aversive state in which a person is unable to adapt completely
to stressors and their resulting stress and shows maladaptive behaviors. It can be evident in
the presence of various phenomena, such as inappropriate social interaction (e.g.,
aggression, passivity, or withdrawal).(Wikipedia, parr. 1)[2].

The cortisol, one of the chemical we have when we are stressed, make us craving for sugar
and fat. Scientists believe the hormone binds to receptors in the brain that control food
intake. And if you already have a high body mass index, you may be even more
susceptible. Says Kate Fodor on her article, 25 Surprising Ways Stress Affects Your
Health [3]. "You can clearly correlate stress to weight gain," says Philip Hagen, MD, an
assistant professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn.
Another important effect of been stressed is the insomnia. It happen because stress can
cause hyperarousal, which, according to Dorlands Medical Dictionary, hyperarousal is a
state of increased psychological and physiological tension marked by such effects as
reduced pain tolerance, anxiety, exaggeration of startle responses, insomnia, fatigue and
accentuation of personality traits. [4]
Therefore stress can affect our health in a physical or emotionally way. Continues stress
can contribute to health problems, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, Anxiety,
Sadness or depression, Headache, obesity and diabetes.
In conclusion, all the extremes are bad. Stress is our normal way to face the adversities but
the price is too high. We have to learn techniques that let us rest and keep working
efficiently and healthier like yoga, eat healthier, and sleep well.

References.

1- Goldberg, J. (2014, June 24). The Effects of Stress on Your Body. Retrieved November
10, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/balance/stress-management/effects-of-stresson-your-body
2- Wikipedia. (2014, October 21). Distress (medicine). Retrieved November 10, 2014,
from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distress_(medicine)
3- Fodor, K. (n.d.). 25 Surprising Ways Stress Affects Your Health. Retrieved November
10, 2014, from http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20642595,00.html
4- Dorland's Medical Dictionary for Health Consumers. 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of
Elsevier, Inc.