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# MED304-FLUID MECHANICS

Teaching Scheme
Lectures: 4 Hrs/week

Examination Scheme
Theory: 80 Marks (3Hrs.)
Class Test: 20 Marks

Objectives:
This course deals with the basic concepts of fluid mechanics. The objectives of the course are to
enable the students to:

## Understand the concept of different types of fluid, and their properties.

Understand the Pascals law and its application, physical significance and application of
centre of buoyancy, metacentric height.

and CFD.

Course Content:
Unit-I

(08Hrs)

## Introduction to Fluid Mechanics:

Introduction, Ideal fluid, real fluid, Newtonian & Non Newtonian fluid, Compressible &
incompressible fluid, properties of fluid, viscosity and its units, surface tension, compressibility,
capillarity.
Fluid Statics:
Introduction, Pascals Law, pressure in fluid at rest, Hydrostatic forces on immersed, plane &
curved surfaces, centre of pressure & resultant force, buoyant force & centre of buoyancy,
Equilibrium of floating body, Meta centric height, Oscillation of floating body & engineering
applications.

Unit-II

(06Hrs)

Fluid Kinematics:
Introduction, Scalar and vector fields, Description of fluid motion, Types of fluid flow, Types of
flow lines, Continuity equation( in Cartesian and polar co ordinate), Circulation and Vorticity,
Velocity potential and stream function, Relation between velocity potential and stream function.

Unit-III

(06Hrs)

Fluid Dynamics:
Introduction, Continuity equation in Cartesian & cylindrical coordinates, Eulers Equation of
motion, Bernoullis equation & its assumptions, Applications of Bernoullis theorem,
Momentum & energy correction factors, Engineering applications of momentum equation as
force exerted by flowing fluids on bends.

Unit-IV

(06Hrs)

## Boundary Layer Theory:

Introduction to boundary layer, definition and characteristics, boundary layer thickness,
displacement thickness, energy thickness, momentum thickness,
Von-Karman momentum equation, laminar boundary layer, turbulent boundary layer, total drag
due to laminar and turbulent boundary layers, boundary layer separation and its control.
Unit-V

(09Hrs)

## Flow through Pipes

Loss of energy in pipes, loss of energy due to friction ,minor energy losses hydraulic gradient
and total energy line ,flow through compound pipes in series or flow through compound pipes
,equivalent pipe , flow through parallel pipes, flow through branched pipes.
Viscous flow : Introduction , flow of viscous fluid through circular pipe , Turbulent flow:
Introduction, Reynolds experiment ,frictional loss in pipe flow ,expression for loss of head due to
friction in pipes, expression for co-efficient of shear stress.

Unit-VI

(05Hrs)

## Dimensional Analysis and Similarity:

Dimensions of various physical quantities, Rayleighs method and Buckinghams (pie)
theorem, types of similarities, distorted & non distorted models, Dimensionless numbers & their
significance.
Introduction to computational fluid dynamics:
Introduction, Need of CFD, Governing equation of CFD, CFD applications.

## Suggested Text Books and References:

1. Fluid mechanics and Hydraulic machines by Domkundwar & Domkundwar, Dhanpat Rai
& Co.
2. Fluid mechanics and Fluid machines by S K Som, G Biswas, Tata McGraw Hill.
3. Fluid mechanics and Hydraulic machines by R K Bansal, Laxmi Publications.
4. Fluid mechanics and Hydraulic machines by Modi & Seth, Standard book house, New
Delhi.
5. Fluid mechanics and Hydraulic machines by R K Rajput, S Chand co. Publication.
6. Computational Fluid Dynamics by Anderson.
7. Fluid mechanics and Hydraulic machines by Ramamurtham, Dhanpat Rai & Sons.
8. Fluid mechanics and Fluid power engineering by D S Kumar, S K Kataria & Sons.
9. Fluid mechanics by Cengel, Tata McGraw Hill.

## Pattern of the Question Paper:

The units in the syllabus are divided in two equal sections. Question Paper consists of two
sections A and B. Section A includes first three units (1, 2 and 3) and Section B includes
remaining three units (4, 5 and 6). Question paper should cover the entire syllabus. Five
questions in each section and attempt any three questions from each section.

## LAB-IV MED324-FLUID MECHANICS

Teaching Scheme
Practical: 2 Hrs/week

Examination Scheme
Term Work: 25 Marks
Practical Exam: 25 Marks

Term work shall consist of any Six experiments from the following [excluding assignments]
Practical:
1. Determination of viscosity by using Red wood Viscometer.
2. Study and performance on different types of pressure measuring devices.
3. Determination of metacentric height by experimental method.
4. Verification of Bernoullis theorem.
5. Measurement of flow by using venturimeter and orifice meter.
6. Measurement of velocity of fluid by using Pitot tube.
7. To perform Reynolds experiment.
8. To determine the friction factor for pipes of different sizes.
9. Assignments on chapter no. 2, 4 and 6.