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INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC

Coordonator al ediiei:
Tudorel ANDREI - Preedinte INS
Colectivul de coordonare a lucrrii:
Dan Ion GHERGU, Mihaela Elena IAGR, Betrix GERD,
Gabriel JIFCU, Ilie DUMITRESCU, Adriana CIUCHEA, Gheorghe VAIDA-MUNTEAN, Doina BADEA.

Responsabil de publicaie:
Doina BADEA
Colectivul de elaborare a capitolelor Anuarului:
Adriana CIUCHEA, Silvia PISIC, Ion FLORESCU
Daniela TEFNESCU, Andoria Cristina IONI,
Lavinia BLTEANU, Andreea CAMBIR,
Mihai GHEORGHE, Liliana PINTILIA, Nina ALEXEVICI,
Ioana DIMA, Florica CRSTEA, Lucia Cecilia SINIGAGLIA,
Florentina GHEORGHE.

Colectivul de design & editare:


Ilie DUMITRESCU, Doina BADEA, Lavinia POPESCU
Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN, Rodica-Elena SOLOVSTRU,
Gabriela Melania PODBERECHI, Elena TUDOR,
Andreia MESTEACN, Minodora RDULESCU,
Genia MIHOC, Cristina BABOI, Mihaela Elena TEFAN,
Gabriela ZAGALCA, Valentina MUNTEANU, Laura ENACHE,
Lenua POPESCU, Daniela BUCUR, Daniela POPESCU.

Fotografie:

Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN
Coperta:

Alexandru POPESCU
Editare CD:
Rodica-Elena SOLOVSTRU, Laura ENACHE, Daniela BUCUR

INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC


B-dul Libertii 16, sector 5, Bucureti
Telefon: +4021 318.18.71; +4021 317.77.70
Fax: +4021 312.48.75
e-mail:romstat@insse.ro

http://www.insse.ro

Reproducerea coninutului acestei publicaii, integral sau parial,


n forma original sau modificat, precum i
stocarea ntr-un sistem de regsire sau transmiterea sub orice form i prin orice mijloace
sunt interzise fr autorizarea scris a Institutului Naional de Statistic.
Utilizarea coninutului acestei publicaii, cu titlu explicativ sau justificativ,
n articole, studii, cri este autorizat numai cu indicarea clar i precisa a sursei.
Pentru informaii, cumprarea publicaiilor
i contractarea de abonamente, v rugm s apelai la:
Biroul de Diseminare a Datelor i Publicaiilor Statistice al INS
(Tel.: 0213181871; 0213177770; 0213181824/ interior 1278, 2479),
(http://www.insse.ro)/ e-mail: datestat@insse.ro
Birourile de Diseminare ale Direciilor Judeene de Statistic
(http: // www.[ nume judet ].insse.ro)
Editura Revista Romn de Statistic
sau Librria Ion Ionescu de la Brad
(Tel.: 0213181842/ interior 1073, 2254)
i la e-mail: rrs@insse.ro

Tiraj: 600 exemplare

JANUARY 2014

I.S.S.N. : 1220 - 3246


I.S.S.N.-L : 1220 - 3246
INS 2014

CUVNT NAINTE

Anuarul Statistic este unul dintre instrumentele tradiionale ale statisticii oficiale.
Institutul Naional de Statistic ofer, cu aceast ocazie, elemente indispensabile cunoaterii
evoluiei societii, ca fundament esenial n elaborarea tuturor politicilor publice. Anuarul este
prin urmare un instrument de lucru sintetic i care, prin definiie, poart cu sine un mesaj specific
modernitii: Ne trebuie numere!
Fr cunoaterea numerelor i fundamentarea politicilor publice pornind de la date concrete,
statistica i pierde savoarea i utilitatea de tiin a statului, aa cum o identific Michel Foucault
pe urmele unor gnditori moderni.
Astzi, politicile publice sunt elaborate ntr-o logic a guvernanei europene implicnd mai
multe paliere: local, regional, naional i european. Demersul european n domeniu impune
i Institutului Naional de Statistic un comportament profesionist i neutru fa de mediul politic,
ceea ce asigur climatul necesar cercetrilor statistice elaborate de noi.
Anuarul Statistic cuprinde cele mai recente date statistice disponibile din diverse domenii,
pentru caracterizarea economic i social a Romniei.
Seriile de date din Anuarul Statistic pun n eviden starea economiei la nivelul anului 2012
precum i evoluia pe ultimii ani a principalilor indicatori economici. Anuarul Statistic cuprinde date
publicate n format tiprit, precum i un CD cu date la nivel naional i regional n format Excel,
pentru a facilita utilizarea acestora n studii i cercetri.
Anuarul Statistic al Romniei - ediia 2013 a fost elaborat prin munca statisticienilor din cadrul
instituiei noastre, att de la nivel central ct i teritorial, ntr-o atmosfer de profesionalism
i utiliznd ntr-o proporie de peste 95% metodologii aliniate la normele, standardele i tehnicile
de operare ale Sistemului Statistic European.
Eforturile lucrtorilor Institutului Naional de Statistic sunt concentrate nspre concretizarea
unui bun public de mare importan, anume cunoaterea statistic a societii, oferit tuturor
categoriilor de utilizatori de date statistice, oricrui cetean interesat de radiografiile statistice
ale societii romneti. Sperm, n acest sens, c oferim un instrument de lucru unui public
ct mai numeros i mai diversificat.
mi doresc ca datele publicate n Anuarul Statistic al Romniei - ediia 2013 s v fie utile
n activitatea dumneavoastr profesional.

Prof. univ. dr. Tudorel ANDREI,


Preedintele Institutului Naional de Statistic

SINTEZA CUPRINSULUI

Pagina
Page

CONTENTS

Not metodologic general ......................................... VII

General methodological note

Prescurtri folosite pentru unitile de msur .......... XVIII

Abbreviations used for units of measurement

Simboluri folosite ....................................................... XVIII

Symbols used

1. Geografie, meteorologie i mediu nconjurtor ........ 1

Geography, meteorology and environment

2. Populaie ................................................................. 35

Population

3. Piaa forei de munc .............................................. 81

Labour market

4. Veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul populaiei ........ 141

Population income, expenditure and consumption

5. Locuine i utiliti publice ..................................... 201

Dwellings and public utilities

6. Securitate i asisten social .............................. 215

Social protection and assistance

7. Sntate ................................................................ 253

Health

8. Educaie ................................................................ 269

Education

9. Cultur i sport ...................................................... 303

Culture and sport

10. Preuri .................................................................... 325

Prices

11. Conturi naionale .................................................. 341

National accounts

12. Investiii i imobilizri corporale ........................... 377

Investments and tangible fixed assets

13. tiin, tehnologie i inovare ................................ 391

Science, technology and innovation

14. Agricultur i silvicultur ...................................... 439

Agriculture and forestry

15. Activitatea ntreprinderii ........................................ 477

Enterprise activity

16. Industrie i construcii ........................................... 509

Industry and construction

17. Transporturi, pot i telecomunicaii .................... 525

Transport, post and telecommunications

18. Comer internaional .............................................. 549

International trade

19. Comer interior i servicii de pia ....................... 585

Domestic trade and market services

20. Turism .................................................................... 593

Tourism

21. Finane .................................................................. 617

Finances

22. Justiie ................................................................... 637

Justice

23. Statistic internaional ......................................... 649

International statistics

NOT METODOLOGIC GENERAL

GENERAL METHODOLOGICAL NOTE

1. Cadrul legal privind activitatea statistic este statuat


prin Legea nr. 226 / 2009 a organizrii i funcionrii
statisticii oficiale n Romnia. n lege se regsesc
contextul i prevederile care definesc elementele
constitutive ale procesului statistic, respectiv,
colectarea, procesarea, analiza, diseminarea datelor
statistice, dezvoltarea culturii statistice, constituirea i
administrarea seriilor de date statistice oficiale, cu
caracter demografic, social, economic, financiar i
juridic, precum i principiile fundamentale care stau la
baza funcionrii statisticii oficiale n Romnia.

1. The legal framework concerning the statistical


activity is represented by Law no. 226 / 2009 on the
organisation and functioning of official statistics in
Romania. The Law includes the context and the
provisions defining the constitutive elements of the
statistical process, namely: statistical data collection,
processing, analysis and dissemination, the statistical
culture development, the official statistical data series
building up and management, of demographic, social,
economic, financial and juridical nature, as well as the
fundamental principles on which the functioning of
official statistics in Romania is defined.
In Romania, the official statistics is organised and
coordinated by the National Institute of Statistics,
specialised body of central public administration,
subordinated to Government and financed from the state
budget.
The National Institute of Statistics is entrusted to ask
for and to obtain, free of charge, statistical data and
information from all natural and legal persons, owing any
type of capital or developing any kind of activity on
Romanias territory.
The principles on which statistical activity are based,
fully compliant with the fundamental principles related to
statistics functioning in a democratic society, adopted al
international level, consists in: professional
independence; empowerment related to data
collection; resources adequacy; commitment on
statistics
quality; statistical
confidentiality,
impartiality and objectiveness; solid methodology;
adequate statistical procedures; adequate burden of
respondents;
cost-effectiveness;
relevance,
accuracy and reliability; promptness and timelyness;
coherence and comparability; accesibility and
clearness.

Statistica oficial n Romnia este organizat i


coordonat de Institutul Naional de Statistic, organ de
specialitate al Administraiei Publice Centrale, n
subordinea Guvernului, finanat de la bugetul de stat.
Institutul Naional de Statistic este autorizat s
solicite i s obin cu titlu gratuit datele i informaiile
statistice de la toate persoanele, fizice sau juridice, care
dein capital sub orice form sau desfoar activitate de
orice fel pe teritoriul Romniei.
Principiile pe care se ntemeiaz activitatea statistic,
n deplin concordan cu principiile fundamentale
privind funcionarea statisticii ntr-o societate
democratic, adoptate pe plan internaional, constau n:
independen profesional; autoritate n materie de
culegere a datelor; adecvarea resurselor;
angajamentul privind calitatea n statistici;
confidenialitatea n statistic; imparialitate i
obiectivitate; metodologie solid; proceduri
statistice adecvate; sarcin de rspuns adecvat
pentru repondeni; eficien sub raportul costurilor;
relevan, precizie i fiabilitate (credibilitate);
promptitudine i punctualitate; coeren i
comparabilitate; accesibilitate i claritate.
Att contextul general, ct i principiile de funcionare
a statisticii, precum i producerea de date statistice de
calitate, armonizate cu normele i standardele Uniunii
Europene, confer rezultatelor activitii statistice
garania satisfacerii cerinelor utilizatorilor de date
statistice.
2. Sursele de date statistice. Datele prezentate n
Anuarul Statistic sunt rezultatul a dou categorii de
surse:
 cercetrile statistice exhaustive sau prin sondaj
cuprinse n Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA);
 surse administrative.

Both the general context and the principles of


statistics functioning, as well as the production of
statistical data of high quality, compliant with the
European Unions norms and standards confer the
statistical activity results the guarantee of meeting the
statistical data users requirements.
2. Statistical data sources. The data presented within
the Statistical Yearbook result from two data sources
categories:
 exhaustive or sample statistical surveys, included
in the Yearly National Statistical Programme (YNSP);
 administrative sources.

VII

3. Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA)


reprezint instrumentul de baz prin care Institutul
Naional de Statistic i ceilali productori de statistici
oficiale sunt autorizai s realizeze colectarea, stocarea,
procesarea, analiza i diseminarea datelor statistice
oficiale, n vederea asigurrii informaiilor necesare
utilizatorilor interni, precum i a celor ce decurg din
legislaia Uniunii Europene i din recomandrile altor
organizaii internaionale.
Programul Statistic Naional Anual cuprinde
informaii, responsabiliti, resurse i termene de
realizare, cu privire la: cercetri statistice; lucrri de
sintez, studii i analize statistice; publicaii statistice.
Programul Statistic Naional Anual se avizeaz de
Consiliul Statistic Naional i se aprob prin hotrre a
Guvernului.
4. Cercetarea statistic reprezint o lucrare complex
de culegere, prelucrare, analiz i diseminare a datelor
cu privire la starea i evoluia fenomenelor i proceselor
economice i sociale. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz
pe baz de proiecte n care sunt definite concepte
generale, scopul cercetrii i instrumentarul statistic ce
st la baza acesteia (modul de organizare a cercetrii;
chestionarul, clasificrile, nomenclatoarele, normele,
instruciunile etc.). Potrivit criteriului sferei de cuprindere,
datele din Anuarul Statistic au fost determinate pe baza
a dou tipuri de cercetri statistice:
 Cercetare statistic exhaustiv (total). n cadrul
acestui tip de cercetare datele sunt nregistrate de la
toate unitile populaiei statistice, denumit i
colectivitate statistic, bine delimitat. Populaia
statistic desemneaz totalitatea elementelor supuse
observrii
statistice,
de
aceeai
natur,
asemntoare sau omogene din punctul de vedere al
anumitor criterii. Prin astfel de cercetri statistice
exhaustive se obin rezultate detaliate n diferite
structuri administrative, geografice, grupri pe
activiti potrivit Clasificrii Activitilor din Economia
Naional (CAEN) etc.
Cele mai cunoscute cercetri exhaustive sunt
recensmintele populaiei i ale locuinelor,
recensmntul produselor i serviciilor industriale,
recensmntul general agricol.
 Cercetare statistic prin sondaj. n cadrul acestui
tip de cercetare, datele sunt nregistrate doar de la o
parte a populaiei statistice, numit eantion.
Eantionul este determinat pe baza criteriilor de
reprezentativitate, prin utilizarea unor metode
probabiliste, ale cror rezultate sunt extinse la
ntreaga populaie statistic.

VIII

3. The Yearly National Statistical Programme


(YNSP) represents the basic tool by means of which the
National Institute of Statistics and the other producers of
official statistics are authorized to carry out the
collection, storage, processing, analysis and
dissemination of official statistical data, in order to
provide the information necessary to domestic users, as
well as those resulting from the legislation of European
Union and from the recommendations of other
international organisations.
The Yearly National Statistical Programme includes
information, responsibilities, resources and deadlines,
regarding: statistical surveys, synthesis papers,
statistical studies and analyses, statistical publications.
The Yearly National Statistical Programme is
endorsed by the National Statistical Council and it is
approved by Government decision.
4. The statistical survey is a complex activity of
collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of
data related to the economic and social phenomena
situation and dynamics. The statistical survey is carried
out based on projects, where the general concepts, the
survey purpose and the statistical tools on which it is
based are defined (survey organisation: questionnaire,
classifications, nomenclatures, norms, guidelines a.s.o.).
According to the coverage criterion, the data included in
the Statistical Yearbook were determined based on two
statistical surveys types:
 Exhaustive (total) statistical survey. Under this
type of survey, data are recorded from all statistical
population units, called statistical collectivity, which is
well defined. The statistical population represents all
the elements subject to statistical observation, of the
same nature, similar or homogenous from certain
criteria standpoint. Based on such exhaustive
statistical surveys, detailed results are obtained in
various administrative and geographical structures,
by group of activities according to the Classification of
Activities of National Economy (CANE) a.s.o.
The most well-known exhaustive surveys are
population and housing censuses, industrial products
and services census, general agricultural census.
 Sample statistical survey. Under this type of survey,
data are recorded only from part of the statistical
population, called sample. The sample is determined
based on representativeness criteria, by using
probabilistic methods, whose results are further
extended to the whole statistical population.

5. Sursele administrative reprezint sursele de


eviden organizate i deinute de organisme ale
administraiei publice sau non-guvernamentale pentru
alte scopuri dect cele statistice. Sunt utilizate numai
acele surse care au un potenial adecvat cerinelor
statistice i corespund rigorilor tiinifice de sfer de
cuprindere, calitate i completitudine care le fac
utilizabile i n scopuri statistice. Folosirea acestor surse
de date i informaii n scopuri statistice se realizeaz fie
direct, ca date de baz (asimilate datelor statistice), fie
prin prelucrri i adaptri corespunztoare pentru a
satisface cerinele de calitate, comparabilitate i
coeren, fie pentru reconciliere i validarea datelor
statistice obinute n urma cercetrilor statistice.

5. Administrative sources means the evidence


sources organised and managed by public
administration or non-governmental bodies, for other
purposes than the statistical ones. Only the sources with
an appropriate potential for statistical requirements and
scientific rigour concerning coverage, quality and
completeness making them also usable for statistical
purposes are used. The use of these data and
information sources for statistical purposes is achieved
either directly, as basic data (assimilated to statistical
data), or after appropriate processing and adaptation, in
view to meet quality, comparability and coherence
requirements, or for reconciliation and validation of
statistical data obtained from statistical surveys.

6. Sfera de cuprindere a datelor. Datele prezentate n


Anuarul Statistic caracterizeaz ansamblul economiei
naionale, cu excepia cazurilor cnd, prin notele
specifice care prefaeaz fiecare capitol al Anuarului, se
precizeaz altfel.

6. Coverage. The data presented within the Statistical


Yearbook characterise the whole national economy,
except cases where specific notes that preface each
chapter of the Yearbook stipulates otherwise.

7. Mrimile statistice folosite:


n Anuar sunt prezentate, cu precdere, date absolute i
date relative (indici, ponderi, indicatori de intensitate etc.).
 Indicatorul statistic este expresia numeric a unor
fenomene, procese, activiti sau categorii
economice sau sociale, manifestate n timp, spaiu i
structuri.
 Indicele este un raport ntre valori ale aceleiai
variabile nregistrate n uniti de timp sau teritoriale
diferite.
Indicii statistici utilizai n Anuar sunt:
 Indicele Laspeyres este o medie aritmetic
ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile;
ponderile utilizate sunt cele din perioada de baz;
 Indicele Paasche este o medie aritmetic
ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile,
ponderile utilizate fiind din perioada curent.
 Unitatea statistic este un obiect al cercetrii i
purttor al caracteristicilor statistice urmrite prin
program.
 Unitatea de observare este acea entitate de la
care/pentru care sunt colectate date i informaii
primare, pe baza creia se construiesc statistici.
 Unitatea de raportare este entitatea care furnizeaz
datele i informaiile primare n cadrul unei cercetri
statistice.
 Unitatea cu personalitate juridic reprezint
entitatea (ntreprinderea, societatea comercial,
asociaia, instituia bugetar, organizaia fr scop
patrimonial etc.) care desfoar o activitate
economic, are contabilitate proprie i ia decizii n
exercitarea funciei principale.

7. Statistical measures used:


The Yearbook mainly presents absolute and relative
data (indices, weights, propensity indicators a.s.o.).
 The statistical indicator is the numerical expression
of certain phenomena, processes, activities or
economic and social categories, manifested over
time, area and structures.
 The index is a ratio between values of the same
variables recorded in various time or territorial units.
The statistical indices used within the Yearbook are:
 Laspeyres index - weighted arithmetic mean of
individual indices of the same variable; the used
weights refer to the base period;
 Paasche index - weighted arithmetic mean of
individual indices of the same variable; the used
weights refer to current period.
 The statistical unit is subject to the survey and
bearer of the statistical characteristics observed
through the programme.
 The observation unit is the entity from/for which
primary data and information are collected, based on
which statistics are compiled.
 The reporting unit is the entity supplying primary
data and information under a statistical survey.
 The unit with legal status in the entity (enterprise,
commercial company, association, budgetary
institution, non-profit organisation a.s.o.) carrying out
an economic activity, with own bookkeeping and
taking decisions when exercising its main function.

IX

 Unitatea fr personalitate juridic reprezint o


persoan, o gospodrie, o familie, o asociaie sau
orice alt entitate ce nu dispune de autonomie de
decizie n exercitarea funciei principale.

 The unit without legal status is a natural person, a


household, a family, an association or any other entity
without decisional autonomy when exercising its main
function.

8. Datele n preuri curente se refer la volumul


produciei, veniturilor, cheltuielilor sau valoarea
produselor, serviciilor etc. exprimate n preurile anului
curent. Valorile din diferite perioade n preuri curente
nu sunt direct comparabile i, n consecin, nu pot fi
utilizate la calculul indicilor fr a fi, n prealabil,
deflatate cu indicii de preuri corespunztori.

8. Data expressed in current prices refer to the


volume of production, income or expenses or to the
value of products, services a.s.o., expressed in the
current year prices. The values expressed in current
prices corresponding to various periods are not directly
comparable and, as consequence, cannot be used for
indices compilation without being previously deflated
with the corresponding price indices.

9. Formele de proprietate sunt:


 proprietate majoritar de stat - cuprinde capitalul
integral de stat, public, de interes naional i local i
mixt, unde statul deine 50% i peste din capitalul
social;
 proprietate majoritar privat - cuprinde capitalul
integral privat, mixt, n care peste 50% din capitalul
social este privat, capital integral strin, cooperatist
i obtesc. Tot aici sunt cuprinse i activitile
desfurate de ctre persoanele fizice i/sau
gospodriile populaiei.

9. Ownership types:
 state majority ownership - comprises integral
state, public, national and local interest and mixed
capital, where the states own 50% or more of the
social capital;
 private majority ownership - comprises integral
private or mixed capital, where over 50% of the social
capital is private, integral foreign or co-operative and
community capital. The activities carried out by
natural persons and/or population households are
also included here.

10. Clasificri i nomenclatoare. Sunt principalele


instrumente care fac posibil structurarea dup
criterii obiective i corecte a unitilor statistice, a
proceselor i fenomenelor observate. Clasificrile
utilizate n Anuar, potrivit diferitelor scopuri sau
diferitelor domenii de activitate, sunt:

Clasificarea Activitilor din Economia Naional
(CAEN) reprezint un sistem coordonat i coerent
de grupare, dup criterii tiinifice de omogenitate, a
datelor referitoare la unitile statistice.

10. Classifications and nomenclatures. These are the


main tools allowing for the structuring of observed
processes and phenomena according to objective
and accurate criteria related to statistical units. The
classifications used within the Yearbook, according
to various purposes or fields of activity are:

The Classification of Activities of National
Economy (CANE) is a coordinated and coherent
system for grouping, according to scientific criteria
related to homogeneity, the data referring to
statistical units.

The updated version of CANE is used in the
Yearbook, respectively CANE Rev. 2, implemented
through the Order no. 337/2007 of the National
Institute of Statistics President, published in the
Official Journal no. 293/2007 and revised in the
Official Journal no. 403/2008. CANE Rev. 2 observes
the European standards, being fully compliant with
the Nomenclature of Activities from the European
Community NACE Rev. 2.
The CANE Rev. 2 structure is the following:
 Sections - coded at one letter level;
 Divisions - coded at two digits level;
 Groups - coded at three digits level;
 Classes - coded at four digits level.

n Anuar este utilizat versiunea actualizat a CAEN,


respectiv CAEN Rev. 2, implementat prin Ordinul nr.
337 / 2007 al Preedintelui Institutului Naional de
Statistic, publicat n Monitorul Oficial nr. 293 / 2007 i
revizuit n Monitorul Oficial nr. 403/2008. CAEN
Rev. 2 respect standardele europene, fiind total
armonizat cu Nomenclatorul Activitilor din
Comunitatea European NACE Rev. 2.

Structura CAEN Rev. 2 este urmtoarea:


 Seciuni - codificate printr-o liter;
 Diviziuni - codificate prin dou cifre;
 Grupe - codificare prin trei cifre;
 Clase
- codificate prin patru cifre.

Pentru interpretarea corect a structurii datelor


potrivit CAEN Rev. 2, n Anexa nr. 1 a Notei
metodologice generale se prezint clasificarea la
nivelul seciunilor i diviziunilor.

Gruparea dup mrime a ntreprinderilor;

Clasificarea produselor asociate activitilor
utilizat de Uniunea European - CPA;

Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate
activitilor - CPSA 2002;

Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate
activitilor - CPSA 2008, aprobat prin Hotrrea
de Guvern nr. 53/1999 i revizuit prin Ordinul
Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic
nr. 605 / 15.X.2008.
CPSA 2008 reprezint o detaliere a CAEN Rev. 2, prin
ordonarea dup principiul omogenitii a tuturor
familiilor de produse i servicii pe niveluri ierarhice
succesive.
CPSA 2008 asigur informaii pentru:
satisfacerea cerinelor de agregare i detaliere a
datelor referitoare la producia de bunuri i servicii;
identificarea sistematizat a produselor i
serviciilor din economia naional;
compararea i interpretarea unitar a datelor
statistice.
CPSA 2008 este total armonizat cu Clasificarea
Produselor Asociate Activitilor (CPA 2008) utilizat n
cadrul UE. Clasificarea conine explicaii la nivelul
diverselor entiti de clasificare n funcie de necesiti.

PRODROM - Nomenclatorul de produse i


servicii industriale elaborat de Institutul Naional
de Statistic (INS) i utilizat pentru cercetri
statistice
privind
producia
industrial.
Nomenclatorul PRODROM este total armonizat cu
lista PRODCOM utilizat n cadrul Uniunii
Europene. Legtura CAEN Rev. 2 cu PRODROM
este asigurat la nivel de patru cifre (clas),
ntruct poziiile din cadrul nomenclatorului
PRODROM sunt rezultatul detalierii subclaselor
elementare CPSA 2008.

11. Definirea activitilor. n practic, majoritatea


unitilor de producie efectueaz activiti cu
caracter mixt, respectiv activitate principal, activiti
secundare i activiti auxiliare. Identificarea
activitii secundare este necesar pentru a ncadra
o unitate ntr-o anumit poziie din CAEN Rev. 2.

Activitatea principal, n sensul clasificrii, este
identificat prin metoda ordinii descresctoare (de
sus n jos). Ea reprezint acea activitate care
contribuie n cea mai mare msur la valoarea
adugat total a unitii luate n considerare.

In view to reach an accurate interpretation of data


structure according to CANE Rev. 2, the Annex no. 1 to
the General methodological note includes the
classification at section and division level.

Enterprises grouping by size;

Classification of products associated to
activities used by the European Union - CPA;

Classification of products associated to
activities - CPA 2002;

Classification of products associated to activities
- CPA 2008, adopted by the Government Decision
no. 53/1999 and revised by the National Institute of
Statistics President Order no. 605 / 15.X.2008.
CPA 2008 represents a detailed version of CANE Rev. 2,
whose organisation relies on the principle of
homogeneity of all families of products and services by
successive hierarchical levels.
CPA 2008 classification provides information in order to:
respond to the requirements of aggregation and
detailed data regarding the production of goods and
services;
identify the products and services from our national
economy;
ensure the comparability of statistical data.
CPA 2008 classification is fully harmonised
with Classification of Products Associated to Activities
(CPA 2008) used in EU. The classification contains
explanatory notes for various classification entities
according to the necessities.
 PRODROM - the Nomenclature of industrial
products and services drawn up by the National
Institute of Statistics (NIS) and used for statistical
surveys on industrial production. The PRODROM
nomenclature is fully harmonised with the
PRODCOM list used within the European Union.
The link of CANE Rev. 2 with PRODROM is ensured
at four digits level (class), since the positions from
PRODROM nomenclature are the result of CPSA
2008 detailing elementary sub-classes.

11. Activities definition. In practice, most of the


production units carry out activities of mixed nature,
namely main activity, secondary and ancillary activities.
The identification of secondary activity is needed in view
to frame a unit under a certain heading of CANE Rev. 2.


The main activity, in the sense of classification, is


identified by top-down method. This is the activity
contributing to the largest extent to the total value
added of the concerned unit.

XI

Activitatea secundar este orice alt activitate


din cadrul unitii productoare de bunuri sau
servicii.
Activitatea auxiliar este o activitate conex,
indispensabil funcionrii unei entiti, precum:
contabilitate, transport, depozitare, achiziionare
promovare, ntreinere i reparaie etc.

The secondary activity is any other kind of activity


carried out within the unit producing goods or
services.
The ancillary activity is an auxiliary activity,
indispensable for the functioning of an entity, such
as: bookkeeping, transport, storage, purchase,
promotion, maintenance and repair a.s.o.

12. mprirea teritorial. Din punct de vedere al


structurii teritoriale, datele din Anuar sunt prezentate la
nivel naional (pe ntreaga ar), precum i pe diferite
uniti teritoriale, n funcie de specificul indicatorilor.
Unitile teritoriale, dup statutul lor, sunt
administrative (comun, ora, ora-municipiu, jude) i
non-administrative (macroregiune i regiune de
dezvoltare).
Pn n anul 1998, prin lucrrile i publicaiile
statistice, s-au prelucrat i diseminat, de regul, doar
date la nivel de jude, municipii, orae i comune.
ncepnd din anul 1998, n structura teritorial i, ca
urmare, n publicaiile statistice, au fost prezentate date
i la nivelul regiunilor de dezvoltare.
ncepnd cu ediia 2008, potrivit Legii nr. 315/2004
privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, n structura
teritorial sunt prezentate date i la nivelul
macroregiunilor, constituite conform Legii privind
stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice
din
Romnia
i
cerinelor
Regulamentului
CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului
European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al
unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n
Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003.

12. Territorial breakdown. From territorial structure


standpoint, the data included in the Yearbook are
presented at national level (for the whole country), as
well as by various territorial unit, depending on indicators
specific. According to their status, territorial units are
either administrative (commune, town, town-municipality,
county) or non-administrative (macroregion and
development region).
Till 1998, within the statistical works and publications,
only data at county, municipality, town and commune
level were, as a rule, processed and disseminated.
Beginning with 1998, according to the territorial
structure, the statistical publications also included data at
development regions level.
Starting with 2008 edition, according to
the Law no. 315/2004 on regional development in
Romania, territorial structure also presents data at
macroregional level, constituted according to the Law on
setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units
in Romania and to requirements of the EC Regulation
no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the
Council regarding the setting up of a common
nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS,
published in Official Journal of European Union no.
L 154/2003.

13. Conform Legii nr. 348 / 14.VII. 2004 privind


denominarea monedei naionale a Romniei
(ncepnd cu data de 1 iulie 2005), seriile de date
exprimate n valori absolute au fost recalculate n
lei (RON).
Un leu nou (RON) este egal cu 10000 lei vechi (ROL).

13. According to the Law no. 348 / 14.VII. 2004 on the


process of national currency of Romania denomination
(beginning with July 1, 2005), data series expressed in
absolute values were recalculated in lei (RON).

Seriile de indici nu sunt afectate de denominare.

XII

One leu (RON) is equivalent with 10000 former


lei (ROL).
Statistical indices series are not affected by
denomination.

Anexa nr. 1
Annex no. 1
CLASIFICAREA ACTIVITILOR DIN ECONOMIA NAIONAL CAEN Rev. 2
(aprobat prin Ordinul nr. 337/20. IV. 2007 privind actualizarea Clasificrii activitilor din economia naional - CAEN,
publicat n M.O. nr. 293/03. V.2007 i revizuit n M.O. nr. 403/29. V.2008)
THE CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY CANE Rev. 2
(approved through Order no. 337/20. IV. 2007 on the classification of activities in the national economy - CANE updating,
published in the Official Journal no. 293/03. V. 2007 and revised in the Official Journal no. 403/29. V. 2008)
Seciune Diviziune Denumire
Section Division

Description

A
01

AGRICULTUR, SILVICULTUR I PESCUIT


Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe

02
03

Silvicultur i exploatare forestier


Pescuitul i acvacultura

AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING


Crop and animal production, hunting and related
service activities
Forestry and logging
Fishing and aquaculture

05
06
07
08
09

INDUSTRIA EXTRACTIV
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior
Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

MINING AND QUARRYING


Mining of coal and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE
Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor
de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i
nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn
i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din
paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie
Tiprire i reproducerea pe supori
a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a
preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice

MANUFACTURING
Manufacture of food products
Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture
of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear;
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood
and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper and paper products
Printing and reproduction of recorded media

C
10
11
12
13
14
15

16

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
D

35

Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor
din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor
electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier,
a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor
i echipamentelor
PRODUCIA I FURNIZAREA DE ENERGIE
ELECTRIC I TERMIC, GAZE, AP
CALD I AER CONDIIONAT
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat

Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum


products
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and
pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral
products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated metal products,
except machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computer, electronic and
optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and
semi-trailers
Manufacture of other transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery
and equipment
ELECTRICITY, GAS, STEAM AND
AIR CONDITIONING PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
production and supply

XIII

Anexa nr. 1 - continuare


Annex no. 1 - continued
Seciune Diviziune Denumire
Section Division

Description

39

DISTRIBUIA APEI; SALUBRITATE,


GESTIONAREA DEEURILOR,
ACTIVITI DE DECONTAMINARE
Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor;
activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile
Activiti i servicii de decontaminare

WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE, WASTE


MANAGEMENT AND DECONTAMINATION
ACTIVITIES
Water catchment, treatment and distribution
Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification and disposal;
activities of recycling materials recovery
Activities and services of decontamination

41
42
43

CONSTRUCII
Construcii de cldiri
Lucrri de geniu civil
Lucrri speciale de construcii

CONSTRUCTION
Construction of buildings
Civil engineering
Specialised construction activities

COMER CU RIDICATA I CU AMNUNTUL;


REPARAREA AUTOVEHICULELOR I
A MOTOCICLETELOR
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, ntreinerea i
repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor
Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu
autovehicule i motociclete
Comer cu amnuntul, cu excepia
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL; REPAIR OF


MOTOR VEHICLES AND MOTORCYCLES

49
50
51
52
53

TRANSPORT I DEPOZITARE
Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte
Transporturi pe ap
Transporturi aeriene
Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi
Activiti de pot i de curier

TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE


Land transport and transport via pipelines
Water transport
Air transport
Warehousing and support activities for transportation
Postal and courier activities

55
56

HOTELURI I RESTAURANTE
Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare
Restaurante i alte activiti de servicii de alimentaie

HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS


Hotels and other accommodation facilities
Restaurants and other catering services

60
61
62

INFORMAII I COMUNICAII
Activiti de editare
Activiti de producie cinematografic, video i de
programe de televiziune; nregistrri audio i
activiti de editare muzical
Activiti de difuzare i transmitere de programe
Telecomunicaii
Activiti de servicii n tehnologia informaiei

63

Activiti de servicii informatice

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION


Publishing activities
Motion picture, video and television programme
production, sound recording and music publishing
activities
Programming and broadcasting activities
Telecommunications
Computer programming, consultancy and
related activities
Information service activities

36
37
38

45
46
47

J
58
59

K
64
65

66

L
68
M

XIV

INTERMEDIERI FINANCIARE I ASIGURRI


Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor
de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii
Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale fondurilor
de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public
de asigurri sociale)
Activiti auxiliare intermedierilor financiare,
activiti de asigurare i fonduri de pensii

Wholesale and retail, maintenance and repair of


motor vehicles and motorcycles
Wholesale, except of motor vehicles and
motorcycles
Retail, except of motor vehicles and
motorcycles

FINANCIAL AND INSURANCE INTERMEDIATION


Financial intermediation, except insurance and
pension funding
Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding
(except compulsory social security)
Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation,
insurance activities and pension funds

TRANZACII IMOBILIARE
Tranzacii imobiliare

REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES


Real estate activities

ACTIVITI PROFESIONALE, TIINIFICE


I TEHNICE

PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND


TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES

Anexa nr. 1 - continuare


Annex no. 1 - continued
Seciune Diviziune Denumire
Section Division
69
70

71
72
73
74
75
N
77
78
79
80
81
82
O
84

P
85
Q
86
87
88
R
90
91
92
93
S
94
95
96
T

97
98

U
99

Description

Activiti juridice i de contabilitate


Activiti ale direciilor (centralelor), birourilor
administrative centralizate; activiti de management
i de consultan n management
Activiti de arhitectur i inginerie; activiti de
testri i analiz tehnic
Cercetare-dezvoltare
Publicitate i activiti de studiere a pieei
Alte activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti veterinare

Legal and accounting activities


Activities of head offices; management consultancy
activities

ACTIVITI DE SERVICII ADMINISTRATIVE I


ACTIVITI DE SERVICII SUPORT
Activiti de nchiriere i leasing
Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc
Activiti ale ageniilor turistice i a tur-operatorilor;
alte servicii de rezervare i asisten turistic
Activiti de investigaii i protecie
Activiti de peisagistic i servicii pentru cldiri
Activiti de secretariat, servicii suport i alte activiti
de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor

ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT SERVICE


ACTIVITIES
Rental and leasing activities
Employment activities
Travel agency, tour operator reservation service and
related activities
Security and investigation activities
Services to buildings and landscape activities
Office administrative, office support and other
business support activities

ADMINISTRAIE PUBLIC I APRARE;


ASIGURRI SOCIALE DIN SISTEMUL PUBLIC
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din
sistemul public

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE;


COMPULSORY SOCIAL SECURITY
Public administration and defence; compulsory
social security

NVMNT
nvmnt

EDUCATION
Education

SNTATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL


Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman
Servicii combinate de ngrijire medical i asisten
social, cu cazare
Activiti de asisten social, fr cazare

HUMAN HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORK ACTIVITIES


Human health activities
Residential care activities

ACTIVITI DE SPECTACOLE, CULTURALE I


RECREATIVE
Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic
Activiti ale bibliotecilor, arhivelor, muzeelor
i alte activiti culturale
Activiti de jocuri de noroc i pariuri
Activiti sportive, recreative i distractive

ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION

ALTE ACTIVITI DE SERVICII


Activiti asociative diverse
Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale
i de uz gospodresc
Alte activiti de servicii

OTHER SERVICE ACTIVITIES


Activities of membership organisations
Repair of computers and personal and household
goods
Other personal service activities

ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRIVATE


N CALITATE DE ANGAJATOR DE PERSONAL
CASNIC; ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR
PRIVATE DE PRODUCERE DE BUNURI I
SERVICII DESTINATE CONSUMULUI PROPRIU
Activiti ale gospodriilor private n calitate de
angajator de personal casnic
Activiti ale gospodriilor private de producere
de bunuri i servicii destinate consumului propriu

ACTIVITIES OF HOUSEHOLDS AS EMPLOYERS;


UNDIFFERENTIATED GOODS AND SERVICESPRODUCING ACTIVITIES OF
HOUSEHOLDS FOR OWN USE

ACTIVITI ALE ORGANIZAIILOR I


ORGANISMELOR EXTRATERITORIALE
Activiti ale organizaiilor i organismelor
extrateritoriale

Architectural and engineering activities; technical


testing and analysis
Scientific research and development
Advertising and market research
Other professional, scientific and technical activities
Veterinary activities

Social work activities without accommodation

Creative, arts and entertainment activities


Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural
activities
Gambling and betting activities
Sports activities and amusement and recreation
activities

Activities of households as employers of domestic


personnel
Undifferentiated goods and services producing
activities of private households for own use
ACTIVITIES OF EXTRATERRITORIAL
ORGANISATIONS AND BODIES
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies

XV

GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE


COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION
Macroregiunea
Macroregion

Regiunea de dezvoltare
Development region

Judeul
County

MACROREGIUNEA UNU
MACROREGION ONE

Nord - Vest
North - West

Bihor
Bistria-Nsud
Cluj
Maramure
Satu Mare
Slaj

Centru
Center

Alba
Braov
Covasna
Harghita
Mure
Sibiu

Nord - Est
North - East

Bacu
Botoani
Iai
Neam
Suceava
Vaslui

Sud - Est
South - East

Brila
Buzu
Constana
Galai
Tulcea
Vrancea

Sud - Muntenia
South - Muntenia

Arge
Clrai
Dmbovia
Giurgiu
Ialomia
Prahova
Teleorman

Bucureti - Ilfov
Bucharest - Ilfov

Ilfov
Municipiul Bucureti
Bucharest Municipality

Sud - Vest Oltenia


South - West Oltenia

Dolj
Gorj
Mehedini
Olt
Vlcea

Vest
West

Arad
Cara-Severin
Hunedoara
Timi

MACROREGIUNEA DOI
MACROREGION TWO

MACROREGIUNEA TREI
MACROREGION THREE

MACROREGIUNEA PATRU
MACROREGION FOUR

Not: Datele statistice n profil teritorial sunt prezentate pe judee, conform Decretului - Lege nr. 2/1968 cu modificrile ulterioare, iar judeele
au fost grupate pe regiuni de dezvoltare.
Prin rectificarea aprut n Legea nr. 315/28.VI.2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, au fost redenumite trei regiuni,
dup cum urmeaz:
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud este redenumit Sud - Muntenia,
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud - Vest este redenumit Sud - Vest Oltenia,
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Bucureti este redenumit Bucureti - Ilfov.
S-au constituit patru macroregiuni, conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia i
cerinelor Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al
unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003.

Denumirile oficiale ale macroregiunilor sunt prezentate n tabele, n mod convenional, n expresie numeric.
Note: Statistical data at territorial level are presented by county, according to the Decree - Law no. 2/1968 further amended, while
the counties were grouped by development region.
Through the rectification introduced in Law no. 315/28.VI.2004 on regional development in Romania, three regions were renamed,
as follows:
- The development region South is renamed South - Muntenia,
- The development region South - West is renamed South - West Oltenia,
- The development region Bucharest is renamed Bucharest - Ilfov.
Four macroregions were constituted, according to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania
and to the requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up
of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NSTU, published in Official Journal of European Union no. L 154/2003.

The official names of the macroregions are presented in the tables, conventionaly, by numerical expression.

XVI

GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE


COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION
MACROREGIUNEA UNU / MACROREGION ONE
MACROREGIUNEA DOI / MACROREGION TWO
MACROREGIUNEA TREI / MACROREGION THREE

BOTOANI

Satu Mare
MARAMURE

Nord - Vest
North - West

MACROREGIUNEA PATRU / MACROREGION FOUR

Botoani

SUCEAVA

Baia Mare

SATU MARE

Suceava
BISTRIA-NSUD

Nord - Est
North - East

IAI

Zalu
Oradea

Centru
Center

SLAJ

NEAM
Piatra-Neam

Bistria

Iai

CLUJ
BIHOR

MURE

Cluj-Napoca
Cluj-Napoca

Vaslui
Bacu

Trgu Mure

HARGHITA

ARAD

VASLUI

BACU

Miercurea Ciuc
Arad

ALBA
Alba Iulia
Deva

Vest
West

BRAOV

SIBIU

Timioara

COVASNA
Sfntu
Gheorghe

VRANCEA

GALAI

Sibiu
TIMI

Focani

Braov

HUNEDOARA

Galai
PRAHOVA

Reia
Trgu Jiu

Rmnicu
Vlcea

ARGE

Legend / Legend:

BRILA

TULCEA

Ploieti
Drobeta
Turnu Severin

Orae / Towns

Brila
Tulcea

Buzu

Trgovite

CARA-SEVERIN

BUZU

GORJ

VLCEA

Piteti

DMBOVIA
IALOMIA
ILFOV

MEHEDINI

Slobozia

Municipii / Municipalities
Slatina

Reedine de jude / County residence

BUCURETI

CLRAI

Craiova

Regiuni de dezvoltare / Development regions

Sud - Vest Oltenia


South - West Oltenia

Clrai
Constana

DOLJ

Judee / Counties

CONSTANA

Alexandria

OLT

GIURGIU
Giurgiu

TELEORMAN

Sud - Muntenia
South - Muntenia

Bucureti - Ilfov
Bucharest - Ilfov

Sud - Est
South - East

PRESCURTRI FOLOSITE PENTRU UNITILE DE MSUR


ABBREVIATIONS USED FOR UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
U.M.
M.U.

= unitate de msur
= measurement unit

MVA

= megavoltamper
= megavoltamper

mm

= milimetru
= millimetre

CP
HP

= cal putere
= horse power

= metru
= metre

kcal

= kilocalorie
= kilocalorie

m2

= metru ptrat
= square metre

Gcal

= gigacalorie
= gigacalorie

m3

= metru cub
= cubic metre

kO

ha (10000 m2)

= kilooctet
= kilooctet

= hectar
= hectare

''

km

= kilometru
= kilometre

= secund
= second

'

km2

= kilometru ptrat
= square kilometre

= minut
= minute

microgr.

= microgram
= microgram

= or
= hour

mg

= miligram
= miligram

= grad
= degree

= gram
= gram

nr.
no.

= numr
= number

kg

= kilogram
= kilogram

= procent
= percentage

= ton
= tonne

mii
thou

= mii
= thousands (thou)

tdw

= ton deadweight
= tonne deadweight

mil.
mill.

= milion
= million

= litru
= litre

mild.
bn

= miliard
= billion

dal

= decalitru
= decalitre

echiv.
equiv.

= echivalent
= equivalent

hl

= hectolitru
= hectolitre

S.A.
A.S.

= substan activ
= active substance

= watt
= watt

buc.
pcs.

= bucat
= pieces

kW

= kilowatt
= kilowatt

per.

= pereche
= pair

kWh

= kilowatt - or
= kilowatt - hour

garnit.

kVA

= kilovoltamper
= kilovoltamper

n.c.a.
n.e.c.

=
=
=
=

garnitur
set
neclasificate altundeva
not elsewhere classified

SIMBOLURI FOLOSITE
SYMBOLS USED
- = nu este cazul
= data not applicable

G = grafic
= graph
*) = date mai mici dect 0,5
= magnitude less than 0.5

... = lips date


= data not available
= nontotalized data

**) = date mai mici dect 0,05


= magnitude less than 0.05

c = date confideniale
= confidential data

***) = date mai mici dect 0,005


= magnitude less than 0.005

~ = date nensumabile

= tabele ce apar numai pe CD-ROM.


= tables included only on the CD-ROM.

XVIII

GEOGRAFIE, METEOROLOGIE
I MEDIU NCONJURTOR

GEOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY
AND ENVIRONMENT

CUPRINS TABELE

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8

1.9
1.10
1.11

1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15

1.16

1.17
1.18

Pagina
Page

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE
ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL

GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVETERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

Poziia geografic a Romniei ..................................... 10


Lungimea frontierelor Romniei .................................. 11
Principalele altitudini muntoase ................................... 11
Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe
teritoriul Romniei ....................................................... 13
Principalele lacuri naturale .......................................... 14
Principalele lacuri antropice ........................................ 15
Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia ... 16
Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei,
la 31 decembrie 2012 ................................................. 17

Geographical position of Romania


Length of Romanias borders
Major mountain peaks
Length of major rivers
on Romanian territory
Major natural lakes
Major anthropic lakes
Average height of major towns in Romania
Administrative organisation of Romanian territory,
on December 31, 2012

METEOROLOGIE

METEOROLOGY

Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual) ............ 18


Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i
minima absolut lunar i anual) .............................. 20
Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual) ... 28

Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)


Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute
maximum and absolute minimum)
Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)

MEDIU NCONJURTOR

ENVIRONMENT

Resurse naturale
Ariile protejate, n anul 2012 ........................................ 30
Rezervaii ale biosferei i zone umede de importan
internaional, n anul 2012.......................................... 30
Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale,
n anul 2012 ................................................................ 31
Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit
gradului de amenajare, n anul 2012 .......................... 32

Natural resources
Protected areas, in 2012
Biosphere reservations and wetlands of international
importance, in 2012
National and natural parks,
in 2012
Water resources assured, according to the
arrangement level, in 2012

Calitatea factorilor de mediu


Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2012 ................. 32

Environment factors quality


Surface waters quality, in 2012

Msuri de protecie a mediului


Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2012 ......... 33
Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului,
n anul 2012 ................................................................ 34

Environment protection measures


Investments for environment protection, in 2012
Internal current expenditure for environment
protection, in 2012

SURSA DATELOR

TABLES CONTENTS

Cercetri statistice:
Cercetarea statistic privind cheltuielile pentru
protecia mediului, completat de operatori
economici i unitile administraiei publice.

DATA SOURCE

Statistical surveys:
Statistical survey on environment protection
expenditure, filled in by economic operators and
public administration units.










Surse administrative:
Institutul de Geografie Bucureti;
Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din
cadrul Ministerului Afacerilor Interne;
Administraia Naional de Meteorologie;
Ministerul Mediului i Schimbrilor Climatice;
Ministerul Finanelor Publice;
Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului;
Regia Naional a Pdurilor;
Administraia Naional Apele Romne.

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE
ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL
Prezentare
Romnia este situat n centrul geografic al Europei
(sud-estul Europei Centrale), la nord de Peninsula
Balcanic, la jumtatea distanei dintre Coasta
Atlanticului i Munii Ural, n interiorul i exteriorul arcului
Munilor Carpai, pe cursul inferior al Dunrii (1075 km)
i cu ieire la Marea Neagr.
De altfel, paralela 45N cu meridianul 25E se
intersecteaz n apropiere de centrul geometric al rii, la
100 km N-V de capitala rii, Bucureti.
Cu o suprafa de 238391 km2, Romnia este
a 12-a ar ca mrime a Europei.
Ieirea la mare nlesnete legturile cu rile din
bazinul Mrii Negre, bazinul Mrii Mediterane i, prin
intermediul acesteia, cu restul lumii.
Litoralul romnesc al Mrii Negre se desfoar pe
245 km, ntre grla Musura (grania cu Ucraina) i
localitatea Vama Veche (grania cu Bulgaria).
Relieful Romniei se compune din trei trepte
majore: cea nalt a Munilor Carpai (cel mai nalt vrf
Moldoveanu 2544 m), cea medie care corespunde
Subcarpailor, dealurilor i podiurilor i cea joas, a
cmpiilor, luncilor i Deltei Dunrii. Delta Dunrii, cea
mai tnr unitate de relief, n continu formare, are
altitudinea medie de 0,52 m.
Caracteristicile principale ale unitilor de relief sunt
proporionalitatea (31% muni, 36% dealuri i podiuri,
33% cmpii i lunci) i dispunerea concentric a treptelor
majore ale reliefului.
Clima Romniei este temperat-continental de
tranziie, cu influene oceanice dinspre vest,
mediteraneene dinspre sud-vest i continental-excesive
din est. Temperatura medie multianual este difereniat
latitudinal, respectiv 8C n nord i peste 11C n sud, i
altitudinal, cu valori de -2,5C n etajul montan
(Vrfu Omu - masivul Bucegi) i 11,6C n cmpie
(oraul Zimnicea - judeul Teleorman).
Precipitaiile anuale scad n intensitate de la vest la
est, respectiv de la peste 600 mm la mai puin de 500 mm










Administrative sources:
Institute of Geography Bucharest;
General Inspectorate of Border Police within the
Ministry of Internal Affairs;
National Administration of Meteorology;
Ministry of Environment and Climatic Changes;
Ministry of Public Finances;
National Agency for Environment Protection;
National Company of Forests;
National Administration Romanian Waters.

GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVETERRITORIAL ORGANISATION


Description
Romania is situated in the geographical centre of
Europe (south-east of Central Europe) at the north of the
Balkan Peninsula, at half the distance between Atlantic
Coast and The Urals, inside and outside the Carpathians
Arch, on the Danube lower course (1075 km) and has
exit to the Black Sea.
Otherwise, the 45N parallel with the 25E meridian
intersects near the geometrical centre of the country,
100 km N-V of the country capital, Bucharest.
Romania is the twelfth country of Europe, having an
area of 238391 km2.
The exit to the sea enables the connections with the
countries in the Black Sea basin, in the Mediterranean
Sea basin and, by means of this, rest of the world.
Romanian seaside of the Black Sea is lying on
245 km, between Musura stream (at the border with Ukraine)
and Vama Veche locality (at the border with Bulgaria).
Romania's relief consists of three major levels: the
highest one in the Carpathians (the highest peak
Moldoveanu 2544 m), the middle one which corresponds
to the Sub-Carpathians, to the hills and to the plateaus
and the lowest one in plains, meadows and Danube
Delta. The Danube Delta, the youngest relief unit under
permanent formation, has the average height of 0.52 m.
Main features of relief units are proportionality
(31% mountains, 36% hills and plateaus, 33% plains and
meadows) and concentric display of the relief major
levels.
Romanias climate is temperate-continental of
transition, with oceanic influences from the West,
Mediterranean ones from South-West and continentalexcessive ones from the East. Multiannual average
temperature is latitudinally different, 8C in the North and
over 11C in the South, and altitudinally, with values of
-2.5C in the mountain floor (Omu peak - Bucegi massif)
and 11.6C in the plain (Zimnicea town - Teleorman county).
Yearly precipitations decrease in intensity from west
to east, from over 600 mm to less 500 mm in the East

n Cmpia Romn de Est, sub 450 mm n Dobrogea i


circa 350 mm pe litoral, pentru ca n regiunile muntoase
s ajung la 1000-1500 mm.
Apele curgtoare ale Romniei sunt dispuse radial,
marea majoritate avnd izvoarele n Carpai. Principalul
colector al acestora este fluviul Dunrea, care strbate
ara n partea sudic pe o lungime de 1075 km i se
vars n Marea Neagr.
Lacurile sunt reprezentate prin lacuri naturale
(numeroase tipuri genetice) rspndite n toate unitile
majore de relief, de la cele glaciare n etajul alpin (Lacul
Mioarelor - Fgra la 2282 m) la limanele
fluvio-maritime (Lacul Techirghiol la 1,5 m) i prin lacuri
antropice, de asemenea n toate unitile de relief.
Vegetaia este condiionat de relief i de
elementele pedo-climatice, ntlnindu-se o dispunere
etajat a acesteia. Regiunile montane sunt acoperite de
pduri de conifere (ndeosebi molid), pduri de amestec
(fag, brad i molid) i pduri de fag. Pe culmile mai nalte
se afl pajiti alpine i tufriuri de jneapn, ienupr,
afin, merior i altele.
n regiunile de deal i de podi se ntlnesc pduri
de foioase n care predomin fagul, gorunul sau stejarul;
pe dealurile joase i cmpiile nalte, adesea, principalele
specii care alctuiesc pdurile sunt cerul i grnia.
Vegetaia de step i de silvostep, care ocupa ariile
cu deficit de umiditate din Podiul Dobrogei, Cmpia
Romn, Podiul Moldovei, Cmpia Banatului i
Crianei, a fost, n cea mai mare parte, nlocuit prin
culturi agricole.
Fauna Romniei este grupat pe areale difereniate
n funcie de biotopul fiecrei specii. n etajul alpin apar
elemente relicte precum capra neagr i vulturul de
munte. n pdurile carpatine triesc diferite mamifere:
urs, cerb, rs, lup, mistre, cprior, veveri i un numr
mare de specii de psri. n cteva regiuni muntoase se
mai pstreaz cocoul de munte i cocoul de
mesteacn; n regiunile de deal i cmpie sunt
rspndite: iepurele, crtia, ariciul, diferite psri,
oprle, batracieni .a.; pentru zonele de step sunt
caracteristice roztoarele (popndul i hrciogul).
Fauna acvatic este reprezentat ndeosebi prin pstrv
n apele de munte (lostria, mai rspndit n trecut, a
devenit destul de rar); clean i mrean n regiunile de
deal; crap, biban, tiuc, somn, caras n cele de cmpie
i Delta Dunrii; n apele marine teritoriale i pe Dunrea
inferioar se ntlnesc i specii de sturioni.
Resursele minerale utile ale Romniei sunt variate.
Printre principalele resurse minerale utile pot fi
menionate: petrolul, cu vechi tradiii de exploatare;
gazele naturale; crbunii, n special huila cocsificabil,
crbunele brun i lignitul; minereuri feroase i neferoase,
zcminte de aur, argint i de bauxit; rezerve mari de

Romanian Plain, under 450 mm in Dobrogea and about


350 mm by seaside, in the mountainous areas they
reach 1000-1500 mm.
Romanian running waters are radially displayed,
most of them having the springs in the Carpathians. Their
main collector is the Danube river, which crosses the
country in the south on 1075 km length and flows into the
Black Sea.
The lakes are represented by natural lakes
(numerous genetic types) spread in all major units of
relief, from glacial ones in the alpine floor (Mioarelor
Lake - Fgra 2282 m) to river-maritime banks
(Techirghiol Lake at 1.5 m) and anthropic lakes, as well
in all relief units.
The vegetation is determined by the relief and by
pedo-climatic elements, being displayed in floors.
Mountainous regions are covered by coniferous forests
(especially spruce fir), mixture forests (beech, fir-tree,
spruce fir) and beech forests. Higher peaks are covered
by alpine lawns and bushes of dwarf pine, juniper,
bilberry, red bilberry a.s.o.
In the hills and plateaus regions there are broadleaved forests, prevailing beech, common oak or durmast
oak; the main forest species often met on low hills and
high plains are Quercus cerris and Quercus frainetto.
The steppe and silvosteppe vegetation, which
covered the areas of low humidity in Dobrogea Plateau,
Romanian Plain, Moldova Plateau, Banat and Criana
Plain has been mostly replaced by agricultural crops.
Romania's fauna is grouped by different areals
according to each species biotype. Relict elements as
black goat (chamois) and mountain vulture live in the
alpine area. In the Carpathian forests live various
animals: bear, buck, lynx, wolf, wild boar, roebuck,
squirrel and several species of birds. In a few
mountainous areas both mountain cock and birch cock
are still met. In the hill and field areas there are hares,
moles, hedgehogs, various birds, lizards, batrachia
a.s.o.; rodent animals as gopher and hamster are
characteristic for the steppe areas. Water fauna is
represented especially by trout in the mountainous
waters (huck which was mostly spread in the past has
become quite rare); dace and barbel in the hill region;
carp, perch, pike, sheat fish, crucian in the field region
and Danube Delta; sturgeon species are also met in the
marine territorial waters and on the downstream Danube.
Romania's useful minerals resources are various.
Among the main useful minerals resources we can
mention: crude oil, with old exploitation traditions; natural
gas; coal, especially coking pitcoal, brown coal and
lignite; ferrous and non-ferrous ores, gold, silver and
bauxite ore deposits; vast reserves of salt as well as

sare, precum i o serie de resurse nemetalifere.


O categorie aparte a bogiilor de subsol o constituie
cele peste 2000 de izvoare de ape minerale, cu valene
pentru consum i tratamente medicale.
Teritoriul Romniei este mprit din punct de
vedere administrativ n: sate, comune, orae, municipii
i judee.
Satul este cea mai mic unitate teritorial, avnd
caracteristicile aezrilor de tip rural.
Comuna este unitatea administrativ-teritorial care
cuprinde populaia rural unit prin comunitate de
interese i tradiii, fiind alctuit din unul sau mai multe
sate (din care unul este reedin de comun).
Oraul reprezint o concentrare uman cu o funcie
administrativ i un mod de via specific ariilor urbane
i o structur profesional a populaiei n care predomin
cea ocupat n ramurile neagricole.
Municipiul este un ora cu un rol economic, social,
politic i cultural nsemnat avnd, de regul, funcie
administrativ.
Judeul reprezint unitatea administrativ-teritorial
tradiional n Romnia, alctuit din orae i comune, n
funcie de condiiile geografice, economice, socialpolitice i de legturile culturale i tradiionale ale
populaiei. Teritoriul Romniei este organizat n 42 de
judee (inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti).
Ca uniti teritoriale (non-administrative) au fost
create opt regiuni de dezvoltare, constituite prin
reuniunea mai multor judee.
Au fost create patru macroregiuni, care nu sunt
uniti administrativ-teritoriale i nu au personalitate
juridic; sunt constituite pentru a asigura colectarea,
elaborarea i difuzarea statisticilor regionale armonizate la
nivelul Uniunii Europene.

numerous non-metalliferrous resources. A special category


of subsoil riches is constituted by over 2000 mineral
water springs, with consumption and medical treatments
valences.
Romanian territory is divided from administrative
viewpoint into: villages, communes, towns, municipalities
and counties.
Village is the smallest territorial unit, having
characteristics of rural settlements.
Commune is a territorial-administrative unit which
comprises rural population united by interest and
traditional community, including one or several villages
(from which one is commune residence).
Town represents a human concentration with
administrative function and a life specific to urban areas
and with a population professional structure where the
population employed in non-agricultural branches prevails.
Municipality is a town, with an important economic,
social, political and cultural role, usually having
administrative function.
County represents traditional administrativeterritorial unit in Romania, including towns and
communes, depending on geographical, economical and
social-political conditions and population cultural and
traditional relations. Romanian territory is organized into
42 counties (including Bucharest Municipality).
As territorial (non-administrative) units, eight
regions of development were created, gathering
several counties.
Four macroregions were created, which are not
administrative territorial units and have no legal entity,
they are constituted to assure the collection, compilation
and transmission of harmonised regional statistics at
European Union level.

Oraele principale: Bucureti, Timioara, Iai,


Cluj-Napoca, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov,
Ploieti, Brila, Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu.
Porturile principale:
la Marea Neagr: Constana, Mangalia;
la Dunre: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu
Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea,
Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova,
Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.
Aeroporturile principale: Bucureti (Henri Coand Otopeni i Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana (Mihail
Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia), Cluj-Napoca,
Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare, Oradea, Satu Mare,
Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea.
Capitala: Municipiul Bucureti (1886866 locuitori,
populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie 2012, estimat n
condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale

Main cities: Bucharest, Timioara, Iai, Cluj-Napoca,


Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Ploieti, Brila,
Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu.
Main harbours:
at the Black Sea: Constana, Mangalia;
at the Danube: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu
Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele,
Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod,
Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.
Main airports: Bucharest (Henri Coand Otopeni and Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana
(Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia),
Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare,
Oradea, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea.
The capital: Bucharest Municipality (1886866
inhabitants, the usual resident population on January 1, 2012
was used, estimated under comparability conditions with the

Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011),


mprit n ase sectoare administrative. Prima menionare
documentar dateaz din 20.IX.1459, ca reedin a lui
Vlad epe. Capital a rii Romneti ncepnd din a
doua jumtate a secolului al XVII-lea i Capitala Romniei,
din anul 1862, municipiul Bucureti este cel mai important
centru politic, economic i cultural-tiinific al rii.
Limba oficial: limba romn.
Drapelul Romniei este tricolor; culorile sunt
aezate vertical n ordinea urmtoare, ncepnd de la
lance: albastru, galben, rou.
Ziua naional a Romniei: 1 Decembrie.
Imnul naional al Romniei este Deteapt-te
romne.
Forma de guvernmnt a Romniei este republica:
Republic, conform Constituiei adoptate n 1991 i
modificat n 2003;
Puterea legislativ este reprezentat de un
parlament bicameral (Camera Deputailor i
Senatul), iar puterea executiv este exercitat de
Guvern, condus de un prim-ministru desemnat de
preedintele rii;
Preedintele rii este ales n baza rezultatelor
alegerilor generale prin scrutin universal pentru un
mandat de 5 ani.
Moneda naional: Leu, cu subdiviziunea ban.
Cursul monedei naionale este stabilit zilnic pe piaa
valutar interbancar, moneda de referin fiind euro.

final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011),


organised into six administrative sectors. The first
documentary mention was on 20.IX.1459, as residence of
Vlad epe. Capital of ara Romneasc since the second
half of the XVII th century and Capital of Romania since 1862,
Bucharest Municipality is the most important political,
economic and cultural-scientific center of the country.
Official language: Romanian.
Flag of Romania: is three - coloured; the colours
are placed vertically in the following order from the
lance: blue, yellow, red.
National day of Romania: December, 1.
National anthem of Romania is Wake up,
Romanian.
Government form in Romania is the republic:
Republic, according to the Constitution adopted in
1991 and modified in 2003;
Legislative power is represented by two chamber
Parliament (Chamber of Deputies and Senate), and
executive power is carried out by Government led
by Prime Minister appointed by the countrys
President;
President of the country is elected based on
general elections results by universal vote for a
5 years mandate.
National currency: Leu, with ban as subdivision.
The exchange rate is set on the interbank currency
market on a daily basis, reference currency being euro.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

METEOROLOGIE

METEOROLOGY

Cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor fizice din


atmosfera terestr, care determin starea timpului i
clima, are la baz msurtorile i observaiile
meteorologice ce se efectueaz permanent sau periodic
n diferite puncte de pe suprafaa globului terestru i la
diferite nlimi n atmosfera liber. Programul unitar al
msurtorilor i observaiilor, precum i alte activiti
meteorologice
se
asigur
prin
colaborare
internaional, n cadrul Administraiei Naionale de
Meteorologie, cu Organizaia Meteorologic Mondial.
Staia meteorologic reprezint punctul de pe
suprafaa terestr unde se efectueaz observaii i
msurtori asupra tuturor elementelor i fenomenelor
meteorologice, conform programului stabilit. Majoritatea
observaiilor,
msurtorilor
i
determinrilor
meteorologice de la staii se efectueaz pe platforma
meteorologic situat pe un teren deschis, tipic pentru
regiunea respectiv, cu dimensionarea standard de
26 m x 26 m.

The research on physical processes and phenomena


in the terrestrial atmosphere, which determine the weather
and the climate, relies on the meteorological measurements
and observations, permanently or periodically carried out in
different points on the terrestrial globe surface and at
various altitudes in the free atmosphere. The unitary
programme of measurements and observations, as well as
other meteorological activities are assured by international
co-operation within National Administration of Meteorology,
with the World Meteorology Organisation.
The meteorological station represents the point
from the terrestrial surface, where measurements and
observations on all meteorological elements and
phenomena are carried out in keeping with the
programme. Most of meteorological observations,
measurements and determinations from the stations are
performed on the meteorological area situated on an
open land, typical for the respective region, with the
standard dimension of 26 m x 26 m.

Pentru cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor


atmosferice i pentru calculul diferiilor parametri
meteorologici i climatici, este necesar raportarea
observaiilor i msurtorilor, care se realizeaz att n
spaiu, ct i n timp.
Programul climatologic reprezint complexul
observaiilor i msurtorilor meteorologice ce se
execut la staii, dup timpul solar mediu local, att la
termenele fixe, ct i continuu n 24 de ore. Permanent,
la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19 timp solar mediu
local) se efectueaz observaii i msurtori asupra:
presiunii atmosferice, vntului, temperaturii i umezelii
aerului, temperaturii suprafeei solului, nebulozitii,
precipitaiilor, vizibilitii orizontale. Continuu, n tot cursul
zilei i nopii se determin caracteristicile tuturor
fenomenelor meteorologice (hidrometeori, litometeori,
electrometeori etc.).
Observaiile asupra temperaturii aerului constau
n msurarea temperaturii aerului la termenele stabilite i
n determinarea valorilor maxime i minime ale acesteia
n intervalele de timp dintre aceste termene.
Temperatura aerului se msoar cu instrumente cu
citire direct, psihrometrul cu ventilaie artificial,
termometrul de maxim cu mercur i termometrul de
minim cu alcool i cu aparate nregistratoare
(termografe). Pentru ca instrumentele cu care se
msoar temperatura i umezeala aerului s nu fie
influenate direct de radiaia solar, de radiaia terestr,
de precipitaii i de rafalele vntului, ele se instaleaz n
adpostul meteorologic situat la 2 m nlime deasupra
solului.
Msurarea cantitilor de ap ce provin din
precipitaii atmosferice sau care se depun din ali
hidrometeori se efectueaz cu ajutorul pluviometrului, iar
nregistrarea continu a precipitaiilor (lichide) se face cu
pluviograful. Cantitile de ap se msoar zilnic la
termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19) i se exprim prin
grosimea stratului de ap czut, n mm (1mm=1l / m2).

In order to observe the atmospheric processes and


phenomena and to compute various meteorological and
climatic parameters, it is necessary to report
observations and measurements, carried out both in
space and over time.
The climatic programme represents the complex of
meteorological observations and measurements
performed at stations, according to the local average solar
time, both at fixed deadlines and continuously during
24 hours. Permanently, at the climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13,
19 local average solar time), the observations and
measurements are done for: atmospheric pressure, wind,
air temperature and humidity, ground surface temperature,
cloudiness, precipitations, horizontal visibility.
Continuously, during all day and night, the characteristics
of all meteorological phenomena (hydrometeors,
litometeors, electrometeors a.s.o.) are determined.
Air temperature observations consist of air
temperature measurement at the observation deadlines
and of determining its maximum and minimum values,
during the intervals between the climatic observation
deadlines.
Air temperature is measured with direct reading
instruments, the psychrometer with artificial ventilation,
the thermometer of maximum with mercury and the
thermometer of minimum with alcohol and with recording
apparatus (thermographs). In view to ensure that the
instruments for measuring air temperature and humidity
are not directly influenced by the solar, terrestrial
radiation, by precipitations and by wind gusts, they
should be placed in the meteorological shelter situated at
2 meters high above the ground.
The measurement of water quantities coming
from atmospheric precipitations or deposited by other
hydrometeors is carried out by means of pluviometer and
the continuous recording of precipitations (liquids) is
performed with the pluviograph. Water quantities are
daily measured at climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13, 19) and
they are expressed by the thickness of the fallen water
layer, in mm (1mm=1l / m 2).

MEDIU NCONJURTOR

ENVIRONMENT

Resursele de ap reprezint potenialul hidrologic


format din apele de suprafa i subterane n regim
natural i amenajat, inventariate la nceputul anului, din
care se asigur alimentarea diverselor folosine.
Ariile naturale protejate, conform O.U.G.
nr. 57/2007, reprezint zone terestre, acvatice i/sau
subterane, cu perimetrul legal stabilit i avnd un regim
special de ocrotire i conservare, n care exist specii de
plante i animale slbatice, elemente i formaiuni
biogeografice sau de alt natur, cu valoare ecologic,
tiinific sau cultural deosebit i cuprind:

Water resources represent the hydrological


potential consisting of the superficial and underground
waters, under natural and arranged conditions, registered
at the beginning of the year, of which the utilities are fed.
Natural protected areas, according to G.P.O.
no. 57/2007, represents terrestrial, aquatic and/or
underground areas, with legally settled perimeter and
with a special protection and preservation regime, where
wild plants and animal species, bio-geographic elements
and formations or of other nature, with special ecological,
scientific or cultural value exist and include:

rezervaii ale biosferei - arii naturale protejate al


cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor zone
de habitat natural i a diversitii biologice specifice;
parcuri naionale - arii naturale protejate al cror
scop este protecia i conservarea unor eantioane
reprezentative pentru spaiul biogeografic naional;
parcuri naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror
scop este protecia i conservarea unor ansambluri
peisagistice n care interaciunea activitilor umane
cu natura de-a lungul timpului a creat o zon
distinct, cu valoare semnificativ peisagistic i/sau
cultural, deseori cu o mare diversitate biologic;
rezervaii tiinifice - arii naturale protejate al cror
scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate
naturale terestre i/sau acvatice, cuprinznd
elemente reprezentative de interes tiinific;
rezervaii naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror
scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate i
specii naturale importante sub aspect floristic,
faunistic, forestier, hidrologic, geologic, speologic,
paleontologic, pedologic;
monumente ale naturii - arii naturale protejate al
cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor
elemente naturale cu valoare i semnificaie
ecologic, tiinific, peisagistic deosebite;
zone umede de importan internaional sunt
acele arii naturale protejate al cror scop este
asigurarea proteciei i conservrii siturilor naturale
cu diversitate biologic specific zonelor umede;
arii de protecie special avifaunistic sunt acele arii
naturale protejate ale cror scopuri sunt conservarea,
meninerea, i acolo unde este cazul, readucerea
ntr-o stare de conservare favorabil a speciilor de
psri i a habitatelor specifice, desemnate pentru
protecia speciilor de psri migratoare slbatice;
situri de importan comunitar reprezint acele arii
care, n regiunile biogeografice n care exist,
contribuie semnificativ la meninerea sau restaurarea la
o stare de conservare favorabil a habitatelor naturale.
Evaluarea calitii apelor de suprafa const n
monitorizarea parametrilor biologici hidromorfologici,
fizico-chimici, a poluanilor prioritari sau a altor poluani
evacuai n cantiti importante.
Potrivit Legii nr. 310/2004, anexa 11, se disting
5 clase de calitate, definite astfel:
clasa de calitate I - stare foarte bun - nu exist
alterri (sau sunt foarte mici) ale valorilor
elementelor fizico-chimice i hidromorfologice de
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa
fa de cele asociate n mod normal cu acel tip n
condiii nemodificate;

reservations of biosphere - protected natural areas


whose purpose is the protection and preservation of a
natural habitat areas and of specific biologic diversity;
national parks - natural protected areas whose
purpose is the protection and preservation
of representative samples for the national
bio-geographic space;
natural parks - natural protected areas whose
purpose is the protection and preservation of
landscape piles in which human activities
interactions in time created a distinct area, with
landscape and/or cultural significant value, often
with a great biological diversity;
scientific reservations - natural protected areas
whose purpose is the protection and preservation of
terrestrial and/or aquatic natural habitats, including
representative elements of scientific interest;
natural reservations - natural protected areas
whose purpose is the protection and preservation of
important natural habitats and species from flora,
fauna, forestry, hydrological, geological, speological,
paleontological, pedological point of view;
natural monuments - natural protected areas
whose purpose is the protection and preservation of
natural elements and of ecological, scientific,
landscape special significance;
wetlands of international importance are those
protected natural areas whose purpose is to ensure
the protection and preservation of the natural sites
with a wetland-specific biological diversity;
special avifaunistic protection areas are those
protected natural areas whose purpose is the
preservation, maintenance and where necessary
the conservative rehabilitation of the bird species
and specific habitats designated for wild migratory
bird species protection;
sites of community interest reprezent areas
located in biogeographical regions, contributing
significantly to the maintenance or restoration to a
favourable preservation state of the natural habitats.
The evaluation of the superficial waters
quality is carried out by monitoring the biological
hidro - morfological parameters, physico - chemical,
the prioritary pollution agents or other pollution
agents evacuated in important quantities.
According to Law no. 310/2004, annex 11, 5 quality
classes are distinguished, defined as follows:
the first quality class - very good state - no
alterations (or very few) of physico-chemical and
hydro-morfological quality elements value exist for
the type of superficial waters bodies as against
those normally associated with specific type in
unchanged conditions;

clasa de calitate II - stare bun - valorile


elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp
de ap de suprafa prezint nivele sczute de
schimbare datorit activitilor umane, dar deviaz
uor fa de acele valori normale asociate cu tipul de
corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate;
clasa de calitate III - stare moderat - valorile
elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp
de ap de suprafa deviaz moderat fa de acelea
care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul de corp de
ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate. Valorile
prezint semne moderate de perturbare ca urmare a
activitilor umane i sunt esenial perturbate fa de
valorile din condiiile de stare bun;
clasa de calitate IV - slab - prezint dovezi de
alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i
n care comunitile biologice importante deviaz
semnificativ de la valorile normale asociate cu tipul
de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii
nemodificate;
clasa de calitate V - proast - prezint dovezi de
alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i
n care pri mari din comunitile biologice
importante care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul
de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii
nemodificate, sunt absente.
Cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului includ
investiiile i cheltuielile curente interne pentru
desfurarea activitilor de supraveghere i protecie a
mediului, i care se refer la prevenirea sau repararea
pagubelor aduse acestuia.
Investiiile pentru protecia mediului includ
cheltuielile efectuate pentru lucrri de construcii, de
instalaii i de montaj, pentru achiziionarea de utilaje,
mijloace de transport, alte cheltuieli destinate crerii de
noi mijloace fixe pentru dezvoltarea, modernizarea,
reconstrucia celor existente, cu scopul de protecie a
mediului. Ele includ, de asemenea, valoarea serviciilor
legate de transferul de proprieti al mijloacelor fixe
existente i al terenurilor (taxe, materiale, comisioane,
cheltuieli de transport de ncrcare - descrcare).
Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului
nsumeaz cheltuielile efectuate pentru operarea,
repararea i ntreinerea instalaiilor i utilajelor pentru
protecia mediului de ctre personalul ntreprinderii. Ele
includ salariile i impozitele aferente i cheltuielile
materiale (materii prime, materiale, combustibili, energie,
ap etc.). Cheltuielile curente interne nu includ cheltuielile
pentru achiziionarea de servicii de mediu de la teri.

the second quality class - good state - biological


quality elements values for superficial water body
type presents low levels of change because of
human activity, but it slightly deviate as against those
normal values associated with superficial water
bodies type in unchanged conditions;
the third quality class - moderate state - biological
quality elements values for superficial water body
type moderately deviates as against those which are
normally associated with superficial water body type
in unchanged conditions. These values presents
moderate perturbation signs because of human
activities and are essentially perturbated as against
the good state conditions values;
the fourth quality class - poor - presents major
alteration proofs of the biological quality elements
values for superficial water bodies type in which
important biological communities significantly
deviates from the normal values associated with
superficial water bodies type in unchanged
conditions;
the fifth quality class - bad - presents major
alteration proofs of the biological quality elements
values for superficials water bodies type and in
which big parts from important biological
communities which are normally associated with
superficial water bodies type in unchanged
conditions are absent.
Environment protection expenditure include
investments and internal current expenditure for carrying
out the activities of environment observation and
protection and refer to environment damages prevention
or repair.
Investments for environment protection include
the expenditure made for construction, installations and
building works, for equipment, transport means
purchasing, other expenditure meant to create new fixed
assets
for
the
development,
modernization,
reconstruction of the already existent ones, having the
purpose of environment protection. They also include the
value of services related to existent fixed assets and land
ownership transfer (taxes, materials, commissions,
loading-unloading transport expenditure).
Current internal expenditure for environment
protection are made of the expenditure for operating,
repairs and maintenance of installations and equipment
for environment protection by enterprise staff. They
include salaries and taxes and material expenditure (raw
materials, materials, fuels, energy, water a.s.o.). The
current internal expenditure do not include
environmental services purchased from thirds.

Categoriile de productori de servicii pentru


protecia mediului sunt:
productorii nespecializai - uniti care execut o
activitate de protecia mediului ca activitate secundar
sau auxiliar la o activitate principal. Activitatea
principal nu este una de protecia mediului. Aceste
uniti se regsesc n sectorul producie (CAEN Rev.2,
diviziunile: 02; 05-36; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51);
productorii specializai - uniti care execut
activiti de protecia mediului ca activitate principal,
conform CAEN Rev.2, diviziunile: 37; 38; 39 i clasa
4677;
administraia public - toate unitile administraiei
publice locale i centrale a cror producie de
servicii de protecia mediului non-pia este
destinat consumului individual i colectiv
(CAEN Rev.2, clasa 8411).
Activitile specifice de protecia mediului sunt
grupate dup domeniile de mediu, astfel:
prevenirea i combaterea polurii (protecia
aerului, protecia apei, managementul deeurilor,
protecia solului i a apelor subterane);
protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea
biodiversitii (protecia speciilor, arii protejate,
remediere i reconstrucie ecologic, refacerea
mediului acvatic, prevenirea fenomenelor naturale
periculoase);
alte domenii (cercetare-dezvoltare, administrare
general a mediului, reducerea zgomotului i a
vibraiilor, protecia mpotriva radiaiilor, educaie,
instruire, informare).

1.1
Nord
North
Sud
South
Est
East
Vest
West

Poziia geografic a Romniei


Geographical position of Romania
Longitudinea estic1)
Longitude east1)

Latitudinea nordic
Latitude north

Punctul extrem (localitatea)


Extreme point (locality)

Judeul
County

Satul Horoditea
Horoditea village
Oraul Zimnicea
Zimnicea town
Oraul Sulina
Sulina town
Comuna Beba Veche
Beba Veche commune

Botoani

26o4205

48o1506

Teleorman

25o2332

43o3707

Tulcea

29o4124

45o0936

Timi

20o1544

46o0727

1) Dup Greenwich. / According to Greenwich.

10

Categories of service producers for environment


protection are:
non-specialised producers - units carrying out an
activity of environment protection as their
secondary or auxiliary activity. Their main activity is
not the environment protection. These units are
found in the sector of production (CANE Rev. 2,
divisions: 02; 05-36; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51);
specialised producers - units carrying out an activity
of environment protection as their main activity,
according to CANE Rev.2, divisions: 37; 38 ; 39 and
4677 class;
public administration - local and central units of
public administration whose non-market production
of environment protection services is meant for
individual and collective consumption (CANE Rev.2,
8411 class).
Specific activities of environment protection are
grouped by environmental domains, as follows:
pollution prevention and reduction (air protection,
water protection, wastes management, soil and
underground waters protection);
natural resources protection and biodiversity
preservation (species protection, protected areas,
ecological remedy and reconstruction, aquatic
environment restoration, prevention of dangerous
natural phenomena);
other
domains
(research-development,
environment general administration, noise and
vibrations reduction, protection against radiation,
education, training, looking for information).

1.2

Lungimea frontierelor Romniei


Length of Romanias borders
km

Lungimea frontierelor / Border length

Total granie
Bulgaria
Republica Moldova
Serbia
Ucraina
Ungaria
Marea Neagr

Total
Total

Terestr
Land

Fluvial
River

Maritim
Sea

3149,9

1085,6

1816,9

247,4

631,3
681,3
546,4
649,4
448,0
193,5

139,1
256,8
273,8
415,9
-

470,0
681,3
289,6
343,9
32,1
-

22,2
31,7
193,5

Total borders
Bulgaria
Republic of Moldova
Serbia
Ukraine
Hungary
Black Sea

Not: Lungimile frontierelor sunt oficializate numai cu Serbia i Ungaria, celelalte frontiere fiind calculate unilateral.
Note: Lengths of borders are official only with Serbia and Hungary, the other borders being unilaterally calculated.

1.3

Principalele altitudini muntoase


Major mountain peaks

Denumirea vrfului muntos


Name of peak

Denumirea masivului muntos


Name of massif

Judeul
County

Altitudinea vrfului (m)


Height (m)

Moldoveanu
Negoiu
Parngu Mare
Peleaga
Omu
Retezat
Iezerul Mare
Ppua
Pietrosu
Gugu
Suru
Ineu
Cindrel
tefleti
La Om (Piscul Baciului)
Godeanu
Cleanu
arcu
Leaota
Vrful lui Ptru
Ursu
Pietrosu
ureanu
Farcu
Ciuca
Toroiaga

Fgra
Fgra
Parng
Retezat
Bucegi
Retezat
Iezer
Iezer
Rodna
Godeanu
Fgra
Rodna
Cindrel
Lotru
Piatra Craiului
Godeanu
arcu
arcu
Leaota
ureanu
Cpna
Climan
ureanu
Maramure
Ciuca
Maramure

Arge
Arge, Braov, Sibiu
Gorj, Hunedoara
Hunedoara
Prahova, Braov, Dmbovia
Hunedoara
Arge
Arge
Maramure
Cara-Severin, Hunedoara
Sibiu, Vlcea
Bistria-Nsud
Sibiu
Sibiu, Vlcea
Braov
Cara-Severin, Gorj
Cara-Severin
Cara-Severin
Dmbovia, Arge
Hunedoara
Vlcea
Suceava, Mure
Hunedoara
Maramure
Braov, Prahova
Maramure

2544
2535
2519
2509
2505
2482
2462
2391
2303
2291
2283
2279
2244
2242
2238
2229
2190
2190
2133
2130
2124
2100
2059
1956
1954
1930

11

1.3

12

Principalele altitudini muntoase - continuare


Major mountain peaks - continued

Denumirea vrfului muntos

Denumirea masivului muntos

Judeul

Name of peak

Name of massif

County

Altitudinea vrfului (m)

Ocolau Mare
Toaca
Straja
Budacu
Giumalu
Cucurbta Mare
ible
Vldeasa
Muntele Mare
Harghita Mdra
Hmau Mare
Pietrosu
Goru
Lcu
Saca
Penteleu
Vlacu Mic
Cozia
Grindu
Raru
Nemira
Lucina
Cucu
Bivolu
Pacani
Vrful lui Stan
Piatra Goznei
Guti
Poienia
Pade
Dmbu
Igni
Ciomatu
Detunata
Svinecea Mare
Leordi

Ceahlu
Ceahlu
Vlcan
Bistria
Raru
Bihor
ible
Vldeasa
Muntele Mare
Harghita
Hma
Bistria
Vrancea
Vrancea
Gurghiu
Penteleu
Munii Cernei
Cozia
Tarcu
Raru
Nemira
Obcina Mestecni
Harghita
Stnioara
Obcina Feredeu
Mehedini
Semenic
Guti
Munii Metaliferi
Poiana Rusc
Trascu
Guti
Bodoc
Munii Metaliferi
Almj
Munii Aninei

Neam
Neam
Gorj, Hunedoara
Neam, Suceava
Suceava
Bihor, Alba
Maramure, Bistria-Nsud
Cluj
Alba, Cluj
Harghita
Harghita, Neam
Suceava
Buzu, Vrancea
Covasna, Vrancea
Mure
Buzu
Cara-Severin
Vlcea
Bacu
Suceava
Bacu
Suceava
Harghita, Covasna
Neam
Suceava
Mehedini
Cara-Severin
Maramure
Alba
Timi, Cara-Severin
Alba
Maramure
Harghita
Alba
Cara-Severin
Cara-Severin

1907
1900
1868
1859
1856
1849
1837
1836
1826
1800
1792
1791
1784
1777
1776
1772
1733
1668
1664
1650
1649
1588
1558
1530
1495
1466
1447
1443
1437
1374
1369
1307
1301
1258
1224
1160

Height (m)

Pleu

Codru Moma

Arad, Bihor

1112

Vrful Cetii

Perani

Braov

1104

Mgura Priei

Mese

Slaj

996

Drocea

Zarand

Arad

836

uuiatu

Mcin

Tulcea

467

1.4

Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe teritoriul Romniei


Length of major rivers on Romanian territory

Denumirea cursului de ap
River name
Dunre
Mure
Prut
Olt
Siret
Ialomia
Some
Arge
Jiu
Buzu
Dmbovia
Bistria
Jijia
Trnava Mare
Timi
Criul Alb
Vedea
Moldova
Brlad
Trnava Mic
Prahova
Neajlov
Olte
Someul Mic
Suceava
Bega
Arie
Trotu

Lungimea cursului de ap (km)


Length of the river (km)

Suprafaa bazinului (km2)


Basin area (km2)

1075
761
742
615
559
417
376
350
339
302
286
283
275
246
244
234
224
213
207
196
193
186
185
178
173
170
166
162

332501)
27890
10990
24050
42890
10350
15740
12550
10080
5264
2824
7039
5757
6253
5673
4240
5430
4299
7220
2071
3738
3720
2663
3773
2298
2362
3005
4456

1) Fr afluenii care formeaz bazine de ordinul 1. / Excluding the tributaries which form the first degree basins.

13

1.5

Principalele lacuri naturale


Major natural lakes

Denumirea lacului natural


Natural lake name

Bucura
Znoaga Mare
Blea
Clcescu
Sfnta Ana
Zton
Iezerul Ighiu
Vintileasca
Lacul Rou
Bltu
Ianca
Movila Miresii
Lacul Srat-Brila
Oltina
Iezerul Mostitei
Balta Alb
Jirlu
Amara-Buzu
Snagov
Cldruani
Hazarlc
Amara-Ialomia
Taaul
Techirghiol
Mangalia
Tatlageac
Razim
Sinoie
Zmeica
Siutghiol
Brate
Bistre
Suhaia
Lacul Rotund
Dranov
Lacul Rou
Gorgova
Lumina
Merhei
Furtuna
Matia

Judeul
County

Suprafaa (ha)
Area (ha)

Lacuri n circuri glaciare / Lakes of glacial circuses


10,5
9,0
4,7
3,0
Lacuri n cratere vulcanice / Lakes of volcanic crater
Harghita
22,0
Lacuri n depresiuni carstice / Lakes of karstic depressions
Mehedini
20,0
Alba
5,3
Vrancea
4,7
Lacuri de baraj natural / Lakes of natural barrage
Harghita
12,6
Bacu
6,0
Lacuri n crovuri (depresiuni de tasare) / Clasto-karstic lakes
Brila
322,0
Brila
180,0
Brila
39,0
Limane fluviatile / River banks
Constana
2509,0
Clrai
1860,0
Buzu, Brila
1012,0
Brila
890,0
Buzu
600,0
Ilfov
575,0
Ilfov
224,0
Constana
168,0
Ialomia
132,0
Limane fluvio-maritime / River - maritime banks
Constana
2335,0
Constana
1161,0
Constana
261,0
Constana
178,0
Lagune marine / Maritime lagoons
Tulcea
41500,0
Constana
17150,0
Tulcea
5460,0
Constana
1900,0
Lacuri de lunc / River meadow lakes
Galai
2111,0
Dolj
1867,0
Teleorman
1094,0
Tulcea
219,0
Lacuri din Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta lakes
Tulcea
2170,0
Tulcea
1445,0
Tulcea
1377,5
Tulcea
1367,5
Tulcea
1057,5
Tulcea
977,5
Tulcea
652,5
Hunedoara
Hunedoara
Sibiu
Gorj

1) Volum rezultat din lucrrile de amenajare pentru irigaii. / Volume resulted from planning works for irrigations.

14

Volum (mil. m3)


Volume (mill. m3)

0,5
1,0
0,2
0,1
0,6
1,0
0,2
0,1
0,7
0,1
1,6
4,5
0,2
60,0
160,01)
5,1
5,6
3,6
17,3
4,5
0,8
2,6
57,0
41,8
15,7
14,0
909,0
210,7
45,6
88,7
30,0
28,0
18,0
2,0
21,7
21,7
13,8
20,5
15,9
9,8
9,8

1.6

Principalele lacuri antropice


Major anthropic lakes

Denumirea
lacului antropic
Anthropic lake name

Judeul
County

Suprafaa la nivel
normal de retenie (ha)
Area at normal level
of afflux (ha)

Volumul la nivel normal


de retenie (mil. m3)
Volume at normal level
of afflux (mill. m3)

Porile de Fier

Mehedini

70000,01)

2400,0

energie / energy

Ostrovu Mare

Mehedini

7920,0

800,0

energie / energy

Stnca-Costeti

Botoani

5900,0

735,0

complex / complex

Izvorul Muntelui-Bicaz

Neam

3100,0

1130,0

energie / energy

Strejeti

Olt

2204,0

202,7

energie / energy

Ipoteti

Olt

1692,0

110,0

energie / energy

Frunzaru

Olt

1280,0

96,0

energie / energy

Izbiceni

Olt

1095,0

74,0

energie / energy

Drgneti

Olt

1080,0

76,0

energie / energy

Mihileti

Ilfov

1013,0

76,3

complex / complex

Vidra

Vlcea

950,0

340,0

energie / energy

Fntnele

Cluj

884,0

212,9

energie / energy

Vidraru

Arge

870,0

469,0

complex / complex

Categoria de folosin
Category of use

Drcani

Botoani

500,0

6,1

piscicultur / fish breeding

Soleti

Vaslui

452,0

15,8

complex / complex

Oaa

Alba

447,0

131,0

energie / energy

Gura Apelor

Hunedoara

420,0

210,0

energie / energy

Clineti

Satu Mare

380,0

8,6

complex / complex

Siriu

Buzu

360,0

126,0

complex / complex

Iovanu

Gorj

290,0

120,0

complex / complex

Colibia

Bistria Nsud

270,0

65,0

complex / complex

Lacul Morii

Municipiul Bucureti

256,0

14,2

complex / complex

Vcreti

Dmbovia

234,0

14,1

complex / complex

Brdior

Vlcea

230,0

38,0

complex / complex

Pucai

Vaslui

230,0

8,0

complex / complex

Tarnia

Cluj

215,0

70,3

energie / energy

Pecineagu

Dmbovia

182,0

63,0

complex / complex

1) ntre confluena Nera-Dunre i baraj (dup datele celor dou hidrocentrale).

Nera-Danube and dam confluence (according to the data of the two hydro-power stations).

15

1.7

Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia


Average height of major towns in Romania

Oraul
Town

Judeul
County

Alba lulia
Alexandria
Arad
Bacu
Baia Mare
Bistria
Brlad
Botoani
Braov
Brila
Bucureti / Bucharest
Buzu
Clrai
Cluj - Napoca
Constana
Craiova
Dej
Deva
Drobeta-Turnu Severin
Fgra
Focani
Galai
Giurgiu
Hunedoara
Iai
Lugoj
Media
Miercurea Ciuc
Odorheiu Secuiesc
Oneti
Oradea
Petroani
Piatra Neam
Piteti
Ploieti
Reia
Rmnicu Vlcea
Roman
Satu Mare
Sfntu Gheorghe
Sibiu
Sighetu Marmaiei
Sighioara
Slatina
Slobozia
Suceava
Tecuci
Timioara
Trgovite
Trgu Jiu
Trgu Mure
Tulcea
Turda
Turnu Mgurele
Vaslui
Zalu

Alba
Teleorman
Arad
Bacu
Maramure
Bistria-Nsud
Vaslui
Botoani
Braov
Brila
Buzu
Clrai
Cluj
Constana
Dolj
Cluj
Hunedoara
Mehedini
Braov
Vrancea
Galai
Giurgiu
Hunedoara
Iai
Timi
Sibiu
Harghita
Harghita
Bacu
Bihor
Hunedoara
Neam
Arge
Prahova
Cara-Severin
Vlcea
Neam
Satu Mare
Covasna
Sibiu
Maramure
Mure
Olt
Ialomia
Suceava
Galai
Timi
Dmbovia
Gorj
Mure
Tulcea
Cluj
Teleorman
Vaslui
Slaj

Not: Oraul situat la cea mai mare altitudine medie este Predeal (judeul Braov) - 1060 m.
Oraul situat la cea mai mic altitudine medie este Sulina (judeul Tulcea) - 4 m.
Note: The town situated at the highest average height is Predeal (Braov county) - 1060 m.
The town situated at the lowest average height is Sulina (Tulcea county) - 4 m.

16

Altitudinea medie (m)


Average height (m)
235
45
107
165
225
360
90
130
625
20
85
95
13
360
25
100
285
220
65
430
55
35
23
245
95
70
300
665
385
210
150
650
345
287
150
245
250
195
123
555
415
270
375
135
35
325
50
90
280
205
330
30
330
23
110
275

1.8

Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, la 31 decembrie 2012


Administrative organisation of Romanian territory, on December 31, 2012

Macroregiunea
Regiunea de dezvoltare
Judeul
Macroregion
Development region
County

Suprafaa
total
Total area
(km2)

Numrul
oraelor i
municipiilor
Number
of towns and
municipalities

din care:
municipii
of which:
municipalities

Numrul
comunelor
Number of
communes

Numrul
satelor
Number of
villages

238391

320

103

2861

12957

68259

100

35

760

3588

Nord - Vest / North - West


Bihor
Bistria-Nsud
Cluj
Maramure
Satu Mare
Slaj

34159
7544
5355
6674
6304
4418
3864

43
10
4
6
13
6
4

15
4
1
5
2
2
1

403
91
58
75
63
59
57

1800
430
235
420
214
220
281

Centru / Center
Alba
Braov
Covasna
Harghita
Mure
Sibiu

34100
6242
5363
3710
6639
6714
5432

57
11
10
5
9
11
11

20
4
4
2
4
4
2

357
67
48
40
58
91
53

1788
656
149
122
235
464
162

72612

81

28

861

3862

Nord - Est / North - East


Bacu
Botoani
Iai
Neam
Suceava
Vaslui

36850
6621
4986
5476
5896
8553
5318

46
8
7
5
5
16
5

17
3
2
2
2
5
3

506
85
71
93
78
98
81

2414
491
333
418
344
379
449

Sud - Est / South - East


Brila
Buzu
Constana
Galai
Tulcea
Vrancea

35762
4766
6103
7071
4466
8499
4857

35
4
5
12
4
5
5

11
1
2
3
2
1
2

355
40
82
58
61
46
68

1448
140
475
189
180
133
331

36274

57

17

551

2110

Sud - Muntenia / South - Muntenia


Arge
Clrai
Dmbovia
Giurgiu
Ialomia
Prahova
Teleorman

34453
6826
5088
4054
3526
4453
4716
5790

48
7
5
7
3
7
14
5

16
3
2
2
1
3
2
3

519
95
50
82
51
59
90
92

2019
576
160
353
167
127
405
231

Bucureti - Ilfov / Bucharest - Ilfov


Ilfov
Municipiul Bucureti
Bucharest Municipality

1821
1583
238

9
8
1

1
1

32
32
-

91
91
-

61246

82

23

689

3397

Sud - Vest Oltenia


South - West Oltenia
Dolj
Gorj
Mehedini
Olt
Vlcea

29212

40

11

408

2070

7414
5602
4933
5498
5765

7
9
5
8
11

3
2
2
2
2

104
61
61
104
78

378
411
344
377
560

Vest / West
Arad
Cara-Severin
Hunedoara
Timi

32034
7754
8520
7063
8697

42
10
8
14
10

12
1
2
7
2

281
68
69
55
89

1327
270
287
457
313

Total
MACROREGIUNEA 1
MACROREGION 1

MACROREGIUNEA 2
MACROREGION 2

MACROREGIUNEA 3
MACROREGION 3

MACROREGIUNEA 4
MACROREGION 4

17

1.9

Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual)


Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)

Staia
meteorologic
i anii
de observaie
Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
2012
Suceava
1901 - 2000
2012
Oradea
1901 - 2000
2012
Iai
1901 - 2000
2012
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
2012
Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
2012
Bacu
1901 - 2000
2012
Timioara
1901 - 2000
2012
Deva
1901 - 2000
2012
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
2012
Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
2012
Galai
1901 - 2000
2012
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
2012
Buzu
1901 - 2000
2012
Calafat
1901 - 2000
2012
Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
2012
Bucureti - Filaret
1901 - 2000
2012
Constana
1901 - 2000
2012

grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

Iunie
June

Media lunar
Iulie
July

Monthly average
August Septembrie
August
September

-2,8
-0,2

-0,6
-6,5

4,5
4,7

10,4
12,2

15,7
17,3

18,8
21,1

20,4
24,1

19,8
22,1

-4,8
-3,4

-3,2
-9,6

1,4
3,5

7,9
10,3

13,4
15,4

16,9
19,6

18,6
22,7

-1,9
0,6

0,3
-5,7

5,2
6,5

10,8
12,6

15,9
17,2

19,0
21,8

-3,5
-2,5

-1,8
-9,5

3,1
4,0

10,2
13,0

16,0
18,2

-4,2
-2,4

-2,1
-6,4

3,6
4,1

9,2
11,2

-4,0
-2,1

-1,8
-6,5

4,0
3,1

-3,6
-2,4

-2,1
-9,3

-1,5
0,7

Media
anual
Yearly
average

Amplitudinea
anual
Yearly
amplitude

Octombrie
October

Noiembrie
November

Decembrie
December

15,5
-

10,1
10,9

4,9
6,8

0,1
-0,6

9,7
1)

23,2
-

17,8
20,4

13,6
16,5

7,9
10,4

2,7
4,5

-2,2
-4,7

7,5
8,8

23,4
32,3

20,9
24,6

20,4
23,4

16,3
19,5

10,9
12,0

5,3
7,8

0,8
0,4

10,3
11,7

22,8
30,3

19,5
23,3

21,2
26,3

20,5
23,1

15,9
18,9

10,0
12,0

4,1
6,6

-0,8
-3,7

9,5
10,8

24,7
35,8

14,4
15,5

17,4
20,2

19,1
23,3

18,4
21,1

14,2
17,5

8,8
10,4

3,3
4,6

-1,4
-2,1

8,4
9,8

23,3
29,7

9,7
12,0

14,8
16,6

17,7
21,3

19,4
24,8

18,8
21,9

14,6
18,2

9,2
11,1

3,7
4,9

-1,3
-3,0

8,7
10,2

23,4
31,3

2,9
3,5

9,7
11,9

15,2
17,1

18,9
22,2

20,6
25,2

19,8
22,1

15,3
17,8

9,5
11,1

3,7
5,3

-0,9
-4,4

9,1
10,0

24,2
34,5

0,6
-5,3

5,7
7,0

11,1
13,2

16,3
17,2

19,6
22,7

21,5
25,3

20,9
23,3

16,8
19,3

11,2
12,0

5,7
8,0

1,2
-0,2

10,7
11,9

23,0
30,6

-2,5
-0,5

0,0
-4,1

5,3
6,0

10,7
12,4

15,6
16,1

18,6
20,9

20,4
24,2

19,8
22,2

15,7
18,6

10,2
11,0

4,7
5,5

0,3
-1,0

9,9
10,9

22,9
28,3

-3,6
-2,5

-1,4
-5,7

3,9
4,6

9,5
5,0

14,4
15,5

17,5
20,9

19,2
24,5

18,6
21,9

14,5
18,1

9,2
11,0

3,8
5,2

-1,1
-2,3

8,7
9,7

22,8
30,2

-10,6
-13,6

-10,8
-14,2

-8,5
-9,3

-4,4
-2,3

0,3
2,1

3,5
7,1

5,5
10,4

5,7
7,9

2,8
6,8

-0,8
2,0

-4,8
-1,3

-8,4
-9,6

-2,6
-1,2

16,5
24,6

-2,6
-1,4

-0,9
-7,1

4,0
5,6

10,8
14,1

16,5
19,0

20,4
23,9

22,5
27,1

21,9
24,7

17,3
19,7

11,3
14,3

5,2
7,6

0,1
-1,3

10,5
12,2

25,1
34,2

-2,4
-1,8

-0,3
-4,8

4,8
7,3

10,9
13,3

15,9
17,1

19,4
22,9

21,4
26,2

20,8
23,5

16,5
19,1

10,5
13,1

4,8
7,1

0,0
-1,0

10,2
11,8

23,8
31,0

-2,2
-0,9

-0,2
-6,6

4,4
6,1

10,9
13,9

16,6
18,1

20,3
23,2

22,3
27,2

21,9
24,6

17,4
19,9

11,2
13,9

5,1
6,8

0,4
-2,0

10,7
12,0

24,5
33,8

-1,4
0,6

0,6
-5,3

5,7
9,2

11,9
14,3

17,4
18,0

21,0
24,5

23,3
27,5

22,8
26,1

18,2
21,1

11,9
14,3

5,7
7,5

1,0
-0,8

11,5
13,1

24,7
32,8

-2,3
-0,9

0,3
-6,3

5,6
7,2

12,2
14,6

17,6
17,9

21,3
24,2

23,3
27,7

22,5
25,1

18,1
20,4

11,8
14,5

5,7
7,4

0,5
-1,3

11,4
12,5

25,6
34,0

-2,2
-0,6

-0,2
-5,4

5,3
6,9

11,6
14,4

16,9
18,1

20,7
23,5

22,9
27,8

22,4
24,9

17,7
20,1

11,8
14,5

5,5
7,8

0,4
-0,6

11,0
12,6

25,1
33,2

0,1
0,7

1,2
-2,2

4,5
6,0

9,6
12,6

15,2
18,3

19,7
23,0

22,2
26,1

22,0
24,5

18,2
20,5

13,2
16,4

7,6
10,0

2,8
2,4

11,4
13,2

22,1
28,3

Meteorological
station
and observation
years
Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
2012
Suceava
1901 - 2000
2012
Oradea
1901 - 2000
2012
Iai
1901 - 2000
2012
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
2012
Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
2012
Bacu
1901 - 2000
2012
Timioara
1901 - 2000
2012
Deva
1901 - 2000
2012
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
2012
Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
2012
Galai
1901 - 2000
2012
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
2012
Buzu
1901 - 2000
2012
Calafat
1901 - 2000
2012
Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
2012
Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000
2012
Constana
1901 - 2000
2012

1)
= Lips date (Observaii incomplete n luna septembrie 2012). / = Data not available (Incomplete observations in September 2012).
Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.
Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

18

19

1.10
Staia
meteorologic
i anii
de observaie

Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Suceava
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Oradea
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Iai
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua

20

Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)


Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

Iunie
June

Iulie
July

August
August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie


September
October November December

Maxima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
maximum and
its date

14,7
1990
-29,3
1982

17,9
1989
-27,6
1940

26,0
1974
-20,6
1940

30,7
1950
-6,4
1954

32,4
1937
-2,6
1976

36,3
37,2
2000 1939; 1987
0,6
4,9
1977
1961

39,4
1952
3,5
1980

37,3
1946
-4,7
1970

28,3
1943
-9,3
1971

24,2
1968
-19,6
1989

18,0
1989
-30,4
1961

39,4
16 august 1952

7,4
4
-13,2
31

7,6
25
-26,9
8

21,1
23
-9,2
7; 8

30,8
30
-4,4
10

32,6
2
5,1
28

34,3
20
9,3
28

38,8
25
8,7
17

39,3
6
4,8
29

34,9
3
2,6
22

30,8
1
-0,5
22

19,3
12
-4,6
16

8,2
2
-13,6
14

39,3
6 august

15,0
1984
-29,6
1954

20,4
1990
-31,0
1954

26,6
1952
-21,9
1955

28,4
1943
-9,2
1963

34,5
1958
-2,2
1999

34,0
1972
1,5
1958

35,2
1988
5,5
1989

38,6
1952
4,2
1993

32,9
32,0
1986
1952
-3,5
-8,0
1953; 1977 1951; 1979

24,0
1994
-21,2
1942

18,0
1989
-29,8
1996

38,6
17 august 1952

11,4
3
-19,9
29

7,8
22
-28,6
2

20,7
18
-13,4
8

28,4
30
-4,4
10

29,3
1
4,9
14

33,1
22
8,8
1

34,5
9
10,1
19

37,1
7
8,5
31

29,8
25; 27
5,9
13

28,1
2
-0,8
31

19,8
4
-4,4
16

11,6
26
-16,5
14

37,1
7 august

17,1
1939
-29,2
1942

19,2
1958
-24,5
1935

26,4
1974
-18,6
1932

32,6
1934
-10,0
1944

33,4
1968
-4,0
1943

37,8
2000
1,0
1918

39,5
1936
5,0
1943

40,0
2000
4,2
1942; 1943

37,0
1942
-1,9
1970

32,7
1932
-10,5
1943

26,0
1997
-16,4
1915

19,2
1957
-26,2
1902

40,0
21 august 2000

11,5
2
-10,7
31

10,9
25
-21,2
11

22,5
18
-8,0
7

31,0
30
-3,9
10

31,9
1
5,3
18

34,1
30
9,9
27

37,8
5
11,2
17

38,7
25
8,0
28

35,9
1
4,4
22

30,5
1
-0,4
31

22,1
5
-0,8
21

11,8
26
-12,7
10

38,7
25 august

16,7
1921
-30,6
1963

22,5
1990
-36,3
1937

27,0
1926
-22,7
1952

31,5
1909
-9,4
1963

36,4
1950
-3,0
1935

38,0
1927
3,5
1934

40,0
1909
6,3
1929

39,7
1905
4,6
1914

38,0
1946
-3,5
1921; 1931

33,9
1952
-9,6
1912

29,0
1926
-21,1
1993

19,5
1989
-29,5
1946

40,0
27 iulie/July 1909

9,3
4
-17,8
29

8,7
26
-26,7
12

21,6
18; 19
-11,5
8

31,6
30
-1,7
11

32,6
3
7,9
15

37,9
21
10,5
28

39,0
9
12,4
19

41,3
7
9,5
31

32,3
28
6,8
10

29,5
2
-1,0
31

20,4
4
-4,0
16

8,7
1
-16,5
14

41,3
7 august

14,0
1903
-34,2
1963

19,3
1966
-32,5
1929

26,6
30,2
1975 1926; 1950
-22,0
-8,4
1932
1923

32,5
1924
-3,5
1935

36,0
1935
0,4
1955

37,0
1936
5,2
1980

38,0
1952
3,5
1933

33,7
1927
-3,0
1939

32,6
1952
-8,8
1997

26,0
1926
-22,3
1948

18,7
1982
-27,9
1927

38,0
16 august 1952

6,2
13
-18,8
31

6,4
25
-21,1
2

21,9
18
-11,6
7

29,7
1
5,5
14

32,8
21
8,8
7

36,2
25
10,3
17

38,5
25
7,5
29

31,9
3; 5
4,5
22

31,3
1
-1,6
31

18,2
6
-3,9
16

7,8
1
-13,6
14

38,5
25 august

28,4
30
-3,7
10

Minima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
minimum and
its date

-30,4
24 decembrie/December 1961

-26,9
8 februarie/February

-31,0
20 februarie/February 1954

-28,6
2 februarie/February

-29,2
24 ianuarie/January 1942

-21,2
11 februarie/February

-36,3
1 februarie/February 1937

-26,7
12 februarie/February

-34,2
23 ianuarie/January 1963

-21,1
2 februarie/February

Meteorological
station
and observation
years

Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Suceava
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Oradea
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Iai
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date

21

1.10
Staia
meteorologic
i anii
de observaie

Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Bacu
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Timioara
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Deva
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua

22

Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare
Air temperature
(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

Iunie
June

Iulie
July

August
August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie


September
October November December

Maxima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
maximum and
its date

14,0
1936
-32,8
1942; 1963

19,0
1994
-32,0
1929

27,0
1975
-27,3
1932

32,5
1934
-7,5
1929

34,4
1950
-1,6
1976

35,3
1963
0,3
1928

39,0
1936
4,6
1996

38,5
1946
2,7
1958

38,2
1946
-3,3
1970

31,5
1952
-8,4
1988

26,5
1926
-19,6
1989

18,3
1960
-25,9
1927

39,0
29 iulie/July 1936

6,6
5
-19,9
31

6,0
21
-22,4
8

21,6
18
-12,3
6

29,8
30
-4,3
2

32,0
2
6,7
15

34,6
20
9,8
7

37,7
25
11,0
17

38,8
25
6,4
29

33,5
3
5,9
13

31,7
1
-1,8
31

21,2
5
-4,1
16

10,9
2
-20,8
14

38,8
25 august

18,2
1984
-30,8
1963

22,4
1977
-32,5
1954

29,6
1952
-21,5
1986

30,9
1943
-11,3
1963

35,6
1908
-3,0
1912

36,5
39,6
1908
1988
2,7
6,0
1939 1904; 1954

38,8
1952
3,0
1940

35,8
1946
-4,5
1977

34,6
1952
-10,0
1912

26,6
1990
-21,4
1993

19,0
1903
-27,8
1946

39,6
6 iulie/July 1988

11,7
4
-20,5
29

10,9
25
-25,5
2

22,3
25
-14,0
8

32,2
30
-2,3
2

32,6
1; 2
6,4
14

37,5
22
10,4
1

39,2
29
10,7
19

42,5
7
7,7
30

33,0
5
6,6
13

29,5
2
-2,6
31

21,7
2
-4,5
16

8,2
1
-18,8
14

42,5
7 august

17,4
1979
-35,3
1963

20,5
1994
-29,2
1935

28,2
1952
-20,0
1932

32,0
1950
-5,2
1931

34,5
1950
-5,0
1935

38,4
1938
2,2
1962

39,6
1939
5,9
1962

41,0
1952
5,0
1949

39,7
1946
-1,9
1970

33,8
1935
-6,8
1971

27,1
1926
-15,4
1922

20,2
1957
-24,8
1927

41,0
16 august 1952

12,2
4
-13,3
31

10,3
25
-21,7
10

24,4
18
-6,7
7

30,8
30
-3,0
2; 10

31,7
2
4,8
18

35,2
30
8,7
6

37,3
8
12,1
19

38,2
24; 25
8,9
29

34,6
1
3,6
22

32,8
1
-2,1
31

21,1
2
-0,4
17

9,2
28
-17,3
10

38,2
24; 25 august

15,3
1939
-31,6
1963

20,8
1977
-28,1
1929

28,5
1952
-21,7
1987

32,3
1956
-6,0
1926

34,6
35,6
39,4
1950 1952; 1963 1931; 1936
-2,4
2,2
3,7
1953
1933
1962

39,7
1952
4,4
1961

38,2
1946
-4,2
1970

32,7
1932
-8,0
1997

27,4
1926
-16,6
1922

19,8
1957
-24,1
1927

39,7
16 august 1952

8,5
4; 23
-12,7
31

9,4
25
-17,5
9

23,1
18
-8,5
6

30,2
30
-3,9
2

31,7
2
7,1
19

35,3
21
8,5
7

36,3
25
11,3
17; 19

38,4
23
7,3
29

34,0
4
4,2
22

33,1
1
-3,6
31

18,7
4
-2,0
18

13,6
1
-15,6
14

38,4
23 august

15,6
1903
-31,8
1963

21,3
1966
-31,0
1929

30,6
1952
-24,5
1932

30,2
1934
-12,0
1942

32,1
1973
-3,6
1963

35,4
1963
1,0
1934

37,5
1987
4,2
1996

38,4
1946
1,0
1981

39,5
1946
-3,6
1970; 1977

32,5
1932
-9,4
1997

27,0
1926
-21,3
1948

19,3
1957
-29,8
1927

10,1
3
-23,3
31

8,8
25
-24,2
1

21,7
18
-9,4
6

27,9
30
-3,4
2

29,6
2
6,9
18

33,5
22
7,9
7

37,8
21
10,0
17

38,9
25
7,3
14

31,6
30
4,7
22

31,7
1
-3,7
31

22,0
5
-4,4
20

9,2
1
-21,8
14

Minima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
minimum and
its date

-32,8
25 ianuarie/January 1942;
23 ianuarie/January 1963

-22,4
8 februarie/February

-32,5
20 februarie/February 1954

-25,5
2 februarie/February

-35,3
24 ianuarie/January 1963

-21,7
10 februarie/February

-31,6
24 ianuarie/January 1963

-17,5
9 februarie/February

39,5
7 septembrie/September 1946
-31,8
23 ianuarie/January 1963
38,9
25 august
-24,2
1 februarie/February

Meteorological
station
and observation
years

Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Bacu
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Timioara
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Deva
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date

23

1.10
Staia
meteorologic
i anii
de observaie

Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Galai
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Buzu
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Calafat
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua

24

Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare
Air temperature
(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

Iunie
June

Iulie
July

August
August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie


September
October November December

Maxima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
maximum and
its date

5,6
1949
-32,3
1964

6,0
1950
-38,0
1929

12,2
1974
-29,6
1987

12,8
1986
-26,0
1940

16,6
1986
-16,0
1940

22,0
1939
-12,0
1939

22,1
1984
-8,0
1933

20,8
1956; 1957
-7,0
1949

19,2
1993
-15,0
1935

20,0
1935
-19,0
1946

13,6
1945
-30,8
1957

8,2
1972
-32,4
1957

22,1
14 iulie/July 1984

-1,6
3
-23,6
17

-4,2
20
-24,7
2

3,0
18
-20,4
7

11,3
30
-16,0
2

11,8
2
-3,8
29

16,8
22
-1,4
6

17,3
15
0,6
17

19,5
25; 26
-1,1
14

16,7
3
-4,6
21

12,5
2
-10,6
31

11,0
12
-10,9
8

-0,2
25; 26
-20,7
13

19,5
25; 26 august

17,3
1993
-26,5
1929

22,4
1990
-28,6
1929

27,8
1952
-17,2
1985

31,8
1998
-5,2
1904

36,2
1950
-0,1
1935

35,8
1908
3,8
1973

40,2
2000
7,3
1976

39,0
1904
6,2
1980

35,7
1968
-1,5
1977

33,5
1952
-6,8
1973

25,6
1926
-17,4
1933

20,0
1947
-20,7
1996

40,2
5 iulie/July 2000

9,0
3
-15,1
29; 30

9,1
25
-19,8
9

23,5
19
-6,0
1

30,9
30
-0,6
10

32,4
2
9,4
14

37,3
22
14,5
1; 7; 28

37,8
29
16,5
17

39,9
25
11,1
29

31,1
15
9,6
23

28,1
1; 2
2,7
31

20,0
2
-1,0
17

13,8
1
-15,0
15

39,9
25 august

18,3
1983

21,7
1990

26,4
1957

31,8
1926

37,5
36,6
1950 1947; 1963

40,6
1946

31,5
1935

26,4
1926

20,0
1986

-31,0
1942

-28,3
1954

-24,7
1987

-4,6
1968

-1,2
2,2
1938 1918; 1990

40,6
39,0
2000 1922; 1946;
1952
5,0
2,6
1993
1939

-4,0
1906

-9,0
1918

-15,1
1904

-26,9
1940

12,4
23
-19,3
31

15,1
25
-23,1
9

24,7
18
-5,4
8

29,1
29; 30
-4,6
2

31,1
12
7,2
29

34,1
22
9,6
7

38,2
21
13,0
19

38,5
24
8,7
14

32,5
28; 30
4,5
22

31,4
1
-2,7
31

20,0
4
-1,3
10; 27

13,3
1
-15,4
14

38,5
24 august

18,4
1936
-29,6
1942

22,2
1990
-25,0
1929

27,9
31,5
1947 1909; 1947
-17,0
-5,3
1901
1944

37,3
1950
-2,0
1915

38,5
1908
4,6
1973

39,8
2000
7,5
1902

39,6
1951
5,4
1939

37,0
1946
-2,0
1977

35,3
1952
-8,0
1988

25,0
1963
-17,6
1975

21,6
1989
-23,0
1902

39,8
5 iulie/July 2000

12,1
3
-17,6
29

10,8
25
-19,5
11

24,4
19
-7,6
8

30,2
30
-4,1
2

31,0
1; 2
9,2
17

36,0
22
11,5
2

37,8
15
15,8
20

39,5
7
10,5
29

31,8
28
8,7
23

28,2
2
0,1
31

18,3
6
-2,3
16

12,4
1
-23,3
14

39,5
7 august

20,5
1993
-29,2
1947

22,4
27,6
1990 1952; 1994
-24,6
-15,7
1950
1963

34,5
1985
-3,0
1912

36,6
1969
1,6
1952

39,5
1908
6,2
1962

43,2
2000
9,0
1913

41,3
1945
7,3
1904

39,8
1946
-1,3
1977

31,6
1991
-6,2
1988

25,9
1970
-16,2
1988

21,2
1989
-21,8
1948

43,2
4 iulie/July 2000

16,1
3
-23,5
31

12,6
25
-26,1
9

28,8
30
0,6
3; 11

33,0
12
8,5
18

37,4
22
12,5
7

41,6
15
15,4
20

41,2
24
11,2
30

35,4
28
9,6
23

31,8
1
-0,8
31

22,0
3
0,8
9

12,1
1
-12,7
15

41,6
15 iulie/July

26,0
19
-4,6
10

Minima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
minimum and
its date

-38,0
10 februarie/February 1929

-24,7
2 februarie/February

-28,6
10 februarie/February 1929

-19,8
9 februarie/February

40,6
8 septembrie/September 1946
4 iulie/July 2000
-31
24 ianuarie/January 1942

-23,1
9 februarie/February

-29,6
24 ianuarie/January 1942

-23,3
14.XII

-29,2
8 ianuarie/January 1947

-26,1
9 februarie/February

Meteorological
station
and observation
years

Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Galai
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Buzu
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date
Calafat
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
monthly minimum
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
monthly minimum
date

25

1.10

Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare
Air temperature
(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued

Staia
meteorologic
i anii
de observaie

Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Bucureti - Filaret
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua
Constana
1901 - 2000
maxima lunar
anul
minima lunar
anul
2012
maxima lunar
ziua
minima lunar
ziua

grade Celsius / Celsius degrees

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

Iunie
June

Iulie
July

August
August

Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie


September
October November December

Maxima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
maximum and
its date

18,0
1983
-30,0
1942

24,1
1995
-26,0
1950

29,6
1951
-22,2
1929

34,2
1985
-4,6
1923

38,8
1950
0,5
1938

38,2
1957
5,0
1911

43,2
1987
9,0
1974

41,4
1952
6,6
1981

40,0
1946
-2,5
1977

36,4
1952
-5,8
1988

26,7
1963
-18,2
1993

22,0
1903
-25,0
1933

43,2
25 iulie/July 1987

13,9
23
-22,8
31

8,5
25
-22,2
1

26,2
19
-5,8
1

30,3
25
-1,0
2

31,6
2
8,6
29

36,8
22
10,5
7

40,8
15
14,3
4

41,2
25
10,5
29; 30

34,0
30
7,0
22

33,2
1
0,3
31

23,0
5
-1,8
26

12,1
1
-16,4
15

41,2
25 august

16,8
1983
-30,0
1942

23,0
1995
-24,2
1929

28,8
1947
-13,6
1929

34,4
1934
-5,5
1923

36,6
1950
-0,2
1915

40,3
1918
4,2
1918

42,4
2000
8,6
1933

41,1
1945
6,6
1981

39,6
1946
-1,6
1906

35,5
1952
-10,7
1920

29,4
1926
-17,8
1904

20,8
1903
-26,4
1927

42,4
5 iulie/July 2000

11,2
3
-16,8
31

13,5
25
-17,2
9

25,0
19
-3,9
1

31,2
25
-0,6
2

32,4
1
10,4
18

36,6
22
12,1
7

40,9
15
16,9
3

41,5
7
12,7
13

33,6
28
9,6
23

29,7
1
-0,1
31

21,1
5
0,7
27

13,0
1
-12,0
15

41,5
7 august

18,0
1988
-24,7
1942

24,5
1995
-25,0
1929

30,8
1952
-12,8
1929

31,9
1985
-4,5
1923

36,9
1969
1,8
1915

36,9
1982
6,4
1913

38,5
1927
7,6
1944

36,8
1902
8,0
1936; 1949

34,8
1987
1,0
1931

31,0
1928
-12,4
1920

26,5
1990
-11,7
1953

21,0
1903
-18,6
1948

38,5
10 iulie/July 1927

12,4
4
-12,9
29

10,9
25
-15,7
1

21,1
19
-3,4
6

24,5
30
1,5
2

29,0
3
11,6
14

34,1
21
14,6
7

34,0
4
18,1
3

34,2
21
13,4
29

33,5
15
11,5
21; 22

27,2
5
2,9
31

21,6
2
1,7
16

18,1
1
-6,0
22

34,2
21 august

Minima absolut
anual i data
nregistrrii
Yearly absolute
minimum and
its date

Meteorological
station
and observation
years

Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
-30,0
monthly minimum
25 ianuarie/January 1942
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
-22,8
monthly minimum
31 ianuarie/January
date
Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
-30,0
monthly minimum
25 ianuarie/January 1942
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
-17,2
monthly minimum
9 februarie/February
date
Constana
1901 - 2000
monthly maximum
year
-25,0
monthly minimum
10 februarie/February 1929
year
2012
monthly maximum
date
-15,7
monthly minimum
1 februarie/February
date

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

26

27

1.11

Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual)


Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)

Staia meteorologic
i anii de observaie
Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
2012
Suceava
1901 - 2000
2012
Oradea
1901 - 2000
2012
Iai
1901 - 2000
2012
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
2012
Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
2012
Bacu
1901 - 2000
2012
Timioara
1901 - 2000
2012
Deva
1901 - 2000
2012
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
2012
Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
2012
Galai
1901 - 2000
2012
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
2012
Buzu
1901 - 2000
2012
Calafat
1901 - 2000
2012
Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
2012
Bucureti - Filaret
1901 - 2000
2012
Constana
1901 - 2000
2012

mm

Ianuarie
January

Februarie
February

Martie
March

Aprilie
April

Mai
May

Iunie
June

Iulie
July

August Septembrie
August
September

Octombrie
October

Noiembrie
November

Decembrie
December

Anual
Yearly

39,8
31,5

35,9
37,0

35,0
6,3

44,8
38,8

63,1
61,6

81,4
90,0

69,4
26,2

62,2
9,8

45,6
27,8

46,0
40,0

47,3
38,4

53,3
55,2

598,8
462,6

24,2
24,2

24,4
20,2

24,4
12,4

47,5
90,5

74,7
81,5

92,0
47,6

89,9
49,0

67,6
63,0

44,6
4,6

30,3
10,5

34,1
18,4

25,2
40,4

562,9
462,3

36,3
23,2

32,1
23,2

35,5
4,6

48,1
40,7

65,5
65,0

83,3
94,3

64,3
70,8

56,2
6,5

47,1
21,4

44,0
53,8

48,6
31,5

52,2
56,7

588,9
491,7

29,7
12,0

26,9
61,0

28,4
19,4

43,9
56,2

55,9
98,2

82,6
16,3

69,3
22,2

56,0
32,1

45,3
50,1

32,5
34,0

37,0
22,5

29,7
83,5

517,8
507,5

26,3
45,5

26,4
28,6

25,4
13,3

46,4
57,2

74,4
82,8

90,0
72,6

79,0
64,5

72,7
38,0

42,7
32,6

37,5
30,4

31,6
22,7

30,6
41,8

564,7
530,0

28,4
31,1

28,7
35,7

26,3
7,8

49,0
71,0

73,8
159,2

90,0
57,8

80,0
22,4

69,7
16,6

43,7
46,2

41,7
38,2

36,7
20,0

32,5
57,1

583,5
563,1

25,0
26,0

25,6
75,3

26,3
32,4

38,6
71,9

66,6
131,8

86,8
36,6

81,0
55,4

62,5
17,8

48,9
36,2

35,9
29,0

34,0
17,8

30,0
97,4

543,5
627,6

39,1
50,6

37,5
54,3

36,5
4,6

48,2
72,4

63,4
55,0

81,0
57,1

58,3
89,0

51,5
6,4

43,9
17,1

49,7
69,4

48,7
19,2

49,4
57,0

583,9
552,1

32,1
47,8

29,7
23,0

28,7
10,9

47,4
119,0

64,7
157,0

78,8
78,2

69,4
56,6

58,5
6,8

44,4
16,0

41,2
56,2

36,9
18,0

38,3
38,6

551,1
628,1

28,6
34,4

26,6
11,0

31,2
17,3

53,8
77,1

78,3
171,1

106,4
41,2

87,6
40,3

71,0
15,8

54,6
29,2

43,9
44,7

33,9
12,1

29,2
34,2

626,2
528,4

71,6
132,2

79,5
97,9

76,6
55,6

86,0
109,9

106,9
179,3

140,1
128,8

135,5
59,7

105,7
66,9

65,8
23,3

59,6
73,5

55,5
36,1

68,5
83,4

1023,7
1046,6

30,0
63,0

26,0
49,4

24,0
10,3

38,1
31,5

50,5
81,6

66,3
59,4

47,9
49,2

40,3
47,4

39,5
32,4

34,4
29,1

34,3
18,7

32,6
115,3

445,6
587,3

52,4
58,3

50,0
81,0

45,4
0,8

63,6
85,0

83,3
174,4

92,0
26,0

64,4
76,4

57,6
8,2

53,5
6,8

64,5
95,8

62,6
34,7

63,0
65,9

726,3
713,3

26,5
20,7

25,6
28,2

22,9
6,3

40,1
46,0

63,9
213,0

80,3
23,6

62,1
49,2

50,1
34,0

38,7
47,8

35,2
19,6

39,2
18,4

32,8
92,1

501,5
598,9

39,0
64,2

36,1
48,5

37,0
12,3

47,8
51,6

60,0
120,4

63,2
9,2

46,4
46,6

36,0
0,0

39,3
3,2

47,1
25,0

52,0
22,0

48,9
53,9

532,8
456,9

35,8
130,2

32,3
24,1

34,4
2,2

42,0
30,2

56,7
58,1

64,7
87,8

52,6
12,4

38,6
29,1

37,6
19,2

41,2
26,8

45,4
10,4

40,3
50,0

502,7
480,5

39,5
92,0

33,3
75,3

38,1
13,9

46,0
32,4

68,1
182,8

85,5
21,3

59,2
11,4

50,0
59,6

40,6
47,6

42,9
25,5

47,8
9,1

41,4
100,9

567,7
671,8

28,8
114,9

26,3
19,7

24,9
16,4

28,7
28,2

36,6
134,5

42,2
9,2

33,7
2,5

29,8
25,8

29,7
3,4

33,7
29,2

39,6
18,8

34,3
85,3

368,1
487,9

Meteorological station
and observation years
Satu Mare
1901 - 2000
2012
Suceava
1901 - 2000
2012
Oradea
1901 - 2000
2012
Iai
1901 - 2000
2012
Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000
2012
Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000
2012
Bacu
1901 - 2000
2012
Timioara
1901 - 2000
2012
Deva
1901 - 2000
2012
Sibiu
1901 - 2000
2012
Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000
2012
Galai
1901 - 2000
2012
Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000
2012
Buzu
1901 - 2000
2012
Calafat
1901 - 2000
2012
Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000
2012
Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000
2012
Constana
1901 - 2000
2012

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

28

29

1.12

Ariile protejate, n anul 2012


Protected areas, in 2012

Categorii de arii
protejate
Rezervaii tiinifice
Parcuri naionale
Monumente ale naturii
Rezervaii naturale
Parcuri naturale
Rezervaii ale biosferei
Zone umede de importan internaional1)
Arii de protecie special avifaunistic
Situri de importan comunitar

Numr
Number

Suprafaa (ha)
Area (ha)

44
13
206
699
15
3
12
148
383

24654
316872
15413
347320
772810
664446
804497
3698732
4147368

Categories of protected
areas
Scientific reserves
National parks
Natural monuments
Natural reserves
Natural parks
Biosphere reserves
Wetlands of international importance1)
Special avifaunistic protection areas
Sites of community interest

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

1.13

Rezervaii ale biosferei i zone umede de importan


internaional1), n anul 2012
Biosphere reservations and wetlands of international
importance1), in 2012

Denumirea rezervaiei / zon


Name of reservation / wetland

Judeul
County

Rezervaii ale biosferei - total


Biosphere reservations - total
Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta
Retezat
Rodna

664446

Tulcea, Constana
Hunedoara
Maramure, Bistria-Nsud, Suceava

Zone umede de importan


internaional1) - total
Wetlands of international
importance1) - total
Delta Dunrii
Parcul Natural Porile de Fier
Confluena Olt-Dunre
Bistre
Parcul Natural Comana
Suhaia
Balta Mic a Brilei
Lunca Mureului
Iezerul Clrai
Lacul Techirghiol
Tinovul Poiana Stampei
Complexul Piscicol Dumbrvia

Suprafaa (ha)
Area (ha)

580000
38047
46399

804497

Tulcea
Cara-Severin, Mehedini
Olt, Teleorman
Dolj
Giurgiu
Teleorman
Brila
Arad, Timi
Clrai
Constana
Suceava
Braov

580000
63623
46623
27482
24963
19594
17529
17166
5001
1462
640
414

1) Zone umede, de o deosebit importan la nivel internaional, ca habitat al psrilor acvatice, conform tratatului interguvernamental

de protejare a biodiversitii (sub egida UNESCO) semnat n oraul Ramsar - Iran,1971.


Wetlands of international importance as habitat of water birds, according to the intergovernmental treaty of
biodiversity protection (under UNESCO aegis) signed in Ramsar town - Iran, 1971.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

30

1.14

Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, n anul 2012


National and natural parks, in 2012

Denumirea parcului
Name of park

Judeul
County

Parcuri naionale - total


National parks - total
Domogled-Valea Cernei
Rodna
Retezat
Cheile Nerei-Beunia
Semenic-Cheile Caraului
Climani
Cozia
Piatra Craiului
Munii Mcinului
Defileul Jiului
Ceahlu
Cheile Bicazului-Hma
Buila-Vnturria

Cara-Severin, Mehedini, Gorj


Bistria-Nsud, Maramure, Suceava
Hunedoara
Cara-Severin
Cara-Severin
Bistria-Nsud, Harghita, Suceava, Mure
Vlcea
Arge, Braov
Tulcea
Gorj, Hunedoara
Neam
Neam, Harghita
Vlcea

Parcuri naturale - total


Natural parks - total
Munii Maramureului
Maramure
Porile de Fier
Cara-Severin, Mehedini
Geoparcul Platoul Mehedini
Mehedini
Geoparcul Dinozaurilor - ara Haegului
Hunedoara
Munii Apuseni
Alba, Bihor, Cluj
Putna - Vrancea
Vrancea
Bucegi
Arge, Braov, Dmbovia, Prahova
Vntori Neam
Neam
Comana
Giurgiu
Balta Mica a Brilei
Brila
Lunca Mureului
Arad, Timi
Grditea Muncelului - Cioclovina
Hunedoara
Defileul Mureului Superior
Mure
Lunca Joas a Prutului Inferior
Galai
Cefa
Bihor

Suprafaa
legislaie (ha)
Area
legislation (ha)

Suprafaa
GIS (ha)1)
Area
GIS (ha)1)

316335

316872

60100
46399
38047
37100
36665
24519
17100
14800
11321
11127
8396
6575
4186

61190
47207
38115
36707
36219
24519
16721
14781
11114
11136
7739
6933
4491

749137

772810

148850
115656
106000
102392
75784
38204
32497
30818
24963
24400
17166
10000
9156
8247
5004

133419
128196
106492
100487
76022
38190
32497
30841
24963
24400
17428
38116
9494
7261
5004

Not: Suprafeele ariilor protejate au fost calculate conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a zone protejate i H.G.-urilor nr.: 2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007, privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat pentru noi zone.
Note: Protected areas were calculated according to the Law no.5/2000 on The Plan of natural territory arrangement - Section III protected areas and G.D. no.:2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007, on the setting up of protected natural area regime for new zones.
1) Suprafee reevaluate prin msurtori realizate cu tehnologii GIS conform limitelor publicate pe site-ul Ministerului Mediului i
Schimbrilor Climatice.
Areas reassessed by measurements with GIS technologies according to limits issued on the site of Ministry of Environment
and Climatic Changes.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

31

1.15

Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit gradului de amenajare, n anul 2012


Water resources assured, according to the arrangement level, in 2012
milioane m3 / an
million m3 / year

Surse de ap / Water sources


Bazine hidrografice / Hydrographic basins
Total
Ape de suprafa / Surface waters
Ruri interioare / Inland rivers
Tisa
Some
Criuri
Mure
Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space1)
Jiu
Olt
Vedea
Arge
Ialomia
Siret
Prut
Alte bazine2) / Other basins2)
Dunrea / The Danube
Ape subterane / Underground waters

39270
33859
13859
256
715
395
1044
608
2109
1682
40
1672
430
1956
726
2226
20000
5411

1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.
2) Alte bazine / Other basins = Clmui - Olt, Clmui - Buzu.

Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne. / Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

1.16

Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2012


Surface waters quality, in 2012
km

Bazine hidrografice
Hydrographic basins

Total lungimi
pe corp de ap
monitorizat
Total length of
monitored
water body

Total
Tisa
Some
Criuri
Mure-Aranca
Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space1)
Jiu
Olt
Vedea
Arge
Ialomia
Siret
Prut
Dunrea / The Danube
Litoral / Seaside

din care: / of which:


Clasa I i II
Clasa III
Stare foarte bun
Stare
i bun
moderat
The first and
The third
second class
class
Very-good and
Moderate
good status
status

Clasa V
Stare
proast
The fifth
class
Bad
status

31621

18691

12877

11

42

1093
2696
2196
4557
2330
1312
3279
920
2141
1392
5614
1513
2218
360

1001
1413
1544
2866
1747
915
2081
94
1034
413
3861
221
1476
25

92
1262
652
1691
583
397
1198
794
1107
979
1753
1292
742
335

11
-

21
21
-

1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.

Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne". / Source: National Administration "Romanian Waters".

32

Clasa IV
Stare
slab
The fourth
class
Poor
status

1.17

Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2012


Investments for environment protection, in 2012
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices

Sectoare de activitate
Activity sectors

Total

Total

4116201

Prevenirea i combaterea polurii,


pe domenii de mediu:
Prevention and control of pollution,
by environmental field:
sol i ape
subterane
aer
ap
deeuri
soil and
air
water
waste underground
waters
725437

2236290

684851

Protecia
resurselor
naturale i
conservarea
biodiversitii
Natural resources
protection and
biodiversity
preservation

257166

Alte
domenii
Other
fields

65078

147379

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers


Total

2353193

640805

1102362

180486

241702

59115

128723

26014

24974

1040

Industrie extractiv
Mining and quarrying

403769

47641

105016

52632

117054

5670

75756

Industrie prelucrtoare
Manufacturing

389913

192446

93427

23016

21913

28247

30864

Producia i furnizarea
de energie electric i termic,
gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 577780
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply

382316

9010

102840

69006

154

14454

899645

888221

86

9466

22

1849

Construcii
Construction

5228

1361

568

1407

749

48

1095

Transporturi
Transport

50844

17040

6120

505

23514

3665

Silvicultur i exploatare forestier


Foresty and logging

Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Water catchment, treatment
and distribution

Productori specializai / Specialised producers


Total

499699

Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate


Used water collection and purification

10919

15441

453488

2756

4192

12903

105

4661

3653

8994

2534

407989

2304

11490

14585

98

8246

1389

450

4184

218

43376

1722

40457

1195

8427

Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea


deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile
433311
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of
recycling materials recovery
Activiti i servicii
de decontaminare
Activities and services
of decontamination
Comer cu ridicata
al deeurilor i resturilor
Wholesale of waste and remains

Administraie public / Public administration


Total
Administraie public central
Central public adminstration
Administraie public local
Local public adminstration

1263309

73713

1118487

50877

12708

1771

5753

74561

70966

39

3480

76

1188748

2747

1118448

50877

9228

1771

5677

33

1.18

Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2012


Internal current expenditure for environment protection, in 2012
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices

Sectoare de activitate
Activity sectors

Total

Total

13142644

Prevenirea i combaterea polurii,


pe domenii de mediu:
Prevention and control of pollution,
by environmental field:
sol i ape
subterane
aer
ap
deeuri
soil and
air
water
waste underground
waters
465271

865448

9285409

Protecia
resurselor
naturale i
conservarea
biodiversitii
Natural resources
protection and
biodiversity
preservation

66552

Alte
domenii
Other
fields

120641

2339323

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers


Total

3495240

303014

644719

198363

43328

95979

2209837

15064

785

763

9450

4066

120565

19597

23723

9651

1713

29817

36064

2591272

129763

110336

126312

15756

52908

2156197

Producia i furnizarea de energie


electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
240800
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply

150448

33186

25192

20445

431

11098

486235

471821

13158

445

811

Construcii
Construction

37248

365

4542

23767

3986

3361

1227

Transporturi
Transport

4056

2056

348

283

983

12

374

8597637

74757

72974

8297665

22552

21990

107699

60599

446

50316

9274

371

127

65

29330

8593

6637157

18143

150

104101

52873

1307

14034

13579

2160

21713

80

Comer cu ridicata
al deeurilor i resturilor
1686691
Wholesale of waste and remains

43674

31

1637655

1878

3453

Silvicultur i exploatare forestier


Foresty and logging
Industrie extractiv
Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare
Manufacturing

Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Water catchment, treatment
and distribution

Productori specializai / Specialised producers


Total
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Used water collection
and purification

Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea


deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile
6797474
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of
recycling materials recovery
Activiti i servicii
de decontaminare
Activities and services
of decontamination

Administraie public / Public administration


Total

34

1049767

87500

147755

789381

672

2672

21787

Administraie public central


Central public adminstration

118160

87437

5851

3544

2331

18993

Administraie public local


Local public adminstration

931607

63

141904

785837

668

341

2794

POPULAIE

POPULATION

CUPRINS TABELE

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4

2.5

2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.17
2.18
2.19
2.20
2.21
2.22
2.23
2.24
2.25
2.26
2.27
2.28
2.29

36

Pagina
Page

Populaia rezident (stabil), pe sexe i medii .......... 46


Populaia rezident (stabil), pe grupe de vrst
i sexe, la 1 iulie ........................................................ 48
Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe
i medii, la 1 ianuarie 2012 ....................................... 49
Populaia rezident (stabil) a judeelor, municipiilor
i oraelor, la 20 octombrie 2011
- Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor ............ 51
Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul
locuitorilor, la 20 octombrie 2011
- Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor ........... 55
Micarea natural a populaiei .................................. 56
Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii .................. 58
Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor ........... 60
Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa
de vrst a mamei .................................................... 62
Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii ............. 64
ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst ............... 64
Ratele de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst
i indicele conjunctural al fertilitii ............................ 65
Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe ....................... 66
Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst ................ 67
Decese, pe cauze de deces ...................................... 68
Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces ...................... 70
Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii ..................... 71
Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................ 72
Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor
nainte de cstorie ................................................... 73
Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta
medie la prima cstorie, pe medii ........................... 74
Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................. 74
Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori
rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei ............................. 76
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea
domiciliului, pe medii i sexe ..................................... 76
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea
domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii ................... 77
Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i
rurale, determinate de schimbarea domiciliului ......... 78
Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst
la 1 ianuarie .............................................................. 79
Emigranii, dup ara de destinaie,
la 1 ianuarie .............................................................. 79
Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst,
la 1 ianuarie .............................................................. 80
Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea
reedinei obinuite, pe sexe ..................................... 80

TABLES CONTENTS

Usual resident population, by sex and area


Usual resident population, by age group and sex,
on July 1
Usual resident population by age, sex and area,
on January 1, 2012
Usual resident population of counties,
municipalities and towns, on October 20, 2011
- Population and Housing Census
Classification of counties and localities
by inhabitants number, on October 20, 2011
- Population and Housing Census
Vital statistics
Vital statistics, by area
Live-births by age group of parents
Live-births by live-birth order and age
group of mother
Average age of mother at birth, by area
Abortions, by age group
Fertility rates, by age group
and total fertility rate
Deaths, by age group and sex
Infant deaths, by age group
Deaths, by death causes
Infant deaths, by cause of death
Life expectancy, by sex and area
Marriages by age group of spouses
Marriages by previous marital status
of spouses
Average age at marriage and average
age at first marriage, by area
Divorces by age group of spouses
Divorces by number of under age children
remained through marriage dissolution
Internal migration determined by permanent
residence changing, by area and sex
Internal migration determined by permanent
residence changing, by age group and area
Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows
determined by permanent residence changing
Emigrants, by sex and age group
on January 1
Emigrants, by country of destination
on January 1
Immigrants, by sex and age group,
on January 1
International migration determined by change
of usual residence, by sex

Teritorial
2.30
2.31

2.32

2.33
2.34
2.35
2.36
2.37
2.38

2.39

Populaia i densitatea populaiei, n profil ...................


teritorial, la recensminte ............................................
Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial, pe sexe
i medii, la 20 octombrie 2011
- Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor ...............
Populaia rezident, n profil teritorial
i pe grupe de vrst, la 20 octombrie 2011
- Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor ...............
Micarea natural a populaiei, n profil teritorial i
pe medii, n anul 2012 .................................................
Ratele de fertilitate, n profil teritorial i pe grupe
de vrst, n anul 2012 ...............................................
Durata medie a vieii, n profil teritorial, pe sexe
i medii, n anul 2012 ..................................................
Decesele, pe cauze de deces, n profil teritorial,
n anul 2012 ................................................................
Vrsta medie a soilor la data ncheierii cstoriei,
n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2012 ..................
Divorurile, dup numrul copiilor minori rmai
prin desfacerea cstoriei, n profil teritorial,
n anul 2012 ................................................................
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea
domiciliului, n profil teritorial i pe medii,
n anul 2012 ................................................................

SURSA DATELOR




Territorial

Surse statistice:
Recensmintele populaiei;
Statistici din evidena curent a populaiei, pentru
datele referitoare la numrul i structura demografic
a populaiei;
nregistrri din evidena strii civile:
Buletine statistice demografice completate de oficiile
de stare civil cu date referitoare la nateri, decese,
cstorii, divoruri i nregistrri primite de la
judectorii i notariate pentru divoruri.
Model econometric bazat pe tehnici de estimare pe
domenii mici, pentru determinarea numrului de
emigrani (persoane din Romnia care i-au
schimbat reedina obinuit n alte ri).
Surse administrative:
Baza de date a Ministerului Afacerilor Interne, privind
evidena persoanelor, pentru migraia intern i
internaional (definitiv) determinat de schimbarea
domiciliului.

Population and population density, at territorial


level, on censuses
Usual resident population, at territorial level, by
sex and area, on October 20, 2011
- Population and Housing Census
Usual resident population, at territorial level and
by age group, on October 20, 2011
- Population and Housing Census
Vital statistics, at territorial level and by area,
in 2012
Age - specific fertility rates, at territorial level
and by age group, in 2012
Life expectancy, at territorial level, by sex and
area, in 2012
Deaths, by death causes, at territorial level,
in 2012
Average age of spouses at marriage date, at
territorial level and by area, in 2012
Divorces, by number of under age children
remained through marriage dissolution, at
territorial level, in 2012
Internal migration determined by change of
permanent residence, at territorial level and by
area, in 2012

DATA SOURCE




Statistical sources:
Population censuses;
Statistics from current evidence of population, for
data referring to population number and
demographic structure;
Registrations from civil register evidence:
Statistical demographic reports filled in by civil
register offices with data on births, deaths,
marriages, divorces and registrations of divorces
from the court of law and notary offices.
Econometric model based on estimation techniques
by small areas, to determine the number of
emigrants (persons from Romania who changed
their usual residence in other countries).
Administrative sources:
Database of Ministry of Internal Affairs, for persons
evidence, for internal and international (definitive)
migration determined by permanent residence
change.

37

38

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

Numrul populaiei prezentat n Anuar se refer


la populaia rezident (stabil), la o dat determinat,
conform metodologiei i reglementrilor internaionale
n domeniu i cuprinde totalitatea persoanelor care au
reedina obinuit n Romnia, pentru o perioad de cel
puin 12 luni.
a) Pentru perioada 2002 - 2011, numrul populaiei
rezidente (stabile) a fost reestimat n condiii de
comparabilitate
cu
rezultatele
finale
ale
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor din
anul 2011;
b) ncepnd
cu
Recensmntul Populaiei i
al Locuinelor - 2011, numrul populaiei rezidente
(stabile) a fost estimat n conformitate cu criteriul
reedinei obinuite;
c) Numrul populaiei rezidente (stabile) la 1 ianuarie
2012 a fost determinat pe baza rezultatelor definitive
ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor
din anul 2011, la care s-au adugat sporul natural i
soldul migraiei internaionale aferent perioadei
20 octombrie - 31 decembrie 2011.
Numrul populaiei n perioadele intercensitare
anterioare anului 2002 s-a determinat pe baza datelor de
la recensminte i a celor din evidena curent
referitoare la micarea natural i migratorie. Datele
privind populaia aferente perioadei 1960-2001 rmn
nemodificate ntruct dimensiunea migraiei externe cu
schimbarea reedinei obinuite (fr schimbarea
domiciliului) a fost nesemnificativ.
Reedina obinuit reprezint locul n care o
persoan i petrece n mod normal perioada zilnic de
odihn, fr a ine seama de absenele temporare pentru
recreere, vacane, vizite la prieteni i rude, afaceri,
tratamente medicale sau pelerinaje religioase. Reedina
obinuit poate s fie aceeai cu domiciliul sau poate s
difere, n cazul persoanelor care aleg s-i stabileasc
reedina obinuit n alt localitate dect cea de
domiciliu din ar sau strintate.
Micarea migratorie internaional s-a determinat:
pentru perioada anterioar anului 2002: numai pe
baza datelor provenite din surse administrative
referitoare la migraia internaional (definitiv)
determinat de schimbarea domiciliului;
pentru anul 2002 i perioada ulterioar: pe baza
datelor provenite din surse administrative referitoare
la migraia internaional (definitiv) determinat de
schimbarea domiciliului, modelului econometric
bazat pe tehnici de estimare pe domenii mici, pentru
determinarea numrului de emigrani (persoane din
Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n
alte ri), statisticilor disponibile la Eurostat conform
datelor furnizate pentru Romnia de alte ri referitor
la fenomenul migraiei.

The number of population presented in the


Yearbook refers to usual resident population, at a
definite date, according to international methodology and
regulations in this field and comprises all the persons
with usual residence in Romania, for a period of at least
12 months.
a) For 2002-2011 period, the number of usual resident
population was re-estimated under comparability
conditions with the final results of the Population and
Housing Census of 2011;
b) Beginning with the Population and Housing
Census - 2011, the number of usual resident
population was estimated according to the criterion
of usual residence;
c) The number of usual resident population on
January 1, 2012 was determined based on final
results of the Population and Housing Census of
2011, to which the natural increase and the balance
of international migration for the period
October 20 - December 31, 2011 was added.
The number of population in the inter-census
periods before 2002 was determined based on the data
from the censuses and those from current evidence
regarding natural increase and migratory movement.
Data regarding population for the period 1960-2001
remain unchanged because the size of external
migration with the change of usual residence (without
the change of permanent residence) was insignificant.
Usual residence represents the place where one
person normally spends the daily rest period, without
taking into account temporary absences for recreation,
holidays, visits to the friends and relatives, businesses,
medical treatments or religious pilgrimages. Usual
residence can be the same with the permanent
residence or can be different, in case of persons who
choose to settle the usual residence in another locality
than the domicile one from the country or from abroad.
Migratory international movement was determined:
for period before 2002: only based on data from
administrative sources regarding international
(definitive) migration determined by change of
permanent residence;
for 2002 and next period: based on data from
administrative sources regarding international
(definitive) migration determined by change of
permanent residence, on the econometric model
based on estimation techniques on small areas,
to determine the number of emigrants (persons from
Romania who changed usual residence to other
countries), on statistics available at Eurostat
according to data provided for Romania
by other countries regarding the migration
phenomenon.

Ratele fenomenelor demografice i cele ale migraiei


interne determinate de schimbarea domiciliului se
calculeaz n mod obinuit cu populaia la 1 iulie a
fiecrui an.
Pentru anul 2012, aceste rate au fost calculate cu
populaia rezident la 1 ianuarie 2012. Din acest motiv,
ratele aferente anului 2012 sunt provizorii.
Migraia internaional reprezint schimbarea
reedinei obinuite n alt ar i respectiv, din alt ar
n Romnia.
Emigraie nseamn aciunea prin care o persoan
care a avut anterior reedina obinuit pe teritoriul unei
ri nceteaz s mai aib reedina obinuit pe
teritoriul rii n cauz pentru o perioad care este sau se
ateapt s fie de cel puin 12 luni.
Imigraie nseamn aciunea prin care o persoan
i stabilete reedina obinuit pe teritoriul unei ri
pentru o perioad care este sau se ateapt s fie de cel
puin 12 luni, dup ce, n prealabil, a avut reedina
obinuit ntr-o alt ar.
Migraia internaional se poate clasifica n funcie
de modalitatea de edere pe teritoriul altui stat (domiciliu
sau reedin), n urmtoarele categorii:
Migraie internaional definitiv dac
persoana i stabilete domiciliul pe teritoriul altei
ri;
Migraie internaional temporar de lung
durat - dac persoana i stabilete reedina
obinuit pe teritoriul altei ri, adic absenteaz o
perioad determinat de cel puin 12 luni de la
reedina anterioar.
Stocul de emigrani la 1 ianuarie al anului de
referin reprezint numrul persoanelor care au emigrat
din Romnia, respectiv i-au stabilit reedina obinuit
n strintate pentru o perioad de cel puin 12 luni.
Stocul de imigrani la 1 ianuarie al anului de
referin reprezint numrul persoanelor de cetenie
romn sau strin care au imigrat n Romnia,
respectiv care au avut anterior reedina obinuit n
strintate i i-au stabilit/restabilit reedina obinuit
pe teritoriul Romniei.
Soldul migraiei internaionale reprezint diferena
dintre numrul (stocul) de imigrani i numrul (stocul) de
emigrani, la 1 ianuarie al anului de referin.
Repartizarea populaiei pe medii de reziden s-a
realizat astfel:
pentru perioada 1960-1965, n mediul urban sunt
cuprinse municipiile, oraele i cele 183 localiti
asimilate mediului urban;
pentru anii 1966 i 1967, n mediul urban sunt
incluse datele referitoare la municipii, orae i 238
comune asimilate urbanului;

The demographic phenomena rates and the internal


migration rates determined by the change of permanent
residence are usually calculated with the population on
July 1st of each year.
For 2012, these rates were calculated with the usual
resident population on January 1, 2012. Due to this
reason, the rates for the year 2012 are provisional.
International migration represents the change of
usual residence to another country and respectively from
another country to Romania.
Emigration means the action by which one person
who previously had the usual residence on the territory
of one country ceases to have the usual residence on the
respective country territory for a period of at least 12
months.
Immigration means the action by which one person
settles the usual residence on the territory of one country
for at least 12 months, after previously having the usual
residence in another country.
International migration can be classified
depending on the modality of staying on the territory of
another country (permanent or usual residence), into the
following categories:
Definitive international migration if the person
settles the permanent residence on the territory of
another country;
Long term temporary international migration
if the person settles the usual residence on the
territory of another country, namely is absent for a
definite period of at least 12 months from previous
residence.
Stock of emigrants on January 1st of the reference
year represents the number of persons who emigrated
from Romania, respectively settled the usual residence
abroad for a period of at least 12 months.
Stock of immigrants on January 1st of the
reference year represents the number of persons of
Romanian or foreign citizenship who immigrated to
Romania, respectively who previously had the usual
residence abroad and settled/resettled the usual
residence on the territory of Romania.
Balance of international migration represents the
difference between the number (stock) of immigrants and
the number (stock) of emigrants on January 1st of the
reference year.
Population breakdown by residence areas was
done as follows:
for 1960-1965 period, urban area includes
municipalities, towns and the 183 localities
assimilated to the urban area;
for 1966 and 1967, urban area includes
municipalities, towns and 238 communes
assimilated to the urban area;

39

ncepnd cu anul 1968, n mediul urban sunt


cuprinse numai municipiile i oraele.
Vrsta este exprimat n ani mplinii (de exemplu, o
persoan care are vrsta de 24 ani i 11 luni la 1 iulie,
este cuprins la vrsta de 24 ani).
Sfera de cuprindere a fenomenelor demografice:
pentru perioada 1960-2011, numrul nscuilor-vii i
al deceselor include toate persoanele nscute i
respectiv, decedate ntr-un an calendaristic,
indiferent unde a avut loc acest fenomen demografic
(n Romnia sau n strintate);
n anul 2012 sunt incluse doar naterile i decesele
care au avut loc pe teritoriul Romniei, naterile i
decesele persoanelor care au reedina obinuit n
strintate nefiind incluse.
Definiiile evenimentelor demografice sunt n
concordan cu principiile i recomandrile Comisiei
de Statistic a Organizaiei Naiunilor Unite:
nscut-viu este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau
extras complet din corpul mamei, independent de
durata sarcinii i care, dup aceast separare,
prezint un semn de via (respiraie, activitate
cardiac, pulsaii ale cordonului ombilical sau
contracii musculare dependente de voin);
nscut-mort este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau
extras complet din corpul mamei dup o durat a
sarcinii de cel puin 28 sptmni i care, dup
aceast separare, nu prezint niciun semn de via;
decedat este persoana creia i-au ncetat definitiv
funciile vitale dup trecerea unui timp oarecare de la
natere;
cstoria reprezint uniunea dintre un brbat i o
femeie, ncheiat n concordan cu legislaia rii, n
scopul ntemeierii unei familii i din care rezult
drepturi i obligaii ntre cei doi soi, precum i ale
acestora fa de copii;
divorul reprezint desfacerea unei cstorii
ncheiate legal, printr-o hotrre definitiv a instanei
judectoreti, a ofierului de stare civil sau a unui
notar public. Datele se refer la aciunile de divor
pentru care desfacerea cstoriei a fost admis.
Sporul natural reprezint diferena dintre numrul
nscuilor-vii i numrul persoanelor decedate, n anul
de referin.
Rata de natalitate reprezint numrul de nscui-vii
dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din anul
respectiv i se exprim n numr de nscui-vii la 1000
locuitori.
Rata general de fertilitate reprezint numrul
nscuilor- vii dintr-un an raportat la populaia feminin de
15-49 ani, la 1 iulie din anul respectiv i se
exprim n numrul de nscui-vii la 1000 femei de vrst
fertil (15-49 ani).

40

starting with 1968, urban area includes only


municipalities and towns.
Age is expressed in the years reached during the
year (for instance, a person of 24 years old and 11
months at July 1st, is considered to be of 24 years old).
The coverage of demographic phenomena:
for 1960-2011 period, the number of live-births and
deaths includes all the persons born and
respectively deceased, during a calendar year, no
matter of the place of this demographic
phenomenon (in Romania or abroad);
in 2012 only births and deaths taking place on the
Romanian territory are included, births and deaths
of persons who have the usual residence abroad are
not included.
The definitions of vital events are in compliance
with the principles and recommendations of the United
Nations Statistical Commission:
live-birth is a product of conception completely
ejected or extracted from the mother's body,
regardless of the pregnancy duration, who after this
separation gives a sign of life (respiration, heart
activity, beats of umbilical cord or muscular
contractions dependent of will);
stillborn child is a product of conception completely
ejected or extracted from the mother's body after a
pregnancy duration of at least 28 weeks who, after this
separation, gives no sign of life;
deceased is the person whose vital functions definitively
ceased after a certain time passed from his birth;
marriage represents an union between a man and a
woman concluded according to the countrys
legislation, in order to set up a family, where
husband and wife have rights and obligations one
against another as well as against their children;
divorce represents the dissolution of a legally
concluded marriage, according to a final decision of
judicial court, of civil status office or of public notary.
Data refer to divorce actions for which marriage
dissolution was admitted.
Natural increase represents the balance between
the number of live-births and the number of deceased
persons during the reference year.
Birth rate represents the ratio between the number
of live-births from one year and the population on July 1st
of respective year and is expressed by the number of
live-births per 1000 inhabitants.
General fertility rate represents the number of
live-births in a year related to female population aged
15-49 years on July 1st of that year and is expressed by
the number of live-births per 1000 women of fertile age
(15-49 years).

Indicele conjunctural al fertilitii (rata total de


fertilitate) reprezint numrul mediu de copii pe care i-ar
nate o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile, n condiiile
fertilitii anului respectiv.
Rata de mortalitate reprezint numrul persoanelor
decedate dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de decese la 1000
locuitori.
Durata medie a vieii reprezint numrul mediu de
ani pe care i are de trit un nou-nscut, dac ar tri tot
restul vieii n condiiile mortalitii pe vrste din perioada
de referin.
Rata mortalitii infantile reprezint numrul de
decedai n vrst de sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii din
anul respectiv.
Rata de mortinatalitate reprezint numrul anual
de nscui-mori dintr-un an, raportat la numrul de
nscui-vii i mori din acelai an i se exprim n
numrul de nscui-mori la 1000 nscui-vii i mori din
anul respectiv.
Rata de nupialitate reprezint numrul cstoriilor
dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie din anul
respectiv i se exprim n numr de cstorii la 1000
locuitori.
Rata de divorialitate reprezint numrul
divorurilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia la 1 iulie
din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de divoruri la
1000 locuitori.
Vrsta medie a unei populaii s-a determinat ca
medie
aritmetic
a
mijloacelor
intervalelor,
ponderat cu numrul persoanelor de vrst
respectiv, dup formula:

x=

( x + 0,5) P
P

n care:
x = vrsta n ani mplinii
Px = populaia n vrst de x ani
0,5 = constant (jumtate de an, considerat drept
echivalent mediu al variaiei abaterilor fa de data
exact a mplinirii unei vrste oarecare).
Repartizarea evenimentelor demografice n profil
teritorial (pe macroregiuni, regiuni de dezvoltare i
judee) s-a fcut dup urmtoarele criterii:
pentru nscui-vii i nscui-mori, dup domiciliul
mamei;
pentru decese, dup domiciliul persoanei decedate;
pentru cstorii, dup locul nregistrrii cstoriei;
pentru divoruri, dup ultimul domiciliu comun al
soilor.

Total fertility rate represents the average number


of children that would be born by a woman during her
fertile life, under fertility conditions of that year.
Mortality rate represents the ratio between the
number of deceased persons from one year and the
population on July 1st of respective year and is
expressed by the number of deaths per 1000
inhabitants.
Life expectancy represents the average number of
years an infant would live, if living all his life under the
conditions of mortality by age corresponding to the
reference period.
Infant mortality rate represents the number of
infants deaths per 1000 live- births in respective year.
Stillborn rate is the ratio between the number of
stillborns in a year and the total number of live births and
stillborns in the same year, and is expressed by the
number of stillborns per 1000 live births and stillborns in
the respective year.
Marriages rate represents the ratio between the
number of marriages from one year and the population
on July 1st of respective year and is expressed by the
number of marriages per 1000 inhabitants.
Divortiality rate represents the ratio between the
number of divorces from one year and the population on
July 1st of respective year and is expressed by the
number of divorces per 1000 inhabitants.
Average age of a population was determined as
arithmetic mean of interval middles, weighted with the
number of persons of that age, according to the
formula:

x=

( x + 0.5) P
P

where:
x = age in years
Px = population aged years
0.5 = constant (half of year, considered as average
equivalent of bias variation compared to the exact date
of reaching a certain age).
Demographic events breakdown at territorial
level (by macroregion, development region and county)
was done according to the following criteria:
for live-births and stillborn children, by mother's
residence;
for deaths, by residence of the deceased person;
for marriage, by place of marriage registration;
for divorces, by last common residence of the
spouses.

41

Migraia intern reprezint schimbrile de domiciliu


i stabilirile temporare de reedin n alt localitate dect
cea de domiciliu n interiorul granielor rii.
Schimbarea domiciliului s-a nregistrat n cazul
persoanelor pentru care organele de poliie au nscris
noul domiciliu n cartea de identitate i n fia de eviden
a persoanei. ncepnd cu anul 1992, sunt cuprinse i
schimbrile de domiciliu dintr-un sector n altul al
Municipiului Bucureti. Nu sunt incluse schimbrile de
domiciliu n interiorul aceleiai localiti sau n acelai
sector, i nici dintr-un sat n altul, n cadrul aceleiai
comune.

2.G1

Internal migration represents changes of


permanent residence and temporary settling of
residence in another locality, different from that of
permanent residence, inside the borders of the country.
Change of permanent residence was registered in
case of persons for whom police wrote down the new
permanent residence in the identity card and in persons
evidence file. Starting with 1992, data also include
changes of permanent residence from one sector to
another within Bucharest Municipality. There are not
included permanent residence changes inside the same
locality or sector, or from one village to another, in the
same commune.

Populaia pe medii, la 1 iulie


Population by area, on July 1
%

100
80

67,9 63,1 54,2 45,7 45,4 45,4 47,1 47,0 46,1 45,0 44,6 45,1 45,9 46,1 46,1 46,0 46,0

60
40
20
0

32,1

36,9

45,8 54,3 54,6 54,6 52,9 53,0 53,9 55,0 55,4 54,9 54,1 53,9 53,9 54,0 54,0

1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Urban

Rural

Not: Pentru perioada 2002-2011 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Pentru anul 2012 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu
rezultatele definitive ale Recensamntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the period 2002-2011, the usual resident population on July 1st of each year was used, estimated under comparability
conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
For the year 2012, the usual resident population on January 1st was used, estimated under comparability conditions with the final
results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.

42

2.G2

1)

Populaia rezident, pe sexe i medii, la 1 ianuarie 2012


1)
Usual resident population, by sex and area, on January 1, 2012

48,7%

54,0%

46,0%

51,3%

1)

Masculin / Male

Urban

Feminin / Female

Rural

S-a utilizat populaia rezident la 1 ianuarie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The usual resident population on January 1st was used, estimated under comparability conditions with the final results
of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.

2.G3

1)

Populaia rezident, pe vrste i sexe, la 1 ianuarie 2012


1)
Usual resident population, by age and sex, on January 1, 2012
Vrsta
Age
100
95
90
85
80

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

75
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10

Mii persoane
Thou persons

Mii persoane
Thou persons

5
0

250
1)

200

150

100

50

50

100

150

200

250

S-a utilizat populaia rezident la 1 ianuarie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale
Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
The usual resident population on January 1st was used, estimated under comparability conditions with the final results
of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.

43

Natalitatea, mortalitatea i sporul natural al populaiei


Birth rate, mortality and natural increase

2.G4

Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)


30
25
20
15
10
5
0

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

Natalitate / Birth rate

1995

2000

2005

2010 2012

Mortalitate / Mortality rate


Sporul natural negativ
Negative natural increase

Sporul natural pozitiv


Positive natural increase

Not: Pentru perioada 2002-2011 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Pentru anul 2012 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu
rezultatele definitive ale Recensamntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the period 2002-2011, the usual resident population on July 1st of each year was used, estimated under comparability
conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
For the year 2012, the usual resident population on January 1st was used, estimated under comparability conditions with the final
results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Date provizorii.
Provisional data.

2.G5

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe (ani)


Life expectancy, by sex (years)
69,2

2007

69,5

2008

69,7

2009

69,8

2010

70,1

2011

70,7

2012
0

10

20
Masculin
Male

30

40

50

60

70

76,1
76,7
77,1
77,3
77,5
77,9
80

Feminin
Female

Not: Populaia luat n calcul a fost determinat pe baza sporului natural i a soldului migraiei internaionale definitive.
Note: The population taken into calculation was determined based on natural increase and definitive net international migration.

44

1)

2.G6

Rate de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst


Fertility rates, by age group
Nscui-vii la 1000 femei / Live-births per 1000 women

100

93,1
83,3

80

71,5

60
40

64,1
54,2

39,4

58,6

34,8
25,0

24,6

20
3,1

0
2007

4,3

0,2

1)

2012

0,2

2)

15 19 ani / years

35 39 ani / years

20 24 ani / years

40 44 ani / years

25 29 ani / years

45 49 ani / years

30 34 ani / years

1) Pentru anul 2007, ratele au fost calculate cu populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele

definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


For the year 2007, the rates were calculated on the usual resident population on July 1st, estimated under comparability conditions with
the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
2) Pentru anul 2012, ratele au fost calculate cu populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu
rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
For the year 2012, the rates were calculated on the usual resident population on January 1st, estimated under comparability conditions
with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.

2.G7

Evoluia cstoriilor i divorurilor


Evolution of marriages and divorces
mii / thou

250
200

189,2
149,4

150

134,3

115,8

50
0

36,3

2007

35,7

2008
Cstorii
Marriages

32,3
2009

107,8

105,6

100
32,6
2010

35,8

2011

31,3
2012

Divoruri
Divorces

45

2.1

Populaia rezident (stabil), pe sexe i medii


Usual resident population, by sex and area
Numrul locuitorilor
Inhabitants number

1 iulie 1960
1 iulie 1961
1 iulie 1962
1 iulie 1963
1 iulie 1964
1 iulie 1965
15 martie 1966 1)
1 iulie 1966
1 iulie 1967
1 iulie 1968
1 iulie 1969
1 iulie 1970
1 iulie 1971
1 iulie 1972
1 iulie 1973
1 iulie 1974
1 iulie 1975
1 iulie 1976
5 ianuarie 1977 1)
1 iulie 1977
1 iulie 1978
1 iulie 1979
1 iulie 1980
1 iulie 1981
1 iulie 1982
1 iulie 1983
1 iulie 1984
1 iulie 1985
1 iulie 1986
1 iulie 1987
1 iulie 1988
1 iulie 1989
1 iulie 1990
1 iulie 1991
7 ianuarie 1992 1)
1 iulie 1992
1 iulie 1993
1 iulie 1994
1 iulie 1995
1 iulie 1996
1 iulie 1997
1 iulie 1998
1 iulie 1999
1 iulie 2000
1 iulie 2001
18 martie 2002 1)
1 iulie 2002
1 iulie 2003
1 iulie 2004
1 iulie 2005
1 iulie 2006
1 iulie 2007
1 iulie 2008
1 iulie 2009
1 iulie 2010
1 iulie 2011
20 octombrie 2011
1 ianuarie 2012

1)

n procente fa de total
As percentage of total

Numrul locuitorilor
Inhabitants number

n procente fa de total
As percentage of total

Total

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Urban

Rural

Urban

Rural

18403414
18566932
18680721
18813131
18927081
19027367
19103163
19140783
19284814
19720984
20010178
20252541
20469658
20662648
20827525
21028841
21245103
21445698
21559910
21657569
21854622
22048305
22201387
22352635
22477703
22553074
22624505
22724836
22823479
22940430
23053552
23151564
23206720
23185084
22810035
22788969
22755260
22730622
22680951
22607620
22545925
22502803
22458022
22435205
22408393
21680974
21675775
21574365
21451845
21319673
21193749
20882980
20537848
20367437
20246798
20147657
20121641
20095996

8981804
9069012
9130631
9200997
9261698
9315510
9351075
9371316
9447715
9670757
9820125
9945027
10056431
10156420
10243280
10347995
10460119
10564943
10626055
10677731
10777854
10875027
10953637
11029625
11091465
11128723
11165086
11214313
11261467
11319082
11374681
11422472
11449147
11435286
11213763
11200695
11176390
11156807
11123977
11080933
11041414
11012110
10984529
10968854
10949490
10568741
10564327
10511908
10451058
10384483
10320907
10169596
10000515
9916107
9856669
9805108
9788577
9777107

9421610
9497920
9550090
9612134
9665383
9711857
9752088
9769467
9837099
10050227
10190053
10307514
10413227
10506228
10584245
10680846
10784984
10880755
10933855
10979838
11076768
11173278
11247750
11323010
11386238
11424351
11459419
11510523
11562012
11621348
11678871
11729092
11757573
11749798
11596272
11588274
11578870
11573815
11556974
11526687
11504511
11490693
11473493
11466351
11458903
11112233
11111448
11062457
11000787
10935190
10872842
10713384
10537333
10451330
10390129
10342549
10333064
10318889

48,8
48,8
48,9
48,9
48,9
49,0
49,0
49,0
49,0
49,0
49,1
49,1
49,1
49,2
49,2
49,2
49,2
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,3
49,2
49,1
49,1
49,1
49,0
49,0
49,0
48,9
48,9
48,9
48,9
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,7
48,6
48,7

51,2
51,2
51,1
51,1
51,1
51,0
51,0
51,0
51,0
51,0
50,9
50,9
50,9
50,8
50,8
50,8
50,8
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,7
50,8
50,9
50,9
50,9
51,0
51,0
51,0
51,1
51,1
51,1
51,1
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,3
51,4
51,3

5912011
6029978
6109909
6234043
6317027
6417124
7305714
7343917
7467928
7144994
7316065
7464811
7619873
7776868
7938819
8142938
8339229
8555880
9395729
9517811
9778831
9886137
10171618
10484896
10872275
11054179
11141775
11370092
11540494
11770927
11961847
12311803
12608844
12552407
12391819
12367358
12406204
12427612
12457195
12411174
12404690
12347886
12302729
12244598
12243748
11435080
11456134
11437954
11563797
11732958
11748344
11455494
11102802
10976558
10922169
10878099
10858790
10853728

12491403
12536954
12570812
12579088
12610054
12610243
11797449
11796866
11816886
12575990
12694113
12787730
12849785
12885780
12888706
12885903
12905874
12889818
12164181
12139758
12075791
12162168
12029769
11867739
11605428
11498895
11482730
11354744
11282985
11169503
11091705
10839761
10597876
10632677
10418216
10421611
10349056
10303010
10223756
10196446
10141235
10154917
10155293
10190607
10164645
10245894
10219641
10136411
9888048
9586715
9445405
9427486
9435046
9390879
9324629
9269558
9262851
9242268

32,1
32,5
32,7
33,1
33,4
33,7
38,2
38,4
38,7
36,2
36,6
36,9
37,2
37,6
38,1
38,7
39,3
39,9
43,6
43,9
44,7
44,8
45,8
46,9
48,4
49,0
49,2
50,0
50,6
51,3
51,9
53,2
54,3
54,1
54,3
54,3
54,5
54,7
54,9
54,9
55,0
54,9
54,8
54,6
54,6
52,7
52,9
53,0
53,9
55,0
55,4
54,9
54,1
53,9
53,9
54,0
54,0
54,0

67,9
67,5
67,3
66,9
66,6
66,3
61,8
61,6
61,3
63,8
63,4
63,1
62,8
62,4
61,9
61,3
60,7
60,1
56,4
56,1
55,3
55,2
54,2
53,1
51,6
51,0
50,8
50,0
49,4
48,7
48,1
46,8
45,7
45,9
45,7
45,7
45,5
45,3
45,1
45,1
45,0
45,1
45,2
45,4
45,4
47,3
47,1
47,0
46,1
45,0
44,6
45,1
45,9
46,1
46,1
46,0
46,0
46,0

July 1, 1960
July 1, 1961
July 1, 1962
July 1, 1963
July 1, 1964
July 1, 1965
March 15, 1966 1)
July 1, 1966
July 1, 1967
July 1, 1968
July 1, 1969
July 1, 1970
July 1, 1971
July 1, 1972
July 1, 1973
July 1, 1974
July 1, 1975
July 1, 1976
January 5, 1977 1)
July 1, 1977
July 1, 1978
July 1, 1979
July 1, 1980
July 1, 1981
July 1, 1982
July 1, 1983
July 1, 1984
July 1, 1985
July 1, 1986
July 1, 1987
July 1, 1988
July 1, 1989
July 1, 1990
July 1, 1991
January 7, 1992 1)
July 1, 1992
July 1, 1993
July 1, 1994
July 1, 1995
July 1, 1996
July 1, 1997
July 1, 1998
July 1, 1999
July 1, 2000
July 1, 2001
March 18, 2002 1)
July 1, 2002
July 1, 2003
July 1, 2004
July 1, 2005
July 1, 2006
July 1, 2007
July 1, 2008
July 1, 2009
July 1, 2010
July 1, 2011
October 20, 2011 1)
January 1, 2012

Not: Pentru perioada 2002 - 2011 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Pentru anul 2012 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele
definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note : For the period 2002 - 2011 the usual resident population on July 1st of each year was used, estimated under comparability
conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
For the year 2012, the usual resident population on January 1st was used, estimated under comparability conditions with the final
results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Recensmnt. / Census.

46

47

2.2

Populaia rezident (stabil), pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie


Usual resident population, by age group and sex, on July 1
numr persoane / number of persons

Grupa de vrst (ani)


Age group (years)

2007

2008

Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 i peste / and over

20882980
1073180
1094178
1305076
1384855
1529724
1509448
1701945
1413272
1540246
1330788
1404553
1268007
1173064
991401
899224
682502
369475
212042

20537848
1057683
1069805
1169551
1228238
1438206
1385435
1592007
1502990
1667693
1185164
1388672
1396524
1212656
933629
911341
721182
433380
243692

Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 i peste / and over

10169596
551414
561261
667481
709279
785114
769784
862230
713038
777506
659382
683505
602901
538432
438163
375842
269349
134363
70552

10000515
543677
549459
599299
629747
741849
708794
808499
762126
847623
593478
679691
665122
558471
412013
376969
283442
159577
80679

Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85 i peste / and over

10713384
521766
532917
637595
675576
744610
739664
839715
700234
762740
671406
721048
665106
634632
553238
523382
413153
235112
141490

10537333
514006
520346
570252
598491
696357
676641
783508
740864
820070
591686
708981
731402
654185
521616
534372
437740
273803
163013

2009
Total
20367437
1052843
1059143
1102014
1140809
1392379
1320958
1538484
1548875
1739241
1109267
1376746
1461400
1238256
903433
917834
739568
465700
260487
Masculin / Male
9916107
541234
544364
565317
585430
719601
677130
782347
787600
886307
559164
675947
696219
571054
398458
377702
289811
172343
86079
Feminin / Female
10451330
511609
514779
536697
555379
672778
643828
756137
761275
852934
550103
700799
765181
667202
504975
540132
449757
293357
174408

2010

2011

2012

20246798
1050794
1055894
1095101
1120135
1379146
1309551
1532749
1541949
1743639
1095164
1359407
1455686
1242119
895502
911493
733994
463746
260729

20147657
1042956
1055782
1092151
1106819
1360947
1306861
1522832
1541082
1752638
1079457
1334917
1452163
1249567
890736
901745
731795
462382
262827

20095996
1036065
1056380
1091804
1102118
1350389
1308510
1514330
1541507
1759282
1070174
1318786
1450352
1253950
889335
895071
732059
461576
264308

9856669
540074
542746
561842
575017
712566
671150
779479
784693
888075
552672
667406
692860
572734
395034
375118
287367
171555
86281

9805108
536087
542449
560491
567566
702584
669556
773778
784240
892223
545626
656122
690852
575759
393016
371166
285947
170603
87043

9777107
532598
542502
560405
564558
696449
670368
768829
784196
895345
541458
648962
690034
577441
392482
368478
285583
169972
87447

10390129
510720
513148
533259
545118
666580
638401
753270
757256
855564
542492
692001
762826
669385
500468
536375
446627
292191
174448

10342549
506869
513333
531660
539253
658363
637305
749054
756842
860415
533831
678795
761311
673808
497720
530579
445848
291779
175784

10318889
503467
513878
531399
537560
653940
638142
745501
757311
863937
528716
669824
760318
676509
496853
526593
446476
291604
176861

Not: Pentru perioada 2007 - 2011 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note : For the period 2007 - 2011 the usual resident population on July 1st of each year was used, estimated under comparability
conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Pentru anul 2012 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive
ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
For the year 2012, the usual resident population on January 1st was used, estimated under comparability conditions with the final
results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.

48

1)

2.3

Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 ianuarie 2012 1)


Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on January 1, 2012
Total

Urban

1)

Rural

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

20095996

10318889

10853728

5670699

9242268

4648190

0-4
0
1
2
3
4

1036065
185286
207241
215521
216015
212002

503467
90144
100921
104629
104741
103032

537639
96997
109629
112005
110967
108041

260491
46989
53193
54232
53630
52447

498426
88289
97612
103516
105048
103961

242976
43155
47728
50397
51111
50585

5-9
5
6
7
8
9

1056380
213127
215766
209761
210066
207660

513878
103836
104995
101926
102057
101064

512026
107665
108086
101516
98803
95956

249409
52419
52698
49470
48114
46708

544354
105462
107680
108245
111263
111704

264469
51417
52297
52456
53943
54356

10-14
10
11
12
13
14

1091804
211077
221973
220489
220673
217592

531399
102561
107947
107281
107929
105681

496857
96637
100846
99397
99949
100028

242846
47095
49157
48553
49141
48900

594947
114440
121127
121092
120724
117564

288553
55466
58790
58728
58788
56781

15-19
15
16
17
18
19

1102118
212694
217420
227190
221128
223686

537560
104036
106405
111000
107975
108144

540385
99902
103113
107920
108723
120727

267434
49290
50875
53141
53919
60209

561733
112792
114307
119270
112405
102959

270126
54746
55530
57859
54056
47935

20-24
20
21
22
23
24

1350389
228057
252753
287890
291123
290566

653940
109919
122461
139748
141203
140609

788803
129333
147376
169089
171713
171292

392753
64456
73754
84108
85522
84913

561586
98724
105377
118801
119410
119274

261187
45463
48707
55640
55681
55696

25-29
25
26
27
28
29

1308510
283342
267829
261685
240036
255618

638142
137472
130202
127453
117509
125506

789419
168752
162822
159399
143919
154527

391915
83652
80707
79009
71586
76961

519091
114590
105007
102286
96117
101091

246227
53820
49495
48444
45923
48545

30-34
30
31
32
33
34

1514330
282359
297530
304799
311211
318431

745501
138747
146212
149775
153904
156863

892802
169905
177726
179663
180494
185014

447191
84830
88674
89943
90927
92817

621528
112454
119804
125136
130717
133417

298310
53917
57538
59832
62977
64046

35-39
35
36
37
38
39

1541507
315250
316935
324792
288486
296044

757311
154982
155831
159560
141395
145543

853557
179869
177918
180287
155796
159687

432440
90489
89680
91342
79111
81818

687950
135381
139017
144505
132690
136357

324871
64493
66151
68218
62284
63725

40-44
40
41
42
43
44

1759282
303225
321793
347907
390428
395929

863937
148813
158058
170574
192043
194449

1004846
164864
178033
197656
228196
236097

521053
84739
92176
102169
118914
123055

754436
138361
143760
150251
162232
159832

342884
64074
65882
68405
73129
71394

Vrsta (ani)
Age (years)
Total

1) Date estimate n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.

Data estimated under comparability conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.

49

2.3

Populaia rezident pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 ianuarie 2012 1) - continuare


Usual resident population by age, sex and area, on January 1, 2012 1) - continued
Total

Urban

Rural

Vrsta (ani)
Age (years)

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

Ambele
sexe
Both
sexes

din care:
Feminin
of which:
Female

45-49
45
46
47
48
49

1070174
206252
210236
215054
217586
221046

528716
100814
103723
105987
107926
110266

624918
117113
121131
125708
129214
131752

329266
61245
63912
66152
68154
69803

445256
89139
89105
89346
88372
89294

199450
39569
39811
39835
39772
40463

50-54
50
51
52
53
54

1318786
236648
252975
263195
277892
288076

669824
118097
127415
133327
142268
148717

799498
141988
152591
158185
169557
177177

426180
75223
81297
84151
90682
94827

519288
94660
100384
105010
108335
110899

243644
42874
46118
49176
51586
53890

55-59
55
56
57
58
59

1450352
299289
310576
292324
273186
274977

760318
154936
162079
153695
143840
145768

877024
184351
190524
177623
163917
160609

465543
97994
101374
94483
86698
84994

573328
114938
120052
114701
109269
114368

294775
56942
60705
59212
57142
60774

60-64
60
61
62
63
64

1253950
270108
273173
277799
227230
205640

676509
144474
146786
150169
123623
111457

680873
153689
152787
148787
120474
105136

366502
82070
81629
80134
65494
57175

573077
116419
120386
129012
106756
100504

310007
62404
65157
70035
58129
54282

65-69
65
66
67
68
69

889335
206042
165623
186252
164178
167240

496853
113105
91969
104175
92567
95037

427783
101326
81414
88015
78428
78600

240275
55662
45438
49498
44691
44986

461552
104716
84209
98237
85750
88640

256578
57443
46531
54677
47876
50051

70-74
70
71
72
73
74

895071
171519
179272
186636
182071
175573

526593
98669
103956
110300
108624
105044

404042
79547
80268
84665
81608
77954

238836
45767
46560
50262
49265
46982

491029
91972
99004
101971
100463
97619

287757
52902
57396
60038
59359
58062

75-79
75
76
77
78
79

732059
170466
151777
144313
131318
134185

446476
103016
91873
88329
80565
82693

311599
73507
65090
61116
55906
55980

192676
44797
39675
37830
35235
35139

420460
96959
86687
83197
75412
78205

253800
58219
52198
50499
45330
47554

80-84
80
81
82
83
84

461576
112714
105244
91276
82723
69619

291604
70313
66347
57462
52893
44589

196483
47542
44917
38863
35386
29775

126638
30269
28877
25083
22917
19492

265093
65172
60327
52413
47337
39844

164966
40044
37470
32379
29976
25097

85 i peste / and over

264308

176861

115174

79251

149134

97610

1) Date estimate n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.

Data estimated under comparability conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.

50

2.4

Populaia rezident (stabil) a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 20 octombrie 2011


- Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor
Usual resident population of counties, municipalities and towns, on October 20, 2011
- Population and Housing Census

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns
ALBA

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number
342376

Alba Iulia 1)
Aiud 1)
Blaj 1)
Sebe 1)
Abrud
Baia de Arie
Cmpeni
Cugir
Ocna Mure
Teiu
Zlatna

63536
22876
20630
27019
5072
3461
7221
21376
13036
6695
7490

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns
BISTRIA-NSUD
Bistria 1)
Beclean
Nsud
Sngeorz-Bi

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number
286225
75076
10628
9587
9679

BOTOANI

412626

Botoani 1)
Dorohoi 1)
Bucecea
Drbani
Flmnzi
Sveni
tefneti

106847
24309
4274
9893
10136
6999
5314

BRAOV

549217

Braov 1)
Codlea 1)
Fgra 1)
Scele 1)
Ghimbav
Predeal
Rnov
Rupea
Victoria
Zrneti

253200
21708
30714
30798
4698
4755
15022
5269
7386
23476

ARAD

430629

1)

Arad
Chiineu-Cri
Curtici
Ineu
Lipova
Ndlac
Pncota
Pecica
Sntana
Sebi

159074
7987
7453
9260
10313
7398
6946
12762
11428
5979

ARGE

612431

1)

155383
31767
27359
10375
31998
14541
10219

BRILA

321212

Brila 1)
Furei
Ianca
nsurei

180302
3592
10343
6528

BACU

616168

BUZU

451069

Bacu 1)
Moineti 1)
Oneti 1)
Buhui
Comneti
Drmneti
Slnic-Moldova
Trgu Ocna

144307
21787
39172
14562
19568
12247
4198
11300

Buzu 1)
Rmnicu Srat
Nehoiu
Ptrlagele
Pogoanele

BIHOR

575398

Oradea 1)
Beiu 1)
Marghita 1)
Salonta 1)
Aled
Nucet
Scueni
tei
Valea lui Mihai
Vacu

196367
10667
15770
17735
10066
2165
11526
6529
9902
2315

Piteti
Cmpulung 1)
Curtea de Arge
Costeti
Mioveni
tefneti
Topoloveni

1)

1)

CARA-SEVERIN
Reia 1)
Caransebe 1)
Anina
Bile Herculane
Boca
Moldova Nou
Oravia
Oelu Rou

115494
33843
10211
7304
7275
295579
73282
24689
7485
5008
15842
12350
11382
10510

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

51

2.4

Populaia rezident (stabil) a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 20 octombrie 2011


- Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor - continuare
Usual resident population of counties, municipalities and towns, on October 20, 2011
- Population and Housing Census - continued

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number

CLRAI

306691

Clrai 1)
Oltenia1)
Budeti
Fundulea
Lehliu Gar

65181
24822
7725
6851
6502

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns
GALAI

536167

Galai 1)
Tecuci 1)
Bereti
Trgu Bujor

249432
34871
2916
6299

691106

GIURGIU

281422

Cluj-Napoca
Cmpia Turzii
Dej 1)
Gherla 1)
Turda 1)
Huedin

324576
22223
33497
20982
47744
9346

1)

61353
12929
7923

CONSTANA

684082

Constana 1)
Mangalia 1)
Medgidia 1)
Bneasa
Cernavod
Eforie
Hrova
Murfatlar (Basarabi)
Nvodari
Negru Vod
Ovidiu
Techirghiol

283872
36364
39780
5384
17022
9473
9642
10216
32981
5088
13847
7292

COVASNA

210177

CLUJ
1)
1)

Sfntu Gheorghe 1)
Trgu Secuiesc 1)
Baraolt
Covasna
ntorsura Buzului
DMBOVIA
Trgovite
Moreni 1)
Fieni
Geti
Pucioasa
Rcari
Titu

1)

56006
18491
8672
10114
7528
518745
79610
18687
7587
13317
14254
6930
9658

DOLJ

660544

Craiova 1)
Bileti 1)
Calafat 1)
Bechet
Dbuleni
Filiai
Segarcea

269506
17437
17336
3657
12182
16900
7019

Giurgiu
Bolintin-Vale
Mihileti
GORJ

341594
Jiu 1)
1)

Trgu
Motru
Bumbeti-Jiu
Novaci
Rovinari
Trgu Crbuneti
Tismana
Turceni
icleni

82504
19079
8932
5431
11816
8034
7035
7269
4414

HARGHITA

310867
1)

Miercurea Ciuc
Gheorgheni 1)
Odorheiu Secuiesc
Toplia 1)
Bile Tunad
Blan
Borsec
Cristuru Secuiesc
Vlhia
HUNEDOARA
Deva 1)
Brad 1)
Hunedoara
Lupeni 1)
Ortie 1)
Petroani 1)
Vulcan 1)
Aninoasa
Clan
Geoagiu
Haeg
Petrila
Simeria
Uricani

1)

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

52

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number

1)

38966
18377
34257
13929
1641
6115
2585
9650
6898
418565
61123
14495
60525
23390
18227
37160
24160
4360
11279
5294
9685
22692
12556
8972

2.4

Populaia rezident (stabil) a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 20 octombrie 2011


- Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor - continuare
Usual resident population of counties, municipalities and towns, on October 20, 2011
- Population and Housing Census - continued

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number

IALOMIA

274148

Slobozia 1)
Feteti 1)
Urziceni 1)
Amara
Czneti
Fierbini - Trg
ndrei

45891
30217
15308
7345
3271
4969
13219

IAI

772348

Iai 1)
Pacani 1)
Hrlu
Trgu Frumos
Podul Iloaiei

290422
33745
10905
10475
9573

ILFOV

388738

Bragadiru
Buftea
Chitila
Mgurele
Otopeni
Pantelimon
Popeti-Leordeni
Voluntari

15329
22178
14184
11041
13861
25596
21895
42944

MARAMURE
Baia Mare 1)
Sighetu Marmaiei
Baia Sprie
Bora
Cavnic
Dragomireti
Slitea de Sus
Seini
Somcua Mare
Tuii-Mgheru
Trgu Lpu
Ulmeni
Vieu de Sus

478659
123738
37640
15476
27611
4976
3213
4893
8987
7565
7136
11744
7270
15037

1)

MEHEDINI
Drobeta-Turnu Severin
Orova 1)
Baia de Aram
Strehaia
Vnju Mare

265390
1)

92617
10441
5349
10506
5311

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number

MURE

550846

Trgu Mure 1)
Reghin 1)
Sighioara 1)
Trnveni 1)
Iernut
Ludu
Miercurea Nirajului
Sarmau
Sngeorgiu de Pdure
Sovata
Ungheni

134290
33281
28102
22075
8705
15328
5554
6942
5166
10385
6945

NEAM

470766

Piatra Neam
Roman 1)
Bicaz
Roznov
Trgu Neam

1)

OLT
Slatina 1)
Caracal 1)
Bal
Corabia
Drgneti-Olt
Piatra-Olt
Potcoava
Scorniceti

85055
50713
6543
8593
18695
436400
70293
30954
18164
16441
10894
6299
5743
11766

PRAHOVA

762886

Ploieti 1)
Cmpina 1)
Azuga
Bicoi
Boldeti-Sceni
Breaza
Buteni
Comarnic
Mizil
Plopeni
Sinaia
Slnic
Urlai
Vlenii de Munte

209945
32935
4440
17981
11137
15928
8894
11970
14312
7718
10410
6034
10541
12257

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

53

2.4

Populaia rezident (stabil) a judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 20 octombrie 2011


- Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor - continuare
Usual resident population of counties, municipalities and towns, on October 20, 2011
- Population and Housing Census - continued

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number

Judee
Municipii / Orae
Counties
Municipalities / Towns

SATU MARE

344360

TIMI

683540

Satu Mare 1)
Carei 1)
Ardud
Livada
Negreti-Oa
Tnad

102411
21112
6231
6773
11867
8631

SLAJ

224384

1)

56202
7214
10407
14436

Timioara 1)
Lugoj 1)
Buzia
Ciacova
Deta
Fget
Gtaia
Jimbolia
Reca
Snnicolau Mare

319279
40361
7023
5348
6260
6761
5861
10808
8336
12312

TULCEA

213083

Tulcea 1)
Babadag
Isaccea
Mcin
Sulina

73707
8940
5026
8245
3663

VASLUI

395499

Vaslui 1)
Brlad 1)
Hui 1)
Murgeni
Negreti

55407
55837
26266
7119
8380

VLCEA

371714

Zalu
Cehu Silvaniei
Jibou
imleu Silvaniei
SIBIU

397322

Sibiu 1)
Media 1)
Agnita
Avrig
Cisndie
Copa Mic
Dumbrveni
Miercurea Sibiului
Ocna Sibiului
Slite
Tlmaciu

147245
47204
8732
12815
14282
5404
7388
3910
3562
5421
6905

SUCEAVA

634810

Suceava 1)
Cmpulung Moldovenesc
Flticeni 1)
Rdui 1)
Vatra Dornei 1)
Broteni
Cajvana
Dolhasca
Frasin
Gura Humorului
Liteni
Miliui
Salcea
Siret
Solca
Vicovu de Sus
TELEORMAN
Alexandria 1)
Roiori de Vede 1)
Turnu Mgurele 1)
Videle
Zimnicea

1)

92121
16722
25723
23822
14429
5506
6901
10298
5876
13667
9596
5005
9015
7976
2188
13308
380123
45434
27416
24772
11508
14058

Rmnicu Vlcea
Drgani 1)
Bbeni
Bile Govora
Bile Olneti
Blceti
Berbeti
Brezoi
Climneti
Horezu
Ocnele Mari

1)

98776
17871
8451
2449
4186
4864
4836
6022
7622
6263
3309

VRANCEA

340310

Focani 1)
Adjud 1)
Mreti
Odobeti
Panciu

79315
16045
10671
9364
7664

BUCURETI 1)
BUCHAREST 1)

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Municipii. / Municipalities.

54

Numrul
locuitorilor
Inhabitants
number

1883425

2.5

Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul locuitorilor, la 20 octombrie 2011


- Recensmntul Populaiei i al Locuinelor
Classification of counties and localities by inhabitants number, on October 20, 2011
- Population and Housing Census

Grupe de judee, municipii,


orae i comune,
dup numrul locuitorilor
Groups of counties,
municipalities, towns
and communes,
by inhabitants number

Numrul judeelor, municipiilor,


oraelor i comunelor
Number of counties, municipalities,
towns and communes
n procente
Date absolute
fa de total
Absolute data
Percentage of total
Judee

Numrul locuitorilor
Inhabitants number

Date absolute
Absolute data
1)

/ Counties

n procente
fa de total
Percentage of total

1)

Total

42

100,0

20121641

100,0

Sub / under 300000


300000 - 399999
400000 - 499999
500000 - 599999
600000 - 699999
700000 - 799999
800000 i peste / and over

8
12
7
5
7
2
1

19,0
28,6
16,7
11,9
16,7
4,7
2,4

2050408
4240806
3098714
2730373
4582681
1535234
1883425

10,2
21,1
15,4
13,6
22,8
7,6
9,3

Municipii i orae / Municipalities and towns


Total

320

Sub / under 3000


3000 - 4999
5000 - 9999
10000 - 19999
20000 - 49999
50000 - 99999
100000 - 199999
200000 - 999999
1000000 i peste / and over

7
22
105
91
54
21
11
8
1

2)

100,0

10858790

100,0

2,2
6,9
32,8
28,4
16,9
6,6
3,4
2,5
0,3

16259
91501
764824
1224268
1624584
1488239
1565458
2200232
1883425

0,2
0,8
7,0
11,3
15,0
13,7
14,4
20,3
17,3

Comune / Communes
Total

2861

Sub / under 1000


1000 - 1999
2000 - 4999
5000 - 9999
10000 i peste / and over

88
663
1711
374
25

2)

100,0

9262851

100,0

3,1
23,1
59,8
13,1
0,9

65117
1042189
5470075
2395932
289538

0,7
11,2
59,1
25,9
3,1

Not: Numrul locuitorilor, conform definiiei populaiei rezidente. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pag. 38).
Note: The number of inhabitants, according to the resident population definition. (See the Methodological notes - page 38).
1) Inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti. / Including Bucharest Municipality.
2) Conform organizrii administrative a teritoriului existent la 1 iulie 2011.
According to administrative territorial organization existing on July 1, 2011.

55

2.6

Micarea natural a populaiei


Vital statistics
Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number)

Anii

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

2)

Nscui-vii
Live-births

Decese
Deaths

Sporul
natural
Natural
increase

Cstorii
Marriages

352241
324859
301985
294886
287383
278362
273678
527764
526091
465764
427034
400146
389153
378696
427732
418185
417353
423958
416598
410603
398904
381101
344369
321498
350741
358797
376896
383199
380043
369544
314746
275275
260393
249994
246736
236640
231348
236891
237297
234600
234521
220368
210529
212459
216261
221020
219483
214728
221900
222388
212199
196242
180714

160720
161936
172429
155767
152476
163393
157445
179129
188509
201225
193255
194306
189793
203559
191286
197538
204873
208685
211846
217509
231876
224635
224120
233892
233699
246670
242330
254286
253370
247306
247086
251760
263855
263323
266101
271672
286158
279315
269166
265194
255820
259603
269666
266575
258890
262101
258094
251965
253202
257213
259723
251439
253716

191521
162923
129556
139119
134907
114969
116233
348635
337582
264539
233779
205840
199360
175137
236446
220647
212480
215273
204752
193094
167028
156466
120249
87606
117042
112127
134566
128913
126673
122238
67660
23515
-3462
-13329
-19365
-35032
-54810
-42424
-31869
-30594
-21299
-39235
-59137
-54116
-42629
-41081
-38611
-37237
-31302
-34825
-47524
-55197
-73002

197654
180465
184676
174931
169520
164229
171243
154105
146988
140011
145531
150215
157142
170130
175496
188139
195874
199794
201103
198139
182671
182973
174448
163826
164110
161094
167254
168079
172527
177943
192652
183388
174593
161595
154221
153943
150388
147105
145303
140014
135808
129930
129018
133953
143304
141832
146637
189240
149439
134275
115778
105599
107760

Divoruri
Divorces

36947
33373
38095
36129
35145
36914
25804
48 1)
4023
6991
7865
9570
11254
14472
17951
34479
35945
25726
33190
35855
34130
33635
33164
34534
32853
32587
34562
34110
36775
36008
32966
37031
29290
31193
39663
34906
35586
34752
39985
34408
30725
31135
31790
33073
35225
33193
32672
36308
35685
32341
32632
35780
31324

Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)


Nscui
mori
Stillborn
children

Decese la o
vrst sub
1 an
Infant
deaths

5690
5251
4812
4601
4367
4048
4072
9644
8625
6984
5728
4822
4288
4194
4801
4288
4186
4144
3919
3754
3518
3257
2904
2605
2988
2824
3053
3053
2926
2821
2231
1910
1700
1582
1623
1472
1428
1483
1514
1459
1393
1282
1319
1290
1314
1262
1143
1009
993
969
856
811
779

26680
23190
18196
16270
13975
12264
12746
24590
31317
25584
21110
16964
15566
14444
14958
14498
13089
13207
12610
12995
11691
10886
9653
7676
8211
9191
8746
11077
9643
9940
8471
6258
6080
5822
5894
5027
5158
5209
4868
4360
4370
4057
3648
3546
3641
3310
3052
2574
2434
2250
2078
1850
1806

Nscui- vii
Live-births

Decese
Deaths

Sporul
natural
Natural
increase

Cstorii
Marriages

19,1
17,5
16,2
15,7
15,2
14,6
14,3
27,4
26,7
23,3
21,1
19,5
18,8
18,2
20,3
19,7
19,5
19,6
19,1
18,6
18,0
17,0
15,3
14,3
15,5
15,8
16,5
16,7
16,5
16,0
13,6
11,9
11,4
11,0
10,9
10,4
10,2
10,5
10,5
10,4
10,5
9,8
9,7
9,8
10,1
10,4
10,4
10,3
10,8
10,9
10,5
9,7
9,0

8,7
8,7
9,2
8,3
8,1
8,6
8,2
9,3
9,6
10,1
9,5
9,5
9,2
9,8
9,1
9,3
9,6
9,6
9,7
9,9
10,4
10,0
10,0
10,4
10,3
10,9
10,6
11,1
11,0
10,7
10,6
10,9
11,6
11,6
11,7
12,0
12,7
12,4
12,0
11,8
11,4
11,6
12,4
12,4
12,1
12,3
12,2
12,1
12,3
12,6
12,8
12,5
12,6

10,4
8,8
7,0
7,4
7,1
6,0
6,1
18,1
17,1
13,2
11,6
10,0
9,6
8,4
11,2
10,4
9,9
10,0
9,4
8,7
7,6
7,0
5,3
3,9
5,2
4,9
5,9
5,6
5,5
5,3
3,0
1,0
-0,2
-0,6
-0,8
-1,6
-2,5
-1,9
-1,5
-1,4
-0,9
-1,8
-2,7
-2,6
-2,0
-1,9
-1,8
-1,8
-1,5
-1,7
-2,3
-2,8
-3,6

10,7
9,7
9,9
9,3
9,0
8,6
8,9
8,0
7,5
7,0
7,2
7,3
7,6
8,2
8,3
8,9
9,1
9,2
9,2
9,0
8,2
8,2
7,8
7,3
7,3
7,1
7,3
7,3
7,5
7,7
8,3
7,9
7,7
7,1
6,8
6,8
6,7
6,5
6,5
6,2
6,1
5,8
6,0
6,2
6,7
6,7
6,9
9,1
7,3
6,6
5,7
5,2
5,4

Nscui-mori

Decese la

la 1000 nscui
Divoruri
(vii+mori)
Divorces
Stillborn
children per 1000
births (live-births
and stillborn)

o vrst sub
1 an la 1000
nscui-vii
Infant deaths
per 1000
live-births

2,01
1,80
2,04
1,92
1,86
1,94
1,35
*)
0,20
0,35
0,39
0,47
0,54
0,69
0,85
1,62
1,68
1,19
1,52
1,63
1,54
1,50
1,48
1,53
1,45
1,43
1,51
1,49
1,60
1,56
1,42
1,60
1,29
1,37
1,74
1,54
1,57
1,54
1,78
1,53
1,37
1,39
1,47
1,53
1,64
1,56
1,54
1,74
1,74
1,59
1,61
1,78
1,56

15,9
15,9
15,7
15,4
15,0
14,3
14,7
17,9
16,1
14,8
13,2
11,9
10,9
11,0
11,1
10,1
9,9
9,7
9,3
9,1
8,7
8,5
8,4
8,0
8,4
7,8
8,0
7,9
7,6
7,6
7,0
6,9
6,5
6,3
6,5
6,2
6,1
6,2
6,3
6,2
5,9
5,8
6,2
6,0
6,0
5,7
5,2
4,7
4,5
4,3
4,0
4,1
4,3

74,6
69,4
58,8
55,2
48,6
44,1
46,6
46,6
59,5
54,9
49,4
42,4
40,0
38,1
35,0
34,7
31,4
31,2
30,3
31,6
29,3
28,6
28,0
23,9
23,4
25,6
23,2
28,9
25,4
26,9
26,9
22,7
23,3
23,3
23,9
21,2
22,3
22,0
20,5
18,6
18,6
18,4
17,3
16,7
16,8
15,0
13,9
12,0
11,0
10,1
9,8
9,4
10,0

Years

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

2)

Nota: Pentru perioada 2002-2011, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the period 2002-2011, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under comparability conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Au fost modificate unele dispoziii legale referitoare la divor (n octombrie 1966).
Some legal acts referring to divorces were modified (in October 1966).
2) Pentru anul 2012, ratele la 1000 locuitori sunt provizorii, fiind calculate cu populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie 2012, estimat
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Nscuii-vii din anul 2012 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate. Decesele din anul 2012 nu includ decesele produse n strintate.
For the year 2012, the rates per 1000 inhabitants are provisional, calculated based on usual resident population on January 1, 2012,
estimated under comparability conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
The live-births for 2012 do not include live-births from abroad. The deaths for 2012 do not include those happened abroad.

56

57

2.7

Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii


Vital statistics, by area
Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number)

Anii

Nscui-vii
Live-births

Decese
Deaths

Sporul
natural
Natural
increase

Cstorii
Marriages

Divoruri
Divorces

Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)


Nscui
mori
Stillborn
children

Decese la o
vrst sub
1 an
Infant
deaths

URBAN
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

1)

156950
135417
124016
117298
114422
109722
108226
110009
110186
108542
108254
102432
98190
100915
111348
117780
119477
116367
121518
121864
117851
106667
96201

99331
101460
106784
107482
108771
112205
116450
115997
112733
111159
108436
110063
113225
112283
114316
116809
116384
114562
114352
116168
117632
114648
116369

57619
33957
17232
9816
5651
-2483
-8224
-5988
-2547
-2617
-182
-7631
-15035
-11368
-2968
971
3093
1805
7166
5696
219
-7981
-20168

110382
101993
92663
85505
82263
83381
84864
82522
82912
81015
79128
77231
76547
81483
90179
92651
96605
104445
96963
86363
74787
67962
68821

25553
28098
22443
23629
29767
26023
26389
25044
28702
25035
22486
22362
22675
23542
25134
23709
23338
26066
24806
22308
22144
25152
21790

1217
974
830
747
768
693
691
689
714
670
612
567
602
569
633
589
538
498
468
474
420
363
348

157796
139858
136377
132696
132314
126918
123122
126882
127111
126058
126267
117936
112339
111544
104913
103240
100006
98361
100382
100524
94348
89575
84513

147755
150300
157071
155841
157330
159467
169708
163318
156433
154035
147384
149540
156441
154292
144574
145292
141710
137403
138850
141045
142091
136791
137347

10041
-10442
-20694
-23145
-25016
-32549
-46586
-36436
-29322
-27977
-21117
-31604
-44102
-42748
-39661
-42052
-41704
-39042
-38468
-40521
-47743
-47216
-52834

82270
81395
81930
76090
71958
70562
65524
64583
62391
58999
56680
52699
52471
52470
53125
49181
50032
84795
52476
47912
40991
37637
38939

7413
8933
6847
7564
9896
8883
9197
9708
11283
9373
8239
8773
9115
9531
10091
9484
9334
10242
10879
10033
10488
10628
9534

1014
936
870
835
855
779
737
794
800
789
781
715
717
721
681
673
605
511
525
495
436
448
431

3778
2654
2575
2315
2295
1996
2006
2036
1907
1650
1744
1594
1426
1381
1555
1458
1341
1186
1030
982
913
797
714
RURAL

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

1)

4693
3604
3505
3507
3599
3031
3152
3173
2961
2710
2626
2463
2222
2165
2086
1852
1711
1388
1404
1268
1165
1053
1092

Nscui- vii
Live-births

Nscui-mori
la 1000 nscui
Divoruri
(vii+mori)
Divorces
Stillborn
children per 1000
births (live-births
and stillborn)

Decese la
o vrst sub
1 an la 1000
nscui-vii
Infant deaths
per 1000
live-births

Decese
Deaths

Sporul
natural
Natural
increase

Cstorii
Marriages

8,2
8,2
8,7
8,8
8,8
9,1
9,5
9,4
9,2
9,1
8,9
9,0
9,9
9,8
9,9
10,0
9,9
10,0
10,3
10,6
10,8
10,5
10,7

4,7
2,8
1,5
0,8
0,5
-0,2
-0,7
-0,5
-0,2
-0,2
-0,6
-1,3
-1,0
-0,3
0,3
0,2
0,6
0,5
-0,7
-1,8

9,1
8,3
7,6
7,0
6,7
6,8
6,9
6,7
6,8
6,6
6,5
6,3
6,7
7,1
7,8
7,9
8,2
9,1
8,7
7,9
6,8
6,2
6,3

2,10
2,27
1,84
1,93
2,42
2,11
2,14
2,04
2,34
2,05
1,84
1,83
1,98
2,06
2,17
2,02
1,99
2,28
2,23
2,03
2,03
2,31
2,01

7,7
7,1
6,6
6,3
6,7
6,3
6,3
6,2
6,4
6,1
5,6
5,5
6,1
5,6
5,7
5,0
4,5
4,3
3,8
3,9
3,6
3,4
3,6

24,1
19,6
20,8
19,7
20,1
18,2
18,5
18,5
17,3
15,2
16,1
15,6
14,5
13,7
14,0
12,4
11,2
10,2
8,5
8,1
7,7
7,5
7,4

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012 1)

13,4
13,9
14,8
14,9
15,1
15,4
16,5
15,9
15,3
15,1
14,4
14,6
15,3
15,2
14,6
15,2
15,0
14,6
14,7
15,0
15,2
14,8
14,9

0,9
-1,0
-1,9
-2,2
-2,4
-3,1
-4,5
-3,5
-2,9
-2,8
-2,1
-3,1
-4,3
-4,2
-4,0
-4,4
-4,4
-4,2
-4,1
-4,3
-5,1
-5,1
-5,7

7,5
7,5
7,7
7,3
6,9
6,8
6,4
6,3
6,1
5,8
5,5
5,2
5,1
5,2
5,4
5,1
5,3
9,0
5,6
5,1
4,4
4,1
4,2

0,67
0,82
0,65
0,72
0,95
0,86
0,89
0,95
1,10
0,92
0,80
0,86
0,89
0,94
1,02
0,99
0,99
1,09
1,15
1,07
1,12
1,15
1,03

6,4
6,6
6,3
6,3
6,4
6,1
6,0
6,2
6,3
6,2
6,1
6,0
6,3
6,4
6,4
6,5
6,0
5,2
5,2
4,9
4,6
5,0
5,1

29,7
25,8
25,7
26,4
27,2
23,9
25,6
25,0
23,3
21,5
20,8
20,9
19,8
19,4
19,9
17,9
17,1
14,1
14,0
12,6
12,3
11,8
12,9

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

Years

URBAN
12,9
11,0
10,2
9,6
9,3
8,9
8,8
8,9
9,0
8,9
8,9
8,4
8,6
8,8
9,6
10,0
10,2
10,2
10,9
11,1
10,8
9,8
8,9
RURAL
14,3
12,9
12,9
12,7
12,7
12,3
12,0
12,4
12,4
12,3
12,3
11,5
11,0
11,0
10,6
10,8
10,6
10,4
10,6
10,7
10,1
9,7
9,1

1)

Nota: Pentru perioada 2002-2011, ratele la 1000 locuitori au fost calculate cu populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat
n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the period 2002-2011, the rates per 1000 inhabitants, calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year
were used, estimated under comparability conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Pentru anul 2012, ratele la 1000 locuitori sunt provizorii, fiind calculate cu populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie 2012, estimat n
condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Nscuii-vii din anul 2012 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate. Decesele din anul 2012 nu includ decesele produse n strintate.
For the year 2012, the rates per 1000 inhabitants are provisional, calculated based on usual resident population on January 1, 2012,
estimated under comparability conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
The live-births for 2012 do not include live-births from abroad. The deaths for 2012 do not include those happened abroad.

58

59

2.8

Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor


Live-births by age group of parents
Grupa de vrst a tatlui (ani)

Grupa de vrst a mamei


(ani)
2007
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste
2008
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste
2009
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste
2010
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste
2011
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste
2012 1)
Total
Sub 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 i peste

Age group of father (years)

Total

15-19

20-24

25-29

30-34

35-39

40-44

45-49

50 i peste
and over

Nedeclarat
Not stated

214728
562
26607
53250
68851
45512
17473
2345
120
8

4040
192
3088
648
91
16
5
-

24154
116
9667
11397
2498
407
61
8
-

63157
30
6065
23827
27362
5168
646
58
1
-

62301
5
1972
10069
27064
20379
2680
127
5
-

31946
2
426
2151
7191
14037
7683
448
7
1

8568
83
366
1177
2623
3609
698
12
-

3207
28
98
343
764
1325
595
52
2

1426
22
59
187
373
513
241
29
2

15929
217
5256
4635
2938
1745
951
170
14
3

221900
707
26949
56121
68119
49067
17600
3204
132
1

4372
230
3247
796
84
14
1
-

26399
151
10504
12924
2324
420
62
14
-

62003
45
5779
23912
26016
5548
638
63
2
-

66448
13
1906
11005
27776
22611
2886
244
7
-

31908
2
435
2341
7099
13988
7416
620
7
-

10700
85
493
1518
3469
4043
1076
16
-

3287
2
23
124
360
843
1204
684
47
-

1599
23
99
219
410
501
306
41
-

15184
264
4947
4427
2723
1764
849
197
12
1

222388
758
25456
56985
65684
51371
18262
3746
126
-

4242
273
3153
725
76
12
3
-

27414
185
10336
13839
2478
484
84
8
-

58839
38
4987
23501
24164
5443
642
63
1
-

68253
9
1812
11480
27522
24018
3102
303
7
-

32299
1
378
2320
6999
14615
7298
679
9
-

12112
1
102
545
1589
3937
4575
1345
18
-

3115
19
118
311
787
1129
711
40
-

1573
1
12
96
178
386
503
362
35
-

14541
250
4657
4361
2367
1689
926
275
16
-

212199
733
21775
52649
62843
51069
19051
3965
111
3

3347
237
2481
557
52
15
5
-

25165
179
9158
12948
2327
453
82
18
-

53239
40
4115
20946
22425
5045
578
90
-

66337
9
1367
10787
26629
24007
3261
273
4
-

33278
5
381
2518
7172
14740
7791
664
6
1

12675
1
100
600
1530
4026
4848
1549
20
1

3069
2
19
119
294
752
1074
769
39
1

1536
12
93
158
386
501
351
35
-

13553
260
4142
4081
2256
1645
911
251
7
-

196242
748
20150
48171
56343
47715
19171
3803
134
7

3065
264
2279
452
50
12
6
1
1
-

22763
175
8375
11607
2073
441
83
9
-

47079
38
3630
18910
19515
4360
567
56
3
-

60405
8
1257
10013
23680
21983
3226
230
8
-

32259
7
386
2465
6813
14217
7741
621
9
-

12566
1
84
496
1467
3929
5074
1501
14
-

2837
16
92
260
677
1033
712
45
2

1524
1
11
64
138
345
526
390
47
2

13744
254
4112
4072
2347
1751
915
283
7
3

180714
746
18205
42103
52591
44005
19102
3820
136
6

2592
231
1978
351
24
5
1
1
1
-

19670
209
7363
9763
1918
350
62
5
-

43208
43
3611
17079
18365
3600
463
45
1
1

54721
14
1108
8367
21742
20169
3094
222
4
1

31595
7
352
2200
6686
13628
8030
684
8
-

12172
1
92
481
1359
3673
4950
1580
35
1

2785
16
90
231
682
1032
691
43
-

1336
14
52
117
286
508
322
35
2

12635
241
3671
3720
2149
1612
962
270
9
1

Age group of mother


(years)
2007
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over
2008
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over
2009
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over
2010
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over
2011
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over
2012 1)
Total
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50 and over

1) Nscuii-vii din anul 2012 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate.

The live-births for 2012 do not include live-births from abroad.

60

61

2.9

Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei


Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother
Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani)

Rangul nscutului-viu
2007
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i peste
2008
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i peste
2009
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i peste
2010
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i peste
2011
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i peste
2012 1)
Total
Primul
Al doilea
Al treilea
Al patrulea
Al cincilea
Al aselea
Al aptelea
Al optulea i peste

Age group of father (years)

Nscui-vii
Live-births

Sub 15
Under

15-19

20-24

25-29

30-34

35-39

40-44

45-49

50 i peste
and over

214728
112579
65296
18866
8071
4093
2366
1389
2068

562
543
19
-

26607
21394
4533
620
56
4
-

53250
33131
14463
4006
1256
319
62
13
-

68851
35885
21763
6122
2753
1291
608
286
143

45512
16569
18079
5059
2369
1380
905
559
592

17473
4582
5965
2694
1382
887
622
406
935

2345
447
455
349
242
201
161
120
370

120
27
17
14
11
11
8
5
27

8
1
2
2
2
-

221900
118439
66011
19098
8094
4266
2416
1454
2122

707
688
19
-

26949
21354
4795
734
63
3
-

56121
34736
15234
4356
1363
341
72
14
5

68119
36600
20609
5832
2679
1413
609
237
140

49067
19279
18625
5148
2431
1438
922
588
636

17600
4989
6017
2543
1237
843
611
464
896

3204
769
696
465
305
219
194
139
417

132
23
16
20
16
9
8
12
28

1
1
-

222388
117763
67452
18996
8193
4107
2458
1375
2044

758
735
23
-

25456
20227
4472
688
65
4
-

56985
35096
15524
4501
1416
350
84
12
-

65684
35554
20058
5405
2496
1209
587
239
136

51371
20141
19940
5227
2567
1416
916
567
597

18262
5044
6519
2612
1310
880
635
425
837

3746
937
904
543
331
237
224
126
444

126
29
12
20
8
11
12
6
28

212199
111139
65009
18385
7881
4122
2274
1356
2033

733
714
19
-

21775
16773
4324
622
52
4
-

52649
31825
14475
4441
1439
377
75
13
4

62843
34691
18574
5109
2367
1214
549
227
112

51069
20569
19749
5000
2335
1388
877
535
616

19051
5514
6859
2578
1344
881
568
458
849

3965
1029
996
621
332
244
200
117
426

111
23
13
12
12
14
5
6
26

3
1
2
-

196242
101909
58593
17996
7917
4133
2362
1386
1946

748
718
30
-

20150
15412
4031
642
63
2
-

48171
28539
13290
4367
1467
392
98
14
4

56343
31027
16009
4831
2340
1210
582
227
117

47715
19438
17805
4807
2282
1353
893
548
589

19171
5802
6527
2721
1388
916
597
416
804

3803
933
882
606
368
256
182
173
403

134
37
18
22
9
3
10
8
27

7
3
1
1
2

180714
87445
57390
17741
8105
4156
2436
1450
1991

746
717
29
-

18205
13546
3970
602
84
3
-

42103
23557
12219
4265
1515
421
107
15
4

52591
27292
16078
4811
2327
1187
588
226
82

44005
16429
17197
4581
2334
1379
908
559
618

19102
5048
6876
2849
1441
909
626
492
861

3820
829
989
615
388
252
199
152
396

136
23
31
18
15
5
8
6
30

6
4
1
1
-

Live-birth order
2007
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and
2008
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and
2009
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and
2010
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and
2011
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and
2012 1)
Total
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth and

over

over

over

over

over

over

1) Nscuii-vii din anul 2012 nu includ nscuii-vii din strintate.

The live-births for 2012 do not include live-births from abroad.

62

63

2.10

Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii


Average age of mother at birth, by area
ani / years

Anii

Vrsta medie a mamei la prima natere


Average age of mother at first birth

Years

Total

Urban

Rural

Total

Urban

Rural

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

23,7
23,9
24,2
24,3
24,6
24,9
25,2
25,3
25,5
25,6
26,0
26,2
26,2

24,9
25,2
25,5
25,7
26,0
26,3
26,6
26,7
27,0
27,1
27,5
27,7
27,8

22,3
22,4
22,5
22,5
22,6
22,7
22,9
22,9
23,1
23,1
23,4
23,6
23,5

25,5
25,8
26,0
26,2
26,4
26,7
26,9
27,0
27,1
27,3
27,6
27,7
27,9

26,3
26,6
26,9
27,1
27,3
27,6
27,8
28,0
28,1
28,3
28,6
28,8
29,0

24,9
25,1
25,3
25,4
25,5
25,7
25,8
25,9
25,9
26,0
26,2
26,3
26,5

1)

Vrsta medie a mamei la orice natere


Average age of mother at any birth

1) Datele se refer la vrsta medie a femeilor care au nscut pe teritoriul Romniei.

Data refer only to average age of women who gave birth on Romanias territory.

2.11
Anii
Years

ntreruperi de sarcin 1), pe grupe de vrst


Abortions 1), by age group
Grupa de vrst (ani) la care a avut loc ntreruperea de sarcin
Age group (years) when the abortion took place

Total
15 - 19

20-24

25-29

136647
127410
115457
101271
102896
87477

15012
13833
11982
9731
9589
7547

28290
27010
25442
22931
22812
18990

33035
28952
25794
22351
23005
20210

26,6
26,0
24,1
21,3
21,7
18,5

22,2
23,1
21,6
17,9
17,8
14,0

638,1
578,3
520,9
478,9
526,8
486,1

564,2
513,3
470,7
446,9
475,9
414,6

30-34

35-39

40-44

45 - 49

22611
21016
18468
16223
16893
14751

6488
7314
7167
6366
6875
5880

629
489
384
431
481
464

8,5
8,9
8,4
7,4
8,0
6,8

0,9
0,8
0,7
0,8
0,9
0,9

2766,7
2282,8
1913,2
1605,5
1807,8
1539,3

5241,7
3704,5
3047,6
3882,9
3589,6
3411,8

Numr / Number
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

30582
28796
26220
23238
23241
19635

Rate la 1000 femei 2) / Rates per 1000 women


2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012 3)

38,0
38,8
37,8
34,4
34,6
29,0

44,7
42,8
40,1
35,0
36,1
31,7

36,4
36,8
34,7
30,8
31,0
26,3

2)

32,3
28,4
24,3
21,4
22,3
19,5

Rate la 1000 nscui-vii / Rates per 1000 live-births


2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

4)

531,3
481,3
446,5
435,5
473,6
451,0

479,8
425,0
392,7
355,7
408,3
384,3

672,0
586,9
510,4
455,0
487,1
446,2

1294,1
1194,1
1011,3
851,6
881,2
772,2

1) ntreruperi de sarcin ale femeilor de 15 - 49 ani.

Abortions of women aged 15 - 49 years.

2) Rate la 1000 femei, calculate cu populaia feminin rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate

cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.


Rates per 1000 women, calculated based on usual resident female population on July 1st of each year, estimated under comparability
conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
3) Rate provizorii calculate cu populaia feminin rezident la 1 ianuarie 2012, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele
definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional rates calculated based on usual resident female population on January 1, 2012, estimated under comparability conditions
with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
4) Rate calculate la numrul nscuilor-vii, nscui n Romnia.
Rates calculated with the number of live-births in Romania.

64

2.12

1)

Ratele de fertilitate , pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural al fertlitii


1)
2)
Fertility rates , by age group and total fertlity rate

Anii
Years

Rata general
de fertilitate
General fertility rate

15-19

20-24

25-29

30-34

35-39

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

73,9
68,4
63,5
61,9
59,9
57,3
55,7
105,5
102,9
89,6
81,2
75,3
72,7
70,4
79,3
77,5
77,3
78,8
77,7
76,6
74,8
71,9
65,1
59,5
64,2
65,1
68,2
69,1
68,4
66,3
56,2
48,7
46,6
44,3
43,3
41,1
39,9
40,6
40,6
40,2
40,3
37,8
37,8
38,4
39,3
40,9
41,4
41,7
45,1
46,2
44,4
41,3
37,5

59,1
62,6
58,4
61,5
56,8
52,4
51,7
79,8
82,4
72,6
65,7
62,1
61,3
60,6
69,3
69,2
70,0
71,2
72,8
72,5
72,3
71,1
68,9
57,5
56,1
57,3
62,9
65,3
62,7
59,3
51,5
49,8
47,4
47,0
45,0
42,0
40,0
40,8
40,3
40,0
39,0
35,8
32,9
34,9
36,1
37,4
39,3
39,4
45,0
45,8
39,9
37,4
34,8

164,1
155,4
147,4
144,0
144,0
140,7
143,0
251,8
241,4
215,7
201,4
190,9
185,9
182,4
202,3
197,8
196,9
200,9
198,5
200,2
200,4
194,3
184,4
178,4
191,9
191,4
191,3
189,7
176,7
169,1
145,2
131,1
127,1
124,6
119,3
109,5
102,2
100,7
96,9
93,3
90,2
82,2
82,6
79,0
74,8
72,6
70,5
71,5
80,6
84,7
79,0
73,2
64,1

121,2
110,1
105,0
102,9
102,6
99,8
98,2
198,1
193,9
171,7
151,6
138,1
131,6
124,2
142,9
138,5
136,7
138,1
132,7
128,8
126,8
121,6
107,2
99,9
114,7
121,1
126,7
126,4
123,8
118,0
97,8
78,6
77,1
74,2
75,8
73,4
72,4
72,6
77,6
77,6
78,5
73,8
79,0
82,0
84,8
90,9
92,4
93,1
100,7
102,0
98,4
88,4
83,3

67,6
60,1
54,9
53,1
52,2
53,5
53,4
124,1
126,5
108,0
94,9
82,7
76,9
71,6
78,3
71,4
69,4
67,6
64,4
61,0
58,3
56,4
47,5
42,5
50,5
55,2
63,3
65,7
63,0
58,8
46,4
34,2
31,1
28,3
28,7
29,4
30,1
33,9
36,3
37,3
38,7
37,4
38,8
38,8
41,6
47,5
51,2
54,2
62,6
67,9
67,8
63,7
58,6

39,0
32,4
29,5
28,2
26,2
25,1
25,1
59,7
63,9
54,7
48,8
44,3
40,7
37,6
40,2
36,7
33,4
32,3
30,3
28,4
25,0
23,4
19,6
17,4
20,1
21,4
26,1
28,7
27,3
25,6
19,4
13,9
12,9
11,4
11,3
11,0
10,9
11,2
11,7
12,4
13,4
13,7
15,3
19,4
23,2
25,1
25,7
25,0
23,8
24,0
25,2
25,3
24,6

3)

Grupa de vrst (ani) / Age group (years)


40-44 45-49
14,5
13,2
11,4
10,7
9,5
8,9
8,3
16,6
17,3
15,0
13,8
13,1
12,0
10,3
10,7
10,0
9,0
8,6
8,2
7,6
6,5
6,3
5,2
4,5
4,6
5,1
6,4
8,1
7,3
7,1
5,5
4,0
3,7
3,2
3,2
3,1
2,9
2,9
2,8
2,8
3,1
3,0
3,0
2,9
3,1
3,1
2,8
3,1
3,9
4,4
4,6
4,4
4,3

1,4
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,8
0,8
0,9
1,2
1,2
1,0
0,9
0,8
0,8
0,6
0,7
0,7
0,7
0,7
0,7
0,7
0,5
0,6
0,4
0,4
0,3
0,4
0,4
0,4
0,4
0,4
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,3
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,2
0,3
0,2

2)

Indicele conjunctural
al fertilitii
Total fertility rate
2,3
2,2
2,0
2,0
2,0
1,9
1,9
3,7
3,6
3,2
2,9
2,7
2,5
2,4
2,7
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,5
2,5
2,4
2,4
2,2
2,0
2,2
2,3
2,4
2,4
2,3
2,2
1,8
1,6
1,5
1,4
1,4
1,3
1,3
1,3
1,3
1,3
1,3
1,2
1,3
1,3
1,3
1,4
1,4
1,4
1,6
1,6
1,6
1,5
1,3

Nota: Ratele pentru perioada 2002-2011 au fost calculate cu populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: The rates for the period 2002-2011 calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st of each year were used, estimated
under comparability conditions with the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.
1) Nscui-vii la 1000 femei de vrst fertil (15-49 ani). / Live-births per 1000 women during their fertile life (15-49 years).
2) Numrul de copii nscui de o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile. / Number of children born by a woman during her fertile life.
3) Rate provizorii calculate la populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie 2012, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele finale
ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional rates calculated based on usual resident population on January 1, 2012, estimated under comparability conditions with
the final results of the Population and Housing Census - 2011.

65

2.13

Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe


Deaths, by age group and sex

Grupa de vrst (ani)


Age group (years)

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Total
Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89
90-94
95-99
100 i peste / and over

251965

253202

257213

259723

251439

253716

3046
327
343
906
1029
1243
1832
3295
3841
7602
12866
15958
16745
25386
35322
43293
42793
22821
10185
2843
289

2865
325
315
888
1162
1201
1901
3055
4294
7136
13280
17144
16953
23538
35243
42702
42821
26597
8432
3068
282

2660
266
301
721
1210
1171
1841
2841
4766
6862
13021
17319
18187
22852
35049
42645
43893
29709
8284
3294
321

2502
282
287
591
1112
1132
1795
2781
4924
6149
12246
17135
19233
21542
34716
42823
45172
31991
9428
3505
377

2264
206
259
547
999
976
1607
2390
4464
5349
10631
16034
19470
20149
32043
41509
44918
33575
10489
3145
415

2117
209
286
513
946
905
1332
2226
4360
5021
9773
16245
19851
20155
30825
42188
45689
34891
12726
2988
470

Masculin / Male
Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89
90-94
95-99
100 i peste / and over

133405

135410

137550

137957

132180

132408

1748
193
214
609
785
915
1319
2363
2769
5395
9163
10971
11030
15475
19387
20839
17886
7951
3353
951
89

1660
193
193
599
895
887
1363
2252
3084
5141
9614
11895
11131
14539
19795
20844
18100
9458
2723
963
81

1517
159
189
501
878
886
1365
2063
3446
4926
9355
12065
12208
14207
19580
21017
18816
10514
2669
1080
109

1422
166
171
394
830
825
1331
1997
3534
4435
8897
12070
12858
13373
19396
20972
19333
11734
3019
1061
139

1303
134
164
394
746
689
1136
1714
3211
3844
7604
11256
13061
12463
17909
20519
19171
12406
3334
986
136

1159
125
192
364
686
659
954
1599
3110
3609
6967
11432
13363
12683
17251
20700
19542
12881
4079
893
160

1) Decesele din anul 2012 nu includ decesele produse n strintate.

The deaths for 2012 do not include those happened abroad.

66

1)

2.13

Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe - continuare


Deaths, by age group and sex - continued

Grupa de vrst (ani)


Age group (years)

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

1)

Feminin / Female
Total
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89
90-94
95-99
100 i peste / and over

118560

117792

119663

121766

119259

121308

1298
134
129
297
244
328
513
932
1072
2207
3703
4987
5715
9911
15935
22454
24907
14870
6832
1892
200

1205
132
122
289
267
314
538
803
1210
1995
3666
5249
5822
8999
15448
21858
24721
17139
5709
2105
201

1143
107
112
220
332
285
476
778
1320
1936
3666
5254
5979
8645
15469
21628
25077
19195
5615
2214
212

1080
116
116
197
282
307
464
784
1390
1714
3349
5065
6375
8169
15320
21851
25839
20257
6409
2444
238

961
72
95
153
253
287
471
676
1253
1505
3027
4778
6409
7686
14134
20990
25747
21169
7155
2159
279

958
84
94
149
260
246
378
627
1250
1412
2806
4813
6488
7472
13574
21488
26147
22010
8647
2095
310

1) Decesele din anul 2012 nu includ decesele produse n strintate.

The deaths for 2012 do not include those happened abroad.

2.14

Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst


Infant deaths, by age group
1)

Grupa de vrst

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Total

2574

2434

2250

2078

1850

1806

Neonatale

1501

1397

1289

1183

1063

968

Sub 7 zile
7-13 zile
14-29 zile

1023
241
237

919
234
244

824
224
241

782
181
220

695
173
195

638
139
191

1073

1037

961

895

787

838

Postneonatal

296
201
236
138
91
111

299
183
244
131
90
90

264
180
237
130
80
70

254
159
204
125
60
93

245
138
163
102
68
71

262
157
174
97
67
81

1 month
2 months
3-4 months
5-6 months
7-8 months
9-11 months

Postneonatale
1 lun
2 luni
3-4 luni
5-6 luni
7-8 luni
9-11 luni

Age group
Total
Neonatal
Under 7 days
7-13 days
14-29 days

1) Decesele sub 1 an din anul 2012 nu includ decesele produse n strintate.

The infant deaths for 2012 do not include those happened abroad.

67

2.15

Decese, pe cauze de deces


Deaths, by death causes
numr / number

2007

2008

2009

2010

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

133405

118560

135410

117792

137550

119663

137957

1746

629

1832

653

1750

608

1331

275

1341

298

1278

26753

18630

27705

18781

1076

1306

1048

1033

1256

481

2011

2012

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

121766

132180

119259

132408

121308

1780

694

1575

658

1626

770

245

1249

233

1052

231

986

263

28110

19279

28259

19243

28718

19638

29143

19875

1230

1131

1267

1155

1419

1074

1283

1120

1311

1015

1191

1068

1206

1095

1355

1024

1199

1051

1243

107

455

138

457

161

465

153

315

112

259

88

1061

957

1024

1008

1083

990

1219

1345

1384

1394

1445

1733

Boli ale aparatului circulator


din care:
Boala ischemic a inimii
Boli cerebro-vasculare

73263

81253

72949

80188

73559

80982

73993

82366

70845

80693

71025

82188

27279
22982

25676
28041

27069
22060

25465
26522

26687
22273

25588
26534

27021
22490

26276
26815

25796
21278

25069
26295

25534
21103

25851
26249

Diseases of the circulatory system


of which:
Ischaemic heart disease
Cerebrovascular diseases

Boli ale aparatului respirator

7927

4730

7898

4412

8223

4669

8062

4671

7923

4537

8194

5046

Diseases of the respiratory system

Boli ale aparatului digestiv

8723

5845

9325

6129

10112

6345

10174

6430

8684

5815

8702

5759

Diseases of the digestive system

Boli ale aparatului genito-urinar

1329

965

1370

1055

1343

1122

1402

1142

1437

1219

1625

1332

Diseases of the genitourinary system

33

30

47

51

50

23

Pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium

Unele afeciuni a cror origine se


situeaz n perioada perinatal

565

393

551

319

466

336

436

279

380

277

354

269

Certain diseases originating


in the perinatal period

Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i


anomalii cromozomiale

430

327

340

309

382

294

351

274

329

239

289

245

Congenital malformations, deformations


and chromosomal abnormalities

9343

2914

9908

2892

9510

2675

9280

2752

8156

2378

8207

2344

708

471

1005

648

1424

888

1381

947

1360

966

419

325

Total
Boli infecioase i parazitare
din care:
Tuberculoz
Tumori
Boli endocrine, de nutriie i
metabolism
din care:
Diabet zaharat
Tulburri mentale i de comportament
Boli ale sistemului nervos

Sarcin, natere i luzie

Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte


consecine ale cauzelor externe
Alte cauze

Masculin Feminin
Male Female

1)

Total
Infectious and parasitic diseases
of which:
Tuberculosis
Neoplasm
Endocrine, nutritional and
metabolic diseases
of which:
Diabete mellitus
Mental and behavioural disorders
Diseases of the nervous system

Injury, poisoning and other


consequences of external causes
Other causes

Not: Cauzele de deces, conform Clasificrii Internaionale a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a 1994.
Note: Death causes, according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994.
1) Decesele din anul 2012 nu includ decesele produse n strintate.
The deaths for 2012 do not include those happened abroad.

68

69

2.16

Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces


Infant deaths, by cause of death
numr / number

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2574

2434

2250

2078

1850

1806

55

61

46

45

50

35

22

34

20

24

20

12

Infecia cu meningococi
Meningococcus infection

Boli ale sistemului nervos


Diseases of the nervous system
din care: / of which:
Meningita
Meningitis

52

49

42

30

35

43

26

15

18

10

11

10

733

729

633

602

514

526

695

708

617

572

492

485

36

32

37

30

35

20

22

22

25

18

17

958

870

802

715

657

623

14

375

296

265

228

199

134

585

526

526

515

437

424

301

280

239

240

221

206

93

105

90

83

66

84

62

62

74

58

56

51

Total
Boli infecioase i parazitare
Infectious and parasitic diseases
din care: / of which:
Diareea i gastroenterita de natur infecioas
Diarrhoea and gastro-enteritis of infectious nature

Encefalita, mielita i encefalomielita


Encephalitis, myelitis and encephalo-myelitis
Boli ale aparatului respirator
Diseases of the respiratory system
din care: / of which:
Pneumonia
Pneumonia
Boli ale aparatului digestiv
Diseases of the digestive system
din care: / of which:
Gastrita, enterita i colita neinfecioas
Non-infective gastroenteritis and colitis
Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n
perioada perinatal
Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period
din care: / of which:
Traumatisme obstetricale
Obstetrics traumatisms
Hemoragii fetale i neonatale
Fetal and neo-natal hemorrhages
Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i
anomalii cromozomiale
Congenital malformations, deformations and
chromosomal abnormalities
din care: / of which:
Malformaii congenitale ale aparatului circulator
Congenital malformations of the circulatory system
Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale
cauzelor externe
Injury, poisoning and other consequences of
external causes
Alte cauze
Other cause

Not: Cauzele de deces, conform Clasificrii Internaionale a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a 1994.
Note: Death causes, according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994.
1) Decesele sub 1 an din anul 2012 nu includ decesele produse n strintate.
The infant deaths for 2012 do not include those happened abroad.

70

1)

2.17

Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii


Life expectancy, by sex and area
ani / years

Pe sexe / By sex
Anii

Masculin
Total

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

67,33
68,00
68,58
68,55
69,08
69,58
69,69
69,76
69,82
69,54
69,21
69,14
69,42
69,60
69,77
69,70
69,74
69,53
69,27
69,42
69,56
69,76
69,78
69,52
69,48
69,40
69,05
68,95
69,24
69,74
70,53
71,19
71,18
71,01
71,32
71,76
72,22
72,61
73,03
73,33
73,47
73,77
74,26

Male

65,07
65,70
66,27
66,28
66,83
67,29
67,37
67,45
67,42
67,10
66,68
66,53
66,70
66,83
66,98
66,81
66,78
66,55
66,30
66,51
66,56
66,59
66,56
66,06
65,88
65,70
65,30
65,19
65,46
66,05
67,03
67,69
67,61
67,42
67,74
68,19
68,74
69,17
69,49
69,68
69,76
70,11
70,72

Pe medii / By area

Feminin
Female

69,51
70,26
70,85
70,77
71,29
71,82
71,97
72,06
72,18
71,98
71,75
71,78
72,17
72,40
72,61
72,65
72,78
72,59
72,32
72,41
72,65
73,05
73,17
73,17
73,32
73,36
73,09
73,00
73,32
73,67
74,20
74,84
74,90
74,78
75,06
75,47
75,80
76,14
76,68
77,09
77,30
77,53
77,86

Urban / Urban

Rural / Rural

Years

Total Masculin

Feminin

Total Masculin

Feminin

Male

Female

Male

Female

65,79
66,29
66,79
66,98
67,44
67,84
68,23
68,06
67,96
67,41
67,02
66,88
66,90
67,15
67,40
67,20
67,10
66,88
66,69
67,08
67,06
67,02
67,16
66,45
66,36
66,33
66,12
66,16
66,39
66,92
67,84
68,50
68,55
68,24
68,62
69,04
69,56
69,96
70,29
70,58
70,78
71,07
71,59

70,67
71,32
71,89
71,96
72,36
72,69
73,15
73,00
73,03
72,83
72,59
72,64
72,95
73,28
73,49
73,54
73,61
73,26
73,03
73,28
73,46
73,83
74,02
73,71
73,83
73,95
73,77
73,66
73,97
74,38
74,86
75,42
75,51
75,42
75,70
76,01
76,34
76,64
77,16
77,67
77,91
78,08
78,37

64,40
65,17
65,78
65,67
65,27
66,74
66,47
66,71
66,62
66,67
66,21
66,05
66,31
66,30
66,34
66,14
66,14
65,89
65,60
65,65
65,70
65,71
65,45
65,32
65,04
64,70
64,13
63,86
64,16
64,85
65,93
66,57
66,35
66,41
66,67
67,12
67,69
68,13
68,42
68,51
68,45
68,88
69,60

68,83
69,61
70,20
70,02
70,60
71,18
71,04
71,28
71,46
71,24
71,03
71,07
71,53
71,65
71,82
71,85
71,98
71,86
71,58
71,60
71,80
72,25
72,29
72,52
72,68
72,66
72,33
72,26
72,58
72,91
73,49
74,17
74,20
74,14
74,41
74,83
75,13
75,50
76,05
76,36
76,54
76,81
77,19

68,27
68,84
69,38
69,50
69,93
70,29
70,72
70,56
70,52
70,14
69,82
69,77
69,94
70,23
70,46
70,37
70,36
70,06
69,84
70,17
70,25
70,39
70,54
70,01
70,02
70,05
69,84
69,82
70,09
70,58
71,31
71,94
72,02
71,81
72,15
72,53
72,98
73,34
73,76
74,16
74,38
74,62
75,05

66,63
67,41
68,01
67,87
68,46
68,99
68,79
69,03
69,08
68,94
68,59
68,53
68,89
68,94
69,04
68,95
68,99
68,81
68,52
68,55
68,70
68,88
68,75
68,76
68,67
68,46
67,99
67,80
68,11
68,66
69,53
70,20
70,08
70,08
70,34
70,78
71,23
71,64
72,05
72,23
72,26
72,63
73,21

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

Not: Durata medie a vieii n anul de referin s-a calculat pe baza numrului populaiei i al deceselor pentru o perioad de trei ani.
Populaia luat n calcul a fost determinat pe baza sporului natural i a soldului migraiei internaionale definitive.
Note: Life expectancy in the reference year was computed based on population number and on number of deaths during a three years
period.The population taken into calculation was determined based on natural increase and definitive net international migration.

71

2.18

Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor


Marriages by age group of spouses

Grupa de vrst
a soului (ani)
Age group of husband
(years)

72

Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)


Total

50-54

55-59

60 i
peste
and over

3692
7
8
71
229
401
1059
1170
526
221

3051
1
13
68
101
384
927
1019
538

1904
4
6
11
22
92
255
696
818

1836
1
3
2
2
5
27
56
153
1587

4680
1
21
116
374
897
1202
1001
669
261
138

2603
17
75
171
350
646
749
380
215

2041
1
5
13
29
107
282
629
566
409

1161
3
10
19
62
156
375
536

936
1
1
6
4
11
43
92
778

7667
3
85
509
1632
2426
1827
679
307
130
69

4267
1
11
98
384
793
1220
902
537
211
110

1973
3
12
54
130
254
468
577
317
158

1591
6
11
28
87
192
497
421
349

897
1
4
7
13
45
136
307
384

816
1
4
7
16
43
88
657

34120 16122
27
5
2590
342
17208
3128
10651
7069
2677
3594
697
1401
152
340
68
156
32
52
18
35

6890
1
68
455
1551
2196
1665
520
256
115
63

3813
7
86
324
671
1226
728
428
237
106

1552
1
5
12
33
111
239
370
394
248
139

1155
1
4
10
23
70
138
347
319
243

737
1
1
9
15
27
95
235
354

607
1
1
2
1
8
30
55
509

31770 15016
22
7
2324
334
15832
2669
10134
6519
2514
3567
689
1332
146
355
68
135
27
63
14
35

6679
61
406
1462
2200
1635
485
253
109
68

3855
14
90
323
657
1258
708
448
222
135

1608
2
9
42
107
290
366
409
242
141

1111
5
12
22
73
103
299
346
251

773
1
2
1
4
16
31
112
242
364

664
1
2
4
7
37
78
535

Sub 20
under

20-24

25-29

30-34 35-39

40-44 45-49

2007
Total
189240
Sub / under 20
3168
20-24
36301
25-29
69336
30-34
38548
35-39
18664
40-44
7327
45-49
5432
50-54
4090
55-59
2942
60 i peste / and over
3432

25143
2376
12722
7806
1865
314
47
9
3
1

60296
703
18881
29924
8771
1608
262
86
38
12
11

52241 24013 12356


72
12
4
4048
521
110
26356
4425
735
15889
9451 2166
4535
6698 4396
866
1800 2668
284
687 1434
113
282
574
56
91
180
22
46
89

4708
11
75
314
803
1155
1370
672
209
99

2008
Total
149439
Sub / under 20
1786
20-24
28192
25-29
55749
30-34
32071
35-39
13532
40-44
6717
45-49
3960
50-54
3138
55-59
2038
60 i peste / and over
2256

15671
1162
7930
4990
1330
205
36
6
8
2
2

51201
559
16378
24696
7801
1353
290
68
34
17
5

42153 19749
52
7
3302
487
21414
3894
12662
7928
3333
4611
921
1770
290
612
125
264
29
122
25
54

9244
5
72
617
1884
2917
2018
982
461
194
94

2009
Total
134275
Sub / under 20
1486
20-24
26426
25-29
49752
30-34
29976
35-39
11776
40-44
6024
45-49
3031
50-54
2412
55-59
1581
60 i peste / and over
1811

13230
988
7008
3932
1089
169
35
4
1
2
2

48181
457
15824
22694
7521
1323
262
52
29
9
10

37720 17933
30
7
3050
445
18946
3554
11666
7614
2885
4011
815
1504
197
476
76
209
32
64
23
49

2010
Total
115778
Sub / under 20
872
20-24
21266
25-29
43390
30-34
27094
35-39
10664
40-44
5583
45-49
2336
50-54
1790
55-59
1309
60 i peste / and over
1474

9748
571
5195
3003
832
117
22
1
5
2

41034
267
13058
19492
6622
1264
247
52
11
16
5

2011
Total
105599
Sub / under 20
599
20-24
18236
25-29
38670
30-34
25303
35-39
10304
40-44
5571
45-49
2247
50-54
1781
55-59
1336
60 i peste / and over
1552

7909
384
4219
2451
710
114
21
5
5
-

36214
185
11282
17206
6099
1117
253
41
15
7
9

2.18

Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare


Marriages by age group of spouses - continued

Grupa de vrst
a soului (ani)
Age group of husband
(years)

Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)


Total

Sub 20
under

20-24

25-29

30-34 35-39

Total
107760
Sub / under 20
502
20-24
16783
25-29
40097
30-34
26021
35-39
11329
40-44
5805
45-49
2437
50-54
1831
55-59
1266
60 i peste / and over
1689

7482
333
3802
2562
636
119
22
6
1
1

35318
143
10331
17421
5931
1191
223
45
23
8
2

33940 15356
17
3
2278
283
17036
2529
10695
6895
2986
3716
684
1350
151
353
55
127
23
55
15
45

40-44 45-49

50-54

55-59

60 i
peste
and over

1178
1
3
7
25
73
135
337
313
284

753
2
8
16
22
119
233
353

716
1
2
4
9
40
70
590

2012

2.19

7112
4
71
428
1509
2455
1678
536
238
116
77

4215
2
14
102
301
720
1436
773
479
229
159

1690
3
15
45
107
319
407
413
218
163

Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor nainte de cstorie


Marriages by previous marital status of spouses
Starea civil a soiei / Marital status of wife

Starea civil
a soului

Total

Necstorit
Unmarried

Divorat
Divorced

Vduv
Widow

Marital status
of husband

2007
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

189240
167286
20047
1907

168132
158237
9448
447

18510
8212
9538
760

2598
837
1061
700

2007
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

2008
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

149439
127286
20407
1746

128578
118600
9616
362

18395
7917
9728
750

2466
769
1063
634

2008
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

2009
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

134275
116162
16863
1250

116824
108298
8205
321

15582
7247
7821
514

1869
617
837
415

2009
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

2010
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

115778
99887
14801
1090

100409
92843
7298
268

13809
6546
6793
470

1560
498
710
352

2010
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

2011
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

105599
90095
14379
1125

90421
83278
6879
264

13639
6352
6802
485

1539
465
698
376

2011
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

2012
Total
Necstorit
Divorat
Vduv

107760
91796
14853
1111

92128
84718
7140
270

14110
6576
7043
491

1522
502
670
350

2012
Total
Unmarried
Divorced
Widower

73

2.20

Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima cstorie, pe medii


Average age at marriage and average age at first marriage, by area
ani / years

Anul i mediul
Year and area

Vrsta medie la cstorie


Average age at marriage
So
Husband

Soie
Wife

So
Husband

Soie
Wife

2007
Total
Urban
Rural

31,3
31,2
31,4

27,7
28,1
27,3

29,8
29,2
30,4

26,3
26,4
26,2

2008
Total
Urban
Rural

31,2
31,5
30,5

27,7
28,4
26,4

29,1
29,3
28,7

25,9
26,6
24,5

2009
Total
Urban
Rural

30,9
31,2
30,2

27,5
28,2
26,2

29,1
29,4
28,5

25,8
26,6
24,4

2010
Total
Urban
Rural

30,9
31,4
30,1

27,6
28,4
26,1

29,1
29,6
28,4

26,0
26,9
24,3

2011
Total
Urban
Rural

31,4
31,8
30,6

28,0
28,8
26,6

29,3
29,7
28,7

26,2
27,1
24,6

2012
Total
Urban
Rural

31,6
32,1
30,7

28,2
29,0
26,8

29,6
30,0
28,9

26,4
27,3
24,8

2.21

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor


Divorces by age group of spouses

Grupa de vrst
a soului (ani)
Age group
of husband (years)

Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)


Total

2007
Total
36308
Sub / Under 20
41
20-24
910
25-29
4836
30-34
7707
35-39
8487
40-44
4455
45-49
4057
50-54
2994
55-59
1591
60 i peste / and over 1230

74

Vrsta medie la prima cstorie


Average age at first marriage

Sub 20 20-24
under

526
16
188
216
76
23
6
1
-

3381
13
481
1725
887
200
50
14
6
4
1

25-29 30-34

7158
9
173
2265
3201
1180
221
65
22
15
7

7856
3
40
510
2897
3344
709
236
77
29
11

35-39

40-44

45-49

50-54

55-59

60 i peste
and over

7300
23
91
526
3226
2115
936
263
81
39

3696
17
82
410
1123
1490
476
77
21

2826
3
8
27
74
190
1058
1131
267
68

1967
2
2
8
22
37
214
845
642
195

967
2
3
8
3
33
146
407
365

631
1
10
28
69
523

2.21

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare


Divorces by age group of spouses - continued

Grupa de vrst
a soului (ani)
Age group
of husband (years)

Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)


Total

Sub 20 20-24
under

25-29 30-34

35-39

40-44

45-49

50-54

55-59

60 i peste
and over

2008
Total
35685
Sub / Under 20
19
20-24
944
25-29
4429
30-34
7497
35-39
7428
40-44
5506
45-49
3991
50-54
2971
55-59
1599
60 i peste / and over 1301

442
11
180
164
62
21
2
1
1

3462
4
556
1636
961
227
47
16
8
2
5

6537
2
134
2010
2989
1028
265
63
26
10
10

7572
2
53
499
2848
2956
915
177
73
35
14

6741
13
82
509
2653
2381
786
222
66
29

4571
6
23
97
469
1661
1625
551
108
31

2747
10
18
56
173
1044
1098
278
70

1964
2
5
8
13
43
230
821
646
196

958
5
4
15
43
147
392
352

691
1
4
6
25
62
593

2009
Total
32341
Sub / Under 20
15
20-24
873
25-29
3829
30-34
6820
35-39
6342
40-44
5594
45-49
3444
50-54
2738
55-59
1521
60 i peste / and over 1165

278
6
119
93
48
10
2
-

3235
9
566
1455
931
200
53
11
4
2
4

5820
126
1741
2669
931
258
61
18
11
5

6860
40
433
2590
2587
908
201
66
25
10

5782
15
69
467
2091
2314
559
190
55
22

4620
3
25
84
434
1807
1543
572
117
35

2411
4
4
22
62
176
840
982
261
60

1807
5
7
17
62
183
751
601
181

923
2
2
6
10
36
129
384
354

605
2
4
4
10
26
65
494

2010
Total
32632
Sub / Under 20
9
20-24
851
25-29
3604
30-34
6891
35-39
6599
40-44
6051
45-49
3207
50-54
2645
55-59
1572
60 i peste / and over 1203

202
5
78
80
29
8
2
-

3298
4
589
1460
947
243
39
10
4
2
-

5618
132
1568
2636
981
238
37
14
8
4

7069
33
383
2607
2790
1012
168
51
11
14

5805
12
75
539
2056
2345
531
173
52
22

5015
6
20
106
455
2134
1520
575
157
42

2349
15
17
48
223
751
953
272
70

1673
2
5
14
47
148
709
569
179

956
1
1
3
4
10
35
140
420
342

647
2
1
7
26
81
530

2011
Total
35780
Sub / Under 20
10
20-24
879
25-29
3984
30-34
7542
35-39
7009
40-44
6842
45-49
3441
50-54
2842
55-59
1764
60 i peste / and over 1467

171
3
73
60
32
3
-

3632
5
628
1613
1032
279
56
10
5
1
3

6212
1
148
1807
2841
1048
277
58
15
11
6

7537
23
394
2897
2842
1094
169
69
26
23

6387
1
3
86
618
2261
2617
543
171
54
33

5709
2
17
97
509
2472
1662
703
181
66

2417
1
4
16
51
247
808
966
253
71

1852
1
3
5
11
60
156
728
684
204

1036
4
5
16
28
150
455
378

827
3
7
35
99
683

2012
Total
31324
Sub / Under 20
1
20-24
630
25-29
3372
30-34
6430
35-39
6525
40-44
6003
45-49
3086
50-54
2425
55-59
1593
60 i peste / and over 1259

116
1
46
46
15
8
-

2796
427
1270
813
232
41
9
1
1
2

5691
124
1631
2574
1076
220
45
11
6
4

6521
28
323
2414
2610
897
160
53
20
16

5679
5
71
504
2084
2282
477
165
58
33

5026
22
84
437
2237
1468
558
168
52

2290
5
25
63
256
743
859
281
58

1576
3
1
8
50
155
632
566
161

945
3
16
27
119
406
374

684
1
4
4
2
27
87
559

75

2.22

Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei


Divorces by number of under age children remained through marriage dissolution

Fr copii
Without
children

Cu
1 copil
With 1
child

Cu
2 copii
With 2
children

Cu
3 copii
With 3
children

Cu
4 copii
With 4
children

Cu 5 copii
i peste
With 5
children
and over

Anii
Years

Total

2007

36308

18929

12825

3851

524

122

57

2008

35685

18910

12166

3881

539

124

65

2009

32341

17410

10616

3653

473

120

69

2010

32632

16922

11299

3727

496

123

65

2011

35780

19626

11591

3865

500

129

69

2012

31324

17322

9895

3484

445

114

64

2.23

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii i sexe


Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
by area and sex
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants
Anii
Years

Total

n urban
In urban area

Plecai / Out-migrants

n rural
In rural area

Total

Din urban
From urban area

Din rural
From rural area

374156
389254
330672
458995
324626
372197

213668
232105
193120
273353
194248
225107

160488
157149
137552
185642
130378
147090

171118
179569
147712
206919
146080
169397

102448
111512
90274
128979
91758
107546

68670
68057
57438
77940
54322
61851

111220
120593
102846
144374
102490
117561

91818
89092
80114
107702
76056
85239

Total
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

374156
389254
330672
458995
324626
372197

175666
185948
166853
236502
164019
181194

198490
203306
163819
222493
160607
191003
Masculin / Male

2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

171118
179569
147712
206919
146080
169397

80190
84227
73752
105139
72246
80048

90928
95342
73960
101780
73834
89349

Feminin / Female
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

76

203038
209685
182960
252076
178546
202800

95476
101721
93101
131363
91773
101146

107562
107964
89859
120713
86773
101654

203038
209685
182960
252076
178546
202800

2.24

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului,


pe grupe de vrst i medii
Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
by age group and area
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants
Grupa de vrst (ani)
Age group (years)

Plecai / Out-migrants

Total

n urban
In urban area

n rural
In rural area

Total

Din urban
From urban area

Din rural
From rural area

2007
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

374156
62465
27147
53799
56207
45282
31334
18033
17325
18508
15105
28951

175666
25787
11179
27965
33648
25175
15946
7857
6237
6019
4699
11154

198490
36678
15968
25834
22559
20107
15388
10176
11088
12489
10406
17797

374156
62465
27147
53799
56207
45282
31334
18033
17325
18508
15105
28951

213668
28329
11861
26608
32613
25258
18378
11569
12416
14357
11956
20323

160488
34136
15286
27191
23594
20024
12956
6464
4909
4151
3149
8628

2008
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

389254
67366
25678
55310
56420
48096
31303
21667
16904
19651
16546
30313

185948
29033
10939
29730
34331
26678
15803
9871
6423
6510
5192
11438

203306
38333
14739
25580
22089
21418
15500
11796
10481
13141
11354
18875

389254
67366
25678
55310
56420
48096
31303
21667
16904
19651
16546
30313

232105
32902
11656
28588
34637
29480
19232
14369
12177
15241
13087
20736

157149
34464
14022
26722
21783
18616
12071
7298
4727
4410
3459
9577

2009
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

330672
66116
22618
52262
47459
41186
24594
18631
11897
14257
11545
20107

166853
28895
9725
28983
29757
23765
12803
9071
4983
5504
4459
8908

163819
37221
12893
23279
17702
17421
11791
9560
6914
8753
7086
11199

330672
66116
22618
52262
47459
41186
24594
18631
11897
14257
11545
20107

193120
32586
9700
26749
29535
25554
15141
12359
8478
10903
8865
13250

137552
33530
12918
25513
17924
15632
9453
6272
3419
3354
2680
6857

2010
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

458995
92863
33694
69711
65961
57466
35302
27992
15770
18217
15960
26059

236502
40674
15018
38630
41835
34091
18985
14113
6945
7467
6537
12207

222493
52189
18676
31081
24126
23375
16317
13879
8825
10750
9423
13852

458995
92863
33694
69711
65961
57466
35302
27992
15770
18217
15960
26059

273353
46342
14730
36159
42406
36681
22485
18813
11400
14028
12528
17781

185642
46521
18964
33552
23555
20785
12817
9179
4370
4189
3432
8278

77

2.24

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului,


pe grupe de vrst i medii - continuare
Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
by age group and area - continued
numr persoane / number of persons

Sosii / In-migrants
Grupa de vrst (ani)
Age group (years)

Plecai / Out-migrants

Total

n urban
In urban area

n rural
In rural area

Total

Din urban
From urban area

Din rural
From rural area

2011
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

324626
67399
22727
48212
45897
39913
25346
21422
10846
12503
11474
18887

164019
28862
10029
26082
28399
23242
13505
10817
4735
5132
4487
8729

160607
38537
12698
22130
17498
16671
11841
10605
6111
7371
6987
10158

324626
67399
22727
48212
45897
39913
25346
21422
10846
12503
11474
18887

194248
34262
10050
24450
29029
25873
16351
14452
7828
9532
9099
13322

130378
33137
12677
23762
16868
14040
8995
6970
3018
2971
2375
5565

2012
Total
pn la / until 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60 i peste / and over

372197
74912
23463
49903
54478
46541
30953
25619
13965
14854
14243
23266

181194
32579
10156
25735
32373
25930
15926
11990
6051
5690
5133
9631

191003
42333
13307
24168
22105
20611
15027
13629
7914
9164
9110
13635

372197
74912
23463
49903
54478
46541
30953
25619
13965
14854
14243
213266

225107
39078
10343
24882
33637
30571
20209
17257
9946
11231
11260
16693

147090
35834
13120
25021
20841
15970
10744
8362
4019
3623
2983
6573

2.25

Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i rurale,


determinate de schimbarea domiciliului
Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows
determined by permanent residence changing
2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Numr persoane / Number of persons

Din
Din
Din
Din

rural n urban
urban n urban
rural n rural
urban n rural

374156
80235
95431
80253
118237

389254
78671
107277
78478
124828

330672
70246
96607
67306
96513

458995
96201
140301
89441
133052

324626
66784
97235
63594
97013

372197
74470
106724
72620
118383

Total
From rural to urban
From urban to urban
From rural to rural
From urban to rural

Rate la 1000 locuitori / Rates per 1000 inhabitants


Total
Din rural n urban
Din urban n urban
Din rural n rural
Din urban n rural

17,9
7,0
8,3
8,5
12,5

19,0
7,1
9,7
8,3
13,2

16,2
6,4
8,8
7,2
10,3

22,7
8,8
12,8
9,6
14,3

16,1
6,1
8,9
6,9
10,5

18,5
6,9
9,8
7,9
12,8

Total
From rural to urban
From urban to urban
From rural to rural
From urban to rural

Not: Pentru perioada 2007-2011, ratele au fost calculate cu populatia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii
de comparabilitate cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Pentru anul 2012, rate provizorii calculate cu populatia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the period 2007 - 2011, the rates were calculated based on usual resident population on July 1st for each year, estimated
under comparability conditions with the final results of Population and Housing Census - 2011.
For the year 2012, provisional rates were calculated based on usual resident population on January 1st, estimated under
comparability conditions with the final results of Population and Housing Census - 2011.

78

2.26

Emigranii 1), pe sexe i grupe de vrst, la 1 ianuarie


Emigrants 1), by sex and age group on January 1
numr persoane / number of persons

Total
Masculin
Feminin

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

1437529
765692
671837

1922805
1041256
881549

2135691
1149822
985869

2234155
1192763
1041392

2288531
1213082
1075449

2341263
1232536
1108727

Total
Male
Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group


Sub 15 ani
15-19 ani
20-24 ani
25-29 ani
30-34 ani
35-39 ani
40-44 ani
45-49 ani
50-54 ani
55-59 ani
60 ani i peste

145375
101429
219748
284578
232231
190458
95313
81624
50394
21731
14648

193188
134381
301696
359595
308984
250966
136657
108163
73032
33687
22456

210608
123060
330252
379433
356349
268361
180768
121711
90843
44327
29979

208870
110854
328348
380482
381021
283291
214724
128761
104389
54350
39065

203844
103480
309334
377780
392938
298926
241658
133407
112435
65365
49364

198075
102996
283380
375133
401346
317787
267516
137208
120251
76656
60915

Under 15 years
15-19 years
20-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45-49 years
50-54 years
55-59 years
60 years and over

Not: Date estimate. / Note: Estimated data.


1) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate.

Persons from Romania who settled their usual residence abroad.

2.27

Emigranii 1), dup ara de destinaie, la 1 ianuarie


Emigrants 1), by country of destination, on January 1
numr persoane / number of persons

Total

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

20121)

1437529

1922805

2135691

2234155

2288531

2341263

Total

Dup ara de destinaie / By country of destination


Austria
Belgia
Germania
Grecia
Italia
Marea Britanie
Spania
Ungaria
Alte ri

21882
10195
78452
18949
342200
12000
539507
66951
347393

27646
15253
90614
25735
625278
19000
734764
65903
318612

32341
21403
100429
29456
796477
32000
764391
66435
292759

35962
26383
112230
33773
887763
52000
770385
72781
242878

41739
34178
135707
33346
968576
75572
783230
76878
139305

41000
42927
171612
30000
1072342
94825
798969
73520
16068

Austria
Belgium
Germany
Greece
Italy
United Kingdom
Spain
Hungary
Other countries

Not: Date estimate. / Note: Estimated data.


1) Persoane din Romnia care i-au schimbat reedina obinuit n strintate.

Persons from Romania who settled their usual residence abroad.

79

2.28

Imigranii 1), pe sexe i grupe de vrst, la 1 ianuarie


Immigrants 1), by sex and age group, on January 1
numr persoane / number of persons

Total
Masculin
Feminin

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

82908
54101
28807

109633
72660
36973

157360
101775
55585

146647
93069
53578

153770
95598
58172

157405
98457
58948

Total
Male
Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group


Sub 15 ani
15-19 ani
20-24 ani
25-29 ani
30-34 ani
35-39 ani
40-44 ani
45-49 ani
50-54 ani
55-59 ani
60 ani i peste

2779
3020
8994
12910
12167
12024
8980
7617
5812
3835
4770

4173
3348
12427
15457
16089
16033
13094
10032
7453
5406
6121

7894
5907
19709
23787
24234
21534
17388
12931
9895
6473
7608

9731
6561
17462
21437
20913
18116
15340
12215
9630
6796
8446

10341
7816
17628
21106
21284
18230
16212
12523
10189
7757
10684

9916
6457
17537
20577
21513
18614
17224
13266
11102
8562
12637

Under 15 years
15-19 years
20-24 years
25-29 years
30-34 years
35-39 years
40-44 years
45-49 years
50-54 years
55-59 years
60 years and over

Not: Date estimate. / Note: Estimated data.


1) Persoane strine cu reedina obinuit n Romnia i romni care i-au restabilit reedina obinuit n Romnia

n cursul anului precedent.


Foreign persons with usual residence in Romania and Romanian persons who resettled their usual residence in Romania
during previous year.

2.29

Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea reedinei obinuite, pe sexe


International migration determined by change of usual residence, by sex
numr persoane / number of persons

Imigrani
Immigrants

Anii

Emigrani
Emigrants

Years

Total

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Total

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Total

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

82908
109633
157360
146647
153770
157405

54101
72660
101775
93069
95598
98457

28807
36973
55585
53578
58172
58948

1437529
1922805
2135691
2234155
2288531
2341263

765692
1041256
1149822
1192763
1213082
1232536

671837
881549
985869
1041392
1075449
1108727

-1354621
-1813172
-1978331
-2087508
-2134761
-2183858

-711591
-968596
-1048047
-1099694
-1117484
-1134079

-643030
-844576
-930284
-987814
-1017277
-1049779

Not: Date estimate. / Note: Estimated data.

80

Soldul migraiei internaionale


Net international migration

PIAA FOREI DE MUNC

LABOUR MARKET

CUPRINS TABELE

3.1
3.2
3.3

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7
3.8

3.9
3.10
3.11

3.12

3.13
3.14
3.15
3.16
3.17
3.18

3.19

3.20

82

Pagina
Page

TABLES CONTENTS

FORA DE MUNC

LABOUR FORCE

Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic,


pe sexe i medii .......................................................... 96
Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj,
dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii .................. 97
Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale
economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst,
n anul 2012 ................................................................ 98
Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale
economiei naionale i dup statutul profesional,
n anul 2012 .............................................................. 100
Structura populaiei, dup participarea
la activitatea economic, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2012 ....................................... 102
Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul
de educaie, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2012 ....................................... 103
Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii,
grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2012 ............ 104
Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul
profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii,
n anul 2012 .............................................................. 108
Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei
naionale ................................................................... 109
Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei
naionale i pe forme de proprietate, n anul 2012 ....... 109
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti
ale economiei naionale, pe sexe i
pe forme de proprietate ............................................ 110
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme
de proprietate, clase de mrime ale
ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ......................................... 112
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale
industriei, pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate ........... 112
Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale
i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2012 ............................. 117
Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe,
la 31 decembrie 2012 ............................................... 118
omerii nregistrai i rata omajului ........................ 120
Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de
formare profesional ................................................. 120
omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul
de educaie i pe grupe de vrst,
la 31 decembrie 2012 ............................................... 122
omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii
de omaj, pe grupe de vrst i dup durata
omajului, la 31 decembrie 2012 .............................. 122
omajul de lung durat, pe sexe i medii ............... 124

Population by participation in economic activity,


by sex and area
Activity, employment and unemployment rates,
by educational level, sex and area
Employment structure, by activity of
national economy and by age group,
in 2012
Employment structure, by activity of national
economy and by status in employment,
in 2012
Population structure, by participation
in economic activity, by age group,
sex and area, in 2012
Employment structure, by educational
level, by age group, sex and area,
in 2012
Employment structure, by occupation group,
age group, sex and area, in 2012
Employment structure, by status in
employment, by age group, sex and area,
in 2012
Civil employment, by activity of national
economy
Civil employment, by activity of national
economy and by type of ownership, in 2012
Average number of employees,
by activity of national economy,
by sex and by ownership type
Average number of employees,
by ownership type, enterprises size class
and by sex
Average number of employees, by activity of
industry, by sex and by ownership type
Employees, by activity of national economy
and by sex, on December 31, 2012
Employees , by activity of industry and by sex,
on December 31, 2012
Registered unemployed and unemployment rate
Persons who attend vocational
training courses
Registered unemployed, by educational
level and by age group,
on December 31, 2012
Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment
indemnities, by age group and by unemployment
duration, on December 31, 2012
Long term unemployed, by sex and area

Pagina
Page

3.21
3.22
3.23
3.24
3.25
3.26
3.27
3.28
3.29

CONDIII DE MUNC

WORKING CONDITIONS

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale


economiei naionale, n anul 2012 ............................ 125
Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte
de interese . ............................................................... 129
Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar .......... 130
Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii
prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999 ............................ 130
Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale
economiei naionale .................................................. 132
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale.......................... 136
Rata locurilor de munc vacante,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale.......................... 137
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante,
pe grupe majore de ocupaii ...................................... 138
Rata locurilor de munc vacante,
pe grupe majore de ocupaii ...................................... 139

Number of injured at work, by activity of


national economy, in 2012
Claims which caused
conflicts of interest
Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency
Strikes initiated by observing the procedure
provided by Law no. 168 / 1999
Conflicts of interest, by activity of
national economy
Number of vacancies, by activity
of national economy
Rate of vacancies, by activity of
national economy
Number of vacancies, by
major occupation groups
Rate of vacancies,
by major occupation groups

Teritorial
3.30
3.31

3.32

3.33

3.34

3.35

3.36

3.37
3.38
3.39

3.40

Populaia dup participarea la activitatea


economic, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii ................
Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj,
n profil teritorial, dup nivelul de educaie,
pe sexe i medii, n anul 2012 .........................................
Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea
economic, n profil teritorial, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2012 ..............................................
Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial,
dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2012 ..............................................
Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial,
dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2012 ..............................................
Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale i
pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2012 .....................................
Populaia ocupat civil, n profil teritorial i
pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2012 .....................................................................
Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial ................
Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial
i pe sexe .........................................................................
Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial
i pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2012 .....................................................................
omerii nregistrai i rata omajului,
n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2012 ...........................

Territorial
Population by participation in economic activity,
at territorial level, by sex and area
Activity, employment and unemployment rates, at
territorial level, by educational level,
by sex and area, in 2012
Population structure, by participation in economic
activity, at territorial level, by age group,
sex and area, in 2012
Employment structure, at territorial level,
by educational level, by age group,
sex and area, in 2012
Employment structure, at territorial level,
by status in employment, by age group,
sex and area, in 2012
Employment structure, at territorial level,
by activity of national economy and
by age group, in 2012
Civil employment, at territorial level and
by activity of national economy,
in 2012
Average number of employees, at territorial level
Average number of employees, at territorial level
and by sex
Average number of employees, at territorial level
and by activity of national economy,
in 2012
Registered unemployed and unemployment rate,
at territorial level, on December 31, 2012

83

3.41

3.42
3.43

3.44

3.45

3.46
3.47
3.48

omerii nregistrai, n profil teritorial,


pe categorii de personal i nivel de educaie,
la 31 decembrie 2012 .......................................................
omajul de lung durat, n profil teritorial,
pe sexe i medii ................................................................
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n profil teritorial, n anul 2012 ..........................................
Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti
ale economiei naionale, n profil teritorial,
n anul 2012 ......................................................................
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante,
pe grupe majore de ocupaii, n profil
teritorial, n anul 2012 .......................................................
Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore
de ocupaii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2012 .....................
Numrul accidentailor n munc, n profil teritorial,
n anul 2012 .....................................................................
Conflictele de interese, n profil teritorial,
n anul 2012 .....................................................................

SURSA DATELOR

84

Cercetri statistice:
Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n
gospodrii, pentru datele privind populaia ocupat
i omajul (conform Regulamentului nr. 577/1998 al
Consiliului privind organizarea unei anchete prin
sondaj asupra forei de munc din Comunitate, cu
modificrile ulterioare);
Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc n
unitile economico-sociale, pentru datele referitoare
la numrul salariailor (conform Regulamentului
Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999
privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i
costului forei de munc);
Cercetarea statistic trimestrial asupra locurilor de
munc vacante, pentru datele referitoare la rata locurilor
de munc vacante (conform Regulamentului Consiliului
i Parlamentului European nr. 453/2008 privind
statisticile referitoare la locurile de munc vacante);
Balana forei de munc, pentru datele privind
populaia ocupat civil pe activiti ale economiei
naionale, pe forme de proprietate i pe judee.
Surse administrative:
Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de
Munc, pentru datele privind omajul nregistrat i
numrul persoanelor cuprinse n cursuri de calificare
i recalificare;
Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i
Persoanelor Vrstnice, pentru datele privind
condiiile de munc.

Registered unemployed, at territorial level,


by category of personnel and educational level,
on December 31, 2012
Long term unemployed, at territorial level,
by sex and area
Number of vacancies, by activity
of national economy, at territorial level,
in 2012
Rate of vacancies, by activity of national
economy, at territorial level,
in 2012
Number of vacancies, by major
occupation groups, at territorial level,
in 2012
Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups,
at territorial level, in 2012
Number of injured at work, at territorial level,
in 2012
Conflicts of interest,
at territorial level, in 2012

DATA SOURCE

Statistical surveys:
Household labour force statistical survey, for data
on employment and unemployment (according to
the Regulation no.577/1998 of the Council regarding
the organization of a labour force sample survey in
EC, with later modifications );
Labour cost survey carried out in economic and
social units, for data regarding the number of
employees (according to the Regulation of the
European Parliament and of the Council
no.530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and
labour cost structures);
Quarterly job vacancy survey, for data related to rate
of vacancies (according to the Regulation of the
European Parliament and of the Council
no.453/2008 regarding statistics of vacancies);
Labour force balance, for data on civil employment
by activity of national economy, by type of ownership
and by county.
Administrative sources:
National Agency for Employment, for data on the
number of registered unemployment and the number
of persons who attend qualification and
requalification courses;
Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and
Elderly Persons, for data on working conditions.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

FORA DE MUNC

LABOUR FORCE

Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n


gospodrii (AMIGO) este conceput ca o surs important
de informaii intercenzitare asupra forei de munc; ancheta
furnizeaz, ntr-o manier coerent, date eseniale asupra
principalelor segmente de populaie (activ - ocupat i n
omaj - inactiv), cu numeroase posibiliti de corelare i
structurare dup caracteristici demo - socio - economice
diverse, n condiii de comparabilitate internaional. ncepnd
cu anul 1996, ancheta forei de munc n gospodrii se
realizeaz trimestrial, ca o cercetare continu, permind astfel
obinerea de date conjuncturale asupra mrimii i structurii
ofertei de for de munc i evidenierea fenomenelor cu
caracter sezonier care se manifest pe piaa forei de munc.
Din anul 2004, volumul eantionului pe care se realizeaz
ancheta este de 28080 locuine/trimestru. Datele anuale se
calculeaz ca medii aritmetice ale datelor trimestriale.
Indicatorii de for de munc, prezentai n Anuar pentru
perioada 2007-2012, respectiv populaia activ, populaia
ocupat, populaia omer, populaia inactiv, ratele de
activitate, ratele de ocupare i ratele omajului etc.
reprezint estimaiile realizate curent, n funcie de numrul
populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup criteriul
reedinei obinuite. Operaiunea de recalculare a
indicatorilor statistici obinui pe baza datelor colectate prin
cercetrile statistice selective n gospodriile populaiei se
va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc
este o cercetare statistic anual complex care furnizeaz
elementele necesare efecturii unor analize privind evoluia
diferitelor componente ale costului forei de munc i
corelaiile dintre ele, oferind, totodat, elementele necesare
calculului mrimii brute i nete, lunare i orare, a ctigului
salarial structurat pe activiti ale economiei naionale, forme
de proprietate, forme juridice, categorii de salariai, sexe,
regiuni de dezvoltare i judee. Se realizeaz pe un eantion
de circa 24500 de operatori economici i sociali, aparinnd
tuturor claselor de mrime a ntreprinderii, indiferent de
numrul de salariai. Sunt excluse forele armate i
personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul
Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante
este o cercetare statistic selectiv trimestrial, avnd ca perioad
de referin luna de mijloc a trimestrului, furnizeaz elementele
necesare calculrii ratei trimestriale a locurilor de munc vacante.
Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 22000
de ntreprinderi/uniti locale. Sunt excluse forele armate i
personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul
Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Balana forei de munc este o lucrare care se realizeaz
pe baza informaiilor din mai multe surse de date: statistica
demografic; cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc;
cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii
(AMIGO); surse administrative.

Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) is


conceived as an important source of inter-census
information about labour force; the survey provides, in a
coherent way, essential data about main population
segments (economically active - employed and
unemployed - non-economically active), with numerous
possibilities of correlation and structuring by demo-socioeconomical features, under international comparability
conditions. Beginning with 1996, household labour force
survey is quarterly carried out, as a continuous survey,
resulting in short-term data on the labour force size and
structure and pointing out seasonal phenomena taking
place on the labour market. Since 2004, the sample
volume is of 28080 dwellings/quarter. The yearly data are
calculated as quartely data arithmetic means.
The labour force indicators presented in the Yearbook
for the 2007-2012 period, respectively economically active
population, employment, unemployed population,
economically inactive population, activity rates, employment
rates and unemployment rates etc. represent current
estimations depending on the population number available
prior to the estimation carried out according to the usual
residence criterion. The statistical indicators obtained based
on data collected through selective statistical household
surveys will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
Labour cost survey is a complex yearly statistical
survey which provides the necessary elements for the
analysis on the evolution of various components of labour
cost and correlations among them, offering, as well, the
necessary elements for the calculation of net and gross size,
monthly and hourly, of the earnings structured by national
economy activity, ownership type, legal form, employees
category, sex, development region and county. It is achieved
on a sample of about 24500 economic and social operators,
from all enterprise size classes, irrespective of employees
number. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff
(Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs,
Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Job vacancy survey is a quarterly statistical
sample survey, having as reference period the quarter
middle month; it provides the necessary elements for
the calculation of vacancies quarterly rate. It is carried
out on a sample of about 22000 enterprises / local
units. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff
(Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs,
Romanian Intelligence Service etc.)
Labour force balance is a paper drawn up based
on the information from several data sources:
demographic statistics, labour cost survey; household
labour force survey (HLFS); administrative sources.

85

Populaia activ (persoanele active) - din punct de


vedere economic - cuprinde toate persoanele de 15 ani
i peste, care furnizeaz fora de munc disponibil
pentru producia de bunuri i servicii; include populaia
ocupat i omerii.
Populaia ocupat cuprinde, conform metodologiei
Cercetrii statistice asupra forei de munc n
gospodrii, toate persoanele de 15 ani i peste, care au
desfurat o activitate economic productoare de
1)
bunuri sau servicii de cel puin o or n perioada de
referin (o sptmn), n scopul obinerii unor venituri
sub form de salarii, plat n natur sau alte beneficii.
ncepnd din anul 2011, lucrtorii pe cont propriu i
lucrtorii familiali neremunerai care lucreaz n
agricultur sunt considerai persoane ocupate doar
dac sunt proprietarii produciei agricole (nu neaprat i
ai pmntului) obinute i ndeplinesc una dintre
urmtoarele condiii:
a) producia agricol este destinat, fie i mcar n
parte, vnzrii sau schimbului n natur (troc);
b) producia agricol este destinat exclusiv
consumului propriu dac aceasta reprezint o parte
2)
substanial a consumului total al gospodriei.
Sunt excluse din populaia ocupat persoanele care:
3)
desfoar activiti agricole minore , n scop de
recreere, hobby sau pentru a obine, suplimentar,
produse alimentare fr ca acestea s constituie o
parte important a consumului total al gospodriei;
desfoar activiti agricole (cu o durat de peste
10 ore/sptmn), producia agricol fiind
destinat exclusiv consumului propriu, dar aceasta
nereprezentnd o parte substanial a consumului
total al gospodriei.
n afara persoanelor care au un loc de munc i au lucrat
n cursul sptmnii de referin, indiferent de statutul
profesional, se consider persoane ocupate i cele care
fac parte din urmtoarele categorii:
persoanele care n cursul sptmnii de referin au
desfurat o munc oarecare, pltit sau
aductoare de venit, chiar dac erau n curs de
pregtire colar obligatorie, erau la pensie sau
beneficiau de pensie, erau nscrise la Agenia
Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc
(ANOFM), primind sau nu indemnizaie de omaj;
ucenicii i stagiarii remunerai, care lucreaz cu
program de lucru complet sau parial;
membrii forelor armate.
Populaia ocupat civil cuprinde, potrivit
metodologiei balanei forei de munc, toate persoanele
care, n anul de referin, au desfurat o activitate
economico-social aductoare de venit, cu excepia
cadrelor militare i a persoanelor asimilate acestora
1)

Economically active population (active persons)


comprises all persons aged 15 years and over, providing
available labour force for the production of goods
and services; it includes employed population and
unemployed.
Employment includes, according to the
methodology of Household labour force survey all
persons aged 15 years and over, who carried out an
economic activity producing goods or services of at least
1)
one hour during the reference period (one week) in
order to get income as salaries, payment in kind or other
benefits.
Since 2011, self employed and contributing family
workers who work in agriculture are considered
employed persons only if they own agricultural
production (not necessarily of land) obtained and fulfill
one of the main conditions:
a) agricultural production is meant at least partly to
sale or change in kind;
b) agricultural production is meant exclusively to own
2)
consumption if it represents a substantial part
of
household total consumption.
The following persons are excluded from employment:
3)
they carry out minor agricultural activities , for
recreation, hobby or to get, supplementary, food
products without being an important part of
household total consumption;
they develop agricultural activities (over 10 hours per
week), being exclusively meant for own
consumption, but not representing a substantial part
of household total consumption.
Besides persons with a job and who worked during the
reference week, no matter of professional status, there
are considered employed persons those who belong to
the following categories:
persons who during the reference week carried out
a certain paid or bringing income work, even if they
had compulsory school training, were retired or
benefited of pension, were registered at National
Employment Agency (NEA) receiving or not
unemployment benefit;

remunerated apprentices and trainees, who work


with full or part time;
members of armed forces.
Civil employment includes, according to the
methodology used for the labour force balance, all
persons who, during the reference year, carried out a
socio-economic lucrative activity, excepting military staff
and similar (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of

Cel puin 15 ore pentru lucrtorii pe cont propriu i lucrtorii familiali neremunerai din agricultur - anterior anului 2011.
At least 15 hours for self employed and agriculture contributing family workers - prior to 2011.
2)
Cel puin 50% din consumul total al gospodriei. / At least 50% of household total consumption.
3)
A cror durat n sptmna de referin nu depete 10 ore. / Whose duration in the reference week exceeds 10 hours.

86

(personalul din Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul


Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii), a salariailor
organizaiilor politice, obteti i a deinuilor.
omerii conform definiiei internaionale a Biroului
Internaional al Muncii (BIM), sunt persoanele de
15-74 ani, care n perioada de referin ndeplinesc
simultan urmtoarele condiii:
nu au loc de munc i nu desfoar o activitate n
scopul obinerii unor venituri;
sunt n cutarea unui loc de munc, utiliznd n ultimele
patru sptmni diferite metode active pentru a-l gsi
(nscrierea la agenii de ocupare a forei de munc sau
la agenii particulare de plasare, aciuni pentru
nceperea unei activiti pe cont propriu, publicarea de
anunuri, apel la prieteni, rude, colegi, sindicate etc.);
sunt disponibile s nceap lucrul n urmtoarele
dou sptmni, dac s-ar gsi imediat un loc de munc.
Rata de activitate reprezint raportul dintre populaia
activ i populaia total n vrst de 15-64 ani, exprimat
procentual.
Rata de ocupare reprezint raportul dintre populaia
ocupat
i
populaia
total
n
vrst
de
15-64 ani, exprimat procentual.
Rata omajului reprezint raportul dintre numrul
omerilor i populaia activ, exprimat procentual.
Rata omajului de lung durat reprezint ponderea
omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n populaia
activ.
Rata omajului de lung durat pentru tineri
(15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n
omaj de 6 luni i peste n populaia activ tnr.
Incidena omajului de lung durat reprezint
ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n
total omeri.
Incidena omajului de lung durat pentru tineri
(15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n
omaj de 6 luni i peste n total omeri tineri.
Statutul profesional reprezint situaia unei persoane
ocupate, n funcie de modul de obinere a veniturilor prin
exercitarea unei activiti i anume:
salariat, persoana care-i exercit activitatea pe baza
unui contract de munc ntr-o unitate economic sau
social - indiferent de forma ei de proprietate - sau la
persoane particulare, n schimbul unei remuneraii sub
form de salariu, pltit n bani sau natur, sub form de
comision etc.;
patron, persoana care-i exercit ocupaia (meseria)
n propria sa unitate (ntreprindere, agenie, atelier,
magazin, birou, ferm etc.), pentru a crei activitate are
angajai unul sau mai muli salariai;

Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service staff),


political and community organisations employees and
the convicts.
Unemployed according to the international
definition of International Labour Office (ILO) criteria, are
persons aged 15-74 years who, during the reference
period, simultaneously meet the following conditions:
have no job and are not carrying out any activity in
order to get income;
are looking for a job, undertaking certain actions
during the last four weeks (registering at
employment agencies, or private agencies for
placement, attempts for starting an activity on own
account, publishing notices, asking for a job among
friends, relatives, mates, trade unions a.s.o.);
are available to start work within the next two weeks,
if they immediately find a job.
Activity rate represents the ratio between active
population and total population aged 15-64 years
expressed as percentage.
Employment rate represents the ratio between
employed population and total population aged
15-64 years expressed as percentage.
Unemployment rate represents the ratio between
the number of unemployed and active population
expressed as percentage.
Long term unemployment rate represents the
weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in active
population.
Long term unemployment rate for young people
(aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of young
unemployed for 6 months and over in young active
population.
Incidence of long term unemployment represents
the weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in total
unemployed.
Incidence of long term unemployment for young
people (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of
young unemployed for six months and over in total young
unemployed.
Status in employment represents the situation of
an employed person, depending on the way of achieving
income from his activity, namely:
employee, a person who carries out his activity
based on an employment contract into an economic
or social unit - no matter of its ownership type - or for
private persons, for a remuneration as salary, in
cash or in kind, as commission a.s.o.;

employer, a person who carries out his occupation


(trade) in his own unit (enterprise, agency,
workshop, shop, office, farm a.s.o.) for whose activity
he has one or several employees;

87

lucrtor pe cont propriu, persoana care-i exercit


activitatea n unitatea proprie sau ntr-o afacere
individual, fr a angaja nici un salariat, fiind ajutat,
sau nu, de membrii familiei, neremunerai;
lucrtor familial neremunerat, persoana care-i
exercit activitatea ntr-o unitate economic familial
condus de un membru al familiei sau o rud, pentru
care nu primete remuneraie sub form de salariu
sau plat n natur; gospodria rneasc
(agricol) este considerat o astfel de unitate;
membru al unei societi agricole sau al unei
cooperative neagricole, persoana care a lucrat fie
ca proprietar de teren agricol ntr-o societate
agricol constituit conform legii, fie ca membru al
unei cooperative meteugreti, de consum sau de
credit.
Numrul mediu al salariailor reprezint o medie
aritmetic simpl rezultat din suma efectivelor zilnice
ale salariailor, inclusiv din zilele de repaus sptmnal,
srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare mprit la
numrul total al zilelor calendaristice (365 zile). n
efectivul zilnic al salariailor luat n calculul numrului
mediu, nu se cuprind: salariaii aflai n concedii fr
plat, n grev, detaai la lucru n strintate. n zilele de
repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile
nelucrtoare se ia n calcul ca efectiv zilnic numrul
salariailor din ziua precedent, mai puin cei al cror
contract/raport a ncetat n aceast zi. Salariaii care nu
au fost angajai cu norm ntreag s-au inclus n numrul
mediu proporional cu timpul de lucru prevzut n
contractul de munc. n efectivul de salariai luat n
calculul numrului mediu se includ numai persoanele
care au fost pltite.
ncepnd cu anul 2003 din efectivele zilnice luate n
calculul numrului mediu au fost exclui salariaii al
cror contract de munc/raport de serviciu a fost
suspendat, conform Legii nr.53/2003 (republicat)
Codul muncii, art. 49-54, privind Suspendarea
contractului individual de munc i Legii nr.161/2003
(cu completrile i modificrile ulterioare) referitor la
suspendarea raportului de serviciu (exemple: concediu
de maternitate, concediu pentru incapacitate temporar
de munc, exercitarea unei funcii n cadrul unei
autoriti executive, legislative ori judectoreti pe toat
durata mandatului .a.m.d.).
Numrul salariailor la 31 decembrie (efectivul
salariailor) reprezint numrul de salariai angajai cu
contract individual de munc pe durat determinat sau
nedeterminat, n program complet sau parial (inclusiv
cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu suspendat)
existeni n evidenele ntreprinderii la sfritul anului. Nu
sunt cuprini salariaii detaai la lucru n strintate i
cei care cumuleaz mai multe funcii i nu au funcia de
baz la unitatea raportoare.

88

self-employed, a person who carries out his activity


in his own unit or in an individual business, without
hiring any employee, being helped, or not, by
contributing family workers;
contributing family worker, a person who carries
out his activity into a family economic unit, run by a
member of the family or a relative, for which he gets
no remuneration as salary or payment in kind;
peasant (agricultural) household is considered such
a unit;
member of an agricultural holding or of a
non-agricultural co-operative, a person who
worked either as owner of agricultural land into an
agricultural holding set up according to legal
provisions, or as a member of a craftsmen,
consumption or credit co-operative.
Average number of employees represents a
simple arithmetic mean resulted from the sum of daily
employees number, including from the weekly rest days,
legal holidays and other non-working days divided to the
total calendar days of the year (365 days). In daily
number of employees taken into calculation for average
number, there are not included: employees under
unpaid leave, on strike, detached to work abroad. In
weekends, legal holidays, other days off it is taken into
calculation as daily number the number of employees
from previous day, less that of those whose labour
contract ceased the same day. Employees who were not
employed in full time are included in average number of
employees, proportionally with the working time from the
labour contract. Only persons paid are included in the
number of employees taken into the calculation of
average number.
Beginning with 2003 out of the daily total number
taken into account when computing the average number
excluded
the
employees
whose
labour
contract/agreement was suspended according to the
Law no. 53/2003 (republished) - Labour Code, art. 49-54,
regarding the Suspension of the individual labour
contract and the Law no. 161/2003 (with subsequent
amendments) regarding suspension of the work
agreement (examples: maternity leave, temporarily
labour disability leave, exercising a function within an
executive, legislative or judiciary authority during
duration of the mandate a.s.o.).
Number of employees on December 31 (number
of employees) represents the number of employees
employed with individual labour contract with definite or
non-definite duration, with full or part-time (including
those with suspended labour contract/agreement)
existent in the enterprise records at the end of the year.
The employees detached abroad and those who hold
more than one position and are not having the main
position at the reporting unit are not included.

Repartizarea salariailor pe activiti ale economiei


naionale s-a realizat dup activitatea omogen a
ntreprinderii, iar pe judee n funcie de localitatea n care
acetia i desfoar activitatea.
omerii nregistrai reprezint persoanele care
ndeplinesc
cumulativ
condiiile
prevzute
de
Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru
omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc i care se
nregistreaz la agenia pentru ocuparea forei de munc n
a crei raz teritorial i au domiciliul sau, dup caz,
reedina, ori alt furnizor de servicii de ocupare, care
funcioneaz n condiiile prevzute de lege, n vederea
obinerii unui loc de munc.
Conform legislaiei n vigoare, calitatea de omer o
are persoana care ndeplinete cumulativ urmtoarele
condiii:
a) este n cutarea unui loc de munc de la vrsta de
minimum 16 ani i pn la ndeplinirea condiiilor de pensionare;
b) starea de sntate i capacitile fizice i psihice o
fac apt pentru prestarea unei munci;
c) nu are loc de munc, nu realizeaz venituri sau
realizeaz din activiti autorizate potrivit legii, venituri mai
mici dect valoarea indicatorului social de referin al
asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimulrii ocuprii forei de
munc, n vigoare;
Indicatorul social de referin al asigurrilor pentru omaj
i stimulrii ocuprii forei de munc, denumit n continuare
indicator social de referin, reprezint unitatea exprimat n lei
la nivelul creia se raporteaz prestaiile bneti, suportate din
bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj, acordate att n vederea
asigurrii proteciei persoanelor n cadrul sistemului
asigurrilor pentru omaj, ct i n vederea stimulrii anumitor
categorii de persoane pentru a se ncadra n munc, precum i
a angajatorilor pentru a ncadra n munc persoane n cutarea
unui loc de munc. Valoarea indicatorului social pentru anul
2012 este de 500 lei;
d) este disponibil s nceap lucrul n perioada
imediat urmtoare dac s-ar gsi un loc de munc.
Asimilai omerilor sunt persoanele n cutarea unui
loc de munc i care nu au putut ocupa loc de munc dup
absolvirea unei instituii de nvmnt i care ndeplinesc
urmtoarele condiii:
sunt absolveni ai instituiilor de nvmnt, n vrst
de minimum 16 ani, care ntr-o perioad de 60 de zile
de la absolvire nu au reuit s se ncadreze n munc
potrivit pregtirii profesionale;
sunt absolveni ai colilor speciale pentru persoanele
cu handicap n vrst de minim 16 ani care nu au reuit
s se ncadreze n munc potrivit pregtirii
profesionale.
Rata omajului nregistrat reprezint raportul dintre
numrul omerilor (nregistrai la ageniile pentru ocuparea
forei de munc) i populaia activ civil (omeri +
populaie ocupat civil, definit conform metodologiei
balanei forei de munc).

The breakdown of employees by activity of the


national economy was carried out according to
homogeneous activity of the enterprise and by county
according to the locality where they work.
Registered unemployed represent persons who
fulfill the cumulative conditions stipulated by the
Law no.76/2002 regarding the system of unemployment
insurance and employment incentives and who register
to the employment agency in the territorial zone they
have domicile or, by case, residence, or to another
provider of employment services, functioning according
to the law, in order to get a job.
According to the legislation in force, unemployed
position is held by person who fulfills the following
cumulative conditions:
a) he/she is looking for a job from 16 years old at
least to pension age;
b) his/her health, his/her physical and psychical
capacities make him able to work;
c) he/she has no job, he/she gets no income or, from
legal activities, he/she gets an income lower than the
value of reference social indicator of unemployment
insurance and stimulation of employment in force;
Social
reference
indicator
of
insurance
unemployment and stimulation of employment, further
called social reference indicator represents the unit
expressed in lei at the level of which there are reported
money provisions, supported from unemployment
insurance budget, granted both to ensure persons
protection within unemployment insurance system and to
stimulate certain categories of persons to get a job, as
well as employers in view to employ persons looking for
a job. The social indicator value for 2012 is lei 500;
d) he/she is available to start work in the next period
if he/she finds a job.
Unemployed assimilated are persons looking for a
job who could not occupy a job after graduation of
education institution fulfilling the following conditions:

graduates of an education institution, aged minimum


16 years, who during 60 days period since
graduation did not succeed to be employed
according to vocational training;
graduates of special schools for disabled persons
aged minimum 16 years, who did not succeed to be
employed according to their vocational training.

Registered unemployment rate represents the ratio


between the number of unemployed (registered at the
agencies for employment) and civil economically active
population (unemployed + civil employment, defined
according to the methodology of labour force balance).

89

Locuri de munc vacante

Job vacancies

Rata locurilor de munc vacante reprezint


raportul dintre numrul locurilor de munc vacante i
numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i vacante,
exclusiv cele blocate sau destinate numai promovrii
n interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei), exprimat
procentual.
Datele medii anuale privind numrul locurilor de
munc vacante i numrul total de locuri de munc se
calculeaz ca medii aritmetice simple ale datelor
trimestriale corespunztoare fiecruia dintre cei doi
indicatori.
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante include
numrul posturilor pltite, nou create, neocupate, sau
care vor deveni vacante, pentru care:
angajatorul ntreprinde aciuni concrete spre a gsi
un candidat potrivit pentru ocuparea postului
respectiv (exemple de aciuni concrete ntreprise de
angajator: anunarea existenei locului vacant prin
serviciile de ocupare a forei de munc, publicitate
prin ziare, media, Internet, contactare direct a
posibililor candidai etc.);
angajatorul dorete ocuparea imediat sau ntr-o
perioad specific de timp, stabilit de angajator.
Perioada specific de timp se refer la perioada
maxim necesar ocuprii locului de munc vacant.
Sunt considerate locuri de munc vacante posturile
destinate persoanelor din afara ntreprinderii (dar pe
care pot concura i persoane din interiorul
ntreprinderii), indiferent dac sunt posturi pe durat
determinat sau nedeterminat, n program de lucru
normal sau parial.
Nu se consider vacante, posturile neocupate:

Vacancies rate represents the ratio between the


numbers of vacancies and total number of jobs
(occupied and vacant, excluding the blocked ones or
meant for promotion inside the enterprise or
institution), expressed as percentage.

destinate exclusiv promovrii persoanelor din


interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei;
din unitile administraiei publice, blocate printr-un
act normativ.
Posturile ocupate de persoanele care absenteaz o
anumit perioad de timp (concedii de maternitate,
pentru ngrijirea copilului, concedii medicale, concedii
fr plat, alte absene), se consider vacante, dac
angajatorul dorete substituirea pe perioad determinat
(temporar) i dac ntreprinde aciuni de gsire a
candidailor.
Numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i
vacante) include efectivul salariailor la sfritul lunii
(exclusiv cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu
suspendat) i numrul locurilor de munc vacante.

90

Yearly average data on the number of vacancies and


total number of jobs are calculated as simple arithmetic
means of quarterly data corresponding to each of the
two indicators.
Number of vacancies includes the number of paid,
newly created jobs, unoccupied or becoming vacancies,
for which:
employer takes concrete actions to find an adequate
candidate for that job (examples of concrete actions
taken by employer: announce of vacancy existence
through employment services, advertising in the
newspapers, mass media, internet, direct contact
with possible candidates etc);

employer whishes to occupy at once or in specific


period of time, set by employer. Specific time period
refers to the needed maximum period of vacant job
occupation.
There are considered vacancies those jobs for
persons outside the enterprise (for which can also
compete those from inside the enterprise) no matter if
they are jobs for definite or indefinite period, full time or
part time.
There are not considered vacancies the
unoccupied jobs:
exclusively meant to promote persons from inside
the enterprise;
from units of public, local administration blocked by
normative documents.
Jobs occupied by persons who are absent a certain
period of time (maternity leaves, child care, sick leaves,
unpaid ones, others) are considered vacancies if the
employer wishes substitution during definite or
temporary period and if he looks for candidates.

Total number of jobs (occupied and vacant)


includes the number of employees at the end of the
month (except those with suspended labour contract /
agreement) and number of vacant jobs.

CONDIII DE MUNC

WORKING CONDITIONS

Accident de munc reprezint vtmarea violent


a organismului, precum i intoxicaia acut profesional,
care s-au produs n timpul procesului de munc sau n
ndeplinirea ndatoririlor de serviciu, i care provoac
incapacitatea temporar de munc de cel puin trei zile
calendaristice, invaliditate sau deces.
n raport cu urmrile produse i cu numrul
persoanelor accidentate, accidentul de munc se
clasific n:
accident care produce incapacitate temporar de
munc de cel puin 3 zile calendaristice;
accident care produce invaliditate;
accident mortal;
accident colectiv, respectiv cel n care sunt
accidentate n acelai timp i din aceeai cauz cel
puin trei persoane.
Rata accidentelor de munc reprezint frecvena
de accidentare sau numrul accidentailor ce revin la
1000 salariai.
Conflictele de interese se refer la ntreruperile
temporare ale lucrului declanate, n general, n scopuri
revendicative sau pentru normalizarea raporturilor de
munc dintre unitate, pe de o parte, i salariaii acesteia,
pe de alt parte conform Legii nr.168/1999 privind
soluionarea conflictelor de munc.
Greva constituie o ncetare colectiv i voluntar a
lucrului ntr-o unitate, conform Legii nr. 168/1999.

Accident at work represents the violent body injury


as well as the acute professional intoxication, taking
place during labour process or when accomplishing
duties at work, and which causes the temporary
incapacity of work for at least three calendar days,
invalidity or death.
According to consequences and to the number of
persons injured, accidents at work are classified as
follows:
accident causing temporary incapacity of work for at
least 3 calendar days;
accident causing invalidity;
fatal accident at work;
collective accident, when at least 3 persons are
injured at the same time and due to the same
cause.
Rate of accidents at work represents accidents
frequency or number of injured persons per
1000 employees.
Conflicts of interest refer to work temporary
interruptions, generally for claiming purposes or in view
to normalize the labour relationships between the unit,
on the one side, and its employees, on the other side
according to the Law no.168/1999.

Conform CAEN Rev.2


Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv,
industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer
condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.
Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer,
transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii
i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i asigurri,
tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i
tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de
servicii suport.
Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie
public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public,
nvmnt, sntate i asisten social, activiti de
spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti
ale economiei naionale.

According to CANE Rev.2


Industry includes: mining and quarrying,
manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply, water supply,
sewerage, waste management and decontamination
activities.
Trade services include: trade, transport and
storage, hotels and restaurants, information and
communication, financial intermediation and insurance,
real estate activities, professional, scientific and
technical activities, activities of administrative services
and of support services.
Social services include: public administration and
defence, social insurance of public sector, education,
health and social assistance, shows, culture and
recreation activities, other activities of national economy.

Strike represents a collective and voluntary


ceasing of work within a unit, according to the
Law no. 168/1999.

91

3.G1

Populaia ocupat civil, pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale


Civil employment, by main activities of national economy
CAEN Rev. 2 / CANE Rev. 2
2012

2011

29,2%

42,5%

7,3%

29,3%

43,0%

21,0%

7,1%

20,6%

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Agriculture, forestry and fishing

Construcii
Construction

Industrie1)
Industry1)

Servicii
Services

1) Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate,

gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.


Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and
decontamination activities.

1)

3.G2

Structura populaiei ocupate , dup statutul profesional, pe sexe i medii,


n anul 2012
1)
Employment structure, by status in employment, by sex and area, in 2012
%

100

7,0

90

12,6

80

18,9

70

24,3

1,2

1,6

60

19,5

0,9
6,0
1,7

12,3
0,8
34,6

50
40
30
20

26,8

0,6
67,3

67,1

67,4

91,4

38,0

Total

Masculin
Male

Feminin
Female

Urban

Rural

10
0

Salariat
Employee

Lucrtor pe cont propriu i membru al unei societi agricole


sau al unei cooperative
Self employed and member of an agricultural holding or
of a co-operative

Patron
Employer

Lucrtor familial neremunerat


Contributing family worker

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup

criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2012. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2012.

92

3.G3

1)

Structura populaiei ocupate n activiti neagricole, pe sexe, n anul 2012


1)
Employment structure in non-agricultural activities, by sex, in 2012
CAEN Rev.2 / CANE Rev.2

Total

22,3%

37,4%

29,7%

10,6%
Feminin / Female

Masculin / Male

15,4%

31,7%

31,1%

27,2%

2,0%

35,6%

17,3%

39,7%

Industrie
Industry

Servicii comerciale
Trade services

Construcii
Construction

Servicii sociale
Social services

Not: Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.
Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii i comunicaii, intermedieri
financiare i asigurri, tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii
suport.
Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, nvmnt, sntate i
asisten social, activiti de spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti ale economiei naionale.
Note: Industry includes: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply, water supply,
sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities.
Trade services include: trade, transport and storage, hotels and restaurants, information and communication, financial intermediation and
insurance, real estate activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, activities of administrative services and of support services.
Social services include: public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector, education, health and social assistance, shows,
culture and recreation activities, other activities of national economy.
1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2012.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2012.

93

3.G4

Evoluia numrului mediu al salariailor


Evolution of average number of employees

mii persoane / thou persons

5500
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0

5046

4885

3339

3148

2007

4774

2008

4376
3085

2010

3017

2880

2793

2009

4443

4349

2011

2012

Numrul mediu al salariailor - total


Average number of employees - total
Numrul mediu al salariailor din sectorul integral privat1)
Average number of employees from integral private sector1)
1) Include: proprietate integral privat, proprietate integral strin.

Including: private integral ownership, foreign integral ownership.

3.G5

Numrul omerilor nregistrai i rata omajului nregistrat


Number of registered unemployed and unemployment rate

mii persoane / thou persons

7,8

800

7,1

600

368

403
167

94

2007

709
187

2008

4,9

4,9

4,4

3,9

5,4

5,2

6,3

4,4

4,0

400

200

7,0

627
302

2009

461
264

2010

2011

494
204

211
2012

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - total


Number of registered unemployed - total

Rata omajului - total


Unemployment rate - total

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - femei


Number of registered unemployed - women

Rata omajului - femei


Unemployment rate - women

3.G6

1)

Rata omajului 2), pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2012


Unemployment 2) rate1), by age group, sex and area, in 2012

23,2

25
22,3

20
15

9,1

10

7,2

5
0

15-24

25-34

5,6

4,8

5,2

4,5

35-44

45-54

3,7
1,2
55 ani i peste
years and over

ani / years

Feminin
Female

Masculin
Male

%
35

31,8

30
25
20
15
10

15,9

5
0

9,4

6,3
15-24

25-34

Urban

6,2

5,5

4,3

3,3
45-54

35-44

5,2
1,1
55 ani i peste
years and over

ani / years

Rural

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM= Biroul Internaional al Muncii).
According to the international definition (ILO= International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2012.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2012.

95

3.1

Populaia1) dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe sexe i medii


Population1) by participation in economic activity, by sex and area
2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

mii persoane / thou persons


Populaia activ
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
Populaia ocupat
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
omeri2)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

9994

9944

9924

9965

9868

9964

5515
4479

5526
4418

5524
4400

5549
4416

5457
4411

5546
4418

5494
4500

5471
4473

5475
4449

5538
4427

5563
4305

5553
4411

9353

9369

9243

9240

9138

9263

5116
4237

5157
4212

5100
4143

5112
4128

5026
4112

5126
4137

5072
4281

5101
4268

5032
4211

5032
4208

5072
4066

5078
4185

641

575

681

725

730

701

399
242

369
206

424
257

437
288

431
299

420
281

422
219

370
205

443
238

506
219

491
239

475
226

Economically active population


Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Employment
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Unemployed2)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural

procente / percentage
Rata de activitate3)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
Rata de ocupare3)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural
Rata omajului2)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

63,0

62,9

63,1

63,6

63,3

64,2

70,1
56,0

70,6
55,2

70,9
55,4

71,5
55,8

70,7
56,0

72,1
56,4

61,6
65,1

61,7
64,5

62,1
64,6

63,1
64,4

63,9
62,6

64,2
64,2

58,8

59,0

58,6

58,8

58,5

59,5

64,8
52,8

65,7
52,5

65,2
52,0

65,7
52,0

65,0
52,0

66,5
52,6

56,8
61,5

57,5
61,2

57,1
60,7

57,3
60,9

58,2
58,8

58,7
60,7

6,4

5,8

6,9

7,3

7,4

7,0

7,2
5,4

6,7
4,7

7,7
5,8

7,9
6,5

7,9
6,8

7,6
6,4

7,7
4,9

6,8
4,6

8,1
5,4

9,1
5,0

8,8
5,5

8,6
5,1

Activity rate 3)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Employment rate 3)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Unemployment rate2)
Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
3) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

96

3.2

Ratele1) de activitate, ocupare i omaj2), dup nivelul de educaie,


pe sexe i medii
Activity, employment and unemployment 2) rates1), by educational level,
sex and area
procente / percentage

2011
Nivelul de educaie
Educational level
Total Superior Mediu Sczut
Tertiary Medium
Low

2012
Nivelul de educaie
Educational level
Total Superior Mediu Sczut
Tertiary Medium
Low

Rata de activitate3)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

Activity rate 3)
63,3

86,6

67,8

44,3

64,2

86,2

68,3

45,6

70,7
56,0

88,1
85,2

75,3
59,5

52,0
37,9

72,1
56,4

88,4
84,3

76,4
59,2

53,9
38,6

63,9
62,6

87,4
80,4

65,9
71,2

28,1
52,2

64,2
64,2

86,6
83,2

66,0
72,1

29,0
53,8

Rata de ocupare3)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

Employment rate 3)
58,5

82,1

62,3

40,5

59,5

81,4

63,1

41,9

65,0
52,0

84,0
80,4

69,2
54,6

46,3
35,7

66,5
52,6

83,7
79,3

70,6
54,8

48,2
36,6

58,2
58,8

83,1
74,7

59,8
66,8

22,7
49,2

58,7
60,7

81,8
78,2

60,2
67,9

23,6
51,0

Rata omajului2)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural

Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Unemployment rate 2)

7,4

5,1

8,1

7,3

7,0

5,6

7,5

6,9

7,9
6,8

4,7
5,6

8,1
8,1

9,7
4,7

7,6
6,4

5,3
5,9

7,5
7,5

9,4
4,3

8,8
5,5

4,9
7,0

9,3
6,1

18,8
4,7

8,6
5,1

5,6
5,9

8,7
5,7

18,2
4,4

Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
3) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

97

1)

3.3

Structura populaiei ocupate , pe activiti ale economiei naionale


i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2012
1)
Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by
age group, in 2012

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
Total 15-64 ani
employment
years
(thou persons)

din care, n vrst de munc (%):


of which, at working age (%):
65 ani i
grupe de vrst (ani)
peste (%)
age groups (years)
65 years
and over
15-24
25-34
35-44 45-54 55-64
(%)

Din total
femei:
(%)
Total
Of total, 15-64 ani
women:
years
(%)

din care, n vrst de munc (%):


of which, at working age (%):
grupe de vrst (ani)
age groups (years)
15-24

25-34

35-44

45-54

65 ani i
peste (%)
65 years Activity
and over (CANE Rev.2 sections)
55-64
(%)

Total

9263

95,9

7,0

26,2

30,6

19,9

12,2

4,1

44,7

42,5

2,9

11,7

13,7

9,0

5,2

2,2 Total

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative i
activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative
Alte activiti ale economiei naionale

2682
82
1684

86,4
100,0
99,9

9,8
2,0
5,8

18,1
12,1
26,4

23,2
49,6
33,6

16,2
30,2
24,8

19,1
6,1
9,3

13,6
0,1

46,4
10,2
43,6

39,0
10,2
43,6

4,0
2,4

7,7
0,9
12,1

10,2
5,1
15,4

7,3
4,0
11,1

9,8
0,2
2,6

110

100,0

1,9

18,2

33,6

31,4

14,9

20,5

20,5

0,2

4,0

5,8

7,7

2,8

83
695

100,0
99,9

4,1
6,8

20,6
30,1

34,1
31,8

26,1
20,9

15,1
10,3

0,1

26,7
8,4

26,7
8,4

0,7
0,4

5,9
2,8

7,5
2,2

8,5
2,3

4,1
0,7

1205
433
186
154
140
16

99,9
99,7
100,0
99,2
99,7
99,4

8,3
4,4
13,5
6,8
3,4
1,3

35,4
23,6
34,5
45,7
48,1
38,5

31,9
36,5
27,1
29,6
28,0
33,7

18,1
24,3
17,8
11,8
14,5
17,1

6,2
10,9
7,1
5,3
5,7
8,8

0,1
0,3
0,8
0,3
0,6

55,4
17,6
61,6
38,0
63,7
50,3

55,3
17,6
61,6
37,5
63,6
49,7

4,3
0,5
7,1
3,2
2,6
-

19,0
3,5
19,7
16,7
30,9
23,7

18,8
7,1
17,8
11,9
18,1
10,1

10,4
5,0
12,9
4,2
9,0
11,6

2,8
1,5
4,1
1,5
3,0
4,3

168

99,3

4,4

37,9

31,7

16,7

8,6

0,7

54,8

54,5

2,8

20,7

18,3

9,3

3,4

159

99,9

6,4

27,4

32,8

22,5

10,8

0,1

26,7

26,7

1,4

7,3

9,3

6,2

2,5

467
376
386
59
178

99,8
99,6
99,5
99,3
99,6

2,7
2,8
2,0
9,9
9,1

28,3
27,8
24,3
36,7
27,5

39,6
32,6
39,0
26,8
32,8

20,2
20,5
22,6
16,4
21,2

9,0
15,9
11,6
9,5
9,0

0,2
0,4
0,5
0,7
0,4

37,2
74,8
78,4
51,8
62,1

37,1
74,7
78,1
51,6
62,0

0,6
2,3
1,6
5,8
6,6

9,3
21,8
19,6
15,8
18,1

14,1
25,4
31,1
16,0
19,6

9,7
15,7
17,5
10,1
13,1

3,4
9,5
8,3
3,9
4,6

7,4 Agriculture, forestry and fishing


- Mining and quarrying
- Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
- production and supply
Water supply; sewerage, waste management
- and decontamination activities
- Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of motor
0,1 vehicles and motorcycles
- Transport and storage
- Hotels and restaurants
0,5 Information and communication
0,1 Financial intermediation and insurance
0,6 Real estate activities
Professional, scientific and
0,3 technical activities
Activities of administrative services
- and of support services
Public administration and defence; social
0,1 insurance of public sector
0,1 Education
0,3 Health and social assistance
0,2 Shows, culture and recreation activities
0,1 Other activities of national economy

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2012.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2012.

98

99

3.4

Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe activiti ale economiei naionale


i dup statutul profesional, n anul 2012
Employment 1) structure, by activity of national economy
and by status in employment, in 2012

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
employment
(thou persons)

din care, dup statutul profesional (%):


of which, by status in employment (%):
Lucrtor
Lucrtor
pe cont
familial
Salariat
Patron
propriu
neremunerat
Employee
Employer Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Din total
femei:
(%)
Of total,
women:
(%)

din care, dup statutul profesional (%):


of which, by status in employment (%):
Lucrtor
Lucrtor
pe cont
familial
Salariat
Patron
propriu
neremunerat
Employee
Employer Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Total

9263

67,3

1,2

18,9

12,6

44,7

30,1

0,4

5,5

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti
de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative
Alte activiti ale economiei naionale

2682
82
1684

7,2
100,0
97,5

0,2
0,9

49,9
1,5

42,7
0,1

46,4
10,2
43,6

1,2
10,2
43,1

0,2

15,5
0,2

110

99,6

0,3

0,1

20,5

20,5

83
695

96,8
76,4

0,2
1,7

2,3
21,6

0,7
0,3

26,7
8,4

26,5
8,2

0,1

0,1

1205
433
186
154
140
16
168

88,7
89,9
94,8
89,5
98,2
84,3
81,6

4,3
0,9
2,9
1,5
0,5
10,1
3,4

6,4
9,1
2,3
5,2
1,3
5,6
14,9

0,6
0,1
3,8
0,1

55,4
17,6
61,6
38,0
63,7
50,3
54,8

51,8
17,4
59,8
33,5
63,1
46,6
46,6

1,4
0,1
0,9
0,1
0,1
1,9
1,4

1,8
0,1
0,9
1,4
0,5
1,8
6,7

159

97,3

0,7

2,0

26,7

25,3

1,4

467
376
386
59
178

100,0
98,9
96,6
93,7
62,1

0,4
1,0
0,7
1,7

0,7
2,4
5,6
35,3

0,9

37,2
74,8
78,4
51,8
62,1

37,2
74,4
76,2
50,9
37,2

0,2
0,6
0,2
0,7

0,2
1,6
0,7
23,7

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

8,7 Total
29,7 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
- Mining and quarrying
0,1 Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
- production and supply
Water supply; sewerage, waste management
0,2 and decontamination activities
- Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles
0,4 and motorcycles
- Transport and storage
- Hotels and restaurants
3,0 Information and communication
- Financial intermediation and insurance
- Real estate activities
0,1 Professional, scientific and technical activities
Activities of administrative services and
- of support services
Public administration and defence; social
- insurance of public sector
- Education
- Health and social assistance
- Shows, culture and recreation activities
0,5 Other activities of national economy

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2012.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2012.

100

101

3.5

Structura populaiei1), dup participarea la activitatea economic,


pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2012
Population1) structure, by participation in economic activity,
by age group, sex and area, in 2012
procente / percentage

Grupe de vrst

Total
populaie
Total
population

Persoane active
Economically active persons
Total
Ocupate
omeri 2)
Employed
Unemployed 2)

Persoane
inactive
Non-economically
active persons

Total

100,0

46,7

Total
43,4

3,3

53,3

Sub 15 ani
15 - 64 ani
din care:
15 - 24 ani
25 - 34 ani
35 - 44 ani
45 - 54 ani
55 - 64 ani
65 ani i peste

100,0
100,0

64,2

59,5

4,7

100,0
35,8

100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0

30,9
78,5
83,4
76,5
42,9
11,8

23,9
72,0
78,9
72,9
41,4
11,8

7,0
6,5
4,5
3,6
1,5
-

69,1
21,5
16,6
23,5
57,1
88,2

Total
Sub 15 ani
15 - 64 ani
din care:
15 - 24 ani
25 - 34 ani
35 - 44 ani
45 - 54 ani
55 - 64 ani
65 ani i peste

100,0
100,0
100,0

53,4
72,1

100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0

35,3
85,6
91,0
85,2
53,6
13,5

Total
Sub 15 ani
15 - 64 ani
din care:
15 - 24 ani
25 - 34 ani
35 - 44 ani
45 - 54 ani
55 - 64 ani
65 ani i peste

100,0
100,0
100,0

40,3
56,4

100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0

26,2
71,0
75,6
68,1
33,5
10,6

Total
Sub 15 ani
15 - 64 ani
din care:
15 - 24 ani
25 - 34 ani
35 - 44 ani
45 - 54 ani
55 - 64 ani
65 ani i peste

100,0
100,0
100,0

47,5
64,2

100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0

25,3
82,3
86,6
78,1
34,2
1,2

Total
Sub 15 ani
15 - 64 ani
din care:
15 - 24 ani
25 - 34 ani
35 - 44 ani
45 - 54 ani
55 - 64 ani
65 ani i peste

100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0

Masculin / Male
49,4
66,5

4,0
5,6

46,6
100,0
27,9

7,9
7,8
5,2
4,1
2,4
-

64,7
14,4
9,0
14,8
46,4
86,5

2,6
3,8

59,7
100,0
43,6

20,1
65,9
71,7
65,0
32,9
10,6
Urban
43,5
58,7

6,1
5,1
3,9
3,1
0,6

73,8
29,0
24,4
31,9
66,5
89,4

4,0
5,5

52,5
100,0
35,8

8,0
7,8
5,4
4,3
1,8
-

74,7
17,7
13,4
21,9
65,8
98,8

45,7
64,2

17,3
74,5
81,2
73,8
32,4
1,2
Rural
43,4
60,6

2,3
3,6

54,3
100,0
35,8

37,0
72,9
79,2
74,0
55,7
20,4

31,1
68,3
75,8
71,5
54,8
20,4

5,9
4,6
3,4
2,5
0,9
-

63,0
27,1
20,8
26,0
44,3
79,6

27,4
77,8
85,8
81,1
51,2
13,5
Feminin / Female
37,7
52,6

Age groups

Total
Under 15 years
15 - 64 years
of which:
15 - 24 years
25 - 34 years
35 - 44 years
45 - 54 years
55 - 64 years
65 years and over
Total
Under 15 years
15 - 64 years
of which:
15 - 24 years
25 - 34 years
35 - 44 years
45 - 54 years
55 - 64 years
65 years and over
Total
Under 15 years
15 - 64 years
of which:
15 - 24 years
25 - 34 years
35 - 44 years
45 - 54 years
55 - 64 years
65 years and over
Total
Under 15 years
15 - 64 years
of which:
15 - 24 years
25 - 34 years
35 - 44 years
45 - 54 years
55 - 64 years
65 years and over
Total
Under 15 years
15 - 64 years
of which:
15 - 24 years
25 - 34 years
35 - 44 years
45 - 54 years
55 - 64 years
65 years and over

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2012. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2012.

102

3.6

Structura populaiei ocupate1), dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst,


sexe i medii, n anul 2012
Employment1) structure, by educational level, by age group,
sex and area, in 2012

Nivel de educaie

Total populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
Total
employment 15-64 ani
(thou persons)
years

Total
Superior
Mediu
Postliceal de specialitate
sau tehnic de maitri
Liceal
Profesional
Sczut
Gimnazial
Primar sau fr
coal absolvit
Total
Superior
Mediu
Postliceal de specialitate
sau tehnic de maitri
Liceal
Profesional
Sczut
Gimnazial
Primar sau fr
coal absolvit
Total
Superior
Mediu
Postliceal de specialitate
sau tehnic de maitri
Liceal
Profesional
Sczut
Gimnazial
Primar sau fr
coal absolvit
Total
Superior
Mediu
Postliceal de specialitate
sau tehnic de maitri
Liceal
Profesional
Sczut
Gimnazial
Primar sau fr
coal absolvit
Total
Superior
Mediu
Postliceal de specialitate
sau tehnic de maitri
Liceal
Profesional
Sczut
Gimnazial
Primar sau fr
coal absolvit

din care, n vrst de munc (%):


of which, at working age (%):
grupe de vrst (ani)
age groups (years)
15-24 25-34

65 ani
i peste
(%)
65 years
and over
55-64
(%)

35-44

45-54

Total
26,2
30,6
40,1
31,1
24,3
34,6

19,9
16,0
23,4

12,2
8,9
10,3

4,1
0,4
0,8

27,6
25,7
21,4
20,5
22,2

19,2
23,0
24,6
14,1
15,4

15,3
6,7
14,9
19,7
20,1

1,6
0,4
1,4
15,3
9,1

12,4
9,9
8,2
Masculin / Male
7,4 26,2
30,6
19,7
2,9 38,3
30,7
16,3
6,8 24,2
33,5
22,6

18,0

44,5

12,7
11,2
11,8

3,4
0,6
1,1

23,8
21,4
23,8
13,6
14,3

20,6
7,1
16,2
16,2
16,5

2,6
0,4
1,7
12,6
8,9

13,9
10,0
/ Female
30,7
20,2
31,5
15,7
36,3
24,5

14,9

31,9

11,6
6,7
8,0

4,9
0,3
0,5

9263
1660
5494

95,9
99,6
99,2

7,0
3,5
6,6

357
3099
2038
2109
1736

98,4
99,6
98,6
84,7
90,9

2,4
8,1
5,1
10,6
11,3

373

55,5

7,0

5126
814
3245

96,6
99,4
98,9

175
1640
1430
1067
895

97,4
99,6
98,3
87,4
91,1

2,2
8,8
5,1
12,6
13,1

20,3
27,4
21,0
23,3
24,0

33,9
36,1
32,6
19,8
21,9

30,5
34,9
32,2
21,7
23,2

172

68,1

9,5

4137
846
2249

95,1
99,7
99,5

6,4
4,0
6,4

19,8
Feminin
26,2
41,8
24,3

182
1459
608
1042
841

99,3
99,6
99,3
81,9
90,8

2,7
7,4
5,1
8,5
9,5

34,6
23,9
22,3
17,6
20,3

37,1
37,3
33,6
17,8
20,5

14,8
24,8
26,5
14,7
16,6

10,1
6,2
11,8
23,3
23,9

0,7
0,4
0,7
18,1
9,2

201

44,7

4,8

6,7

20,6

55,3

5078
1468
3268

99,6
99,7
99,8

4,8
2,9
5,1

6,1
6,5
Urban
29,5
32,7
39,7
32,1
25,1
33,9

22,3
16,2
25,4

10,3
8,8
10,3

0,4
0,3
0,2

289
2033
946
342
298

99,6
99,9
99,8
97,5
98,1

2,1
6,3
3,6
9,3
9,2

26,7
27,0
20,6
27,3
26,8

36,6
34,8
31,3
24,1
24,3

19,6
24,7
28,6
19,2
19,6

14,6
7,1
15,7
17,6
18,2

0,4
0,1
0,2
2,5
1,9

44

93,5

10,0

16,1

13,5

6,5

4185
192
2226

91,4
98,4
98,1

9,6
7,7
8,8

30,6
23,3
Rural
22,3
28,0
42,4
24,0
23,0
35,6

17,1
14,1
20,4

14,4
10,2
10,3

8,6
1,6
1,9

68
1066
1092
1767
1438

93,1
99,0
97,6
82,2
89,5

3,8
11,5
6,5
10,8
11,8

31,2
23,4
22,1
19,2
21,3

22,6
38,4
33,7
18,9
21,4

17,4
19,9
21,2
13,2
14,5

18,1
5,8
14,1
20,1
20,5

6,9
1,0
2,4
17,8
10,5

329

50,5

6,6

10,0

8,2

7,1

18,6

49,5

Educational level

Total
Tertiary
Medium
Speciality post high school
or technical foremen education
High school
Vocational
Low
Secondary school
Primary or
no education
Total
Tertiary
Medium
Speciality post high school
or technical foremen education
High school
Vocational
Low
Secondary school
Primary or
no education
Total
Tertiary
Medium
Speciality post high school
or technical foremen education
High school
Vocational
Low
Secondary school
Primary or
no education
Total
Tertiary
Medium
Speciality post high school
or technical foremen education
High school
Vocational
Low
Secondary school
Primary or
no education
Total
Tertiary
Medium
Speciality post high school
or technical foremen education
High school
Vocational
Low
Secondary school
Primary or
no education

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2012. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2012.

103

3.7

Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst,


sexe i medii, n anul 2012
Employment1) structure, by occupation group, age group,
sex and area, in 2012

Grupe de ocupaii

Total populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
employment
(thou persons)

Total
15-64 ani
years

din care, n vrst


of which,
grupe de
age groups
15-24

25-34

de munc (%):
at working age (%):
vrst (ani)
(years)
35-44

65 ani
i peste (%)
65 years
and over (%)
45-54

55-64

Total
Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Alte categorii de ocupaii
din care:
Muncitori necalificai

Total
9263

95,9

7,0

26,2

30,6

19,9

12,2

4,1

203
1253
601
379
1210
2165
1450
2002

99,3
99,7
99,8
100,0
99,9
85,4
99,9
97,4

1,0
2,6
4,6
5,9
8,1
9,8
5,1
8,8

21,9
36,8
32,4
31,9
29,8
17,2
24,5
26,0

39,5
31,9
32,1
32,0
34,0
22,7
33,9
32,4

23,2
17,7
20,9
22,3
20,4
16,0
25,6
20,1

13,7
10,7
9,8
7,9
7,6
19,7
10,8
10,1

0,7
0,3
0,2
0,1
14,6
0,1
2,6

987

94,8

11,9

24,2

27,8

18,6

12,3

5,2

Masculin
Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Alte categorii de ocupaii
din care:
Muncitori necalificai

Total
Members of legislative bodies of the executive,
high officials of public administration,
leaders and senior civil servants
Specialists in various activity fields
Technicians and other specialists in technical field
Civil servants
Service workers
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Other categories of occupations
of which:
Unskilled workers
Male

5126

96,6

7,4

26,2

30,6

19,7

12,7

3,4

139
531
282
128
459
1113
1140
1334

99,0
99,5
99,8
100,0
99,9
87,2
99,9
98,1

1,0
2,1
4,8
5,8
8,3
10,9
5,2
9,4

21,0
35,9
33,2
34,8
30,9
18,1
24,4
27,5

37,8
30,2
30,5
30,6
32,1
23,9
33,0
33,0

23,3
17,8
20,4
18,8
18,8
16,4
25,1
18,5

15,9
13,5
10,9
10,0
9,8
17,9
12,2
9,7

1,0
0,5
0,2
0,1
12,8
0,1
1,9

552

95,5

14,8

28,2

27,1

14,6

10,8

4,5

Feminin
Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Alte categorii de ocupaii
din care:
Muncitori necalificai

Occupation groups

Total
Members of legislative bodies of the executive,
high officials of public administration,
leaders and senior civil servants
Specialists in various activity fields
Technicians and other specialists in technical field
Civil servants
Service workers
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Other categories of occupations
of which:
Unskilled workers
Female

4137

95,1

6,4

26,2

30,7

20,2

11,6

4,9

64
722
319
251
751
1052
310
668

99,9
99,8
99,8
100,0
99,8
83,6
100,0
96,0

1,1
2,9
4,4
5,9
7,9
8,6
5,1
7,5

23,7
37,5
31,7
30,4
29,1
16,3
25,0
22,9

43,1
33,1
33,6
32,8
35,2
21,5
36,9
31,3

22,9
17,6
21,3
24,1
21,4
15,5
27,5
23,4

9,1
8,7
8,8
6,8
6,2
21,7
5,5
10,9

0,1
0,2
0,2
0,2
16,4
4,0

435

93,9

8,3

19,0

28,7

23,7

14,2

6,1

Total
Members of legislative bodies of the executive,
high officials of public administration,
leaders and senior civil servants
Specialists in various activity fields
Technicians and other specialists in technical field
Civil servants
Service workers
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Other categories of occupations
of which:
Unskilled workers

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2012.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2012.

104

105

3.7

Structura populaiei ocupate1), pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst,


sexe i medii, n anul 2012 - continuare
Employment 1) structure, by occupation group, age group,
sex and area, in 2012 - continued

Grupe de ocupaii

Total populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
employment
(thou persons)

Total
15-64 ani
years

din care, n vrst


of which,
grupe de
age groups
15-24

25-34

de munc (%):
at working age (%):
vrst (ani)
(years)
35-44

65 ani
i peste (%)
65 years
and over (%)
45-54

55-64

Urban
Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Alte categorii de ocupaii
din care:
Muncitori necalificai

Urban
5078

99,6

4,8

29,5

32,7

22,3

10,3

0,4

164
1101
510
315
895
96
959
1038

99,3
99,7
99,7
100,0
99,9
90,4
99,9
99,9

1,1
2,1
4,1
5,8
7,5
8,8
3,8
6,5

23,2
36,4
33,1
32,6
30,7
17,4
22,8
26,7

39,6
32,6
32,3
30,9
32,8
22,1
32,4
33,8

22,7
18,1
20,5
22,8
20,8
19,6
28,2
23,5

12,7
10,5
9,7
7,9
8,1
22,5
12,7
9,4

0,7
0,3
0,3
0,1
9,6
0,1
0,1

353

99,8

10,5

25,7

28,4

24,9

10,3

0,2

Total
Members of legislative bodies of the executive,
high officials of public administration,
leaders and senior civil servants
Specialists in various activity fields
Technicians and other specialists in technical field
Civil servants
Service workers
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Other categories of occupations
of which:
Unskilled workers
Rural

Rural
Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Muncitori calificai i asimilai
Alte categorii de ocupaii
din care:
Muncitori necalificai

Occupation groups

4185

91,4

9,6

22,3

28,0

17,1

14,4

8,6

39
152
91
64
315
2069
491
964

99,3
99,7
99,9
100,0
99,6
85,2
99,9
94,7

0,6
6,6
7,2
6,5
9,7
9,9
7,9
11,2

16,2
39,8
28,6
28,1
27,3
17,2
27,8
25,2

39,1
26,3
30,9
37,7
37,5
22,7
36,6
30,9

25,1
14,9
22,8
20,0
19,1
15,8
20,6
16,6

18,3
12,1
10,4
7,7
6,0
19,6
7,0
10,8

0,7
0,3
0,1
0,4
14,8
0,1
5,3

634

92,0

12,8

23,3

27,4

15,1

13,4

8,0

Total
Members of legislative bodies of the executive,
high officials of public administration,
leaders and senior civil servants
Specialists in various activity fields
Technicians and other specialists in technical field
Civil servants
Service workers
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Other categories of occupations
of which:
Unskilled workers

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2012.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2012.

106

107

3.8
Statutul
profesional

Structura populaiei ocupate1), dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst,


sexe i medii, n anul 2012
Employment1) structure, by status in employment, by age group,
sex and area, in 2012
Total populaie
ocupat
(mii persoane)
Total
Total
employment 15-64 ani
(thou persons)
years

din care, n vrst de munc (%):


of which, at working age (%):
grupe de vrst (ani)
age groups (years)
15-24

25-34

35-44

45-54

65 ani
i peste
(%)
65 years
and over
55-64
(%)

Status
in employment

Total
Total
din care:
Salariat
Patron
Lucrtor pe cont propriu
Lucrtor familial
neremunerat

9263

95,9

7,0

26,2

30,6

19,9

12,2

4,1

6229
112
1755

99,9
99,5
85,6

5,7
1,5
3,9

29,6
20,6
15,4

33,6
37,6
27,3

21,7
25,1
18,8

9,3
14,7
20,2

0,1
0,5
14,4

1167

90,2

19,1

24,9

19,2

11,8

15,2

9,8

Total
of which:
Employee
Employer
Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Masculin / Male
Total
din care:
Salariat
Patron
Lucrtor pe cont propriu
Lucrtor familial
neremunerat

5126

96,6

7,4

26,2

30,6

19,7

12,7

3,4

3441
81
1245

99,8
99,4
87,6

5,8
1,5
4,1

29,0
19,9
16,0

32,7
37,4
28,7

21,3
24,3
19,1

11,0
16,3
19,7

0,2
0,6
12,4

359

96,1

34,7

37,2

15,0

5,4

3,8

3,9

Total
of which:
Employee
Employer
Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Feminin / Female
Total
din care:
Salariat
Patron
Lucrtor pe cont propriu
Lucrtor familial
neremunerat

4137

95,1

6,4

26,2

30,7

20,2

11,6

4,9

2788
31
510

99,9
99,8
80,5

5,4
1,5
3,2

30,4
22,4
14,0

34,6
38,2
24,0

22,2
27,1
17,9

7,3
10,6
21,4

0,1
0,2
19,5

808

87,6

12,1

19,5

21,1

14,7

20,2

12,4

Total
of which:
Employee
Employer
Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Urban
Total
din care:
Salariat
Patron
Lucrtor pe cont propriu
Lucrtor familial
neremunerat

5078

99,6

4,8

29,5

32,7

22,3

10,3

0,4

4638
88
306

99,9
99,5
97,6

4,6
1,7
6,3

30,0
21,2
24,3

32,9
36,9
32,7

22,4
25,4
21,0

10,0
14,3
13,3

0,1
0,5
2,4

46

92,4

16,2

29,4

16,4

13,2

17,2

7,6

Total
of which:
Employee
Employer
Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

Rural
Total
din care:
Salariat
Patron
Lucrtor pe cont propriu
Lucrtor familial
neremunerat

4185

91,4

9,6

22,3

28,0

17,1

14,4

8,6

1591
24
1449

99,9
99,6
83,0

8,7
0,8
3,3

28,6
18,5
13,5

35,7
40,1
26,2

19,6
23,9
18,3

7,3
16,3
21,7

0,1
0,4
17,0

1121

90,1

19,2

24,7

19,3

11,8

15,1

9,9

Total
of which:
Employee
Employer
Self-employed
Contributing
family worker

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2012.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2012.

108

3.9

Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale (la sfritul anului)
Civil employment, by activity of national economy (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

2010

2011

2012

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti
de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

8371
2440
1733
65
1472

8366
2442
1754
65
1495

8570
2510
1765
65
1509

73

71

68

123
628

123
611

123
606

1140
426
133
134
133
31
156

1157
434
138
136
130
30
161

1178
447
154
153
114
32
166

204

228

258

204
390
406
63
150

197
385
374
59
130

192
391
374
62
168

Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage, waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific and technical activities
Activities of administrative services and
of support services
Public administration and defence; social
insurance of public sector
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and recreation activities
Other service activities

Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului. / Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

3.10

Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe forme


de proprietate, n anul 2012 (la sfritul anului)
Civil employment, by activity of national economy and by type
of ownership, in 2012 (end of year)

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
din care: femei
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti
de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

mii persoane / thou persons

din care:
femei
Total of which:
women

8570

din total, pe forme


de proprietate:
of total, by type
of ownership:
Majoritar Majoritar Activity
de stat privat (CANE Rev.2 sections)
State Private
majority majority

2510
1765
65
1509

4055
1376
705
11
649

1305
760
27
151
29
23

7265
3295
2483
1614
36
1486

68

16

47

21

123
606

29
96

52
22

71
584

1178
447
154
153
114
32
166

595
70
89
63
82
15
84

1
126
3
9
10
6
38

1177
321
151
144
104
26
128

258

80

18

240

192
391
374
62
168

111
269
296
34
90

192
358
310
32
2

33
64
30
166

Total
of which: women
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage, waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific and technical activities
Activities of administrative services and
of support services
Public administration and defence; social
insurance of public sector
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and recreation activities
Other service activities

Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului. / Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

109

3.11

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, pe sexe


i pe forme de proprietate
Average number of employees, by activity of national economy, by sex
and by ownership type
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)
Total

Total

Femei
Women
2011 2012

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

2011 2012

Brbai
Men
2011 2012

4349 4443

2301 2365

2048 2078

Total

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


98 104
Industrie
1259 1296
Industrie extractiv
64
64
Industrie prelucrtoare
1028 1064
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
70
68
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor, activiti
de decontaminare
97 100
Construcii
334 356
Comer cu ridicata i cu
amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
753 758
Transport i depozitare
256 255
Hoteluri i restaurante
108 115
Informaii i comunicaii
110 118
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
99
96
Tranzacii imobiliare
27
25
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
127 130
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
198 226
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) 193 188
nvmnt
364 361
Sntate i asisten social
333 321
Activiti de spectacole,
51
54
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii
39
40
Proprietate public2)
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor, activiti
de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu
amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante

1296 1266

76
717
54
539

79
741
54
562

22
542
10
489

25
555
10
502

53

52

17

16

71
288

73
309

26
46

27
47

369
188
42
65
31
16

360
191
45
71
30
13

384
68
66
45
68
11

398
64
70
47
66
12

66

69

61

61

136

157

62

69

84
115
69
22

81
112
66
23

109
249
264
29

107
249
255
31

17

18

22

22

549

534

747

732

30
153
30
25

27
148
29
23

25
116
26
17

22
112
25
16

5
37
4
8

5
36
4
7

51

47

39

36

12

11

47
22

49
22

34
18

35
18

13
4

14
4

2
129
3

1
123
4

1
83
1

1
79
2

1
46
2

*)
44
2

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and
air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific and
technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities
Public ownership 2)
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and
air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

2) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Including: state integral ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

110

3.11

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, pe sexe


i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of national economy, by sex
and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2011 2012

Informaii i comunicaii
10
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
9
Tranzacii imobiliare
6
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
35
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
15
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1) 193
nvmnt
351
Sntate i asisten social
306
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
31
Alte activiti de servicii
1
Proprietate privat3)

Brbai
Men
2011 2012

Femei
Women
2011 2012

9
10
6

6
2
3

5
3
3

4
7
3

4
7
3

36

17

18

18

18

17

10

11

188
348
295

84
108
62

81
105
60

109
243
244

107
243
235

31
1

13
*)

13
1

18
1

18
*)

3053 3177

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


68
77
Industrie
1106 1147
Industrie extractiv
34
35
Industrie prelucrtoare
1003 1041
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
20
21
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor, activiti
de decontaminare
49
50
Construcii
313 334
Comer cu ridicata i cu
amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
752 758
Transport i depozitare
128 131
Hoteluri i restaurante
105 112
Informaii i comunicaii
100 108
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
90
87
Tranzacii imobiliare
20
19
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
92
94
Activiti de servicii
administrative i activiti
de servicii suport
183 209
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
13
13
Sntate i asisten social
26
27
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
20
23
Alte activiti de servicii
37
38

1752 1831

1301 1346

51
601
28
522

57
628
29
546

17
505
6
481

20
519
6
495

15

16

36
272

37
291

13
41

13
43

369
106
41
59
29
12

360
110
44
65
28
10

383
22
64
41
61
8

398
21
68
43
59
9

49

52

43

42

126

146

57

63

6
6

7
6

7
20

6
21

9
16

10
17

11
21

13
21

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)
Information and communication
Financial intermediation and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific and
technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities
Private ownership3)
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and
air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific and
technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and
of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

3) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

111

3.12

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale


ntreprinderilor i pe sexe
Average number of emolyees, by ownership type, enterprises size class
and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons

Forma de proprietate
Ownership type
Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor
Enterprises size class

Total
2011

2012

Brbai
Male
2011
2012

Femei
Female
2011
2012

Total

4349

4443

2301

2365

2048

2078

Sub 50 salariai
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste
250 employees and over
Proprietate public1)
Public ownership1)
Sub 50 salariai
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste
250 employees and over
Proprietate privat 2)
Private ownership 2)
Sub 50 salariai
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste
250 employees and over

1208

1201

665

663

543

538

1051

1146

599

664

452

482

2090

2096

1037

1038

1053

1058

1296

1266

549

534

747

732

114

114

51

53

63

61

187

187

81

83

106

104

995

965

417

398

578

567

3053

3177

1752

1831

1301

1346

1094

1087

614

610

480

477

864

959

518

581

346

378

1095

1131

620

640

475

491

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Including: state integral ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,


pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
by sex and by ownership type

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

mii persoane / thou persons

Total
2011 2012

Industrie - total

Femei
Women
2011 2012

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

717

741

542

555

64
22

64
21

54
19

54
18

10
3

10
3

23
3
9
7

23
2
10
8

19
2
8
6

19
1
9
7

4
1
1
1

4
1
1
1

Mining and quarrying


Mining of coal and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare
1028 1064
Industria alimentar
137 142
Fabricarea buturilor
19
19
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
1
2
Fabricarea produselor textile
28
30
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 144 145

539
63
13
1
8
20

562
66
13
2
8
20

489
74
6
*)
20
124

502
76
6
*)
22
125

Manufacturing
Manufacture of food products
Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel

Industrie extractiv
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior
Extracia petrolului brut i
a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

1259 1296

Brbai
Men
2011 2012

Industry - total

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

112

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,


pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2011 2012

Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea


articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu
excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor
din paie i din alte materiale
vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei i
a produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de
cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor i a
produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz i a
preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din
cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse din
minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice i
a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini,
utilaje i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea i
distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare a
materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Brbai
Men
2011 2012

Femei
Women
2011 2012

61

64

16

17

45

47

49

52

37

38

12

14

10

13

15

28

28

19

19

40

43

25

27

15

16

38
34

39
34

27
27

28
27

11
7

11
7

70

73

54

58

16

15

23
34

22
34

11
18

11
18

12
16

11
16

50

51

39

40

11

11

120

127

60

64

60

63

27
54
10

28
57
11

22
35
4

23
36
4

5
19
6

5
21
7

24

24

21

20

70

68

53

52

17

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear;
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and
of products of wood and
cork, except furniture;
manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products and
pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber and
plastic products
Manufacture of other non-metallic
mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery and
equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

16

Electricity, gas, steam and


air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities

97

100

71

73

26

27

40

41

28

29

12

12

51

52

38

38

13

14

Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Used water collection
and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities and
services of decontamination

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

113

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,


pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2011 2012

Brbai
Men
2011 2012

Femei
Women
2011 2012

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Proprietate public1)

153

148

116

112

37

36

Industrie extractiv

30

29

26

25

21

20

18

17

4
2
2
1

4
2
2
1

4
1
2
1

4
1
2
1

*)
1
*)
*)

*)
1
*)
*)

25

23

17

16

Manufacturing

*)
*)
*)

*)
*)
*)

*)
*)
*)

*)
*)
*)

*)
*)
*)

*)
*)
*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)

*)
1

*)
1

*)
1

*)
1

*)
*)

*)
*)

*)
-

1
-

*)
-

1
-

*)
-

*)
-

*)

*)

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear;
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork, except
furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper and
paper products
Printing and reproduction of
recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals and
chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products and
pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber and
plastic products
Manufacture of other non-metallic
mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei
Industrie prelucrtoare
Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i
din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei i a
produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie
i a produselor obinute din
prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor i a
produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc
i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse din
minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal,
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i
echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor

Public ownership1)
Mining and quarrying
Mining of coal and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Including: state integral ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

114

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,


pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2011 2012

Fabricarea altor
mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i
instalarea mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat

1
*)
1

1
*)
1

1
*)
*)

1
*)
*)

47

39

36

12

Water supply; sewerage,


waste management and
decontamination activities

35

13

14

32
4

32
5

23
3

22
4

9
1

10
1

11

12

1106 1147

601

628

505

519

34

35

28

29

*)

*)

19
*)
7
7

19
*)
8
7

15
*)
6
6

15
*)
7
6

4
*)
1
1

4
*)
1
1

1003 1041

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i
din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei i a
produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe
supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de
cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului

Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

11

34

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut i
a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Electricity, gas, steam and


air conditioning
production and supply

49

Industrie extractiv

Industrie prelucrtoare

2
*)
1

47

Captarea, tratarea i
distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile;
activiti i servicii de decontaminare
Proprietate privat 2)

Femei
Women
2011 2012

2
*)
1

51

Distribuia apei; salubritate,


gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare

Brbai
Men
2011 2012

Water catchment, treatment


and distribution
Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination
Private ownership 2)
Mining and quarrying
Mining of coal and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

522

546

481

495

Manufacturing

136
19
2
28
144

142
19
2
30
145

62
13
2
8
20

66
13
2
8
20

74
6
*)
20
124

76
6
*)
22
125

61

64

16

17

45

47

49

52

37

38

12

14

10

10

13

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear;
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork, except
furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper and
paper products
Printing and reproduction of
recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.

2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

115

3.13

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei,


pe sexe i pe forme de proprietate - continuare
Average number of employees, by activity of industry,
by sex and by ownership type - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2011 2012

Fabricarea substanelor i
a produselor chimice
26
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz i a
preparatelor farmaceutice
7
Fabricarea produselor din
cauciuc i mase plastice
40
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
38
Industria metalurgic
33
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
65
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
22
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
34
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i
echipamente n.c.a.
49
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier,a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
120
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport
25
Fabricarea de mobil
54
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
10
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
16
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea i
distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile;
activiti i servicii de decontaminare

20

Brbai
Men
2011 2012

Femei
Women
2011 2012

26

18

18

43

25

27

15

39
33

28
26

28
27

10
7

67

51

54

14

21
34

10
18

11
18

12
16

50

39

39

10

127

60

64

60

27
57
10

20
35
4

22
36
4

5
19
6

17

14

14

21

15

16

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Manufacture of chemicals and


8 chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products and
5 pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber and
16 plastic products
Manufacture of other non-metallic
11 mineral products
6 Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
13 machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
10 electronic and optical products
16 Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery and
11 equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
63 trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
5 transport equipment
21 Manufacture of furniture
6 Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
3 of machinery and equipment

Electricity, gas, steam and


air conditioning
5 production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
13 decontamination activities

49

50

36

37

13

*)

39

40

28

29

11

Water catchment, treatment


2 and distribution
Used water collection
*) and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
11 and services of decontamination

Not: Datorit rotunjirii datelor pot exista mici diferene ntre datele la nivel de total i cele pe forme de proprietate.
Note: Due to data rounding sometimes small differences may exist between data on total level and on ownership type.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

116

3.14

Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2012


Employees, by activity of national economy and by sex, on December 31, 2012
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai
Total employees

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii

din care:
proprietate
majoritar
Total
privat1)
of which:
private
majority
ownership1)

Din total:
Of total:
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)
Brbai Femei
Men Women

4777

3472

2518

2259

105

78

80

25

1370

1219

775

595

65

36

54

11

1131

1108

592

539

69

21

53

Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing

16

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities

105

54

76

29

375

353

321

54

Construction

Comer cu ridicata i cu
amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor

845

844

394

451

Transport i depozitare

275

149

206

69

Transport and storage

Hoteluri i restaurante

131

128

53

78

Hotels and restaurants

Informaii i comunicaii

131

121

78

53

Information and communication

Intermedieri financiare i asigurri

105

95

32

73

Financial intermediation and insurance

Tranzacii imobiliare

Wholesales and retail;


repair of motor
vehicles and motorcycles

28

21

15

13

Real estate activities

Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice

150

112

79

71

Professional, scientific and


technical activities

Activiti de servicii administrative


i activiti de servicii suport

250

232

173

77

Activities of administrative services


and of support services

Administraie public i aprare;


asigurri sociale din sistemul public 2)

192

82

110

Public administration and defence;


social insurance of public sector 2)

nvmnt

372

15

113

259

Education

Sntate i asisten social

342

33

71

271

Health and social assistance

Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative

59

27

25

34

Shows, culture and


recreation activities

Alte activiti de servicii

47

45

21

26

Other service activities

1) Include:proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Including:private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.

2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2012.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2012.

117

3.15

Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2012


Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2012
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai
Total employees

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total

Total
Industrie extractiv / Mining and quarrying
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior
Mining of coal and lignite
Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Mining of metal ores
Alte activiti extractive
Other mining and quarrying
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei
Mining support service activities

1370
65
21

Industrie prelucrtoare / Manufacturing


Industria alimentar / Manufacture of food products
Fabricarea buturilor / Manufacture of beverages
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Manufacture of tobacco products
Fabricarea produselor textile / Manufacture of textiles
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de
voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel
and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation
and dyeing of furs
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn
i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din
paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and
cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie
Manufacture of paper and paper products
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor
Printing and reproduction of recorded media
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products

din care:
proprietate
majoritar
privat1)
of which:
private
majority
ownership1)

Din total:
Of total:

Brbai
Men

Femei
Women

1219
36
1

775
54
18

595
11
3

23

19

19

*)

10

1131
153
20
2

1108
153
19
2

592
71
13
2

539
82
7
*)

32
157

32
157

8
22

24
135

68

68

18

50

55

55

40

15

10

10

15

13

30

28

21

10

46

46

29

17

40

40

29

11

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Including:private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2012.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2012.

118

3.15

Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2012 - continuare


Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2012 - continued
mii persoane / thou persons

Total salariai
Total employees

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total

Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea


deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare
Water supply; sewerage, waste management
and decontamination activities
Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei
Water catchment, treatment and distribution
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Used water collection and purification
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea deeurilor;
activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile;
activiti i servicii de decontaminare
Waste collection, purification and disposal;
activities of recycling materials recovery;
activities and services of decontamination

Din total:
Of total:

Brbai
Men

Femei
Women

33

26

70

60

16

22

11

12

36

19

17

50

40

11

138

69

69

28

24

64

41

23

12

19

22

69

21

53

16

105

54

76

29

42

30

12

56

43

41

15

Industria metalurgic
33
Manufacture of basic metals
Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor
din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
76
Manufacture of fabricated metal products,
except machinery and equipment
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor
electronice i optice
23
Manufacture of computers, electronic
and optical products
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
36
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. 51
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier,
a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
138
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport
29
Manufacture of other transport equipment
Fabricarea de mobil
64
Manufacture of furniture
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
12
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
26
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric
i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
production and supply

din care:
proprietate
majoritar
privat1)
of which:
private
majority
ownership1)

1) Include:proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Including:private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2012.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2012.

119

3.16

omerii nregistrai1) i rata omajului (la sfritul anului)


Registered unemployed1) and unemployment rate (end of year)
persoane / persons

Total omeri / Total unemployed


2007

2008

Din care: femei / Of which: women

2009

2010

2011

2012

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Total

367838

403441

709383

626960

461013

493775

166626

187228

302124

264401

203677

210795

Beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj


Primar, gimnazial, profesional
Liceal i postliceal
Universitar

121389
74249
37781
9359

143549
86056
44650
12843

435497
262026
131855
41616

329639
178728
110052
40859

182538
83576
71017
27945

194473
87694
79595
27184

60513
31588
23210
5715

73039
37599
27213
8227

188457
93100
71697
23660

142429
60638
57710
24081

89604
33101
38622
17881

87990
29548
41487
16955

Recipients of support allowance


Primary, secondary, vocational
High school and post high school
University

121
64
48
9

1
1
-

32
8
21
3

Beneficiaries of compensatory payments


according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999
Primary, secondary, vocational
High school and post high school
University

246328
216027
23884
6417

259892
225848
26169
7875

273886
240969
24497
8420

297320
262874
25536
8910

278475
237689
30011
10775

299302
258737
30552
10013

106081
89325
12987
3769

114189
94153
15087
4949

113667
97407
11282
4978

121972
103748
12891
5333

114073
93817
13964
6292

122805
101624
15188
5993

4,0

4,4

7,8

7,0

5,2

5,4

3,9

4,4

7,1

6,3

4,9

4,9

Beneficiari de alocaie de sprijin


Primar, gimnazial, profesional
Liceal i postliceal
Universitar
Beneficiari de pli compensatorii
potrivit O.U.G.nr.98/1999
Primar, gimnazial, profesional
Liceal i postliceal
Universitar
omeri neindemnizai
Primar, gimnazial, profesional
Liceal i postliceal
Universitar
Rata omajului (%)

Total
Recipients of unemployment benefit
Primary, secondary, vocational
High school and post high school
University

Unpaid unemployed
Primary, secondary, vocational
High school and post high school
University
Unemployment rate (%)

1) La ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc. / At the agencies for employment.

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.17

Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de formare profesional


Persons who attend vocational training courses

persoane / persons

Persoane cuprinse n pregtire


Persons attending training courses

Total
din care:
omeri
Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii
gratuite de formare profesional
Persoane care nu beneficiaz de servicii
gratuite de formare profesional
Au ncheiat pregtirea n cursuri organizate:
omeri care au urmat cursuri finanate
din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj
omeri care au urmat cursuri organizate
din alte fonduri
Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii
gratuite de formare profesional finanate
din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj
Persoane care au nceput cursurile
n anul anterior
La cererea persoanelor fizice interesate
La cererea operatorilor economici
n pregtire (cursuri n derulare)
Au ntrerupt cursurile1)

din care: s-au ncadrat n activitate


of which: employed in activity

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

64093

59703

44347

39987

54751

47733

53651

50622

41306

37979

52788

46643

6007

5307

1346

825

1014

431

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012
Total
of which:
Unemployed
Persons who benefit of free
vocational training services
Persons who do not benefit of free
vocational training services

4435

3774

1695

1183

949

659

45731

44490

36586

30692

50906

35043

21891

8924

5894

6713

6713

26601

25241

24910

23480

33713

18640

6387

4818

3369

5008

5008

1432

2258

911

1702

10210

7591

244

236

74

141

141

3531

3504

659

413

608

267

11942
2016
209

11643
1513
331

9035
960
111

4297
601
199

5776
506
93

8158
382
5

15260

3870

2451

1564

1564

12910

9912

4533

6391

9848

9374

Under training (on going courses)

3508

3681

2301

1406

2180

2219

Interrupted the training1)

Accomplished their training in organized courses:


Unemployed who attended courses financed
from unemployment insurance budget
Unemployed who attended courses
organized from other funds
Persons who benefit of free
vocational training services financed
from unemployment insurance budget
Persons beginning the training
in the previous year
At the request of interested natural persons
At the request of the economic operators

1) Datele se refer numai la numrul omerilor nregistrai conform Legii nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i

stimularea ocuprii forei de munc cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare.


Data refer only to the number of registered unemployed according to the Law no. 76/2002 with subsequent amendments.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

120

121

3.18

omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul de educaie i pe grupe de vrst,


la 31 decembrie 2012
Registered unemployed, by educational level and by age group,
on December 31, 2012
persoane / persons

omeri nregistrai / Registered unemployed


Grupe de vrst / Age groups
Total
sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani
under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years
Total
din care:
Femei
Primar, gimnazial,
profesional
din care:
Femei
Liceal i
postliceal
din care:
Femei
Universitar
din care:
Femei

1)

din care: beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj / of which: beneficiaries of unemployment indemnity


Grupe de vrst / Age groups
Total
sub 25 ani
25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani
50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani
under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years

493775

87261

37884

112124

129942

60688

65876

194473

44264

13896

38694

52905

23767

20947

210795

37370

15539

49776

58562

27140

22408

87990

21206

7328

19232

24361

10306

5557

346431

29613

24297

87117

100461

48355

56588

87694

3088

4786

20172

30804

14519

14325

131172

8691

7379

33902

41058

20688

19454

29548

971

1654

7179

10956

5357

3431

110147

47325

6098

16686

23546

9873

6619

79595

33900

4047

12165

17475

7350

4658

56675
37197

21826
10323

3419
7489

10317
8321

13676
5935

5186
2460

2251
2669

41487
27184

15409
7276

2400
5063

7728
6357

10396
4626

3942
1898

1612
1964

22948

6853

4741

5557

3828

1266

703

16955

4826

3274

4325

3009

1007

514

1)

Total
of which:
Women
Primary, secondary,
vocational
of which:
Women
High school and
post high school
of which:
Women
University
of which:
Women

1) Inclusiv beneficiarii de drepturi conform O.U.G. nr. 98/1999. / Including recipients of rights according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999.

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.19

omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii de omaj1), pe grupe de vrst i


dup durata omajului, la 31 decembrie 2012
Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment indemnities1), by age group
and by unemployment duration, on December 31, 2012
persoane / persons

Durata omajului cuprins ntre:


3 - 6 luni
6 - 9 luni
9 - 12 luni
12 - 15 luni
3 - 6 months 6 - 9 months 9 - 12 months 12 - 15 months

Duration of unemployment:
15 - 18 luni
18 - 21 luni
15 - 18 months
18 - 21 months

Total

1 zi - 3 luni
1 day - 3 months

21 - 24 luni
21 - 24 months

24 - 27 luni
24 - 27 months

peste 27 luni
over 27 months

Total
Brbai
Femei

194473
106483
87990

81879
49719
32160

71392
35175
36217

22927
11360
11567

16745
9339
7406

579
342
237

89
52
37

46
33
13

19
10
9

11
8
3

786
445
341

Sub 25 ani
Brbai
Femei

44264
23058
21206

8166
4606
3560

35101
17883
17218

881
507
374

37
18
19

19
8
11

12
8
4

1
1
-

47
27
20

Under 25 years
Men
Women

25 - 29 ani
Brbai
Femei

13896
6568
7328

7915
4136
3779

5158
2072
3086

672
290
382

58
28
30

1
1

8
3
5

1
1
-

1
1
-

2
1
1

80
36
44

25 - 29 years
Men
Women

30 - 39 ani
Brbai
Femei

38694
19462
19232

21099
12048
9051

10228
4052
6176

5030
2146
2884

2117
1107
1010

59
35
24

10
4
6

1
1

3
1
2

3
2
1

144
67
77

30 - 39 years
Men
Women

40 - 49 ani
Brbai
Femei

52905
28544
24361

25109
15390
9719

11505
5365
6140

8486
3822
4664

7287
3665
3622

234
127
107

35
23
12

27
21
6

12
7
5

3
2
1

207
122
85

40 - 49 years
Men
Women

50 - 55 ani
Brbai
Femei

23767
13461
10306

10634
6647
3987

5001
2613
2388

4135
2033
2102

3716
1991
1725

150
92
58

16
10
6

10
6
4

1
1

1
1
-

103
68
35

50 - 55 years
Men
Women

Peste 55 ani
Brbai
Femei

20947
15390
5557

8956
6892
2064

4399
3190
1209

3723
2562
1161

3530
2530
1000

116
80
36

8
4
4

6
4
2

2
1
1

2
2
-

205
125
80

Over 55 years
Men
Women

Total
Men
Women

1) Inclusiv beneficiarii de drepturi conform O.U.G. nr. 98/1999. / Including recipients of rights according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999.

Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

122

123

3.20

omajul1), 2) de lung durat, pe sexe i medii


Long term unemployed1), 2), by sex and area
procente / percentage

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Rata omajului2)
de lung durat
(12 luni i peste)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

Long term
unemployment rate 2)
(12 months and over)
3,2

2,4

2,1

2,5

3,1

3,2

3,6
2,7

2,9
1,8

2,4
1,7

2,9
2,1

3,4
2,8

3,4
2,9

3,9
2,4

2,9
1,7

2,6
1,5

3,2
1,7

3,9
2,1

4,1
2,0

Rata omajului2)
de lung durat
pentru tineri (6 luni i peste)
Total
Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

13,3

10,5

10,3

13,0

15,0

13,9

13,5
13,0

10,5
10,5

10,9
9,3

13,8
11,8

15,3
14,6

14,1
13,5

15,9
11,1

12,7
8,6

13,5
7,6

17,8
9,1

20,8
10,3

19,4
9,8

Pe sexe
Masculin
Feminin
Pe medii
Urban
Rural

Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Incidence of long term
unemployment 2)
(12 months and over)

50,0

41,3

30,9

34,9

41,9

45,3

49,9
50,1

42,9
38,4

31,6
29,8

36,9
32,0

42,6
40,9

45,1
45,7

50,3
49,4

43,4
37,5

32,2
28,7

35,2
34,2

44,3
37,1

48,2
39,2

Incidena omajului2)
de lung durat
pentru tineri (6 luni i peste)
Total

By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Long term
unemployment rate 2) for
youth (6 months and over)

Incidena omajului2)
de lung durat
(12 luni i peste)
Total

Total

Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural
Incidence of long
term unemployment 2) for
youth (6 months and over)

66,1

56,3

49,5

58,8

63,4

61,1

64,2
69,5

55,6
57,4

51,6
46,3

62,0
54,1

64,8
61,5

63,2
58,3

64,3
68,5

54,6
58,6

49,8
49,0

58,4
59,6

64,2
62,0

61,0
61,3

Total
By sex
Male
Female
By area
Urban
Rural

1) Date estimate la momentul realizrii cercetrii statistice, n funcie de numrul populaiei disponibil anterior estimrii realizate dup
criteriul reedinei obinuite; recalcularea indicatorilor de for de munc se va realiza n perioada 2014-2016.
The data estimated at the time of carrying out the statistical survey depending on the population number available prior to the estimation
carried out according to the usual residence criterion; the labour force indicators will be recalculated during the 2014-2016 period.
2) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii).
According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

124

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,


n anul 2012
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
in 2012

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Total

Numr accidentai
Number of injured
din care:
of which:
Total
Incapacitate
Mortal
temporar
Fatal
de munc
Temporary
incapacity of work

Accidente colective
Collective accidents at work
Rata
Numr
Numr accidentai accidentelor
accidente
Number of injured
de munc
n munc
din care:
Rate of
Number of
Total
mortal
accidents
accidents
of which:
at work
at work
fatal
()

4083

275

3808

27

147

10

0,87

166

37

129

1,63

73

12

61

1,04

1,15

90

24

66

3,17

Industrie extractiv
Mining and quarrying

213

207

3,28

Extracia crbunelui
Coal mining

163

160

8,26

29

28

1,07

Extracia minereurilor metalifere


Metalliferrous ores quarrying

0,37

Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei


Mining support service activities

1,51

Alte activiti extractive


Other extractive activities

11

1,19

Industrie prelucrtoare
Manufacturing

1471

63

1408

57

1,37

152

10

142

0,92

24

22

1,20

3,70

Produse textile
Textile products

64

63

34

2,36

Articole de mbrcminte
Clothing articles

54

51

0,38

Articole de nclminte i pielrie


Leather goods and footwear

30

29

0,58

146

10

136

3,20

19

19

1,96

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe
Agriculture, hunting and ancillary services
Pescuit i acvacultur
Fishing and acvaculture
Silvicultur, exploatare forestier
i servicii anexe
Forestry and logging and
ancillary services

Extracia petrolului brut i a


gazelor naturale
Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas

Produse alimentare
Food products
Buturi
Beverages
Produse din tutun
Tobacco products

Prelucrarea lemnului i a produselor


din lemn (exclusiv mobil)
Wood and wooden products
manufacturing (excluding furniture)
Celuloz, hrtie i produse din hrtie
Pulp, paper and paper products

125

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,


n anul 2012 - continuare
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
in 2012 - continued

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Edituri, poligrafie i reproducerea pe


supori a nregistrrilor
Publishing houses, poligraphy and
recording reproducible registrations

Accidente colective
Collective accidents at work
Rata
Numr
Numr accidentai accidentelor
accidente
Number of injured
de munc
n munc
din care:
Rate of
Number of
Total
mortal
accidents
accidents
of which:
at work
at work
fatal
()

16

16

1,30

0,95

Substane i produse chimice


Chemical substances and products

63

61

2,08

Produse farmaceutice
Pharmaceutical products

10

10

1,02

102

100

2,36

68

64

1,83

Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui


i tratarea combustibililor nucleari
Crude oil processing, coal coking
and nuclear fuel treatment

Produse din cauciuc i mase plastice


Rubber and plastic products
Fabricarea produselor din
minerale nemetalice
Manufacturing of products
of non metallic minerals
Metalurgie / Metallurgy

100

93

2,80

Construcii metalice i produse din metal


Metallic structures and metal products

151

145

2,16

12

12

0,50

61

57

1,18

41

39

1,17

140

139

1,00

Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport


Manufacture of other transport equipment

71

66

2,50

Fabricarea de mobil
Manufacture of furniture

94

93

1,65

28

27

1,24

16

15

1,38

107

101

1,49

Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor


electronice i optice
Manufacture of computer, electronic
and optical products
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i
echipamente n.c.a.
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Fabricarea mijloacelor de transport rutier,
a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers
and semi-trailers

Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea


mainilor i echipamentelor
Repair and installation of machinery
and equipment
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze i ap
Electric and thermal energy, gas
and water production and supply

126

Numr accidentai
Number of injured
din care:
of which:
Total
Incapacitate
Mortal
temporar
Fatal
de munc
Temporary
incapacity of work

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,


n anul 2012 - continuare
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
in 2012 - continued

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Producia i furnizarea de energie


electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply

Numr accidentai
Accidente colective
Number of injured
Collective accidents at work
Rata
din care:
Numr
Numr accidentai accidentelor
of which:
accidente
Number of injured
de munc
Total
Incapacitate n munc
din care:
Rate of
Mortal
temporar
Number
Total
mortal
accidents
Fatal
de munc of accidents
of which:
at work
Temporary
at work
fatal
()
incapacity of work

107

101

1,49

121

117

1,24

33

33

0,71

0,45

84

80

1,73

5,36

480

61

419

12

1,25

495

34

461

11

0,58

47

44

0,79

182

16

166

0,54

266

15

251

11

0,59

Hoteluri i restaurante
Hotels and restaurants

78

77

0,58

Transport i depozitare
Transport and storage

311

32

279

37

1,13

225

26

199

33

1,27

Distribuia apei; salubritate;


gestionarea deeurilor; activiti
de decontaminare
Water supply; sewerage;
waste management and
decontamination activities
Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei
Water catchment, treatment and distribution
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Used water collection and purification
Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea
deeurilor, activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile
Waste collection, purification and
disposal, activities of
recycling materials recovery
Activiti i servicii de decontaminare
Decontamination activities and services
Construcii
Construction
Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul,
repararea i ntreinerea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Wholesale and retail, repair and
maintenance of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul,
ntreinerea i repararea
autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor
Wholesale and retail, maintenance and
repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Comerul cu ridicata - cu excepia
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Wholesale - excepting
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Comerul cu amnuntul - cu excepia
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Retail - excepting motor vehicles
and motorcycles

Transporturi terestre, transporturi


prin conducte
Land transport, pipe-line transport

127

3.21

Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,


n anul 2012 - continuare
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
in 2012 - continued

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

128

Numr accidentai
Number of injured
din care:
of which:
Total
Incapacitate
Mortal
temporar
Fatal
de munc
Temporary
incapacity of work

Accidente colective
Collective accidents at work
Rata
Numr
Numr accidentai accidentelor
accidente
Number of injured
de munc
n munc
din care:
Rate of
Number of
Total
mortal
accidents
accidents
of which:
at work
at work
fatal
()

Transporturi pe ap
Water transport

1,45

Transporturi aeriene
Air transport
Depozitare i activiti auxiliare
pentru transporturi
Warehousing and support activities
for transportation

1,03

45

42

0,90

Activiti de pot i de curier


Postal and courier activities

33

31

0,79

Intermedieri financiare i asigurri


Financial intermediation and insurance
Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia
activitilor de asigurri i ale
fondurilor de pensii
Financial service activities, except
insurance and pension funding
Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale
fondurilor de pensii (cu excepia celor din
sistemul public de asigurri sociale)
Insurance activities, reinsurance and
pension funding (except social
insurance public system)
Activiti auxiliare pentru intermedieri
financiare, activiti de asigurare
i fonduri de pensii
Activities auxiliary to financial
services and insurance activities

59

58

0,57

47

46

0,59

0,54

0,43

Tranzacii imobiliare
8
Real estate
Informaii i comunicaii
40
Informatics and communications
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
73
Professional, scientific and
technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
203
Administrative and support
service activities
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public
60
Public administration and defence;
public system social insurance
nvmnt / Education
44
Sntate i asisten social
120
Health and social assistance
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
19
Leisure, culture and sport activities
Alte activiti de servicii / Other services 15

0,29

38

0,32

68

0,46

197

0,98

58

0,23

4
6

40
114

0,12
0,42

18

0,39

12

0,36

3.22

Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte de interese


Claims which caused conflicts of interest

Revendicri
Claims

Pondere n total / Weight in total


2007
2008
2009

2010

Total

100,0

100,0

100,0

100,0

68,6

78,4

73,9

40,3

2,3

0,9

Drepturi sociale (lipsa unor msuri de protecie social la nivelul


agenilor economici, sisteme proprii de asigurri sociale,
acordare de locuine, bilete de tratament, fonduri pentru aciuni
sociale etc.)
Social rights (lack of some social security measures
at economic units level, own systems of social insurance,
dwellings, treatment tickets, funds for social actions a.s.o.)

0,9

Viaa sindical (asigurarea condiiilor pentru desfurarea activitii


sindicale, amestecul patronatului n activitatea sindical, msuri
de sancionare a liderilor, lipsa de transparen, prezena liderilor
la negocieri etc.)
Trade-union life (conditions for union activity, employers
involvement in the union activity, measures of leaders sanction,
lack of transparency, presence of leaders at negotiations a.s.o.)

29,1

19,8

26,1

59,7

Salariale (neacordarea compensrilor, indexrilor, neplata


salariilor la termen, neacordarea unor prime de vacan etc.)
For salary reasons (non-payment of compensations,
of indexations, of wages in time, of holidays bonuses a.s.o.)
Organizarea muncii (revizuirea normelor de munc, organizarea
timpului de lucru, programul de munc, lipsa fiei postului)
Labour organisation (revision of labour norms, organisation
of working time, schedule, lack of position file)
Condiii de munc (neasigurarea condiiilor normale de munc
i a condiiilor sociale, acordarea grupelor de munc etc.)
Working conditions (lack of normal labour and social conditions,
promotion in higher wage classes a.s.o.)
Timp de munc (neacordarea zilelor libere, orelor suplimentare,
concediilor suplimentare, lucrul n schimburi etc.)
Working time (lack of days-off, additional hours and leaves,
shifts a.s.o.)

Alte revendicri (modificri n structurile organizatorice,


negocierea contractelor colective etc.)
Other claims (changes in organisational structures,
negotiation of collective contracts a.s.o.)

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.


Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

129

3.23

Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar


Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency
Numr conflicte
Number of conflicts
2011

2012

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

116

92

73

35

23

103552

268732

161532

114408

120546

14695

72767

204798

104701

61682

55647

10540

14

12

6477

24484

16980

541

12396

1122

5480

15047

11702

329

5927

1003

January

11

32

10

33595

158556

5067

34079

63644

1447

27665

138006

3604

20491

22822

928

February

Martie

11

3947

38841

15878

1819

30425

1047

3181

29903

12411

1668

15920

915

March

Aprilie

10

5893

10506

14444

6548

12558

2847

4415

3092

4834

4321

9956

2279

April

Mai

15

11

15

23975

5911

53193

25427

1128

11628

2776

41001

13690

869

May

Iunie

10

11

4077

9057

30608

2892

218

2599

3578

2330

15072

1423

215

1506

June

Iulie

5676

1915

898

18338

1305

4202

4258

1428

477

7320

807

2820

July

August

1292

6083

1539

14439

908

2890

892

4646

Septembrie

1769

7775

4884

2998

303

1285

6086

1715

2268

220

Octombrie

1696

1695

1465

2128

1285

1230

1096

1472

Noiembrie

6880

3202

14840

4418

4835

1389

11455

3408

November

Decembrie

8275

707

1736

781

4249

621

442

646

December

Februarie

86
9

din care: participani la conflicte / of which: involved in conflicts

2010

Ianuarie

2008

Number of employees
Total1)

2009

Total

2007

Numr salariai
Total1)

Total

August
September
October

1)

Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese.


For the units where conflicts of interest took place.
Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.
Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

3.24

Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999


Strikes initiated by observing the procedure provided by Law no. 168 / 1999
Numr greve
Number of strikes

Felul grevei
20072)
Total
Grev de avertisment
Grev de avertisment
urmat de grev
propriu-zis
Grev propriu-zis

Numr salariai
Total1)

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

12

2
8

3
2

20072)

Number of employees
Total1)

din care: participani la greve / of which: involved in strikes

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

27725

43677

400

6251

2405

400

4306
21474

13822
27450

20072)

Type of strike

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

8081

16730

360

Total

3340

1350

360

2140
4741

8980
6400

Warning strike
Warning strike
followed by
proper strike
Proper strike

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc greve.

For the units where strikes took place.

2) Datele aferente grevei de avertisment urmate de grev propriu - zis reprezint parte component a datelor aferente grevei de avertisment.

The data on the warning strike followed by proper strike represent a component of data on warning strike.
Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.
Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

130

131

3.25

Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale


Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy
2011

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Numr
conflicte
Number
of conflicts

Numr salariai
Number of employees
Total1) din care: participani la conflicte
of which: involved in conflicts

Numr
conflicte
Number
of conflicts

Total1)

2012
Numr salariai
Number of employees
din care: participani la conflicte
of which: involved in conflicts

Total

35

120546

55647

23

14695

10540

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe
Industrie extractiv
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior
Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale
Activiti de servicii asociate extraciei
Produse ale industriei prelucrtoare
Industria alimentar
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Industria pielriei i a produselor din piele
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor
din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei;
fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte
materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie
Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a
preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea articolelor din beton, ciment i ipsos
Fabricarea altor maini i
utilaje cu destinaie specific
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Industria de maini i echipamente
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier,
a remorcilor si semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor maini i utilaje de utilizare general
Fabricarea materialului rulant
Producia de piese i accesorii pentru autovehicule
i pentru motoare de autovehicule
Fabricarea articolelor pentru sport
Fabricarea de mobil
Repararea i ntreinerea aeronavelor i navelor spaiale
Alte activiti industriale
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor
activiti de decontaminare
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea deeurilor; activiti
de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

12
1
-

16513
73
-

9299
28
-

1
1
12
-

944
944
8841
-

698
698
6263
-

2133

2070

400

340

11459

5044

1
4

161
2975

108
1990

1
-

56
-

47
-

1
-

184
-

171
-

3
-

2222
-

1935
-

2
2
1

4227
374
520

2841
339
474

1
-

570
-

175
-

570

560

38

31

570

560

38

31

234

209

234

209

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Agriculture, hunting and annex services
Mining and quarrying
Mining of coal and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
Mining support service activities
Manufacturing
Manufacture of food products
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of leather goods and footwear
Manufacture of wood and of products
of wood and cork, except furniture;
manufacture of articles of straw
and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper and paper products
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical
products and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of cement, concrete and gypsum articles
Manufacture of other machinery and
equipment with specific destination
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated metal structures
and products, except machinery and equiment
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other general purpose machinery
Manufacture of railway locomotives and rolling stock
Production of parts and accessories for motor
vehicles and engines of motor vehicles
Manufacture of sport articles
Manufacture of furniture
Repair and maintenance aircrafts and space ships
Other manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply
Water supply; sewerage, waste management
and decontamination activities
Waste collection, purification and disposal; activities
of recycling materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination

1)

Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese.


For the units where conflicts of interest took place.
Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.
Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

132

133

3.25

Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale - continuare


Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy - continued
2011

Activitatea
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Numr
conflicte
Number
of conflicts

Construcii
Lucrri de geniu civil
Tranzacii imobiliare, nchirieri i activiti de
servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu
autovehicule i motociclete
Transport i depozitare
Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte
Transporturi pe ap
Transporturi aeriene
Transporturi pe cale ferat
Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi
Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare
Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare
Informaii i comunicare
Telecomunicaii
Activiti de editare
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri
Intermedieri financiare cu excepia activitilor de asigurri
i ale fondurilor de pensii
Asigurri profesionale tiinifice i tehnice
Cercetare dezvoltare
Activiti de servicii administrative i
activiti de servicii suport
Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc
Activiti de investigaii i protecie
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale
din sistemul public
nvmnt
nvmnt
Alte activiti de servicii colective, sociale
i personale
Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale
i de uz gospodresc
Alte activiti de servicii
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman
Servicii combinate de ngrijire medical i asisten
social, cu cazare
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative
Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic
Alte activiti de servicii
Alte activiti de servicii

Numr salariai
Number of employees
Total1) din care: participani la conflicte
of which: involved in conflicts

Numr
conflicte
Number
of conflicts

Total1)

2012
Numr salariai
Number of employees
din care: participani la conflicte
of which: involved in conflicts

28

28

1
14
12
1
1
1
1
2

28
90476
88159
757
1560
820
820
11196

28
35624
34716
419
489
9
9
9596

1
1
-

1174
1174
-

750
750
-

2
-

11196
-

9596
-

3
3

665
665

477
477

1
1

155
155

29
29

2
2

772
772

375
375

2
1

2644
724

2083
724

1
1
1
1

28
28
143
143

16
16
140
140

1
-

1920
-

1359
-

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)

Construction
Civil engineering
Real estate transactions, rentings and services
activities mainly rendered to enterprises
Wholesale and retail; repair of motor
vehicles and motorcycles
Wholesale except of motor vehicles and
motorcycles
Transport and storage
Land transport and transport via pipelines
Water transport
Air transport
Railway transport
Warehousing and support activities for transportation
Hotels and similar accommodation
Hotels and similar accommodation
Information and communication
Telecommunication
Publishing activities
Financial intermediation and insurance
Financial service activities, except insurance and
pension funding
Professional, scientific and technical activities
Research development
Administrative and support
service activities
Activities of services on labour force
Security and investigation articles
Public administration and defence,
social insurance of public sector
Public administration and defence,
social insurance of public sector
Education
Education
Other collective, social and personal
services of activities
Repair of computers and personal and
household goods
Other service activities
Health and social assistance
Human health related activities
Mixed services of health care and social
assistance, with accommodation
Shows, culture and recreation activities
Activities of art creation and interpretation
Other services
Other services

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese.

For the units where conflicts of interest took place.


Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei, Proteciei Sociale i Persoanelor Vrstnice.
Source: Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly Persons.

134

135

3.26

Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale


Number of vacancies, by activity of national economy

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)
Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie - total
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

2010

2011

2012

24239

26057

24825

629
7880
30
7309

618
9719
25
8888

273
8933
37
7839

105

80

67

436
1565

726
1306

990
946

1566
1149
125
765

2120
1444
425
901

1820
1062
382
690

821
26

740
70

832
63

575

430

554

959

1320

1219

3715
652
3316

2843
600
3061

2927
884
3683

411
85

354
106

424
133

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)
Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry - total
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesales and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul

Romn de Informaii etc.).


Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante.
Source: Job vacancy survey.

136

3.27

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti ale economiei naionale


Rate of vacancies, by activity of national economy
procente / percentage

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total

1,94

0,88

0,59

0,64

0,59

Total

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie - total
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu
amnuntul; repararea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i
aprare; asigurri sociale
din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

1,78
1,57
0,28
1,78

1,42
0,64
0,06
0,72

0,85
0,67
0,05
0,77

0,84
0,81
0,04
0,90

0,34
0,72
0,06
0,77

0,41

0,27

0,14

0,11

0,10

0,97
1,45

0,44
0,60

0,54
0,53

0,86
0,44

1,11
0,29

0,60
0,64
0,71
0,59

0,22
0,43
0,40
0,54

0,24
0,47
0,12
0,76

0,32
0,61
0,41
0,89

0,27
0,44
0,33
0,61

2,52
0,60

0,97
0,20

0,84
0,16

0,77
0,45

0,89
0,41

2,02

0,95

0,62

0,45

0,54

1,33

0,73

0,59

0,79

0,60

5,97
1,43
6,28

2,14
0,56
3,42

1,17
0,17
1,10

1,09
0,16
1,05

1,20
0,24
1,27

2,25
0,99

0,94
0,54

0,88
0,29

0,83
0,37

0,93
0,41

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry - total
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesales and retail;
repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration
and defence; social
insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul

Romn de Informaii etc.).


Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante.
Source: Job vacancy survey.

137

3.28

Numrul locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii1)


Number of vacancies, by major occupation groups1)

Grupe majore de ocupaii1)


Total2)

2011

2012

26057

24825

Major occupation groups1)


Total 2)

Membri ai corpului legislativ


ai executivului, nali
conductori ai administraiei
publice, conductori
i funcionari superiori

1001

1023

Members of legislative bodies


of the executive,
high officials of
public administration,
leaders and senior civil servants

Specialiti n diverse domenii


de activitate

5701

6299

Specialists in various
activity fields

Tehnicieni i ali specialiti


din domeniul tehnic

2532

2713

Technicians and other specialists


in technical field

Funcionari administrativi

1684

1369

Civil servants

Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor

2748

2737

Service workers

Lucrtori calificai n agricultur,


silvicultur i pescuit

46

87

Muncitori calificai i asimilai

3154

2255

Craft and related trades workers

Operatori la instalaii i maini;


asamblori de maini i echipamente

4906

4506

Plant and machine operators


and assemblers

Muncitori necalificai

4285

3836

Elementary occupations

Skilled agricultural,
forestry and fishery workers

1) ncepnd cu anul 2011, grupele majore de ocupaii sunt conform Clasificrii Ocupaiilor din Romnia (COR-2008), aprobat prin

H.G. nr.1352/2010.
Starting with 2011, the major groups of occupations are according to the Classification of Occupations in Romania (COR - 2008),
approved by G.D. no. 1352/2010.
2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de
Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante.
Source: Job vacancy survey.

138

3.29

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii


Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups
procente / percentage

Grupe majore de ocupaii

2008

2009

2010

Major occupation groups

Total1)

1,94

0,88

0,59

Total1)

1,17

0,56

0,33

3,17
2,13
1,68

1,40
1,04
0,69

0,75
0,51
0,52

1,57

0,89

0,52

1,72

1,00

0,39

1,64

0,62

0,41

1,64
1,94

0,72
0,77

0,88
0,64

Legislatori, nali funcionari


i conductori
Specialiti cu ocupaii
intelectuale i tiinifice
Tehnicieni, maitri i asimilai
Funcionari administrativi
Lucrtori operativi n
servicii, comer i asimilai
Agricultori i lucrtori calificai n
agricultur,silvicultur i pescuit
Meteugari i
lucrtori calificai
Operatori la instalaii, maini
i asamblori de echipamente
Muncitori necalificai

Members of legislative bodies,


senior clerks and leaders
Specialists with intellectual and
scientific occupations
Technicians, foremen and assimilated
Civil servants
Operative workers in services, trade
and assimilated
Farmers and skilled workers in agriculture,
forestry and fishery
Artisans and handicraftmen in machinery and
installations maintenance and adjustment
Operators for installations, machinery
and equipment assemblers
Unskilled workers

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante.
Source: Job vacancy survey.

3.29

Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore de ocupaii1)- continuare


Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups1) - continued
procente / percentage

Grupe majore de ocupaii1)

2011

2012

Major occupation groups1)

Total2)

0,64

0,59

Total 2)

Membri ai corpului legislativ ai


executivului, nali conductori
ai administraiei publice, conductori
i funcionari superiori

0,38

0,37

Members of legislative bodies


of the executive, high officials
of public administration,
leaders and senior civil servants

Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate

0,67

0,70

Specialists in various activity fields

Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din


domeniul tehnic

0,65

0,71

Technicians and other specialists


in technical field

Funcionari administrativi

0,58

0,46

Civil servants

Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor

0,48

0,45

Service workers

Lucrtori calificai n agricultur,


silvicultur i pescuit

0,24

0,50

Skilled agricultural,
forestry and fishery workers

Muncitori calificai i asimilai

0,51

0,36

Craft and related trades workers

Operatori la instalaii i maini;


asamblori de maini i echipamente

0,90

0,84

Plant and machine operators


and assemblers

Muncitori necalificai

0,85

0,71

Elementary occupations

1) ncepnd cu anul 2011, grupele majore de ocupaii sunt conform Clasificrii Ocupaiilor din Romnia (COR - 2008), aprobat prin

H.G. nr. 1352/2010.


Starting with 2011, the major groups of occupations are according to the Classification of Occupations in Romania (COR - 2008),
approved by G.D. no. 1352/2010.
2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc vacante.
Source: Job vacancy survey.

139

VENITURILE,
CHELTUIELILE
I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI
POPULATION INCOME,
EXPENDITURE
AND CONSUMPTION

CUPRINS TABELE

Pagina
Page

VENITURILE POPULAIEI
4.1 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor ............................. 156
4.2 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate
dup numrul persoanelor din componen,
n anul 2012 ............................................................. 156
4.3 Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile,
n anul 2012 ............................................................. 158
4.4 Distribuia gospodriilor i persoanelor
din gospodrii, pe decile, n anul 2012 .................... 158
4.5 Indicii ctigului salarial real .................................... 160
4.6 Salariile medii brute, realizate pe principalele
activiti ale economiei naionale,
n luna octombrie 2012 ............................................ 160
4.7 Structura salariailor, pe grupe de salarii brute,
realizate n luna octombrie 2012 .............................. 161
4.8 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i
net lunar, pe activiti ale economiei
naionale i pe sexe ................................................. 162
4.9 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, activiti ale economiei
naionale i pe sexe ................................................. 164
4.10 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime
ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ..................................... 166
4.11 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale
ntreprinderilor i pe sexe .......................................... 166
4.12 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, activiti ale economiei
naionale i pe sexe ................................................. 167
4.13 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar,
pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe .......................... 169
4.14 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, activiti ale industriei
i pe sexe .................................................................. 173
4.15 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar,
pe forme de proprietate, activiti ale industriei
i pe sexe .................................................................. 177
4.16 Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2012 ............................................................. 181
4.17 Indicatori structurali din statisticile ctigurilor
salariale i costului forei de munc ......................... 187
4.18 Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei
de munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2012 ............................................................. 188
4.19 Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei
de munc, pe activiti ale industriei,
n anul 2012 ............................................................. 190

142

TABLES CONTENTS

POPULATION INCOME
Total income of households
Total income of households, grouped
by number of component persons,
in 2012
Total income of households,
by decile, in 2012
Distribution of households and of persons
from households, by decile, in 2012
Indices of real earnings
Average gross salaries, by main
activity of national economy,
obtained in October 2012
Structure of employees, by gross
salary group, obtained in October 2012
Average gross and net nominal monthly
earnings, by activity of national economy
and by sex
Average gross nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, activity of national economy
and by sex
Average gross nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, enterprise size
class and by sex
Average net nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, enterprise size
class and by sex
Average net nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, activity of national economy
and by sex
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings,
by activity of industry and by sex
Average gross nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, activity of industry
and by sex
Average net nominal monthly earnings,
by ownership type, activity of industry
and by sex
Quarterly labour cost indices,
by activity of national economy,
in 2012
Structural indicators of earnings and
labour cost statistics
Average monthly labour cost and average hourly
labour cost, by activity of national economy,
in 2012
Average monthly labour cost and average hourly
labour cost, by activity of industry,
in 2012

Pagina
Page
CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL
POPULAIEI

POPULATION EXPENDITURE AND


CONSUMPTION

4.20 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor .......................... 194


4.21 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate
dup numrul persoanelor din componen,
n anul 2012 ............................................................. 194
4.22 Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile,
n anul 2012 ............................................................. 196
4.23 Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum
ale gospodriilor ....................................................... 196
4.24 Structura cheltuielilor bneti de consum
ale gospodriilor ....................................................... 198
4.25 Consumul mediu anual, la principalele produse
alimentare i buturi, pe locuitor .............................. 199
4.26 Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic (exprimat n
calorii i factori nutritivi), pe locuitor ......................... 200
4.27 nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de
folosin ndelungat ................................................ 200

Total expenditure of households


Total expenditure of households, grouped by
number of component persons,
in 2012
Total expenditure of households, by decile,
in 2012
Structure of total consumption expenditure
of households
Structure of money expenditure for
households consumption
Yearly average consumption, for the main
food products and beverages, per inhabitant
Daily average food consumption (expressed in
calories and nutrients), per inhabitant
Households endowment with
durable goods

Teritorial

Territorial

4.28 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar,


n profil teritorial i pe sexe, n anul 2012 ........................
4.29 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar,
n profil teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei
naionale, n anul 2012 .....................................................
4.30 Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, n profil
teritorial i pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2012......................................................................
4.31 Veniturile totale ale principalelor categorii
de gospodrii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2012..................
4.32 Cheltuielile totale ale principalelor categorii
de gospodrii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2012..................

SURSA DATELOR

Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings,


at territorial level and by sex, in 2012
Average gross nominal monthly earnings,
at territorial level and by activity of national
economy, in 2012
Average net nominal monthly earnings, at territorial
level and by activity of national economy,
in 2012
Total income of main household categories,
at territorial level, in 2012
Total expenditure of main household categories,
at territorial level, in 2012

DATA SOURCE

Cercetri statistice:

 Cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie;


 Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc,

n unitile economico-sociale (conform


Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului
European nr. 530/1999 privind statisticile structurii
ctigurilor salariale i costului forei de munc);
Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor
salariale, n unitile economico-sociale (conform
Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului
European nr. 1165/1998 i nr. 1158/2005 privind
statisticile pe termen scurt);
Cercetarea statistic a salariilor, n luna octombrie,
n unitile economico-sociale;

Statistical surveys:

 Family budgets survey;


 Labour cost survey, in socio- economic units

(according to Regulation (EC) no. 530/1999 of the


European Parliament and of the Council
concerning structural statistics on earnings and on
labour costs);
Monthly survey on earnings, in socio-economic
units (according to Regulation (EC) no.1165/1998
and no. 1158/2005 of the European Parliament and
of the Council concerning short-term statistics);

 Survey on salaries, in October, in


socio-economic units;

143

 Cercetarea statistic PRODROM A - Produse i








servicii industriale;
Cercetarea statistic privind producia vegetal la
principalele culturi;
Cercetarea statistic privind efectivele de animale
i producia animal;
Cercetarea statistic privind datele de comer
internaional;
Balanele produselor agricole la productor;
Legislaia n vigoare la 1 iulie a anului pentru
care se calculeaz indicatorul.

 Statistical survey PRODROM A - Industrial


products and services;

 Statistical survey on crop production for main


crops;

 Statistical survey on livestock and animal


production;

 Statistical survey on international trade data;


 Balances of producer agricultural products;
 The national legislation in force on July 1st of the
year for which the structural indicator is computed.

Surse administrative:

 Direcia Poliiei Rutiere din cadrul Inspectoratului





144

General al Poliiei Romne, pentru datele privind


autovehiculele nscrise n circulaie;
Statistica vamal;
Evidenele societilor de telefonie;
Compania Naional Pota Romn.

Administrative sources:

 Road Police Directorate within General





Inspectorate of Romanian Police, for data regarding


registered motor vehicles;
Customs statistics;
Phone companies records;
National Company Romanian Post.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE

METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

VENITURILE POPULAIEI

POPULATION INCOME

Cercetarea statistic a bugetelor de familie


permite colectarea informaiilor privind componena
gospodriilor, veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul acestora
i alte aspecte ale nivelului de trai al populaiei. Ancheta
este organizat ca o cercetare trimestrial continu pe o
perioad de 3 luni consecutive, pe un eantion de 9360
locuine permanente, repartizate n subeantioane
lunare independente de cte 3120 locuine permanente.
Cercetarea s-a desfurat n 780 centre de
cercetare repartizate n toate judeele rii i n
sectoarele municipiului Bucureti (427 n mediul urban i
353 n mediul rural).
Includerea unei gospodrii ntr-o anumit categorie
socio-economic s-a realizat pe baza statutului
ocupaional principal al capului gospodriei. n categoria
Agricultori s-au inclus gospodriile de lucrtori pe cont
propriu n agricultur i membrii asociaiilor agricole.
n cadrul gospodriilor de Pensionari s-au inclus i
pensionarii agricoli.
Rezultatele obinute sunt extrapolate pe baza
structurii populaiei provizorii neinfluenate de migraia
extern.
Gruparea gospodriilor pe decile de venit s-a
efectuat pe baza venitului total pe o persoan, deflatat cu
indicele preurilor de consum al populaiei cu baz
ianuarie 2012. Decilele mpart seria gospodriilor
ordonate cresctor dup nivelul venitului mediu lunar pe
o persoan n 10 pri egale (grupe decilice).
Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de
munc: caracteristicile cercetrii sunt prezentate n
capitolul nr. 3 - Piaa forei de munc (pagina 85).

Family budgets survey allows to collect information


on households composition, income, expenditure and
consumption and other aspects of population living
standard. The survey is organized as a quarterly
continuous survey for a period of 3 successive months,
on a sample of 9360 permanent dwellings, distributed in
monthly independent sub-samples of 3120 permanent
dwellings.
The survey has been carried out in 780 survey
centers distributed in all counties of the country and in
Bucharest Municipality sectors (427 in urban area and
353 in rural area).
A household was included in a certain socioeconomic category based on the main occupational
status of the household reference person. The category
Farmers includes households of self-employed in
agriculture and members of agricultural associations.
The households of Pensioners also include agricultural
pensioners.
The results obtained are extrapolated based on the
structure of provisional population not being influenced
by external migration.
Households were grouped by income deciles
based on total income per person, deflated by population
consumer price index with January 2012 as base. The
deciles divide the household series structured ascending
according to the level of monthly average income per
person into 10 equal parts (decile groups).
Labour cost survey: the characteristics of the
survey are presented in chapter no. 3 - Labour market
(page 85).

Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor


salariale asigur producerea informaiilor necesare pentru
evaluarea tendinelor pe termen scurt ale ctigurilor
salariale medii i ale numrului de salariai la nivel de
activiti ale economiei naionale. Cercetarea se realizeaz
cu periodicitate lunar, fiind cercetate circa 22000
ntreprinderi i uniti locale. Unitile din sectorul bugetar
sunt cuprinse exhaustiv n cercetare, excepie fcnd
unitile administraiei publice locale pentru care datele
la nivelul consiliilor locale comunale se culeg pe baz de
eantion reprezentativ la nivel de jude (cca. 770 de
uniti). Pentru sectorul economic, au fost incluse n
cercetare unitile cu 4 salariai i peste, care reprezint
90,59% din numrul total al salariailor din acest sector.
Sunt excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat
(Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor
Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.). Rezultatele
acestei cercetri sunt utilizate pentru calculul indicilor
trimestriali ai costului orar al forei de munc.
Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna
octombrie este o cercetare statistic anual care are ca
obiectiv asigurarea informaiilor privind numrul de
salariai pe grupe de salarii de baz i realizate, pe
grupe majore de ocupaii, salariul mediu brut de baz i
realizat, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe,
n luna octombrie. Se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa
22000 de operatori economici i sociali. Sunt excluse
forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii
Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn
de Informaii etc.).
Structura veniturilor pe surse de provenien
este determinat de caracterul eterogen al gospodriilor,
n funcie de statutul ocupaional al membrilor acestora.
n anul 2012, componena gospodriilor pe
categorii de gospodrii, dup statutul ocupaional al
membrilor gospodriei se prezint astfel:

Monthly survey on earnings ensures the


necessary information for evaluating the average
earnings short-term trends and number of
employees at level of activities of the national
economy. The survey is monthly carried out by
observing approximately 22000 enterprises and local
units. The units of the budgetary sector are
exhaustively surveyed, excepting the local public
administration units for which the data at communal
local councils level are collected based on a sample,
representative at county level (about 770 units).
As for the economic sector, the units with 4 employees and
over have been included in the survey, these accounting
for 90,59% of total number of employees in this sector. The
military staff, as well as the assimilated staff (Ministry of
National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian
Intelligence Service etc.) is excluded. The results of this
survey are used when computing the quarterly indices of
hourly labour cost.
The survey on salaries in October is a yearly
statistical survey having as objective to ensure the
information about the number of employees by basic and
obtained salary group, by major occupation group, basic
and obtained average gross salary, by activity of national
economy and by sex, in October. It is carried out on a
sample of approximately 22000 economic and social
operators.The military staff, as well as the assimilated staff
(Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs,
Romanian Intelligence Service etc.) is excluded.
Income structure by origin source is determined
by the heterogeneous character of households,
depending on the occupational status of their members.
In 2012, the composition of households by
household category, by occupational status of
household members is presented as follows:

numr mediu de persoane / gospodrie / average number of persons / household

Statutul ocupaional
al membrilor
gospodriei
Total persoane
Persoane
active
Salariai
Patroni i lucrtori
pe cont propriu n
activiti neagricole1)
Agricultori
omeri
Alte persoane
Persoane
inactive
Pensionari
Elevi i studeni
Casnice
Alte persoane
1)

Total
gospodrii din care, gospodrii de: / of which, households of:
Total
Salariai Agricultori
omeri Pensionari
households Employees
Farmers Unemployed Pensioners
2,874

3,066

3,477

3,377

2,463

1,291
0,826

1,879
1,675

1,721
0,156

1,946
0,564

0,578
0,311

0,103
0,219
0,143
-

0,032
0,060
0,112
-

0,087
1,426
0,052
-

0,069
0,061
1,252
-

0,050
0,124
0,093
-

1,583
0,660
0,457
0,173
0,293

1,187
0,118
0,603
0,187
0,279

1,756
0,097
0,742
0,184
0,733

1,431
0,139
0,678
0,233
0,381

1,885
1,406
0,193
0,119
0,167

Occupational status
of household
members
Total persons
Economically
active persons
Employees
Employers and
self-employed in
non-agricultural activities1)
Farmers
Unemployed
Other persons
Non-economically
active persons
Pensioners
Pupils and students
Housewives
Other persons

Inclusiv membrii cooperativelor neagricole. / Including members of non-agricultural holdings.

145

Veniturile totale cuprind:


veniturile bneti pe surse de provenien (salarii,
venituri din activiti pe cont propriu, vnzri,
ajutoare de omaj, pensii, alocaii pentru copii, burse
i alte prestaii de protecie social, venituri din
proprieti etc.);
contravaloarea prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii)
gratuite sau cu reducere de pre, evaluat la preul
de vnzare al unitii ofertante;
contravaloarea
consumului
de
produse
alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii
(producie, stoc etc.), determinat pe baza preurilor
medii lunare ale produselor respective.
Ctigul salarial nominal brut cuprinde:
salariile, respectiv drepturile n bani i n natur
cuvenite salariailor pentru munca efectiv prestat
(inclusiv pentru timpul lucrat suplimentar), potrivit
formei de salarizare aplicat, sporurile i
indemnizaiile acordate ca procentaj din salariu sau
n sume fixe, alte adaosuri la salarii potrivit legii,
sumele pltite pentru timpul nelucrat (indemnizaiile
pentru concediile de odihn i de studii, zile de
srbtoare i alte zile libere, sumele pltite din
fondul de salarii pentru concediile medicale),
premiile, primele de vacan i alte sume pltite din
fondul de salarii potrivit prevederilor legislaiei n
vigoare sau contractelor colective de munc;
sumele pltite din profitul net i din alte fonduri
(inclusiv contravaloarea tichetelor de mas).
Ctigul salarial nominal net se calculeaz
scznd din sumele brute aferente ctigului salarial
nominal brut urmtoarele elemente:
impozitul aferent;
contribuia salariailor la bugetul asigurrilor pentru
omaj;
contribuia individual de asigurri sociale de stat;
contribuia salariailor pentru asigurrile sociale de
sntate.
Indicele ctigului salarial real se calculeaz ca
raport ntre indicele ctigului salarial nominal mediu net
i indicele general al preurilor de consum al populaiei,
exprimat procentual.
Costul forei de munc reprezint totalitatea
cheltuielilor suportate de angajator pentru fora de
munc i anume:
sume brute pltite direct salariailor (cheltuieli
directe): salarii, sume pltite pentru timpul nelucrat,
premii i alte stimulente, drepturi n natur pltite din
fondul de salarii sau din alte fonduri, sume pentru
protecia social din fondul de salarii i din
contribuia de asigurri sociale;
alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc
(cheltuieli indirecte) pentru formarea profesional,

146

Total income include:


money income by origin sources (salaries, income
from own account activities, sales, unemployment
benefits, pensions, children allowances, scholarships
and other allowances of social protection, income
from properties a.s.o.);
equivalent value of free or lower cost provisions
(sales and services), estimated at selling price of
offerer;
equivalent value of consumption of food and
non-food products from own resources
(production, stock a.s.o.), determined based on
monthly average prices of respective products.
The gross nominal earnings includes:
salaries, in cash and in kind for employees actually
done work (including for supplementary worked
time), according to the salary type applied, bonuses
and allowances granted as salary percentage or as
fixed amounts, other bonuses according to the law,
amounts paid for unworked time (allowances for
holiday and study leaves, holidays and other free
days, amounts paid from salary funds for medical
leaves), premiums, holiday bonuses and other
amounts paid from salary funds according to the
legislation provisions in force or to employment
collective contracts;
amounts paid from net profit and other funds
(including equivalent value of lunch tickets).
The net nominal earnings is calculated by
subtracting from gross amounts related to gross nominal
earnings the following elements:
afferent tax;
employees contribution to unemployment insurance
budget;
individual contribution to state social insurance;
employees contribution to health insurance.
The real earnings index is calculated as a ratio
between the average net nominal earnings index and the
population general consumer price index, expressed as
percentage.
The labour cost represents all the expenditure
supported by the employer for the labour force, namely:
gross amounts directly paid to employees (direct
expenditure): salaries, amounts paid for unworked
time, premiums and other incentives, rights in kind
paid from salary funds or from other funds, amounts
for social protection from salary funds and from
social insurance contribution;
other expenditure of the unit with labour force
(indirect expenditure) for vocational training,

contribuii pentru ajutorul de omaj i asigurri


sociale, servicii pentru protecie social, alte
cheltuieli.
Costul mediu lunar al forei de munc pe un
salariat s-a calculat prin raportarea cheltuielilor unitii
pentru fora de munc la numrul mediu al salariailor i
numrul de luni ale anului.
Costul mediu orar al forei de munc s-a calculat
prin raportarea cheltuielilor unitii pentru fora de munc
la numrul de ore-om pltite.
Indicele trimestrial al costului forei de munc
este un indicator pe termen scurt care permite evaluarea
tendinelor costurilor orare suportate de angajator cu
fora de munc salariat. Metodologia utilizat i seriile
de date sunt construite n conformitate cu prevederile
Regulamentului Consiliului i Parlamentului European
nr. 450/2003 privind indicii costului forei de munc.
Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc se
calculeaz ca indici de tip Laspeyres, pentru costul total
cu fora de munc i cele dou componente ale acestuia:
cheltuieli directe (salariale) i cheltuieli indirecte
(non-salariale), cu anul de referin 2008 pentru
activitile economice definite conform CAEN Rev.2.
Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc sunt
calculai ca indici provizorii pentru anul (N), urmnd a fi
recalculai ca definitivi n anul (N+1), cnd devin
disponibile datele (date definitive) din ancheta anual
asupra costului forei de munc.
Sursa datelor: Calculul indicilor trimestriali ai
costului orar al forei de munc se realizeaz pe baza
informaiilor obinute din dou surse de date statistice:
Cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor
salariale (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i
Parlamentului European nr. 1165/1998 i nr.1158/2005
privind statisticile pe termen scurt);
Cercetarea statistic anual asupra costului forei de
munc (conform Regulamentului Consiliului i
Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 privind
statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i costului
forei de munc).
Datele pentru perioada 2000-2008 au fost estimate
conform noii Clasificri a Activitilor din Economia
Naional (CAEN Rev.2), armonizat cu clasificarea
european n domeniu (NACE Rev.2). Metoda de
estimare aplicat se bazeaz pe matricea de conversie a
activitilor economice definite conform CAEN Rev.1, n
activitile economice definite conform CAEN Rev.2.
La baza construirii matricei de conversie au stat datele
colectate conform ambelor versiuni de CAEN, prin
cercetarea statistic lunar asupra ctigurilor salariale,
n cursul anului 2008, respectiv prin cercetarea statistic
anual asupra costului forei de munc, pentru anul 2007.

contributions to unemployment benefit and social


insurance, social protection services, other
expenditure.
Monthly average labour cost per employee is
calculated as the ratio between the units expenditure for
labour force and the average number of employees and
the number of months during one year.
Average hourly labour cost is calculated as the
ratio between the units expenditure for labour force and
the number of hours - man paid.
The quarterly labour cost index is a short-term
indicator showing the assessment of hourly labour
costs trends incurred by the employers as result of hiring
the labour work force. The methodology used and data
series built up are in accordance with the Regulation
(EC) no. 450/2003 of the European Parliament and of the
Council concerning the labour cost index.
The quarterly labour cost indices are calculated as
Laspeyres type indices for total labour cost and its main
components: wages and salaries and other labour costs
(non-wage costs), with reference year 2008 for economic
activities according to CANE Rev.2.
The quarterly labour cost indices are calculated as
provisional indices for year (N) and recalculated as final
during year (N+1), when the data (final data) from the
annual survey on labour costs become available.
Data source: Quarterly labour cost indices are
calculated based on the information obtained from two
statistical data sources:
Monthly statistical survey on earnings (according to
the Regulation of European Council and Parliament
no. 1165/1998 and no. 1158/2005 regarding
statistics of earnings and labour cost structure);
Yearly statistical survey on labour cost (according to
the Regulation of European Council and Parliament
no. 530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and
labour cost structure).
Data for 2000-2008 period were estimated
according to the new Classification of Activities in the
National Economy (CANE Rev.2), compliant with the
European classification in this field (NACE Rev.2).
The estimation method applied relies on the conversion
matrix of economic activities defined according to
CANE Rev. 1 in economic activities defined according to
CANE Rev.2. Conversion matrix was built based on data
collected according to both CANE versions, by means of
monthly statistical survey on earnings, during 2008,
respectively by means of yearly statistical survey on
labour cost for 2007.

147

Costul total cu fora de munc - reprezint


totalitatea cheltuielilor directe i indirecte suportate
de angajator cu fora de munc salariat. Conform
metodologiei europene, se exclud cheltuielile suportate
de angajator cu formarea profesional a angajailor,
recrutarea personalului i echipamentul de protecie.
Cheltuielile directe cu fora de munc - includ
sumele brute pltite din fondul de salarii pentru timpul
lucrat (inclusiv premii), pentru timpul nelucrat, drepturile
n natur ca remunerare a muncii (potrivit prevederilor din
contractele colective de munc), sumele brute pltite
salariailor (ca stimulente) din profitul net realizat de
unitate, sumele brute pltite din alte fonduri (inclusiv
drepturi n natur) acordate conform legislaiei n vigoare.
Cheltuielile indirecte cu fora de munc - includ
contribuiile angajatorului la fondurile de asigurri i
protecie social (omaj, sntate etc.), sumele brute
pltite salariailor care prsesc unitatea (ieire la
pensie, transfer, detaare etc.), sumele brute pltite
pentru ntreruperi ale lucrului neimputabile salariailor,
alte cheltuieli cu fora de munc.
Costul mediu orar al fortei de munc reprezint
raportul dintre cheltuielile angajatorului cu fora de
munc i timpul efectiv lucrat.
Timpul efectiv lucrat cuprinde numrul total de ore
lucrate n program normal de lucru i numrul de ore
lucrate suplimentar (n zilele lucrtoare, peste programul
normal de lucru i n zilele de repaus sptmnal,
srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare).
Sfera de acoperire: ncepnd cu anul 2008, indicii
trimestriali ai costului forei de munc se calculeaz
pentru activitile economice definite, conform Clasificrii
Activitilor din Economia Naional (CAEN Rev.2),
armonizat cu clasificarea european n domeniu
(NACE Rev.2).
Pe lng seria indicilor trimestriali ai costului forei
de munc n form brut (neajustat) se calculeaz i
seriile n form:
a) ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare;
b) ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i
sezonier, eliminndu-se efectul variaiei
numrului de zile lucrtoare de la un trimestru la
altul, precum i efectul variaiei sezoniere.
Ajustarea s-a realizat prin metoda regresiv, n
conformitate cu recomandrile Regulamentului
Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 450/2003
privind indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc.
Pentru ajustare s-a folosit pachetul de programe
DEMETRA (metoda TRAMO/SEATS), care realizeaz
estimarea efectului numrului de zile lucrtoare diferit de
la un trimestru la altul i efectul calendarului (Patele
ortodox, an bisect i alte srbtori naionale) precum i
identificarea i corectarea valorilor extreme (schimbri
ocazionale de nivel, tranzitorii sau permanente).

148

Total labour cost - represent the total expenditure


direct remuneration and other expenditure incurred by
the employer as result of hiring the labour work force.
According to European methodology, vocational training
costs, recruitment costs and expenditure on working
clothes are excluded.
Wage and salary costs - include gross payments
as direct remuneration for hours worked (including
bonuses), payment for days not worked, payments in
kind (according to collective agreements), gross
payment from net profit of the unit, gross payments from
other funds (including in kind) according to national
legislation in force.
Other labour costs (non-wage costs) - include the
employers social contributions (for unemployment,
health etc.), gross payment for employees leaving the
unit (retirement, transfer, detachment etc.), gross
payments for work breaks not-imputed to the employees,
other labour costs.
Average hourly labour cost represents the ratio
between the employers costs as result of employing the
labour work force and the number of hours actually worked.
Number of hours actually worked includes the
total number of hours worked during the usual working
time and the over time (additional to the normal working
hours, during the weekends, holidays etc.).
Coverage: Starting with 2008, quarterly labour cost
indices are calculated for economic activities defined,
according to the Classification of Activities in the
National Economy (CANE Rev. 2), harmonized with
European classification in the field NACE (Rev.2).
Besides quarterly indices series of unadjusted
labour cost, the following series are calculated:
a)
b)

adjusted by working days effect;


adjusted by working days and seasonal effect,
being eliminated the effect of working days
variation from one quarter to another, as well as
effect of seasonal variation.
Adjustment was done by regressive method,
according to the recommendations of European
Parliament and Council Regulation no. 450/2003
regarding quarterly indices of labour cost.
For adjustment, the DEMETRA software package
was used (TRAMO/SEATS method) estimating the effect
of working days number different from one quarter to
another and calendar effect (orthodox Easter, leap year
and other national holidays) as well as identification and
correction of extreme values (level occasional changes,
transitory or permanent).

Seria ajustat dup numrul de zile lucrtoare


s-a obinut prin eliminarea acestor efecte din seria brut,
cu ajutorul unor coeficieni de corecie, stabilii n funcie
de modelul de regresie utilizat (aditiv sau multiplicativ).
Ajustarea s-a realizat prin metoda indirect,
respectiv prin aplicarea metodei de ajustare la nivelurile
inferioare (asupra componentelor indicilor), indicii
ajustai calculndu-se din componentele ajustate.
Estimarea componentelor neobservate: trend-ciclu,
sezonalitate i componenta neregulat se realizeaz de
ctre programul SEATS pe baza modelelor ARIMA.
Seriile ajustate sezonier s-au obinut prin
eliminarea componentei sezoniere din seria ajustat
dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare.
Stabilirea modelelor de regresie folosite pentru
fiecare serie se face anual i implic recalcularea seriilor
ajustate calculate n anul precedent (recalculare datorat
modificrii modelelor adoptate, numrului de regresori
folosit i numrului de observaii disponibile).
Disparitatea salarial de gen - n form neajustat,
reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre ctigul salarial
mediu brut realizat de brbai i cel realizat de femei n
ctigul salarial brut realizat de brbai.
Sursa datelor: Cercetarea statistic asupra
salariilor n luna octombrie.
Urmtorii indicatori structurali (sarcina fiscal asupra
costului forei de munc, capcana omajului, capcana
salariului mic, sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil)
se calculeaz - conform metodologiei Eurostat i OECD pentru o unitate etalon (notat n continuare cu AW)
reprezentat de salariatul cu program complet de lucru
din activitile de industrie, construcii i servicii
comerciale (seciunile C - K, conform CAEN Rev.1,
respectiv seciunile B - N, conform CAEN Rev.2 ncepnd
cu anul de referin 2008).
Sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc reprezint proporia tuturor reinerilor (contribuii sociale
i impozit) suportate de angajat i de angajator n totalul
costului forei de munc pentru un AW care realizeaz
67% din ctigul mediu brut al activitilor de industrie,
construcii i servicii comerciale.
Capcana omajului - permite evaluarea
consecinelor financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n
cmpul muncii ca AW care realizeaz 67% din ctigul
mediu brut al activitilor de industrie, construcii i
servicii comerciale.
Indicatorul msoar proporia sumelor reinute din
ctigul brut ca efect al impozitrii i plii contribuiilor
de asigurri i protecie social i sistarea
indemnizaiei de omaj i a altor beneficii sociale, n
condiiile n care o persoan iese din omaj i intr n
cmpul muncii.

Adjusted series by working days number was


obtained by eliminating these effects from the adjusted
series, by means of some correction coefficients, set up
according to the regression model used (additive or
multiplicative).
Adjustment was done by indirect method,
respectively applying the adjustment method at lower
levels (over indices components), adjusted indices being
calculated from adjusted components.
Estimation of unobserved components trend-cycle,
seasonality and irregular component is carried out by
SEATS software based on ARIMA models.
Seasonally adjusted series were obtained by
eliminating seasonal components from adjusted series
by working days effect.
Regression models used for each series are yearly
set up and involve recalculation of adjusted series
calculated in the previous year (recalculation due to the
change of adopted models, number of regression used
and number of available observations).
Gender pay gap - in unadjusted form, express the
difference between mens and womens average gross
earnings as a percentage of mens average gross
earnings.
Data source: The statistical survey on salaries in
October.
The following structural indicators (tax wedge on
labour cost, unemployment trap, low wage trap, tax rate
on disposable earnings) are calculated - according to the
Eurostat and OECD methodology - for an average
worker (noted further on as AW) who is a full-time
employee working in activities of industry, construction
and commercial services (sections C - K of CANE Rev.1,
respectively sections B - N according to CANE Rev.2
since reference year 2008).
Tax wedge on labour cost - is defined as share of
total tax rates and social security contributions payable
by the employee and employer in the gross labour costs
for an AW who earns 67% of the average gross earnings
of the activities on industry, construction and commercial
services.
Unemployment trap - measures the financial
consequences of an AW, earning 67% of the average
gross earnings of the activities on industry, construction
and commercial services, who moves from
unemployment to employment.
Unemployment trap measures what percentage of
gross earnings is taxed away by higher tax and social
security contributions, and also the withdrawal of
unemployment and other social benefits, under the
conditions where a person is no longer unemployed and
become employed person.

149

Indicatorul reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre


ctigul brut i creterea venitului net (cnd iese din
omaj i intr n cmpul muncii) n ctigul brut.
Indicatorul se calculeaz pentru dou cazuri
particulare:
fr rencadrare n munc pe durata perioadei de
omaj - caz n care se evalueaz consecinele
financiare n cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul
muncii, dar nu n timpul perioadei de omaj, ci la un
moment de timp ulterior, nespecificat;
cu rencadrare n munc dup 2 luni de omaj - caz
n care se evalueaz consecinele financiare n
cazul transferului din omaj n cmpul muncii, dup
2 luni de omaj. n acest caz, conform prevederilor
legale, persoana beneficiaz din momentul angajrii
pn la sfritul perioadei pentru care era
ndreptit s primeasc indemnizaia de omaj, de
o sum lunar suplimentar. Acest caz este introdus
conform metodologiei revizuite a OECD i este
relevant pentru politicile de ncurajare a rencadrrii
n munc a omerilor.
Capcana salariului mic - permite evaluarea
consecinelor financiare n cazul n care o persoan
salariat i mrete efortul de munc depus i implicit,
nivelul salariului ctigat, adic, msoar proporia
sumelor reinute din ctigul brut ca efect al impozitrii,
plii contribuiilor de asigurri, protecie social i orice
alte reduceri sau sistri ale beneficiilor sociale, n
condiiile n care are loc o cretere a ctigului brut.
Indicatorul reprezint ponderea diferenei dintre
creterea ctigului brut i cea a venitului net (creteri
determinate de mrirea efortului de munc) n creterea
ctigului brut.
Indicatorul se calculeaz pentru dou cazuri
particulare:
persoan necstorit, fr copii, n ipoteza n
care, de la un nivel al ctigului de 33% din ctigul
salarial mediu brut al unui AW ar atinge un nivel al
ctigului de 67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al
unui AW;
cuplu cstorit, cu doi copii, din care un singur
printe lucreaz, n ipoteza n care, de la un nivel al
ctigului de 33% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al
unui AW ar atinge un nivel al ctigului de 67% din
ctigul salarial mediu brut al unui AW.
Sarcina fiscal asupra ctigului disponibil exprim cota corespunztoare tuturor reinerilor
(contribuii sociale individuale i impozit) aplicate
ctigurilor brute formate din ctiguri salariale i sume
transferate de stat sub form de alocaii acordate
familiei. n determinarea indicatorului se iau n calcul
ctigurile brute i nete pentru 13 cazuri particulare care
in cont de starea civil, numrul ctigtorilor de salarii
(din familie) i numrul de copii n ntreinere:

150

Unemployment trap express a report between the


gross earnings and the growing of net incomes (when the
employee moves from unemployment to employment).
The indicator is calculated for two particular cases:
without rehiring during unemployment period - when
there are evaluated financial consequences in case
of unemployment transfer in labour field, but not
during unemployment period, at a subsequent time
moment not specified.
with rehiring after two unemployment months -when
there are evaluated financial consequences in case
of unemployment transfer in labour field, after two
unemployment months. In this case, according to
legal stipulations, person benefits from hiring
moment till the end of period due to receive
unemployment indemnity, of an additional monthly
amount. This case is introduced according to OECD
revised methodology and it is relevant for policies
encouraging the unemployed rehiring.
Low wage trap - measures the financial
consequences for a person or a family when the employed
person increases his/her work effort and implicitly the
achieved earnings, i.e. it measures the share of amounts
taken over from the gross earnings for the payment of
taxes, insurance contributions, social protection and any
other deductions or ceased social allowances, under the
conditions of increased gross earnings.
The indicator represents the weight of the difference
between gross earnings increase and net income
increase (entailed by the increased labour effort) in the
gross earnings increase.
Low wage trap is computed for two particular cases:
single person without children moving from 33%
to 67% of the average earnings of an AW;

one-earner couple with two children moving from


33% to 67% of the average earnings of an AW.

Tax wedge on disposable earnings - is defined as


share of total retentions (tax rates and individual social
security contributions) applied to gross earnings that
contains the gross earnings and cash transfers from the
government as family allowances. For determining the
indicator the gross and net earnings are taken into
account for 13 different family situations. Differences
exist with respect to marital status, number of workers (in
the family) and number of dependent children:

persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz


67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
167% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
50% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
80% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
125% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
persoan necstorit, cu 2 copii, care realizeaz
67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW;
cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, un singur printe lucreaz
i realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al
AW;
cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz,
unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul
salarial mediu brut al AW;
cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz,
fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu
brut al AW;
cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz,
unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 67% din ctigul
salarial mediu brut al AW;
cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz, unul
realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul
salarial mediu brut al AW;
cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz,
fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial mediu
brut al AW.
Indicatorul se calculeaz ca diferen ntre 100% i
raportul dintre ctigul disponibil i ctigul salarial
mediu brut pentru fiecare din cele 13 cazuri particulare.
Ctigul disponibil se calculeaz ca sum a
ctigului salarial mediu net i sumelor transferate de
stat sub form de alocaii acordate familiei (conform
legislaiei naionale: alocaia de stat pentru copii, alocaia
familial complementar, alocaia de susinere pentru
familia monoparental).
Sursa datelor: Cercetarea statistic privind costul
forei de munc. Pentru calcularea reinerilor se
utilizeaz legislaia n vigoare la 1 iulie - ncepnd cu
anul de referin 2008, conform metodologiei OECD.

single person without children, earning 67% of the


average gross earnings of AW;
single person without children, earning 100% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
single person without children, earning 167% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
single person without children, earning 50% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
single person without children, earning 80% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
single person without children, earning 125% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
single person with 2 children, earning 67% of the
average gross earnings of AW;
married couple with 2 children, only one parent is
working and earns 100% of the average gross
earnings of AW;
married couple with 2 children, both parents are
working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33%
of the average gross earnings of AW;
married couple with 2 children, both parents are
working and earn100% of the average gross
earnings of AW;
married couple with 2 children, both parents are
working, one earns 100% and the other earns 67%
of the average gross earnings of AW;
married couple with no children, both persons are
working, one earns 100% and the other earns 33%
of the average gross earnings of AW;
married couple with no children, both persons are
working and earn 100% of the average gross
earnings of AW.
The indicator is calculated as a difference from 100%
and the report between the disposable earnings (takehome pay) and gross earnings for each of the 13 family
situations.
The disposable earnings (take-home pay) is
calculated as a sum of the net earnings and cash
transfers from the government as family allowances
(according to national legislation: state allowance for
children, supplementary family allowance, sustaining
allowance for single parent family).
Data source: The statistical labour cost survey.
In view to calculate the retentions, the legislation in force
on July 1st is used - starting with the reference year
2008, according to OECD methodology.

CHELTUIELILE I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI

POPULATION EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION

Cheltuielile totale cuprind:


cheltuielile bneti, indiferent de destinaie
(consum, impozite i pli obligatorii, cumprri de
animale i psri, imobile i terenuri, alte cheltuieli

Total expenditure include:


money expenditure, irrespective of their destination
(consumption, taxes and compulsory payments,
purchases of animals and poultry, real estate and

151

de investiii etc.), inclusiv contravaloarea prestaiilor


(mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu reducere de pre,
evaluat la preul de vnzare al unitii ofertante;
contravaloarea
consumului
de
produse
alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii
(producie, stoc etc.) determinat pe baza preurilor
medii lunare ale produselor respective.
Cheltuielile totale de consum cuprind:
cheltuielile bneti pentru cumprarea produselor
alimentare consumate, a mrfurilor nealimentare i
pentru plata serviciilor, inclusiv contravaloarea
prestaiilor (mrfuri i servicii) gratuite sau cu
reducere de pre;
contravaloarea
consumului
de
produse
alimentare i nealimentare din resurse proprii.
Consumul mediu anual de produse alimentare pe
locuitor, exprimat n uniti fizice, reprezint cantitile
de produse alimentare consumate n medie pe locuitor, n
anul de referin, indiferent de forma sub care se consum
(natural sau prelucrat), de sursa de aprovizionare
(magazine alimentare, piaa liber, consumul din resurse
proprii etc.), sau de locul unde se consum (gospodrii
individuale, restaurante, cantine etc.).
Consumul mediu anual de buturi, pe locuitor
reprezint cantitile de buturi alcoolice i buturi
nealcoolice, consumate n medie, pe locuitor, n anul de
referin, indiferent de sursa de aprovizionare (magazine
alimentare, piaa liber i producia proprie a
productorilor agricoli numai pentru consumul de vin) i
de locul unde se consum (gospodriile individuale ale
populaiei, restaurante, cantine etc.).
Att consumul de produse alimentare ct i
consumul de buturi se calculeaz ca disponibil de
consum (producie + import - export - prelucrare
industrial - pierderi - variaie de stocuri) raportat la
populaia total de la 1 iulie, anul de referin.
Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic, exprimat n
calorii i factori nutritivi, pe locuitor reprezint
coninutul n calorii i factori nutritivi al consumului
alimentar mediu zilnic i se determin pe baza datelor
privind consumul mediu net zilnic (exclusiv partea
necomestibil a unui produs alimentar care se
ndeprteaz att n timpul prelucrrii industriale sau
culinare ct i n momentul consumului efectiv) i a
compoziiei alimentelor, exprimat n calorii i factori
nutritivi (proteine, lipide i glucide).
nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin
ndelungat, se exprim prin numrul de bunuri de
folosin ndelungat n stare de funcionare care revin n
medie la 100 de gospodrii (exclusiv bunurile nchiriate
sau mprumutate de la alte persoane sau instituii).

152

lands, other investment expenditure a.s.o.), including


equivalent value of free or at lower prices provisions
(goods and services), evaluated at selling price of
offering unit;
equivalent value of consumption of food and
non-food products from own resources
(production, stock a.s.o.), determined based on
monthly average prices of respective products.
Total consumption expenditure include:
money expenditure for buying consumed food
products, non-food goods and for payment of
services, including equivalent value of free or at
lower prices provisions (goods and services);
equivalent value of food and non-food products
consumption from own resources.
Yearly average consumption of food products
per inhabitant expressed in physical units, represents
the quantities of food products consumed in average per
capita in the reference year regardless the consumption
type (natural or processed), the supply source
(food stores, free market, consumption from own
resources a.s.o.) or the consumption place (individual
households, restaurants, canteens a.s.o.).
Yearly average consumption of beverages, per
inhabitant represents quantities alcoholic beverages,
nonalcoholic beverages, consumed as average, per
inhabitant in the reference year no matter of supply
source (food stores, free market and own production of
agricultural producers only for wine consumption) and of
consumption place (population individual households,
restaurants, conteens a.s.o.).
Both food products consumption and beverages
consumption are calculated as available for
consumption (production + import - export - industrial
processing - losses - change in stocks) related to total
population on July 1st, reference year.
Daily average food consumption expressed in
calories and nutrients, per inhabitant represents the
content in calories and nutrients of daily average food
consumption and is determined based on data regarding
daily net average consumption (excluding non-edible
part of a food product being removed both-during
industrial processing or cooking as well as in the moment
of effective consumption) and food composition
expressed in calories and nutrients (proteins, fats and
carbohydrates).
Households endowment with durable goods, is
expressed by the number of durable goods in function,
as average per 100 households (excluding goods rented
or borrowed from other persons or institutions).

Structura veniturilor bneti


Structure of money income

4.G1

2007

5,4%

4,0%

24,4%

2012

28,0%

3,4%

3,1%

3,5%

4,1%

63,3%

Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale


Gross salaries and other salary rights

Venituri din activiti neagricole independente


Income from non-agricultural independent activities
Alte venituri
Other income

Venituri din prestaii sociale


Income from social provisions

Venituri din agricultur


Income from agriculture

4.G2

60,8%

Ctigul salarial mediu brut, pe activiti ale economiei naionale, n anul 2012
Average gross earnings, by activity of national economy, in 2012
CAEN Rev.2 (seciuni)
CANE Rev.2 (sections)

lei/salariat / lei/employee

4911

5000
4500

4031

4000
3500

3057

3000
2500
2000

2110

2063
1493

1500

2898

2235
1629 1779

1710
1148

1000

1895 1797

1392

1569

1265

500
0

Total

10

7 - Informaii i comunicaii
1 - Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Information and communication
8 - Intermedieri financiare i
2 - Industrie1)
asigurri
Industry 1)
Financial intermediations and
3 - Construcii
insurance
Construction
9 - Tranzacii imobiliare
4 - Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
Real estate activities
repararea autovehiculelor i
10 - Activiti profesionale, tiinifice
motocicletelor
i tehnice
Wholesale and retail; repair of motor
Professional, scientific and
vehicles and motorcycles
technical activities
5 - Transport i depozitare
11 - Activiti de servicii administrative
Transport and storage
i activiti de servicii suport
6 - Hoteluri i restaurante
Activities of administrative services
Hotels and restaurants
and of support services

11

12

13

14

15

16

12 - Administraie public i aprare;


asigurri sociale din sistemul
public 2)
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector 2)
13 - nvmnt
Education
14 - Sntate i asisten social
Health and social assistance
15 - Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Shows, culture and recreation
activities
16 - Alte activiti de servicii
Other service activities

1) Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate,

gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.


Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply; sewerage, waste management and
decontamination activities.
2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).
Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

153

4.G3

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe sexe


Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by sex
lei/salariat / lei/employee

2400
2000
1600 1468
1312
1200
1095
981

2007
1786

1906
1775

1814
1700

1348
1264

2098

1466
1308

1405
1310

1848

2163
1948
1581
1424

1530
1349

800
400
0

BRUT NET
GROSS

BRUT NET
GROSS

BRUT NET
GROSS

BRUT NET
GROSS

BRUT NET
GROSS

BRUT NET
GROSS

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Brbai
Men

4.G4

Femei
Women

Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum, n anul 2012


Structure of total consumption expenditure, in 2012
Total gospodrii / Total households

Salariai / Employees

25,0%

Agricultori / Farmers

45,1%
29,9%
28,2%

41,1%

13,9%

25,9%

60,2%

30,7%

omeri / Unemployed

Pensionari / Pensioners

23,0%

27,6%

49,5%

46,6%
30,4%

22,9%
Cheltuieli pentru produse alimentare
Expenditure for food products
Cheltuieli pentru mrfuri nealimentare
Expenditure for non-food goods
Cheltuieli pentru plata serviciilor
Expenditure for payment of services

154

4.G5

Structura cheltuielilor totale ale gospodriilor


Structure of total households expenditure
2007

2012

3,2%

3,4%
16,3%

15,0%

71,6%

8,3%

1,7%

71,9%

0,5%

Cheltuieli de producie
Production expenditure

Cheltuieli de consum
Consumption expenditure

Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe


Taxes, contributions, dues, fees

Cheltuieli pentru investiii


Expenditure for investment

4.G6

8,1%

Alte cheltuieli
Other expenditure

Evoluia consumului alimentar mediu zilnic (exprimat n calorii), pe locuitor


Evolution of daily average food consumption (expressed in calories),
per inhabitant
calorii / calories

4000
3393

3455

3450

3400

3390

1965

1962

1954

1911

1971

1884

1000

956

1015

1031

1041

969

962

500

472

478

465

448

450

437

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

3500

3283

3000
2500
2000
1500

0
Calorii - total
Calories - total

Lipide (n echiv. calorii)


Fats (in equiv. calories)

Glucide (n echiv. calorii)


Carbohydrates (in equiv. calories)

Proteine (n echiv. calorii)


Proteins (in equiv. calories)

Not: Pentru perioada 2007 2011 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Pentru anul 2012 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele
definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Datele statistice sunt prezentate conform nomenclatorului Eurostat i FAO.
Note: For the period 2007 2011, the usual resident population on July 1st of each year was used, estimated under comparability conditions
with the final results of the Population and Housing Census 2011.
For the year 2012, the usual resident population on January 1st was used, estimated under comparability conditions with the final results
of the Population and Housing Census 2011.
Statistical data are presented according to the Eurostat and FAO nomenclature.

155

4.1

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor


Total income of households

Total gospodrii / Total households


2009
2010
2011
2012

din care, gospodrii de:


Salariai / Employees
Agricultori
2009
2010
2011
2012
2009
2010
lei, lunar pe o gospodrie

Venituri totale

2315,99 2304,28 2417,26 2475,04 3105,05 3091,09 3146,53 3238,41 1823,04 1672,24
procente

Venituri bneti
din care:
Salarii brute i alte
drepturi salariale
Venituri din agricultur
Venituri din activiti
neagricole
independente
Venituri din
prestaii sociale
Venituri din proprietate
Contravaloarea
veniturilor n natur
obinute de salariai
i beneficiari de
prestaii sociale
Contravaloarea
consumului de
produse agricole
din resurse proprii

4.2

Pensionari / Pensioners
2009
2010
2011
2012

lei, monthly per household


2085,67 2029,84 1609,24 1647,32 1637,50 1647,79 1871,67 1905,44 2016,96 2034,24

Total income

percentage

83,7

83,9

81,7

82,4

90,1

90,4

89,9

89,5

56,6

56,3

49,0

52,5

82,2

81,6

80,4

81,0

79,8

80,2

78,6

79,2

50,9
2,5

49,3
2,8

48,7
3,1

50,1
3,4

81,8
0,4

80,8
0,6

81,6
0,5

81,2
0,7

11,0
23,0

9,0
24,7

7,3
23,6

8,0
25,6

38,7
1,2

37,0
2,8

39,3
1,6

40,7
2,0

20,8
1,9

19,5
2,1

19,5
2,2

19,5
2,7

2,8

2,7

2,6

2,6

0,6

0,6

0,4

0,6

3,2

3,4

3,1

3,9

3,4

3,6

3,8

3,7

1,3

1,2

1,1

1,0

24,2
0,2

25,7
0,2

23,8
0,1

23,1
0,2

5,6
0,1

6,5
0,1

5,5
0,1

5,2
0,1

13,7
**)

14,3
0,1

9,5
**)

10,0
0,1

25,9
0,1

27,1
0,6

21,9
0,1

19,6
0,9

53,6
0,1

55,2
0,1

53,6
0,1

54,0
0,1

2,6

1,9

1,8

1,9

2,7

2,0

2,0

2,0

1,2

1,2

1,0

1,2

3,1

2,4

2,3

3,3

2,8

1,9

1,8

1,7

13,7

14,2

16,5

15,7

7,2

7,6

8,1

8,5

42,2

42,5

50,0

46,3

14,7

16,0

17,3

15,7

17,4

17,9

19,6

19,1

Money income
of which:
Gross salaries and
other salary rights
Income from agriculture
Income from
non-agricultural
independent activities
Income from
social provisions
Income from ownership
Equivalent value of
income in kind obtained
by employees and
receivers of social
provisions
Equivalent value of
consumption of
agricultural products
from own resources

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din


componen, n anul 2012
Total income of households, grouped by number of component persons,
in 2012
Total
gospodrii
Total
households

Gospodrii cu:
1 persoan
1 person

2 persoane
2 persons

3 persoane
3 persons

lei, lunar pe o persoan


Venituri totale

861,15

1140,83

1092,73

969,55
procente

Venituri bneti
din care:
Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale
Venituri din agricultur
Venituri din activiti neagricole
independente
Venituri din prestaii sociale
Venituri din proprietate
Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur
obinute de salariai i beneficiari de
prestaii sociale
Contravaloarea consumului de produse
agricole din resurse proprii

156

of which households of:


Farmers
omeri / Unemployed
2011
2012
2009
2010
2011
2012

Households with:
4 persoane
4 persons

5 persoane
5 persons

6 persoane i mai multe


6 persons and more

656,45

527,48

lei, monthly per person


764,04

Total income

percentage

82,4

82,1

84,2

86,1

82,2

77,1

70,3

50,1
3,4

29,8
2,2

40,9
2,5

63,2
2,6

59,0
3,8

45,5
5,5

31,9
6,4

2,6
23,1
0,2

1,9
42,8
0,2

1,8
36,5
0,1

2,6
14,9
0,1

3,0
12,9
0,2

3,1
20,0
0,4

4,0
22,9
0,2

1,9

1,9

1,8

2,0

1,9

2,1

1,7

15,7

16,0

14,0

11,9

15,9

20,8

28,0

Money income
of which:
Gross salaries and other salary rights
Income from agriculture
Income from non-agricultural independent
activities
Income from social provisions
Income from ownership
Equivalent value of income in kind obtained
by employees and receivers of social
provisions
Equivalent value of consumption of
agricultural products from own resources

157

4.3

Veniturile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2012 (total gospodrii)


Total income of households, by decile, in 2012 (total households)
Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei):
Decila 1 pn la
Decile 1 up to
260

Decila 2
Decile 2
260 - 372

Decila 3
Decile 3
372 - 471

Decila 4
Decile 4
471 - 571

Decila 5
Decile 5
571 - 676

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie


Venituri totale

1286,34

Venituri bneti
din care:
Salarii brute i alte drepturi salariale
Venituri din agricultur
Venituri din activiti neagricole
independente
Venituri din prestaii sociale
Venituri din proprietate
Contravaloarea veniturilor n natur
obinute de salariai i beneficiari de
prestaii sociale
Contravaloarea consumului de produse
agricole din resurse proprii

1633,02

1744,43

1977,22

Decile of total income per person1) (lei):


Decila 6
Decile 6
676 - 791

Decila 7
Decile 7
791 - 929

Decila 8
Decile 8
929 - 1125

Decila 9
Decile 9
1125 - 1474

Decila 10 peste
Decile 10 over
1474

2631,14

2940,11

3374,50

4713,17

lei, monthly per household

2178,25

2271,70

procente

percentage

50,1

64,3

70,8

75,4

79,0

83,0

85,2

88,6

91,9

94,0

4,5
11,7

19,9
7,5

28,0
5,4

35,4
4,2

41,7
2,6

46,2
2,4

52,5
2,5

58,6
2,0

66,2
1,1

75,1
2,4

6,2
23,6
-

6,2
26,4
*)

4,9
28,0
*)

2,9
29,5
*)

2,2
29,7
0,1

1,5
30,2
*)

2,4
25,1
0,1

1,4
23,4
0,1

1,5
20,2
0,2

1,7
11,7
0,5

1,8

1,5

1,6

1,7

1,8

1,9

2,3

2,1

2,1

1,9

48,1

34,2

27,6

22,9

19,2

15,1

12,5

9,3

6,0

4,1

Total income

Money income
of which:
Gross salaries and other salary rights
Income from agriculture
Income from non-agricultural
independent activities
Income from social provisions
Income from ownership
Equivalent value of income in kind
obtained by employees and
receivers of social provisions
Equivalent value of consumption of
agricultural products from own resources

1) Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2012. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2012.

4.4
Gospodrii de:

Distribuia gospodriilor i persoanelor din gospodrii, pe decile, n anul 2012


Distribution of households and of persons from households, by decile, in 2012
procente / percentage

Total

Decila 1 pn la
Decile 1 up to
260

Decila 2
Decile 2
260 - 372

Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei):


Decila 3
Decila 4
Decila 5
Decile 3
Decile 4
Decile 5
372 - 471
471 - 571
571 - 676

Decile of total income per person1) (lei):


Decila 6
Decila 7
Decile 6
Decile 7
676 - 791
791 - 929

Decila 8
Decile 8
929 - 1125

Decila 9
Decile 9
1125 - 1474

Decila 10 peste
Decile 10 over
1474

Households of:

Total
Gospodrii
Persoane

100,0
100,0

10,0
14,1

10,0
11,9

10,0
10,5

10,0
10,2

10,0
9,8

10,0
9,1

10,0
9,3

10,0
9,0

10,0
8,6

10,0
7,5

Total
Households
Persons

Salariai
Gospodrii
Persoane
Agricultori
Gospodrii
Persoane
omeri
Gospodrii
Persoane
Pensionari
Gospodrii
Persoane

100,0
100,0

1,4
2,2

4,9
6,9

6,5
8,3

7,5
9,0

8,7
9,9

9,5
10,4

12,1
12,4

13,7
13,1

16,0
13,7

19,7
14,1

100,0
100,0

46,1
52,7

20,1
19,4

11,3
9,7

7,3
6,4

4,7
3,7

3,4
2,8

2,7
2,4

1,8
1,4

1,0
0,5

1,6
1,0

100,0
100,0

33,7
38,7

15,7
16,4

13,2
12,6

8,9
8,3

6,9
6,2

8,0
6,8

5,2
4,5

3,8
3,0

2,8
2,5

1,8
1,0

100,0
100,0

5,6
9,7

10,7
12,9

12,1
12,2

12,7
12,8

13,1
12,9

12,9
11,1

10,6
9,4

9,7
8,6

8,0
6,8

4,6
3,6

Employees
Households
Persons
Farmers
Households
Persons
Unemployed
Households
Persons
Pensioners
Households
Persons

1) Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2012. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2012.

158

159

4.5

Indicii ctigului salarial real


Indices of real earnings
procente / percentage

Anii

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Years

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

100,0

81,5
100,0

70,8
86,9
100,0

58,9
72,3
83,2
100,0

59,1
72,5
83,4
100,3
100,0

66,5
81,6
93,9
112,9
112,5
100,0

72,7
89,3
102,7
123,5
123,1
109,4
100,0

56,2
68,9
79,3
95,4
95,1
84,5
77,2
100,0

58,4
71,7
82,5
99,1
98,8
87,8
80,3
104,0
100,0

57,0
69,9
80,5
96,7
96,4
85,7
78,3
101,4
97,5
100,0

59,4
72,9
83,9
100,9
100,6
89,4
81,7
105,8
101,8
104,3
100,0

62,4
76,6
88,1
105,9
105,6
93,8
85,8
111,0
106,8
109,5
105,0
100,0

63,9
78,4
90,2
108,5
108,1
96,1
87,8
113,7
109,4
112,2
107,5
102,4
100,0

70,8
86,9
100,0
120,2
119,8
106,4
97,3
126,0
121,2
124,3
119,1
113,4
110,8
100,0

78,3
96,0
110,5
132,9
132,5
117,7
107,6
139,3
134,1
137,4
131,7
125,5
122,5
110,5
100,0

89,5
109,8
126,4
151,9
151,4
134,5
123,0
159,3
153,2
157,1
150,5
143,4
140,0
126,3
114,3
100,0

97,4
119,6
137,7
165,5
165,0
146,5
134,0
173,5
166,9
171,1
164,0
156,2
152,5
137,7
124,6
109,0
100,0

111,8
137,3
158,0
189,9
189,3
168,2
153,8
199,1
191,6
196,4
188,2
179,3
175,1
158,0
143,0
125,0
114,7
100,0

130,3
159,9
184,0
221,2
220,5
195,9
179,1
232,0
223,2
228,7
219,2
208,9
204,0
184,1
166,5
145,7
133,7
116,5
100,0

128,3
157,4
181,2
217,8
217,2
192,9
176,4
228,4
219,7
225,2
215,9
205,6
200,8
181,2
163,9
143,4
131,7
114,7
98,5
100,0

123,6
151,7
174,6
209,8
209,2
185,8
169,9
220,0
211,7
217,0
208,0
198,1
193,5
174,6
158,0
138,2
126,8
110,5
94,9
96,3
100,0

121,3
148,8
171,3
205,9
205,3
182,4
166,8
215,9
207,7
212,9
204,1
194,4
189,9
171,4
155,0
135,6
124,4
108,4
93,1
94,5
98,1
100,0

122,5
150,3
173,0
208,0
207,3
184,2
168,4
218,1
209,8
215,0
206,1
196,4
191,7
173,1
156,5
136,9
125,7
109,5
94,0
95,4
99,1
101,0

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

4.6

Salariile medii brute, realizate pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale,


n luna octombrie 2012
Average gross salaries, by main activity of national economy,
obtained in October 2012

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Numrul salariailor care


au lucrat cel puin 23 zile cu
program complet (mii persoane)
Number of employees who
worked at least 23 days
in full time (thou persons)

Total salariai
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industria
Industria extractiv
Industria prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor, activiti
de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor
i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii
administrative i activiti
de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din
sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

Salariul mediu brut


realizat (lei/salariat)
Average gross salary
obtained (lei/employee)

Total

din care: femei


of which: women

Total

Brbai
Men

Femei
Women

3645
83
1068
58
861

1697
19
439
10
393

2052
1513
2026
3776
1801

2158
1528
2273
3770
2024

1930
1463
1672
3810
1534

64

14

3672

3695

3591

85
278

22
37

1860
1712

1840
1647

1916
2146

576
214
86
98

289
57
53
38

1876
2192
1112
4019

2076
2174
1167
4249

1676
2243
1079
3659

81
14

56
6

4557
2020

5662
2099

4066
1918

90

42

3196

3280

3100

159

46

1383

1248

1710

243
341
246

146
239
194

2302
1861
1924

2333
1998
2115

2280
1802
1873

39
29

21
15

1633
1250

1735
1432

1549
1070

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total employees
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair
of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and
of support services
Public administration and
defence; social insurance of
public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor, n luna octombrie 2012. / Source: Survey on salaries, in October 2012.

160

4.7

Structura salariailor, pe grupe de salarii brute,


realizate n luna octombrie 2012
Structure of employees, by gross salary group,
obtained in October 2012
procente / percentage

Grupe de salarii
brute realizate - lei -

Total

Brbai
Men

Femei
Women

Gross salary group


obtained - lei -

Total

100,0

100,0

100,0

Total

15,3
14,9
21,6
15,8
16,2
7,5
3,5
1,7
1,0
0,7
1,8

15,1
14,7
19,9
15,7
16,7
8,2
3,8
1,8
1,1
0,8
2,2

15,5
15,0
23,6
16,0
15,7
6,7
3,1
1,5
0,9
0,6
1,4

Up to 800
801 - 1000
1001 - 1500
1501 - 2000
2001 - 3000
3001 - 4000
4001 - 5000
5001 - 6000
6001 - 7000
7001 - 8000
Over 8000

Pn la 800
801 - 1000
1001 - 1500
1501 - 2000
2001 - 3000
3001 - 4000
4001 - 5000
5001 - 6000
6001 - 7000
7001 - 8000
Peste 8000

Not: Pentru luna octombrie 2012 s-au luat n calcul numai salariaii care au lucrat cel puin 23 zile lucrtoare (cu program complet).
Note: For October 2012, there were taken into account only employees who worked at least 23 working days (full time).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor, n luna octombrie 2012. / Source: Survey on salaries, in October 2012.

161

4.8

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar,


pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings,
by activity of national economy and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

2011

2012

Brut
Gross

Net
Net

Brut
Gross

Net
Net

1980
1426
2017
3619
1807

1444
1044
1470
2577
1324

2063
1493
2110
3913
1898

1507
1093
1541
2786
1393

3876

2787

4034

2904

1823
1704

1333
1247

1900
1629

1388
1193

1678
2178
1139
4015

1227
1580
841
2965

1779
2235
1148
4031

1305
1624
850
2992

4727
1746

3435
1268

4911
1710

3587
1248

2852

2061

3057

2216

1316

966

1392

1030

2631
1819
1648

1909
1316
1210

2898
1895
1797

2102
1371
1315

1476
1162

1076
852

1569
1265

1148
929

2098
1439
2266
3583
2027

1530
1053
1646
2553
1479

2163
1508
2365
3868
2123

1581
1105
1722
2756
1554

3921

2816

4072

2925

1821
1658

1332
1215

1900
1592

1389
1165

1858
2192
1211

1355
1591
893

1978
2210
1233

1447
1606
911

TOTAL SALARIAI
Total economie
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii
BRBAI
Total economie
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)
TOTAL EMPLOYEES
Total economy
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and of support services
Public administration
and defence; social
insurance of public sector 1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture
and recreation activities
Other service activities
MEN
Total economy
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2012. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2012.

162

4.8

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar,


pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings,
by activity of national economy and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii
FEMEI
Total economie
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit
Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

2011

2012

Brut
Gross

Net
Net

Brut
Gross

Net
Net

4205

3117

4192

3119

5737
1863

4167
1352

5839
1723

4292
1256

2937

2126

3122

2268

1224

903

1273

946

2521
2001
1806

1841
1450
1324

2763
2071
1970

2021
1500
1446

1522
1339

1113
979

1655
1457

1216
1065

1848
1382
1686
3806
1565

1349
1012
1238
2705
1153

1948
1443
1771
4142
1646

1424
1055
1300
2946
1212

3728

2690

3911

2836

1827
1991

1337
1450

1901
1872

1386
1374

1505
2140
1093
3739

1103
1550
808
2744

1599
2310
1093
3785

1176
1677
811
2799

4257
1594

3094
1159

4483
1694

3263
1238

2760

1990

2981

2156

1517

1105

1662

1222

2716
1736
1607

1961
1254
1181

2999
1817
1753

2163
1314
1281

1441
1025

1049
754

1505
1108

1099
819

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and of support services
Public administration
and defence; social
insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture
and recreation activities
Other service activities
WOMEN
Total economy
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and of support services
Public administration
and defence; social
insurance of public sector 1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture
and recreation activities
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2012. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2012.

163

4.9

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of national economy and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Ownership type
Total
Brbai / Men Femei / Women Activity
2011
2012 2011 2012
2011 2012
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total

1980

2063

2098

2163

1848

1948

Total

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor
i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

1426
2017
3619
1807

1493
2110
3913
1898

1439
2266
3583
2027

1508
2365
3868
2123

1382
1686
3806
1565

1443
1771
4142
1646

3876

4034

3921

4072

3728

3911

1823
1704

1900
1629

1821
1658

1900
1592

1827
1991

1901
1872

1678
2178
1139
4015

1779
2235
1148
4031

1858
2192
1211
4205

1978
2210
1233
4192

1505
2140
1093
3739

1599
2310
1093
3785

4727
1746

4911
1710

5737
1863

5839
1723

4257
1594

4483
1694

2852

3057

2937

3122

2760

2981

1316

1392

1224

1273

1517

1662

2631
1819
1648

2898
1895
1797

2521
2001
1806

2763
2071
1970

2716
1736
1607

2999
1817
1753

1476
1162

1569
1265

1522
1339

1655
1457

1441
1025

1505
1108

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair
of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and of support services
Public administration
and defence; social
insurance of public sector 1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture
and recreation activities
Other service activities

Proprietate public 2)

2183

2311

2485

2591

1961

2107

Public ownership 2)

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor
i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante

1865
3036
3663
2470

1992
3123
3911
2586

1864
3138
3753
2555

1986
3217
4016
2630

1873
2711
3110
2276

2017
2826
3310
2482

3954

4053

4055

4146

3617

3747

1957
2318

2035
2297

1927
2248

2005
2189

2035
2590

2113
2715

2562
2756
1531

2764
2852
1510

2853
3001
1645

3122
3070
1556

2424
2318
1475

2486
2455
1484

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair
of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

2) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

164

4.9

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of national economy and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2011
2012

Ownership type
Brbai / Men Femei / Women Activity
2011
2012 2011 2012
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

3906

3833

3970

3881

3806

3765

5046
1575

5562
1652

6557
1664

7087
1670

4555
1475

5050
1634

2826

2991

3013

3105

2648

2878

1223

1306

1106

1177

1437

1552

2631
1795
1626

2898
1872
1778

2521
1978
1793

2763
2053
1949

2716
1713
1583

2999
1793
1734

1477
1391

1582
1443

1521
1287

1631
1358

1444
1524

1545
1565

Information and communication


Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and of support services
Public administration
and defence; social
insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture
and recreation activities
Other service activities

Proprietate privat 3)

1894

1963

1977

2038

1783

1862

Private ownership 3)

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor
i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

1233
1876
3581
1791

1319
1979
3914
1883

1231
2098
3430
2009

1322
2212
3744
2108

1238
1612
4292
1554

1309
1698
4729
1635

3678

3992

3576

3908

3996

4262

1693
1661

1765
1585

1722
1621

1796
1556

1613
1926

1678
1783

1676
1598
1127
4026

1778
1657
1136
4048

1857
1564
1200
4229

1977
1592
1223
4217

1503
1761
1081
3732

1598
2005
1080
3787

4695
1797

4839
1728

5673
1917

5733
1740

4223
1634

4414
1714

2862

3082

2910

3128

2807

3024

1324
2475
1903

1399
2532
2015

1233
2392
1936

1281
2371
2170

1524
2555
1892

1672
2687
1970

1474
1154

1550
1258

1524
1342

1688
1462

1436
1010

1451
1096

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair
of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and of support services
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture
and recreation activities
Other service activities

Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

2) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

3) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

165

4.10

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
enterprise size class and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Clase de mrime
ale ntreprinderilor

Total
2011
2012

Brbai / Men
2011 2012

Total

1980

2063

2098

2163

1848

1948

Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste

1305
1884
2419

1302
1964
2552

1363
1958
2650

1337
2012
2787

1233
1786
2191

1259
1897
2322

Proprietate public 1)

2183

2311

2485

2591

1961

2107

Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste

1402
1994
2308

1519
2186
2429

1496
2027
2696

1585
2194
2805

1326
1969
2028

1464
2178
2164

1894

1963

1977

2038

1783

1862

1294
1860
2519

1280
1921
2658

1352
1947
2620

1316
1986
2775

1221
1730
2389

1233
1820
2504

Proprietate privat 2)
Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste

Femei / Women
2011 2012

Ownership type
Enterprise
size class
Total
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over
Public ownership1)
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over
Private ownership 2)
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

4.11

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor i pe sexe
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
enterprise size class and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Clase de mrime
ale ntreprinderilor

Total
2011
2012

Brbai / Men
2011
2012

Total

1444

1507

1530

1581

1349

1424

957
1380
1759

960
1439
1858

999
1435
1925

986
1475
2029

905
1306
1595

928
1390
1691

1584

1676

1801

1878

1424

1529

1030
1449
1673

1112
1586
1760

1099
1475
1951

1159
1596
2031

974
1429
1473

1071
1578
1569

1385

1440

1445

1494

1305

1367

949
1365
1836

944
1410
1943

991
1429
1907

971
1457
2028

896
1269
1745

910
1338
1833

Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste
Proprietate public1)
Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste
Proprietate privat 2)
Sub 50 salariai
50 - 249 salariai
250 salariai i peste

Femei / Women
2011
2012

Ownership type
Enterprise
size class
Total
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over
Public ownership1)
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over
Private ownership 2)
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 employees
250 employees and over

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

166

4.12

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of national economy and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Ownership type
Total
Brbai / Men Femei / Women Activity
2011
2012 2011
2012
2011
2012 (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total

1444

1507

1530

1581

1349

1424

Total

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor
i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

1044
1470
2577
1324

1093
1541
2786
1393

1053
1646
2553
1479

1105
1722
2756
1554

1012
1238
2705
1153

1055
1300
2946
1212

2787

2904

2816

2925

2690

2836

1333
1247

1388
1193

1332
1215

1389
1165

1337
1450

1386
1374

1227
1580
841
2965

1305
1624
850
2992

1355
1591
893
3117

1447
1606
911
3119

1103
1550
808
2744

1176
1677
811
2799

3435
1268

3587
1248

4167
1352

4292
1256

3094
1159

3263
1238

2061

2216

2126

2268

1990

2156

966

1030

903

946

1105

1222

1909
1316
1210

2102
1371
1315

1841
1450
1324

2021
1500
1446

1961
1254
1181

2163
1314
1281

1076
852

1148
929

1113
979

1216
1065

1049
754

1099
819

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair
of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and of support services
Public administration
and defence; social
insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture
and recreation activities
Other service activities

Proprietate public 2)

1584

1676

1801

1878

1424

1529

Public ownership 2)

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor
i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante

1358
2184
2608
1781

1450
2249
2787
1867

1357
2255
2672
1839

1446
2314
2862
1899

1362
1958
2218
1647

1469
2045
2361
1792

2843

2918

2913

2978

2608

2722

1426
1680

1481
1669

1405
1631

1461
1592

1481
1871

1533
1967

1843
1994
1131

1985
2061
1106

2090
2170
1212

2231
2215
1136

1726
1680
1092

1793
1780
1090

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair
of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

2) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

167

4.12

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe - continuare
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of national economy and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public
i aprare; asigurri
sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

Total
2011
2012

Ownership type
Brbai / Men Femei / Women Activity
2011
2012 2011 2012 (CANE Rev.2 sections)

2820

2746

2857

2780

2764

2698

3648
1159

4081
1211

4740
1223

5250
1222

3293
1088

3689
1199

2044

2157

2180

2235

1915

2079

910

964

830

877

1056

1132

1909
1298
1196

2102
1354
1301

1841
1433
1316

2021
1487
1433

1961
1238
1166

2163
1297
1268

1077
1029

1152
1060

1111
956

1190
1009

1052
1122

1124
1134

Information and communication


Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and of support services
Public administration
and defence; social
insurance of public sector 1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture
and recreation activities
Other service activities

Proprietate privat 3)

1385

1440

1445

1494

1305

1367

Private ownership 3)

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit


Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor
i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole,
culturale i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

906
1372
2551
1312

968
1450
2786
1383

905
1529
2445
1467

972
1616
2666
1544

909
1185
3046
1145

958
1249
3359
1205

2645

2873

2567

2807

2887

3081

1244
1217

1295
1161

1263
1189

1318
1139

1189
1405

1232
1310

1225
1164
833
2979

1304
1214
842
3014

1354
1141
885
3143

1446
1169
904
3147

1101
1275
799
2743

1175
1458
801
2808

3413
1301

3533
1260

4123
1387

4210
1267

3071
1183

3211
1251

2068

2238

2108

2279

2022

2188

971
1786
1373

1036
1840
1463

909
1734
1406

952
1724
1580

1109
1837
1362

1231
1951
1428

1074
846

1143
925

1116
980

1251
1068

1043
743

1066
810

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair
of motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative
services and of support services
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture
and recreation activities
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

2) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.

3) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

168

4.13

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti


ale industriei i pe sexe
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity
of industry and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

2011

2012
Brut
Net
Gross
Net

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Brut
Gross

Net
Net

Total - Industrie

2017

1470

2110

1541

Total - Industry

Industrie extractiv

3619

2577

3913

2786

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

3358

2392

3589

2557

4518
2961
1974
3750

3192
2118
1438
2711

5153
3005
1879
4048

3646
2163
1366
2906

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare

1807

1324

1898

1393

Manufacturing

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor
din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei;
fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte
materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei
i a produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a
produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor
din cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal,
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini,
utilaje i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor
mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor

1326
2460
4943
1581
1215

979
1784
3581
1161
909

1339
2589
5161
1658
1283

991
1899
3721
1218
958

1281

951

1340

994

1226

911

1361

1010

1847

1348

1949

1426

1996

1447

2042

1488

4175

2991

4302

3082

2589

1879

2701

1961

3086

2231

3242

2342

1887

1375

2066

1512

2124
2558

1544
1862

2174
2764

1586
2000

1828

1331

1897

1383

2465
2095

1788
1525

2681
2185

1956
1593

2246

1631

2349

1709

2325

1706

2513

1851

2702
1282
1520

1957
947
1115

2844
1353
1438

2067
999
1063

2142

1549

2160

1570

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of products
of wood and cork, except furniture;
manufacture of articles of straw
and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers, electronic
and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

TOTAL SALARIAI

TOTAL EMPLOYEES

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

169

4.13

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti


ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity
of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare

2011
Brut
Gross

3876

Net
Net

2787

2012
Brut
Net
Gross
Net

4034

2904

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities

1823

1333

1900

1388

2260
2054

1643
1497

2347
2217

1702
1620

1452

1071

1501

1107

Total - Industrie

2266

1646

2365

1722

Total - Industry

Industrie extractiv

3583

2553

3868

2756

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

3475

2475

3728

2656

4343
2975
1908
3801

3069
2125
1391
2747

4968
2988
1813
4076

3514
2155
1320
2927

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare
BRBAI

Water catchment, treatment


and distribution
Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination
MEN

Industrie prelucrtoare

2027

1479

2123

1554

Manufacturing

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor
din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei;
fabricarea articolelor din paie i din
alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei
i a produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a
produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc
i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic

1411
2518
5095
1661
1339

1040
1823
3689
1216
998

1440
2642
5362
1833
1434

1067
1939
3863
1345
1066

1409

1043

1488

1106

1235

917

1365

1012

2059

1499

2175

1592

2285

1649

2098

1526

4092

2932

4196

3006

2625

1905

2739

1990

3286

2379

3435

2483

1973

1436

2124

1556

2142
2596

1554
1892

2164
2785

1578
2015

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of products
of wood and cork, except furniture;
manufacture of articles of straw
and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

170

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

4.13

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti


ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity
of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal,
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor
i a produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor
mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Brut
Gross

2011
Net
Net

2012
Activity
Brut
Net (CANE Rev.2 divisions)
Gross
Net
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products,
except machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers, electronic
and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

1854

1350

1905

1390

2640
2357

1922
1708

2952
2442

2157
1773

2293

1664

2390

1736

2618

1920

2826

2086

2743
1288
1732

1986
952
1262

2852
1366
1554

2071
1008
1147

2165

1565

2163

1572

4072

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
2925 production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
1389 and decontamination activities

3921

2816

1821

1332

1900

2223
2065

1616
1507

2304
2243

1484

1093

1535

Water catchment, treatment


1672 and distribution
1638 Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
1132 and services of decontamination

FEMEI

WOMEN

Total - Industrie

1686

1238

1771

1300 Total - Industry

Industrie extractiv

3806

2705

4142

2946 Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

2586

1842

2745

5277
2911
2328
3426

3726
2091
1685
2483

5951
3070
2251
3871

1955 Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
4213 and natural gas
2193 Mining of metal ores
1629 Other mining and quarrying
2777 Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare

1565

1153

1646

1212 Manufacturing

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor

1254
2333
4353
1551
1196

928
1700
3160
1140
894

1251
2481
4430
1594
1259

926
1818
3203
1172
941

1236

919

1286

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
954 preparation and dyeing of furs

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

171

4.13

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut i net lunar, pe activiti


ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross and net nominal monthly earnings, by activity
of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor
din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei;
fabricarea articolelor din paie i din
alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei
i a produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a
produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc
i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal,
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor
mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea
de energie electric i termic,
gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Brut
Gross

2011
Net
Net

2012
Brut
Net
Gross
Net

1199

892

1350

1002

1563

1145

1653

1209

1721

1255

1968

1437

4393

3147

4573

3277

2509

1822

2613

1894

2964

2141

3111

2247

1741

1271

1965

1437

2078
2406

1517
1742

2199
2679

1606
1938

1739

1266

1868

1359

2311
1812

1672
1328

2397
1897

1746
1390

2075

1511

2197

1607

2028

1490

2189

1609

2528
1271
1371

1835
938
1012

2807
1332
1357

2050
982
1003

1997

1447

2141

1558

Manufacture of wood and of products


of wood and cork, except furniture;
manufacture of articles of straw
and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers, electronic
and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

2836

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities

3728

2690

3911

1827

1337

1901

1386

2350
2007

1709
1454

2456
2108

1777
1543

1362

1008

1409

1039

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

172

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Water catchment, treatment


and distribution
Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination

4.14

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2011 2012

Brbai
Men
2011 2012

Femei
Women
2011 2012

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total

2017 2110

2266 2365

1686 1771

Total

Industrie extractiv

3619 3913

3583 3868

3806 4142

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

3358 3589

3475 3728

2586 2745

4518
2961
1974
3750

4343
2975
1908
3801

5277
2911
2328
3426

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare

1807 1898

Industria alimentar
1326
Fabricarea buturilor
2460
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
4943
Fabricarea produselor textile
1581
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 1215
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
1281
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu
excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor
din paie i din alte materiale
vegetale mpletite
1226
Fabricarea hrtiei i a
produselor din hrtie
1847
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
1996
Fabricarea produselor de
cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
4175
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
2589
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
3086
Fabricarea produselor din
cauciuc i mase plastice
1887
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
2124
Industria metalurgic
2558
Industria construciilor metalice i
a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
1828
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
2465
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
2095
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
2246
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
2325
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport
2702
Fabricarea de mobil
1282
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
1520

5153
3005
1879
4048

4968
2988
1813
4076

5951
3070
2251
3871

2027 2123

1565 1646

Manufacturing

1339
2589
5161
1658
1283

1411
2518
5095
1661
1339

1254
2333
4353
1551
1196

1340

1409 1488

1236 1286

1361

1235 1365

1199 1350

1949

2059 2175

1563 1653

2042

2285 2098

1721 1968

4302

4092 4196

4393 4573

2701

2625 2739

2509 2613

3242

3286 3435

2964 3111

2066

1973 2124

1741 1965

2174
2764

2142 2164
2596 2785

2078 2199
2406 2679

1897

1854 1905

1739 1868

2681
2185

2640 2952
2357 2442

2311 2397
1812 1897

2349

2293 2390

2075 2197

2513

2618 2826

2028 2189

2844
1353
1438

2743 2852
1288 1366
1732 1554

2528 2807
1271 1332
1371 1357

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork,
except furniture; manufacture
of articles of straw
and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of
coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated metal
products, except machinery
and equipment
Manufacture of computers, electronic
and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.

1440
2642
5362
1833
1434

1251
2481
4430
1594
1259

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

173

4.14

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze, ap
cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Total
2011 2012

Brbai
Men
2011 2012

Femei
Women
2011 2012

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

2142 2160

2165 2163

1997 2141

Repair, maintenance and installation


of machinery and equipment

3728 3911

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities

3876 4034

3921 4072

1823 1900

1821 1900

1827 1901

2260 2347
2054 2217

2223 2304
2065 2243

2350 2456
2007 2108

1452 1501

1484 1535

1362 1409

Water catchment,
treatment and distribution
Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination

Proprietate public 1)

3036 3123

3138 3217

2711 2826

Public ownership 1)

Industrie extractiv

3663 3911

3753 4016

3110 3310

Mining and quarrying

3439 3668

3565 3819

2614 2764

5121
3039
2923
6337

5027
3052
2868
6397

5788
2991
3139
5657

Extracia crbunelui
superior i inferior
Extracia petrolului brut
i a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

5503
3120
3126
6403

5390
3108
3050
6478

6305
3163
3433
5606

Mining of coal
and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare

2470 2586

2555 2630

2276 2482

Manufacturing

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Fabricarea hrtiei
i a produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de
cocserie i a produselor obinute
din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor
i a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice i
a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselorelectronice i optice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport

1349 1474
1052 1702
888 885

1355 1274
1061 1803
933 923

1342 1736
1042 1577
886 879

1344 1594

1352 1583

1325 1625

1938 2920

1983 2969

1899 2879

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of other
transport equipment

833

939

716

784

1445 1717

3191 3078

3304 3191

2902 2818

3240 3271

3163 3190

3317 3351

1119 791
3471 6089

1123 799
3091 6267

1097 766
4432 5877

1922 1844

2012 1925

1777 1696

2319 2507

2381 2818

2228 2069

2895 2601

2875 2694

2993 2206

2771 3238

2752 3246

2831 3213

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

174

4.14

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea
i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Total
2011 2012

Brbai
Men
2011 2012

Femei
Ownership type
Women
Activity
2011 2012 (CANE Rev.2 divisions)

2455 2237
2005 2123

2126 1910
2048 2173

3862 3730
1892 1996

2673 2573

2712 2600

2417 2401

4055 4146

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
3617 3747 production and supply

1957 2035

1927 2005

Water supply; sewerage,


waste management
2035 2113 and decontamination activities

2205 2283
1981 2053

2174 2246
1987 2059

3954 4053

Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

1247 1357

1235 1353

Water catchment, treatment


2280 2371 and distribution
1960 2030 Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
1278 1369 and services of decontamination

Proprietate privat 2)

1876 1979

2098 2212

1612 1698 Private ownership 2)

Industrie extractiv

3581 3914

3430 3744

4292 4729 Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut i
a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

1228 1480

1186 1427

4398
2167
1714
3483

4194
2229
1661
3514

1606 1984 Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
5215 5907 and natural gas
1859 1881 Mining of metal ores
2017 1861 Other mining and quarrying
3296 3756 Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare

1791 1883

Industria alimentar
1326
Fabricarea buturilor
2463
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
4943
Fabricarea produselor textile
1581
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 1216
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
1281
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie
i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite 1226
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor
din hrtie
1850
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe
supori a nregistrrilor
2018
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie
i a produselor obinute
din prelucrarea ieiului
4189
Fabricarea substanelor i
a produselor chimice
2545

5081
2120
1594
3787

4873
2157
1551
3792

2009 2108

1554 1635 Manufacturing

1339
2596
5161
1658
1283

1411
2521
5095
1661
1339

1254
2338
4353
1551
1196

1340

1409 1488

1236 1286

1361

1235 1365

1199 1350

1950

2063 2178

1564 1653

1914

2392 2001

1654 1791

4325

4108 4224

4400 4585

2670

2573 2701

2483 2596

1440
2647
5362
1833
1434

1251
2490
4430
1594
1259

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of
leather; manufacture of travel and
leather goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork,
except furniture; manufacture of
articles of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper and
paper products
Printing and reproduction of
recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals and
chemical products

2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

175

4.14

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu brut lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average gross nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz i a
preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc
i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse din
minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice i
a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de
transport rutier, a remorcilor
i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea i
distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Total
2011 2012

Brbai
Men
2011 2012

Femei
Women
2011 2012

Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products and
pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated metal
products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers, electronic
and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor
vehicles, trailers
and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

3056 3237

3319 3491

2911 3077

1887 2066

1973 2124

1741 1965

2124 2175
2531 2721

2142 2166
2583 2755

2078 2200
2318 2579

1820 1901

1844 1904

1733 1892

2468 2688
2095 2185

2648 2959
2357 2442

2313 2409
1812 1897

2236 2347

2284 2386

2064 2197

2325 2513

2618 2826

2028 2189

2697 2820
1281 1353
1480 1387

2743 2830
1286 1365
1683 1470

2504 2774
1270 1331
1352 1334

1889 1977

1903 1967

1806 2037

3576 3908

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
3996 4262 production and supply

1693 1765

1722 1796

Water supply; sewerage,


waste management
1613 1678 and decontamination activities

2477 2601
2222 2624

2412 2520
2237 2673

1510 1545

1555 1591

3678 3992

Water catchment, treatment


2658 2827 and distribution
2145 2364 Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
1385 1421 and services of decontamination

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

176

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

4.15

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Total
2011
2012

Brbai
Men
2011
2012

Femei
Women
2011 2012

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Total

1470

1541

1646

1722

1238 1300

Total

Industrie extractiv

2577

2786

2553

2756

2705 2946

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior


i inferior
Extracia petrolului brut i
a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

2392

2557

2475

2656

1842 1955

3192
2118
1438
2711

3646
2163
1366
2906

3069
2125
1391
2747

3514
2155
1320
2927

3726
2091
1685
2483

Industrie prelucrtoare

1324

1393

1479

1554

1153 1212

Manufacturing

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu
excepia mobilei; fabricarea
articolelor din paie i din alte
materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor
din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe
supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie
i a produselor obinute
din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor i a
produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz i a
preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din
cauciuc i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse din
minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice i
a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de
transport rutier, a remorcilor
i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport

979
1784
3581
1161
909

991
1899
3721
1218
958

1040
1823
3689
1216
998

1067
1939
3863
1345
1066

928 926
1700 1818
3160 3203
1140 1172
894 941

951

994

1043

1106

919

911

1010

917

1012

892 1002

1348

1426

1499

1592

1145 1209

1447

1488

1649

1526

1255 1437

2991

3082

2932

3006

3147 3277

1879

1961

1905

1990

1822 1894

2231

2342

2379

2483

2141 2247

1375

1512

1436

1556

1271 1437

1544
1862

1586
2000

1554
1892

1578
2015

1517 1606
1742 1938

1331

1383

1350

1390

1266 1359

1788
1525

1956
1593

1922
1708

2157
1773

1672 1746
1328 1390

1631

1709

1664

1736

1511 1607

1706

1851

1920

2086

1490 1609

1957

2067

1986

2071

1835 2050

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and
of products of wood
and cork, except furniture;
manufacture of articles of
straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction of
recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products and
pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of
motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment

4213
2193
1629
2777

954

Mining of coal
and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

177

4.15

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i
instalarea mainilor
i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare

Total
2011
2012

Brbai
Men
2011
2012

Femei
Women
2011 2012

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

947
1115

999
1063

952
1262

1008
1147

938 982
1012 1003

1549

1570

1565

1572

1447 1558

Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance
and installation of
machinery and equipment

2690 2836

Electricity, gas, steam and


air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities

2787

2904

2816

2925

1333

1388

1332

1389

1337 1386

1643

1702

1616

1672

1709 1777

1497

1620

1507

1638

1454 1543

1071

1107

1093

1132

1008 1039

Water catchment, treatment


and distribution
Used water collection
and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination

2184

2249

2255

2314

1958 2045

Public ownership 1)

Industrie extractiv

2608

2787

2672

2862

2218 2361

Mining and quarrying

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut i a
gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

2449

2613

2538

2720

1861 1968

3633
2174
2112
4483

3910
2247
2251
4537

3566
2181
2073
4522

3828
2244
2194
4587

4112
2147
2262
4041

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Industrie prelucrtoare

1781

1867

1839

1899

1647 1792

974
786
648

1057
1243
641

986
792
681

921
1297
668

962 1236
781 1175
646 638

995

1164

1001

1154

981 1190

1401

2082

1429

2108

1376 2060

645

679

568

564

1048 1256

2306

2230

2382

2312

2114 2040

2330

2345

2272

2285

2388 2405

788
2522

594
4318

791
2262

600
4421

773 575
3177 4195

1400

1342

1465

1401

1296 1235

1667

1858

1732

2099

1573 1520

2136

1861

2109

1931

2270 1566

Captarea, tratarea i
distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare
Proprietate public1)

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Fabricarea hrtiei i a
produselor din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe
supori a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie
i a produselor obinute
din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor i
a produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea altor produse
din minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice
i a produselor din metal,
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.

4492
2257
2478
4002

Manufacturing
Manufacture of food products
Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products
Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products and
pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.

1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.

Includes: entirely state ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

178

4.15

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i
instalarea mainilor
i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea i
distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Total
2011
2012

Brbai
Men
2011
2012

Femei
Women
2011 2012

1992
1747
1452

2362
1593
1559

1978
1519
1478

2367
1363
1606

2037 2347
2725 2641
1383 1444

1909

1850

1936

1869

1735 1728

Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance
and installation of
machinery and equipment

2608 2722

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities

2843

2918

2913

2978

1426

1481

1405

1461

1481 1533

1601

1653

1578

1628

1655 1714

1446

1507

1454

1513

1415 1484

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Water catchment, treatment


and distribution
Used water collection
and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination

926

1003

918

1002

948 1008

Proprietate privat 2)

1372

1450

1529

1616

1185 1249

Industrie extractiv

2551

2786

2445

2666

3046 3359

Mining and quarrying


Mining of coal and lignite
Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

Private ownership 2)

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut i
a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

902

1080

872

1043

1165 1429

3104
1545
1252
2528

3592
1521
1164
2726

2960
1586
1216
2551

3444
1544
1135
2730

3679
1346
1463
2391

Industrie prelucrtoare

1312

1383

1467

1544

1145 1205

Manufacturing

Industria alimentar
979
Fabricarea buturilor
1787
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
3581
Fabricarea produselor textile
1161
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 909
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
951
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie
i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
911
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor
din hrtie
1349
Tiprirea i reproducerea
pe supori a nregistrrilor
1464
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie
i a produselor obinute
din prelucrarea ieiului
3000
Fabricarea substanelor i
a produselor chimice
1848

991
1904
3721
1218
958

1040
1825
3689
1216
998

1067
1943
3863
1345
1066

928 925
1703 1824
3160 3203
1140 1172
895 941

994

1043

1106

919

1010

917

1012

892 1002

1427

1502

1594

1145 1209

1402

1727

1461

1208 1316

3099

2943

3026

3152 3286

1939

1868

1964

1803 1882

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork,
furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction
of recorded media
Manufacture of coke
and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals
and chemical products

4179
1373
1349
2696

954

2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.

Includes: private majority ownership, entirely private ownership, co-operative ownership, communal ownership, entirely foreign ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

179

4.15

Ctigul salarial nominal mediu net lunar, pe forme de proprietate,


activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
Average net nominal monthly earnings, by ownership type,
activity of industry and by sex - continued
lei / salariat / lei / employee

Forma de proprietate
Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz i a
preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc
i mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse din
minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic
Industria construciilor metalice i
a produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i
echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor
de transport rutier, a
remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace
de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea
i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de
energie electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea i
distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea
apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Total
2011
2012

Brbai
Men
2011
2012

Femei
Women
2011 2012

2212

2341

2408

2527

2104 2225

1375

1512

1436

1556

1271 1437

1544
1842

1587
1970

1554
1882

1579
1994

1517 1607
1680 1868

1325

1386

1343

1389

1262 1376

1791
1525

1960
1593

1928
1708

2160
1773

1673 1754
1328 1390

1623

1707

1657

1733

1502 1608

1706

1851

1920

2086

1490 1609

1955
946
1087

2050
998
1026

1987
951
1228

2055
1008
1085

1819 2026
937 982
998 988

1378

1445

1387

1438

1316 1489

Manufacture of basic
pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals
Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers,
electronic and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of
motor vehicles, trailers
and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other
transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance
and installation of
machinery and equipment

2887 3081

Electricity, gas, steam and


air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities

2645

2873

2567

2807

1244

1295

1263

1318

1189 1232

1810

1893

1760

1837

1946 2049

1613

1899

1621

1929

1569 1735

1112

1138

1143

1172

1024 1048

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

180

Ownership type
Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Water catchment, treatment


and distribution
Used water collection
and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities
and services of decontamination

4.16

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei


naionale, n anul 2012
Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2012
Serie brut (neajustat)
Unadjusted series

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent


% as against the same quarter of previous year

Trim.I
Q.I

Trim.II
Q.II

Trim.III
Q.III

Trim.IV
Q.IV

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc


Total labour cost
Total industrie, construcii
i servicii
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative i
activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale
i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

104,54

107,09

107,63

107,30

102,69
107,37

113,87
108,59

104,82
107,38

107,38
105,84

103,28

105,67

107,04

106,61

104,85
105,00

103,77
104,56

105,08
105,15

104,20
100,87

108,78
102,49
99,45
96,17

109,94
103,17
100,67
99,96

110,43
104,09
99,78
101,85

109,47
102,50
97,84
95,81

102,02
108,16

109,83
110,30

105,61
106,40

106,19
101,53

107,16

105,30

107,93

106,78

109,36

114,70

116,57

114,31

101,71
98,01
106,56

108,23
102,07
108,89

114,68
104,54
112,76

116,33
112,70
113,18

103,90
104,35

106,81
103,79

115,06
108,00

114,83
101,55

Total industry, construction


and services
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and
air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific and
technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale)


Labour direct expenditure (salary)
Total industrie, construcii
i servicii
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare

104,49

107,03

107,58

107,25

103,75
107,12

115,05
108,34

105,91
107,13

108,48
105,60

103,35

105,75

107,12

106,69

104,82
104,93

103,73
104,48

105,04
105,07

104,16
100,80

108,72
102,08
99,52
97,29

109,88
102,75
100,73
101,12

110,37
103,66
99,84
103,03

109,41
102,08
97,90
96,93

101,36
107,43

109,12
109,56

104,93
105,68

105,51
100,84

Total industry, construction


and services
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

181

4.16

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei


naionale, n anul 2012 - continuare
Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2012 - continued
%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent
% as against the same quarter of previous year

Serie brut (neajustat)


Unadjusted series

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative i
activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale
i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

Trim.I
Q.I

Trim.II
Q.II

Trim.III
Q.III

Trim.IV
Q.IV

106,83

104,97

107,60

106,45

108,81

114,11

115,97

113,73

101,69
98,07
106,75

108,21
102,14
109,08

114,65
104,61
112,96

116,31
112,78
113,38

103,70
104,13

106,60
103,57

114,83
107,77

114,61
101,34

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale)


Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary)
Total industrie, construcii
i servicii
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale
i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

104,73

107,31

107,80

107,50

99,49
108,27

110,32
109,50

101,56
108,27

104,03
106,73

103,01

105,40

106,77

106,34

104,99
105,26

103,90
104,82

105,21
105,41

104,33
101,12

108,99
103,98
99,21
92,36

110,16
104,67
100,42
96,00

110,65
105,59
99,53
97,81

109,68
103,99
97,60
92,02

104,35
110,90

112,34
113,09

108,02
109,09

108,62
104,10

108,35

106,47

109,13

107,97

111,41

116,85

118,75

116,45

101,79
97,76
105,89

108,32
101,82
108,21

114,76
104,28
112,05

116,42
112,42
112,47

104,63
105,16

107,56
104,60

115,86
108,84

115,63
102,33

Total industry, construction


and services
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and
air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

182

4.16

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei


naionale, n anul 2012 - continuare
Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2012 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare 2)
Working days adjusted series 2)

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I
Q.I

Trim.II
Q.II

%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent


% as against the same quarter of previous year

Trim.III
Q.III

Trim.IV
Q.IV

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc


Total labour cost
Total industrie, construcii
i servicii
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale
i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

104,67

107,09

107,27

107,67

103,48
107,37

113,87
108,59

105,00
107,38

107,17
105,84

103,94

105,67

106,36

107,30

104,09
105,66

103,77
104,56

105,52
104,98

103,76
101,04

108,78
102,91
99,45
96,47

109,94
103,17
100,67
99,96

110,43
102,56
101,58
100,77

109,47
104,04
96,10
96,84

102,43
108,42

109,83
110,30

104,14
105,52

107,69
102,38

106,54

105,30

107,07

107,64

109,09

114,70

115,35

115,52

101,71
98,01
106,77

108,23
102,07
108,89

114,68
104,54
111,84

116,33
112,70
114,09

103,90
104,35

106,81
103,79

114,17
111,27

115,72
98,56

Total industry, construction


and services
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and
air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale)


Labour direct expenditure (salary)
Total industrie, construcii
i servicii
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare

104,62

107,03

107,22

107,61

104,55
107,12

115,05
108,34

106,09
107,13

108,27
105,60

104,02

105,74

106,44

107,38

104,05
105,59

103,73
104,49

105,48
104,91

103,72
100,97

108,72
102,50
99,52
97,59

109,88
102,75
100,73
101,12

110,37
102,14
101,65
101,94

109,41
103,61
96,16
97,96

101,77
107,69

109,12
109,56

103,47
104,81

107,00
101,69

Total industry, construction


and services
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and
air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

183

4.16

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei


naionale, n anul 2012 - continuare
Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2012 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare 2)
Working days adjusted series 2)

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative i
activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale
i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent


% as against the same quarter of previous year

Trim.I
Q.I

Trim.II
Q.II

Trim.III
Q.III

Trim.IV
Q.IV

106,21

104,97

106,74

107,31

108,53

114,11

114,76

114,93

101,69
98,07
106,96

108,21
102,14
109,08

114,65
104,61
112,04

116,31
112,78
114,30

103,70
104,13

106,60
103,57

113,95
111,04

115,50
98,35

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale)


Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary)
Total industrie, construcii
i servicii
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative i
activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale
i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

104,85

107,31

107,43

107,87

100,26
108,27

110,32
109,50

101,73
108,27

103,83
106,73

103,68

105,40

106,08

107,03

104,22
105,92

103,90
104,82

105,66
105,24

103,89
101,30

108,99
104,41
99,21
92,64

110,16
104,67
100,42
96,00

110,65
104,04
101,33
96,78

109,68
105,55
95,87
93,00

104,77
111,16

112,34
113,09

106,52
108,18

110,15
104,96

107,73

106,47

108,26

108,84

111,13

116,85

117,51

117,68

101,79
97,76
106,10

108,32
101,82
108,21

114,76
104,28
111,14

116,42
112,42
113,38

104,62
105,16

107,56
104,60

114,97
112,14

116,53
99,33

Total industry, construction


and services
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

184

4.16

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei


naionale, n anul 2012 - continuare
Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2012 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i sezonier 2)
Working days and seasonally adjusted series 2)

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Trim.I
Q.I

Trim.II
Q.II

Trim.III
Q.III

%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent


% as against the same quarter of previous year

Trim.IV
Q.IV

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

Costul total al forei de munc


Total labour cost
Total industrie, construcii
i servicii
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale
i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

105,44

107,19

107,34

107,55

104,38
107,49

111,86
108,31

105,96
107,48

106,98
106,03

103,89

105,81

106,49

107,83

104,99
105,89

103,77
104,13

105,27
104,93

104,22
101,09

108,82
103,30
99,62
96,64

109,98
103,55
100,64
99,92

110,23
102,54
101,49
100,47

109,64
103,64
96,26
97,19

105,71
107,72

107,80
110,64

105,22
107,02

106,14
103,32

107,19

105,87

107,40

108,00

107,34

115,44

116,00

113,71

106,19
99,37
107,19

112,73
102,11
109,44

113,04
104,79
112,16

115,07
112,64
113,77

104,29
104,76

106,90
104,78

113,82
109,28

115,69
100,02

Total industry, construction


and services
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management and
decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

Cheltuieli directe cu fora de munc (salariale)


Labour direct expenditure (salary)
Total industrie, construcii
i servicii
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare

105,38

107,13

107,29

107,49

105,46
107,24

113,02
108,05

107,05
107,22

108,09
105,78

103,96

105,89

106,56

107,91

104,96
105,82

103,74
104,05

105,23
104,86

104,19
101,02

108,76
102,88
99,68
97,76

109,92
103,13
100,71
101,08

110,17
102,13
101,56
101,64

109,58
103,21
96,32
98,32

105,03
106,99

107,11
109,89

104,54
106,29

105,46
102,62

Total industry, construction


and services
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

185

4.16

Indicii trimestriali ai costului forei de munc, pe activiti ale economiei


naionale, n anul 2012 - continuare
Quarterly labour cost indices, by activity of national economy, in 2012 - continued
Serie ajustat dup efectul zilelor lucrtoare i sezonier 2)
Working days and seasonally adjusted series 2)

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale
i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

%, fa de acelai trimestru din anul precedent


% as against the same quarter of previous year

Trim.I
Q.I

Trim.II
Q.II

Trim.III
Q.III

Trim.IV
Q.IV

106,86

105,54

107,07

107,66

106,79

114,85

115,40

113,13

106,16
99,44
107,38

112,70
102,18
109,63

113,01
104,86
112,36

115,05
112,72
113,98

104,09
104,54

106,69
104,56

113,60
109,05

115,46
99,81

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

Cheltuieli indirecte cu fora de munc (non-salariale)


Labour indirect expenditure (non - salary)
Total industrie, construcii
i servicii
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Construcii
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor
Transport i depozitare
Hoteluri i restaurante
Informaii i comunicaii
Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri
Tranzacii imobiliare
Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice
Activiti de servicii administrative i
activiti de servicii suport
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)
nvmnt
Sntate i asisten social
Activiti de spectacole, culturale
i recreative
Alte activiti de servicii

105,63

107,39

107,52

107,74

101,13
108,39

108,38
109,21

102,66
108,37

103,65
106,92

103,62

105,54

106,22

107,56

105,13
106,16

103,91
104,39

105,40
105,19

104,36
101,34

109,03
104,80
99,38
92,81

110,20
105,05
100,40
95,96

110,44
104,03
101,25
96,49

109,85
105,14
96,02
93,34

108,13
110,44

110,27
113,43

107,63
109,72

108,57
105,93

108,39

107,05

108,60

109,20

109,36

117,60

118,17

115,84

106,27
99,12
106,52

112,82
101,86
108,75

113,12
104,53
111,46

115,16
112,36
113,06

105,02
105,58

107,65
105,59

114,61
110,13

116,50
100,80

Total industry, construction


and services
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, steam and
air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities
Construction
Wholesale and retail; repair of
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Hotels and restaurants
Information and communication
Financial intermediation
and insurance
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific
and technical activities
Activities of administrative services
and of support services
Public administration and defence;
social insurance of public sector1)
Education
Health and social assistance
Shows, culture and
recreation activities
Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).

2) Date provizorii. / Provisional data.

186

4.17

Indicatori structurali din statisticile ctigurilor salariale


i costului forei de munc
Structural indicators of earnings and labour cost statistics
procente / percentage

Indicatori structurali

2010

2011 2012 Structural Indicators

Disparitatea salarial de gen1)


Sarcina fiscal asupra costului forei de munc 2)
Capcana omajului 2)
pentru urmtoarele cazuri:
- fr rencadrare n munc pe durata
perioadei de omaj 3)
- cu rencadrare n munc
dup 2 luni de omaj 4)

12,6
43,3

70,6

11,8 10,6 Gender pay gap1)


43,3 43,5 Tax wedge on labour cost 2)
Unemployment trap 2)
for the following cases:
- without rehiring during
63,6 63,2
unemployment period 3)

59,7

54,6 54,2

30,6

Low wage trap 2)


for the following cases:
31,0 31,0 - single person, without children
- one-earner couple
34,4 34,3
with two children

Capcana salariului mic 2)


pentru urmtoarele cazuri:
- persoan necstorit, fr copii
- cuplu cstorit, cu doi copii,
din care un singur printe lucreaz
Sarcina fiscal asupra
ctigului disponibil 2)
pentru urmtoarele cazuri:
- persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW
- persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
100% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW
- persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
167% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW
- persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
50% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW
- persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
80% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW
- persoan necstorit, fr copii, care realizeaz
125% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW
- persoan necstorit, cu 2 copii, care realizeaz
67% din ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW
- cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, un singur printe
lucreaz i realizeaz 100% din ctigul
salarial mediu brut al AW
- cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz,
unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din
ctigul salarial mediu brut al AW
- cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz,
fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial
mediu brut al AW
- cuplu cstorit, cu 2 copii, ambii prini lucreaz,
unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 67% din ctigul
salarial mediu brut al AW
- cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz,
unul realizeaz 100%, iar cellalt 33% din ctigul
salarial mediu brut al AW
- cuplu cstorit, fr copii, ambii soi lucreaz,
fiecare realizeaz 100% din ctigul salarial
mediu brut al AW

31,0

27,1

27,4 27,6

28,7

28,8 28,9

29,9

29,9 29,8

25,7

25,9 26,1

27,9

28,1 28,2

29,3

29,5 29,6

12,1

19,3 13,3

19,7

23,6 23,9

22,8

23,3 23,6

26,0

26,4 26,6

24,6

25,0 25,3

27,4

27,6 27,7

28,7

28,8 28,9

- with rehiring after two unemployment months 4)

Tax wedge on disposable


earnings (net earnings) 2)
for the following cases:
- single person without children, earnings
67% of the average gross earnings of AW
- single person without children, earnings
100% of the average gross earnings of AW
- single person without children, earnings
167% of the average gross earnings of AW
- single person without children, earnings
50% of the average gross earnings of AW
- single person without children, earnings
80% of the average gross earnings of AW
- single person without children, earnings
125% of the average gross earnings of AW
- single person with 2 children, earnings
67% of the average gross earnings of AW
- married couple with 2 children, only one
parent is working and earns 100%
of the average gross earnings of AW
- married couple with 2 children, both parents
are working, one earns 100% and the other
earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW
- married couple with 2 children, both parents
are working and earn 100% of the
average gross earnings of AW
- married couple with 2 children, both parents
are working, one earns 100% and the other
earns 67% of the average gross earnings of AW
- married couple with no children, both persons
are working, one earns 100% and the other
earns 33% of the average gross earnings of AW
- married couple with no children, both persons
are working and earn 100% of the
average gross earnings of AW

1) Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra salariilor n luna octombrie. / Source: Survey on wages in October.
2) Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc i legislaia naional n vigoare la 1 iulie a anului pentru care se calculeaz

indicatorul.
Source: Labour cost survey and the national legislation in force on July 1st of the year for which the structural indicator
is computed.
3) Date comparabile cu seria precedent (cu excepia perioadei de referin pentru legislaia naional, care se modific din 1 ianuarie n
1 iulie).
Comparable data with previous series (except reference period for national legislation changed on January 1st to July 1st).
4) Conform metodologiei revizuite OECD. / According to OECD revised methodology.

187

4.18

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc, pe activiti


ale economiei naionale, n anul 2012
Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost, by activity
of national economy, in 2012
Structura (%)

Structure (%)

Sume brute pltite direct salariailor


Gross amounts directly paid to employees
Costul mediu
lunar al forei
de munc, pe
un salariat
- lei Average monthly
labour cost, per
employee
- lei -

Costul
mediu orar
al forei
de munc
- lei / or Average
hourly
labour cost
- lei / hour -

Total

2675

15,57

77,7

74,5

2,6

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit

1947

11,35

77,7

74,7

2,5

Industrie
Industrie extractiv
Industrie prelucrtoare

2807
5535
2493

16,24
33,03
14,39

76,6
72,7
77,1

72,0
68,3
72,4

3,9
3,4
4,0

Activitatea
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2)

Producia i furnizarea de energie


electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare

5413

31,45

Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc


Other labour expenses of the unit

Din fondul de Din profitul net


salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri
premii i
(inclusiv Din fondul
drepturi
drepturi de asigurri
Total
n natur)
n natur)
sociale
Of salary funds
Of net profit
Of social
(including and other funds
insurance
premiums and
(including
funds
benefits in kind) benefits in kind)

75,7

70,9

4,1

Contribuia
Contribuia
pentru protecia pentru asigurri
social a
i protecie
omerilor
social
Contribution to
Contribution to
unemployed
insurance and
social protection social protection

Total

Pentru
formarea
profesional
Vocational
training

0,6

22,3

0,2

0,4

21,1

0,6

Total

0,5

22,3

**)

0,4

21,1

0,8

Agriculture, forestry and fishing

0,7
1,0
0,7

23,4
27,3
22,9

0,3
1,1
0,2

0,4
0,4
0,4

21,7
23,7
21,6

1,0
2,1
0,7

Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing

0,7

24,3

0,4

0,4

22,0

Alte
cheltuieli
Other
expenditure

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 sections)

1,5

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply
Water supply; sewerage,
waste management
and decontamination activities

2526

14,68

77,7

73,8

3,2

0,7

22,3

0,2

0,4

21,1

0,6

2111

12,36

77,8

75,6

1,6

0,6

22,2

0,1

0,4

21,3

0,4

Construction

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul;


repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 2253

13,20

78,5

76,0

2,0

0,5

21,5

0,1

0,4

20,8

0,2

Wholesale and retail; repair of motor


vehicles and motorcycles

Transport i depozitare

2889

16,92

77,4

73,6

3,1

0,7

22,6

0,3

0,4

21,1

0,8

Transport and storage

Hoteluri i restaurante

1469

8,64

78,3

76,6

1,2

0,5

21,7

**)

0,4

21,0

0,3

Hotels and restaurants

Informaii i comunicaii

5158

30,10

78,4

76,9

1,1

0,4

21,6

0,2

0,4

20,7

0,3

Information and communication

Intermedieri financiare
i asigurri

6367

36,83

78,1

73,8

3,3

1,0

21,9

0,3

0,4

19,7

1,5

Financial intermediation
and insurance

Tranzacii imobiliare

2248

13,18

78,1

75,7

2,0

0,4

21,9

0,2

0,4

20,7

0,6

Real estate activities

Activiti profesionale,
tiinifice i tehnice

3886

22,81

78,1

76,2

1,4

0,5

21,9

0,2

0,4

20,8

0,5

Professional, scientific
and technical activities

Activiti de servicii administrative


i activiti de servicii suport

1799

10,48

78,3

75,7

2,2

0,4

21,7

0,1

0,4

21,1

0,1

Activities of administrative services


and of support services

Administraie public i aprare;


asigurri sociale din sistemul public1)

3026

17,65

77,8

76,6

0,5

0,7

22,2

0,1

0,4

20,4

1,3

Public administration and defence;


social insurance of public sector1)

Construcii

nvmnt

2430

14,03

78,5

76,4

1,7

0,4

21,5

**)

0,4

21,0

0,1

Education

Sntate i asisten social

2545

14,78

79,0

75,0

3,1

0,9

21,0

0,1

0,4

20,4

0,1

Health and social assistance

Activiti de spectacole, culturale


i recreative

2070

11,99

78,4

76,3

1,6

0,5

21,6

0,1

0,4

20,9

0,2

Shows, culture and


recreation activities

Alte activiti de servicii

1616

9,34

78,0

76,2

1,5

0,3

22,0

**)

0,4

21,1

0,5

Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Afacerilor Interne, Serviciul Romn de Informaii etc.).

Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2012. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2012.

188

189

4.19

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc,


pe activiti ale industriei, n anul 2012
Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost,
by activity of industry, in 2012
Structura (%)

Structure (%)

Sume brute pltite direct salariailor


Gross amounts directly paid to employees
Costul mediu
lunar al forei
de munc, pe
un salariat
- lei Average monthly
labour cost, per
employee
- lei -

Costul
mediu orar
al forei
de munc
- lei / or Average
hourly
labour cost
- lei / hour -

Total - Industrie

2807

16,24

76,6

72,0

3,9

Industrie extractiv

5535

33,03

72,7

68,3

Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior


Extracia petrolului brut i
a gazelor naturale
Extracia minereurilor metalifere
Alte activiti extractive
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei

5075

32,46

70,1

7263
4168
2509
4974

41,45
27,54
14,70
29,08

Industrie prelucrtoare

2493

Industria alimentar
Fabricarea buturilor
Fabricarea produselor din tutun
Fabricarea produselor textile
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea
articolelor de voiaj i marochinrie,
harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea
produselor din lemn i plut, cu excepia
mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din paie i
din alte materiale vegetale mpletite
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor
din hrtie
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori
a nregistrrilor
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a
produselor obinute din prelucrarea ieiului
Fabricarea substanelor i a
produselor chimice
Fabricarea produselor
farmaceutice de baz i
a preparatelor farmaceutice
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i
mase plastice
Fabricarea altor produse din
minerale nemetalice
Industria metalurgic

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc


Other labour expenses of the unit

Din fondul de Din profitul net


salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri
premii i
(inclusiv Din fondul
drepturi
drepturi de asigurri
Total
n natur)
n natur)
sociale
Of salary funds
Of net profit
Of social
(including and other funds
insurance
premiums and
(including
funds
benefits in kind) benefits in kind)

Contribuia
Contribuia
pentru protecia pentru asigurri
social a
i protecie
omerilor
social
Contribution to
Contribution to
unemployed
insurance and
social protection social protection

Total

Pentru
formarea
profesional
Vocational
training

0,7

23,4

0,3

0,4

21,7

1,0

Total - Industry

3,4

1,0

27,3

1,1

0,4

23,7

2,1

Mining and quarrying

64,7

4,1

1,3

29,9

0,1

0,4

28,1

1,3

72,9
72,7
77,1
76,3

68,5
68,7
74,2
74,1

3,5
3,3
2,4
1,6

0,9
0,7
0,5
0,6

27,1
27,3
22,9
23,7

2,0
0,3
0,2
0,4

0,4
0,3
0,4
0,4

21,9
26,6
21,7
22,2

2,8
0,1
0,6
0,7

Mining of coal and lignite


Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Mining of metal ores
Other mining and quarrying
Mining support service activities

14,39

77,1

72,4

4,0

0,7

22,9

0,2

0,4

21,6

0,7

Manufacturing

1794
3665
6848
2002
1652

10,42
21,08
39,32
11,47
9,55

78,0
77,8
75,7
77,9
78,4

74,6
74,2
72,4
71,9
71,1

2,8
3,1
2,9
5,3
6,5

0,6
0,5
0,4
0,7
0,8

22,0
22,2
24,3
22,1
21,6

0,1
0,2
1,4
0,1
**)

0,4
0,4
0,4
0,3
0,4

21,1
20,2
22,3
21,2
20,8

0,4
1,4
0,2
0,5
0,4

1720

9,95

78,3

71,5

6,1

0,7

21,7

**)

0,4

21,1

0,2

1754

10,17

78,2

74,0

3,7

0,5

21,8

0,1

0,4

21,1

0,2

2515

14,75

77,8

73,5

3,7

0,6

22,2

0,4

0,4

21,1

0,3

2631

15,42

78,4

73,6

4,3

0,5

21,6

0,1

0,4

20,9

0,2

4856

27,56

76,4

72,1

3,7

0,6

23,6

0,9

0,3

21,1

1,3

3627

20,63

77,0

71,3

5,1

0,6

23,0

0,2

0,4

21,5

0,9

4205

24,47

77,4

74,1

2,6

0,7

22,6

0,3

0,4

21,0

0,9

2719

15,66

77,5

73,2

3,7

0,6

22,5

0,3

0,4

21,3

0,5

2925
3825

16,94
22,41

76,3
71,8

72,7
68,3

2,9
3,0

0,7
0,5

23,7
28,2

0,4
0,1

0,4
0,4

21,2
24,6

1,7
3,1

Manufacture of food products


Manufacture of beverages
Manufacture of tobacco products
Manufacture of textiles
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tanning and dressing of leather;
manufacture of travel and leather
goods, harness and footwear
preparation and dyeing of furs
Manufacture of wood and of
products of wood and cork, except
furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Manufacture of paper
and paper products
Printing and reproduction of
recorded media
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Manufacture of chemicals and
chemical products
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical
products and pharmaceutical
preparations
Manufacture of rubber
and plastic products
Manufacture of other
non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of basic metals

Alte
cheltuieli
Other
expenditure

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2012. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2012.

190

191

4.19

Costul mediu lunar i costul mediu orar al forei de munc,


pe activiti ale industriei, n anul 2012 - continuare
Average monthly labour cost and average hourly labour cost,
by activity of industry, in 2012 - continued
Structura (%)

Structure (%)

Sume brute pltite direct salariailor


Gross amounts directly paid to employees

Activitatea
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2)

Costul mediu
lunar al forei
de munc, pe
un salariat
- lei Average monthly
labour cost, per
employee
- lei -

Industria construciilor metalice i a


produselor din metal, exclusiv
maini, utilaje i instalaii
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a
produselor electronice i optice
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje
i echipamente n.c.a.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor
Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport
Fabricarea de mobil
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze,
ap cald i aer condiionat
Distribuia apei; salubritate,
gestionarea deeurilor,
activiti de decontaminare
Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate
Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare

Costul
mediu orar
al forei
de munc
- lei / or Average
hourly
labour cost
- lei / hour -

Alte cheltuieli ale unitii cu fora de munc


Other labour expenses of the unit

Din fondul de Din profitul net


salarii (inclusiv i alte fonduri
premii i
(inclusiv Din fondul
drepturi
drepturi de asigurri
Total
n natur)
n natur)
sociale
Of salary funds
Of net profit
Of social
(including and other funds
insurance
premiums and
(including
funds
benefits in kind) benefits in kind)

Total

Pentru
formarea
profesional
Vocational
training

Contribuia
Contribuia
pentru protecia pentru asigurri
social a
i protecie
omerilor
social
Contribution to
Contribution to
unemployed
insurance and
social protection social protection

Alte
cheltuieli
Other
expenditure

Activity
(CANE Rev.2 divisions)

2434

14,12

77,6

73,7

3,3

0,6

22,4

0,1

0,4

21,3

0,6

3450
2879

19,68
16,87

77,7
77,2

74,1
73,0

3,0
3,5

0,6
0,7

22,3
22,8

0,2
0,2

0,4
0,4

21,4
21,3

0,3
0,9

3049

17,69

77,3

73,2

3,4

0,7

22,7

0,3

0,4

21,2

0,8

3356
3726
1758
1862

19,18
20,89
10,08
10,79

76,4
77,5
77,8
78,6

71,0
73,2
72,5
72,8

4,6
3,5
4,6
5,1

0,8
0,8
0,7
0,7

23,6
22,5
22,2
21,4

0,5
0,2
**)
**)

0,4
0,4
0,4
0,4

22,1
21,1
21,3
20,7

0,6
0,8
0,5
0,3

2736

15,81

76,3

73,3

2,3

0,7

23,7

0,2

0,4

22,2

0,9

Manufacture of fabricated
metal products, except
machinery and equipment
Manufacture of computers, electronic
and optical products
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Manufacture of machinery
and equipment n.e.c.
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Manufacture of other transport equipment
Manufacture of furniture
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment

1,5

Electricity, gas, steam


and air conditioning
production and supply

5413

31,45

75,7

70,9

4,1

0,7

24,3

0,4

0,4

22,0

2526

14,68

77,7

73,8

3,2

0,7

22,3

0,2

0,4

21,1

0,6

3087
2684

17,97
15,30

77,7
77,5

73,0
74,3

4,0
2,5

0,7
0,7

22,3
22,5

0,3
0,2

0,4
0,4

21,0
21,3

0,6
0,6

2001

11,63

77,7

74,8

2,3

0,6

22,3

0,1

0,4

21,3

0,5

Water supply; sewerage,


waste management
and decontamination activities
Water catchment, treatment
and distribution
Used water collection and purification
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery; activities and
services of decontamination

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2012. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2012.

192

193

4.20

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor


Total expenditure of households

Total gospodrii / Total households


2009
2010
2011
2012

din care, gospodrii de:


Salariai / Employees
Agricultori
2009
2010
2011
2012
2009
2010
lei, lunar pe o gospodrie

Cheltuieli totale

2047,33 2062,95 2183,76 2244,47 2707,51 2722,89 2794,38 2898,72 1723,39 1618,49
procente

Cheltuieli bneti
din care, pentru:
Cumprarea de alimente
i buturi consumate
Cumprarea de mrfuri
nealimentare
Plata serviciilor
Cheltuieli pentru investiii
Cheltuieli de producie
Impozite, contribuii,
cotizaii, taxe
Contravaloarea consumului
de produse agricole
din resurse proprii

4.21

Pensionari / Pensioners
2009
2010
2011
2012

lei, monthly per household


2002,30 1965,74 1556,06 1615,92 1631,34 1655,29 1639,60 1685,39 1805,36 1823,92

Total expenditure

percentage

84,5

84,1

81,8

82,7

91,8

91,3

90,9

90,5

55,4

56,0

47,9

52,2

84,8

83,7

82,7

84,3

80,1

79,8

78,1

22,3

22,1

21,8

22,4

21,2

21,1

21,3

21,4

17,8

18,4

16,4

18,0

27,8

27,9

27,4

28,5

23,5

23,0

22,7

22,2
17,8
1,3
1,2

22,1
18,2
1,5
1,1

21,1
17,6
0,8
1,1

21,4
18,0
0,5
1,0

21,6
18,9
0,9
0,4

21,2
19,1
1,2
0,4

21,0
18,9
0,6
0,4

21,0
19,2
0,3
0,3

17,4
8,8
1,5
4,0

17,8
9,1
1,9
3,6

15,0
8,6
0,6
2,8

16,7
8,9
0,8
2,7

21,8
20,2
0,7
0,5

20,3
21,6
0,4
0,8

20,4
20,4
0,4
0,7

18,7
22,6
0,4
0,3

23,6
17,8
1,5
1,9

23,8
17,9
1,5
1,8

22,2
17,5
1,0
1,8

16,2

15,7

16,1

16,3

25,7

25,3

25,8

25,5

3,3

2,7

2,2

2,5

10,6

10,2

10,8

11,4

7,7

7,4

8,8

15,5

15,9

18,2

17,3

8,2

8,7

9,1

9,5

44,6

44,0

52,1

47,8

15,2

16,3

17,3

15,7

19,9

20,2

21,9

78,8 Money expenditure


of which, for:
Purchasing consumed
23,7
food and beverages
Purchasing non-food
23,2
goods
17,6
Payment of services
0,4
Expenditure for investment
1,6
Production expenditure
Taxes, contributions,
8,3
dues, fees
Equivalent value of agricultural
products consumption
21,2 from own resources

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, grupate dup numrul persoanelor din


componen, n anul 2012
Total expenditure of households, grouped by number of component persons,
in 2012
Total
gospodrii
Total
households

Gospodrii cu:
1 persoan
1 person

2 persoane
2 persons

3 persoane
3 persons

lei, lunar pe o persoan


Cheltuieli totale

780,92

1091,14

976,27

866,83
procente

Cheltuieli bneti
din care, pentru:
Cumprarea de alimente i buturi consumate
Cumprarea de mrfuri nealimentare
Plata serviciilor
Cheltuieli pentru investiii
Cheltuieli de producie
Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe
Contravaloarea consumului de
produse agricole din resurse proprii

194

of which households of:


Farmers
omeri / Unemployed
2011
2012
2009
2010
2011
2012

Households with:
4 persoane
4 persons

5 persoane
5 persons

6 persoane i mai multe


6 persons and more

lei, monthly per person


699,99

595,44

483,20

Total expenditure

percentage

82,7

83,3

84,3

86,7

82,7

77,0

69,4

22,4
21,4
18,0
0,5
1,0
16,3

25,8
20,2
22,1
0,2
0,9
10,3

22,6
22,4
18,8
0,5
1,2
14,7

22,0
21,7
18,7
0,3
0,6
20,5

21,6
21,2
17,7
0,6
0,7
18,3

21,7
21,6
15,0
0,7
1,2
14,2

22,7
19,4
12,5
0,4
2,0
9,8

17,3

16,7

15,7

13,3

17,3

23,0

30,6

Money expenditure
of which, for:
Purchasing consumed food and beverages
Purchasing non-food goods
Payment of services
Expenditure for investment
Production expenditure
Taxes, contributions, dues, fees
Equivalent value of agricultural products
consumption from own resources

195

4.22

Cheltuielile totale ale gospodriilor, pe decile, n anul 2012 (total gospodrii)


Total expenditure of households, by decile, in 2012 (total households)
Decila de venit total pe o persoan1) (lei):
Decila 1 pn la
Decile 1 up to
260

Decila 2
Decile 2
260 - 372

Decila 3
Decile 3
372 - 471

Decila 4
Decile 4
471 - 571

Decila 5
Decile 5
571 - 676

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie


Cheltuieli totale

1397,27

Cheltuieli bneti
din care, pentru:
Cumprarea de alimente i buturi
consumate
Cumprarea de mrfuri nealimentare
Plata serviciilor
Cheltuieli pentru investiii
Cheltuieli de producie
Impozite, contribuii, cotizaii, taxe
Contravaloarea consumului de
produse agricole din resurse proprii

1614,75

1682,75

1874,79

Decile of total income per person1) (lei):


Decila 6
Decile 6
676 - 791

Decila 7
Decile 7
791 - 929

Decila 8
Decile 8
929 - 1125

Decila 9
Decile 9
1125 - 1474

Decila 10 peste
Decile 10 over
1474

2374,49

2597,60

2901,51

3910,44

lei, monthly per household

2021,61

2069,14

procente

percentage

55,7

65,4

71,3

75,8

79,4

83,4

86,1

89,5

93,0

95,0

25,3
14,6
11,5
0,4
0,8
1,0

24,7
18,1
13,4
0,2
1,3
5,4

24,1
20,4
14,3
0,2
1,7
7,9

23,8
20,6
15,6
0,4
1,9
10,4

23,1
21,0
17,7
0,4
1,4
12,6

23,7
21,7
18,8
0,5
0,9
14,6

22,7
21,8
19,7
0,6
0,9
17,0

22,6
22,9
19,8
0,4
0,7
19,8

21,6
22,8
20,7
0,4
0,4
23,4

18,1
24,2
20,5
0,7
0,4
27,8

44,3

34,6

28,7

24,2

20,6

16,6

13,9

10,5

7,0

5,0

Total expenditure

Money expenditure
of which, for:
Purchasing consumed food and
beverages
Purchasing non-food goods
Payment of services
Expenditure for investment
Production expenditure
Taxes, contributions, dues, fees
Equivalent value of agricultural products
consumption from own resources

1) Intervalele de venit sunt exprimate n preurile lunii ianuarie 2012. / Income intervals are expressed in the prices of January 2012.

4.23

Structura cheltuielilor totale de consum ale gospodriilor


Structure of total consumption expenditure of households

Total gospodrii / Total households


2009
2010
2011
2012

din care, gospodrii de:


Salariai / Employees
Agricultori
2009
2010
2011
2012
2009
2010
lei, lunar pe o gospodrie

Cheltuieli totale
de consum

1468,60 1486,43 1532,29 1614,06 1836,94 1849,57 1890,82 1981,02 1103,67 1065,70
procente

Produse agroalimentare
i buturi nealcoolice
40,9
Buturi alcoolice, tutun
7,1
mbrcminte i nclminte 6,0
Locuin, ap, electricitate,
gaze i ali combustibili
15,8
Mobilier, dotarea i
ntreinerea locuinei
4,6
Sntate
4,5
Transport
5,8
Comunicaii
5,1
Recreere i cultur
4,4
Educaie
0,9
Hoteluri, cafenele
i restaurante
1,3
Diverse produse
i servicii
3,6

196

of which households of:


Farmers
omeri / Unemployed
2011
2012
2009
2010
2011
2012

Pensionari / Pensioners
2009
2010
2011
2012

lei, monthly per household


1171,32 1266,60 1265,17 1317,84 1310,60 1356,36 1253,30 1286,43 1330,71 1393,05

Total consumption
expenditure

percentage

41,0
7,7
5,4

41,7
7,6
5,0

41,9
7,8
5,0

37,4
7,1
7,0

37,6
8,1
6,4

37,9
8,0
6,0

38,0
8,3
5,9

53,2
9,7
5,8

53,8
10,1
5,4

54,4
9,4
4,9

55,1
9,2
5,4

45,6
8,4
4,3

45,8
7,9
4,1

46,4
7,8
4,1

47,1
7,3
3,5

42,6
6,4
4,9

42,4
6,6
4,3

43,3
6,6
3,8

43,7
6,8
3,9

16,6

16,3

16,7

15,1

15,9

15,9

16,3

11,5

11,7

12,0

11,5

15,6

16,8

17,1

18,9

17,6

18,4

17,9

18,0

4,0
4,5
6,0
5,0
4,0
0,7

4,0
4,7
6,0
4,7
4,1
0,6

3,8
4,3
6,1
4,8
3,8
0,6

4,9
2,4
7,2
6,0
5,4
1,3

4,1
2,4
7,3
5,8
4,9
1,1

4,0
2,9
7,6
5,5
4,7
0,8

4,0
2,5
7,7
5,5
4,4
1,0

3,5
1,9
5,2
3,2
2,4
0,4

3,1
1,9
5,3
3,1
2,5
0,1

3,2
1,8
4,7
3,1
3,1
0,2

3,3
1,7
4,1
3,2
3,0
0,1

3,8
2,2
6,5
5,3
3,5
0,6

3,6
2,7
5,0
5,4
3,3
0,8

3,8
2,8
4,7
5,0
3,1
0,7

3,0
3,1
4,4
5,4
2,9
0,4

4,5
7,8
4,0
4,3
3,7
0,6

4,2
7,9
4,5
4,2
3,3
0,3

4,2
8,0
4,3
4,0
3,5
0,4

3,9
7,7
4,6
4,1
3,2
0,2

1,3

1,3

1,3

1,6

1,6

1,7

1,7

1,0

1,0

1,1

1,2

1,0

1,2

0,8

0,9

0,8

0,8

0,7

0,7

3,8

4,0

3,9

4,6

4,8

5,0

4,7

2,2

2,0

2,1

2,2

3,2

3,4

3,7

3,1

2,8

3,1

3,3

3,2

Agro-food products and


non - alcoholic drinks
Beverages, tobacco
Clothing and footwear
Housing, water, electricity,
gas and other fuels
Furniture, dwelling
endowment and maintenance
Health
Transport
Communications
Leisure and culture
Education
Hotels, cafees and
restaurants
Miscelaneous products
and services

197

4.24

Structura cheltuielilor bneti de consum ale gospodriilor


Structure of money expenditure for households consumption
Total din care, gospodrii de: / of which, households of:
gospodrii
Total
Salariai Agricultori
omeri Pensionari
households Employees
Farmers Unemployed Pensioners

2007

2007
lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household

Cheltuieli bneti
de consum - total

946,00

1318,78

507,70

793,85

725,15

Money expenditure
for consumption- total

procente / percentage
pentru:
Produse alimentare
Mrfuri nealimentare
Plata serviciilor

35,8
35,4
28,8

33,9
35,7
30,4

41,8
38,0
20,2

40,1
30,9
29,0

37,3
34,9
27,8

2008

for:
Food products
Non-food goods
Payment of services
2008

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household


Cheltuieli bneti
de consum - total

1185,33

1573,16

619,91

932,03

958,52

Money expenditure
for consumption- total

procente / percentage
pentru:
Produse alimentare
Mrfuri nealimentare
Plata serviciilor

35,9
36,2
27,9

34,4
36,0
29,6

42,3
37,5
20,2

41,4
31,3
27,3

36,8
36,4
26,8

2009

for:
Food products
Non-food goods
Payment of services
2009

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household


Cheltuieli bneti
de consum - total

1275,03

1670,16

758,07

1085,74

1063,67

Money expenditure
for consumption- total

procente / percentage
pentru:
Produse alimentare
Mrfuri nealimentare
Plata serviciilor

35,7
35,7
28,6

34,4
35,0
30,6

40,4
39,6
20,0

39,9
31,2
28,9

36,2
36,4
27,4

2010

for:
Food products
Non-food goods
Payment of services
2010

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household


Cheltuieli bneti
de consum - total

1286,29

1672,82

733,23

1128,20

1090,90

Money expenditure
for consumption- total

procente / percentage
pentru:
Produse alimentare
Mrfuri nealimentare
Plata serviciilor

35,5
35,4
29,1

34,3
34,5
31,2

40,6
39,4
20,0

39,9
29,2
30,9

35,6
36,8
27,6

2011

for:
Food products
Non-food goods
Payment of services
2011

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household


Cheltuieli bneti
de consum - total

1320,83

1710,65

801,41

1112,25

1127,16

Money expenditure
for consumption- total

procente / percentage
pentru:
Produse alimentare
Mrfuri nealimentare
Plata serviciilor

36,1
34,8
29,1

34,8
34,3
30,9

41,0
37,6
21,4

40,1
30,0
29,9

36,4
35,6
28,0

2012

for:
Food products
Non-food goods
Payment of services
2012

lei, lunar pe o gospodrie / lei, monthly per household


Cheltuieli bneti
de consum - total

1387,90

1787,00

856,40

1156,18

1175,90

Money expenditure
for consumption- total

procente / percentage
pentru:
Produse alimentare
Mrfuri nealimentare
Plata serviciilor

198

36,2
34,7
29,1

34,8
34,0
31,2

41,2
38,3
20,5

40,8
26,9
32,3

36,7
36,0
27,3

for:
Food products
Non-food goods
Payment of services

4.25

Consumul1) mediu anual, la principalele produse alimentare i buturi,


pe locuitor
Yearly average consumption1), for the main food products and beverages,
per inhabitant
U.M.

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

kg

213,4

213,6

211,7

211,3

217,7

208,0

kg

160,9

161,3

159,9

159,2

164,4

156,8

kg

99,1

104,2

98,1

103,9

103,3

104,5

kg

169,2

184,3

177,3

184,6

191,8

177,0

kg

69,9

69,8

65,7

67,0

74,7

71,0

kg

25,7

24,3

24,8

23,4

23,7

22,0

kg

14,2

15,3

16,9

18,4

16,3

16,5

litri

M.U.
Produse de origine vegetal
Crop products
Cereale i produse din cereale
Cereals and cereal products
- n echivalent boabe
- in equivalent grains
- n echivalent fin
- in equivalent flour
Cartofi
Potatoes
Legume i produse din legume (n echivalent
legume proaspete), leguminoase boabe i pepeni
Vegetables and vegetable products (equivalent
fresh vegetables), dried pulses and melons
Fructe i produse din fructe
(n echivalent fructe proaspete)
Fruit and fruit products
(equivalent fresh fruit)
Zahr i produse din zahr
(n echivalent zahr rafinat)
Sugar and confectioneries
(equivalent refined sugar)
Grsimi vegetale (greutate brut)
Vegetal fats (gross weight)
Produse de origine animal
Animal products
Lapte i produse din lapte, n echivalent
lapte de 3,5% grsime (exclusiv unt)
Milk and dairy products in equivalent
milk 3.5% fat (butter excluded)
Ou
Eggs
Pete i produse din pete (n echivalent
pete proaspt)
Fish and fish products (fresh fish equivalent)
Carne, produse din carne i organe
comestibile (n echivalent carne proaspt)
Meat, meat products and edible offals
(equivalent fresh meat)
Grsimi animale (greutate brut)
Animal fats (gross weight)
Buturi
Beverages
Buturi nealcoolice
Soft-drinks
Bere
Beer
Vin i produse din vin
Wine and wine products
Buturi alcoolice distilate
(n echivalent alcool 100%)
Distilled alcoholic beverages
(in equivalent alcohol 100%)

260,7

266,7

262,8

237,1

241,3

233,7

litres
buci
pieces

276

280

256

253

264

245

kg

3,9

4,2

5,1

4,9

3,9

4,2

kg

68,8

69,7

71,2

63,5

59,4

58,7

kg

3,4

3,5

4,1

3,6

3,0

3,3

litri
litres
litri
litres
litri
litres

151,22)

167,6

164,3

163,7

148,8

150,5

94,9

96,9

87,4

81,3

84,3

90,1

24,1

25,8

23,4

22,2

21,3

21,1

litri

1,7

2,5

2,1

1,7

1,3

1,1

litres

Not: Pentru perioada 2007 2011 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Pentru anul 2012 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele
definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Note: For the period 2007 2011, the usual resident population on July 1st of each year was used, estimated under comparability conditions
with the final results of the Population and Housing Census 2011.
For the year 2012, the usual resident population on January 1st was used, estimated under comparability conditions with the final results
of the Population and Housing Census 2011.
1) Disponibilul de consum. / Available for consumption.
2) Exclusiv consumul de bere nealcoolic. / Excluding non - alcoholic beer consumption.

199

4.26

Consumul alimentar mediu zilnic (exprimat n calorii i factori nutritivi),


pe locuitor
Daily average food consumption (expressed in calories and nutrients),
per inhabitant

Calorii
Calories
din care: / of which:
De origine animal
Animal origin
Proteine
Proteins
din care: / of which:
De origine animal
Animal origin

U.M.
M.U.

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

numr
number

3393

3455

3450

3400

3390

3283

numr
number

941

963

936

882

857

841

grame
grams

114,7

116,7

113,5

109,4

110,0

106,6

grame
grams

59,4

60,4

58,8

54,7

53,4

52,2

Lipide
Fats
din care: / of which:
De origine animal
Animal origin

grame
grams

104,5

109,3

111,0

112,1

104,3

103,5

grame
grams

59,6

61,4

60,4

56,7

54,6

53,7

Glucide
Carbohydrates

grame
grams

476,9

479,3

477,2

466,4

481,4

459,9

Not: Pentru perioada 2007 2011 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 iulie a fiecrui an, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate
cu rezultatele definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Pentru anul 2012 s-a utilizat populaia rezident (stabil) la 1 ianuarie, estimat n condiii de comparabilitate cu rezultatele
definitive ale Recensmntului Populaiei i al Locuinelor - 2011.
Datele statistice sunt prezentate conform nomenclatorului Eurostat i FAO.
Note: For the period 2007 2011, the usual resident population on July 1st of each year was used, estimated under comparability conditions
with the final results of the Population and Housing Census 2011.
For the year 2012, the usual resident population on January 1st was used, estimated under comparability conditions with the final results
of the Population and Housing Census 2011.
Statistical data are presented according to the Eurostat and FAO nomenclature.

4.27

nzestrarea gospodriilor cu bunuri de folosin ndelungat


Households endowment with durable goods
numr mediu la 100 gospodrii / average number per 100 households

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

86,1

86,1

85,2

82,7

81,1

83,8

124,1

1