Sunteți pe pagina 1din 2

Tariff quotas: from theory to practice.

Let's start with the fact that the tariff quota is a mechanism for
regulating international trade, combining tools such as foreign trade policy
and tariff quotas. It determines the amount of goods that can be imported at a
set vnutrikvotnoy rate of customs duty, while allowing unrestricted imports of
the same product at a higher rate of customs duty.
Since the goods in respect of which the regulation, the payment of above
quota rate of customs duty may be imported without limitation volume, from
a legal point of view, tariff quotas are not quantitative import restrictions. In
other words, the use of tariff quota allows you to increase the volume of trade,
which, in principle, excluded by the action of the usual quota.
However, in some cases, above quota rate can be so high, which makes
imported goods are very expensive in the domestic market, and therefore the
volume of imports is the same as if there were traditional quotas.
Tariff quotas allow us to find a compromise between the interests of
producers and consumers, as it provides an opportunity, on the one hand to
stabilize the domestic market, avoiding sharp increase in imports, on the
other - to protect producers without serious losses for consumers.
In the framework of the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and the
Russian Federation issues of application of tariff quotas to 1 January 2010 are
governed by the Agreement on the terms and application of tariff quotas of 12
December 2008.
According to the agreement, the notion of "tariff quota" - a measure of
control over the import to the single customs territory of the Customs Union
of certain agricultural products originating in third countries, providing for
the use over a period of lower import duties when importing certain quantity
of goods (in kind or value), compared with a rate of customs duty applicable
in accordance with the Common Customs Tariff of the Customs Union.
The right to establish tariff quotas within the Common Economic Space
endowed Eurasian Economic Commission. In particular, October 29, 2013
Board of the Eurasian Economic Commission decision number 242, approved
the list of goods in respect of which in 2014 established tariff quotas, as well as
the volumes of tariff quotas for the importation of those goods into the
territory of the Member States of the Customs Union and the Common
Economic Space. For the Republic of Belarus above list includes, in
particular:
Pork, fresh, chilled or frozen (HS code 0203 TC), pork trimming (HS
Code 0203 TS 29550 2 and 0203 29 900 2) - 20 thousand tons;
frozen boneless chicken house (HS code 0207 TS 14100 1) - 10 thousand
tons;
frozen boneless meat of turkeys, frozen bone-in turkey carcass parts (HS
code 0207 TS 27100 1, 0207 27 300 1 0207 27 400 1 0207 27 600 1 0207 27 700
1) - 0,900 tons.
It should also be noted that the legislator has provided for the need to
increase the Republic of Belarus tariff quotas for pork (HS code 0203 TC) to
40 thousand tons in the event that the volume of importation into the territory

of the Republic of Belarus of the pork under the tariff quota during the first
half of 2014 at least 70 percent of its initial volume of 20 thousand tonnes.
In addition, it is necessary to note that the above tariff quotas apply to
imported into the single customs territory of the Customs Union goods placed
under the customs procedure of release for domestic consumption, except for
products originating in and imported from the states of the Commonwealth of
Independent States.
The order of distribution of tariff quotas on the territory of the Republic
of Belarus secured the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of
24.01.2014 65 "On tariff quotas on imports of pork and poultry in 2014".
Body responsible for the distribution of the Ministry of Agriculture and
Food of the Republic of Belarus. At the same time, the Ministry of Trade
provides the issuance of participants in foreign economic activities of the
relevant licenses for the import of goods under these tariff quotas. On the
basis of the above mentioned licenses, the State Customs Committee of the
Republic of Belarus provides production of pork and poultry meat imported
under tariff quotas in the customs procedure of release for domestic
consumption.
In light of the integration processes tariff quota is actively used by many
countries, including the members of the World Trade Organization.