Sunteți pe pagina 1din 4

International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014]

Numerical analysis to study the flow pattern


inside a fin-tube heat exchanger Navigation of a
Mobile Robot
Ajay Ku Gupta*, Sachindra Ku Rout, Pankaj Kumar,
Ranjit Ku Sahoo, Sunil Ku Sarangi
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National Institute of Technology
Rourkela-769008, Odisha, India
*e-mail: ajaythermal@gmail.com
Keywords: Fluent, Fin, Temperature, Heat and counter

Abstract.
A computational fluid dynamic approach has been utilized to optimize the fin shape inside a circular
tube having different shape of fins attached internal circumference of the tube. Total three type
shape (rectangular shape, T- Shape, triangular shape) of fins is utilized for this numerical analysis.
The tube length is taken 5m and dimeter of 0.07m. For all case volume of fins remains constant
factor with Reynolds number 1200 and constant wall heat flux of 200 W/m2. For this analysis a
commercial package FLUENT is used. The present paper shows how the fluid temperature, pressure
and velocity changes in axial direction for changing the fin shape. Result shows that for triangular
fin shape there optimum heat transfer between other configuration of fin.
Introduction
Laminar mixed convection and conduction across a heated finned tube has practical implications.
Internally finned tubes are commonly used in engineering applications as effective and
efficient means to improve convective heat transfer in compact heat exchangers. In light of
recent economic and environmental concerns, researchers are aggressively looking for new
methods of heat transfer control both in external finned and internal finned heat exchangers.
Internally finned tubes perform differently depending on whether the flow is laminar or
turbulent. Laminar flow heat transfer in tubes finds wide engineering applications in many
practical fields which includes heating or cooling of viscous liquids in the process industries,
heating or cooling of oils, heating of circulating fluid in solar collectors, heat transfer in
compact heat exchangers etc. For laminar flow and heat transfer, comprehensive experimental
and numerical investigations have been performed for variable fluid properties, mixed
convection and fin geometry. Heat transfer augmentation techniques play a vital role here since
heat transfer coefficients are generally low for laminar flow in plain tubes. Designing a
tubular heat exchanger with fins having different shapes and sizes is one such augmentation
technique discussed in this paper. When an array of fins is used to enhance heat transfer, the
prime focus is to optimize geometry of fins which will maximize the heat transfer rate under
space and cost constraints. The heat transfer to the fluid flowing through a finned tube by the
heat dissipating surfaces can be obtained mainly by using the mechanisms of heat transfer by
forced convection. Extensive work has been carried out by different researchers to analyze
ISBN 978-93-80609-17-1
1210

International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014]

heat transfer rate and pressure drop characteristics from tubes having fins of various shapes
(rectangular, triangular, T-sectional, twisted). Experimental investigations have been performed
by different researchers to study the friction factor, heat transfer rate, and pressure drop and
temperature distribution of tube wall. Micro fins offer effective heat transfer and are more suitable
as better heat exchanging medium than twisted tubes. Smit and Meyer [1] performed an
experiment to compare three different (micro fins, twisted tapes and high fins) heat transfer
enhancement methods to that of smooth tubes using the geotropic refrigerant mixture R-22/R142b. The results corroborated the effectiveness of micro fins over twisted tubes. O Brien and
Sohal [3] investigated experimentally forced convection heat transfer in a narrow rectangular duct
fitted with a circular tube and/or a delta-winglet pair. They obtained a comparison of local
and average heat transfer distributions for the circular tube with and without winglets and found
at higher Reynolds numbers the enhancement level is close to 50%. Moreover, the combined
effect of heat transfer rate and pressure drop depends on the enhancement of baseline
winglet pair. Rout et a. [6] numerically studied the various type fin configuration and how they
affects the performance of a internally finned tube. They also stated that triangular shape fin gives a
better heat transfer enhancement. Experimental outcomes in a comparative study with 1-inline,
3-inline and 7-inline show that the relative performance reduces as the number of inline
winglets increase from 1 to 7.
Mathematical Modeling
The Computational investigation is carried out for an internally finned tube of diameter, D and
length, L as shown in Fig. 1. Air enters into
the tube at one end whereas the other end is
exposed to the surrounding atmosphere.
Longitudinal fins are placed symmetrically
around inner periphery of the tube. The
investigation is initiated with the rectangular
fins of length Lf, width Wf and height, Hf
as shown in Fig. 1 and subsequently the
cross sectional area of the fin has been
Figure 1: Schematic diagram of computational
changed to triangular and T shapes. The domain and the boundary condition applied to it
flow field in the domain would be
computed by using three-dimensional, incompressible Navier-Stokes equations (2D axisymmetric model for simple tube) along with the energy equations. The fluid used in the
simulation is air, at temperatures of 300 to 700 K, and is treated to be incompressible, at the inlet
face of the tube with an inlet velocity of 0.264 m/s.
Results and Discussion
Fig. 2 shows the temperature counters inside a circular tube which is attached with different shape
of fins, internal circumference to it. The first column shows the temperature couture for rectangular
shape fin, the second column shows the temperature couture for T- shape fin, the Third column
shows the temperature counter for triangular shape fin. The row (a) shows the temperature counter
after a length of 1m. The row (b) shows the temperature counter after a length of 2m. The row (c)
shows the temperature counter after a length of 3m. The row (d) shows the temperature counter after
a length of 1m. The row (e) shows the temperature counter after a length of 5m. As the initial
condition of this case is taken 300 K so the inlet fluid enters into the tube with a temperature of 300
K. Our wall boundary condition is taken a constant wall heat flux of 200 W/m2. So the wall is
heated. But the fluid entering into the tube cools the tube wall using different types of fin. That is
our main purpose in which type of fin the wall is cools better. In figure the left side of each counter
ISBN 978-93-80609-17-1
1211

International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014]

shows the temperature limits which are plotted from FLUENT. It is found that for the first column,
rectangular fin case the maximum temperature inside the tube is about 599 K, for second column, Tshape fin case the maximum temperature inside the tube is about 591K, , for third column,
triangular shape fin case the maximum temperature inside the tube is about 553 K. For all the case
fin volume is taken as constant parameter. So we can draw a conclusion that in between these three
type shape of fin rectangular type of fin gives more heat transfer performance than other two. But
another thing is in practical case what happen to pumping power that should be taken to consider a
is it is an internally finned tube. For which we go for velocity analysis. Figure 3 shows the velocity
counters inside the same circular tube which is attached with different shape of fins, internal
circumference to it. The first column shows the temperature couture for rectangular shape fin, the
second column shows the temperature couture for T- shape fin, the Third column shows the
temperature counter for triangular shape fin. The row (a) shows the velocity counter after a length of
1m. The row (b) shows the velocity counter after a length of 2m. The row (c) shows the velocity
counter after a length of 3m. The row (d) shows the velocity counter after a length of 1m. The row
(e) shows the velocity counter after a length of 5 m. the initial boundary condition for the velocity is
taken 0.264 m/s. From the result it is found that for rectangular case velocity at outlet it is about
0.699 m/s. for T-shape fin velocity at outlet it is about 0.749 m/s., for triangular fin case velocity at
outlet it is about 0.93 m/s. So it can be concluded that the triangular shape fin case require less
pumping power than other two case of fin.
Conclusions

Flow fields inside a circular tube have been studied


numerically using a CFD code to optimize the fin shape
for batter heat transfer enhancement. The CFD approach
with schemes used in this study is to simulate the flow
pattern inside the circular tube which is attached with fin
internally. There exists an optimum fin shape for which
the temperature inside the tube is low and the heat
transfer is high and in the present case the optimum fin
shape is the triangular shape. It is also observed from the
present investigation that for triangular case velocity at
outlet is high so the heat transfer performance is more.

Fig.2.Temperature and Fig.3 velocity


conturesCFD profile

References

[1] Kern QD, Kraus DA. Extended Surface Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972.
[2] Smit FJ, Meyer JP .R-22 and Zeotropic R-22/R-142b Mixture Condensation in Microfin,
High-fin and twisted tape Insert tubes. ASME Journal of Heat Transfer 2002, 12:912-921.
[3] Aziz A, Fang .Alternative solutions for longitudinal fins of rectangular, trapezoidal, and
concave parabolic profiles. Energy Conversion Management 2010, 51(11): 2188-2194.
[4] Rout S. K., A.K. Gupta, B.K. ChoudhuryR.K. Sahoo, S.K. Sarangi, Influence of Porosity on
the Performance of a Pulse Tube Refrigerator: A CFD Study. Procedia Engineering, 2013.
51(0): p. 609-616.
[5] Rout S. K., Choudhury B. K.., Sahoo R.K. and Sarangi S. K. Numerical Study and Analysis
of Inertance-Type Pulse Tube Refrigerator, WSEAS TRANSACTIONS on HEAT and
MASS TRANSFER, 2014 p. 1-7.

ISBN 978-93-80609-17-1
1212

International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014]

[6] Rout S. K., D. P. Mishra, D.N. Thatoi and AK Mishra, Numerical Analysis of Mixed
Convection through an Internally Finned Tube, Advances in Mechanical Engineering.
Advances in Mechanical Engineering. 2012(ID 918342), pp. 10 pages,

ISBN 978-93-80609-17-1
1213