00 voturi pozitive00 voturi negative

6 vizualizări4 paginiicr 15

Dec 25, 2014

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT sau citiți online pe Scribd

icr 15

© All Rights Reserved

6 vizualizări

00 voturi pozitive00 voturi negative

icr 15

© All Rights Reserved

Sunteți pe pagina 1din 4

inside a fin-tube heat exchanger Navigation of a

Mobile Robot

Ajay Ku Gupta*, Sachindra Ku Rout, Pankaj Kumar,

Ranjit Ku Sahoo, Sunil Ku Sarangi

Department of Mechanical Engineering,

National Institute of Technology

Rourkela-769008, Odisha, India

*e-mail: ajaythermal@gmail.com

Keywords: Fluent, Fin, Temperature, Heat and counter

Abstract.

A computational fluid dynamic approach has been utilized to optimize the fin shape inside a circular

tube having different shape of fins attached internal circumference of the tube. Total three type

shape (rectangular shape, T- Shape, triangular shape) of fins is utilized for this numerical analysis.

The tube length is taken 5m and dimeter of 0.07m. For all case volume of fins remains constant

factor with Reynolds number 1200 and constant wall heat flux of 200 W/m2. For this analysis a

commercial package FLUENT is used. The present paper shows how the fluid temperature, pressure

and velocity changes in axial direction for changing the fin shape. Result shows that for triangular

fin shape there optimum heat transfer between other configuration of fin.

Introduction

Laminar mixed convection and conduction across a heated finned tube has practical implications.

Internally finned tubes are commonly used in engineering applications as effective and

efficient means to improve convective heat transfer in compact heat exchangers. In light of

recent economic and environmental concerns, researchers are aggressively looking for new

methods of heat transfer control both in external finned and internal finned heat exchangers.

Internally finned tubes perform differently depending on whether the flow is laminar or

turbulent. Laminar flow heat transfer in tubes finds wide engineering applications in many

practical fields which includes heating or cooling of viscous liquids in the process industries,

heating or cooling of oils, heating of circulating fluid in solar collectors, heat transfer in

compact heat exchangers etc. For laminar flow and heat transfer, comprehensive experimental

and numerical investigations have been performed for variable fluid properties, mixed

convection and fin geometry. Heat transfer augmentation techniques play a vital role here since

heat transfer coefficients are generally low for laminar flow in plain tubes. Designing a

tubular heat exchanger with fins having different shapes and sizes is one such augmentation

technique discussed in this paper. When an array of fins is used to enhance heat transfer, the

prime focus is to optimize geometry of fins which will maximize the heat transfer rate under

space and cost constraints. The heat transfer to the fluid flowing through a finned tube by the

heat dissipating surfaces can be obtained mainly by using the mechanisms of heat transfer by

forced convection. Extensive work has been carried out by different researchers to analyze

ISBN 978-93-80609-17-1

1210

International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014]

heat transfer rate and pressure drop characteristics from tubes having fins of various shapes

(rectangular, triangular, T-sectional, twisted). Experimental investigations have been performed

by different researchers to study the friction factor, heat transfer rate, and pressure drop and

temperature distribution of tube wall. Micro fins offer effective heat transfer and are more suitable

as better heat exchanging medium than twisted tubes. Smit and Meyer [1] performed an

experiment to compare three different (micro fins, twisted tapes and high fins) heat transfer

enhancement methods to that of smooth tubes using the geotropic refrigerant mixture R-22/R142b. The results corroborated the effectiveness of micro fins over twisted tubes. O Brien and

Sohal [3] investigated experimentally forced convection heat transfer in a narrow rectangular duct

fitted with a circular tube and/or a delta-winglet pair. They obtained a comparison of local

and average heat transfer distributions for the circular tube with and without winglets and found

at higher Reynolds numbers the enhancement level is close to 50%. Moreover, the combined

effect of heat transfer rate and pressure drop depends on the enhancement of baseline

winglet pair. Rout et a. [6] numerically studied the various type fin configuration and how they

affects the performance of a internally finned tube. They also stated that triangular shape fin gives a

better heat transfer enhancement. Experimental outcomes in a comparative study with 1-inline,

3-inline and 7-inline show that the relative performance reduces as the number of inline

winglets increase from 1 to 7.

Mathematical Modeling

The Computational investigation is carried out for an internally finned tube of diameter, D and

length, L as shown in Fig. 1. Air enters into

the tube at one end whereas the other end is

exposed to the surrounding atmosphere.

Longitudinal fins are placed symmetrically

around inner periphery of the tube. The

investigation is initiated with the rectangular

fins of length Lf, width Wf and height, Hf

as shown in Fig. 1 and subsequently the

cross sectional area of the fin has been

Figure 1: Schematic diagram of computational

changed to triangular and T shapes. The domain and the boundary condition applied to it

flow field in the domain would be

computed by using three-dimensional, incompressible Navier-Stokes equations (2D axisymmetric model for simple tube) along with the energy equations. The fluid used in the

simulation is air, at temperatures of 300 to 700 K, and is treated to be incompressible, at the inlet

face of the tube with an inlet velocity of 0.264 m/s.

Results and Discussion

Fig. 2 shows the temperature counters inside a circular tube which is attached with different shape

of fins, internal circumference to it. The first column shows the temperature couture for rectangular

shape fin, the second column shows the temperature couture for T- shape fin, the Third column

shows the temperature counter for triangular shape fin. The row (a) shows the temperature counter

after a length of 1m. The row (b) shows the temperature counter after a length of 2m. The row (c)

shows the temperature counter after a length of 3m. The row (d) shows the temperature counter after

a length of 1m. The row (e) shows the temperature counter after a length of 5m. As the initial

condition of this case is taken 300 K so the inlet fluid enters into the tube with a temperature of 300

K. Our wall boundary condition is taken a constant wall heat flux of 200 W/m2. So the wall is

heated. But the fluid entering into the tube cools the tube wall using different types of fin. That is

our main purpose in which type of fin the wall is cools better. In figure the left side of each counter

ISBN 978-93-80609-17-1

1211

International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014]

shows the temperature limits which are plotted from FLUENT. It is found that for the first column,

rectangular fin case the maximum temperature inside the tube is about 599 K, for second column, Tshape fin case the maximum temperature inside the tube is about 591K, , for third column,

triangular shape fin case the maximum temperature inside the tube is about 553 K. For all the case

fin volume is taken as constant parameter. So we can draw a conclusion that in between these three

type shape of fin rectangular type of fin gives more heat transfer performance than other two. But

another thing is in practical case what happen to pumping power that should be taken to consider a

is it is an internally finned tube. For which we go for velocity analysis. Figure 3 shows the velocity

counters inside the same circular tube which is attached with different shape of fins, internal

circumference to it. The first column shows the temperature couture for rectangular shape fin, the

second column shows the temperature couture for T- shape fin, the Third column shows the

temperature counter for triangular shape fin. The row (a) shows the velocity counter after a length of

1m. The row (b) shows the velocity counter after a length of 2m. The row (c) shows the velocity

counter after a length of 3m. The row (d) shows the velocity counter after a length of 1m. The row

(e) shows the velocity counter after a length of 5 m. the initial boundary condition for the velocity is

taken 0.264 m/s. From the result it is found that for rectangular case velocity at outlet it is about

0.699 m/s. for T-shape fin velocity at outlet it is about 0.749 m/s., for triangular fin case velocity at

outlet it is about 0.93 m/s. So it can be concluded that the triangular shape fin case require less

pumping power than other two case of fin.

Conclusions

numerically using a CFD code to optimize the fin shape

for batter heat transfer enhancement. The CFD approach

with schemes used in this study is to simulate the flow

pattern inside the circular tube which is attached with fin

internally. There exists an optimum fin shape for which

the temperature inside the tube is low and the heat

transfer is high and in the present case the optimum fin

shape is the triangular shape. It is also observed from the

present investigation that for triangular case velocity at

outlet is high so the heat transfer performance is more.

conturesCFD profile

References

[1] Kern QD, Kraus DA. Extended Surface Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972.

[2] Smit FJ, Meyer JP .R-22 and Zeotropic R-22/R-142b Mixture Condensation in Microfin,

High-fin and twisted tape Insert tubes. ASME Journal of Heat Transfer 2002, 12:912-921.

[3] Aziz A, Fang .Alternative solutions for longitudinal fins of rectangular, trapezoidal, and

concave parabolic profiles. Energy Conversion Management 2010, 51(11): 2188-2194.

[4] Rout S. K., A.K. Gupta, B.K. ChoudhuryR.K. Sahoo, S.K. Sarangi, Influence of Porosity on

the Performance of a Pulse Tube Refrigerator: A CFD Study. Procedia Engineering, 2013.

51(0): p. 609-616.

[5] Rout S. K., Choudhury B. K.., Sahoo R.K. and Sarangi S. K. Numerical Study and Analysis

of Inertance-Type Pulse Tube Refrigerator, WSEAS TRANSACTIONS on HEAT and

MASS TRANSFER, 2014 p. 1-7.

ISBN 978-93-80609-17-1

1212

International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014]

[6] Rout S. K., D. P. Mishra, D.N. Thatoi and AK Mishra, Numerical Analysis of Mixed

Convection through an Internally Finned Tube, Advances in Mechanical Engineering.

Advances in Mechanical Engineering. 2012(ID 918342), pp. 10 pages,

ISBN 978-93-80609-17-1

1213

## Mult mai mult decât documente.

Descoperiți tot ce are Scribd de oferit, inclusiv cărți și cărți audio de la editori majori.

Anulați oricând.