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Proiect Masini Electrice II

MOTORUL ASINCRON
TRIFAZAT

Student: Mirestean Marius-Mihai


An III ET grupa 2/2
Coordonator: Dragos Ursu

I.

Cuprins:

Tema de proiectare............................................................pag.3
Memoriu de proiectare......................................................pag.4
Fisierul cu rezultate din MATLAB....................................pag.5
Caracteristici de functionare..............................................pag.11
Sectiune (detaliu crestaturi)...............................................pag.17
Desen de gabarit.................................................................pag.18
Calculul de incalzire...........................................................pag.20

II. Tema de proiectare


Sa se proiecteze un motor asincron trifazat cu rotor in colivie in scurtcircuit , in
constructie cu talpa care sa aiba urmatoarele caracteristici:
- puterea nominala

PN = 11 [kW] ;

- turatia sincrona

n1 = 750 [rpm] ;

- tensiunea nominala :

UN = 400 [V] ;

- frecventa nominala :

fN = 50 [Hz] ;

- randament nominal :

N = 88,7[%];

- factorul de putere

cosN = 0,76 ;

- curentul de pornire raportat :


- cuplul de pornire raportat

- cuplul maxim raportat

IP
5,9
IN
MP
2,4
MN
M max
2,6
MN

- conexiune stea ;
- clasa de izolatie F dar cresterea temperaturii va fi corespunzatoare clasei C;

III. Memoriu de prezentare


In urma proiectarii au rezultat urmatoarele caracteristici tehnice:
- randament nominal :

N = 83,7 [%]

- factorul de putere

cosN = 0,868 ;

- cuplul nominal

MN= 140,05[Nm];

- curentul nominal

IN=21,83 [A] ;

- curentul de pornire

IP=126,02 [A] ;

- cuplul de pornire

MP=512,1 [Nm] ;

- curentul de pornire raportat :


- cuplul de pornire raportat

- cuplul maxim raportat

IP
5,77 ;
IN
MP
3,65 ;
MN
M max
3,68 ;
MN

IV.Fisierul cu rezultate din MATLAB


%filename
m1.m
%input parameter for induction machine design
%
%Used in idesign.m
%
Pn=11;
nb=750;
nmax=2*nb;
Vn=400;
m=3;
conex='y';

%kW,
rated Power
%rpm, rated (base) sped

%V, rated line Votage


%
Phase number
%
Stator windings conections
%
y for star and d for poligon conection
poles=2;
%
numbers of poles
etaSpec=0.887;
%
rated eficiency
cosPhiSpec=0.76;
%
rated power factor
rpos='i';
%
rotor position: i -iner rotor, o - outer rotor
rwkind='s';
%
kind of rotor windings: s - shortchircuit
designAs='m';
%
Design as: m-motor, g-generator
lg=.8;

%mm

length of airgap;

%
Stator slots - Primary dimensions
sSlotShape = ['b']; % Stator slot shape
sMs=2.1;
%
Mouth of stator slot mm.
sh4=0.8;
%
height of slot mouth mm.
sAlpha=22.5;
%
degrees
sh2=0;
%
in this case as winding fills slot
%Rotor slots - Primary dimensions
%rSlotSkew=27; %
Rotor skew = 1/rSlotSkew of rotor periphery
rSlotShape= ['b']; %
Rotor slot shape
rMs=1.2;
%
Mouth of rotor slot mm.
rh1=0.5;
%charge of materials
Js=6;
%A/mm^2 Stator current density
Jr=5;
%A/mm^2 Rotor current density
Jendring=4;
%A/mm^2 Current denssity in rotor end ring of rotor cage
elsp=15;
%kA/m
Specificate electric load
sBToothsp=1.5; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in stator Tooth
sBYokesp=1.7;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in stator yoke
rBToothsp=1.7; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in rotor Tooth
rBYokesp=1.5;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in rotor yoke
Bagsp=0.7;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in air gap
sSlotFills=.4;%
Specificate stator sllot fill
sSlotFills=.4;%
Specificate stator sllot fill (for wound
%*******************************************************************
%Secondary data prescriptin
ParallelPaths=1;

lcpertau=1.2;
sSlotsPerPolPerPhase=3;
%
Slots per pole per phase
layers=2;
sStep=(m*sSlotsPerPolPerPhase-1)/(m*sSlotsPerPolPerPhase); %
Stator coill step
sOvehang_ins=2; %mm Stator overhang insulated, minimum distance between axe and overhang
delcmax=.75;
%mm Maximum diameter for elementary conductor
in stator
rSlots=23;
sDeltaT =100;
%
Temperature rise in stator winding
rDeltaT =140;
%
Temperature rise in rotor winding
BoltHoles = 1; % Factor to allow for bolt holes in stator core
% = 1 if no bolt holes
% = 1.05 if bolt holes
FW = 5*Pn;
%W Friction and windage loss at full load
% Assumed 0.5% from Pn
M0=30*FW/(pi*nb);
constant;
%
get constant
dk66_35;
%
get magnetc features of lamination
file_results='motor_out.m';
trun_file='tm1'; %Files in 'mat' format to save results for diffrent speed and voltage
% Parameters of Electrical machine
% This is a results file generated by e7_or.m using save_par.m
% Generated at: 21-May-2012 18:47:07
%

Rated parameters

Pn=11.000000;
nb=750.000000;
Vn=400.000000;
m=3.000000;
conex='y';
%
poles=2.000000;
rpos='i';
%
rwkind='s';
%
designAs='m';
Vfn=230.940108;
In=21.833074;
fn=12.500000;
Torq=140.056350;
Mmax=515.764965;
nn=688.218113;
nslip=0.082376;
kslip=0.857375;
rJ=0.811484;
Tmn=0.417535;
Tmk=0.123571;
P1n=13.136497;
etan=0.837362;
cosphin=0.868449
etamax=0.897016;
cosphimax=0.913116
lcpertau=1.200000;
sDeltaT=100.000000;
rDeltaT=140.000000;

% kW
rated Power
% rpm rated synchronous (base) speed
% V rated line Voltage
%
Phase number
Stator windings connections
%
numbers of poles
rotor position: i -inner rotor, o - outer rotor
kind of rotor windings: s - shortcircuit cage
%
Design as: m-motor, g-generator
%V
%A Rated Current
%Hz Rated frequency
%Nm Rated Torque
%Nm Peak Torque
%rpm
Rated speed
%
Rated slip
%
critical slip
%kg*m^2 Inertial moment of rotor
%s Mechanical time constant (rated tork)
%s Mechanical time constant (peak torq)
%kW Rated Electric power
%
Rated efficiency
%
Rated power factor
%
Maximum of efficiency
%
Maximum of power factor
%
length per pole tau (for start design)
%C Temperature rise in stator winding
%C Temperature rise in rotor winding

BoltHoles =1.000000;
FW = 55.000000;

%W

%
Factor to allow for bolt holes in stator core
Friction and windage loss at full load speed

%
Stator windings
N1=72;
%
Turns per stator phase
ParallelPaths=1;
layers=2;
sSlotsPerPolPerPhase=3;%
Stator Slots Per Pole Per Phase
sStep=0.888889;
%
Stator coil step
sb_c=12.029615;
%
Turns per coils in stator windings from calculus
sb=12.000000;
%
Chose turns per coils in stator windings as integer number
CpS=24.000000;
%
Conductors per slot in stator
fws=0.959795;
%
Distribution factor for stator winding
fchs=0.996993;
%
Shorting factor
fw=0.945214;
%
Stator windings factor
sOverhangLength=432.440204; %mm, Stator over hang length
MLC=838.440204;
%mm, Length of the mean conductor
sdelcc=0.745205;
%mm,
diameter of elementary conductor from calculatin
selc=9;
%
Stator elementary conductor on coil
sdelc=0.750000;
%mm, it is standard diameter around sdelcc
sdelc_ins=0.832000;
%mm, diameter of insulated elementary conductor
sacu=3.976078;
%
area of stator equivalent conductor
sacu_ins=4.893043;
%
area of insulated stator equivalent conductor
sWireBareD =2.250000;
%
equivalent diameter of stator wire
sWireCovD =2.496000;
%
equivalent diameter of insulated stator wire
%
Rotor windings
rWireBareD=1.095293e+001;
rEndRingCSA =406.097231;
rhRing =37.000000;
%mm
fwr =0.956000;
%

%mm
Diameter of rotor bare
%mm^2 End of ring area
radial ring height
Winding factor for squirrel-cage motor

%
Stator main dimensions
sDo=351.000000;
%mm, Stator OD
sDi=215.000000;
%mm, Stator bore diameter
sSlots=18.000000;
%
No. of stator slots
BoltHoles=1.000000;
%
There are not exactly bolt holes
lc=406.000000;
%mm, Core length
lcEff=377.580000;
%mm, Effective iron length
tauPole=337.721210;
%mm, pole pitch
C0=69.263435;
%kVAs/m^3
Machines constant, used for design start
lgMin=0.430741;
%mm
minimum length of air-gap from calculus
lg=0.800000;
%mm, air-gap length
%
Stator slots - Primary dimensions
sMs=2.100000;
%mm, Mouth of stator slot
sh4=0.800000;
%mm, height of slot mouth
sW3=20.174039;
%mm, width of top slots
sh3=3.743256;
%mm
sW2=20.174039;
%mm
sh2=0.000000;
%mm
sW1=21.928741;
%
bottom slots width mm
sh1=4.669399;
%mm
sR1=10.964370;
%mm, radius of bottom of stator slot
sht=4.975705;
%mm, distance from bottom circle center to air gap
shOA=20.177026;
%mm, over all slot height
sAlpha=22.500000;
%degrees

sSlotAlpha=0.349066;
%rad, angle between two stator slots
tauSslot=37.524579;
%mm, stator slot pitch at bore
sSlotArea=364.331018;
%mm^2
sSlotWindingArea=356.640383;
%mm^2, Slot area need for windings
%
Stator slot insulation
slotInsulThick=0.150000;
%mm, Thickness of slot insulation
slotClosureThick=0.500000; %mm, Thickness of slot closure (wedge)
%
Rotor main dimension
rSlots=23.000000;
%
Number of rotor slots
rDi=83.000000;
%mm, rotor bore diameter
rDo=213.400000;
%mm, rotor outer diameter
rrJ=95.571918
%mm, rotor inertial radius
%
Rotor slots dimensions
rMs=1.200000;
%mm
rh4=5.288808;
%mm, height of mouth of rotor slot
rh3=0.000000;
%mm
rh1=0.500000;
%mm
rhOA=11.077617;
%mm
rW1=10.577617;
%mm
rW2=10.577617;
%mm
%
Stator magnetic circuit dimensions
sToothTop=18.811662;
%mm, width at tooth root
sToothBot=18.936436;
%mm, width nearest air-gap
sCoreDepth=47.822974;
%mm
Dx=287.236034;
%mm, effective diameter of magnetic length path in stator core
%
Rotor magnetic circuit dimensions
rToothTop=18.434309;
%mm, width of root of rotor Tooth
rToothBot=15.544694;
%mm, width of rotor tooth nearest air-gap
Dy=155.163178;
%mm, effective diameter of magnetic length path in rotor core
rCoreDepth=54.122383;
%mm
%
Stator weight
WeightIronUsed=362.842222; %kg, Weight of iron used
WeightStCoreIron=134.148656;
%kg
WeightStTeethIron=20.188233;
%kg
WeightStIron=154.336890;
%kg, Weight of stator Iron
WeightStCu=12.860629;
%kg, Copper weight
WeightSt=167.197519;
%kg, Stator weight
%
Rotor weight
WeightRtIron=83.020047;
%kg, Weight of Rotor Iron
WeightCage=5.822215;
%kg, Rotor Copper weight
WeightRt=88.842262;
%kg, Rotor weight
WeightM=256.039780;

%kg, Generator weight

%
Electrical parameter
sR=0.746699;
%Ohm, Stator resistance at 120.000000 grade C
rR=0.870144;
%Ohm, Rotor resistance at 160.000000 grade C
rm=5796.495482;
%Ohm, Equivalent iron loss resistance
lh=0.166573;
%H
k_Carter=1.083355;
%
Carter Factor
k_sat=2.406616;
%
Saturated Factor

Js=5.923521;
Jr=5.000000;
sSlotFill=0.419247;

%A/mm^2 Stator current density


%A.mm^2 Rotor current density
%
fill factor for stator

%
Magnetic induction
Bg_max=0.634213;
%T air-gap magnetic induction
sBTooth=1.403909;
%T magnetic induction in stator tooth
sBCore=1.660378;
%T magnetic induction in stator yoke
rBTooth=1.211937;
%T magnetic induction in rotor
rBCore=1.412914;
%T magnetic induction in rotor yoke
%
Losses
spcu=1067.816779;
IronLoss=26.118662;
IronLossCore=23.548988;
IronLossTeeth=2.569674;
stLoss=1093.935441;
rpcu=992.092568;
pmec=50.469328;
%W,

%W, Stator windings losses


%W, Iron Loss
%W, Iron Loss
%W, Iron Loss
%W, Stator Loss
%W, Rotor windings Loss
Mechanical loss

%
Rotor mechanical stress
vmax=16.760397;
%m/s Maximum value of periphery speed
sigma_yoke=1.509808;
%N/mm^2 Yoke stress under itself weight
sigma_max=1.844205;
%N/mm^2 Maximum stress in rotor yoke
%
Torkue and power density
Tdn=0.596170;
%Nm/kg Rated torque per kilo
Tdk=2.014394;
%Nm/kg Peak torque per kilo
Pd=0.042962;
%
kW/kg Power per kilo
%This outputs was produced using the next data as input:
%filename
m1.m
%input parameter for induction machine design
%
%Used in idesign.m
%
%Lucian Tutelea Aug. 1999
Pn=11;
nb=750;
nmax=2*nb;
Vn=400;
m=3;
conex='y';

%kW,
rated Power
%rpm, rated (base) sped

%V, rated line Votage


%
Phase number
%
Stator windings conections
%
y for star and d for poligon conection
poles=2;
%
numbers of poles
etaSpec=0.887;
%
rated eficiency
cosPhiSpec=0.76;
%
rated power factor
rpos='i';
%
rotor position: i -iner rotor, o - outer rotor
rwkind='s';
%
kind of rotor windings: s - shortchircuit
designAs='m';
%
Design as: m-motor, g-generator
lg=.8;

%mm

length of airgap;

%
Stator slots - Primary dimensions
sSlotShape = ['b']; % Stator slot shape

sMs=2.1;
sh4=0.8;
sAlpha=22.5;
sh2=0;

%
%

%
Mouth of stator slot mm.
%
height of slot mouth mm.
degrees
in this case as winding fills slot

%Rotor slots - Primary dimensions


%rSlotSkew=27; %
Rotor skew = 1/rSlotSkew of rotor periphery
rSlotShape= ['b']; %
Rotor slot shape
rMs=1.2;
%
Mouth of rotor slot mm.
rh1=0.5;
%charge of materials
Js=6;
%A/mm^2 Stator current density
Jr=5;
%A/mm^2 Rotor current density
Jendring=4;
%A/mm^2 Current denssity in rotor end ring of rotor cage
elsp=15;
%kA/m
Specificate electric load
sBToothsp=1.5; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in stator Tooth
sBYokesp=1.7;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in stator yoke
rBToothsp=1.7; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in rotor Tooth
rBYokesp=1.5;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in rotor yoke
Bagsp=0.7;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in air gap
sSlotFills=.4;%
Specificate stator sllot fill
sSlotFills=.4;%
Specificate stator sllot fill (for wound
%*******************************************************************
%Secondary data prescriptin
ParallelPaths=1;
lcpertau=1.2;
sSlotsPerPolPerPhase=3;
%
Slots per pole per phase
layers=2;
sStep=(m*sSlotsPerPolPerPhase-1)/(m*sSlotsPerPolPerPhase); %
Stator coill step
sOvehang_ins=2; %mm Stator overhang insulated, minimum distance between axe and overhang
delcmax=.75;
%mm Maximum diameter for elementary conductor
in stator
rSlots=23;
sDeltaT =100;
%
Temperature rise in stator winding
rDeltaT =140;
%
Temperature rise in rotor winding
BoltHoles = 1; % Factor to allow for bolt holes in stator core
% = 1 if no bolt holes
% = 1.05 if bolt holes
FW = 5*Pn;
%W Friction and windage loss at full load
% Assumed 0.5% from Pn
M0=30*FW/(pi*nb);
constant;
%
get constant
dk66_35;
%
get magnetc features of lamination
file_results='motor_out.m';
trun_file='tm1'; %Files in 'mat' format to save results for diffrent speed and voltage

10

V.

Caracteristici de functionare;

11

12

13

14

15

VI. Sectiune (detaliu crestaturi)

16

VII. Desen de gabarit

17

18

19

VIII. Calcul de incalzire


Partile motorului care se dezvolta caldura sunt: infasurarile pachetul de tole si lagarele.
Pierderile de putere care apar in motor la functionarea acestuia in regimul nominal sunt:

- PCu1 =1067.816779;
- PFe =26.118662;
- PCu2 =992.092568;
- Pmec =50.469328;
Calculele au fost realizate in MatLab
Secventa de progam este:
%--------------disp('================Verificare termica==============')
%date intrare
pcu1=1067.816779;
%Stator windings losses
pfe=26.118662;
%Iron Loss - primul
pcu2=992.092568; %Rotor windings Loss
pmec=50.469328;
%Mechanical loss
do=351.000000;
%diam exterior al statorului %Stator OD
bprim=311;
%din gabarit este B'!!!!!!
alfao=14.3;
%constanta
kl=3.3;
%se alege 3 - 3,5
%-----------------------------------%calcule
s2=pi*do^2/4
s1=s2+pi*do*1.73*bprim*kl
tc=(pcu1+pcu2+pfe+pmec)/alfao/(s1+s2)
%temp carcasei fata de mediul ambiant
%==============
%date intrare
deltaa=7.5e-5;
%constanta
l1=406.000000;
%lungimea masinii
%Core length
lambdaa=0.025;
%constanta
%-------------%calcule
se=pi*do*l1
as=(pcu1+pfe)/se
ts=as*deltaa/lambdaa
%incalzirea pach de tole fata de carcasa
tfe=tc+ts
%===================
%date intrare
betai=0.25e-3; %constanta
lami=0.1;
%constanta
sh1=0.004669399;
sw1=0.01096;
n1=23
% nr de sloturi in stator

%incalz pach tole fata de mediu

20

%-----------------%calcule
scr=(2*sh1+pi/2*sw1)*l1*n1
ai=pcu1/scr
ti=ai*betai/lami
tcu=ti+tfe

%Incalzirea infasurarii statorului fata de mediul ambiant

%==================
%partea de ventilatie
v= 12
%viteza aerului
alfav=alfao*(1+1.3*sqrt(v))
tc1=(pcu1+pcu2+pfe+pmec)/(alfao*s2+alfav*s1)
tfe1=tc1+ts
tcu1=tfe1+ti

%temp carcasei fata de mediul ambiant

Rezultatele progamului sunt:


================Verificare termica==============
s2 =9.6762e+004
s1 =2.0546e+006
tc =6.9447e-005
se = 4.4770e+005
as =0.0024
ts =7.3304e-006
tfe =7.6777e-005
n1 =23
scr = 247.9680
ai =4.3063
ti =0.0108
tcu = 0.0108
v =12
alfav =78.6976
tc1 =1.3101e-005
tfe1 =2.0432e-005
tcu1 =0.0108

21