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Job Number Sheet KTP/20/13 Job Title ECHELON Client M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD Calcs by
Job Number
Sheet
KTP/20/13
Job Title
ECHELON
Client
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Calcs by
Checked by
Date
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg
HT
T&T
MAY 2014
LIFT COREWALL (300mm THK) -B02 TO ROOF
C13
General column design by PROKON.
(GenCol Ver W2.4.01 - 01 Apr 2008)
Design code : CP65 - 1999
Input tables
General design parameters:
X/Radius or
Bar dia. (mm)
Y (mm)
Code
Angle (°)
+
3500
-2060
2850
-6900
-2850
-2060
-3500
600
300
-300
2900
3000
-2900
-600
-300
900
3500
-1300
2600
6400
-2600
-5100
-300
4000
-3200
800
300
-500
2900
2800
-2900
-800
-300
+
45
45
B
16

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Job Number Sheet KTP/20/13 Job Title ECHELON Client M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD Calcs by
Job Number
Sheet
KTP/20/13
Job Title
ECHELON
Client
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Calcs by
Checked by
Date
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg
HT
T&T
MAY 2014
Design loads:
Load
Ultimate limit state design loads
Designation
case
P (kN)
Mx top (kNm)
My top (kNm)
Mx bot (kNm)
My bot (kNm)
1
ULS
131828
2
ULS + 10% EXT
145008
3
ULS + Mxx
131828
105300
52658
CP65 - 1999
4
ULS + Mecc
131828
105300
52658
Y
0
General design parameters:
Given:
Lo = 138.000 m
fcu = 40 MPa
fy = 460 MPa
Ac = 10895000 mm²
-5000
X
X
-10000
The column was designed for the smallest bar
size applied to all the bars entered.
The bar size chosen was:50 mm
Y
Assumptions:
(1) The general conditions of clause 3.8.1 are applicable.
(2) The specified design axial loads include
the self-weight of the column.
(3) The design axial loads are taken constant
over the height of the column.
Design approach:
The column is designed using an iterative procedure:
(1) An area of reinforcement is chosen.
(2) The column design charts are constructed.
(3) The corresponding slenderness moments are calculated.
(4) The design axis and design ultimate moment are determined .
(5) The design axial force and moment capacity is checked on
the relevant design chart.
(6) The safety factor is calculated for this load case.
(7) The procedure is repeated for each load case.
(8) The critical load case is identified as the case yielding the lowest
safety factor about the design axis
Through inspection:
Load case 3 (ULS + Mxx) is critical.
Check column slenderness:
End fixity and bracing for bending about the Design axis:
At the top end: Condition 2 (partially fixed).
At the bottom end: Condition 3 (pinned).
The column is braced.
ß = 1.20
Table 3.21
Effective column height:
le = ß◊Lo = 165.600 m
0
5000

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Job Number Sheet KTP/20/13 Job Title ECHELON Client M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD Calcs by
Job Number
Sheet
KTP/20/13
Job Title
ECHELON
Client
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Calcs by
Checked by
Date
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg
HT
T&T
MAY 2014
Check if the column is slender:
3.8.1.3
le/h = 25.2 > 15
The column is slender.
Initial moments:
The initial end moments about the X-X axis:
M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 105300.0 kNm
The initial moment near mid-height of the column :
3.8.3.2
Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 ≥ 0.4M2 = 63180.0 kNm
The initial end moments about the Y-Y axis:
M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 52658.0 kNm
The initial moment near mid-height of the column :
3.8.3.2
Mi = 0.4M1 + 0.6M2 ≥ 0.4M2 = 31594.8 kNm
Deflection induced moments:
3.8.3.1
Design ultimate capacity of section under axial load only:
Nuz = 0.45◊fcu◊Ac + 0.87◊fy◊Asc = 196895.8 kN
Maximum allowable stress and strain:
Allowable compression stress in steel, fsc = 0.87◊fy = 400.2 MPa
Allowable tensile stress in steel, fst = 0.87◊fy = 400.2 MPa
Allowable tensile strain in steel, ey = fst/Es = 0.0019 m/m
Allowable compressive strain in concrete, ec = 0.0035 m/m
For bending about the weakest axis:
Weakest axis lies at an angle of -91.53° to the X-X axis
Overall dimension perpendicular to weakest axis h-dc = 341mm
Balanced neutral axis depth, xb = ec/(ec+es)◊(h-dc) =220.7 mm
Nbal = 0.44◊b◊fcu◊xbal + ∑(Ast◊fs + Asc◊fsd) = 3097.7 kN
K = (Nuz - N) / (Nuz - Nbal) = 0.336 < 1.0
ßa = (1/2000)◊(le/h)² = 0.316
Madd = N◊ßa◊K◊h = 92267.2 kNm
Maddx = Madd*cos(-91.53°) = 2466.7 kNm
Maddy = Madd*sin(-91.53°) = 92234.3 kNm
Design ultimate load and moment:
Design axial load:
P u = 131828.0 kN
For bending about the X-X axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
3.8.3.2
(a)
M2 = 105300.0 kNm
(b)
M2 + Maddx/2 = 106533.4 kNm
(c)
Mi + Maddx = 60713.3 kNm
(d)
M1 + Maddx/2 = 0.0 kNm
(e)
emin◊N = 2636.6 kNm
Mx = 106533.4 kNm

CONSULTANTS LLP

Job Number KTP/20/13 Sheet

Job Number

KTP/20/13

Sheet

Job Title

ECHELON

 
 

Client

M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD

 
 

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

HT

Checked by

T&T

Date

MAY 2014

 
 

Moments about X-X axis( kNm)

 

Mx=106533.4 kNm

 
 

Mxtop=105300.0 kNm

Madd/2=1233.4 kNm

Mxmin=2636.6 kNm

 
+ = Mxadd/2=-2466.7 kNm
+
=
Mxadd/2=-2466.7 kNm
 
 

Initial

 

Additional

Design

For bending about the Y-Y axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:

 

3.8.3.2

 

(a)

M2 = 52658.0 kNm

(b)

M2 + Maddy/2 = 98775.1 kNm

 

(c)

Mi + Maddy = -60639.5 kNm M1 + Maddy/2 = 0.0 kNm eminN = 2636.6 kNm

 

(d)

(e)

My = 98775.1 kNm

 
 

Moments about Y-Y axis( kNm)

 

My=98775.1 kNm

 

Mytop=52658.0 kNm

 

Madd/2=46117.1 kNm

Mymin=2636.6 kNm

 
+ = Myadd/2=-92234.3 kNm
+
=
Myadd/2=-92234.3 kNm
 
 

Initial

 

Additional

Design

Check for miminum eccentricity:

 

3.8.2.4

 

Check that the eccentricity exceeds the minimum in the plane of bending:

 

Use emin = 20mm Mmin = 2636.6 kNm about the X-X axis.

 

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Job Number Sheet KTP/20/13 Job Title ECHELON Client M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD Calcs by
Job Number
Sheet
KTP/20/13
Job Title
ECHELON
Client
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Calcs by
Checked by
Date
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg
HT
T&T
MAY 2014
Design of column section for ULS:
The column is checked for applied moment about the design axis.
Through inspection: the critical section lies at the top end of the column.
The design axis for the critical load case 3 lies at an angle of 137.16° to the X-axis
The safety factor for the critical load case 3 is 1.11
For bending about the design axis:
Interaction Diagram
19E4
18E4
17E4
16E4
15E4
14E4
131828
kN
13E4
12E4
11E4
10E4
90E3
80E3
70E3
60E3
50E3
40E3
30E3
20E3
10E3
Bending moment (kNm)
Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the design axis:
At the top, Mx = 145278.6 kNm
Near mid-height, Mx = 85809.4 kNm
At the bottom, Mx = 2636.6 kNm
Axial load (kN)
-26E4
-24E4
-22E4
-20E4
-18E4
-16E4
-14E4
-12E4
-10E4
-80E3
-60E3
-40E3
-20E3
0.00
20E3
40E3
60E3
80E3
10E4
12E4
14E4
79 kNm
16E4
18E4
20E4
22E4
24E4
26E4
Moment max = 232E3kNm @ 86E3kN

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Job Number Sheet KTP/20/13 Job Title ECHELON Client M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD Calcs by
Job Number
Sheet
KTP/20/13
Job Title
ECHELON
Client
M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD
Calcs by
Checked by
Date
E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg
HT
T&T
MAY 2014
Stresses at the top end of the column for the critical load case 3
CP65 - 1999
Y
0
D
137.2°
-5000
X
X
D
-10000
Y
Summary of design calculations:
Design table for critical load case:
Moments and Reinforcement for LC 3:ULS + Mxx
Top
Middle
Bottom
Madd-x
(kNm)
1233.4
-2466.7
-0.0
Madd-y
(kNm)
46117.1
-92234.3
-0.0
Mx
(kNm)
106533.4
60713.3
-0.0
My
(kNm)
98775.1
-60639.5
-0.0
M'
(kNm)
145278.6
85809.4
2636.6
Design axis (°)
137.16
224.97
0.00
Safety factor
1.11
1.30
1.33
Asc
(mm²)
1963
1963
1963
Design bar size
50
50
50
AsNom
(mm²)
43580
43580
43580
Critical load case: LC 3
Design results for all load cases:
Safety
Load case
Axis
N (kN)
M1 (kNm)
M2 (kNm)
Mi (kNm)
Madd (kNm)
Design
M (kNm)
M' (kNm)
factor
Load case 1
ULS
X-X
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2466.7
131828.0
Middle
92266.3
1.167
Y-Y
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
92233.3
0
5000

CONSULTANTS LLP

Job Number KTP/20/13   Sheet

Job Number

KTP/20/13

 

Sheet

Job Title

ECHELON

 
 

Client

M/s KTP CONSULTANTS PTE LTD

 
 

E-Mail : tntnet@singnet.com.sg

Calcs by

HT

Checked by

T&T

Date

MAY 2014

                 

Safety

 
 

Load case

Axis

N (kN)

M1 (kNm)

M2 (kNm)

Mi (kNm)

Madd (kNm)

Design

M (kNm)

M' (kNm)

factor

Load case 2 ULS + 10% E

X-X

   

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

 

2163.7

   

Y-Y

145008.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Middle

80905.1

80934.0

1.119

Load case 3 ULS + Mxx

X-X

   

0.0

105300.0

63180.0

2466.7

 

106533.4

   

Y-Y

131828.0

0.0

52658.0

31594.8

92234.3

Top

98775.1

145278.6

1.110

Load case 4 ULS + Mecc

X-X

   

0.0

105300.0

63180.0

0.0

 

106533.4

   

Y-Y

131828.0

0.0

52658.0

31594.8

0.0

Top

98775.1

145278.6

1.110

Load case 3 (ULS + Mxx) is critical.

 

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