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Spotlight

7 2014
Deutschland E 6,90|CH sfr 12,40|A E I L SK: E 7,50

EINFACH ENGLISCH
Travel: get away
to the lovely
Caribbean island
of Saint Lucia
Drink up: the
many pleasures
of British beer
Environment:
a look at a type
of tourism that
saves animals
and people, too

D
R
O
W
POWER

WITH PREPOSITIONS

Gut fr
den Kopf!

Besser mit Sprachen. Land und Leute


verstehen und nebenbei die Sprache
lernen. Jeden Monat neu.

4
en
Ausgab s
ei
zum Pr
von 3 ! *

Bestellen Sie jetzt Ihr Lieblingsmagazin!


www.spotlight-verlag.de/4fuer3

+49 (0)89/8 56 81-16

* Kennenlern-Angebot fr Neu-Abonnenten: 4 Ausgaben eines Magazins Ihrer Wahl zum Preis von 3
( 18,60 / SFR 27,90 Business Spotlight 34,50 / SFR 51,75).

EDITORIAL | July 2014

Small words with


big meanings

Schon
gehrt?

Here are two questions: do you take a picture of or from something? And do you go
by or with the car? If you are unsure which
of these short words, called prepositions, is
Inez Sharp, editor-in-chief
correct, our language feature, which begins
on page 14, is essential reading. Follow the story of Lucy and Adams holiday
and find out which prepositions are used where. Its a fun and effective way to
learn about these small, but important words.
I gaze across the bluest of seas directly at the magnificent Piton
Mountains, writes author Eve Lucas of the view from her hotel room on the
Caribbean island of Saint Lucia. A paradise for holidaymakers, Saint Lucia has
broad white beaches and tropical rainforests. However, the island also has a
dark history, and its economic future is far from secure. Join our author in
discovering the light and shade of Saint Lucia. The story begins on page 30.
Earlier this year, I was contacted by the Canisius Kolleg, a high school in
Berlin. The advanced English class had created three games using the Spotlight
language cards (page 53). The imagination and hard work that the pupils had
put into the project assisted by their teacher Stefan Brendgens was impressive. As you read this, they will be completing their Abitur and launching
into new lives beyond school. We wish them every success.

4 eis

zum Pr
von 3!

i.sharp@spotlight-verlag.de

Titelfoto: iStock

Bestellen Sie jetzt!


Project play: ideas
from the Canisius
Kolleg in Berlin

Spotlight 7|14

+49 (0)89/8 56 81-16

abo@spotlight-verlag.de

CONTENTS | July 2014

Saving the rhino

24

New models for tourism in Africa are helping to save


animals and people, too.

Fun with prepositions

14

Learn how to use prepositions such as from, in,


out and to with exercises based on a story.

WORD

POWER

6 People

40 History

8 A Day in My Life

42 Press Gallery

10 World View

44 Arts

13 Britain Today

66 The Lighter Side

22 Food

67 American Life

28 I Ask Myself

68 Feedback & Impressum

36 Around Oz

69 Next Month

38 Debate

70 My Life in English

A music programmer in Glasgow


Whats news and whats hot
Colin Beaven on Disney close to home
All about British beer
Amy Argetsinger on George Clooney
Peter Flynn on meeting crocodiles
Adding fluoride to Irish drinking water

Spotlight plus
Every month, you can explore
and practise the language and
grammar of Spotlight with the
exercise booklet plus.
Find out more at:
www.spotlight-online.de/plus

Spotlight 7|14

The start of the First World War 100 years ago


A look at the English-language media
Films, apps, books, culture and a short story
Jokes and cartoons

Ginger Kuenzel on privacy for all


Your letters to Spotlight and our responses
Whats coming next month in Spotlight
Top chef Wolfgang Puck on speaking English

Spotlight Audio
This monthly 60-minute
CD/download brings the world of
Spotlight to your ears.
Enjoy interviews and travel stories
and try the exercises.
Find out more on page 64 and at:
www.spotlight-online.de/audio

Fotos: David John Weber; iStock; Saint Lucia Tourist Board

Names and faces from around the world

30

Beautiful Saint Lucia

IN THIS MAGAZINE: 14 LANGUAGE PAGES

Do you dream of an island paradise? Then the small


Caribbean getaway of Saint Lucia is perfect for you.

Want more grammar? How about some fun vocabulary exercises? Then try the Green Light booklet.

50 Vocabulary

59 English at Work

52 Travel Talk

60 Spoken English

53 Language Cards

61 Word Builder

55 Everyday English

62 Perfectionists Only!

57 The Grammar Page

63 Crossword

Words and phrases to describe shapes


Going to a stage of the Tour de France
Pull out and practise

Using if, unless and if ... not

58 Peggys Place: The Soap

The latest from a London pub

Talking about memory

Nuances of English

Find the words and win a prize


IMPROVE YOUR ENGLISH WITH SPOTLIGHT PRODUCTS
Spotlight Audio: hear texts and interviews on our CD or
download. See www.spotlight-online.de/hoeren
Spotlight plus: 24 pages of language exercises related to the

OUR LANGUAGE LEVELS


The levels of difficulty in Spotlight magazine correspond roughly to
The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages:

B1 B2

Ken Taylor answers your questions

A focus on the words in Spotlight

All about official documents

A2

37

Easy English

C1 C2

To find your level, visit Sprachtest.de

magazine. See www.spotlight-online.de/ueben

Spotlight in the classroom: free of charge to teachers who


subscribe to Spotlight. See www.spotlight-online.de/teachers

Readers service: abo@spotlight-verlag.de www.spotlight-online.de


Tel.: +49 (0)89 / 85681-16 Fax: +49 (0)89 / 85681-159

www.SprachenShop.de: order products


from our online shop (see page 48).

Spotlight
in the classroom
Teachers: if you use Spotlight in
your lessons, this six-page supplement will provide great ideas
for classroom activities based on
the magazine. Free for all teachers
who subscribe to Spotlight.

www.spotlight-online.de
Spotlight Online will help you to improve
your English every day. Try our language
exercises or read about current events
and fascinating places to visit.
Subscribers will also find a list of all the
glossed vocabulary from each issue of
the magazine.

7|14 Spotlight

PEOPLE | Names and Faces


In the news

Who exactly is

Susie
Wolff?

usie Wolff is fast very, very


fast. The 31-year-old is taking
part in practice sessions at the
Formula One Grand Prix in Britain and Germany this month. This
makes Wolff the first woman in 22
years to take part in a Formula One
event. She hopes that soon, she will
be doing more than a practice session. Her goal is to compete in races.
The last time a woman did that was
in 1975.
Driving a racing car requires
great physical strength. Driving at
high speeds on the racetrack can feel
as if 40 kilograms are pressed against
your head and neck. Many people
dont believe that women can compete with men in Formula One. But
if anyone can prove them wrong, it
is Wolff.
Born on 6 December 1982 in
the small town of Oban, Scotland,

Wolff began riding a four-wheeled


bike at the age of two. When she was
eight, she started go-karting with her
older brother. She didnt realize that
go-karting was a boys sport until
she was 14 years old. To her, this
wasnt important anyway.
All of Wolffs adult life has been
spent in the world of racing, from
Formula Renault to DTM (the German Touring Car Championship),
where she drove for Mercedes-Benz.
In 2012, she joined the Williams
Formula One team as a development
driver. Her husband, Toto Wolff, is
the teams executive director.
Wolff has been called the fastest
woman on earth. What is it like to
drive faster than 300 kilometres per
hour? When Im out there, fear
never comes into it, Wolff told The
Telegraph. The only fear Ive ever experienced is of failure.

claim [kleIm]
conspiracy [kEn(spIrEsi]
development driver
[di(velEpmEnt )draIvE]
executive director [Ig)zekjUtIv daI&(rektE]

Behauptung
Verschwrung
Entwicklungs-, Testfahrer(in)

forgery [(fO:dZEri]
genuine [(dZenjuIn]
papyrus [pE(paI&rEs]
pregnancy [(pregnEnsi]
prove sb. wrong [)pru:v (rQN]
racetrack [(reIstrk]
split [splIt]

Spotlight 7|14

Motorsportchef(in), Hauptgeschftsfhrer(in)
Flschung
echt
Schwangerschaft
jmdm. das Gegenteil beweisen
Rennbahn, Rennstrecke
hier: Bruch

For more than


2,000 years, people have been
discussing who
Jesus
really
was. Now, Mac
leans reports, the debate is heating
up: it appears that a piece of papyrus
referring to Jesuss wife may be genuine. Tests show that the papyrus is
from the eighth century. Fans of The
Da Vinci Code will be thrilled was
Jesus really married to Mary Magdalene, as Dan Brown suggests? There is
reason to be sceptical about the claim,
however. Some historians think the
text may be a forgery, even if the papyrus is 1,300 years old.
Its big news, and not only for Bill and
Hillary: Chelsea Clinton is having
a baby. Is this a sign of a happy family or of a dark conspiracy? Is the baby
part of a plan to help Hillary Clinton
soften her image and win the presidency in 2016? A New York Times writer suggested this, and The Guardian
reports that there have been other
strange reactions to the news of the
pregnancy. TVs Charlie Rose asked the
burning question:
Grandmother or
president? In other
words, can Hillary
hope to have it all?
In the 1990s, Prince had a very public split with Warner Brothers Records.
The singer was so angry with the label that he began writing the word
slave on his face. The announcement
that Prince has re-signed with Warner
Brothers came as a surprise, therefore. Prince said both he and the label
were quite pleased with the results of
the negotiations. Watch for the 30thanniversary edition of Princes hit album Purple Rain, out this month.

Fotos: action press; dpa/Picture Alliance; getty images; NPG Records; Williams Martini Racing

The racing driver

Out of the ordinary

The newcomer

Writing was invented in Iraq, but today, about 20 per cent of Iraqis
can neither read nor write, and few are interested in books. However,
a 26-year-old named Ali al-Makhzomy thinks that books will
help rebuild a more civilized Iraq. Makhzomy is starting a public
library in a Baghdad cafe. Some of the 800 books there are from
his personal collection; others have been donated. Many young
people say, I just want to leave Iraq, Makhzomy told The Washington Post. They see violence everywhere, no respect for the law
... butwhen we do these cultural activities, we link Iraqs heritage to
theirhearts.
When Pascale Honore goes surfing
near Adelaide, Australia, people stare.
Thats because the 51-year-old has been
paralysed for the past 20 years. But her
friend Tyron Swan had a good idea: if
he could somehow attach Honore to
his back, they could surf together. After
some experimentation, they found that
duct tape worked perfectly. The fact
that Im in a chair, which everybody sees
as a big challenge, [hasnt prevented
me from] doing something that some
able-bodied people may never do, Honore told Today.

Texts by RITA FORBES

but grew up in Kenya. Her father is a Kenyan


politician. From 2009 to 2012, she acted in a
Kenyan TV series called Shuga. She has a
masters degree from the Yale School of
Drama.
Where youve seen her: As Patsey in
2013s 12 Years a Slave (a role for which
she won an Oscar) and on the cover of
People magazine, which named Nyongo
the most beautiful person of 2014.
Where you will see her: More films
are coming up. Look for her, too, in advertising for the cosmetics company
Lancme she is the face of a campaign beginning this summer.

Happy birthday!
Teamwork: Honore
and Swan go surfing

Even Buddhist monks can forget things. Lelung Rinpoche, a


monk from Tibet, was on the London Tube, when he saw the citys
mayor, Boris Johnson. Rinpoche asked him if he could take a photo,
and then they chatted about Tibet. So far, so good. When Rinpoche
noticed that the train was at his stop, however, he got off in a hurry
and left his laptop behind. This contained his lifes work: 900 pages
on the history of Buddhism. The two books were nearly at a stage
where I could publish them, he told the Evening Standard. But I
have lost almost all of it. As a Buddhist, I will leave this body behind,
and theres no point in crying over it. At least he got a good selfie
with Johnson.
able-bodied [)eIb&l (bQdid]
chair [tSeE]
co-found [kEU (faUnd]
debating society
[di(beItIN sE)saIEti]
donate [dEU(neIt]
duct tape [(dVkt teIp] N. Am.
heritage [(herItIdZ]
mayor [meE]
monk [mVNk]
paralysed [(prElaIzd]
run sth. [rVn]
run for [(rVn fE]
Tube [tju:b] UK ifml.
unique [ju(ni:k]
upwardly mobile
[)VpwEdli (mEUbaI&l]

Name: Lupita Nyongo


Age: 31
Profession: actor
She is: the second of six children.
Background: Nyongo was born in Mexico City,

nicht (krper)behindert
hier: Rollstuhl
mitbegrnden
Debattierclub
spenden
Isolierband
Erbe, Kultur
Brgermeister(in)
Mnch
gelhmt
etw. betreiben, fhren
kandidieren
(Londoner) U-Bahn
einzigartig, besonders
sozial aufsteigend

Everything Arianna Huffington touches seems to turn


to gold. The Huffington Post, which she co-founded, has
won a Pulitzer Prize and is the second most popular
news website in the world. Huffington will be 64 years
old on 15 July and she is working as hard as ever.
She has been called the most upwardly mobile Greek
since Icarus. In 1969, Huffington began studying at Cambridge after moving from Athens to the UK. Students
made fun of her Greek accent, but Huffington became
president of the universitys famous debating society.
She published an anti-feminist book, The Female
Woman, in 1973. In 1986, she married billionaire Michael
Huffington. They divorced after nine years. Although she
had been a conservative Republican, Arianna switched
her politics and ran for governor of California as an independent in 2003. She lost to Arnold Schwarzenegger,
but this failure led to the creation of The
Huffington Post in 2005.
In 2011, she sold the site to AOL for
$315 million and continued to run it.
A unique feature of the online newspaper is its blog: some 9,000 unpaid
bloggers write for Huffington.
I love getting people to write
things, she told The Guardian.
Huffingtons 14th book,
Thrive, was published earlier
this year and became a bestseller. It is a call to find a better
work-life balance.

7|14 Spotlight

A DAY IN MY LIFE | Scotland

The music man


M

y name is Fielding Hope. Im 25, and Im the


music programmer at NiceNSleazy, an independent venue in Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow. Im
responsible for the gigs and club events there. I specialize
in music that I consider cutting edge, groundbreaking or
cross-genre. Im mainly interested in artists who are exciting and adventurous and who are making something
really original.
I didnt choose this career. I graduated in film studies,
but realized that music was my main passion. I fell into
this job through someone I know who recommended me
and Ive now been here for three years.
On a typical day, I get up around 9 or 10 oclock,
drink lots of coffee and read a few e-mails. Sometimes,
I go for a swim. I get to NiceNSleazy at around 12 or
1p.m., as most people in the music industry arent on
their e-mail until then. I usually start with diary work,
which means answering enquiries from people who want
to hire the venue for gigs, club or art events.

I also spend time researching bands for events that I


will organize myself. I look at magazines, important music
websites and blogs, and use Facebook and Twitter to get
a sense of what is going on in the city. There are various

Spotlight 7|14

bits and bobs that I have to do in the run-up to a show as


well. I promote it, and if a touring band is coming, there
are contracts to be made. Theres not a set structure to my
job. Its a constant flow of work, and I dont usually take
a lunch break.
Booking a band at NiceNSleazy can work in various ways. Promoters or bands can book the venue and
promote the event themselves; but there are also events
for which Im the promoter. In these cases, I either get
in touch with a band through research, or a band gets in
touch with me. A lot of agents also message me saying:
We have these artists touring. And if I find them interesting, we agree on a fee for them. Generally, Im the
one who books the support acts: I feel connected to the
underground music scene in Scotland and have enough
knowledge and contacts to book the right bands.
cutting edge [)kVtIN (edZ]
fee [fi:]
film studies [(fIlm )stVdiz]
gig [gIg] ifml.
graduate [(grdZueIt]
groundbreaking
[(graUnd)breIkIN]
message sb. [(mesIdZ]
run-up: in the ~ to sth.
[(rVn Vp]
support act [sE(pO:t kt]
touch: get in ~ with sb.
[tVtS]
venue [(venju:]

topaktuell
hier: Gage
Filmwissenschaft
Auftritt
einen (Hoch)Schulabschluss machen
innovativ, originell
hier: jmdm. eine SMS schicken
im Vorfeld von etw.
Vorprogramm, Vorgruppe
sich mit jmdm. in Verbindung setzen
Veranstaltungsort; hier: Musikkneipe

Fotos: iStock; T. Skingsley

Fielding Hope, ein Musikprogrammierer


aus Glasgow, beschreibt seinen beruflichen
Alltag, der alles andere als alltglich ist.
TOBYSKINGSLEY berichtet.

Having fun at work:


Scottish music programmer
FieldingHope

INFO TO GO
One of the good things about my job is the high level
of creative control. I dont book bands based on their

merit alone. If I dont think theyre interesting, its a waste


of time. I cant feel enthusiasm for the show if its not
something I believe in. Im quite particular about making
sure the acts here will get people excited and will potentially pull a crowd.
I usually work until 8 p.m., but it can vary. I run my
own events from the time the bands arrive at 4 to when
they leave at 11.30 or midnight. Sometimes, I finish at
6 p.m. and go back in later to see a show. I like seeing
stuff in other places, too, as there are a lot of exciting live
music venues in Glasgow. Im also a DJ at NiceNSleazy
once a month, as well as in other places in Glasgow like
Distill and The 78, which is a vegan cafe in the West End.
Otherwise, I see my girlfriend or friends, or I go to the
cinema, which is a way to switch off.
In addition to my job at NiceNSleazy, I run independent events under the pseudonym of Cry Parrot. Ive
been doing that for around seven years. Im also being
funded by an arts foundation to produce the music programme for the Dundee Contemporary Arts centre. Im
open to doing more things Scotland-wide if the right opportunity comes up.
act [kt]
by chance [baI (tSA:ns]
cloth [klQT]
fund [fVnd]
marmalade [(mA:mEleId]
merit [(merIt]
particular [pE(tIkjUlE]
pride oneself on sth.
[(praId wVn)self Qn]
pull a crowd [)pUl E (kraUd] ifml.
run sth. [rVn]
vegetable fibre
[)vedZtEb&l (faIbE]

hier: Band, Gruppe


durch Zufall
Tuch, Stoff
finanziell untersttzen
Zitrus-/Orangenmarmelade
Leistung ( p. 61)
hier: eigen, whlerisch
auf etw. (besonders) stolz
sein
Leute anziehen
hier: etw. durchfhren,
organisieren
Pflanzenfaser

Hope works at NiceNSleazy, a popular Glasgow club

fall into something


In the text, Fielding Hope says that he didnt choose his
career as a music programmer, but that he fell into the
job because someone he knew recommended him for the
position. The expression to fall into something means
that you start to do something quite by chance. It is a
neutral statement: if you like what you have fallen into,
you may stay with it and if you dont, you may stop. Try
using the expression in the following sentences.
a) I sort of ______ into acting. I used to be a salesman.
b) There wasnt a time when I didnt want to write fantasy
novels, so I couldnt say that I ____ into it.

bits and bobs


The British expression bits and bobs (also bits and
pieces) means small things or tasks of different types.
The exact origin of the phrase is not known, but some
people think it comes from words used to refer to British
coins. The expression odds and ends is used in the same
way. For example: Could you please clear your bits and
bobs / odds and ends from the kitchen table? Which of
the following sentences uses the expression correctly?
a) Can you call my bits and bobs to ask if I can stay home
today?
b) I have so many bits and bobs to do, but I dont know
where to start.

Dundee
Dundee, Scotlands fourth-largest city, lies on the east
coast of the country near St Andrews, which is famous for
the Royal and Ancient Golf Club. Dundee has a population
of about 160,000 and prides itself on its three Js: jute, jam
and journalism. The first refers to the 19th-century trade
in a vegetable fibre used to make cloth. The second has to
do with the first commercially produced marmalade (see
Culture corner in Green Light6/14), an industry started
in the late 18th century by Dundees own Janet Keiller. The
last J, journalism, comes from publisher D. C. Thomson &
Co., one of the citys main employers. Romance novelist
Rosamunde Pilcher, who is from Cornwall, has made
Dundee her permanent home.
Answers: fall into something: a) fell (salesman: Verkufer); b) fell;
bits and bobs: a) incorrect; b) correct

7|14 Spotlight

WORLD VIEW | News in Brief

Its a good month for

the Tour de Yorkshire

Swimming
for seaweed
TANZANIA Climate change has consequences for
millions of people around the world, especially those in coastal areas.
Zanzibar, a semi-autonomous island region of Tanzania, is no exception. Here, in the shallow blue waters of the Indian Ocean, seaweed
is grown for export. A major industry for Zanzibar since the 1990s,
seaweed farming employs more than 20,000 people across the island
group, most of them women.
Seaweed, known as mwani in Swahili, is eaten as food and used in
medicine and cosmetics. Zanzibar was once the worlds third-largest
exporter of seaweed, but last year saw yields fall by nearly a third.
According to the BBC, rising sea temperatures are causing bacteria to
multiply on the seaweed, which prevents it from growing.
Women are complaining that the seaweed is dying, one farmer
told the BBC. A lot of women have therefore left seaweed farming.
Scientists say that farming it in cooler, deeper water may provide an
answer. This has already been successful on the island of Pemba,
where farms now provide 80 per cent of Zanzibars seaweed exports.
Unfortunately, there is one particular problem with deep-water seaweed farms: the majority of Zanzibars women cannot swim.
10

Spotlight 7|14

A teenage girl brings in


the seaweed harvest

Fall of Lance Armstrong, organizers and fans are hoping to


rebuild the name of the sport.
With the first two stages taking competitors through
Leeds, Harrogate, York and Sheffield, it is also an opportunity for the region to establish itself as the home of UK
cycling. A report in The Yorkshire Post said that this is a
chance to send out a resounding message that Yorkshire is
the new cycling capital of the world. For more information, see www.letour.fr
expos [ek(spEUzeI]
resounding [ri(zaUndIN]

Enthllungsbericht
hier: deutlich, durchschlagend

seaweed [(si:wi:d]
semi- [(semi]
shallow [(SlEU]
Swahili [swE(hi:li]
yield [ji:&ld]

Meeresalgen
halbseicht
Suaheli
Ertrag

Fotos: Corbis; dpa / Picture Alliance; iStock

BRITAIN The 101st Tour de France begins


on 5 July. Watched by millions, it is the biggest cycling
event in the world. The three-week competition has 21
stages and a length of 3,656 kilometres. This years Grand
Dpart doesnt take place in Paris not even in France
but in the northern English city of Leeds, West Yorkshire.
It is the 20th start outside France in the history of
the race, but only the second ever in the UK. The reputation of the tour has been badly damaged by evidence of
drug-taking to improve performance. In the year that saw
the publication of Juliet Macurs expos Cycle of Lies: The

Church brings job


satisfaction
BRITAIN It can be hard to find the right career. But
job satisfaction is often better than more money. That may be
why more young British people are deciding to become priests.
In 2013, 113 trainees joined the Church of England, the
highest number in 20 years. The same has been happening in the
Roman Catholic Church, with 63 young priests starting in England and
Wales in 2012 twice as many as in 2003. Todays trainees tend to be
younger, too. Youth and vitality are huge assets, a church worker
told The Economist.
Its not an easy job: a church career means working more than 60
hours a week, including weekends. The job pays only around 24,000
(29,000) a year, and church attendance is falling. However, a recent
survey showed that members of the clergy are happier in their work
than people in any other profession.

asset [(set]
clergy [(kl:dZi]
trainee [)treI(ni:]
vitality [vaI(tlEti]

Strke, Vorteil
Geistlichkeit, Pfarrerschaft
Auszubildende
Lebensfreude, Lebenskraft

GEWINNEN SIE
mit DFDS Seaways und Spotlight eine 4-tgige
Stdtekreuzfahrt ins Herz britischer Bierkultur
BEANTWORTEN SIE DIE FOLGENDEN 3 FRAGEN UND SIE HABEN DIE CHANCE AUF:
Eine 4-tgige Stdtekreuzfahrt fr 2 Personen ins Herz britischer Bierkultur
berfahrt von Amsterdam (IJmuiden) nach Newcastle und zurck (eigenstndige Anreise) 2 bernachtungen in einer Standard Auenkabine mit DU/WC Frhstcksbfett an Bord auf Hin- und Rckreise
1 bernachtung in Newcastle inkl. Frhstck Bustransfer Terminal Newcastle Innenstadt Terminal
Bei Bedarf Bustransfer Amsterdam Centraal Terminal Amsterdam Centraal Einlsbar in der Zeit von
Oktober 2014 bis Mrz 2015 Reisewert: ca. 500

1. Since 2002, there has been an


explosion of new British breweries, with the total number now
estimated to be over ____ the
highest in 70 years.
a) 660
b) 1,100
c) 1,400

2. BrewDog is Scotlands...
a) most popular bar.
b) thirstiest pet.
c) biggest independent brewery.

Teilnahme auf www.spotlight-online.de/dfds


Teilnahmeschluss: 24.08.2014 Der Rechtsweg ist ausgeschlossen

3. Which of the following is the


correct translation of craft beer?
a) handwerklich gebrautes Bier
b) selbstgebrautes Weizenbier
c) helles, obergriges Bier

DFDS Seaways, eines der fhrenden


Fhrschifffahrtsunternehmen, betreibt
zehn Routen in der Nord- und Ostsee
mit den Reisezielen Baltikum, Norwegen und natrlich Grobritannien. Zum
DFDSAngebot gehren neben der
regulren Fhrpassage unter anderem
auch PKW-Rundreisen durch Schottland
sowie Minikreuzfahrten und Stdtetrips nach Newcastle. Die bernachtfhren von Amsterdam nach Newcastle
bieten mit diversen Restaurants und
Showprogrammen alle Annehmlich
keiten einer kleinen Kreuzfahrt.

Loose tobacco:
not healthier

WORLD VIEW | News in Brief

Dont roll
your own
NEW ZEALAND Why do people roll their own cigarettes?
The New Zealand Herald says that some think its cheaper than buying
factory-made smokes. Many are of the opinion, too, that self-rolled cigarettes are less harmful to their health. An expert in New Zealand is now
campaigning against this perception and recommending that the government ban the sale of loose tobacco.
Professor Richard Edwards, head of public health at the University
of Otago, says that roll-your-own cigarettes are more dangerous than
standard cigarettes because of chemical additives. He says in New Zealand, the concentration of additives is higher in loose tobacco at about
18 per cent, compared with 0.5 per cent for factory-made cigarettes.
Given that roll-your-own is more dangerous than factory-manufactured
cigarettes, why do we allow them at all? Why not just get rid of them?
Edwards told the press. Nearly 40 per cent of smokers in New Zealand
roll their own cigarettes, a rate considered to be extremely high compared
to other parts of the world.
additive [(dEtIv]
affect [E(fekt]
approach [E(prEUtS]
ban [bn]
bark [bA:k]
detect [di(tekt]
findings [(faIndINz]
frivolous [(frIvElEs]
German shepherd [)dZ:mEn (SepEd]
given that [(gIv&n DEt]
pancake [(pnkeIk]
perception [pE(sepS&n, US p&r(sepS&n]
renowned [ri(naUnd]
smoke [smEUk] ifml.
vet (veterinary surgeon) [vet]
vicious [(vISEs]

Zusatzstoff
beeinflussen
sich nhern
verbieten
bellen
aufspren, feststellen
Ergebnisse
unseris, albern
Deutscher Schferhund
wenn man bedenkt, dass
Pfannkuchen
Auffassung, Vorstellung
berhmt
hier: Zigarette
Tierarzt, Tierrztin
bsartig

WHATS HOT
Fake dogs
BRITAIN Owning a dog is a
big responsibility: these animals
need human interaction and have to
be exercised. A dog costs money, too:
those trips to the vet can be quite
expensive.
Dog ownership has its positive aspects, however. Dogs are mans best
friend, and they help us to spend
more time outdoors. Their tendency
to bark when strangers approach is
also a plus for peoples personal security. For those who want the security
without the responsibility, though, a
UK company now offers an alternative: the barking dog alarm.
For 39.99, you can install this
battery-operated alarm wherever
you like. It uses radar technology to
detect movement even through
walls and doors. Once activated, it
produces the sound of a vicious,
barking German shepherd.
For more information, see
www.clifford-james.co.uk
Just add
batteries:
the barking
machine

The flattest of them all?

12

For those who think this is a frivolous study: [it] is important


because it really does affect peoples perceptions, Professor Jerome
Dobson told The Atlantic. People dont apply for jobs here because
they think its flat and boring.
Florida: the flattest

Fotos: iStock; Stockbyte

UNITED STATES Some states have all the luck:


California and Florida are popular for their sunny beaches, while Colorado and Alaska have phenomenal mountains. Hawaii has it all. But
Kansas, background to the musical fantasy film The Wizard of Oz, is
renowned for being flat.
Years ago, the scientific humor magazine Annals of Improbable
Research published a study declaring Kansas to be flatter than a
pancake. While the report made people laugh, it also inspired geographers at the University of Kansas to challenge the findings. Using
special algorithms, they found that parts of Kansas really are completely flat but the state is not the nations flattest. Six others are
flatter: Delaware, Minnesota, Louisiana, North Dakota, Illinois, and the
flattest of the flat, Florida.
By JULIAN EARWAKER
and CLAUDINE WEBER-HOF
Spotlight 7|14

Britain Today | COLIN BEAVEN


Why are
there so many
unwanted
ornaments?

Disney on your
doorstep

Um Disney-Figuren zu bewundern, muss man nicht unbedingt nach


Florida oder Paris reisen. Ein Ausflug zum Wertstoffhof gengt.

Foto: iStock

here do you go for the ideal


family holiday? For many,
it would mean a trip across
the Atlantic. Dont all parents want
to take their kids to Disney World?
The flights, of course, are long
and expensive and they dont do
much to stop climate change. Why
go to Disney World if we melt so
much ice from the poles to get there
that Floridas flooded when we arrive?
If only Elsa, the icy princess from
the Disney film Frozen, could refreeze
our rising oceans. That would be
quite some happy ending, even for
Disney. Right now, though, perhaps
Donald Duck should start teaching
Mickey Mouse how to swim.
The Disney resort near Paris is a
much nearer option, of course, but
even that isnt cheap. What we really
need is an Anglodisney, something
local we can visit without it costing
the earth and ruining the planet.
Fortunately, we have one, but Im
not sure that people realize this. They
probably dont even notice it when
they go there.
Youll find it at the dump, the
place to which we take our rubbish
or recycling material when we have
more than fits in the bins that the
council comes and empties. Dump
isnt an official name; the council
calls it the Household Waste Recycling Centre. Dump is a more
practical word for it. It has containers for paper, metal, wood and so on,
but also lots of old garden ornaments:
plastic gnomes, very small windmills
and miniature castles.
The containers go when theyre
full, but the ornaments stay. Our
dump now has so many it looks
more and more like the witchs palace

in Narnia: full of dwarves and animals that have been turned to stone
and are waiting for the lion Aslan to
come and bring them back to life.
Such a large collection is just asking to be recycled as a low-cost theme
park, one where children could be
photographed next to their favourite
second-hand gnome.
Why are so many ornaments unwanted? I suppose people leave them
behind when they sell their homes,
and new owners throw them away.
So its nice that staff at the dump
dont want to see them without a
home. To see gnomes in that situation would be very sad.
There may be a more ominous
explanation. The British government
has recently confirmed that if you
have a front garden, people can pay
you money to park there. You dont
even need permission from the local
council. This can be especially interesting for those who live near airports
where space in car parks is limited.
The British love turning front gardens into parking spaces so that they
dont have to park their car on the
road. Now, we can even earn money
if we let other people use our drive
while theyre away visiting Disney.
20,000 Leagues under the Sea
[)twenti )TaUz&nd (li:gz )VndE DE (si:]
bin [bIn] UK
council [(kaUns&l]
drive [draIv]
dwarf [dwO:f]
flood [flVd]
front garden [frVnt (gA:d&n]
gnome [nEUm]
theme park [(Ti:m pA:k]
turn to stone [)t:n tE (stEUn]
witch [wItS]

Of course, it leaves less room in


gardens for plants, small animals
and, most importantly, gnomes. Its
even been suggested that changing
gardens into drives has helped make
flooding worse in recent years: the
rain cant sink into the ground so easily, so it runs away and makes rivers
where there really shouldnt be any.

Loved or forgotten: the garden gnome

Another thing you find at the


dump is old videos. Nobody wants
them. You even get Disney films
not recent ones, like Planes or Cars,
but you might find a classic. Perhaps
20,000 Leagues under the Sea would
give us a taste of things to come.
Colin Beaven is a freelance writer who
livesand works in Southampton on the south
coast of England.

20 000 Meilen unter dem Meer


(Film nach dem Roman von Jules Verne)
Tonne
Kommune; hier: stdtische Mllabfuhr
Einfahrt, Auffahrt
Zwerg
berfluten
Vorgarten
Gnom
Freizeit-, Vergngungspark
versteinern
Hexe

7|14 Spotlight

13

LANGUAGE | Word Power

Unpack your
prepositions
In den folgenden bungen lernen Sie etwas ber die richtige Verwendung von Prpositionen und
gleichzeitig etwas ber das schne Wales. Von VANESSA CLARK

ords like by, in, on, under and with


are all prepositions. They are some of the smallest words in the English language (and in other
languages, too), but they work really hard for us.
We use them every day in almost every sentence
that we speak or write. In fact, in, of and to
belong to the ten most frequently used words in
the language. Imagine life without prepositions:
how would we find our way without along,
in and next to?
There are about 100 prepositions in all, and
each one can carry many different meanings.
For example, under can tell us about location (under a bridge), time (under four

14

Spotlight 7|14

hours), relationships (to work under the professor),


health (under a lot of stress) and all sorts of other important information (Youre under arrest!). Here, we present
the most important and most frequently used English
prepositions and give you the chance to test
and expand your knowledge.

1. Going away for a few days


Lucy and Adam need a break. Adam has a suggestion. Complete
their conversation with the correct prepositions from the list below.
at | for | in (x4) | on | since
Adam: Why dont we just drop everything and go away
(a) _____ a few days?

Lucy: 
You mean, get a last-minute deal?
Adam: Well, just somewhere in the UK. We need a break.

We havent been away (b) _____ last summer. We


didnt even go away (c) _____ Easter.
Lucy: 
Youre right.
Adam: If I can get this big project finished (d) _____ the
next few days, we could go (e) _____ Saturday.
We can get a cottage, and you can take your laptop and phone in case they really cant manage
without you in the office.
Lucy: 
Yes. Perhaps I could work (f) _____ the mornings
and go out later. But you always say you dont like
going on holiday (g) _____ the summer because
its too hot.
Adam: Britain (h) _____ July? I dont think theres too
much risk of that.
Answers: 1. Going away for a few days
a) for; b) since; c) at (for); d) in; e) on; f) in; g) in; h) in

Prepositions of time help us to say when something


happened. The most important ones are:
in + decade in the 1970s
in + year in 2010
in + season in the spring
in + month in January
in + part of day in the evening
on + day on Monday(s)
at + time at half past two
at + festival at Christmas (N. Am.: on Christmas)
at the weekend (N. Am.: on the weekend)
Note that in usually describes a longer period of time,
while at describes a point in time.

T ip

Be careful when translating seit:


since + point of time since 2012
for + period of time for a week

2. Somewhere away from it all


Lucy and Adam look on the internet at a few holiday accommodation sites and find the ideal place to stay for a
few days. Complete the description of the holiday accommodation below with the correct prepositions.

Apartment

Photos (5)

Reviews (12)

Bod Idris apartment sleeps 4

Answers
2. Somewhere away from it all
a) on; b) in; c) in (fabulous:
fantastisch); d) across; e) in front
of (Wi-Fi: WLAN; dishwasher:
Geschirrsplmaschine);
f) on; g) in; h) from

New

This recently renovated flat is (a) in / on the top floor of


a Victorian house (b) by / in Barmouth. The flat is (c) in /
into Cambrian Street, a quiet back street, and has fabulous
views (d) across / under the bay.

on the internet


(not in the internet)

Fotos: Goodshot; iStock

Wi-Fi, parking (e) before / in front of the house, TV,


dishwasher. Sorry, no pets.

on the first floor (not


in the first floor)

Barmouth is (f) at / on the coast (g) at / in the north-west


of Wales and is only 15 miles (h) in front of / from Cader
Idris mountain. Fantastic walking, cycling and riding.

Prepositions of place help us to say where something is. The most important ones are:
behind, in, in front of, next to, on, on top of, opposite and under.

bei mir = at my
house/ flat, at home
(not by me)

T ip

7|14 Spotlight

15

LANGUAGE | Word Power

3. A walk through the town


Lucy and Adam arrive at their holiday flat in Barmouth and want to go for a walk to explore the town.
They ask the owner for some recommendations. Choose the correct prepositions to complete her reply below.
Barmouth is a lovely little town to explore on foot. When youve
unpacked, just go (a) into / out of the front door and walk
(b)down / under the hill from here and (c) around / into the
High Street. Then you can wander (d) along / through the
town, (e) over / past the shops and cafes, and down (f) into /
on to the beach. You can walk (g) along / through the beach
for about a mile. And when you get hungry, I recommend
the Last Inn in Church Street. Its a lovely little pub. The only
problem is that you have to come (h) on / up the hill again
afterwards.
Prepositions of direction help us to say where something is going; for example: across, along, around,
away from, from, into, out of, over, past, through,
towards, under.

T ip

Answers: 3. A walk through the town


a) out of; b) down; c) into; d) through; e) past; f) on to; g) along; h) up

4. Some time off work


Lucy must let her clients know that shes out of the office for a few days, so she sets up an automatic reply on her
e-mail account. Read her e-mail below and fill in the missing letters to form the prepositions.
E-mail

Thank you (a) _ _ _ your mail.


I am (b) _ _ _ _ _ the office (c) _ _ _ _ _ Friday, 11th July.
Your mail will not be forwarded, but I will get back (d) _ _ you as soon as I am back (e) _ _ my desk on Monday,
14th July.
(f) _ _ _ urgent matters, please contact my colleague Julia Henshaw (g) _ _ jhenshaw@emailaddress.com or call
her (h) _ _ +44 (0)234-587619. Thank you.

at + e-mail address


on + phone number (not under this number)
Answers: 4. Some time off work
a) for; b) out of; c) until; d) to; e) at; f) For; g) at; h) on (UK)

16

Spotlight 7|14

5. With love from Wales


Lucy writes a postcard to her mother. It contains
several prepositions with various functions.
Choose the correct prepositions to complete the
postcard.

Greetings from Barmouth!


(not out of)

Welcome to Wales! (not in)

Hi, Mum
Cyfarchio
n o gymru
! That m
Greetings
eans
(a) from /
to Wales
on holiday
. Were
(b) at /by
the sea. B
is great
armouth
theres a
fantastic
Yesterday
beach.
afternoon,
Adam and
hired a co
I
uple of b
ikes and c
(c) acros
ycled
s /through
the estuar
(theres a
y
bridge!) an
d (d) along
the cycle
/over
path to th
e town of
Dolgellau
. We arrive
d (e) in /
for a quic
on time
k cup of
tea and a
bara brith
piece of
(a type of
fruit cak
(f) before
e)
/in front
of the sh
closed at
ops
5 p.m. Yo
u hear peo
ing Welsh
ple speakall (g) aro
und /round
you here.
about
Its an am
azing lang
Love (h) b
uage.
y /from
Lucy

om

ips

Idrispress.c

on time means punctual, not T


late or early:
The train arrived on time.
in time (to do something) means
before it is too late:
We wanted to see the museum,
but we didnt get there in time.
They arrived at the hospital in
time to save his life.

Mrs Pat
Arnold
63 Pembr
oke Way
Salisbur
y, Wilts
SB2 OXY

Lloegr /
England

Answers: 5. With love from Wales


a) from; b) by; c) across (estuary: Flussmndung); d) along;
e) in; f) before; g) around; h) from

6. Something to smile about


One wet Welsh morning, Adam finds an amusing news story online. Complete the
story below with the prepositions from the list. Then circle all the verb-preposition
combinations.
at | for | from (x3) | into | of | on to

Wales

Swansea

Lost in translation

Fotos: Alamy; iStock

When council officials (a) asked _________ a sign to be (b) translated _________ Welsh, they (c) received a quick reply
_________ the translation agency. They (d) copied the Welsh words _________ the sign and put it up outside a car park in
Swansea. But when local people saw it, they started (e) laughing _________ it and (f) taking photos _________ it.
The English sign (g) banned lorries _________ the car park, but unfortunately, the Welsh version was just an out-of-office
reply to the councils mail. In Welsh, it said, I am not in the office at the moment. Send any work to be translated.
The sign has now (h) disappeared _________ the car park.

Some verbs take a preposition. Its a good idea to


learn the verb and preposition together as a pair; for
example, explain to, listen to, worry about.

T ip

Remember to say a photo of, a picture of (not from)


Answers: 6. Something to smile about
a) for; b) into; c) from; d) on to; e) at; f) of; g) from (ban: untersagen); h) from

7|14 Spotlight

17

LANGUAGE | Word Power

7. In a bit of trouble
Adam went out for a run two hours ago, and he still
hasnt come back. Lucy is getting worried. Choose the
correct prepositions to complete their texts to each
other below.
s

T ip

There are many everyday phrases that contain


prepositions. Its best to learn them as complete phrases.
The preposition on gives us: on fire, on holiday, on the
left / right, on the phone, on the tip of my tongue, on
the way (to...) and on the whole.
Where are you, Adam? Are you OK? Am
worried (a) about / over you.
Am (b) at / in Aberystwyth Hospital.
Waiting (c) about / for X-ray results.
Why? What happened? What have you
done (d) at / to yourself???
Broken arm I think.
I fell over a gate!
Ow! How did you get
to hospital?

at the hospital, at St Thomass Hospital = as a day


patient or a visitor

in hospital, in St Thomass Hospital = overnight,


for a number of days (N. Am.: in the hospital)

by car (not with the car), by bus, by train, but on foot
something for the pain (not against)
Answers: 7. In a bit of trouble a) about; b) at; c) for (X-ray results:
Rntgenbefund); d) to; e) By (paramedic: Sanitter(in)); f) for; g) with; h) on

(e) By / On ambulance.
Paramedics were excellent.
Have they given you something
(f) for / to the pain?
No, its fine. I can cope (g) about / with
it. Can you come?

Fotos: Alamy; iStock

Sure.
Am (h) at / on the way now.

18

Spotlight 7|14

continued on page 21

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continued from page 18

8. The dangers of running


When he gets home after the holiday, Adam writes
about his accident on his blog. Choose the correct
prepositions from the list to complete the blog entry.
about | at | by | on | to | to | up | without

Adams blog posted Sun., 13 July 2014

One-handed typing
(or: The wrong sort of break)
Short version I was out running in the Welsh hills, was climbing over a farm gate and slipped.
Landed on my arm. A passer-by insisted (a) _____ calling an ambulance for me, and the good
people at Aberystwyth Hospital sorted me out.
Life with one arm is quite frustrating, but Im getting used (b) _____ doing everything with my left hand. I have to wash
(c) _____ getting my plaster cast wet can be a bit tricky. Ive tried to keep the water out (d) _____ putting a plastic bag
over my arm, but it wasnt very successful. Any ideas, anyone?
The worst thing (e) _____ having a broken arm is that I have to ask Lucy to help me with everything. Us men arent very
good (f) _____ asking for help, are we?
The one good thing is that its helping me to give (g) _____ spending so much time online.
The plaster cast can come off in six weeks. Im looking forward (h) _____ having two arms again.
Well, I said I needed a break and I got one!

s
The above text contains examples of prepositions + -ing.
T ip
After a preposition, we usually use a noun: Im good at English.
If you want to use a verb after the preposition, it must be in the -ing form: Im good at speaking English.
Answers: 8. The dangers of running a) on (sort sb. out: jmdn. wieder hinkriegen); b) to;
c) without (plaster cast: Gipsverband; tricky: schwierig, knifflig); d) by; e) about; f) at; g) up; h) to

The power of the preposition


We hope this tour around (up, down and through) the
world of prepositions has been helpful. Keep your eyes
open for them in your everyday life as well as on holiday. Look through this months Spotlight and write down

any interesting examples that you see. Remember to note


when they combine with verbs and other structures. Why
not start with this paragraph? Keep on top of prepositions, and they will work hard for you.

7|14 Spotlight

21

FOOD | Beer

Great British beer


Durch groen persnlichen Einsatz und ein neues Steuergesetz konnten sich in Grobritannien
viele kleine Brauereien etablieren, die exzellentes Bier herstellen. Von NIGEL MARSH

Drink to that: David


Morgan (right)
accepts a SIBA award

22

Spotlight 7|14

to serve traditional cask beer; they wished to make it as


well. The Cerddin Brewery was set up and now supplies
seasonal and celebration beers to the Cross Inn and beer
festivals. The Morgans have no plans to expand. Were
happy doing what were doing, says David Morgan.
Their business is of a local nature, but that hasnt stopped
them winning national prizes: their Cascade Bitter won
a bronze medal from SIBA, the Society of Independent
Brewers, at the Ludlow Food Festival in 2013.
SIBA was formed in 1980 by 20 of the surviving and
newly established brewers in the UK, who were determined to make a stand against the big national brewers.
Alongside CAMRA, they lobbied the government for a
fairer tax system for the industry. According to SIBAs
most recent figures, it now has more than 650 members.
The big breakthrough for SIBA and CAMRA came in
2002, when, after many years of campaigning, they finally
got what they wanted from the government a change
in the tax system. Small Breweries Relief , or SBR,
meant the small breweries paid much less to the government than the big national brewers. As David Morgan at
Cerddin Brewery put it, The revenue is now on our side.
Like the Cerddin Brewery and Loose Cannon, Aberdeenshires BrewDog is one of the more than 200 SIBA
members that started brewing only after the change to the
tax system. BrewDog is also passionate about traditional
beer-making methods.
The brewery has ambitions that go far beyond the local pub, though. Now in its eighth year, it is Scotlands
biggest independent brewery and has 16 bars, including three international ones in Stockholm, Tokyo and
So Paulo. According to James Watt, one of BrewDogs
co-founders, We just wanted to make a great beer and
get people as passionate about craft beer as we are.
alongside [E)lQN(saId]
amber-coloured [(mbE )kVlEd]
bitter [(bItE] UK
cask-conditioned beer
[)kA:sk kEn)dIS&nd (bIE]
craft beer [(krA:ft bIE]
make a stand against sb. / sth.
[)meIk E (stnd E)genst]
publican [(pVblIkEn] UK
relief [ri(li:f]
set up [set (Vp]
the revenue [DE (revEnju:]

neben
bernsteinfarben
halbdunkles obergriges Bier
im Fass vergorenes und naturbelassenes Bier
handwerklich gebrautes Bier
sich gegen jmdn. / etw. zur
Wehr setzen
(Schank)Wirt
Entlastung
grnden, aufbauen, aufstellen
hier: Finanzbehrde

Fotos: Alamy; iStock; PR

he Nags Head, in the Oxfordshire town of Abingdon, stands on a 15th-century bridge over the
Thames. Recently, the pub was closed for more than
a year. It was a sad welcome for visitors arriving at a town
famous for its brewing
tradition. Abingdons famous Morland Brewery
had also gone, closed in
2000.
Today, however, the
thirsty drinker walking
into The Nags Head
can order a pint of traditional, amber-coloured
bitter called Abingdon
Bridge, brewed less
The Nags Head: good local beer
than a mile away at the
Loose Cannon brewery. The pub was reopened in 2011
by Sri Lankan-born Dushan Salwathura. Abingdons new
brewery had been opened just a year earlier in 2010. Dushan is a great believer in local products, and most of his
cask-conditioned beer, or real ale, as it is also called, is
from Oxfordshire and the neighbouring counties.
To experience such a beer-drinkers paradise was, for
decades, unthinkable. At the start of the 20th century,
there were around 6,000 British brewers, but by the early
1970s, only seven big national companies and 88 independent brewers were still in business. Since 2002, however, there has been an explosion of new breweries. The
number is now around 1,100 the highest for 70 years.
In the years of decline, it was often hard to find
one that made beers with flavour and character. From
1974, though, enthusiasts in search of traditional beer
from the few pubs that treated its beer with respect
had the help of the Good Beer Guide, published by
CAMRA, the Campaign for Real Ale.
At the Cross Inn in Maesteg, South
Wales, another Good Beer Guide pub
and CAMRA regional pub of the
year 2013, publicans David and
Gillian Morgan didnt want simply

Cheers: Martin
Dickie and James
Watt of BrewDog

A CLOSER LOOK
CAMRA was formed in 1971 by a small group of drinkers upset by the poor choice and quality of British beer.
Over the past 40 years, CAMRA has grown to a size of
more than 160,000 members, and it has proved to be a
mighty voice for beer consumers demanding a quality
product. CAMRA has lobbied the government and the
brewing industry, while publicizing good brewing and
good pubs, such as The Nags Head, with awards and
entry into its annual Good Beer Guide.

Is the beer revolution just the result of a change in the tax laws,
though? David Morgan of Cerddin agrees that this has been important, but he
doesnt believe it is the only reason for consumers enthusiasm for traditional
beer. People are more conscious of what theyre eating and drinking. Theyve
had a few scares from the big food producers, and they like to know whats in
their food.
The growth in popularity of farmers markets and the emphasis that many
cafes, pubs and restaurants now put on locally sourced ingredients certainly
support Morgans argument. So perhaps changes in consumer attitudes and
tastes are also part of the success of the new brewers. Dushan Salwathura at
The Nags Head agrees: I want to serve great local food with great local beer.
Thats what makes me happy and thats what makes my customers happy.
locally sourced [)lEUk&li (sO:st]

regional, aus regionaler Produktion

ne
kabiord
a n b tels
& Housive
inkl

kurztrip
nach
newcastle
Verbinden Sie einen maritimen Kurzurlaub an Bord mit einem Besuch der
heimlichen Hauptstadt nordenglands.

schottland
newcastle

4 tage stdtereise
1

england

P. PerS. inKl.
KaBine & HoTel MiT
FrHSTcK aB

amsterdam
(iJmuiden)

119

aMSTerDaM newcaSTle
dfds.de/spotlight
Tel. 040 / 389 03 712
1

Gltig nach Verfgbarkeit

14 Buchungsentgelt je tel. Buchung | DFDS (Deutschland) GmbH, Hgerdamm 41, 20097 Hamburg | Foto: M. Taylor | Stand 05/2014

ENVIRONMENT | Tourism

Rare sight: a wild black rhino

Saving the rhino


T

he idea is a novel one: a village in Africa gets special


land-use rights. Next, the villagers contact a reputable tourism company. A small hotel goes up, local
people are given jobs, and visit
ors start to arrive. The tourists
get to see the sights such as
rare wild animals while the
village, in desperate need of income, receives some of the hotels earnings. Add nature conservation into the mix, and you
have an experiment in green
tourism that is bringing a welcome change to some commuThe small, elegant steenbok nities in rural Africa.

24

black rhinoceros [blk raI(nA:sErEs]


conservation biologist
[kA:ns&r(veIS&n baI)A:lEdZIst]
critically endangered
[)krItIk&li In(deIndZ&rd]
nature conservation
[)neItS&r )kA:ns&r(veIS&n]
reputable [(repjEtEb&l]
rhino(ceros) [(raInoU]
rural [(rUrEl]
science adviser [(saIEns Ed)vaIz&r]

Spitzmaulnashorn
Naturschutzbiologe,
-biologin
stark vom Aussterben
bedroht
Naturschutz

thrive [TraIv]

Erfolg, einen guten


Lebensunterhalt haben

wildlife conservancy
[(waI&ldlaIf kEn)s:v&nsi]

hier: Tierschutzinstitution

Spotlight 7|14

seris angesehen
Nashorn
lndlich
wissenschaftliche(r)
Berater(in)

Such communal wildlife conservancies are becoming a way for people to thrive and animals to survive, especially in Namibia: 79 such organizations now cover a
fifth of the country. Desert Rhino Camp in Damaraland
in Namibias northwest is a good example. There, local
people are working with a charity (Save the Rhino Trust)
and an award-winning ecotourism company (Wilderness
Safaris) to save the critically endangered black rhinoceros.
American native Jeff Muntifering is a conservation biologist for the Minnesota Zoo who has been working as
science adviser for the Save the Rhino Trust in Namibia
for more than a decade. Improving tourisms contribution
towards rhino conservation is one of his main focus areas.
We met at Desert Rhino Camp to talk about finding the
balance between tourism and conservation.
Evening in Damaraland:
a tented guest room at
Desert Rhino Camp

Fotos: David John Weber

Nachhaltiger Tourismus ist ein groer Hoffnungstrger fr das lndliche Afrika.


CLAUDINE WEBER-HOF berichtet aus Namibia.

Spotlight: What is it that you do out here in the wilds of Namibia?


Jeff Muntifering: Ive been in Namibia since 2000, and since 2002, specifically in this part of Namibia, which I now call home. Im based here
full-time, providing science leadership and technical assistance to Save the
Rhino Trust.
Spotlight: What does the trust do?
Muntifering: Ever since it was created in the early 1980s, the trust has had
two goals. It wasnt completely concerned with rhinos it was also about
people. In fact, some of the early trackers who worked for the trust had
previously been poachers or had family members who poached. This was
one of the first examples of a conservation initiative that looked at poachers and local people in general as part of the solution to combat
poaching. The poachers are the guys who know the bush, who know where
the animals are:You couldnt find better people to provide the knowledge
and information that is needed to save the rhinos. Many people still define
poaching as local people hunting and killing animals to provide meat for
the pot. The mission of the trust has always been to create opportunities for
local people to see more value in keeping rhinos alive than dead.
Spotlight: Can you tell me about the rhinos in this area?
Muntifering: We have black rhino here: the southwestern subspecies, Diceros bicornis bicornis, 95 percent of which are found in Namibia. Theyre
not considered a unique subspecies, but the rhino here are known as
desert-adapted. Nowhere else on earth can you find rhinos living in a landscape with less than 100 mm of rainfall a year and doing quite well.
Spotlight: The much-publicized danger to them is poaching for the rhino
horn trade with Asia, correct?
Muntifering: Right, and its a really complex problem. Youre dealing with a
culture and a tradition thats 2,000 to 5,000 years old. No ones really sure
when people started using rhino horn in traditional Asian medicine, but its
a very old practice. These things dont change overnight. Efforts are being
made to educate end users about rhino horn and the situation that rhinos
are facing.
Spotlight: Ive read that rhino horn costs more than gold.But isnt the horn
simply made of keratin?
Muntifering: Yes, its essentially fingernail. According to Western medicine,
it has no properties that could be of any use to people. But Asian medicinal
practices are very different from ours, so a lot of those arguments dont
really matter to traditional practitioners. The reality is that, because of the
demand, Asia has a huge role to play in the future of rhinos. They can save
the worlds rhinoceros. Its up to them. On the other hand, I think that
lasting success needs to come from Africa as well. Local people should see
the value of rhino.
combat [(kA:mbt]
desert-adapted [(dez&rt E)dptId]
poacher [(poUtS&r]
science leadership [(saIEns )li:d&rSIp]
subspecies [(sVb)spi:Si:z]
tracker [(trk&r]
traditional practitioner
[trE)dIS&nEl prk(tIS&nEr]
up to: be ~ sb. [(Vp tE]
wilds: the ~ [waI&ldz]

bekmpfen
wstenangepasst
Wilderer, Wilderin
wissenschaftliche Leitung
Unterart
Fhrtenleser(in)
Heiler(in)
von jmdm. abhngen
die Wildnis

Trackers discuss the locations of rhino

Conservation biologist Jeff Muntifering (above);


guide NestorNghuunduka of Wilderness Safaris

Wild style: the main


building at Desert
Rhino Camp and the
view from it

Spotlight: Is it true that there are only about 5,000 black


rhinoceros left?
Muntifering: Yes, and its one of the most catastroph
ic decline stories ever documented for a species: More
than 97 percent of the worlds black rhino were wiped
out between 1970 and 1990. They were reduced from
roughly 100,000 to 2,500, and it was almost entirely as
a result of poaching. It makes you really angry, but we
think the work that has been done here is helping: The
Namibian government is supportive, and weve got a
great tourism industry.
commercial farmer
[kE)m:S&l (fA:rm&r]
credit [(kredEt]
custodianship [kV(stoUdiEnSIp]
deprive sb. of sth. [di(praIv Ev]
pick up [pIk (Vp]
sustainable [sE(steInEb&l]
tour operator [(tU&r )A:pEreIt&r]
wipe out [)waIp (aUt]

Haupterwerbslandwirt
Anerkennung
Aufsicht, Bewahrung,
Betreuung
jmdn. einer Sache berauben
hier: Auftrieb bekommen
nachhaltig
Reiseveranstalter
hier: ausrotten

Spotlight: Which connects to the trusts work with Des


ert Rhino Camp, right?
Muntifering: Ever since formal conservation started in
this area in the early 1980s, it has placed people and
local communities at the center of the strategies to
protect and conserve the wildlife. Its about trying to
bring back values that were lost through colonial prac
tices: People were deprived of land use, of the power to
make decisions, of traditional ways of benefiting, and
even traditional knowledge that they could share and
celebrate.
The Namibian government deserves a lot of credit
for its willingness to share power by telling communi
ties, You can enter into a contract with a business, a
private tour operator on your land, and we dont want
anything to do with it. Its your business. Its a big
message to local people that they are seen as an inte
gral part of the solution, which is to manage natural
resources in a more sustainable way in their way.
Spotlight: What was it like when the camp was new?
Muntifering: It was an exciting time, because tourism
was just starting to pick up here in 2001 and 2002.
In 2003, when Desert Rhino Camp was opened, Na
mibias government already had a rhino program.
Theyd started a custodianship program in the 1990s:
The government was willing to move rhino onto pri
vate lands if commercial farmers would look after

Fotos: David John Weber

ENVIRONMENT | Tourism

His name is Getaway:


one of the black rhino
living wild in Damaraland

them. People began to say, If youre doing this on


private land, why couldnt you do this on communal
land? At the same time, Namibias conservancy model was beginning to take hold. Laws were developed
to give ownership over land-use decisions and benefit
rights back to local people. So there was this communal institution that the government could go to as
with the commercial farmers and say, Were willing
to move rhino back onto your land if you are willing to
look after them and help us. Its a cost-share approach.
Many communities were hesitant at first, but quite a
lot of them saw tourism as a mechanism to provide
new benefits and desperately needed income.
Spotlight: What if they had no experience with tourism?
Muntifering: That was the wisdom of the local communities being able to see that they didnt have that
experience, but that there were skilled tourism ope
rators who did. The idea was to partner with tourism
operators and create a win-win situation. Desert Rhino Camp is the perfect example of an area that everyone knew was absolutely critical for these animals.
The neighboring conservancies were given the benefit
rights or concession rights to this area, allowing them to lease out the rights to operate commercial
tourism in the region. They knew Wilderness Safaris
was a respected operator that had been in Namibia for
quite a while. Save the Rhino Trust was already monitoring rhinos in the area, but we didnt know much
about tourism and hospitality. So it was a great match.
a bunch of [E (bVntS Ev] ifml.
benefit right [(benIfIt raIt]
boonies [(bu:niz] ifml.
bumble around
[)bVmb&l E(raUnd] ifml.
cost-share [)kO:st (Se&r]
hesitant [(hezIt&nt]
hospitality [)hA:spE(tlEti]
lease out [li:s (aUt]
marvel at sth. [(mA:rv&l Et]
patrol [pE(troUl]
take hold [teIk (hoUld]
wisdom [(wIzdEm]
worthy: be ~ of sth. [(w:Di]

ein Haufen
Nutzungsrecht
hinterste Provinz
herumwursteln
Kostenteilung, Kosten-Anteil
zgerlich
Gastfreundlichkeit
verpachten
etw. bestaunen
patrouillieren, berwachen
sich etablieren
Klugheit ( p. 61)
etw. wert sein

Spotlight: How did it work?


Muntifering: The early challenges were about how to
marry the two sides: Wilderness Safaris has a conservation focus, but theyre also a business. At the trust,
were a bunch of guys who bumble around out in the
boonies, tracking the rhinos and looking after them.
So at first, we were just trying to understand the basics:
how to keep the rhinos safe and observable so that we
can consistently find them, and then to make sure the
guests can see them, too. That way, Wilderness Safaris had its business working, and benefits were flowing
back to the communities.
Conservation here is not just about rhinos; its also
about culture. Tourism is seen as a mechanism that
represents values important to people here. Its not
only about the money. The local trackers have been patrolling and monitoring rhino for years, some for more
than 10 to 15 years. When they see that someone from
another country has come all this way to see their rhino, it makes them proud of what they do. Guests are
marveling not just at these animals, but at the work
these guys are doing to protect the rhino. Plus, theyre
using their traditional knowledge, which is tracking.
Thats a lost skill, and certainly worthy of recognition.

INFO
For more information on Save the Rhino Trust
Namibia, see www.savetherhinotrust.org

T o find out more about Desert Rhino Camp and


Wilderness Safaris, see www.wilderness-safaris.com

Land of table mountains:


Damaralands beauty lies in
its soft forms and colors

7|14 Spotlight

27

AMY ARGETSINGER | I Ask Myself

Is this goodbye to
gorgeous George?

I never
really had dreams
of marrying
Clooney
myself

Viele Frauenherzen werden weinen: George Clooney hat sich verlobt. Ist
der ewige Junggeselle nun endgltig weg vom Heiratsmarkt?

28

Spotlight 7|14

Clooney, though, was a grownup, a man with a deep voice, a confident gaze, and a head of hair with
a little bit of gray. He was more often photographed in suits than in
T-shirts, and he looked so comfortable in them that he quickly drew
comparisons to old-time stars like
Cary Grant or Gary Cooper. When
he was 38 and playing an army officer
in films like Three Kings, or a grizzled
sea captain in The Perfect Storm, you
probably thought he was already 50.
He made a lasting impression by
taking roles in serious movies like
Syriana, directing intelligent films
like Good Night, and Good Luck, and
getting involved in humanitarian
work in Haiti and Darfur.
Yet he refused to settle down.
Though briefly married 25 years
ago, Clooney became famous for a
procession of lovely, but short-term
girlfriends. Some, like Rene Zellweger, were stars in their own right.
But most were waitresses or models, and in recent years, he moved

through them Sarah, Elisabetta,


Stacy with such regularity that I
was convinced the relationships were
formed by contract deals with strict
two-year expiration dates.
If you had a friend who exhib
ited this kind of behavior, you would
probably consider him unable or unwilling to form real connections. But
crazily enough, it was what I liked
best about George Clooney. It made
him as complex as a character in a
great novel.
If I took any notice of his most
recent girlfriend, it was to make a
mental note of their first public appearance in the fall of 2013
and to set my watch for their inevitable parting in mid-2015. But now,
Clooney has upended all my expectations and destroyed my illusions
about him. Maybe hes just another
guy facing late middle age, hoping
to find someone who can love him
for who he really is assuming this
marriage actually goes through, that
is. As I said, its a big if.

Amy Argetsinger is a co-author of TheReliable Source, a column in The Washington Post


about personalities.
box-office ranking [)bA:ks )A:fEs (rNkIN]
carry oneself [(kri wVn)self]
counsel sb. [(kaUns&l]
devastatingly [(devEsteItINli]
eternal [I(t:n&l]
expiration date [)ekspE(reIS&n deIt] N. Am.
fiance [)fi:A:n(seI]
gaze [geIz]
grizzled [(grIz&ld]
in ones own right [)In wVnz (oUn )raIt]
quest [kwest]
quirky [(kw:ki]
stun [stVn]
treasured [(treZ&rd]
upend sth. [Vp(end]

Rangliste der erfolgreichsten Kinofilme


sich benehmen, verhalten
jmdn. beraten ( p. 61)
hier: umwerfend
ewig
Ablaufdatum
Verlobte
fester Blick
grauhaarig
selber
Suche
eigenartig, schrullig
verblffen
lieb gewonnen
etw. auf den Kopf stellen

Foto: Thinkstock/Getty Images Entertainment

eorge Clooney stunned the


world in April with his choice
of a fiance. Amal Alamuddin
is as gorgeous a woman as youd expect to see by the side of a devastatingly handsome Oscar
winner. But she is also
a woman of substance:
An international lawyer
trained at Oxford and
fluent in three languages,
she has counseled Kofi
Annan and represented
Julian Assange. She is
so far from the typical
Hollywood
girlfriend
that Clooney suddenly
looks smarter, deeper,
Is Clooney really
and more sensitive than
getting married?
we had thought. And I
couldnt be more disappointed.
Dont get me wrong. Unlike so
many other women, I never had
dreams of marrying Clooney myself.
But as a fan, I had a certain treasured
image of him, which this marriage
if it should actually happen
has tragically destroyed.
You see, Clooney was a new kind
of movie star when he came onto the
scene in the mid-90s. He wasnt one
of the quirky characters who became
stars in the 1970s (Dustin Hoffman,
Gene Hackman), or an action hero
of the kind we liked in the 1980s
(Arnold Schwarzenegger, Sylvester
Stallone). Of course, neither were
the smooth young men, such as
Brad Pitt and Tom Cruise, who also
climbed the box-office rankings at
the start of the new century. But
those stars shared my generations
quest for eternal youth. Even as he
turned 50, Cruise still looked and
carried himself like a 28-year-old.

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Die Spieler unternehmen eine Sightseeing-Tour
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des Stadtplans. Dabei steuert er gezielt die
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TRAVEL | Caribbean

The sun goes down


over Saint Lucias famous
Piton Mountains

Saint Lucia,
portrait of an island

ts late afternoon as we get off the plane at Hewanorra


International Airport at the southern tip of Saint Lucia.
The heat on the Caribbean island, part of the Lesser
Antilles, is like a warm blanket, but before we have time
to start sweating, our driver, David Davis, invites us to get
into a cool minibus.
We drive north along the islands east coast towards
the port of Dennery and stop at a cafe on a hill that has a
great view of the town. I order a cold, refreshing Piton, a
beer named after the two volcanic mountains Petit and
Gros Piton that can be seen from everywhere on Saint
Lucia. I ask a question: if English is the official language,
why do the beers and the mountains have French names?
Long story, says David. And then he explains. The
first Europeans to see Saint Lucia were probably Spanish

30

Spotlight 7|14

explorers sailing past around 1500. French, British and


Dutch settlers came and went in the 17th century, and
in the 18th century, the island became part of the colo
nial power game. It changed hands many times between
Britain and France before it was given to the British in
1814, who would come to prize Saint Lucia for its profit
able sugar plantations. But while the island was being
mapped, French was the language used to name villages,
rivers and mountains.
Lesser Antilles [)lesE n(tIli:z]
map [mp]
sugar plantation
[(SUgE plA:n)teIS&n]
volcanic [vQl(knIk]

Kleine Antillen
kartieren
Zuckerrohrplantage
Vulkan-

Fotos: Alamy/mauritius images; iStock; Saint Lucia Tourist Board

Die Insel Saint Lucia liegt im Herzen der Karibik zwischen Martinique
und Saint Vincent und hat fr jeden Geschmack etwas zu bieten.
Von EVE LUCAS

We leave the east coast, crossing the island westwards and passing through villages with brightly painted wooden houses. I see
small banana plantations along
the road, and I even identify a cocoa tree. The island is not big at
600 square kilometres, its a little
larger than Corfu in Greece.
Soon, were settling in our first
hotel, the all-inclusive Windjammer Landing beach resort and
spa to the north of Castries, the
islands capital. Night falls quickly, and the hills are sinking into
shadow when we meet the hotel
managers for dinner. They explain
Above, the port of
that the hotel is popular with
Castries; boats on the
American and European tourists
Caribbean Sea
who want a complete break. Some
dont even leave the hotel grounds.
With a clear sea, golden beaches
and oceanside restaurants, theres
plenty to enjoy. Its a story we hear
quite often over the next couple
of days, especially at The Body
Holiday, another resort on the sea.
Guests return year after year to enjoy yoga classes, beach volleyball,
afternoon tea and spa treatments.
But the glamorous facades hide a
problem. Owned by foreign investors, resort hotels provide employment opportunities for local
staff; so some of the money that
the hotels bring in directly supports the islanders. Not
enough of it reaches the communities, however. Tourism
is important, say locals, but the islanders need to be a
bigger part of it.
Island dream: white beaches, blue waters

Historic flair: the Pink Plantation House in Castries


facade [fE(sA:d]

Fassade

resort [ri(zO:t]
spa [spA:]

Ferienort
Wellness-Einrichtung

7|14 Spotlight

31

TRAVEL | Caribbean
Its day two of our trip, and weve spent
some hours in the sun walking around Pigeon
Islands fort, built by the British in 1778. We
arrive on the beach below hot and tired and
ready for a change. What we get is a wonderful surprise, provided by Cox & Company, a
small, locally operated tour centre. Were going
to be taught how to go snuba diving. Snuba
a word that combines snorkel and
scuba involves diving a maximum
of six metres below the water. Instead
of wearing big tanks on our backs, we
will get air through long hoses that are
attached to rafts. After a 15-minute introduction, we put on our equipment
and walk slowly into the sea with Anthony Leonce, our guide. The water
closes over our heads, the noise stops
and a paradise opens its doors: bright
blue doctor fish dart between our legs,
starfish spread themselves elegantly on
the sandy sea floor and yellow flounder move carefully around their clumsy
human guests.

Tour of the rainforest: zip lining from tree to tree


aerial tram [(eEriEl )trm]
beyond [bi(jQnd]
clumsy [(klVmzi]
dart [dA:t]
doctor fish [(dQktE fIS]
flounder [(flaUndE]
fort [fO:t]
harness [(hA:nIs]
helmet [(helmIt]
hose [hEUz]
neatly [(ni:tli]

32

Spotlight 7|14

offene Seilbahngondel
jenseits, auerhalb
ungeschickt, unbeholfen
schieen, sausen
Doktorfisch
Flunder
Festung
hier: Auffang- und Haltegurt
Helm
Schlauch
ordentlich

Day three of the trip is a Sunday. David arrives early


to drive us from the coast into the islands hills. We pass
neatly dressed girls on their way to village churches. Beyond the region of Babonneau, the houses stop and the
road grows darker. Trees tower overhead. Weve arrived in
Saint Lucias very own rainforest. We are welcomed at the
Rainforest Adventures park by two local guides who will
take us walking and zip lining. Kennedy Cadette shows us
how it works, putting us into harnesses and helmets before we take an aerial tram into the hills and climb on to
the first tree platform. We lock ourselves on to strong wire
cables, and then were off, flying from one giant treetop
to the next. As we go, Kennedy explains how the differraft [rA:ft]
scuba [(sku:bE]
snorkel [(snO:k&l]
snuba diving [(snu:bE )daIvIN]
starfish [(stA:fIS]
tank [tNk]
tower [(taUE]
treetop [(tri:tQp]
wire cable [)waIE (keIb&l]
zip lining [(zIp )laInIN]

Flo; hier: kleines flaches Boot


(Unterwasser)Atemgert
Schnorchel
Snuba-Tauchen
Seestern
hier: Sauerstoffflasche
hier: hoch aufragen
Baumwipfel
Drahtseil
mit einer Stahlseilrutsche,
einem Flying Fox fliegen

Fotos: Chris Huxley; Saint Lucia Tourist Board; Turner Forte Photography; Macduff Everton

Exploring the reefs:


the islands underwater wonderland

Welcome to Jade Mountain:


ahotelwithanunforgettable view

All aboard:
the aerial tram

ent levels of tropical vegetation feed off each other, which


plants have adapted to darkness, which plants can cause
trouble, and which ones will make those troubles go far
away.
In the shade of the forest, I feel as though Ive arrived
in the heart of Saint Lucia. On one side is the darkness of
history of foreign powers, African slaves and unbelievably hard work. On the other side are pools of clear light
and fantastic views on to what could be a bright future.
Luxury hotels will be a part of that future, and they
dont come any more luxurious than Jade Mountain on
the islands west coast. Its day four, and the view that I
wake up to has the rare effect of leaving me speechless.
Looking out from my four-poster bed, I gaze directly
across the bluest of seas straight at the magnificent Piton
Mountains.
Its time to climb one of them. With the other guests,
I get into the minivan and drive south along the coast,
through the old town of Soufrire, round the Petit Piton and on to the settlement of Fond Gens Libre at the
foot of the Gros Piton. Our guide tells us more: inspired
by the French Revolution and ideals of liberty, equality
and brotherhood, many slaves left the
plantations in the 1790s and hid in
the forests to reach places like this,
fighting the Brigand Wars. The
Brigands not only made the British leave for a short time; they
also forced most of the white
slave owners off the island.
Descendants of the black
freedom fighters still live in
Fond Gens Libre and work as
hiking guides, leading walkers
up the GrosPiton in the Pitons
Management Area UNESCO
World Heritage Site. They are
proud of their history. As we
start out, our guide shows us
an early Brigand camp with
cooking holes and a wall of
rocks in which the rebels hid.
An islander
celebrating Creole Day

brotherhood [(brVDEhUd]
descendant [di(sendEnt]
equality [i(kwQlEti]
feed off [(fi:d Qf]
four-poster bed [)fO: )pEUstE (bed]
hike [haIk]
magnificent [mg(nIfIsEnt]
plantation [plA:n(teIS&n]
runaway [(rVnE)weI]
start out [stA:t (aUt]
World Heritage Site
[)w:ld (herItIdZ saIt]

Brderlichkeit
Nachkomme
Gleichheit
ernhren
Himmelbett
wandern
groartig, herrlich
Plantage
entlaufen
hier: aufbrechen
Weltkultur-, bzw.
Weltnaturerbe

A CLOSER LOOK
Fond Gens Libre means valley of the free people. It
was home to runaway slaves during turbulent times in
Saint Lucias history. During a rebellion in 1748, slaves
chose the valley as a place to hide from plantation owners. A few years after the French Revolution, in 1794,
the Saint Lucians received a document from France announcing the slaves freedom. But to protect the interests of plantation owners, the British invaded and slavery was brought back.

7|14 Spotlight

33

TRAVEL | Caribbean

FROM SUGAR TO BANANAS

Theres little time or energy to speak as we climb


the Gros Piton. Our guides look very cool, talking as they
climb, but 770 metres of volcanic stone keep most of the
rest of us quiet. After about three hours, we reach the
top. Its very hot, but the view is amazing. From up here,
I can see the island of Saint Vincent to the south, rising
from the sea beyond Saint Lucias deep, fertile valleys and
fields. Its easy to see what Britain and France were fighting over: land and the labour to grow and harvest crops
such as sugar and cotton for eager markets in America
and Europe.
Britain freed the slaves throughout most of its empire
in 1833. But Saint Lucias political freedom came only
with its independence in 1979. These days, outsiders still
play a large role in the islands development. As it turns
increasingly to tourism and welcomes new generations of
visitors more than 300,000 tourists came in 2013
will Saint Lucia be able to create its own profile within
global tourism?
This is the question we ask Jade Mountains owner
Karolin Troubetzkoy over dinner. Karolin is deeply involved in local life and the tourist industry. Under her
presidency, the Saint Lucia Hotel and Tourism Association recently founded the Tourism Enhancement Fund.
34

Spotlight 7|14

Mountain symbol seen on


the flag of Saint Lucia

Island guests are asked to contribute US$ 2 per night to help


support local communities through
better water management, sustainability
studies that focus on tourism, as well as education and job
training for the hotel and hospitality business. A similar
fund has been operating in Jamaica for nearly a decade
with the goal of developing tourism so that it works in the
long term for locals and businesses alike.
alike [E(laIk]
beet [bi:t]
crop [krQp]
eager [(i:gE]
fertile [(f:taI&l]
labour [(leIbE]
level [(lev&l]
sugar cane [(SUgE keIn]
sustainability study
[sE)steInE(bIlEti )stVdi]
throughout [Tru(aUt]
Tourism Enhancement Fund
[)tUErIzEm In(hA:nsmEnt fVnd]
year-round crop [jIE )raUnd (krQp]

hier: gleichermaen
(Zucker)Rbe
Kulturpflanze
gierig
fruchtbar
hier: Arbeitskrfte
vernnftig, ausgeglichen
Zuckerrohr
Nachhaltigkeitsstudie
hier: (flchendeckend) in
in etwa: Tourismusfrderungsfonds
ganzjhrige Kulturpflanze

Fotos: Alamy/mauritius images; iStock; Photodisc; Saint Lucia Tourist Board

Island style:
a colourful house in the
town of Soufrire

Sugar cane came to Saint Lucia in 1763. By the 1840s, there were
more than 80 sugar plantations. However, by the 1880s, people
in Europe had started manufacturing sugar from beets. Cane
prices dropped, plantations closed, and by the 1960s, no one on
Saint Lucia was growing sugar. Bananas, however, had already
become popular as a replacement. A year-round crop suited to
varying conditions, they were ideal for small farmers. By 1962,
they made up 80 per cent of Saint Lucias exports. But after
independence in 1979, colonial bananas could no longer rely
on their former markets. In 1997, the World Trade Organization
called for a level playing field in banana production. Carib
bean banana producers lost many advantages,
and Saint Lucias banana business suffered
great losses. Tourism remains the islands most promising industry.

IF YOU GO
Our last day takes us to a perfect example of island
entrepreneurship: the Balenbouche Estate Guest House.
As one of Saint Lucias earliest sugar plantations, Balenbouche has a long history. The main house is 180 years old
and a fine model of plantation architecture. It is owned
and run by Uta Lawaetz who came from Germany
to marry a local artist and her two daughters. Verena
Lawaetz shows us round the guest cottages. Theres no air
conditioning, but what charm: mosquito nets around old,
hardwood beds, and swinging sofas in the living room.
Theres also a historic sugar mill to admire. Tropical flowers form bright borders on long lawns. Its an ideal place
to return to after a day exploring the island, to let history
settle and to appreciate the many good things that the
future holds.
admire [Ed(maIE]
appreciate [E(pri:SieIt]
entrepreneurship [)QntrEprE(n:SIp]
run [rVn]

bewundern
schtzen
Unternehmertum
hier: betreiben, fhren

Getting there
Condor flies from Frankfurt am Main to Saint Lucias
Hewanorra Airport once a week, returning via Barbados.
Most hotels provide transit transport. For getting around,
its best to rent a car.

Stay
For a quiet, locally run boutique hotel, try the Ginger Lily
in Rodney Bay. www.gingerlilyhotel.com
The Windjammer Landing spa resort offers all-inclusive
comfort and is a good choice for families.
www.windjammer-landing.com
The BodyHoliday hotel is also all-inclusive, with a focus
on sport and spa. www.thebodyholiday.com
Enjoy pure luxury and fantastic views at Jade Mountain:
perfect for leaving the world behind.
www.jademountain.com
Beautiful gardens and colonial flair at Balenbouche Estate
Guest House. www.balenbouche.com

Eat
Atlantic
Ocean

Barbados
Guadeloupe
Dominica
Martinique
Caribbean Sea
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
Grenada
Lesser Antilles
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela

Most hotels and guest houses have their own


restaurants. Standards are high, with a great mixture of
local Creole cooking and European food.

Pigeon Island
Gros Islet

Castries
Babonneau
0

200 km

Saint Lucia
Dennery

6 km

Caribbean
Sea

Saint Lucia
National
Soufrire
Rain Forest
Petit Piton
Micoud
Gros Piton

Hewanorra International Airport


Vieux Fort

An aerial view of the


Piton peaks

See
The best way to see Saint Lucia is by exploring its
landscapes. Try zip lining in the rainforest.
www.rainforestadventure.com/st_lucia_tours_excursions
For snuba diving, see www.coxcoltd.com/snuba.php
As with the Piton Mountains, Fond Latisab Creole Park is
a place to learn about local Creole traditions and history.
Itis managed by Saint Lucias Heritage Tours.
www.heritagetoursstlucia.org

Read
Poetry by Saint Lucian Nobel Prize winner, Derek Walcott.
Rum Justice by Saint Lucia-based author and journalist
Jolien Harmsen is a crime novel set on a Caribbean island;
ISBN 978-1-405-09905-9.

More information
See www.stlucia.org

7|14 Spotlight

35

PETER FLYNN | Around Oz

Beware of crocodiles!

Were
going
on a fishing
expedition to
Dundee
Beach

Im Winter zieht es Australier in den Norden, denn da ist es wrmer.


Allerdings gibt es dort auch Krokodile.

No swimming here: crocodiles only!

Weve rented a house as well as


several bungalows. On our second
day in the Top End, well be taking a
full-day fishing trip on a luxury charter boat into the Timor Sea. What
brings fishers to the north of Australia is the prized barramundi species,
which can be found in the ocean and
even in rivers hundreds of kilometres
inland.
These ferocious eaters grow to
be more than a metre in length and
weigh up to 20 kilos. As distant relations of the giant Nile River perch,
they are great fighters, but also ex36

Spotlight 7|14

cellent table fish. In fact, they are re


lated to all the sea perch species. The
name barramundi, an Aboriginal
word for large-scaled silver fish, is
used to market Australias most popular restaurant fish.
Because the wet season ended
three months ago, we will be able
to get to rivers and streams to fish
for barramundi as well as trying our
luck from the beach. This type of
fishing is incredibly popular across
the whole of northern Australia and
has helped to build a massive recreational industry. People with plenty of
money can hire a helicopter to take
them to the most remote gorges to
catch (and then release) giant creatures that would otherwise never
have seen a fishing line.
There is, though, a common
danger wherever you go to chase
your big barramundi, and that is the
crocodile. Big saltwater crocodiles
were hunted almost to extinction
in the early 1970s, but now, after
more than 40 years of total protection, they are common everywhere.
Thats why there is no swimming at
barramundi [)brE(mVndi]
extinction [Ik(stINkS&n]
ferocious eater [fE)rEUSEs (i:tE]
fishing line [(fISIN laIn]
gorge [gO:dZ]
large-scaled [)lA:dZ (skeI&ld]
market [(mA:kIt]
Nile River perch [naI&l (rIvE p:tS]
pearling port [(p:lIN )pO:t]
prized [praIzd]
recreational [)rekri(eIS&nEl]
remote [ri(mEUt]
resident [(rezIdEnt]
scary [(skeEri]
sea perch [(si: p:tS]
table fish [(teIb&l fIS]

Dundee Beach, other than in the hotel pool. The resident croc of the
beach is said to be more than four
metres long. Indeed, when I lived
in the Top End for a short time 25
years ago, I didnt swim in any natural waters, even if they were marked
as being free of crocodiles. Nobody
can make that guarantee.
Thats enough talk of scary things,
however. The main reason we are going north is, of course, the climate.
Every day in Darwin in July will be
warm, with a blue sky, no wind and
an average temperature of 31 C.
Night-time will be relatively cool by
local standards, with an average temperature of 19 degrees. There could
be a surprise, though. One morning
when I lived there all those years ago,
the thermometer dropped to the
(still) record overnight low of just 12
degrees. There was a rush across Darwin to buy thicker blankets. I dont
think thats going to happen this
time, however.

Riesenbarsch
Aussterben
hier: wilder Ruber
Angelschnur
Schlucht
mit groen Schuppen
hier: vermarkten, verkaufen
Viktoriabarsch
Perlenfischerhafen
sehr geschtzt
Freizeitabgelegen
ortsansssig
furchterregend, bengstigend
(Salzwasser)Barsch
Speisefisch

Peter Flynn is a public-relations consultant and social commentator who lives in Perth,
Western Australia.

Foto: iStock

his is the time of year to go


north and escape the cold, wet
winter in southern Australia. If
you live on the east coast, the destination might be Cairns in northern
Queensland. For those of us in the
west, the hot spot is the former pearling port of Broome in the Kimberley
region.
I have been to both in July, but
this year, to celebrate my 60th birthday, Im travelling further to what
they call the Top End via Darwin in the Northern Territory. With
13 family members and friends, Ill
be going on a fishing expedition to a
place called Dundee Beach. Its about
an hour and a half s drive south-west
of Darwin, and if the name sounds
familiar, its because this spot is
named after the movie Crocodile
Dundee.

GET STARTED NOW!


Spotlights easy-English booklet

Einfaches Englisch
frAlltagssituationen

Green Light

DEBATE | Ireland

Something in the water


In Irland wird das Trinkwasser mit Fluorid angereichert, um Karies vorzubeugen.
Was Fluorid aber sonst noch im Krper bewirkt, ist unklar.

affect [E(fekt]
apparent [E(prEnt]
dental fluorosis
[)dent&l flO:(rEUsIs]
dental health [)dent&l (helT]
Department of Health
[di)pA:tmEnt Ev (helT]
diet [(daIEt]
exposure [Ik(spEUZE]
fluoridation [)flO:rI(deIS&n]
fluoride [(flUEraId]
Food Safety Authority
[(fu:d )seIfti O:)TQrEti]
skeletal fluorosis
[)skelIt&l flO:(rEUsIs]
source [sO:s]
tooth decay [(tu:T di)keI]

38

Spotlight 7|14

hier: angreifen, schdigen


scheinbar, offenbar
Zahnfluorose
Zahngesundheit
Gesundheitsministerium
hier: Ernhrung
Ausgesetztsein; hier: Einnahme
Fluoridbeimischung
Fluorid
Behrde fr Lebensmittelsicherheit
Skelett-, Knochenfluorose
Quelle
Karies, Zahnverfall

white stripes in them or, in its most extreme form, colour


them brown. In some cases where there has been longterm exposure to high levels of fluoride, skeletal fluorosis
may occur. This disease causes bones to harden, making
breaks more likely and decreasing flexibility.
Another argument against fluoridation is that a lot
has changed since the 1960s. Peoples dental hygiene has
greatly improved as a result of regular brushing, better
toothpastes, a healthier diet and wider access to dental
care. Many people wonder if there is still a need to add
the chemical to the water supply.
The Irish government defends the policy of fluoridation, pointing to the continued reduction in tooth decay.
However, in other European countries where there is no
fluoridation policy, there has also been a steady decline in
dental caries. Ironically, many of these countries, such as
Denmark, Belgium and Germany, have less tooth decay
than Ireland does.
This year, the Irish Department of Health requested a
review of the effects of fluoridation on the health of the
population. The review will look at both positive and negative evidence from national and international sources.
Whether the government decides to continue fluoridation or not, the question remains: are the apparent dental benefits more important than the possible long-term
health effects?

Fotos: C. Flynn; iStock

hether you like it or not, if you live in Ireland,


you are probably consuming fluoride regularly.
Thats because Ireland is the only country in
Europe with a national fluoridation policy for all of its
public water supply.
The Irish government started fluoridating drinking
water in the 1960s. Like many countries at the time, Ireland was following the example of the US, where the link
between fluoride and a reduction in tooth decay was first
recognized in the early 20th century. Around 70 per cent
of the population of the US still receives fluoridated water
today.
The reasoning behind Irelands move to fluoridation
was quite simple. It was an easy way to help improve the
dental health of the nation. Economically, it also made
sense: better teeth meant lower dental costs that the state
would have to pay. The move wasnt universally welcome,
however.
Opposition to fluoridation has been motivated by uncertainty about the long-term health effects of consuming fluoride. The Food Safety Authority of Ireland insists
that the level of fluoride in public drinking water produces no known medical problems. However, there are
now many dentists, doctors, scientists and other reliable
sources around the world who link an overconsumption
of fluoride to illnesses affecting bones, the brain and other
parts of the body.
One probable effect of fluoridation is dental fluorosis,
which can change the appearance of teeth, creating tiny

Listen to Aidan, Cathy, Louise and Troy

Colm Flynn asked people in Dublin, Ireland:

Should fluoride still be added to our water?


Aidan Daly, 32,
financial worker

Cathy Walter, 43,


housewife

You need a good argument


to stop doing it. I know a lot
of people dont like any kind
of chemical in their body.
People like to stay natural,
and I understand that, but I
think you have to offset that
against the dental benefits.

I think its damaging to


children and the generations
growing up. [Fluoridation]
has got such bad press...
[about] how damaging it is
[to] your health, and that the
children dont need it any
more for their teeth.

Louise Coughlan, 32,


legal secretary

Troy McNamara, 27,


architect

It doesnt cause anyone any


problems, so why should
we stop? It always comes
up on radio chat shows
in discussions, but [the
situation] never changes.
Nobody in this country finds
a problem with it.

If [fluoridation] is something
thats affecting the Irish
peoples health, and we are
the only ones in Europe
doing it, then there are
definitely questions that
need to be asked, and we
need to educate ourselves.

Daniel Ryan, 56,


retired

Paula Walsh, 50,


accountant

To purify tap water so you


can drink it means putting
all kinds of chemicals into it
anyway. Since fluoridation
is to prevent tooth decay,
its actually one of the lesser
evils, and I dont think it does
your body any harm.

Obviously, other countries


have a different approach to
this issue. If its eventually
proven that fluoride causes
health problems, then we
should stop putting it in the
water. But nothings been
proven so far.

Elana Flynn, 16,


student

Darragh McCarthy, 17,


student

I think its fine in tap water,


but it shouldnt be in all
our water. You certainly
dont need it for washing
your clothes or your hair.
Ive no problem drinking
it, but otherwise, its an
unnecessary expense.

I think we should talk about


it a bit more because its
in our water, and water is
something everybody needs
and uses. More research
needs to be done to help us
decide whether we should or
shouldnt have it.

accountant [E(kaUntEnt]
affect sth. [E(fekt]
approach [E(prEUtS]
eventually [I(ventSuEli]
legal secretary [(li:g&l )sekrEtEri]

Wirtschaftsprfer(in)
sich auf etw. auswirken
Ansatz, Vorgehensweise
schlielich, irgendwann
Rechtsanwaltssekretr(in)

lesser evil [(lesE )i:v&l]


offset: ~ sth. against sth.
[)Qf(set]
purify [(pjUErIfaI]
tap water [(tp )wO:tE]

geringeres bel
etw. gegen eine Sache aufwiegen
aufbereiten
Leitungswasser

7|14 Spotlight

39

HISTORY | 100 Years Ago

The First World War


Der Erste Weltkrieg begann als Territorialkonflikt. Der Auslser war der Mordanschlag
auf den sterreichischen Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand. MIKE PILEWSKI berichtet.

40

ry and second-largest
population of any state
in central or western
Europe, it was a patchwork of different peoples, languages, power
structures and personal alliances. This made
it structurally weak and
hard to govern. Perhaps if
the empire were wounded
in the right place, it would
let go of the Balkans.
Several assassination attempts were made against
prominent Austrians. A nationalist group called the Black
Hand even tried to kill Emperor Franz Josef in 1911. But the
emperor was already more than
80 years old. A better target was
his nephew and presumptive heir, Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The nationalists would have their chance on Sunday,
28 June 1914, when Franz Ferdinand was to visit the Bosnian capital, Sarajevo, to open a hospital.
Six different assassins waited along the route that he
would take through the city around 10 a.m. A 19-yearold student, Nedeljko abrinovi, threw a hand grenade
at the archdukes car, but missed. Instead, he injured two
members of the imperial entourage and several onlookers.
The car speeded up, and in the thick crowd, the remaining assassins decided it was too risky to throw their bombs
as well the police or onlookers would be able to stop
them getting away. The archduke was shaken, but continued on to his appointment.

alliance [E(laIEns]
annex [E(neks]
archduke [)A:tS(dju:k]
Asia Minor [)eIZE (maInE]
assassination attempt
[E)ssI(neIS&n E)tempt]
grenade [grI(neId]
heir [eE]

imperial entourage
[Im)pIEriEl (Qntu&rA:Z]
let go of sth. [let (gEU Ev]
presumptive [pri(zVmptIv]
reverse the tide [ri)v:s DE (taId]
shaken [(SeIkEn]
sow [sEU]
treaty [(tri:ti]

Spotlight 7|14

Bndnis
annektieren, sich aneignen
Erzherzog
Kleinasien
Mordversuch
Granate
Erbe, Erbin; hier: Thronfolger(in)

28 June 1914: Gavrilo Princip


shoots Franz Ferdinand

kaiserliches Gefolge
etw. loslassen ( p. 61)
mutmalich, voraussichtlich
die Wende herbeibringen
erschttert
sen
Staatsvertrag

Fotos: De Agostini; Hulton Archive/Getty Images

odern readers may find it difficult to understand the reasons


for the First World War, which
began, almost without warning, 100
years ago this summer. How could the
shooting of one man lead to the deaths
of 16 million people? Why did most
of Europe want to fight after being at
peace for 40 years? Why did the rest
of the world get involved? And what
was gained by all this?
The war started as a territorial
conflict, the seeds of which had
been sown centuries earlier. After the fall of Constantinople in
1453, the Ottoman (Turkish)
armies had expanded westward
from Asia Minor, covering all of
south-eastern Europe. A multinational force finally stopped
them before Vienna in 1683
and reversed the tide. In the
centuries that followed, as territory was liberated
from the Turks, it was added to that of the Habsburg
monarchy, forming the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
This continued until 1878, when a treaty among the
great powers of Europe allowed Austria-Hungary to occupy Bosnia and Herzegovina. The same treaty also recognized the fact that Serbia had fought for and won independence from the Ottomans.
The kingdom of Serbia hoped one day to include
Bosnia and Herzegovina, with which it shared some cultural similarities. But when Austria-Hungary declared in
1908 that it had annexed that territory, Balkan nationalist
groups felt it was necessary to liberate Bosnia from Austrian rule by any means necessary, including terrorism.
The nationalists strategy was to strike at the empire
itself. Although Austria-Hungary had the largest territo-

1 August 1914: French


soldiers wait in a trench

Afterwards, he
decided to visit
the hospital where
the victims of that
mornings bomb
ing had been tak
en. His host, the
governor of Bos
nia and Herzego
vina, changed the
route, but forgot
to tell the driver. When the driver found out and at
tempted to turn round, the car stalled. By chance, one of
the assassins, 19-year-old Gavrilo Princip, was standing at
that spot. Princip took out a pistol and fired several shots
from a distance of one and a half metres, killing Franz
Ferdinand and his wife.
This frightened the empire. Arresting a young man
with a gun would not be enough. The threat had to be
stopped at the source, so an ultimatum was made to the
Serbian government that Austria knew Serbia would not
accept. On 28 July 1914, this was followed by a declara
tion of war.
Serbia put up massive resistance, keeping the
Austro-Hungarian army busy. Serbias ally, Russia, also
began to mobilize its troops, but an Austro-Hungarian
agreement with Germany meant that Germany would
step in to keep the Russians out of the way. On Germanys
opposite border, however, was Russias ally, France. Fight
ing on two fronts was out of the question, so Germany
decided to attack France first, then rush its troops over to
the eastern front to deal with Russia.
Frances border defences were effective, so Germany
tried to get round them by invading through Belgium.
This angered Britain, which entered the war on 4 August
to defend Belgiums neutrality.
For three years, the front lines hardly moved, as both
sides took up defensive positions in trenches dug into the
flat landscapes of Belgium and northern France. Artillery
killed large numbers of men on both sides. The slightest
technological advantage could turn their respective for
tunes, so the newest inventions were tried out: aeroplanes,
tanks, poison gas.

Despite the horrors, millions of volunteers were will


ing to fight and die for honour and country, and the
warring powers enlisted the people and resources of their
overseas empires to guarantee a steady supply of materials.
Battles were fought on three continents and at sea.
The sinking of a large British passenger ship, the RMS
Lusitania, near Ireland, and the death of 128 Americans
on board began to move the United States towards war.
When Germany declared in February 1917 that it would
sink any ship it wanted, President Woodrow Wilson
who had just been re-elected as the anti-war candidate
asked the US Congress to declare war on Germany.
Within months, arriving American troops were able to
push the tired Germans back across the border.
The fighting ended on 11 November 1918, but the
suffering did not. Thirty million soldiers were left in a
state of amputation or disfigurement, with nervous con
ditions or corroded lungs. And when they and their com
rades returned home, they spread an influenza that killed
tens of millions more.
The front lines had hardly moved, but the world had.
Even before the wars end, the Russian, German, Otto
man and Austro-Hungarian Empires had begun to fall
apart from within, and when peace was made, new states
appeared all over the map. America established its status
as a world power with an interest in European stability.
Bosnia and Herzegovina became part of a Serbian
kingdom that was later called Yugoslavia. In that sense,
Gavrilo Princip got what he had fought for.

ally [(laI]
by chance [baI (tSA:ns]
comrade [(kQmreId]
corrode [kE(rEUd]
disfigurement [dIs(fIgEmEnt]
enlist [In(lIst]
fall apart [fO:l E(pA:t]
host [hEUst]
influenza [)Influ(enzE]

nervous condition
[)n:vEs kEn(dIS&n]
respective [ri(spektIv]
source [sO:s]
stall [stO:l]
steady [(stedi]
tank [tNk]
trench [trentS]
volunteer [)vQlEn(tIE]

Verbndete(r)
zufllig
Kamerad
angreifen, zerfressen
Entstellung
anwerben
auseinanderfallen
Gastgeber(in)
Grippe

1916: a film scene of the Battle


of Verdun, France, from 1928

Nervenleiden
jeweilig
Quelle
stehen bleiben
bestndig, gleichbleibend
Panzer
Schtzengraben
Freiwillige(r)

7|14 Spotlight

41

PRESS GALLERY | Comment

Middle-class blues
Es geht bergab mit der amerikanischen Mittelklasse, vor allem im
internationalen Vergleich. Was sind die Grnde und was die Folgen?

Second, American companies distribution of their

bounty has been less generous than elsewhere. Top execu-

tives make much more money in the US compared with


other wealthy countries. Finally, the US tax system tends
to favour the rich, not the middle-class. ...
The best riposte to the challenge to middle-income
America might be Middle Americas capacity to surprise
and confound its critics, as well as its best hope in a difficult future.
The United States has survived for nearly 250 years.
We are not yet ready to write it off.
Guardian News & Media 2014
bounty [(baUnti]
butt [bVt]
confound [kEn(faUnd]
doom-mongering
[(du:m )mVNgErIN]
Middle America
[)mId&l E(merIkE]
resilience [ri(zIliEns]
riposte [rI(pQst]
stark [stA:k]
unleash [Vn(li:S]
vis vis [)vi:z E (vi:]
well-off [)wel (Qf]
write sth. off [raIt (Qf]
writing on the wall
[)raItIN Qn DE (wO:l]

Prmie; hier: Profite


Zielscheibe
verwirren, irritieren
Schwarzmalerei
amerikanische Mittelschicht
Belastbarkeit, Widerstandskraft
Gegenschlag
krass
entfesseln
(frz.) gegenber
wohlhabend, gut situiert
etw. abschreiben, vergessen
Menetekel, Warnung

Fotos: iStock
Fotos: xxxxxxxxx

he astonishing resilience of the American middle


class, a far wider sector of the community than in
Britain, has been a key to US growth and confidence. ... So [the recent] news that, for the first time in
decades, Americas middle class is in relative decline vis
vis its international rivals, is more than just a statistic.
The figures reported by the New York Times have put the
writing on the wall for Middle America in the starkest
possible terms.
For the first time in 40 years, a person [living] on [a]
median income in America is less well-off than a Canadian equivalent. The idea that Canada, the butt of latenight satire, should have overtaken the US as the best
place in the world to be middle-class has unleashed a wave
of doom-mongering.
The idea that the median American has so much
more income than the middle class in all other parts of
the world is not true these days, said Lawrence Katz, a
Harvard economist. ...
Three factors are influencing the weak income
performance of the US. First, the education boom in
the industrialising world, especially India and China, has
made it far harder for the American economy to maintain
its share of highly skilled, well-paid jobs.

42

Spotlight 7|14

Listen to more news items on Replay

INFO TO GO
median
Different kinds of statistical calculations can produce
very different results. This is why its important to pay
close attention when economists use figures.
One common type of calculation is the mean, or average. Thats the sum of all the items in a set divided
by the number of items. If you earn $30,000 a year and
your neighbour earns $50,000 a year, your average income is $40,000 your total income divided by two. If,
however, Bill Gates moves next door to you and earns
$9 billion a year, the average income of the three of you
is just over $3 billion. This says nothing about how the
income is distributed.
For this reason, its often better to find the median
value. When all the values are listed, thats the one that
is closest to the middle of the list. In our example, the
median income in your neighbourhood is $50,000.

IN THE HEADLINES

Macleans

Programmers and animators have invested years in trying


to get computer-animated scenes in films to look realistic.
Their techniques are getting better and better, but they still
struggle when simulating things, like hair, which have complex shapes. Now some help has come from three US engineers and their colleagues in France. The team has found a
formula based on weight, length, curvature and stiffness
that determines the shape of any long tube, whether its
an oil pipe, a hair or a piece of spaghetti. This is good news
for animators. As the headline suggests, the characters they
create will finally have hair they can be proud of. A bad hair
day is a day when you know your hair looks bad, and you
feel embarrassed as a result.

What is the median of the following values?


a) 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

b) 3, 6, 47, 999, 10 million

Answers: a) 8; b) 47

animator [(nImeItE]

Trickfilmanimator(in)

curvature [(k:vEtSE]
stiffness [(stIfnEs]

Krmmung
Steifheit

Klasse
Unterricht!

Vielfalt fr Ihr Klassenzimmer!


Exklusiv fr Lehrer: Begleitmaterial, Kopiervorlagen
und Tipps in der Unterrichtsbeilage.

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ARTS | Whats New

Films | Adventure

A last look:
Kyle Catlett as
T. S. Spivet

A boys own adventure

rench director Jean-Pierre Jeunet has worked on


English- and French-language films, producing work
that includes science fiction such as Alien: Resurrection and the popular romantic comedy Amlie. His latest movie, The Young and Prodigious T. S. Spivet, takes
the themes that warmed our hearts in Amlie. This time,
though, its a ten-year-old boy, T. S. Spivet (Kyle Catlett),
who finds himself lost on the crooked path of love.
Set on a ranch in Montana, T. S. Spivets story is captured in wide, spectacular shots of endless hills and fields
in which the Spivet parents lead an unusual, but happy

DVDs | Comedy

After he made the 2012 blockbuster


The Avengers, American director Joss
Whedon clearly wanted to do something different. So he made a film of
Shakespeares Much Ado about
Nothing. Although its a comedy, the
play comes close to tragedy. Hero, one
of the characters, must pretend to be
dead before finding happiness. And
Retelling of a classic
this potential disaster brings together
another couple. Set in the present day, Much Ado was filmed in
Whedons home. The black-and-white film underlines the light
and dark of human behaviour. Its 400 years since Shakespeare
died. Clearly, some things never change. Starts 24 July.

Alien: Resurrection
[(eIliEn rezE)rekS&n]
Amlie [(QmeIli]
blockbuster [(blQk)bVstE]
capture [(kptSE]
come close to sth. [kVm (klEUs tE]
concierge [(kQnsieEZ]

44

Spotlight 7|14

Alien die Wiedergeburt


Die fabelhafte Welt der
Amlie
Kassenschlager
einfangen
etw. nahekommen
(Hotel)Portier

US director Wes Anderson is known for making unusual films. His


latest picture, The Grand Budapest Hotel, tells the story
of Gustave H. (Ralph Fiennes), a concierge in a fictional five-star
European hotel between the First and Second World Wars. When
one of the guests, an elderly heiress with whom Gustave had an
affair, dies, he inherits a painting. Her family, however, accuses
the concierge of murdering her. To prove his innocence, Gustave
and a lobby boy called Zero (Tony Revolori) set out on a hilarious
adventure. Filmed in Germany,
The Grand Budapest Hotel is
loosely based on the life and
works of Austrian writer Stefan
Zweig. Available from 4 July.
A grand fantasy drama

crooked [(krUkId]
director [daI&(rektE]
heiress [(eEres]
hilarious [hI(leEriEs]
inherit [In(herIt]
lobby boy [(lQbi bOI]
loosely [(lu:sli]
shot [SQt]

gewunden, verworren
hier: Regisseur(in)
Erbin
wahnsinnig komisch
erben
Hoteldiener, Page
frei, lose
hier: Aufnahme

Fotos: PR

Films | Drama

married life. The mother (Helena


Bonham Carter) is a scientist, and the father is a cowboy. T. S. himself likes to invent machines,
and life is good until a tragic accident occurs.
A little later, one of T. S.s inventions wins an award
in Washington, DC, and the lonely, confused boy travels
across America to collect his prize. Jeunet always examines the way we communicate love, presenting it as both
a physical and an emotional adventure. With a great performance from Catlett, this film, like Amlie, is a work of
ageless wisdom for the young at heart. Starts 10 July.

Apps | DIY

Do you love DIY (do-it-yourself) projects? Are you always thinking of new and creative ways to decorate your home or make
useful objects from waste material? Then Instructables
is the app for you. Started in 2005, this application is all about
sharing fun projects. Learn how to make a stand for your smartphone using an old credit card, how to decorate leather or even
how to make your own whisky. Instructables, though, is not just
a place to find great ideas; here, you can share your own projects
with others. A simple system allows you to upload images and
instructions for others to try out. All the projects are available on
the Instructables website, too: www.instructables.com The app
can be downloaded to both Apple and android devices.

Podcasts | Entertainment

You dont need to be planning a meal with friends or colleagues


to enjoy the Dinner Party Download; but if you are, this
podcast will definitely be a help. Designed to inspire you with
ideas for good drinks and conversation, the Dinner Party Download lasts around an hour and has set elements such as an opening joke, an interesting historical anecdote and an interview with
people making headlines. A recent download included the story
of the search for the planet Pluto, a Pluto-related cocktail and
recommendations for dinner-party music from the English band
Elephant. This was followed by
an interview with actor Kevin
Spacey. The website of the
Dinner Party Download, www.
dinnerpartydownload.
org, also provides transcripts of some parts
of the show. The download is available free on
iTunes.

Culture close by | Music


Born in 1950 as the daughter of entertainer Nat King
Cole, Natalie Cole first performed with her father at the
age of six as part of a Christmas recording. She achieved
instant stardom with the release of her first album, Inseparable, in 1975. Although she suffered from inevitable comparisons with her father, Natalie Cole made
the best of a difficult situation, recording many songs
in duet with her fathers voice, especially on the 1991
multi-award-winning album Unforgettable With
Love. Released in 2013, her new album, Natalie en Espaol, is another bestseller. Presenting her latest work,
and the Cole brand of smooth jazz, Natalie Cole will be
performing four concerts in Germany, Switzerland and
Austria in July. More information on dates and locations at www.nataliecole.com
brand [brnd]
device [di(vaIs]
inevitable [In(evItEb&l]
inspire [In(spaIE]
instant [(InstEnt]
last [lA:st]
stardom [(stA:dEm]

Reviews by OWEN CONNORS and EVE LUCAS

Markenzeichen
Gert
zwangslufig, unvermeidbar
anregen, inspirieren
sofortig
dauern
Berhmtheit

7|14 Spotlight

45

ARTS | Short Story and Books

The smell of coffee

s usual, Mrs Price arrived at Alfonsos at exactly


eleven oclock for her morning coffee fair-trade,
ground in-house according to the sign. In truth,
Mrs Price had little interest in fairness of trade while the
noise of the grinder made her hearing aid shriek in protest. But the coffee was cheap and included free refills,
which she thought as fair as a person could hope for.
Mrs Price always brought her own biscuits; it saved
money, and the owner had never complained. Her favourite was a popular type of chocolate wafer. She enjoyed breaking it apart piece by piece to eat with her coffee. From her table, just beside the front window, Mrs
Price could remain almost unseen while observing people
on the street outside. She liked to guess what was in their
shopping bags and how much money they had spent.
Mrs Price enjoyed the smell of coffee more than its
taste. Her husband, Bill, had liked to grind his own beans.
The strong aroma was always on his clothes and skin. It
was one of the few memories she retained of him. When
she had first passed Alfonsos, not long after Bills death,
and smelt the familiar smell, she had begun to
cry. Later, when she felt strong enough, she
had started going in. She discovered that
if she sat very still, Bill would
sometimes join her. That was
six years ago. Since then,
she had been arriving at
the same time each day,
thinking the same thoughts,
or so it sometimes seemed
to her, and waiting for Bill. She
always sat in the same place so he
would know where to find her. On this
occasion, therefore, it was a great shock to
find that someone was sitting at her table
their table a young stranger of perhaps 17
or 18 years of age.

Morning, Mrs Price, said Alfonso, whose real name


was Brian Thompson. My nephew, Gary, he added,
nodding towards the young man seated in Bills chair
opposite her regular place. Were a bit busy. Hope you
dont mind. He wont give you any trouble.
The young man raised his eyebrows for a moment and
then returned to his mobile phone, sending messages to
invisible friends. But Mrs Price did mind. She continued
to stand, not sure what to do next. Finally, she sat down
carefully on the edge of an empty seat at the same table
her table. She studied the young man, his long blonde
hair, tattoos and an earring. It was enough to confirm her
worst suspicions. The lost generation, she thought, full
of selfish demands and their own entitlement. How dare
Thompson let him sit there? What if Bill arrived now and
found his seat taken?
Thompson himself brought her coffee to the table.
Clever boy. Starts university in September, he added.
But she didnt hear his words. His nephew had to leave
now. It just wasnt right. She was
about to take her first mouthful
of coffee, when the young
man put his hand out for
the chocolate wafer on the
table in front of them.
He tore open the wrapper and broke off a piece,
which he pushed into his
mouth. It was gone in two
bites. Shocked, Mrs Price took
a drink of the hot coffee, which
burnt her mouth. She watched in
horror as another piece of the biscuit
her biscuit quickly followed. The
young man licked his fingers. Mrs Price
was lost for words. Thompsons nephew
clearly needed to be taught a lesson. She

dare do sth. [(deE dU]


demand [di(mA:nd]
entitlement [In(taIt&lmEnt]
free refill [fri: (ri:fIl]
grind [graInd]
grinder [(graIndE]

lost for words [)lQst fE (w:dz]


mind sth. [maInd]
retain [ri(teIn]
selfish [(selfIS]
shriek [Sri:k]
suspicion [sE(spIS&n]
tear open [(teE )EUpEn]
wafer [(weIfE]
wrapper [(rpE]

hearing aid [(hIErIN eId]


lesson: to teach sb. a ~ [(les&n]

46

Spotlight 7|14

es wagen, etw. zu tun


hier: Begehren, Forderung
Anspruch
kostenloses Nachschenken
mahlen
Mahlmaschine; hier:
Kaffeemhle
Hrgert
jmdm. eine Lektion erteilen

sprachlos
etw. dagegen haben
behalten, bewahren
eigenntzig
aufkreischen
Verdacht
aufreien
Waffel
Verpackung

Fotos: iStock

Erstarrte berzeugungen und Vorurteile lassen Mrs Price bei ihrem morgendlichen Besuch im
Caf einen peinlichen Fehler begehen. JULIAN EARWAKER erzhlt.

Short Story

looked round for help, but no one seemed to notice her


dilemma.
While she wiped her lips with her paper napkin, the
young man reached forward to take a third piece. It was
too much. Mrs Price pulled the final piece of the snack
towards her and swallowed it almost whole. And then,
just to make her message clear, she grabbed a doughnut
that the young man had in front of him. Wildly, she bit
off a large mouthful, and it sent a spray of jam across her

Books | Novel

Books | Easy reader

British writer Sadie


Jones is known for
her detailed portraits
of outsiders trying to
find a place within
established
communities. Her new
novel, Fallout, explores the wild and
adventurous theatre
world of London in
the late 1960s and
early 70s. The novel
brings together four
young people looking for themselves and each other as they experiment with new
forms of work and play. This unconventional behaviour, though,
creates fallout for everyone. In her description of Swinging
London, Jones examines both the dynamics of progress and
our need for stability, mixing long nights with artistic fights, and
glamour with tremendous sadness as a new generation struggles to deal with the private and public face of artistic change.
Its a painful process but a rewarding one.
Chatto & Windus, 16.35.

bloodstain [(blVdsteIn]
comprehension [)kQmprI(henS&n]
fallout [(fO:laUt]
goddess [(gQdes]
grab sth. [grb]
informative [In(fO:mEtIv]

Reviews by EVE LUCAS

face like a bloodstain. She didnt wait to see Garys reaction. Handbag over her arm, she marched towards the
door and exited without looking back. The smell of coffee
trailed her out on to the street.
It was only then that Mrs Price realized she had not
paid for what might be her last ever cup of coffee at Alfonsos. With shaking hands, she opened her handbag. And
that is when she saw it: the chocolate wafer she had purchased earlier in the day to eat with her coffee.

Blutfleck
Verstndnisnegative Konsequenzen
Gttin
sich etw. schnappen
aufschlussreich

Viking Tales is a collec-

tion of stories about the


Norse gods. Through six
stories, we follow the adventures of these gods,
from their chief Odin to his
strong but impulsive son
Thor and the beautiful goddess Freyja, who cries tears
of gold. All the tales are set
in Yggdrasil, an enormous
tree in which the Vikings
believed everyone lived: the
gods were at the top, and
below them were ordinary
people. Down at the bottom were those who had already died.
The stories are simply told, at elementary level (A2), and there
are a large number of excellent illustrations, including one of
Yggdrasil. In addition to an informative introduction on the topic
of Viking mythology, there is a full set of comprehension questions for each of the stories, as well as nine pages of useful and
well-written grammar and vocabulary exercises. The book also
comes with an audio CD.
Macmillan, 7.49.

napkin [(npkIn]
Norse [nO:s]
purchase [(p:tSEs]
set [set]
trail sb. [treI&l]
tremendous [trE(mendEs]

Serviette
altnordisch
kaufen
Reihe
jmdm. folgen
gewaltig, schrecklich

7|14 Spotlight

47

46_47_SP_Layout 1 30.04.14 14:13 Seite 46

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LANGUAGE | Vocabulary

The names of shapes


What shape is it? This month, ANNA HOCHSIEDER presents words and phrases to describe the
things around us and the chocolates in a box.
1

5
6

11
12

10

19

13

14

18
15
17

1. circle
2. semicircle
3. square
4. hexagon
5. spiral [(spaI&rEl]

6. sphere [sfIE]
7. cross
8. rectangle
9. oval
10. triangle [(traINg&l]

16

11. crescent [(krez&nt]


12. x, cross
13. octagon
14. pyramid [(pIrEmId]
15. cone

16. cylinder [(sIlIndE]


17. cube
18. pentagon
19. diamond,
rhombus

If you dont know the name of an object, it helps if you


can describe it: its shape, size and colour, the material it is made of and what its used for its purpose.
For example, take these common things in the home:
(1) Its a pear-shaped wire structure with a long handle,
and you use it to stir or mix egg, cream and sauces. Or
how about this: (2) Its T-shaped, and the longer part
of the T is a spiral made of metal with a pointed end.
Its for opening wine bottles. Heres another one: (3) Its
a small cube thats made of wood or plastic, and each
side of the cube has a different number of dots between
50

Spotlight 7|14

one and six. Its used in certain board games. And do


you know what this is? (4) Its a thick stick with a rubber
thing at the end. The rubber bit is orange or brown
and has the shape and size of a muesli bowl more or
less. Its used for pulling dirt out of blocked drains; for
example, in washbasins. (5) Finally, this everyday object
can be found in any office. It looks a bit like a crocodiles
mouth, and you use it to fasten sheets of paper together.
To find out what all these things are called in English,
take a look at the next page.

Illustrationen: Bernhard Frth

Can you describe it?

Mchten Sie noch mehr Tipps und bungen?

Abonnieren Sie Spotlight plus! www.spotlight-online.de/ueben

Practice
Now try some exercises to practise using the language on the opposite page.
1. Look at the pictures below. Then match the names of the objects to the numbers in the text on the
opposite page.

a) a dice

b) a whisk

c) a stapler

d) a plunger

2. The words in the list on the opposite page are all nouns.
What are their related adjectives?
Underline the correct options.
In one case, both options are possible.
a) If its shaped like a pyramid, its pyriform / pyramid-shaped.
b) If its shaped like a square, its square / quadratic.
c) If its shaped like a half circle, its circular / semicircular.
d) If its shaped like a cube, its cubic / cubicle.
e) If its shaped like a cone, its conical / conifer.
f) If its shaped like a sphere, its round / spherical.
g) If its shaped like a triangle, its three-dimensional / triangular.
h) If its shaped like an octagon, its octagonal / octave.

e) a corkscrew

Many nouns (Substantiv) can be combined T ips


with the ending -shaped to create descriptive adjectives: a kidney-shaped (nierenfrmig) table, a heart-shaped jewellery box, a
star-shaped biscuit. The letters of the alphabet are also often used for describing shapes:
an S-shaped hook, a knife with a V-shaped
blade (Klinge), tables arranged in a U-shape.

3. Can you solve these riddles? All the descriptions refer to everyday objects.
a) Its conical. You fill it with a cold, sweet substance, and
you can eat it:
Its an ______________________.
b) Its long, thin and pointed at the end, and you draw or
write with it:
Its a ___________________ or a ______________________.

4. What shape do the following chocolates have?


a) Coffee cannonball: _______________
b) Egyptian delight: _______________
c) Full-moon mandarin: _______________
d) Hazelnut hat: _______________
e) Sweet strawberry cigar: _______________
f) Swiss milk: _______________
www.spotlight-online.de/teachers/picture-it
At

c) Its a sphere. Its covered with black pentagons and


white hexagons, and its used in a popular sport:
Its a ______________________.
d) It fits in your hand, is rectangular and made of metal
andplastic. Many people cant imagine life without it:
Its a ______________________.
Answers
1. a3; b1; c5; d4; e2
2. a ) pyramid-shaped; b) square; c) semicircular [)semi(s:kjUlE]; d) cubic
[(kju:bIk]; e) conical (conifer: Nadelbaum); f) round, spherical [(sferIk&l];
g)triangular [traI(NgjUlE]; h) octagonal [Qk(tg&nEl]
3. a ) ice-cream cone (Eiswaffel); b) pen, pencil; c) football; d) mobile phone
4. a ) sphere; b
 ) pyramid; c ) circle (sphere); d) cone; e) cylinder; f) cross

youll find translations and the complete Vocabulary archive.

7|14 Spotlight

51

LANGUAGE | Travel Talk

Going to see the


Tour de France
Watch the worlds greatest cycle race
with RITA FORBES.

Were leaving for Yorkshire next week.


Oh, yes! Youre going to watch the Tour de France,
arent you?
Well, a little bit of it the second stage, from
York to Sheffield. Its funny to think that the race
actually goes through England this year.
Im surprised you and Dave arent actually competing! Youre such avid cyclists.
Ha, ha! Maybe next year. We are taking our bikes,
though.

Making new friends

Hi, there! Were from Texas. This is our first time.


Its great to see it all in the flesh. How about you?
Were from Scotland. Its our first time, too. Were
going to cycle up one of the hills tomorrow morning before the race starts and watch from there.
Oh, we would have loved to do that, but we dont
have bikes with us. Were going to watch on the big
screen at the spectator hub at the end of the stage
in Sheffield.
Thatll be exciting, too, Im sure. So, which team
are you rooting for?
Well, weve got to cheer on the Americans, right?

Here they come!

The caravan was amazing! The floats were crazy!


Its all fun and games for us, isnt it? But think
what its like for the riders: 3,656 kilometres in
three weeks! Talk about testing the limits of human
endurance.
Mm-hmm. Hey! I think the peloton may be coming soon. Listen to the crowd down below.
Yeah, I can see the stage leader now. Hes not wearing the yellow jersey. Someone else must have
won yesterdays stage.
Just look at them charging up the hill. Theyre
pedalling like mad!
Its incredible. Get ready to take a picture!
52

Spotlight 7|14

T ip


To gear up means to get ready for something.
Yorkshire is a region in northern England.

The Tour de France is the biggest cycling race in the
world. This years race is the 101st.


The Tour de France is divided into 21 stages. Each
stage lasts one day, and there are two rest days.
The first three stages of this years race on 5, 6
and 7 July take place in England. After that, the
teams will ride through Belgium, Spain and France,
finishing in Paris on 27 July.

The adjective avid [(vId] means passionate
(leidenschaftlich) or committed (engagiert).
Avid nearly always comes before a noun:
an avid fan, an avid tennis player, an avid reader.

If you see something in the flesh, you see it live.

The roads are closed a few hours before the race
begins. You can cycle along the official route before
and after the race.

Spectator hubs are special areas where fans can
watch the race on a big screen. There you can also
find food and entertainment. The hub in Sheffield
has room for 40,000 people.

If you root for a team, you want it to win.

To cheer people on is to shout loudly for them,
encouraging them to keep going.

Before the race begins, a caravan or procession of
vehicles drives along the route. This entertainment
for people waiting along the road lasts for about
30minutes. Official sponsors of the race throw
freebies free (kostenlos) advertising products
into the crowd.

The decorated vehicles that travel in a procession
such as the caravan are known as floats.

A peloton is the main group of cyclists in a race.

The rider who wins a particular stage is allowed to
wear the yellow jersey in the next stage.

If youre doing something like mad, youre putting
all of your energy into it.

all fun and games [O:l )fVn End (geImz]


charge up [tSA:dZ (Vp]
endurance [In(djUErEns]
leave for... [(li:v fE]
pedal [(ped&l]

einfach nur Spa


hier: hinaufstrmen
Durchhaltevermgen
nach ... aufbrechen
in die Pedale treten

Foto: Alamy

Gearing up

Cards | LANGUAGE

NEW WORDS

GLOBAL ENGLISH

conscious uncoupling

What would a speaker of British English say?

My ex-husband and I prefer to refer to our divorce as a


conscious uncoupling.

North American: Its like being in the middle of


Times Square.

Spotlight 7|14

Spotlight 7|14

(IN)FORMAL ENGLISH
Rewrite these informal statements
in a neutral style:

TRANSLATION
Translate:
1. Meine Armbanduhr geht zwei Minuten vor.

1. Give me a buzz when you have a minute.


2. Unsere alte Standuhr ging immer ein paar
Minuten nach.

2. Just drop me a line when youve decided.

Spotlight 7|14

Spotlight 7|14

IDIOM MAGIC

Read aloud the names of these countries


competing in this years World Cup:
Belgium
Croatia
Nigeria

Bosnia and Herzegovina


Japan
Uruguay

Ching Yee Smithback

PRONUNCIATION

a marked man / woman


Spotlight 7|14

FALSE FRIENDS

Spotlight 7|14

GRAMMAR

housemaster / Hausmeister

Complete these sentences with the correct


verb forms:

Translate the following sentences:


1. He started his career as a housemaster at a private
school.
2. Sie bekommen den Wohnungsschlssel vom
Hausmeister.

Spotlight 7|14

1. After the game, Philip was nowhere _________________


(zu sehen).
2. Im afraid Mr Smith is nowhere _________________
(zu finden).

Spotlight 7|14

LANGUAGE | Cards

GLOBAL ENGLISH

NEW WORDS

British speaker: Its like Piccadilly Circus (in here).


In a busy situation where people are constantly coming
and going, British speakers may refer to a famous round
open space in London. North Americans think of New
Yorks most famous square, or its main station: Its like
Grand Central Station in here. In German, one might
compare things to a Taubenschlag.

The actress Gwyneth Paltrow used the word partnership


consciously uncouple in connection with her divorce
from Chris Martin of Coldplay (see Spotlight 6/14, p. 29).
This new expression is intended to show that the breakup has occurred in a respectful manner, without bitter
feelings between husband and wife.

Spotlight 7|14

TRANSLATION

Spotlight 7|14

(IN)FORMAL ENGLISH

1. My (wrist)watch is two minutes fast.

1. Give me a call / Call me when you have a minute.

2. Our old grandfather clock was always a few minutes


slow.

2. Send me a message / note when youve decided.

When talking about a watch or clock, the translation of


vor- / nachgehen is be fast / slow.

In informal British usage, you can also give sb. a ring or


ring sb. up.

Spotlight 7|14

IDIOM MAGIC

Spotlight 7|14

PRONUNCIATION

A marked man or woman is someone who is in danger


because another person has made him or her a target
(Ziel) of attack.

[(beldZEm]
[)bQzniE End )h:tsE(gQvInE]
[krEU(eISE] [dZE(pn]
[naI(dZIEriE] [(jUErEgwaI]

He became a marked man because of the speech he


made in parliament.

The English and German pronunciation of many country


names differs in stress, vowel (Vokal) or consonant
(Konsonant) quality, for example.

Spotlight 7|14

GRAMMAR

Spotlight 7|14

FALSE FRIENDS

1. After the game, Philip was nowhere to be seen.


2. Im afraid Mr Smith is nowhere to be found.
Semantically, zu sehen sein and zu finden sein are
passives. English requires passive infinitives here.

Spotlight 7|14

1. Er begann seine Karriere als Internatslehrer in einer


Privatschule.
2. The caretaker (UK) will give you the key to the flat.
A housemaster is a teacher in a British boarding school
(Internat) responsible for a group or house of students.
In North America, the caretaker of a private building is a
superintendent.
Spotlight 7|14

LANGUAGE | Everyday English


Listen to dialogues 1 and 2

Official documents
This month, DAGMAR TAYLOR looks at the
words and phrases people use when they talk
about taking care of their paperwork.
1. The first step

2. Its all in the planning

Calum and Sam are making arrangements for their


wedding.

Calum and Sam are checking what they need to do


before their wedding.

Calum: Do you know what we havent thought about

Calum: Sam? Listen to what the website says: The

yet?
Sam: A honeymoon in the Seychelles?
Calum: (laughs) We can think about that when we
win the lottery. No, I mean the paperwork.
We probably need our birth certificates or
our passports or something.
Sam: 
Oh, yeah. I suppose youre right. You know, I
dont think Ive got my birth certificate.
Calum: Are you sure? Has your mum got it?
Sam: More than likely, yes. Ill ask her. But how do
we find out what we need?
Calum: They probably tell you when you book the
registrars office, but Ill check online.
Sam: 
Do it now. Try the Citizens Advice Bureau.
Calum: Good idea!

Here, paperwork means all the documents involved in a birth, death, marriage or buying a house.
shows when and where a person was born.


To show that he is not sure, or doesnt know what is
needed, Calum adds or something.

I suppose youre right can be used either when you

Foto: iStock

are responding to something a person has said that


you havent thought about before, or when youre not
sure about something.

More than likely means the same as very probably.

A register office (ifml. registry office) is the place
where you can get married in the UK without a
religious ceremony. It is the office that records births,
marriages and deaths. In Scotland, this is known as
the registrars office.

The Citizens Advice Bureau is a UK charity that
gives free (kostenlos) information and advice to
people with financial, legal, consumer and other
problems: www.citizensadvice.org.uk
Flitterwochen

T ip


A birth certificate is the official document that

honeymoon [(hVnimu:n]
Seychelles [seI(Selz]

first step to getting married is to give notice


to the district registrar in the area where you
intend to marry. Each person has to complete
a marriage notice on a form provided by the
registrar. Blah, blah, blah... Then it says: You
are advised to submit your marriage notice
four to six weeks before you intend to marry.
Sam: 
Oh, look. It says here that each marriage notice should be accompanied by a fee and a
birth certificate.
Calum: How much is the fee?
Sam: 
It doesnt say. Is it on the registrars website?
Calum: Ill look, and Ill download the marriage notice form. Can you call your mum and ask her
where shes hiding your birth certificate?

To give notice is a phrase used in formal, official

T ip

English to mean say that you want to do something.


The district registrar keeps official records (hier:
Akte, Eintragung), especially of births, deaths and
marriages in the local area.

Completing a marriage notice (Aufgebot) is one
of the first things couples must do before getting
married.

When reading aloud, people often say blah, blah,
blah to show that they are missing out (berspringen)
a boring or unimportant part of the text.

Here, advised to submit means officially told to give
a document to someone in authority. It is typical of
the formal language used by authorities.

Another example of formal written language is
should be accompanied by, meaning should be
sent together with.

A fee is the amount of money you pay for professional advice or a service.
intend [In(tend]
provide [prE(vaId]
registrar [)redZI(strA:]

beabsichtigen, vorhaben
zur Verfgung stellen
Standesbeamter, -beamtin

7|14 Spotlight

55

LANGUAGE | Everyday English


3. A copy

4. Whats going on?

Sam needs a copy of her birth certificate.

Calum has a surprise for Sam.

Registrar: Aberdeen Registrars Office.


Sam: 
Yes, hello! I was wondering if you could tell

Sam: 
Oh, by the way, my birth certificate came in

the post today.

me how I can get a certified copy of my


birth certificate. My mum cant find mine.
Registrar: Yes, certainly. Can you tell me where your
birth was registered?
Sam: 
In Aberdeen.
Registrar: And are you in Aberdeen at the moment?
Sam: 
No, I live in London.
Registrar: Well, you can order it over the phone and
pay for it with a credit or debit card. We
can either send it to your home address,
or you can get someone to come in to the
registrars office on your behalf and collect
it for you. All I need is your full name and
your date and place of birth.

A polite way to begin asking a question or asking

off the list.

Sam: Theres still a lot to do, isnt there?


Calum: Uh-huh. That reminds me: have you got a

passport?

Sam: Of course Ive got a passport. Why?


Calum: 
Is it still valid?
Sam: 
I think so. I can check if you like. But why?

Whats going on?

Calum: 
I booked our honeymoon today.
Sam: Oh, wow! So, its not Skegness after all?
Calum: 
(laughs) No, its not! But Im not telling you

where were going. I want it to be a surprise.


Just make sure your passport is valid, OK?

T ip

someone to do something is I was wondering if...


In official language, a copy of a birth certificate is
called a full certified copy or extract (Auszug).


When you do business or arrange something by
phone, you do it over the phone.


When you pay with a debit card, the money is taken
directly from your bank account (Konto).


If someone does something on your behalf,
he or she does it for you, as your representative
(Stellvertreter).

Your full name is your first name, middle name(s)
and surname.

EXERCISE

Calum: 
Oh, good. Thats another thing we can cross

1. Add the missing word.


a) But how do we find _____ what we need?
b) Is it _____ the registrars website?
c) You can order it _____ the phone.
d) Thats another thing we can cross _____ the list.

By the way (ifml.) introduces a question or

T ip

comment that is not directly related to what you


have been talking about.
Uh-huh [(V hV] is a sound people make to say yes
or to show that they understand or agree with what
someone has said.

You can say that reminds me when you suddenly remember something because of what you or another
person has said or done.

If something is valid, it is legally or officially acceptable. The opposite of valid is invalid [In(vlId].
Skegness is a well-known and not at all exotic
seaside resort (Badeort) on the east coast of England.
after all [)A:ftE (O:l]
cross off [krQs (Qf]

hier: also doch, am Ende


streichen

3. What did they say?


a) We havent thought about the p _______ yet.
b) Each person has to complete a m _______ n _______.
c) All I need is your f ______ n ______ and...
d) Is your passport still v ______?

2. What words did they use?

Answers: 1. a) out; b) on; c) over; d) off


2. a) I suppose youre; b) You are advised (submit: einreichen, vorlegen);
c) certainly; d) came in the post

56

Spotlight 7|14

4. What do the words in bold refer to?


a) Has your mum got it? __________
b) Is it on the registrars website? __________
c) We can either send it to your home address, or you
can get someone to come in. __________
d) I want it to be a surprise. __________
Answers: 3. a) paperwork; b) marriage notice; c) full name; d) valid
4. a) Sams birth certificate; b) the amount of the fee; c) a certified copy of
Sams birth certificate; d) the honeymoon destination

Foto: iStock

a) Oh, yeah. Youre probably right. _________________


b) We ask you to submit your marriage notice...
_________________
c) Yes, of course. _________________
d) My birth certificate arrived today. _________________

The Grammar Page | LANGUAGE

Using if, unless


and if ... not
ADRIAN DOFF presents and explains this key point of grammar
with notes on a short dialogue.
Jills husband, Nick, calls while shes at work.
Nick: Hi! Im calling about the concert. I need to tell the

others. So is Friday OK for you?

Jill: 
Yes, I think Ill be able to come unless 1 I have to

EXERCISE

stay on at the office.


Nick: Well, could you decide? Yes or no? I need to get tickets for us.
Jill: 
Well, yes, it should be fine unless 2 we have a
meeting that evening. Cant we decide later?
Nick: No. We wont get tickets if we dont 3 book ahead.
Theyre nearly all gone already.
Jill: 
OK, lets say Ill come, then. Ill let you know if
I cant 4 make it.
Nick: Is that a yes?
Jill: 
Well, yes, unless...
Nick: OK, look! Ill book four tickets on the basis that you
want to come with us unless5 youd prefer to stay
at the office, that is.5

1 Unless means except if. Jill could say: Ill be able to

come, except if I have to stay on (lnger bleiben) at the


office.
2 This is another example of the use of unless (= except if

we have a meeting).
3 Here, if ... not also means except if. It could be re-

placed with unless: We wont get tickets unless we


book ahead.
4 You cant always replace if ... not with unless. Here, if ...

not doesnt mean except if, so it is not possible to say:

Ill let you know unless I can make it.


5 In conversation, unless is often used to express an

afterthought. Sometimes, of course or that is is


added at the end:
Well eat outside unless it rains, of course.
Lets get the bill unless you want another drink,
that is.

Remember!

Beyond the basics

The above dialogue between Nick and Jill shows how


unless and if ... not are used to talk about the future.
When used in this way, they both require the present
simple tense (unless I have to..., unless we have...,
if we dont..., if I cant...).

Besides being used to talk about the future, unless is


also found with other conditional forms and tenses;
for example:
I wouldnt eat meat, unless I was desperate.
I used to come to work every day, unless I was ill.

For each sentence below, replace if ... not with unless if possible.
a) Ill expect you at 7 oclock if I dont hear from you.
_______________________________
b) If I werent so busy, Id take a day off.
_______________________________
c) Well eat outside if it doesnt rain.
_______________________________
d) Its better if you dont say anything just yet.
_______________________________

e) The meat will go bad if you dont put it in the fridge.


_______________________________
f) Sharks are quite harmless if they dont smell blood.
_______________________________
g) If the sauce isnt thick enough, add more flour.
_______________________________
h) They wont let you into the country if you havent got
a visa. _______________________________

Answers: a) ...unless I hear from you; b) not possible (take a day off: einen Tag frei nehmen); c) ...unless it rains; d) not possible; e) ...unless you put it in the fridge;
f) ...unless they smell blood (shark: Haifisch); g) not possible (flour: Mehl); h) ...unless youve got a visa

7|14 Spotlight

57

Phil & Peggy

LANGUAGE | The Soap

A tropical storm
Things are hotting up at Spotlights very
own London pub. By INEZ SHARP
Sean: You just never know what people are into.
Peggy: Yeah, who would have thought that our Tropical

FOCUS

Heatwave Week would be so popular?


Sean: If you think of all the stuff weve tried out: afternoon teas, quiz nights...
Peggy: Hi, Helen! What can I get you?
Helen: Ill have a Mai Tai. Do you like my grass skirt?
Sean: You look really hot.
Phil: Hi, George! The usual?
George: No, give me a Mai Tai, too.
Helen: Whose idea was it, this tropical special?
George: We had an event at the supermarket called Typically Tropical, promoting coconut products, and the
decoration was so nice I thought the pub could use it.
Helen: That explains the slogans everywhere.
Sean: Are you sure its legal?
George: Whos going to notice? My boss lives in Swindon, so he wont be round here any time soon.
Peggy: Hi, Jane! What are you wearing?
Jane: Isnt the wet T-shirt contest tonight?
Helen: No, its the hula-dancing competition.
Jane: Are you sure?
George: OK, there are ten women here in grass skirts,
and youre the only one in knickers and a T-shirt, Jane.
Sean: So, are you sure its legal to use this deco, George?
George: We wanted to donate it to the local primary school, but no one came round to collect it. So I
thought: waste not, want not.
Jane: Thanks for the grass skirt, mum.
Sean: I preferred you in the T-shirt.
Helen: Dont look now, Jane, but the most gorgeous
mans just come in. George, keep still, and then we
can admire him without being too obvious.
George: I can remember the days when I wasnt just a
useful piece of camouflage.
Jane: Wow! Hes so fit! And he seems to be alone.
Helen: OK, hes coming over. Act nonchalant.

58

George says he can remember the days when he


wasnt just a piece of camouflage. He means that he
used to be worth looking at, not simply someone who
doesnt attract a lot of attention and who is therefore
good for hiding behind. The noun camouflage refers
to clothing or materials used to conceal something by
making it blend in with the surroundings. In the military, camouflage materials are used for uniforms and
to hide equipment, such as trucks, from sight.

Spotlight 7|14

Helen

George

Sean

Jane

What do you think of my grass skirt?


George: Can I take a look...? Oh, no! Its my boss, Dave.

What the hells he doing here?

Dave: Hi, George! Ive been looking for you. Could we

have a chat?

Jane: If its about the tropical decoration...


Dave: Actually, it is.
Jane: Well, it probably isnt legal, using your deco.
Dave: Youre damn right it isnt. I could fire him for it.

You realize that?

Jane: It wasnt George who had the idea. It was me. You

see, the pub is doing really badly.

Peggy: Jane!
Jane: Shut up, Mum! George brought the stuff to the

school where my daughter Simone goes. I knew theyd


never use it, so I took it to help mum out she owns
the pub. I never wanted to get George into trouble.
Dave: Youll have to take everything down this evening.
Helen: What, no hula dancing?
Dave: Well, I suppose...
Peggy: Look, why dont we donate the money weve made
to Simones school?
Helen: Dave, have a Mai Tai and think it over.
George: (quietly) Jane, you are the best. Can I get you a
drink?
Jane: No, you can get me Dave.
admire [Ed(maIE]
be into sth. [bi (IntE] ifml.
collect sth. [kE(lekt]
conceal [kEn(si:&l]
damn [dm] ifml.
donate [dEU(neIt]
fire sb. [(faIE] ifml.
fit [fIt] UK ifml.
gorgeous [(gO:dZEs]
grass skirt [grA:s (sk:t]
knickers [(nIkEz] UK
nonchalant [(nQnSElEnt]
primary school [(praImEri sku:l] UK
shut up [SVt (Vp] ifml.
waste not, want not
[)weIst nQt (wQnt nQt]
what the hell [)wQt DE (hel] ifml.

bewundern
auf etw. stehen
hier: etw. abholen
kaschieren, verdecken
verdammt
spenden
jmdm. kndigen
cool, geil
umwerfend, toll
Bastrckchen
Hschen
lssig
Grundschule
sei still
Spare in der Zeit, so hast
du in der Not.
was zum Teufel

English at Work | LANGUAGE

Dear Ken: I need ideas for


small talk, please
Dear Ken
I work in an international company where we often have
to deal with people from all over the world. Most of the
foreign visitors to our office are from the UK or the US. I
often have difficulties warming up. Do you have some
ideas for making small talk?
Thank you.
Kind regards
Anja K.
Dear Anja
The idea of small talk is to break the ice, make your international visitor feel comfortable, establish rapport and
tune your ear to the other persons way of speaking.
There are some tried and tested, neutral subjects to talk
about after saying hello but only for a short time.
Here are a few tips on what you could talk about:
1. Your business cards

Check how to pronounce your visitors name correctly.


Ask about the company name and the logo.
2. Where he or she comes from

If you havent been there, ask about the place.


3. The experience immediately before this

Where had your visitor been before meeting you? Tell


him or her what you have been doing, too.
4. A common acquaintance

Find out if there are people you both know. Talk about
them in a positive way.
5. A current event

The event could be from the days news or something


from your business field. Be careful not to make a
strong political statement at this stage, though.
6. A minor problem

Ask for advice on how to deal with a small problem.


People generally like being helpful.
7. The immediate environment

Is your visitor wearing a lapel badge (for example,


Lions or Rotary) that you could comment on?
8. General business

Discuss your industry and business in general. Ask


questions about your visitors company, products or
services. This is a good lead-in to the meeting itself.
Small talk helps you build a positive platform on which
to do business together. The key word is together. Try
to make your visitor feel comfortable, not part of a police
interrogation. If you put some of these ideas into practice,
Im sure your warm-up will be a very smooth one.
All the best
Ken

Send your questions


about business Engar
lish by e-mail with De
to
line
t
jec
sub
the
in
Ken
lag.de
ver
httlig
po
@s
age
gu
lan
questions
two
r
we
Each month, I ans
sent in. If one of
Spotlight readers have
, youll receive a
them is your question
Ways to Improve
copy of my book: Fifty
dont forget to
So
.
Your Business English
s!
res
add
g
add your mailin

Dear Ken
I work as a PA and often have to answer the phone for
my boss.
If she is out of the office or in a meeting, should I tell the
caller that? Or is there some general phrase I could use?
I never know quite what to say.
Regards
Else M.
Dear Else
Often, you want to avoid saying exactly why your boss
cannot speak to the caller. In that case, the most common
(and polite) general phrase to use is: Im afraid shes not
available at the moment.
But then you need to follow it up with an offer such as:
May I take a message?
Would you like her to call you back?
May I ask what its about? Maybe I can help you.
All the best
Ken
acquaintance [E(kweIntEns]
business card [(bIznEs kA:d]
immediate [I(mi:diEt]
lapel badge [lE(pel bdZ]
PA (personal assistant) [)pi: (eI]
police interrogation
[pE)li:s In)terE(geIS&n]
rapport [r(pO:]
tried and tested [)traId End (testId]
tune ones ear to sth.
[)tju:n wVnz (IE tE]

Bekannte(r)
Visitenkarte
unmittelbar
Abzeichen am
Jackenaufschlag
etwa: Chefsekretr(in)
Verhr
gute Beziehung
hier: bewhrt ( p. 61)
sich in etw. einhren

Ken Taylor is a communication skills consultant. Follow his Hot Tips


on Twitter @DearKen101. You can buy his book Dear Ken... 101 answers
to your questions about business English from

7|14 Spotlight

59

LANGUAGE | Spoken English

Remembering

As the examples show, remember is used:


1. 
to talk about the past: remember + -ing
2. to talk about the future: remember to + infinitive
(= dont forget to).

Lets look at different ways to talk about remembering


things and people in the past.

Remember
After remember, you can use a noun or a gerund (-ing
form) to talk about the past:
I remember my first English teacher.
I remember seeing her at the party.
A question word (what, who, how...) can also be used:
I cant remember how long we stayed there.
Or you can use the time or that time:

Do you remember the time we danced till five in the
morning?
In the negative, either dont remember or cant remember
are used:
Whats her name? I cant / dont remember.

Memory
The phrases have a (clear / vague) memory of or have no
memory of are also used to talk about remembering things:

I have a vague memory of visiting my great aunt.
(= I remember it, but not clearly.)
I have absolutely no memory of my grandparents.
(= I dont remember them at all.)
Memory is also used in the plural form memories (= things
you remember):

She has fond memories of her time in Paris.
(= She remembers nice things about it.)

Dont talk to me about school. It brings back bad
memories.
Some people are good (or bad) at remembering things. They
have a good / bad memory or a good / bad memory for
certain things:
Hes over 90, but hes still got a good memory.
Ive got a hopeless memory for peoples names.

60

Spotlight 7|14

People who often forget things have a memory like a sieve


(Sieb):

I asked her to buy some bread, but she forgot. She has a
memory like a sieve.
Here are some more phrases connected with memory and
remembering things:
My minds a blank. (= I cant remember it at all.)
I cant think of his name. My minds a blank.
Its on the tip of my tongue. (= I can nearly remember it.)

Who was the actress in Titanic? Her names on the tip of
my tongue.
It all came back to me. (= After a time, I could remember
everything.)

Hed forgotten what had happened that night, then
suddenly, it all came back to him.
Remember something as if it were yesterday (= very
clearly)

I met my wife 50 years ago, but I remember it as if it were
yesterday.
Do something from memory (= Its in your head.)
He can play all Beethovens piano sonatas from memory.

Trying to remember
Particular expressions are often used to show that a person
cant remember or is trying to remember something:

We went to that restaurant last night... Whats it called?
It begins with C.
I saw whats-his-name this morning. You know...

She needs to be more whats the word? assertive
(bestimmt, selbstbewusst).

Choose the correct words in bold.


a) Seeing him again brought back / down memories
of my student days.
b) Whats the capital of Latvia? Its on the tip / top of
my tongue.
c) I still remember to help / helping my mother when
I was a child.
d) I dont know his name, but I have a vague memory/
remember of meeting him before.
e) I cant think which town we stayed in on holiday
my memorys / minds a blank.
f) She can recite long poems by / from memory.

Answers: a) back; b) tip (Latvia: Lettland); c) helping; d) memory; e) minds; f) from (recite: auswendig aufsagen)

EXERCISE

1. 
I remember going to the theatre in London. It was a
great experience.
2. Remember to turn the lights off before you go out.

Foto: iStock

This month, ADRIAN DOFF looks at how we


talk about memory in spoken English.

Word Builder | LANGUAGE

Build your vocabulary


JOANNA WESTCOMBE presents useful words and phrases from this issue of Spotlight and their
collocations. The words may also have other meanings that are not listed here.
merit [(merIt]

noun p. 9

wisdom [(wIzdEm]

noun p. 27

good quality, strength, performance

good sense, based on knowledge and experience

Leistung
Each proposal will be considered on its
ownmerits.

Klugheit
The committee had the wisdom not to make
all its decisions alone.

Synonyms for merit: worth, strength

verb p. 28

let go of sth. [let (gEU Ev]

verb p. 40

give professional help and advice

stop holding something, give something its freedom

jmdn. beraten
Part of her job involves working with the
police and counselling victims of crime.

etw. loslassen
She refused to let go of the idea that her
son needed her.

 ont confuse the nouns counsellor and councillor


D
(Rat, Rtin).

lately [(leItli]

adverb p. 70

A verb with an opposite meaning is hold on to sth..


tried and tested [)traId End (testId] phrase p. 59
effective, known to work

in the recent past


in letzter Zeit, krzlich
Have you seen Karen lately? I dont think Ive
heard from her for weeks.
A synonym for lately is recently.

bewhrt
I hope you like the cake. Its one of my
mums tried-and-tested recipes.

T his phrase can be seen as a clich; use tried or tested


alone where possible.

How to use the word wisdom


Just like wisdom teeth, wisdom grows as we grow.
English contains several wise words about wisdom,
many of which have a slightly ironic touch. You can talk
about what others believe to be true (but may not be):
T he conventional / received / traditional wisdom is that men are stronger than women.
You can listen to and learn from someone:
M
 y yoga teacher always has some
words/ pearls of wisdom for her class.
You may not be sure about an action:
W
 e question the wisdom of reducing
the marketing budget.
You can express that you think a decision is
annoying, dangerous or stupid:
M
 y boss, in his infinite wisdom, has
planned a training day in August.

Complete the following sentences with words


fromthis page in their correct form.
a) I think we can all benefit from her _____________ and
experience.
b) The hand I shook was cold and sweaty, so I quickly
_____________ it again.
c) Their idea has no value. It is without _____________.
d) Passing on secrets is a tried and _____________ way
of losing friends.
e) My neighbour is 90 and has offered me many
_____________ of wisdom.
f) Ive played tennis once or twice with Pam
_____________. She seems well.
g) The traumatized boy is being _____________ by a
therapist.

OVER TO YOU!

counsel [(kaUns&l]

See the notes below on how to use wisdom.

Answers: a) wisdom (benefit: profitieren); b) let go of; c) merit; d) tested; e) words / pearls; f) lately; g) counselled

7|14 Spotlight

61

LANGUAGE | Perfectionists

WILL ORYAN explains developments in the English language and examines some of
the finer points of grammar.

When it is used on
its own, the noun
chief usually refers to the leader
(Huptling) of an indigenous tribe
(Eingeborenenstamm), such as the
famous Sitting Bull of the Lakota
Indians. The word, which came to
English from Old French around
1300, otherwise normally occurs
in compounds (zusammengesetztes Wort) or noun phrases such as
union chief or chief of police.
It goes back to Latin caput, which
means head, but also leader, summit, capital city. Not surprisingly, it
is the source of Spanish and Portuguese cabo and Italian capo as well.
Until quite recently, the combining form -in-chief was limited to
a few common terms, in particular
editor-in-chief (Chefredakteur(in))
and commander-in-chief (Oberbefehlshaber(in)). The US Constitution
automatically assigns the president
this latter (letztgenannt) role. In recent years, -in-chief has started
to become a productive wordformation element in the media.
For example, when it was reported
in April that more illegal immigrants
had been deported under President Obama than ever before, he
was immediately referred to as the
deporter-in-chief . Commentators
from the right have been known to
call Obama the joker-in-chief .
This -in-chief is not limited to the
president. In the 2012 elections, Bill
Clinton was sometimes referred to
as the explainer-in-chief in his role
as head PR man for the Democrats.
Foreign politicians can also be -inchiefs. For example, Tariq Aziz,
Saddam Husseins former foreign
minister, was called Iraqs excuserin-chief in The New York Times.
62

Spotlight 7|14

Grammar

When a direct or indirect object refers to the same thing as the subject
(known as co-reference), it must be reflexive. If you replaced himself with
him in the following examples, the object would then necessarily refer to
someone other than John:
a) John viewed himself as an incompetent fool.
John didnt give himself enough time to finish the task.
In the examples of (b), the pronoun has to be reflexive. Me and you in
place of myself and yourself would be ungrammatical:
b) I see myself in my son.
Did you give yourself the day off on your birthday?
In the case of pronouns that are the object of a preposition, the story gets
more complicated. The default option is that where there is co-reference
with the subject, pronouns have to be reflexive, as in (c). In the first example,
a non-reflexive pronoun would not be co-referential with the subject it
would refer to someone else and in the second (which is in the second
person), it would be ungrammatical:
c) Marjorie has to learn to believe in herself.
Youll have to learn to look after yourself.
The second case is where reflexive pronouns as the object of a preposition
are optional, as in the examples of (d):
d) Coming out of the shower, Paul held a towel around him / himself.
Sarah suddenly noticed a rising fear deep within her / herself.
They pulled the table towards them / themselves.
These prepositions express a spatial (rumlich) relationship. Many speakers
prefer the non-reflexive pronouns except in cases of contrast, as in (e):
e) Paul held the towel around himself, not around his girlfriend.
Note that in German, only reflexive pronouns would be allowed in such
prepositional phrases.
Our third case, surprisingly, involves structures where reflexive pronouns are
not used where the non-reflexives are mandatory (zwingend erforderlich):

f) Sharon likes having her children around her (herself).


He wanted to buy a drink, but he had no money on him (himself).
The team is glad they have that work behind them (themselves) now.
In these cases, co-reference is the only option. There is no contrast. Sharon
cant have her children around anyone else, and the team cant have the
work behind another team. Again, in German and other languages, only a
reflexive pronoun would be acceptable here.

Add the missing pronoun. Reflexive, non-reflexive or either?


1. Tom pulled the trolley behind ________.
2. Mary directed the overflowing water away from ________.
Answers: 1. him; 2. her / herself

Foto: iStock

Back to
the roots

Reflexive pronouns

Crossword | LANGUAGE

Wild animals
1

The words in this puzzle are taken from our article about the protection of
rhinoceros in Namibia. You may wish to refer to the text on pages 2427.

Solution to puzzle 6/14:


CHAPTER

T E A
R
M E
A
N O
E
F
X
P U B
L
I
C O N
I
O
T
T

9
10

11

12
13

14

15

16
17
19

20

21

22
23

Mike Pilewski

18

C H E R
T I C U L
N
W
B E
A
M O N O L
C O P Y R
U
T R I B U
T
O
S

P
R
O
T
A
G
O
N
I
S
T
S

A G E
W
U S
H
S O
S
A
M Y
G U E
G H T
E
I O N
N
E N D

Across

Down

1. Are there other ______ of doing this?


4. A bad situation that needs to be solved or put right.
7. 
Describing something about which everything is right.
8. To locate or discover something.
9. That thing.
10. Moving around an area, as soldiers or guards do, in order to

2. Be: Where ______ the animals?


3. Trips to the savannah to see or hunt wild animals.
5. Belonging to.
6. Having the properties of a medicine.
10. To ______ up means to increase: Tourism was

make sure there is no trouble.


13. Whether.
14. The protection of wild animals or the natural environment.
16. The person one is doing something with.
17. Everything.
18. Rhino horn has no properties that could be of ______ use.
19. Happening in a particular place.
22. To communicate verbally.
23. Made fewer: The rhino population was ______ to 2,500.

11. Having ones home in a particular place: Where will

starting to ______ up in 2001.


you be ______?
12. Existing in nature: These things are all part of the
15.
16.
17.
20.
21.

______ world.
The opposite of late.
What children often do.
Too.
The opposite of young.
A connecting word.

Competition!
How to take part

Congratulations to:

Form a single word from the letters in the coloured


squares. Send it on a postcard to:
Redaktion Spotlight, July Prize Puzzle,
Postfach 1565, 82144 Planegg, Deutschland.
Or go to www.spotlight-online.de/crossword

Irina Bhm (Husum)


Barbara Huth-Gocht (Bottrop)
Elisabeth Zweigert (Hofheim)
Christina Wengenmayer (Munich)
Carola Snger (Berlin)
Hermann Schulz (Hanover)
Walter Schumacher (Troisdorf)
Raphael Dumm (Emmendingen)
Angela Setter (Schweinfurt)
Claudia Schmidt (Erfurt)

Ten winners will be chosen from the entries we receive


by 21 July 2014. Each winner will be sent a paperback
book in English from Reclams Rote Reihe by courtesy
of Reclam. The answer to our May puzzle was animals.

7|14 Spotlight

63

AUDIO | July 2014

Spotlight AUDIO

Activate your English!

Wherever
you see this
symbol at the start of
an article in the magazine,
you will find the text
and/or the related
interview or language
exercises on
Spotlight Audio.

Each month, SPOTLIGHT AUDIO brings you 60 minutes of texts, dialogues, interviews, news
reports and language exercises related to the current issue of Spotlight magazine.
Improve your listening skills and activate your English with the help of native speakers from
around the world.
This months
audio content
Below is a complete list
of the tracks on Julys
Spotlight Audio.
The page numbers refer to
those in the current issue of
Spotlight magazine.
Spotlight Audio is presented by Rita Forbes and
DavidCreedon. Among the highlights are:

Special focus. Spotlight Audio is built around

themes found in the magazine. In the July issue of


Spotlight Audio, the special focus is on prepositions.
We look at nouns and adjectives that take prepositions, giving you the chance to test and develop your
knowledge.

Authentic and current content. In the Replay


section, Spotlight Audio looks at news and recent
events from around the world. This section features
listening exercises with the voices of people whove
been in the news, including quotes from politicians,
journalists and entrepreneurs.

Fotos: iStock; PR; David John Weber; Williams Martini Racing

A variety of English accents. Youll hear native

64

speakers from Ireland (Debate), Australia (Around


Oz), and a number of regional accents from around
Britain (Peggys Place, A Day in My Life). Interviews
and reports allow you to hear a wide range of voices
from different parts of the English-speaking world.

Choose your listening format


Spotlight Audio is available either as a download
or as a CD.
To find out more about how to subscribe to Spotlight Audio:
aboshop.spotlight-verlag.de/de/spotlight-hoeren
www.spotlight-online.de/products/audio-cd
www.sprachenshop.de/Spotlight-audio

Spotlight 7|14

1. Introduction
2. People: Susie Wolff (text: p. 6)
3. A Day in My Life: Music programmer
Fielding Hope (interview: pp. 89)
4. Britain Today: Disney on your doorstep
(text: p. 13)
5. Travel: A Caribbean paradise
(pp. 3035)
6. Travel: Saint Lucia, portrait of an island
(excerpt) (text: pp. 3035)
7. Environment: Saving the rhino
(interview: pp. 2427)
8. Everyday English: Official documents
(dialogues: pp. 5556)
9. Around Oz: Beware of crocodiles!
(text: p. 36)
10. Replay: International news, with language
explanations
11. Replay: Indias new government
12. Replay: Women on the front line?
13. Language: Prepositions (pp. 1421)
14. Language: Preposition exercises
(pp. 1421)
15. Debate: Fluoride in the Irish water supply
(interviews: pp. 3839)
16. English at Work: Small talk (p. 59)
17. Peggys Place: A tropical storm (text: p. 58)
18. Spoken English: Remember and forget
(p. 60)
19. Short Story: The smell of coffee
(text: pp. 4647)
20. Conclusion

People (track 2)

A Day in My Life (track 3)

Travel (tracks 56)

Environment (track 7)

Klassenfahrten nach London


mit oder ohne Sprachkurs,
ausgesuchte Gastfamilien, indiv. Programm,
Termine nach Absprache
london@reichardt.eu, T. +49 (0) 6181 424670

www.reichardt.eu

IMPROVE YOUR ENGLISH


IN ENGLAND

One-to-one English courses


designed for you/your business Living
in your teachers home.
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Agent in Germany: 0049 7616 1290601

Englisch in
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Einzelunterricht fr Schule,
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Ausgabe 08/14:
Kalifornien-Spezial
Bompass & Parr

Themenvorschau

ThemenvorschAu

BERUFSAUSBILDUNG, FORTBILDUNG
www.europasekretaerin.de
staatl. anerkannt, kleine Klassen, mit Uni.-Abschluss, BBS, (07221) 22661


   



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staatl. anerk. Berufsfachschule: Europasekretr/in, Korrespondent/in, 06221 8994-2945

Anzeigenschluss: 25.06.14, Erstverkaufstag: 30.07.14

Ausgabe 09/14:
10 top Tipps zum Lernen
Der walisische Kstenpfad

Lebensmittelverschwendung auf Englisch

Anzeigenschluss: 23.07.14, Erstverkaufstag: 27.08.14


nderungen vorbehalten.

Next advertising deadline:


23 July for the 09/14 issue

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SPRACHKURSE UND SPRACHFERIEN

THE LIGHTER SIDE | Wit and Wisdom

We are all here on earth to help others;


what on earth the others are here for,
I dont know.

W. H. Auden (190773), English poet

One soldier

Bulls

A group of soldiers are standing to attention at an army


base. The drill sergeant says, All right! All you idiots fall
out! As the rest of the soldiers wander away, one soldier
remains standing. The sergeant walks over, stares at him
and raises one eyebrow. The soldier smiles and says, There
sure were a lot of them, eh, drill sergeant?

Buses
The Argyle Sweater

Flower power

running after it as when you are sitting inside it.

I had a few drinks in town last night, so I took the bus

A man enters a florists and says, I need some flowers.


Of course, says the shopkeeper. What were you looking
for?
Im not really sure.
The florist says, Let me ask you in a different way. What
exactly have you done?

home. It might not sound like much to you, but Id never


driven a bus before.
Never give up your seat for a woman. Thats how I lost my
job as a bus driver.

drill sergeant [(drIl )sA:dZEnt]


engaged [In(geIdZd]
fall out [fO:l (aUt]
fishery officer [(fISEri )QfIsE]

A man is walking away from the sea carrying two lobsters in


a bucket. A fishery officer suddenly appears and asks to see
his fishing licence. I didnt catch these lobsters, the man
replies. Theyre my pets. Every day, I come down to the water and whistle three times. My lobsters hear me and jump
into this bucket. I take them for a walk, and when were
finished, I put them back in the sea. The officer reminds
him that its illegal to fish without a licence. You dont believe me? says the man. Just watch this. He throws the
lobsters into the water. The officer says, OK, now whistle
three times, and show me that the lobsters come out of the
water for you. The man smiles and says, What lobsters?

florists [(flQrIsts]
Jup = Jupiter [(dZu:pItE]
lobster [(lQbstE]
stand to attention
[)stnd tu E(tenS&n]
whistle [(wIs&l]

Bulls

Peanuts

66

A bus is a vehicle that travels twice as fast when you are

Spotlight 7|14

Ausbildungfeldwebel
verlobt
hier: wegtreten
Beamter / Beamtin der
Fischereibehrde
Blumenladen
Hummer
strammstehen
pfeifen

Lobsters

American Life | GINGER KUENZEL


If it
wants to, the
state can find out
everything
we say and
do

Privacy for the


prisoners, please

Datenberwachung ist leicht. Warum fllt es den USA dann so schwer,


betrgerische Sozialhilfeantrge von Hftlingen auszufiltern?

Foto: iStock

ecently, a story in the local


newspaper caught my attention. It seems that our county
is receiving high praise from the state
of New York. Why? For developing
a software program that identifies
inmates who are illegally receiving
welfare benefits.
Really? If all the other news Ive
been reading of late is to be believed, it is pretty unbelievable that
New York didnt have any other way
of knowing that its prisoners were
scamming the state. Doesnt everyone know how very capable our
government is of spying on us (see
Spotlight 6/14, page 36)?
If it wants to, the state can find
out everything we say, do, read, listen
to, or watch, as well as with whom
were having dinner, our favorite
travel destinations, and much more.
The state knows who is calling us or
sending us messages on our smart
phones, who were in a relationship
with, what blogs we follow, and what
books we check out of the library.
In fact, I wouldnt be surprised
if it knew what my next column
for Spotlight will be about which
would be quite good, since I dont
even know myself. This type of surveillance is, of course, legal, thanks
to the Patriot (Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and
Obstruct Terrorism) Act, which was
signed into law by President Bush
soon after the terrorist attacks of
September 11, 2001.
Then theres the retail industry,
which knows all about the products
we buy, our preferences in movies
and music, and whether we like an
olive in our martini. Im amazed each
time I go to my Yahoo account and

see advertisements for products similar to the things I searched for on


Google during the past year or so.
Those Yahoo folks also put photos of
hot guys on the side of my computer screen with text saying that these
men are in my town and waiting to
meet me. What a joke! Are the same
guys on your Yahoo page, too?
Back to the prisoners in New
York state, though. What did they
do with the welfare checks they were
receiving? What did they spend the
money on? I mean, isnt everything
in prison pretty much free except,
of course, for the prisoners themselves, who simply wish that they
were free?
Hoping to find some answers, I
read more of the newspaper article.
But my questions were not addressed.
I did learn that once the welfare scam
was shut down, the inmates quickly
moved on to their next big idea: applying for unemployment benefits.
What could make more sense than
that? After all, you cant really have
a normal job when youre in jail.
But according to the article, prison

Is somebody
watching
you?

administrators are now wise to this.


Theyve hired someone to develop a
software program that will block any
calls made from the prison to the unemployment office.
Wouldnt it make more sense,
though, for the unemployment office simply to have a database of
prisoners? They could then just refuse to take any applications for
benefits from those individuals. Or
would building such a database be
a violation of prisoners privacy? Id
research the topic in more detail, but
the people who are spying on me
might think Im setting up a scam
myself and I certainly wouldnt
want to give them the wrong idea.

Ginger Kuenzel is a freelance writer who lived in Munich for 20 years.


She now calls a small town in upstate New York home.
check out (a book) [tSek (aUt] N. Am.
inmate [(InmeIt]
Patriot Act [(peItriEt kt] US
praise [preIz]
privacy [(praIvEsi]
retail [(ri:teI&l]
scam [skm] ifml.
surveillance [s&r(veIlEns]
unemployment benefit [)VnIm(plOImEnt )benIfIt]
violation [)vaIE(leIS&n]
welfare benefits [(welfer )benIfIts] N. Am.
welfare check [(welfer tSek] N. Am.
wise: be ~ to sth. [waIz] ifml.

hier: ein Buch entleihen


Hftling, Gefngnisinsasse
Anti-Terror-Gesetz
Lob
Privatsphre
Einzelhandelsbetrgen; Betrug
berwachung, Kontrolle
Arbeitslosengeld
Verletzung
Sozialhilfe
Sozialhilfescheck
hier: etw. spitzbekommen haben

7|14 Spotlight

67

FEEDBACK | Readers Views

Kundenservice
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We may edit letters for
clarity or length.

Spotlight 4/14 Travel: On tour in London. I was


thrilled by this story. A few years ago, my family and I
did the same classic London tour with Fiona as our guide.
What struck me most was her knowledge. We had a lot of
fun during the tour. I also love the story about Ballymaloe
in the same issue. Maybe Ill go to Ireland next year and
visit the school. Who knows? Keep up the good work!
Sandra Hoffmann, Bremerhaven
Spotlight 4/14 Travel: On tour in London. Im a
really keen reader of Spotlight, and I especially enjoy the
articles about London. Im sure the one in April wont
be the last such feature. I would like to read something
about sporting venues in that city, such as the Olympic
Park, Wembley Stadium and Emirates Arena, or about
sporting events such as the London Marathon and London Triathlon.
Frank Adermann, Berlin
The Editor

Same here!
Around Oz. I dont always have time to read the whole of
Spotlight, but I never miss the Around Oz column. The
fun thing about it is that I so often think, Hey! Its the
same here, although I am on the other side of the world.
An example of this was the column about the decline of
local brands (in Spotlight 3/14). As the driver of an Opel
(which, as Peter Flynn mentioned, is called Holden in
the Commonwealth), I can only cry because the factories
near me will be closed soon. The April column about the
modern post office, however, really made me laugh out
loud. Its exactly the same in Germany! Thank you for always entertaining me with your vivid and funny writing.
Bianca Schrmann, Duisburg

Colourful personality
Peggys Place. Ive been a Spotlight subscriber and a fan of
Peggys Place for years, but I had a shock recently. Was it
absolutely necessary to let Eddy die? This colourful personality was a sheer delight in your magazine. Well miss
her. I hope well continue to enjoy Janes chaotic lifestyle
and Georges attacks on the royal family for a long time to
come. Peggys Place is really fun.
Joseph Le Gall, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
68

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August 2014 | NEXT MONTH


Features

Travel special:
California, the
golden state
California is all about sun
shine, Spanish roots, the
Pacific Ocean and hope
for a better life out
West. We take a look at the
states many highlights,
then join Talitha Linehan
on a tour of the beautiful,
historic city of San Diego.

Is fracking a
good idea for
Britain?
Bompas & Parr: masters
of making famous
buildings from jelly

Reports of earthquakes
and illnesses are just
two of the reasons why
the mining technique
known as fracking has
become so controversial.
Britain could make a lot
of money from fracking.
But should it?

Meet Sam Bompas and Harry Parr,


the British masterminds behind the
trend to create elaborate gelatin
desserts, or jellies, that look like
famous works of architecture.

Language

Travel Talk

Everyday English

Some of us love them, some of


us hate them cars. We have the
picture and the words you need to
describe the outside of a car.

Do you like to travel light, or are


your bags always full to bursting?
Ourdialogues help you talk about
packing things to take on holiday.

Youll need diplomatic and organiza


tional skills, patience and a big
budget. Yes, its time to hold a childs
party. We help you talk it through.

Fotos: Alamy; Bulls Press/Mirrorpix; Folio Images; iStock; Stockbyte

Vocabulary

Spotlight 8/14 is on sale from

30 July

7|14 Spotlight

69

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS | My Life in English

Wolfgang Puck
Dem bekannten sterreichischen Koch gehren in den Staaten ber 70
Restaurants. Er erzhlt, warum Englisch fr ihn so wichtig ist.
English is spoken almost all over the world, so its
important to learn English. Whether you go to Austria
or to Hong Kong, or to any other place, you can always
find someone who speaks the language.
When was your first English lesson, and what can you
remember about it?

As an 11-year-old, my family sent me on a holiday to


England. Not only did I learn a little bit of English
there, but I can also remember tasting foods that I had
never had before, like cornflakes and fish and chips.
Who is your favorite English-language author, actor, or
musician and why?

There are so many great musicians and actors around,


its hard to say who is my favorite: from Keith Richards
to Michael Caine to William Shakespeare. Then theres
Peter OToole I remember one night while he was
making a movie in Provence, I had to drive him home
because he had had a bit too much to drink.

London is by far my favorite city in the English-speaking


world. It has great theater, an amazing art scene, and fabulous restaurants. And staying at the 45 Park Lane Hotel
is not bad, either.
What special tip would you give a friend who was going
to visit this city?

Forget the notion a lot of people have that London is


not a great food city. Try some of the restaurants run by
young English chefs.
What is your favorite English word and why?

There are four: How was your dinner? Obviously,


because I work in a restaurant!
Which phrase do you use most when you speak in
English?

When Im on television and I do cooking classes, I tend


to say, Look at that a lot.

Which song could you sing at least a few lines of in


English?

Which English word was the hardest for you to learn to


pronounce?

Im not a good singer, not even in my own shower.

Ive been in the US since 1975, and I still cant pronounce vegetables and aluminum.

What is your favorite food from


the English-speaking world?

There are so many talented chefs


out there. Lately, Ive enjoyed
going to London more so
than Paris for good food.
Which person from the
English-speaking
world (living or
dead) would you
most like to
meet and
why?

I would
love to
have met
William
Shakespeare and
have taken some writing lessons from him.
70

Which is your favorite city in the English-speaking world


and why?

Spotlight 7|14

What do you do to improve your English (if anything)?

I speak English more than German or French because I


live in Los Angeles.
If you suddenly found yourself with a free afternoon in
London or New York, what would you do?

If I suddenly found myself with a free afternoon (which


almost never happens), I would visit world-class museums like Tate Modern in London or the Guggenheim or
Museum of Modern Art in New York.

aluminum [E(lu:mInEm]
chef [Sef]
fabulous [(fbjElEs] ifml.
lately [(leItli]
notion [(noUS&n]
run sth. [rVn]
tend to sth. [(tend tE]

Koch, Kchin
fantastisch
in letzter Zeit, krzlich ( p. 61)
Auffassung
hier: etw. betreiben, fhren
zu etw. neigen

Foto: action press; reuters

s a chef, what makes English important to you?

e
i
S
n
e
n
n

k
e
h
c
a
r
p
S
r
h
Me
.
n
e
p
p
o
h
s
nirgendwo
uell.

h. Individ
c
li
n

s
r
e
P
.
t
n
e
t
Kompe

Alles, was Sie wirklich brauchen, um eine Sprache zu lernen:


Bcher und DVDs in Originalsprache, Lernsoftware und vieles mehr.
Klicken und Produktvielfalt entdecken:

www.sprachenshop.de

bung macht
den Meister!

Das bungsheft zu Ihrem Sprachmagazin:


Die Extra-Dosis Sprachtraining flexibel & ezient!

Ihr
MagazinUpgrade

Bestellen Sie jetzt!


+49 (0)89/8 56 81-16
abo@spotlight-verlag.de

Green Light

7 2014

ENGLISCH LEICHT GEMACHT

Grammar
Practise
using
could

Culture
Read about
Amish
country

Vocabulary
Learn words
for types of
shoes

GREEN LIGHT | News

This month...
Was beschftigt die englischsprachige Welt im Juli?
VANESSA CLARK sprt die heien Storys fr Sie auf.

Wanted: superhero

Gentle murder
Books M. C. Beaton writes two successful

detective series. Her detectives


are Hamish Macbeth (a police
constable in the Highlands of
Scotland) and Agatha Raisin
(an amateur lady detective
in a village in the English
Cotswolds).
Beaton started writing
her light, gentle village
stories because she didnt
like the tough, city
crime books that were
in fashion. She wanted
books for a bad time
on a wet day.

convention [kEn(venS&n]
gentle [(dZent&l]
police constable
[pE)li:s (kVnstEb&l] UK
promote [prE(mEUt]
represent [)repri(zent]

Spotlight 7|14

Tagung
sanft; hier:
einfhlsam
Polizist, Polizistin
untersttzen
hier: verkrpern

genres humour, horror, action, adventure and, of course, superheroes like Batman and Superman.
This year, the US State Department has
asked Comic-Con to help with a competition. They want comic-book fans to design
a new superhero to promote world peace.
This new character should represent the
world and its highest values clearly a
job for a superhero.

1914
100 years ago

Boston, USA 11 July 1914 was


a big day for baseball player Babe
Ruth. He arrived in Boston to start
playing for the Boston Red Sox. He
had breakfast in a coffee shop and
met his future wife, the waitress. In
the afternoon, he played (and won)
his first game, which started his golden career.

This month, a new Agatha Raisin book


is coming out in German: Agatha Raisin
und die tote Grtnerin (English title: The
Potted Gardener).
series [(sIEri:z]
successful [sEk(sesf&l]
tough [tVf]
US State Department
[ju: )es (steIt
di)pA:tmEnt]
value [(vlju:]

Reihe
erfolgreich
hart, heftig
Auenministerium der
Vereinigten Staaten
Wert

Titel: iStock; Fotos: Alamy; public domain; Illustrationen: B. Frth

Comics Comic books


are for children, right?
Dont say that to the
130,000 visitors who will
travel to San Diego this
month for the ComicCon International con
vention (2427 July).
Comic books include
many

8 pictures | GREEN LIGHT

Shoes
STEPHANIE SHELLABEAR presents words for the different types of shoes
people wear.
1
8
2

3
6

4
5
Write the words
next to the pictures.
1. sandal [(snd&l]
2. lace-up
[(leIs Vp]
(N. Am.: oxford)
3. high heel
[)haI (hi:&l]
4. boot [bu:t]
5. wedge [(wedZ]
6. ankle boot
[(Nk&l bu:t]
7. trainer
[(treInE]
(N. Am.: sneaker)
8. slipper [(slIpE]

Write the correct English word for these types of shoes.


a) Stiefelette _____________________________
b) Schuh mit Keilabsatz _____________________________
c) Stiefel _____________________________
d) Sandale _____________________________
e) Hausschuh _____________________________
f) Sportschuh _____________________________
g) Schnrschuh _____________________________
h) Schuh mit hohem Absatz ____________________________

We usually talk about shoes in the plural,


as they come in pairs:
What a lovely pair of boots! Can I try them on, please?

T ip

Answers: a) ankle boot; b) wedge; c) boot; d) sandal; e) slipper;


f) trainer / sneaker; g) lace-up / oxford; h) high heel

7|14 Spotlight 3

GREEN LIGHT | Grammar Elements

Could and couldnt


STEPHANIE SHELLABEAR presents basic grammar.
Here, you can practise using the words could and couldnt.
Could is the past form of can.
Couldnt is the short form (also called the contracted form) of could not.

If you are talking about what you had permission (Erlaubnis)to do in the past, you use could
and couldnt. They mean that something was or was not permitted or allowed (erlaubt):
I could stay out in the evening until 10 p.m. when I was over 18.
She couldnt spend her pocket money on sweets.
Could girls wear trousers at school when you were younger?
Another use of could and couldnt in questions is to ask if someone had the ability
(Fhigkeit) or the possibility (Mglichkeit) to do something. Couldnt is used in negative
sentences when there wasnt the ability or possibility:
The boy couldnt reach his teddy bear, so I helped him.
Why couldnt you phone me from the hospital?
I couldnt travel to work during the strike (Streik). Could you?

Complete the following sentences with could or couldnt.


a) Why ______________ you open the door? I thought you had a key.
b) We said he ______________ borrow the car from us only if we
didnt need it.
c) Helen, ______________ you check my e-mails when Im on
holiday, please?
d) ______________ you see the mountains from your window today?
e) She was sad because she ______________ visit her parents.
f) ______________ you close the window, please? Its cold in here.

something that
they dont want,
or they are embarrassed (verlegen) to take:
Would you
like another
piece of cake?
Oh, I
couldnt! Ive
already had
two pieces.

Answers: a) couldnt; b) could; c) could; d) Could; e) couldnt; f) Could

Spotlight 7|14

Fotos: iStock

If you want to form a positive sentence and say that you had the ability to do something,
you use the verb be able to:
I was able to run a marathon this year because I had a
s
T ip
Oh, I
good trainer.
couldnt! is
Could is also used to ask someone politely to do something for you:
sometimes said
Could you pass (herberreichen) me the salt, please?
by people in
Could you water (gieen) my plants when Im on holiday,
formal situa please?
tions when they
Could you tell me what time it is, please?
are offered

The Greens | GREEN LIGHT

Time for lunch


Donna and Andrew are at home.
Its nearly lunchtime. By DAGMAR TAYLOR
Donna: Has the postman been yet?
Andrew: No, I dont think so. Why? Are

you expecting something?

Donna: Yes. Paula said shed sent out the


wedding invitations last week.

Andrew: Oh, I see. Are you worried that we

havent been invited?

Donna: No! (laughs) I just want to see what

they look like.

Andrew: Hmm! Me, too. What do you

want for lunch?

Donna: I dont know. Weve just had break-

fast. Im not that hungry yet.


Andrew: Arent you? Im starving! I feel like
pie and chips or something like that.
Donna: That doesnt sound very healthy. I
know. Why dont we go to the pub? You
can have your pie, and Ill have a salad
and maybe some of your chips.
True or false?
a) Andrew is sure the postman has
already been to their house.
b) Donna is expecting a wedding
invitation from Paula.
c) Andrew wants pie and chips for
dinner.
d) Donna suggests they go to the
pub for lunch.

healthy [(helTi]
postman [(pEUstmEn] UK

gesund
Brieftrger(in)

Answers: a) false (Andrew doesnt think the postman has


been to their house yet.); b) true; c) false (Andrew wants
pie and chips for lunch.); d) true (suggest: vorschlagen)

Listen to the dialogue at


www.spotlight-online.de/products/green-light

T ip

So is used to refer back (zurckverweisen) to something that has already


been said. When Andrew says I dont
think so, he means he doesnt think
that the postman has been to their
house that day.
Expect (erwarten) is used in the continuous form expecting to mean
waiting for someone or something to
arrive, because this has been arranged
(vereinbaren).
A wedding invitation is a card used
to ask someone to come to a wedding
(Hochzeit).
You can use not that before an adjective to mean not very.
When people say they are starving,
they mean that they are very hungry.
Pie and chips (Pommes) is a typical
British meal thats quickly prepared,
cheap and filling (sttigend). A pie is
made with pastry (Teig), often in the
form of a little pot (Gef) filled with
meat, and with a pastry lid (Deckel).

Donna
Andrew

GREEN LIGHT | Get writing

Reviewing a hotel
VANESSA CLARK helps you to write letters, e-mails and more in English.
This month: how to review accommodation for a travel website.
Online review

Photos (12)

Forums (14)
New

Travel Bunny

Seaview Hotel
Nice hotel, poor service

34 reviews
18 helpful votes

28 May 2014

If you review a hotel, you will want

T ip

to comment on its location (the place),


what it looked like, the facilities (what
you could do there) and the service
(from the people who work there).
Positive words include excellent,
comfortable, modern, friendly,
good value (preisgnstig), perfect,
ideal and luxurious.
Negative words include old-fashioned
(altmodisch), dirty, uncomfortable,
expensive, poor quality and rude
(unhflich).
To balance good and bad points, you
can use but: The hotel is beautiful, but
the beds are very uncomfortable.

Spotlight 7|14

Was this review helpful?

lounge [laUndZ]
review [ri(vju:]
Wi-Fi [(waI faI]

Yes

Foyer
eine Rezension schreiben
WLAN (drahtlose Internetverbindung)

Use it!
Highlight the key words and phrases that you
would use if you needed to write a review like
this yourself.

Fotos: F1online; iStock; Photos.com

We spent two nights at the Seaview Hotel. The location is excellent quiet, with fantastic views of
the sea. Everything is a bit old-fashioned, but the
rooms are comfortable, warm and clean. The hotel
doesnt have many facilities (no car park, no pool, no
Wi-Fi), but it has a comfortable lounge and a very nice
garden terrace. Breakfast was OK. The only problem
was the service. The receptionist wasnt very helpful
when we had a small problem with our room.

Culture corner | GREEN LIGHT

I like... Amish country


Jeden Monat stellt ein Redakteur etwas Besonderes aus der
englischsprachigen Welt vor. Diesen Monat prsentiert OnlineRedakteur MIKE PILEWSKI eine Glaubensgemeinschaft in den USA.
What it is

Why I like it

The Amish are a religious group from Switzerland who came to the US in the early 1700s.
Their dialect of German is still spoken in
Amish country: in villages and on farms,
mainly in Pennsylvania, Delaware, Ohio, and
Indiana. The Amish live without modern
machines or electricity. They are very moral
people who believe that hard work and good
work make someone a better person. People
outside their communities like to hire Amish
workers and buy Amish furniture because of
the attention given to quality.

To visit Amish country is to travel 300


years back in time. Without the sounds of
machines, everything is quiet. Travel takes
longer, and news is more important because
there is less of it. The Amish are known for
being very polite and helpful. If something
needs to be done, the whole community will
do it. For example, if a couple gets married,
everyone will work together to build them a
house. Although Amish life is dominated by
work and Bible study, it also has its pleasures:
Amish cooking uses lots of sugar.

Interesting fact

In order to function well, Amish society


has very strict rules of behavior. A person who does not follow the rules can be
sent away from the community forever.
Teenagers, however, are allowed to experience the modern world in a phase called
Rumspringa. After this, they must decide
to live by Amish rules or leave the community. Most of them choose to return to
Amish society.

Amish [(A:mIS]

Amischen

attention [E(tenS&n]

Aufmerksamkeit,
Sorgfalt
Gemeinde, Lebensgemeinschaft
Paar
die Regeln befolgen

community
[kE(mju:nEti]
couple [(kVp&l]
follow the rules
[)fA:loU DE (ru:lz]
get married [get (mrid]
hire [(haI&r]
mainly [(meInli]
pleasure [(pleZ&r]
rule of behavior
[)ru:l Ev bi(heIvj&r]
society [sE(saIEti]

heiraten
anstellen, einstellen
hauptschlich
Freude, Vergngen
Verhaltensregel
Gesellschaft

7|14 Spotlight 7

GREEN LIGHT | Notes and numbers

Area

Your notes

The most common unit of measurement (Maeinheit) for the area of


rooms, gardens, etc. in the UK and
the US is square feet (sq. ft) (Qua
dratfu). Sometimes, area is also shown in
square metres (sq. m.):
1 sq. m. = 10.76 sq. ft
The living room is 45 square metres.
The garage is 354 square feet.

Use this space for your own notes.

Write these areas as you would say


them.

thirty square metres


a) 30 sq. m. _____________________________
b) 470 sq. ft ____________________________

_____________________________________
c) 120 sq. m. ____________________________

_____________________________________
d) 8,305 sq. ft _________________________

_____________________________________

____________________________________

_____________________________________
e) 12 sq. m. ____________________________

An informal name for the City of London


where there are many banks and financial firms is the Square Mile. It is just
over one square mile in area.

IMPRESSUM
Herausgeber und Verlagsleiter: Dr. Wolfgang Stock
Chefredakteurin: Inez Sharp
Stellvertretende Chefredakteurin: Claudine Weber-Hof
Chefin vom Dienst: Susanne Pfeifer
Autoren: Vanessa Clark, Stephanie Shellabear,
Dagmar Taylor
Redaktion: Owen Connors, Elisabeth Erpf, Anja Giese,
Peter Green, Reinhild Luk, Michael Pilewski (Online),
Michele Tilgner, Joanna Westcombe
Bildredaktion: Sarah Gough (Leitung), Thorsten Mansch
Gestaltung: Marion Sauer/Johannes Reiner
www.vor-zeichen.de

Answers: b) four hundred and seventy square feet; c) a /


one hundred and twenty square metres; d) eight thousand
three hundred and five square feet; e) twelve square metres

Fotos: Fuse; iStock

The Square Mile

Anzeigenleitung: Axel Zettler


Marketingleitung: Holger Hofmann
Produktionsleitung: Ingrid Sturm
Vertriebsleitung: Monika Wohlgemuth
Verlag und Redaktion: Spotlight Verlag GmbH
Postanschrift: Postfach 1565, 82144 Planegg, Deutschland
Telefon +49(0)89/8 56 81-0, Fax +49(0)89/8 56 81-105
Internet: www.spotlight-online.de
Litho: Mohn Media Mohndruck GmbH, 33311 Gtersloh
Druck: Medienhaus Ortmeier, 48369 Saerbeck
2014 Spotlight Verlag, auch fr alle genannten Autoren,
Fotografen und Mitarbeiter.

UNSER SPRACHNIVEAU: Das Sprachniveau in Green Light entspricht ungefhr Stufe A2 des
Gemeinsamen Europischen Referenzrahmens fr Sprachen.