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Overview:

This article will illustrate how to create or define workflow attributes, notifications, messages, roles or
users, functions, processes and last but not the least, how to launch a workflow from PL/SQL. The
workflow concepts are better explained using an example.
Business Requirement:

When an item is created in inventory, workflow needs to be launched and it should collect the details
of the item created and sends a notification to group of users along with the details and link to master item
form.
Process flow: When an item is created it will create/insert a record in MTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_B so create
a database trigger on the table and launch workflow from that trigger. All you need to do is create the
workflow, create the trigger, pl/sql package, roles and finally create an item in inventory.

Open WFSTD and save as new workflow


Create Attributes

Create Functions

Create Notification

Create Messages

Create Roles

Create database trigger

Create PL/SQL Package

1)
Open WFSTD and save as new workflow:

Navigation: File >> Open

Click Browse then navigate to Workflow installation directory


Navigation: Workflow Installation Directory\ WF\DATA\US\WFSTD
Now Click File >Save as, Enter "ErpSchools Demo" and click OK
Right click on WFSTD and select New Item type

Enter the fields as below


Internal Name: ERP_DEMO
Display Name: ErpSchools Demo
Description: ErpSchools Demo

Now you will see ErpSchools Demo icon in the Navigator

Expand the node to see attributes, processes, notifications, functions, Events, Messages and lookup
types.

Double click on Process to open up the properties window as shown below

Enter the fields


Internal Name: ERPSCHOOLS_PROCESS
Display Name: ErpSchools Process
Description: ErpSchools Process

Double click ErpSchools Process Icon

2) Create Workflow Attributes:


Navigation:
Window menu > Navigator

Right click on Attributes and click New Attribute

Enter the fields


Internal Name: ERP_ITEM_NUMBER
Display Name: Item Number
Description: Item Number
Type: Text
Default Value: Value Not Assigned

Click Apply and then OK


Create one more attribute
Right click on Attributes and click New Attribute

Enter the attribute fields


Internal Name: ERP_SEND_ITEM_FORM_LINK
Display Name: Send Item Form Link
Description: Send Item Form Link
Type: Form
Value: INVIDITM

Click Apply and then OK

3) Create Workflow Function:


Right click and then click on New Function

Properties window will open as shown below

Change/Enter the fields as below


Change Item Type to Standard from ErpSchools Demo
Select Internal Name as Start
Remaining fields will be populated automatically

Click Apply then OK

Again Right click on white space and click New Function

Change the properties as below


Item Type: Standard
Internal Name: END

Click Apply and then OK

Right click on white space and then click New Function

Enter the fields


Internal Name: ERP_GET_DETAILS
Display Name: Get New Inventory Item Details
Description: Get New Inventory Item Details
Function Name: erpschools_demo_pkg.get_item_details

Click Apply and then OK

4)

Create Workflow Notifications:

Right click on white space and then click New Notification

Enter fields
Internal Name: ERP_SEND_ITEM_DET
Display Name: Send Item Detials
Description: Send Item Detials
Message: Sned Item Details Message

Click Apply and then OK

5) Create Workflow Messages:


Right click on Message and click New

Properties window will pop up as show below

Enter the fields


Internal Name: ERP_SEND_ITEM_DET_MSG
Display Name: Send Item Details Message
Description: Send Item Details Message

Go to Body Tab and enter as shown below

Click Apply and then OK


Navigation: Window Menu > Navigator
Select Item Form Link Attribute

Drag and drop both attributes to "Send Item Details Message"

6)
Create Roles:

Adhoc roles can be created through PL/SQL from database or they can be created from Applications
using User Management Responsibility. If you use PL/SQL to create roles make sure you give all user
names and role names in UPPER case to avoid some problems

Script to Create a Adhoc Role

Script to Add user to existing Adhoc Role

Script to Remove user from existing Adhoc Role

Using Adhoc roles in workflow notifications

Adhoc Roles Tables

Script to Create a Adhoc Role


DECLARE
lv_role varchar2(100) := ERPSCHOOLS_DEMO_ROLE;
lv_role_desc varchar2(100) := ERPSCHOOLS_DEMO_ROLE;
BEGIN
wf_directory.CreateAdHocRole(lv_role,
lv_role_desc,
NULL,
NULL,
Role Demo for erpschool users,
MAILHTML,
NAME1 NAME2, USER NAME SHOULD BE IN CAPS
NULL,
NULL,
ACTIVE,
NULL);
dbms_output.put_line(Created Role || ||lv_role);
End;
/
Script to Add user to already existing Adhoc Role
DECLARE
v_role_name varchar2(100);
v_user_name varchar2(100);
BEGIN
v_role_name := ERPSCHOOLS_DEMO_ROLE;

v_user_name := NAME3;
WF_DIRECTORY.AddUsersToAdHocRole(v_role_name, v_user_name);
USER NAMES SHOULD BE in CAPS
END;
Script to Remove user from existing Adhoc Role
DECLARE
v_role_name varchar2(100);
v_user_name varchar2(100);
BEGIN
v_role_name := ERPSCHOOLS_DEMO_ROLE;
v_user_name := NAME3;
WF_DIRECTORY.RemoveUsersFromAdHocRole(v_role_name, v_user_name); USER NAMES in CAPS
END;
Using Adhoc roles in workflow notifications:
Navigation: File > Load Roles from Database
Select roles you want to use and then click OK.
Open the notification properties and then navigate to node tab, select performer as the role you just
created and loaded from database.
Tables:

WF_ROLES

WF_USER_ROLES

WF_LOCAL_ROLES

WF_USER_ROLE_ASSIGNMENTS

7) Launching workflow from PL/SQL:


First create a database trigger as below to call a PL/SQL procedure from which you kick off the workflow.

Create Database Trigger

CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER "ERP_SCHOOLS_DEMO_TRIGGER" AFTER INSERT ON


INV.MTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_B REFERENCING NEW AS NEW OLD AS OLD FOR EACH ROW
DECLARE
lv_id

NUMBER

lv_item_segment1

:= :NEW.inventory_item_id;

VARCHAR2(100) := :NEW.segment1;

lv_itemtype

VARCHAR2(80)

lv_user_id

NUMBER

lv_itemkey

VARCHAR2(10);

lv_orgid

NUMBER

:= :NEW.item_type;

:= -1;

:=2;

error_msg

VARCHAR2(2000);

error_code

NUMBER;

BEGIN
lv_user_id := fnd_global.user_id;
lv_orgid := fnd_global.org_id;
lv_itemkey := 1132; This should be unique value
ERP_DEMO.LAUNCH_WORKFLOW(ERP_DEMO
,lv_itemkey
,ERPSCHOOLS_PROCESS process name
,lv_id
,lv_orgid
,lv_item_segment1
);
EXCEPTION
WHEN OTHERS THEN
error_code := SQLCODE;
error_msg := SQLERRM(SQLCODE);

RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR(-20150,error_msg);
END;
/

Create PL/SQL Package to kickoff workflow

CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE APPS.ERP_DEMO IS


PROCEDURE LAUNCH_WORKFLOW
(
itemtype

IN VARCHAR2,

itemkey

IN VARCHAR2,

process

IN VARCHAR2,

item_id

IN NUMBER,

org_id

IN NUMBER,

item_segment1 IN VARCHAR2
);
END ERP_DEMO;
/
CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY APPS.ERP_DEMO IS
PROCEDURE LAUNCH_WORKFLOW(
itemtype

IN VARCHAR2,

itemkey

IN VARCHAR2,

process

IN VARCHAR2,

item_id

IN NUMBER,

org_id

IN NUMBER,

item_segment1
)

IN VARCHAR2

IS
v_master_form_link varchar2(5000);
v_item_number varchar2(100);
error_code varchar2(100);
error_msg varchar2(5000);
BEGIN
v_add_item_id := ITEM_ID=" || item_id || ";
v_item_number := item_segment1;
v_master_form_link := v_master_form_link || v_add_item_id;
WF_ENGINE.Threshold := -1;
WF_ENGINE.CREATEPROCESS(itemtype, itemkey, process);
Get the value of attribute assigned in workflow
v_master_form_link := wf_engine.getitemattrtext(
itemtype => itemtype
,itemkey => itemkey
,aname

=> ERP_SEND_ITEM_FORM_LINK);

- assign values to variables so that you can usethe attributes


v_master_form_link varchar2(5000) := v_master_form_link||:#RESP_KEY="INVENTORY"
#APP_SHORT_NAME="INV" ORG_MODE="Y" ;
v_master_form_link := v_master_form_link || v_add_item_id;
set the attribute values in workflow so that you can use them in notifications
WF_ENGINE.SetItemAttrText(itemtype, itemkey, MASTERFORM, v_master_form_link);
WF_ENGINE.SetItemAttrText(itemtype, itemkey, ERP_ITEM_NUMBER, item_segment1);
start the workflow process
WF_ENGINE.STARTPROCESS(itemtype, itemkey);
EXCEPTION WHEN OTHERS THEN

error_code := SQLCODE;
error_msg := SQLERRM(SQLCODE);
add dbms or fnd_output messages as required
END LAUNCH_WORKFLOW;
This procedure will just put the item number into workflow attribute ERP_ITEM_NUMBER
PROCEDURE GET_ITEM_DETAILS(
itemtype

IN VARCHAR2,

itemkey

IN VARCHAR2,

actid

IN NUMBER,

funcmode

IN VARCHAR2,

resultout

OUT NOCOPY VARCHAR2

)
IS
v_GET_ITEM_NUMBER VARCHAR2(1000);
BEGIN
SELECT SEGMENT1 INTO V_GET_ITEM_NUMBER FROM MTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS_B WHERE
ROWNUM =1;
WF_ENGINE.SetItemAttrText(itemtype, itemkey, ERP_ITEM_NUMBER,v_GET_ITEM_NUMBER );
you can use the get function as below.
v_GET_ITEM_NUMBER := wf_engine.getitemattrtext(

itemtype => itemtype

,itemkey => itemkey

,aname

=> X_ATTRIBUTE);

resultout:=COMPLETE:||Y';
exception when others then
dbms_output.put_line(Entered Exception);

fnd_file.put_line(fnd_file.log,Entered Exception);
END GET_ITEM_DETAILS;
END ERP_DEMO;
/