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BSI

BRITISH STANDARD

Particleboard
Part 2: Specification for wood
chipboard

BS 5669-2:
1989
Incorporating
Amendment Nos 1, 2
and 3 and
implementing
Amendment No. 4
Not published separately

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BS 5669-2:1989

Committees responsible for this


British Standard
The preparation of this British Standard was entrusted by the Timber
Standards Policy Committee (TIB/-) to Technical Committee TIB/14, upon
which the following bodies were represented:
British Cement Association
British Plastics Federation
British Woodworking Federation
Department of the Environment (Building Research Establishment)
Department of the Environment (Property Services Agency)
European Structural Panel Association
Flat Roofing Contractors Advisory Board
Furniture Industry Research Association
International Cement Bonded Particleboard Federation
National Federation of Roofing Contractors
National House-building Council
Timber Research and Development Association
Timber Trade Federation
United Kingdom and Ireland Particleboard Association
Zurich Municipal Building Guarantee

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the Timber
Standards Policy Committee,
was published under the
authority of the Board of BSI
and comes into effect on
31 October 1989
BSI 10-1998
First published February 1979
First revision in Parts,
Part 2, August 1989
The following BSI references
relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference TIB/14
Draft for comment 88/13531 DC
ISBN 0 580 17728 9

Amendments issued since publication


Amd. No.

Date of issue

6611

March 1991

6947

September
1992

7778

August 1993

8982

August 1996

Comments

Indicated by a sideline in the margin

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BS 5669-2:1989

Contents
Committees responsible
Foreword
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Page
Inside front cover
ii

Scope
Definitions
Classification
Dimensional tolerances
Strength, elasticity, swelling, resistance to impact, and
extractable formaldehyde content
Freedom from foreign matter
Moisture content
Thermal conductivity
Surface spread of flame
Marking

1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2

Appendix A Standard deviation


Appendix B Verification of compliance

16
16

Figure 1 Measurement of length and width of board with


profiled edges

Table 1 Summary of mean quality levels for board types C1,


C1A, C2, C3(M), C4(M) C5
Table 2 Summary of dimensional tolerances for board types C1,
C1A, C2, C3(M), C4(M) and C5
Table 3 Manufacturers control charts: mean range and control
limits for mean and range charts
Table 4 Consumers minimum acceptance limits
Table 5 Within-board and between-board standard deviation
Publications referred to

BSI 10-1998

4
9
10
13
16

Inside back cover

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BS 5669-2:1989

ii

Foreword
BS 5669 has been prepared under the direction of the Timber Standards Policy
Committee. This revision supersedes BS 5669:1979, which is withdrawn.
Since BS 5669:1979 was published, the range of particleboards available has
continued to grow. The format of the 1979 edition, which covered only four board
types, did not permit the expansion necessary to include additional types of
particleboard and this revision therefore comprises a series of Parts of BS 5669,
as follows.
Part 1: Methods of sampling, conditioning and test;
Part 2: Specification for wood chipboard;
Part 3: Specification for oriented strand board (OSB);
Part 4: Specification for cement bonded particleboard;
Part 5: Code of practice for the selection and application of particleboards for
specific purposes.
This Part of BS 5669 specifies six types of wood chip-board in terms of their
property levels rather than by types of adhesive or wood species used. Four of
these were included in the 1979 edition of this standard while a further two have
been added to reflect the continued development of the product. These additional
types are C1A wood chipboard based on the recommended levels for chipboard in
furniture given in appendix C of BS 5669:1979 (which has also been extended to
cover thicker boards which were not included previously) and C5 which is a
structural grade of wood chipboard.
Since publication of the 1989 edition of this standard, changes in manufacturing
methods have resulted in Types C3 and C4 chipboards becoming commercially
unavailable. The requirements for C3 and C4 chipboards have therefore been
deleted and new grades C3 (M) and C4 (M) have been included. It should be noted
that two properties (tensile strength perpendicular to the board after cyclic
exposure and increase in thickness after cyclic exposure) of these grades are
measured by a new test method (given in an amendment to Part 1 of BS 5669).
Protection from insect or fungal attack has not been taken into account in this
Part of BS 5669, and where this is required special grades of boards should be
specified.
Board sizes are not specified in this Part of BS 5669 but where there is a
requirement for coordinating sizes, they should be as specified in BS 6750.
Density is not a requirement of this Part of BS 5669, but should measurement of
density be required the method given in BS 5669-1 should be used.
The definition given for particleboard in 2.1 has been replaced by the definition
given in clause 2 of BS EN 309:1992.
The test methods used in assessing wood chipboard are given in BS 5669-1 and
are identical with those used for particleboards specified in BS 5669-3 and
BS 5669-4.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii,
pages 1 to 16, an inside back cover and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on
the inside front cover.
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BS 5669-2:1989

1 Scope
This Part of BS 5669 specifies requirements for six
types of wood chipboard from 6 mm to 50 mm
thickness, classified according to property levels
rather than by the types of adhesive or wood species
used (see clause 3).
Manufacturing requirements covering permitted
tolerances on the sizes of boards together with mean
quality levels and marking requirements are
specified.
Appendix A gives guidance on within-board and
between-board standard deviation.
Appendix B gives guidance on verifying compliance
with this Part of BS 5669.
Methods of test for wood chipboard are not included
in this Part of BS 5669 but are given in BS 5669-1.
Recommendations for the selection and application
of the various types of particleboards for specific
purposes are given in BS 5669-5.
BS 5669 does not cover requirements for extruded
particleboard or flaxboard.
NOTE The titles of the publications referred to in this standard
are listed on the inside back cover.

2 Definitions
For the purposes of this Part of BS 5669 the
definitions given in BS 6100-4.3 apply except that
the definition for particleboard is as given in
BS EN 309. For ease of reference, this definition is
repeated in 2.1.
2.1
particleboard
panel material manufactured under pressure and
heat from particles of wood (wood flakes, chips,
shavings, saw dust, wafers, strands and similar)
and/or other lignocellulosic material in particle form
(flax shives, hemp shives, bagasse fragments and
similar) with the addition of an adhesive
2.2
wood chipboard
particleboard made exclusively from small particles
and a binder

3 Classification
Six types of wood chipboard are specified in terms of
their strength and moisture resistance.

1) Grade

In order to avoid confusion with grade numbers of


the other types of particleboard, the six types of
wood chipboard carry the prefix C. They are
designated C1, C1A, C2, C3(M), C4(M) and C5 and
are described below. Their mean quality levels,
which shall not be used in design calculations
without appropriate reduction factors1), are given
in Table 1.
They are distinguished either by their properties
and/or by their intended use as follows.
C1. Wood chipboard that is intended for general use.
C1A. Wood chipboard that has slightly higher mean
quality levels for a number of properties.
C2. Wood chipboard that has enhanced mechanical
properties. Although such boards are primarily
suitable for the loads encountered in joisted or
floating floors in domestic applications, they may
also be suitable for other applications, depending on
design conditions (see BS 5669-5). Unless suitable
protection is provided (see BS 5669-5), these boards
shall not be used in situations where their moisture
content would exceed 18 % for prolonged periods
after installation.
C3(M). Wood chipboard that has major
improvements in moisture resistance2) and
increases in mechanical performance over type C1.
Such board recovers an acceptable strength on
reconditioning after exposure to water and/or high
humidity for limited periods. It does not necessarily
resist prolonged exposure to weather, attack by
micro-organisms or persistent damp conditions.
C4(M). Wood chipboard that has the same degree of
moisture resistance as C3(M), but with a specified
impact resistance.
C5. Wood chipboard that has both enhanced
moisture resistance properties and enhanced
mechanical properties compared with types C3(M)
and C4(M) chipboards. It is intended for structural
use where full structural design or prototype testing
is required.

4 Dimensional tolerances
Each board shall be rectangular and shall have
straight, square edges. When measured in
accordance with clause 7 of BS 5669-1:1989, the
appropriate dimensional tolerances given in Table 2
shall apply for each board.

stresses and modification factors for structural wood chipboard are given in BS 5268-2.

2) The

requirements given in Table 1 for resistance of the cyclic test are equivalent to those for the proposed type P5
particleboard specified in EN 312-5 Particleboards Specifications Part 5: Requirements for load-bearing boards for use in
humid conditions.

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BS 5669-2:1989

NOTE 1 The dimensions of boards are closely related to


moisture content. If after leaving the factory the moisture
content increases, the boards will expand. On drying out to the
moisture content present at dispatch from the factory the
dimensions may not contract to their original values. For this
reason the measurement of thickness, length, width and flatness
for the purpose of verifying compliance with the requirements is
normally applied at or prior to dispatch from the factory.
NOTE 2 Where boards are provided with special or profiled
edges, for example tongued and grooved, the area of the board is
defined by the net length and width of the top face of the board
excluding the additional width of the profile as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1 Measurement of length and width


of boards with profiled edges

NOTE Relevant limits for manufacturers control charts for all


board types are given in Table 3 and consumers acceptance
limits are given in Table 4.

The time required to carry out the tests for tensile


strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
after the cyclic test, and for extractable
formaldehyde content is too long to allow these two
tests to be used in routine quality control
procedures. Manufactures shall therefore measure
these properties at appropriate intervals in order to
provide assurance of compliance to customers.

6 Freedom from foreign matter


The boards shall be free from metal and stone
particles which might cause injury to operatives
and/or excessive damage to woodworking tools.

7 Moisture content
When tested in accordance with clause 9 of
BS 5669-1:1989 the moisture content of the boards
on leaving the place of manufacture shall be not less
than 5 % and not more than 13 %.

5 Strength, elasticity, swelling,


resistance to impact and extractable
formaldehyde content

8 Thermal conductivity

The quality of production for each type of wood


chipboard shall be maintained at such a level that
the mean values for the properties given in Table 2
for boards up to 50 mm in thickness, when tested in
accordance with BS 5669-1, shall be not inferior to,
or greater than in the case of thickness swelling, the
mean values given in Table 1 for the type of board.
The strength values given in Table 1, Table 3
and Table 4 shall not be used for structural design
purposes without appropriate reduction factors.
The variability of quality levels shall be not greater
than is given in Table 3 for each type of board. If,
however, a greater mean value indicates an
improvement in quality (other than for thickness
swelling) proportional increases in values of
between-board standard deviation, sB, within-board
standard deviation sw and mean range shall be
permitted. Within-board standard deviation (sw)
and between-board standard deviation (sB) for
bending strength and modulus of elasticity are
given in Table 5.

9 Surface spread of flame

When tested in accordance with BS 874-2.1 thermal


conductivity shall be not greater than 0.14 W/(mK).

When tested in accordance with BS 476-7, the


surface spread of flame on the board shall be not
inferior to that specified for class 3.

10 Marking
Each board shall be clearly and indelibly marked by
the manufacturer, either by direct printing or by an
adhesive label, with the following information:
a) the number and date of this British Standard,
i.e. BS 5669-2:19893);
b) the manufacturers name, trade mark or
identification mark;
c) the type of board, i.e. C1, C2, C3(M), C4(M)
or C5.

3)

Marking BS 5669-2:1989 on or in relation to a product represents a manufacturers declaration of conformity, i.e. a claim by or
on behalf of the manufacturer that the product meets the requirements of the standard. The accuracy of the claim is therefore
solely the responsibility of the person making the claim. Such a declaration is not to be confused with third party certification of
conformity, which may also be desirable.

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BS 5669-2:1989

In the case of boards of type C1A, the manufacturer


shall provide the information given in items (a) to (c)
above in the form of a certified document relating to
each individual consignment.
In addition all boards shall be colour coded at the
time of manufacture by applying a coloured stripe to
either the two long or two short edges of the board.
The stripes shall be at least 25 mm wide and applied
near diagonally opposite corners. The code for each
type of board shall be as follows.
Type

Code

C1

Black

C1A

Two black stripes, separated by not


less than 25 mm

C2

Red

C3(M)

Green

C4(M)

Red and green, separated by not less


than 25 mm.

C5

Yellow and green, separated by not


less than 25 mm.

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Property

Units

Type of board
C1

Mean quality level for boards 6 mm thick or less


a
Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board

N/mm2

C5

Method of test in
BS 5669-1:1989

clause 10

11.1

0.80

12.2

19.2

%
%

0.25
7.00

} clause 20

clause 22

N/mm2

Increase in thickness 1 h after immersion

C4(M)

Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board

C3(M)

N/mm2

18.0

C2

Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending

C1A

2 000

Changes in length and thickness (65 % r.h to 85 % r.h)


length
thickness
a

Extractable formaldehyde (max.)

mg/100 g

25

Mean quality levels for board of thickness over 6 mm and up to


and including 19 mm
13.8

15.2

17.0

19.0

19.0

N/mm2

Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending


Tensile strength parallel to the plane of the board

N/mm2

2 000

2 200

3 000

3 000

3 000

N/mm2

Modulus of elasticity in tension

N/mm2

Compression strength parallel to the plane of the board

N/mm2

Modulus of elasticity in compression

N/mm2

Panel shear strength

N/mm2

Panel shear modulus

N/mm2

Transverse shear strength

N/mm2

N/mm

Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board

Concentrated load strength (per unit thickness)

Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board


Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board after
cyclic exposure
Surface soundness

0.34

N/mm

N/mm2
N

0.43

0.50

0.50

24.0
3 750
11.0
2 500
18.0
2 750
9.0
1 100
3.2
350

0.50

0.28

0.28

clause 10
11.1
12.1
11.2
24.1
11.3
13.1
13.2
clause 14
clause 15

0.85

12.2

0.50b

See NOTE 5

1 200

1 380

clause 17

360

420
470

} clause 18

Resistance to axial withdrawal of wood screws


edge
face

N
N

%
%
%

BSI 10-1998

Increase in thickness
1 h after immersion
24 h after immersion
after cyclic exposure
Changes in length and thickness (65 % r.h. to 85 % r.h.)
length
thickness

Impact strength (per mm thickness)


Extractable formaldehyde (max.)

%
%
mm
mg/100 g

0.25
7.00

0.25
7.00

25

25

10

0.25
7.00
29
25

0.25
5.00

25

10

5
8c

0.25
5.00
29

0.20
4.00
34

25

25

} 19.2

See NOTE 5

} clause 20
clause 21
clause 22

BS 5669-2:1989

Table 1 Summary of mean quality levels for board types C1, C1A, C2, C3(M), C4(M) and C5

Property
Mean quality levels for boards of thickness over 19 mm and up to
and including 25 mm

Units
C1

C1A

Type of board
C2
C3(M)

12.5

14.5

17.0

C4(M)

C5

19.0

23.0

Method of test in
BS 5669-1:1989

N/mm2

aModulus

N/mm2

1 850

2 100

3 000

2 750

3 000

3 600

11.1

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm

10.5
2 400
17.5
2 650
9.0
1 100
2.9
350

12.1
11.2
24.1
11.3
13.1
13.2
clause 14
clause 15

Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board

of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending


Tensile strength parallel to the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity in tension
Compression strength parallel to the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity in compression
Panel shear strength
Panel shear modulus
Transverse shear strength

aConcentrated

load strength (per unit thickness)

Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board


Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board after cyclic
exposure
Surface soundness
Resistance to axial withdrawal of wood screws
edge
face

N/mm2

0.25

0.38

17.0

0.50

clause 10

0.50

0.50

0.80

12.2

0.25

0.25

0.48b

See NOTE 5
clause 17

N/mm2
N

1 100

1 380

N
N

250

420
470

%
%
%

} clause 18

aIncrease

in thickness
1 h after immersion
24 h after immersion
after cyclic exposure
Changes in length and thickness (65 % r.h. to 85 % r.h.)
length
thickness

Impact strength (per mm thickness)


Extractable formaldehyde (max.)

%
%
mm
mg/100 g

0.25
7.00

0.25
7.00

25

25

0.25
7.00
29
25

5
8c

9.5

9.5

0.25
5.00

0.25
5.00
29

0.20
4.00
34

25

25

25

} 19.2
See NOTE 5

} clause 20
clause 21
clause 22

BS 5669-2:1989

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Table 1 Summary of mean quality levels for board types C1, C1A, C2, C3(M), C4(M) and C5

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Property
Mean quality levels for boards of thickness over 25 mm and up to
and including 32 mm

Units
C1

C1A

Type of board
C2
C3(M)

10.0

12.5

16.0

C4(M)

C5

16.0

22.0

Method of test in
BS 5669-1:1989

N/mm2

N/mm2

1 500

1 850

2 500

2 100

2 500

3 350

11.1

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm

10.0
2 250
17.0
2 600

2.7
350

12.2
11.2
24.1
11.3
13.1
13.2
clause 14
clause 15

N/mm2

Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board

Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending


Tensile strength parallel to the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity in tension
Compression strength parallel to the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity in compression
Panel shear strength
Panel shear modulus
Transverse shear strength
Concentrated load strength (per unit thickness)

Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board


Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board after
cyclic exposure
Surface soundness
Resistance to axial withdrawal of wood screws (face)

0.20

N/mm2
N
N

1 100

%
%
%

0.32

1 380
470

14.0

0.40

clause 10

0.40

0.40

0.75

12.2

0.22

0.22

0.45b

See NOTE 5
clause 17
clause 18

Increase in thickness
1 h after immersion
24 h after immersion
after cyclic exposure
Changes in length and thickness (65 % r.h. to 85 % r.h.)
length
thickness

Impact strength (per mm thickness)


Extractable formaldehyde (max.)

%
%
mm
mg/100 g

0.25
7.00

25

0.25
7.00

25

0.25
7.00
23
25

0.25
5.00

25

5
8c

0.25
5.00
23

0.20
4.00
32

25

25

} 19.2
See NOTE 5

} clause 20
clause 21
clause 22

BS 5669-2:1989

Table 1 Summary of mean quality levels for board types C1, C1A, C2, C3(M), C4(M) and C5

BSI 10-1998

Property
Mean quality levels for boards of thickness over 32 mm and up to
and including 40 mm
a
Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
a
Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending
Tensile strength parallel to the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity in tension
Compression strength in the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity in compression
Panel shear strength
Panel shear modulus
Transverse shear strength
a
Concentrated load strength (per unit thickness)
a
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board after cyclic
exposure
Surface soundness
Resistance to axial withdrawal of wood screws (face)
aIncrease in thickness
1 h after immersion
24 h after immersion
after cyclic exposure
Changes in length and thickness (65 % r.h. to 85 % r.h.)
length
thickness
a
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
Extractable formaldehyde (max.)

Units

Type of board
C2
C3(M)

C1

C1A

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm
N/mm2

8.0
1 200

0.17

11.0
1 600

0.27

15.0
2 400

0.35

12.0
1 800

0.35

N/mm2
N
N

1 100

1 380
470

%
%
%
%
%
mm
mg/100 g

0.25
7.00

25

25

C5

15.0
2 400

0.35

21.0
3 200
9.5
2 100
16.5
2 500
9.0
1 100
2.4
350
0.70

0.19

8
0.25
7.00
20
25

0.25
5.00

25

0.42b

0.19

0.25
7.00

C4(M)

6
8
0.25
5.00
20
25

5
8c
0.20
4.00
30
25

Method of test in
BS 5669-1:1989

clause 10
11.1
12.2
11.2
24.1
11.3
13.1
13.2
clause 14
clause 15
12.2
See NOTE 5
clause 17
clause 18

} 19.2
See NOTE 5

} clause 20
clause 21
clause 22

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Table 1 Summary of mean quality levels for board types C1, C1A, C2, C3(M), C4(M) and C5

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Property

Units
C1

C1A

Type of board
C2
C3(M)

10.0

14.0

C4(M)

C5

Method of test in
BS 5669-1:1989

Mean quality levels for boards of thickness over 40 mm and up to


and including 50 mm
a

N/mm2

N/mm
N/mm

N/mm

Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board


Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending

aConcentrated

load strength (per unit thickness)

Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board


Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board after cyclic
exposure
Surface soundness
Resistance to axial withdrawal of wood screws(face)

6.5

10.5

14.0

clause 10

1 000

1 500

2 200

1 600

2 200

11.1

clause 15

0.30

12.2

0.15

See NOTE 5
clause 17
clause 18

} 19.2

} clause 20

0.15

N/mm2
N
N

1 100

%
%
%

0.22

1 380
470

0.30

0.30
0.15

aIncrease

in thickness
1 h after immersion
24 h after immersion
after cyclic exposure
Changes in length and thickness (65 % r.h. to 85 % r.h.)
length
thickness
a
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
Extractable formaldehyde (max.)

%
%
mm
mg/100 g

0.25
7.00

0.25
7.00

25

25

0.25
7.00
17
25

0.25
5.00

25

8
0.25
5.00
17
25

See NOTE 5

clause 21
clause 22

a To

be assessed for quality control.


No mean value for individual board to be less than this figure.
c
No mean value for individual board to exceed this figure.
b

NOTE 1 The strength and elasticity values are not suitable for structural design purposes without appropriate reduction factors (see clause 3).
NOTE 2 Impact values for boards less than 6 mm thick vary considerably with the thickness of the board, and the methods described in clause 21 of BS 5669-1:1989 might not be
appropriate to all thicknesses.
NOTE 3 Type C2 and C4(M) boards are not normally available in nominal thicknesses of less than 18 mm.
NOTE 4 The limits for increase in thickness are the maximum values.
NOTE 5 For types C3(M) and C4(M) boards the values for both tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board after cyclic exposure, and increase in thickness after cyclic
exposure, shall be determined in accordance with clause 27 of BS 5669-1:1989. For type C5 board they shall be determined in accordance with clauses 16.1 and 16.2 of
BS 5669-1:1989 respectively.

BS 5669-2:1989

Table 1 Summary of mean quality levels for board types C1, C1A, C2, C3(M), C4(M) and C5

BSI 10-1998

Property

Units
C1

C1A

Type of board
C2
C3(M)

C4(M)

C5

Method of test in
BS 5669-1:1989

Dimensional tolerances for boards 6 mm to 25 mm in thickness


mm

5 mm on the nominal length and width

mm
mm

0.8
0.4

0.8
0.3

0.8
0.4

0.8
0.4

0.8
0.4

0.8
0.4

mm
mm

1.0
0.3

1.0
0.2

1.0
0.3

1.0
0.3

1.0
0.3

1.0
0.3

Edge straightness
Squareness

mm/mm
mm/mm

1 per 1 000
2 per 1 000

Flatness: boards 15 mm in thickness or greater

mm

Length and width (nominal) unless specified as in clause 4

7.1

Thickness (mean)
unsanded
sanded

Thickness (at any point on the board)


unsanded
sanded

for all types


for all types
1.0
in 600

7.2

7.3
7.4

7.5

Dimensional tolerance for boards 26 mm to 50 mm in thickness


mm

5 mm on the nominal length and width

mm
mm

1.0
0.5

1.0
0.5

1.0
0.5

1.0
0.5

1.0
0.5

1.0
0.5

mm
mm

1.0
0.3

1.0
0.2

1.0
0.3

1.0
0.3

1.0
0.3

1.0
0.3

Edge straightness
Squareness

mm/mm
mm/mm

1 per 1 000
2 per 1 000

Flatness: boards 15 mm in thickness or greater

mm

Length and width (nominal) unless specified as in clause 4

7.1

Thickness (mean)
unsanded
sanded

Thickness (at any point on the board)


unsanded
sanded

a See

for all types


for all types
1.0
in 600

7.2

7.3
7.4

7.5

note 1 to clause 4

BS 5669-2:1989

Licensed copy: University of Teknologi Mara, University of Teknologi Mara, Version


BSI

BSI 10-1998

Table 2 Summary of mean quality levels for board types C1, C1A, C2, C3(M), C4(M) and C5

Licensed copy: University of Teknologi Mara, University of Teknologi Mara, Version


BSI

Property

Units

C1
Mean
range,
w

Limits
for
sample
mean, x

C1A
Upper
limits for
range, w

Mean
range,
w

C2

Limits
for
sample
mean, x

Upper
limits for
range, w

Mean
range,
w

Limits
for
sample
mean, x

Upper
limits for
range, w

Upto 6 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Thickness swelling 1 h after immersion

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
%

2.5
250
0.25
0.9

13.7
1 570
0.37
10

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
%
mm

2.5
250
0.08
1.0

9.5
1 570
0.21
10

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
%
mm

2.5
250
0.08
1.0

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
%
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
%
mm

5.4
540
0.54
1.8

BSI 10-1998

5.4
540
0.18
2.2

2.5
250
0.10
1.0

10.9
1 770
0.26
10

5.4
540
0.22
2.2

2.5
340
0.12
1.0
2.5

12.7
2 370
0.29
9
22.6

5.4
740
0.26
2.2
5.3

8.2
1 420
0.12
10

5.4
540
0.18
2.2

2.5
250
0.10
1.0

10.2
1 670
0.21
10

5.4
540
0.22
2.2

2.5
340
0.12
1.0
2.5

12.7
2 370
0.29
9
22.6

5.4
740
0.26
2.2
5.3

2.0
200
0.08
1.0

6.6
1 170
0.07
10

4.3
430
0.18
2.2

2.5
250
0.08
1.0

8.2
1 420
0.18
10

5.4
540
0.18
2.2

2.5
300
0.12
1.0
1.9

11.7
1 950
0.19
9
18.3

5.4
650
0.26
2.2
4.2

2.0
150
0.08
1.0

4.6
940
0.04
10

4.3
325
0.18
2.2

2.5
250
0.08
1.0

6.7
1 170
0.13
10

5.4
540
0.18
2.2

2.5
300
0.12
1.0
1.7

10.7
1 850
0.14
9
15.9

5.4
650
0.26
2.2
3.7

3.1
730
0.02
10

4.3
325
0.18
2.2

2.5
250
0.08
1.0

5.7
1 070
0.08
10

5.4
540
0.18
2.2

2.5
300
0.12
1.0
1.4

9.7
1 630
0.09
9
13.5

5.4
650
0.26
2.2
3.1

Over 6 mm up to 19 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Thickness swelling 1 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
Over 19 mm up to 25 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Thickness swelling 1 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
Over 25 mm up to 32 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Thickness swelling 1 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
Over 32 mm up to 40 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Thickness swelling 1 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)

Over 40 mm to 50 mm
Bending strength
N/mm2
2.0
Modulus of elasticity
N/mm2
150
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board N/mm2
0.08
Thickness swelling 1 h after immersion
%
1.0
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
mm

NOTE The limits for thickness swelling are the maximum values.

BS 5669-2:1989

10

Table 3 Manufacturers control charts: mean range and control limits for mean and range charts
(a) types C1, C1A and C2

Licensed copy: University of Teknologi Mara, University of Teknologi Mara, Version correct as of 23/03/2010 08:07, (c)
BSI

BS 5669-2:1989

Table 3 Manufacturers control charts: mean range and control limits for mean
and range charts
(b) Types C3(M) and C4(M)
Property

Units

C3(M)
Mean
range, w

Limits
for
sample
mean, x

C4(M)
Upper
limits for
range, w

Mean
range, w

5.4
740

2.5
340

Limits
for
sample
mean, x

Upper
limits for
range, w

Over 6 mm up to 19 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Tensile strength perpendicular to the
plane of the board
Thickness swelling 1 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)

N/mm2
N/mm2

2.5
340

14.7
2 370

N/mm2
%
mm

N/mm2
N/mm2

2.5
320

12.7
2 150

5.4
695

0.12
1.0

0.29
8

0.26
2.2

0.12
1.0
2.5

14.7
2 370
0.29
8
22.6

5.4
740
0.26
2.2
5.3

Over 19 mm up to 25 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Tensile strength perpendicular to the
plane of the board
Thickness swelling 1 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)

N/mm2
%
mm

N/mm2
N/mm2

2.5
250

9.7
1 620

5.4
540

0.12
1.0

0.29
8

0.26
2.2

2.5
340
0.12
1.0
2.5

14.7
2 370
0.29
8
22.6

5.4
740
0.26
2.2
5.3

Over 25 mm up to 32 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Tensile strength perpendicular to the
plane of the board
Thickness swelling 1 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)

N/mm2
%
mm

N/mm2
N/mm2

2.5
250

7.7
1 320

5.4
540

0.12
1.0

0.19
8

0.26
2.2

2.5
300
0.12
1.0
1.9

11.7
1 930
0.19
8
18.3

5.4
650
0.26
2.2
4.2

Over 32 mm up to 40 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Tensile strength perpendicular to the
plane of the board
Thickness swelling 1 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)

N/mm2
%
mm

N/mm2
N/mm2

2.5
250

6.2
1 120

5.4
540

0.12
1.0

0.14
8

0.26
2.2

2.5
300
0.12
1.0
1.7

10.7
1 830
0.14
8
15.9

5.4
650
0.26
2.2
3.7

Over 40 mm to 50 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Tensile strength perpendicular to the
plane of the board
Thickness swelling 1 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
NOTE

N/mm2
%
mm

0.12
1.0

0.09
8

0.26
2.2

2.5
300
0.12
1.0
1.4

9.7
1 630
0.09
8
13.5

5.4
650
0.26
2.2
3.1

The limits for thickness swelling are the maximum values.

BSI 10-1998

11

Licensed copy: University of Teknologi Mara, University of Teknologi Mara, Version correct as of 23/03/2010 08:07, (c)
BSI

BS 5669-2:1989

Table 3 Manufacturers control charts: mean range and control limits for mean
and range charts

(c) Type C5
Property

Units

Mean
range, w

Limits for
sample
means, x

Upper
limits for
range, w

Boards of thickness over 6 mm and up to and


including 19 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Concentrated load strength
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Thickness swelling 24 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm
N/mm2
%
mm

3.0
380
30
0.14
0.9
2.9

18.9
3 100
284
0.58
6.6
27.1

6.5
820
65
0.31
1.8
6.2

Boards of thickness over 19 mm and up to and


including 25 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Concentrated load strength
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Thickness swelling 24 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm
N/mm2
%
mm

2.9
360
30
0.14
0.9
2.9

18.1
2 920
284
0.58
6.6
27.1

6.3
780
65
0.21
1.8
6.2

Boards of thickness over 25 mm and up to and


including 32 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Concentrated load strength
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Thickness swelling 24 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm
N/mm2
%
mm

2.8
340
30
0.13
0.9
2.7

17.3
2 720
284
0.51
6.6
25.5

6.0
730
65
0.27
1.8
5.9

Boards of thickness over 32 mm and up to and


including 40 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity
Concentrated load strength
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Thickness swelling 24 h after immersion
Impact strength (per mm thickness)

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm
N/mm2
%
mm

2.7
320
30
0.12
0.9
2.5

16.5
2 590
284
0.48
6.6
23.9

5.7
700
65
0.26
1.8
5.5

NOTE

12

The limits for thickness swelling are the maximum values.

BSI 10-1998

(a) Types C1, C1/A, C2, C3(M) and C4(M)


Property

Units

Limit for sample means for thickness complying with this Part
of BS 5669a
Type C1

Type C1A

Type C2

Type C3(M)

Type C4(M)

Not
specified

Not
specified

Method of test in
BS 5669-1:1989

Board 6 mm thick or less


Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Increase in thickness 1 h after immersion
Extractable formaldehyde (max.)

N/mm2
17.2
N/mm2
1 920
N/mm2
0.72
%
8.4
mg/100 g
25

Not
specified

Not
specified

clause 10
11.1
12.2
clause 22

Boards of thickness over 6 mm and up to and including 19 mm


Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board after cyclic
exposure
Surface soundness
Resistance to axial withdrawal of wood screws
edge
face
Increase in thickness
1 h after immersion
after cyclic exposure
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
Extractable formaldehyde (max.)

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

13.0
1 920
0.32

14.4
2 120
0.40

16.2
2 880
0.46

18.2
2 880
0.46
0.28

18.2
2 880
0.46
0.28

clause 10
11.1
12.2
clause 27

1 020

1 300

clause 17

N
N

335

400
450

}clause 18

%
8.4
%

mm

mg/100 g
25

8.4

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N

11.7
1 770
0.23

1 020

13.7
2 020
0.35

1 300

N
N

230

400
450

7.4

6.4
10
25

6.4
10
27.9
25

19.2
clause 27
clause 21
clause 22

16.2
2 880
0.46

16.2
2 640
0.46
0.25

18.2
2 880
0.46
0.25

10.1
11.1
12.2
clause 27
clause 17

27.9
25

25

Boards of thickness over 19 mm and up to and including 25 mm


Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Tensile strength after cyclic exposure
Surface soundness
Resistance to axial withdrawal of wood screws
edge
face
Increase in thickness
1 h after immersion
after cyclic exposure
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
Extractable formaldehyde (max.)
a

%
8.4
%

mm

mg/100 g
25

8.4

7.4

6.4
9.5

25

27.9
25

Values given apply only to consignment(s) under test and when sampled in accordance with clause 3 of BS 5669-1:1989.

25

}clause 18
6.4
9.5
27.9
25

19.2
clause 27
clause 21
clause 22

13

BS 5669-2:1989

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BSI

BSI 10-1998

Table 4 Consumers minimum acceptance limits

Licensed copy: University of Teknologi Mara, University of Teknologi Mara, Version


BSI

Units

Limit for sample means for thickness complying with this


Part of BS 5669a
Type C1

Boards of thickness over 25 mm and up to and including 32 mm


Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board after cyclic exposure
Surface soundness
Resistance to axial withdrawal of wood screws
edge
face
Increase in thickness
1 h after immersion
after cyclic exposure
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
Extractable formaldehyde (max.)
Boards of thickness over 32 mm and up to and including 40 mm
Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board after cyclic exposure
Surface soundness
Resistance to axial withdrawal of wood screws
edge
face
Increase in thickness
1 h after immersion
after cyclic exposure
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
Extractable formaldehyde (max.)

BSI 10-1998

Boards of thickness over 40 mm and up to 50 mm


Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board
Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board after cyclic exposure
Surface soundness
Resistance to axial withdrawal of wood screws
edge
face
Increase in thickness
1 h after immersion
after cyclic exposure
Impact strength (per mm thickness)
Extractable formaldehyde (max.)
a

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N

9.4
1 440
0.18

1 020

N
N

185

Type C1A

Type C2

Type C3(M) Type C4(M)

11.7
1 770
0.30

1 300

15.2
2 400
0.36

13.2
2 000
0.36
0.22

15.2
2 400
0.36
0.22

450

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N

7.4
1 160
0.15

1 020

10.2
1 520
0.25

1 300

14.2
2 300
0.31

11.4
1 710
0.31
0.19

14.2
2 300
0.31
0.19

N
N

25

450

22.1
25

6.4
9
22.1
25

25

25

19.2
25

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2
N

1 020

9.4
1 440
0.20

1 300

13.2
2 100
0.26

10.0
1 510
0.26
0.15

13.2
2 100
0.26
0.15

N
N

%
8.4
%

mm

mg/100 g
25

450
8.4
25

7.4
16.4
25

Values given apply only to consignment(s) under test and when sampled in accordance with clause 3 of BS 5669-1:1989.

6.4
8.0

6.4
8.0
19.2
25

25

6.4
8.0
25

19.2
clause 27
clause 17
clause 22
clause 10
11.1
12.2
clause 27
clause 17

} clause 18

7.4

6.4
9

%
8.4
%

mm

mg/100 g
25
5.9
950
0.13

8.4

7.4

clause 10
11.1
12.2
clause 27
clause 17

}clause 18

%
8.4
%

mm

mg/100 g
25

135

8.4

Method of test in
BS 5669-1:1989

19.2
clause 27
clause 21
clause 22
clause 10
11.1
12.2
clause 27
clause 17

} clause 18
6.4
8.0
16.4
25

19.2
clause 27
clause 21
clause 22

BS 5669-2:1989

14

Table 4 (a) Consumers minimum acceptance limits


Property

Property

Units

Limit for sample means for thickness complying with this Part
of BS 5669a
6 mm to 19 mm 19 mm to 25 mm 25 mm to 32 mm 32 mm to 40 mm

Bending strength perpendicular to the plane of the board

N/mm2

Modulus of elasticity perpendicular to the plane of the board in bending N/mm2

23.1
3 610

22.1
3 480

21.1
3 240

20.2
3 090

Method of test
in
BS 5669-1:1989
clause 10
11.1

Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board

N/mm2

Modulus of elasticity in tension

N/mm2

Compression strength in the plane of the board

N/mm2

Modulus of elasticity in compression

N/mm2

Panel shear strength

N/mm2

Panel shear modulus

N/mm2

Transverse shear strength

N/mm2

Concentrated load strength (per unit thickness)

N/mm

Tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board

N/mm2

0.80

0.75

0.71

0.66

12.2

Tensile strength after cyclic treatment

N/mm2

0.50

0.48

0.45

0.42

16.1

24 h after immersion

5.4

5.4

5.4

5.4

19.2

after cyclic treatment (max.)

8.0

8.0

8.0

8.0

16.2

10.4
2 410
17.2
2 650
8.7
1 060
3.0
340

10.1
2 320

9.5
2 170

16.7
2 550
8.7
1 060
2.8
340

9.1
2 030

16.2

15.7

12.2
11.2
24.1

2 510

2 410

11.3

13.1

13.2

340

clause 14
340

clause 15

Increase in thickness swelling

Impact strength (per mm thickness)

mm

32.7

32.7

30.8

28.9

clause 21

Extractable formaldehyde (max.)

mg/100 g

25

25

25

25

clause 22

Values given above apply only to the consignment(s) under test and when sampled in accordance with clause 3 of BS 5669-1:1989.

NOTE

The limits for increase in thickness are the maximum values.

15

BS 5669-2:1989

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BSI

BSI 10-1998

Table 4 Consumers minimum acceptance limits


(b) Type C5

Licensed copy: University of Teknologi Mara, University of Teknologi Mara, Version correct as of 23/03/2010 08:07, (c)
BSI

BS 5669-2:1989

Appendix A Standard deviation

Appendix B Verification of compliance

Table 5 gives guidance on within-board standard


deviation (sw) and between-board standard
deviation (sB) for bending strength and modulus of
elasticity.

Where verification of compliance is required, a


declaration that the boards comply with this Part of
BS 5669 should be supported by one of the following:
a) reference to process/quality control test records
and/or quality control charts illustrating the
testing frequency and process variability
(see BS 5701 and BS 2564);

NOTE Grade stresses and moduli for type C5 wood chipboard


are given in BS 5268-2.

NOTE 1 Compliance with clauses 8 and 9 may be


established by a test certificate from an accredited
laboratory.

b) reference to the manufacturers certificate of


compliance with this Part of BS 5669;
NOTE 2 This is normally provided at the request of the
purchaser.

c) reference to a third party certificate of


compliance with the requirements in Table 4
when sampled in accordance with clause 3 of
BS 5669-1:1989.
Table 5 Within-board and between-board standard deviation
Property

Type C1

Type C1A

sB

sw

sB

Type C3(M)

Type C4(M)

sw

sw

sB

0 mm to 6 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity

1.5
150

2.0
200

6 mm to 19 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity

1.5
150

2.0
200

1.5
150

2.0
200

1.5
200

2.0
300

1.5
200

2.0
300

1.5
200

2.0
300

19 mm to 25 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity

1.5
150

2.0
200

1.5
150

2.0
200

1.5
200

2.0
300

1.5
190

2.0
290

1.5
200

2.0
300

25 mm to 32 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity

1.2
120

1.6
150

1.5
150

2.0
200

1.5
180

2.0
270

1.5
150

2.0
230

1.5
180

2.0
270

32 mm to 50 mm
Bending strength
Modulus of elasticity

1.2
90

1.6
120

1.5
150

2.0
200

1.5
180

2.0
270

1.5
150

2.0
230

1.5
180

2.0
270

16

sw

Type C2

sw

sB

sB

BSI 10-1998

Licensed copy: University of Teknologi Mara, University of Teknologi Mara, Version correct as of 23/03/2010 08:07, (c)
BSI

BS 5669-2:1989

Publications referred to
BS 476, Fire tests for building materials and structures.
BS 476-7, Method for classification of the surface spread of flame products.
BS 874, Methods for determining thermal insulating properties.
BS 874-2, Tests for thermal conductivity and related properties.
BS 874-2.1, Guarded hot-plate method.
BS 2564, Control chart techniques when manufacturing to a specification with special reference to articles
machined to dimensional tolerances.
BS 5268, Structural use of timber.
BS 5268-2, Code of practice for permissible stress design, materials and workmanship.
BS 5701, Guide to number-defective charts for quality control.
BS 5669, Particleboard.
BS 5669-1, Methods of sampling, conditioning and test.
BS 5669-3, Specification for oriented strand board (OSB)4).
BS 5669-4, Specification for cement bonded particleboard4).
BS 5669-5, Code of practice for the selection and application of particleboards for specific purposes.
BS 6100, Glossary of building and civil engineering terms.
BS 6100-4, Forest products.
BS 6100-4.3, Wood based panel products.
BS 6750, Specification for modular co-ordination in building4).
BS EN 309, Wood particleboards Definition and classification.

4) Referred

to in the foreword only.

BSI 10-1998

Licensed copy: University of Teknologi Mara, University of Teknologi Mara, Version correct as of 23/03/2010 08:07, (c)
BSI

BSI
389 Chiswick High Road
London
W4 4AL

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