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DragLinearizationin

ANSYSAqwa

RichardMay TeamLead,Aqwadevelopment

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012

DragLinearizationinAqwaLine

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012

Newinput
Workbench

ASCIIinputfile
JOB TD42 LINE
TITLE
ALTD42: BARGE + 8 TUBEs (Cd=Ca=2)
OPTIONS PPEL REST GOON LDRG SFBM END
RESTART
4 5
ALTD41
09
NONE
10
NONE
11
NONE
12
NONE
13
SPEC
13SPDN
0.0
END13PSMZ
0.3
1.8
8.0
14
NONE
15
NONE
16
NONE
17
NONE
18
NONE

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012

11.0

DragLinearizationinAqwaLine

1.

Draglinearizationhastobedoneforaspecific
spectrum,sotheresultsarestrictlyonlyvalidforthat
spectrum.

2.

ReadsspectrumdefinedinDeck13andusesthat
spectrumforEVERYWAVEDIRECTIONinAqwaLine;
i.e.thespectraldirectioninDeck13isirrelevant.

3.

ProducesnewRAOsthatareoutputinthe.LISand
.PLTfiles.

4.

ThenewRAOsarenotwrittenintothedatabaseso
notusedinanysubsequentanalysis.NoraretheQTFs
recalculated.

5.

Wearecurrentlyworkingonaddingdraglinearization
toAqwaFer.

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012

NewASCIIoutput
NewoutputintheLISfileheaded
* * L I N E A R I S E D
D R A G
P A R A M E T E R S
F O R
S T R U C T U R E
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

%Criticaldamping
Dampingmatrix
Linearizeddragforces
RAOswithlinearizeddrag

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012

1 * *

Newgraphicaloutput
ThePLTfilecontainsnewresultsasshownbelow

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012

Calculations(1)
Inthecalculationofdragforceu.|u|isanonlinearterminwhich
the|u|canbereplacedbyafactormultipliedbyther.m.s.velocity
inordertocreateanequivalentlinearterm.
Intheliterature(Borgman1967)thisfactorisgivenas(8/).We
thusget
FullDragForce
=..A.Cd .u.|u|
LinearizedDragForce =..A.Cd ..urms .u
whereu=relativefluidvelocity
and=(8/)

urmsiscalculatedusingthespectruminputinDeck13.Asuisrelative
velocitythecalculationisiterative.

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012

Calculations(2)
ModifiedRAOequation

[2{M()+MS} i{C()+CDL()}+K] X(,)=FD(,)+FK(,)+FDL(,)


Calculate:

RAOs
relativevelocityforeachcomponentofthespectrum
rmsvelocity
dragcoefficients
newRAOS checkforconvergence

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012

Calculations(3)
Whencurrentisincluded,weassumethatthelinearizationfactorisinthe
form
=[(*urms)2 +uc2 ]
Where=2[2 er ]
r=uc/(urms)
Foundbynumericalinvestigationoftheerrorindissipationofdragenergy

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012

Calculations(4)
CalculationsuseGaussianquadrature
TUBEandSTUB 3Gausspoints

DISC 9Gausspoints

10

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012

ShearForceandBendingMomentfor
Spar

11

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012

Massdistributionfile
Allmassmustbeinthe.MSDfile.TUBEmassisignoredin
thesamewayasPMASelements
ALSP2 - FULL SPAR
NEUTRAL-Z,0,0
Section
Mass
STEP 01, 6485157.3,
STEP 02, 6562790.3,
STEP 03, 6640423.3,
STEP 04, 6718056.3,
STEP 05, 6795689.4,
STEP 06, 6873322.4,
STEP 07, 6950955.4,
STEP 08, 7028588.4,
STEP 09, 7106221.4,
STEP 10, 7183854.4,
STEP 11, 7261487.5,

12

2012ANSYS,Inc.

X
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,

November26,2012

Y
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,
0,

Z
-217.5,
-212.5,
-207.5,
-202.5,
-197.5,
-192.5,
-187.5,
-182.5,
-177.5,
-172.5,
-167.5,

Zmin
-220,
-215,
-210,
-205,
-200,
-195,
-190,
-185,
-180,
-175,
-170,

Zmax
-215,
-210,
-205,
-200,
-195,
-190,
-185,
-180,
-175,
-170,
-165,

Kzz
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

ShearForceandBendingMomentfor
Spar

13

2012ANSYS,Inc.

November26,2012