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A pit or receptacle at a low point to which the liquid wastes are drained.
SUMP
A connection in which a ball is held in a cuplike shell that allows movement in every direction.
BALL JOINT
A fixture designed for the washing of the hands or face. Sometimes called a wash basin.
LAVATORY
That length of pipe of a stack no less than eight feet which receives the discharge from the horizontal branch.
BRANCH INTERVAL
A fitting or device so constructed as to prevent the passage of air, gas, and some vermin through a pipe
without materially affecting the flow of sewage or waste water through it.
TRAP
The vertical run of pipe, which receives discharge from fixture without fecal matter.
SOILSTACK
It is that portion of the rainfall or other precipitation, which runs off over the surface after the storm and for
such a short period following a storm as the flow exceeds the normal runoff.
STORM WATER
The lowest horizontal run of pipe inside the building which receives the discharge from fixtures and other branches
and conveys the same the discharge from fixtures and other branches and conveys the same to the house or building
sewer.
HOUSE DRAIN
BUILDING DRAIN
A wye connection used on fire lines so that two lines of hose may be connected to hydrant or to the same
nozzle.
SIAMESE CONNECTION
A fitting into which the end of a pipe is screwed for the purpose of closing the end of the pipe.
CAP
A receptacle in which liquids are retained for a sufficient period to deposit settle able material
CATCH BASIN
The drain from the trap of the fixture to the junction of the fixture to the drain of the pipe.
FIXTURE DRAIN
A vertical soil pipe conveying fecal matter and liquid waste.
SOIL STACK PIPE
Plugging an opening with oakum, lead or other materials that are pounded into place. Also, the material that is
pounded into the opening.
CALKING
Waste water pipe from fixtures or appliances which is allowed to discharge into a properly vented fixture
and with no direct connection with the drainage system.
SPECIAL WASTE
INDIRECT WASTE PIPE
A plumbing fixture used for washing the middle part of the body, specially the genitals. Also a sitz bath (Used to wash
posterior parts of the body).
BIDET
A flange that closes the end of a pipe. There is no opening for the passage of water. (Used for black iron
pipes).
BLIND FLANGE
That t horizontal run of pipe, which receives the distance from fixture and convey the same to the stack.
HORIZONTAL BRANCH
The end of a pipe, which fits into a bell. Also a word used synonymously with faucet.
SPIGOT
The installation of all pipes in the plumbing system that are in partitions and under floors. It includes the plumbing
work done before the setting of the fixtures, or finishing.
ROUGHING-IN
A pit for the reception or detention of sewage.
CESSPOOL
A comprehensive term, including all construction for collection, transportation, pumping, treatment and final
disposition of sewage.
SEWERAGE WORKS
A stack vent is the extension of a soil or waste stack above the highest horizontal drain connected to the
stack.
STACK VENT
A pipe or opening used to ensuring the circulation of air in plumbing system and for reducing the pressure exerted on
trap seals.
VENT
The Primary Branch of a building drain is the single sloping drain from the base of a stack up to its
junction with the main building drain or with other branches. The primary branch is also called a Lateral.
PRIMARY BRANCH
A valve that automatically closes to prevent the flow of water in reverse direction.(Prevents reverse flow)
CHECK VALVE
An arrangement of venting so installed that one vent pipe will serve two (2) traps.
UNIT VENT
The water that is standing in or passing through the ground.
GROUND WATER
A vertical opening through a building for elevators, dumb-waiter, ventilation or similar purpose.
SHAFT
An air pressure less than that atmospheric. Also, siphonage.
VACUUM

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In lateral plumbing - a secondary pipe line. In sewerage a common sewer to which no other common
sewer is tributary. It receives sewage only from building sewer.
LATERAL
That vertical matter run of pipe, which receives discharge from fixtures without fecal matter.
WASTE STACK
That portion of a pipe which for a short distance, is sufficiently enlarged to received the end of another
pipe of the same diameter for the purpose of making a joint.
BELL OR HUB
A cast-iron bell-end tee with the branch tapped to receive a threaded pipe of fitting.
TAPED TEE
It is a pipe, which conveys only liquid waste, free of fecal matter.
WASTE PIPE
A faucet opened or closed by the fall or rise of a ball floating on the surface of water.
BALL COCK
A suction by the flow of liquids in pipes. A pressure less than atmospheric.
SIPHONAGE
A vertical pipe usually used for the storage of water, frequently under pressure.
STANDPIPE

That horizontal run of pipe, starting from 5 outside the building which receives the sewage from the house
drain or building and conveys the same to the sewer main or approved point of disposal.
HOUSE SEWER
BUILDING SEWER
An open return bend, usually with inside threads, but applied also to a one hundred eighty (180 degree) bend in a
pipe.
RETURN BEND
A soil pipe is any pipe which conveys the discharge of water closets, urinals, or fixtures having similar
functions. Also, a cast-iron pipe, with bell and spigot ends, used in plumbing to convey fecal matter or
liquid wastes.
SOIL PIPE
A flange that is not drilled.
BLANK FLANGE
A relief vent is a vent the primary function of which is to provide circulation of air between drainage and
vent system.
RELIEF VENT
It is that portion of a vent pipe through which liquid waste flow.
WET VENT
It is any of two or more similar adjacent fixtures which discharge into a common horizontal soil branch.
BATTERY OF FIXTURES
A general term used for any vertical line of soil, waste, or vent piping.
STACK
That horizontal run of pipe emanating from a fixture or group of fixtures up to its junction with the primary branch.
SECONDARY BRANCH