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FACTSHEET TZ 2012 People & Nature WWF-Tanzania Restoring landscapes and reducing deforestation The Office through
FACTSHEET TZ 2012 People & Nature WWF-Tanzania Restoring landscapes and reducing deforestation The Office through

FACTSHEET

TZ

2012

People & Nature

People & Nature

WWF-Tanzania

Restoring landscapes and reducing deforestation The Office through Forest project has supported the establishment of both new Protected Areas as Village Land Forest Reserves and Local Authority Forest Reserves in priority landscapes. There has been significant achievement with the demarcation of 260,000 ha within priority landscapes (4,200 ha in Zanzibar and 255,800 ha in Tanzania mainland). The protected areas developed are strategically located to provide corridors, buffer functions and connectivity within the landscape areas

buffer functions and connectivity within the landscape areas generations2006-2012: Rehabilitation of 1,888 ha. equivalent

generations2006-2012: Rehabilitation of 1,888 ha. equivalent to 6.4% of the total degraded (29,513.4 ha.) forests adjacent to Udzungwa National Park.

Background

WWF has been involved in project work in Tanzania since 1962, but it was in 1990 that it first established its Tanzania Programme Office (WWF TPO), to develop and manage a coherent conservation programme for Tanzania and to develop strong links with both the governmental sectors, institutions and the civil society organizations. It was registered under the Tanzanian NGOs Act as of February 2004 operating under an agreement with Tanzanian Government with the latest five year agreement effective from October 2010. In 2009 WWF-Tanzania changed its status to Country office headed by a Country Director.

Since the establishment in 1990 the Tanzania office has seen an exponential continued growth with the biggest expansion happening between 2007 and 2010 where the conservation portfolio annual funding increased from TZS 4.89 (2007) billion to TZS 11.7 (2010)billion to 16.3 billion (2012) and a staff base of over 100 people in 2012 from 70 in 2007.

Conservation being the core focus WWF – Tanzania has been actively involved in the conservation of natural resources inTanzania in collaboration with government institutions, local communities and other conservation partners including Civil society Organizations. While promoting and supporting conservation programmes, WWF-Tanzania works to ensure that natural environment is well managed and remains a dependable source of livelihoods for the present and future generations

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MAJOR PROGRAMS: WWF- Tanzania operates throughout the country and currently manages a portfolio of 7
MAJOR PROGRAMS: WWF- Tanzania operates throughout the country and currently manages a portfolio of 7
MAJOR PROGRAMS: WWF- Tanzania operates throughout the country and currently manages a portfolio of 7
MAJOR PROGRAMS: WWF- Tanzania operates throughout the country and currently manages a portfolio of 7
MAJOR PROGRAMS: WWF- Tanzania operates throughout the country and currently manages a portfolio of 7
MAJOR PROGRAMS: WWF- Tanzania operates throughout the country and currently manages a portfolio of 7
MAJOR PROGRAMS: WWF- Tanzania operates throughout the country and currently manages a portfolio of 7
MAJOR PROGRAMS: WWF- Tanzania operates throughout the country and currently manages a portfolio of 7
MAJOR PROGRAMS: WWF- Tanzania operates throughout the country and currently manages a portfolio of 7
MAJOR PROGRAMS: WWF- Tanzania operates throughout the country and currently manages a portfolio of 7

MAJOR PROGRAMS:

WWF- Tanzania operates throughout the country and currently manages a portfolio of 7 initiatives/ programs having a suite of 23 projects that has an average annual budget of USD 8 million and around 100 permanent staff as of September 2012.Main programs are therefore Coastal & Marine, Forests, Freshwater, Community based Natural Resources Management, National Environment Education and Cash-for Work.

Forests: that comprises of Coastal, Eastern Arc and Miombo Forests;

Freshwater: covering the Great Ruaha River and Mara River Programmes;

Coastal & Marine: implemented through Mnazi Bay & Ruvuma River Estuary Marine Park (Part of the Mtwara- Quirimbas ecosystem) and the Rufiji-Mafia-Kilwa –RUMAKI Seascape programmes;

Species focusing on African Elephants within the Selous-Ruvuma wilderness and Rhino work in Tanzania as well as Marine Turtles, Dugongs and Whale Sharks;

Climate Change: that addresses the vulnerability assessments and adaptation within Coastal & Marine, Forests and Freshwater using among others, Payment for Environmental Services (PES) and Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) mechanisms;

Policy: that includes support in development and implementation of key NRM and Environmental policies and respective legal frameworks and strategies; and,

Environmental Education: that supports both formal and informal environmental education and awareness embedded through conservation programmes.

CBNRM

WWF Tanzania in collaboration with WWF - US has been implementing a Community Based Natural Resources Management (CBNRM) Policy program with funding from USAID since January 2010. The program primary goal is to enhance communityparticipation in wildlife conservation through establishment and management of Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) on village land. By registering a WMA,

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(WMAs) on village land. By registering a WMA, Untitled-5 2 communities are expected to benefit from

communities are expected to benefit from sustainable use of natural resources and improve their livelihoods

use of natural resources and improve their livelihoods Rosana standing in front of a house she

Rosana standing in front of a house she built with money earned through CFW

A Total of 57,087 people directly benefitted from WMAs through employment andbusiness opportunities. The employment included working for WMA through work in private sectors in a WMA. Business opportunities involved the sale of local produce and handicrafts, among other things.

sale of local produce and handicrafts, among other things. “If we did not participate in the

“If we did not participate in the WMA, Where do you think all these benefits could have come from, no matter how little or big?”

Moreover WWF offered over 11,500 jobs to men and women from the targeted villages through its cash for work project. More than TZS 846,922,100 was injected into the local economy to improve livelihoods.

FRESH WATER

WWF- Tanzania has six freshwater programmes/projects. These are:

Ruaha Water Program, Mara River Basin Management Initiative, Lake Victoria Catchment Environmental Education Program, Water Futures Partnership and two Equitable Payment for Watershed Services (in Uluguru and East Usambara Mountains).

The Ruaha Water program has established a strong network with different experts and experienced support group; who have either involved themselves in conducting water related research in the Great Ruaha Catchment or involved in implementing, managing or researching complex water related multi—stakeholder programmes. Also, the core team, for programme phase II implementation has been formed, built and consolidated through different activities establishment and use of ‘Basecamp portal’.

activities establishment and use of ‘Basecamp portal’. The Great Ruaha photo by Onesmo Zakaria SPECIES Species

The Great Ruaha photo by Onesmo Zakaria

SPECIES

Species work involves protection of key species mainly Elephants, Rhinos and Marine turtles; focusing on supporting implementation of Species Action Plans (SAPS) within the Ruvuma landscape, RUMAKI & Mtwara- Quirimbas complex plus establishing and expanding ecosystems and habitats that support protected areas, migratory corridors and dispersal areas. WWF-Tanzania works with relevant government institutions to identify and facilitate establishment of protection of critical sites. Community Based Natural Resources Management, Participatory Forest Management and MPA Networks approaches are examples that WWF facilitates to engage communities in achieving these objectives where such natural resources remain an integral part of communities’ livelihoods.

Rungwecebus Kipunji photo by Trevor Jones
Rungwecebus Kipunji photo by Trevor Jones

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Crosscutting and emerging issues CC ; Cross cutting issues includes climate change that involves undertaking
Crosscutting and emerging issues CC ; Cross cutting issues includes climate change that involves undertaking
Crosscutting and emerging issues CC ; Cross cutting issues includes climate change that involves undertaking
Crosscutting and emerging issues CC ; Cross cutting issues includes climate change that involves undertaking
Crosscutting and emerging issues CC ; Cross cutting issues includes climate change that involves undertaking
Crosscutting and emerging issues CC ; Cross cutting issues includes climate change that involves undertaking
Crosscutting and emerging issues CC ; Cross cutting issues includes climate change that involves undertaking
Crosscutting and emerging issues CC ; Cross cutting issues includes climate change that involves undertaking
Crosscutting and emerging issues CC ; Cross cutting issues includes climate change that involves undertaking
Crosscutting and emerging issues CC ; Cross cutting issues includes climate change that involves undertaking

Crosscutting and emerging issues

CC; Cross cutting issues includes climate change that involves undertaking vulnerability assessments and support to the implementation of adaptation strategies using various PES mechanisms such as ccarbon markets and REDD initiative. Pilot climate change adaptation interventions will be up-scaled within Marine, Forests and Freshwater programmes.

Energy; Energy entails support to sustainable charcoal production, promoting best practices in oil & gas as well as biofuel investments and adoption options for energy alternatives and sustainable production.

SELOUS LANDSCAPE

WWF –Tanzania has achieved working on a strategy to encourage collaborative anti- poaching efforts whereas the Government has already embarked in anti- poaching both aerial and ground Patrol in Ruvuma landscape/ throughout the Elephant range in Tanzania technically and financially, the wildlife intelligence system and judiciary has been strengthened,

successfully lobbied for the government to reinvest in conservation and successfully encouraged the use of non-lethal Human elephant mitigation techniques –HEC

Usambara forest landscape has been lost over a period of 30 years (1975-2006). These forests and woodlands are important connecting corridors of high value conservation areas and various species within the Coastal and Eastern Arc forests.The achievements have been made more successful through promoting participatory forest management (under Village Land Forest Management), over 260,000 ha of forests in coastal forests and Eastern Arc forests.

Species rediscovered…

The Forest program has facilitated a research that traced two tree species on Coral rag forests along the coast of Kilwa. One is Erythrina schliebenii belonging to legume family trees easily identified by its red flowers and spiny trunks while the other is Karomia gigas. Both of which were previously declared extinct on Earth

Both of which were previously declared extinct on Earth MARINE PROGRAMME African Elephant in Selous photo

MARINE PROGRAMME

were previously declared extinct on Earth MARINE PROGRAMME African Elephant in Selous photo by Cyprian Malima

African Elephant in Selous photo by Cyprian Malima

FOREST

From 2004 to date, WWF has supported establishment of about 200,000 ha of new protected forests in Coastal and Eastern arc forests and Woodlands occurring in the general land. This is in addition to restoration of 63,000 ha of Village land Forest Reserves previously reported in 2007 in the National Forest and Beekeeping Data Base. Why is this important? The rate of deforestation and degradation in forest resources in Tanzania is quite alarming.

For example, recent analysis of photo satellite images by an American research Jaclyn Hall has revealed that over 16,680 Ha of forest cover in the East

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Before 2007, 1,404 km2 near shore waters within MPAs of which 92% was effectively unmanaged. Marine parks that existed became unpopular with communities and this raised a concern to introduce co-management approach in marine fisheries sector by WWFTanzania through the RUMAKI program

fisheries sector by WWFTanzania through the RUMAKI program Mafia Deep Sea, photo by Andrew Sutton, The

Mafia Deep Sea, photo by Andrew Sutton,

The programme, with partners, has pioneered the design, adoption and implementation of a co-management model for fisheries governance in the Rufiji-Mafia-Kilwa seascape in Tanzania, providing a model for Coastal East Africa. By 2012, six new collaborative fisheries management areas (CFMAs) established = 2500 km2 under new co-management arrangements encompassing 21 villages or approx. 50,000 people

encompassing 21 villages or approx. 50,000 people Main Conservation achievements of WWF-Tanzania in FY12

Main Conservation achievements of WWF-Tanzania in FY12 include:

Enhancing anti-poaching patrols in the Selous ecosystem: The anti-poaching intelligence networking managed to develop a strong anti-poaching network system which works with informers from all villages to enhance proactive strategies for tracking down people who are engaged in illegal killing of wildlife including elephants.

Policy recommendations have been provided recommending biofuel projects to adhere to environmental laws, suitability and sensitivity mapping, less than 33 years lease for biofuel projects to mention just few. A noticeable impact in the on-going process to development of biofuel policy and legal framework in Tanzania has been realized as 90% of CSO recommendations were taken on board.

Much effort was made to improve biodiversity and ecological functions of the landscape by increasing area of forests and vegetation cover through tree planting and agroforestry practices. This included18 Village Land Forest Reserves covering 1041 established and 1,857.3 ha covered through tree planting. Natural forests clearing were reduced by more than 93% since June 2004.

A rate of forest disturbances in East

Usambara has significantly been

reduced with the proportion of tree cut decreased from 0.13% 2009 to 0.08% and poles cut from 1.98% in 2009 to 0.44% in June 2012. Management effectiveness has improved from 52.6% 62.8% in 2009 to 66.67% - 86.42% in June 2012. Threat reduction score both

in National and Village land forest

reserves have improved from 15% - 64% in 2009 to 30% - 90% in June 2012.

Collaborative engagement between districts authorities and other stakeholders in fisheries management facilitated establishment of 25 communities’ fisheries management groups/Beach Management Units (BMUs) in 25 villages of 3 districts (Rufiji, Mafia and Kilwa) and raising their technical capacity in conflicts management, planning, development of bylaws, patrols, fisheries catch data collection and revenue collections was accomplished. Members of 21 groups became empowered and are independently making decisions, plan and implement fisheries management activities

BMUs are now collecting their operational funds from fisheries based revenues with encouraging (average 40.45%) increase (from TZS 9,327,669/= (USD 5830) of FY11 to TZS 15,664,501/= (USD 9790)

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About 80,000 tree seedlings of different species have been raised. Furthermore, during this period 100,00
About 80,000 tree seedlings of different species have been raised. Furthermore, during this period 100,00
About 80,000 tree seedlings of different species have been raised. Furthermore, during this period 100,00
About 80,000 tree seedlings of different species have been raised. Furthermore, during this period 100,00
About 80,000 tree seedlings of different species have been raised. Furthermore, during this period 100,00
About 80,000 tree seedlings of different species have been raised. Furthermore, during this period 100,00
About 80,000 tree seedlings of different species have been raised. Furthermore, during this period 100,00
About 80,000 tree seedlings of different species have been raised. Furthermore, during this period 100,00
About 80,000 tree seedlings of different species have been raised. Furthermore, during this period 100,00
About 80,000 tree seedlings of different species have been raised. Furthermore, during this period 100,00

About 80,000 tree seedlings of different species have been raised. Furthermore, during this period 100,00 trees have been planted in Nyambili and Bumba Msolo villages.

Ten (10) efficient kilns have been constructed and are in use. The efficiency of improved charcoal kilns under promotion is between 45 – 50% of productions, compared to 5-10% of old and traditional kilns.

FSC certification of Improved local livelihoods evidenced by funds from the sale of certified Lesser Known Timber species (LKTS) being used on community projects. This Include the construction of one community water project in Kikole, community dispensaries in Kikole and Kisangi and village office and community worker house in Nainokwe.

About 61,274Ha of Nanjirinji Village Land Forest Resources (VLFR) under Mpingo Conservation Development Initiatives (MCDI) Group certification scheme to more than 80,000Ha in Tanzania. A total of USD 10,600 (Tshs 16,536,600) for Liwiti, Nainokwe, Kikole and Kisangi villages from selling of 179.27m3 of timber

Extension of Protected Areas (PAs) coverage by 133,577 Ha within the landscapes of Rufiji, Kilwa and Lindi were achieved through participatory village land use plans. The developed PA’s are strategically located to provide corridor,buffer functions and connectivity within the landscape areas. Most of the Land use plans have been approved by respective villages. Further survey and demarcation of new Village Land Forest Reserves was carried out in Mkinga, Bagamoyo and Pangani districts where 19,500 ha have been demarcated and mapped for conservation.

Key socio-economic and conservation challenges

While the Tanzanian government has continued to demonstrate her commitment in environmental conservation by endorsing various policies, serious environment and natural resources management challenges have continued to emerge including increasing degradation of forests, marine, water and wildlife resources. Key drivers for the degradation relate to increasing population (which has doubled over the last two decades) and the associated intensification and diversification of land and resources use. These are related to Tanzania being largely an agriculture and natural resources dependent country exploited both for livelihood support systems and the national economy.

for livelihood support systems and the national economy. Natural resources governance is also ineffective in a

Natural resources governance is also ineffective in a number of areas with weak institutions relating to inadequate policy and legal framework implementation, participation and capacity limitations, awareness, political commitment and incentives for compliance. Increasing poverty levels poses real threats and challenges to the national economy, primarily dependent on its natural resource base.

Other challenges relate to climate change impacts and related adaptation needs, the extractives industry including energy where the focus is on exploration of oil and gas and biofuels investments. Overriding poverty and population growth plus limited partners’ capacity and effectiveness Dynamite fishing remains a major challenge and limited policy & legal framework enforcement

fishing remains a major challenge and limited policy & legal framework enforcement Untitled-5 4 11/15/12 2:56

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About WWF-Tanzania Field Offices WWF-Tanzania manages 10 other field offices throughout the country. Main programs
About WWF-Tanzania
Field Offices
WWF-Tanzania manages
10 other field offices
throughout the country.
Main programs
.NOVEMBER 2012
Forest, Fresh Water, Coastal &
Marine; Climate Change;
Environmental Policies and
Environmental Education, Cash
for Work. WWF-Tanzania has a
suite of around 23 Projects.
Location
WWF- Tanzania is Located in
Dar es Salaam under the East
and Southern Africa Regional
Programme
+100
1990
WWF-Tanzania was established
In 1990, formerly known as Tanzania
Program Office until 2009 where the
status was changed back to a Country
Office.
WWF- Tanzania has
Over 100 filled staff
positions

Why we are here

To stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature.

WWF Tanzania, plot 350, Regent Estate Mikocheni, P.O Box 63117, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. www.panda/tanzania.com

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