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Driving while either intoxicated or drunk is dangerous and drivers with high blood alcohol
content (BAC) are at increased risk of car accidents, highway injuries and vehicular deaths.
Prevention measures evaluated include license suspension or revocation, impounding or
confiscating vehicle plates, enforcing open container bans, increasing fine penalties, jail,
mandating education for youth and lowering legal BACs.
Even though these much hurdles created by authorities to drunken drive, it is still
continuing like serial episodes. As such there is no effective mechanism to prevent this. Here, we
have planned to design Automatic Alcohol Detector, which is integrated with the steering
wheel. Ethanol has more capacity to absorb IR rays. So, we use IR rays Sensor which is mounted
on steering. An IR cell directs IR Energy through the sample and any unabsorbed energy at the
other side is detected. The higher the concentration of ethanol, the more infrared absorption
occurs (same way that a Coolers absorbs visible light, alcohol absorbs infrared light). Thus the
alcohol level of the driver is continuously monitored and calibrated on a scale. When it exceeds a
particular limit the fuel supply is cutoff. If the device is removed also, the fuel supply will be
automatically cut off or an alarm is triggered depending upon the requirement. This doesnt
happen abruptly. Special indicators are fixed at the back to avoid inconvenience to other drivers
using that Lane.
Further, in this paper we have designed mechanical system for controlling the speed of
vehicles in densely populated regions. Advance digital maps have the capacity for real-time
updates duly, including information on areas, where speed limits should be reduced due to
adverse weather conditions or around accident scenes, road-works. This paper also discusses the
on-board vision system by evaluating the surroundings of the vehicles and thereby improving the
safety and efficiency of driving .It depends on an important ability of various recognitions like
traffic signals, signs and pedestrians and frame works an integration of sensors and control
module in a scalable multi-agent system. An SMS containing the current GPS location of the
vehicle is sent via a GSM module to the police control room to alert the police. The system is
foolproof and the driver cannot tamper it easily. Thus it provides an effective and economical
solution for the problem of drunk driving and speed adoption in vehicles.
INTRODUCTION:The Invention relates to apparatus for preventing a motorcar from being driven by a drunk driver.
Traffic accidents caused by drunk drivers not only represent a significant portion of all

automobile accidents, but they frequently involve fatalities. However, an effective apparatus for
preventing such kinds of accidents has not yet been developed.
An object of this invention is to provide a novel and prevention drunken driving of a
Motorcar by cutting-off the Fuel supply and induce the alarm & Indicators, but also it enabling a
person who is not drunk to drive the same Motorcar.
For this achievement, the following basic equipments are required:* IR Detector
* IR Sensor
* Calibrated Scale
* An Automatic Electro-Mechanical Valve
* Toroidal Coil
* Variable Resistor
* Carburetor/ Injection pump
* Proximity Sensors
*A GPS Receiver
*A GSM Mobile
THE ALCOHOL CONTENT DETECTION MECHANISM:The infra red rays can be obtained with the help of ordinary infrared lamps, these have
tungsten filament which can withstand heat up to 3000 C and they emit infrared light.
[LD271H] .In case the driver is drunk there will be a certain amount of alcohol in his breath.
This alcohol content in the breath will be relatively proportional to the amount of alcohol intake.
The alcohol in the vapour state has the property of absorbing infra red light.
The infrared light emitted passes through the air medium and reaches the sensor
[PNA4602M] which detects the loss of the infrared light due to the absorption of alcohol present
in the surroundings. This sensor then measures the loss by comparing the received amount of
radiations with a fixed parameter that is predefined. The sensor is calibrated in such a way that
the amount of loss is directly equal to the amount of alcohol present in the atmosphere. The

energy consumed by the IR system is very less. Also the detection need not take place
continuously. It can be done at discrete intervals.
ACCIDENT STATISTICS:Every single injury and death caused by drunk driving is totally preventable unfortunately over
twenty percent of all traffic fatalities in the India each year are caused by drunk drivers. Thus,
drunk driving remains a serious national problem that tragically affects thousands of victims
*Nearly 60% of all accidents which occurs due to drunk driving.
*Each year, around 14000-15000 people die.
This graph displays you the no. of deaths in alcohol related crashes.
From this we easily conclude that designing an efficient system to prevent drunk driving is of
Global Importance. Till now, there are no other systems which are practically implement able
this new system can be easily fixed in existing vehicles and is very cost effective.
POSITION OF THE INFRARED DETECTION SYSTEM:The Specially designed detective sensor is integrated inside the Steering Wheel, as shown in
(Fig.1) side view. Then (Fig-2) Top view shows the detector detecting the exhalation
breath of the Drunken Driver.
One fact to be taken into consideration is that we are not concerned with the amount of alcohol
intake of the other passengers in the car. Also the detection system must not be affected due to
other extraneous elements [example: in case the vehicle passes near a wine shop].so the
sensitivity of the system must be limited to a very small distance.
Once the alcoholic breath of the driver is detected, then an automatic signal is generated
and sent to the actuator. This controls the working of a valve which controls the supply of the
fuel. This valve can be in only one of two states. Either it is open or it is closed. So, the fuel
supply can be cut-off when required. An important point to be taken into consideration is that the
vehicle does not stop abruptly. Once the valve is closed, the vehicle slows down and finally
comes to a Halt.
As the vehicle slows down, two special green indicator lights which are turned on flash at
the rear end of the vehicle so that the driver of the next vehicle can realize it and act accordingly.

Thus even a minute chance for a possible collision due to this system does not exist. So, it is
completely safe and reliable one. It can be easily affordable by all type of vehicle.
Some may argue that cutting off the fuel supply may pose a safety threat. That is because
in this case the driver of the vehicle is compelled to bring his vehicle to a stop. So as an
alternative, we propose another strategy. In this method, once the alcohol content is detected to
be above a particular level, then an alarm is automatically triggered. This alerts the authorities
and the passer by and the driver is forced to bring his vehicle to a stop. Ideally, for the normal
vehicles, the second alternative is sufficient. In the case of repeat offenders who are more prone
to drunk driving, the more stringent alternative of cutting the fuel supply may be used.
The advantage of the system is that the driver cannot even tamper with it. Because the
fuel supply valve is open only when all the components are working properly and the IR light
detected is comparable to the standard value. So if anyone tampers with it or if the alcohol
content is above a particular limit, fuel is not supplied and the vehicle cannot be started.
MODIFICATIONS IN FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM: We provide small changes to the existing fuel supply system in S.I. and C.I. engine.
IN S.I. ENGINE: In this fuel supply system we are just using the control rod movement to force a metering rod
element in to the main jet pipe that will restrict the flow area. So for given pressure depression in the
carburetor the flow area decreased means, the amount of fuel entering also decreases, which eventually
reduce the speed of the vehicles.

To achieve this we are providing a needle through a hole in to the main jet pipe for this we have
to make a hole in the main jet pipe and we have to provide sealing arrangements.
IN C.I. ENGINE: All of us know that how helical groove will help us in fuel injection pump we are just using the
same helical groove with another circular ring with a hole. This ring is provided on the upper side of the
spill port. This ring is connected to the controlling rod and controlling rod movement will help us to rotate
this circular ring.
In this circular ring we will provide a hole which will act as same as spill port by rotating this ring
the position at which the helical groove will open will be varied and at the same time the amount of fuel
injected also varied.

TOROIDAL COIL: Toroidal coil gets electrical energy from battery source, by storing energy it produces a magnetic
field around the coil. Toroidal coil is an electromagnetic coil used mainly for pulling controlling bars. When
magnetic field is developed in coil it at tracts the controlling bar with some force and this movement of bar
control other components. The stored energy is consumed by lamp which produces magnetic field in
circular manner for better pulling of controlling roads.
VARIABLE RESISTOR:It is used to vary current entering into toroidal coil. By varying this we can also control the time in
which the coil is charging and time in which coil is discharging the current. By adjusting this we can also
control the force, which is applied on the controlling leaver.
BRAKE WITH SWITCH: Brake is provided with an electrical connection that is used as a switch. When brake is applied
the connections will be engaged (switch will be in ON state) and the current will flow through the circuit so
the number of brakes movements are high then the amount of charge flowing will be high. When brake is
removed then the circuit will be braked (switch will be in OFF state).
CONTROLLING ROD:It is the plain metal road of some diameter, which is used for controlling the fuel flow rate in S.I.
engine carburetor or C.I. fuel induction pump. It just attracted by the magnetic field in toroidal coil with
some force. This force will give a movement to the controlling road. This controls the other equipment.
WORKING: When we apply brake for number of times the brake will act as a switch. When the brake is
pressed the circuit will be completed. The Battery will start conducting the charge, which will be stored in
the toroidal coil. Due to high valued resistor in the parallel circuit and low resistance of coil 95% of charge
will be entered and stored with in the coil. This charge will create magnetic field around the coil that will
pull the controlling rod. This controlling rod movement will be used for controlling the fuel supply system
for varying the fuel rate entered into the combustion chambers.
In case of S.I. engine the controlling rod will force or move another needle, which will obstruct the
flow area in main fuel nozzle so with this effect the quantity of fuel entered will be decreased. It cannot
affect the airflow rate or any other thing it only reduces the quantity of fuel entered.

In case of C.I. engine the controlling rod movement will be used for rotating the circular ring on
fuel injection pump, which will control the opening of hole through the port, when the hole is opened the
fuel will be spilled out.
Due to opening of spill port in circular ring before the actual spill port (due to helical groove
arrangement) the quantity of fuel injected will be varied. It will rotate in opposite direction to that of plunger
rotation. If the controlling rod is moved to a full extent then the quantity of fuel injected will be very small
irrespective of the actual spill port position.
INTELLIGENT SPEED ADAPTATION:Intelligent speed adaptation is a system that constantly monitors the local speed limit and the
vehicle speed and implements an action when the vehicle is found to be exceeding the speed limit.
Intelligent speed adaptation uses information about the area through which the vehicle travels to make
decisions about what the correct speed should be. Intelligent systems know when the vehicle has entered
a new speed zone, know when variable speed zones are in force (e.g. school zones) and can be
configured to work with temporary speed zones (such as at accident scenes or near road works). The
purpose of ISA is to assist the driver in keeping to the lawful speed limit at all times, particularly as they
pass through different speed zones. ISA is intended to help drivers stick to the speed limit when they are
in unfamiliar areas or when they pass through areas where variable speeds limit areas.
PROXIMITY SENSOR:A proximity sensor is a sensor able to detect the presence of nearby objects without any physical
contact. A proximity sensor often emits an electromagnetic or electrostatic field, or a beam of
electromagnetic radiation (infrared, for instance), and looks for changes in the field or return signal. The
object being sensed is often referred to as the proximity sensor's target. Different proximity sensor targets
demand different sensors. For example, a capacitive orphotoelectric sensor might be suitable for a plastic
target; an inductive proximity sensor requires a metal target. The maximum distance that this sensor can
detect is defined "nominal range". Some sensors have adjustments of the nominal range or means to
report a graduated detection distance.
Proximity sensors can have a high reliability and long functional life because of the absence of
mechanical parts and lack of physical contact between sensor and the sensed object.Sensors positioned
close to their moving targets are far more likely to suffer damage from physical contact. With machinery
and equipment becoming increasingly compact, there isn't always room for additional mounting brackets
or assemblies to properly hold sensors in position. A sensor that shifts or vibrates in position is more
prone to collision damage. In this instance, many users prefer to use "extended-range" sensors to reduce
the possibility of damage.


The data pusher is a combination of a gps receiver and a gsm mobile. The gsm mobile to
be used here is very basic as it is only required to send a pre-stored message to a pre-stored
police control tower gsm number. The entire system is powered by a single battery and the power
consumption is minimal.
The GPS receiver need not receive its data continuously because this data is not needed.
When the infrared detector detects that the alcohol level is above a particular limit, then a
message has to be sent to the police control tower regarding this and also the location of the
vehicle has to be sent.
So once the infra red detector detects a case of drunk driving, then the data pusher system
is automatically switched on. The gps receiver immediately receives the physical coordinates of
the location .this information along with the message DRUNKEN DRIVING is sent via the
gsm network as a text message by the gsm mobile to a pre-stored police control tower mobile
The control tower can be a common tower for a wide jurisdictional area. Once this
message is received by the control tower, and then the police force in the location near to the
vehicle position is to be alerted by the control tower workforce. This alert can be either
automated or manual. So the culprit and the vehicle can be traced easily.
This circuit detects the alcohol directly
This circuit is simple in construction.
Readily available ICs are used.
Responsibility of the circuit is high.
High Accuracy.
The sensor circuit is senses the particular amount of alcohol content.
All car owners.

Travels Operators.
The main Objective of this project comprises,
Safety and Reliable.
Implement by all
Once our designed Product is launched in all type of vehicles, the main crisis of DRUNKEN
DRIVE is completely eroded; from this we can save number of lives.
Posted by ur friend at 4:56 PM