Sunteți pe pagina 1din 4

International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014]

Analysis of Proximity Coupled Microstrip Patch Antenna for Wireless Applications

J.A Ansari, Ashish Singh

ashsin09@rediffmail.com

Kamakshi

Mohd. Aneesh

Department of Electronics & Communication, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India

S.S. Sayeed

Anurag Mishra

Sapna Verma

Department of Electronics & Communication, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India

Abstract-In this article, an analysis of dualband proximity couple stacked microstrip patch antenna has been proposed. The theoretical investigations of antenna parameters such as return loss, gain and radiation pattern are calculated. It is found that antenna resonate at two distinct modes i.e. 4.91 GHz and7.76 GHz for lower and upper resonance frequencies respectively. The bandwidth of the proposed antenna at lower resonance frequency is 3.23 % (theoretical) and 4.33 %( simulated) whereas at upper resonance frequency, it is 3.69 % (theoretical) and 5.09 %( simulated). The frequency ratio obtained for upper to lower resonance frequencies for theoretical and simulated results are 1.58 and 1.49 respectively. The theoretical results are compared with IE3D simulation results and they are in close agreement.

Key words- Proximity, Dual band, Microstrip antennas (MSAs), Microstrip Line.

I. INTRODUCTION With the increasing growth of wireless communication, there is need of small antennas that are of low cost, compact in size, exhibit high gain and dualband having wide bandwidth. Dual band with wider bandwidth is one of attractive features that can be utilized to meet the increasing demand for new technologies of wireless communication. This features also helps in increasing the use of single antenna for more the one frequency bands. Microstrip patch antennas (MPAs) using proximity coupling can be used to achieve dualband with wider bandwidth applications. Proximity coupling is similar to that of microstrip patch the only difference is that it has two or more different dielectric substrates in which bottom of the patch has higher dielectric constant whereas top of the patch has lower dielectric constant. Microstripline inset feeding is provided to antenna at bottom of the patch and top of the bottom of the patch acts as a ground plane. Due to this proximity coupled MSAs has lots of attractive features such as wider bandwidth with dualband operation, low surface wave losses, low losses from the feed in comparison with coaxial feeding and produces linear and circular polarization. The innovation of fabricated MSAs was firstly proposed by Deschamp [1]. The further development of MSAs that has been published was after more than twenty years. Thereafter, lot of development has been done in terms of radiating structures with different feeding technique and applications of MSAs [2-11]. The concept of MSAs with proximity coupling was firstly proposed by James et al.[12] whereas complete detail of

proximity coupled MSAs was given by Pozar[ 13-14]. Thereafter, various research papers have been reported such as multilayer patch antenna for dual frequency operation, compact patch antenna for electromagnetic interaction with human tissue at 434 MHz, application of novel cavity- backed proximity, Corrections to application of novel reconfigurable transmit array element, isolation proximity coupled multilayer patch antenna for dual frequency operation, meshed patch antenna for small satellite application [15-21]. In this paper, emphasis is given on of analysis proximity coupled stacked patch antenna utilized for dualband operation. Obtained Theoretical results while analyses are compared with IE3D simulation[22] results. The detail investigation of proximity coupling stacked patch antenna design, theoretical considerations, discussion of results along with conclusion are discussed in next section.

II. ANTENNA DESIGN

The design of the proximity coupled stacked patch antenna is shown in Fig 1. It consists of three substrate of height H 1 , H 2 , and H 3 for lower, middle and upper layer of the substrate respectively. The lower layer dielectric substrate (ε r1 ) is copper cladded on both side of the substrate, bottom of this substrate act as ground plane of dimension (L g ×W g ) and on the top of the substrate SMA connector feeding is used to microstripline of dimension (L L ×W L ) . The middle layer substrate (ε r2 ) is kept over the top of the lower substrate. The top surface of the middle layer substrate is rectangular patch 1 of dimension (L 1 ×W 1 ) and two parallel slots are etched on the patch1. Now, the upper layer dielectric substrate (ε r3 ) is kept over the middle layer substrate and the dimension of its rectangular patch 2 is (L 2 ×W 2 ). Fig. 2 shows the current distribution at upper and lower resonance frequencies. At 4.9 GHz frequency single direction current is flowing on the patch whereas 7.76 GHz frequency two currents flow of different length and direction on the patch.

W g Y Patch 2(L 2 × W 2 ) Slots (S 1 and S
W g
Y
Patch 2(L 2
×
W 2 )
Slots (S 1 and S 2 )
X
Patch 1(L 1
× W 1 )
Microstrip Line(L L
×
W L )
H 3
Feeding Point
H 2
H 1
Ground patch(L g × W g )
L g
H
= 3.3
ε r 2
= 1.07
ε r 2
= 4.4
ε
r 1

Fig 1. Geometry of proposed antenna

ISBN 978-1-4799-3158-3

133

International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014]

and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014] (a) (b) Fig 2. Current distribution of proposed antenna at

(a)

and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014] (a) (b) Fig 2. Current distribution of proposed antenna at

(b)

Fig 2. Current distribution of proposed antenna at (a) 4.9 GHz and (b) 7.76 GHz.

III. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Fig. 3 shows the comparison between theoretical and simulated for proposed antenna. It is observed that antenna result is in close agreement with theoretical and simulated results. The bandwidth of the proposed antenna at lower resonance frequency is 3.23 % (theoretical) and 4.33 %( simulated) whereas at upper resonance frequency, it is 3.69 % (theoretical) and 5.09 %( simulated).

Fig. 4 shows the radiation patterns at lower and upper resonance frequencies. Fig. 4(a) and (b) shows the radiation pattern at 4.9 GHz for E theta ,Phi=0 and E theta ,Phi=90. It has 3dB beamwidth 70.74 deg. and 83.47 deg. for E theta ,Phi=0 and E theta ,Phi=90 respectively. Fig. 4(c) and (d) shows the radiation pattern at 7.76 GHz for E theta ,Phi=0 and E theta ,Phi=90. It has 3dB beamwidth 74.74 deg. with tilt angle of 63 deg. and 52.41 deg. for E theta ,Phi=0 and E theta ,Phi=90 respectively.

Fig. 5 shows the smith chart of the proposed antenna. The input impedeance of antennna is ploted from 1 GHz to 8.5 GHz.

Fig. 6shows the gain plot with frequency, the theoretical and simulated gain of the antenna is in close agreement. At lower resonance frequency 5.7 dBi(simulated) and 4.9 dBi(theortical) whereas at higher resonance frequency it is 4.7 dBi(simulated) and 4.0 dBi(theortical).

ISBN 978-1-4799-3158-3

134

0 -5 -10 Simulated Theoretical -15 -20 -25 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6
0
-5
-10
Simulated
Theoretical
-15
-20
-25
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
S11(dB)

Fig 3.

Frequency(GHz)

Comparison between theoretical and simulated[22] result.

6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 S11(dB) Fig 3. Frequency(GHz) Comparison between theoretical and simulated[22] result.

(a)

6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 S11(dB) Fig 3. Frequency(GHz) Comparison between theoretical and simulated[22] result.

(b)

6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 S11(dB) Fig 3. Frequency(GHz) Comparison between theoretical and simulated[22] result.

(c)

International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014]

and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014] Fig 4. (d) Radiation characteristics of antenna 4 at x-y

Fig 4.

(d)

Radiation characteristics of antenna 4 at x-y axis (a) 4.9 GHz (b)

7.76GHz.

of antenna 4 at x-y axis (a) 4.9 GHz (b) 7.76GHz. Fig 5. Calculated input impedance

Fig 5.

Calculated input impedance of the proposed antenna.

6 4 Simulated Theoretical 2 0 -2 -4 -6 -8 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5
6
4
Simulated
Theoretical
2
0
-2
-4
-6
-8
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
8.5
Gain(dBi)

Fig 6.

Frequency(GHz)

Comparison of theoretical and simulated [18]result for gain (dBi) with frequency

IV. CONCLUSION The investigation of proximity coupling stacked patch antenna has been carried out. The theoretical and simulated results are in close agreement for the proposed patch antenna. On stacking the proximity coupled patch antenna, the dualband is achieved at

4.9/7.76 GHz. The proposed antennas can be utilized in various aerospace and wireless applications.

REFERENCES

[1]

G. A. Deschamps, "Microstrip microwave antennas," 3 rd USAF

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2013.12.001.

[2]

Symposium on Antennas, 1953. Ashish Singh, J.A. Ansari, Kamakshi,Mohammad Aneesh and S.S

Sayeed, “L-strip proximity fed gap coupled compact semi-circular disk patch antenna,” Alexandria Eng. J. (2013),

[3]

J. A. Ansari, Kamakshi, Ashish Singh and Anurag Mishra, “Ultra

[4]

wideband Co-planer microstrip patch antenna for wireless applications,” International journal of wireless personal communications, Vol. 69, pp. 1365-1378, 2013. Ashish Singh, J.A. Ansari, Kumari Kamakshi, Anurag Mishra and Mohammad Aneesh, “Compact notch loaded half disk patch antenna for dualband operation,” Annal Telecommunication, DOI 10.1007/s12243-013-0383-6, 2013.

[5] Ashish Singh, Mohammad Aneesh, Kumari Kamakshi, Anurag

[6]

Mishra and J. A. Ansari, “Analysis of F-shape microstrip line fed dualband antenna for WLAN applications,” Wireless network, DOI 10.1007/s11276-013-0599-4, 2013. Kumari Kamakshi, Ashish Singh, J. A. Ansari and Anurag Mishra,

Slot Size,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 47, 55-63,

[7]

“Analysis of Dual Inverted C-Slot Patch Antenna for Limited Space Applications,” International Journal of Proceeding of National Academy of Science, India Section: Physical Sciences, Vol. 83, pp.175–180, 2013. Mohammad Aneesh, Jamshed A. Ansari, Ashish Singh, Kamakshi,

[8]

and Saiyed S. Sayeed, “Analysis of Microstrip Line Feed Slot Loaded Patch Antenna Using Articial Neural Network,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 58, 35-46, 2014. Kamakshi, J. A. Ansari, Ashish Singh and Anurag Mishra, “Ultra

[9]

wideband shorted patch antenna for wireless applications,” International conference on Power, Control and Embedded Systems (IEEE), Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad, pp. 1-4, 17-19 Oct. 2012. Mohd Aneesh, J. A. Ansari, Ashish Singh and Kamakshi, “RBF

[10]

neural network modeling of rectangular,” International conference on computer & communication technology (IEEE), Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad, pp. 216-220, 2012. J. A. Ansari, Ashish Singh, Kamakshi, and Anurag Mishra, “Analysis

[11]

of L-strip fed gap coupled compact semi-circular disk patch antenna,” International conference on multimedia, signal processing and communication technologies (IEEE), University of Aligarh, pp. 180-183, 2011. Mohammad Aneesh, Ashish Singh, Jamshed A. Ansari, Kamakshi,

and Saiyed S. Sayeed, “Investigations for Performance Improvement of X-Shaped RMSA Using Artificial Neural Network by Predicting

2014.

[12]

J.R. James G. John and CM. Hall, “Millimetre-wave hybrid dielectric-microstrip antenna array,” IEE Proceedings, Vol. 131, Pt.

[13]

H, No. 6, 341-350, Dec. 1984. D. M. Pozar and B. Kaufman, “Increasing the bandwidth of a microstrip antenna by proximity coupling,” Electronics Letters, Vol.

[14]

23, No. 8, 368-369, April 1987. D.M. Pozar and S.M. Voda, “A rigorous analysis of a microstripline

[15]

fed patch antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, Vol. AP-35, No. 12, 1343-1350, Dec. 1987. L. Inclan-Sanchez, J.-L.Vazquez-Roy and E. Rajo-Iglesias, “High isolation proximity coupled multilayer patch antenna for dual frequency operation,” IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 56, 1180 – 1183, 2008.

ISBN 978-1-4799-3158-3

135

International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Developments [ICRAMID - 2014]

[16]

S. Curto, P. McEvoy, Xiulong Bao and M.J. Ammann,

Propagation Letters, Vol. 9, pp. 1010-1013, 2010.

[17]

“Compact patch antenna for electromagnetic interaction with human tissue at 434 MHz,” IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, Vol.57, 2564-2571, 2009. Dan Sun, Wenbin Dou and Lizhi You, “Application of novel cavity-

backed proximity-coupled microstrip patch antenna to design broadband conformal phased array,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless

[18]

D. Sun, W. Dou, L. You, “Corrections to application of novel cavity-

[19]

backed proximity-coupled microstrip patch antenna to design broadband conformal phased array,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol.10, pp. 1609, 2011. J.Y. Lau and S.V. Hum, “A wideband reconfigurable transmit array element,” IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 60, pp.1303- 1311, 2012.

[20] Yi-Fang Lin, Chun-Hsieg Lee, Shan-Cheng Pan and Hua-Ming Chen, “Proximity-fed circularly polarized slotted patch antenna for rfid handheld reader,” IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 61, pp. 5283-5286, 2013. [21] T. Yasin and R. Baktur, “Circularly Polarized Meshed Patch Antenna for Small Satellite Application,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 12, pp. 1057- 1060, 2013.

Zeland Software ,Inc., IE3D Simulation Software version 14.05, CA,

[22]

2008.

ISBN 978-1-4799-3158-3

136