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USER MANUAL PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer T M Wind Turbines Version 8.0 W W
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PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer TM Wind Turbines Version 8.0

for Vestas GridStreamer T M Wind Turbines Version 8.0 W W W . V E S

W

W

W

.

V

E

S

T

A

S

.C

O

M

T M Wind Turbines Version 8.0 W W W . V E S T A S

Vestas Wind Systems A/S Alsvej 21 DK-8940 Randers SV

VESTAS PROPRIETARY NOTICE: This document contains valuable confidential information of Vestas Wind Systems A/S. It is protected by copyright law as an unpublished work. Vestas reserves all patent, copyright,

conditions. trade secret, Vestas and other disclaims proprietary all warranties rights to except it. The as information expressly in granted this document by written may agreement not be used, and is reproduced, not responsible or disclosed for unauthorized except if and uses, to for the which extent it rights may pursue are expressly legal remedies granted by against Vestas responsible in writing parties. and subject to applicable

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User Manual
User Manual

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer TM Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013

Class: Restricted

Type: 05

DISCLAIMER

VESTAS MAKES NO WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED IN RESPECT OF THE PSS/E MODEL, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION AS TO ACCURACY, COMPLETENESS, FUNCTIONALILTY, PRECISION, USEFULNESS, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF THE PSS/E MODEL OR OTHERWISE. THE PSS/E MODEL IS PROVIDED “AS IS” AND VESTAS SHALL HAVE NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY WHATSOEVER FOR RESULTS OF USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THE PSS/E MODEL. TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, IN NO EVENT VESTAS SHALL BE LIABLE FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, PUNITIVE OR OTHER DAMAGES WHATSOEVER ARISING OUT OF OR IN ANY WAY RELATED TO THE USE OF OR INABLITY TO USE THE PSS/E MODEL, WHETHER BASED IN CONTRACT, TORT, NEGLIGENCE, STRICT LIABILITY OR OTHERWISE.

For the avoidance of doubt, Vestas makes no warranty or representation either express or implied as to the performance of the wind turbine model in terms of it being in accordance with the performance of the actual wind turbine generator, as other circumstances, including, but not limited to deviations in the markets and optional features might have influence on the performance of the actual wind turbine gen- erator. The performance of the wind turbine model is expected only to be indicative to the performance of the actual wind turbine generator.

Copyright Notice The documents are created by Vestas Wind Systems A/S and contain copyrighted material, trademarks, and other proprietary information. All rights reserved. No part of the documents may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any meanssuch as graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, taping, or information storage and retrieval systemswithout the prior written permission of Vestas Wind Systems A/S, and its respective parent companies, subsidiaries, affiliates, successors, assigns, licensees, representatives and agents (together "Vestas"). The use of these documents by you, or anyone else authorized by you, is prohibited unless specifically permitted by Vestas. You may not alter or remove any trademark, copyright or other notice from the documents.

by Vestas. You may not alter or remove any trademark, copyright or other notice from the

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Item no.:0037-5870_V03 Issued by: Plant Products & Technologies User Manual PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

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User Manual PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer TM Wind Turbines Version 8.0

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History of this Document

Changes in this document:

Rev. no.:

Date:

Description of change

00

2013-04-01

This document is based on a previous document with docu- ment number 0026-5729_V03. Updated document to reflect changes of Pre-sales model of GridStreamer TM 3.3MW Turbines. Only parameters of GridStreamer TM 3.3MW Turbines are available in this version.

01

2013-04-05

Parameters of V164 8.0MW Mk0 concept model are included in this version.

02

2013-07-04

Parameters of V80/V90 2.0MW Mk8 model are included in this version

03

2013-09-06

Updated document to reflect changes of As-built model of GridStreamer TM Turbines. Only parameters of 3 MW Turbines are available in this ver- sion.

model of GridStreamer T M Turbines. Only parameters of 3 MW Turbines are available in this

Page: 3 of 53

Item no.:0037-5870_V03 User Manual PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer T M Wind Turbines Version 8.0

Item no.:0037-5870_V03

User Manual PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer TM Wind Turbines Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013

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Issued by: Plant Products & Technologies

Type: 05

Contents

History of this Document Contents Abbreviations Reading Guidelines

 

3

4

6

7

1 Introduction

8

2 Vestas GridStreamer TM Model

9

2.1 Vestas GridStreamer TM Concept

9

2.2 Model Structure

9

2.3 Model Features

10

3 Simulation Preparation

11

3.1 Load Flow Data

11

3.2 Short Circuit Data

12

3.3 Dynamic Data

12

4 Simulation Procedures in PSS/E

15

4.1 Setting for Dynamic Simulation

16

4.2 Simulation Steps

17

5 Vestas System Example

19

5.1 System Model

19

5.2 Simulation Steps

20

6 Description of related PSS/E Activities

21

6.1 WTG Load Flow related Inputs

21

6.2 WTG 2-Winding Transformer Load Flow Inputs

22

6.3 Output Channels for Plotting

23

7 User related Sub-models of Vestas Wind Turbines

25

7.1 Reactive Power Control

25

7.2 LVRT Control Settings

26

7.3 Protection & LVRT Settings

27

7.3.1 Voltage Protection

27

7.3.2 LVRT Logic

28

7.3.3 Frequency Protection

29

8 PSS/E Format Data Sheets

31

8.1 GSCORE

32

8.2 GSVARS

35

8.3 GSLVRT

36

8.4 GSPWRC

38

8.5 GSMEAS

40

8.6 GSVPRT

41

8.7 GSFPRT

43

Appendix A.

Data for V112 GS 3.075/3.0MW 50/60Hz

44

A.1

A.2

A.3

PQ Capability Chart Generator Data Typical Transformer Data

44

45

45

A.4

PSS/E DYR File Template Data for V112/V117/V126 GS 3.3MW 50/60Hz PQ Capability Chart

Appendix B.

B.1

45

50

50

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Data for V112/V117/V126 GS 3.3MW 50/60Hz PQ Capability Chart Appendix B. B.1 45 50 50 Page:
Item no.:0037-5870_V03   User Manual PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer T M Wind Turbines Version

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User Manual PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer TM Wind Turbines Version 8.0

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B.2

Generator Data

 

51

B.3

51

B.4

Typical Transformer Data PSS/E DYR File Template

51

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Data   51 B.3 51 B.4 Typical Transformer Data PSS/E DYR File Template 51   Page:
Item no.:0037-5870_V03 User Manual PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer T M Wind Turbines Version 8.0

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User Manual PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer TM Wind Turbines Version 8.0

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Abbreviations

Word / Abbreviation

Description

 

AGO

Advanced Grid Option

Bvbase

Bus Voltage Base

GS

GridStreamer

LVRT

Low Voltage Ride Through

Mbase

Machine MVA Base

OF

Over Frequency

OV

Over Voltage

P

Active Power

PF

Power Factor

PI

Proportional and Integral

PPC

Power Plant Controller

PSS/E

Power System Simulator for Engineering

Q

Reactive Power

SCR

Short Circuit Ratio

Sbase

System (Network) MVA Base

UF

Under Frequency

UV

Under Voltage

VXX

V refers to Vestas & XX is the rotor diameter in meters

YY

WTG Rated Power

ZZ

WTG Rated Frequency

WTG

Wind Turbine Generator

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Page: 6 of 53

in meters YY WTG Rated Power ZZ WTG Rated Frequency WTG Wind Turbine Generator Page: 6
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Reading Guidelines

This document covers the Vestas GridStreamer TM wind turbines model implementation in the PSS/E environment. The targeted group of readers are expected to have:

A good knowledge of the PSS/E simulation environment.

A strong background in the electrical power engineering field.

of the PSS/E simulation environment.  A strong background in the electrical power engineering field. Page:

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1 Introduction

The description given in this document covers the design of the Vestas PSS/E wind turbine user written model. The model is applicable to all Vestas GridStreamer TM wind turbines.

This document is a user manual that explains how to implement the Vestas GridStreamer TM

wind turbines in an existing grid and states a number of steps that must be performed to get

a successful simulation.

The document is a general overview of the PSS/E user written model version 8.0 for Vestas GridStreamer TM wind turbines. The model is developed for the purpose of dynamic stability analysis and therefore generally omits effects with time constants shorter than one AC cycle.

A PSS/E time step (DELT) in the range 1ms to ½ cycle is recommended.

Vestas PSS/E Model Package

This user manual is part of a model package including the following files:

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer TM Wind Turbines Version 8.0 User Manual

A library file (.LIB) that includes all the sub models in the wind turbine is compiled for PSS/E version 29, 30, 31 and 32.

VestasGS_8_0_n_PSSE<m>.lib Model library file for PSS/E ver. <m>

A Dynamic data file (.DYR).

V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n.dyr Dynamic Data file (.dyr)

Test case files as part of a system example.

V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n_Base_29.raw

V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n_Base_32.sav

Simulate_PFControl.psa

Simulate_QControl.psa

V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n.dyr

This system example is provided for guidance only and do not represent actual configuration for any specific site.

example is provided for guidance only and do not represent actual configuration for any specific site.

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2 Vestas GridStreamer TM Model

This PSS/E user written model has been developed to support the Vestas GridStreamer TM wind turbines topology. This is explained in short - in the following sections.

2.1 Vestas GridStreamer TM Concept

In the full-scale converter system the generator is decoupled from the grid-side converter completely by the DC-link. In this case the converter will be in total control of the power and the GridStreamerWTG is coupled via a step-up transformer to the connection point.

2.2 Model Structure

The PSS/E user written model developed for the Vestas GridStreamer™ wind turbine is a simplified ‘dynamic’ model of the WTG and omits some detail of mechanical components and the generator-side converter. However, this model was shown to accurately represent the complete GridStreamer™ turbine, because the mechanics and generator-side con- verter have very little impact on the grid-side output due to decoupling through the DC-link.

Figure 1 shows the generic model structure for Vestas GridStreamer TM wind turbines. Here the various signals and blocks may be observed as well as input and output of the model. Note that the grey blocks are not part of the PSS/E model, and have direct feedthrough signals.

of the PSS/E model, and have direct feedthrough signals. Figure 1 Illustration of the generic PSS/E

Figure 1 Illustration of the generic PSS/E model structure. Blocks marked as grey are not a part of the model

1 Illustration of the generic PSS/E model structure. Blocks marked as grey are not a part

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As mentioned in the Introduction, this model is intended for grid dynamic stability analysis. It may also be designated as a performance model, since it receives grid voltage and fre- quency and delivers active and reactive power as response.

2.3 Model Features

It is important to decide the types of analysis and studies needed to be carried out before deciding which approach to use in modelling the physical system. The modelling approach should reflect the intended types of analysis and studies.

These questions led to shape the modelling requirements and to give a better overview of the user’s needs in order to develop an analysis-dedicated model. The modelling of the wind turbine needs to be made according to the performance of the simulation tool, which is the PSS/E.

The pre-modelling analysis has been done for using PSS/E simulation tool and the out- come is listed in Table 1.

Table 1 Outcome of the pre-modelling analysis

Model purpose

Dynamic stability studies 1s to 5 min.

Implementation in large bus system.

Aggregated Wind-power plant performance.

Model operational range

Full power range of the WTG.

PF control mode.

Reactive power control mode.

Full voltage and frequency range of WTG.

Studies

Dynamic stability analysis.

Protection

Voltage settings.

Frequency settings.

LVRT settings.

Model requirements

Positive sequence based.

Model bandwidth 0-10 Hz.

Maximum time step is ½ cycle.

 Positive sequence based.  Model bandwidth 0-10 Hz.  Maximum time step is ½ cycle.

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3 Simulation Preparation

This section explains how to add Vestas Wind Turbines Model and modify the user’s exist- ing system simulation files. With the package files provided by Vestas Wind Systems A/S, the end users should modify their load flow data (RAW or SAV file) as well as their dynam- ic data (DYR file). The suggested modifications are stated below.

3.1 Load Flow Data

The PSS/E user should begin by preparing a solved load flow case which includes a gen- erator and unit transformer for each WTG or WTG aggregate.

-The WTG’s Generator:

The wind power plant units can be included as separate units or as a single aggregated generator, with appropriate steady-state real power (P) and reactive power (Q) for each wind power plant (turbine). The relevant WTG generator should be implemented by the user according to the parameters listed in Appendices and the set up instructions in Chap- ter 6.

NOTE: In newer versions of PSS/E a generator is added to the load flow case as either a ‘classical machine’ or a ‘wind machine’. The Vestas wind turbines should be added as a classical machine not a wind machine, as the model is designed to be back compatible to PSS/E version 29.

- The WTG’s Transformer:

In addition to the substation transformer, a step-up unit transformer should also be includ- ed in the load flow case by the user. The delivered model package does not include the WTG transformer and therefore this transformer should be implemented by the user ac- cording to the parameters of the transformer as given in Appendices and the set up in- structions provided in Chapter 6.

The user may refer to the raw file template in Template 1.

the set up in- structions provided in Chapter 6. The user may refer to the raw

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0,

100.00

VESTAS TEST SYSTEM

/ PSS/E-30.3

TUE, OCT 30 2007

14:42

/****************************************************************

/*existing bus data

*

/*add WTG bus data here

*

/****************************************************************

0

/ END OF BUS DATA, BEGIN LOAD DATA

0

/ END OF LOAD DATA, BEGIN GENERATOR DATA

/****************************************************************

/*existing generator data

*

/*add WTG generator data here

*

/****************************************************************

0

/ END OF GENERATOR DATA, BEGIN BRANCH DATA

0

/ END OF BRANCH DATA, BEGIN TRANSFORMER DATA

/****************************************************************

/*existing transformer data

*

/*add WTG transformer data here

*

/****************************************************************

0

/ END OF TRANSFORMER DATA, BEGIN AREA DATA

0

/ END OF AREA DATA, BEGIN TWO-TERMINAL DC DATA

0

/ END OF TWO-TERMINAL DC DATA, BEGIN VSC DC LINE DATA

0

/ END OF VSC DC LINE DATA, BEGIN SWITCHED SHUNT DATA

0

/ END OF SWITCHED SHUNT DATA, BEGIN IMPEDANCE CORRECTION DATA

0

/ END OF IMPEDANCE CORRECTION DATA, BEGIN MULTI-TERMINAL DC DATA

0

/ END OF MULTI-TERMINAL DC DATA, BEGIN MULTI-SECTION LINE DATA

0

/ END OF MULTI-SECTION LINE DATA, BEGIN ZONE DATA

0

/ END OF ZONE DATA, BEGIN INTER-AREA TRANSFER DATA

0

/ END OF INTER-AREA TRANSFER DATA, BEGIN OWNER DATA

0

/ END OF OWNER DATA, BEGIN FACTS DEVICE DATA

0

/ END OF FACTS DEVICE DATA

Template 1: The PSS/E raw file template

3.2 Short Circuit Data

Under fault conditions the behaviour of the WTG is determined by the converter control. During a fault the converter controls will limit the magnitude of the fault current contribution to 1.05 p.u. (Ik”) and 1.45 p.u. (peak) on WTG rated current.

The WTG should be modelled as a current source for short circuit studies. The current source should contribute a maximum of 1.05 p.u. (Ik”) fault current.

In PSS/E the value of Zsource is obtained from the maximum short circuit current contri- bution (Ik”=1.05 p.u.). The recommended values are listed in Appendices and the set up instructions provided in Chapter 6.

3.3 Dynamic Data

The user should prepare a DYR file (.dyr) containing the dynamics data. This will generally include dynamic data records for other power system plant(s), as well as the dynamic data for Vestas WTG model. In this package the user will find a parameter template (V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz.Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n.dyr) as shown in Template 2. The template

for different Vestas GridStreamer

TM

wind turbines can be found in Appendices.

in Template 2. The template for different Vestas GridStreamer TM wind turbines can be found in

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/********************************************************************************

/

/

MODULE: Vestas Generic Model Dynamic Data Template for PSS/E

/

Model revision: 8.0.1

/

WTG type: V112 GridStreamer 3.3MW 50Hz Mk2A

/

/********************************************************************************

/ The lines below must be repeated for each wind generator or composite

/ wind farm generator that occurs in the network.

/ Terms in <angle brackets> must be replaced as follows:

/ <bus> with the generator bus number

/ <mach> with the machine ID

/ <WTGmode> with the control mode at WTG level: 0 for Q control, 1 for PF control

/******************************************************************************** <bus> 'USRMDL' '<mach>' 'GSCORE' 1 1 2 45 23 104 1 0

 

3300.0000

650.0000 4144.0000

0.0100

0.0000

 

0.0000

0.0000

0.3500

7.8500

0.000082 940.0000 -3700.0000 3700.0000 -3300.0000

3300.0000

0.9700

0.8500

0.7500

1.0000

 

1.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0300

0.3000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000 /

0

'USRMDL' 0 'GSVARS' 8 0 2 0 0 30 <bus> '<mach>'

/

 

0

'USRMDL' 0 'GSLVRT' 8 0 3 65 10 35 <bus> '<mach>' 1

 

0.8500

0.0000

0.6000

10.0000

200.0000

 

100.0000

200.0000

0.0000

1.0800

0.0050

1.0050

1.4400

 

0.0000

650.0000

4144.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.9000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0100

0.0000

0.0000

2.0000

1.0000

0.0000

1.0500

-1.0000

1.2000

0.8500

0.1500

0.0500

0.1000

0.4900

0.5000

0.8000

0.3900

0.4000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0500

0.9000

1.1000

0.0000

0.8000

0.9000

1.1000

1.2000

0.1000

2.5000

0.6000

600.0000

60.0000

1.0000

1.0000

1.2500

1.2000

0.7000 /

0

'USRMDL' 0 'GSPWRC' 8 0 3 30 7 10 <bus> '<mach>' <WTGmode>

 

1.0000

0.6667

-0.6667

0.5002

0.4900

 

0.8630

0.9333

0.0000

0.0000

0.1000

0.1000

20.0000

 

20.0000

0.0160

0.0160

0.0000

1.1000

1.2000

1.1000

 

1.2000

0.2200

-1.4000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000 /

0

'USRMDL' 0 'GSMEAS' 8 0 2 10 8 5 <bus> '<mach>'

 

0.0320

0.0320

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

 

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000 /

0

'USRMDL' 0 'GSVPRT' 0 2 7 30 0 18 <bus> '<mach>'

1

1

0

0

0

0.8500

10.2000

0.8500

10.2000

0.9000

 

60.0000

1.1000

3600.0000

1.2100

2.0000

1.3600

0.1500

 

1.3600

0.1500

1.2000

0.0800

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.0000

0.5500

0.7000

2.6000

0.7000

10.0000

0.7000

10.0000 /

0

'USRMDL' 0 'GSFPRT' 0 2 3 12 0 7 <bus> '<mach>'

0

 

47.0000

0.2000

47.0000

0.2000

47.0000

 

0.2000

53.0000

0.2000

53.0000

0.2000

53.0000

0.2000 /

 

/*********************************************************************************

Template 2: The PSS/E dyr file template V112 GS 3.3MW 50Hz

Template 2: The PSS/E dyr file template – V112 GS 3.3MW 50Hz Page: 13 of 53

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The dynamic data file (DYR file) Template 2 supplied requires user modification, to insert the details specific to each WTG. If there is more than one WTG in the PSS/E simulation, the user should duplicate the DYR file contents for each WTG added, and to modify each of the user inputs denoted by the “<>” to reflect the particulars of each WTG. User input parameters are listed in Table 2. The details that must be entered by the user for each WTG are:

The PSS/E bus number (<bus>) and machine ID (<mach>) corresponding to the single or aggregate WTG generator.

The WTG reactive power control mode (<WTGmode>): 0 for direct reactive power (Q) control, 1 for power factor (PF) control.

Table 2 User input parameters to the dynamic data file (dyr file)

Parameter

Description

<bus>

The generator bus number

<mach>

The machine ID

<WTGmode>

WTG control mode: 0 for Q control, 1 for PF control

In case several WTGs are to be aggregated into one scaled WTG the set of data should not be duplicated, this type is handled through the WTG load flow inputs as explained in Chapter 6, where the Pgen, Pmax, Qgen, Qmax, Qmin, & Mbase, will be scaled to repre- sent the required amount of aggregated WTGs as per the instructions provided.

will be scaled to repre- sent the required amount of aggregated WTGs as per the instructions

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4 Simulation Procedures in PSS/E

The model is developed for a maximum simulation time step of half a cycle. The model is developed for PSS/E versions from 29 upwards.

The wind turbine(s) impacts on the system (grid) will be dependent on the short circuit ratio (SCR) and X/R at the bus to which the wind turbine(s) is (are) connected. In this sense it is very important to assess the model performance taking into consideration the grid strength seen from the connection point.

Section 4.1 gives the recommended settings for the dynamic simulation. In Section 4.2, the simulation procedure is given (dependent on the version of PSS/E). The list should be followed exactly in order to get a successful simulation.

on the version of PSS/E). The list should be followed exactly in order to get a

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4.1 Setting for Dynamic Simulation

The recommended settings for the dynamic simulation are as shown in Figure 2.

1 2 3 4
1
2
3
4

Figure 2 The PSS/E Dynamic simulation settings (activity ALTR)

Table 3 PSS/E Dynamic simulation settings (activity ALTR)

#

Variable

Description

   

Network Solution

1

Iters

25

Acceleration

1.0

 

Tolerance

0.0001

   

Island Frequency

2

Acceleration

1.0

Tolerance

0.0005

   

Simulation Parameters

3

Delta

Maximum ½ cycle (10 ms for 50 Hz and 8.33 ms for 60Hz)

Frequency filter

0.04

   

Delta Threshold

4

intermediate

0.06

Island freq

0.14

filter 0.04     Delta Threshold 4 intermediate 0.06 Island freq 0.14 Page: 16 of 53

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4.2 Simulation Steps

Simulation steps: PSS/E version 29 to 31

1. Create a working directory where files related to this simulation set-up shall be placed including all relevant files listed.

2. Start up a command prompt in the working directory, ensuring the PATH is set correctly to be able to run PSS/E programs.

3. Start-up PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4) in the working directory.

4. Enter PSS/E load flow (LOFL).

5. In case the user’s preferred method of representing the load flow case is a raw file then read the load flow raw file (READ) to which the Vestas wind tur- bines have been added. If the user prefers to use an already created saved case then open (CASE) the load flow case to which the Vestas wind turbines will be added.

6. In case the user has chosen to use a Saved file (*.sav) then the following may be necessary:

i. Modify this load flow case by adding the desired number of new buses, feeders and transformers necessary to model the WPP collector sys- tem up to the point of common coupling with the existing power sys- tem.

ii. Add the WPP aggregated generator(s), specifying P and Q output for each.

iii. Add the wind turbine transformers as per the implemented structure:

1. Aggregated transformer for aggregated WTGs (if applicable).

2. Separate transformer for separate WTGs (if applicable).

7. Solve the load flow case and save the solved case file.

8. Convert the load flow case for dynamic simulations by using CONG and CONL, followed by ORDR, FACT and TYSL.

9. Make a copy of the relevant DYRE parameter template, and fill in the details of each WPP. Add the DYRE records to any records for other system plant to create a system wide ‘.dyr’ file.

10. Enter PSS/E dynamics (RTRN).

11. Read (DYRE) the new ‘.dyr’ file, and specify CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX files. Specify the name of the compile-file.

12. Save the snapshot.

13. Exit the PSS/E program (STOP).

14. Ensure the command prompt is pointing to the correct working directory.

15. Compile the CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX subroutines by typing the name of the compile-file.

16. Link the object codes using a command line of the following form:

CLOAD4 VestasGS_8_0_n_PSSE29.lib <other user models>

17. You are now ready to run simulations: enter PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4), open the snapshot and load flow case.

You are now ready to run simulations: enter PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4), open the snapshot and load

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Simulation steps: PSS/E version 32 and above

1. Create a working directory where files related to this simulation set-up shall be placed including all relevant files listed.

2. Ensure the system PATH is set correctly to be able to run PSS/E programs (using the PSS/E Environment Manager if necessary).

3. Start-up PSS/E in the working directory.

4. In case the user’s preferred method of representing the load flow case is a raw file then read the load flow raw file (READ) to which the Vestas wind tur- bines have been added. If the user prefers to use an already created saved case then open (CASE) the load flow case to which the Vestas wind turbines will be added.

5. In case the user has chosen to use a Saved file (.sav) then the following may be necessary:

i. Modify this load flow case by adding the desired number of new buses, feeders and transformers necessary to model the WPP collector sys- tem up to the point of common coupling with the existing power sys- tem.

ii. Add the WPP aggregated generator(s), specifying P and Q output for each. Ensure the generator(s) specify ‘not a wind machine’.

iii. Add the wind turbine transformers:

1. Aggregated transformer for aggregated WTGs (if applicable).

2. Separate transformer for separate WTGs (if applicable).

6. Solve the load flow case and save the solved case file.

7. Convert the load flow case for dynamic simulations by using CONG and CONL, followed by ORDR, FACT and TYSL.

8. Make a copy of the relevant DYRE parameter template, and fill in the details of each WPP. Add the DYRE records to any records for other system plant to create a system wide ‘.dyr’ file.

9. Read (DYRE) the new ‘.dyr’ file, and specify CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX files, and a name for the compile-file as appropriate.

10. Save the snapshot.

11. Use the ‘Create User DLL’ function in the Dynamics menu to compile the CONEC and CONET subroutines and link the model code into PSS/E. Specify the library ‘VestasGS_8_0_n_PSSE32.lib’ when required.

12. You are now ready to run simulations: enter PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4), open the snapshot and load flow case.

r equired. 12. You are now ready to run simulations: enter PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4), open the

Note: It is not necessary to specify the WPP real or reactive power output in the *.dyr file as these will be taken from the load flow case at initialization (i.e. when using the activity STRT).

Once the snapshot is taken and the model compiled and linked, the same dynamics snap- shot can be used with multiple load flow cases, provided the network topology and con- nected models did not change from one case to another. It is therefore possible to assem- ble a number of load flow cases, each with a different level of initial WTG power output and/or voltage, without reassembling the snapshot or recompiling before using each differ- ent case in a simulation.

without reassembling the snapshot or recompiling before using each differ- ent case in a simulation. Page:

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5 Vestas System Example

5.1 System Model

Vestas has built a simple example to show how to setup and simulate with the WTG mod- els. The test grid is modelled with four buses and two branches, with the Vestas WT model at one end, and a slack bus generator at the other. The middle bus is where the fault is applied. The system is shown in Figure 3.

where the fault is applied. The system is shown in Figure 3. B A S E

BASE MVA = Mbase

BASE MVA = 100 MVA Sbase

2-Windings Transformer

WTG SG Z 20 to 30 Z 30 to 40 Wind Generator Bus Bus #
WTG
SG
Z 20 to 30
Z 30 to 40
Wind Generator Bus
Bus # 10
Bus Volt = 0.65 kV
Wind turbine Transformer Bus
Bus # 20
Bus Volt = 20.0 kV
Network Fault Bus
Bus # 30
Bus Volt = 20.0 kV
Network Slack Bus
Bus # 40
Bus Volt = 20.0 kV
Bus Type ”1"
Bus Type ”1"
Bus Type ”3"
Bus Type ”2"

Figure 3 Network Diagram of Vestas test system

The files/folders listed in Table 4 are delivered for setting up the test cases for both, the reactive power control and the power factor control examples (for WTG level control).

Note that the example files provided represent a simple test case for Vestas GridStream- er TM wind turbines and do not reflect any particular site-specific configuration.

Table 4 Files included in the delivered package

Simulation Files

Description

V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz.Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n_Base_29.raw

RAW file for Base case in Ver29

V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n_Base_32.sav

SAV file for Base case in Ver32

Simulate_QControl.psa

PSA file for QContorl Simulation

Simulate_PFControl.psa

PSA file for PFContorl Simulation

V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n.dyr

DYR file for Dynamic model

V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n.dyr DYR file for Dynamic model Page: 19 of 53

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5.2 Simulation Steps

To perform a simulation following steps has to be carried out:

In PSS/E versions 29 to 31

1. Create a Working directory where files related to this simulation set-up shall be placed including all relevant files listed.

2. Start up a command prompt in the working directory, ensuring the PATH is set correctly to be able to run PSS/E programs.

3. Start up PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4) in the working directory.

4. Read the load flow raw file “*.raw”, convert the load flow case for dynamic simulations by using CONG and CONL, followed by ORDR, FACT and TYSL.

5. Save the converted case file.

6. Read (DYRE) the ‘*.dyr’ file, and specify CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX files. Specify the name of the compile-file.

7. Save the snapshot.

8. Exit the PSS/E program (STOP).

9. Ensure the command prompt is pointing to the correct working directory.

10. Compile the CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX subroutines by typing the name of the compile-file.

11. Link the object codes using a command line of the form:

CLOAD4 VestasGS_8_0_n_PSSE29.lib <other user models>

12. Start up PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4) and run “Simulate_QControl.psaor Simulate_PFControl.psa”

13. Exit PSS/E

14. Start plot program (PSSPLT)

In PSS/E version 32 or above

1. Create a Working directory where files related to this simulation set-up shall be placed including all relevant files listed.

2. Ensure the system PATH is set correctly to be able to run PSS/E programs, by running the PSS/E Environment Manager if necessary.

3. Start up PSS/E in the working directory.

4. Read the case file “*.sav”, convert the load flow case for dynamic simulations by using CONG and CONL, followed by ORDR, FACT and TYSL.

5. Save the converted case file.

6. Read (DYRE) the ‘*.dyr’ file, and specify CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX files. Specify the name of the compile-file.

7. Save the snapshot.

8. Use the ‘Create User DLL’ function in the Dynamics menu to compile the CONEC and CONET subroutines and link the model code. Specify the code library “VestasGS_8_0_n_PSSE32.lib” when prompted.

9. Run “Simulate.idv”

10. Exit PSS/E

11. Start plot program (PSSPLT)

when prompted. 9. Run “Simulate.idv” 10. Exit PSS/E 11. Start plot program (PSSPLT) Page: 20 of

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6 Description of related PSS/E Activities

6.1 WTG Load Flow related Inputs

8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8
9
10
1 2
3
4
5 6
7

Figure 4 The PSS/E load flow plant & machine editor

Figure 4 shows the PSS/E plant and machine editor. The WTG is to be set on a bus hav- ing a voltage equal to the generator rated voltage (at the low voltage side of the transform- er).

The machine parameters in PSS/E load flow should be entered as indicated in the table below. Note that for the purpose of the PSS/E WTG model, the MBASE value for a single turbine is taken as the maximum MW output of the turbine.

Table 5 Variables as in plant & machine editor of Figure 4

#

Name

Units

Description

Recommended Value for a Single Turbine

Recommended Value for an Ag- gregated Turbine

1

Pgen

MW

Is the generated active power

User supplied value (0PP rate )

N*P

2

Pmax

MW

Is the maximum allowed active power

P

rate

N*P rate

3

Pmin

MW

Is the minimum power

allowed active

Always ZERO

0

4

Qgen

MVAR

Is the generated / absorbed reac- tive power

User supplied value* (Q ind Q≤ Q cap )

N*Q

5

Qmax

MVAR

Is the absolute maximum allowed reactive power

Equals Qgen*

N*Q

6

Qmin

MVAR

Is the absolute minimum allowed reactive power

Equals Qgen*

N*Q

7

Mbase

MVA

Is the base apparent power for n

P

rate

N*P rate

Equals Qgen* N*Q 7 Mbase MVA Is the base apparent power for n P rate N*P

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wind turbines

   

8 ZSource

pu

Is machine positive sequence im- pedance

Refer to Appendices

Refer to Appendices

9 Rtran

pu

Is the Resistance of the internal transformer

Always ZERO

0

10 Xtran

pu

Is the Reactance of the internal transformer

Always ZERO

0

Where P rate is the rated MW value; Q ind and Q cap are the turbine reactive power inductive and capacitive lim- its.

*Vestas WTGs are not configured for terminal voltage control. Therefore the user should select the appropri- ate reactive power condition and configure the load flow case accordingly.

In PSS/E the value of ‘Zsource’ is calculated from the maximum short circuit current con- tribution (Ik”=1.05 p.u.). Recommended values of source resistance and reactance are given in Appendices.

The bus to which the wind turbine(s) is (are) connected should have the same level of voltage as the generator terminals, in fact this bus is the low voltage side of the 2-windings turbine’s transformer. The turbine’s transformer is not included in the model and is left to the user to implement in the simulation as a PSS/E standard 2 winding transformer for more details see section 6.2.

For aggregated WTGs, parameters 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 & 7 needs to be scaled to represent the desired number N of aggregated units.

6.2 WTG 2-Winding Transformer Load Flow Inputs

Figure 5 shows the PSS/E load flow 2-winding transformer editor, all data are to remain as default except the 9 encircled fields that are to be changed as specified in Table 6.

1 2 3 4 5
1
2
3
4
5
as default except the 9 encircled fields that are to be changed as specified in Table

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6 7 8
6
7
8
9
9

Figure 5 The PSS/E load flow 2-winding transformer editor

Table 6 Input values for the 2-winding transformer editor of Figure 5

#

Name

Units

Description

1

Name

 

The transformer name (Optional)

2

Impedance data I/O code

 

MVA Base to use for the p.u. val- ues

3

Line R

pu

Winding resistance

4

Line X

pu

Leakage reactance

5

Winding MVA base

MVA

Winding MVA base

6

Rmax

 

Maximum Tap

7

Rmin

 

Minimum Tap

8

Tap Positions

 

No of Taps

9

Connection Code

 

Vector Grouping

** Vector grouping assumes that the LV side is declared as the primary winding.

It is important to be aware that aggregating WTGs also means aggregating WTG unit transformers, which means that voltage ratings remain the same but the MVA rating will be scaled.

The different transformer parameters are as per the data sheet in Appendices.

6.3 Output Channels for Plotting

One of the possible ways to call a channel in PSS/E is through the CHAN activity in the user interface (Dynamics). Table 7 shows the possible useful channels that can be called to represent the relevant inputs/outputs of the Vestas wind turbine model in PSS/E.

that can be called to represent the relevant inputs/outputs of the Vestas wind turbine model in

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2 3 5 4 1 6
2
3
5
4
1
6

Figure 6 CHAN activity from the PSS/E dynamics

Table 7 Plotting channels from the CHAN activity

#

Variable

Description

1

Machine PELEC

Machine(s) Active Power, without the WTG’s transformer, p.u on SBASE

2

Machine QELEC

Machine(s) Reactive Power, without the WTG’s transformer, p.u on SBASE

3

Machine Eterm

Machine(s) Terminal voltage magnitude, p.u Bvbase

4

Bus Frequency

Bus Frequency, p.u deviation from the systems nominal frequency

5

Bus Voltage

Bus Voltage magnitude, p.u Bvbase

6

Bus Voltage and Ang

Bus Voltage magnitude & Angle, p.u Bvbase & degrees respectively

6 Bus Voltage and Ang Bus Voltage magnitude & Angle, p.u Bvbase & degrees respectively Page:

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7 User related Sub-models of Vestas Wind Turbines

This section describes different sub models in the dynamic data file.

7.1 Reactive Power Control

The turbine can operate within certain limits for active and reactive power. The limits are primarily determined by the converter and the generator. There are two possible control modes:

Q-Control.

Power Factor Control.

The PSS/E user written model will independent of which of the modes that is selected, pri- oritize the active power higher than the reactive power. This means that the highest possi- ble active power which is the user-defined (requested) active power will be supplied to the grid even though it might compromise the control mode performance.

Active Power Priority

The model implemented always gives highest priority to the active power. That means that

if both P and Q are outside the valid operating area, Q is limited in order to bring the tur-

bine inside the safe operating area. This is illustrated in Figure 7 (A typical PQ chart for Vestas turbines) where the references (P* and Q*) are both outside the chart. In this case

Q is limited in order to bring the turbines operating point inside the operating area again.

Q

(P*,Q*) Q over P P over Q Q* Lim P* P
(P*,Q*)
Q over P
P over Q
Q* Lim
P*
P

Figure 7 Example of limiting function where P is given priority over Q

The value of P* and Q* are set in the load flow interface.

Q-Control

A certain reactive power reference can be set. The reference must be within its lower and

upper limits vertical limits for each P according to Figure 11.

PF Control

be within its lower and upper limits – vertical limits for each P according to Figure

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When activated, the required Q will be calculated based on the P and the PF set point. Depending on the working point, whether it is a full or partial load operating point and also whether it is lead or lag, the PF set point is subject to possible minimum or maximum as shown in Figure 11.

Changing Q and PF set point (Q set )

Reactive power set point (Q set ), defined in ‘GSVARS’ sub-routine. This set point is as- signed to VAR L+1 can be changed to desired value using ‘ALTR’ activity.

Table 8 Description of VAR set points P and Q or PF

VARs

Description

L

Available real power, P set

L+1

Q or PF set point, Q set

7.2 LVRT Control Settings

During low-voltage-ride-through (LVRT), Vestas turbines switch from power control to cur- rent control mode. The following settings can be changed by the user in order to carry on different system studies.

Active current Priority

As default, Vestas turbines are designed to maintain and control reactive current during LVRT. However the user could also select the active current priority, If supplying active power is required during LVRT.

The Active current priority setting can be enabled by changing CON J+7 of ’GSLVRT’ to 1.0, and be disabled by changing CON J+7 to 0.0.

Q-offset Setting

In case the turbine reactive output is not zero at pre-fault condition, the Q-offset can be used to remove the step change when Vestas turbines switches between power control and current control.

The Q-offset setting can be enabled by changing CON J+31 of ’GSLVRT’ to 1.0, and be disabled by changing CON J+31 to 0.0.

Asymmetrical fault

If asymmetrical fault study is required, asymmetrical fault settings should be enabled and the user should provide negative sequence magnitude (U-) input in VAR L+12 of GSLVRT’.

The asymmetrical fault setting can be enabled by changing CON J+32 of ’GSLVRT’ to 1.0, and be disabled by changing CON J+32 to 0.0.

be enabled by changing CON J+32 of ’ GSLVRT ’ to 1.0, and be disabled by

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7.3 Protection & LVRT Settings

This section describes the WTG protection and LVRT scheme and settings.

At any kind of trip, an error message will be generated in order to identify the event tripping the turbine.

Table 9 Protection error messages

Event

Error message

Under voltage 1

Under voltage 1 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Under voltage 2

Under voltage 2 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Under voltage 3

Under voltage 3 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

LVRT under voltage

LVRT under voltage Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Over voltage 1

Over voltage 1 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Over voltage 2

Over voltage 2 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Over voltage 3

Over voltage 3 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Over voltage 4

Over voltage 4 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Over voltage 5

Over voltage 5 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Under frequency 1

Under frequency 1 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Under frequency 2

Under frequency 2 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Under frequency 3

Under frequency 3 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Over frequency 1

Over frequency 1 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Over frequency 2

Over frequency 2 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

Over frequency 3

Over frequency 3 Trip+ WTG bus number + “at time”

7.3.1 Voltage Protection

The voltage protection is implemented having three protection levels for high voltages and three protection levels for low voltages.

implemented having three protection levels for high voltages and three protection levels for low voltages. Page:

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Version 8.0 Date: 06/09/2013 Class: Restricted Type: 05 Figure 8 Voltage protection limits defined in the

Figure 8 Voltage protection limits defined in the protection model VWVPR6

The WTG will be disconnected if the voltage limits are exceeded and the protection times out. Table 10 shows the protection settings for a Vestas GridStreamer TM wind turbine with- out the LVRT option.

Table 10 Voltage protection settings (LVRT not enabled)

Voltage limit

Setting

Timeout

Setting

UV 1

0.90

t

UV1

60

s

UV 2

0.85

t

UV2

11

s

UV 3

0.85

t

UV3

11

s

OV 1

1.10

t

OV1

3600 s

OV 2

1.21

t

OV2

2 s

OV 3

1.36

t

OV3

150

ms

OV 4

1.36

t

OV4

150

ms

OV 5

1.36

t

OV5

150

ms

Note: the voltage protection settings may vary with different turbine models. The user is suggested to check the General Specification of the specified turbine for the voltage pro- tection settings.

7.3.2 LVRT Logic

As default, the Vestas GridStreamer TM wind turbines is a LVRT enabled turbine, and the Vestas PSS/E model will represent this. The turbine is designed to stay connected on the grid in case of a number of severe faults.

The LVRT option is affected by two user defined parameters (LVRT_flag and AGO_enable) as explained in Table 11.

option is affected by two user defined parameters ( LVRT_flag and AGO_enable) as explained in Table

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Table 11 Parameters of LVRT function

ICON

Parameter

Module

Description

I+3

LVRT_flag

GSVPRT

LVRT protection flag

I+2

AGO_enable

GSLVRT

AGO enable

LVRT mode can be enabled (set both “LVRT_flag” and “AGO_enable” to 1) or disabled (set both “LVRT_flag” and “AGO_enable” to 0) by changing these two parameters in the dyr file template.

The LVRT under voltage protection curve is represented by the parameters shown in Table 12.

Table 12 LVRT settings (LVRT enabled)

Voltage limit

Setting

Timeout

Setting

U

LVRT 1

0.00

t

LVRT 1

0.55 s

U

LVRT 2

0.70

t

LVRT 2

2.6 s

U

LVRT 3

0.70

t

LVRT 3

10

s

U

LVRT 4

0.70

t

LVRT 4

10

s

Note: the LVRT protection settings may vary with different turbine models. The user is suggested to check the General Specification of the specified turbine for the LVRT protec- tion settings.

The default low voltage ride-through protection settings for a connected turbine is illustrat- ed in Figure 9.

for a connected turbine is illustrat- ed in Figure 9. Figure 9 LVRT protection limits for

Figure 9 LVRT protection limits for Vestas GridStreamer TM wind turbine defined in the protection sub- routine VWVPR6

7.3.3 Frequency Protection

The frequency protection is implemented having three protection levels for high frequen- cies and three protection levels for low frequencies.

having three protection levels for high frequen- cies and three protection levels for low frequencies. Page:

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Date: 06/09/2013

Class: Restricted

Type: 05

Each protection level can be accepted within a certain time-window. If this window is ex- ceeded, the turbine disconnects. Setting frequency and time limit equal to zero disables the protection level.

The frequency protection setting may be seen below in Figure 10.

Time t uf1 t of1 t uf2 t of2 t uf3 t of3 Hz uf
Time
t
uf1
t
of1
t
uf2
t
of2
t uf3
t of3
Hz
uf 3
uf 2
uf 1
50
of 1
of 2
of 3

Frequency variation

Figure 10 Frequency protection limits defined in the protection model VWFPR6

Table 13 Frequency protection settings

Frequency limit

Setting for 50Hz

Setting for 60Hz

Timeout

Setting

OF 1

53

Hz

63.6

Hz

tOF 1

200

ms

OF 2

53

Hz

63.6

Hz

tOF 2

200

ms

OF 3

53

Hz

63.6

Hz

tOF 3

200

ms

UF 1

47

Hz

56.4

Hz

tUF 1

200

ms

UF 2

47

Hz

56.4

Hz

tUF 2

200

ms

UF 3

47

Hz

56.4

Hz

tUF 3

200

ms

Note: the frequency protection settings may vary with different turbine models. The user is suggested to check the General Specification of the specified turbine for the frequency protection settings.

to check the General Specification of the specified turbine for the frequency protection settings. Page: 30

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User Manual PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer TM Wind Turbines Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013

Class: Restricted

Type: 05

8 PSS/E Format Data Sheets

The PSS/E format data sheets for different modules of Vestas Ver 8.0 model are provided in this Chapter.

Table 14 Summary of Vestas Ver 8.0 model

Module

Description

GSCORE

Core generator and grid converter functions

GSVARS

Common variable storage

GSLVRT

LVRT mode logic

GSPWRC

Generator power control

GSMEAS

Measured variables

GSVPRT

Voltage protection

GSFPRT

Frequency protection

GSMEAS Measured variables GSVPRT Voltage protection GSFPRT Frequency protection Page: 31 of 53

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User Manual

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer TM Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013

Class: Restricted

Type: 05

8.1 GSCORE

VESTAS R&D Model Version 8.0.1

GSCORE

Nonstandard Model Data Sheet GSCORE

VESTAS WIND TURBINE GENERATOR (BEHAVIOURAL MODEL)

This model is located at system bus

#

(I BUS )

Machine ID

#

(I MACH )

This model uses 2 ICONs starting with

#

(I)

and 45 CONs starting with

#

(J)

and 23 STATEs starting with

#

(K)

and 104 VARs starting with

#

(L)

ICON

# Value

Description

I

 

Not in use

I+1

 

Flag for internal loop mode,

F

I

0 = not in internal loop mode

1 = in internal loop

CON

# Vaule

Description

J

 

Generator kVA rating, S

J+1

 

Gen voltage rating, V

J+2

 

Rated rotor current, I R

J+3

 

Time constant for 10ms moving average filter

J+4

   

Disp.

J+5

   

Disp.

J+6

   

Disp.

J+7

 

P

proportional gain

J+8

 

P

integral gain

J+9

 

Q

proportional gain

J+10

 

Q

integral gain

J+11

 

Lower limit for P control loop

J+12

 

Upper limit for P control loop

J+13

 

Lower limit for Qref

J+14

 

Upper limit for Qref

J+15

 

Limit for P (LVRT)

J+16

 

Limit for P at zero voltage (LVRT)

J+17

 

Slope for the power derate curve (LVRT)

J+18

 

P

positive slope

J+19

 

P

negative slope

J+20

   

Disp.

J+21

   

Disp.

J+22

   

Disp.

J+23

 

Model interface, MI

J+24

 

Stator volt. filter time const (current injection)

J+25

Stator volt. threshold (current injection)

J+26

Current injection mode.

J+27

Reserved for Future Version

J+28

Reserved for Future Version

J+29

Reserved for Future Version

J+30

Reserved for Future Version

J+31

Reserved for Future Version

J+32

Reserved for Future Version

J+33

Reserved for Future Version

J+34

Reserved for Future Version

J+35

Reserved for Future Version

J+36

Reserved for Future Version

J+37

Reserved for Future Version

J+38

Reserved for Future Version

J+39

Reserved for Future Version

J+40

Reserved for Future Version

J+41

Reserved for Future Version

J+42

Reserved for Future Version

J+43

Reserved for Future Version

J+44

Reserved for Future Version

STATE

#

Description

K

 

Integ for active power

K+1

 

Integ for reactive power

K+2

 

Integ for measured voltage (10ms moving average)

K+3

 

Transient volt. real part

K+4

 

Transient volt. imag part

K+5

 

Disp.

K+6

 

Disp.

K+7

 

Stator volt. filtered real part (current injection)

K+8

 

Stator volt. filtered imag part (current injection)

K+9

 

Reserved for Future Version

K+10

 

Reserved for Future Version

injection) K+9   Reserved for Future Version K+10   Reserved for Future Version Page: 32 of

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