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12/17/2014

IZOLAREA
IMPOTRIVA
ZGOMOTULUI
AERIAN
(detalii constructive)

Datorita legaturilor care exista


intre elementele de
constructie, transmiterea
energiei acustice se realizeaza:
direct;
indirect (prin cai colaterale)

Din punct de vedere al rezolvarii


constructive al elementelor de
constructie putem discuta de:
elemente

masive;

elemente

cuplate acustic.

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Elemente masive

Elemente cuplate acustic

Elemente masive omogene

Elemente masive neomogene (cu goluri)

Elemente multistrat

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Valoarea indicelui de atenuare sonora depinde de:


goluri
(dimensiune, numar)

legaturi perimetrale

Influenta legaturilor perimetrale

Influenta legaturilor perimetrale

daca
mP << (mili)
atunci
Rc = -3 -5 dB

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Influenta legaturilor perimetrale

daca
mP >> (mili)
atunci
Rc = -20 -25 dB

Influenta legaturilor perimetrale


Rc = -10 -15 dB

Influenta cailor colaterale

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Influenta
cailor
colaterale

Influenta cailor colaterale

Etanseitatea acustica a cailor colaterale

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Etanseitatea acustica a cailor colaterale

Etanseitatea
acustica a
cailor
colaterale

Etanseitatea acustica - gresit

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Etanseitatea acustica - corect

Etanseitatea acustica

Etanseitatea acustica

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Surse de zgomot aerian aparatura


electrocasnica

Surse de zgomot aerian aparatura


electrocasnica

Surse de zgomot aerian aparatura


electrocasnica

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Surse de zgomot aerian etanseitati in zonele


de traversare a instalatiilor

Surse de zgomot aerian canale de ventilare,


zone acces ghene instalatii

Detalii constructive - Olanda


Partition 300 mm concrete, 690 kg/m2
Floors 230+50 mm, 650 kg/m2
Inner walls metal stud
Results:
hor: DnT,A 57-60, LnT,A 46-41
vert: DnT,A 58-59, LnT,A 57-54
Conclusions:
insufficient in small rooms

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Detalii constructive - Olanda


Partition 90-40-90 concrete prefab, 420
kg/m2
Floors cassette 320+50, hollow 400 kg/m2
Inner walls 70/120 mm aerated concrete

Results:
ground: DnT,A 55-59, LnT,A 46-42
1e floor: DnT,A 60-63, LnT,A 39-38

Detaliu constructiv - Olanda

Detaliu constructiv
Olanda
DnT,A > 57 dB,

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Detaliu constructiv - Olanda

Detaliu constructiv - Olanda

Detalii - Belgia

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Detaliu constructiv - Belgia

Gresit

Corect

Detaliu constructiv - Belgia

Detaliu constructiv - Belgia

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Detaliu constructiv - Belgia

Detalii U.K.

150 mm cellular clay block


(cavity wall) with 40mm
cavity filled with mineral
wool and render/plaster
lining to walls.

Thickness = 370
mm

Incorrect junction
detail

DnT,w (C; Ctr) = 50 (0; -3) dB

Correct junction detail


8 dB better
performance
Now 58 dB!

Detaliu constructiv U.K.

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Detalii Danemarca

Examples from a Danish publication, SBi Guidelines 173:


Sound insulation of buildings Old buildings

Detalii constructive - Danemarca

Detalii Danemarca

GUIDELINES
for constructions with15 CONTINUOUS
concrete slabs
15 140 30 140 15
140 800 90

6
Ca. 60
10-20
20-40

5
4
3

150

50
15

a
11

11

a
1

!
!

Hoekijzer voor
opstorten van beton

1.

Elastische laag

2.

Beton

3.

Uitvullaag (thermisch)

4.

Contactgeluidisolatie laag

5.

Dekvloer (+warme leidingen)

6.

Tegels + mortelbed

7.

Predal

8.

Gipspleister

9.

Elastische voeg (bvb. siliconen)

Randcontactgeluidisolatie

(Isolerende bouwblok <


0.25W/mK)

Plastieklaag

Uitvullingslaag

6
Ca. 60
10-20
40

Ca.
150

5
4

a
b

3
1
2

1
d

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Typical SWISS wood constructions


E3 quality housing
(increased requierements 2006)
Floor: flooring, 5.5 cm anhydrite floor, 2
cm EPS insulation, 3 cm rock wool
insulation, 5 cm EPS insulation, 1.5 cm
OSB panel, 20 cm wood slab Lignatur
Silence, 3 cm plenum, 2x1.25 cm
suspended ceiling.
Common walls: 1.25+1.5 cm Fermacell
(heavy plasterboard), 2x10 cm frame
with Isofloc (cellulose insulation) ,
1.25+1.5 cm Fermacell

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Detalii constructive - Austria

Detalii constructive - Austria

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Detalii constructive - Austria

Detalii constructive - Austria

Detalii constructive - Spania

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DnT,w+C=47 dB

DnT,w+C=52 -53 dB

Detaliu constructiv perete exterior - Spania

Detaliu constructiv - Italia

Detaliu constructiv gresit - Italia

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Detaliu constructiv - Franta

Detaliu constructiv - Franta

Detalii constructive - Australia

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