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Timpurile verbelor in engleza

Present Simple Tense: Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza


Afirmativ :
Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv
Exceptie : La pers a III sg verbul se termina mereu in s sau es :
The boy wants a toy car for Christmas. Baiatul vrea o masina de jucarie pentru Craciun.
Atentie: 1. Verbele care se termina in -y la pers a III sg, y se transforma in -ies:
I cry She cries.
I play He plays.
2. Verbele care se termina in o, -ss, -x, -sh, -ch primesc la pers a III sg - es
My mother usually goes to the market in the morning. Mama se duce de obicei in
piata dimineata.
Negativ :
Subiect+ do not/ does not + verb
She does not sing in the school chorus. Ea nu canta in corul scolii.
Interogativ :
do not/ does not + Subiect + verb
Does she want to participate in the competition? - Vrea ea sa participle in competitie?
Present Continuous Tense: Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza
Afirmativ :
Subiect + Prezentul verbului a fi + ing :
She is cutting the cake in slices. (Ea taie prajitura felii.)
Negativ :
Subiect + Prezentul verbului a fi + not + verb + ing :
She is not talking at the moment, she is eating. (In acest moment ea nu vorbeste, mananca.)

Interogativ :
Prezentul verbului a fi + Subiect + verb + ing :
Is she smiling ? (Ea zambeste ?)

Present Perfect Tense: Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza


Afirmativ :
Subiectul + Auxiliarul HAVE la prezent + past participle al verbului de conjugat
We are not going on holiday since the prices have rise. Noi nu mai mergem in vacant
deoarece preturile au crescut.
Negativ :
Subiectul + have/has not + past participle al verbului de conjugat
I havent seen her this morning, she is probably sleeping. Nu am vazut-o de dimineata,
probabil doarme.
Interogativ :
Auxiliarul HAVE la prezent + Subiectul + past participle al verbului de conjugat
Havent you eaten too much chocolate already? Nu ai mancat deja destula ciocolata?
Present Perfect Continuous Tense: Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza
Afirmativ :
Subiectul + prezentul perfect al verbului to be (have/has been)+ participul prezent al
verbului de conjugat (baza + ing)
They have been reading a lot of book lately. Ei au citit o multime de carti in ultima vreme.
Negativ :
Subiectul + prezentul perfect al verbului to be (have/has been)+ NOT + participul prezent
al verbului de conjugat
They havent been watching TV this afternoon. Ei nu s-au uitat la tv in acesta dupaamiaza.
Interogativ :
Prezentul perfect al verbului to be + Subiectul + participul prezent al verbului de conjugat
What have you been doing ? I have been working on a new project. Ce ai mai facut? Am
lucrat la un nou proiect.
Simple Past Tense : Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza
Afirmativ :
S + verbul la forma a II a de pe lista verbelor iregulate
We went to the zoo yesterday. Am fost la zoo ieri.
S + verb + ed pentru cele regulate
I phoned her. I-am dat telefon.
Negativ :

S + aux DO la trecut (did) + not + verbul la infinitiv


We did not finish the project in due time. Noi nu am terminat proiectul la timp.
Interogativ :
Did + S + verbul la infinitiv ?
Did you eat all the chocolate? Ai mancat toata ciocolata?

Past Perfect Tense : Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza


Afirmativ :
S + Past tense al verbului To HAVE + participiu trecut
Atentie: La verbele regulate participiul trecut = verb + ed iar la cele neregulate este forma a
3a de pe lista verbelor iregulate.
At last she showed me the dress she had bought. Intr-un sfarsit, mi-a aratat rochia pe
care si-o cumparase.
Negativ :
S + Past tense al verbului To HAVE + Not + participiu trecut
They hadnt gone to Mt. Omu, they had gone to another peak. Ei nu au mers pe varful
Omu, au mers pe alt varf.
Interogativ :
Past tense al verbului To HAVE + S + participiu trecut
Hadnt he loved you? Nu te iubea?
Past Continuous Tense : Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza
Afirmativ :
S + verbul To BE la past tense + verbul de conjugat + ING
I was reading the lesson when the teacher came in. Citeam lectia cand a intrat profesoara.
Negativ :
S + verbul To BE la past tense la forma negativa + verbul de conjugat + ING
They werent looking for Susan; they were looking for her sister. Ei nu o cautau pe Susan,
ei o cautau pe sora ei.
Interogativ :
Verbul To BE la past tense + S + verbul de conjugat + ING
Was he driving too fast when he had the accident? Conducea el prea repede cand a avut
accidentul?

Past Perfect Continuous Tense : Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza


Afirmativ :
S+ had been + participiu prezent
Participiu prezent = verb + ing
I have been thinking of writing you a mail when you called me. Eu ma gandisem sa iti
scriu un mail cand tu m-ai sunat.
Negativ :
S + had + Not + been + present participle
I hadnt been waiting long in a queue when I heard a voice calling my name. Nu stateam
de mult la rand, cand au auzit o voce strigandu-mi numele.
Interogativ:
Had + S + been + present participle
They hadnt been doing their tasks so they didnt get a bonus. Ei nu si-au indeplinit din
taskuri deci nu au primit un bonus.
Simple Future Tense: Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza
Afirmativ :
S + will + verbul la infinitiv
You will feel better if you take this pill. - Tu o sa te simti mult mai bine daca iei acesta pastila.
Negativ :
S + will not (wont) + verbul la infinitiv
I wont tell where she is. Nu iti voi spune unde este ea.
Interogativ:
Will + S + verbul la infinitiv
Will you love me in 10 years? O sa ma iubesti si peste 10 ani?
Future Perfect Tense: Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza
Afirmativ :
S + will have + past participle al verbului de conjugat
past participle = forma a III a
verbului
Tomorrow at 9 they will have left for Sibiu. Maine la ora 9 ei vor fi plecat spre Sibiu.
Negativ :
S + will not have + past participle al verbului de conjugat
When you phone Julie I will not have arrived at the station. Cand o suni pe Julie eu nu voi
fi ajuns in statie.

Future Continuous Tense: Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza


Afirmativ :
S + Will be + present participle
The Health Organisation will be opening a new hospital in this city. Organizatia de
sanatate va deschide un nou spital in acest oras.
Negativ :
S + will not (wont) + present participle
The train wont be arriving any time soon; there was an accident on the road. Trenul nu va
ajunge prea curand, a avut loc un accident pe drum.
Interogativ:
Will + S + be + present participle
Will you be shouting at me if I tell you the truth? Vei tipa daca iti voi spune adevarul?
Future Perfect Continuous Tense: Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza
Afirmativ :
S + will have been + present participle al verbului de conjugat
present participle = verbul
+ ing
While Michael will have been writing his exercices, Maria will have been playing the
violin. Cat timp Mihai isi va fi scris exercitiile, Maria va fi cantat la vioara.
Negativ :
S + will not have been + present participle al verbului de conjugat
You will not have been working here by this summer. Tu nu vei fi lucrat aici pana in
aceasta vara.
Future-in-the-Past Tense: Forme - Timpurile verbelor in engleza
Afirmativ :
S + would + infinitivul verbului de conjugat
She told me I would be in trouble Ea mi-a spus ca voi intra in bucluc.
Negativ :
S + would not + infinitivul verbului de conjugat
We never thought they would not win. Noi nu ne-am gandit niciodata ca ei nu vor castiga.

VERBELE NEREGULATE

Infinitiv

Past Tense

Participiu
trecut

Traducerea infinitivului (sensul


principal)

arise

arose

arisen

a se ridica

awake

awoke
awaked

awoken
awaked

a se trezi

backslide

backslid

backslidden
backslid

a decdea

be

was / were

been

a fi

bear

bore

borne
born

a purta

beat

beat

beaten
beat

a bate

become

became

become

a deveni

begin

began

begun

a ncepe

bend

bent

bent

a se ndoi

bet

bet
betted

bet
betted

a paria

bid

bid
bade

bid
bidden

a licita, a porunci

bind

bound

bound

a lega

bite

bit

bitten

a musca

bleed

bled

bled

a sngera

blow

blew

blown

a sufla, a bate

break

broke

broken

a sparge

breed

bred

bred

a creste, a educa

bring

brought

brought

a aduce

broadcast

broadcast
broadcasted

broadcast
broadcasted

a difuza

browbeat

browbeat

browbeaten
browbeat

a intimida

build

built

built

a construi

burn

burned
burnt

burned
burnt

a arde

burst

burst

burst

a izbucni, a nvli, a crpa

bust

busted
bust

busted
bust

a rupe, a strica

buy

bought

bought

a cumpra

cast

cast

cast

a arunca

catch

caught

caught

a prinde

choose

chose

chosen

a alege

cling

clung

clung

a se agta

clothe

clothed
clad

clothed
clad

a (se) mbrca

come

came

come

a veni

cost

cost

cost

a costa

creep

crept

crept

a se tr, a se furisa

cut

cut

cut

a tia

daydream

daydreamed
daydreamt

daydreamed
daydreamt

a visa cu ochii deschisi

deal

dealt

dealt

a trata, a se ocupa de

dig

dug

dug

a spa

disprove

disproved

disproved
disproven

a infirma

dive

dived

dived

a plonja

dove
do

did

done

a face

draw

drew

drawn

a trage, a desena

dream

dreamed
dreamt

dreamed
dreamt

a visa

drink

drank

drunk

a bea

drive

drove

driven

a sofa, a mna

dwell

dwelt
dwelled

dwelt
dwelled

a locui

eat

ate

eaten

a mnca

fall

fell

fallen

a cdea

feed

fed

fed

a hrni

feel

felt

felt

a (se) simti

fight

fought

fought

a (se) lupta

find

found

found

a gsi

fit

fitted
fit

fitted
fit

a se potrivi

flee

fled

fled

a fugi, a se refugia

fling

flung

flung

a arunca

fly

flew

flown

a zbura

forbid

forbade
forbad

forbidden

a interzice

forecast

forecast
forecasted

forecast
forecasted

a prevedea

forego

forewent

foregone

a preceda

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

a prevedea

foretell

foretold

foretold

a prezice

forget

forgot

forgotten

a uita

forgive

forgave

forgiven

a ierta

forsake

forsook

forsaken

a prsi

freeze

froze

frozen

a ngheta

frostbite

frostbit

frostbitten

a degera

get

got

gotten

a primi, a obtine

give

gave

given

a da

go

went

gone

a merge

grind

ground

ground

a mcina

grow

grew

grown

a creste

hand-feed

hand-fed

hand-fed

a hrni cu mna

handwrite

handwrote

handwritten

a scrie de mn

hang

hung

hung

a atrna

have

had

had

a avea

hear

heard

heard

a auzi

hew

hewed

hewn
hewed

a despica

hide

hid

hidden

a (se) ascunde

hit

hit

hit

a lovi

hold

held

held

a tine

hurt

hurt

hurt

a lovi, a rni, a durea

inbreed

inbred

inbred

a procrea

inlay

inlaid

inlaid

a ncrusta

input

input
inputted

input
inputted

a introduce

interbreed

interbred

interbred

a ncrucisa

interweave

interwove
interweaved

interwoven
interweaved

a (se) ntreese

interwind

interwound

interwound

a se rsuci

jerry-build

jerry-built

jerry-built

a construi prost

keep

kept

kept

a tine, a pstra

kneel

knelt
kneeled

knelt
kneeled

a ngenunchia

knit

knitted
knit

knitted
knit

a tricota

know

knew

known

a sti, a cunoate

lay

laid

laid

a pune, a aseza

lead

led

led

a conduce

lean

leaned
leant

leaned
leant

a se apleca, a se sprijini

leap

leaped
leapt

leaped
leapt

a sri

learn

learned
learnt

learned
learnt

a nvta

leave

left

left

a pleca, a lsa

lend

lent

lent

a da cu mprumut

let

let

let

a lsa, a permite

lie

lay

lain

a zcea, a se afla

light

lit
lighted

lit
lighted

a aprinde

lip-read

lip-read

lip-read

a citi pe buze

lose

lost

lost

a pierde

make

made

made

a face

mean

meant

meant

a nsemna

meet

met

met

a (se) ntlni

miscast

miscast

miscast

a distribui ntr-un rol nepotrivit

misdeal

misdealt

misdealt

a mprti crtile gresit

misdo

misdid

misdone

a face gresit

mishear

misheard

misheard

a auzi gresit

mislay

mislaid

mislaid

a pierde

mislead

misled

misled

a ndruma gresit

mislearn

mislearned
mislearnt

mislearned
mislearnt

a nvta gresit

misread

misread

misread

a citi gresit

misset

misset

misset

a aseza gresit

misspeak

misspoke

misspoken

a se exprima gresit

misspell

misspelled
misspelt

misspelled
misspelt

a ortografia gresit

misspend

misspent

misspent

a risipi

mistake

mistook

mistaken

a gresi

misteach

mistaught

mistaught

a instrui gresit

misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood

a ntelege gresit

miswrite

miswrote

miswritten

a scrie gresit

mow

mowed

mowed
mown

a cosi

offset

offset

offset

a compensa

outbid

outbid

outbid

a licita mai mult ca

outbreed

outbred

outbred

a ncrucisa cu alt varietate

outdo

outdid

outdone

a ntrece

outdraw

outdrew

outdrawn

a scoate mai repede ca

outdrink

outdrank

outdrunk

a bea prea mult

outfight

outfought

outfought

a lupta mai bine ca

outfly

outflew

outflown

a depsi n zbor

outgrow

outgrew

outgrown

a (se) face prea mare

outleap

outleaped
outleapt

outleaped
outleapt

a depsi n sritur

outride

outrode

outridden

a ntrece

outrun

outran

outrun

a ntrece

outsell

outsold

outsold

a (se) vinde mai bine ca

outshine

outshone
outshined

outshone
outshined

a eclipsa

outshoot

outshot

outshot

a trage mai bine ca

outsing

outsang

outsung

a cnta mai bine ca

outsit

outsat

outsat

a sta mai mult dect

outsleep

outslept

outslept

a dormi prea mult

outspeak

outspoke

outspoken

a vorbi tare

outspend

outspent

outspent

a cheltui mai mult dect

outthink

outthought

outthought

a fi mai destept ca

outthrow

outthrew

outthrown

a arunca mai bine ca

outwrite

outwrote

outwritten

a scrie mai bine ca

overbid

overbid

overbid

a supralicita

overbreed

overbred

overbred

a (se) supranmulti

overbuild

overbuilt

overbuilt

a (se) construi n exces

overbuy

overbought

overbought

a cumpra n exces

overcome

overcame

overcome

a covrsi

overdo

overdid

overdone

a exagera

overdraw

overdrew

overdrawn

a depsi

overdrink

overdrank

overdrunk

a bea n exces

overeat

overate

overeaten

a mnca n exces

overfeed

overfed

overfed

a (se) supraalimenta

overhang

overhung

overhung

a atrna peste

overhear

overheard

overheard

a auzi din ntmplare

overlay

overlaid

overlaid

a pune peste

overpay

overpaid

overpaid

a plti prea mult

override

overrode

overridden

a nclca

overrun

overran

overrun

a depsi

oversee

oversaw

overseen

a supraveghea

oversell

oversold

oversold

a supraevalua

oversew

oversewed

oversewn
oversewed

a coase marginile mpreun

overshoot

overshot

overshot

a trece peste

oversleep

overslept

overslept

a dormi prea mult

overspeak

overspoke

overspoken

a vorbi prea mult

overspend

overspent

overspent

a cheltui prea mult

overtake

overtook

overtaken

a depsi

overthrow

overthrew

overthrown

a rsturna

overwind

overwound

overwound

a rsuci prea mult

overwrite

overwrote

overwritten

a suprascrie

partake

partook

partaken

a mprtsi

pay

paid

paid

a plti

plead

pleaded
pled

pleaded
pled

a pleda

prepay

prepaid

prepaid

a plti n avans

presell

presold

presold

a vinde n avans

preset

preset

preset

a preconfigura

proofread

proofread

proofread

a corecta

prove

proved

proven
proved

a (se) dovedi

put

put

put

a pune

quick-freeze

quick-froze

quick-frozen

a nghea rapid

quit

quit
quitted

quit
quitted

a abandona

read

read

read

a citi

reawake

reawoke

reawaken

a se retrezi

rebroadcast

rebroadcast
rebroadcasted

rebroadcast
rebroadcasted

a redifuza

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

a reconstrui

recast

recast

recast

a remodela

recut

recut

recut

a tia din nou

redo

redid

redone

a reface

redraw

redraw

redrawn

a retrasa

refit

refitted
refit

refitted
refit

a reutila

regrow

regrow

regrown

a recreste

rehear

reheard

reheard

a reaudia

relearn

relearned
relearnt

relearned
relearnt

a renvta

relight

relit
relighted

relit
relighted

a (se) reaprinde

remake

remade

remade

a reface

repay

repaid

repaid

a recompensa

reread

reread

reread

a reciti

rerun

reran

rerun

a relua

resell

resold

resold

a revinde

resend

resent

resent

a retrimite

reset

reset

reset

a reaeza

resew

resewed

resewn
resewed

a recoase

retake

retook

retaken

a relua

reteach

retaught

retaught

a reinstrui

retell

retold

retold

a repovesti

rethink

rethought

rethought

a regndi

retread

retread

retread

a parcurge din nou

rewake

rewoke
rewaked

rewaken
rewaked

a (se) retrezi

rewed

rewed
rewedded

rewed
rewedded

a se recstori

rewin

rewon

rewon

a recstiga

rewind

rewound

rewound

a derula napoi

rewrite

rewrote

rewritten

a rescrie

rid

rid

rid

a scpa de, a se descotorosi

ride

rode

ridden

a clri

ring

rang

rung

a suna

rise

rose

risen

a rsri, a se ridica

run

ran

run

a fugi

saw

sawed

sawn
sawed

a tia cu fierstrul

say

said

said

a spune

see

saw

seen

a vedea

seek

sought

sought

a cuta

sell

sold

sold

a vinde

send

sent

sent

a trimite

set

set

set

a pune

sew

sewed

sewn
sewed

a coase

shake

shook

shaken

a scutura, a tremura

shave

shaved

shaved
shaven

a (se) rade

shear

sheared

sheared
shorn

a tunde oi

shed

shed

shed

a vrsa (lacrimi, snge)

shine

shone
shined

shone
shined

a strluci

shoe

shod

shod

a potcovi

shoot

shot

shot

a mpusca

show

showed

shown

a arta

shrink

shrank

shrunk

a se strnge, a se scoroji

shut

shut

shut

a nchide

sight-read

sight-read

sight-read

a citi la prima vedere

sing

sang

sung

a cnta

sink

sank
sunk

sunk

a (se) scufunda

sit

sat

sat

a sedea

slay

slew
slayed

slain
slayed

a ucide

sleep

slept

slept

a dormi

slide

slid

slid

a aluneca

sling

slung

slung

a arunca

slink

slunk

slunk

a se furisa

slit

slit

slit

a (se) crpa

smell

smelled
smelt

smelled
smelt

a mirosi

sneak

sneaked
snuck

sneaked
snuck

a se furisa

sow

sowed

sown
sowed

a semna

speak

spoke

spoken

a vorbi

speed

sped
speeded

sped
speeded

a grbi, a accelera

spell

spelled
spelt

spelled
spelt

a ortografia

spellbind

spellbound

spellbound

a fermeca

spend

spent

spent

a cheltui, a petrece

spill

spilled
spilt

spilled
spilt

a vrsa

spin

spun

spun

a toarce

spit

spat

spat

a scuipa

spit

spit

split

split

split

a despica

spoil

spoiled
spolit

spoiled
spoilt

a rsfta

spoon-feed

spoon-fed

spoon-fed

a hrni cu lingurita

spread

spread

spread

a (se) ntinde

spring

sprang
sprung

sprung

a izvor, a sri

stand

stood

stood

a sta (n picioare)

steal

stole

stolen

a fura, a se furisa

stick

stuck

stuck

a lipi

sting

stung

stung

a nepa

stink

stunk
stank

stunk

a mirosi urt

strew

strewed

strewn
strewed

a presra

stride

strode

stridden

a merge cu pasi mari

strike

struck

struck
stricken

a lovi

string

strung

strung

a nira (pe o at)

strive

strove
strived

striven
strived

a nzui

sublet

sublet

sublet

a subnchiria

sunburn

sunburned
sunburnt

sunburned
sunburnt

a se arde de soare

swear

swore

sworn

a jura, a njura

sweat

sweat
sweated

sweat
sweated

a transpira

sweep

swept

swept

a mtura

swell

swelled

swollen
swelled

a se umfla

swim

swam

swum

a nota

swing

swung

swung

a legna

take

took

taken

a lua

teach

taught

taught

a nvta, a preda

tear

tore

torn

a rupe, a sfsia

telecast

telecast

telecast

a teledifuza

tell

told

told

a spune, a povesti

test-drive

test-drove

test-driven

a testa o masin

test-fly

test-flew

test-flown

a testa un avion

think

thought

thought

a (se) gndi

thrive

throve

thriven

a prospera

throw

threw

thrown

a arunca

thrust

thrust

thrust

a nfige

tread

trod

trodden
trod

a clca

typecast

typecast

typecast

a distribui ntr-un rol tipic

typeset

typeset

typeset

a culege pentru tipar

typewrite

typewrote

typewritten

a dactilografia

unbend

unbent

unbent

a (se) dezdoi

unbind

unbound

unbound

a dezlega

unclothe

unclothed
clad

unclothed
clad

a (se) dezbrca

underbid

underbid

underbid

a oferi un pret prea mic

undercut

undercut

undercut

a submina

underfeed

underfed

underfed

a subalimenta

undergo

underwent

undergone

a trece prin

underlie

underlay

underlain

a sta la baza

undersell

undersold

undersold

a vinde mai ieftin dect (concurenta)

underspend

underspent

underspent

a cheltui prea putin

understand

understood

understood

a ntelege

undertake

undertook

undertaken

a lua asupra sa

underwrite

underwrote

underwritten

a subscrie

undo

undid

undone

a anula

unfreeze

unfroze

unfrozen

a dezgheta

unhide

unhid

unhidden

a iesi din ascunztoare

unlearn

unlearned
unlearnt

unlearned
unlearnt

a dezvta

unsew

unsewed

unsewn
unsewed

a descoase

unwind

unwound

unwound

a desfsura

uphold

upheld

upheld

a sustine

upset

upset

upset

a tulbura

wake

woke
waked

woken
waked

a se trezi

waylay

waylaid

waylaid

a acosta

wear

wore

worn

a purta

weave

wove
weaved

woven
weaved

a tese

wed

wed
wedded

wed
wedded

a (se) cununa

weep

wept

wept

a plnge

wet

wet
wetted

wet
wetted

a uda

win

won

won

a cstiga

wind

wound

wound

a rsuci

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

a (se) retrage

withhold

withheld

withheld

a retine

withstand

withstood

withstood

a rezista la

wring

wrung

wrung

a stoarce

write

wrote

written

a scrie

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