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GENERADORES OLYMPIAN

TEMAS :
PRINCIPIOS DE GENERACION
INTRODUCCION A GENERADORES
OLYMPIAN
PRUEBAS Y EVALUACIONES EN GRUPOS
ELECTROGENOS
PUESTA EN MARCHA DE UN GRUPO
ELECTROGENO.

Principios de electricidad
La estructura de la materia

Materiales conductores y materiales aislantes

La corriente elctrica

Tipos de corriente elctrica

Ley de OHM
LA INTENSIDAD DE LA CORRIENTE ELCTRICA QUE CIRCULA POR UN
CONDUCTOR ELCTRICO ES DIRECTAMENTE PROPORCIONAL A LA
DIFERENCIA DE POTENCIAL APLICADA E INVERSAMENTE
PROPORCIONAL A LA RESISTENCIA DEL MISMO

LEY DE WATTS

POTENCIA ELECTRICA EN CORRIENTE ALTERNA

SISTEMA TRIFASICO

Potencia Aparente S

Potencia Activa P

Potencia Reactiva Q

Factor de Potencia

Existen 3 tipos de cargas en los circuitos elctricos:


Resistiva. Resistiva. No existe No existe desfasamiento entre el voltaje y la
entre el voltaje y la corriente. corriente. (Hornos elctricos, alumbrado
(Hornos elctricos, alumbrado incandescente, planchas, etc.)
incandescente, planchas, etc.)

Inductiva. Inductiva. La corriente se atrasa 90 con respecto al La corriente


se atrasa 90 con respecto al voltaje. voltaje. (Motores de induccin,
transformadores, (Motores de induccin, transformadores, balastros
convencionales, etc.) balastros convencionales, etc.)

Capacitiva . . La corriente se adelanta 90 con respecto La corriente se


adelanta 90 con respecto al voltaje. al voltaje. (Capacitores)

ELECTROMAGNETISMO

GENERACION DE ENERGIA

BB

TIME

Alternator Parts List


No.

Nbr.

Description

No.

Nbr.

Description

Stator assembly

107

Support diode assembly

Rotor assembly

124

Terminal plate

15

Fan

198

Regulator(AVR)

16

Fan fixing screw

207

Rubber

28

Earth terminal

290

Housing

30

DE flange

291

Adaptation shaft

33

Air outlet louvre

292

Rotor magnets

36

N.D.E.bracket

293

Stator

37

Tie rod

294

Fixing screw

41

D.E.terminal box

295

Tie rod

47

N.D.E.terminal box

296

Washer & nut

48

Terminal box lid

297

End plate

49

20

Terminal box fixing screw

320

Hub

51

Air intake louvre

322

Coupling disc

59

Inspection door

323

70

NDE bearing

324

79

Preloading wavy washer

325

90

Wound exciter field

343

Diode bridge assembly

91

Field fixing screw

347

Surge suppressor Varistor

98

Corner plate

349

O ring seal

100

Exciter armature

Fixing screw
1

Clamping washer
Spacer shim

ALTERNATOR PRINCIPLE

STATOR
WINDING

ROTOR
WINDING

ALTERNATOR PRINCIPLE
EXCITER FIELD
RECTIFIERS
STATOR
WINDING

ROTOR
WINDING

DIRECT
CURRENT

ALTERNATING
CURRENT

SHUNT PRINCIPLE
EXCITER FIELD
RECTIFIERS
STATOR
WINDING

ROTOR
WINDING

AVR
DIRECT
CURRENT

ALTERNATING
CURRENT

SHUNT + PMG PRINCIPLE


EXCITER FIELD
STATOR
WINDING

P.M.G.

RECTIFIERS

ROTOR
WINDING
A.V.R.

ALTERNATING
CURRENT

DIRECT
CURRENT

AREP PRINCIPLE
EXCITER FIELD
RECTIFIERS

STATOR
WINDING

ROTOR
WINDING

AVR
DIRECT
CURRENT

EXCITATION SYSTEMS
SHUNT + PMG

ADVANTAGES

DISADVANTAGES

AREP

SHUNT

High starting
capacity

High starting
capacity

Short-circuit
capability

Short-circuit
capability

Self protected
against short circuit

Intrinsic build-up

No extra length

No extra length

Extra
length

Specific winding

No short- circuit
capability

High number
of components

Small added cost

Low starting
capacity

Added cost

Sensitive to
distorting loads if
thyristor controlled

VOLTAGE
12 WIRE RECONNECTABLE MACHINE
EXAMPLE: STANDARD WINDING N 6 - 3 PHASE/ 2/3 PITCH.

SERIES STAR CONNECTION

PARALLEL STAR CONNECTION

VOLTAGE
12 WIRE RECONNECTABLE MACHINE
EXAMPLE: STANDARD WINDING N 6 - 3 PHASE/ 2/3 PITCH.

SERIES DELTA CONNECTION

PARALLEL DELTA CONNECTION

VOLTAGE
12 WIRE RECONNECTABLE MACHINE
EXAMPLE: STANDARD WINDING N 6 - SINGLE PHASE

(FF) CONNECTION

CONNECTION ZIG - ZAG (G)


( NOT RECOMMENDED)

GENERATOR SETS RATINGS


COP : POTENCIA CONTINUA
Operacin continua y carga nominal cosntante
Ilimitado numero de horas / ao
Plantas de energia / Marine...
Fabricacion de alternador S1/ 40C - class H or F
PRP : POTENCIA PRINCIPAL
Operacion continua con carga variable (porcentaje de carga de 70 % de la carga
nominal)
Ilimitado numero de horas / ao.
Industrias.trabajos publicos...

Fabricacion de alternador S1 40C - Class H.


Capacidad de carga .
LTP : LIMITED TIME POWER - STAND BY
Configuracin de maximas horas al ao 500 H/ao
(con un maximo de 300 horas en funcionamiento continuo).

Alternator Labelling.
L L 2 0 1 4 H
Core Length

Manufacturer:
L = Leroy Somer

Number of Poles

Engine:
L= Perkins
A = Lister 3 Phase
B = Lister 1 Phase
Alternator Series:
1 = 1000
2 = 2000
etc.

Excitation:
1 = Shunt
2 = AREP
3 = PMG
Issue:
0 = First issue

Fault finding on the


Main Stator.
L1

L1
100

L2

120
140

80

L2

L3

L3

L1
L2
L3

70
90

100

120

120

Fault finding the Exciter Stator


and the AVR.

DIRECT
CURRENT

ALTERNATING
CURRENT

Testing the diodes.

MULTIMETER

MORE THAN
10,000 OHMS

MULTIMETER

LESS THAN
100 OHMS

Insulation Test.
1.Minimum acceptable value of insulation to earth is one Megohm.
2.The AVR MUST be disconnected before meggering the windings.
3.Megger the :- Main stator
Main rotor
Exciter stator
Exciter rotor
Meggering is only necessary if the generator has become wet or has not
been used for a long time.
Use a 500V Dc insulation tester.