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# Subject with Code: Concepts of Signal & Image Processing

## JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, ANANTAPUR.

Ananthapuramu-515 002(A.P)
Ph.D/M.Phil 2013-14 Course work- Assignments

(09P
H041
04)

Faculty: ECE
Unit-I Assignment-1
1.(a) The discrete-time signal x(n) = 6.35cos(/10)n is quantized with a
resolution (i) =
0.1 or (ii) = 0.02. How many bits are required in the A/D converter in
each case?
(b) A discrete-time system can be
(i) Static or dynamic
(ii) Linear or nonlinear
(iii) Time invariant or time varying
(iv) Causal or noncausal
(v) Stable or unstable
Examine the following system with input output relation into above classes
y(n) = Cos [x(n)]
2. (a) Determine the response of the (relaxed) system characterized by the
impulse response
h(n) = ( 1/2 ) n u{n)
to the input signals
(i) x(n) = 2 nu(n)
(ii) x(n) = u ( - n )
(b) A signal x(n) has the following Fourier transform
X() = 1/( 1 a e -j )
Determine the Fourier transform of
(i) x(2n + 1)
(ii) x(-2n)
3.(a) Determine the magnitude and phase response of the multipath channel
y(n) = x (n) + x(n M)
At what frequencies does H() = 0?
(b) Consider the following discrete system
y(n) = 0.9y(n - 1) + b x(n)
(i) Determine b so that |H (0)| = 1.
(ii) Determine the frequency at which |H ()| = l.414

Unit-II Assignment-2
1. (a) Find the Z transform and sketch ROC of
(i) x(n) = (1/4)n

n0

= (1/2) -n

n<0

n0

=0

n<0

## (b) Determine all possible signals associated with following z -transform

X(z) = 5 z -1 /(1 2 z-1) (3 z-1)
2.(a) Determine the N-point D FT of the Blackman window
w(n) = 0.42 0.5 cos(2n/N-1) -0.08 cos(4n/N-1)
N1

0<n<

## (b) Perform the circular convolution of the following two sequences:

x 1(n) = {2,1,2, 1}
x 2(n) = {1,2,3,4}
Also verify the result using DFT method
3. (a) Derive the signal flow graph for the N = 16 point, radix-4 decimation-infrequency
FFT algorithm in which the input sequence is in digit-reversed order and
the output
DFT is in normal order.
(b) Create a DFT coefficient table that uses only N/4 memory locations to
store the first
quadrant of the sine sequence (assume N even).

## Unit-III Assignment-3 IIR Filters

1.(a) Sketch the lattice-ladder structure for the system
H(z) = (1 0.8 z -1 - 0.15 z-2) /(1 0.1 z-1 - 0.72 z-2)
(b) Consider a causal IIR system with system function and realize it in all
possible forms

H(z) = (1 + 2 z -1 + 3 z-2 + 2 z-3 ) /(1 + 0.9 z-1 0.8 z-2 + 0.5 z-3 )
2. A digital low-pass filter is required to meet the following specifications:
Pass band ripple: < 1 dB
Pass band edge: 4 kHz
Stop band attenuation: > 40 dB
Stop band edge: 6 kHz
Sample rate: 24 kHz
The filter is to be designed by performing a bilinear transformation on an analog
system function. Determine Butterworth and Chebyshev analog transfer
functions so as to meet the specifications in the digital implementation.
3. Determine the system function H(z) of the lowest-order Chebyshev digital filter
that
meets the following specifications:
(a) 1/2-d B ripple in the pass band
0.24.

0 < || <

(b) At least 50-dB attenuation in the stop band 0.35 < || < . Use the
bilinear
transformation.

Unit-IV Assignment-4
FIR Filters
1. Design an FIR linear phase, digital filter approximating the ideal frequency
response
H d() = 1
=0

for

|| /6

for /6 < ||

(i) Determine the coefficients of a 25-tap filter based on the window method
with a
Hanning window.
(ii) Determine and plot the magnitude and phase response of the filter.
(iii) Also realize designed filter
2. Design band stop filter having frequency response
Hd() = 1
=0

for

|| /6

for /6 < ||

/3
=1

for /3 ||

(i) Determine the coefficients of a 25-tap filter based on the window method
with a
Hamming window.
(ii) Determine and plot the magnitude and phase response of the filter.
(iii) Also realize designed filter
3. Obtain the frequency responses of different windowing functions and compare
their
Performances

Unit-V Assignment-5
Applications of Digital Signal Processing
1. Discuss the need for radar signal processing and explain detail

## 2. Describe the various issues involved in spectral analysis of non-stationary

signals
3. Explain the sub band coding of speech signals using necessary block diagram

Unit-VI Assignment-6
Digital Image Fundamentals
1. Discuss the following concepts w.r.t image digitization
(i) Sampling (Uniform & Non Uniform)
(ii) Quantisation (iii) HVS (iv)Resolution
2. Discuss about different relationships between pixels
3. Explain following Image transformations
(i) Translation
(ii) Scaling
(iii) Rotation
Also derive transformation matrices for above operations

Unit-VII Assignment-7
- Image Transforms
1 (a) State and prove folding property of 2D DFT.
(b) For image matrix given, find DCT

f(x,y) =

1 1

1 3

1 2

1 2

A=

-2

-3

## 3. (a) Generate Haar basis for N = 4

(b) Find Walsh transform basis for N = 4

Unit-VIII Assignment-8
Colour Image Processing
1.Discuss following Colour models
(i) HIS

(ii) YIQ

(iii)CMY

## 2. (a) Explain the classification colour image quantization techniques

(b)Describe about colour image histogram equilization
3. Perform the gamma correction on following image with gamma value of 0.6

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