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FOR INTERNAL CIRCULATION ONLY DOC. NO. : D-2-03-20-02-01

TESTING PROCEDURE FOR TRANSMISSION SYSTEM PROTECTION SCHEMES VOLUME-II

FOR TRANSMISSION SYSTEM PROTECTION SCHEMES VOLUME-II POWER GRID CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED CORPORATE OPERATION
FOR TRANSMISSION SYSTEM PROTECTION SCHEMES VOLUME-II POWER GRID CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED CORPORATE OPERATION

POWER GRID CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED CORPORATE OPERATION SERVICES

MAY-2010

Page 0 of 344

Page 0 of 344

CONTENTS

CONTENTS

CHAPTER

NAME OF RELAY

PAGE NO.

1

7SA513

02

2

7SA522

24

3

7SJ62

32

4

7UT613

37

5

9505 V3 (BPL-PLCC)

44

6

D-60

59

7

DAD-N

71

8

DUOBIAS

78

9

EPAC

90

10

ETL-41

95

11

MICOM-WIN

113

12

MICOM-DOS

119

13

MICOM P663/632

124

14

MICOM P141

131

15

MICOM P441

137

16

NSD-61

142

17

OHMEGA

155

18

OPTIMHO

163

19

PXLN

177

20

RAZOA

187

21

REB-103

196

22

REB 500

205

23

REF-STABILITY

218

24

REL-100

223

25

REL-511

246

26

REL-521

249

27

REL-531

264

28

REL-670

284

29

RET-670

293

30

REZ

304

31

SEL-321

313

32

SEL-421

322

33

T-60

332

34

ZTCM

340

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Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID

7SA522

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID 7SA522 Testing Procedure for 7SA522 7SA522 is a complete solution to Protection

Testing Procedure for 7SA522

7SA522 is a complete solution to Protection of a Transmission Line. Generally we are using following features: -

1. Distance Protection comprising Five Independent Zones.

2. Over Voltage Stage I & II.

3. Power Swing Detection, Blocking / Tripping.

4. Switch On to Fault (SOTF).

5. Stub Protection (Applicable in 4 CT schemes).

6. Directional Earth Fault (DEF).

7. Fuse Failure.

8. Fault Locator.

Also this relay is having in-built Disturbance Recorder having capacity to store 8 Recordings.

Detail of Relay under Test:

1. DC Input Voltage – 220V

2. CT Terminals - Terminals of Test Handle as per Scheme.

3. CVT Terminals - Terminals of Test Handle as per Scheme.

Testing Instruments Required:

1. RELAY TEST KIT make Automatic Relay Test Kit with Laptop.

2. Testing Leads

3. Digital Multi meter

4. Screw driver Set

5. Test Handle as per the Relay Panel Scheme

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID

Test Connections:

7SA522

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID Test Connections: 7SA522 1. Insert RTXP18 Test Handle in the Relay Test

1. Insert RTXP18 Test Handle in the Relay Test Block.

2. Connect Current Output of the Test Kit to the Test Handle at Terminals as per scheme in sequence of R, Y, B and N respectively.

3. Connect Voltage Output of the Test Kit to the Test Handle at Terminals as per scheme in sequence of R, Y, B and N respectively.

4. Connect General Trip Output of the Relay as feedback to the Test Kit in Logic Input (generally Input 1) of the Relay Test Kit.

5. Connect Laptop of the Testing kit with Relay Test Kit through the suitable communication cable to the suitable port.

6. Connect 15A Single Phase AC Supply cable to the suitable 15A Power Socket.

7. Note: Before connecting supply Cable, check the grounding of the Power Socket.

Preparing the Relay Characteristic and Importing it in the Software:

1. Export “.rio” file from Digsi 4.82 Software and import it in the Test Software.

2. Add a new Location by Right Clicking and select append then name it as Line Name.

3. Open the Location and add the relay by appending and give Relay Name as Main I / Main II, Serial No. as per actual, Manufacturer Siemens and Model as 7SA522.

4. Open the Relay, Click on Relay parameters Tab and import the “.rio”. Then Click on Test Plan tab and add the required Test by appending e.g. Reach Test.

5. Open the Test and append it as suitable Test name and give Test Type as required.

6. Now the Relay Testing Software is ready for Relay Testing.

7. If due to any reason “.rio” file is not available then the testing has to be performed in manual shot mode.

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID

7SA522

Testing Procedure for Reach Test:

1. Open the Software and go into the Test.

for Reach Test: 1. Open the Software and go into the Test. 2. Then in Test

2. Then in Test Elements, Select Function Name as the imported “.rio”.

3. Select Zones for Ph-N and Ph-Ph Fault Loops.

4. Go in Test Configuration, Select Test Method as Constant Current, fix Desired Test Current as 1A and Max acceptable Voltage as 90% of the rating, CT direction as Towards Line (the voltage & current values are decided from Zone reaches and maximum ratings of relays). The Test Method can also be selected as Constant Source Impedance if applicable, then Put Source Impedance as 20Ohms and Line Angle as 85 Deg, CT direction as Towards Line.

5. Go in Test Timing and Trigger Selection, Set Pre fault as 1000ms, Max Fault should be kept more than Zone 3 Timing and Time between Shots as 200ms.

6. Also Select Trigger as Input 1 for all type fault loops.

7. Select Source Configuration as Three Voltages and Three Currents.

8. Go in Test Points, Add Test Points by Double Clicking on the Boundary of each Zone to be tested for Ph-N and Ph-Ph fault Types.

9. Go in Test, select Multi Point Shots and fault Type whichever to be tested. Then Click on Play Button.

10. Now the Software will perform the Reach Test of the Relay as per Points added.

11. After Completion of the test, Click on save Button for saving the Test Results.

12. Go in Reports Tab, Click on Preview Button and Export it in the suitable format and save it.

13. If doing manual testing in shot mode, then determine the zone reaches by applying faults near zone boundaries and then observing the relay performance (operating time etc.) through its contact used for feedback to the kit. This has to be done for all fault loops (RN, YN, BN,RY, YB, BR) and all zones (Z1,Z2,Z3 & Rev.Z4/5).

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID

7SA522

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID 7SA522 Testing of Carrier Send Feature: - 1. Connect Multi meter across

Testing of Carrier Send Feature: -

1. Connect Multi meter across Carrier Send Contacts of the Relay as per Relay Scheme in DC Mode. 220V will appear on Multi meter.

2. Give Zone I Fault through Test Kit.

3. See the Voltage in the Multi meter, it will show Zero Voltage at the time fault momentarily.

4. Also see the Disturbance Recorded in the DR for the Carrier Send Event. Similarly, the counter increment in PLCC panel can also be observed. Further, if the PLCC panel can be put in loop back mode (through Dummy Load), then after applying Zone I Fault through Test Kit, pickup of carrier receive Relay/ ‘Opto’ can also be observed.

Testing of Carrier Added Trip Feature: -

1. Short the Carrier Receive Terminals on the relay as per Relay Scheme and give Zone-IB fault.

2. In this case Relay should give tripping in slightly more than Zone-I timing (actual time is of the order of 50-60ms), but it should be much less than Zone-2 time.

3. Also see the Disturbance Recorded in the DR for the Carrier Aided Tripping. Similarly, the counter increment in PLCC panel can also be observed.

Testing of Fault Locator Feature:

1. Give the Ph-N and Ph-Ph fault at approximately at 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of Line Length.

2. Check for the Fault Location in the Local HMI of the Relay.

3. This Distance should match with the Theoretical Value.

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID

7SA522

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID 7SA522 Testing of External A/R feature in connection with 7SA522: - 1.

Testing of External A/R feature in connection with 7SA522: -

1.

2.

Close Main and Tie Circuit Breakers and ensure that there is no blocking present for Auto Reclose Operation.

Give Ph-Earth Fault in Zone-I and observe the following in Yard and through DR:

i. Tripping of the particular CB Pole in which the fault has been given.

ii. Reclosing of the particular pole of Main Circuit Breaker after completion of Dead Time.

iii. Reclosing of the particular pole of Tie Circuit Breaker after successful reclosing of Main Circuit Breaker.

iv. Give another Ph-Earth fault in Zone-I within Reclaim Time (generally kept as 25 Sec), now Auto Reclose Relay will give Three Phase Tripping to Both Main and Tie Circuit Breakers.

3

Give Ph-Ph Fault, in this case 7SA522 will give Blocking Command to A/R Relay and A/R Relay will give Three Phase Tripping. The same has to be confirmed from Yard and Disturbance Recorder also.

Testing of Fuse Failure Feature:

1. See the setting for voltage & current setting for fuse fail. Let us take both setting of 3Uo & 3Io of set value.

2. Open the Software test tool in Relay Test Kit software. Set R &Y voltage as 63.5 V and B as 0.0V. Set all the three phase current as 0.2 A.

3. Apply value to the relay. The relay should sense it as: Fuse fail” This can be confirmed from HMI.

a. Testing can also be performed automatically in State Sequencer mode. The steps of state sequencer are i. Step 1-Healthy system 1

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID

7SA522

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID 7SA522 ii. Step 2-Fuse fail condition, whereas one voltage is stepped to

ii. Step 2-Fuse fail condition, whereas one voltage is stepped to zero volt for long enough time for fuse fail function of relay to pick up.

iii. Step 3- Simulate an earth fault on same phase to verify that fuse fail function BLOCK the trip signal.

iv. Step 4- Healthy system 2 that is exactly the same as step 1, use to reset fuse fail state.

v. Step 5- Simulate an earth fault condition same as step 3 on same phase. This time relay

should trip as no fuse fail condition exist.

Testing of Over Voltage Stage I and Stage II Feature:

Generally over Voltage setting in any Relay is kept as 110% of the base value for Stage I with time delay of 5 Sec and 150% of the Base Value with no delay for Stage II.

1. Open Test Software and add a Ramp Function, make all the three phase voltage as 63.5V and increase voltage in any of the phase in the step of 0.5V and wait for more than 5 sec and see at what point relay is giving the tripping. It should give tripping after the voltage crosses the mark of 69.5V for Stage I of the Over Voltage. Afterwards, for determining actual pickup, fine increments (0.1 V) can be applied, starting from say 69 Volts.

2. Confirm for the same through the DR option in Local HMI of the relay.

3. Same process has to be repeated for all the three phases.

4. The reset ratio (drop off/ pick up value) is also to be checked for Over Voltage stage-1, by recording of drop off value. It should be of the order of 0.99.

5. Now to test Over Voltage Stage II, the steps will remain same as above, only applied Voltage will be 150 % of the Base Value i.e. 95.25 and the tripping should be instantaneous.

Testing of Stub Feature (Applicable for 4CT scheme): -

This feature gets activated only when Line Isolator Status is coming as open to the order to test this feature following has to be done:-

Relay.

In

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID

7SA522

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID 7SA522 Open Test Software, add a ramp function in the relay, make

Open Test Software, add a ramp function in the relay, make all the three voltages as Zero and select Ramp Type as Current and set IA, IB and IC as action and Voltage as Zero.

1. Make Offset Current as 0.5A and Delta Current as 0.05A and Current limit as 1.1A (considering 1 A setting, i.e. max. limit of ramp is 110% of pick up value)

2. Click the Play button and see the Actual Current at which Relay is giving tripping.

3. This also has to be confirmed by the DR in Local HMI of the Relay.

Testing of Switch on to Fault (SOTF) Feature: -

1. Open Test Software, add a ramp function in the relay, make Va as 0 and increase the value Ia up to 2.5A.

2. Make Offset Current as 2.0A and Delta Current as 0.05A and Current limit as 2.6A.

3. Click the Play button and see the Actual Current at which Relay is giving tripping.

4. This also has to be confirmed by the DR in Local HMI of the Relay.

5. Alternately, make pre-fault time as zero & then apply one zone-2 fault and relay should operate instantaneously in SOTF. For this Fuse Failure feature is not required to be kept as OFF.

Testing of Directional Earth Fault (DEF) Feature: -

1. Open Control Panel; make any R, Y Voltage as Base Voltage and B as 40% of Base Voltage and Current in R, Y phase as 0.5A and B phase current as >=20% of Base Value.

2. Now set Phase Angle between Vb and Ib as +20 Deg to -150Deg (this has to be calculated on the basis of RCA here taken as 65 Deg).

3. Now click on play button and calculate the trip time with the help of timer.

4. Now repeat the procedure increasing value of current.

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID

7SA522

Prepared by WRTS-II, POWERGRID 7SA522 5. Repeat the above steps 1 to 4 for other two

5. Repeat the above steps 1 to 4 for other two phases.

6. The results thus obtained should follow Normal Inverse Curve.

Testing of Power Swing Block (PSB) Feature: -

1. Open Test Software, add a State Simulation Characteristic in the Relay. Open Relay ramp function in the relay, Set all the three phase voltages as Action V and set all the three currents as 1 amp. Select ramp as two step. Set initial value of voltage such as (V/I) value should start from greater value than Z-3 settings. For 7SA522 relay decrement of voltage to be set as 0.025V and delta time to be set as 2ms( the impedance locus should move from load area to relay characteristic very slowly). The minimum value of voltage in step 1 should be such that it should not enter to Zone 1 impedance setting. In the step 2 increment of voltage to be set as 0.025V and time as 2ms up to the set value as per step one.

2. Now, run the test and verify with the DR and LED indication of the relay.

Prepared by WRTS-I, POWERGRID

7SJ62

Prepared by WRTS-I, POWERGRID 7SJ62 TESTING PROCEDURE FOR BACKUP DIERCTIONAL OVERCURRENT RELAY 7SJ62 1. Testing

TESTING PROCEDURE FOR BACKUP DIERCTIONAL OVERCURRENT RELAY 7SJ62

1. Testing instruments required

(i)

Automatic Relay Test Kit with Laptop

(ii)

Serial cable for communication of Laptop with relay

(iii)Testing Leads- 09 nos (iv)Test Plugs-

(v) CT Shorting Leads 2 sets(For shorting of incoming CT cores )

(vi) Digital multi meter

(vii)

Screw driver

(viii)

Power supply point

2. Preliminary Checks

(i)

All the connecting leads used for CT shorting are to be tested for continuity before using.

3.

Taking Relay out of service and Isolation of CT & CVT inputs

(i)

Connect the Laptop with relay and make the relay online. Switch Off the function directional phase and directional earth fault over current in relay by switching OFF the function in address 1501 and 1601 respectively.

(ii)

Remove the cover of Test Block

(iii)Short the terminals 1,3,5,7 for CT in MPB Test Plug and insert the test plug. The shorting terminals in MPB Test Plug must be ensured from the schematic drawing before inserting the plug. (iv)After inserting MPB plug in the block ,confirm no current present in relay

(v) Confirm no CVT voltage at relay terminals

CT and CVT terminals are isolated and all tripping outputs are blocked through MPB test plug.

Prepared by WRTS-I, POWERGRID

7SJ62

Prepared by WRTS-I, POWERGRID 7SJ62 4. Preparation for Secondary injection test (i) Connect Relay Test kit

4.

Preparation for Secondary injection test

(i)

Connect Relay Test kit with Laptop

(ii)

Connect phase wise the current leads to 20, 18, 16 and 14 terminals in MPB test plug and

other end of leads to current source. Terminals of the test plug to be ensured from the schematic drawing. (iii)Connect phase wise the voltage leads to 17, 15, 13, and 12 terminals in MPB test plugs and other end of leads to voltage source. Terminals of the test plug to be ensured from the schematic drawing. (iv)Connect 01 spare output contact of relay (assigned for general trip in relay )to logic input of Relay Test kit with a separate lead.

Now the relay is ready for secondary injection.

5.

Procedure

(i)

Open control panel in laptop for secondary injection to relay.

(ii)

By default 3 voltages and 3 current sources are selected in control panel.

a. For timing of relay operation click the logic & timer settings button in control panel window

b. Select input 1 contact (potential free) button , then the status of contact automatically will be in Open to Close condition .

c. Select the phase (Ia or Ib or Ic) to be tested in logic & timer setting button.

d. Select Off to On for start condition of timer.

e. Select Set , then click OK.

f. Now the logic for timing measurement is set.

g. When fault is fed in a particular phase the relay output contact will trip the kit through logic input1 and time is displayed in window.

(iii)Apply single phase voltages independently and measure the same in relay to ensure the proper connection of voltage source leads in relay.

(iv) Feed

single phase current independently and measure the same in relay to ensure the

proper connection of current source leads in relay.

(v) Apply 3 ph voltage and 3 ph current and measure the values in the relay.

Prepared by WRTS-I, POWERGRID

7SJ62

Prepared by WRTS-I, POWERGRID 7SJ62 6. Testing of DMT Directional Over current Feature (i) As the

6.

Testing of DMT Directional Over current Feature

(i)

As the laptop is online with relay, make directional over current function ON by putting ON in the address 1501 and the setting of address 1601 should be OFF.

(ii)

Put maximum value for IDMT pickup in address 1507 i.e 4. to avoid the operation of IDMT during the testing of DMT feature.

(iii)There are 02 settings for current pickup in DMT in address 1502 I>>and 1504 I>.

(iv)While testing I> 1504 pick up, make I>> 1502 pickup infinity (put small letter O two times for infinity).

(v) Open annunciation window in relay. Inject the current in relay through relay test kit with start current at 70% of I setting( in address 1504 )and gradually increase the current through kit till the relay picks up for directional over current fault .Relay pick up can be seen in spontaneous annunciation of relay. Note the pickup value.

(vi)Inject 120% of I setting (address 1504) and note the timing of tripping recorded in Relay Test kit.

(vii)

Continue step (v) and step (vi) for other phases.

(viii)

The directionality of relay operation can be checked by shifting the angle of faulty phase by 180 degree and feeding the current greater than set value in relay. Then the relay should not operate for the current in reverse direction.

7.

Testing of IDMT Directional Over Current Feature

(i)

Put the value infinity to address 1504 so that DMT will not operate while testing IDMT.

(ii)

Put the set value to address 1507 for IDMT pick up.

(iii)Start feeding current in R-ph with 70% of set value . (iv)Gradually increase the value of current till IDMT pick up is observed in spontaneous

annunciation in relay. Note the pickup value.

(v) Inject 2 times the set value of current and note the timing from kit. Check the timing with

calculated value. (vi)Inject 5 times the set value of current and note the timing from kit. Check the timing with

calculated value.

(vii) Inject 10 times the set value of current and note the timing from kit. Check the timing with calculated value.

Prepared by WRTS-I, POWERGRID

7SJ62

Prepared by WRTS-I, POWERGRID 7SJ62 (viii) Continue step (iii) to step (vii) for other phases. Then

(viii) Continue step (iii) to step (vii) for other phases. Then apply 3 phase current slightly

higher than set value and note the timing for 3 phase fault. (ix)The directionality of relay operation can be checked by shifting the angle of faulty phase by 180 degree and feeding the current in relay. The relay should not operate for the current

in reverse direction.

8.

Testing of Directional Earth fault Over current for DMT

(i)

As the laptop is online with relay, make the directional earth fault over current function enable by putting ON in the address 1601 and switch OFF the Directional phase time over current in address 1501.

(ii)

Put maximum value for IDMT pickup in address 1607 i.e 4 to avoid IDMT operation during testing DMT feature .

(iii)There are 02 settings for current pickup in DMT in address 1602 I>>and 1604 I>. (iv)While testing I> 1604 pick up make I>> 1602 pickup infinity (put small letter O, two times to address 1602).

(v) Open annunciation window in relay. Inject the current in R-ph in relay through Relay Test kit with start current at 70% of I setting ( address 1604) and with R-phase voltage much less than nominal value whereas keep other two phase voltages at nominal values. Gradually increase the current through kit till the relay picks up . Note the pickup value.

(vi)Inject 120% of I setting in address 1604 and note the timing of tripping recorded in Relay Test kit.

(vii)

Continue step (v) and step (vi) for other phases.

(viii)

The directionality of relay operation can be checked by shifting the angle of faulty phase

by 180 degree and feeding the current greater than set value in relay. The relay should not

operate for the current in reverse direction.

9.

Testing of IDMT Directional Earth fault Over Current Feature

(i)

Put the value infinity to address 1604 so that DMT will not operate while testing IDMT.

(ii)

Put the set value to address 1607 for IDMT pick up.

Prepared by WRTS-I, POWERGRID

7SJ62

Prepared by WRTS-I, POWERGRID 7SJ62 (iii)Keep the voltage of R-ph much less than nominal value and

(iii)Keep the voltage of R-ph much less than nominal value and other two phase voltages at nominal values. Start feeding current in R-ph with 70% of set value to address 1607. (iv)Gradually increase the value of current till IDMT pick up is observed in spontaneous annunciation in relay. Note the pickup value.

(v) Inject 2 times the set value of current and the timing from kit. Check the timing with calculated value.

(vi)Inject 5 times the set value of current and the timing from kit. Check the timing with calculated value.

(vii) Inject 10 times the set value of current and the timing from kit. Check the timing with

calculated value. (viii) Continue the step (iii) to step (vii) for other phases and note the timings. (ix)The directionality of relay operation can be checked by shifting the angle of faulty phase by 180 degree and feeding the current in relay greater than set value. The relay should not operate for the current in reverse direction.

10.Completion of testing

(i)

After completion of testing put the actual setting values in relay.

(ii)

Switch OFF the Relay Test kit and its supply. Remove the output contact from relay used for testing.

(iii)Remove the test leads from MPB test plug connected with Relay Test kit. (iv)Remove the MPB test plug without disturbing the CT shorting in MPB test plugs.

(v) Check the current and voltages in relay.

(vi)Switch ON the functions (address 1501, 1601) which were switched OFF while testing.

Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID

7UT613

TEST REPORT FOR SIPROTEC - 7UT613

DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION RELAY

I. Testing of Measuring Elements

PROTECTION RELAY I. Testing of Measuring Elements A). Inject nominal secondary current to the relay at

A). Inject nominal secondary current to the relay at given measurement location (M1, M2, M3 etc., and X1,X2) for all the assigned locations.

S.No. Measurement Phase Injected Theoretical Actual location secondary Current at Current at current (A)
S.No.
Measurement
Phase
Injected
Theoretical
Actual
location
secondary
Current
at
Current
at
current (A)
Display (A)
Display (A)
01
R
02
M
Y
03
B
1
1
X
2
2
B). Inject nominal secondary voltage
:
Voltage
Primary Voltage read on relay display
Remarks
Phase
applied
OK/ NOT
applied
(Volts)
OK
Va
Vb
Vc
Va-b
Vb-c
Vc-a
Vn (kV)
(kV)
(kV)
(kV)
(kV)
(kV)
(kV)
L1-E
63.5
L2-E
63.5
L3-E
63.5
L1-L2-L3
110

1)

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7UT613

2. Pick up Test (for Differential)

SRTS-II, POWERGRID 7UT613 2. Pick up Test (for Differential) Measurement Location can be M1/M2/M3/M4/M5. When current

Measurement Location can be M1/M2/M3/M4/M5. When current is given in Ir, The other phases and other locations is given 0 A.

MEASUREMENT LOCATION:M1/M2/M3/M4/M5

 

pick up value (A)

Phase

Theoretical

Actual

Ir

   

Iy

   

Ib

   

While doing single phase injection, the theoretical current to be reduced by a factor of 1.5.

Pick up test (for Differential High set)

MEASUREMENT LOCATION:M1/M2/M3/M4/M5

 

pick up value (A)

Phase

Theoretical

Actual

Ir

   

Iy

   

Ib

   

While doing single phase injection, the theoretical current to be reduced by a factor of 1.5 &

make differential current set is higher than differenetial High Set setting.

Procedure:

1)

Check the functioning of differential protection on both sides of the bias line.

2)

The tripping characteristics is plotted in the character definition

Parameters --- > Test objects - - > Character definition.

For values refer Appendix.

3) In Parameters --- > Test objects - - > Protection Objects , The Tapping settings set as K1*1.5 for

secondary tap settings and K2 *1.5 for primary tap settings

4)

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7UT613

4) Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID 7UT613 Check the functioning of 5 points, just above and below

Check the functioning of 5 points, just above and below the line, nearer to the line. And confirm the tripping or blocking as per the position of the points.

Differential Protection for M1 and M3

: OK/ Not OK

Differential Protection for M2 and M3

: OK/ Not OK

Over-Excitation Protection:

The Voltage and Frequency are varied to achieve perunit values U/F in Software

Over Excitation

 

Time

U/f

Theoretical

Actual

140%

   

130%

   

120%

   

110%

   

Definite Mean Time Protection :

(i) Disable differential protection while testing DMT.

(ii) Apply one phase at a time the setting given with other phases zero current

(iii)Repeat the procedure for all the Measurement Locations to the side to which DMT is assigned.

MEASUREMENT LOCATION:M1/M2/M3/M4/M5

 
 

pick up value (A)

Operating Time (secs)

Phase

Theoretical

Actual

Theoretical

Actual

Ir

       

Iy

       

Ib

       

Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID

Appendix

7UT613

Typical calculations are being shown as below.

7UT613 Typical calculations are being shown as below. Side 1 – M1 (Main bay) + M2
7UT613 Typical calculations are being shown as below. Side 1 – M1 (Main bay) + M2

Side 1 – M1 (Main bay) + M2 (Tie Bay)

Side- 2 -

M3

Differential Protection Thermal Overload Protection Over Excitation Protection

I. Differential Protection

Side 1

400KV

Side 2

230 KV

Power 315 MVA

Side 1 – M1 (Main bay) + M2 (Tie Bay) Side- 2 - M3

Side 1 CT Ratio

Side 2 CT Ratio 800/1 A

1000/1 A

Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID

7UT613

Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID 7UT613 DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION Bias Graph on Relay Test Kit Software. Typical settings:
Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID 7UT613 DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION Bias Graph on Relay Test Kit Software. Typical settings:
Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID 7UT613 DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION Bias Graph on Relay Test Kit Software. Typical settings:
Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID 7UT613 DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION Bias Graph on Relay Test Kit Software. Typical settings:
Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID 7UT613 DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION Bias Graph on Relay Test Kit Software. Typical settings:

DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION

Bias Graph on Relay Test Kit Software. Typical settings:

1221

0.30 I/InO A

1241A

0.25A

1242A

0.00 I/InO A

1243A

0.60A

1244A

2.50 I/InO A

0.25A 1242A 0.00 I/InO A 1243A 0.60A 1244A 2.50 I/InO A Page 41 of 344 DOC
0.25A 1242A 0.00 I/InO A 1243A 0.60A 1244A 2.50 I/InO A Page 41 of 344 DOC
0.25A 1242A 0.00 I/InO A 1243A 0.60A 1244A 2.50 I/InO A Page 41 of 344 DOC

Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID

7UT613

Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID 7UT613 Line 1 Eqn: Y= 0.3 Line 2 Eqn Y= 0.25 X
Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID 7UT613 Line 1 Eqn: Y= 0.3 Line 2 Eqn Y= 0.25 X

Line 1 Eqn:

Y= 0.3 Line 2 Eqn Y= 0.25 X

Solving 1 and 2 ; X= 0.3/0.25 =1.2

(address 1221)

(address 1241A)

Y=0.3

Line 3 Eqn

base point

(2.5,0) by 1244A

(Y-0)/(X-2.5)

= 0.60

(address 1243A)

Expanding y= 0.6 X -1.5 Solving 2 and 3 Lines 0.25X =0.6X-1.5

X=4.2857

Y=0.6(4.2857)-1.5 =1.0714 Taking arbitrarily X=10, the Line 3 is constructed Y= 0.6 (10) -1.5

=4.5

and

Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID

Now Line 1 is (0,0.3)

to ( 1.2,0.3)

7UT613

POWERGRID Now Line 1 is (0,0.3) to ( 1.2,0.3) 7UT613 Line 2 is (1.2,0.3) to (4.28,1.07)

Line 2 is (1.2,0.3) to (4.28,1.07) Line 3 is (4.28,1.07) to (10,4.5) Definite Mean Time Overcurrent Protection The setting is 1.3. If side selected is primary side, the full load current being 454 A, the secondary current is 0.454 the Setting is 1.3 *0.454 A ie., Relay should operate at 0.59A at set timing.

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Page 59 of 344

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

D-60

Page 59 of 344 Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID D-60 TESTING PROCEDURE FOR GE MAKE NUMERICAL DISTANCE

TESTING PROCEDURE FOR GE MAKE NUMERICAL DISTANCE PROTECTION D - 60

1. Testing Instruments required

(i)

(ii)

- (iv)C.T. Shorting Leads -

(iii)Test Plugs

Relay Test Kit Test Kit with Laptop or PC. -

Testing Leads

01 Set.

02 Nos.

02 Sets

2. Preliminary Checks.

(i)

All the connecting leads used for C.T. shorting are to be tested for continuity before using.

(ii)

Ensure the presence of all the instruments, test leads & Relay Test Kit Kit with PC/Laptop (with CMC Software).

3. Taking the relay out of Service & Isolation of CT & CVT inputs

(i)

Keep carrier switch out of service.

(ii)

Remove cover of test block A & B.

(iii)Shorting is to be made in MPG test plug (typically at 5,6,7,1 on bottom side) and then

insert Block A . Confirm no current is present in relay. (iv)Insert Block B & confirm PT voltage is zero at relay terminals.

By above procedure CT and CVT input will be isolated and the entire trip out puts will

be blocked. However, procedure may vary as per the scheme of particular Sub-station.

4. Secondary Injection Test

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

Preparation

D-60

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID Preparation D-60 (i) Connect test kit RELAY TEST KIT with Laptop /

(i)

Connect test kit RELAY TEST KIT with Laptop / PC.

(ii)

Connect the voltage and current leads of’ Relay Test Kit kit to MPG test plugs at proper terminals.

(iii)Connect current test lead in MPG Block A Top side (typically at 5,6,7,1). (iv)Connect voltage test lead in MPG Block B on top side (typically at 8,9,10,1).

(v) For time measurement connect spare output signal relay contact (assigned with Gen trip device), and connect it to Binary input 1 of Relay Test Kit kit.

Typically spare contact “H1 or Event Logger contact” may be used for this purpose and lead may be connected to terminal.

Testing Procedure

(i)

Switch on PC and open software.

(ii)

Select ‘Distance relay’ und ‘testing’

(iii)Name of line & type of relay will appear in ‘selection’ menu. Select ‘GE Make D-60 Relay’ of required feeder for which relay being tested. In case characteristics of D-60 relay were not available in library same can be down loaded from RELAY TEST KIT website

www.Relay Test Kit.at .

(iv)Check the settings of above selected relay in menu “param” (stands for parameters).

(v) Correct the settings of Vnom, Vmax, Inom, Imax etc. as below, if required.

(vi)Vnom = 63.5 (L-N)

(vii) Vmax = 110V(L-N) Imax=5A

(viii) Select ‘assign (BinInp)’ for assignment of Binary input. At position 1 of Binary input assign ‘trip.’ Return to selection menu.

(ix)Select ‘manual’ mode. Now the kit is ready for testing.

Inom = 1A

fnom = 50 Hz

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

D-60

1. Testing of Zone 1 reach:

(i) Select ‘times’ for Zone-1 as below.

a. Prefault time -

1.0 Second

b. Max fault time -

0.1 Second

c. Delay -

0.1 Second

d. Reclaim -

0.1 Second

e. 0.1 second

CB close —

d. Reclaim - 0.1 Second e. 0.1 second CB close — (ii) Select ‘impedance plane’. Set

(ii) Select ‘impedance plane’. Set the required reach by entering the appropriate value of Resistance & Reactance at R and X menu.

(iii)Set “type of fault” as AN fault (for R phase).

(iv)Operate the kit by entering the ‘shot’ menu. Relay will operate for above fault.

(v) Test for all faults by selecting type of faults i.e. RN, YN, BN, RI’, YB, BR, RYB.

(vi)Record value of reach, relay indications and operating time.

(vii) Operating tune will display at actual —t column.

(viii) Compare above value and indications with calculated / set values and impedance graph.

theoretical

2.

Testing of Zoue-2 reach

(i)

Change maximum fault time to 0.5 sec.

(ii)

Repeat the procedure from (ii) to (vii) as above.

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

D-60

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID D-60 3. Testing of Zone-3 reach (i) Change maximum fault time to

3.

Testing of Zone-3 reach

(i)

Change maximum fault time to 1.5 sec.

(ii)

Repeat the procedure from (ii) to (vii) as above.

4.

Testing of Carrier Acceleration

(i)

Change maximum fault time to 0.5 sec. and extend “Carrier Receive” to relay.

(ii)

Repeat the procedure from (ii) to (.viii) as above.

5.

Testing of Reverse Reach

(i)

Change maximum fault time to 1.5 sec.

(ii)

Repeat the procedure from (ii) to (vii) as above.

For fault detection forward Zone, relay will not trip and there will be only indication of fault detection. However, there will be tripping for impedance zone (reverse) for the set value.

6. Testing of Power Swing Blocking

(i)

The power swing blocking feature is checked by bringing the impedance within the zone reaches (Z1) of the relay for a period of set time and the operation of the relay is checked.

(ii)

For testing Power swing blocking (PSB) feature using Relay Test Kit, the blocking

time for Power swing is set to maximum temporarily. (iii) The impedance can be carried either by keeping Voltage constant and varying the current or keeping current constant and varying the Voltage. Here in this case let’s keep the voltage constant at 10.0V and vary the current so as to get the impedances of PSB Zone.

For setting Impedance Zone 1 (Z1)= say L , Current (1) should be

V/Z1=10/L=say I1 A

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

D-60

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID D-60 Similarly for Zone 2 impedance Z2 = say M Ω ,

Similarly for Zone 2 impedance Z2 = say M , Current (1) should be

V/Z2=10/M=say I2 A Zone 3 impedance Z3 = say N , Current (1) should be V/Z3=10/N=say I3 A

PSB feature of the relay can be checked by RELAY TEST KIT kit through its pre loaded power swing test file, First go to selection menu- select ‘Transient’ , select ‘Load

RELAY TEST KIT’ - open powerswg.ttf file. press ‘start’, :

will appear on relay.

Power swing indication

Alternate Procedure:

Power swing is detected when the impedance travels from outer boundary of power swing impedance (Z-out) value to inner boundary of power swing impedance (Z-in) value at

a slower rate.

1. Unblock the PSB feature in test mode that was blocked during reach testing.

2. Open Software test tool in Relay Test Kit software.

3. Keep voltage of any two phase say R & Y to 10.0 V and third phase say B-Phase to 63.0V.

4. Set current in all the three phases as 0.2 A. Please note that initial impedance should be slightly above the outer boundary of PSB setting. For example :- If the outer boundary impedance for PSD settings is 30 ohms, Taking voltage as 10 V, current comes out to be 0.3 Amp. So we will take initial value of current as 0.2 Amps.

5. Keeping the voltage as constant, gradually vary the current in two phases (R & Y) till PSB

start signal value becomes high in the relay. Also in the disturbance report PSB-Start signal will be indicated if programmed.

6. Testing of Switch On to Fault (SOTF) Feature:

The SOTF feature is checked by setting the pre-fault time in software to ‘O’ i.e. before feeding the fault to the relay no healthy voltages is sensed by the relay.

a.

In ‘Distance’ submenu select ‘Manual’ and press ‘Enter’

b.

In ‘Manual’ submenu select ‘settings’ press ‘Enter.

c.

In ‘settings’ submenu select ‘Times’ and set the ‘Pre-fault’ time to 0.0 sec. and max. fault’ time as 1.0 sec.

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

D-60

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID D-60 d. Pressing ‘Esc’ come back to ‘Manual’ submenu. e. In ‘Manual’

d. Pressing ‘Esc’ come back to ‘Manual’ submenu.

e. In ‘Manual’ submenu select ‘Impedance’ press ‘Enter’.

f. On the characteristics graph displayed on the screen, set the cursor point outside the zone-1 reach (inside Zone2 characteristics) using mouse.

g. Select ‘Shot’ in ‘Impedance’ sub menu and press ‘Enter’. The relay should operate on SOTF, this can be confirmed from the display of the relay and its operating time should be instantaneous (i.e.15 – 25ms) instead of zone-2 time.

Testing of Fuse Fail Feature:

1.See the setting for voltage & current setting for fuse fail. Let us take of set value.

both setting of 3Uo & 3Io

2. Open the Software test tool in Relay Test Kit software. Set R &Y voltage as 63.5 V and B as 0.0V. Set all the three phase current as 0.2 A.

3.Apply value to the relay. The relay should sense it as: Fuse fail” This can be confirmed from HMI.

Testing can also be performed automatically in State Sequencer mode. The steps of state sequencer are :

(i)

Step 1-Healthy system 1

(ii)

Step 2-Fuse fail condition, whereas one voltage is stepped to zero volt for long

enough time for fuse fail function of relay to pick up. (iii)Step 3- Simulate an earth fault on same phase to verify that fuse fail function

BLOCK the trip signal. (iv)Step 4- Healthy system 2 that is exactly the same as step 1, use to reset fuse fail state.

(v) Step 5- Simulate an earth fault condition same as step 3 on same phase. This time relay should trip as no fuse fail condition exist.

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

D-60

1. Testing of Fault Locator Function:

SRTS-I, POWERGRID D-60 1. Testing of Fault Locator Function: (i) Set the kit for testing as

(i)

Set the kit for testing as done for zone-I reach.

(ii)

Set Calculated values of reactance for 25%, 5O% and 75% as calculated from total line

reactance. (iii)Set the calculated reach of 25% by entering the value of Resistance (R=O) & required value of Reactance at R and X menu. (iv)Set type of fault to AN fault (for R phase)

(v) Operate the kit by entering the ‘shot’ menu.

(vi)Record

the value of fault locator displayed at LCD display panel of the relay.

(vii)

Test for all type of faults i

e.

AN, BN, CN, AB, BC, CA, ABC.

(viii)

Repeat the procedure for 50%, 75% and 100% calculated value of reactance.

Note : The ‘max fault time’ setting for 100% should be 500 msec at the ‘times” menu. Procedure for Restoration

(i)

Switch off RELAY TEST KIT test kit.

(ii)

After testing, remove current and voltage test leads from MPG Plugs. Also remove time measurement test lead

(iii)Confirm CVT voltages are available at 8,9,10, 1 on bottom side of MPG plug. (iv)Confirm DC +ve or -ve is not available on top side of MPG Plugs A & B.

(v) Remove MPG Plug B and confirm voltage is available at relay terminals.

(vi)Remove MPG plug A. measure current in the CT circuit.

(vii) Insert cover of MPG Block-A & B.

Test Report for Distance relay type D-60

Date of Testing

:

Relay Panel

:

Name of feeder

:

Name of Protection Relay Details

: Distance Protection relay (Main-I) :

Make

: GE

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

D-60

Sr.No.

:

Aux. Voltage

: 220 – 250V DC

Nom. Current

: 1 Amp

Nom. Voltage

: 110 Volts

Test Results (a) Reach and Timing tests

: 110 Volts Test Results (a) Reach and Timing tests Type of Fault type Calculated reach

Type

of

Fault type

Calculated reach in

Measured reach in

Calculated reach in

Measured reach in

Trip time in m sec.

Zone

90° (R=0)

90° (R=0)

0° (X=0)

0° (X=0)

 
 

RN

         

YN

         

BN

         

Zone-1

RY

         

YB

         

BR

         

RYB

         
 

RN

         

YN

         

BN

         

Zone-1B

RY

         

YB

         

BR

         

RYB

         
 

RN

         

YN

         

BN

         

Zone-2

RY

         

YB

         

BR

         

RYB

         

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

D-60

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID D-60 Type of Fault type Calculated reach in Ω Measured Calculated reach
Type of Fault type Calculated reach in Ω Measured Calculated reach in Ω Measured Zone
Type
of
Fault type
Calculated
reach in Ω
Measured
Calculated
reach in Ω
Measured
Zone
reach
in
reach
in
Trip time
in m sec.
90° (R=0)
90° (R=0)
0° (X=0)
0° (X=0)
RN
YN
BN
Zone-3
RY
YB
BR
RYB
RN
YN
BN
Imped.Zone-
RY
Forward
YB
BR
RYB
RN
YN
BN
Impedance
RY
Zone-
YB
Reverse
BR
RYB
PWSG
RYB

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

D-60

Supplementary Function Checks :

1. Over Voltage Protection (if used):

Function Checks : 1. Over Voltage Protection (if used): Description Settings Pick up in Volts Drop

Description

Settings

Pick up in Volts

Drop

off

in

Tripping

time

Volts

in Sec.

 

R

       

Stage-I

Y

       

B

       
 

R

       

Stage - 2

Y

       

B

       

2.

Back up Over current (STUB) Protection:

 

Ph O/C Char

I>/ In (Def time)

 

Trip time in Sec.

 

Settings

   

Measured Values

     

3. Fault Locator :

 

Calculated values (at R=0)

25%

:

X=

50%

:

X=

75%

:

X=

100%

:

X=

Type of fault

25%

50%

75%

100%

RN

       

YN

       

BN

       

RY

       

YB

       

BR

       

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

4. Switch on to fault :

D-60

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID 4. Switch on to fault : D-60 Description Pick up current in

Description

Pick up current in Amp with VR, VY, VB = 0

Trip time in m Sec

Calculated Values

   

Actual values

   

5. Following checks to be carried out (During shut down)

(i)

The associated binary inputs, signal relays and tripping relay logic tested and result found…………………….

(ii)

LED indication checked & found……………………………………….

(iii)Proper tripping of breaker checked & found ………………………

(iv)Triggering of DR checked & found ……………………………

(v) Triggering of EL checked & found…………………………………………

(vi)PLCC carrier send for Zone-I checked & found………………………………

(vii) Carrier accelerated tripping for Zone-2 fault checked & found …………

Description of connections disturbed & restored:

i.

CT circuit

ii.

CVT circuit

iii.

PLCC carrier signal

iv.

Block to auto reclosure

v.

Dr triggering

vi.

EL triggering

vii.

Timing

Prepared by SRTS-I, POWERGRID

D-60

6. Testing Instruments used:-

by SRTS-I, POWERGRID D-60 6. Testing Instruments used:- Sl.No. Description Make &Sl.No. 1 Testing

Sl.No.

Description

Make &Sl.No.

1

Testing kit Relay Test Kit

 

2

Multimeter

 

3

   

4

   

7.

Remarks

 
 

Test conducted by

Test reviewed by

Test approved by

Signature

     

Name

     

Designation

     

Date

     

Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID

DAD-N

Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID DAD-N TESTING PROCEDURE FOR DAD-N (EASUN REYROLLE) HIGH IMPEDANCE DIFFERENTIAL RELAY TESTING

TESTING PROCEDURE FOR DAD-N (EASUN REYROLLE) HIGH IMPEDANCE DIFFERENTIAL RELAY

TESTING PROCEDURE FOR DAD-N RELAY TEST REPORT

Station:

Type of Check: Annual/Breakdown

Circuit: Bus Bar Protection

Relay: Bus Bar Differential

Zone:

Date of Test - Last:

Current:

1. Reference Document: Operating and Commissioning Instruction for high Impedence Differential Relay.

(i)

Read the precaution to be taken listed in sheet 3 of this report carefully.

(ii)

When in doubt, refer to commissioning instruction of high impedence differential relay.

(iii)Do not tamper with the relay if you are not confident of the tests.

2.Details of the relay under test:

Type

:

Model No.

:

Sl. No.

:

Aux. Volts

:

Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID

3. Terminal Details:

DC+ve

: PSU-13

DC-ve

: PSU-14

DAD-N

Details: DC+ve : PSU-13 DC-ve : PSU-14 DAD-N Phase Unit Start Finish R AN1C1 17 18

Phase

Unit

Start

Finish

R

AN1C1

17

18

Y

AN1C2

21

22

B

AN1C3

25

26

4. Details of Instruments Required:

(ii) Differential relay test kit.

(iii)Digital multimeter

5. Procedure For Testing The Relay:

(i)

When testing the relay the Differential Currents can be displayed on the LCD by changing to

INSTRUMENTS mode and scrolling down to [Diff1 Currents].

(ii)

Check that the setting resistor is the correct ohmic value, also that the correct differential settings are selected.

(iii)Connect a single phase current source to Phase R. (iv)Upload the adopted settings in the relay.

(v) Record the results in Test Results and verify the accuracy complies with performance stated

in the Performance Specification. (vi)Verify the correct operation of all the selected output relays and the LED indication for

corresponding protection function.

(vii) Repeat Tests for connections to Phase Y and B.

6. Precautions to taken while testing the relay:

(i)

Isolate the auxiliary D.C. supplies for alarm and tripping from the relay and remove the trip and intertrip links.

(ii)

All precautions must be taken for not opening the CT circuits.

(iii)Ensure that the multimeter is in desired voltage range before checking the voltages at the relay terminals.

Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID

DAD-N

Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID DAD-N (iv) Ensure that the actual auxilliary supply is same as the

(iv)Ensure that the actual auxilliary supply is same as the relay rating and is of correct polarity. (v) Restore the trip ckt after the measurements. 7. Test Results:

A.) Secondary Injection Tests A1) Checking of Meter Measurement:

Serial No.

Phase

Secondary

Injected

Meter

Current

Current

Reading

1.

R

   

2.

Y

   

3.

B

   

A2) Checking of Differential Element:

Setting

Setting Value

Pick

Up

Drop

Out

Operating Time

Description

Amperes

Amperes

87/50 Setting

0.05

     

87/50 Setting

0.10

     

87/50 Setting

0.50

     

87/50 Setting

0.90

     

87/50 Setting

Adopted Setting

     

*For individual phases R, Y and B A3) CT Supervision

Setting

Setting Value

Pick

Up

Drop

Out

Operating

Description

Amperes

Amperes

Time

CT50 Setting

Adopted Setting

     

*For individual phases R, Y and B

Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID

DAD-N

B.) TRIPPING AND INTERTRIPPING TESTS

POWERGRID DAD-N B.) TRIPPING AND INTERTRIPPING TESTS (i) Re-connect the auxiliary D.C. supplies for trip and

(i)

Re-connect the auxiliary D.C. supplies for trip and alarm operations and insert the Trip and InterTrip links.

(ii)

Simulate the operation of each external contact that initiates a status input and in each case

check that appropriate LED illuminates and that the correct tripping, intertripping and alarm initiation occurs. (iii)Disconnect the D.C. power supply to the relay and check for correct PROTECTION INOPERATIVE alarm. (iv)Operate all protection and alarm elements in turn by secondary injection and check that the

correct tripping and indication occurs.

C.) Putting into Service:

The following points need to be ensured before putting the relay the relay into service:

(i)

The trip supply is connected.

(ii)

All the RED LEDs are off.

(iii)The Green LED is ON steady.

(iv)Operate the TEST/RESET button and check that all the LEDs are illuminated while the push is depressed.

(v) All Earth Links, Trip Links and inter-trip links are in their normal operational

positions. (vi)Operate the Cancel PUSH BUTTON. (vii) Check that the LCD displays the screen below, or the relay identifier set in the SYSTEM CONFIG MENU

DAD-N

Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID

DAD-N

D.) In Service Check:

D1) Spill Current Measurement

DAD-N D.) In Service Check: D1) Spill Current Measurement   Serial no. Terminal No. Phase Spill
 

Serial no.

Terminal No.

Phase

Spill

Current

 
 

(Ix)*

1.

17&18

R

 

2.

21&22

Y

 

3.

25&26

B

 

*stated tolerance (±5%) D2) Voltage Measurement

 
   

Serial no.

Terminal No.

Phase

Voltage Measured

 

1.

17&18

R

 
 

2.

21&22

Y

 
 

3.

25&26

B

 

Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID

DAD-N

Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID DAD-N BUS BAR PROTECTION Page 76 of 344 DOC NO.- D-2-03-20-02-01
Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID DAD-N BUS BAR PROTECTION Page 76 of 344 DOC NO.- D-2-03-20-02-01

BUS BAR PROTECTION

Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID

DAD-N

Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID DAD-N DAD-N MENU STRUCTURE Page 77 of 344 DOC NO.- D-2-03-20-02-01
Prepared by ERTS-I, POWERGRID DAD-N DAD-N MENU STRUCTURE Page 77 of 344 DOC NO.- D-2-03-20-02-01

DAD-N MENU STRUCTURE

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS TESTING PROCEDURE FOR TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION RELAY TYPE: DUOBIAS

TESTING PROCEDURE FOR TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION RELAY

TYPE: DUOBIAS

Description: DUOBIAS is a numerical differential relay having fast operating time less than one cycle. Relay consist of in built Disturbance Recorder and other transformer protections viz. Earth Fault, REF, Thermal overload etc which can be configured as per site requirement. Relay has biased

differential characteristics.

MAKE : Easun Reyrolle

1. PREREQUISITE :

Before the start of relay testing following must be ensure to available with testing Engineer :

(i)

Relay testing kit with laptop

(ii)

Testing leads/ leads

(iii)Clamp meter/Multi meter

(iv)Screwdriver set

(v) Single phase supply

(vi)Test handle – as per requirement

(vii)

Relay manual

(viii)

As built drawing of relay panel

(ix)Scientific calculator

1. CONNECTION DETAIL & SEQUENCE

(i)

DC input voltage: 220 V

(ii)

CT terminals: As per drawings.

(iii)If relay is not equipped with ABB RTXH18 test switch, tripping should be isolated before shorting CTs. Because shorting CTs on one side will cause operation of differential function. After isolating tripping, short the CT terminals on HV and LV side on Terminal blocks by using 4mm banana leads. Ensure that no current is flowing through relay (either through HMI or through clamp-on-meter). (iv) In case of ABB test switch, insert test handle in to relay test plug, this will first isolate tripping and then short circuit CTs automatically.

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS (v) For differential function we will use 6 current outputs (only

(v) For differential function we will use 6 current outputs (only for CMC256 and above) configure Relay test kit to use 6 current outputs.

(vi)Connect one trip output contact of relay to Binary input-1 of OMICRON. OMICRON

support both potential free & with potential contact for feedback contact therefore any suitable contact can be taken with proper setting in kit hardware configuration.

(vii) Connect laptop to Omicron kit & extend single phase supply to the set up.

PRECUATION: During connection of Current and voltage input ensure proper isolation form switch yard (CT & CVT supply) along with other necessary precaution if relay to be tested on line. Further tripping isolation to be doubly ensured before the start of test.

3. PREPARING THE RELAY CHARACTERISTICS:

(i) This is the most important step in the relay testing procedure. DUOBIAS uses a two slope biased differential characteristics. In this procedure relay setting for 400/220/33kV 315MVA transformer (Vector group Yna0d11) has been used, for which settings were as following (No CT used at 33kV side) :

W1 Input

1A

(1A secondary currents used)

W1 CT ratio

500

(Hv side CT ratio =500/1)

W2 Input

1A

(1A secondary currents used)

W2 CT ratio

1000

(IV side CT ration =1000/1)

W1 Interposing Ct multiplier

1.09

(W1 Ct ratio / HV side Full load current)

W1 Interposing CT connection

Yd1

(For Zero sequence current filtering)

W2 Interposing Ct multiplier

1.20

(W2 CT ratio / HV side Full load current)

W2 Interposing CT connection

Yd1

(For Zero sequence current filtering)

87

Inrush Setting

0.2xId

(2 nd Harmonics restraint)

87

Initial Setting

0.2xIn

(Minimum Differential current for operation)

87

Bias Slope

0.2x

(Bias slope upto Bias slope limit)

87

Bias Slope limit

4xIn

(Parabolic slope starts at Ibias>4xIn)

87HS Differential High Set

8xIn

(Parabolic slope ends at Idiff >8xIn)

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS The characteristic can been drawn using XRIO feature automatically or manually.

The characteristic can been drawn using XRIO feature automatically or manually.

Preparation of characteristics with the help of “XRIO” file:- The term XRIO stands for extended Relay Interface by OMICRON . The main advantage of XRIO is that user has to feed basic relay setting parameters in XRIO for development of relay characteristics. This way, an XRIO converter significantly simplifies the setup of a test object. The XRIO converter for all relays is available in OMICRON test library or can be downloaded from omicron web site. The procedure of preparation of relay characteristics as follows:-

(i)

Open Test universe –Omicron software. Select Differential module.

(ii)

Open the “Test Object” in “Parameter menu”.

(iii)Now go to File and then Import. (iv)Select the XRIO file of DUOBIAS relay from Omicron test library >test object_XRIO

folder.

(v) Feed the necessary information related relay setting. The menus are same as relay setting.

(vi)Click OK, Relay characteristics is now generated and ready for testing.

(vii) Before the start of testing configure the hardware (Analog output, Binary input, Binary

output etc) in “Parameter->Hardware configuration” menu

Presently the XRIO converter for DUOBIAS relay has settings for only one biased slope which is straight portion of characteristics, so it would not give correct results in the region “Bias slope limit” to “High set”. It should work for most the points which are not too close the operating line in that region. If accurate testing is to be done then preparing characteristic manually is recommended.

Preparation of characteristics manually :

For preparing characteristic manually we need to know co-ordinates of points through which the line should pass.

Initial setting is 0.2 in our case, relay will operate for |I 1 +I 2 | > Is, i.e.

Point-1 (0,0.2)

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS Slope is 0.2 so for Idiff = 0.2, Ibias should be

Slope is 0.2 so for Idiff = 0.2, Ibias should be 1A. relay will operate for |I 1 +I 2 | > bias slope x (|I 1 |+|I 2 |)/2

Point-2 (1,0.2)

Bias slope limit is 4 in our case, for which Idiff should be 0.8 I.e.

Point-3 (4,0.8)

For bias current between bias slope limit and high set, relay will operate if |I 1 +I 2 | >(X 2 -K 2 )/2 (for X > B) where X= (|I 1 | +|I 2 |)/2 K 2 = B 2 - 2M 2 B 2 B=Bias slope limit M=bias slope As curves can not plotted directly in differential module, we will calculate points for different Ibias values in steps on 1xIn. From above formulas taking value of M=0.2, B=4 Point-4 (5,2.3) Point-5 (6,3.3) Point-6 (7,4.1) Point-7 (8,5.0) Point-8 (9,5.8) Point-9 (10,6.5) Point-10 (11,7.3) Point-11 (12, 8.0)

Now 8.0 is our High set so Characteristic will go straight horizontal line after that, we will give some point with higher value of Ibias for last point

Point-12 (20,8.0)

Now we have 12 points to plot our characteristics. Open Advance Differential >>Diff configuration module open Parameters>> test object>> differential>> edit

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS In Protection object tab select 2 winding transformer and set values

In Protection object tab select 2 winding transformer and set values as follows:

winding

Primary

Secondary

voltage

400kV

220kV

power

315MVA

315MVA

vector group

Y

Y0

Star point grounding

Yes

Yes

In CT tab:

Primary current

500

1000

Secondary current

1

1

In Protection device enter the values

Select (|I p |+|I s |)/K1 and Factor K1 =2

Test Max : 1.500S

Delay time: 0.250S

Idiff > 0.20In

Idiff >> 8.00In

Zero sequence elimination : YD interposing transformer

Keep all other values unchanged.

In characteristics definition Enter the value of Point-1 in “start point” and Point-2 in “End point” field, click on update.

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS Now Enter the value of Point-2 in “start point” and Point-3

Now Enter the value of Point-2 in “start point” and Point-3 in “End point” field, click on Add. Repeat the procedure for all 12 Points calculated earlier. Click on Ok to complete the characteristic.

In Harmonic tab check that 2 nd Harmonics are set as 20% and 5 th Harmonics are set as 45% click OK to complete the Test object file.

After Test object file is complete export it to XRIO/RIO file so that it can be used in all modules of omicron. For that Go to Parameter >> Test object >> File >> Export in XRIO or RIO format.

Check Parameters >> Hardware configuration >> Test set details. Ensure that 6 current channels are used and voltage channels are not used.

Operating characteristics for Single phase to ground fault and three phase faults for the relay is given below. Please not that Characteristic for 2 Phase faults would be slightly different.

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS TESTING THE RELAY : The DUOBIAS relay has integrated software interposing
Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS TESTING THE RELAY : The DUOBIAS relay has integrated software interposing

TESTING THE RELAY :

The DUOBIAS relay has integrated software interposing CTs which are connected in Yd1 configuration. The current seen by the relay elements are not same as the current relay input terminals. The relation between Current feed to relay and current seen by relay’s measuring element is as follows:

ICT output a = ICT multiplier x (A-C) /3 ICT output b = ICT multiplier x (B-A) /3 ICT output c = ICT multiplier x (C-B) /3

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS (a,b,c are interposing CT outputs and A,B,C are input to relay

(a,b,c are interposing CT outputs and A,B,C are input to relay i.e. secondary currents) So we will see that for fault in A phase both a and b phase elements will trip, as both have component of A phase. Following tests are to be performed for testing of the relay:

(i)

Initial Start Setting

(ii)

Differential slope test

(iii)Testing high set feature (iv)Stability in case of through fault

(v) Testing 2 nd Harmonics restraint

(vi)Testing 5 th Harmonics restraint

Automatic testing using Advanced Differential module

All these tests can be done by Advanced Differential module easily. First Module in Advance differential is Diff Configuration. The Diff Configuration module tests wiring and configuration of the test object by simulating faults that are located outside the protected zone. Import the already created XRIO/RIO file. In “Test Data” >> “Itest” field enter 1.00In and click on Add. Let us give another fault for 4.00In and click add. Now click on Fault type L1-E and start the test. Similarly check for other fault loops viz L2-E, L3-E, L1-L2, L2-L3, L3-L1, L1-L2-L3. Relay should not operate and test should pass. It indicates wiring connections is OK, and relay is stable for through

Second Module in Advance differential is Diff Operating characteristics. In this module the operating characteristic is tested by simulating faults inside and outside of the protected zone. Import the already created XRIO/RIO file. Add some points above operating line and some points below operating line in different slopes of operating characteristics for all fault loops viz L1-E, L2-E, L3-E, L1-L2, L2-L3, L3-L1, L1-L2-L3. The first portion which is horizontal line is for Initial start settings. Second inclined portion is for differential slope. Third parabolic portion is for Higher differential slope for CT saturation at Higher currents. Fourth portion which is horizontal line is for High set.

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS Third Module in Advance differential is Diff Trip time characteristics. The

Third Module in Advance differential is Diff Trip time characteristics. The trip time characteristic test involves simulating faults inside and outside the protected zone. Import the already created XRIO/RIO file. Add some points at different Diff currents and start the test for actual operating times.

Fourth Module in Advance differential is Diff Harmonic restraint characteristics. The Diff Harmonic Restraint test module is used for checking the correct relay behavior of the harmonic restraint of the differential protection. Import the already created XRIO/RIO file. Select test phase L1-L2-L3 and Harmonics 2 nd . Add some points above operating line and some points below operating line in different portions of operating characteristics. Similarly add some points for 5 th Harmonics. Run the test.

Manual testing using Quick CMC module :

First step is to configure omicron hardware to use six output channels, three from group A and Three from Group -B. Use one binary input terminal for relay operation.

(i)

Warning : When the current feeded to relay is higher than 1A, to avoid damage to relay due to continuous higher currents we should use auto step feature of QuickCMC. The trip contact should be used to stop the injection of currents. Keep the step size higher say 500mA and time to 100mS. It is to ensure that current is not fed to relay more than 2-3 Sec.

(ii)

Initial Start test: Feed balanced three phase current only from one side of relay starting with zero amplitude (either HV or LV side). Increase value of all three phase current in small steps say 10mA until relay operates. Note down the value of current. It should be as per Initial setting as per relay setting, in this case the set value is 0.2. Repeat the above test with frequency of currents set to 100Hz in all three phases. As the relay is not going to operate, current feeded will go upto 8A so follow the warning at step-1. The relay should not operate until the differential current reaches High Set value. After which it will operate with HS indication

(iii)Differential slope test: Feed balanced three phase current from one side of relay starting with amplitude higher than Initial setting say 0.22A (on HV side) and corresponding current from LV side say 0.40A. Both the currents should be opposite in phase and balanced. Increase value of all three phase current on LV side in steps of 10mA until relay operates.

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS Repeat this process at different HV side currents like at 1A,

Repeat this process at different HV side currents like at 1A, 2A, 3A, 4A

currents follow the warning at step-1) note down the value of LV currents at which relay operates. The Idiff and Ibias can be read from HMI on relay front panel or through relay software on PC. Compare the results with value of Idiff and Ibias or with calculated values as per formula given in Para “Preparation of characteristics manually”. Repeat the above test with frequency of currents set to 100Hz in all three phases. As the relay is not going to operate, to avoid damage to relay follow the warning in step-1. The relay should not operate until the differential current reaches High Set value. After which it will operate with HS indication.

(at higher

etc

(iv)Testing high set feature: It has been already been checked in above two steps. However for checking accurate value of High set, feed balanced three phase current only from one side of relay starting with amplitude slightly lower than High set value say 7A (Normally it is kept 8A). Increase value of all three phase current steps of 100mA / 100mS until relay operates. After which it will operate with HS indication. Follow the warning in step-1 while injecting higher currents.

(v) Stability in case of through fault: Feed balanced three phase currents from both side of relay starting with currents calculated according to transformation ratio. For 400/220kV ICT we can feed 0.40A from 220kV side and 0.22A from 400kV side. Both the currents should be opposite in phase and balanced. Now increase the current of any one phase on both sides by same ratio. Say R phase on 400kV side 2.2A and on 220kV side 4A. Relay should not operate in this condition. Follow the warning in step-1 while injecting higher currents.

a. In actual practice for the same fault current as described in above para, due to presence of Zero sequence currents, the primary and secondary currents will not match. For L1-E fault on 220kV side values may be as follows:

b. Primary IL1=2.93A @ 0deg Secondary IL1=4A @ 180deg

c. Primary IL2=1.47A @ 180deg

d. Primary IL3=1.47A @ 180deg

Secondary IL2=0A @ 0deg Secondary IL3=0A @ 0deg

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS (vi) So on feeding above values, relay should not operate. Same

(vi) So on feeding above values, relay should not operate. Same condition can be applied for all phases for single phase to ground fault. The calculation for this condition is as below:

Primary side:

ICT output a = ICT multiplier x (A-C) /3 =1.09x(2.93+1.47)/1.732 = 2.77@0deg ICT output b = ICT multiplier x (B-A) /3 =1.09x(-1.47-2.93)/1.732 = 2.77@180deg ICT output c = ICT multiplier x (C-B) /3 =1.09x(-1.47+1.47)/1.732 = 0.00@0deg

Secondary side:

ICT output a = ICT multiplier x (A-C) /3 =1.20x(-4.00-0.00)/1.732 = 2.77@180deg ICT output b = ICT multiplier x (B-A) /3 =1.20x(0.00+4.00)/1.732 = 2.77@0deg ICT output c = ICT multiplier x (C-B) /3 =1.20x(0.00-0.00)/1.732 = 0.00@0deg Relay operates when |I 1 +I 2 | > bias slope x (|I 1 |+|I 2 |)/2 R-phase LHS = |I 1 +I 2 | = 2.77@0deg + 2.77@180deg =0 RHS = bias slope x (|I 1 |+|I 2 |)/2 =0.2x(2.77+2.77)/2 = 0.554

Y-phase LHS = |I 1 +I 2 | = 2.77@0deg - 2.77@180deg =0 RHS = bias slope x (|I 1 |+|I 2 |)/2 =0.2x(2.77+2.77)/2 = 0.554

B-phase LHS = |I 1 +I 2 | = 0@0deg + 0@180deg =0 RHS = bias slope x (|I 1 |+|I 2 |)/2 =0.2x(0+0)/2 = 0.0 (in this case |I 1 +I 2 | > Is condition will apply, i.e. relay would operate when |I 1 +I 2 | > 0.2) Now it can been seen that in all phases relay will not operate, so relay should not operate.

(i) Testing 2 nd Harmonics restraint: We will use Harmonics module of Omicron for testing this feature. Check hardware configuration, disable voltage outputs. Now keep all three phase currents higher than initial setting, say 0.5A all phases same with balanced angles. Keep presignal time = 0.0S, Signal =1.0Sec, Post Signal=0.0S. Now select 2 nd order harmonics and set percentage to 15% and phase to 120deg in all three phases.(which is lower than set value) start the test, relay should operate now. Increase the harmonics component in steps of 1% relay should not operate harmonics higher than 20% (as per relay settings).

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DUOBIAS

Prepared by NRTS-II, POWERGRID DUOBIAS (ii) Testing 5 t h Harmonics restraint: Set value of 5

(ii) Testing 5 th Harmonics restraint: Set value of 5 th harmonics is not available in relay settings. However as per relay manual protection against wrong operation in case of 5 th harmonics has been provided. Normally the setting of 5 th harmonics is 45%. We will check the effect of 5 th harmonics on relay performance. We will use Harmonics module of Omicron for testing this feature. Check hardware configuration, disable voltage outputs. Now keep all three phase currents higher than initial setting, say 0.5A all phases same with balanced angles. Keep presignal time = 0.0S, Signal =1.0Sec, Post Signal=0.0S. Now select 5 th order harmonics and set percentage to 15% and phase to 120deg in all three phases.(which is lower than set value) start the test, relay should operate now. Increase the harmonics component in steps of 5%. Check the blocking of relay.

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MICOM P633/632

Prepared by SRTS-II, POWERGRID MICOM P633/632 Testing Procedure For Transformer differential relay MICOM 1. Connection

Testing Procedure For Transformer differential relay MICOM

1. Connection Details

P633/632

S.No

Relay Terminal No

Usage

Remarks

1

X20-25

220V DC Positive 220V DC Negative

Wire this through 4 amps DC Fuses

X20-26

X20-27

Ground

2

X03-1 &2

R

Phase Current 1 Amp (HV)

 

X03-3 &4

Y

Phase Current 1 Amp (HV)

X03-5 &6

B

Phase Current 1 Amp (HV)

X03-7 &8

Neutral current (HV)

X05-1 &2

R

Phase Current 1 Amp (IV)

X05-3 &4

Y

Phase Current 1 Amp (IV)

X05-5 &6

B

Phase Current 1 Amp (IV)

X05-7 &8

Neutral current (IV)

X07-1 &2

R

Phase Current 1 Amp (LV)

X07-3 &4

Y

Phase Current 1 Amp (LV)

X07-5 &6

B

Phase Current 1 Amp (LV)

X07-7 &8

Neutral current (LV)

 

X03-13 &16

Open Delta Voltage

 

Precaution: During Connection of Current and Voltage Input, Ensure proper isolation from switch yard (CT&PT Supply) along with their necessary precautions, if the relay testing is to be done on line, ensure further isolation of tripping.

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2. DC Power Up:

MICOM P633/632

Apply 220V DC to the relay and observe the following

Apply 220V DC to the relay and observe the following 1) All LEDs will Flash 2)

1)

All LEDs will Flash

2)

Display sequence of arrows on LCD display >>>>>>, after approximately 15 sec.

3)

Display shows MICOM P633.

4)

Ensure that Healthy LED is illuminated.

On power up the green LED should have illuminated and stayed on indicating that the relay is HEALTHY. (The Out of Service LED will also be lit if no settings have yet been applied to the relay). Check the watch dog contact of the relay as per the relay configuration.

3. Testing of OPTO Inputs:

The opto-isolated inputs should be energized one at a time, as per the external wiring diagram. Ensure correct polarity, with the positive battery voltage applied to the lowest numbered terminal, and negative to the highest number for the input concerned (e.g. Opto input U2001 for the ring terminal relay should be energized at terminals X2018 (+ve) and

X2019 (-ve)).

The status of each opto-isolated input can be viewed in the menu operation/cyclic measurements/physical state signals/INP

S.No

 

Opto terminal No

Extend 220V DC to OPTO terminal

 

OPTO

Negative

Positive

Status

No

(Low/High)

1

U2001

X20-19

X20-18

   

2

U2002

X20-21