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The Witcher series

The Complete Guide

Contents
1

Overview

1.1

Starsza Mowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.1.1

Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.1.2

Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.1.3

Translations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.1.4

Adaptations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.1.5

In popular culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.1.6

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.1.7

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[[List of The Witcher characters|Characters]]

2.1

Geralt of Rivia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.1.1

Fictional biography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.1.2

Literary analysis and reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.1.3

See also . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.1.4

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Yennefer of Vengerberg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.2.1

Character list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.2.2

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.2.3

Further reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.2.4

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Starsza Mowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.3.1

Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.3.2

Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.3.3

Translations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10

2.3.4

Adaptations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10

2.3.5

In popular culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12

2.3.6

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12

2.3.7

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12

2.2

2.3

Books

13

3.1

The Last Wish (book) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13

3.1.1

13

Chapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
i

ii

CONTENTS

3.2

3.3

Translations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17

3.1.3

Audio versions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

18

3.1.4

Trivia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

18

3.1.5

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19

3.1.6

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19

Blood of Elves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19

3.2.1

Plot summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19

3.2.2

Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20

3.2.3

Translations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20

3.2.4

Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20

3.2.5

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20

Times of Contempt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20

3.3.1

Plot summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20

3.3.2

Translations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

22

3.3.3

Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

22

3.3.4

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

22

Media

23

4.1

The Hexer (lm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23

4.1.1

Plot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23

4.1.2

Cast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23

4.1.3

See also . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23

4.1.4

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23

4.1.5

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23

The Hexer (TV series) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24

4.2.1

List of TV series episodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24

4.2.2

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24

4.2

3.1.2

Video games

25

5.1

The Witcher: Rise of the White Wolf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

25

5.1.1

Gameplay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

25

5.1.2

Plot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

26

5.1.3

Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27

5.1.4

Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28

5.1.5

Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29

5.1.6

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29

5.1.7

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30

The Witcher: Rise of the White Wolf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30

5.2.1

Gameplay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30

5.2.2

Plot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

31

5.2.3

Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

32

5.2.4

Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

33

5.2

CONTENTS

5.3

5.2.5

Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

34

5.2.6

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

34

5.2.7

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35

The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35

5.3.1

Gameplay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35

5.3.2

Plot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35

5.3.3

Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

38

5.3.4

Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

39

5.3.5

Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

40

5.3.6

Sequel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

41

5.3.7

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

41

5.3.8

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

42

Miscellany

43

6.1

Andrzej Sapkowski . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

43

6.1.1

Biography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

43

6.1.2

Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44

6.1.3

Awards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44

6.1.4

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44

6.1.5

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45

CD Projekt RED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45

6.2.1

History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45

6.2.2

Advocacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45

6.2.3

Games developed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45

6.2.4

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45

6.2.5

External links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45

6.2

iii

Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

46

7.1

Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

46

7.2

Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

48

7.3

Content license . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

50

Chapter 1

Overview
1.1 Starsza Mowa

a movie and television series, a video game series, and


a graphic novel series. The novel series (excluding the
For the video game based on the book series, see The short stories) is also called the Witcher Saga (Polish: Saga o Wiedminie). The Witcher short stories and novels
Witcher (video game).
The Witcher (Polish: Wiedmin) by Polish writer have been translated into several languages. The books
The Last Wish, Blood of Elves, Time of Contempt, and
Baptism of Fire have been ocially translated into English.

1.1.1 Books
The Witcher series is a series of short stories, at rst
published in Fantastyka, a Polish science ction and fantasy magazine. The rst short story, Wiedmin (The
Witcher) (1986), was written for a contest held by the
magazine, where it won third place. The rst four stories of the witcher Geralt and the story Droga, z ktrej
si nie wraca (The Road with No Return), which took
place in the same world, but dozens of years before the
witcher stories were originally collected in a short story
collection titled Wiedmin (out of print and now obsolete; all fteen short stories were later collected in three
books published by superNOWA).
The second short story collection to be published was
Miecz przeznaczenia (Sword of Destiny). While The Last
Wish collection was published after Miecz przeznaczenia,
it replaced Wiedmin as the rst book, as it included all of
the stories collected in Wiedmin except Droga, z ktorej
si nie wraca (the only one not featuring Geralt). Although new short stories were added in The Last Wish,
they took place before the ones in Miecz przeznaczenia.
Droga, z ktrej si nie wraca, along with Co si
koczy, co si zaczyna, a non-canon story/alternative
ending of the Witcher saga about Geralt and Yennefer's
wedding, written as a wedding gift for Sapkowskis
friends, were later published in the book Co si koczy,
co si zaczyna. The rest of the stories in this book are
not connected to the Witcher series in any way. In some
Polish editions, Droga, z ktrej si nie wraca and Co
si koczy, co si zaczyna are added to either The Last
Wish or Miecz przeznaczenia.

Cover of the American edition of the rst Witcher book The


Last Wish

Andrzej Sapkowski is a series of fantasy short stories (collected in two books, except for two stories) and six novels
about the witcher Geralt of Rivia. In Sapkowskis books,
witchers are monster-hunters who receive special training
and have their bodies modied at an early age to provide
them with supernatural abilities so they can cope with
dangerous monsters. The books have been adapted into
1

CHAPTER 1. OVERVIEW

The Witcher Stories


Miecz Przeznaczenia (The Sword of Destiny) (1992)

relation with his own sister is shown as a caring father


at least according to the standards of Sapkowskis world).

The universe was never ocially named by the writer; the


Ostatnie yczenie (The Last Wish) (1993, English largest entity the continent is simply called The Contiedition: 2008). Note that, while The Last Wish nent, and Polish fans have labeled the universe Wiedminwas published after The Sword of Destiny, the sto- land ('Witcherland').
ries contained in The Last Wish take place rst
chronologically, and many of the individual stories
History and races
were published before The Sword of Destiny.
The Saga
The Saga focuses on the story of Geralt of Rivia and Ciri,
the Child of Destiny. Ciri, a princess of a recently conquered country, becomes a witcher-in-training, and a key
pawn in international politics, and Geralt is pulled into a
whirlwind of events in his attempts to protect her.
Krew elfw (Blood of Elves) (1994, English edition:
2008)
Czas pogardy (Time of Contempt) (1995, English
edition: 2013)
Chrzest ognia (Baptism of Fire) (1996, English edition: 2014[1] )

The Continent was settled a few thousand years ago by


the elves who came from overseas, meeting the gnomes
and the dwarves. After a period of elven-dwarven wars,
the dwarves retreated to the mountainous regions, and the
elves settled in plains and forests. The story repeated itself about ve hundred years ago, when human colonists
arrived. The humans defeated the older races, and are
now the dominant race; the others are considered secondclass and often are forced to live in small ghettos inside
human settlements, or in the most inhospitable regions of
wilderness, not yet claimed by the humans. In addition
to elves, gnomes and dwarfs, other notable races on The
Continent are the halings and the dryads. Some other
races such as werewolves or vampires appeared on
The Continent due to a magical event known as the Conjunction of the Spheres.

Over the past several centuries most of the south-west


and south-center of The Continent has been taken over by
the growing Nilfgaard Empire. The north belongs to the
Pani Jeziora (Lady of the Lake) (1999)
fragmented Northern Kingdoms. The Witcher saga takes
Sezon burz (Season of Storms) (2013) prequel places in the aftermath of a major war between the Nilstory, which takes place before the events of Krew fgaard Empire and the alliance of Northern Kingdoms,
and the second war begins in the middle of the series.
elfw.
Wiea Jaskki (The Swallows Tower) (1997)

In non-Witcher anthologies
Co si koczy, co si zaczyna (Something Ends,
Something Begins) (2000) (this collection contains
various stories by Sapkowski, including two from
the Witcher saga).

Geography

No ocial map of the universe created by Sapkowski


has been released, but several fan-made maps have been
created. Sapkowski has refused to create a map, having
stated that the existing maps are 'mostly accurate'. Most
recently, a new map has been created by CD Projekt for
A Polish Book of Monsters, an English anthology The Witcher video game and Sapkowski himself was conedited and translated by Michael Kandel, contains sulted on it.
a unique translation of The Witcher short story,
translated as Spellmaker. The same story is found The Continent can be divided into four regions. The
in The Last Wish but a dierent translation was used. Northern Kingdoms are the area where most of the Saga
takes place, they are Aedirn, Cintra, Kaedwen, Kovir, Po(2010)
viss, Lyria, Rivia, Redania and Temeria. South of the
Northern Kingdom lies the Nilfgaard Empire. East of
both of them are mostly unknown territories, such as the
1.1.2 Setting
Korath desert, Zerrikania, Haakland and Zangwebar.
Sapkowskis short stories and novels are praised for their
ironic sense of humor and subtle anachronisms (e.g. one
of the wizards taking part in the Gathering of the Wiz- Language
ards is constantly complaining about ecological issues).
Sapkowski tries to emphasize the shades of gray in every- Sapkowski created a special language for the series, called
one (e.g. one of the local rulers engaged in an incestuous the Elder Speech.[2][3] It is based on English, French,

1.1. STARSZA MOWA

Welsh, Irish, Latin and other languages. One of the most his translation of the story Wiedmin (2010) used the
important dialects is the one from the Skellige islands.
word Spellmaker.
Alternatively, the word warlock has been used informally in English translations, while witcher, being a
Powers and abilities
neologism in English (as wiedmin is in Polish derived
Witchers are taken in as children and subjected to potions from wiedma witch) arguably describes the uniqueand martial training for most of their young life. Ulti- ness of Geralts profession better.
mately, only about 40% of the children survive the nal
trial and potion.
The process gives a witcher special powers, such as the
use of low-level magical abilities based on the four elements, faster movement, rapid healing, quicker reexes,
and the ability to drink toxic potions that would harm normal people. The only downside is that Witchers become
sterile when they pass the trials.
Witchers also wear a magical medallion that will vibrate
when magical creatures are nearby.
Witchers typically carry two swords. One a silver blade
and the other an iron or steel blade both of which can be
made of metal from a meteor.

1.1.4 Adaptations
Comic books

In 1993-1995, Sapkowskis stories were adapted into six


comic books by Maciej Parowski (story), Bogusaw Polch
(art), and Sapkowski himself. They are:
Droga bez powrotu (The Road with No Return, based
on the short story Droga, z ktrej si nie wraca)
Geralt (based on the short story Wiedmin)

As Geralt of Rivia said to Iola in The Last Wish: Its said,


spitefully, the silver one is for monsters and the iron and
steel for humans. But thats wrong. As there are monsters
which can be struck down only with a silver blade, so there
are those for whom iron is lethal. And, Iola, not just any
iron, it must come from a meteorite.

Mniejsze zo (Lesser Evil, based on a short story of


the same title)

1.1.3

Zdrada (Betrayal, based on an unused idea for a


short story)

Translations

The stories and novels have been translated into Czech,


Portuguese, German, Russian, Lithuanian, Estonian,
Finnish, French, Spanish, Italian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian,
Serbian, Swedish, Hungarian, Dutch and Chinese. An
English translation of Ostatnie yczenie (The Last Wish)
short story collection, was published in the United Kingdom by Gollancz in 2007 and was published in the United
States by Orbit in 2008. Krew elfw (Blood of Elves) was
published by Gollancz in 2008 and in the US by Orbit
in 2009, and Czas pogardy (Time of Contempt) was published by Gollancz in the UK in 2013. Chrzest ognia (Baptism of Fire) was translated and published by Gollancz in
2014.
The name witcher
The original Polish name for witcher is wiedmin. The
English translation preferred by Andrzej Sapkowski was
initially hexer and is the name used in the international version of the lm adaptation. Hexe and Hexer
are the German terms for witch and warlock. However, CD Projekt chose to translate Hexer literally to
witcher in The Witcher computer game, and this version
was subsequently used by Danusia Stok in her translation
of the book The Last Wish, as well as by Sapkowski himself in the book Historia i fantastyka. Michael Kandel, in

Ostatnie yczenie (The Last Wish, based on a short


story of the same title)
Granica moliwoci (Border of ability, based on a
short story of the same title)

On October 11, 2013, Dark Horse Comics announced a


comic book series called The Witcher based on the video
game series. The Witcher #1 was released on March 19,
2014.[4]
Film and television
Main articles: The Hexer (lm) and The Hexer (TV
series)
The Hexer is the international title of both a 2001 movie
and a 2002 TV series, directed by Marek Brodzki, and
Micha ebrowski starring as Geralt.
Sapkowski in several interviews laconically expressed his
negative opinion about the lms: I can answer only with
a single word, an obscene, albeit a short one.[5]
Games
Tabletop role-playing game In 2001 a tabletop roleplaying game called Wiedmin: Gra Wyobrani (The
Witcher: A Game of Imagination), based on Sapkowskis
books, was published by MAG.

CHAPTER 1. OVERVIEW

Video games Main articles: The Witcher (video available, will feature an open world.[10]
game), The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings and The As of July 11, 2012, both Witcher games have sold a comWitcher 3: Wild Hunt
bined worldwide total of four million units across Windows, Mac, and Xbox 360.[11] As of February 6, 2013,
In 1996 and 1997 a Witcher video game was being devel- the series has sold over ve million copies.[12] As of Ocoped by Metropolis, a development studio in Poland, but tober 25, 2013 the sales were at six million copies.[13] Acwas eventually cancelled. The games director was Adrian cording to The Witcher facebook page, the franchise has
Chmielarz, former People Can Fly co-owner and creative sold more than 7 million copies of both games to date.
director. He coined the translated term The Witcher On July 1, 2014, CD Project Red announced The Witcher:
during the development of the game. The game was going Battle Arena, a free-to-play multiplayer online battle
to be a 3D action-adventure game with some role-playing arena game for mobile.[14]
game elements like moral choices and experience point
system.[6]
A 2007 role-playing video game based on Sapkowskis Card games Two card games based on CD Projekts
saga called The Witcher was developed by CD Projekt, The Witcher video game have been designed by Kunia
and was released in Europe on October 26, and the US on Gier. One, Wiedmin: Przygodowa Gra Karciana (The
October 30. It was advertised far more than its predeces- Witcher: Adventure Cardgame) has been published by
sor, and although it was one of CD Projekts rst games, Kunia Gier and is being sold in Polish gaming stores,
it was received very well by reviewers in both Europe and while the other, Wiedmin: Promocyjna Gra Karciana
North America. The game contains mature content. The (The Witcher Promo Card Game) is a simpler game added
game is published by CD Projekt itself in Poland, and to the Collectors Edition of The Witcher in some counworldwide by Atari, Inc. (Atari, SA subsidiary). The tries. CD Projekt has also announced a card game called
Witcher: Rise of the White Wolf, using the same story, Gwent will be released alongside The Witcher 3: Wild
but a dierent engine and combat system was to be re- Hunt video game as an in game card mini game.
leased in Fall 2009 for video game consoles. On the 29th
of April 2009 the production of the console game was
Board game A board game titled The Witcher Advenannounced to have been halted.
ture Game is was released in 2014 by CD Projekt RED
The Witcher: Crimson Trail (Polish: Wiedmin: Krwawy and Fantasy Flight Games.[15] It was released in both
Szlak), also known as The Witcher Mobile is a mobile physical and digital form.[16] The digital version is for
phone action game created developed by Breakpoint on Windows, OS X, Android and iOS.
the license from CD Projekt in November 2007.[7] It features Geralt in his youth as a promising young student,
has just completed his training to become an elite mon- 1.1.5 In popular culture
ster slayer a witcher.
Andrzej Sapkowskis saga has had widespread inuence
The Witcher: Versus is a Flash-based multiplayer ghton popular culture, predominantly in Poland and Russia.
ing browser game, developed for CD Projekt RED by
Many bands in Poland and Russia name songs or themone2tribe and launched in 2008. The game has you create
selves after things in the saga. For example: the Pola character from one of three classes and challenge other
ish folk metal band Percival Schuttenbach is named afplayers to deadly battles. When you rst sign up for Verter a gnome from Wiedmin novels, whilst Russian band
sus, which is tied into your thewitcher.com forum account
(Dinastiya, 'Dynasty') has produced the song
if you have one, you choose from one of three character
Yennefer about the love between Geralt and Yennefer.
classes: Witcher, Sorceress and Frightener. This game
Another Russian group, the sympho-rock band ESSE,
has been discontinued.
created a rock-opera Road without return based on AnThe Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings is the sequel to The drzej Sapkowskis saga. A New York-based metal band
Witcher, developed by CD Projekt RED. Before Assas- also took the name Gwynbleidd, after the name that
sins of Kings was ocially announced, a video showing was given to Geralt of Rivia by the Dryads of Brokilon,
the game was leaked on 16 September 2009.[8] On 18 meaning White Wolf.
September 2009, CD Projekt RED ocially conrmed
The books have been described as having a cult followthat the game is in development.[9] The game is published
ing.[17] This is especially prevalent in Poland, but has also
by CD Projekt itself in Poland, by Namco Bandai Games
spread to Russia and other Eastern European countries.
in Europe and by Atari, Inc. (Atari, SA subsidiary) in
With the release of The Witcher video game series, as
North America. The Witcher 2 is also distributed digiwell as the subsequent translation of some of Andrzej
tally through Steam and DRM-free on Good Old Games.
Sapkowskis works to the English language, the characThe Witcher 3: Wild Hunt will be the third game in the ters and world originally created by the author have reseries developed by CD Projekt RED. It is scheduled to be cently started to become recognisable in Western Europe
released in February 24, 2015 on all high-end platforms and North America.

1.1. STARSZA MOWA

1.1.6

References

[1] Amazon.com. ISBN 0575090960. |rst1= missing |last1=


in Authors list (help)
[2] Marek, Ruszkowski (2004). Wielojzyczno w perspektywie stylistyki i poetyki. Wydawnictwo Akademii Switokrzyskiej. p. 98. ISBN 83-7133-232-7.
[3] Projekt sownika Starszej Mowy. Retrieved 6 March
2013.
[4] NYCC 2013: THE WITCHER COMES TO DARK
HORSE. Dark Horse Comics. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
[5]
[6] Purchese, Robert (16 June 2014). The Witcher game
that never was. Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Retrieved
16 June 2014.
[7] The Witcher: Crimson Trail. GameBanshee. Retrieved
3 July 2012.
[8] The Witcher 2: Assassin of Kings video leaked, possibly
at Destructoid
[9] The Witcher ocial Facebook page
[10] March Cover Revealed: The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt.
Game Informer. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
[11] The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt. Thewitcher.com. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
[12] The Witcher Franchise Has Now Sold Over 5 Million,
First Two Games Being Sold At A Discount GamingBolt.com: Video Game News, Reviews, Previews and
Blog. Gamingbolt.com. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
[13] Purchese, Robert (25 October 2013). CD Projekt Red
announces 6 million The Witcher sales. Eurogamer.
Gamer Network. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
[14] Yin-Poole, Wesley (1 July 2014). The Witcher: Battle
Arena is a F2P MOBA for mobile. Eurogamer. Gamer
Network. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
[15] Matulef, Jerey (8 January 2014). The Witcher gets a
board game spin-o. Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
[16] Purchese, Robert (27 November 2014). The Witcher
Adventure Game has been released. Eurogamer. Gamer
Network. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
[17] Ewa Mazierska (2007). Polish postcommunist cinema:
from pavement level. Peter Lang. p. 17. ISBN 978-303910-529-8.

1.1.7

External links

Witcher series
Ocial website of Andrzej Sapkowski (Polish)

5
Games
Ocial website of the computer game
Ocial website of the role-playing game (Polish)
Ocial website of the board game

Chapter 2

[[List of The Witcher


characters|Characters]]
2.1 Geralt of Rivia

Raymond Chandler's signature character Philip Marlowe.


The fantasy world in which these adventures take place
owes
much to Polish history and Slavic mythology.
Geralt of Rivia (Polish: Geralt z Rivii) is a ctional character and protagonist of The Witcher series of short sto- Geralt was the son of sorceress Visenna and (presumries and novels by Polish writer Andrzej Sapkowski, as ably) a warrior called Korin. Shortly after being born,
well as its adaptations.
Geralt was abandoned by his mother at Kaer Morhen
the witchers stronghold. Geralt survived numerous mutations during the Trial of Grass, thanks to which he gained
practically superhuman physical and mental abilities (in2.1.1 Fictional biography
cluding enhanced speed, strength, reexes, endurance,
In Sapkowskis books, witchers are monster-hunters who heightened senses and regenerative abilities) with minireceive special training and have their bodies modied at mal side eects. Because of that, he was one of the few
an early age to provide them with supernatural abilities selected for additional experiments, which he alone surso they can kill extremely dangerous monsters and survive vived, albeit at the cost of losing all pigmentation in his
the encounter. These modications (which involve herbal body. After completing his witcher training, he received
preparations, magic potions and virus inoculations) leave his Wolf medallion (the symbol of Kaer Morhen) and emthem with superhuman reexes, dexterity and the abil- barked into the world on his horse called Potka - The
ity to open and contract their pupils at will (giving them Roach (he gave the same name to every horse he owned)
improved night-vision). These modications also leave to become a monster slayer for hire.
them sterile and they are said to be completely devoid of Even though Geralt did not believe in destiny, he (unhuman emotions (this is later discovered to be false).
knowingly, calling for the Law of Surprise) demanded
In the stories, Geralt, the central character, is said to the unborn child of princess Pavetta and her husband
be one of the worlds best witchers. He is said to have Duny as a reward for his services. As the child turned out
resisted the changes during his childhood better than to be a girl, he did not take her. However, fate or blind
most, which encouraged his makers to perform even more chance caused Geralt and Ciri, the daughter of Duny and
dangerous experimental procedures on him. Because of Pavetta to cross their paths thrice, and after the death of
these additional procedures, Geralt lost all body pigmen- her grandmother, queen Calanthe, Geralt ends up taktation. Because of his pale skin and white hair, he is also ing care of the girl and loving her as his own daughter.
known in the Elder Speech as Gwynbleidd, the White His best friend was Dandelion the bard (Polish: Jaskier),
while his lover and the love of his life was Yennefer.
Wolf.
Despite his name, Geralt does not really come from Rivia After seemingly being killed by a mob during a slaugh(although he is described, during his rst visit to Viz- ter of non-humans at the end of the Witcher saga, Gerima, as having an unpleasant Rivian accent), but young alts story continues in more recent computer games (The
witchers were encouraged to make up surnames for them- Witcher and The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings). Geralt
selves by master Vesemir, to make their names sound returns to life with no recollection of the details of his
more trustworthy. His rst choice was Geralt Roger Eric sudden reappearance. He is rescued by the last remaindu Haute-Bellegarde, but was dismissed by Vesemir as ing witchers in the world and taken back to Kaer Morhen.
It is hinted that in the game, he will reluctantly uncover a
silly and pretentious.
conspiracy concerning the Witchers.
Geralt lives in an ambiguous moral universe, yet manages to maintain his own coherent code of ethics. At In the lm (2001) and the subsequent television series
once cynical and noble, Geralt has been compared to (2002) he was portrayed by Micha ebrowski. Geralt
6

2.2. YENNEFER OF VENGERBERG

is also the main hero of several comic books and a role He has been described as a character embodifying the
playing game.
neo-liberal anti-politics spirit of the Polish popular culture of the 1990s.[2]

2.1.2

Literary analysis and reception

Yennefer of Vengerberg

Geralt is described as being emblematic of Polish popular cultures spirit of "neo-liberal anti-politics in the
1990s.[1] He is a professional, carrying out his duties and
unwilling to become involved in the petty quarrels of
the contemporary politics.[1] Marek Oramus compared
Geralt to Raymond Chandler's signature character Philip
Marlowe.[2]

Sorceress Yennefer of Vengerberg (Polish: Yennefer z


Vengerbergu) is a ctional character, created by Andrzej
Sapkowski for his Witcher stories. Yennefer rst appeared in the collection of short stories, The Last Wish,
featuring in both The Last Wish short story and The Voice
of Reason frame story. She went on to appear in numerous other Witcher stories and is one of the main characIn 2012, GamesRadar ranked him as the 50th best hero ters of The Witcher saga.[3] In the 2001 movie and 2002
in video game history.[3]
TV series she was played by Grayna Wolszczak.[4]

2.1.3

See also

Reynevan
CD Projekt RED

2.1.4

References

[1] Pter Apor (2008). Past for the eyes: East European representations of communism in cinema and museums after
1989. Central European University Press. p. 198. ISBN
9789639776050. Retrieved 28 May 2011.

Yennefer is Geralt's soul mate although their relationship is dicult and full of drama. Both Geralt and Yennefer are sterile, which adds another level of tragedy to
the mix. Yennefer has a hard time accepting the fact and
tries various methods of restoring her fertility.
Yennefer was born on Belleteyn of the year 1173. She
lived in the capital city of Aedirn - Vengerberg. She
was the youngest member of the Council of Sorcerers
and later she became a member of the Lodge of Sorceresses. During the Battle of Sodden Hill she was blinded
by Fringilla Vigo, a Nilfgaardian sorceress. Her sight was
magically restored.

Yennefer was famous for her beauty, even though during the events of The Swallows Tower she was 94 years
[2] (Polish) Marek Oramus Jedynie suszny wizerunek old. She always dressed in black and white clothing. She
wiedmina, Polityka - nr 36 (2261) from 2000-09-02; p. used lilac and gooseberry perfumes. She had violet eyes
52-54
and raven black hair. Not known by many people is the
fact that, like most sorceresses in the Witchers stories,
[3] 100 best heroes in video games The most memorable,
she used to have a physical defect before mastering the
inuential, and badass protagonists in games
use of magic. She was a hunchback, but used her magic
to disguise this fact and appears quite beautiful, although
Geralt is able to see the subtle clues that let him gure out
2.2 Yennefer of Vengerberg
the truth.
The ctional universe of The Witcher saga was created by
Polish writer Andrzej Sapkowski in his[1] series of books Cirilla (or Ciri)
(The Witcher Saga). The following is a list of notable
Cirilla Fiona Elen Riannon' (known as Ciri or the Lion
characters from the series.
Cub of Cintra), is the princess of Cintra, daughter of
Pavetta and Duny (also known as Hedgehog of Erlenwald) and granddaughter of Queen Calanthe. She is also
2.2.1 Character list
Geralts adopted daughter, around whom much of the plot
is centered.
Geralt of Rivia
Main article: Geralt of Rivia

Triss Merigold

Geralt of Rivia (Polish: Geralt z Rivii), known also as


Gwynnbleid (Old Speech: White Wolf, given to him
by the Dryads) is a witcher and the protagonist of the
Witcher series and its adaptations. He is also known as
the Butcher of Blaviken.

Triss Merigold of Maribor, a sorceress and a friend of


Geralt and Yennefer. She took care of Ciri for some time
and is like an older sister to her. She was member of
the Lodge of Sorceresses. Triss is unhappily in love with
Geralt.

CHAPTER 2. [[LIST OF THE WITCHER CHARACTERS|CHARACTERS]]

The image of Triss Merigold from The Witcher 2 ap


peared as cover girl in the Polish edition of Playboy in
May 2011.[5] She also appeared in a live model calendar
2.2.4
for the game in Russia.[6]
Dandelion
Dandelion (Polish: Jaskier) is a poet, minstrel, bard and
the closest friend of Geralt. Polish name of Jaskier actually refers to the Buttercup ower (Ranunculus).

External links

(Polish) Anika Radzka, Kinga Kwaterska,


Teoretyczne mdroci. PRZESTRZE W FANTASY - TEZY DO DYSKUSJI. WIEDMINLAND,
CZYLI TO DLA BOHATERW
(Polish) Two maps of the Wiedmnland
(Czech) A map from the Czech translation

King Foltest
King Foltest is the king of Temeria, and involved in an in- 2.3 Starsza Mowa
cestuous aair with his own sister that produced a daughter, although both the mother and child die in childbirth. For the video game based on the book series, see The
They are buried in the family crypt beneath the family Witcher (video game).
castle. However, 5 years later the situation and magic of
The Witcher (Polish: Wiedmin) by Polish writer
the fantasy setting cause the daughter to become an undead beast called a Striga that kills villagers and forces the
royal family of Temeria to abandon their castle and let it
fall in ruins. King Foltest forbids anyone to destroy the
Striga, and eventually hires Geralt to lift the curse of the
daughter he dearly loves. Geralt is successful, and the girl
returns to life as a 15 year old teenager, but uneducated
and must be taught to speak and behave as a person.

2.2.2

References

This article incorporates information from the


revision as of November 23, 2007 of the equivalent article on the Polish Wikipedia.
[1] Ewa Mazierska (2007). Polish postcommunist cinema:
from pavement level. Peter Lang. p. 17. ISBN 978-303910-529-8. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
[2] Pter Apor (2008). Past for the eyes: East European representations of communism in cinema and museums after
1989. Central European University Press. p. 198. ISBN
978-963-9776-05-0. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
[3] Yennefer info on Fantasy Fan
[4] IMDB: Yennefer (Character) from Wiedzmin (2001)
[5] The Witcher 2 Triss Merigold: Polish Playboy May
2011. Unnished Man. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
[6] Russian Witcher 2 Calendar Bares All in the Name of
Marketing. Kotaku. Retrieved March 24, 2013.

Cover of the American edition of the rst Witcher book The


Last Wish

Andrzej Sapkowski is a series of fantasy short stories (collected in two books, except for two stories) and six novels
Katarzyna Kaczor (2006). Geralt, czarownice about the witcher Geralt of Rivia. In Sapkowskis books,
i wampir: recykling kulturowy Andrzeja Sap- witchers are monster-hunters who receive special training
kowskiego (in Polish). Sowo/obraz terytoria. ISBN and have their bodies modied at an early age to provide
978-83-7453-651-6. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
them with supernatural abilities so they can cope with

2.2.3

Further reading

2.3. STARSZA MOWA


dangerous monsters. The books have been adapted into
a movie and television series, a video game series, and
a graphic novel series. The novel series (excluding the
short stories) is also called the Witcher Saga (Polish: Saga o Wiedminie). The Witcher short stories and novels
have been translated into several languages. The books
The Last Wish, Blood of Elves, Time of Contempt, and
Baptism of Fire have been ocially translated into English.

2.3.1

Books

9
The Saga
The Saga focuses on the story of Geralt of Rivia and Ciri,
the Child of Destiny. Ciri, a princess of a recently conquered country, becomes a witcher-in-training, and a key
pawn in international politics, and Geralt is pulled into a
whirlwind of events in his attempts to protect her.
Krew elfw (Blood of Elves) (1994, English edition:
2008)
Czas pogardy (Time of Contempt) (1995, English
edition: 2013)

Chrzest ognia (Baptism of Fire) (1996, English ediThe Witcher series is a series of short stories, at rst
tion: 2014[1] )
published in Fantastyka, a Polish science ction and fantasy magazine. The rst short story, Wiedmin (The
Wiea Jaskki (The Swallows Tower) (1997)
Witcher) (1986), was written for a contest held by the
Pani Jeziora (Lady of the Lake) (1999)
magazine, where it won third place. The rst four stories of the witcher Geralt and the story Droga, z ktrej
Sezon burz (Season of Storms) (2013) prequel
si nie wraca (The Road with No Return), which took
story, which takes place before the events of Krew
place in the same world, but dozens of years before the
elfw.
witcher stories were originally collected in a short story
collection titled Wiedmin (out of print and now obsolete; all fteen short stories were later collected in three In non-Witcher anthologies
books published by superNOWA).
Co si koczy, co si zaczyna (Something Ends,
The second short story collection to be published was
Something Begins) (2000) (this collection contains
Miecz przeznaczenia (Sword of Destiny). While The Last
various stories by Sapkowski, including two from
Wish collection was published after Miecz przeznaczenia,
the Witcher saga).
it replaced Wiedmin as the rst book, as it included all of
the stories collected in Wiedmin except Droga, z ktorej
si nie wraca (the only one not featuring Geralt). Although new short stories were added in The Last Wish,
they took place before the ones in Miecz przeznaczenia.
Droga, z ktrej si nie wraca, along with Co si
koczy, co si zaczyna, a non-canon story/alternative
ending of the Witcher saga about Geralt and Yennefer's
wedding, written as a wedding gift for Sapkowskis
friends, were later published in the book Co si koczy,
co si zaczyna. The rest of the stories in this book are
not connected to the Witcher series in any way. In some
Polish editions, Droga, z ktrej si nie wraca and Co
si koczy, co si zaczyna are added to either The Last
Wish or Miecz przeznaczenia.

The Witcher Stories


Miecz Przeznaczenia (The Sword of Destiny) (1992)

A Polish Book of Monsters, an English anthology


edited and translated by Michael Kandel, contains
a unique translation of The Witcher short story,
translated as Spellmaker. The same story is found
in The Last Wish but a dierent translation was used.
(2010)

2.3.2 Setting
Sapkowskis short stories and novels are praised for their
ironic sense of humor and subtle anachronisms (e.g. one
of the wizards taking part in the Gathering of the Wizards is constantly complaining about ecological issues).
Sapkowski tries to emphasize the shades of gray in everyone (e.g. one of the local rulers engaged in an incestuous
relation with his own sister is shown as a caring father
at least according to the standards of Sapkowskis world).
The universe was never ocially named by the writer; the
largest entity the continent is simply called The Continent, and Polish fans have labeled the universe Wiedminland ('Witcherland').

Ostatnie yczenie (The Last Wish) (1993, English


edition: 2008). Note that, while The Last Wish
was published after The Sword of Destiny, the sto- History and races
ries contained in The Last Wish take place rst
chronologically, and many of the individual stories The Continent was settled a few thousand years ago by
the elves who came from overseas, meeting the gnomes
were published before The Sword of Destiny.

10

CHAPTER 2. [[LIST OF THE WITCHER CHARACTERS|CHARACTERS]]

and the dwarves. After a period of elven-dwarven wars,


the dwarves retreated to the mountainous regions, and the
elves settled in plains and forests. The story repeated itself about ve hundred years ago, when human colonists
arrived. The humans defeated the older races, and are
now the dominant race; the others are considered secondclass and often are forced to live in small ghettos inside
human settlements, or in the most inhospitable regions of
wilderness, not yet claimed by the humans. In addition
to elves, gnomes and dwarfs, other notable races on The
Continent are the halings and the dryads. Some other
races such as werewolves or vampires appeared on
The Continent due to a magical event known as the Conjunction of the Spheres.

and the ability to drink toxic potions that would harm normal people. The only downside is that Witchers become
sterile when they pass the trials.
Witchers also wear a magical medallion that will vibrate
when magical creatures are nearby.
Witchers typically carry two swords. One a silver blade
and the other an iron or steel blade both of which can be
made of metal from a meteor.

As Geralt of Rivia said to Iola in The Last Wish: Its said,


spitefully, the silver one is for monsters and the iron and
steel for humans. But thats wrong. As there are monsters
which can be struck down only with a silver blade, so there
are those for whom iron is lethal. And, Iola, not just any
Over the past several centuries most of the south-west iron, it must come from a meteorite.
and south-center of The Continent has been taken over by
the growing Nilfgaard Empire. The north belongs to the
fragmented Northern Kingdoms. The Witcher saga takes 2.3.3 Translations
places in the aftermath of a major war between the Nilfgaard Empire and the alliance of Northern Kingdoms, The stories and novels have been translated into Czech,
and the second war begins in the middle of the series.
Portuguese, German, Russian, Lithuanian, Estonian,
Geography
No ocial map of the universe created by Sapkowski
has been released, but several fan-made maps have been
created. Sapkowski has refused to create a map, having
stated that the existing maps are 'mostly accurate'. Most
recently, a new map has been created by CD Projekt for
The Witcher video game and Sapkowski himself was consulted on it.
The Continent can be divided into four regions. The
Northern Kingdoms are the area where most of the Saga
takes place, they are Aedirn, Cintra, Kaedwen, Kovir, Poviss, Lyria, Rivia, Redania and Temeria. South of the
Northern Kingdom lies the Nilfgaard Empire. East of
both of them are mostly unknown territories, such as the
Korath desert, Zerrikania, Haakland and Zangwebar.

Finnish, French, Spanish, Italian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian,


Serbian, Swedish, Hungarian, Dutch and Chinese. An
English translation of Ostatnie yczenie (The Last Wish)
short story collection, was published in the United Kingdom by Gollancz in 2007 and was published in the United
States by Orbit in 2008. Krew elfw (Blood of Elves) was
published by Gollancz in 2008 and in the US by Orbit
in 2009, and Czas pogardy (Time of Contempt) was published by Gollancz in the UK in 2013. Chrzest ognia (Baptism of Fire) was translated and published by Gollancz in
2014.

The name witcher

The original Polish name for witcher is wiedmin. The


English translation preferred by Andrzej Sapkowski was
initially hexer and is the name used in the international version of the lm adaptation. Hexe and Hexer
are the German terms for witch and warlock. HowLanguage
ever, CD Projekt chose to translate Hexer literally to
witcher in The Witcher computer game, and this version
Sapkowski created a special language for the series, called
was subsequently used by Danusia Stok in her translation
the Elder Speech.[2][3] It is based on English, French,
of the book The Last Wish, as well as by Sapkowski himWelsh, Irish, Latin and other languages. One of the most
self in the book Historia i fantastyka. Michael Kandel, in
important dialects is the one from the Skellige islands.
his translation of the story Wiedmin (2010) used the
word Spellmaker.
Powers and abilities
Alternatively, the word warlock has been used informally in English translations, while witcher, being a
Witchers are taken in as children and subjected to potions neologism in English (as wiedmin is in Polish derived
and martial training for most of their young life. Ulti- from wiedma witch) arguably describes the uniquemately, only about 40% of the children survive the nal ness of Geralts profession better.
trial and potion.
The process gives a witcher special powers, such as the
use of low-level magical abilities based on the four ele- 2.3.4
ments, faster movement, rapid healing, quicker reexes,

Adaptations

2.3. STARSZA MOWA

11

Comic books

to be a 3D action-adventure game with some role-playing


game elements like moral choices and experience point
In 1993-1995, Sapkowskis stories were adapted into six system.[6]
comic books by Maciej Parowski (story), Bogusaw Polch
A 2007 role-playing video game based on Sapkowskis
(art), and Sapkowski himself. They are:
saga called The Witcher was developed by CD Projekt,
and was released in Europe on October 26, and the US on
Droga bez powrotu (The Road with No Return, based October 30. It was advertised far more than its predeceson the short story Droga, z ktrej si nie wraca)
sor, and although it was one of CD Projekts rst games,
it was received very well by reviewers in both Europe and
Geralt (based on the short story Wiedmin)
North America. The game contains mature content. The
Mniejsze zo (Lesser Evil, based on a short story of game is published by CD Projekt itself in Poland, and
the same title)
worldwide by Atari, Inc. (Atari, SA subsidiary). The
Witcher: Rise of the White Wolf, using the same story,
Ostatnie yczenie (The Last Wish, based on a short but a dierent engine and combat system was to be restory of the same title)
leased in Fall 2009 for video game consoles. On the 29th
Granica moliwoci (Border of ability, based on a of April 2009 the production of the console game was
announced to have been halted.
short story of the same title)
The Witcher: Crimson Trail (Polish: Wiedmin: Krwawy
Zdrada (Betrayal, based on an unused idea for a
Szlak), also known as The Witcher Mobile is a mobile
short story)
phone action game created developed by Breakpoint on
the license from CD Projekt in November 2007.[7] It feaOn October 11, 2013, Dark Horse Comics announced a tures Geralt in his youth as a promising young student,
comic book series called The Witcher based on the video has just completed his training to become an elite mongame series. The Witcher #1 was released on March 19, ster slayer a witcher.
2014.[4]
The Witcher: Versus is a Flash-based multiplayer ghting browser game, developed for CD Projekt RED by
Film and television
one2tribe and launched in 2008. The game has you create
a character from one of three classes and challenge other
Main articles: The Hexer (lm) and The Hexer (TV players to deadly battles. When you rst sign up for Verseries)
sus, which is tied into your thewitcher.com forum account
if you have one, you choose from one of three character
The Hexer is the international title of both a 2001 movie classes: Witcher, Sorceress and Frightener. This game
and a 2002 TV series, directed by Marek Brodzki, and has been discontinued.
Micha ebrowski starring as Geralt.
The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings is the sequel to The
Sapkowski in several interviews laconically expressed his Witcher, developed by CD Projekt RED. Before Assasnegative opinion about the lms: I can answer only with sins of Kings was ocially announced, a video showing
the game was leaked on 16 September 2009.[8] On 18
a single word, an obscene, albeit a short one.[5]
September 2009, CD Projekt RED ocially conrmed
that the game is in development.[9] The game is published
Games
by CD Projekt itself in Poland, by Namco Bandai Games
in Europe and by Atari, Inc. (Atari, SA subsidiary) in
Tabletop role-playing game In 2001 a tabletop role- North America. The Witcher 2 is also distributed digiplaying game called Wiedmin: Gra Wyobrani (The tally through Steam and DRM-free on Good Old Games.
Witcher: A Game of Imagination), based on Sapkowskis
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt will be the third game in the
books, was published by MAG.
series developed by CD Projekt RED. It is scheduled to be
released in February 24, 2015 on all high-end platforms
Video games Main articles: The Witcher (video available, will feature an open world.[10]
game), The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings and The As of July 11, 2012, both Witcher games have sold a comWitcher 3: Wild Hunt
bined worldwide total of four million units across Windows, Mac, and Xbox 360.[11] As of February 6, 2013,
the series has sold over ve million copies.[12] As of October 25, 2013 the sales were at six million copies.[13] According to The Witcher facebook page, the franchise has
sold more than 7 million copies of both games to date.

In 1996 and 1997 a Witcher video game was being developed by Metropolis, a development studio in Poland, but
was eventually cancelled. The games director was Adrian
Chmielarz, former People Can Fly co-owner and creative
director. He coined the translated term The Witcher On July 1, 2014, CD Project Red announced The Witcher:
during the development of the game. The game was going

12

CHAPTER 2. [[LIST OF THE WITCHER CHARACTERS|CHARACTERS]]

Battle Arena, a free-to-play multiplayer online battle


arena game for mobile.[14]
Card games Two card games based on CD Projekts
The Witcher video game have been designed by Kunia
Gier. One, Wiedmin: Przygodowa Gra Karciana (The
Witcher: Adventure Cardgame) has been published by
Kunia Gier and is being sold in Polish gaming stores,
while the other, Wiedmin: Promocyjna Gra Karciana
(The Witcher Promo Card Game) is a simpler game added
to the Collectors Edition of The Witcher in some countries. CD Projekt has also announced a card game called
Gwent will be released alongside The Witcher 3: Wild
Hunt video game as an in game card mini game.

[3] Projekt sownika Starszej Mowy. Retrieved 6 March


2013.
[4] NYCC 2013: THE WITCHER COMES TO DARK
HORSE. Dark Horse Comics. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
[5]
[6] Purchese, Robert (16 June 2014). The Witcher game
that never was. Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Retrieved
16 June 2014.
[7] The Witcher: Crimson Trail. GameBanshee. Retrieved
3 July 2012.
[8] The Witcher 2: Assassin of Kings video leaked, possibly
at Destructoid
[9] The Witcher ocial Facebook page

Board game A board game titled The Witcher Adventure Game is was released in 2014 by CD Projekt RED
and Fantasy Flight Games.[15] It was released in both
physical and digital form.[16] The digital version is for
Windows, OS X, Android and iOS.

2.3.5

In popular culture

Andrzej Sapkowskis saga has had widespread inuence


on popular culture, predominantly in Poland and Russia.
Many bands in Poland and Russia name songs or themselves after things in the saga. For example: the Polish folk metal band Percival Schuttenbach is named after a gnome from Wiedmin novels, whilst Russian band
(Dinastiya, 'Dynasty') has produced the song
Yennefer about the love between Geralt and Yennefer.
Another Russian group, the sympho-rock band ESSE,
created a rock-opera Road without return based on Andrzej Sapkowskis saga. A New York-based metal band
also took the name Gwynbleidd, after the name that
was given to Geralt of Rivia by the Dryads of Brokilon,
meaning White Wolf.

[10] March Cover Revealed: The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt.


Game Informer. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
[11] The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt. Thewitcher.com. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
[12] The Witcher Franchise Has Now Sold Over 5 Million,
First Two Games Being Sold At A Discount GamingBolt.com: Video Game News, Reviews, Previews and
Blog. Gamingbolt.com. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
[13] Purchese, Robert (25 October 2013). CD Projekt Red
announces 6 million The Witcher sales. Eurogamer.
Gamer Network. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
[14] Yin-Poole, Wesley (1 July 2014). The Witcher: Battle
Arena is a F2P MOBA for mobile. Eurogamer. Gamer
Network. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
[15] Matulef, Jerey (8 January 2014). The Witcher gets a
board game spin-o. Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
[16] Purchese, Robert (27 November 2014). The Witcher
Adventure Game has been released. Eurogamer. Gamer
Network. Retrieved 27 November 2014.

The books have been described as having a cult follow- [17] Ewa Mazierska (2007). Polish postcommunist cinema:
ing.[17] This is especially prevalent in Poland, but has also
from pavement level. Peter Lang. p. 17. ISBN 978-303910-529-8.
spread to Russia and other Eastern European countries.
With the release of The Witcher video game series, as
well as the subsequent translation of some of Andrzej
Sapkowskis works to the English language, the charac- 2.3.7 External links
ters and world originally created by the author have recently started to become recognisable in Western Europe Witcher series
and North America.
Ocial website of Andrzej Sapkowski (Polish)

2.3.6

References

[1] Amazon.com. ISBN 0575090960. |rst1= missing |last1=


in Authors list (help)
[2] Marek, Ruszkowski (2004). Wielojzyczno w perspektywie stylistyki i poetyki. Wydawnictwo Akademii Switokrzyskiej. p. 98. ISBN 83-7133-232-7.

Games
Ocial website of the computer game
Ocial website of the role-playing game (Polish)
Ocial website of the board game

Chapter 3

Books
3.1 The Last Wish (book)

to her (she unable to talk due to a vow she has made).


At the end, he muses on his destiny (introduces the short
The Last Wish (Polish: Ostatnie yczenie) is the rst of story, A Matter of Price).
the two collections of short stories (the other being Sword Some time later, Dandelion, a poet friend of Geralt arof Destiny - Miecz przeznaczenia), preceding the main rives. Together, they reminisce on times gone past, of
Witcher Saga, written by Polish fantasy writer Andrzej how Geralts profession as a witcher is growing less and
Sapkowski. The rst Polish edition was published in less protable. Finally, they reminisce on their rst ad1993, the rst English edition in 2007.[1] The book has venture (The Edge of the World). Geralt talks to Nenalso been translated into several other languages.
neke about Yennefer, wishing to give some of his payThe collection employs the frame story framework and ment to her. Nenneke dismisses it, and asks him how he
contains 7 main short stories; Geralt of Rivia, after having met Yennefer. He recounts to her the story (The Last
been injured in battle, rests in a temple. During that time Wish).
he has ashbacks to recent events in his life, each of which When Geralt and Dandelion venture out of the temple,
forms a story of its own.
Geralt is waylaid by Falwick and Tailles, accompanied
by a lot of lancers and the captain of Herewards guards,
a dwarf named Dennis Cranmer. They explain Geralts
options to him. If he does not accept Tailless challenge,
3.1.1 Chapters
he will be hanged. If he touches Tailles with his sword,
he will be dragged to Hereward to be tortured. Geralt
The Voice of Reason
chooses to ght, and causes Tailles to hit himself with his
own sword. Dennis Cranmer, stating that he obeys his
Gos rozsdku - frame story
The Voice of Reason begins with Geralt, slumbering, orders to the letter, allows Geralt to go, as Geralt did not
awakened by the entrance of Iola, who proceeds to make actually touch Tailles. Geralt chooses to leave, and just
love to him. Afterwards, he falls asleep. Here Geralt before he leaves, when he touches Iolas hand (Iola was
dreams of his encounter in Wyzim with a striga (The bringing him his box of elixirs) she has a vision of him.
Witcher). In the morning, he is woken up by Nenneke, Geralt dismisses it, saying hes seen it before, and leaves.
the priestess of Melitele. He is in the Temple of Melitele Nenneke says goodbye, but does not look him in the face.
in Ellander. Iola leaves, with Geralt musing that in the
early morning, she reminded him of Yennefer. She talks
with him, worried that he was horrically injured by a
normal striga. Geralt and Nenneke argue about Geralt
taking part in a trance. Geralt argues that his inability
to be hypnotised and his lack of faith makes it pointless.
Here, the second short story, A Grain of Truth is introduced.
Afterwards, he meets with Count Falwick and Sir Tailles,
both knights of Order of the White Rose. They are here
to chase Geralt from Ellander in the name of Prince Hereward. Geralt says he will leave after three days. Falwick
tells him to leave immediately. Geralt and Tailles almost
come to blows when the latter insults Nenneke. Tailles
and Falwick leave, warning that they will be back (at this
point, the third short story, The Lesser Evil). Later, he
meets Iola, and carries a monologue explaining himself

The Witcher
Wiedmin
The story begins with Geralt entering Vizima. Shortly afterwards, he kills three men in a bar ght. He is escorted
to Velerad, the elderly castellan of Vizima. Near the beginning of King Foltests reign, he got his sister, Adda,
pregnant. Both Adda and her baby daughter died shortly
after birth and were buried together in a double con.
Seven years later, the daughter awoke and slaughtered the
inhabitants of the palace. She had become a striga.
Geralt meets with Foltest, who warns him not to harm
the striga, for a wizard had told him that if someone prevented the striga from returning to her con by the third
crowing of the rooster, then she would be cured, turning

13

14
into an ordinary little girl. Geralt asks to see a miller (a
survivor of one of the strigas earlier attacks). The soldier
that brings him to Geralt is Foltest, disguised. He gives
Geralt leave to kill his daughter if he found that she was
an incurable case.
Geralt spends the night at the old palace (Foltest having
moved to a new palace, unplagued by the strigas attacks).
During the early night, Lord Ostrit, a magnate, tries to
bribe Geralt into running away, as he wishes the striga to
survive. This would eventually horrify the inhabitants of
Vizima, who would more easily support Vizimir of Novigrads rule. Geralt refuses, knocks Lord Ostrit out, and
ties him up. At midnight, he cuts Ostrit loose, using him
as bait. He is soon found and killed by the striga.
Geralt ghts with the striga, reluctant to use his silver
sword. He ties the striga with a silver chain, which she
breaks free of, despite silver being an antithesis to monsters of magic. She is eventually scared o when Geralt
uses his sorcery to project the hate and malice in her own
mind back at her. Geralt settles down in the double con
to wait for morning. In the morning, he sees an ordinary
little girl who is lying on the oor. Leaning over her, he
sees too late that her eyes are open. Using the last remnants of her talons, the striga slashes Geralts throat. As
he subdues the girl/striga, Geralt hears the third crowing
of the rooster. Finally, he binds his neck, knowing he will
faint.
The witcher wakes up, his neck bandaged, with Velerad
(who was part of the group that had planned to just have
the striga killed) admitting he was in the wrong. He assures Geralt that his silver sword, his three thousand oren
reward and his possessions are safe. Geralt, soothed, falls
asleep.

A Grain of Truth
Ziarno prawdy
While travelling through the forest, Geralt comes to the
corpses of a man and a woman that seem at rst glance to
have been killed by wolves, but the wounds tell a dierent
story. Looking closer, Geralt notices that the woman has
a blue rose pinned to her dress.
Heading in the direction the pair must have come from,
the witcher arrives at a seemingly deserted mansion, in
front of which he sees a strange woman who runs from
him. The owner of the house, a beast called Nivellen, allows our hero to enter his house, which is enchanted to
obey his every whim, and in the end tells Geralt his story:
coming from a line of robbers, Nivellen at some point
was cursed by a priestess to be a beast in human form
until some conditions are fullled, something related to
blood and love. So for some time, Nivellen has tried to
undo the curse by entertaining relationships with dierent women, all merchant daughters, but to no avail.
Before departing, Geralt warns Nivellen of his newest
lady friend, Vereena, who may be a rusalka (water nymph

CHAPTER 3. BOOKS
that lures men and children to their deaths). Somewhere
along the road Geralt realizes what it was his horse sensed
at Nivellens manor and returns promptly to warn him,
but is greeted by Vereena, who turns out to be a bruxa (a
vampire-like creature that uses song to knock people out)
and a ght ensues.
In the middle of the ght, just when Geralt gets overwhelmed, Nivellen shows up and joins the ght. At some
point during the ght, Nivellen impales the bruxa on a
pole, enabling Geralt to nish it o. But before the nal
blow is struck, Vereena confesses her love for Nivellen,
which breaks the curse.
The story ends with the key to the curse: There is a grain
of truth in every fairy tale, said the witcher quietly. Love
and blood. They both possess a mighty power. Wizards
and learned men have been racking their brains over this
for years, but they haven't arrived at anything, except thatExcept what, Geralt?"
It has to be true love.
The Lesser Evil
Mniejsze zo
On the eve of market day, Geralt rides into Blaviken with
a kikimore-carcass in tow. He seeks out Caldemeyn, the
towns alderman, to try and get a reward for the dead critter. Hes out of luck, though, and Caldemeyn suggests
throwing the carcass in the local cesspool. However, one
of the aldermans sta, Carrypebble, mentions that the
local wizard, Master Irion, might fancy a look at the creature. All agree its worth a try and head to Irions tower
to nd the mage.
Master Irion is far more interested in Geralt than in some
kikimore carcass, however. When Geralt steps inside
the tower, he steps straight into an illusion. Finding the
wizard surrounded by a veritable garden of Eden (complete with a naked, young woman casually picking apples), Geralt recognizes the man as Stregobor, a mage
whom he'd last seen in King Idis court in Kovir, and not
Master Irion at all. The wizard explains that since he is
occupying Irions tower, that it seemed a tting tribute to
call himself by that name. It also did not hurt to conceal
his true identity.
After a few pleasantries, Stregobor nally gets to the
point. He pleads for Geralts help claiming that a monster is pursuing him, seeking to kill him. After a little bit
of prodding, the wizard confesses to Geralt that the monster is in fact a young woman, whom he says was born under the Curse of the Black Sun. Geralt scos at the idea,
calling it absurd. Stregobor begs the witcher to help him,
to kill the girl saying that she is far more of a monster than
the kikimore the witcher recently slew. He insists that it
would be the lesser evil to kill her. Geralt refuses, and
leaves.
Meanwhile, Renfri has entered Blaviken along with her
band of miscreants. Geralt meets them all in the tavern

3.1. THE LAST WISH (BOOK)


and is about to be drawn into a ght when Renfri herself
steps in. She asks Geralt to hear her out, and while they
are at it, to let the alderman know of her plans. She proceeds to explain that she bears a letter from King Audoen
which essentially makes her and her band untouchable.
Caldemeyn conrms this.

15
A Matter of Price

Kwestia ceny
The story begins with Geralt being clean-shaven, washed
and nicely clothed by the servants and castellan of the
royal familys castle in Cintra. Cintras crown-princess,
That night, when Geralt withdraws to his attic room at Pavetta, has turned fteen years old and as is the custom,
Caldemeyns home, he nds Renfri has beaten him there. contenders for her hand have turned up in their dozens.
They talk, the young woman proceeds to tell the witcher Geralt, who is ocially invited to the party as the honher life story. She also compares Stregobor to the kiki- ourable Lord Ravix of Fourhorn, sits next to Queen
more that Geralt brought into town, saying he is a worse Calanthe, yet has not been told what is the reason of his
monster and oers Geralt the same deal Stregobor did: invitation. During dinner, he has a long discussion with
choose the lesser evil, kill the other, receive any reward the queen as to how she sees witchers, what she thinks is
within reason.
their profession, and if she invited him for the right reaGeralt refuses, again. He pleads with Renfri to forgive sons.
Stregobor, to prove the wizard and the alleged Curse were
wrong. She refuses but before she leaves, she gives the
impression that she and her band will leave town peacefully, possibly to meet Stregobor somewhere else for a
nal showdown. Then, she and Geralt make love.

Suddenly an uninvited guest enters the room: a helmed


spiked knight who introduces himself as the Urcheon of
Erlenwald. Granted to speak by the queen, he tells that he
has come to collect the promised reward for saving King
Roegners life; by the Law of Surprise, princess Pavetta
In the morning, during breakfast with Caldemeyn and his has belonged to him from the day of her birth.
family, the alderman casually mentions Tridam, which Although Queen Calanthe admits that what he says is
immediately piques the witchers interest as Renfri had true, she does not have the intention of giving her daughspecically mentioned a certain Tridam ultimatum the ter away to a stranger and an uproar starts between the
night before. When Caldemeyn relates the full story, Ger- guests. When the queen asks princess Pavetta if she
alt suddenly realizes what Renfris real plan is, and that chooses to leave with the knight, she answers yes. The
she is not in fact preparing to leave town at all. She plans queen collapses in her chair and a ght breaks out, with
to use the fact that the local mage in any given town is duty the guards and knights attacking Urcheon.
bound to do what he can to protect the town, so she plans
A force that Geralt and the druid Mousesack have already
to massacre the townsfolk in the marketplace to draw the
felt for some time, explodes from princess Pavetta as she
wizard out.
sees her lover being attacked. As the guests fought, the
Geralt races immediately to the marketplace and nds princess power grew and became very dangerous to evRenfris band sizing it up. He chooses to engage them eryone. Distracted by Coodcoodak, Geralt broke through
in battle rather than wait for them to fulll their plan and the magic and got Pavetta back to her senses.
start killing the townsfolk. Renfri is not with them as she
When the ruckus had calmed down, the Urcheon of Eris trying to lure Stregobor from his tower, but she has
lenwald, or Duny and Pavetta explained the situation.
left a message for the witcher, one nal plea to side with
They had been seeing each other for over a year now, and
her. Civril decides to nish o the witcher with a swift
had fallen in love. Having calmed down, queen Calancrossbow bolt but is surprised to learn that the witcher can
the agreed with their love, and their forthcoming mardeect these in ight with his blade. He then orders the
riage. Eist Tuirseach, who came that night for the hand
band to close ranks and charge the witcher as one. Their
of princess Pavetta, ended up accepting the proposal to
plan is quickly and decisively thwarted by our hero and
marry Queen Calanthe. Thanking Geralt for saving his
Renfri only returns in time to see the last of her men fall.
life earlier, Duny oered him whatever he asked for. GerShe reveals that Stegobor ignored her ultimatum, telling
alt asked for that which you already have but do not
her to do as she will to the townsfolk. She then confronts
know, breaking the news to everyone, including Duny
Geralt and they cross blades.
and Pavetta, that the princess was pregnant. He asked
When its all over, Stregobor approaches the witcher, in- that their child was to be raised as a witcher.
tent on performing an autopsy on the girls body, to prove
his theory that the Curse was the cause. But, surprising even himself, Geralt refuses to let him touch her The Edge of the World
body. Stregobor leaves telling the witcher that hes free
to follow, just as the towsfolk begin hurling rocks at the Kraniec wiata
witcher. Geralt protects himself with the quen sign until
The story opens with Geralt and Dandelion having
Caldemeyn orders them to stop. That is however the last
stopped in Upper Posada to look for work. After spendfavour the alderman plans to extend Geralt and he tells
ing a good deal of time trying to nd out if there are any
the witcher to leave Blaviken and never come back.
paying jobs to be had, the witcher concludes that the tales

16

CHAPTER 3. BOOKS

of the locals are nothing more than superstition and con- They're stopped by the arrival on horseback of Filavanstitute no real work for a witcher. The pair decide to move drel. The relief doesn't last long, though, for the bard and
on, heading towards the edge of the known world.
the witcher are tied to a pine tree with belts. Geralt and
As they approach Lower Posada, Dandelion notices a Torque both try to talk some sense into the elves heads,
horse-drawn cart seemingly trying to overtake them. Net- but its of no use. The elves tell Torque to get out of the
tly, a local farmer, catches up with them, saying there is way aim their bows.
indeed work for a witcher and that he too thought the folk
in Upper Posada were talking utter nonsense. He suggests
they continue on their way and discuss things in relative
comfort.
Once in the village, the local elder, Dhun, tells of a 'deovel' whose mischief has become a problem, but under
no circumstances should the creature be killed. Despite
Dandelions claims that there are no devils, Geralt agrees
to take a look and see what he can do.
Out in the elds, amidst the hemp and hops, Geralt and
Dandelion nd the 'deovel'. Dandelion and the bleating
'devil' exchange a few words which only serve to provoke
the latter; he takes aim and starts throwing iron balls at
the witcher and his friend with a fair degree of accuracy,
and they ee.
Back in the village, Geralt confronts Dhun and Nettly,
and meets the communitys old wise woman and Lille.
After some discussion, an ancient book is brought forth,
and the old woman 'reads appointed entries from it. This
way, the witcher and the bard learn that the devil is, in
fact, a sylvan. The villagers had tried to using the books
suggestions for ousting the beasta suggestion which apparently left it well armed with iron balls. The old woman
and Lille leave, taking the book with them; Geralt converses with the men some more.

Fortunately, its at this point that the Queen of the Fields


makes a quite spectacular entrance. The elves halt, lower
their weapons, and kneel before her. Filavandrel pleads
with her, but while she doesn't say a word, she seems to
be communicating with him telepathically. Meanwhile,
Torques cutting Geralt and Dandelion, whos fainted,
free. When Torque asks Geralt what to do about the poet,
Geralt suggests a few quick slaps about the face, which
Torque happily obliges.
After a moment, the elves get up, silent, saddle their
horses and start to leave. Filavandrel bids Geralt farewell,
Toruviel gives Dandelion a new lute, and they part ways.
Filavandrel tells Geralt that he has reconsidered and
hopes that the witcher will not let him down when they
inevitably meet on the elds of battle. Geralt assures him
that he'll do his best.
The story ends with the witcher, the bard and the sylvan
around a campre, wondering where to go next, reading
the villagers book.

The Last Wish


Ostatnie yczenie
One morning, while trying to sh a breakfast, Dandelion
and Geralt catch an ancient, sealed amphora. Dandelion,
in a t of glee, and ignoring Geralts warnings, releases the
genie within. The genie doesn't fulll even the rst one
of the bards wishes, opting to strangle the bard instead.
Geralt rushes to the rescue, and after a brief ght, the
witcher seizes the seal on the ground and shouts out an
exorcism. The genie ees, but Dandelion is far from well
and needs help desperately.

The following day, back in the elds, Geralt tries to draw


out the sylvan and speak. The devil refuses but suggests
that if the witcher wants to play games, hes game. Geralt is in no mood for games, but suggests one: don't do
unto others what you would not have them do to you.
This essentially leads to a tussle in the hemp from which
the sylvan narrowly escapes. Geralt hears a horse and assumes that Dandelion has come to his aid on horseback.
But theres a twist in the story, and the witcher is actually After a days ride, they arrive at the gates of Rinde, but
knocked down by the unidentied rider.
are denied passage before morning. Waiting for the dawn
He stirs to nd himself face down on the ground, bound, to break, Geralt makes the acquaintance of the elves
with the sounds of people talking in the Old Language not Chireadan and Errdil and the half-elf knight, Vratimir.
far away. He recognizes one of the voices as belonging They inform him that theres a penalty for spellworking
to the 'devil', and soon learns that his name is Torque. within the city, and the mages are boycotting Rinde in
The other speaker is an elf, Galarr. Next to the witcher, return. There is one though who continues to work her
magic: the sorceress Yennefer of Vengerberg, residing
Dandelions similarly bound.
in the sanctuary provided by the Novigradian merchantTheir captors, elves, notice their captives have awakened, ambassabor, Beau Berrant.
and Toruviel approaches them, aggressively. She makes
some rather disparaging remarks about human musical When dawn breaks, Geralt goes to see the sorceress, who
abilities and breaks Dandelions lute. She then proceeds is far from awake. Despite their rather explosive start,
to torment Geralt. The witcher, despite being bound, Yennefer is willing to help Geralt and Dandelion, right afmanages to knock her o her feet and pin her down. He ter a bath. While Yennefer takes a bath, Geralt is amazed
then headbutts her, breaking her nose, and the elves draw by her beauty, but also realizes that it is probably a spell,
as most girls that become a soreceress, are ugly or misblades.
formed by nature. He puts these thoughts aside, and de-

3.1. THE LAST WISH (BOOK)

17

cides to just enjoy her beauty, as they talk over Dendalions condition. Back in Errdils inn, Chireadan and
Geralt wait to hear about the bard and in the meanwhile,
chat a little about Yennefer over a cup of tea.

is thus not able to be captured by Yennefer. While rethinking his possible last wish, he also realizes what Yennefer looked like before she became a sorceress; she was
a hunchback. Then, he decided upon his last wish.

After a while, Yennefer summons Geralt up; Dandelion


is happily, safely asleep, and theres only the question of
price to be discussed. Geralt rst wants to take Dandelion
to safety, and oers a price to guarantee his return. Yennefer wants her price right away though, and traps Geralt in the room. After a rather fruitless argument, Geralt
passes out and the next thing Geralt knows, hes sharing
the cell with 'honest thieves, an innocent old man and
Chireadan.

The next moment, the genie tears free, the inn collapses
and silence descends. Under the rubble, Yennefer nds
herself in Geralts arms, close and intimate. Just moments
later, Yennefer and Geralt make love in the remains of
what was the beginning of a storming relationship.

The elf tells Geralt the reason of their presence there:


under the inuence of a spell of Yennefer, Geralt went
rampaging through the town, punishing anyone that had
opposed Yennefer. As the two men reect on their situation, their musings are rudely stopped by the entrance of
three guards. One of them starts taunting Geralt while his
friends hold the witcher still. Seeking to get out with the
least injuries possible, Geralt expresses the wish for the
man to burst, and to everyones surprise, the guard does
so.
Later, the witcher and the elf are brought before the
towns mayor, Neville and the priest Krepp. The mayor
is not happy with the situation, but before he can reach
a verdict, Dandelion drops in through a magical portal
on the wall. The bard shouts with a perfect voice that he
wishes everyone present to believe the witchers innocent.
He was instructed to do this by Yennefer, who sent him
through this portal, and wanted to clear Geralts sheet.
When Dandalion has hardly had time to explain himself,
a roaring noise goes through the town. Yennefer has lured
the genie to the town, and is trying to capture it to gain
its amazing powers. The genie is much stronger than expected though, and despite Yennefers spells binding it to
Errdils inn, the Genie is trashing the town.
Geralt ushers everyone else into safety, and gets Krepp to
opening the portal Dandelion just fell through, and jumps
in to save the sorceress. Yennefer doesn't want to give up
though, and resists Geralts help, opening a portal to get
rid of him. While he falls into the portal however, the
Witcher grabs Yennefer, and the sorceress is dragged into
the portal with him. When they exit the portal, Yennefer
immediately shakes o Geralt and goes back through the
portal, Geralt following her close.
Outside, the people gathered are watching in terror as
the genie continues to rampage through the city. After a
scue between Yennefer and Geralt, with waning powers, the sorceress traps Geralt. The witcher tries to talk
some sense into her head, but she won't listen to him.
Then, Geralt realises something. It was not Dandelion,
but it was him that did the rst wish, and thus the genie is
still awaiting Geralts third wish. Because the genie still
has to fulll his masters wish, he is not yet freed, and

3.1.2 Translations
The book known in Poland as Ostatnie yczenie (SuperNOWA, 1993, ISBN 83-7054-061-9) has been translated into Czech, Russian, Lithuanian, German, Swedish,
Spanish, French, Finnish, Slovak, Portuguese, Bulgarian,
Hungarian and Traditional Chinese. An English translation of The Last Wish was published in the United Kingdom by Gollancz in 2007 and in the United States by
Orion in May 2008.
Bulgarian:
2008)

(,

Czech: Zaklna I - Posledn pn (Leonardo,


1999)
Dutch: De Laatste Wens - Dutch Media Uitgevers,
2010 (ISBN 9789049500368)
English: The Last Wish, translated by Danusia Stok
UK - Gollancz, 2007 (ISBN 0575077824)
USA - Orbit, 2008 (ISBN 0316029181)
Estonian: Viimane Soov, translated by Aarne Puu
(Tiritamm, 2011, ISBN 978-9985-55-282-7)
Finnish:
Viimeinen Toivomus 2010 (ISBN
9510365696)
French: Le Dernier Vu (2003)
German: Der letzte Wunsch
Hungarian: Vajk I - Az utols kivnsg (PlayON,
2011, ISBN 978-963-08-1080-7)
Lithuanian: Paskutinis noras (Eridanas, 2005)
Portuguese: O ltimo Desejo
Brasil - Livros do Brasil, 2005
Portugal - Editorial Presena, 2011, ISBN
978-972-23-4537-8
Russian: (AST, 1996, ISBN
5-7921-0081-0)
Spanish: El ltimo deseo, translated by Jose Mara
Faraldo (Biblipolis fantstica, 2002)

18

CHAPTER 3. BOOKS

Italian: Il Guardiano degli Innocenti (Casa Editrice


Nord, 2010)
Serbian: Poslednja elja (IPS Media, 2009, ISBN
978-86-7274-300-5)
Traditional Chinese: "
", translated by
(
, 2011, ISBN 978-986-6157-49-3)

Beata Sadowska Bruxa


Grzegorz Kwiecie Tailles
Ignacy Gogolewski Krepp
Jan Kulczycki Merchant
Janusz R. Nowicki Ostrit

3.1.3

Audio versions

Janusz Wituch

In 2011, after huge success of audio play based on


Sapkowskis Narrenturm, Fonopolis and audioteka.pl released audio plays based on The Last Wish and The Sword
of Destiny. The Last Wish, lasting about 12 hours, was
voiced by 52 actors, including Krzysztof Banaszyk as
Geralt, Anna Dereszowska as Yennefer, Sawimir Pacek
as Dandelion and Krzysztof Gosztya as narrator.

Jarosaw Gruda

Full cast of audio play:

Magda Kusa Marilka

Joanna Jeewska Renfri


Kazimierz Wysota Haxo
Leon Charewicz

Krzysztof Banaszyk Geralt of Rivia

Marek Frckowiak

Anna Dereszowska Yennefer of Vengerberg

Mieczysaw Moraski Galarr

Sawomir Pacek Dandelion

Mirosaw Wieprzewski Baron Eylembert of


Tigg

Krzysztof Gosztya Narrator


Dorota Segda Nenneke

Pawe Szczesny

Henryk Talar King Foltest

Piotr Bajor Elf II Errdil

Marian Opania Velerad

Piotr Kozowski Vissegerd

Maria Pakulnis Queen Calanthe

Robert Czebotar Urcheon of Erlenwald

Mariusz Benoit Nivellen

Robert Kura Crach an Craite

Wojciech Pszoniak Stregobor


Jacek Braciak Torque
Kazimierz Kaczor Caldemeyn
Marcin Bosak Civril
Piotr Zelt Chireadan

Stanisaw Brudny Dhun


Sawomir Holland
Stanisaw Zauski
Tadeusz Borowski

Teresa Lipowska village eldress

Tomasz Marzecki Falwick

Andrzej Mastalerz Eist Tuirseach

Waldemar Barwiski Filavandrel

Maciej Rayzacher Mousesack

Wodzimierz Bednarski

Agnieszka Judycka Toruviel

Zbigniew Konopka

Aleksandra Kowalicka Pavetta


Andrzej Blumenfeld Tavik
Andrzej Gawroski Beau Berrants doorman
Arkadiusz Bazak Segelin
Artur Janusiak Nohorn

3.1.4 Trivia
In 2011, Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk gave US
President Barack Obama diplomatic presents, as is custom, on his visit to Poland. One of these was a signed
copy of The Last Wish.[2]

3.2. BLOOD OF ELVES

3.1.5

References

[1] http://www.gollancz.co.uk/2012/02/
the-last-wish-cover-reveal-of-sorts/
[2] http://news.yahoo.com/blogs/ticket/
obama-foreign-gifts-7-750-golf-bag-40-163656900.
html

3.1.6

External links

Review by SFF World


Review by Fantasy Book Critic
Review by OF Blog of the Fallen
Review by The Wertzone

19
not only because of her royal blood, but also because of
her magical potential and elven blood in her veins.
The girl is being protected by Geralt of Rivia, a witcher
- a magically and genetically mutated monster slayer for
hire, who takes her to the witchers keep - Kaer Morhen.
There Ciri is being taught by other witchers, including
old Vesemir, Con, Eskel and Lambert. She learns about
monsters and how to ght them. She is taught to ght with
a sword in the witcher style. But during her education,
the sorceress Triss Merigold comes to Kaer Morhen. She
is called by Geralt to help with occasional strange and
abnormal behavior he has seen in Ciri. Triss realises that
Ciri is a Source. She acknowledges that she does not have
the power to control Ciris talent, and advises Geralt to
swallow his pride and seek help with Yennefer, a more
experienced sorceress and his former lover.

At the same time, a mysterious wizard called Rience is


(Polish) Review of the English edition by Asthner i looking for the girl. He is a servant of a more powerFalka, Biblioteka wiatw
ful mage, who remains unknown. He captures Geralts
friend, Dandelion the bard, and tortures him for informa (Polish) Review of the Polish edition by Micha
tion about Ciri. Dandelion is saved by the timely arrival of
BAZYL Krupko, Biblioteka wiatw
Yennefer, who engages in a short magic combat with Rience. Rience manages to escape through a portal opened
by his master, but left with a prominent facial scar from
3.2 Blood of Elves
Yennefers spell.
Blood of Elves (Polish original title: Krew elfw) is the
rst novel in the Witcher Saga written by Polish fantasy
writer Andrzej Sapkowski, rst published in Poland in
1994 (English translation was published in late 2008).
Its a sequel to the Witcher short stories collected in
the books The Last Wish and Miecz przeznaczenia (A
Sword of Destiny) and is followed by Czas pogardy
(Times of Contempt). It was published in Czech Republic (Leonardo, 1995), Russia (AST, 1996), Spain (Bibliopolis, 2003), Lithuania (Eridanas, 2006), Germany
(Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 2008) the United Kingdom (Gollancz, 2008) and most recently in the United
States (Orbit, 2009).

In the spring, Geralt leaves Kaer Morhen with Triss and


Ciri, intending to deliver Ciri to the Temple School in
Ellander where she would receive a normal education
from Nenneke. On the way, Triss falls ill, and they join
Yarpen Zigrins dwarven company who is guarding a caravan for King Henselt. Geralt tells Ciri about the roses of
Aelirenn, an elf who died leading the elven youths to ght
the humans. The caravan is attacked by the Scoia'tael,
and it is revealed that the escort mission was a trap set by
the kings who doubted Yarpens loyalty.

Ciris stay in Ellander is still haunted by disturbing dreams


until the arrival of Yennefer, who starts educating her in
the ways of magic. From an initial antagonism, their relationship develops into a strong and deep bond, like that
Krew elfw was the winner of the Polish Janusz A. Zajdel of a mother and daughter.
Award for Best Science Fiction or Fantasy Novel in 1994.
In 2009 the book won the David Gemmell Legend Award Meanwhile, Geralt does his best to track Rience and
his mysterious employer. With the help of Dandelion
in the United Kingdom.[1]
and Shani, he forces a confrontation with Rience, durIn 2011, Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk gave US ing which both are injured. Riences master intervenes
President Barack Obama diplomatic presents, as is cus- again, opening a portal for him, and Geralt is prevented
tom, on his visit to Poland. One of these was a signed from pursuing the mage by Filippa Eilhart, who also kills
copy of Blood of Elves.[2]
the last surviving of the Michelet brothers so as not to provide Geralt any source of information which might eventually reveal the mysterious mage. Leaving Geralt gravely
3.2.1 Plot summary
wounded.
The Empire of Nilfgaard attacks the Kingdom of Cintra.
Queen Calanthe commits suicide and her granddaughter,
Cirilla, called Ciri and nicknamed the Lion Cub of Cintra manages to ee from the burning capital city. Emhyr
var Emreis, Emperor of Nilfgaard, sends his spies to nd
her. He knows that this young girl has great importance,

Yennefer became Ciris mentor and teacher. As they are


about to leave the Temple School in Ellander, Yennefer
asks Ciri whether she didn't like her at rst, leading to a
series of ashbacks detailing Ciris studies with Yennfer
from the day they were introduced and back to the present
as they are about to leave the Temple. And Ciri responds

20

CHAPTER 3. BOOKS

by admitting the she didn't like her, afterwards they leave.

3.2.2

Characters

Swedish (2011) - false, in June 2011 was published


Sword of destiny (as "dets svrd), second book
of Saga (ISBN 978-91-86437-19-0, Coltso, www.
coltso.se)

Finnish (WSOY, 2012)


Geralt of Rivia. A Witcher, a human who has been
transformed into a supernatural monster-slayer by
Hungarian (PlayON, 2013)
the ingestion of various mutagens. Although Witchers rarely get involved in politics, Geralt takes under
Portuguese (Brazil) (WMF Martins Fontes, 2013)
his charge a political refugee called Ciri, the granddaughter of the previous Queen of Cintra, a kingdom destroyed by Nilfgaardian invaders. He is the 3.2.4 Notes
protagonist of tie-in videogames The Witcher, The
Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings and upcoming sequel [1] Alison Flood, Gemmell prize for fantasy goes to Polish
The Witcher 3: The Wild Hunt.
novel, Blood of Elves, Guardian, Friday 19 June 2009
Triss Merrigold. A powerful sorceress and member of the Chapter of Wizards, Triss wields signicant power and unclear motives.

[2] http://news.yahoo.com/blogs/ticket/
obama-foreign-gifts-7-750-golf-bag-40-163656900.
html

Ciri, the Lion-Cub of Cintra, is the young grand- 3.2.5 External links
daughter of the deceased and overthrown Queen
Nic Clarke, The 2009 David Gemmell Legend
Calanthe of Cintra. The blood of the elves ow
Award Shortlist, Part Two
through her veins, and she is hunted down for the
mysterious power which she commands.
Blood of Elves review in Fantasy Fan
Dandelion. A charming, famous poet who is also a
spy for the King of Aedirn.

Review in Total Sci-Fi


Review in Dark Wolfs Fantasy Reviews

Yennefer of Vengerberg. Another member of the


Chapter of Wizards, and an ex-lover of Geralts.
Considered more powerful than even Triss Mer- 3.3 Times of Contempt
rigold, Yennefer is called upon to try and gain an
understanding of Ciris power.
Time of Contempt (Polish original title: Czas pogardy,
early title was translated less literally as Time of Anger)
is the second novel in the Witcher Saga written by Polish
3.2.3 Translations
fantasy writer Andrzej Sapkowski, rst published 1995
in Polish, and 2013 in English. It is a sequel to the rst
Czech (Leonardo, 1995)
Witcher novel Blood of Elves (Krew elfw) and is followed
by Baptism of Fire (Chrzest ognia).
Bulgarian (InfoDAR/ 2008) ISBN 978954-761-332-4
English

3.3.1 Plot summary

The story in Time of Contempt begins where the previous


book left o, essentially with Ciri and Yennefer having
just left the Temple in Ellander, on their way to Gors Ve US (Orbit, April 28, 2009)
len, and ultimately Thanedd Island. It is Yennefers inten German (Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 1 Novem- tion that Ciri be enrolled at Aretuza and that she continue
her instruction in the use and mastery of magic.
ber 2008) ISBN 3-423-24700-2
UK (Gollancz, 16 October 2008) ISBN 0-57508318-2

Lithuanian (Eridanas, 2006)


Russian (AST, 1996)
Serbian (arobna Knjiga,2012)
Spanish (Biblipolis, 2003)

Once they arrive in Gors Velen, Yennefer goes to see her


old friend Giancardi Molnar, a dwarven banker. The latter informs the sorceress that her nancial movements are
being tracked, something Yennefer already suspected, but
he arranges an essentially unlimited line of credit for her
and makes several nancial transfers to cover expenses
for Ciris education. He and Yennefer also agree to allow

3.3. TIMES OF CONTEMPT

21

Ciri to see the sights, escorted by one of Molnars faithful After the reception, Yennefer and Geralt retire to their
employees, Fabio Sachs.
room and re-connect on a more intimate level. After
While on their excursion, things get quickly out of hand a very fruitful reunion and a bit of sleep, the witcher is
and Ciri is mistaken for one of about a dozen students awakened by an urge to urinate, but in deference to his
who have recently escaped from Aretuza in the kerfuf- hosts, decides against relieving himself in the ower pots
e leading up to the mages conference being held there. outside the window and decides to nd the courtyard.
She is apprehended by no less than the former and current This is when he stumbles upon the coup, already taking
headmistresses of the academy, Tissaia de Vries and Mar- place.Philippa eilhart and Dijkstra, a sorceress and spy
working for the King of Redenia, organizes the coup and
garita (Rita) Laux-Antille after she uses a magical amulet
plans to reveal the mages working for Emperor Emhyr of
given to her by Yennefer in case of emergency.
Nilfgaard.
At rst, the sorceresses do not believe Ciris story, but ultimately, the girl and Fabio manage to convince the head- In the ensuing confusion we nd out that Yennefer had
mistresses to check out their story at the bank and things brought Ciri before the Chapter on the request of Tissaia
are quickly conrmed by Yennefer and Giancardi. The and the girl begins to prophesize. Ciri reveals the asssasthree sorceresses then decide to discuss events over at ination of the King of Redenia the night before and that
the Silver Heron, taking Ciri with them and leaving poor Demavend, king of Aedirn has preemptively started an
attack on Nilfgaard. The Northern Kings interest in wagFabio to deal with his employer.
ing war against the scoiatael combined with Ciris revelaAt the inn, Tissaia and Rita have rented the entire cellar tions infuriates Tissaia, who is against such violence. She
which is actually a bath house and the four ladies re- inactivates the barrier of casting spells in the school and
tire there to relax and chat. It seems that both Rita and sides with Vilgefortz in the matter, leading to a deadly
Tissaia, but especially Rita have every intention of get- battle among mages.
ting good and drunk and Ciri is dispatched to rell their
In the mean time Geralt escapes from Dijkstra and rushes
cara of wine not very long after it arrives.
in to save Yennefer and Ciri at the school. In the ensuring
While getting the refreshments, Ciri notices a mercenary chaos Yennefer and Geralt ght the invading scoitael sup(Rayla) who orders the innkeeper to open a back door for porting Vilgefortz, while Ciri ees from the scene. The
her a door which leads directly to the outer walls of the Black Rider plaguing Ciris dreams turns out to be a Nilcity, bypassing the usual gates and guards. On her second fgaardian soldier that tried to escort Ciri out of Cintra
trip to rell the cara, Ciri uses her new found knowledge to safety. Geralt nally faces Vilgefortz, who oers him
and runs away to see Geralt whom she has been told is at to join his side under Emperor Emhyr. Geralt refuses
Hirundum, not far from Gors Velen. Yennefer, luckily is and a ght ensures in which Geralt is soundly defeated.
not far behind. Ciris ight does, however, provide Geralt Tissaia nally realizes her mistake and along with Triss
and Yennefer with an opportunity to meet up again and to Merigolds help, takes Geralt to safetly.
patch things in their relationship before the three set o
Emperor Emhyr wanted the Chapter of Mages to be brofor Thanedd Island together.
ken apart since the sorcerers and mages were the reason
On the island, things are in a tizzy. The girls have for his loss at the battle of Sodden Hill. The breaking of
been temporarily moved from their usual accommodation the Chapter and the incoming war weakens Tissaia and
within Aretuza to Loxia, the lowest level of the complex she commits suicide. Soon after the events at Thanedd
as the school itself is being used to accommodate the vis- Island, a full blown war erupts with Nilfgaard advancing
iting sorcerers and sorceresses. That evening, Yennefer to the north. King Demavend escapes to Redenia while
takes Geralt as her date to the reception, leaving Ciri in Aedirn, Rivia, and Vengerberg soundly falls to Emhyrs
her room and ensuring that there is no second ight with grasps. King Foltest of Temeria forms a deal with Emhyr
magic.
and avoids war on Temeria at the moment. In the meanAt the reception, Geralt meets quite a few interesting in- time Emhyr manages to nd a fake Ciri and publically
dividuals, but in particular he meets Vilgefortz for the announces his plans to marry her, thus appearing as the
rst time. The mage is considered very young (which of rightful king to Cintra.
course is anything less than 100 years to mages, but he Ciri escapes via a portal in the swallows tower during
looks more like 35), he is also considered to be partic- Geralts ght with Vilgefortz. She awakes in Korath
ularly talented, but as Geralt nds out, his road to be- desert known to many as the frying pan and barely mancoming a mage was not exactly the usual route. The wiz- ages to stay alive, thanks to the help of a unicorn. When
ard was abandoned as a baby and taken in and raised by pushed for survival, she relies on her magical abilities indruids. It was only as an adult that he became a mage. A volving re, which invokes more nightmares and hallupoint he underlines with some emphasis to the witcher. cinations that forcefully entices her to take revenge on
He even goes so far as to try to encourage Geralt to be- those who abandoned her, which leaves her scarred and
come a mage himself, but the witcher refuses.
promising herself to avoid re as a source of power.
Dijkstra also tries to recruit the witcher to no avail.
After escaping the desert, she is captured by bounty

22

CHAPTER 3. BOOKS

hunters of Nilfgaard and manages to escape them with


the help of bandits known as the Rats. She feels safe and
gains a sense of belonging among the group as the members faced a similar harsh reality of being abandoned during the times of contempt. Through her skills she learned
in Kaer Morhen she impresses the group, which gains
her the name Falka. The book also expands on Ciris
prophecy as the bearer of Elder Blood, where it is revealed that she holds great power and her son will herald
the new age, followed by the destruction of the old.

3.3.2

Translations

It was published in Hungarian (PlayON, 2013), Czech


(Leonardo, 1996), Russian (AST, 1997), Spanish (Bibliopolis, 2004), Lithuanian (Eridanas, 2006), in Bulgarian (InfoDar, 2009) German (dtv, 2009). English (UK)
translation was delayed several times; initially planned
for 2009, it has been published in June 2013 (Gollancz,
ISBN1978-0575085084). US edition of the novel, after
several delays, was published by Orbit Books on August
27, 2013.

3.3.3

Notes

3.3.4

External links

Review
Review
Review (Spanish translation)

Chapter 4

Media
4.1 The Hexer (lm)

Agata Buzek as Pavetta

Wiedmin (The Hexer or The Witcher in English) is a


2001 fantasy lm by director Marek Brodzki, starring
Micha ebrowski as main character Geralt of Rivia. The
story is based on the books and stories of The Witcher
written by Polish author Andrzej Sapkowski.

Dorota Kamiska as Eithne


Wojciech Duryasz as Old Witcher
Jzef Para as Druid of Kaer Morhen

The lm is essentially the then-unreleased TV series


Daniel Olbrychski as Filavandrel
chopped into about 2 hours, and received very poor reviews from both fans and critics. Sapkowski himself
in several interviews laconically expressed his negative
opinion about the lm: I can answer only with a single 4.1.3 See also
word, an obscene, albeit a short one.[2] I am a Polish
The Witcher the series of fantasy short stories
Catholic, it is Lent now; I cannot utter swear words.[3]
The 13-episode TV series came out the following year.
The series was much more coherent than the confusing
lm, but was still considered a failure mostly due to the
lms already bad reputation and due to vast changes to
the source material. However, critics praised acting and
music by Grzegorz Ciechowski.

List of The Witcher characters - Characters from


The Witcher
The Witcher the computer game

4.1.4 References
4.1.1

Plot
[1] Wiedmin (in Polish). 2011-07-08.

The TV series and the lm were loosely based on Andrzej


Sapkowskis book series The Witcher (Wiedmin).

4.1.2

[2]
[3]

Cast

Micha ebrowski as Geralt of Rivia

4.1.5 External links

Zbigniew Zamachowski as Jaskier

Wiedmin (The Hexer)


Database

Maciej Kozowski as Falwick


Tomasz Sapryk as Dermot Marranga

at the Internet Movie

Wiedmin (The Hexer) at AllMovie

Kinga Ilgner as Renfri

Wiedmin (The Hexer) at Rotten Tomatoes

Grayna Wolszczak as Yennefer

Unocial website of the lm (Polish)

Ewa Winiewska as Calanthe


Andrzej Chyra as Borch Three Jackdaws

Original Soundtrack

Anna Dymna as Nenneke

The Hexer at the Witcher Wiki


23

24

CHAPTER 4. MEDIA

4.2 The Hexer (TV series)


Wiedmin (The Hexer or The Witcher in English) is a
2002 fantasy television series. 13 episodes were made.
The story is based on the stories of The Witcher (Ostatnie
yczenie (The Last Wish) and Miecz Przeznaczenia (The
Sword of Destiny)), by Polish author Andrzej Sapkowski.

4.2.1

List of TV series episodes

4.2.2

External links

Wiedmin at the Internet Movie Database


Wiedmin Episode guide (Polish)

Chapter 5

Video games
5.1 The Witcher: Rise of the White
Wolf
The Witcher (Polish: Wiedmin [vjdmin]) is an action
role-playing hack and slash video game developed by CD
Projekt RED and published by Atari, Inc.
The game is based on the book series of the same name
by Polish author Andrzej Sapkowski.[5] The Witcher takes
place in a medieval fantasy world and follows the story
of Geralt, one of a few remaining "witchers" traveling
monster hunters for hire, gifted with unnatural powers.
The games system of moral choices as part of the storyline was noted for its time-delayed consequences and
lack of black-and-white morality.
The game utilises BioWare's proprietary Aurora Engine.
A console version using an entirely new engine and combat system, titled The Witcher: Rise of the White Wolf,
was to be released in Autumn 2009 but was suspended
due to payment problems with the console developers,
Widescreen Games.[6]
On 18 September 2009, CD Projekt RED ocially conrmed that they began working on a sequel, The Witcher
2: Assassins of Kings, which was released on 17 May
2011, for the PC[7] and on 17 April 2012, for Xbox 360.
The third game of the series has been announced and titled The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt and is set to be released
24 February 2015.

5.1.1

Gameplay

There are three camera styles available in The Witcher:


two top-down perspectives, where the mouse is used to
control everything, and an over-the-shoulder view, which
brings the player closer to the in-game combat, but limits
visibility. In all three views the controls can be changed
to be primarily mouse focused or a combined keyboard
and mouse approach.
The combat system in The Witcher represents a dierent gaming experience from most RPGs. Players can
choose one of three ghting styles to use in dierent situations and against dierent foes. The fast style allows
for faster, less-damaging attacks with a greater chance of

A screenshot of an outdoor scene in The Witcher displaying additional lighting eects

hitting faster enemies; the strong style deals more damage


in exchange for a slow attack speed, and a lower chance
to hit faster enemies; and the group style features sweeping attacks best used if Geralt is surrounded.[8] The player
can switch between the styles at any point. Both of Geralts main swords also have distinctively dierent combat
styles from other weaponry, and serve specic purposes.
The steel blade is used to ght humans and other eshand-blood beings, while the silver sword is more eective
against supernatural monsters and beasts (against some of
which steel may have no eect whatsoever). With precise
timing, the player can link Geralts attacks into combos to
more eectively damage enemies.
Alchemy is a major part of gameplay. The player can
create potions that increase health or endurance regeneration, allow Geralt to see in the dark, or provide other
benecial eects. The recipes for these potions can be
learned through scrolls, or by experimentation. Once the
player creates an unknown potion he can choose to drink
it, but if the potion is a failure it will poison or have other
harmful eects on Geralt. Each time Geralt drinks potions they increase the toxicity level of his body. This
can be reduced by drinking a special potion or by meditating at an inn or replace. In addition to potions, the
player can create oils used to augment the damage done by
weapons. They can also create bombs for use as weapons

25

26

CHAPTER 5. VIDEO GAMES

in combat. Neither can be created until talent points have


been allocated into the corresponding skills.
A time delayed decision-consequence system means that
the repercussions of players decisions will make themselves apparent in plot devices in later acts of the game.
This prompts the players to put more critical thinking into
making each decision, and circumvents a save-reload approach to decision making. It also allows the game to have
a unique approach to replay value, as the consequences
resulting from the players decisions can lead to great difference in the events that take place later, and ultimately
a very dierent gameplay experience than in prior play- Geralt looking over Vizimas dilapidated cemetery.
throughs.
The nature of the options faced when playing the game
rarely falls into the typical black-and-white morality
present in most computer RPGs, and the players often
nd themselves choosing from the lesser of two evils
rather than making a clear choice between good and evil,
a situation more reective of real life morality.[9]

and where King Foltest reigns. He goes to the outskirts,


where he meets a magically gifted child called Alvin and
an old friend, Shani, whom he does not remember. He
nds out that Vizima is in quarantine, and learns about a
conict between the Knights of the monster-slaying Order of the Flaming Rose and the Squirrels, a gang of
guerrilla freedom-ghting elves, dwarves, and other nonhumans. But, by doing favors to some important o5.1.2 Plot
cials, either saving or condemning a witch, uncovering a
conspiracy between Salamandra and those ocials, eiThe game tells the story of Geralt of Rivia, who at the ther sparing or slaying most of the town, and killing a giopening of the game is tasked to cure the daughter of ant ghost-like hound, he gets a pass and prepares to enter
King Foltest of a curse which causes her to transform into Vizima only to be arrested.
a feral monster, introducing the player to the nature of He awakes in a jail where he volunteers to kill a Cockwitcher-work.
atrice in the sewers in exchange for his freedom. In the
sewers he meets a knight of the Order named Siegfried,
who not only helps him kill the monster but also directs
him to a private eye who can help Geralt defeat Salamandra. Geralt spends the rest of part II chasing Salamandra. He investigates a murder, which leads him to believe
that a mage is leading Salamandra and, if he combines
the right clues, uncovers that this mage (Azar Javed) has
killed and replaced through disguise the private eye Geralt is working with. When instructed to open an ancient
tower in the swamp to nd a powerful book, he can either
A period of years mysteriously passes, ending with Ger- use this knowledge to confront Javed there, or, if oblivious, is ambushed and robbed of the book before the nal
alt being transported to the witcher stronghold of Kaer
Morhen by fellow witchers who had discovered him un- ght of the chapter, in which he is knocked out as Javed
and the Professor ee.
conscious in a eld. Geralt remembers almost nothing of
his life before that point. He is taken to Kaer Morhen, the Geralt awakes in the personal chamber of Triss Merigold,
base of the witchers, where he meets a sorceress named in the rich quarter of Vizima. The rest of the chapter
Triss Merigold. The castle is attacked by a gang of ban- is spent uncovering the bases Salamandra has in Vizdits named Salamandra, led by a criminal known as the ima, and nding out more about Alvins powers and viProfessor, a mage named Savolla who controls a large, sions. He also begins uncovering another conspiracy conpraying mantis-like monster, and another mage named cerning forgeries of the royal seal. During a party of
Azar Javed. The witchers and the sorceress manage to high-standing ocials, Geralt meets Adda, who oers to
slay the monster and kill Savolla, but the Professor and have sex with him. Whether he accepts or declines, he
Azar manage to escape with the mutagens that genetically nds letters in her chamber connecting her to Salamandra. She also hints at the connection if the appropriate
alter the witchers.
After curing Triss of the wounds she received while ght- dialog choices are taken. If Geralt has sex with her, his
ing Javed, Geralt and the rest of the witchers head o in medallion is shown shaking in a cutscene, indicating the
dierent directions in order to nd information on Sala- proximity of a monster.
The initial cutscene shows Geralts quest to cure her by
surviving a night in her presence. Geralt captured the
traitor who cast the curse and uses him as bait to attract
the striga (the monster King Foltests daughter turns into)
and, in the battle that ensues, manages to scare the striga
away with magic. Geralt then goes into the sarcophagus
where she sleeps, and shuts her out. The next morning, he
nds her as a human. When Geralt reaches out towards
her, she opens her eyes which are the eyes of the Striga
and claws at his face. The scene goes dark.

mandra. Geralt heads south to Vizima, capital of Temeria Geralt nally attacks the base of Salamandra in Vizima

5.1. THE WITCHER: RISE OF THE WHITE WOLF


with the help of either Siegfried and the Order or the
Scoia'tael. During the ght Javed separates Geralt from
his allies, but Geralt presses on. He duels the Professor,
who is eventually eaten by the queen of the Kikimores
(which the Salamandra had tamed to use for their purposes). Geralt causes a cave in, crushing the giant spiderlike creature and its ospring as he escapes. Outside, he
nds himself surrounded by royal guards and Adda, who
declares that she still has to kill him in order to conceal
her treachery.
However, Triss teleports him out of the situation and to
a village on the other side of Vyzima Lake. There, Geralt and Dandelion nd some unsteady peace while taking care of Alvin, helping with problems surrounding an
ill-fated wedding and negotiating between the village and
the inhabitants of an aquatic city. At the end however,
the conict between the Order and the Squirrels catches
up with them and threatens the village. The player can be
neutral, at the cost of leaving the inhabitants to their fate,
or nally take the side of either the knights or the nonhumans. The scared Alvin mysteriously disappears in a
ash, in spite of a medallion he received from Triss that
should dampen his (uncontrolled use of) powers. After
this, Geralt and Dandelion decide to sail back to Vizima.

27
to escape that is to go south. Only for this, so he says, he
stole the mutagens so he could make superhuman bodyguards to protect humanity on their journey. When Geralt does not believe him in spite of some oddly familiar
points of view, the Grand Master casts an illusion of this
future and the witcher nds himself in an icy wasteland.
Unimpressed, he hunts the Grand Master, running into
several ape-like monsters that humans will supposedly devolve to, and meeting some of the characters he helped
(or crossed) throughout the adventure. At the end, Geralt impales the Grand Master, and the King of the Wild
Hunt (the Witcher equivalent of the Grim Reaper) arrives
to personally claim the Grand Masters soul (As the Wild
Hunt appears only for the worst and most foul souls). Geralt swiftly escapes back to the real world. Back in the
Citadel, he is left with the unsettling discovery that the
Grand Master, now dead on the oor, is wearing an aged
anti-magic medallion similar to Alvins.
In the ending cut scene, the king pays Geralt and the
witcher walks away. But suddenly an assassin attacks the
king. Geralt duels the assassin and kills him. When he
pulls o the mask, he discovers that the man has vertical pupils, just like the witchers, setting the stage for The
Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings.

There, Foltest has nally returned and retaken control of


his castle, but at the same time civil war has broken out.
The Squirrels have caused an uprising which the Order 5.1.3 Development
of the Flaming Rose responds to by killing non-humans
with little discern. Depending on which side Geralt took Game engine
in the previous battle, he can either be neutral and help the
wounded get to hospitals with Shani, or help the knights
or the elves in the battle. He also cures Adda once more
from a relapse of the striga curse (or slays her), after
which the grateful king discloses clues about Azar Javeds
location. Storming a hidden base with his allies, Geralt
nally kills the evil mage, but also learns that the Grand
Master of the Order also betrayed the king, since he is the
real mind behind the Salamandras mutation program.
With most Knights of the Order and their mutants now
entering open rebellion, the king again turns to Geralt
with a contract to kill the Grand Master, while also asking about what to do with the various factions. Depending
on which side Geralt took in the rst battle, he can convince the king that the Order, under Siegfrieds rule, can
still be loyal, convince him that the Squirrels are right, or
convince him that they are both enemies. Consequently
he either takes Siegfried (Order), Yaevinn (Squirrels), or
Triss Merigold (neutral) with him on the hunt for the
Grand Master, encountering either Yaevinn, Siegfried, or
both, as enemies on his way through the war-torn city.

A screenshot of The Witcher showing the lighting and the overthe-shoulder camera

The Witcher is powered by a heavily modied version


of the Aurora Engine by BioWare, enhanced for singleplayer. A number of changes have been introduced to the
Geralt enters the Orders citadel alone after having to
original engine; some of them are described below.
leave his wounded ally behind (or using a ruse to keep
Triss out of danger). Inside, the Grand Master tries to One of the most important features of the Aurora Enconvince him of the necessity of his greater plan, telling gine is that the world is designed exactly as the develGeralt how the prophecies said that the world would even- opers envisioned, rather than using a tile-based system.
tually be consumed in ice, and the only way for humanity All the environments are developed in 3ds Max and then
exported into the game engine. As a result, developers

28
can create unique game worlds, rather than recycling the
same tiled objects over and over again. CD Projekt's version of the engine supports lightmaps generated in 3ds
Max. Shadows generated this way are reported to look
more realistic, and provide better game performance.
The modied engine also includes texture paint, a special
tool that allows the developer to paint the environment using custom textures. This enables the developer to make
the game world truly unique. New realistic skyboxes
and water eects designed specically for The Witcher
were added to the engine. The natural light during various phases of the day is realistically altered, and the day
and night transitions serve to enrich the games ambiance.
The weather can dynamically change from a light drizzle
to a dark, stormy downpour accompanied by thunder and
lightning.

CHAPTER 5. VIDEO GAMES


White Wolf.[12] It had been built from the ground up for
Widescreen Games DaVinci Engine and featured a host
of dierences.[13] According to CD Projekt RED senior
designer Jakub Styliski, the game featured a new interface, redesigned boss battles, new music, a smattering of new models, and a redesigned character development system, in addition to an entirely new actionoriented combat system with enhanced AI, additional
motion-capture animations and the ability to directly control Geralts defensive maneuvers.[13] CD Projekt also
conrmed that Rise of the White Wolf would have featured downloadable content.[13]

On 29 April 2009 it was announced that the production of


the game had been halted due to late payments from CD
Projekt to the French developers of the console version,
Widescreen Games.[6] A release from CD Projekts CEO
All the in-game and tool set rendering is done using Micha Kiciski stated that payments were delayed due to
DirectX 9, and the engine now supports many dierent Widescreen games not meeting development deadlines,
shaders (water eect, bump mapping, environment map- additionally stating that technical incapability created a
risk of missing planned quality and that CD Projekt had
ping, etc.).
ended their association with Widescreen games.[14]
Other important changes include motion-captured animation, improved physics modelling, new mechanics
and combat system. Additional modications include 5.1.4 Marketing
the introduction of portals and the inclusion of additional graphical eects (glows, advanced dynamic shad- Enhanced Edition
ows, blurs, etc.)
Localisation variations
All the female portrait cards shown after Geralts sexual
conquests were censored (retouched to a more modest
standard) for the U.S. release version.[10] The in-game
Dryad was also reskinned so her hair covered more of
her body in this release.
Some dialogue between characters is shortened in the
non-Polish-language versions. Lead designer Michal
Madej has disputed claims by fans that this was due to the
sometimes crude language, but that the decision to edit
down dialogue occurred because of production-related
concerns in game development. Proofreader Martin Pagan noticed this shortened version during his work and
writer Sande Chen conrmed that it was not due to censorship. Fans have theorised that it may have been done
for voice acting cost savings, especially since much of
the vulgar language has been retained. Such cost savings
would normally occur during any shortening of dialogue,
even in cases where no major profanity was involved.[11]
Console version

At Game Developers Conference 2008, CD Projekt RED


announced an enhanced version of the game which was
released on 16 September 2008. The signicant changes
featured in the enhanced version are over 200 new animations, additional NPC models and recoloring of generic
NPC models as well as monsters, vastly expanded and
corrected dialogues in translated versions, improved stability, redesigned inventory system and load times reduced by roughly 80%.[15][16][17] In addition all bugs are
said to be xed and the game manual completely overhauled. There are also two new adventures available to
play through: Side Eects and The Price of Neutrality. A
new option is to mix and match ten dierent languages of
voice and subtitles. For instance, players can now choose
to play the game with Polish voices and English subtitles.
Other featured languages are Russian, Italian, French,
Spanish, German, Czech, Hungarian and Chinese.
Aside from the game enhancements, The Witcher Enhanced Edition includes a making of DVD, a CD with
29 in-game soundtracks, another CD with Inspired by
music, the short story The Witcher from the book The
Last Wish, a map of Temeria printed on high quality paper, and the ocial strategy guide. In addition, a new
and enhanced version of the D'jinni Adventure Editor is
on the DVD with the two new Adventures. The game updates, as well as the boxs extras, are available as a free
download for owners of the original version who registered their game on the ocial forum. Furthermore, old
savegames are compatible with the Enhanced Edition.

On 29 November 2008 a video covering the console version of the game was uploaded on the Internet. On December 2, CD Projekt RED ocially conrmed that
The Witcher will be ported to PlayStation 3 and Xbox
360 consoles and released as The Witcher: Rise of the According to CD Projekt co-founder Michal Kicinski,

5.1. THE WITCHER: RISE OF THE WHITE WOLF


the Enhanced Edition required a $1 million investment,
and the company has shipped 300,000 copies of the retail version worldwide as of December 2008, and counting digital distribution and retail sales the original game
and the Enhanced Edition sold around 2 million copies as
of 2010.[18]
Directors Cut
CD Projekt released a Directors Cut version of the game
on 31 July 2009, for the North American market. It is
equal to the Enhanced Edition available to the rest of the
world, but without the censorship applied to the North
American version. The company has since released an
ocial uncensored patch that makes the North American
version the same as the international for those who have
purchased a boxed version of the game.
Retail editions

29

[4] The Witcher: Enchanced Edition Release Information


for Macintosh. GameFAQs. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
[5] Aihoshi, Richard (2006-05-24). "The Witcher E3 View.
IGN. Retrieved 2006-09-09.
[6] Development of the new Game The Witcher: Rise of
the White Wolf is Frozen for Playstation3 and Xbox360!
press release prnewswire.com
[7] "The Witcher 2 Release Date Announced. Strategy Informer.
[8] Ocampo, Jason (2007-07-02). The Witcher Exclusive
Impressions Combat and Story. GameSpot. Retrieved
2007-11-02.
[9] Arulnathan, Justin (2007-08-24).
"The Witcher
TheGamerGene Preview. TheGamerGene. Retrieved
2007-08-24.
[10] Burnes, Andrew (2007-10-24). The Witcher Preview.
IGN. Retrieved 2007-11-17.
[11] Breckon, Nick (2007-11-07). The Witcher Script Heav-

ily Edited for English Audiences, Says The Writer.


The following table lists the contents of each edition in
Shacknews. Retrieved 2007-11-17.
addition to the game DVD itself. CE means Collectors Edition, LE means Limited Edition, EE [12] Console version announcement Console version anmeans Enhanced Edition, and EPE means Enhanced
nouncement.
Platinum Edition. SE means Special Edition and
refers to an edition that was exclusively distributed by the [13] Hollister, Sean (2008-12-09). "The Witcher: Rise of the
White Wolf Q&A Console DLC Conrmed!". GamePolish commercial chain Empik.[19]
Cyte. Retrieved 2008-12-10.

5.1.5

Reception

The game received mostly positive reviews. The games


cumulative score stands at 86.00% on GameRankings[20]
and 86 out of 100 on Metacritic.[21] Michael Laerty
from GameZone gave the game 8.8 out of 10 describing it as deep, immersive game that will 'ask you to think
and make choices, not just hack and slash your way to
glory'.[27] The Witcher 's cinematic intro was nominated
for the 2007 VES Awards in the category of Outstanding
Pre-Rendered Visuals in a Video Game[31] and the games
soundtrack was voted Best Fantasy Game Soundtrack
in the 2007 Radio Rivendell Fantasy Awards.[32]

[14] CD Projekt Respond To Widescreens Witcher: Rise Of


The White Wolf Accusations ve3d.ign.com
[15] IGNPC The Witcher Enhanced Edition.
[16] The Witcher Ocial Site (PDF)The Witcher Enhanced
Edition Fact Sheet (PDF)" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-07-18.
[17] The Witcher Ocial Enhanced Edition Information Page
The Witcher Ocial Site.
[18] Hollister, Sean (2008-12-10). CD Projekts Michal
Kicinski Talks Witcher Sales, Piracy and DRM. GameCyte. Retrieved 2008-12-10.

[19] http://www.gamer.ru/vedmak/
sbylas-mechta-idiota-chast-2-fotoobzor-wied-min-edycja-rozszerzona-ot-em

In 2010, the game was included as one of the titles in


the book 1001 Video Games You Must Play Before You [20] The Witcher for PC. GameRankings. Retrieved 2008Die.[33]
08-12.

5.1.6

References

[1] The Witcher - Credits. AllGame. Retrieved 28 October


2014.
[2] The Witcher Release Information for PC. GameFAQs.
Retrieved 2013-08-04.
[3] The Witcher: Enchanced Edition Release Information
for PC. GameFAQs. Retrieved 2013-08-04.

[21] The Witcher for PC Reviews. Metacritic. Retrieved


2008-08-12.
[22] Eric Neigher (2007-11-08).
The Witcher (PC)".
1up.com. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
[23] Whitehead, Dan (2007-10-26).
Eurogamer. Retrieved 2008-08-12.

The Witcher.

[24] Rivera, Amanda (2007-12-04). Review: The Witcher.


GamePro. Archived from the original on 2007-12-05.
Retrieved 2008-08-12.

30

CHAPTER 5. VIDEO GAMES

[25] Todd, Brett (2005-11-05). The Witcher Review.


GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-08-12.

5.2.1 Gameplay

[26] Abner, William (2007-11-21). The Witcher (PC) Review. GameSpy. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
[27] Michael Laerty (2007) Gamezone Witcher Review retrieved January 8, 2010
[28] Adams, Dan (2007-10-29). The Witcher Review. IGN.
Retrieved 2008-08-12.
[29] Sal 'Sluggo' Accardo. Gamespys Game of the Year
2007. Gamespy. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
[30] IGN Best of 2007. IGN. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
[31] Visual Eect Society Nominations 2007
[32] Radio Rivendell 2007 winners
[33] Mott, Tony (2010). 1001 Video Games You Must Play
Before You Die. London: Quintessence Editions Ltd. p.
751. ISBN 978-1-74173-076-0.

5.1.7

External links

Ocial website
List of PC exclusive titles

5.2 The Witcher: Rise of the White


Wolf
The Witcher (Polish: Wiedmin [vjdmin]) is an action
role-playing hack and slash video game developed by CD
Projekt RED and published by Atari, Inc.
The game is based on the book series of the same name
by Polish author Andrzej Sapkowski.[5] The Witcher takes
place in a medieval fantasy world and follows the story
of Geralt, one of a few remaining "witchers" traveling
monster hunters for hire, gifted with unnatural powers.
The games system of moral choices as part of the storyline was noted for its time-delayed consequences and
lack of black-and-white morality.
The game utilises BioWare's proprietary Aurora Engine.
A console version using an entirely new engine and combat system, titled The Witcher: Rise of the White Wolf,
was to be released in Autumn 2009 but was suspended
due to payment problems with the console developers,
Widescreen Games.[6]
On 18 September 2009, CD Projekt RED ocially conrmed that they began working on a sequel, The Witcher
2: Assassins of Kings, which was released on 17 May
2011, for the PC[7] and on 17 April 2012, for Xbox 360.
The third game of the series has been announced and titled The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt and is set to be released
24 February 2015.

A screenshot of an outdoor scene in The Witcher displaying additional lighting eects

There are three camera styles available in The Witcher:


two top-down perspectives, where the mouse is used to
control everything, and an over-the-shoulder view, which
brings the player closer to the in-game combat, but limits
visibility. In all three views the controls can be changed
to be primarily mouse focused or a combined keyboard
and mouse approach.
The combat system in The Witcher represents a dierent gaming experience from most RPGs. Players can
choose one of three ghting styles to use in dierent situations and against dierent foes. The fast style allows
for faster, less-damaging attacks with a greater chance of
hitting faster enemies; the strong style deals more damage
in exchange for a slow attack speed, and a lower chance
to hit faster enemies; and the group style features sweeping attacks best used if Geralt is surrounded.[8] The player
can switch between the styles at any point. Both of Geralts main swords also have distinctively dierent combat
styles from other weaponry, and serve specic purposes.
The steel blade is used to ght humans and other eshand-blood beings, while the silver sword is more eective
against supernatural monsters and beasts (against some of
which steel may have no eect whatsoever). With precise
timing, the player can link Geralts attacks into combos to
more eectively damage enemies.
Alchemy is a major part of gameplay. The player can
create potions that increase health or endurance regeneration, allow Geralt to see in the dark, or provide other
benecial eects. The recipes for these potions can be
learned through scrolls, or by experimentation. Once the
player creates an unknown potion he can choose to drink
it, but if the potion is a failure it will poison or have other
harmful eects on Geralt. Each time Geralt drinks potions they increase the toxicity level of his body. This
can be reduced by drinking a special potion or by meditating at an inn or replace. In addition to potions, the
player can create oils used to augment the damage done by

5.2. THE WITCHER: RISE OF THE WHITE WOLF

31

weapons. They can also create bombs for use as weapons


in combat. Neither can be created until talent points have
been allocated into the corresponding skills.
A time delayed decision-consequence system means that
the repercussions of players decisions will make themselves apparent in plot devices in later acts of the game.
This prompts the players to put more critical thinking into
making each decision, and circumvents a save-reload approach to decision making. It also allows the game to have
a unique approach to replay value, as the consequences
resulting from the players decisions can lead to great difference in the events that take place later, and ultimately Geralt looking over Vizimas dilapidated cemetery.
a very dierent gameplay experience than in prior playthroughs.
mandra. Geralt heads south to Vizima, capital of Temeria
and where King Foltest reigns. He goes to the outskirts,
where he meets a magically gifted child called Alvin and
an old friend, Shani, whom he does not remember. He
nds out that Vizima is in quarantine, and learns about a
conict between the Knights of the monster-slaying Order of the Flaming Rose and the Squirrels, a gang of
guerrilla freedom-ghting elves, dwarves, and other nonhumans. But, by doing favors to some important o5.2.2 Plot
cials, either saving or condemning a witch, uncovering a
conspiracy between Salamandra and those ocials, eiThe game tells the story of Geralt of Rivia, who at the ther sparing or slaying most of the town, and killing a giopening of the game is tasked to cure the daughter of ant ghost-like hound, he gets a pass and prepares to enter
King Foltest of a curse which causes her to transform into Vizima only to be arrested.
a feral monster, introducing the player to the nature of
He awakes in a jail where he volunteers to kill a Cockwitcher-work.
atrice in the sewers in exchange for his freedom. In the
The initial cutscene shows Geralts quest to cure her by sewers he meets a knight of the Order named Siegfried,
surviving a night in her presence. Geralt captured the who not only helps him kill the monster but also directs
traitor who cast the curse and uses him as bait to attract him to a private eye who can help Geralt defeat Salamanthe striga (the monster King Foltests daughter turns into) dra. Geralt spends the rest of part II chasing Salamanand, in the battle that ensues, manages to scare the striga dra. He investigates a murder, which leads him to believe
away with magic. Geralt then goes into the sarcophagus that a mage is leading Salamandra and, if he combines
where she sleeps, and shuts her out. The next morning, he
the right clues, uncovers that this mage (Azar Javed) has
nds her as a human. When Geralt reaches out towards killed and replaced through disguise the private eye Gerher, she opens her eyes which are the eyes of the Striga
alt is working with. When instructed to open an ancient
and claws at his face. The scene goes dark.
tower in the swamp to nd a powerful book, he can either
A period of years mysteriously passes, ending with Ger- use this knowledge to confront Javed there, or, if oblivialt being transported to the witcher stronghold of Kaer ous, is ambushed and robbed of the book before the nal
Morhen by fellow witchers who had discovered him un- ght of the chapter, in which he is knocked out as Javed
conscious in a eld. Geralt remembers almost nothing of and the Professor ee.
his life before that point. He is taken to Kaer Morhen, the Geralt awakes in the personal chamber of Triss Merigold,
base of the witchers, where he meets a sorceress named in the rich quarter of Vizima. The rest of the chapter
Triss Merigold. The castle is attacked by a gang of ban- is spent uncovering the bases Salamandra has in Vizdits named Salamandra, led by a criminal known as the ima, and nding out more about Alvins powers and viProfessor, a mage named Savolla who controls a large, sions. He also begins uncovering another conspiracy conpraying mantis-like monster, and another mage named cerning forgeries of the royal seal. During a party of
Azar Javed. The witchers and the sorceress manage to high-standing ocials, Geralt meets Adda, who oers to
slay the monster and kill Savolla, but the Professor and have sex with him. Whether he accepts or declines, he
Azar manage to escape with the mutagens that genetically nds letters in her chamber connecting her to Salamanalter the witchers.
dra. She also hints at the connection if the appropriate
The nature of the options faced when playing the game
rarely falls into the typical black-and-white morality
present in most computer RPGs, and the players often
nd themselves choosing from the lesser of two evils
rather than making a clear choice between good and evil,
a situation more reective of real life morality.[9]

After curing Triss of the wounds she received while ght- dialog choices are taken. If Geralt has sex with her, his
ing Javed, Geralt and the rest of the witchers head o in medallion is shown shaking in a cutscene, indicating the
dierent directions in order to nd information on Sala- proximity of a monster.

32
Geralt nally attacks the base of Salamandra in Vizima
with the help of either Siegfried and the Order or the
Scoia'tael. During the ght Javed separates Geralt from
his allies, but Geralt presses on. He duels the Professor,
who is eventually eaten by the queen of the Kikimores
(which the Salamandra had tamed to use for their purposes). Geralt causes a cave in, crushing the giant spiderlike creature and its ospring as he escapes. Outside, he
nds himself surrounded by royal guards and Adda, who
declares that she still has to kill him in order to conceal
her treachery.
However, Triss teleports him out of the situation and to
a village on the other side of Vyzima Lake. There, Geralt and Dandelion nd some unsteady peace while taking care of Alvin, helping with problems surrounding an
ill-fated wedding and negotiating between the village and
the inhabitants of an aquatic city. At the end however,
the conict between the Order and the Squirrels catches
up with them and threatens the village. The player can be
neutral, at the cost of leaving the inhabitants to their fate,
or nally take the side of either the knights or the nonhumans. The scared Alvin mysteriously disappears in a
ash, in spite of a medallion he received from Triss that
should dampen his (uncontrolled use of) powers. After
this, Geralt and Dandelion decide to sail back to Vizima.

CHAPTER 5. VIDEO GAMES


tually be consumed in ice, and the only way for humanity
to escape that is to go south. Only for this, so he says, he
stole the mutagens so he could make superhuman bodyguards to protect humanity on their journey. When Geralt does not believe him in spite of some oddly familiar
points of view, the Grand Master casts an illusion of this
future and the witcher nds himself in an icy wasteland.
Unimpressed, he hunts the Grand Master, running into
several ape-like monsters that humans will supposedly devolve to, and meeting some of the characters he helped
(or crossed) throughout the adventure. At the end, Geralt impales the Grand Master, and the King of the Wild
Hunt (the Witcher equivalent of the Grim Reaper) arrives
to personally claim the Grand Masters soul (As the Wild
Hunt appears only for the worst and most foul souls). Geralt swiftly escapes back to the real world. Back in the
Citadel, he is left with the unsettling discovery that the
Grand Master, now dead on the oor, is wearing an aged
anti-magic medallion similar to Alvins.
In the ending cut scene, the king pays Geralt and the
witcher walks away. But suddenly an assassin attacks the
king. Geralt duels the assassin and kills him. When he
pulls o the mask, he discovers that the man has vertical pupils, just like the witchers, setting the stage for The
Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings.

There, Foltest has nally returned and retaken control of


his castle, but at the same time civil war has broken out.
The Squirrels have caused an uprising which the Order 5.2.3 Development
of the Flaming Rose responds to by killing non-humans
with little discern. Depending on which side Geralt took Game engine
in the previous battle, he can either be neutral and help the
wounded get to hospitals with Shani, or help the knights
or the elves in the battle. He also cures Adda once more
from a relapse of the striga curse (or slays her), after
which the grateful king discloses clues about Azar Javeds
location. Storming a hidden base with his allies, Geralt
nally kills the evil mage, but also learns that the Grand
Master of the Order also betrayed the king, since he is the
real mind behind the Salamandras mutation program.
With most Knights of the Order and their mutants now
entering open rebellion, the king again turns to Geralt
with a contract to kill the Grand Master, while also asking about what to do with the various factions. Depending
on which side Geralt took in the rst battle, he can convince the king that the Order, under Siegfrieds rule, can
still be loyal, convince him that the Squirrels are right, or
convince him that they are both enemies. Consequently
he either takes Siegfried (Order), Yaevinn (Squirrels), or
Triss Merigold (neutral) with him on the hunt for the
Grand Master, encountering either Yaevinn, Siegfried, or
both, as enemies on his way through the war-torn city.

A screenshot of The Witcher showing the lighting and the overthe-shoulder camera

The Witcher is powered by a heavily modied version


of the Aurora Engine by BioWare, enhanced for singleplayer. A number of changes have been introduced to the
Geralt enters the Orders citadel alone after having to
original engine; some of them are described below.
leave his wounded ally behind (or using a ruse to keep
Triss out of danger). Inside, the Grand Master tries to One of the most important features of the Aurora Enconvince him of the necessity of his greater plan, telling gine is that the world is designed exactly as the develGeralt how the prophecies said that the world would even- opers envisioned, rather than using a tile-based system.
All the environments are developed in 3ds Max and then

5.2. THE WITCHER: RISE OF THE WHITE WOLF


exported into the game engine. As a result, developers
can create unique game worlds, rather than recycling the
same tiled objects over and over again. CD Projekt's version of the engine supports lightmaps generated in 3ds
Max. Shadows generated this way are reported to look
more realistic, and provide better game performance.
The modied engine also includes texture paint, a special
tool that allows the developer to paint the environment using custom textures. This enables the developer to make
the game world truly unique. New realistic skyboxes
and water eects designed specically for The Witcher
were added to the engine. The natural light during various phases of the day is realistically altered, and the day
and night transitions serve to enrich the games ambiance.
The weather can dynamically change from a light drizzle
to a dark, stormy downpour accompanied by thunder and
lightning.

33
360 consoles and released as The Witcher: Rise of the
White Wolf.[12] It had been built from the ground up for
Widescreen Games DaVinci Engine and featured a host
of dierences.[13] According to CD Projekt RED senior
designer Jakub Styliski, the game featured a new interface, redesigned boss battles, new music, a smattering of new models, and a redesigned character development system, in addition to an entirely new actionoriented combat system with enhanced AI, additional
motion-capture animations and the ability to directly control Geralts defensive maneuvers.[13] CD Projekt also
conrmed that Rise of the White Wolf would have featured downloadable content.[13]

On 29 April 2009 it was announced that the production of


the game had been halted due to late payments from CD
Projekt to the French developers of the console version,
Widescreen Games.[6] A release from CD Projekts CEO
All the in-game and tool set rendering is done using Micha Kiciski stated that payments were delayed due to
DirectX 9, and the engine now supports many dierent Widescreen games not meeting development deadlines,
shaders (water eect, bump mapping, environment map- additionally stating that technical incapability created a
risk of missing planned quality and that CD Projekt had
ping, etc.).
ended their association with Widescreen games.[14]
Other important changes include motion-captured animation, improved physics modelling, new mechanics
and combat system. Additional modications include
the introduction of portals and the inclusion of addi- 5.2.4 Marketing
tional graphical eects (glows, advanced dynamic shadEnhanced Edition
ows, blurs, etc.)
Localisation variations
All the female portrait cards shown after Geralts sexual
conquests were censored (retouched to a more modest
standard) for the U.S. release version.[10] The in-game
Dryad was also reskinned so her hair covered more of
her body in this release.
Some dialogue between characters is shortened in the
non-Polish-language versions. Lead designer Michal
Madej has disputed claims by fans that this was due to the
sometimes crude language, but that the decision to edit
down dialogue occurred because of production-related
concerns in game development. Proofreader Martin Pagan noticed this shortened version during his work and
writer Sande Chen conrmed that it was not due to censorship. Fans have theorised that it may have been done
for voice acting cost savings, especially since much of
the vulgar language has been retained. Such cost savings
would normally occur during any shortening of dialogue,
even in cases where no major profanity was involved.[11]
Console version
On 29 November 2008 a video covering the console version of the game was uploaded on the Internet. On December 2, CD Projekt RED ocially conrmed that
The Witcher will be ported to PlayStation 3 and Xbox

At Game Developers Conference 2008, CD Projekt RED


announced an enhanced version of the game which was
released on 16 September 2008. The signicant changes
featured in the enhanced version are over 200 new animations, additional NPC models and recoloring of generic
NPC models as well as monsters, vastly expanded and
corrected dialogues in translated versions, improved stability, redesigned inventory system and load times reduced by roughly 80%.[15][16][17] In addition all bugs are
said to be xed and the game manual completely overhauled. There are also two new adventures available to
play through: Side Eects and The Price of Neutrality. A
new option is to mix and match ten dierent languages of
voice and subtitles. For instance, players can now choose
to play the game with Polish voices and English subtitles.
Other featured languages are Russian, Italian, French,
Spanish, German, Czech, Hungarian and Chinese.
Aside from the game enhancements, The Witcher Enhanced Edition includes a making of DVD, a CD with
29 in-game soundtracks, another CD with Inspired by
music, the short story The Witcher from the book The
Last Wish, a map of Temeria printed on high quality paper, and the ocial strategy guide. In addition, a new
and enhanced version of the D'jinni Adventure Editor is
on the DVD with the two new Adventures. The game updates, as well as the boxs extras, are available as a free
download for owners of the original version who registered their game on the ocial forum. Furthermore, old
savegames are compatible with the Enhanced Edition.

34

CHAPTER 5. VIDEO GAMES

According to CD Projekt co-founder Michal Kicinski,


the Enhanced Edition required a $1 million investment,
and the company has shipped 300,000 copies of the retail version worldwide as of December 2008, and counting digital distribution and retail sales the original game
and the Enhanced Edition sold around 2 million copies as
of 2010.[18]

[4] The Witcher: Enchanced Edition Release Information


for Macintosh. GameFAQs. Retrieved 2013-08-04.

Directors Cut

[7] "The Witcher 2 Release Date Announced. Strategy Informer.

[5] Aihoshi, Richard (2006-05-24). "The Witcher E3 View.


IGN. Retrieved 2006-09-09.
[6] Development of the new Game The Witcher: Rise of
the White Wolf is Frozen for Playstation3 and Xbox360!
press release prnewswire.com

CD Projekt released a Directors Cut version of the game


[8]
on 31 July 2009, for the North American market. It is
equal to the Enhanced Edition available to the rest of the
world, but without the censorship applied to the North
American version. The company has since released an [9]
ocial uncensored patch that makes the North American
version the same as the international for those who have
purchased a boxed version of the game.
[10]
Retail editions

Ocampo, Jason (2007-07-02). The Witcher Exclusive


Impressions Combat and Story. GameSpot. Retrieved
2007-11-02.
Arulnathan, Justin (2007-08-24).
"The Witcher
TheGamerGene Preview. TheGamerGene. Retrieved
2007-08-24.
Burnes, Andrew (2007-10-24). The Witcher Preview.
IGN. Retrieved 2007-11-17.

[11] Breckon, Nick (2007-11-07). The Witcher Script Heavily Edited for English Audiences, Says The Writer.
Shacknews. Retrieved 2007-11-17.

The following table lists the contents of each edition in


addition to the game DVD itself. CE means Collectors Edition, LE means Limited Edition, EE [12] Console version announcement Console version announcement.
means Enhanced Edition, and EPE means Enhanced
Platinum Edition. SE means Special Edition and [13] Hollister, Sean (2008-12-09). "The Witcher: Rise of the
refers to an edition that was exclusively distributed by the
White Wolf Q&A Console DLC Conrmed!". GamePolish commercial chain Empik.[19]
Cyte. Retrieved 2008-12-10.

5.2.5

Reception

The game received mostly positive reviews. The games


cumulative score stands at 86.00% on GameRankings[20]
and 86 out of 100 on Metacritic.[21] Michael Laerty
from GameZone gave the game 8.8 out of 10 describing it as deep, immersive game that will 'ask you to think
and make choices, not just hack and slash your way to
glory'.[27] The Witcher 's cinematic intro was nominated
for the 2007 VES Awards in the category of Outstanding
Pre-Rendered Visuals in a Video Game[31] and the games
soundtrack was voted Best Fantasy Game Soundtrack
in the 2007 Radio Rivendell Fantasy Awards.[32]

[14] CD Projekt Respond To Widescreens Witcher: Rise Of


The White Wolf Accusations ve3d.ign.com
[15] IGNPC The Witcher Enhanced Edition.
[16] The Witcher Ocial Site (PDF)The Witcher Enhanced
Edition Fact Sheet (PDF)" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-07-18.
[17] The Witcher Ocial Enhanced Edition Information Page
The Witcher Ocial Site.
[18] Hollister, Sean (2008-12-10). CD Projekts Michal
Kicinski Talks Witcher Sales, Piracy and DRM. GameCyte. Retrieved 2008-12-10.

[19] http://www.gamer.ru/vedmak/
sbylas-mechta-idiota-chast-2-fotoobzor-wied-min-edycja-rozszerzona-ot-em

In 2010, the game was included as one of the titles in


the book 1001 Video Games You Must Play Before You [20] The Witcher for PC. GameRankings. Retrieved 200808-12.
Die.[33]

5.2.6

References

[1] The Witcher - Credits. AllGame. Retrieved 28 October


2014.
[2] The Witcher Release Information for PC. GameFAQs.
Retrieved 2013-08-04.
[3] The Witcher: Enchanced Edition Release Information
for PC. GameFAQs. Retrieved 2013-08-04.

[21] The Witcher for PC Reviews. Metacritic. Retrieved


2008-08-12.
[22] Eric Neigher (2007-11-08).
The Witcher (PC)".
1up.com. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
[23] Whitehead, Dan (2007-10-26).
Eurogamer. Retrieved 2008-08-12.

The Witcher.

[24] Rivera, Amanda (2007-12-04). Review: The Witcher.


GamePro. Archived from the original on 2007-12-05.
Retrieved 2008-08-12.

5.3. THE WITCHER 2: ASSASSINS OF KINGS

35

[25] Todd, Brett (2005-11-05). The Witcher Review.


GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
[26] Abner, William (2007-11-21). The Witcher (PC) Review. GameSpy. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
[27] Michael Laerty (2007) Gamezone Witcher Review retrieved January 8, 2010
[28] Adams, Dan (2007-10-29). The Witcher Review. IGN.
Retrieved 2008-08-12.
[29] Sal 'Sluggo' Accardo. Gamespys Game of the Year
2007. Gamespy. Retrieved 2008-08-12.

Screenshot of the PC version

[30] IGN Best of 2007. IGN. Retrieved 2008-08-12.


[31] Visual Eect Society Nominations 2007
[32] Radio Rivendell 2007 winners
[33] Mott, Tony (2010). 1001 Video Games You Must Play
Before You Die. London: Quintessence Editions Ltd. p.
751. ISBN 978-1-74173-076-0.

5.2.7

External links

Ocial website
List of PC exclusive titles

5.3 The Witcher 2: Assassins of


Kings
The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings (Polish: Wiedmin 2:
Zabjcy krlw) is an action role-playing hack and slash
video game developed by Polish studio CD Projekt RED
for Microsoft Windows, Xbox 360, OS X and Linux.[9] It
is a sequel to the 2007 video game The Witcher, and was
released internationally on 17 May 2011 for Microsoft
Windows, and on 17 April 2012 for Xbox 360. Like its
predecessor, the game is based on The Witcher series of
fantasy novels by Polish author Andrzej Sapkowski. The
game has been a critical and commercial success selling
more than 1.7 million units for the PC and Xbox 360 as
of May 2012.[10]

5.3.1

Gameplay

The gameplay of The Witcher 2 is a marked departure


from that of its predecessor. Player movement is accomplished solely through the keyboard, and combat has
changed from the rhythmic mini-game style of the original game to a more fast paced style. The left mouse button is used for fast but weak attacks, while the right mouse
button is used for slower but more damaging ones.
The abilities to lay traps and to aim and throw ranged
weapons are new additions to the combat system. Additionally, the protagonist Geralt also has an improved

oensive and defensive arsenal, with a wide range of


melee and ranged weapons, armor, bombs, traps and secondary weapons such as hatchets and shovels. Upgrades
are divided into four distinct paths: an initial training
path, which includes generalized upgrades for various
core abilities and must be invested in before the other
paths can be accessed; swordsmanship, which improves
Geralts sword ghting abilities; alchemy, which includes
perks such as reducing the negative eects of potions; and
magic, which improves Witcher Signs.
The Witcher 2 also includes a stealth mode in certain parts
of the game, where the player must remain undetected as
they make their way to a certain objective. Players have
the option of stunning enemies if Geralt manages to get
behind them, but the player may choose to take a less
subtle approach and simply engage the guards in combat. Several new minigames were introduced, including
st ghting, arm wrestling and a modied version of dice
poker.

5.3.2 Plot
The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings contains many dierent
paths and storylines, along with multiple endings. As in
the rst game, the player takes control of Geralt of Rivia,
one of the few remaining witchers. Witchers are humans
that have been genetically enhanced and trained to ght
monsters from a young age. They have special powers,
diering for each witcher. These include alchemy, magic,
and sword handling.
Characters
The Witcher 2 features an extensive cast of vivid characters with developed personalities, which has often been
cited by reviewers as one of its strengths.[11] The following is a list of some of the main characters in the game,
with their Polish and English voice actors in parentheses:
Geralt of Rivia (Jacek Rozenek[12] and Doug
Cockle) the protagonist of the trilogy as well as the
main character in the book series. He is a witcher
by trade, skilled in killing monsters.

36
Triss Merigold (Agnieszka Kunikowska[12] and
Jaimi Barbako) a sorceress who is Geralts romantic interest, but also a complex character who
plays an important role in the political intrigue underlying the games plot.

CHAPTER 5. VIDEO GAMES


King Henselt (Dariusz Odija[12] and Peter Egan)
Ruler of the Kingdom of Kaedwen and the Duchy
of Yspaden, who is a key character in the games
second chapter.

Letho (Mirosaw Zbrojewicz[12] and Mark Lewis Story


Jones) a fellow witcher who has left the path of
a monster slayer. He is one of the games main an- Prologue During the prologue, Geralt is interrogated
tagonists.
in a prison in the kingdom of Temeria by Vernon Roche,
the commander of a group of Temerian special forces
Iorweth / Iorveth (Tomasz Borkowski[12] and Mark known as the Blue Stripes, regarding the assassination
Frost) an elven freedom ghter, the leader of a of the king of Temeria, King Foltest. Geralt recounts
Scoia'tael unit, whom Geralt can choose to side with the events leading up to Foltests death, during which he
during the course of the story.
acted as Foltests bodyguard. During an uprising against
[12]
Vernon Roche (Krzysztof Banaszyk
and Mark Foltest by noble families of Temeria, Foltest personally
Healy) commander of the Blue Stripes, a Teme- leads the battle in order to recover his illegitimate chilrian special forces military unit, whom Geralt at rst dren, Anais and Boussy, who are being held by the rebels.
has to cooperate with but may choose a dierent ally Once Foltest nds his children, he is killed by an assassin disguised as a blind monk, who escapes before Geralt
later on in the game.
can react. Geralt is then found by Temerian forces and
Saskia (Agnieszka Przestrzelska[12] and Eiry mistaken for Foltests killer. After hearing Geralts conHughes) female leader of a peasant revolt in fessions, Roche decides that Geralt is innocent and aids
Upper Aedirn, who opposes King Henselts attempt him in escaping the prison. The two, along with sorcerat invasion and is a rival of Prince Stennis.
ess Triss Merigold, Geralts companion and Foltests royal
advisor, then travel to a trading post named Flotsam, in
Filippa Eilhart / Philippa Eilhart (Elbieta Futera- search of the kingslayer.
Jdrzejewska[12] and Pandora Colin) a powerful
mage and leader of the Lodge of Sorceresses. She
plays a key role in the games political intrigue.
Chapter 1 Upon arrival to Flotsam, Geralt, Roche, and
Triss are ambushed by Iorveth, with Trisss magic saving
Jaskier / Dandelion (Jacek Kopczyski[12] and John
them from his archers. Geralt discovers the assassin is
Schwab) poet, minstrel, bard and a close friend of
a witcher in league with a group of Elven rebels known
Geralt. He is a character well-known from the book
as the Scoia'tael. The assassin is also revealed to have
series.
killed another king: Demavend, the king of neighboring
[12]
Zoltan Chivay (Pawe Szczesny
and Alexander kingdom Aedirn. Upon arrival, Geralt walks upon Zoltan
Morton) another returning character from the and Dandelion about to be hanged in the city square.
books, Zoltan is a dwarven veteran and also a friend After a scrap with the guards, the commandant of Flotsam, Loredo, sets them free under certain conditions, and
of Geralt.
asks Geralt to meet him in his mansion. After Geralt
Shilard Fitz-Oesterlen (Wodzimierz Matuszak[12] and Roche disable Loredos ballista and nd him hoardand Robbie Stevens) a member of the Nilfgaar- ing merchant goods, Loredo tasks Geralt in killing the
dian aristocracy and an envoy to Emperor Emhyr Kayran, a monster disrupting the towns trade routes. Afvar Emreis.
ter killing the Kayran with the help of sorceress Sle de
Tansarville, Geralt meets a Scoia'tael lieutenant on the
Sheala de Tancarville / Sle de Tansarville (Anna prison barge who claims the kingslayer, known as Letho,
Uas[12] and Nicola Walker) a member of the intends to betray Iorveth, the leader of the Scoia'tael. AfLodge of Sorceresses who, much like the other fe- ter telling Iorveth this information, Geralt and Iorveth
male mages in the game, plays a role in the political decide to confront Letho, who reveals his plans to kill
intrigue of the game.
Iorveth. Before the two can capture Letho however,
Roche arrives with an armed force. The player can make
[12]
Radowid V / Radovid V (Waldemar Barwiski
and Nico Lennon) the ruler of the Kingdom of the choice of either assisting Iorveth (which results in the
Redania. He becomes of great importance in the slaughter of nonhumans in Flotsam) or Roche (which results in Iorveths capture and a feast in Flotsam). Geralt
third chapter of the games plot.
then engages in a duel with Letho. Geralt is defeated,
King Foltest (Adam Bauman[12] and Antony Byrne) but Letho spares his life after revealing that Geralt once
king of Temeria, prince of Sodden, sovereign of saved the lives of Letho and his band of witchers. Letho
the Pontar Valley and Mahakam. The game begins then kidnaps Triss and forces her to teleport both of them
shortly before Foltests assassination.
to Aedirn. The player now again can choose whether to

5.3. THE WITCHER 2: ASSASSINS OF KINGS

37

assist Iorveth or Roche, changing the path of the second Demavends son, Prince Stennis, and a rebel commander
chapter accordingly.
known as Saskia the Dragonslayer. A ght breaks out,
but is interrupted when an ancient curse is activated and
spectral soldiers attack the humans. Geralt and Roche
Chapter 2 (Iorveth) If Geralt assists Iorveth, the pair
arrive just in time, assisting King Henselt out of the batcommandeer a prison barge and after either killing
tleeld, aided by Henselts two advisors, the mage DeLoredo or saving the elven women in the prison tower
thmold and the sorceress Sle de Tansarville. Geralt is
he set re to, set sail for upper Aedirn. There, a meettasked by Henselt to lift the curse from the battleeld so
ing is held between the king of neighbouring kingdom
that his forces can march on Vergen, as well as to lift anKaedwen, King Henselt, and a unied army of rebels,
other curse from Henselt himself, placed upon him by
led by the deceased King Demavends son, Prince Stenanother sorceress, Sabrina Glevissig, whom Henselt had
nis, and a rebel commander known as Saskia the Dragexecuted three years prior.
onslayer. A ght breaks out, but is interrupted when an
ancient curse is activated and spectral soldiers attack the Geralt also discovers an insurgency within the Kaedweni
humans. Geralt and Iorveth arrive just in time, assist- army of loyalists convinced Henselt is conspiring with
ing Saskia and Prince Stennis out of the battleeld, aided Nilfgaard, and continues his search for Triss. He disby the sorceress Philippa Eilhart, Saskias advisor. The covers Triss has been taken by Nilfgaardian spies, but
rebels then hold a meeting. Saskia intends to unite the they leave for Loc Muinne before he can confront them.
loyalist forces under Prince Stennis, the dwarven forces After lifting Sabrinas curse from Henselt, an attempt
of the town of Vergen, and the Scoia'tael, led by Iorveth, is made on the kings life by two witchers, Serrit and
into a single ghting force and defeat King Henselt, then Auckes, in league with Letho. Geralt defends Henselt and
declare the formation of a free nation, led by Saskia her- kills Auckes. Using necromancy, Dethmold allows Gerself as Queen. As the meeting nears adjournment how- alt to delve into the dead witchers memories, and Geralt discovers the kingslayers are in league with Sle de
ever, Saskia is poisoned.
Tansarville, who has already ed to Loc Muinne, morGeralt is tasked with three missions: recovering ingreditally wounding Serrit along the way. Geralt then lifts the
ents to formulate an antidote for Saskia, nd clues about
curse from the battleeld, and Henselt begins his march.
the whereabouts of Triss and recovering magical artifacts
Roche turns out to be the leader of the insurgency within
to lift the curse that has descended upon the battleeld.
the Kaedweni army. Henselt and Dethmold, nding out
During the process, a mob of peasantry accuse Prince
about this, have every one of Roches men under his comStennis of poisoning Saskia, Geralt intervened. With the
mand hanged, except for Ves (who was forced into havhelp of Trolls, Geralt found out that Letho had abaning sex with Henselt in exchange for her life). Geralt and
donned Triss. However, she was subsequently found and
Roche travel to Vergen looking for Sle de Tansarville and
captured by spies from the empire of Nilfgaard. Before
Philippa Eilhart, the ones behind Demavends assassinaGeralt can rescue her, she is taken by the Nilfgaardian
tion. They arrive too late, as the sorceresses escape to Loc
forces to Loc Muinne. Geralt then enters the battleeld
Muine, with the entranced Saskia in tow. Geralt defeats
himself to re-enact a historic battle and end the curse.
Henselts personal guard in Phillipas House, and Geralt
With the curse lifted, King Henselt and his forces atcan either allow Roche to murder Henselt in revenge for
tack Vergen, but the rebels defeat the Kaedweni army and
the execution of the Blue Stripes and cause a civil war in
Henselt is forced to acknowledge Saskias terms. During
Kaedwen or convince him to spare the king.
the battle, Geralt discovers Saskia is actually a dragon
taking human form. Iorveth notices that Saskia is acting strangely, ordering Dethmold to be executed without
Chapter 3 Finally, Geralt arrives at Loc Muinne, with
trial, but before he and Geralt can react Philippa teleports
either Iorveth or Roche depending on whom he assisted
Saskia and herself to Loc Muinne. Geralt and Iorveth
previously. The mages have called for a meeting at Loc
then discover that Philippa had placed a mind dominaMuinne to establish a new magical ruling body known as
tion spell upon Saskia, and the pair has no choice but to
the Conclave. All royal leaders are thus meeting at Loc
follow her to Loc Muinne.
Muinne. Philippa Eilhart and Sle de Tansarville intend
to use the meeting to establish their own power, and orChapter 2 (Roche) If Geralt assisted Roche however dered the assassination of King Demavend to set in forth
in Flotsam, Roche has Geralt assassinate Bernard Loredo, this chain of events. They intend to use the still-entranced
the commandant of the town for being a spy for Kaed- Saskia as leverage at the meeting. Geralt discovers that
wen (and in the process Ves helps a captive elf woman Nilfgaardian spies are also at Loc Muinne, with Triss as
raped by Loredo give birth to a son, however she is unable their hostage. If Geralt arrived with Roche, he discovers
to prevent the shattered womans suicide). After leav- that Foltests illegitimate daughter, Princess Anais, has
ing the elfs son with a caretaker, the Blue Stripes set sail been kidnapped by Dethmold. He is given a choice befor upper Aedirn. There, a meeting is held between the tween rescuing Triss or rescuing Anais. If Geralt arrived
king of neighboring kingdom Kaedwen, King Henselt, with Iorveth, he discovers that Philippa has been captured
and a unied army of rebels, led by the deceased King by the king of Redania, King Radovid, and her eyes put

38

CHAPTER 5. VIDEO GAMES

out by him. He is given a choice between rescuing Triss gaard, where they were given a deal by the Emperor of
or rescuing the now blinded Philippa, who is the only per- Nilfgaard, Emhyr var Emreis, to destabilise the Northern
son capable of lifting the spell from Saskia.
Kingdoms by assassinating kings. In exchange, the EmIf Geralt rescues Anais with Roche, resulting in Roche peror promised to build a new witcher school for them.
brutally killing Dethmold in revenge, Geralt and Roche With the witcher schools destroyed and the training techhave a choice to send her either to King Radovid and the niques and mutagens of old lost, Geralt, Letho, and the
Redenians or John Natalis and the Temerians. If Ger- remaining witchers are a dying breed, the last of their
alt rescues Phillipa, she assists him and Iorveth in getting kind. Letho agreed, and the witchers arrived in Kovir.
There, they were hired by Sle de Tansarville and Philippa
the dagger but escapes. Triss being rescued, regardless
of who Geralt assisted, results in the ambassador of Nil- Eilhart to assassinate King Demavend of Aedirn. Letho
then assassinated King Foltest and had the other witchfgaards death, as well as the revelations of the Lodges
involvement in the plot and Trisss role through Triss af- ers attempt to assassinate King Henselt, hoping to pin the
further murders on the sorceresses as well. After hearing
ter she is rescued.
Lethos story, Geralt can either let him go or duel him
The meeting between the royal leaders and Sle de to the death. Geralt then reunites with Triss and either
Tansarville commences. If Geralt assisted Saskia and Iorveth or Roche, and sets o to Nilfgaard to nd YenIorveth, Saskia declares her plan to create a free nation nefer.
with herself as the Queen. If Geralt assisted Roche and
chose to rescue Anais, either King Radovid takes her un- A concurrent plot of the game is the amnesiac Geralts atder his protection and declares Temeria a protectorate of tempts to recover the lost memories of his previous life.
Redania, or is put under Nataliss care until she becomes After each major magical event, such as lifting the curse
of age to rule. If Geralt did not assist Roche or Iorveth from upper Aedirn, Geralt recovers a few of his memand chose to rescue Triss, Roche will be declared an out- ories. He eventually remembers that he was slain when
law wounded and the rule of Temeria will remain unset- attempting to defend nonhumans from a pogrom. Yentled or alternatively Iorveth will be grievously wounded nefer, his lover, died trying to save him. His body was retrying to retrieve Phillipas dagger. However, the meeting covered by Ciri, his adoptive daughter, who brought Geris interrupted when Nilfgaardian forces arrive with Letho, alt and Yennefer back to life and then left them on the
who reveals the sorceresses entire plot, or, if Geralt res- Isle of Avallach. However, the two were attacked by ridcued Triss, the two arrive and then accuse Sle. Radovid ers led by the King of the Wild Hunt, who then kidnapped
then orders Sles arrest, but she forces Saskia to aid her Yennefer. Geralt chases after the Wild Hunt, whom he
learns are an elven cavalry unit from another dimension
to escape.
who travel to his world to capture males for an unknown
Geralt chases down Sle, but she manages to activate her purpose, encountering Letho and his group along the way
teleportation device. However, the device has been tam- and in the process saving them from a monster they were
pered with by Letho, and will kill her instead. Geralt hunting; together they track the Wild Hunt and eventually
can choose to let her die or save her life and allow her confront the riders. Geralt proposes a trade, him for Yento escape. Geralt then battles the dragon and ultimately nefer, which the King of the Wild Hunt agrees to without
defeats it, choosing whether to let it live or die. If he as- hesitation. Geralt leaves with the Wild Hunt and Yensisted Saskia and Iorveth and chose to rescue Philippa, he nefer, who lost her memory as a result of being with the
is able to break the spell over Saskias mind.
hunt for so long, is left in the care of Letho. At some point
after this Geralt escapes from the Wild Hunt and returns
to his own world and is then found by the other witchers
Epilogue If Geralt rescues Triss, either Iorveth or near Kaer Morhen and is then taken there to recover, thus
Roche will be seriously wounded by Phillipa when at- beginning the events of the rst game.
tempting to secure her dagger and is put into care by
Triss, outlawed by attacking the Kaedwan camp alone, Near the river Yaruga, separating the Northern Kingdoms
will have Anais and gets her to safety for the future of from Nilfgaard, a large Nilfgaardian invasion army is
Temeria. If Triss is chosen, the Conclave is restored crossing the river and marching into the Northern Kingand the mages work to seal Loc Muinne. If Triss is not doms.
rescued...a bloody pogrom of magic users occurs in Loc
Muinne and throughout the Northern Kingdoms.
Geralt then nally confronts Letho, the kingslayer, who
frees Triss from the Nilfgaardians if Geralt did not save
her. Geralt can choose to talk to Letho, who then reveals a wealth of information. Letho is a witcher from
the school of the viper in the south, along with Serrit
and Auckes. The group was once saved by Geralt, and
Geralt learns he turned over Yennefer of Vengerberg to
their care. They eventually made their way into Nilf-

5.3.3 Development
The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings was ocially announced on September 18, 2009.[4] CD Projekt RED developed their own engine for the game,[13] unlike the rst
installment which ran on a modied version of BioWare's
Aurora Engine. The game also incorporates the Havok
physics engine.

5.3. THE WITCHER 2: ASSASSINS OF KINGS

39
Australian Steam store, causing outrage amongst the Australian gaming community.[19] Additionally, CD Projekt
REDs digital distribution service GOG.com announced
that the price of the Australian version would be increased
due to licensing issues, but that customers could still preorder the game for its original price 17 hours before the
change.[20]

CD Projekt RED members receiving a European Games Award


at Gamescom 2012

The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings was released for PC


on 17 May 2011 at retail and for digital distribution services such as GOG and Steam.[7] UK supermarket chain
Tesco released the console version of the game on Friday
13 April 2012, 4 days ahead of the scheduled April 17
release date. Tesco were asked to pull the game o the
shelves until the original release date.[21]
Marketing

On 25 March 2011, CD Projekt RED released the rst


gameplay video, which showcased a variety of dierent
methods in which a player could complete a given level.
Another gameplay video was revealed at Gamescom, displaying the many dierent characters and settings found
in the game. The game features a branching dialogue system with full voice acting which was cast, directed and
recorded in London, England. It was also conrmed that
the game would have 16 dierent endings.[14]
On 2 June 2011, an Xbox 360 version was announced,
with CD Projekt RED conrming that it would be released by the end of the year.[15] However, on 1 August
2011, the Xbox 360 release date was pushed back to the
rst quarter of 2012 to give the team more time expand- The Witcher 2 launch event in Kiev
ing and polishing certain elements of the gameplay and
to allow the developers time to deal with legal issues sur- The May 2011 issue of the Polish version of Playboy fearounding distribution rights for the game.[16]
tured the half-naked character Triss on the cover.[22] That
same month, Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk gave
American President Barack Obama several gifts after his
visit to Poland, including the Collectors Edition of The
5.3.4 Release
Witcher 2.[23]
On 14 April 2011, CD Projekt RED announced dur- In Russia, publishers 1C Company released a real-life
ing their CDP Days 2011 Spring Conference that re- nude calendar with copies of the game, featuring internatail copies of the game would feature SecuRom DRM. tional model Ayya Azanova as Triss.[24] GOG promoted
However, the protection would still allow for innite in- the game by reducing the price of The Witcher a week
stallations on an innite number of PCs, with the abil- prior to the release of the sequel, encouraging players to
ity to play on up to ve PCs at any one time. It was import their save le from the rst game to the second.[25]
also conrmed that the game would feature no censorship Steam oered three promotional The Witcher 2 items
between regions.[17] The Witcher 2 was also distributed for Team Fortress 2, consisting of a hat of hair, a sword
through several digital distribution services such as Steam and a necklace, which were limited to the games Scout
and CD Projekt REDs own service GOG.com. The ver- class.[26]
sion sold on GOG.com was the only version that did not
have any DRM at release.
On 3 May 2011, Namco Bandai conrmed that the Aus- Updates
tralian release of the game would be modied to meet
the MA15+ rating. The edit specically relates to a side
quest in which Geralt is oered sex as a reward for completing the quest. The Australian version will see Geralt decline the oer automatically.[18] Three weeks prior
to this announcement, the game was removed from the

At launch, many critics and gamers complained about


activation problems, registration issues, and performance on high-end systems with both Nvidia and AMD
Graphics cards.
The rst patch for the game, Patch 1.1, subsequently

40
resolved some of the above noted issues.[27] Additionally, Patch 1.1 also removed Digital Rights Management
(DRM) from the game.[28] Tech Spot, a computer technology online publication, claimed that based on user reports, the DRM on the retail version of The Witcher 2
was responsible for drastically reduced frame rates and
increased game load times.[29] Patch 1.1 reportedly increased frame rate simply by removing the DRM.[29] The
release notes indicated that the Game now runs 5-30%
more eciently and game loading has been accelerated.
Eciency increases will vary depending on system conguration and game version.[29] The release notes also
stated that owners of the boxed versions of the game
would notice the most signicant improvements.[29]
Players who purchased The Witcher 2: Assassins of
Kings through Steam were required to download several
9GB patches to update the game to versions 1.1 and
1.2, respectively. In contrast, the 1.1 patch for nonSteam purchasers was only 15MB. In an interview with
Eurogamer.net,[30] developer CD Projekt RED stated
they were aware of the issue and were working with Valve
to resolve the problem.

CHAPTER 5. VIDEO GAMES


(UI) signicantly. David Block, who originally created this UI modication, now works at CD Projekt
RED, and is the author of this patch. The mod adds
several enhancements to the game, such as the minimap, alchemy, tooltips, sorting, trading, crafting,
and more.[36]

Enhanced Edition
On 27 January 2012, CD Projekt RED announced an
Enhanced Edition of The Witcher 2 via its sister company GOG.com, which was released on 17 April 2012
on the Xbox 360 and on the Windows PC via Steam and
GOG.com.[37] The Enhanced Edition added over 10GB
of new content, including four hours of gameplay, thirtysix minutes of cinematics including a new intro and outro,
and a host of xes to gameplay and the interface. All
existing owners of The Witcher 2 received free upgrades
to the Enhanced Edition, and could pre-load the update
starting 11 April 2012. All new copies on PC and Xbox
360 shipped with the additional content on board.

Patch 1.2 xed a large number of issues, addressed


broken quest lines, eliminated gameplay balance 5.3.5 Reception
problems between the main character, Geralt, and
his enemies, and improved features like the save Critical reception
game import system, which allowed les from The
The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings was met with nearly
Witcher 1 to be brought into the new game.[31]
universal critical acclaim.[38][39][40][41] Critics praised
Patch 1.3 included a plethora of fan-requested im- combat mechanics, customization, graphics, environ[44][50][51][52][53]
PC
provements, including diculty adjustments for the ments, immersion, and storytelling.
games Prologue, support for a variety of dierent Gamer felt that combat mechanics and the games ending
[50]
aspect ratios, and a host of other gameplay tweaks were the weaker point of the game. 1UPs Tom Chick
gave
the
game
a
glowing
'A'
rating
and cited its rich
and xes. Next to the long list of changes, this upgraphics
that
don't
have
to
be
ashy,
complex challengdate also included free DLC a quest called A
[32]
ing
combat,
and
superlative
low-fantasy
writing.[54] The
Sackful of Flu. CD Projekt RED subsequently
game
garnered
a
number
of
perfect
scores,
with GamePro
released a hotx, patch 1.35, which addressed cersaying
that
The
Witcher
2
embodies
everything
thats
tain issues that might have been caused by Patch 1.3.
good
about
PC
development,
and
everything
that
makes
Major problems addressed by this hotx include
[55]
shadows not being displayed correctly in 3D Vision, it, in my mind, the best platform out there. Game In[33]
former
gave
the
game
a
platinum
score
and
mentioned
and Steam achievements not being registered.
that The Brilliant Dark Fantasy Adventure Is Just As
[43]
Patch 2.0 added three major features to The Witcher Good On Console as it was on PC.
2,[34] including the new Arena gameplay mode, in A major source of contention about the game is the diwhich players can ght it out with waves of enemies; culty of the combat, especially during the games rst few
a new Tutorial system that introduces the player to hours. Some sources such as Eurogamer have praised the
all the complex systems used by the game, and a diculty of the prologue, explaining "[the game] treats
special Dark diculty mode, which oers greater you not as a player...but as an adult, free to make your
challenge to players, as well as unique rewards in own mistakes and suer a plot in which not everyone gets
the form of Dark items. The patch also brought what they deserve.[42]
a variety of improvements and bug xes, including
an overhauled targeting system and enhanced parry- It has won over 50 awards for best graphics, best adapstory, best PC game, best
ing, which is no longer dependent on the amount of tation or use of a license, best[56]
RPG,
and
Game
of
the
Year.
[35]
Vigor, a player attribute, as well as other things.
In June 2014, United States President Barack Obama
Patch 3.2 was released for the Enhanced Edition mentioned the video game in his speech in Poland.[57] The
of The Witcher 2, and modies the user interface full Obamas quote is as follows:[58]

5.3. THE WITCHER 2: ASSASSINS OF KINGS


The last time I was here, Donald gave me a
gift, the video game developed here in Poland
thats won fans the world over, The Witcher.
I confess, Im not very good at video games,
but Ive been told that it is a great example of
Polands place in the new global economy. And
its a tribute to the talents and work ethic of the
Polish people as well as the wise stewardship
of Polish leaders like prime minister Tusk.

41

[6] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings is now on Linux.


SteamDB. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
[7] Robinson, Andy (2010-01-16). Witcher 2 release date
conrmed. CVG. Retrieved 2011-06-04.
[8] Witcher 2 on Xbox 360 delayed to 2012. New Game
Network. August 1, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
[9] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings - PC. IGN. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
[10] The Witcher 2 Sells 1.7 Million. IGN. Retrieved 201310-09.

Sales
In August 2011, The Witcher 2 was reported to sell more
than 940,000 copies.[59] According to Piotr Nielubowicz, a board member of CD Projekt RED, the company had been expecting those sales gures.[59] Of those
940,000 copies sold, 200,000 were online sales (digital
sales).[59] In November 2011, statistics for online sales
were reported.[60] Direct2Drive, Impulse and Gamersgates combined sales were a total of 10,000.[60] GOG
sold 40,000 copies.[60] Within the same time period,
200,000 copies of The Witcher 2 were sold on Steam.[60]
As of May 2012 the game has sold 1.7 million copies.[61]

[11] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings Review. GamesRadar. Retrieved 2014-05-18.


[12] Wiedmin 2: Zabjcy Krlw Obsada. Retrieved 19
May 2014.
[13] O'Connor, Alice (2010-11-10). The Witcher 2 Dev
Diary Introduces New Engine. Shacknews. Retrieved
2011-06-04.
[14] Purchase, Robert (2010-09-01). The Witcher 2 will have
16 endings. Eurogamer. Retrieved 2011-06-04.

As of February 2013, the combined sales of the game and [15] Partt, Ben (2011-06-03). Witcher 2 hitting Xbox 360.
MCV. Retrieved 2011-06-04.
its predecessor exceeded 5 million.[62] According to The
Witcher Facebook page, the franchise has sold more than [16] The Witcher 2s Xbox 360 Versions Slips to 2012. Ko7 million copies of both games to date.
taku.com. 2011-08-01. Retrieved 2011-10-10.

5.3.6

Sequel

Main article: The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt

[17] V, Alex (2011-04-14). Witcher 2 to include SecuRom


DRM. New Game Network. Retrieved 2011-06-04.
[18] Bryne, Seamus (2011-05-03). The Witcher 2 Modied For Australian MA15+ Release. Kotaku. Retrieved
2011-06-04.

The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt was announced by CD Projekt


RED on 5 February 2013, and is slated for a release on [19] Serrels, Mark (2011-05-03). What Is Happening With
The Witcher 2 In Australia?". Kotaku. Retrieved 201124 February 2015 on REDEngine 3 for PC and both the
06-04.
Xbox One and PlayStation 4. It has been revealed that
it is the nal The Witcher game centered around Geralt [20] Serrels, Mark (2011-05-06). Australian Gamers: You
(though not necessarily the last The Witcher title) and that
Have 17 Hours To Pre-Order The Witcher 2.... Kotaku.
the game world is 35 times bigger than The Witcher 2".
Retrieved 2011-06-04.

5.3.7

References

[1] Sliwinski, Alexander. Warner Bros. casting Witcher 2


for Xbox 360 in NA. Joystiq. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
[2] French Court Declares Namco Bandai the European Distributor of Xbox Witcher 2. Kotaku. 2011-12-07. Retrieved 2011-12-29.
[3] Witcher 2 dev: next Xbox not playing pre-owned games
a bad thing"". Eurogamer. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
[4] Peckham, Matt (2010-03-25). The Witcher 2 Announced, 'Non-Linear' with 'Smoother' Combat. PCWorld. Retrieved 2011-06-04.
[5] The Witcher 2 Is Coming To Mac. Forbes. 2012-0530. Retrieved 2012-08-15.

[21] Yin, Wesley (2012-04-13). Witcher 2 Xbox 360 goes on


sale early at Tesco News ". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved
2012-05-15.
[22] Fahey, Mike (2011-04-18). The Witcher 2 Casts A Sexy
Spell On Polish Playboy. Kotaku. Retrieved 2011-0604.
[23] Good, Owen (2011-05-28). Poland Gives President
Obama The Witcher 2s Collectors Edition. Kotaku.
Retrieved 2011-06-04.
[24] Fahey, Mark (2011-05-05). Russian Witcher 2 Calendar
Bares All in the Name of Marketing. Kotaku. Retrieved
2011-06-04.
[25] Narasimhan, Kaushik (2011-05-10). The Witcher
Promo On GOG.com. Techie Buzz. Retrieved 201106-04.

42

CHAPTER 5. VIDEO GAMES

[26] Scott, Tyler. Team Fortress 2 Witcher 2 Promo Items.


Save & Quit. Retrieved 2011-06-04.
[27] Patch 1.1 - thewitcher.com. En.thewitcher.com. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
[28] The Witcher 2 Becomes DRM-Free: Patch 1.1 Released. CD Projekt RED. 2011-05-26. Retrieved 201106-27.
[29] Matthew DeCarlo (27 May 2011). The Witcher 2 patch
1.1 removes DRM, boosts framerate. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
[30] Purchese, Robert (2011-05-27). CD Projekt explains
9GB Witcher 2 patch. Eurogamer. Retrieved 2011-0608.
[31] The Witcher 2 Patch 1.2.
[32] The Witcher 2 Patch 1.3.
[33] The Witcher 2 Hotx 1.35.
[34] The Witcher 2:
Changelog.

Assassins of Kings Patch 2.0

[35] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings version 2.0.


[36] The Witcher 2: Enhanced Edition Patch 3.2. Retrieved
20 June 2012.
[37] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings Enhanced Edition
Announced!". CD Projekt RED. 2012-01-27. Retrieved
2012-01-28.
[38] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings for PC GameRankings. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
[39] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings for Xbox 360
GameRankings. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
[40] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings for PC Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic. Metacritic. Retrieved October 23, 2011.
[41] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings for Xbox 360 Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic. Metacritic. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
[42] Quintin Smith (2011-05-20). The Witcher 2: Assassins
of Kings Review PC Page 1. Eurogamer.net. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
[43] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings Review by Adam
Biessener.
[44] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings review, The Witcher
2: Assassins of Kings PC Reviews. GamesRadar. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
[45] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings Review. Retrieved
May 28, 2011.
[46] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings: Reviews, Trailers,
and Interviews. Gametrailers.com. Retrieved 2011-1010.

[47] Charles Onyett. The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings Review PC Review at IGN. Pc.ign.com. Retrieved
2011-10-10.
[48] Witcher 2, Battleeld 3, Minecraft dominate European
Games Awards. Eurogamer. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
[49] 2011 Game of the Year - The Witcher 2: Assassins of
Kings. Shacknews. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
[50] The Witcher 2 review. Pcgamer.com. 2011-05-19. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
[51] Rasmus Lund-Hansen. The Witcher 2: Assassins of
Kings Gamereactor UK. Gamereactor.eu. Retrieved
2011-10-10.
[52] Putting The RP Back In RPG, With Style The Witcher
2: Assassins of Kings PC. www.GameInformer.com.
2011-05-19. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
[53] Quintin Smith (2011-05-20). The Witcher 2: Assassins
of Kings Review PC Page 2. Eurogamer.net. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
[54] Chick, Tom. The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings Review. 1UP. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
[55] post a comment. The Witcher 2 Assassins of Kings Review from. GamePro. Archived from the original on
2011-12-01. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
[56] The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings Enhanced Edition.
Thewitcher.com. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
[57] President Obama informs Poland that he is bad at
Polands video game. avclub.com. 2014-06-03. Retrieved 2014-06-09.
[58] That video game Obama praised in his Poland speech is
full of blood, gore, and sex (retrieved June 23, 2014)
[59] "'The Witcher 2': nearly 1 million copies sold. 30 August
2011. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
[60] Owen Hill (30 November 2011). GOG release The
Witcher 2 sales stats. Steam dominates all competitors
combined. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
[61] Dutton, Fred (30 May 2012). The Witcher 2 sales top
1.7 million. Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Retrieved 25
October 2013.
[62] Makuch, Eddie (13 February 2013). Witcher series sales
hit 5 million. GameSpot. Retrieved 15 November 2013.

5.3.8 External links


Ocial website

Chapter 6

Miscellany
6.1 Andrzej Sapkowski

Muzykanci (The Musicians), best foreign short story,


same year.

Andrzej Sapkowski (Polish pronunciation: [andj In 1997, Sapkowski won the prestigious Politykas Passsapkfski]; born 21 June 1948 in d) is a Polish port award,[5] which is awarded annually to artists who
fantasy writer. He is best known for his best-selling book have strong prospects for international success.
series The Witcher.
In 2001, a television series based on the Witcher cycle was
In 2012 Sapkowski was awarded the Medal for Merit to released in Poland and internationally, entitled Wiedmin
Culture Gloria Artis.[1]
(The Hexer). A lm by the same title was compiled from
excerpts of the television series but both have been critical
and box oce failures.

6.1.1

Biography

Sapkowski studied economics, and before turning to writing, he had worked as a senior sales representative for
a foreign trade company. He started his literary career
as a translator, in particular, of science ction. He says
he wrote his rst short story, The Witcher (Wiedmin)on
a whim, in order to enter a contest by Polish science
ction and fantasy magazine Fantastyka. Being an expert in marketing, he says he knew how to sell, and indeed, he won the 3rd prize.[2] The story was published in
Fantastyka in 1986 and was enormously successful both
with readers and critics. Sapkowski has created a cycle
of tales based on the world of The Witcher, comprising
three collections of short stories and ve novels. This cycle and his many other works have made him one of the
best-known fantasy authors in Poland in the 1990s.[3]

Sapkowskis books have been translated into Czech, Hungarian, Russian, Lithuanian, German, Spanish, French,
Ukrainian, Portuguese, Finnish, Slovak, Bulgarian, Serbian, English, Italian, Dutch and Swedish. An English
translation of The Last Wish short story collection was
published by Gollancz in 2007.[6] From 2008 the Witcher
saga is published by Gollancz.[7]

The main character of The Witcher (alternative translations: The Hexer and Spellmaker) is Geralt, a mutant
hunter who has been trained since childhood to hunt down
and destroy monsters. Geralt exists in a morally ambiguous universe, yet manages to maintain his own coherent
code of ethics. At the same time cynical and noble, Geralt has been compared to Raymond Chandler's signature
character Philip Marlowe.[3] The world in which these adventures take place is heavily inuenced by Slavic mythology.[4]
Sapkowski has won ve Zajdel Awards, including three
for short stories Mniejsze zo (Lesser Evil) (1990),
Miecz przeznaczenia (Sword of Destiny) (1992) and
W leju po bombie (In a Bomb Crater) (1993), and two
for the novels "Krew elfw" (Blood of Elves) (1994) and
"Narrenturm" (2002). He also won the Spanish Ignotus
Award, best anthology, for The Last Wish in 2003, and for Sapkowski novels on display in a Polish bookstore
43

44

CHAPTER 6. MISCELLANY

The Polish game publisher, CD Projekt, created a role- Standalone novels


playing PC game based on this universe, called The
Witcher, which was released in October 2007.[8] There is
Season of Storms (Sezon burz, 2013) a prequel takalso a mobile version of the game which has been created
ing place before the events of The Witcher.[15]
by Breakpoint Games and is being published by HandsOn Mobile[9] in Western Europe, Latin America and Asia
Pacic. The sequel, The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings The Hussite Trilogy
was released in 2011. Finally, closing the Witcher tril Narrenturm (2002).
ogy of games will be the upcoming The Witcher 3: Wild
Hunt, developed and directed by CD Projekt Red. This
Warriors of God (Boy bojownicy, 2004).
last part of the Witcher video game saga is set for a February 2015 release window for PC, Sonys PS4, and Mi Lux perpetua (2006).
crosofts Xbox One.
The English translation of Sapkowskis novel Blood Other novels
of Elves won the David Gemmell Legend Award in
2009.[10][11]
Viper (mija, 2009), a novel set during Soviet war
in Afghanistan.

6.1.2

Bibliography
Other works

The Witcher Saga


Short story collections

The Eye of Yrrhedes (Oko Yrrhedesa, 1995), roleplaying game.

The Witcher (Wiedmin, 1990), 5 stories (4 were


reprinted in The Last Wish, one in Something ends,
Something begins).

The World of King Arthur. Maladie (wiat krla Artura. Maladie, 1995), essay and an illustrated short
story set in Arthurian mythology.

Sword of Destiny (Miecz przeznaczenia, 1992), 6 stories.

Manuscript Discovered in a Dragons Cave (Rkopis


znaleziony w Smoczej Jaskini, 2001), fantasy encyclopedic compendium.

The Last Wish (Ostatnie yczenie, 1993), 7 stories.


English edition: 2007 (in US: 2008).

6.1.3 Awards

The short story Spellmaker in A Polish Book


of Monsters (edited translated by Michael Kandel, Sapkowski is a recipient of numerous awards from Polish
2010) is another translation (by Michael Kandel) of fandom, as well as two European Science Fiction Society
the short story The Witcher from The Witcher .[12] awards (1996, 2010), the The David Gemmell Legend
Fantasy (2009), and several Russian fandom
Something ends, Something begins (Co si koczy, Award for
[16]
awards,
co si zaczyna, 2000), 8 stories (only two are related
to The Witcher saga).
Maladie and other stories (Maladie i inne opowiada- 6.1.4 References
nia, 2012), 10 stories (only two are related to The
[1] Informacja na stronie ksiazki.polter.pl.
Witcher saga).
The Saga
Blood of Elves (Krew elfw, 1994). English edition:
2009.
Time of Contempt (Czas pogardy, 1995). English
edition: June 27, 2013.[13]
Baptism of Fire (Chrzest ognia, 1996). English edition: March 6, 2014.[14]
The Swallows Tower (Wiea Jaskki, 1997).
Lady of the Lake (Pani Jeziora, 1999).

[2] http://www.mirf.ru/Articles/art934.htm

!
, An interview with Sapkowski
for Russian monthly magazine World of Fatnastics
[3] (Polish) Marek Oramus Jedynie suszny wizerunek
wiedmina, Polityka nr 36 (2261) from 2000-09-02;
pp. 5254
[4] The Last Wish by Andrzej Sapkowski , fantasybookreview
[5] culture.pl (October 2010). Andrzej Sapkowski - biography.
[6] http://www.gollancz.co.uk/2012/02/
the-last-wish-cover-reveal-of-sorts/

6.2. CD PROJEKT RED

[7] http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=isbn%
3A0575083182

45

6.2.2 Advocacy

CD Projekt is openly against the inclusion of DRM technology in video games and software. The company believes that DRM is not an eective measure of stopping
software piracy. It has based these beliefs on the data
Hands-On Mobile
received from the sale of The Witcher 2. CD Projekt
The nal 2008 longlist for the David Gemmell Legends found that their initial release, which included DRM techAward. 1 January 2009. Archived from the original on nology, had been pirated over 4.5 million times, while
the DRM-free re-release saw far lesser pirate-activity.[3]
6 February 2009. Retrieved 23 January 2009.
Based on these beliefs, CD Projekt has revealed that the
Alison Flood, Gemmell prize for fantasy goes to Polish next installment in the series, The Witcher 3, will be renovel, Blood of Elves, Guardian, Friday 19 June 2009
leased without DRM right from the beginning.[4] Another
renowned trait of CD Projekts policies within the gaming
http://cosmopolitanreview.com/
industry is the use of free patches and updates to enhance
a-polish-book-of-monsters/
their products post-release, as opposed to the paid DLC
Amazon page
model used by many other developers and publishers.

[8] The Witcher Ocial Website Ocial Release Date!".


Archived from the original on 9 July 2007. Retrieved 17
July 2007.
[9]
[10]

[11]
[12]
[13]

[14] Orion Group/Gollanz page


[15] http://mediarivermagazine.pl/
sezon-burz-wiedzmin-andrzej-sapkowski/

6.2.3 Games developed

[16]

6.2.4 References

6.1.5

External links

Andrzej Sapkowskis ocial site


Andrzej Sapkowski at the Internet Movie Database
Excerpts of Sapkowski in English
Russian site of Andrzej Sapkowski
Works by or about Andrzej Sapkowski in libraries
(WorldCat catalog)
Andrzej Sapkowski at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
Andrzej Sapkowski at Culture.pl

6.2 CD Projekt RED


CD Projekt S.A. is a Polish video game developer. The
company was founded in February 2002 as a development
studio of cdp.pl under the name CD Projekt RED. The
rst game the unit produced was The Witcher, based on
Andrzej Sapkowski's books. Projekt is the Polish noun
for project, so it is pronounced [prjkt] as opposed to
the English /pdkt/.

6.2.1

History

After the international success of The Witcher, CD Projekt changed its focus to game development. In February
2008, CD Projekt REDs parent company CD Projekt Sp.
z o.o. acquired Metropolis Software development studio,
which was subsequently merged with CD Projekt RED.[2]

[1] https://www.cdprojekt.com/en/Capital_group/Opis_
Grupy_Kapitalowej_CD_Projekt_RED
[2] Kalista, Randy (18 February 2008). Metropolis Software
and CD Projekt form super Central European development house. GamingNexus.com. Retrieved 31 March
2009.
[3] Griths, Daniel Nye (18 November 2012). "'The Truth
Is, It Doesn't Work' - CD Projekt On DRM. Forbes.com.
Retrieved 28 November 2013.
[4] Iwinski, Marcin (30 October 2013). No DRM in The
Witcher 3: Wild Hunt - an open letter to the community.
CD Projekt RED. Retrieved 28 November 2013.

6.2.5 External links


Ocial website

Chapter 7

Text and image sources, contributors, and


licenses
7.1 Text
The Witcher Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The%20Witcher?oldid=635682255 Contributors: Szopen, SimonP, Emperor, Bearcat,
Wanion, RedWolf, Altenmann, Kattenkruid, Ausir, Piotrus, EugeneZelenko, MeltBanana, CamLewis, Kross, Axl, DreamGuy, IJzeren Jan,
Siafu, Zenoseiya, Holek, Graham87, JIP, Josh Parris, NekoFever, Sdornan, Benzamin, FlaBot, Witkacy, Julian.A.Pankratz, Physchim62,
Visor, Roboto de Ajvol, TexasAndroid, Shell Kinney, Snek01, Mikeblas, Captainbubby, Mieciu K, Nikkimaria, SMcCandlish, Vicarious, Curpsbot-unicodify, Krtki, SmackBot, Chronodm, JimmyBlackwing, RobertM525, Zelero, Apeloverage, Sadads, Meviin, Marcus
Brute, Harryboyles, Phuzion, Iridescent, Juliusz Mrz, Sexbeer, SkyWalker, Mika1h, SicJake, Cydebot, W.F.Galway, Crossmr, Daniel J.
Leivick, Headbomb, Bogolt, BokicaK, Dr. Blofeld, Andrzejbanas, JackSparrow Ninja, JAnDbot, NimbusTLD, Kain x X, Ataltane, NoychoH, Kaylito, CommonsDelinker, Atama, MongooseIchiban, Eastx, Ryan032, SpiralRasengan, LeaveSleaves, Frees, Insanity Incarnate,
Svick, JohnnyMrNinja, Noizepimp, ClueBot, Ssh83, Kakinend, Dako500, Vorradenth, CrazyChemGuy, Irritator, Arjayay, DanielPharos,
Deasterday1, Mrki83, XLinkBot, WikHead, Good Olfactory, Kbdankbot, Addbot, Colibri37, Krystian4842, CanadianLinuxUser, Lightbot, Smeagol 17, North Polaris, Yobot, TheUnbeholden, Kingpin13, Citation bot, LilHelpa, CoolingGibbon, GrouchoBot, Geimeris, Tczk,
FrescoBot, Nabulcar, JamesG5, Shooterwalker, Banej, Trappist the monk, Dark Eagle, Sillent DX, Mass09, EmausBot, ZroBot, John
Cline, , Staszek Lem, Nosferatumyia, ValeriySh, ClueBot NG, Reg porter, Danim, Kathycio, MerlIwBot, Helpful Pixie Bot,
IrishStephen, DexJackson, SNAAAAKE!!, SomeFreakOnTheInternet, Zathorix, Klchrz, Landingdude13 and Anonymous: 203
Geralt of Rivia Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geralt%20of%20Rivia?oldid=615993046 Contributors: Ausir, Piotrus, Rich Farmbrough, WikiPediaAid, Neko-chan, Physchim62, TexasAndroid, Koveras, Nikkimaria, Ohnoitsjamie, Sadads, DMacks, S@bre, Robosh,
Iridescent, Mika1h, Jokes Free4Me, Cydebot, Headbomb, Kung Fu Man, JAnDbot, Rivertorch, Cailil, Calamity-Ace, Rlendog, Annoyed
with fanboys, Xyz7890, ImageRemovalBot, AragornSG, Addbot, Laurinavicius, Favonian, Legobot, Yobot, ArchonMagnus, ArthurBot,
Shooterwalker, AmphBot, EmausBot, Staszek Lem, Felycia, Satellizer, JondeBonde98, Rezabot, Interdes, Lowercase sigmabot, BattyBot,
SNAAAAKE!!, Samotny Wdrowiec and Anonymous: 37
Yennefer of Vengerberg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_The_Witcher_characters?oldid=633527622 Contributors: AnonMoos, Ausir, Piotrus, IJzeren Jan, Woohookitty, Tabletop, Kmg90, Ian Pitchford, Malcolma, Nikkimaria, SmackBot, Hoodinski, Mika1h,
JackSparrow Ninja, Dream Focus, Magioladitis, I Can, CommonsDelinker, Dendre, Goustien, Xyz7890, Mild Bill Hiccup, WulfenMortys,
Moneybucks, Shooterwalker, Weedle McHairybug, Dyfed 99, EmausBot, John of Reading, SporkBot, Staszek Lem, Brandmeister, Satellizer, Helpful Pixie Bot, TheJJJunk, Boskee, Monkbot and Anonymous: 15
Starsza Mowa Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Witcher?oldid=635682255 Contributors: Szopen, SimonP, Emperor, Bearcat,
Wanion, RedWolf, Altenmann, Kattenkruid, Ausir, Piotrus, EugeneZelenko, MeltBanana, CamLewis, Kross, Axl, DreamGuy, IJzeren Jan,
Siafu, Zenoseiya, Holek, Graham87, JIP, Josh Parris, NekoFever, Sdornan, Benzamin, FlaBot, Witkacy, Julian.A.Pankratz, Physchim62,
Visor, Roboto de Ajvol, TexasAndroid, Shell Kinney, Snek01, Mikeblas, Captainbubby, Mieciu K, Nikkimaria, SMcCandlish, Vicarious, Curpsbot-unicodify, Krtki, SmackBot, Chronodm, JimmyBlackwing, RobertM525, Zelero, Apeloverage, Sadads, Meviin, Marcus
Brute, Harryboyles, Phuzion, Iridescent, Juliusz Mrz, Sexbeer, SkyWalker, Mika1h, SicJake, Cydebot, W.F.Galway, Crossmr, Daniel J.
Leivick, Headbomb, Bogolt, BokicaK, Dr. Blofeld, Andrzejbanas, JackSparrow Ninja, JAnDbot, NimbusTLD, Kain x X, Ataltane, NoychoH, Kaylito, CommonsDelinker, Atama, MongooseIchiban, Eastx, Ryan032, SpiralRasengan, LeaveSleaves, Frees, Insanity Incarnate,
Svick, JohnnyMrNinja, Noizepimp, ClueBot, Ssh83, Kakinend, Dako500, Vorradenth, CrazyChemGuy, Irritator, Arjayay, DanielPharos,
Deasterday1, Mrki83, XLinkBot, WikHead, Good Olfactory, Kbdankbot, Addbot, Colibri37, Krystian4842, CanadianLinuxUser, Lightbot, Smeagol 17, North Polaris, Yobot, TheUnbeholden, Kingpin13, Citation bot, LilHelpa, CoolingGibbon, GrouchoBot, Geimeris, Tczk,
FrescoBot, Nabulcar, JamesG5, Shooterwalker, Banej, Trappist the monk, Dark Eagle, Sillent DX, Mass09, EmausBot, ZroBot, John
Cline, , Staszek Lem, Nosferatumyia, ValeriySh, ClueBot NG, Reg porter, Danim, Kathycio, MerlIwBot, Helpful Pixie Bot,
IrishStephen, DexJackson, SNAAAAKE!!, SomeFreakOnTheInternet, Zathorix, Klchrz, Landingdude13 and Anonymous: 203
The Last Wish (book) Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The%20Last%20Wish%20(book)?oldid=627578563 Contributors: Ausir,
Piotrus, Kross, Pottero, Rjwilmsi, Koavf, Bruce1ee, Pegship, Nikkimaria, SmackBot, Kevinalewis, Chris the speller, CmdrObot,
Mika1h, Thijs!bot, Headbomb, JackSparrow Ninja, Galahaut, GrahamHardy, Signalhead, TXiKiBoT, Dawidbernard, KathrynLybarger,
Niceguyedc, Deerstop, Moneybucks, DumZiBoT, GameLegend, MystBot, Addbot, Lightbot, Luckas-bot, Yobot, AnomieBOT, LilHelpa,
Xqbot, Tinton5, MastiBot, Sillent DX, Bluest, Mass09, Piotrek54321, HomoNomos, Helpful Pixie Bot, Carapuca, WikiHannibal, YFdyhbot, Amortias and Anonymous: 40

46

7.1. TEXT

47

Blood of Elves Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood%20of%20Elves?oldid=619826922 Contributors: Malcolm Farmer, David Gerard, Ausir, Estel, Piotrus, Trevor MacInnis, FlaBot, Harcalion, Witkacy, Physchim62, Nikkimaria, SMcCandlish, Curpsbot-unicodify,
Appleseed, SmackBot, Mets501, Xcentaur, CmdrObot, Mika1h, Christian75, Haltia, Headbomb, Mister Hibiscus, Vladimir Solovjev, Silmethule, GrahamHardy, Dawidbernard, Insanity Incarnate, Dravecky, Steve, ClueBot, Kingoftherings, Irritator, Sacredchao23, AragornSG,
Shamcia, Addbot, Lightbot, Yobot, AnomieBOT, How'd you do that?, EmausBot, HiW-Bot, Staszek Lem, Helpful Pixie Bot, Vagobot,
WikiHannibal, OccultZone, Thestaticwizard and Anonymous: 32
Times of Contempt Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_of_Contempt?oldid=630038260 Contributors: Piotrus, Kross, Cecil, Bgwhite, Cpuwhiz11, Nikkimaria, Mika1h, GrahamHardy, DaoKaioshin, Dravecky, Iohannes Animosus, XLinkBot, Addbot, Krystian4842,
LaaknorBot, AnomieBOT, ZroBot, Helpful Pixie Bot, WikiHannibal, Mogism, Dylansoney and Anonymous: 16
The Hexer (lm) Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The%20Hexer%20(film)?oldid=630870459 Contributors: Altenmann, Ausir, Piotrus, Gssq, DreamGuy, Rjwilmsi, Krtki, David.price, SmackBot, Mika1h, Dr. Blofeld, JackSparrow Ninja, Deom, DerHexer, Garret Beaumain, Eastx, GrahamHardy, Goustien, Aspects, Polbot, SoLowRockerMan, Paulcmnt, Addbot, ZooL SmoK, AnomieBOT,
Shooterwalker, ArkadiuszEurope, Full-date unlinking bot, , Vebace, SporkBot, Danim, Gabriel Yuji, WikiHannibal, EdenCole,
Raven46, OccultZone and Anonymous: 9
The Hexer (TV series) Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The%20Hexer%20(TV%20series)?oldid=634648455 Contributors: Altenmann, Piotrus, Mika1h, Radzinski, Severo, Grandia01, Hugo999, Aspects, Addbot, AnomieBOT, EmausBot, , Staszek Lem,
FakirNL, WikiHannibal and Anonymous: 4
The Witcher (video game) Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The%20Witcher%20(video%20game)?oldid=635690365 Contributors:
Szopen, Quoth, Shizhao, Northgrove, Nufy8, Premeditated Chaos, Centrx, Kattenkruid, VPeric, Ausir, Piotrus, Aknorals, Mike Rosoft,
Discospinster, Ovvldc, Gssq, CyberSkull, Echuck215, DreamGuy, Erik, Axeman89, New Age Retro Hippie, ArCgon, Holek, Rjwilmsi,
Sdornan, Lendorien, Remurmur, FlaBot, Master Thief Garrett, Nihiltres, Yuri21, Koveras, Chensiyuan, EEMIV, Mieciu K, N. Harmonik, Gulldarek, Nikkimaria, Zoolook, Loethlin, Mertens21, SmackBot, Clpo13, JimmyBlackwing, UnlikeLobster, OrangeDog, Werthead, John.constantine, Kelvin Case, Cybercobra, Liuyun, Terrasidius, Adycarter, ArglebargleIV, Axem Titanium, Nutcrackr, Masem,
BranStark, Twas Now, SkyWalker, CmdrObot, Amalas, Zarex, Mika1h, Banedon, Sir Lothar, Marc Shepherd, KevinPuj, Cydebot,
Crossmr, Aristophanes68, Soetermans, Odie5533, Ameliorate!, DonFB, SubStandardDeviation, BetacommandBot, Kismeth, JAF1970,
Mareoftenebrae, Headbomb, Zyrxil, Silver Edge, HsN, Escarbot, RobJ1981, Ran4, Pixelface, Grzegorz Dbrowski, JackSparrow Ninja,
Fidelfair, Andonic, Mr. G. Williams, Magioladitis, Bongwarrior, VoABot II, LanJack, SmashTheState, Edward321, JasonS2101,
Pax:Vobiscum, CommonsDelinker, Galahaut, Calamity-Ace, Rrostrom, Denkigrve, Mist17, SharkD, Ftkunze, AntiSpamBot, Akeron,
Davecrosby uk, Philip Trueman, Beem2, M gol, Cheat2win, Darfuria, RedVodka, Victory93, AlleborgoBot, Malcolmxl5, VVVBot, JohnnyMrNinja, Hamiltondaniel, Themythicalalus, Martarius, ClueBot, Feyre, Dinie, Giambinooo, Rockfang, Kingoftherings, Sonc X PL,
Arjayay, Fairseeder, AragornSG, TheGuite, BetaTesterDLA, Kakofonous, Diabolius, Thinggar, Snoozer282, Andrewbwm, SylenThunder, Eik Corell, Aurora90, ESTdrag0n, GameLegend, Kbdankbot, Addbot, C6541, F4LL0UT, Llewelyn MT, Krystian4842, Laurinavicius, E22big, Samskeyti33, Lyredragon, Lightbot, Xeedol, ZooL SmoK, Luckas-bot, Fraggle81, The1asem, ArchonMagnus, Unacomn,
4th-otaku, AnomieBOT, Eriash, Citation bot, LilHelpa, CoolingGibbon, Trut-h-urts man, Mind my edits, Bruno.lima, Ndboy, Nabulcar, Kobrabones, AstaBOTh15, RedBot, Tcnuk, FoxBot, DixonDBot, Dyfed 99, Aoidh, Reaper Eternal, NeoGenPT, Aircorn, John of
Reading, Angrytoast, Dewritech, GoingBatty, Xcetron, Tommy2010, Postwar, Ida Shaw, RolaPL, , Access Denied, H3llBot,
OnePt618, Joel4565, ClueBot NG, Danim, Ideasneedme, Concentrate2, Strelot, Helpful Pixie Bot, FJ 1, BG19bot, WikiTryHardDieHard,
HeS, Gugigug, Morganliu, Johandomonji, Seldseen, The1337gamer, Devetter, Khazar2, NonSequiturL, SNAAAAKE!!, Boskee, EagerToddler39, Dexbot, Dissident93, Mkalogridakis and Anonymous: 297
The Witcher: Rise of the White Wolf Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Witcher_(video_game)?oldid=635690365 Contributors: Szopen, Quoth, Shizhao, Northgrove, Nufy8, Premeditated Chaos, Centrx, Kattenkruid, VPeric, Ausir, Piotrus, Aknorals, Mike
Rosoft, Discospinster, Ovvldc, Gssq, CyberSkull, Echuck215, DreamGuy, Erik, Axeman89, New Age Retro Hippie, ArCgon, Holek,
Rjwilmsi, Sdornan, Lendorien, Remurmur, FlaBot, Master Thief Garrett, Nihiltres, Yuri21, Koveras, Chensiyuan, EEMIV, Mieciu K,
N. Harmonik, Gulldarek, Nikkimaria, Zoolook, Loethlin, Mertens21, SmackBot, Clpo13, JimmyBlackwing, UnlikeLobster, OrangeDog, Werthead, John.constantine, Kelvin Case, Cybercobra, Liuyun, Terrasidius, Adycarter, ArglebargleIV, Axem Titanium, Nutcrackr,
Masem, BranStark, Twas Now, SkyWalker, CmdrObot, Amalas, Zarex, Mika1h, Banedon, Sir Lothar, Marc Shepherd, KevinPuj, Cydebot,
Crossmr, Aristophanes68, Soetermans, Odie5533, Ameliorate!, DonFB, SubStandardDeviation, BetacommandBot, Kismeth, JAF1970,
Mareoftenebrae, Headbomb, Zyrxil, Silver Edge, HsN, Escarbot, RobJ1981, Ran4, Pixelface, Grzegorz Dbrowski, JackSparrow Ninja,
Fidelfair, Andonic, Mr. G. Williams, Magioladitis, Bongwarrior, VoABot II, LanJack, SmashTheState, Edward321, JasonS2101,
Pax:Vobiscum, CommonsDelinker, Galahaut, Calamity-Ace, Rrostrom, Denkigrve, Mist17, SharkD, Ftkunze, AntiSpamBot, Akeron,
Davecrosby uk, Philip Trueman, Beem2, M gol, Cheat2win, Darfuria, RedVodka, Victory93, AlleborgoBot, Malcolmxl5, VVVBot, JohnnyMrNinja, Hamiltondaniel, Themythicalalus, Martarius, ClueBot, Feyre, Dinie, Giambinooo, Rockfang, Kingoftherings, Sonc X PL,
Arjayay, Fairseeder, AragornSG, TheGuite, BetaTesterDLA, Kakofonous, Diabolius, Thinggar, Snoozer282, Andrewbwm, SylenThunder, Eik Corell, Aurora90, ESTdrag0n, GameLegend, Kbdankbot, Addbot, C6541, F4LL0UT, Llewelyn MT, Krystian4842, Laurinavicius, E22big, Samskeyti33, Lyredragon, Lightbot, Xeedol, ZooL SmoK, Luckas-bot, Fraggle81, The1asem, ArchonMagnus, Unacomn,
4th-otaku, AnomieBOT, Eriash, Citation bot, LilHelpa, CoolingGibbon, Trut-h-urts man, Mind my edits, Bruno.lima, Ndboy, Nabulcar, Kobrabones, AstaBOTh15, RedBot, Tcnuk, FoxBot, DixonDBot, Dyfed 99, Aoidh, Reaper Eternal, NeoGenPT, Aircorn, John of
Reading, Angrytoast, Dewritech, GoingBatty, Xcetron, Tommy2010, Postwar, Ida Shaw, RolaPL, , Access Denied, H3llBot,
OnePt618, Joel4565, ClueBot NG, Danim, Ideasneedme, Concentrate2, Strelot, Helpful Pixie Bot, FJ 1, BG19bot, WikiTryHardDieHard,
HeS, Gugigug, Morganliu, Johandomonji, Seldseen, The1337gamer, Devetter, Khazar2, NonSequiturL, SNAAAAKE!!, Boskee, EagerToddler39, Dexbot, Dissident93, Mkalogridakis and Anonymous: 297
The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The%20Witcher%202%3A%20Assassins%20of%20Kings?
oldid=635018009 Contributors: Cherkash, Ausir, SoWhy, Piotrus, WikiPediaAid, Forteanajones, Pottero, Nvrmnd, Rjwilmsi, RussBot,
Surrender903, EEMIV, Zzuuzz, Nikkimaria, Ash Crow, Skeith, Rehevkor, SmackBot, Jagged 85, Arny, PeeJay2K3, Zelero, Kelvin Case,
Racklever, Jasca Ducato, Theintrepid, Salamurai, Pizzahut2, Kuru, Aljullu, Estarrol, Hu12, Crazindndude, SkyWalker, Mika1h, Sir Lothar,
Andkore, Jac16888, Cydebot, Zcomuto, Aristophanes68, Gogo Dodo, Soetermans, DumbBOT, Tobz1000, Headbomb, Revrant, Dark
Enigma, X201, The PC Gamer, JAnDbot, Cadsuane Melaidhrin, CTF83!, Kevinmon, JasonS2101, HotXRock, Anaxial, AlexiusHoratius,
ArcAngel, Manic056, EBusiness, Szzuk, Camoxide, GrahamHardy, Rtdixon86, Bovineboy2008, Victory93, Monty845, Biasoli, Tooby,
SieBot, Ravashack, BloodDoll, Happysailor, MattParker 119, Ferret, Jericho1337, Crispweed, Hamiltondaniel, WulfenMortys, Scorp27,
Jaro7788, Jdenm8, Carriearchdale, Eik Corell, Dthomsen8, Addbot, Dawynn, Saibh, Krystian4842, HaakonXCI, Favonian, ZooL SmoK,
Htews, Luckas-bot, Yobot, Semso00, AnomieBOT, BurstDragon, Xqbot, CoolingGibbon, Lovegames1418, Deftera, Drasill, FrescoBot,

48

CHAPTER 7. TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

Bruno.lima, MiniDude, Nabulcar, Haeinous, Med12, RedBot, Tcnuk, Banej, GWPSP090, Aegresen, Aoidh, Suusion of Yellow, Tbhotch, SathyaBhat, Kripling, Sparkler99, EmausBot, John of Reading, WikitanvirBot, Gfoley4, Auburnpie, Postwar, Informer3X, RolaPL,
Lacon432, Repugnance, GrantyO, Suhas bharadwaj, Funnysheep, Staszek Lem, Orange Suede Sofa, 28bot, Socialservice, Faramir1138,
Freemanukem, ClueBot NG, Horseman16, Bilrand, Rhain1999, Rezabot, Danim, Mmccroskey, Panfarmcbro, Mordiggian1324, Lulzcore, Nigoro5, KLBot2, Trevor coelho, Vorschlaghammer, Jhonny069, BG19bot, Garyiskidding, REDRYRABBIT, Kamranm1000, InlineTwin, Texasgoldrush, QuietID, Tomemkd, HeS, Bfchang22, Vinthir, Your-Mother-lutsches, Big Nigs do, SpaghettiGoose, Thedudewholooksuptothesky, Game-Guru999, Penface, Anylai, Johandomonji, Ganoncrotch, ShadowStealer7, Bobfordsgun, BattyBot, Devetter,
Khazar2, SNAAAAKE!!, Boskee, CostinRazvan, FinalPenumbra, EagerToddler39, Finn-The Editor, Dissident93, Bobnas, Emmetmclaughlin, Mogism, Nightsky1100, Treeroy, Ewa Bender, Samotny Wdrowiec, Govgovgov, Horgelblob, Robert4565, Garyson, OrangeSporange, TheoKoen, Landingdude13, FilmFan18, Rlutterb, Barca8410 and Anonymous: 336
Andrzej Sapkowski Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrzej%20Sapkowski?oldid=629034761 Contributors: Kpjas, Szopen, Gh,
RickK, LMB, Simon Barne, Robbot, Altenmann, Halibutt, Wikibot, Jor, Kattenkruid, Zigger, Ausir, Ssd, Bobblewik, Chowbok, Quadell,
Piotrus, Emax, D6, EugeneZelenko, Rich Farmbrough, MeltBanana, Xezbeth, Number 0, Kross, Kelisi, BD2412, Benzamin, FlaBot,
Witkacy, Julian.A.Pankratz, Etrusk, Visor, YurikBot, Alma Pater, ML, Grafen, Avt tor, Bota47, Emijrp, JLaTondre, Curpsbot-unicodify,
Zapiens, Sadads, Ohconfucius, Will Beback, Remigiu, JoeBot, Sexbeer, Semper malus, Thijs!bot, Headbomb, JAnDbot, Rikapt, Magioladitis, HHeimbuerger, LordAnubisBOT, Garret Beaumain, Reloc, Viltharis, VolkovBot, Kyle the bot, TXiKiBoT, Dawidbernard, Rei-bot,
Packa, Wyrons, BOTijo, Lightmouse, Rinfanaiel, Alexbot, DumZiBoT, RogDel, Lehtv, Legobot, Luckas-bot, Yobot, Ptbotgourou, ArchonMagnus, AnomieBOT, Jasiu Szt, Jayarathina, Lprd2007, Solarius Scorch, Spacejam2, DASHBot, , H3llBot, Staszek Lem,
Matkatamiba, Bilrand, Frietjes, Santacloud, Kathycio, , BG19bot, Maksymilian Sielicki, WikiHannibal, VIAFbot, Walej,
Faizan, SMiki55, Ewa Bender, Manul, Tredien, AxeAdam20, Grachagracha, Titancards and Anonymous: 81
CD Projekt RED Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CD_Projekt?oldid=634439110 Contributors: Krystian4842, Kkj11210, BG19bot,
Cronos Dage, Boskee, Samotny Wdrowiec, Capt No Dad and Anonymous: 2

7.2 Images
File:Acap.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/52/Acap.svg License: Public domain Contributors: Own work
Original artist: F l a n k e r
File:Aedirn_COA.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d1/Aedirn_COA.svg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: J a1
File:Alice_shrugged-wiki.png Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5f/Alice_shrugged-wiki.png License: CCBY-SA-3.0 Contributors: pd art Original artist: John Tenniel
File:Ambox_content.png Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/f4/Ambox_content.png License: ? Contributors:
Derived from Image:Information icon.svg Original artist:
El T (original icon); David Levy (modied design); Penubag (modied color)
File:Andrzej_Sapkowski_-_The_Last_Wish.jpg Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/14/Andrzej_Sapkowski_-_
The_Last_Wish.jpg License: ? Contributors: ? Original artist: ?
File:Book_collection.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3f/Book_collection.jpg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Contributors: ? Original artist: ?
File:Books-aj.svg_aj_ashton_01.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4b/Books-aj.svg_aj_ashton_01.svg
License: CC0 Contributors: http://www.openclipart.org/cgi-bin/navigate/education/books (note: the link no longer works since reorganization of the OpenClipArt website). Original artist: Original author: AJ Ashton (on OpenClipArt). Code xed by verdy_p for XML
conformance, and MediaWiki compatibility, using a stricter subset of SVG without the extensions of SVG editors, also cleaned up many
unnecessary CSS attributes, or factorized them for faster performance and smaller size. All the variants linked below are based on this
image.
File:Caingorn_COA.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/86/Caingorn_COA.svg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Contributors: Own work/grin from Commons Original artist: J a1
File:Cintra_COA.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fd/Cintra_COA.svg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 Contributors: derivative from File:National Coat of arms of Denmark.svg Original artist:
original work: Galico
File:Commons-logo.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg License: ? Contributors: ? Original
artist: ?
File:Crystal_Clear_app_kedit.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e8/Crystal_Clear_app_kedit.svg License:
LGPL Contributors: Sabine MINICONI Original artist: Sabine MINICONI
File:Dilapidated_Vizima_cemetery.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/7/71/Dilapidated_Vizima_cemetery.JPG
License: Fair use Contributors:
Actual gameplay.
Original artist: ?
File:Edit-clear.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/f2/Edit-clear.svg License: Public domain Contributors: The
Tango! Desktop Project. Original artist:
The people from the Tango! project. And according to the meta-data in the le, specically: Andreas Nilsson, and Jakub Steiner (although
minimally).
File:Flag_of_Poland.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/12/Flag_of_Poland.svg License: Public domain Contributors: ? Original artist: ?

7.2. IMAGES

49

File:Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/48/Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg License: Cc-bysa-3.0 Contributors: ? Original artist: ?


File:Kaedwen_COA.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4e/Kaedwen_COA.svg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Contributors: File:Schwbisch Gmnd Wappen.svg Original artist:
original work: Flow2
File:Kovir&Poviss_COA.svg Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/56/Kovir%26Poviss_COA.svg License:
GFDL Contributors: Own work Original artist: J a1
File:Lyria&Rivia_COA.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3b/Lyria%26Rivia_COA.svg License: CC-BYSA-3.0 Contributors: derivative from File:National Coat of arms of Denmark.svg and Coat of Arms of Edward, Prince of Wales (19101936).svg Original artist:
original work: Galico, Sodacan
File:Mahakam_COA.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d4/Mahakam_COA.svg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Contributors: Own work by uploader/Commons Original artist: J a1
File:Nilfgaard_COA.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/Nilfgaard_COA.svg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Contributors: Own work by uploader/Commons (<a href='//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alex_K_Grundwald_flags_1410-06.svg'
class='image'><img alt='Alex K Grundwald ags 1410-06.svg' src='//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/Alex_K_
Grundwald_flags_1410-06.svg/15px-Alex_K_Grundwald_flags_1410-06.svg.png' width='15' height='9' srcset='//upload.wikimedia.
org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/Alex_K_Grundwald_flags_1410-06.svg/23px-Alex_K_Grundwald_flags_1410-06.svg.png
1.5x,
//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/Alex_K_Grundwald_flags_1410-06.svg/30px-Alex_K_Grundwald_
flags_1410-06.svg.png 2x' data-le-width='388' data-le-height='239' /></a><a href='//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:
Blason_province_Canada.svg' class='image'><img alt='Blason province Canada.svg' src='//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/
commons/thumb/b/b8/Blason_province_Canada.svg/15px-Blason_province_Canada.svg.png' width='15' height='17' srcset='//upload.
wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Blason_province_Canada.svg/23px-Blason_province_Canada.svg.png
1.5x,
//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Blason_province_Canada.svg/30px-Blason_province_Canada.svg.png
2x'
data-le-width='600' data-le-height='660' /></a>) Original artist: J a1, Smiki55
File:Poland_flag_tv.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d9/Poland_flag_tv.svg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Contributors: Based on File:Union ag tv.svg (itself a derivative of File:Blank television set.svg) and File:Flag of Poland (normative).svg
Original artist: Halibutt
File:Polish_sci_fi_fantasy_books.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5e/Polish_sci_fi_fantasy_books.
JPG License: CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 Contributors: ? Original artist: ?
File:Portal-puzzle.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/fd/Portal-puzzle.svg License: Public domain Contributors: ?
Original artist: ?
File:Question_book-new.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/9/99/Question_book-new.svg License: Cc-by-sa-3.0
Contributors:
Created from scratch in Adobe Illustrator. Based on Image:Question book.png created by User:Equazcion Original artist:
Tkgd2007
File:Redania_COA.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5f/Redania_COA.svg License: GFDL Contributors:
Own work/Commons Original artist: Meuble hraldique aigle ploy.svg: Yorick
File:Star_full.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/51/Star_full.svg License: Public domain Contributors:
Made with Inkscape from Image:Stars615.svg. Original artist: User:Conti from the original images by User:RedHotHeat
File:Star_half.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/81/Star_half.svg License: CC-BY-SA-2.5 Contributors:
Made with Inkscape from Image:Stars615.svg. Original artist: User:Conti
File:Symbol_book_class2.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/89/Symbol_book_class2.svg License: CCBY-SA-2.5 Contributors: Mad by Lokal_Prol by combining: Original artist: Lokal_Prol
File:Temeria_COA.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/Temeria_COA.svg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: J a1
File:Text_document_with_red_question_mark.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Text_document_
with_red_question_mark.svg License: Public domain Contributors: Created by bdesham with Inkscape; based upon Text-x-generic.svg
from the Tango project. Original artist: Benjamin D. Esham (bdesham)
File:TheWitcherLakeside.png Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/29/TheWitcherLakeside.png License: Fair use Contributors:
Screenshot I took myself
Original artist: ?
File:TheWitcherShadowStairs.png Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/38/TheWitcherShadowStairs.png License: Fair
use Contributors:
Screenshot from my own computer
Original artist: ?
File:The_Witcher_2.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/80/The_Witcher_2.jpg License: CC-BY-SA-2.0
Contributors: http://www.flickr.com/photos/avatar-1/7786618568/ Original artist: Tim Bartel
File:The_Witcher_2_launch_in_Kiev.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/The_Witcher_2_launch_in_
Kiev.jpg License: CC-BY-SA-2.0 Contributors: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sergesegal/5727608659/ Original artist: Sergey Galyonkin
File:The_Witcher_EU_box.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/b0/The_Witcher_EU_box.jpg License: ? Contributors: ? Original artist: ?

50

CHAPTER 7. TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

File:Video-x-generic.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/e7/Video-x-generic.svg License: Public domain Contributors: ? Original artist: ?


File:Wiedzmin_plakat.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/9/9a/Wiedzmin_plakat.jpg License: Fair use Contributors:
The poster art can or could be obtained from Heritage Films. Original artist: ?
File:Wiki_letter_w_cropped.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1c/Wiki_letter_w_cropped.svg License:
CC-BY-SA-3.0 Contributors:
Wiki_letter_w.svg Original artist: Wiki_letter_w.svg: Jarkko Piiroinen
File:Wikiquote-logo.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fa/Wikiquote-logo.svg License: Public domain
Contributors: ? Original artist: ?
File:Witcher_2_cover.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/40/Witcher_2_cover.jpg License: Fair use Contributors:
May be found at the following website: Giant Bomb Original artist: ?
File:Witcher_2_screenshot.png Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/26/Witcher_2_screenshot.png License: Fair use
Contributors:
Taken by User:Mika1h with Fraps. Original artist: ?

7.3 Content license


Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0