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11/16/2013

Shade & Shadows

Shade & Shadows

Academic Year 2013-2014


Dr. Abeer Mohammad Mostafa

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Introduction

Why? Course Aims& Objectives

Shade
&Shadows

Understanding the significance of shades& shadows in perceiving


compositions.
Developing skills
of representation
and rendering via
casting shades and
shadows in
architectural
drawings for
efficiently
expressing
architectural
compositions.

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa

11/16/2013

Introduction

Why? Course Aims& Objectives

Shade
&Shadows

Understanding the significance of shades& shadows in perceiving


compositions.

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Introduction

What? Definitions

Shade
&Shadows

Shade



Shade (or self shading) is the shade
created by an object on its own
surface (s) due to its own form or
projection (s))

Shadow




Shadow is created by an object on
other surface (s) (due to its
obstructing of light)
Dr.Abeer Mostafa

astronomical unit (AU)


The average distance from the Earth to the Sun; 1 AU is 149,597,870 kilometers (92,960,116 miles).

Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa

11/16/2013

Introduction

Shade
&Shadows

How?
Casting Shade/ shadow

Expressing (drawing) Shade&shadow

2D

3D

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

astronomical unit (AU)


The average distance from the Earth to the Sun; 1 AU is 149,597,870 kilometers (92,960,116 miles).

Introduction

How?
Side View
(Elevation or
Section)

2D

Shade
&Shadows
(orthographic Projection)
Front View
(Elevation)

Ground Line

Top View (Plan)

3D
Front View
(Elevation)

Ground Line

Top View (Plan)

Dr. Abeer Mostafa

astronomical unit (AU)


The average distance from the Earth to the Sun; 1 AU is 149,597,870 kilometers (92,960,116 miles).

Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa

11/16/2013

Introduction

How?

3D

3D Isometric
Front View
(Elevation)

Side View

30o

Front View
(Elevation)

30o

Top View (Plan)


30o

30o

Shade
&Shadows

Top View (Plan)

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Introduction

Shade
&Shadows

How? Light Beam Direction& projections


2D
Side View

45o

3D

Front View
(Elevation)

45o
45o

Front View
(Elevation)

Ground
Line

Remember
light beam
projections
angles: 45o

Top View (Plan)


Top View (Plan)
Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa

11/16/2013

Introduction

How? Light Beam Direction& projections


3D Isometric

3D

Shade
&Shadows
Front View
(Elevation)

60o
30o

0o

Remember light beam angles in


Isometric:
30o
In front (vertical projection): 60o
In Plan : Horizontal
0o
Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Top View (Plan)

Introduction

How? Light Beam Direction& projections


3D

2D
Side View

Front View
(Elevation)

Side View

Shade
&Shadows

Isometric
Front View
(Elevation)

60o
45o

45o
45o

Light beam
projections
angles: 45o

Ground
Line
0o

30o
Top View (Plan)

Light beam angles in Isometric:


30o
In front (vertical projection):
60o
Dr.Abeer Mostafa
In Plan : Horizontal 0o

Top View (Plan)

Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa

11/16/2013

Introduction

Shade
&Shadows

How? Objects that cast shadows


Three
dimensional
forms
Points

Planes

Lines

+
+

+
+

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Shade
&Shadows


Shadows of Points

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa

11/16/2013

Shadows of Points

Shade
&Shadows

3D

2D

A+

+A/

+A
A

A+

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Shadows of Points

3D

2D

Shade
&Shadows

A+

+
A

+
+A/
A

A+

A/

+
Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa

11/16/2013

Shadows of Points

Shade
&Shadows

Virtual shadow

3D

2D

A+
A

+
A/

A+

+A/
A

+A//

A//

+
Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Shadows of Points

Shade
&Shadows

3D

Virtual shadow
2D
A

+
A

A/

//

+A

A+

+
/

+A
A

A+

//

+A

Rule: The shadow of a point on a plane that it lies in, lies at


the same point

Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

11/16/2013

Shade
&Shadows


Shadows of Lines

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Shadows of Lines

Shade
&Shadows

A
A

B/
A/

B
A/

B
B/

B
B

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa

11/16/2013

Shadows of Lines

Shade
&Shadows

B/

B
B/

A/

A/

A//

A//

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Shade
&Shadows

Shadows of Lines
A
A

A/

A/

B
A

B/

B//

B/
B//

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa

10

11/16/2013

Shade
&Shadows

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Shadows of Lines

Shade
&Shadows
A

B
A

B/
A/
B

A/

B/
B

:
Rule: The shadow of a line on a plane thats parallel to it is a
line whose length and direction are the same as the original line.
Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa

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11/16/2013

Shadows of Lines

Shade
&Shadows

A
A

A/
A

A/

A/
B

A/

B/
A
B

B/

B/

A
B

A
B

B//

B//

B/

A
B

: ( ) :

: ( ) : :
Dr.Abeer Mostafa

Shade
&Shadows

Dr.Abeer Mostafa

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Dr. Abeer M. Mostafa