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Sayantan Banerjee

Shah Sahil Hiten

Shankar Manohar
Vinuth Raj
Shashank Shekhar
Shashank Yadav
Shersha Sherief
Shivam Nath Gaur
Shivabalan D
Shubham Goyal
Sidharth Mahajan
Sirsendu Mukherjee
Soumendu Sarkar

GROUP 37: District Sidhi


Sidhi district, a district of Madhya Pradesh, is located on the north

eastern boundary of the state between 22.475oN to 24.421oN and
81.184oE to 82.483oE. The district is bounded by Singrauli in the east,
Rewa on the North and Satna and Shahdol on the west. The state of
Chhattisgarh flanks its southern boundary. As per the latest census of
2011, a population of 11,26,515 spawns the 10536 Sq. Km of the district.
Having a sex ratio of 952 to 1000, Sidhi has a very low literacy rate of
around 66.09%.
The town of Sidhi is the district headquarters. It is divided into six
blocks. Rampur, Kusmi, Sihawal, Churhat, Gopad Banas and Majhauli. This
district is one of the most backward districts of the state.

Agriculture holds a major portions in the economy of Sidhi District, it
forms parts of the hills and plateau of the Kaimour range of mountains.
About 87% of the employment in the district is provided by agriculture.
The percentage of working population is 43.80% of total population but
majority of the working population is unskilled and are unemployed in the
primary sector. They work on either on their own land or as contract
labourers, the level of unemployment is quite high which results in huge
amount of migration of people to nearest district, town and cities in search
of employment. The portion of land used for agriculture is 47 %, major
portion of land is dependent on rain fed irrigation. The banks of rivers like
Son and the Gopad have fertile soil.
A. Tourist Places
The Sidhi district host a few tourist places which include forest
cover, water resources and Songhariyal which hosts a variety alligators
and crocodiles.
Forests area cover around 40% of the area of the district, the forest
cover consist a mix of dense canopied forest, open forest and mixed
tropical forests.
The Son, Gopad and the Banas are the 3 perennial rivers flowing
through the district. Apart from these government has developed some
artificial tanks and maintained them serving both the purpose of tourist
attraction spot and source of irrigation
B. Institutions
The Sidhi district suffers from lack of vocational training institutes,
there are very few training and polytechnic institute which helps local
people in enhancing their skills. The co-operative bank exists but no other
form of co-operative institution exists in the district.
C. Analysis

The district of Sidhi is underdeveloped due to many reasons few of

them being jagirdari system, which was followed in the past, uneconomic
or little land holding of the marginalised community. The region was under
feudal system in the past, the mindset still prevails among the masses,
which results in a lack of awareness and motivation among people. This
acts as a barrier to the numerous welfare schemes that the government

Programs implemented by the district

Being one the most ill developed districts of the state with virtually
nothing to boost its economy properly, Sidhi is not well maintained by the
residents themselves. The basic schemes which are mandated by the
central government are put up in this district, that too half-heartedly
without any proper zeal for maintenance. No special schemes unique to
the district has been put up in recently.

Visits by the Group

Our group of 14 visited different schools in the district of Sidhi
spread across all the six blocks to look into the implementation of the Mid
Day Meal Schemes and Toilets in Schools. Also the way the Indira Awas
Yojna was implemented across the district was another point of
observation for our team. We visited around 25 schools and talked to the
authorities and the children about the schemes. In the same blocks we
also met more than 40 people who were recipients of the Indira Awas
Yojna Scheme over the past few years.
A. Government School Visits for Mid Day Meal
This was something implemented by the government to
ensure that children came to school regularly. This not only
provided meals to children and gave them an incentive to go
to school, but proper implementation of the scheme would
mean employment to a large number of people as well who
were involved in making the food and maintaining it
a. Observations: While in some schools, the authorities were
very much dedicated and ensured strict adherence to the
menu and hygiene, but there were many instances where the
menu was a secondary thing. Children ate their food in dusty
environment and washed their plates themselves with only
water. Proper drinking water facility was not available in many
schools. But among all these drawbacks, there were many
schools which deserve special mention. There were teachers
who actually looked after the fact that the children washed
their hands with soaps before and after finishing their meal.
b. Problems:
i. Lack of adherence to menu in many schools
ii. Lack of Hygiene and proper dining area
iii. No designated persons to wash the dishes regularly

iv. Cooks do not get salary timely and it demotivates them

from working
v. Many items are not made or not available for long
periods of times.
c. Positives:
i. High attendance in schools in spite of low infrastructure
ii. Students have a willingness to go to school and parents
have a reason to send them to school instead of to the
iii. Many people are employed in the process and dedicated
workers ensure proper health and hygiene.
iv. More children are nourished better than what they
would be if they were to work in fields.

B. Visits to Government Schools for Presence of Toilets

This scheme was introduced in schools by the government
keeping in mind the female students who go to school. The
presence of a covered toilet ensured the privacy of the
students and also catered to the health and hygiene need of
the surrounding environment of a school.
a. Observations: None of the schools in the district had proper
functional toilets let alone a maintained one. In many schools,
the condition was so bad, that the road up to the toilet was
covered in overgrown weeds and shrubs.
b. Problems:
i. Lack of maintenance
ii. Lack of a sweeper to clean the toilets.
iii. No guards to take care of the school and ensure that
doors and windows of toiles and classes are not broken
iv. No proper plumbing system to ensure supply and flow of
water to the school
c. Suggestions:
i. Enclose the school with a proper boundary wall.
ii. Keep a security guard to look after the school when it is
not running.

iii. Establish a plumbing system and ensure water supply to

maintain clean toilets
iv. Recruit a sweeper for every school to clean the toilets
on at least a weekly basis.

C. Indira Avas Yojna

IAY has evolved from variety of governments schemes of poverty
upliftment and rehabilitation into an independent scheme in 1996
IAY aims to provide affordable, concrete houses to people below
poverty line
Government provides monetary, land as well as technical help to
people below poverty line which varies according to backwardness
of district and state
Based on the new directions provided for 2013-14 screening for
people eligible for IAY is done based on census of 2011
The scheme is a central level scheme and funding is provided from
centre and state funds. For house funding is done in ratio of 75:25
and 90:10 (centre: state) depending upon backwardness of state. If
funding is to be provided for purchasing land then that is done in
ratio of 50:50
Panchayats are directed to help in screening of candidates and the
district office selects the candidates to be benefited through this
scheme and arranges for funds of each candidate

Funds are provided in parts to ensure desired use of money. After

initial allocation new funds are provided only after selected
candidates reach a certain level of constructing house.
a. Observations
The visits to the various rural areas in the district led us to the following observations:
i. Every village has a sarpanch, to whom people in the village apply for
availing the Awas Yojana, every year.
ii. The sarpanch selects 5 applicants every year based on their financial
needs and requirements for funding in order to build a pucca house.
iii. These names are then forwarded to the Zilla Panchayat, who after
verification, confirm the applicants who would be funded.
iv. The person then withdraws this amount from the bank and uses it to
build their houses upto a certain extent.
v. On completion of this first phase of building, pictures are taken by the
villagers and sent to the Zilla Panchayat, who after verification
accordingly credit a second instalment for the next building phase.
vi. If pictures are not sent or houses not built in the first phase, then the
second instalment is not paid.
vii. Our observations led us to the conclusion that most often the BPL
people and the widows are successful in availing this scheme.
b. Problems
i. It was observed that not all of the people who were awarded the
first instalment have successfully gone on to implement the scheme
and build pucca houses.
ii. Our visits also revealed that many villagers are not aware of this
iii. Often the villagers keep the first instalment in the bank untouched
as they wish to increase their balance by accumulating interest.
iv. Many build the houses and give them on rent, while they
themselves stay in mud houses, increasing their disposable income.
v. The sarpanch of certain villages show favourism towards their
close associates and grant them this scheme instead of other more
eligible applicants
vi. Many villagers do not have the land to build a house, hence they
cant take advantage of this scheme.
vii. The first instalment often goes to waste as government officials
hardly keep track of the implementation post the payment.
c. How it helps??

i. The applicants who receive the grants are mostly old aged people
and widows, who benefits as pucca houses provide them with the
necessary security.
ii. It also instils faith in the mind of the villagers that the government
is there to help them when required.
iii. A pucca house protects villagers from natural calamities.
iv. Electricity and water via taps can be better provisioned in pucca
d. Suggestions?
i. It should be checked whether the applicants who are granted the
scheme have the land, otherwise the intended use of the money is
never achieved.
ii. A government official could take part in the decision along with the
sarpanch about who should be given the scheme, to improve
transparency in process.
iii. A personal talk and observation of the people may help the
government to realise whether the person would actually be able to
implement the scheme.
iv. For maintenance of the, small amounts shall be paid by the
v. Greater awareness about the programme can be spread through
electronic media and via newspapers, or through skits performed in
the rural areas.
vi. A deadline for completion of the first phase shall be set, else the
amount paid shall be forfeited if proper reasons for nonimplementation are not presented.

Increase awareness among the people about the various schemes
available to them by the government.
Make sure that implemented schemes are maintained by appointing
personnel and infrastructure necessary like watchmen in schools
and proper boundaries in schools.
Increase accountability of people in authority to better implement
the schemes.
Train people to maintain the schemes implemented in various areas
at different times.
Have a mix of people from the village sarpanch and the zilla
panchayat to select people for IAY and to look after the execution of
MDM in schools.