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Problems

Problem
Assume that the loading data given in Table 22 belongs to one of the primary feeders of the
No Light & No Power (NL&NP) Company and
that they are for a typical winter day. Develop
the idealized daily load curve for the given
hypothetical primary feeder.

Problem
Assume that annual peak load of a primary
feeder is 2000 kW, at which the power loss,
i.e., total copper, or I2R, loss, is 80 kW per
three phase. Assuming an annual loss factor of
0.15, determine:
(a) The average annual power loss.
(b) The total annual energy loss due to the
copper losses of the feeder circuits.

Solution
(a)

Average power loss


= power loss at peak load x FLS
= 80 kW x 0.15
= 12 kW
(b) The total annual energy loss is
TAELc = average power loss x 8760 h/yr
= 12 x 8760
= 105,120 kWh

Problem
Assume that there are six residential customers
connected to a distribution transformer.
Assume that the connected load is 9 kW per
house and that the demand factor and diversity
factor for the group of six houses, either from the
NL&NP Company's records or from the relevant
handbooks, have been decided as 0.65 and 1.10,
respectively. Determine the diversified demand
of the group of six houses on the distribution
transformer DT427.

Solution
The diversified demand of the group on the
distribution transformer is

Problem
Assume that feeder 4 of Example 2-3 has a
system peak of 3000 kVA per phase and a
copper loss of 0.5 percent at the system peak.
Determine the following:
(a) The copper loss of the feeder in kilowatts
per phase.
(b) The total copper losses of the feeder in
kilowatts per three-phase.

Solution
(a) The copper loss of the feeder in kilowatts per
phase is
I2R = 0.5 % x system peak
= 0.005 x 3000 k VA
= 15 kW per phase
(b) The total copper losses of the feeder in
kilowatts per three-phase is
3128 = 3 x 15
= 45 kW per three-phase

Problem
Assume that there are two primary feeders supplied by one of
the three transformers. One of the feeders supplies an
industrial load which occurs primarily between 8 A.M. and 11
P.M., with a peak of 2000 kW at 5 P.M. The other one feeds
residential loads which occur mainly between 6 A.M. and 12
P.M., with a peak of 2000 kW at 9 P.M., as shown in Fig.
Determine the following:
(a) The diversity factor of the load connected to transformer T3.
(b) The load diversity of the load connected to transformer T3.
(c) The coincidence factor of the load connected to transformer
T3

(a) From Eq. the diversity factor of the load is

(b) From Eq. the load diversity of the load is

(c) From Eq. the coincidence factor of the load is

Problem
Use the data given in Problem 1 for the NL&NP's
load curve. Note that the peak occurs at 5 P.M.
Determine the following:
(a) The class contribution factors for each of the
three load classes.
(b) The diversity factor for the primary feeder.
(c) The diversified maximum demand of the load
group.
(d) The coincidence factor of the load group.

Solution