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MAE 311: Machines and Mechanisms I

Assignment #0

Spring 2015
Not Collected

Problem 1
For the beam shown in Figure 1:
a) Determine the reactions at A and B.
b) Draw the Shear Force Diagram.
c) Draw the Bending Moment Diagram
d) Identify where the critical point is if the main beam has a constant cross section.
assumptions or simplifications are you making?

What

Figure 1: Beam Diagram for Problem 1


Solution:
a) First resolve the loads to simple point loads on the main beam.
Distributed load: equivalent load = 100 lb/ft 2.5 ft = 250 lb. Point of action is geometric center
(mid-point), which is 1.25 ft from end.
Point load on bar: Assume L-shaped bar is rigid and transfers load to main bar (2.5 ft from left
end). This also applies a couple equivalent to 500 lb 0.5 ft = 250 ft.lb. The following free body
diagram can now be drawn.

y
8 ft
500 lb
250 lb

2.5 ft
250 ft.lb

2.5 ft
1.25 ft
x

RA

RB
Fy = 0 = RA + RB 500 lb 250 lb RA + RB = 750 lb

0 R B 8ft 2.5ft 250ft.lb 500lb 2.5ft 250lb8ft 1.25ft R B 579.5lb

So, RA = 750 lb 579.5 lb = 170.5 lb


Copyright 2015 Phillip M. Cormier and Jobaidur R. Khan

MAE 311: Machines and Mechanisms I


Assignment #0

Spring 2015
Not Collected

b) Redrawing the free body diagram with the new information and accounting for the distributed
load and couple (from L-bar).
Distributed load: equivalent load = 100 lb/ft 2.5 ft = 250 lb. Point of action is geometric center
y
8 ft
500 lb
2.5 ft

100 ft/lb

2.5 ft

250 ft.lb
170.5 lb

x
579.5 lb

V
250 lb
170.5 lb
A = 426.25 ft.lb

A = 312.5 ft.lb

A = 988.5 ft.lb
329.5 lb

c) Integrating the shear to get bending moment and add in couple from L-bar (F.d = 500 lb 5ft =
250 ft.lb)

M (ft.lb)
676.25
426.25
x
312.25

d) Assuming that bending is the primary concern, the critical point is 2.5 ft from the end on the left.
Copyright 2015 Phillip M. Cormier and Jobaidur R. Khan

MAE 311: Machines and Mechanisms I


Assignment #0

Spring 2015
Not Collected

Problem 2
For the beam shown in Figure 2:
a) Determine the reactions at A and B.
b) Draw the Shear Force Diagram.
c) Draw the Bending Moment Diagram

Figure 2: Beam Diagram for Problem 2


Solution:
a) First determine equivalent load and where it acts for distributed load. Equivalent load is the area
under the curve.
xf

xo

Peq px dx 12.5x 2 165x 440 dx 333.3lb


To determine the acting location of Peq,
xf

x Peq

xp x dx

xo
xf

px dx

12.5x

165x 2 440x dx

Peq

6.24ft

xo

y
5.5 ft
500 lb

1000/3 lb

2 ft
x
RA

6.24 ft

Copyright 2015 Phillip M. Cormier and Jobaidur R. Khan

RB

MAE 311: Machines and Mechanisms I


Assignment #0

Spring 2015
Not Collected

Fy = 0 = RA + RB 500 lb 333.3 lb RA + RB = 833.3 lb

0 R B 5.5ft 500lb 2ft 333.3lb6.24ft R B 560lb

So, RA = 833.3 lb 560 lb = 273.3 lb


b) Draw the free body diagram needed for shear. Equation for the shear force curve,

Vx px dx 12.5x 2 165x 440 dx 25


x 3 82.5x 2 440x
6

y
4 ft
500 lb
2 ft
x
273.3 lb

5.5 ft

560 lb

V (lb)
273.3
244.2
x
226.7
315.8

c) Integrating the shear to get bending moment,


Mx Vx dx

25
6

25 3
x 3 82.5x 2 440x dx 24
x 27.5x3 220x 2

M (ft.lb)
546.6
93.2
300.6

Copyright 2015 Phillip M. Cormier and Jobaidur R. Khan

MAE 311: Machines and Mechanisms I


Assignment #0

Spring 2015
Not Collected

Problem 3
For the cross-section show in Figure 3:
a) Determine the area of the cross-section.
b) Determine the location of the centroid.
c) Determine the moment of inertia about its centroidal axis x'.
d) Determine the maximum stress due to bending at the critical point if this cross-section is used for
the beam in Problem 2.

Figure 3: Cross-section Dimensions for Problem 3


Solution:
a) The area of the cross-section consists of three rectangles.
2 in
0.2 in
II

2 in

III

x
A = AI + AII + AIII = 2in 0.2in + 0.2in 2in + 2in 0.2 in = 1.2 in
Copyright 2015 Phillip M. Cormier and Jobaidur R. Khan

MAE 311: Machines and Mechanisms I


Assignment #0

Spring 2015
Not Collected

b) Due to symmetry, xI = 0.1in, xII = 1in, xIII = 2 0.1 = 1.9in,


yI = 1in, yII = 2 + 0.1 = 2.1in, yIII = 1in,
So, centroid,
III

x A
iI
III

A
iI

x I A I x II A II x III A III 0.1in 0.4in 2 1in 0.4in 2 1.9in 0.4in 2

1in
A I A II A III
0.4in 2 0.4in 2 0.4in 2

y I A I y II A II y III A III 1in 0.4in 2 2.1in 0.4in 2 1in 0.4in 2 41

in
A I A II A III
0.4in 2 0.4in 2 0.4in 2
30

III

y A
iI
III

A
iI

c) Determine Ix' for the combine area,


Step 1: find Ix' for each rectangle (about its own centroid)
1
1
2
3
For AI and AIII, I x ' bh 3 0.2in 2in in 4
12
12
15
1
1
2
3
For AII, I x ' bh 3 2in 0.2in
in 4
12
12
1500
Step 2: find Ix for each rectangle about composite centroid using parallel axis theorem,
2

For AI and AIII, I x ' I I x ' III

2
1684 4
41
I x ' Ad in 4 0.4in 2 1 in 2
in 0.188in 4
15
9000
30
2

2
41
1948 4

in 4 0.4in 2 2.1 in 2
in 0.216in 4
1500
30
9000

Ix' composite is sum of components (once determined for composite centroidal axis),
1772 4
I x ' I x ' I I x ' II I x ' III
in 0.591in 4
3000

For AII, I x 'II I x ' Ad2

d) Neglecting shear, (at larger moment)


41
546.6lb.ft 12 inft 30
in
My
x

15,200Psi
4
1772
Ix
in
3000

Copyright 2015 Phillip M. Cormier and Jobaidur R. Khan