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1511/2
Science
Paper2
2hours

SMKPEREMPUANSANDAKAN
PEPERIKSAANSEMESTER1
TINGKATAN4

SCIENCE
Paper2
TwoHoursandThirtyMinutes

DONOTOPENTHISTESTPAPERUNTILYOUARETOLDTODOSO
1

ForExaminersUse
Thisquestionpaperconsistsofthreesections:SectionA,
Section Question
Marks
SectionBandSectionC
1
2
AnswerallquestionsinSectionAandSectionB.
A
3
WriteyouranswersforSectionAandSectionBclearly
4
inthespaceprovidedonthequestionpaper.
5
ForSectionC,answerQuestion10andchooseanother
6
Question11orQuestion12.Writeyouranswerfor
B
7
SectionConthelinedpagesprovidedattheendof
8
thispaper.Answershouldbeclearandlogical.
9
10
Themarksallocatedforeachsubpartofaquestion
C
11
areshowninbrackets.
12

ThetimesuggestedtocompleteSectionAis60minutes,
SectionBis50minutesandSectionCis40minutes.

YouareallowedtoanswerthequestioninEnglish
orBahasaMelayu.

Total

Section A / Bahagian A
[20marks]
Answerallquestions (Jawab semua soalan)
(Thetimeallocatedforthissectionis60minutes/
Masa yang dicadangkan untuk bahagian ini ialah 60 minit)
1

Table1showstheresultofanexperimenttoshowthereactionbetween3.0gzinc
with100cm3dilutehydrochloricacid.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen hasil tindak balas antara 3.0 g logam zink
dengan 100 cm 3 asid hidroklorik cair.
Time/minutes
Masa/minit
Volumeofgas/cm3
Isipadu gas / cm3

27

46

57

64

67

67

TABLE 1
JADUAL 1
(a)

Statethehypothesisforthisexperiment.
Nyatakan hipotesis dalam eksperimen di atas.
...........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

Volumeof
(b) PlotagraphofgasvolumeagainsttimebasedonTable1
gas(cm3Lukiskan
)
graf isipadu gas melawan masa berdasarkan Jadual 1
Isipadu 70
gas(cm3)
60
50
40
30
20
10

7
8
Time(minutes)/Masa(minit)

Bulb(mentol)

Copperrod
(rodkuprum)

[2 marks]
(c)

(d)

Basedonthegraphthatyouhaveplotted,determinethevolumeofthegasreleasedat
2minute.
Berdasarkan graf anda, tentukan isipadu gas yang terbebas pada masa 2 minit.
...........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
Predictthevolumeofgasreleasedat7minutes.
Ramalkan isipadu gas yang terbebas pada minit ke 7.
...........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

Diagram2showsanexperimenttostudytheelectricalconductivityfortwotypesofmaterial.
(Rajah2menunjukkansatueksperimenuntukmengkajikekonduksianelektrikbagiduajenis
bahan)
6V

6V

Bulb(mentol)

Glassrod
(rodkaca)

DIAGRAM2

Table2showstheresultoftheexperiment.
(Jadual2menunjukkankeputusaneksperimen)
Material
(Bahan)
Copperrod
(Rodkuprum)

BulbCondition
(Keadaanmentol)
Lightsup
(Menyala)

Glassrod
(Rodkaca)

Doesnotlightup
(Tidakmenyala)

TABLE2

4
(a) BasedontheresultinTable2,stateoneinferenceforthisexperiment.
(BerdasarkankeputusandalamJadual2,nyatakansatuinferensbagieksperimenini)
...................................
[1mark]
(b)Statetheconstantvariableinthisexperiment.
(Nyatakanpembolehubahyangdimalarkandalamekesperimenini)
..
[1mark]
(c)

Copperrodisametal.Whatistheoperationaldefinitionformetal?
(Rodkuprumadalahlogam.Nyatakandefinisisecaraoperasibagilogam)

...
[1mark]
(d)

Whatcanbeobservedwhenthebulbisreplacedwithammeterwhenusingcopperrod?
(Apakahyangbolehdiperhatikanbilamentoldigantikandenganammetersemasa
menggunakanrodkuprum?)
.
[1mark]

(e)Mark()fortheobjectsintheboxesprovidedbelowwhichhavethesamephysical
propertiesascopperrod.
(Tandakan()padaobjekyangmempunyaisifatsifatyangsamadengankuprum
dalampetakyangdisediakandibawah)

NESPRAY
SILVER

Medal
Can
Balloon

[1mark]

Glass wool
(Wul kaca)

5
Metal filling
(Serbuk logam)

Potassium manganate (VII)


(Kalium mangganat (VII))
Heat (Panaskan)

Heat (Panaskan)

DIAGRAM3

Diagram 3 shows an experiment to study the reactivity of metals when react with oxygen.
(Rajah 3 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji kereaktifan logam bila bertindak
balas dengan oksigen)
Three types of metals X, Y and Z are used and the results are shown in the Table 3.
(Tiga jenis logam iaitu X, Y dan Z telah digunakan dan keputusan pemerhatian ditunjukkan
dalam Jadual 3. )

Metal
(Logam)

Observation (Pemerhatian)
(Condition of burning/keadaan
keterbakaran)
Burns with bright light
X
(Terbakar dengan nyalaan terang)
Glows dimly
Y
(Membara malap)
Burns moderately
Z
(Terbakar sederhana)
TABLE 3 ( Jadual 3 )

(a)

Write down one inference that can be made from observation in Table 3
(Tuliskan satu inferens yang boleh dibuat berdasarkan pemerhatian pada Jadual 3)
......
......
[1 mark]

(b)

State the following variables in this experiment.


(Nyatakan pembolehubah berikut dalam eksperimen ini)

6
(i)

Manipulated (Dimanipulasi)

.....

(ii)

Constant (dimalarkan)

......
[2 marks]
(c)

Based on the results in Table 3, arrange the reactivity of the metals from the most
reactive to the least reactive.
(Berdasarkan keputusan dalam Jadual 3, susun kereaktifan logam daripada paling
reaktif kepada kurang reaktif).
......
[1 mark]

(d)
X?

If the metals used in this experiment are magnesium, zinc and iron, predict what is metal
(Jika logam-logam yang digunakan di dalam eksperimen ini adalah magnesium, zink
dan besi, ramalkan apakah logam X?)
......
[1 mark]

Diagram 4 shows an experiment to study the changes in the states of matter when it is
heated.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan eksperimen untuk mengkaji perubahan keadaan jirim apabila
dipanaskan.

thermometer

thermometer
termometer

ice

beaker
Bunsenbunner

Icebeforeheatingais
Aissebelumdipanaskan
Diagram4
Rajah4

Iceafterheating
Aisselepasdipanaskan

The result of the experiment is shown in Table 4.


Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan dalam Jadual 4.
Time / minnute
Masa / minit
0

Temperature / 0C
Suhu / 0C
0

Jadual4

7
5
10
15
20
25
(a)

0
36
68
100
100

Write one observation based on Diagram 4.


Tuliskan satu pemerhatian berdasarkan Rajah 4.
..............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(b)

Based on Table 4, draw a graph of temperature against time.


Berdasarkan Jadual 4, lukiskan graf suhu melawan masa.

Suhu/0C
100

80

60

40

20

10

15

20

25

30

35
Masa/min

[2 marks]
(c)

Base on the graph in (b), determine the state of matter at 76oC.


Berdasarkan graf di (b) , tentukan keadaan jirim pada suhu 76oC.
..............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(d)

What is the conclusion from this experiment ?


Apakah kesimpulan daripada ekperimen ini?
..............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

SectionB/BahagianB
[30marks]
Answerallquestions/Jawabsemuasoalandalambahagianini
Thetimesuggestedtoanswerthissectionis50minutes
Masayangdicadangkanuntukbahagianiniialah50minit
5.

Diagram5showsthepathwayofimpulsewhenapersonstepsonasharpobject.
(Rajah5menunjukkanlaluanimpulsapabilaseseorangterpijakobjektajam)

(Saraftunjang)
(Saraftunjang)

DIAGRAM5
(a) (i)Namethetypeofactionshownabove.
(Namakanjenistindakanyangditunjukkandiatas.)

[1mark]
(ii)Givethereasonforyouranswer.
(Berialasanbagijawapananda)

[1mark]
(b) Namethepartlabelled.
(Namakanbahagianberlabel)

9
(i)L
..................................
(ii)M

[2marks]

(c)

Stateoneanotherexampleforthisaction.
(Nyatakansatucontohlainbagitindakanini.)

[1mark]

(d)

Whyisthisactionimportanceinadailylife.
(Mengapakahtindakaninipentingdalamkehidupanseharian)

[1mark]

6
Diagram 6.1 and 6.2 show the apparatus set up in an experiment to separate salt from its
solution.
(Rajah 6.1 dan 6.2 menunjukkan radas eksperimen untuk mengasingkan garam dari
larutannya.)

........
.

Thermometer
(Termometer)

Boilingtube
(Tabungdidih)

Serpihan

porselin
Heated
(dipanaskan)

Glasstube
(Salurkaca)

Distillate
Distillate
(Hasilsulingan)

(Hasilsulingan)

Heat
(Panaskan)
DIAGRAM6.1

(a)

Name the process shown in Diagram 6.1


(Namakan proses yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 6.1)

DIAGRAM6.2

10
......
[1 mark]
(b)

(i) Name the apparatus labelled X?


(Namakan radas yang dilabelkan X ?.)
......

(ii) What is the function of X ?


(Apakah fungsi ?)
......
[2 marks]

(c)

Fill P and Q in the suitable boxes of Diagram 6.1 .


(Isikan huruf P dan Q dalam petak yang sesuai pada Rajah 6.1)
P:Wateroutlet
(Airkeluar)

(d)

[1 mark ]

Q:Waterinlet
(Airmasuk)

What is the boiling point of the distillate in Diagram 6.2 ?


(Apakah takat didih hasil sulingan dalam rajah 6.2?)
........................... 0 C.
[1 mark]

(e)

State process that involved in X..


(Nyatakan proses yang berlaku di X)
......
[1 mark]

Diagram7showsanincompletePeriodicTable.
Rajah 7 menunjukkan lakaran Jadual Berkala yang tidak lengkap.
I

VIII
II

III

IVV V

VI

VII

J
K
M

L
P

11

DIAGRAM 7
RAJAH 7

(a)

(b)

HowaretheelementsinthePeriodicTablearranged?
Bagaimanakah unsur-unsur dalam Jadual Berkala disusun?
..........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
BasedonDiagram7,state
Berdasarkan Rajah 7, nyatakan
(i)

thetypeofelementN
jenis unsur N

.............................................................................................................................................
(ii)

(c)

(d)

(e)

theelementwiththebiggestprotonnumber.
unsur yang mempunyai nombor proton paling besar.

.............................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
StatethechangesofelementtypefromKtoLinthePeriodicTable.
Nyatakan perubahan jenis unsur dari K ke L dalam Jadual Berkala.
.............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
StateonesimilarcharacteristicbetweenelementLandelementP.
Nyatakan satu sifat yang sama antara unsur L dan unsur P
.............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
NamethegasreleasedfromthereactionbetweenelementKwithwater.
Namakan gas yang terhasil dari tindak balas antara unsur K dengan air.
..............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

12

Diagram 8 shows the schematic diagram for the inheritance of hair types.
(Rajah 8 menunjukkan rajah skema bagi pewarisan jenis rambut .)
Father
(Bapa)

Mother
(Ibu)

Curlyhair
(Rambutkerinting)

Straighthair
(Rambutlurus)

HH

hh

Children
(Anak)

DIAGRAM8
(RAJAH8)

(a)

Name the type of variation shown in Diagram 8.


(Namakan jenis variasi yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 8)
......
[1 mark]

(b)

State another example of the same type of variation mentioned in (a).


(Nyatakan satu contoh lain bagi jenis variasi seperti yang dinyatakan di (a).
......
[1
mark]

(c)

What factor influences the above variation?.


(Apakah faktor yang mempengaruhi variasi di atas?)

13
..............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark ]
(e)

Write down each childs genotype in the boxes provided in Diagram 6.


(Tuliskan genotip bagi setiap anak dalam kotak yang disediakan dalam Rajah 6)
[2 marks]

(e)

Based on Diagram 6, which type of hair is dominant?


(Berdasarkan Rajah 6, jenis rambut yang manakah dominan?)
......
[1 mark]

9Diagram9showscopperrefiningusingelectrolysis
Rajah9menunjukkanprosespenulenankuprumsecaraelektrolisis.

P:.........................................

Q:.........................................................

R:.........................................................

DIAGRAM9
RAJAH9
(a)

Ondiagram9,nameP,QandRbyusingthefollowinginformation
PadaRajah9,namakanP,QdanRdenganmenggunakanmaklumatberikut;
Purecopper/Kuprumtulen
Impurecopper/Kuprumtaktulen
Copper(II)sulphate/Larutankuprum(II)sulfat

[3marks]
(b) Statetheenergychangesinthiselectrolysisprocess
Nyatakanperubahantenagayangberlakudalamproseselektrolisis
..............................................................................................................................................
[1mark]

14
(c) WhymetalPbecomesthinnerintheelectrolysisprocess?
MengapakahlogamPmenjadisemakinnipissemasaproseselektrolisis?
..............................................................................................................................................
[1mark]
(d) Stateoneuseofelectrolysisotherthanmetalrefining
Nyatakansatukegunaanelektrolisisselaindaripenulenanlogam.
..............................................................................................................................................
[1mark]

Bahagian C
[20marks]
AnswerQuestion1andanyoneofQuestion2orQuestion3.
(Thetimeallocatedforthissectionis40minutes)
Jawab soalan satu dan mana-mana satu soalan 2 atau soalan 3.
(Masa yang dicadangkan untuk bahagian ini ialah 40 minit)

15

11

Therearetwotypesofchangesofmatter,physicalchangesandchemicalchanges
Terdapatduajenisperubahanjirimiaituperubahanfizikdanperubahankimia.
(a)

Statefourdifferencesbetweenthephysicalchangesandthechemicalchanges.
Nyataempatperbezaanantaraperubahanfizikdenganperubahankimia
[4marks]

(b) Diagram11showsthreeexperimentsthatwasconductedbyastudenttostudythe
chemicalchanges
Rajah11menunjukkantigaeksperimenyangdijalankanolehseorangpelajaruntuk
mengkajiperubahankimia.
Mixture of iron powder
with sulphur powder
Campuran serbuk ferum
dengan serbuk sulfur
Heat
Panaskan

Magnesium ribbon
Pita Magnesium

Chemical
reaction
Tindakbalas
kimia

Copper (II) sulphate


Kuprum(II)sulfat
Zinc plate
Kepingan zink

DIAGRAM11
RAJAH11

Evaporation dish
Mangkuk penyejat

16

StudytheexperimentinDiagram11anddevelopaconceptofchemicalchanges.
Youranswershouldbebasedonthissteps;
KajieksperimendalamRajah11danbinakonseptentangperubahankimia.
Jawapanandahendaklahberdasarkanlangkahlangkahberikut;
Identifyingtheinformation
Mengenalpastimaklumat
[1mark]
Identifyingthecommoncharacteristics
Mengenalpasticiricirisepunya
[2marks]
Relatebetweenthecommoncharacteristicswiththechemicalchange
Menghubungkaitkanantaraciricirisepunyadenganperubahankimia
untukmembinakonsepawal
[1mark]
Tostateoneotherexampleofchemicalchangeandonenonexample
ofchemicalchange
Menyatakansatucontohlainperubahankimiadansatucontohbukan
perubahankimia
[1mark]
Tostatetheactualconceptofchemicalchange
Menyatakankonsepsebenarperubahankimia
[1mark]

17

END OF QUESTION PAPER


Preparedby,

Checkedby,

Confirmedby,

(HafizaNasyirinAriffin)
SubjectTeacher

______________________
(YapNyukHee)
HeadOfSc&Math
Department

____________________
(BernadethDeGuzman)
SeniorAssistantof
Curriculum