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-NEWS ON MINERALS

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Vol 30 -

175 - 2015

NEWS ON MINERALS

Vol. 30 , No 175 , January-February 2015


30 ,
175 ,
2015
15 - Price of each issue 15

- HELLAS - PIRAEUS
ISSN 1011-5870

-NEWS ON MINERALS

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Botryoidal aragonite,Lavrion ,Greece


(10 X 7 X 4 cms- .)

Alexandra G. Minatidou

NEWS ON MINERALS
GeMin
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The Inspirer and the Soul of ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA -NEWS ON MINERALS and GeMin Expo in GREECE
Die Instigator und die Seele der ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA-NEWS ON MINERALS und GeMin Expo in GRIECHENLAND

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ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA
NEWS ON MINERALS
ISSN 1011-5870
1986
Established in January 1986)
Editor and Owner :
Dimitris G. Minatidis , M. Sc. , AGCC
Geologist-Geochemist
Leof. Gr. Lambraki 70 ,
Piraeus EL-185 32 , HELLAS
Tel Mobile : +30- 6979771898
Tel. Land : +30-213-025-8688
FAX :+ 30-210-4132-570
e-mail : minat@gemin.eu ,
info@gemin.eu
Web : www.gemin.eu
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Previous volumes: 1-14 (years 1986 1999)
in paper form , 80 EURO/volume
Vol. 15-29 (Years 2000-2014) ,
available in CD at 400 Euro/CD

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175 - 2015

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Hello!
With great pleasure we announce that with January-February
2015 issue we enter in the 30th year of circulation of
ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA -NEWS ON MINERALS. Thirty
years of searching, adventure, suspense, expectations,
happiness, satisfaction ie a mixture of exciting emotions , which
gives us the strength to continue.
We thank God for giving us the opportunity to reach here, our
Parents , but we also thank once again all the Friends
Collectors , Partners , Subscribers and
Mineralogical
magazines around the world who supported the entire effort,
cooperated with us to show more on the most exciting Hobby
in the world : Collection and study of Minerals and Fossils.
The name of GeMin Exhibition is for many years directly
related to ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA -NEWS ON MINERALS
and we will be happy to give great pleasure for many years to
collectors in Greece and abroad.

- NEWS ON MINERALS
Opinions expressed by the authors do not
necessarily represent opinion of
ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA -NEWS ON MINERALS

Photo in cover

Chrysoprase from Ethiopia

The Historical Team


Of ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA-NEWS ON MINERALS
Evanghelia G. Minatidou
Petros E. Solomonidis
Dimitris G. Minatidis

-NEWS ON MINERALS

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Vol 30 -

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Seminars on Mineralogy by ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA-NEWS ON MINERALS

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Vol 30 -

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Seminars on Mineralogy by ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA NEWS ON MINERALSSome highlights


-NEWS ON MINERALS

,
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Interested people with various educational and professional background attend the Seminars on
Mineralogy in a room full of Minerals and Fossils , i.e. in their Natural Environment !

-NEWS ON MINERALS

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Vol 30 -

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Participants in these Seminars on Mineralogy have the chance to see IN LIVE actual specimens exhibiting
various properties as described in Mineralogy text books.

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Vol 30 -

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Mammoth Teeth, Mammal Fossil ,from Ice Age , Russia and Fossil fishes from Brazil !
For availability and more information /

. 6974634649

.
The photograph clearly shows from the teeth that the animal was vegetarian.
( 22 X 12 X 8 cms . ,
weight 1732 grams)

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Do the teeth just below belong to a mastodon ?

Very well preserved fossil teeths showing vegetarian animal.


(8,5 X 4,5-3,5 X (5-6 )

Huge fossil t
(29

20,5

. cms Weight

308

grams

th of mammoth , a vegetarian animal .


,
. cms / weight: 6,5
kilos )

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Teeth are an easy way to determine whether a fossil is a mammoth or a mastodon. Just above is
a mammoth tooth. Notice the flat surface with ridges for grinding vegetation.

Fossil fishes from Brazil


The Brazilian state of Cear is known for its fossil fish exports. Especially the State of Cear is known for its
fish fossils in nodule shape. A nodule is a calcareous deposit in an ovoid shape formed around a dead animal,
which makes that it is preserved in excellent condition.
The well preserved fish are from the lower Cretaceous period (Aptian and Albian), and are about 80 milion
years old.
The best known fish from this location is the Vinctifer comptonii, an Aspidorhynch species. These fish are
found in so called fish-breads. Concretions ,as said above, with the fossil fish inside.

Is the above fossil fish Rhinobatos beurleni ?


Size of calcareous septarium nodule 30 X9,5 X 6,5 cms- . /Size of fossil fish 26 X 5 X 2 cms- ./Weight : 2686 grams

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Vol 30 -

This looks like Tharrias araripes.


Upper half : 29 X 11,5 X 4,5 cms /Fish size : 27,5 X 4,5 X 4,5 cms / Weight

: 2105

Lower half : 29,5 X 11 X 3 cms / Fish size : 24 X 4,5 X 3 cms / Weight-

: 1824

Outside view of fossiliferous calcareous nodule enclosing fish fossils.

175 - 2015

- Grams

grams

-NEWS ON MINERALS

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Vol 30 -

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-GEOMARKET-GEOMARKET- MINERAL SPECIMENS


- Superb azurite and malachite specimens from Lavrion , Hellas in sizes from T/N to Museum Specimens in prices
from 15 Euro upwards. Nature has created some of the best azurite and malachite specimens on Earth in the classic
European locality , Lavrion in Hellas.
- Slag specimens , Lavrion , Hellas. Slag specimens 3000-5000 years old with vugs filled with minerals in small
perfect crystals. 15 EURO each. Minimum 10 slags.
* Also nice mineral specimens from Lavrion for collectors from 15 (T/N size) each ( baryte, fluorite ,
smithsonite , malachite. dog-teeth ankerite and other species).
* Double terminated black tourmaline and dravite crystals from 5 each.
** Please add for postage and handling , depending on the weight of the specimens and the way of shipment (Air or
Surface Mail) . --- European Union ( ) Residents add 23 % V.A.T. on total cost.
(
) -MINERAL POSTCARDS (LAMINATED)
set of 12 color high quality mineral postcards depicting the following mineral specimens from various localities
around the world : 1. Sapphire 2. Ruby 3. Emerald (Facetted) 4 . Pyromorphite 5. Pyrrhotite on Calcite 6.
Rhodochrosite + aegirine + genthelvite 7. Cubanite xls 8. Pyrite crystals 9. Quartz , variety , amethyst- sceptre
habit 10. Serandite 11. Diopside on grossular 12. Amethyst 13. Gypse
Price 40 EURO Air Mail post paid.
CD-ROMs on Earth Science- CD-ROMs
* The Theory of Plate Tectonics
75
* Illustrated Dictionary of Earth Sciences
50
* The Wonders of Rocks and Minerals
75
* The study of minerals
90
* Plate Tectonics and how the Earth works
75
* Life in Amber
85
* The Photo-Atlas of minerals
95
* Hands-On Mineral Identification
40
(European Union Residents add 23 % V.A.T.)
GEMSTONES AND MINERALS (T/N size)
(miniature size) ,
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-Ask to see the collections of minerals for Systematic Mineralogy in which every specimen either in T/N size or in
miniature size is in plastic box labeled with name of mineral and its origin.
-For fine mineral specimens visit http://www.gemin.eu
http://www.gemin.eu

- SHOWS

2015

SHOWS

Exploring the wonder of the Earth's mineral treasures through collecting, preparing and sharing of
mineral specimens , gemstones and Fossils.

USA Tucson ,AZ : Jan. 31 through Feb. 15, 2015 . Info : Jessica Stephens , Director of Public Relations Tel. 800638-8350 ext. 143 , jstephens@visittucson.org

USA Indianapolis , Indiana : 20-22 February 2015: GeoFest . Info : museumcommunication@indianamuseum.org

Italy Bologna : 6-8 March 2015 . Info : http://www.bolognamineralshow.com/


USA Newark , California : 6-8 March 2015 . Info : info@mgscv.org
USA Abilene ,Texas : 11-12 April 2015 .Info : rawhide@webtv.net
France Alsace : 25th June 2015 - 28th June 2015 , Sainte Marie-aux-Mines Mineral show 2015 . Info : Mairie
114 rue de Lattre de Tassigny , Marque Mineral et Gem LOW68160 Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines , France
Phone: + 33 3 89 73 53 52 , Fax: + 33 3 89 58 48 57 , info@sainte-marie-mineral.com
Germany Munich , 30 Oct- 1 Nov. 2015 . The Munich Show - Mineralientage Mnchen-World of Minerals, Gems,
Jewellery and Fossils . Info : exhibitor@munichshow.com

Greece - Athens :
29th GeMin 2015 , 4-5-6 December 2015 . Information : GeMin, c/o
ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA - NEWS ON MINERALS ,Gr. Lambraki 70 , Piraeus, EL-18532, Hellas. Tel+30-213-0258688 , FAX:+30-210-4132-570 , e-mail : info@gemin.eu
, http://www.gemin.eu .Tel+30-213-025-8688 ,
FAX:+30-210-4132-570 .
Germany-Munich:30th October 2015 -1st November 2015 . Info : +49 (0) 89-613 47 11 ,exhibitor@munichshow.com
Germany Hamburg : 4 Dec-6 Dec. Further information: http://www.mineralien-hamburg.de
6
.

".

2015 ,

Condolence - Kondolenz
,

,
"
"The old Rockhounds never die , they just slowly petrify".

- On 6th February 2015 , the World of Mineral Collectors not only in Greece , but all over the world, became
poorer: Our beloved Anastassios-Sotirios Vafidis began his journey to the endless infinity. He will be missed by all of
us. But remember : "The old Rockhounds never die , they just slowly petrify" Die alte Rockhounds

sterben nie, sie nur langsam versteinern

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2015
-NEWS ON MINERALS
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29

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GeMin 2015

4-5-6
3

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2015 .

2015.

3
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),
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2015 ] ,

70

International Geological Photography Contest 2015


ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA-NEWS ON MINERALS invite all readers and collectors to get during their vacations a
geological , mineralogical photograph , print it in A4 size photographic paper with description of
depicted object , name and full contact information of photographer and send it to ORYKTOLOGIKA NEANEWS ON MINERALS with the indication Geological photography Contest until 5 November 2015 . All
submitted photographs will be on display during the 29th GeMin 2015 to be held in Athens , Greece on
4-5-6 December 2015. Visitors will vote for the best photographs and the first 3 winners will win
Minerals or Gemstones or Fossils. Best of luck to all of you ! The contest is heavily relied on mineral
specimens , crystals , fossils but Geowonders are also sought most for.
May be submitted up to 3 photos per contestant
ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA-NEWS ON MINERALS , [ For the Photography Contest 2015 ] , Leof. Gr. Lambraki 70 ,
(Formerly Queen Sofia Avenue), Piraeus , EL-18532 , Greece.

Peculiar Quartz crystal from Brazil

(8 X 1,5 X 1,7 cms.

.)

From the collection of K. Gigakis)

-NEWS ON MINERALS

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Gemstones from Ethiopia


ETHIOPIA
GEMSTONES occur
into two main rock
assemblages: (1) the Precambrian and (2) Phanerozoic rock
types. Precambrian rocks of the country hosted few gem
minerals such as, ruby, sapphire, garnet, beryl (aquamarine,
emerald), Tourmaline, of sub economic deposit type and many
semi precious gemstones. These are well documented in
western, southern and eastern Ethiopia closely related to
pegmatic-granite rocks and associated metavolcano-sedimentry
rocks. From all areas, the Moyle-Aroro-Yavello belt in Oromia
National Regional State are known to be sub economical and
currently mined by many Artisanal miners and cooperatives.
This belt is showing different precious minerals including Beryl
chrysoberyl, aquamarine, garnet, corundum (ruby, sapphire),
and quartz, and many others, similar to the deposit of Kenya.
This belt has also various gemstones, including the Peridot/
olivine (in Mega area), fluorite, Amazonite, probably, increase
the economical significant of gemstone of southern Ethiopia,
but it requires detailed work to verify those. Other areas also
have different quality gems associated with Precambrian rocks
of Ethiopia, such as northern, eastern and western Ethiopia but
little is known so far on their type, mode of occurrence, quality
of gems.

Various types of Ethiopian Chrysoprase are seen above.

Acknowledgement- Danksagung
All specimens in this article are courtesy of Mr. Zelalem Getnet , zelalemgetnet@gmail.com , whom we thank for his
cooperation .
. Zelalem Getnet
.

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Amazonite specimens from Ethiopia

Map of Ethiopia
(Courtesy : Google Earth)

-NEWS ON MINERALS

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Location map of gemstone occurrence in Ethiopia


(From

: Opportunities for Gem resource development in Ethiopia ,Geological Survey of Ethiopia ,


Addis Ababa , Ethiopia , 2009.

The Phanerozoic related gemstones documented in different parts of the Ethiopian closely associated with
sedimentary, volcanic shield and rift related rocks. Huge and numerous type of opal, agate, petrified wood, amber,
chalcedony, Amethyst, obsidian, citrine, fluorite, jasper, and many others. The distribution of those gemstone
erratic but it show huge nature associated with different gemstones types.
The few gemstone like jasper, quartz and agate, chalcedony gem types are located in the thick MesozoicCenozoic sedimentary (Abay, Mekele and Ogaden sedimentary basin) and many others such Peridot/ olivine, opal,
jasper, quartz and many others in the volcanic terrain in the central (Ethiopia high land and rift zone) areas. Out of
those, gemstone areas, the Mega-Yavello belts in Oromia and Mezezo-Wollo-Gonder in Amhara Regional State are
currently mined/under licence by local people, cooperatives and private companies.
GEMSTONE BELTS OF ETHIOPIA
Gemstones of the country can be grouped into two main belts: (1) the southern and Central north Ethiopia
main belts (2) and western and Eastern Ethiopia minor belts.
The southern and Central Ethiopia main belts--which are further classified into (1)Moyle-Mega-Yavello/MMY/
gemstone belts and II) Mozozo-Wollo-Gonder gemstone belts.
MMY Gemstone belt is underlying by high grade gneissic rocks and unique pyroclastic and dunite assemblage
covering wide area extending from Ethio-Kenya boarder to the Arasi-Bale highlands. This belt shows variable
gemstone varieties from Beryl, corundum, garnet and quartz groups to tourmaline, fluorite, with minor opal and
quartz family gemstones. Besides, it has unique Olivine and peridot/olivine show close relationship accessories
minerals of garnet, ilmenite, pyroxenes and carbonatitic bodies associated with basaltic-tracahyte-basalatic with
inclusions of peridotite and dunite, having an alkaline affinity.
Others , such as Amazonite and different gemstones are believed to exist in different parts of the belts, MozozoWollo-Gonder gemstone belts/MWG belts/ and occur in central north Ethiopia covering parts of the rift margin
extending from North Showa the Debere Berhan to north Wollo and parts of Gonder, within the Amahara National
Regional State. The belts have huge gemstone varieties from opal-amber to agate, petrified wood and others
semiprecious gemstones, with minor variation in type and nature.

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1. Citrine

6
, 2 -8 Green Tourmaline
) , 4-5
6

7
, 3-7 Peridot (Gem Olivine)
- Almandine garnet ,
Rhodolite garnet

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Unique Opal-amber gemstone variety (with highly prized iridescence play of colour or the fire opal type), is found
at Mezezo in Amhara Regional State (Debre Berhan-Mehal Meda) within the Menz & Gishe, Tegulet and Bulga
zones, within the locality of Yita, Kosta Amaba, Gift, Bahir, Gift Gaymeda, Lay Beret, Wenze Midire, Gorat and
Wedera Kables/ Wereda. Similar but most precious, black and colored opal with play of color is found in
WagenTana, Tasih Moucha, Geshin Mariam (South Wollo and Faeta (south Gonder) in many others and Afar
areas (not mapped). Most Opal bearing belts are related to in welded lapilla rhyolite-ignimbrite rocks and tuff
rocks.
OTHER GEMSTONE SHOWING AREAS
Few areas, in Tigray, Southern Nation Nationality People (SNNP) and, eastern Oromia, also show some opal,
Jasper, Chalcedony, agate, amber, quartz, near the contact of the volcanic and Mesozoic sediments in Hierna area
and in the Abay canyon. Similar gem varieties of Chalcedony, Amethyst, Agate, petrified Wood, documented and
associated volcanic rocks in Tigary (Adwa and Axum), northern Showa and Wollol (Mehale Meda Ankober, Sela
Dinga , Jehur, Debre libanose Yita Mechael), Kutaber. Occurrences of precious opal are reported in Gonder (Nefase
Moucha?), Warder, Ogaden, and Dire Dawa.
TYPE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF ETHIOPIAS GEMSTONES
The gemstones of the country classify into 9 main group; starting from most precious and dominant sequence of :
Opal , Corundum , Beryl , Garnet , Peridot , Quartz species and Tourmaline, Amber and others; (a)Petrified wood,
( (b) Obsidian, (c)Feldspar, (d) Apatite, (e)Fluorite, (f) Kyanite, (g) Zircon and (h) Topaz , Phenakite, Scapolite,
Sphene, , lolite of less precious gemstones types.
Addressing the characteristic, type, mode of occurrence, geological setting, nature of gemstone deposit of the
country will improve both the understanding and increase the awareness of the resource usage and promote growth
of mineral subsector of the country.
Bibliography : Opportunities for Gem resource development in Ethiopia ,Geological Survey of Ethiopia , Addis
Ababa , Ethiopia , 2009.

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-NEWS ON MINERALS

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LEARN ON THE MINERAL WEALTH OF THE COUNTRIES VIA MINERAL POSTAGE STAMPS
,
,
.
The best gift for the students and the newcomer in the collection of mineral, gemstone and fossil postage stamps .
,
.
-Another way to attract the interest of junior and senior Mineral,Gem and Fossil Collectors is the collection of
postage stamps depicting Minerals, Gems and Fossils

** Mineral Wealth of Hellas , Mint Set , 7 stamps (1980) 10 EURO ppd

** First Day Cover (F D C) 12 EURO ppd.


** Maximum Cards on the same topic 75 EURO ppd (Total number of sets in circulation 500-Limited offer).

20
GeMinCOMMEMORATIVE COVER ON THE 20 YEARS JUBILEE OF GeMin EXHIBITION

20

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GeMin.
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5.- On the occasion of 20 years of GeMin
Exhibition in Athens , Hellas , ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA-NEWS ON MINERALS have released a Geophilotelic Document
cancelled at the National Philotelic Museum. The commemorative cover will be available by this publication until
end of stock. Price 5 .

ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA-NEWS ON MINERALS :

Your best source on Geophilotelism in Hellas-

-NEWS ON MINERALS

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YOUR MINERAL ,GEMSTONE ,JEWELLERY AND FOSSIL SOURCE DOWNTOWN PIRAEUS , GREECE
,
,

In our shop

-Design , downtown Piraeus , you will find a selection of fine mineral specimens from various parts of the
World ,fossils as well as top gemstones and hand-made sterling silver 925 gemstone jewellery.
When in Piraeus , Greece , come and visit us.

-Design

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_________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Visit our new Mineral shop downtown Piraeus

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-Design ,
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We continue the tradition : Quality is more important than quantity ! Visit our new shop downtown
Piraeus and choose Natural Genuine Earth Treasures from around the World !
See more in next pages
- Design along with ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA-NEWS ON MINERALS shop

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Vol 30 -

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Possibly your best JEWELLERY connection with India

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Keep in touch with one of the best magazines in Gem and Jewellery Industry

Bleiben Sie in Kontakt mit einem der besten Zeitschriften in Edelstein und Schmuckindustrie

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Vol 30 -

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FROM THE GALLERY OF ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA-NEWS ON MINERALS

- Minerals of the World (ISBN 0-444-42135-1)


200
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80 130
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85
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- A laminated wall chart 80 X 130 cms with photographs of 200 minerals and plentity of data on crystal systems
and other mineralogical information. A top educational product for every school , Mineralogical Laboratory ,
and professionals . Price : 85 EURO including packing , lamination and shipping.

CD-ROMs
,

The wonders of Rocks and


Minerals

- NEWS
ON MINERALS.
1. The Wonders of Rocks and Minerals
2. The Study of Minerals
-Two of the best CD-ROMs on Mineralogy are
available by ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA-NEWS ON
MINERALS . These wonderful and very
informative CDs are available at 165 EURO +
10 EURO shipping and handling Write now to :
ORYKTOLOGIKA NEA-NEWS ON MINERALS ,
FAX : +30-210-4132-570 , minat@gemin.eu,
info@gemin.eu

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THE HELLENIC FLAG


A REAL JEWEL
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MINERALS
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570 , minat@gemin.eu

The Study of Minerals

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Vol 30 -

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Mining Lamps for Collectors

,
,
,

,
,

.
- Collect a piece of History. Add in your Mineral and Gemstone Collection a perfect
copy of a mining lamp which used to be (and is) the right hand of miners , that is ,
of all those people who work down under the Earth in adits and mining galleries to
mine and bring in the surface the raw metalliferous and industrial minerals , so
necessary to make our life more comfortable

Rauris ,

Adularia crystals , Rauris , Austria (8 X 8,5 X 3,5 cms

.)

-NEWS ON MINERALS

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''Black Opal'' from Lebak Banten, Indonesia


Lebak Banten
By Reval Raafinsky , revalraafinsky@yahoo.com

Kalimaya Black Opal is a mineral that is classified as a precious stone with popular name Opal. Kalimaya is came
from a place name, namely Maja, which is located in the Maja area, Lebak regency, Banten province, Indonesia. The
name its self, Opal is comes from the latin word '' Opalus '' and '' upala '' which means precious stones and from the Greek
word ''Opallios '' which means change color. According to the scientific terms , Opal is a mixture of silica and water
with

SiO2.H2O formula. Black Opal is a type of stone from Indonesia, which is also commonly called '' Kalimaya black

opal '', And one of superior stone products in Indonesia.


Sought after by worldwide gemstone collectors, the color and beauty of the Indonesian typical pride stone, it is also
the main attraction for gemstone lovers, or collectors throughout many countries. Even the '' Black Opal '' is included in 10
of the most expensive and rare type of rock in the world.
''Black opal '' is the rarest type of Opal stone, it is also the most beautiful type of Opal and known as The Queen of
Gemstones ( The Queen of Gemstones ). Therefore, Black Opal is the type of most Opals in demand.

It has a different character than many other gemstones. Lebak Black Opal Kalimaya have more vivid colors, besides
that, the texture of Lebak Kalimaya jewel is look more rugged.
Therefore, the market price of Kalimaya Black Opal is quite expensive and hunted by numerous domestic collectors and
collectors from many other countries.
The nature of the original Kalimaya Black Opal stone:There are important things that need our attention to try to see the
distinctive characteristics of Kalimaya '' black opal ''. With a quick way so that we can distinguish the original (genuine)
rock and artificial (faked) rocks (false):
1. Combustion, Kalimaya Black Opal stone is resistant to heat and cool rapidly. It can be proved by using matchsticks.
2. Waste, the nature of precious rock is resistant to chemicals such as paints or oil. For verification we can use a paint
that was affixed in the Kalimaya stone then if swabbed will not cause scars.

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3. Stone fiber, artificial stone made of fake synthetic material has no fiber, so we can see the glossy stone surface very
clear.
4. Heavy or weight, characteristics of weights of the original Black Opal is heavier than the fake one.
Geological Conditions
This Black Opal Stone is from Banten Province, Indonesia. This Province has a landscape consisting of plains region as
lying between Tangerang and Serang. Undulating hills (between Serang - Pandeglang - Cibaliung) and the mountains that
scattered in the South part with Sanggabuana mountain (1919 m. alt.), Halimun Mountain (1929 m. alt.), Endut Mountain
(1297 m. alt.) and Nyungcung mountain as the peaks.
The state form of the landscape is very closely linked to the regional geological conditions Banten that is part of the
path/Tertiary magmatic arc-Quaternary which stretches from the northern tip Sumatera Island to Nusa Tenggara, known
as the Sunda-Banda Magmatic Arc. In Banten, this arc formed as a domes, dikes and active volcanic cones.
Geological conditions above yield potential mineral resources and attract quite abundant Geotourism.
Old volcano rocky area that was intruded by younger intrusive rocks, is the seat of precious metal mineralization and base
metals gold and lead. While the younger region of volcanic rocks area is a prospects for industrial minerals such as quartz
sandstone, basalt, bentonite , zeolite , clay, toseki and tras, also the other minerals that are very prospect as Sempur
stone (fossil wood) and gemstone like Opal (Kalimaya).
Here is a Lebak Banten area and also a map of Indonesia :

Specification:
Name : Kalimaya Black Opal / Dimension : 21 cm x 13 cm x 10 cm / Weight : 5 kg / World Market Price : US $ 2500 / ct
Our Price: US $ 150/gr , US $ 150.000/kg , Total: US $ 750.000 (Attention please : Prices are in Decimal system)

sample finished
process

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Note by the Editor : For additional reading on Geology of Indonesia


Opal is a beautiful precious gemstone that is equal or more valuable than diamond. In Indonesia, precious opal is
found at the Lebak Regency, Province of Banten. Bantens opal widely has been recognized due to its beautiful
opalescence.
Mineralization model is divided into three periods; at Early Pliocene volcanic clastic sediments rich in volcanic glass
occured as fluvial sediments. Afterwards, at Late Pliocene - Pleistocene folding, weathering and leaching of silica
took place. Intensive jointing, faulting, and folding quickened weathering and leaching processes to formed opal at
limb of anticline through Holocene. The prospecting area of Bantens opal is in tuff unit with intercalation of
conglomerate or pumiceous breccia, at limb of anticline. The host rock of opal is dark grey claystone which
underlies polimict conglomerate/pebbly sandstone sequence with cross stratification, imbricated, and erossional
stucture; more than 8 m deep.
- Bibliography
Ansori, C., Siregar, S., dan Sumantri, T.A.F., 2003. Preliminary Study of Opal Genesis at Lebak Regency, Banten.
Proceedings Internasional Conference On Mineral and Energy Resources Management UPN Veteran, Yogyakarta.
Ansori, C., Harijoko, A., dan Warmada, I. W., 2006. Characteristics and Genesis of Precious Opal-CT from Banten,
Java, Indonesia. Proceedings The 8 th Field Wise Seminar and 3nd Internasional Symposium on Geological
Engineering Education; Department of Geological Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Gadjahmada University.
Yogyakarta, h. 294-304, GLB: 04788.
Ansori, C., 2008. Penentuan Tipe Opal Banten Berdasarkan Analisis Geokimia. Jurnal Bahan Galian Industri,
Puslitbang Teknologi Mineral dan Batubara (TEKMIRA) - ESDM, Bandung, 12 (34), h. 20-31.
If you want to know more on Geology of Indonesia you can buy the publication below :

[Courtesy : Indonesian Journal of Geoscience]

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Sphene crystals with quartz on rock matrix from Tormiq Valley, Haramosh Mountains, Skardu District,
Baltistan, Pakistan

Sphene crystals with quartz on rock matrix from Tormiq Valley, Haramosh Mountains, Skardu District,
Baltistan, Pakistan , (12 X 7,5 X 6,5 cms- .)

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Sphene crystals with quartz on rock matrix from Tormiq Valley, Haramosh Mountains, Skardu District,
Baltistan, Pakistan , (12 X 7,5 X 6,5 cms- .)

Sphene crystals on rock matrix from Tormiq Valley, Skardu District, Pakistan(12,5 X 9 X 6 cms- .)

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From Europe

STA NERALOG CA TAL


Are you interested on what is happening in Italy, in Europe n minerals , events, new finds, exchange of mineral
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Subscribe now to : RIVISTA INERALOGICA ITALIANA , Museo Civico di Storia Naturale , Corso Venezia n. 55 , -20121
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Gems & Jewellery , The Gemmological Association of Great Britain , 27 Greville Street , London EC1N 8TN , UK
info@gem-a.com
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'
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LAPIS MINERALIEN WELT FOSSILIEN,
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From Australia : The Amateur Microscopist , Mike Dingley , P. O. Box A1017 , Sydney South P.O. , NSW

1235-Australia, e-mail : michaeld@austmus.gov.au or Glenn Matheson , 27 Petit St. , Port Macquarie , N S W 2444 ,
Australia . Tel.65821262 , e-mail: gsbm@one.net.au .

From USA :

The LAPIDARY JOURNAL : http://www.lapidaryjournal.com/


The Mineralogical Record : http://www.minrec.org/
GEMS & GEMOLOGY , www.gia.edu/gemsandgemology
METEORITES! Visit a New Web Site for the Latest & Best Meteorite Deals in the Galaxy: www.meteoriteman.com or
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From South Africa

- SOUTH AFRICAN LAPIDARY MAGAZINE. : All you need to know on minerals of the
Republic of South Africa
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From India -

Journal of Gem & Jewellery Industry. Your best contact with India Gem Industry. "Journal House", A-95 Janta
Colony, Jaipur 302 004 , India. Tel.91-141-614-398 , 610906 , 618002, 602900 FAX : 91-141-602973 , 564260 ,
568233 , diaworld@sanchamet.in website : http://www.diamondworld.net

Jewellery & Luxury , Possibly your best JEWELLERY connection with India . Mr. Raj Salian
( editor & publisher ) , www.jewelleryandluxury.com . e-mail : jewelleryandluxury@gmail.com

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,
Kyanite crystals in milky quartz , India
(9

6,5

.-cms)

Vol 30 -

175 - 2015