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2 main types : 1. http://www.timberlineknolls.

A. Anorexia nervosa
Weight loss due to excessive dieting and exercise.
Continuation to see themselves fat
B. Bulimia nervosa
Compensate for the overeating
Feeling of loss of control about eating.
I. Signs and symptoms:
No accurate knowing of eating disorder
Develop during teenage and the young adult
Most common in girls and women.
Eating disorder coexist with psychological and
medical issues such as, depression, anxiety,
substance abuse.
Difficult to recognize the signs of eating disorder
a) Signs of anorexia nervosa:
Extreme fear of gaining weight.
Often diet and exercise
Has false imaging of their body like being
fat in fact they are underweight
Signs of anorexia can be difficult to assess
at first coz it develops gradually but as it
takes hold in persons thinking and
behavior the preoccupation with weight

Common behaviors for anorexia nervosa

Dramatic weight loss
Wearing loose, bulky clothes
Preoccupation with food dieting
counting calories etc.
Refusal to eat certain food
Avoiding eating with people
Exercise excessively
a) Coz of people with anorexia are able to hide their
disease it can become severe with time. If you have
your loved one with this kind of symptoms it is wise
to talk to them and have them assess with doctor
before it gets worse.
Physical symptoms:
Dizziness or fainting
Brittle nails
Emotional and behavioral symptoms:
Refusal to eat
Denial of hunger
Excessive exercise
Eating of certain safe food
b)Symptoms of bulimia nervosa:
People with bulimia eats excessive food in short
period of time and then try to get rid of the extra
calories by vomiting, using laxative, or doing
excessive exercise
Physical symptoms:
Abnormal bowel functioning

Damaged teeth and gums

Sores in the throat and mouth
Swollen salivary glands
Irritation and inflammation of the

Behavioral symptoms:
Constant dieting
Hiding food or food wrappers
Eating in secret
Self-induced vomiting
Laxative use
Excessive exercise
Frequent bathroom trips after eating.
Causes of eating disorder:
No certain cause of eating disorder
Possible causes of eating disorder are:
Genetics and biology:
Some people are genetically vulnerable to
show symptoms of eating disorder
Studies shows that serotonin the brain
chemical associated with mood, may
influence eating behavior
Psychological and emotional condition:
Suffering from self-esteem, perfectionism,
anger management difficulties, or family
conflicts or troubled relationships
Social and cultural issue:
Most people who are related to media and
entertainment area are susceptible to
develop eating disorder

Treatement depends on the severity of disorder,
individuals issues, strength
Individual or group therapy helps to improve
underlying disorder, improves self-esteem, and
learn healthy ways of responding stress and
emotional pain
Family therapy can also improve the eating
2)Nutritional counseling:
Dietician or nutritionist always involves with
treatment of eating disorder
Helping by designing a meal plan, set dietary
goals, and achieve a healthy weight
Also help by educating about nutritional
requirement and health consciousness of eating

3)Support group:
Attending an eating disorder support group
activity may improve persons awareness and
makes them feel less alone and ashamed
Provides a safe environment to share
experiences advice encouragement and coping
4)Residential treatment:
Residential or hospital based care is required
when sever physical or behavioral problems
Requires doctors supervision