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TIMP

FORMA

FORMARE

EXEMPLU

Prezent Aff. S + vb + (s, es pers. I always go to school in time.


Simplu Neg. III, sg)
He doesn't work every day.
Int. S + don't/doesn't + vb Do you like pizza?
Do/Does + S + vb
- In autumn, it rains very much.
- She likes ice cream better
than cakes.

UTILIZARE

MENIUNI

-aciuni obinuite, care se


ntmpl n mod regulat, dar
nu neaprat n momentul
vorbirii;
-adevruri sau realiti
general acceptate;
-exprim opinii, preferine;

all the time, always, every day (week,


month, year, etc), most of the time,
often, usually, sometimes, rarely;
-n aciuni viitoare, cnd este precedat
de if, when, until as soon as, before,
after.

-aciune care se afl n plin


desfurare n momentul
vorbirii;
-aciune care este n
desfurare n prezent, dar nu
se ntmpl exact n
momentul vorbirii
-tendin sau aciune care a
debutat recent.
-aciuni dintr-un prezent mai
lung, dar temporar.
-aciuni de lung durat sau
obiceiuri
-pentru situaii care se
schimb;
-pentru a te plnge de o
situaie temporar

now, in this moment;


- numai verbele dinamice au form
continuu;
- vb statice (de
percepie,senzaieactivit. mental,
relaie, posesie: believe, realise, think,
suppose, understand,see know, hate,
love understand,own mean,need,
hear)
! - vb to like -fr form continuu

- If it rains, we will stay at


home.
-We will finish the work before
he comes.
Prezent Aff. S + to be + vb-ING
Continuu Neg. S + to be + not + vb-ING

Int.

To be + S + vb-ING

I am going to school now.


He is not working now.
Are you loving pizza?
- He is writing a new book.

! Timpurile continuue sunt


forme care aparin
registrului oral, limbii
vorbite i sunt rar folosite -More and more perople from
n registrul scris!
Mexic are learning English.
-Are you doing anything
interesting these days?
-My sister is always wearing
my clothes!
-Your English is improving!
- Why are you eating my ice
cream?
Prezent Aff. S + have/has +vb (ed, forma
Perfect
a III-a)
Simplu Neg. S + haven't/hasn't + vb (ed
sau forma a III-a)
Int. Have/has + S + vb (ed sau
forma a III-a)

People have poluted the planet. - aciune petrecut i


ncheiat ntr-un moment din
I haven't done my homework trecut ce nu paote fi precizat;
yet.
cu rezultate ce se vd n
My parents have just arrived. prezent;
- aciune care s-a ncheiat
recent;
- aciune trecut, parte a unui
proces nencheiat nc;

Prezent Aff. S + have/has + been + verb- The boys have been playing
Perfect
ING
football since noon.
Continuu Neg. S + haven't/hasn't +been +
I haven't been gone for long.

Int.

vb-ING
Have/has + S + been + vbING

Trecutul Aff. S + vb-ED (vb. regulate)


Simplu
S + vb (forma a II-a pt vb
neregulate)
Neg. S + didn't + vb (inf. scurt)
Int. Did + S + vb (inf. scurt)

- cu prepoziii temporale since, for,


until

Have you been working until


now?
I played tennis last year.

-fapte i realiti din trecut;


- cu adverbe de timp: in the morning,
aciuni repetate
the day before yesterday, last night
-aciune care s-a desfurat i (month, etc);
She didn't wash the dishes.
s-a ncheiat ntr-un moment
Did you finish the homework? trecut determinat, precizat;

Trecutul Aff. S + was/were +vb-ING


Continuu Neg.

Int.

- aciune care a nceput n


tecut i continu n prezent;

- cu adverbe de frecven: always,


sometimes, often, etc;
- just, yet
- la interogativ se folosete adverbul
already pentru a sublinia uimirea;

While my brother was listening


the radio, I was reading a book;
S + wasn't/waren't + vb-ING When the teacher explained, he
wasn't paying attention.
Was/were + S + vb-ING
Were you sleeping at this time,
yesterday?
- They were playing, talking
and laughing during the class.

-aciune n desfurare ntr-un -cu while


moment din trecut;
-this time yesterday, -Monday at this
-aciune care se desfoar
hour, etc
concomitent cu o alt aciune;
-pt a descrie o scen din
trecut.

Trecutul Aff. S + had + vb (ed, forma a


Perfect
III-a)
Simplu Neg. S + hadn't + vb (ed, forma a
III-a)
Int. Had + S + vb (ed, a III-a
form)

I had come home before my


mother arrived from office.
She hadn't finished her work
before midnight.
Had you gone to the airport?

- aciune care s-a petrecut


nantea unei alte aciuni din
trecut.

- before

Trecutul Aff. S + had + been + vb-ING


Perfect
Continuu Neg. S + hadn't + been + vb-ING

I had been writing a letter for


20 minutes.
She hadn't been gone more
than half an hour.

- aciune care s-a desfurat


continuu pe o perioad de
timp i s-a ncheiat naintea
unui alt timp.

- since, for.
- all day (night, year, etc)

Int.

Had + S + been + vb-ING

Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + vb(inf. scurt)


Simplu Neg. S + shall not/ won't +
vb(inf.scurt)
Int. Shall/will + S + vb(inf.scurt)

Had you been learning all


night?
I shall visit Paris next week.
She will not (won't) go to her
cousin next Friday.
Will you come tomorrow?

TO BE GOING TO...(pt
planuri, intenii)

-aciuni care vor avea loc ntr- tomorrow, the day after tomorrow,
un moment din viitor;
next year, etc
predicii, promisiuni, invitaii,
oferte, cereri
-interogaii despre viitor,
planuri ale aciunilor viitoare.

Viitorul Aff.
Continuu

S + shall/will + be + vb-ING I shall be flying at this hour


-aciune viitoare n plin
tomorrow.
desfurare ntr-un moment
Neg. S + shall not/will not + be + He will not be living here next din viitor;
vb-ING
year.
Int. Shall/will + S + be + vbWill they be reading books this
ING
time in the week-end?

Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + have + vb


I shall have finished the exam
Perfect
(ed. forma a III-a)
by this time next Wednesday.
Simplu Neg. S + shall not/will not + have He will not have gone to work

Int.

+ vb (ed, forma a III-a)


Shall/will + S + have + vb
(ed, forma a III-a)

by the time you arrive home.


Will you have gained the
money by February?
-I think I will have finished my
homework by 7 o'clock.

Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + have + been I shall already have been


Perfect
+ vb-ING
turning old when you will be
Continuu Neg. S + shall not/will not + have 20.

Int.

-pt. a sublinia o aciune care


care va fi terminat ntr-un
moment al viitorului;

-by
- dup think, hope, expect, pt. a
exprima ntmplri din viitor care nu
sunt prea sigure

!! n engleza modern
- already
forma shall este f. puin
utilizat!
+ been + vb-ING
! Cea mai des folosit n
Shall/will + S + have + been Will you have been starting the engleza vorbit i scris este
+ vb-ING
course when I will finish my
forma prescurtat 'll !
classes?