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Paper- I: Introduction to Journalism


UNIT - I Journalism as a Profession
Practical Theory of Journalism - History of Print from Guttenberg to the Computer - The Rise
of Broadcast Journalism - The origin of Print Media in India - Emergence of newspapers in
India - Hicky's Gazette -Emergence of Indian language Press -- Baptist mission - Rammohan
Roy - James Silk Buckingham and others - Adam's regulation - New awakening - Derozians
and their contributions - Iswar Chandra Gupta -Charles Met Calfe's role and Amrita Bazar
Patrika Jugantor - Vernacular Press Act - Regional Journalism in India.
UNIT - II Ethics: Law and free Speech
Journalism Ethics - Codes of Conduct - Freedom of Information - Indian Convention on
Human Rights - Defamation and Libel - Copyright - Court Reporting - Reporting Restrictions
- Contempt of Court - children and-voting people, sex offences.
UNIT- III Media Institutions and their role in society
Defining a media institutions - Cinema- mainstream and Art House - Regulatory bodies - The
Press and Journalism - Television - Case study - Photography - Defining media genre - Media
Genre Media Representation and Misrepresentation.
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UNIT - IV Media Ethics and Regulation.
Professional Morality and the Public Interest - Vulnerable Groups - Other vulnerable and
special groups - and privacy - Children - Ethics and Newsgathering - sources and
confidentiality - Taste and Decency/ Harm and Offence - Ethics and Regulation - Voluntary
and Compulsory - Voluntary codes - Statutory Codes -Publishing Ethics - Ethics and the
Internet - International Ethics and Regulation.
UNIT - V English for Journalists and Writers
English Grammar - The Basic Rules - Spelling, selecting the right word - Punctuation and
Beyond - Written English - Cliches, jargon, mixed metaphors and worse - Spoken English for
the Media - English for Text Online and Small Screen Devices - Specialist writing skills.

Paper- II: Reporting, Writing and Editing


UNIT - I News and news writing
Definitions of News - Element of News, News Sources, - News Values - Objectivity and
Impartiality - Types of News - News Sources - The Language of News - The Digital
Newsroom - News Writing for Radio & Television - The Interview - Comment, opinion and
conjecture.

UNIT - II Reporting
The Chief Reporter: duties, responsibilities and qualities of a Chief Reporter, Duties
responsibilities and qualities of a reporter; Specialized Reporting - Sports, Agriculture.
Cinema, Crime etc - Reporting - objective, Investigations, interpretative, Interview - Special
reports, exclusives and scoops - Reporting for Print Media - Reporting Conferences, media
conferences, press releases.
UNIT - III Editing and Designing
Traditional approaches - The Digital Revolution - Editorial Production - Structure of news
desk: The editor - function and responsibilities of an editor, the news editor functions, duties
and qualities - Chief Sub editor - Sub editors their functions duties and qualities - Text and
Text Editing - Publication Style - Design and Typography - Design principles - Dealing with
pictures and other graphic materials - Newspaper Design - Magazine Design - Editing Text
for the Web - Designing for the web - Inverted pyramid pattern and others - Writing Intro
Lead - Marking headings of news stories - different types of headings
UNIT - IV Feature Writing
Definition - Different types of features - Freelance opportunities - Lifestyle and consumer
features - Human interest features - Features profiles - Law for feature writing - Difference
between new story and feature story. Yellow Journalism, Editorial writing, Letters to the
editor, book film and drama review - Proof reading - Symbols of proof reading, duties and
responsibilities of a proof reader, copy editing - symbols of copy editing
UNIT - V Digital TV and Radio Journalism

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Functions of Radio newsroom - News editor - producer - Role of the broadcaste journalism
reporter Writing for Broadcast - The Interview - The Bulletin - The Voice and the Voicer The Package - Pictures and Visual - Broadcast Sound - Radio Technologies - Television
technologies - Presenting on Radio - Presenting on Television - Audio Visual Material on
the Web - Legal and Physical Constraints - TV news room - News editor producers TV
reporters, writing TV and Radio report.

Paper- III: Journalism for Specific Purpose


UNIT I - Sports Journalism

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Introduction to Sports Journalism - History of Sports Journalism and its Social impact Journalism Ethics and Sport - Sports Coverage in Print - Broadcast Sport - Sport in Vision
-Online Sport - International Sports Institutions (Major & Minor) - Sports Regulation - Sports
Reporting - In the Office - Sports Reporting - in the field Sports Features Sports reporting
and the public.
UNIT II - Business Journalism
Business journalism, how different is it from other reporting - History of business journalism
- Prominent business publications in India and abroad - Beats in business journalism -Sources
in business journalism - Aspects of business reporting - Stock market - Banking. Reserve
Bank of India, its policies - Commodities market - State and Central Budgets - Exim Policy Forex market - International market, WTO, its impact on India - Money market -Taxation,
direct and indirect taxes, Income Tax, Excise, Sales Tax - Disinvestments. -Companies Act Legal issues related to share holders - forward markets in shares and commodities,
derivatives
UNITT - III Women Oriented Journalism
Status of Women in different society over the ages - Status of women in society today;
History of women in media - Women's sections in media and growth of women's magazines
-^ Feminism, what is it. its history. Feminism in India - Feminist media in India and abroad
-Indian laws relating to women - Portrayal of women in media-press, TV, advertisements
-Laws/ethics pertaining to depiction of women in media - Developmental Journalism, its
impact on women Rural and urban divide from women's perspective - Women and
Environment; Human Rights issues a women's perspective - Writing on sexual harassment of
women: interviewing victims of sexual harassment; Covering women's organizations
-Writing on women and medical problems.
UNIT IV - Science, Technology and Environment Journalism
Evolution of Science Journalism - Prominent Science Journals in India and Abroad, Eminant
Science Writers and Sources on Science in India - Difference between science journalism
other forms of journalism - What makes science, technology and environment news - Need to
be accurate and credible - Reference Material, Statistics and Documentation - Guarding
against plagiarism by scientist as well as by science writers - Covering Science for
Newspapers. Writing Science for Magazines - Covering Earth Sciences, Role of Environment
in ancient times - History of Environmentalism, Development and Environment - Ecosystems, Global Warming/Green House. Designing Science Magazines

UNIT V - Photo-Journalism
What is photo-journalism, how is it different from other forms of pho- tography? What is
news? Spot the news - Are photographers journalists? Qualities required to be a photojournalists News room structure, role of photo-editor What matters aesthetic or concept?
Goodbye to the dark room, digital photography - What equipment is required? Hassles of
photo-journalism, getting your equipment checked, getting police clearance Photojournalism,
law and restrictions, Copyright Shooting riots Sports photography ,Travel photography,
Entertainment/model photography Fashion photography, Photographing women Covering
other events, Meeting the deadline Mistakes a photo-journalist can make Giving the caption
Photo-editing, use of software. Transmitting photographs.
QUESTION PAPER PATTERS
NATIONAL COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS), TIRUCHIRAPALLI-1
UGC SPONSORED CERTIFICATE COURSE IN JOURNALISM AND EDITING
TIME:3 HRS,

MARKS-75

SECTION-A (20 MARKS)


I. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two: (10x2=20) (No Choice)

SECTION B (5x5=25)
II. Answer the following questions in a paragraph: (Either Or Pattern)
SECTION-C (3x10=30)
III. Answer any THREE of the following quest ions in detail: (3 out of five)