Sunteți pe pagina 1din 116

ASSET

Technical Reference Guide

Software Version 7.0 Reference Guide Edition 1

© Copyright 2010 AIRCOM International All rights reserved

ADVANTAGE, ARRAYWIZARD, ASSET, CONNECT, DATASAFE, DIRECT, ENTERPRISE, MYRIAD, AIRCOM OPTIMA, RANOPT and WEBWIZARD are recognised trademarks of AIRCOM International. Other product names are trademarks of their respective companies.

Microsoft

Windows XP™, Windows Vista Corporation.

This documentation is protected by copyright and contains proprietary and confidential information. No part of the contents of this documentation may be disclosed, used or reproduced in any form, or by any means, without the prior written consent of AIRCOM International.

Although AIRCOM International has collated this documentation to reflect the features and capabilities supported in the software products, the company makes no warranty or representation, either expressed or implied, about this documentation, its quality or fitness for particular customer purpose. Users are solely responsible for the proper use of ENTERPRISE software and the application of the results obtained.

An electronic version of this document exists.

This User Reference Guide finalised on 15 September 2010.

Refer to the Online Help for more information.

This User Reference Guide prepared by:

AIRCOM International Ltd Cassini Court Randalls Research Park Randalls Way Leatherhead Surrey KT22 7TW

Research Park Randalls Way Leatherhead Surrey KT22 7TW Excel , .NET™, Microsoft Office, Outlook and Word

Excel

Research Park Randalls Way Leatherhead Surrey KT22 7TW Excel , .NET™, Microsoft Office, Outlook and Word

, .NET™, Microsoft Office, Outlook

Surrey KT22 7TW Excel , .NET™, Microsoft Office, Outlook and Word , Visual Basic Windows®, are

and Word

KT22 7TW Excel , .NET™, Microsoft Office, Outlook and Word , Visual Basic Windows®, are trademarks
KT22 7TW Excel , .NET™, Microsoft Office, Outlook and Word , Visual Basic Windows®, are trademarks

, Visual Basic

, .NET™, Microsoft Office, Outlook and Word , Visual Basic Windows®, are trademarks of the Microsoft

Windows®,

are trademarks of the Microsoft

Telephone:

+44 (0) 1932 442000

Support Hotline:

+44 (0) 1932 442345

Fax:

+44 (0) 1932 442005

Web:

www.aircominternational.com

About This Manual

Change History

This table shows the change history (if any) of this guide:

Edition

Date

Reason

1

15 September 2010

Commercial Release.

Explanation of Symbols

Throughout this guide, where appropriate, some symbols are used to highlight particular pieces of text. Three different symbols are in use, and are explained as follows:

Symbol

Brief Description

Full Description

Note  Signifies text that should be noted or carefully considered.

 

Signifies text that should be noted or carefully considered.

Tip  Signifies text that may help you do something in an easier or quicker way.

 

Signifies text that may help you do something in an easier or quicker way.

Warning or Important Signifies text that is intended as a warning or something important.

Warning or Important

Signifies text that is intended as a warning or something important.

Contents

Appendix A: Array and Report Descriptions

2g and 2.5g (Non-Sim) Arrays

11

Coverage and Interference Arrays (2g + 2.5g) (Non-Sim)

GSM (Sim) Arrays

12

12

22

Pathloss Arrays

22

Coverage Arrays

23

UMTS, CDMA2000 and EV-DO Arrays

24

Pathloss Arrays

25

Pilot Coverage Arrays

25

Handover Arrays

28

Uplink Noise Arrays

29

Downlink Noise Arrays

30

Uplink Coverage Arrays

31

Downlink Coverage Arrays

32

Coverage Balance Arrays

34

Soft Blocking Arrays

34

Hard Blocking Arrays

35

Throughput Arrays

35

HSDPA Arrays

36

HSUPA Arrays

38

All Servers Array

39

DVB-H C/I Array

40

LTE Arrays

41

Pathloss Arrays

42

Downlink Reference Signal Coverage Arrays

42

Downlink Noise Arrays

45

Uplink Coverage Arrays

45

Downink Coverage Arrays

46

Downlink Throughput and Data rate Arrays

47

Uplink Throughput and Data rate Arrays

49

Miscellaneous Arrays

50

Fixed WiMAX Arrays

51

General Arrays

51

Thresholded Arrays

52

Mobile WiMAX Arrays

53

Pathloss Arrays

54

Preamble Arrays

54

Uplink Coverage Arrays

55

Downlink Coverage Arrays

56

General Arrays

58

Simulation Reports

58

UMTS Composite Reports

58

UMTS Cell Failure Report

59

UMTS Downlink Performance Reports

60

UMTS Cell Handover Reports

60

UMTS Cell Blocking Reports

61

Joint GSM-UMTS Composite Reports

62

Joint GSM-UMTS Cell Failure Report

63

CDMA2000 Composite Reports

64

CDMA2000 Failure Report

65

EV-DO Composite Reports

65

CDMA2000 Downlink Performance Reports

66

CDMA2000 Sector Handoff Reports

66

CDMA2000 Sector Blocking Reports

67

EV-DO Downlink Performance Reports

68

EV-DO Packet Quality of Service Reports

68

Throughput Reports

69

Uplink Performance Reports

69

LTE Reports

70

LTE Cell Failure Report

73

Appendix B: The Prediction Management System

75

The Prediction Management Algorithm

77

Appendix C: 2g and 2.5g Algorithms

79

Interference Table Algorithm

79

Interference and Connection Array Calculations

81

Worst Connection Array Calculation Method

82

Average Connection Array Calculation Method

82

Worst Interferer Array Calculation Method

83

Total Interference Array Calculation Method

83

Table of Default C/I BER Conversion Values

84

Frequency Hopping Algorithms

Synthesised Hopping Algorithm

85

87

Non-Frequency Hopping Algorithms

87

Automatic Frequency Planning (ILSA)

88

The Cost Function of the ILSA Algorithm

89

MAIO Planning Cost Function

90

GPRS Capacity Calculations

90

TRX Requirement - Circuit Switched and GPRS Traffic

90

Grade of Service and Data Rate

91

Channel Occupation Table

92

FCC Calculations

92

Frequency Calculations

94

Appendix D: Packet Quality of Service Algorithms

97

Simulation Inputs for QoS Analysis

98

Preliminary Tests

Traffic Generator for QoS Analysis

98

98

Matching Generated Traffic to the Simulator's Mean Number of Served Users

99

WWW Traffic Model

100

Packet Model

101

About the Code Schemes for GPRS

102

QoS Profiles for GPRS

103

Time Simulator for QoS Analysis

106

System Model for QoS Analysis

106

Simulation Model for QoS Analysis

106

Results of QoS Analysis

108

Confidence Interval Half Width

108

Simulation Duration

109

Delay and Cumulative Delay Probability Distributions

110

Mean and Standard Deviations of the Queuing Delays

111

95th Percentile Delay

111

Mean Transmission Time

111

Mean Retransmission Delay

112

References

Appendix E: Static Simulation Algorithms and Outputs

Index

115

113

112

A P P E N D I X

A

Array and Report Descriptions

This section describes the different types of arrays and reports available in ASSET. The ranges of outputs available may vary according to which technology you are using, which licences you have, and which processes you have chosen to run.

The following types of array are described:

Non-Simulation Coverage/Interference Arrays (2g, 2.5g)chosen to run. The following types of array are described: Simulation Arrays for GSM, UMTS, CDMA2000,

Simulation Arrays for GSM, UMTS, CDMA2000, EV-DO, LTE, Fixed WiMAX and Mobile WiMAXNon-Simulation Coverage/Interference Arrays (2g, 2.5g) For information on creating, managing and displaying arrays,

For information on creating, managing and displaying arrays, and generating reports, see the ASSET User Reference Guide.

In addition to this section, there are specialist documents containing more detailed descriptions of the array outputs and algorithms used in the Simulator. For information on how you can obtain these documents, please see Static Simulation Algorithms and Outputs on page 113.and generating reports, see the ASSET User Reference Guide. ASSET 7.0 Technical Reference Guide Array and

2g and 2.5g (Non-Sim) Arrays

There are a number of different Coverage/Interference arrays that can be generated for 2g and 2.5g, using the Array Creation wizard.

Coverage and Interference Arrays (2g + 2.5g) (Non-Sim)

The 2g and 2.5g arrays, generated using the Array Creation wizard, are listed within the Coverage heading in the Map View Data Types.

within the Coverage heading in the Map View Data Types. Example of the 2g/2.5g Arrays under

Example of the 2g/2.5g Arrays under the Coverage heading in the Data Types list

Best Server Array

This array displays the signal strength of the best serving cell at each pixel on the Map View. This decision is based on parameters specified in the Site Database window and in the Array Settings dialog box.

As with all the arrays, you can change the display settings in the Map View by double-clicking the array in the list of Data Types. For details of how to modify or set up schemas for this array, see the ASSET User Reference Guide.

This picture shows an example of the Best Server array:

This picture shows an example of the Best Server array: Best Server array Best Server (GPRS)

Best Server array

Best Server (GPRS) Array

For each pixel, ASSET determines which serving cell layer will be the most likely server of a mobile in that pixel. This decision is based on parameters specified in the Site Database window and in the Array Settings dialog box.

The Best Server (GPRS) array is identical to the Best Server array, except that it will exclude non-GPRS sub-cells from the calculation.

Best Server (EGPRS GMSK) Array

A subset of the GPRS Best Server array, that only includes EGPRS cells. The EGPRS

GMSK array displays the pathloss from the server to that pixel of a signal using

Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying (GMSK) modulation.

Best Server (EGPRS 8-PSK) Array

Covers the same sub-cells as the EGPRS GMSK array, but applies the APD to the sub- cells, making the service area of each sub-cell generally smaller. If the APD is set to 0, then both Best Server EGPRS arrays will be identical. The EGPRS 8-PSK array displays the pathloss from the server to that pixel of a signal using 8-PSK modulation.

Nth Best Server Array

For each pixel on the selected cell layer, ASSET determines which serving cell layer will be the most likely server of a mobile in that pixel, plus the next most likely until N. This decision is based on parameters specified in the Site Database window and in the Array Settings dialog box.

The difference between Best Server arrays and Nth Best Server arrays is that when creating an Nth Best Server Array, the number of layers is the same as the number of GSM covering cells. You then choose which layer you wish to view.

Interference Arrays

choose which layer you wish to view. Interference Arrays When creating one of the Interference arrays,

When creating one of the Interference arrays, ASSET requires a Best Server array

in memory. If this is not the case, a Best Server array will be automatically created.

However, if you later create subsequent Interference arrays after making changes to

the network, ASSET does not automatically create a fresh Best Server array.

Therefore, in cases where you suspect the Best Server array in memory has become out of date for any reason, you should explicitly create both the Best Server array and the required Interference array when running the Array Creation wizard. For example:

array when running the Array Creation wizard. For example: Example of creating Best Server array and

Example of creating Best Server array and required Interference array in the Coverage/Interference wizard

Per Carrier Interference Array

For all the interference calculations, ASSET generates an intermediate internal array called a 'per carrier interference array'. For each pixel in the array, the serving sub-cell is determined, and for each carrier of the serving sub-cell the worst carrier to interference (C/I) (lowest numerical value) and the total C/I is calculated, taking into consideration all co- and adjacent carriers from all interfering sub-cells.

The total C/I is determined by summing the interfering signals in watts and then later converting back to dB. The result is an array such that for each pixel, a list is obtained of serving carriers plus the worst and total C/I for each carrier.

You cannot currently visualise this intermediate array, which no longer exists when all the other selected arrays have been created.

Worst Connection Array

For each pixel, the serving sub-cell is determined, and for each hopping carrier group the average carrier to interference (C/I) is calculated from the corresponding pixel in the 'per carrier interference array', by converting total C/I to BER and calculating the mean. The mean Bit Error Rate is converted back to dB and the hopping carrier group with the lowest resultant C/I is presented, that is, it corresponds to the worst of the mean connection C/I values.

For information on the algorithm used for the calculation of this array, see Worst Connection Array Calculation Method on page 82.

see Worst Connection Array Calculation Method on page 82. Worst connection arrays require a Best Server

Worst connection arrays require a Best Server array, which is generated automatically if one does not already exist in memory. If a Best Server array already exists but its contents are out of date, you will need to recreate it by explicitly selecting to create both the Best Server and Worst Connection arrays in the Array Creation wizard.

This interference array type was designed for networks using frequency hopping, although it also works for non-hopping networks. In a non-hopping network, the carrier group can be considered to contain just a single carrier in the above description.and Worst Connection arrays in the Array Creation wizard. This array is not available for AMPS/TDMA

to contain just a single carrier in the above description. This array is not available for

This array is not available for AMPS/TDMA networks.

Average Connection Array

For each pixel, the serving sub-cell is determined, and for each hopping carrier group the average carrier to interference (C/I) is calculated from the corresponding pixel in the 'per carrier interference array' by converting total C/I to BER and calculating the mean. The mean BER is converted back to dB and the average value for all hopping carrier groups is presented.

For information on the algorithm used for the calculation of this array, see Average Connection Array Calculation Method on page 82.

see Average Connection Array Calculation Method on page 82. Average Connection arrays require a Best Server

Average Connection arrays require a Best Server array, which is generated automatically if one does not already exist in memory. If a Best Server array already exists but its contents are out of date, you will need to recreate it by explicitly selecting to create both the Best Server and Average Connection arrays in the Array Creation wizard.

This interference array type was designed for networks using frequency hopping, although it also works for non-hopping networks. In a non-hopping network, the carrier group can be considered to contain just a single carrier in the above description.and Average Connection arrays in the Array Creation wizard. This array is not available for AMPS/TDMA

to contain just a single carrier in the above description. This array is not available for

This array is not available for AMPS/TDMA networks.

Worst Interferer Array

For each pixel, the carrier with the worst carrier to interference (C/I) is determined from the corresponding total C/I value in the 'per carrier interference array'. The result is the worst C/I and the sub-cell from which the interference originates.

For information on the algorithm used for the calculation of this array, see Worst Interferer Array Calculation Method on page 83.

see Worst Interferer Array Calculation Method on page 83. Worst Interferer arrays require a Best Server

Worst Interferer arrays require a Best Server array, which is generated automatically if one does not already exist in memory. If a Best Server array already exists but its contents are out of date, you will need to recreate it by explicitly selecting to create both the Best Server and Worst Interferer arrays in the Array Creation wizard.

and Worst Interferer arrays in the Array Creation wizard. This array does not consider frequency hopping,

This array does not consider frequency hopping, and so can be considered to be an interference calculation for a non-hopping version of the frequency plan.

Total Interference Array

For each pixel, the total carrier to interference (C/I) is calculated by summing the total C/I per carrier. This array is applicable to both fully-loaded frequency hopping and non-hopping networks. The calculated C/I is NOT merely as experienced by any individual subscriber, but rather it represents the total of the interference experienced by ALL subscribers at each pixel.

For information on the algorithm used for the calculation of this array, see Total Interference Array Calculation Method on page 83.

Total Interference arrays require a Best Server array, which is generated automatically if one does not already exist in memory. If a Best Server array already exists but its contents are out of date, you will need to recreate it by explicitly selecting to create both the Best Server and Total Interference arrays in the Array Creation wizard.see Total Interference Array Calculation Method on page 83. Total Received Power Array This array shows

Total Received Power Array

This array shows the sum of energy absorbed at any one point from all base stations on a per pixel basis. For each pixel, received power is calculated in dBm from each of the sub-cells. This value is converted to watts, summed and converted back to dBm.

When you have determined the total received power, you can use this information for making safety decisions. You can also generate statistical reports showing this information. Each pixel in the area of map you have selected is processed and a list is created of sub-cells that have prediction files overlapping the area.

Distributed antenna systems are treated as separate power sources.sub-cells that have prediction files overlapping the area. ASSET 7.0 Technical Reference Guide Array and Report

GPRS Data Rate Array

The GPRS Data Rate array shows the maximum data rate (in kbits per second) that you can achieve (per one timeslot) at a particular pixel using GPRS technology. This calculation is capacity-independent.

Use the GPRS Data Rate array to see where in a area you will get what performance. This type of array requires a Best Server (GPRS) array, which is generated automatically if one does not already exist.

The GPRS Data Rate array determines coverage for cells that support GPRS and includes the effect of Frequency Hopping and DTX. The array calculates a pixel's average C/I value, ignoring the signal (C) from non-GPRS cells but considering interference for all cells, both GPRS and non-GPRS.

When the average C/I value for each pixel has been determined, the array converts it from a signal to noise ratio to a data rate per timeslot by referring to the Channel Coding Scheme. For details, see the ASSET User Reference Guide. Only Channel Coding Schemes supported by the best serving sub-cell are included. The data rate is stored in the array.

You can specify the cell layer/carrier layer combinations to be considered when calculating the GPRS data rate array by selecting the appropriate combinations in the Interference tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

As with other arrays, you can double-click the item from the Data Types list on the Map View to change the displayed colours and categories for the array.

GPRS Average Data Rate per Timeslot Array

The GPRS Average Data Rate per Timeslot display uses the serving cell information from the Best Server (GPRS) array.

The Average Data Rate per Timeslot array uses the distribution of traffic (Terminal Types/km²) and the data demands of each type. It then calculates an average data rate per timeslot for the cell. This is calculated and stored when the GPRS Data Rate array is produced.

It uses the GPRS Data Rate array to give a data rate per timeslot (kb/s). This value is then multiplied by the number of terminals of that type present to get the demand for that pixel for that terminal type.

The results for each terminal type for all the pixels within a sub-cell are then divided by the number of terminals of that type with the sub-cell. The result for each terminal type present is then averaged to generate the average data rate per timeslot, which is then stored on the sub-cell.

For more details on the calculations, see Grade of Service and Data Rate on page 91.

calculations, see Grade of Service and Data Rate on page 91. If the traffic array and

If the traffic array and the GPRS Data Rate array are of different resolutions, the GPRS Data Rate array is interpolated to get the corresponding kb/s for each traffic array pixel.

To display this on the map, ensure Average Data Rate per Timeslot (GPRS) is selected in the list of data types to display. The area covered by each GPRS sub-cell is displayed on the map in the colour corresponding to its average data rate per timeslot.

When displayed on the map, the array has different colours representing the different service levels in a kb/s/timeslot. For example:

High (Multimedia)

Medium (Web access)

Low (e-mail)

>12kb/s (Red)

7-12kb/s (Green)

2-7kb/s (Blue)

As with other arrays, you can double-click the item from the Data Types list on the Map View to change the displayed colours and categories for the array.

GPRS Service Area Data Rate Array

The GPRS Service Area Data Rate array displays the capacity limited GPRS data rate for each serving cell.

The data rates are displayed accordingly to chosen categories over the service area of each server. For example, for a server whose capacity limited data rate is 6kb/s, the service area of this server will be displayed as the appropriate category. The default category in this case would be e-mail as according to the default scheme, the data rate range for e-mail is 1-28 kb/s. The service area for this cell would therefore be coloured in the colour for the category e-mail.

As with other arrays, you can double-click the item from the Data Types list on the Map View to change the displayed colours and categories for the array.

EGPRS Data Rate Array

Use the EGPRS Data Rate array to see where in a area you will get what performance. This type of array requires an EGPRS Best Server array, which is generated automatically if one does not already exist.

The EGPRS Data Rate array is based on the following data:

EGPRS-enabled cellsThe EGPRS Data Rate array is based on the following data: EGPRS modulation/coding schemes Frequency hopping

EGPRS modulation/coding schemesarray is based on the following data: EGPRS-enabled cells Frequency hopping LA families supported by the

Frequency hoppingdata: EGPRS-enabled cells EGPRS modulation/coding schemes LA families supported by the sub-cells The power drop (APD)

LA families supported by the sub-cellscells EGPRS modulation/coding schemes Frequency hopping The power drop (APD) observed with 8-PSK modulation The

The power drop (APD) observed with 8-PSK modulationFrequency hopping LA families supported by the sub-cells The EGPRS Data Rate array determines coverage for

The EGPRS Data Rate array determines coverage for cells that support EGPRS and includes the effect of Frequency Hopping and DTX. The array calculates a pixel's average C/I value, ignoring the signal (C) from non-EGPRS cells but considering interference for all cells, both EGPRS and non-EGPRS.

If you are taking traffic into account for interference and the 8-PSK traffic mix of any sub-cell is greater than zero, ASSET assumes that the percentage of the traffic is 8- PSK (which uses less power because of the APD and causes less interference).interference for all cells, both EGPRS and non-EGPRS. ASSET 7.0 Technical Reference Guide Array and Report

When the average C/I value for each pixel has been determined, the array converts it from a signal to noise ratio to a data rate per timeslot by referring to the Coding Scheme. For details, see the ASSET User Reference Guide.

It works out two of these data rates, one for the best GMSK available, and one for the best 8-PSK available, and then chooses the one that gives the best overall data rate to store.

You can specify the cell layer/carrier layer combinations to be considered when calculating the EGPRS data rate array by selecting the appropriate combinations in the Interference tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

As with other arrays, you can double-click the item from the Data Types list on the Map View to change the displayed colours and categories for the array.

EGPRS Average Data Rate per Timeslot Array

The EGPRS Average Data Rate per Timeslot display uses the serving cell information from the Best Server (EGPRS) array.

The Average Data Rate per Timeslot array uses the distribution of traffic (Terminal Types/km²) and the data demands of each type. It then calculates an average data rate per timeslot for the cell. This is calculated and stored when the EGPRS Data Rate array is produced.

It uses the EGPRS Data Rate array to give a data rate per timeslot (kb/s). This value is then multiplied by the number of terminals of that type present to get the demand for that pixel for that terminal type.

The results for each terminal type for all the pixels within a sub-cell are then divided by the number of terminals of that type with the sub-cell. The result for each terminal type present is then averaged to generate the average data rate per timeslot, which is then stored on the sub-cell.

For more details on the calculations, see Grade of Service and Data Rate on page 91.

calculations, see Grade of Service and Data Rate on page 91. If the traffic array and

If the traffic array and the EGPRS Data Rate array are of different resolutions, the EGPRS Data Rate array is interpolated to get the corresponding kb/s for each traffic array pixel.

To display this on the map, ensure Average Data Rate per Time Slot (EGPRS) is selected in the list of data types to display. The area covered by each EGPRS sub-cell is displayed on the map in the colour corresponding to its average data rate per timeslot.

When displayed on the map, the array has different colours representing the different service levels in a kb/s/timeslot. For example:

High (Multimedia)

Medium (Web access)

Low (e-mail)

>12kb/s (Red)

7-12kb/s (Green)

2-7kb/s (Blue)

As with other arrays, you can double-click the item from the Data Types list on the Map View to change the displayed colours and categories for the array.

EGPRS Service Area Data Rates Array

The EGPRS Service Area Data Rate array displays the capacity limited EGPRS data rate for each serving cell.

The data rates are displayed accordingly to chosen categories over the service area of each server. For example, for a server whose capacity limited data rate is 6kb/s, the service area of this server will be displayed as the appropriate category. The default category in this case would be e-mail as according to the default scheme, the data rate range for e-mail is 1-28 kb/s. The service area for this cell would therefore be coloured in the colour for the category e-mail.

As with other arrays, you can double-click the item from the Data Types list on the Map View to change the displayed colours and categories for the array.

Co/Adjacent Channel Assignments

This feature is not a true array, as it is sensitive to the location of your mouse cursor.

As you move your cursor to different cells (with allocated carriers), a set of lines display information about which cells share the co-channels or adjacent channels.

As with all the arrays, you can change the display settings by double-clicking the array in the list of Data Types. You can then choose whether to display Co-Channel and/or Adjacent Channels, and you can also distinguish between Control (BCCH) channels and Traffic(TCH) channels, as set in the Carrier Layers.

Service Area (Block, Contour)

Service areas enable you to view the information from the Best Server array in terms of the geographical areas where each cell is the Best Serving Cell. It uses the same information as the Best Server array, but displays it in a different way.

This picture shows an example of the Service Area Block array:

picture shows an example of the Service Area Block array: Service Area Block array ASSET 7.0

Service Area Block array

GSM (Sim) Arrays

This is an overview of the GSM arrays generated by the Simulator in ASSET.

All arrays are produced on a per cell-layer basis. Many arrays depend on whether the terminal is taken to be indoor or outdoor. Indoor arrays use the in-building parameters for the clutter type at each pixel (that is, indoor loss and indoor shadow- fading standard deviation).

Coverage arrays can be drawn even if no snapshots have been run, but the user should note that the arrays then refer to coverage in an unloaded system. To obtain coverage arrays for a loaded system the user must run some snapshots; the key purpose of running snapshots is to provide measures of traffic load. The arrays change little after a relatively small number of snapshots have been performed (10s of snapshots in most cases). This is because only a small number of snapshots are needed to get an idea of the average loading on each sub-cell.

Here is an example of the GSM arrays you can generate on the Map View when using the Simulator:

you can generate on the Map View when using the Simulator: Example of the GSM (Sim)

Example of the GSM (Sim) arrays appearing in the Map View Data Types

Pathloss Arrays

DL Loss & Nth DL Loss

Dependencies: Terminal, Cell layer, Indoor

These are the lowest (and Nth lowest) downlink losses. They represent average values and are therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

Coverage Arrays

These arrays all provide information on coverage levels and coverage probabilities.

Best DL Cell by RSS

Dependencies: Cell Layer

This is the sub-cell that provides the highest RSS for the terminal.

Best RSS & Nth Best RSS

Dependencies: Terminal, Cell Layer, Indoor

These are the highest (and Nth highest) RSS levels. They represent average values and are therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

RSS Coverage Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Cell Layer, Indoor, Fading

This is the probability that the Best DL Cell (by RSS) satisfies the RSS requirement specified on the terminal type. This probability depends on the standard deviation of shadow fading for the clutter type at the pixel. If this standard deviation has been set to zero, then there are only three possible coverage probabilities: 0% if the requirement is not satisfied, 50% if the requirement is satisfied exactly, and 100% if the requirement is exceeded.

CINR (Control)

Dependencies: Terminal, Cell Layer, Indoor

These are the CINR(Control) values corresponding to the best serving sub-cells, so they are not necessarily the highest CINR(Control) values.

CINR (Traffic + Control) & Nth CINR (Traffic + Control)

Dependencies: Terminal, Cell Layer, Indoor

These are the CINR (Traffic + Control) values corresponding to the best (and Nth best) serving sub-cells, so they are not necessarily the highest (and Nth highest) CINR (Traffic + Control) values.

Achievable Bitrate

Dependencies: Terminal, Cell Layer, Service, Indoor

This is the highest bitrate that can be achieved by the terminal based on CINR regardless of system loading.

UMTS, CDMA2000 and EV-DO Arrays

This is an overview of the 3g arrays for UMTS, CDMA2000 and EV-DO generated by the Simulator in ASSET.

All these arrays are produced on a per carrier basis.

Most of them have a dependency on terminal type because body loss and terminal antenna gain are always included in the link budget.

Many of them depend on whether the terminal is considered to be indoor or outdoor. Indoor arrays use the in-building parameters for the clutter type at each pixel (that is, indoor loss and indoor shadow fading standard deviation). Indoor terminals are always taken to be slow moving.

Coverage arrays can be displayed even if no snapshots have been run, but you should note that in these circumstances the arrays represent coverage in an unloaded network. To obtain coverage arrays for a loaded network, you must run some snapshots or define the loads manually. The key purpose of running snapshots is to provide measures of system load.

Arrays for coverage tend to have a weak dependence on the number of snapshots run, and the arrays change little after a relatively small number of snapshots have been performed (10s of snapshots in most cases). This is because only a small number of snapshots are needed to get an idea of the average noise rise and average DL traffic power on each cell.

Arrays for hard or soft blocking probabilities have a strong dependence on the number of snapshots run. This is because blocking is evaluated by reporting the proportion of snapshots that would block further connections. For example, if only 1 snapshot has been run, then all blocking probabilities will be either 0% or 100%. If 5 snapshots have been run then all blocking probabilities will belong to the set {0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, 100%}.

Here is an example of the 3g arrays you can generate on the Map View when using the Simulator:

you can generate on the Map View when using the Simulator: Example of the Simulator 3g

Example of the Simulator 3g arrays appearing in the Map View Data Types

Pathloss Arrays

DL Loss

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

The lowest downlink loss. Represents average values and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

Nth DL Loss

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

The Nth lowest downlink loss. Represents average values and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

Pilot Coverage Arrays

These arrays all provide information on pilot levels and coverage probabilities. There are 3 types of quantity relating to the pilot (RSCP, Ec/Io, SIR) and there are arrays for all of these.

Best DL Cell by RSCP and Nth Best DL Cell by RSCP

Dependencies: Carrier

This is the cell that provides the highest (and Nth highest) RSCP for the terminal.

Best RSCP and Nth Best RSCP

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

The highest (and Nth highest) RSCP level. Represents average values and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

RSCP Coverage Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the probability that the Best DL Cell (by RSCP) satisfies the RSCP requirement specified on the terminal type. This probability depends on the standard deviation of shadow fading for the clutter type at the pixel. If this standard deviation has been set to zero, then there are only three possible coverage probabilities: 0% if the requirement is not satisfied, 50% if the requirement is satisfied exactly, and 100% if the requirement is exceeded.

RSCP Coverage OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is a thresholded version of the RSCP Coverage Probability array and has just 2 values (Yes/No). It has the advantage of being quicker to calculate than the RSCP Coverage Probability array. A value of “Yes” means that the RSCP coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Number of RSCP OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the number of covering cells with a satisfactory RSCP. A cell is counted as having a satisfactory RSCP if its RSCP coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Pilot Ec/Io and Nth Best Pilot Ec/Io

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

These are the highest (and Nth highest) Ec/Io values. They represent average values and are therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the probability that the Best DL Cell (by RSCP) satisfies the Ec/Io requirement specified on the terminal type. This probability depends on the standard deviation of shadow fading for the clutter type at the pixel. If this standard deviation has been set to zero, then there are only three possible coverage probabilities: 0% if the requirement is not satisfied, 50% if the requirement is satisfied exactly, and 100% if the requirement is exceeded.

Pilot Ec/Io Coverage OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is a thresholded version of the Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Probability array and has just 2 values (Yes/No). It has the advantage of being quicker to calculate than the Pilot Ec/Io Coverage Probability array. A value of “Yes” means that the pilot Ec/Io coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Number of Pilot Ec/Io OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the number of covering cells with a satisfactory pilot Ec/Io. A cell is considered as having a satisfactory pilot Ec/Io if its pilot Ec/Io coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Pilot SIR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the best Pilot SIR value. It represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

Pilot SIR Coverage Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the probability that the Best DL Cell (by RSCP) satisfies the pilot SIR requirement specified on the terminal type. This probability depends on the standard deviation of shadow fading for the clutter type at the pixel. If this standard deviation has been set to zero, then there are only three possible coverage probabilities: 0% if the requirement is not satisfied, 50% if the requirement is satisfied exactly, and 100% if the requirement is exceeded.

Pilot SIR Coverage OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is a thresholded version of the Pilot SIR Coverage Probability array and has just 2 values (Yes/No). It has the advantage of being quicker to calculate than the Pilot SIR Coverage Probability array. A value of “Yes” means that the pilot SIR coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Number of Pilot SIR OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the number of covering cells with a satisfactory pilot SIR. A cell is considered as having a satisfactory pilot SIR if its pilot SIR coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box. The SIR arrays are for UMTS

The SIR arrays are for UMTS only.

Handover Arrays

The aim of the following arrays is to provide the planner with an idea of potential handover areas, and to indicate areas of pilot pollution. All arrays are based on mean Pilot Ec/Io levels calculated with fades of 0dB.

Available Soft/Softer Cells

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the number of suitable HO candidates for the Best DL Cell (by RSCP). If the Ec/Io level of the best DL cell is below the Ec/Io requirement on the terminal type, then no result is given. Otherwise all the other cells are checked to see if their pilot Ec/Io levels make them suitable HO candidates.

Available Soft Cells

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the number of suitable soft HO candidates for the Best DL Cell (by RSCP). If the Ec/Io level of the best DL cell is below the Ec/Io requirement on the terminal type, then no result is given. Otherwise all the other cells (on different sites to the best cell) are checked to see if their pilot Ec/Io levels make them suitable HO candidates.

Available Softer Cells

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the number of suitable softer HO candidates for the Best DL Cell (by RSCP). If the Ec/Io level of the best DL cell is below the Ec/Io requirement on the terminal type, then no result is given. Otherwise all the other cells (on the same site as the best cell) are checked to see if their pilot Ec/Io levels make them suitable HO candidates.

Active Set Size

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the potential size of the active set. It is related to the Available Soft/Softer Cells array by:

Active Set Size = min (1 + Available Soft/Softer Cells, Max Active Set Size).

Pilot Polluters

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

If the Pilot Pollution Threshold specified in the Simulation Wizard is XdB then:

For UMTS, the number of pilot polluters at a location is:

The number of cells that are not in the active set, but provide an Ec/Io level within XdB of the best Ec/Io in the active set. Therefore the pilot pollution threshold in UMTS is a relative quantity.

A typical value for UMTS is 6dB.

For CDMA2000 and EV-DO, the number of pilot polluters at a location is:

The number of cells that are not in the active set, but provide an Ec/Io level higher than XdB. Therefore the pilot pollution threshold in CDMA2000 is an absolute quantity.

A typical value for CDMA2000 is -15dB.

Uplink Noise Arrays

UL Load

Dependencies: Carrier

This is the uplink cell load of the Best DL Cell (by RSCP). Note that for OTSR cells, there can be a different uplink load on each antenna used by the cell (just as in the uplink simulation reports for OTSR cells).

UL FRE

Dependencies: Carrier

This is the uplink frequency re-use efficiency of the Best DL Cell (by RSCP). Note that for OTSR cells, there can be a different uplink FRE on each antenna used by the cell (just as in the uplink simulation reports for OTSR cells).

Downlink Noise Arrays

DL Total RX Power

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the total downlink received power. It represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

DL Io

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the total downlink power spectral density. It represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

DL Iother/Iown

Dependencies: Carrier

This is the ratio of downlink power received from other cells, to downlink power received from own cell, where “own cell” is the Best DL Cell (by RSCP).

DL FRE

Dependencies: Carrier

This is the downlink frequency re-use efficiency at a pixel and it is related to DL Iother/Iown as follows:

DL FRE = 1 / ( 1 + Iother/Iown )

Uplink Coverage Arrays

Uplink coverage arrays are available for each bearer at different speeds.

Best UL Cell

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, UL Bearer, Speed

This is the cell requiring the minimum uplink transmit power. For UMTS bearers, the only real dependence is on the carrier used. However, for CDMA2000 bearers, the Best UL Cell must have an RC type that is supported by the terminal type.

UL Eb/No Margin (or Eb/Nt)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, UL Bearer, Speed

This shows by how much the uplink Eb/No requirement is exceeded on the Best UL Cell, assuming the terminal transmits at full power.

UL Req TX Power

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, UL Bearer, Speed

This is the required UL TX power of the terminal. It is equal to the maximum output power of the terminal type (dBm) minus the UL Eb/No (or Eb/Nt) margin (dB).

UL Coverage Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, UL Bearer, Speed

This is the probability of satisfying the uplink bearer Eb/No (or Eb/Nt) requirement on the Best UL Cell, assuming the terminal transmits at full power. This probability depends on the standard deviation of shadow fading for the clutter type at the pixel. If this standard deviation has been set to zero, then there are only three possible coverage probabilities: 0% if the requirement is not satisfied, 50% if the requirement is satisfied exactly, and 100% if the requirement is exceeded.

UL Coverage Probability OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, UL Bearer, Speed

This is a thresholded version of the UL Coverage Probability array and has just two values (Yes/No). It has the advantage of being quicker to calculate than the UL Coverage Probability array. A value of “Yes” means that the uplink coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Achievable UL Bearer

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, Speed

The purpose of this array is to provide a composite coverage plot for the uplink bearers of a service. The array shows the highest priority uplink bearer with acceptable uplink coverage, that is, with UL Coverage Probability meeting the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Downlink Coverage Arrays

Downlink coverage arrays are available for each bearer at different speeds.

Best DL Cell

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, DL Bearer, Speed

This is the cell requiring the minimum downlink transmit power. For UMTS bearers, the only real dependence is on the carrier used, and so this array is exactly the same as the Best DL cell by RSCP. However, for CDMA2000 bearers, the Best DL Cell must have an RC type that is supported by the terminal type.

DL Eb/No Margin (or Eb/Nt)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, DL Bearer, Speed

This is how much the downlink Eb/No (or Eb/Nt) requirement has been exceeded, assuming that the link powers of cells in the active set are at maximum allowed levels.

DL Coverage Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, DL Bearer, Speed

This is the probability of satisfying the downlink bearer Eb/No (or Eb/Nt) requirement, assuming that the link powers of cells in the active set are at maximum allowed levels. This probability depends on the standard deviation of shadow fading for the clutter type at the pixel. If this standard deviation has been set to zero, then there are only three possible coverage probabilities: 0% if the requirement is not satisfied, 50% if the requirement is satisfied exactly, and 100% if the requirement is exceeded.

DL Coverage Probability OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, DL Bearer, Speed

This is a thresholded version of the DL Coverage Probability array and has just two values (Yes/No). It has the advantage of being quicker to calculate than the DL Coverage Probability array. A value of “Yes” means that the downlink coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Achievable DL Bearer

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, Speed

The purpose of this array is to provide a composite coverage plot for the downlink bearers of a service. The array shows the highest priority downlink bearer with acceptable downlink coverage, that is, with DL Coverage Probability meeting the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Downlink coverage arrays are available for each bearer at different speeds. These are the arrays available for EV-DO:

Ior/Ioc

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the Ior/Ioc of the Best DL Cell by RSCP. It represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

Achievable DL Bitrate

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service

This is the air-interface bitrate of the DL bearer with the highest supportable Ior/Ioc requirement.

Coverage Balance Arrays

Coverage Balance

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, Speed

The purpose of this array is to provide a composite uplink/downlink coverage plot for a service. The uplink is deemed to have coverage if any of the uplink bearers on the service have UL Coverage Probability meeting the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box. Similarly, the downlink is deemed to have coverage if any of the downlink bearers on the service have DL Coverage Probability meeting the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box. This array also considers (where appropriate)

This array also considers (where appropriate) HSPA bearers.

Soft Blocking Arrays

UL Soft Blocking Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, UL Bearer, Speed

This is the probability of uplink soft blocking on the Best UL Cell. Uplink soft blocking occurs if an additional connection with the uplink bearer would cause the noise rise limit to be exceeded. The uplink soft blocking probability is determined by examining the proportion of snapshots that would block a connection with the uplink bearer in this way.

For OTSR cells, the noise rise is measured on a per antenna basis (as in the simulation reports), so the soft blocking probability depends on the antenna that covers the pixel.

DL Soft Blocking Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, DL Bearer, Speed

This is the probability of downlink soft blocking on the Best DL Cell. Downlink soft blocking occurs if an additional connection with the downlink bearer requires more power than is available on the cell. The downlink soft blocking probability is determined by examining the proportion of snapshots that would block a connection with the downlink bearer in this way.

Hard Blocking Arrays

There a two types of hard blocking arrays for each uplink and downlink resource type. The exception is the HSDPA resource type used to represent HSDPA codes. This does not have a “primary” blocking array because there are no “primary” limits for HSDPA codes.

Hard Blocking Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, Bearer, Speed

This is the probability of hard blocking on the Best DL Cell because of lack of resources. This type of blocking occurs if an additional connection with the bearer requires more resources than are available. The blocking probability is determined by examining the proportion of snapshots that would block a connection with the bearer in this way.

Hard Blocking Probability Primary

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, Bearer, Speed

This is the probability of hard blocking on the Best DL Cell because of lack of primary resources. This type of blocking occurs if an additional connection with the bearer requires more primary resources than are available. The blocking probability is determined by examining the proportion of snapshots that would block a connection with the bearer in this way.

Throughput Arrays

UL Throughput (kbps)

Dependencies: Carrier

This is the UL throughput on the Best DL Cell by RSCP. It is the value in the Simulator reports, rendered over the best server area of the cell.

DL Throughput (kbps)

Dependencies: Carrier

This is the DL throughput on the Best DL Cell by RSCP. It is the value in the Simulator reports, rendered over the best server area of the cell.

HSDPA Arrays

Here are brief definitions of the HSDPA-specific arrays:

HSDPA - Best DL Cell by SINR

Dependencies: Carrier

This is the cell that provides the highest SINR level for the terminal.

HSDPA - SINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the highest SINR level. It represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

HSDPA - DL Eb/No Margin

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, HSDPA Bearer, Speed

This is the extent to which the Eb/No requirement of the HSDPA bearer is exceeded. The cell of interest is chosen by examining the SINR levels of cells that support the HSDPA bearer, and choosing the cell with the largest level.

HSDPA - DL Coverage Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, HSDPA Bearer, Speed

This is the probability of satisfying the Eb/No requirement of the HSDPA bearer. The cell of interest is chosen by examining the SINR levels of cells that support the HSDPA bearer, and choosing the cell with the largest level. The probability depends on the standard deviation of shadow fading for the clutter type at the pixel. If this standard deviation has been set to zero, then there are only three possible coverage probabilities: 0% if the requirement is not satisfied, 50% if the requirement is satisfied exactly, and 100% if the requirement is exceeded.

HSDPA - DL Coverage Probability OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, HSDPA Bearer, Speed

This is a thresholded version of the HSDPA - DL Coverage Probability array and has just two values (Yes/No). It has the advantage of being quicker to calculate than the HSDPA - DL Coverage Probability array. A value of “Yes” means that the coverage probability satisfies the downlink coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

HSDPA - Achievable DL Bearer

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, Speed

The purpose of this array is to provide a composite coverage plot for the HSDPA bearers of a service. The array shows the highest priority HSDPA bearer with acceptable coverage, that is, with 'HSDPA - DL Coverage Probability' meeting the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

HSDPA - Achievable Data Rate

This is the user bitrate of the 'HSDPA - Achievable Downlink Bearer'. It is similar to

the 'HSDPA - Achievable Downlink Bearer' array, but instead of giving the bearer

name at each location, it gives the bearer's user rate. Note that for MIMO bearers, the user rate may be adjusted depending on the number of TX and RX antennas on the

cell and terminal respectively.

HSDPA - Offered Load

Dependencies: Carrier

This is the offered HSDPA load on the Best DL Cell by SINR. Note that the offered load is calculated for each HSDPA resource pool in the network. Therefore, if the

HSDPA resources have been pooled on a site, all HSDPA cells on that site will show

the same offered load.

HSDPA - Effective Service Rate (Unloaded)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, Speed

This is the bitrate that the user experiences at a location when there is no queuing

delay on the cell. It is calculated by multiplying the bitrate of the HSDPA - Achievable

DL Bearer by its activity factor.

HSDPA - Effective Service Rate (Loaded)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, Speed

This is the bitrate that the user experiences at a location when there is queuing delay on the cell. The rate drops to zero as the HSDPA load on the cell approaches 100%.

HSDPA - Effective Cell Service Rate (Unloaded)

Dependencies: Carrier, Service

This is the total amount of data in a service session (bits) divided by the mean service time per user on the cell (seconds), assuming there is no queuing delay.

HSDPA - Effective Cell Service Rate (Loaded)

Dependencies: Carrier, Service

This is similar to the HSDPA - Effective Cell Service Rate (Unloaded) array, except that the mean service time per user on the cell is increased because of queuing delay. As the offered HSDPA load on the cell approaches 100%, the queuing delay approach infinity and the Effective Cell Service Rate (Loaded) drops to zero.

HSUPA Arrays

Here are brief definitions of the HSUPA-specific arrays:

HSUPA - Best UL Cell

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, HSUPA Bearer, Speed

The cell which requires the minimum HSUPA transmit power in order to satisfy the Eb/No requirement.

HSUPA - UL Eb/No Margin

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, HSUPA Bearer, Speed

For each pixel, this represents the amount by which the target Eb/No is overachieved on the Best UL Cell, assuming that the terminal is transmitting at full power.

HSUPA - UL Req TX Power

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

The maximum output power of the terminal minus the Eb/No margin.

HSUPA - UL Coverage Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, HSUPA Bearer, Speed

This array is dependent on the standard deviations of shadow fading specified for the clutter types. For each pixel, this array shows the probability of coverage depending on the Eb/No calculated on the Best UL Cell, assuming that the terminal is transmitting at full power. If the specified standard deviation is zero, then there are only three probabilities: 0% if the requirement is not satisfied; 50% if the requirement is satisfied exactly; and 100% if the requirement is exceeded.

HSUPA - UL Coverage Probability OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, HSUPA Bearer, Speed

This is a thresholded version of the HSUPA-UL Coverage Probability and has just two values (Yes/No). It has the advantage of being quicker to calculate than the HSDPA - UL Coverage Probability array. A value of "Yes" means that the uplink coverage probability satisfies the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

HSUPA - Achievable UL Bearer

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, Speed

The purpose of this array is to provide a composite coverage plot for the HSUPA bearers of a Terminal/ Carrier/ Indoor/ Service/ Speed. The array shows the highest priority HSUPA bearer with acceptable uplink coverage, that is, with UL Coverage Probability satisfying the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

HSUPA - Cell for Achievable UL Bearer

This array provides additional information about the 'HSUPA Achievable UL Bearer' array (which shows the achievable bearer at each location), by showing the cell that provides that connection.

HSUPA - Achievable Data Rate

This is the user bitrate of the 'HSUPA - Achievable UL Bearer'. It is similar to the 'HSUPA - Achievable UL Bearer' array but instead of giving the bearer name at each location, it gives the bearer's user rate.

All Servers Array

This feature is not a true array, since it is sensitive to the location of your mouse cursor. It is a more basic version of the Pixel Analyser tool (for more information on the Pixel Analyser, see the ASSET User Reference Guide).

It displays information about which cells are "covering" each pixel. A set of lines is drawn between all possible serving cells to the simulation pixel where the mouse cursor is located. For pixels with more than one covering cell, the line thickness increases proportionally.

This array enables you to identify distant servers so that you can optimise your network design by lowering, moving or reducing the pilot power of problematic sites.

The covering cells are shown in order of either:

Best Servers by Pilot Strength (according to the threshold set in the Array Settings dialog box). This will work even if you have not yet run any snapshots because it relates to the power in the cell and path loss, not to any simulation results.sites. The covering cells are shown in order of either: Best Servers by Ec/Io. This requires

Best Servers by Ec/Io. This requires snapshots to have been run because it relates to attempted connections. Lines are only drawn if a terminal has been served on that pixel.in the cell and path loss, not to any simulation results. ASSET 7.0 Technical Reference Guide

This picture shows an example of the All Servers array:

This picture shows an example of the All Servers array: All Servers array DVB-H C/I Array

All Servers array

DVB-H C/I Array

This array is exclusively for DVB-H analysis. The array shows combined C/I value for DVB-H at each pixel, calculated from the DVB-H parameters set in the Simulator wizard. When you display the results of a DVB-H simulation on the Map View, you should ensure that you set the array display properties to display appropriate ranges of values, in accordance with the values for your network. You should also add appropriate descriptive labels for each range, using the mapping relationship between C/I and Throughput, as described in the DVB-H section of the ASSET User Reference Guide.

in the DVB-H section of the ASSET User Reference Guide. As with all arrays, you can

As with all arrays, you can customise the display properties by double-clicking on the array heading.

LTE Arrays

This is an overview of the LTE arrays generated by the Simulator in ASSET.

All these arrays are produced on a per carrier basis.

Most of them have a dependency on terminal type because body loss and terminal antenna gain are always included in the link budget.

Many of them depend on whether the terminal is considered to be indoor or outdoor. Indoor arrays use the in-building parameters for the clutter type at each pixel (that is, indoor loss and indoor shadow fading standard deviation). Indoor terminals are always taken to be slow moving.

Coverage arrays can be displayed even if no snapshots have been run, but you should note that in these circumstances the arrays represent coverage in an unloaded network. To obtain coverage arrays for a loaded network, you must run some snapshots or define the loads manually. The key purpose of running snapshots is to provide measures of system load.

Arrays for coverage tend to have a weak dependence on the number of snapshots run, and the arrays change little after a relatively small number of snapshots have been performed (10s of snapshots in most cases). This is because only a small number of snapshots are needed to get an idea of the "Mean UL Interference Level (dB)" and "Downlink Load (%)" on each cell.

Here is an example of the LTE arrays you can generate on the Map View when using the Simulator:

you can generate on the Map View when using the Simulator: Example of the Simulator LTE

Example of the Simulator LTE arrays appearing in the Map View Data Types

The following LTE array descriptions describe the types of array that are available from the Simulator, and show their dependencies. Most terms (such as Indoor) are self-explanatory. Here are some clarifications for some of the terms:

Term

Descriptions

Fading

The array depends on the standard deviation of shadow fading for the clutter type.

Reliability

The array depends on the coverage reliability threshold specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

You can try changing this parameter and then redraw the array without running any more

You can try changing this parameter and then redraw the array without running any more snapshots.

Snapshots/Load Levels

The existence, accuracy, and results of the array are dependent on the number of snapshots done or the load levels defined in the Site Database.

Pathloss Arrays

DL Loss

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

The lowest downlink loss. Represents average values and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

Nth DL Loss

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

The Nth lowest downlink loss. Represents average values and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

Downlink Reference Signal Coverage Arrays

These arrays provide information on DLRS levels and coverage probabilities. There are two types of quantity relating to the DLRS: RSRP and RSRQ.

Best Server & Nth Best Server by RSRP

Dependencies: Carrier

These are the cell(s) that provides the (highest and Nth highest) RSRP for the terminal.

Best RSRP & Nth Best RSRP

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

These are the highest (and Nth highest) RSRP levels. They represent average values and are therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

RSRP Coverage Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Fading

This is the probability that the Best Server (by RSRP) satisfies the RSRP requirement specified on the terminal type. This probability depends on the standard deviation of shadow fading for the clutter type at the pixel. If this standard deviation has been set to zero, then there are only three possible coverage probabilities: 0% if the requirement is not satisfied; 50% if the requirement is satisfied exactly; and 100% if the requirement is exceeded.

RSRP Coverage OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Fading, Reliability

This is a thresholded version of the RSRP Coverage Probability array and has just two values (Yes/No). It has the advantage of being quicker to calculate than the RSRP Coverage Probability array. A value of "Yes" means that the RSCP coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Number of RSRP OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Fading, Reliability

This is the number of covering cells with a satisfactory RSRP. A cell is counted as having a satisfactory RSRP if its RSRP coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

RSRQ & Nth Best RSRQ

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Snapshots/Load levels

These are the highest (and Nth highest) RSRQ values. They represent average values and are therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

RSRQ Coverage Probability

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Fading, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the probability that the Best Server (by RSRP) satisfies the RSRQ requirement specified on the terminal type. This probability depends on the standard deviation of shadow fading for the clutter type at the pixel. If this standard deviation has been set to zero, then there are only three possible coverage probabilities: 0% if the requirement is not satisfied; 50% if the requirement is satisfied exactly; and 100% if the requirement is exceeded.

RSRQ Coverage OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This is a thresholded version of the RSRQ Coverage Probability array and has just two values (Yes/No). It has the advantage of being quicker to calculate than the RSRQ Coverage Probability array. A value of "Yes" means that the RSRQ coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Number of RSRQ OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the number of covering cells with a satisfactory RSRQ. A cell is counted as having a satisfactory RSRQ if its RSRQ coverage probability meets the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

DLRS SNR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the highest DLRS SNR level. This does not include the Inter-cell interference (that is, Best RSRP levels divided by the thermal noise). It represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

DLRS SINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Snapshots\Load levels

This is the highest DLRS SINR level. This includes the Inter-cell interference (that is, Best RSRP levels divided by the thermal noise plus Inter-cell Interference). it represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

Downlink Noise Arrays

RSSI (Downlink Received Power)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the is the total received noise contributed by all sources, including co-channel serving and non-serving cells, adjacent channel interference, and thermal noise). It represents average values and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

Uplink Coverage Arrays

Cell for Achievable UL Bearer

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability,

This is required for the Achievable UL Bearer array. It is similar to the Best Server (by RSRP) array but includes all bearers' dependencies and shows the server which provides the connection for an UL bearer at a given location/pixel.

Achievable UL Bearer

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

The purpose of this array is to provide a combined coverage plot for the UL bearers of the service. The array shows the highest priority bearer with acceptable UL coverage, that is, with UL coverage probability meeting the reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

UL Traffic/Ctrl SINR Margin (Power Controlled)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the best UL SINR level assuming that the terminal transmits at the power controlled power level, that is, the power required to satisfy the UL Bearer SINR requirement. This is in essence a combined required SINR level (defined on the bearers and modified accordingly if AAS architecture is employed) plot of UL Bearers.

UL Req TX power

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the required UL TX power of the terminal to serve the achievable UL bearer at a given pixel/location.

UL Transmission Mode

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This shows the achievable UL AAS mode at a given pixel location. The supported UL transmission modes are Single Antenna, SU-MIMO Diversity, SU-MIMO Multiplexing and MU-MIMO. This array should be used in conjunction with the Achievable UL Bearer array to determine the achievable UL bearer and transmission mode at a given pixel/location.

Downink Coverage Arrays

Cell for Achievable DL Bearer

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability,

This is required for the Achievable DL Bearer array. It is similar to the Best Server (by RSRP) array, and shows the server which provides the connection for a given UL bearer at a given location/pixel.

Achievable DL Bearer

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

The purpose of this array is to provide a combined coverage plot for the UL bearers of the service. The array shows the highest priority bearer with acceptable UL coverage, that is, with UL coverage probability meeting the reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

DL Traffic/Ctrl SINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the highest PDSCH and PDCCH SINR level. This represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

DL Traffic SINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the highest PDSCH SINR level. This represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

DL Ctrl SINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the highest PDCCH SINR level. This represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

DL BCH/SCH SINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor,

This is the highest P-SCH+S-SCH/PBCH SINR level. This represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

DL MCH SINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor,

This is the highest PMCCH SINR level. This represents an average value and is therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

DL Transmission Mode

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This shows the achievable DL AAS mode at a given pixel location. The supported DL transmission modes are Single Antenna, SU-MIMO Diversity, SU-MIMO Multiplexing and MU-MIMO. This array should be used in conjunction with the Achievable UL Bearer array to determine the achievable UL bearer and transmission mode at a given pixel/location.

Downlink Throughput and Data rate Arrays

Data Rate (Application) (kbps)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the application layer data rate that a user can achieve at a location/pixel using the highest achievable DL bearer and the employed SU\MU-MIMO settings. This also takes into account the SINR to Error rate mapping defined on the DL bearers as well the reduction in data rate due to service overheads (accounting for higher layer headers, and so on).

Data Rate (Effective) (kbps)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the effective data rate that a user can achieve at a location/pixel using the highest achievable DL bearer and the employed SU\MU-MIMO settings. This also takes into account the SINR to error rate mapping defined on the DL bearers but not the service overheads.

Data Rate (Peak) (kbps)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the peak data rate that a user can achieve at a location/pixel using the highest achievable DL bearer and the employed SU/MU-MIMO settings without taking into account the SINR to error rate mapping defined on the DL bearers and service overheads.

Cell Throughput (Application) (kbps)

Dependencies: Carrier, Snapshots

This is the application layer DL cell throughput displayed over the Best Server (by RSRP) area. The presence of this array requires the Simulator to run in the snapshot mode as it requires the cell throughput results gathered at the end of the snapshots. The effects of SU/MU-MIMO settings as well as SINR to Error rate mapping and service overheads are taken into consideration.

Cell Throughput (Effective) (kbps)

Dependencies: Carrier, Snapshots

This is the effective DL cell throughput displayed over the Best Server (by RSRP) area. The presence of this array requires the Simulator to run in the snapshot mode as it requires the cell throughput results gathered at the end of the snapshots. The effects of SU/MU-MIMO settings and SINR to Error rate mapping (but not service overheads) are taken into consideration.

Cell Throughput (Peak) (kbps)

Dependencies: Carrier, Snapshots

This is the peak DL cell throughput displayed over the Best Server (by RSRP) area. The presence of this array requires the Simulator to run in the snapshot mode as it requires the cell throughput results gathered at the end of the snapshots. The effects of SU/MU-MIMO settings and SINR to Error rate mapping (but not service overheads) are taken into consideration.

Uplink Throughput and Data rate Arrays

Data Rate (Application) (kbps)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the application layer data rate that a user can achieve at a location/pixel using the highest achievable UL bearer and the employed SU/MU-MIMO settings. This also takes into account the SINR to Error rate mapping defined on the DL bearers as well the reduction in data rate due to service overheads (accounting for higher layer headers, and so on).

Data Rate (Effective) (kbps)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the effective data rate that a user can achieve at a location/pixel using the highest achievable UL bearer and the employed SU/MU-MIMO settings. This also takes into account the SINR to error rate mapping defined on the UL bearers but not the service overheads.

Data Rate (Peak) (kbps)

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

This is the peak data rate that a user can achieve at a location/pixel using the highest achievable UL bearer and the employed SU/MU-MIMO settings without taking into account the SINR to error rate mapping defined on the UL bearers and service overheads.

Cell Throughput (Application) (kbps)

Dependencies: Carrier, Snapshots

This is the application layer UL cell throughput displayed over the Best Server (by RSRP) area. The presence of this array requires the Simulator to run in the snapshot mode as it requires the cell throughput results gathered at the end of the snapshots. The effects of SU/MU-MIMO settings as well as SINR to Error rate mapping and service overheads are taken into consideration.

Cell Throughput (Effective) (kbps)

Dependencies: Carrier, Snapshots

This is the effective UL cell throughput displayed over the Best Server (by RSRP) area. The presence of this array requires the Simulator to run in the snapshot mode as it requires the cell throughput results gathered at the end of the snapshots. The effects of SU/MU-MIMO settings and SINR to Error rate mapping (but not service overheads) are taken into consideration.

Cell Throughput (Peak) (kbps)

Dependencies: Carrier, Snapshots

This is the peak UL cell throughput displayed over the Best Server (by RSRP) area. The presence of this array requires the Simulator to run in the snapshot mode as it requires the cell throughput results gathered at the end of the snapshots. The effects of SU/MU-MIMO settings and SINR to Error rate mapping (but not service overheads) are taken into consideration.

Miscellaneous Arrays

Coverage Balance

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Speed, Fading, Reliability, Snapshots/Load levels

The purpose of this array is to provide a composite uplink/downlink coverage plot for a service. The uplink is deemed to have coverage if any of the uplink bearers on the service have UL Coverage Probability meeting the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box. Similarly, the downlink is deemed to have coverage if any of the downlink bearers on the service have DL Coverage Probability meeting the coverage reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

All Servers

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is not a true array, since it is sensitive to the location of mouse cursor. It displays information about which cells are "covering" each pixel based on the "All Servers" display properties (either RSRP or RSRQ). A set of lines is drawn between all possible serving cells to the simulation pixel where the mouse cursor is located. For pixels with more than one covering cell, the line thickness increases proportionally.

Cell Centre/Cell Edge

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This arrays shows the division of the Best Server (by RSRP) area into 'Cell Centre' and 'Cell Edge' based on the selected Cell Edge Threshold setting on the Thresholds subtab of the LTE Params tab. The array as only two values, Cell Centre and Cell Edge, depicting the classification of service area.

The available Cell Edge Threshold settings are RSRP (dBm) and Relative RSRP (dB). The latter represents the difference between the RSRP levels of the best and 2nd best server (by RSRP) at a given location/pixel.

Fixed WiMAX Arrays

This is an overview of the Fixed WiMAX arrays generated by the Simulator in ASSET.

All arrays are produced on a per carrier basis.

Most arrays have a dependency on the terminal type because terminal antenna gain is always included in the linkloss.

Many arrays depend on whether the terminal is taken to be indoor or outdoor. Indoor arrays use in-building parameters for the clutter type at the given pixel.

Coverage arrays can be drawn even if no snapshots have been run.

Here is an example of the Fixed WiMAX arrays you can generate on the Map View when using the Simulator:

you can generate on the Map View when using the Simulator: Example of the Fixed WiMAX

Example of the Fixed WiMAX arrays appearing in the Map View Data Types

General Arrays

Achievable UL Bearer

This array shows the highest priority UL bearer with acceptable UL coverage. The array is based on the UL CINR value.

Achievable DL Bearer

This array shows the highest priority DL bearer with acceptable DL coverage (based on the CINR).

DL RSS

This array represents the DL RSS at a given point. Calculated with fades of 0dB as it represents an average value.

Best Server by DL RSS

This array represents the service area of each WiMAX sector based on DL RSS.

CPE Azimuth

This array displays the CPE azimuth required in order to connect to the best server (server with the highest signal strength).

DL Loss

This array represents the lowest DL losses. Calculated with fades of 0dB as it represents an average value.

DL CINR

This is the best C/(I+N) in the DL. The C/(I+N) is calculated by taking into account the signal strength from the reference base station and signal strength from all interfering base stations.

UL Required TX Power

This array displays the UL required TX power for a given receiver sensitivity (specified in the Site Database).

UL CINR

This array displays the CINR in the UL.

Thresholded Arrays

DL CINR OK, DL RSS OK, UL CINR OK, UL RSS OK

These are thresholded versions of their corresponding arrays. They have just 2 values (Yes/No), and have the advantage of being quicker to calculate than their corresponding arrays.

A value of “Yes” means that the probability meets the reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

Mobile WiMAX Arrays

This is an overview of the Mobile WiMAX arrays generated by the Simulator in ASSET.

All arrays are produced on a per carrier basis.

Most arrays have a dependency on terminal-type because body loss and terminal antenna gain are always included in the linkloss.

Many arrays depend on whether the terminal is considered to be indoor or outdoor. Indoor arrays use the in-building parameters for the clutter type at each pixel (that is, indoor loss and indoor shadow-fading standard deviation). Indoor terminals are always assumed to be slow moving.

Coverage arrays can be drawn even if no snapshots have been run, but the user should note that the arrays then refer to coverage in an unloaded system. To obtain coverage arrays for a loaded system the user must run some snapshots. Remember that the key purpose of running snapshots is to provide measures of system load.

Arrays for coverage tend to have a weak dependence on the number of snapshots run, and the arrays change little after a relatively small number of snapshots have been performed (10s of snapshots in most cases). This is because only a small number of snapshots are needed to get an idea of the average noise rise and average DL traffic power on each cell.

Here is an example of the Mobile WiMAX arrays you can generate on the Map View when using the Simulator:

you can generate on the Map View when using the Simulator: Example of the Mobile WiMAX

Example of the Mobile WiMAX arrays appearing in the Map View Data Types

Pathloss Arrays

DL Loss

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

These are the lowest downlink losses. They represent average values and are therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

Preamble Arrays

Best Server by Preamble RSS

Dependencies: Carrier

This is the cell that provides the highest Preamble RSS for the terminal.

Preamble CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This is the best preamble CINR. It represents an average value and hence is calculated using fades of 0dB.

Sectors on the same site are not considered as interferers because such sectors will be allocated different segments.

Preamble RSS and Nth Best Preamble RSS

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

These arrays display the highest (and Nth highest) Preamble RSS levels. They represent average values and are therefore calculated with fades of 0dB.

values and are therefore calculated with fades of 0dB. The preamble power is the TX power

The preamble power is the TX power for the cell boosted by the preamble boosting factor. Both these parameters are specified in the Site Database.

Preamble RSS OK

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This array has two values (Yes/No). A value of “Yes” means that the RSCP coverage probability (the probability that the Preamble RSS satisfies the RSS requirement in the terminal dialog) meets the coverage reliability criteria specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box. The coverage probability depends on the standard deviation of shadow fading for the clutter type at the pixel.

Uplink Coverage Arrays

Best Server by UL AMC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Bearer

This array displays the cell with the highest UL AMC CINR.

Best Server by UL OPUSC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Bearer

This array displays the cell with the highest UL OPUSC CINR.

Best Server by UL PUSC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier

This is the cell that provides the highest CINR at a given pixel.

UL Achievable Bearer

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, Speed

This array shows the combined coverage plot for the UL bearers of the service. The array shows the highest priority bearer with acceptable UL coverage, that is, where the UL coverage probability meets the reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

UL AMC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Bearer

This array displays the UL CINR in the AMC zone. For the uplink CINR analysis, the signal from the connected terminal is the server signal and the signal from all other terminals are the interferers. The power transmitted by the terminal can be assumed to be the power specified in the terminal type dialog. The UL CINR represents an average value (with fades set to 0dB).

UL OPUSC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Bearer

This array displays the UL CINR in the OPUSC zone. For the uplink CINR analysis, the signal from the connected terminal is the server signal and the signal from all other terminals are the interferers. The power transmitted by the terminal can be assumed to be the power specified in the terminal type dialog. The UL CINR represents an average value (with fades set to 0dB).

UL PUSC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, speed

The calculation of the UL PUSC CINR assumes that the terminal is transmitting over all available data subcarriers.

Downlink Coverage Arrays

Best Server by DL AMC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier

This is the cell that provides the highest CINR at a given pixel, for the AMC zone.

Best Server by DL FUSC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier

This is the cell that provides the highest CINR at a given pixel, for the FUSC zone.

Best Server by DL OPUSC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier

This is the cell that provides the highest CINR at a given pixel, for the OPUSC zone.

Best Server by DL PUSC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier

This is the cell that provides the highest CINR at a given pixel, for the PUSC zone.

DL Achievable Bearer

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, Service, Speed

This array shows the combined coverage plot for the DL bearers of the service. The array shows the highest priority bearer with acceptable DL coverage, that is, where the DL coverage probability meets the reliability level specified in the Sim Display Settings tab of the Array Settings dialog box.

DL AMC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Bearer

This array displays the DL CINR in the AMC zone. For the downlink CINR analysis, the CINR is calculated by taking into account the level from the connected BS (reference base station) as server and the level from all other sites as interferers. The CINR represents an average value (with fades set to 0dB).

DL FUSC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, speed

This is the DL CINR value for the FUSC zone.

DL OPUSC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Service, Indoor, Bearer

This array displays the DL CINR in the OPUSC zone. For the downlink CINR analysis, the CINR is calculated by taking into account the level from the connected BS (reference base station) as server and the level from all other sites as interferers. The CINR represents an average value (with fades set to 0dB).

DL PUSC CINR

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor, speed

This is the DL CINR value for the PUSC zone.

DL AMC Worst Interferer Array

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier

This array displays the worst interferer at each pixel. The pixel ownership is determined by the Best Server by DL AMC CINR array.

DL FUSC Worst Interferer Array

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier

This array displays the worst interferer at each pixel. The pixel ownership is determined by the Best Server by DL FUSC CINR array.

DL OPUSC Worst Interferer Array

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier

This array displays the worst interferer at each pixel. The pixel ownership is determined by the Best Server by DL OPUSC CINR array.

DL PUSC Worst Interferer Array

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier

This array displays the worst interferer at each pixel. The pixel ownership is determined by the Best Server by DL PUSC CINR array.

General Arrays

CPE Azimuth Array

Dependencies: Carrier

This array displays the azimuth that the directional CPE should point to in order to connect to the best server.

UL Required TX Power

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier, Indoor

This array displays the minimum UL required TX power for a given receiver sensitivity (specified in the Site Database).

DL Throughput Array and UL Throughput Array

Dependencies: Terminal, Carrier

The throughput arrays display the information displayed in the Simulator throughput report in a graphical format. The throughput for a given sector is presented within the region specified by the Best Server by Preamble RSS array. The throughput is summed for all services.

Simulation Reports

This section provides descriptions of the network performance reports that can be generated from the Simulator (when it is run in the snapshot mode).

from the Simulator (when it is run in the snapshot mode). In addition to this section,

In addition to this section, there are specialist documents containing more detailed descriptions of the outputs and algorithms used in the Simulator. For information on how you can obtain these documents, please see Static Simulation Algorithms and Outputs on page 113.

UMTS Composite Reports

The UMTS Composite Report contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Mean in Soft or Softer Handover

The mean number of successful service connections that are in either soft handover or softer handover.

Mean in Softer Handover

The mean number of successful service connections that are in softer handover.

No

UL Resource Primary Channel

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to No Uplink Resource Primary Channel.

No

DL Resource Primary Channel

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to No Downlink Resource Primary Channel.

UL

Resource Channel Limit

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Uplink Resource Channel Limit Reached.

Reached

DL

Resource Channel Limit

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Downlink Resource Channel Limit Reached.

Reached

This Result

Describes

Low Pilot

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Low Pilot.

Downlink Eb/No (Range)

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Downlink Eb/No Range.

Downlink Eb/No (Capacity)

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Downlink Eb/No Capacity.

Uplink Eb/No

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Uplink Eb/No.

Noise Rise Limit

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Noise Rise.

No Valid Connection Scenarios

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to compatibility issues in terms of the network and configuration parameters. There may be a problem with the carriers, bearers, services, terminal types or filters used, so you should check your configuration and simulation set-up.

No Covering Cells

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to the fact that there was no pathloss information in the pixel at the location of the terminal.

Probability percentages can add up to more than 100%. This is because a connection can fail for multiple reasons simultaneously.information in the pixel at the location of the terminal. UMTS Cell Failure Report The UMTS

UMTS Cell Failure Report

The UMTS Cell Failure report shows the failures that are measured in the simulation and contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Cell Identity

Unique cell identifier.

Mean Number of Failures

The mean number of failed connections.

Mean Number of Attempts

The mean number of attempted connections.

Failure Rate

The percentage of failures.

Percentage of Failures due to No UL Resource Primary Channel

The percentage of failures that were due, in part, to no uplink resource Primary Channel.

Percentage of Failures due to No DL Resource Primary Channel

The percentage of failures that were due, in part, to No downlink resource Primary Channel.

Percentage of Failures due to UL Resource Channel Limit Reached

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to uplink resource Channel Limit Reached.

Percentage of Failures due to DL Resource Channel Limit Reached

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to downlink resource channel limit reached.

Percentage of Failures due to Low Pilot

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to low pilot.

Percentage of Failures due to Downlink Eb/No (Range)

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to downlink Eb/No Range.

Percentage of Failures due to Downlink Eb/No (Capacity)

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to downlink Eb/No Capacity.

Percentage of Failures due to Uplink Eb/No

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to uplink Eb/No.

Percentage of Failures due to Noise Rise

The percentage of the failures due, in part, to the noise rise.

For UMTS networks there are potentially 36 different resource types but only those that have been defined will be displayed.percentage of the failures due, in part, to the noise rise. ASSET 7.0 Technical Reference Guide

UMTS Downlink Performance Reports

The UMTS Downlink Performance report contains the following information:

This Result

 

Describes

Cell Identity

Unique cell identifier.

Downlink Traffic Power (dBm)

This value shows the mean transmitted downlink traffic power per cell (calculated).

DL

Traffic Power 95% Confidence Interval

The confidence interval on the mean downlink traffic power.

(+/- dB)

Total TX Power (dBm)

This is the sum of the traffic channel power and all of the downlink channel powers.

Max TX Power (dBm)

This value shows the Max TX Power limit that you have set per cell.

Common Channel Power (dBm)

This is the total time-averaged common channel power. The primary and secondary common channel powers that the user specifies in the site dialog are peak powers.

The total time-averaged common channel power is given by:

Mean_Common_Power = 0.9 x Peak_Primary_Common_Power + 1.0 x Peak_Secondary_Common_Power

All powers in this formula are in Watts.

All powers in this formula are in Watts.

Pilot Power (dBm)

This value shows the downlink pilot power that you have set per cell.

Sync Channel Power (dBm)

This is the total time-averaged synchronisation channel power. The primary and secondary synchronisation channel powers that the user specifies in the site dialog are peak powers.

The total time-averaged sync channel power is given by:

Total_Sync_Power = 0.1 x Peak_Primary_Sync_Power + 0.1 x Peak_Secondary_Sync_Power

All powers in this formula are in Watts.

All powers in this formula are in Watts.

UMTS Cell Handover Reports

The UMTS Cell Handover Report contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Cell Identity

Unique cell identifier.

UL

Resource Primary Channels

The mean number of uplink resource primary channels used per cell.

Used

UL

Resource Handover Channel

The mean number of uplink resource channels used for soft handover per cell.

Used Soft

UL

Resource Handover Channel

The mean number of uplink resource channels used for softer handover per cell.

Used - Softer

DL

Resource Primary Channels

The mean number of downlink resource primary channels used per cell.

Used

DL

Resource Handover Channel

The mean number of downlink resource channels used for soft handover per cell.

Used Soft

DL

Resource Handover Channel

The mean number of downlink resource channels used for softer handover per cell.

Used Softer

For UMTS networks there are 36 different resource types but only those that have been defined will be displayed.UMTS Cell Blocking Reports The Cell Blocking Report contains the following information: This Result Describes

UMTS Cell Blocking Reports

The Cell Blocking Report contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Cell ID

Unique cell identifier.

Total Samples

This is the total number of terminals used to calculate the blocking probability. This figure will increase as more snapshots are performed.

Blocking Probability

The blocking probability for the service on the cell.

Blocking Probability 95% Confidence Interval (+/-)

The confidence interval on the blocking probability. The interval will tend to decrease as the total number of samples increases.

Percentage of Blocks Due to No UL Resource Primary Channel

The percentage of blocks that were due, in part, to No Uplink Resource Primary Channel.

Percentage of Blocks Due to No DL Resource Primary Channel

The percentage of blocks that were due, in part, to No Downlink Resource Primary Channel.

Percentage of Blocks Due to UL Resource Channel Limit Reached.

The percentage of the blocks that were due, in part, to Uplink Resource Channel Limit Reached.

Percentage of Blocks Due to DL Resource Channel Limit Reached.

The percentage of the blocks that were due, in part, to Downlink Resource Channel Limit Reached.

Percentage of Blocks Due to Downlink Eb/No (Capacity)

The percentage of the blocks that were due, in part, to Downlink Eb/No Capacity.

Percentage of Blocks Due to Noise Rise

The percentage of the blocks that were due, in part, to Noise Rise.

Notes : :

The blocking reports are only available if selected in the checkbox in step 2 of the Simulator Wizardthe blocks that were due, in part, to Noise Rise. Notes : The statistics given are

The statistics given are the reasons for failure to the ‟best‟ server.selected in the checkbox in step 2 of the Simulator Wizard For UMTS networks there are

For UMTS networks there are potentially 36 different resource types but only those that have been defined will be displayed.given are the reasons for failure to the ‟best‟ server. ASSET 7.0 Technical Reference Guide Array

Joint GSM-UMTS Composite Reports

The joint GSM and UMTS Composite Report contains the following information:

UMTS Composite Report contains the following information: The two technologies can be simulated separately. GSM only

The two technologies can be simulated separately.

GSM only

This Result

Describes

Mean in Handover

The mean number of successful service connections that are a handover.

Bad C/I

The probability of failures due to high interference.

Bad Controlled C/I

The probability of failures due to interference to the controlled carrier.

Bad Traffic C/I

The probability of failures due to interference to the traffic.

No

Cell Time Slot Available

The probability of no cell timeslots available to transmit.

No

Terminal Time Slot Available

The probability of no terminal timeslots available to transmit.

UMTS only

This Result

Describes

Mean in Soft or Softer Handover

The mean number of successful service connections that are in either soft handover or softer handover.

Mean in Softer Handover

The mean number of successful service connections that are in softer handover.

No

UL Resource Primary Channel

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to No Uplink Resource Primary Channel.

No

DL Resource Primary Channel

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to No Downlink Resource Primary Channel.

UL

Resource Channel Limit

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Uplink Resource Channel Limit Reached.

Reached

DL

Resource Channel Limit

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Downlink Resource Channel Limit Reached.

Reached

Low Pilot

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Low Pilot.

Downlink Eb/No (Range)

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Downlink Eb/No Range.

Downlink Eb/No (Capacity)

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Downlink Eb/No Capacity.

Uplink Eb/No

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Uplink Eb/No.

Noise Rise Limit

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Noise Rise limit.

Joint

This Result

Describes

Mean Attempted

The mean number of attempted service connections.

Mean Served

The mean number of successful service connections.

Mean Failed

The mean number of failed service connections.

No

Valid Connection Scenarios.

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to compatibility issues in terms of the network and configuration parameters. There may be a problem with the carriers, bearers, services, terminal types or filters used, so you should check your configuration and simulation set-up.

No Covering Cells

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to the fact that there was no pathloss information in the pixel at the location of the terminal.

Probability percentages can add up to more than 100%. This is because a connection can fail for multiple reasons simultaneously.information in the pixel at the location of the terminal. Joint GSM-UMTS Cell Failure Report The

Joint GSM-UMTS Cell Failure Report

The joint GSM and UMTS Cell Failure report shows the failures that are measured in the simulation, and contains the following information:

The two technologies can be simulated separately.in the simulation, and contains the following information: GSM only This Result Describes Percentage of Failures

GSM only

This Result

Describes

Percentage of Failures due to Bad C/I

The percentage of failures due to high interference.

Percentage of Failures due to Bad Ctrl C/I

The percentage of failures due to interference to the controlled carrier.

Percentage of Failures due to Bad Traffic C/I

The percentage of failures due to interference to the traffic.

Percentage of Failures due to No Cell TS Available

The percentage of no cell timeslots available to transmit.

Percentage of Failures due to No Terminal TS Available

The percentage of no terminal timeslots available to transmit.

UMTS only

This Result

Describes

Percentage of Failures due to No UL Resource Primary Channel

The percentage of failures that were due, in part, to no uplink resource Primary Channel.

Percentage of Failures due to No DL Resource Primary Channel

The percentage of failures that were due, in part, to No downlink resource Primary Channel.

Percentage of Failures due to UL Resource Channel Limit Reached

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to uplink resource Channel Limit Reached.

Percentage of Failures due to DL Resource Channel Limit Reached

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to downlink resource channel limit reached.

Percentage of Failures due to Low Pilot

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to low pilot.

Percentage of Failures due to Downlink Eb/No (Range)

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to downlink Eb/No Range.

Percentage of Failures due to Downlink Eb/No (Capacity)

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to downlink Eb/No Capacity.

Percentage of Failures due to Uplink Eb/No

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to uplink Eb/No.

Percentage of Failures due to Noise Rise

The percentage of the failures due, in part, to the noise rise.

Joint

This Result

Describes

Cell Identity

Unique cell identifier.

Mean Number of Failures

The mean number of failed connections.

Mean Number of Attempts

The mean number of attempted connections.

Failure Rate

The percentage of failures.

For UMTS networks there are potentially 36 different resource types but only those that have been defined will be displayed.connections. Failure Rate The percentage of failures. CDMA2000 Composite Reports The CDMA2000 Composite Report

CDMA2000 Composite Reports

The CDMA2000 Composite Report contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Mean Attempted

The mean number of attempted service connections.

Mean Served

The mean number of successful service connections.

Mean Failed

The mean number of failed service connections.

Mean in Soft or Softer Handoff

The mean number of successful service connections that are in either soft handoff or softer handoff.

Mean in Softer Handoff

The mean number of successful service connections that are in softer handoff.

No

DL Primary Channel

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to No Downlink Primary Channel.

DL

Channel Limit Reached

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Downlink Channel Limit Reached.

Low Ec/Io

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Low Ec/Io.

Downlink Eb/Io (Range)

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Downlink Eb/Io Range.

Downlink Eb/Io Capacity

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Downlink Eb/Io Capacity.

Uplink Eb/Nt

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Uplink Eb/Nt.

Noise Rise Limit

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Noise Rise Limit.

No

Valid Connection Scenarios

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to compatibility issues in terms of the network and configuration parameters. There may be a problem with the carriers, bearers, services, terminal types or filters used, so you should check your configuration and simulation set-up.

No

Covering Cells

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to the fact that there was no pathloss information in the pixel at the location of the terminal.

Probability percentages can add up to more than 100%. This is because a connection can fail for multiple reasons simultaneously.information in the pixel at the location of the terminal. Page 64 ASSET 7.0 Technical Reference

CDMA2000 Failure Report

The CDMA2000 Failure report shows the failures that are measured in the simulation and contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Sector Identity

Unique sector identifier.

Mean Number of Failures

The mean number of failed connections.

Mean Number of Attempts

The mean number of attempted connections.

Failure Rate

The percentage of failures.

Percentage of Failures due to No DL Primary Channel

The percentage of failures that were due, in part, to no downlink primary channel.

Percentage of Failures due to DL Channel Limit Reached

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to downlink channel limit reached.

Percentage of Failures due to Low Ec/Io

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to low Ec/Io.

Percentage of Failures due to Downlink Eb/Io (Range)

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to downlink Eb/Io Range, that is failures in which the maximum available traffic channel power is exceeded.

Percentage of Failures due to Downlink Eb/Io (Capacity)

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to downlink Eb/Io Capacity, that is failures in which the cell’s maximum transmission power is exceeded.

Percentage of Failures due to Uplink Eb/Nt

The percentage of the failures that were due, in part, to uplink Eb/Nt.

Percentage of Failures due to Noise Rise

The percentage of the failures due, in part, to the noise rise.

EV-DO Composite Reports

The EV-DO Composite report contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Mean Attempted

The mean number of attempted service connections.

Mean Served

The mean number of successful service connections.

Mean Failed

The mean number of failed service connections.

Low Ior/Ioc

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Low Ior/Ioc.

Downlink Eb/Io (Range)

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Downlink Eb/Io Range.

Downlink Eb/Io Capacity

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Downlink Eb/Io Capacity.

Uplink Eb/Nt

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Uplink Eb/Nt.

Noise Rise Limit

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to Noise Rise Limit.

No Valid Connection Scenarios

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to compatibility issues in terms of the network and configuration parameters. There may be a problem with the carriers, bearers, services, terminal types or filters used, so you should check your configuration and simulation set-up.

MAC Indexes

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part , to an insufficient number of MAC Indexes being available.

No Covering Cells

The proportion of the failures that were due, in part, to the fact that there was no pathloss information in the pixel at the location of the terminal.

information in the pixel at the location of the terminal. Probability percentages can add up to

Probability percentages can add up to more than 100%. This is because a connection can fail for multiple reasons simultaneously.

CDMA2000 Downlink Performance Reports

The CDMA2000 Downlink Performance report contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Sector Identity

Unique sector identifier.

Downlink Traffic Power (dBm)

This value shows the mean transmitted downlink traffic power per sector carrier (calculated).

DL

Traffic Power 95% Confidence

The confidence interval on the mean downlink traffic power.

Interval (+/- dB)

Total TX Power (dBm)

This is the sum of the traffic channel power and all of the downlink channel powers.

Max PA Power (dBm)

This value shows the Max PA Power limit that you have set per sector carrier.

Rated PA Power

This shows the rated PA power that you have set per sector carrier.

Total Paging Channel Power (dBm)

This value shows the sum of paging powers that you have set per sector carrier.

Pilot Power (dBm)

This value shows the downlink pilot power that you have set per sector carrier.

Sync Channel Power (dBm)

Sync channel power that you have set per sector carrier.

Broadcast Control Channel Power (dBm)

This shows the mean (time-averaged) transmit power of the broadcast control channel.

Quick Paging Channel Power (dBm)

This shows the mean (time-averaged) transmit power of the quick paging channel.

Common Power Control Channel Power (dBm)

This shows the mean (time-averaged) transmit power of the common power control channel.

Common Assignment Channel Power (dBm)

This shows the mean (time-averaged) transmit power of the common assignment channel.

Common Control Channel Power (dBm)

This shows the mean (time-averaged) transmit power of the common control channel.

Dedicated Control Channel Power (dBm)

This shows the mean (time-averaged) transmit power of the dedicated control channel.

CDMA2000 Sector Handoff Reports

The CDMA2000 Cell Handoff Report contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Sector Identity

Unique sector identifier.

DL

Primary Channels Used

The mean number of downlink channels used for primary connections per sector.

DL

Handoff Channel Used - Soft

The mean number of downlink channels used for soft handoff per sector.

DL

Handoff Channel Used - Softer

The mean number of downlink channels used for softer handoff per sector.

CDMA2000 Sector Blocking Reports

The CDMA2000 Sector Blocking Report contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

SectorID

Unique sector identifier.

Total Samples

This is the total number of terminals used to calculate the blocking probability. This figure will increase as more snapshots are performed.

Blocking Probability

The blocking probability for the service on the cell.

Blocking Probability 95% Confidence Interval (+/-)

The confidence interval on the blocking probability. The interval will tend to decrease as the total number of samples increases.

Percentage of Blocks Due to No DL Primary Channel

The percentage of blocks that were due, in part, to No Uplink Primary Channel.

Percentage of Blocks Due to DL Channel Limit Reached.

The percentage of the blocks that were due, in part, to Downlink Channel Limit Reached.

Percentage of Blocks Due to Downlink Eb/Io (Capacity)

The percentage of the blocks that were due, in part, to Downlink Eb/Io capacity.

Percentage of Blocks Due to Noise Rise

The percentage of the blocks that were due, in part, to Noise Rise.

Notes : :

The blocking reports are only available if selected in the checkbox in step 2 of the Simulator Wizardthe blocks that were due, in part, to Noise Rise. Notes : The statistics given are

The statistics given are the reasons for failure to the ‟best‟ server.selected in the checkbox in step 2 of the Simulator Wizard ASSET 7.0 Technical Reference Guide

EV-DO Downlink Performance Reports

The EV-DO Downlink Performance report contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Sector Identity

Unique sector identifier.

Total TX Power (dBm)

This is the sum of the traffic channel power and all of the downlink channel powers.

EV-DO Packet Quality of Service Reports

Use the EV-DO Quality of Service reports to analyse multiple circuit switched services, combined with a single packet switched service, on a sector by sector basis. The EV-DO Packet Quality of Service report contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Sector Identity

Unique sector identifier.

Mean IP Packet Arrival Rate (IP Packets/s)

The mean Internet Protocol packets per second and is calculated as:

Mean number of users per snapshot / Average packet inter-arrival rate

Mean IP Packet Transmission Time (s)

The average time it takes to transmit an IP packet per second.

Mean IP Packet Queuing Delay

Average time a packet waits (in seconds) in a queue before being transmitted.

(s)

Mean Total IP Packet Transmission Delay (s)

The total IP packet transmission delay in seconds is:

Mean IP packet transmit time + Mean IP packet queuing delay

Mean Gross User Throughput

This is defined by the following equation:

(kbit/s)

Mean gross user throughput =

Physical layer packet available bits X No. physical layer packets / IP packet transmit time

Mean Gross Sector Throughput

This is defined by the following equation:

(kbit/s)

Mean gross sector throughput =

Physical layer packet available bits X No. physical layer packets / (no. slots used X slot time)

Mean Net Sector Throughput

This is defined by the following equation:

(kbits/s)

Mean net sector throughput =

(IP packet arrival rate X (1 - %timed out packets/100) X mean packet size (bits)

Mean Packets Timed Out

This is the percentage of packets that are not transmitted due to queuing delays that exceeded the maximum allowed value.

Throughput Reports

The Throughput Report can be displayed for UMTS, CDMA2000 and EV-DO technologies and contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Cell/Sector Identity

Unique cell/sector identifier.

Downlink Throughput (kbit/s)

Mean amount of data served on a carrier on that cell/sector.

Uplink Throughput (kbit/s)

Mean amount of data served on a carrier on that cell/sector.

Uplink Performance Reports

The Uplink Performance Report can be displayed for UMTS, CDMA2000 and EV-DO technologies, and contains the following information:

This Result

Describes

Cell/Sector Identity

Unique cell/sector identifier.

Noise Rise Limit (dB)

This value shows the noise rise over thermal noise per cell/sector.

Noise Rise 95% Confidence Interval (+/- dB)

The confidence interval on the noise rise. The interval will tend to decrease as more snapshots are performed.

Load (%)

This value shows the fractional cell load per cell/sector.

Frequency Re-use Efficiency (%)

This value shows the frequency re-use efficiency per cell/sector.

Out-cell Noise:In-cell Noise

This value shows the ratio of noise from terminals that have this cell in the active set to noise from terminals that do not have this cell in the active set, it is expressed as a percentage.

LTE Reports

Here is the list of LTE reports you can generate when using the Simulator:

of LTE reports you can generate when using the Simulator: Example of the LTE report outputs

Example of the LTE report outputs available from the Simulator

In addition to this section, there are specialist documents containing more detailed descriptions of the outputs and algorithms used in the Simulator. For information on how you can obtain these documents, please see Static Simulation Algorithms and Outputs on page 113.of the LTE report outputs available from the Simulator Composite Report Dependencies: Service This report provides

Composite Report

Dependencies: Service

This report provides the summary of each service in terms of 'Mean Attempted', 'Mean Served' and 'Mean Failed' terminals. The 'Contributions to Failure' section lists the possible reasons with their percentages that contribute to terminals not being served.

Terminals can fail to connect for multiple reasons so the failure reason percentages can sum to more than 100%.percentages that contribute to terminals not being served. Cell Failure Report Dependencies: Service This provides a

Cell Failure Report

Dependencies: Service

This provides a breakdown of the 'Composite Report' and lists the per cell failure reasons for 'Mean Failed' terminals. Failure reasons and their respective percentages that contribute to terminals not been served are logged against each cell and per service. For more detailed descriptions, see LTE Cell Failure Report on page 73.

Cell Downlink Performance Report

Dependencies: Carrier

This report provides the per carrier DL power/resource consumption information for each cell. The breakdown of each cell 'Max Power' is given in terms of 'Non Traffic Power' and 'Traffic Power'. The former includes the power consumed by DL Signals and Control channels (DLRS, SCH, BCH, and PMCCH). 'Traffic Power' includes the power consumed by the PDSCH and PDCCH. In addition, the resource consumption is logged individually for Cell Centre (CC) and Cell Edge (CE) bandwidth partitions (that is, 'CC Load (%)' and 'CE Load (%)'). These loads represent the respective resource consumption from the total/available CC and CE resources and can be applied to the Site Database to be used further in creating arrays by running the Simulator in the 'Load levels specified in database' mode. It is important to remember that CE loads are only applicable for the Soft Frequency Reuse and Reuse Partitioning ICIC schemes.

When '***' appears in the report columns, this indicates cells not employing the ICIC schemes or configured in a way that results in either a zero CC or CE bandwidth.Soft Frequency Reuse and Reuse Partitioning ICIC schemes. Cell Uplink Performance Report Dependencies: Carrier This

Cell Uplink Performance Report

Dependencies: Carrier

This report provides the per carrier UL interference level and resource consumption information for each cell. UL Interference levels and resource consumptions are logged individually for CC and CE bandwidth partitions, that is, 'CC Interference Level (dB)', 'CE Interference Level (dB)', 'CC Load (%)' and 'CE Load (%)', respectively. The interference levels can be applied to the Site Database and further used in creating arrays by running the Simulator in the 'Load levels specified in database' mode. It is important to remember that CE loads and interference levels are only applicable for the Soft Frequency Reuse and Reuse Partitioning ICIC schemes.

When '***' appears in the report columns, this indicates cells not employing the ICIC schemes or configured in a way that results in either a zero CC or CE bandwidth.Soft Frequency Reuse and Reuse Partitioning ICIC schemes. ASSET 7.0 Technical Reference Guide Array and Report

Composite DL/UL Throughput Report (kbps)

Dependencies: Service

These two reports provide the summary of per cell offered and served throughput for a given service. Offered throughput of a cell is independent of service type (RT/NRT) and always calculated as the 'Maximum-MBR' rate of the service multiplied by 'Mean number of Attempts' whereas the served throughput depends on service type (RT/NRT) as well as the employed scheduling schemes. First the 'Minimum-GBR' demands of terminals are fulfilled, and if resources are still available to allocate, RT terminals are upgraded to serve their 'Maximum-MBR' demand. Hence, the served throughput for terminal configured with an RT service can be anything between the 'Minimum-GBR' and the 'Maximum-MBR' demand.

A summary of offered and served throughputs are presented for 'Peak' 'Application' and 'Effective' throughputs. In addition, these three offered and served throughputs are reported for the CC and CE areas of the cells which are governed by the 'Cell Edge Thresholds' settings in the Site Database.

Peak DL/UL Throughput Report (kbps)

Dependencies: Service, Bearer

These two reports provide the breakdown of per cell served peak throughputs for each service. The breakdown is given in terms of service area (CC/CE) as well as the served peak throughput by each bearer in the respective CC and CE regions.

Effective UL/DL Throughput Report (kbps)

Dependencies: Service

These two reports provide the breakdown of per cell served effective throughputs for each service. The breakdown is given in terms of service area (CC/CE) as well as the served effective throughput by each bearer in the respective CC and CE regions.

Application UL/DL Throughput Report (kbps)

Dependencies: Service, Bearer

These two reports provide the breakdown of per cell served application throughputs for each service. The breakdown is given in terms of service area (CC/CE) as well as the served application throughput by each bearer in the respective CC and CE regions.

LTE Cell Failure Report

The LTE Cell Failure report shows the failures that are measured in the simulation and contains the following information:

Column Heading

Describes

Cell Identity

Unique cell identifier.

Mean Number of Failures

The mean number of failed connections.

Mean Number of Attempts

The mean number of attempted connections.

Failure Rate

The percentage of failures.

This table describes the failure criteria:

Column Heading

Describes the Percentage of the Failures partly due to

DL

RSRP

The RSRP requirement specified on the terminal type is not satisfied.

DL

RSRQ

The RSRQ requirement specified on the terminal type is not satisfied.

DL

BCH/SCH SINR

The BCH/SCH SINR requirement specified on the terminal type is not satisfied.

UL

SINR

The terminal cannot meet the SINR requirement of the