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2011 Ex Labels and Reference Data Association of Electrical and Mechanical Trades © AEMT Issue

2011

Ex Labels and Reference Data

2011 Ex Labels and Reference Data Association of Electrical and Mechanical Trades © AEMT Issue 1
2011 Ex Labels and Reference Data Association of Electrical and Mechanical Trades © AEMT Issue 1

Association of Electrical and Mechanical Trades

Contents

CE Marking

6

ATEX

7

Equipment Marking

7

Certificate Numbering

7

Equipment Category

8

Group I

8

Group II

8

IECEx

9

Equipment Marking

9

Scheme Certificate Numbering

9

Hazardous Areas

10

Equipment Protection Levels (EPL)

10

Equipment Group

10

Zones

10

Gas

10

Dust

10

Gas Groups

11

Dust Groups

13

Temperature classes

14

IEC, CENELEC, (ATEX)

14

German (pre-ATEX)

14

USA, Canada

14

Electrical Ex Protection

15

Gas and Vapours, G

15

‘‘d’’ Flameproof

15

‘‘e’’ Increased safety

15

‘‘n’’ Non-sparking

15

‘‘N’’ Non-sparking

15

‘‘p’’ Pressurized

16

‘‘i’’ Intrinsic Safety

16

3

‘‘m’’ Encapsulation

16

 

‘‘o’’ Oil filled

16

‘‘q’’ Powder filled

16

Dust, D

16

‘‘t’’ Enclosure

16

‘‘p’’ Pressurized

16

Mechanical Ex Protection

17

Gas, Vapours, and Dust (G and D)

17

‘‘d’’ Flameproof

17

‘‘c’’ Construction safety

17

‘‘k’’

Liquid immersion

17

‘‘fr’’ Flow restricting

17

‘‘b’’ Control of ignition source

17

Gas/Dust Groups, International Comparison

18

Europe, International

18

USA, North America

19

Ex Standards

20

Electrical Protection Concepts

20

Mechanical Protection Concepts

20

General Hazardous Area Standards

21

Basic Concepts and methodology

21

General Standards

21

Installation in Hazardous Areas

21

Maintenance and Inspection

22

Repair and Overhaul of Hazardous Area Apparatus

22

Testing of HV machines

22

Zoned Areas

23

Ex Apparatus Protection Concept Standards

23

European Notified Bodies

29

North American Certifying Authorities

33

4

General Electrical and Mechanical Motor Standards

34

Labels, Nameplate markings

35

IEC, Metric

35

Duty Cycles

35

Supply

36

Rating

36

Efficiency

36

Temperature Rise

36

Starting

37

Run

37

Noise

37

Site conditions

37

Weight

38

Mounting, IM

38

Ingress Protection, IP

38

Cooling, IC

39

Impact Protection, IK

39

Bearings

40

Temperature detectors

40

NEMA, Imperial

41

Motor Suppliers

43

Miscellaneous Electrical Formulae

45

AEMT INTERNATIONAL Ex REGISTER, 2011

47

Important Note

This guide is for information only. Whilst every effort has been made to check the accuracy of the contents the AEMT can take no responsibility for any errors or omissions. In particular there is no direct equivalence between North American and International/European standards and practices.

5

CE Marking CE mark is the abbreviation of " C onformité E uropéene" which literally

CE Marking

CE Marking CE mark is the abbreviation of " C onformité E uropéene" which literally means

CE mark is the abbreviation of "Conformité Européene" which literally means "European Conformity".

CE marking is a declaration by the equipment manufacturer that the product meets all the appropriate provisions of the relevant legislation implementing certain European Directives.

Rotating machinery may need to meet the requirements of some or all of the following European Directives:

Low Voltage Directive (LVD)

Construction Products Directive (CPD)

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)

73/23/EEC, 2006/95/EC

89/106/EEC

89/336/EEC, 2004/108/EC

There are two ATEX Directives, one for the manufacturer and one for the user, relating to what equipment and work is allowed in an environment with an explosive atmosphere.

o

ATEX 95 Equipment Directive

94/9/EC

Mandatory July 2003

o

ATEX 137 Workplace Directive

99/92/EC

Mandatory July 2006

Machinery Directive

98/37/EC, 2006/42/EC

6

ATEX Equipment Marking Notified Body Number Group (II-Surface, I- Mines) Atmosphere (G-Gas, D-Dust) 0081 II

ATEX Equipment Marking

Notified Body Number Group (II-Surface, I- Mines) Atmosphere (G-Gas, D-Dust) 0081 II 2 GD EEx
Notified Body Number
Group (II-Surface, I- Mines)
Atmosphere (G-Gas, D-Dust)
0081
II
2
GD
EEx
d

IIB T4

Equipment category
Equipment category
D-Dust) 0081 II 2 GD EEx d IIB T4 Equipment category Equipment Protection Marking European mark

Equipment Protection Marking

European mark for Ex products

Certificate Numbering

ITS 04 ATEX 22778

SIRA 09 ATEX 3176 U

Baseefa 04 ATEX 0273 X

Notified Body - Year of Certification - ATEX - Certificate Number

U – component certification only, not equipment

X – special conditions

7

Equipment Category   Category Protection   Group I M1 High integrity of protection Functional

Equipment Category

 

Category

Protection

 

Group I

M1

High integrity of protection

Functional when explosive mixture present

Underground

use

M2

High level of protection

Not operated when explosive mixture present

   

Protection/Hazard

Used in Zone

Presence

G

D

 

1

Very high / Continuous

0

20

Group II

 

Surface use

2

High / Likely

1

21

3

Normal / Unlikely

2

22

8

IECEx Equipment Marking Similar to ATEX but includes Equipment Protection Levels (EPL) Gas Ex de

IECEx Equipment Marking

Similar to ATEX but includes Equipment Protection Levels (EPL)

Gas

Ex de IIB T4 Gb

or

Ex db eb IIB T4

Dust

Ex t IIIC T225°C T 500 320°C Db

or

Ex tb IIIC T225°C T 500 320°C

Scheme Certificate Numbering

IECEx LCI 04.0003 X

IECEX BAS 05.0091 X

IECEX Scheme – Notified Body – Year of Certification – Certificate Number

9

Equipment Protection Levels (EPL) Hazardous Areas IEC, CENELEC Equipment Group I Mining M a Mb

Equipment Protection Levels (EPL)

Equipment Protection Levels (EPL) Hazardous Areas IEC, CENELEC Equipment Group I Mining M a Mb •

Hazardous Areas

IEC, CENELEC

Equipment

Group

I

Mining

Ma

Mb

Very high level of protection

High level of protection

II

Surface Industry

Zones

Gas

G

0

1

2

Safe area

Explosive gas/air mixture present

continuously or for long periods

Present in normal operation

Unlikely presence of explosive mixture

No explosive mixture present

Ga

Gb

Gc

Very high level of protection

High level of protection

Enhanced level of protection

Dust

D

20

21

22

Dust present continuously of long periods

Present in normal operation

Dust not present in normal operation

Da

Db

Dc

Very high level of protection

High level of protection

Enhanced level of protection

10

Gas Groups IEC, EN, BS (Extract from IEC BS EN 60079-20-1:2010) Name Relative Flash Lower

Gas Groups

IEC, EN, BS

(Extract from IEC BS EN 60079-20-1:2010)

Name

Relative

Flash

Lower flam.

Upper flam.

Auto Ignition

MESG

T Class

Gas

density

Point

limit

 

Limit

temperature

mm

Group

(air =1)

°C

% vol

% vol

°C

Acetic acid

2.07

39

4.0

 

19.9

510

1.76

T1

IIA

Acetone

2.00

< -20

2.5

14.3 @100°C

539

1.01

T1

IIA

Acetylene

0.90

gas

2.3

 

100

305

0.37

T2

IIC

Ammonia

0.59

gas

15.0

 

33.6

630

3.18

T1

IIA

Benzene

2.70

-11

1.2

 

8.6

498

0.99

T1

IIA

Butadiene

1.87

gas

1.4

 

16.3

420

0.79

T2

IIB

Butane

2.05

gas

1.4

 

9.3

372

0.98

T2

IIA

Carbon disulphide

2.64

-30

0.6

 

60

90

0.34

T6

IIC

Carbon monoxide

0.97

gas

10.9

 

74.0

607

0.84

T1

IIB

Ethanol

1.59

12

3.1

19

@ 60°C

400

0.89

T2

IIB

Ethylene

0.97

gas

2.3

 

36

440

0.65

T2

IIB

Hydrogen

0.07

gas

4.0

 

77.0

560

0.29

T1

IIC

Hydrogen Sulphide Sewer gas

1.19

gas

4.0

 

45.5

260

0.93

T3

IIB

Kerosene Diesel No 1

 

38 to 72

0.7

 

5.0

210

 

T3

IIA

Methane

0.55

gas

4.4

 

17

595

1.14

T1

I

Firedamp

 

Methane

0.56

gas

4.4

 

17.0

600

1.12

T1

IIA

Industrial

 

Methanol

1.11

9

6.0

36

@ 60°C

440

0.92

T2

IIA

Naphthalene

4.42

77

0.6 @ 150°C

29 @ 150°C

540

 

T1

IIA

Petrol

3.00

-46

1.4

 

7.6

280

 

T3

 

11

Name Relative Flash Lower flam. Upper flam. Auto Ignition MESG T Class Gas density Point

Name

Relative

Flash

Lower flam.

Upper flam.

Auto Ignition

MESG

T Class

Gas

density

Point

limit

Limit

temperature

mm

Group

(air =1)

°C

% vol

% vol

°C

Phenol

3.24

75

1.3

9.5

595

 

T1

IIA

Propane

1.56

gas

1.7

10.9

450

0.92

T2

IIA

Propylene

1.50

gas

2.0

11.1

455

0.91

T1

IIA

Styrene

3.60

30

1.0

8.0

490

 

T1

IIA

Toluene

3.20

4

1.0

7.8

530

1.06

T1

IIA

Turpentine oil

 

35

0.8

 

253

 

T3

IIA

Xylene

3.65

25

0.9

7.6

535

1.9

T1

IIA

12

Dust Groups IEC, EN, BS ( To be covered by IEC BS EN 60079-20-2 when

Dust Groups

IEC, EN, BS (To be covered by IEC BS EN 60079-20-2 when published)

Dusts

Type

Definition

Dust

Group

Rayon, cotton, sisal, jute, hemp, cocoa fibre, oakum, waste kapok

 

Solid particles, including fibres, greater than 500 μm in size,

 

Combustible flyings

Can burn or glow in air

IIIA

May form explosive mixtures with air

Cocoa, coffee, corn, custard powder, malt, skimmed milk, flour, cellulose acetate, nylon, sugar, milk, polythene, epoxy

 

Fine solid particles 500 μm or less in size

 

Non-conductive combustible dust

Electrical resistivity greater than 10 3 m

IIIB

Can burn or glow in air

May form explosive mixtures with air

Aluminium, magnesium, titanium, zinc, bronze, chromium, tin, cadmium, coal dust

 

Fine solid particles 500 μm or less in size

 

Conductive combustible dust

Electrical resistivity equal or less than 10 3 m

IIIC

Can burn or glow in air

 

May form explosive mixtures with air

13

Temperature classes Code Maximum Surface Temperature °C IEC, CENELEC, (ATEX) T1 450 T2 300 T3

Temperature classes

Code

Maximum Surface Temperature °C

IEC, CENELEC, (ATEX)

T1

450

T2

300

T3

200

USA (NEC 505)

T4

135

T5

100

T6

85

German (pre-ATEX)

G1

360

(VDE 0171/2-61)

G2

240

G3

160

 

G4

110

G5

80

USA, Canada

T1

450

USA (NEC 500)

T2

300

T2A

280

T2B

260

T2C

230

T2D

215

T3

200

T3A

180

T3B

165

T3C

160

T4

135

T4A

120

T5

100

T6

85

14

Examples

135 T4A 120 T5 100 T6 85 14 Examples 1 - Ammonia 2 - Ethylene 3a
135 T4A 120 T5 100 T6 85 14 Examples 1 - Ammonia 2 - Ethylene 3a
135 T4A 120 T5 100 T6 85 14 Examples 1 - Ammonia 2 - Ethylene 3a

1

-

Ammonia

2

-

Ethylene

3a

-

Hydrogen

3b

-

Carbon

3c

-

disulphide Acetylene

3n

-

All class 3 gases

Electrical Ex Protection IEC, EN, BS (Electrical equipment) Gas and Vapours, G   Suitable for

Electrical Ex Protection

IEC, EN, BS

(Electrical equipment)

Gas and Vapours, G

 

Suitable for Zones

 

‘‘d’’ Flameproof

Ex d

1,2

Flameproof (IEC and BS) or Explosion Proof (US). Can withstand an internal explosion and prevents transmission of the explosion to surrounding atmosphere.

‘‘e’’ Increased safety

Ex e

1,2

Increased Safety by design to prevent excessive temperatures and occurrence of arcs and sparks.

   

t

E

 

Maximum locked rotor time allowed to reach limiting temperature. Used to set control gear. Seconds (s)

 

I

A /I N

 

Ratio of locked rotor current to rated current. Used to set up control gear.

‘‘n’’ Non-sparking

Ex nA

2

Non-sparking. Not capable of igniting an Ex atmosphere and a fault is not likely to occur.

 

Ex nL

2

Energy limited

 

Ex nA nL

2

Combined non-sparking and energy limited device

 

Ex nR

2

Restricted breathing

 

Ex nC

2

Encapsulated, enclosed-break, hermetically sealed, sealed, or non-incendiary device

‘‘N’’ Non-sparking

Ex N

2

Pre- EU harmonized standard. (BS 5000-16)

15

‘‘p’’ Pressurized Ex p 1,2 Pressurized to prevent entry of atmosphere into apparatus.   Ex

‘‘p’’ Pressurized

Ex p

1,2

Pressurized to prevent entry of atmosphere into apparatus.

 

Ex px

   

Ex py

1,2

See IEC60079-2 for pressurization levels.

Ex pz

 

Ex ia

   

‘‘i’’ Intrinsic Safety

Ex ib

0,1,2

Intrinsic Safety. Any sparks or hot surfaces are incapable of igniting the most readily ignited mixture of gas and air.

Ex ic

 

Ex ma

   

‘‘m’’ Encapsulation

Ex mb

1,2

Encapsulation. Moulding.

Ex mc

‘‘o’’ Oil filled

Ex o

1,2

Oil Filled. Prevents parts capable of igniting an explosive mixture coming into contact by oil immersion.

‘‘q’’ Powder filled

Ex q

1,2

Powder , quartz and sand filled. Apparatus is filled with fine grains preventing any spark or arc to cause an ignition.

Dust, D

     
 

Ex ta

 

Dust protection by enclosure, formerly ‘‘tD’’. Protection is by limiting external surface temperatures and restriction of dust ingress.

‘‘t’’ Enclosure

Ex tb

20,21,22

Ex tc

‘‘p’’ Pressurized

Ex pD

21, 22

Pressurized. Prevention of dust entering apparatus by maintaining internal pressure above external atmosphere.

16

Mechanical Ex Protection IEC, EN, BS (Non-Electrical equipment) Gas, Vapours, and Dust (G and D)

Mechanical Ex Protection

IEC, EN, BS

(Non-Electrical equipment)

Gas, Vapours, and Dust (G and D)

 

Suitable for Zones

 

‘‘d’’ Flameproof

Ex d

1, 21

Flameproof enclosure can withstand internal explosion and prevent transmission of explosion to surrounding atmosphere.

‘‘c’’ Construction safety

Ex c

1, 21

Ignition protection by constructional measures to prevent ignition from hot surfaces, sparks and pressures generated by moving parts.

‘‘k’’ Liquid immersion

Ex k

1, 21

Liquid immersion. Protection by liquid immersion to prevent potential ignition sources becoming effective.

‘‘fr’’ Flow restricting

Ex fr

2, 22

Flow restricting prevents ingress of explosive atmosphere to below the lower explosive limit.

‘‘b’’ Control of ignition source

Ex b

1, 21

Control of ignition source. Integral sensor detects impending operation likely to cause an ignition and activates control measures.

17

Gas/Dust Groups, International Comparison Europe, International Group Area Classification I   II   III

Gas/Dust Groups, International Comparison

Europe,

International

Group

Area Classification

I

 

II

 

III

Equipment Protection Levels (EPL) IEC, ATEX

Mining

 

Surface

 

Surface

Gas

Gas

Dust

 

Ex Risk

Protection

Level

ATEX

Equipment

Zone

ATEX

Equipment

IEC

EPL

Zone

ATEX

Equipment

IEC

EPL

 

Category

Category

Category

Energised

Very High

M1

           

De-energised in presence of Ex

High

M2

           

atmosphere

Continuous

               
 

> 1000h

Very high

0

 

1G

Ga

20 1D

Da

per year

 

Likely, Normal > 10h < 1000h per year

High

 

1

 

2G

Gb

 

21 2D

Db

Unlikely > 1h < 10h per year

Normal

 

2

 

3G

Gc

 

22 3D

Dc

Gas, Vapour, Dust Groups

 

Temperature Classes

 
 

German

       

IEC

VDE

Examples

 

IEC

 

German, pre ATEX VDE 0171/2

 

0171/2

 
           

Continuous

 

Short

Gas

Class

Class

°C

Class

 

°C

°C

   

Methane or

         

I

1

Fire-damp

T1

450

G1

 

360

 

400

   

Propane

         

Petrol

IIA

1

Industrial

T2

300

G2

 

240

 

270

Methane

   

IIB

 

2

Ethylene

T3

 

200

G3

   

160

 

180

Coke gas

IIC

3a

Hydrogen

T4

135

G4

 

110

 

125

3c

Acetylene

   
 

3n

All Class 3 gases

T5

100

G5

 

80

 

90

Dust

   

T6

85

     
   

Combustible

 

IIIA

flyings

   

Non-

IIIB

Conductive

IIIC

 

Conductive

18

Gas/Dust Groups, International Comparison USA, North America Location         Classification

Gas/Dust Groups, International Comparison

USA, North America

Location

       

Classification

Surface

 

Surface

Surface

Surface

NEC, NFPA, API

Gas/Dust

Gas

Dust

Fibres &

 

Flyings

   

Class

       

Ex Risk

Division

NEC500

NEC

500/505

Zone

NEC 505

Class

NEC 500

Zone

NEC 506

Class

NEC 500

Continuous

1

 

I 0

II

20

III

Likely, Normal

1

 

I 1

II

21

III

Unlikely

2

 

I 2

II

22

III

Gas, Vapour, Dust Groups

 

NEC 500

NEC 505

Example

Gas

N/A*

N/A*

Methane

 

D

IIA

Propane

 

C

IIB

Ethylene

 

B

IIB+H2

Hydrogen

 

A

IIC

Acetylene

 

NEC 500

NEC506

 
   

Not

 

Dust

G

classified

Non-conductive

   

Not

 

F

classified

Carbonaceous

   

Not

 

E

applicable

Metal dust

   

Not

 

N/A

classified

Fibres & Flyings

* Mines are not included in NEC 500/505/506

19

Temperature Classes

Code

NEC 500

NEC 505

 

°C

°C

T1

450

450

T2

300

300

T2A

280

 

T2B

260

 

T2C

230

 

T2D

215

 

T3

200

200

T3A

180

180

T3B

165

165

T3C

160

160

T4

135

135

T4A

120

 

T5

100

100

T6

85

85

Ex Standards Electrical Protection Concepts Territory Standards General   d e   n   p

Ex Standards

Electrical Protection Concepts

Territory

Standards

General

 

d

e

 

n

 

p

 

i

 

m

 

o

 

q

tD

pD

World EU

IEC EN

                     
 

UK

BS

61241-1

USA

ISA

60079-0

60079-1

60079-7

60079-15

60079-2

60079-11

60079-18

60079-6

60079-5

60079-31

61241-4

Canada

CSA

Europe

EN

50014

50018

50019

50021

 

50016

 

50020

 

50028

 

50015

50017

50281-1-1

 
 

UK

BS

5501-1

5501-5

5501-6

 

-

 

5501-3

5501-7

5501-8

 

5501-2

5501-4

   
 

UK

BS

     

6941

             
 

UK

BS

   

5000-15

5000-16

             
 

UK

BS

 

4683-2

4683-4

               
 

UK

BS

   

229

                 

Germany

VDE

0171-1

0171-5

0171-6

0171-16

 

0171-3

0171-7,8

0171-9

 

0171-6

0171-4

0171-15-1-1

 

France

NF

C 23-514

C23-518

C23-519

 

C23-516

C23-520

 

C23-515

C23-517

   
       

XP

   

NI*

         

DIP/NI*

 

USA

FM

3600

3615

 

3611

 

3620

 

3610

     

3610/3611

3620

USA

ISA/UL

     

ISA12.12.01

 

UL 913

     

UL1203/913

 

Canada

CSA

C22.2

C22.2

 

C22.2

   

C22.2

     

C22.2

NFPA

No.0

No.30

No.213

No.157

No.25

496

*

NI Non-Incendive; DIP Dust-Ignition Proof; XP Explosion-proof

 
 

Mechanical Protection Concepts

 
 

Territory

Standards

General

fr

d

c

b

k

 

UK / Europe

BS EN

13463-1

13463-2

13463-3

13463-5

13463

13463-8

20

General Hazardous Area Standards Standard Part Date Basic Concepts and methodology Description BS EN 1127

General Hazardous Area Standards

Standard

Part

Date

Basic Concepts and methodology

Description

BS EN

1127

1

1998

Explosive Atmospheres. Explosion Prevention & protection. Basic concepts & methodology

BS EN

1127

1

2007

Explosive Atmospheres. Explosion Prevention & protection. Basic concepts & methodology

BS EN

1127

2

2002

(+A1:2008 amend) Explosive Atmospheres & protection. Basic concepts and methodology for mining.

General Standards

 

BS

5501

1

1977

Electrical Apparatus for explosive atmospheres. General requirements.

EN

50014

 

1977

Identical to BS 5501:1977

BS EN

50014

 

1993

Electrical Apparatus for explosive atmospheres. General requirements.

BS EN

50014

 

1998

Electrical Apparatus for explosive atmospheres. General requirements.

BS EN

60079

0

2004

Electrical Apparatus for explosive atmospheres. General requirements.

IEC

BS EN

60079

0

2006

Electrical Apparatus for explosive atmospheres. General requirements.

IEC

BS EN

60079

0

2009

Electrical Apparatus for explosive atmospheres. General requirements.

IEC

60079

0

2007

Identical to BS EN 60079:2009

Installation in Hazardous Areas

BS

5345

1

1989

Selection, Installation & maintenance of electrical apparatus for explosive atmospheres, General recommendations.

BS

5345

3

1979

Installation & Maintenance requirements of electrical equipment with protection 'd'

BS

5345

4

1977

Installation & Maintenance requirements of electrical equipment with protection 'i'

BS

5345

5

1983

Installation & Maintenance requirements of electrical equipment with protection by pressurisation, 'p'

21

BS 5345 6 1978 Installation & Maintenance requirements of electrical equipment with protection

BS

5345

6

1978

Installation & Maintenance requirements of electrical equipment with protection 'e'

BS

5345

7

1979

Installation & Maintenance requirements of electrical equipment with protection 'N'

BS

5345

8

1980

Installation & Maintenance requirements of electrical equipment with special protection 's'

BS EN

60079

14

2003

Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres. Electrical installations in hazardous areas (other than mines).

IEC

60079

14

2002

Identical to BS EN 60079-14:2003

BS EN

60079

14

2008

Explosive atmospheres. Electrical installations design, selection & erection.

       

(BS 5345, parts 1 to 9 were withdrawn in 2000, but are still valid for existing installations before that date.)

IEC

60079

14

2007

Identical to BS EN 60079-14:2008

Maintenance and Inspection

BS EN

60079

17

2003

Electrical apparatus. Inspection & Maintenance of electrical installations in hazardous areas (other than mines)

IEC

60079

17

2002

Identical to BS EN 60079-17:2003

BS EN

60079

17

2007

Explosive atmospheres. Electrical installations inspection and maintenance

IEC

60079

17

2007

Identical to BS EN 60079-17:2007

Repair and Overhaul of Hazardous Area Apparatus

BS

7924

 

1999

Code of practice for the repair and overhaul of certified electrical apparatus intended for use in mines

       

susceptible to firedamp

BS IEC

60079

19

1993

Electrical apparatus. Repair & Overhaul for apparatus used in explosive atmospheres(other than mines)

       

(Derived from AEMT/BEAMA Code of practice).

BS EN

60079

19

2007

Explosive atmospheres-Equipment repair, overhaul and reclamation

       

(Derived from AEMT/BEAMA Code of practice).

IEC

60079

19

2006

Identical to BS EN 60079-19:2007

Testing of HV machines

 

DD

50269

 

1997

Assessment & representative testing of high voltage machines.

ENV

22

Zoned Areas BS 5345 2 1983 Code of practice for selection, installation and maintenance of

Zoned Areas

BS

5345

2

1983

Code of practice for selection, installation and maintenance of electrical apparatus for use in potentially explosive atmospheres (other than mining applications) General recommendations.

BS EN

60079

10

2003

Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres. Classification of hazardous areas

IEC

60079

10

2002

Identical to BS EN 60079-10:2003

BS EN

60079

10-1

2009

Explosive atmospheres. Classification of areas. Explosive gas atmospheres

IEC

60079

10-1

2008

Identical to BS EN 60079-10-1:2009

BS EN

60079

10-2

2009

Explosive atmospheres. Classification of areas. Combustible dust atmospheres

IEC

60079

10-2

2009

Identical to BS EN 60079-10-12:2009

Ex Apparatus Protection Concept Standards

Flameproof, Ex 'd'

Zones 1 & 2

Contains an explosion and quenches the flame. Type 'd'

NB: All Ex 'd' standards contain flame-path dimensions as at the date of publication.

The standards remain current with respect to the repair of 'd' machines certified and manufactured to them.

BS

229

 

1957

Specification. Flameproof enclosure of electrical apparatus

BS

4683

2

1971

Specification for electrical apparatus for explosive atmospheres. The construction and testing of flameproof enclosures of electrical apparatus

BS

5501

5

1977

Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres. Flameproof enclosure 'd'

BS EN

50018

 

1995

Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres. Flameproof enclosures 'd'

BS EN

50018

 

2000

Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres. Flameproof enclosure 'd'

BS EN

60079

1

2004

Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres. Flameproof enclosures 'd'

IEC

60079

1

2003

Identical to BS EN 60079-1:2004

BS EN

60079

1

2007

Explosive atmospheres. Equipment protection by flameproof enclosures ‘d’

IEC

60079

1

2007

Identical to BS EN 60079-1:2007

23

American Standards, Ex 'd' UL 674   2003 Electric motors and Generators for use in

American Standards, Ex 'd'

UL

674

 

2003

Electric motors and Generators for use in Division 1 Hazardous (Classified) locations.

 

(4th. Edition)

   

Increased Safety, Ex 'e'

 

Zones 1 & 2

 

No arcs, sparks, or hot surfaces. Type 'e'

BS

4683

4

1973

Specification for electrical apparatus for explosive atmospheres. Type of protection 'e'

BS

5501

6

1977

Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres. Increased safety 'e'

BS

5000

15

1980

Rotating electrical machines of particular types or for particular applications. Machines with type of protection 'e' (increased safety)

BS EN

50019

 

1994

Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres. Increased safety 'e'

BS EN

50019

 

2000

Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres. Increased safety 'e'

BS EN

60079

7

2003

Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres. Increased safety 'e'

IEC

60079

7

2001

Identical to BS EN 60079-7:2003

BS EN

60079

7

2007

Explosive atmospheres. Equipment protection by increased safety 'e'

IEC

60079

7

2006

Identical to BS EN 60079-7:2007

Intrinsic Safety, Ex 'i'

 

Zones 0, 1 & 2

 

Limit ignition energy. Type 'i'

BS EN

50020

 

1995

Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres. Intrinsic safety 'i'

BS EN

50020

 

2002

Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres. Intrinsic safety 'i'

BS EN

60079

25

2004

Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres. Intrinsically safe systems

IEC

60079

25

2003

Identical to BS EN 60079-25:2004

BS EN

60079

11

2007

Explosive atmospheres . Equipment protection by intrinsic safety 'i'

IEC

60079

11

2006

Identical to BS EN 60079-11:2007

24

Non Sparking, Ex 'N' or 'n' Z o n e 2 No arcs, sparks, or

Non Sparking, Ex 'N' or 'n'

Zone 2

No arcs, sparks, or hot surfaces. Type 'N' or 'n'

BS

5000

16

1985

Rotating electrical machines of particular types or for particular applications. Rotating electrical machines with type of protection 'N'

BS

6941

 

1988

Specification for electrical apparatus for explosive atmospheres with type of protection ‘N’

BS

5000

16

1997

Rotating electrical machines of particular types or for particular applications. Rotating electrical machines with type of protection 'N'

BS EN

50021

 

1999

Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres. Type of protection 'n'

BS EN

60079

15

2003

Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres. Type of protection 'n'

BS EN

60079

15

2005

Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres. Construction, test and marking of type of protection ‘n’ electrical apparatus

IEC

60079

15

2005

Identical to BS EN 60079-15:2005

Encapsulation, Ex 'm'

 

Zones 1 & 2

 

Isolate apparatus from atmosphere. Type 'm'

BS EN

60079

18

2004

Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres. Construction, test and marking of type of protection encapsulation ‘m’ electrical apparatus

IEC

60079

18

2004

Identical to BS EN 60079-18:2004

Oil Immersion, Ex 'o'

 

Zones 1 & 2

 

Atmosphere exclusion. Type 'o'

BS EN

50015

 

1994

Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres. Oil immersion 'o'

BS EN

50015

 

1998

Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres. Oil immersion 'o'

BS EN

60079

6

2007

Explosive atmospheres. Equipment protected by oil immersion 'o'

IEC

60079

6

2007

Identical to BS EN 60079-6:2007

25

Pressurized, Ex 'p' Z o n e s 1 & 2 Excludes atmosphere. Type 'p'

Pressurized, Ex 'p'

Zones 1 & 2

Excludes atmosphere. Type 'p'

BS

 

5501

 

3

1977

Electrical apparatus f