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# Set No.

## IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, March 2009

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING
(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Distinguish between uniform sampling and non uniform sampling with respect
to Images.
(b) What are the advantages of non uniform sampling.

[10+6]

## 2. (a) Find Fourier transform 2 -D sinusoidal function n(x,y) = A sin(u0 x + v0 y)

(b) Obtain the spectrum in above case.

[10+6]

3. What is high boost filtering? How it is different from high pass filtering, compare
these techniques.

4. Sketch perspective plot of an 2-D Ideal High pass filter transfer function and filter
cross section and explain its usefulness in Image enhancement.

5. (a) What is meant by color Image smoothing? Explain.
(b) What is meant by color image Sharpening? Explain.

[8+8]

## 6. (a) What is the function of Inverse Filter

(b) Draw the Appropriate Diagram for Inverse Filter

[5+5+6]

## 7. (a) Explain about Sobel edge Detector.

(b) Explain about Laplacian of a Gaussian (LoG) Detector.
8. What is Error Free Compression? Explain about variable length coding.

[8+8]


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Krishna Thota

Set No. 2

## IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, March 2009

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING
(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

## 1. (a) Discuss in detail sampling and quantization of Images.

(b) Define spatial resolution? What is its effect on Image processing.

[10+6]

## 2. With mathematical expressions discuss Hotelling transform and explain how it is

useful in Image processing. How it is different from other transforms.

3. Discuss the concept of derivative filters? How they are used in Image enhancement?

4. Sketch perspective plot of an 2-D Ideal Low pass filter transfer function and filter
cross section and explain its usefulness in Image enhancement.

5. Consider the following image composed of solid color squares for discussing your
answer, choose a gray scale consisting of eight shades of gray, 0 through 7, where 0
is black and 7 is white. Suppose that the image is converted to H S I color space,.
(a) Sketch the hue image.
(b) Sketch the saturation image.
(c) Sketch the intensity image.
Note : use specific numbers for the grade shades. shown in figure 5c.



Figure 5c
6. Explain about Iterative Nonlinear Restoration Using the Lucy-Richardson Algorithm.

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Krishna Thota

Set No. 2

## Code No: R05410408

7. (a) Find the edge Detection using function edge
(b) Explain about Sobel edge Detector.

[8+8]

## 8. (a) Draw and explain a general compression system model.

(b) Draw the relevant diagram for source encoder and source decoder.

[8+8]

2 of 2

Krishna Thota

Set No. 3

## IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, March 2009

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING
(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

1. A common measure of transmission for digital data is the baud rate, defined as the
number of bits transmitted per second. Generally, transmission is accomplished in
packets consisting of starting bit, a byte of information, and a stop bit. Using this
(a) How many minutes would it take to transmit a 512512 image with 128 grey
levels at 300 baud?
(b) What would the time be at 9600 baud?
(c) Repeat
(a) and (b) for a 10241024 image 128 grey levels.



## 2. (a) Find Fourier transform 2 -D sinusoidal function n(x,y) = A sin(u0 x + v0 y)

(b) Obtain the spectrum in above case.

[10+6]

## 3. Discuss the following intensity transformations.

(a) Image negatives
(b) Contrast stretching
(c) Compression of dynamic range.



4. Sketch perspective plot of an 2-D Ideal High pass filter transfer function and filter
cross section and explain its usefulness in Image enhancement.

5. Draw and explain HIS triangle of the RBG color cube.





7. A binary image contains straight lines oriented horizontally, vertically, at 450 and
at -450 give a set of 33 mask that can be used to detect 1-pixel-long brakes in
these lines.assume that the gray levels of lines is one and that the gray level of the
background is 0.

8. (a) Draw and explain a general compression system model.
(b) Draw the relevant diagram for source encoder and source decoder.

[8+8]

1 of 1

Krishna Thota

Set No. 4

## IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, March 2009

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING
(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

1. A common measure of transmission for digital data is the baud rate, defined as the
number of bits transmitted per second. Generally, transmission is accomplished in
pockets consisting of starting bit, a byte of information, and a stop bit. Using this
(a) How many minutes would it take to transmit a 512512 image with 256 grey
levels at 300 baud?
(b) What would the time be at 9600 baud?
(c) Repeat
(a) and (b) for a 10241024 image 256 grey levels.



## 2. (a) Find Fourier transform 2 -D sinusoidal function n(x,y) = A sin(u0 x + v0 y)

(b) Obtain the spectrum in above case.

[10+6]

## 3. (a) Discuss Image sharpening with high pass masks.

(b) Discuss Image sharpening with high boost filtering.

[8+8]

4. Give the expression for 2-D Butterworth High pass filter transfer function and
sketch it. Explain its usefulness in Image enhancement.

5. Consider the following image composed of solid color squares for discussing your
answer, choose a gray scale consisting of eight shades of gray, 0 through 7, where 0
is black and 7 is white. Suppose that the image is converted to H S I color space,.
(a) Sketch the hue image.
(b) Sketch the saturation image.
(c) Sketch the intensity image.
Note : use specific numbers for the grade shades. shown in figure 5c.

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Krishna Thota

Set No. 4

Figure 5c





## 8. An 8 level image has the gray level distribution given in table.

rk
Pr (rk ) Code 1 L1 (rk ) Code 2 L2 (rk )
r0 = 0
0.19
000
3
11
2
r1 =1/7
0.25
001
3
01
2
r2 =1/7
0.21
010
3
10
2
r3 =3/7
0.10
011
3
001
3
r4 =4/7
0.08
100
3
0001
4
r5 =5/7
0.06
101
3
00001
5
r6 =6/7
0.03
110
3
000001
6
r7 =1
0.02
111
3
000000
6
(a) Construct the best B1 - code for the distribution.
(b) Construct the Huffman code for source symbol.



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Krishna Thota