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DIVISION 15

MECHANICAL

SPECIFICATION WRITNGS
ARBU O4

SARANG, WENDELL D.
BSA 3A

TALLER, ZHAIRA MAE

REPORTER
SECTION

MECHANICAL
DIVISION 15 -

Definition:
MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT
The kinds of equipment that are classified under the headings of heating,
air conditioning, plumbing, electrical work and gasfitting.
MECHANICAL ROOMS
A room or space in a building dedicated to the mechanical equipment and
its associated electrical equipment as opposed to rooms intended for
human occupancy or storage.
MECHANICAL ROOMS TYPICALLY HOUSE THE FOLLOWING
EQUIPMENT:

Air handlers
Boilers
Chillers
Elevator machinery

Other HVAC equipment:

Heat exchangers
Water heater and tanks
Water pumps
Main distribution piping and valves
Sprinkler distribution piping and pumps
Back-up electrical generators

HVAC
HVAC (heating, ventilating, and air conditioning; also heating, ventilation,
and air conditioning)[1] is the technology of indoor and vehicular
environmental comfort. Its goal is to provide thermal comfort and
acceptable indoor air quality.

MECHANICAL
DIVISION 15 -

PSVARE
The Philippine Society of Ventilating, Air Conditioning and Refrigerating
Engineers (PSVARE) along with Philippine Society of Mechanical
Engineers (PSME) govern on the codes and standards for HVAC / MVAC in
the Philippines.
AIRCONDITIONER
Air conditioning (often referred to as A/C, AC or aircon) is the process of
altering the properties of air (primarily temperatureand humidity) to more
comfortable conditions, typically with the aim of distributing the conditioned
air to an occupied space to improve thermal comfort and indoor air quality.
USUAL AIR CONDITIONER TYPE FOR RESIDENTIAL
WINDOW UNIT
PORTABLE UNIT
EXAMPLE:
2.5HP, Anti-corrosive Gold Fin Condenser,
Energy Saving (High EER),
Nano Gold Filter, Air Deflection Control,
Auto Swing
Key Features:

Anti-Corrosive Gold Fin


Energy Saving Mode
Nano Gold Filter
Air Deflection Control
Auto Swing

DIVISION 15 - MECHANICAL

MECHANICAL
DIVISION 15 -

SECTION 15100 PLUMBING WORKS


I. GENERAL
1. General Description - The work to be done under this Division of the
specifications of the fabrication, complete in all details, of the Plumbing
Works, at the subject premises and all the materials incidental to the
proper completion of the installation, except those portions of the work
which are expressly stated to be done by others. All works shall be in
accordance with the governing Codes and Regulations and with the
specifications, except where same shall conflict with such Codes, etc.
which, later shall then govern. The requirements in regards to materials
and workmanship specify the required standards for the furnishings of all
labor, materials and appliances necessary for the completion of the work
specified herein and indicated in the drawings.
2. Drawings Specification
2.1 The contract drawing and specifications are complementary to each
other and any labor an materials called for by either, whether or not called
for by both, if necessary for the successful operation of nay of the
particular type of equipment furnished and installed without additional cost
to the Owner.
2.2 All dimensions location of fixtures, equipment floor and roof drains,
risers and pipe chase shall be verified on the architectural drawings and
manufacturer's catalogue.
3. Intent - It is not intended that the drawings shall show every pipe, fitting,
valve and appliance. All such items show whether specifically mentioned
or not, or indicated on the drawings, shall be furnished and installed if
necessary to complete the system in accordance with the best practice of
the plumbing trade and to the satisfaction of the Architect, the Engineer
and the Owner.
4. Site Investigation - The Contractor is required to visit the site and to
ascertain himself as to the local conditions and facilities that may affect his
work. He will be deemed to have done this before preparing his proposal
and any subsequent claims on the ground of inadequate or inaccurate
information will not be entertained.
5. Shop Drawing-The Contractor shall submit to the ARCHITECT and the
Engineer, for approval, four (4) copies of all shop drawings of details and

MECHANICAL
DIVISION 15 -

connection not shown on the drawings or deviation thereof but required for
the work. The Contractor shall certify that the drawings have been
checked for dimensions, materials, erection details and conform to the
intent of the drawings and specifications.
6. Record Drawings
6.1 The Contractor shall during the progress of work, keep a record of the
actual installation from that shown on the contract drawings.
6.2 Upon completion of the work, the Contractor shall submit four (4)
copies of as-built drawings indicating the work as actually and finally
installed.
7. Guarantee - The Contractor shall guarantee that the plumbing system is
free form all defective workmanship and materials and will remain so for a
period of one (1) year from the date of acceptance of the work. Any
defects, appearing within the aforesaid period shall be remedied by the
Contractor at his own expense.
8. Permits - The Contractor shall be responsible for securing all the
required construction and operation permits and pay all necessary fees
thereof. Copies of inspections shall be submitted to the Owner.
9. Codes and Standards - The work under this contract is to be installed
with reference to the latest requirements of the following:
9.1 PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BUILDING CODE
9.2 REGULATION OF LOCAL WATERWORKS & SEWERAGE
AUTHORITY
9.3 UNIFORM PLUMBING CODE (UPC)
9.4 AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS (ASTM)
9.5 AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD INSTITUTE (ANSI)
9.6 AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION (AWWA)
9.7 NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION (NFPA)
9.8 UNDERWRITER'S LABORATORIES (UL)
9.9 FACTORY MUTUAL (FM)

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9.10 NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION


(NEMA)
II. MATERIALS
1. Quality Assurance - All materials shall be used shall be new and shall
conform with the reference codes and standards. Use or materials shall
further be governed by other requirements, imposed on other sections of
these specifications. Materials shall be subject to test necessary their
fitness if so requires
2. Alternate Materials - Use of any material, not specified in these
specifications may be allowed provided such alternate has been approved
by the Architect and Engineer and provided further that a test, if required ,
shall be done by an approved agency in accordance with the generally
accepted standards.
3. Identification of Materials - Each length of pipe, fittings, traps, fixtures
and devise used in the plumbing systems shall be case, stamped or
indelibly marked on it's manufacture trademark or name, the wight, type
and classes or product when so required by the standard mentioned
above.
4. Polyvinyl Chloride Piping
4.1 Type - Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), ASTM D - 2729, schedule 40
4.2 Moldex blue or approved equal for all water line piping.
4.3 Sanimold orange uPVC with exclusive O-ring or approved equal for all
water lines and vents.
4.4 Fittings - Polyvinyl chloride
4.5 Pipe Sealant-PVC chloride
4.6 75 mmO Sanimold Orange uPVC pipes or approved equal for all
downspouts.
5. Concrete Piping
5.1 Type - Concrete Pipes, ASTM C - 78
5.2 Minimum wall thickness - Plain concrete for 250 mmO and smaller
pipes; Reinforced concrete for 300 mmO and bigger pipes, class IV

MECHANICAL
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5.3 Joints - Male and female groove


5.4 Pipe sealant - Cement grout
5.5 Application - Exterior storm drain piping
6. Galvanized Iron Piping
6.1 Type - ERW, ASTM A - 120 or A -53
6.2 Minimum wall thickness - Schedule 40
6.3 Joints - Threaded joints for pipe sized 50mm and smaller; Welded or
flanged joints for pipe sizes 65 mm and bigger.
6.4 Fittings - Malleable iron ASTM A - 197 for threaded fittings and steel
ASTM A - 126 for flanged fittings.
6.5 Valves - Bronze, ASTM B - 62, 1035 Kpa for 50 mm and smaller; All
iron, bronze fitted, 1035 Kpa for 65 mm and bigger.
6.6 Pipe Sealant - Teflon tape for threaded joints and rubber gasket for
flanged joints.
6.7 Application - Main water piping and Fire protection piping.
7. Acid Resistant Pipes - for all laboratory water pipes
8. Pipe/Gutter Support
8.1 Pipe support shall be fabricated with flat bar, round bar and angular
bar of appropriate size.
8.2 Anchorage of pipe support on concrete slab or beam shall be
expansion shields or it shall be directly fasten to structural steel member
as shown on details or as required.
9. Pipe Sleeves
9.1 Pipe sleeve shall be galvanized iron pipe, Sch. 40
9.2 Sleeve shall have minimum clearance of 25 mm around the pipe
insulation, if any, and caulked with oakum and mastic sealant.
EQUIPMENT

MECHANICAL
DIVISION 15 -

1. Quality Assurance - All equipment to be used shall be new and shall


conform with the reference codes and standards. The manufacturer shall
provided representatives for start-up supervision.
2. Operation & Maintenance Manual - The manufacturer shall provide four
(4) copies of operation & maintenance manual, including spare parts list to
the Owner.
3. Fire Hose Cabinet
3.1 Cabinet - Fire hose cabinet shall be flushed to the wall. Frame shall be
gage 16 steel with white interior and red exterior enamel paint finish over
primer. Door frame shall be aluminum.
3.2 Unit shall consist of the following:
One (1) - 40mm x 20 m single jacket hose with brass coupling
One (1) - 40 mm combination fog and solid stream nozzle brass finish
One (1) - Semi automatic rack, brass finish and hose nipple
One (1) - 40 mm angle valve, brass finish, 1200 Kpa
One (1) - Spanned wrench
One (1) - 4.5 Kg. Dry chemical ABC extinguisher. UL/FM listed
One (1) - Fire axe
4. Fire Department Connections
4.1 Type - Threaded type to match the local fire department requirement.
Complete with caps and chains.
4.2 Pressure Rating - 1200 Kpa
4.3 Manufacturer - Similar to Elkhart model or approved equal
4.4 Finish - Rough brass
4.5 Uses and Sizes
Siamese Twin - 75 x 65x 65 mm female connection
Fire hose valve - 65 mm male connection
INSTALLATION

MECHANICAL
DIVISION 15 -

1. Workmanship
1.1 The work throughout shall be executed in the best and most thorough
manner to the satisfaction of the Architect and the Engineers, who will
jointly interpret the meaning of the drawings and specifications and shall
have power to reject any work and materials which in their judgment, are
not in full accordance therewith.
1.2 This Contractor shall assume unit responsibility and shall provide the
services for a qualified Engineer to supervise the complete installation of
equipment and systems and who shall be available for conducting the
finial acceptance tests.
1.3 All equipment shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's
standard. Certificate of compliance by the manufacturer's representative
shall be submitted to the Owner.
2. Excavating, Pipe Laying and Packfilling
2.1 Excavating
Trenches for all underground pipe lines shall be excavated to the required
depth and grades. Bell holes shall be provided so that the pipe shall rest
on well tamped solid for its entire length.
Where rock is encountered, excavation shall extend to depth 150 mm
below the pipe bottom, and before pipe is laid, the space between the
bottom of pipe shall be filled with approved filling materials.
2.2 Pipe Laying
Pipes in trenches shall be laid true line and grade on a stable or suitably
prepared foundation, each section of the pipe being bedded and bottom of
the trench shaped to fit the lowest quadrant of the pipe circumference.
Pipe shall not pass through columns, footings, beams of ribs, except
where noted on the drawings.
Slopes of all sewage and storm drainage pipings shall be maintained at
1% minimum unless otherwise noted or required.
2.3 Backfilling
After pipe lines have been tested, inspected and approved by the Architect
and prior to backfilling, all forms and bracings shall be removed and the
excavation shall be cleaned from trash and debris. Materials for backfilling

MECHANICAL
DIVISION 15 -

shall consists of approved materials and shall be free of debris or big


rocks.
Backfill shall be placed in horizontal layers, properly moistened and
compacted to an optimum density tat will prevent excessive settlement
and shrinkage.
3. Water Piping
3.1 All piping shall be installed parallel to building line unless otherwise
noted.
3.2 The piping shall be extended to all fixtures, outlets and equipment
from the valve installed in each branch.
3.3 The piping system shall be installed with a fall toward a main shut-off
valve and drains. Ends of pipes to fixtures shall be capped with pipe
extension of 30 cm long.
3.4 All pipes embedded underground shall have at least two (2) coat of tar
or carboline.
3.5 All hot water piping shall be insulated except those embedded in
concrete or otherwise noted.
3.6 All water pipe connections to equipment shall be provided with gate
valves and unions or flanges to provide access and maintenance.
3.7 Provide dielectric union for joining pipes of different materials. Cleanouts and Traps
4.1 Clean-outs - Clean-out shall be of the same size as the pipe. For pipes
100 mm and larger, use 100 mm clean-out.

4.2 Trap - Each fixture trap except those cast integral or in combination
with fixtures in which the trap seal is readily accessible or if the trap is
removable shall have an accessible brass trap screw of ample size.

MECHANICAL
DIVISION 15 -

Floor, Wall and Ceiling Plates - Provide chromium plated metal plates of
the same materials as the pipe for all exposed piping passes through
floors, walls and ceilings.
Supports, Sleeves and Hangers
6.1 Fixture Support. All fixtures and equipment shall be supported and
fastened in a safe and satisfactory manner.
6.2 Pipe sleeves shall be installed and properly secured in place at all
points where pipes pass through masonry or concrete, except unframed
floors on earth.
6.3 Pipe Hangers, Supports & Inserts
Horizontal runs of pipe shall be hung with adjustable pipe hangers spaced
not over 3.0 meters apart, except bell and spigot pipes which shall have
hangers spaced not over 1.5 meters apart and located near the bell.
Trapeze hangers may be used in lieu of separate hangers on pipes
running parallel to and close to each other.
Inserts shall be securely anchored and the anchor shall be properly
slushed with mortar. Inserts shall be completely concealed when the
fixtures are installed.
Vertical pipe riser shall be supported at every floor unless additional
supports are required.
Provide isolation for pipe and hanger of different materials.
Provide auxiliary structural steel members required for supporting and
anchoring of pipes and accessories.
7. Cleaning and Painting

7.1 All Exposed Metal Surfaces


All exposed metal surfaces shall be rid of grease, dirt or other foreign
materials.

MECHANICAL
DIVISION 15 -

All equipment, pipes, valves and fittings shall be cleaned of grease and
sludge which may have accumulated. Any stoppage of discoloration or
other damage to the parts of the building, its finish or furnishings due to
the system shall be repaired by the Contractor.
7.2 Painting
All exterior surfaces of pipings to be installed in or through concrete floor
fill or the tile floors and underground shall be given one coat of acid
resisting paint having a bituminous base.
Pipe hangers supports and all other iron work in concealed spaces shall
be thoroughly cleaned and painted with one coat of asphalt varnished.
All pipings shall be painted with two coats of enamel finish paints after
cleaning. Color code shall be submitted to the Engineer and Architect for
approval prior to painting. Directional markers shall be spaced no more
than 5.0 m apart.
8. Testing and Disinfection
8.1 Testing
Water line - Upon completion of the roughing in and before setting fixtures,
the entire water piping system shall be tested at a hydrostatic pressure
one and one-half times the expected pressure in the system when in
operation or 1034 Kpa minimum, for at least 2 hours.
Others - Apply the water to the system either in its entirety or in sections
after rough piping has been installed. If applied to the entire system, all
openings in the piping shall be tightly closed, except the highest opening,
and the system filled with water to the point of overflow. Keep the water in
the system or in the portion under test for at least thirty (30) minutes
during which time there shall be no drop greater than 100 mm.
Where portion of the piping system is to be concealed before completion,
this portion shall be tested separately in a manner similar to that described
for the entire system.

8.2 Disinfection
The entire system shall be thoroughly flushed and disinfected with chloride
before it is placed in operation.

MECHANICAL
DIVISION 15 -

Chlorinating materials shall be introduced into the waterlines in a manner


approved by the Architect and the Engineer.
The chlorine dosage shall be such as to provide no less than fifty (50)
parts per million of available chlorine, following a contact period of not less
than sixteen (16) hours, the heavily chlorinated water shall be flushed from
the system with clean water until the residual chlorine content is no
greater two tenth ppm.
* * * END OF SECTION * * *
SECTION 15200 HVAC
1.0 GENERAL
1.1 Related UBC Guidelines
.1 Section 15001 Mechanical General Requirements
.2 Section 15002 Plumbing General Requirements
.3 Section 15004 District Hot Water Heating System
.4 Section 17100 Cable Infrastructure Overview, sub sections 1.3, 1.4, 2.5,
2.12
.5 Section 17110 Communication Rooms, sub section 1.3
1.2 Coordination Requirements
.1 UBC Building Operations - Technical Services
.2 UBC Utilities
.3 UBC Information Technology (IT)
1.3 Description
.1 UBC Technical Guidelines for HVAC design specification details.
2.0 MATERIALS AND DESIGN STANDARDS
2.1 Performance Standards
.1 The HVAC design shall comply with the following: .1 BC Building
Code.
.2 UBC Technical Guidelines.
2.2 General Requirements
Preferred Systems and Design Approaches

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DIVISION 15 -

.1 Use air systems in combination with perimeter radiation. Perimeter


radiation shall be capable of being operated independent of the air
system (see Section 15901). Perimeter radiation or radiant ceiling
panels must be capable of supplying building skin loss.
.2 Avoid all air systems.
.3 See Section 15901BMS General Guidelines for additional control system
requirements.
.4 Zone mechanical systems by intended occupancy, separate interior and
exterior zones.
.5 Provided reheat coils in each interior zone.
.6 All air handling units shall have heating or preheat coils even if building
load indicate that one is not required.
.7 Proposed fan volume control schemes based on building static pressure
must have prior approval from Building Operations.
.8 Do not specify variable pitch in motion fans.
.9 Design all air handling units with minimum 15% spare volumetric and static
pressure capacity.
.10 Air filters provided for use in HVAC systems adhere to the following
nominal trade size:
Pre Filters
24 x 24 x 2 MERV 8
12 x 24 x 2 MERV 8
Standard Cartridge Filters
24 x 24 x 2 MERV 13
12 x 24 x 2 MERV 13
Box Filters
24 x 24 x 12 MERV 13
12 x 24 x 12 MERV 13
.1 Bag Filters will not be considered an acceptable system.

.11 Air filters provided for use in Fan Coil Units adhere to the following:

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DIVISION 15 -

.1 Where practicable, cartridge filters for use in Fan Coil Units should
be a nominal trade size such as 12 x 24 x 1 and have an
efficiency rating of MERV 8.
.12 Buildings with no air conditioning shall have cooling circulation air
increased by minimum of 25% or have sufficient volume to meet WCB
requirements with respect to maximum space temperature, whichever is
greater. Consider additional costs of construction and compare to cost
of adding and operating an air conditioning plant.
.13 Radiant heating panels shall not face windows.
.14 Provide separate exhaust to all photocopier rooms or areas. Exhaust to
outdoors.
.15 Ensure sufficient air mixing within the occupied space on VAV systems
under all operating conditions.
.16 VAV systems shall have reheat coils at all VAV boxes.
.17 Window mounted air conditioners and exhaust fans are not acceptable,
except for temporary buildings.
.18 All exhaust ductwork within the building shall be under negative pressure.
.19 Specify separate ventilation systems for Mechanical Rooms.
.20 Do not specify sidewall supply registers for classroom applications.
.21 Controls specifications shall meet UBC guidelines. Overall responsibility
of Mechanical system design and necessary controls shall be
Mechanical Consultants responsibility.
.22 Each floor or Zone within floor space is to be provided with CO2 sensors
connected to the building BMS.
.23 Provide minimum of 10 air changes per hour for all laboratories. Alternate
proposals to be reviewed with UBC Technical Services and approved by
UBS Risk Management Services/Health Safety and Environment.
.24 Return and supply fans requiring volumetric tracking shall have same
type devices for volume control, i.e. inlet dampers must be only used
with inlet dampers, VFDs with VFDs etc.

MECHANICAL
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.25 If fume hood exhaust systems are located in mechanical penthouses they
shall be located in separate self contained area within the Mechanical
Penthouse.
.26 Where fume hood fans are contained within mechanical penthouses,
pressurize the penthouse with supply air from the building from a safe
outside source to avoid the possibility of recirculation exhaust air into
the service space and to provide flushing of contaminants if a minor
duct leak occurs.
2.3 Air Outlets and Inlets
.1 Do not specify balancing dampers at the face of air outlets and inlets.
Locate balancing dampers sufficient distance into the ductwork to
maintain acceptable sound level within the conditioned space. (NC 30
35 or less)
.2 Co-ordinate with architectural discipline.
2.4 Outside Air Intake Louvers
.1 Locate outside air intake louvers as far away as practical from all sources
of contamination; avoid locating intakes at loading docks, fume hood
exhausts, generator exhausts. Outside air intake louvers are not to be
located on roof tops where fume hood exhausts are located.
.2 Locate outside air intake louvers as high as possible above grade and
shall not be at grade level.
.3 Where below grade intakes are unavoidable install bird/debris screen on
outside of the louvers.
2.5 Tests
.1 Insulate or conceal work only after testing and approval by UBC Inspector.
.2 Conduct tests in presence of UBC Inspector.
.3 Piping .1 General: maintain test pressure without loss for 48hr unless
otherwise specified.
.2 Hydraulically test steam and hydronic piping systems at 1-1/2 times
system operating pressure or minimum 1300 kPa, whichever is
greater.

MECHANICAL
DIVISION 15 -

.3 Test natural gas systems to latest edition of CAN-B149.1 and


requirements of authorities having jurisdiction.
.4 Test fuel oil systems to latest edition of CSA B139, CSA B139S1 and
authorities having jurisdiction.
.5 Test drainage, waste and vent piping to B.C. Building Code and UBC
Plumbing Inspector.
.6 Test domestic hot, cold and recirculation water piping at 1-1/2 times
system operating pressure or minimum 1000 kPa, whichever is
greater.
.7 Provide x-ray testing of a portion of the welds in steam piping.
2.6 Painting
.1 Refer to Section 09900, Painting.
.2 Specify at least one coat of corrosion resistant primer paint to ferrous
supports and site fabricated work.
.3 Specify painting of all plumbing and mechanical equipment. Color shall be
pewter grey unless otherwise specified.
***END OF SECTION***