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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

5070/11

CHEMISTRY
Paper 1 Multiple Choice

May/June 2012
1 hour

Additional Materials:

*2940770204*

Multiple Choice Answer Sheet


Soft clean eraser
Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST


Write in soft pencil.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided
unless this has been done for you.
There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible
answers A, B, C and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.
Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.
Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any rough working should be done in this booklet.
A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 16.

This document consists of 14 printed pages and 2 blank pages.


IB12 06_5070_11/3RP
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1

A student measured the rate of reaction between calcium carbonate and dilute hydrochloric acid.
A graph showing the volume of gas produced against time is shown.

volume
/ cm3

time / seconds

Which apparatus was used to measure the variables shown on the graph?

balance and gas syringe

burette and pipette

gas syringe and stop watch

pipette and stop watch

A mixture of two substances is spotted onto a piece of chromatography paper.


The paper is inserted into a beaker containing a liquid.

chromatography paper
beaker
spot of mixture
liquid

For separation of the substances to occur the spot of mixture must

be placed so that the spot is just below the level of the liquid.

be soluble in the liquid.

contain substances of the same Rf values.

contain substances that are coloured.

Which molecule contains a total of three covalent bonds?


A

C2H4

H2

H2O

N2

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4

The addition of dilute acid to a solution containing the anion Q and the subsequent use of
limewater can be used to identify the anion Q.
What is Q?

a carbonate

a chloride

an iodide

a sulfate

Four substances have the following electrical properties.


substance

property

does not conduct under any conditions

conducts only in aqueous solution

conducts in both the molten and solid states

conducts in both the molten and aqueous states

What are these four substances?

HCl

NaCl

Pb

Pb

HCl

NaCl

HCl

Pb

NaCl

NaCl

HCl

Pb

The proton number of element X is 6. The proton number of element Y is 9.


What is the formula of a compound of these elements?
A

X2Y3

X3Y2

XY3

XY4

Which ion reacts with aqueous ammonia to give a precipitate that dissolves in an excess of
ammonia?
A

Al 3+(aq)

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Fe2+(aq)

Fe3+(aq)

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Zn2+(aq)

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8

Which statement about aqueous sodium chloride is correct?


A

It contains sodium atoms.

It contains two different types of molecules.

It does not conduct electricity.

It forms a white precipitate when added to aqueous silver nitrate.

15.0 cm3 of 1.0 mol / dm3 potassium hydroxide just neutralise 20.0 cm3 of a solution of nitric acid.
What is the concentration of the acid?
A

0.75 mol / dm3

1.0 mol / dm3

1.5 mol / dm3

7.5 mol / dm3

10 An atom, X, contains 16 protons.


Which statement about X is correct?
A

It cannot form an ion.

It contains 6 electrons in the outer shell.

It contains 6 neutrons.

It has relative atomic mass of 16.

11 The equation for the burning of hydrogen in oxygen is shown.


2H2(g) + O2(g) 2H2O(g)
What does this equation indicate?
A

2 atoms of hydrogen combine with 2 atoms of oxygen.

2 g of hydrogen combine with 1 g of oxygen.

2 moles of steam can be obtained from 0.5 mole of oxygen.

2 moles of steam can be obtained from 1 mole of oxygen.

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12 The diagram shows an apparatus used to compare rates of diffusion.
At which labelled position did a white deposit of ammonium chloride form?
A

source of
hydrogen
chloride gas

source of
ammonia
gas

13 Which statement about conduction of electricity is correct?


A

Electricity is conducted in aqueous solution by electrons.

Electricity is conducted in a metal wire by ions.

Electricity is conducted in a molten electrolyte by electrons.

Electricity is conducted in an acid solution by ions.

14 In terms of electrons, what happens when potassium combines with iodine to form a compound?
A

The atoms of both elements each lose one electron.

The atoms of both elements each gain one electron.

The potassium atoms each lose one electron and the iodine atoms each gain one electron.

The potassium atoms each gain one electron and the iodine atoms each lose one electron.

15 Aqueous copper(II) sulfate is electrolysed using copper electrodes.


Which equation represents the reaction taking place at the anode (positive electrode) in this
electrolysis?
A

Cu(s) Cu2+(aq) + 2e

SO42(aq) SO2(g) + O2(g) + 2e

Cu2+(aq) + 2e Cu(s)

4OH(aq) 2H2O(l) + O2(g) + 4e

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16 The combustion of methane is exothermic. The equation is given below.
CH4 + 2O2 CO2 + 2H2O
What can be deduced from the fact that the reaction is exothermic?
A

Fewer bonds are broken than are made.

Less energy is involved in breaking bonds than is involved in making bonds.

More bonds are broken than are made.

More energy is involved in breaking bonds than is involved in making bonds.

17 How does a catalyst increase the speed of a reaction?


A

by increasing the collision frequency of particles

by increasing the speed of the particles

by increasing the temperature of the reaction

by lowering the activation energy

18 Copper(II) carbonate powder was heated. The loss in mass was plotted against time as shown
on the graph.

0.4

0.3
loss in mass / g
0.2

0.1

0
0

10

time / min

During which time interval is the reaction fastest?


A

0 to 2 min

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2 to 4 min

6 to 8 min

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8 to 10 min

7
19 In which equation is the underlined element reduced?
A

CuSO4(aq) + Mg(s) Cu(s) + MgSO4(aq)

2FeCl 2(s) + Cl 2(g) 2FeCl 3(s)

2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g)

Zn(s) + H2SO4(aq) ZnSO4(aq) + H2(g)

20 A sample of air was bubbled into water. The pH of the water slowly changed from 7 to 6.
Which gas in the sample caused this change?
A

carbon dioxide

carbon monoxide

nitrogen

oxygen

21 Which compound is insoluble in water?


A

lead sulfate

silver nitrate

sodium carbonate

zinc chloride

22 The following statements about dilute sulfuric acid are all correct.
1

Addition of Universal Indicator shows that the solution has a pH value of less than 7.0.

A white precipitate is formed when aqueous barium nitrate is added.

The solution reacts with copper(II) oxide, forming a blue solution.

The solution turns anhydrous copper(II) sulfate from white to blue.

Which two statements confirm the acidic nature of the solution?


A

1 and 2

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1 and 3

2 and 4

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3 and 4

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23 Pieces of material are placed in turn between P and Q in the incomplete electrical circuit shown.

P
Q
bulb

Which material would not cause the bulb to light?


A

aluminium

diamond

magnesium

zinc

24 Which of the following pairs of compounds react together to produce ammonia?


1. ammonium nitrate and calcium carbonate
2. ammonium nitrate and calcium oxide
3. ammonium sulfate and calcium hydroxide
4. ammonium sulfate and calcium nitrate
A

1 and 2 only

1 and 4 only

2 and 3 only

3 and 4 only

25 Which reaction occurring in the blast furnace is an acid base reaction?


A

C + CO2 2CO

C + O2 CO2

CaO + SiO2 CaSiO3

Fe2O3 + 3CO 2Fe + 3CO2

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26 An atom of which element gains three electrons when it forms an ion?
A

aluminium

iron

nitrogen

silicon

27 A metal X forms oxides with the formulae XO and X2O3.


Where is X in the Periodic Table?
A

in Group II

in Group III

the second Period

in the transition elements

28 Which pair of metals are not oxidised when added to water?


1.

calcium

1 and 2

1 and 3

2 and 4

3 and 4

2.

copper

3.

potassium

4.

silver

29 Part of the Periodic Table is shown.


The letters are not the symbols of the elements.

X Y

Which statement about the elements is correct?


A

V is more reactive than X.

W is more reactive than Z.

Y is in the same Group as X.

Z has a lower melting point than W.

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30 Three different beakers are set up as shown.
1

2
rod of
metal Z

3
rod of
metal W

aqueous
metal W
salt

rod of
metal X

aqueous
metal X
salt

aqueous
metal Y
salt

In beaker 1 metal W is displaced from solution.


In beaker 2 metal X is displaced from solution.
In beaker 3 metal Y is displaced from solution.
What is the order of decreasing reactivity of the four metals?
most
reactive

least
reactive

31 Which gases are formed during the production of aluminium by electrolysis of molten aluminium
oxide?
A

carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, oxygen

carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide

carbon dioxide, oxygen, sulfur dioxide

carbon monoxide, oxygen, sulfur dioxide

32 Which pair of gases could be removed from the atmosphere using calcium carbonate?
A

CO2 and O3

CO and SO2

CH4 and NO2

NO2 and SO2

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33 In which parts of a motor car do the reactions, shown in the equations, take place?
N2 + O2 2NO

2CO + 2NO 2CO2 + N2

engine

engine

engine

exhaust

exhaust

engine

exhaust

exhaust

34 The diagrams show four monomers.


H 2N

NH2

HOOC

NH2

HO

NH2

HO

OH

How many of these monomers would react with the molecule below to form a polymer?
HOOC

COOH

35 For which molecules are the empirical and molecular formulae the same?
1. methanoic acid, HCO2H
2. ethanoic acid, CH3CO2H
3. propanoic acid, C2H5CO2H
4. butanoic acid, C3H7CO2H
A

1, 2 and 3 only

1 and 3 only

2 and 3 only

2, 3 and 4 only

36 A compound Y is thought to be an organic acid.


Which reaction shows that Y is an organic acid?
A

It reacts with an alcohol to form an ester.

It reacts with magnesium to form hydrogen.

It reacts with sodium carbonate to form carbon dioxide.

It turns litmus red.

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37 A 10 cm3 sample of a gaseous hydrocarbon is completely burnt in oxygen. The total volume of the
products is 70 cm3. All gas volumes are measured at room temperature and pressure.
Which equation represents the combustion of the hydrocarbon?
A

CH4(g) + 2O2(g) CO2(g) + 2H2O(g)

C2H4(g) + 3O2(g) 2CO2(g) + 2H2O(g)

C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) 3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g)

2C2H6(g) + 7O2(g) 4CO2(g) + 6H2O(g)

38 The boiling points of the alcohols increase as their relative molecular mass increases.
Which alcohol has the highest boiling point?
A

butanol

ethanol

methanol

propanol

39 Which of the following is a type of naturally occurring polymer?


A

paraffin

polyethene

protein

sugar

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40 Compound Q reacts with bromine to form the compound shown.

Br

Br

Which is compound Q?
A

Br

Br

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Magnesium

Sodium

Calcium

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Strontium

Key

b = proton (atomic) number

X = atomic symbol

a = relative atomic mass

*58-71 Lanthanoid series


90-103 Actinoid series

Actinium

Ac

89

Ra

Radium

88

Fr

Francium

87

Hafnium

72

Lanthanum

57

178

Hf

40

Zirconium

Zr

91

Titanium

139

Yttrium

22

48

Ti

La

39

89

Scandium

21

227

Barium

56

Caesium

45

Sc

226

55

137

Ba

133

Cs

38

Rubidium

37

88

Sr

85

Rb

20

Potassium

19

40

Ca

39

12

24

Mg

23

Na

Beryllium

Lithium

11

Be

II

Li

93

Ta

181

Niobium

Nb

90

58

73

52

96

Mo

184

Protactinium

Thorium

55

Tc
186

Re

144

Nd

92

60

Uranium

238

Neodymium

75

Rhenium

43

Technetium

25

Manganese

Mn
27

59

28

59

29

64

30

65

Ru

101

Iron

190

Pm

Osmium

Os

Np
93

Neptunium

61

Promethium

76

44

Ruthenium

26

56

Fe

192

Sm

150

Iridium

Ir

Pu
94

Plutonium

62

Samarium

77

45

Rhodium

Rh

103

Cobalt

Co

Eu

152

Platinum

Pt

195

Am
95

Americium

63

Europium

78

46

Palladium

Pd

106

Nickel

Ni

Gd

157

Gold

Au

197

Silver

96

64

Curium

Cm

Gadolinium

79

47

Ag

108

Copper

Cu

201

Bk

Terbium

Tb

159

Mercury

Hg

97

Berkelium

65

80

48

Cadmium

Cd

112

Zinc

Zn

Dy

162

Thallium

Cf
98

Es

Holmium

99

Einsteinium

67

Ho

165

Lead

207

Tin

Pb

Californium

66

119

Sn

Tl
82

50

32

Germanium

Ge

73

Silicon

204

Indium

In

115

Gallium

Dysprosium

81

49

31

70

Ga

14

28

Si

Carbon

27

Aluminium

13

12

Al

Boron

11

75

Sb

122

Arsenic

As

Bi

209

Fermium

Fm

Erbium

Er

167

Bismuth

100

68

83

51

Antimony

33

15

Phosphorus

31

Nitrogen

14

Se

79

Sulfur

Po

169

Md

Thulium

Tm

101

Mendelevium

69

84

Polonium

52

Tellurium

Te

128

Selenium

34

16

32

Oxygen

16

Yb

173

Astatine

At

Iodine

127

Bromine

Br

80

Chlorine

No
102

Nobelium

70

Ytterbium

85

53

35

17

Cl

35.5

Fluorine

19

Lr

Lutetium

Lu

175

Radon

Rn

Xenon

Xe

131

Krypton

Kr

84

Argon

Ar

40

Neon

103

Lawrencium

71

86

54

36

18

10

Ne

20

Helium

VII

Hydrogen

VI

He

IV

III
1

The volume of one mole of any gas is 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure (r.t.p.).

91

Pa

Th

232

Praseodymium

Cerium

59

141

Pr

140

74

Tungsten

42

Molybdenum

24

Chromium

Cr

Ce

Tantalum

41

23

Vanadium

51

Group

DATA SHEET
The Periodic Table of the Elements

16

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