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Nguyen Trai secondary school

1/Causative form(Th truyn khin):

i vi ng t have:
A: S+have+O(person)+ INF+ O(thing)
P: S+have+ O(thing)+PP+(by+O(person))

Ex: Active: My mother has me wash the


dishes every day.

( Me bao ti ra chen ia mi ngay)


Passive: My mother has the dishes washed (by me) every day.

i vi ng t get:
A: S+get+ O(person)+to INF+ O(thing)
P: S+get+ O(thing) +PP+(by+ O(person))

Ex: Active: He got a porter to carry his


luggage to the taxi.
Passive: He got his luggage carried to the

taxi by a porter.

2/Verb of opinion( ng t chi y kin)


(say,think,believe,report,rumour)
A: S1+Verb of opinion+S2+V2
P: It+be+PP+(that)+ S2+V2
S2+be+PP+-to INF(cung thi)
-to have +PP(khac thi)
Ex1:Active: People believe that she is a well know doctor.
Passive:1/It is believed that she is a well known doctor.
2/She is believed to be a well known doctor.
Ex2: Active:They thought he stole the famous picture.
Passive: 1/It was thought (that) he stole the famous picture.
2/He was thought to have stolen the famous picture.

M T S DANG BI NG KHAC

A: S+ asked/ told/ advised +O+(not)+to INF

P: S+BE+ asked/ told/ advised+(not)+to INF


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(A) S + see + O + INF
watch
hear
(P) S + BE +PP + to INF

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(A) S + call + O + C
(P) S +Be + called + C

Dang bi ng cua want,need,would like


(A) S+want +O+to INF
need

would like
(P) S+ want
need

+-to be +PP
-O+to be+PP

would like
Ex1: I want him to help me
I want to be helped
Ex2: They would like him to clean the board.
They would like the board to be cleaned.

Dang bi ng cua make,let


(A) S+make/let+O+ bare INF
(P) S+be+made/let+to INF
Ex1: Sad movies make me cry.
I am made to cry by sad movies.
Ex2: Did your parents make you wash the dishes?
Were you made to wash the dishes by your parents?
Ex3: The teacher often lets us do the exercise before she explains them.
We are often let to do the exercise before they are explain.
Do not + V + O
S + shouldnt + be + PP
S + should + know + to INF
S + Be +supposed + to know +
S+have+S.O+INF+S.T
S+have+S.T+PP+(BY+S.O)
It+be+oneduty+to INF
S+be+supposed+to INF
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Ng php ting Anh: Cu b


ng
Tm hiu v cu b ng
Trong qu trnh hc ting Anh, bn s khng t ln phi s dng cu b ng. Cu b ng c
dng khi ta mun nhn mnh vo hnh ng trong cu.

Cng thc chung

S+BE+V past participle(P2)


iu kin c th bin i 1 cu t ch ng thnh b ng:

- V trong cu ch ng phi l Transitive Verb (Ngoi ng t: i hi c O theo sau)


- Cc O (trc tip, gin tip) phi c nu r rng
Quy tc:

Khi bin i 1 cu t ch ng sang b ng ta lm theo cc bc sau:


a. Xc nh S, V, O v th ca V trong cu ch ng.
b. Ly O trong cu ch ng lm S ca cu b ng.
Ly S trong cu ch ng lm O v t sau By trong cu b ng.
c. Bin i V chnh trong cu ch ng thnh PP2 (Past Participle) trong cu b ng.

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d. Thm To be vo trc PP2 trong cu b ng (To be phi chia theo thi ca V chnh trong cu
ch ng v chia theo s ca S trong cu b ng).
Bng cng thc cc th th b ng:

Tense
Simple Present

Active
S+V+O

Passive
S + be + PP.2 + by + O

Present Continuous S + am/is/are + V-ing + O

S + am/is/are + being + PP.2 + by + O

Present Perfect

S + has/have + PP.2 + O

S + has/have + been + PP.2 + by + O

Simple Past

S + V-ed + O

S + was/were + PP.2 + by + O

Past Continuous

S + was/were + V-ing + O

S + was/were + being + PP.2 + by + O

Past Perfect

S + had + PP.2 + O

S + had + been + PP.2 + by + O

Simple Future

S + will/shall + V + O

S + will + be + PP.2 + by + O

Future Perfect

S + will/shall + have + PP.2 + O S + will + have + been + PP.2 + by + O

Be + going to

S + am/is/are + going to + V + O S + am/is/are + going to + be + PP.2 + by + O

Model Verbs

S + model verb + V + O

S + model verb + be + PP.2 + by + O

S + modal Verb + have +P2

S + modal Verb + have been +P2

CC TRNG HP C BIT:

1/ It's your duty to+Vinf

-->b ng: You're supposed to+Vinf VD: It's your duty to make tea today.
>> You are supposed to make tea today.
2/ It's impossible to+Vinf

-->b ng: S + can't + be + P2


VD: It's impossible to solve this problem.
>> This problem can't be solve.
3/ It's necessary to + Vinf

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--> b ng: S + should/ must + be +P2 VD: It's necessary for you to type this letter. >> This letter
should/ must be typed by you.
4/ Mnh lnh thc + Object.

--> b ng: S + should/must + be +P2.


VD: Turn on the lights!
>> The lights should be turned on.
B NG CA NG T MAKE/ LET

Cng thc ch ng : S + make/ let + sb+ Vinf. --> B ng: S +be+ made + to + Vinf/let + Vinf.
VD: My parent never let me do anything by myself.
>> I'm never let to do anything by myself.
B NG CA CU TRC " NH AI LM G"

Ch ng: S + have(get) + sb + (to)Vinf -->B ng: S + have/ get + st +done.


VD: I have my father repair my bike.
>> I have my bike repaired by my father.
B NG CA NG T I SAU N L MT NG T DNG VING

Cc ng t nh : love, like, dislike, enjoy, fancy, hate, imagine, regret, mind, admit, involve, deny,
avoid....etc
>> Ch ng: S + V + sb Ving
B ng: S + V + sb/st + being + P2
VD: I like you wearing this dress. >> I like this dress being worn by you.
B NG CA CC NG T TRI GIC( Vp --- verb of perception)

1/ Cu trc 1: S + Vp + sb + Ving.

(Ai chng kin ngi khc lm g v ch thy 1 phn ca hnh ng hoc 1 hnh ng dand din ra
b 1 hnh ng khc xen vo)
VD: Opening the door, we saw her overhearing us.
2/ Cu trc 2: S + Vp + sb + V.

(Ai chng kin ngi khc lm g t u n cui)


VD: I saw him close the door and drive his car away.
NOTE: ring cc ng t : feel, find, catch th ch s dng cng thc 1.

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>> B ng: S + be + P2(of Vp) + to +Vinf
VD: He was seen to close the door and drive his car away.
B NG KP.

1/ Khi main verb thi HIN TI

Cng thc:
People/they + think/say/suppose/believe/consider/report.....+ that + clause.
>> B ng:
a/ It's + thought/said/ supposed/believed/considered/reported...+ that + clause
( trong clause = S + Vinf + O)
b/ ng t trong clause th HTDGhoc TL
S + am/is/are + thought/ said/supposed... + to + Vinf
VD: People say that he is a good doctor.
>> It's said that he is a good doctor.
He is said to be a good doctor.
c/ ng t trong clause thi QKDG hoc HTHT.
S + am/is/are + thought/ said/ supposed... + to + have + P2.
VD: People think he stole my car.
>> It's thought he stole my car.
He is thought to have stolen my car.
2/ Khi main verb thi QU KH.

Cng thc:
People/they + thought/said/supposed...+ that + clause.
>>B ng:
a/ It was + thought/ said/ supposed...+ that + clause.
b/ ng t trong clause th QK:
S + was/were + thought/ said/ supposed... + to + Vinf.
VD: People said that he is a good doctor.
>> It was said that he is a good doctor.
He was said to be a good doctor.
c/ ng t trong clause th QKHT
S + was/were + thought/ said/ supposed... + to + have + P2.
VD: They thought he was one of famous singers.
>> It was thought he was one of famous singers. He was thought to be one of famous singers.
B NG CA TM NG T C BIT

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Cc ng t : suggest, require, request, order, demand, insist(on), recommend.
Cng thc:
S + suggest/ recommend/ order/ require... + that + clause.
( trong clause = S + Vinf + O)
>> B ng:
It + was/ will be/ has been/ is... + P2( of 8 verb) + that + st + be + P2.
( trong "be" l khng i v ng t trong clause cu ch ng dng Vinf)
VD: He suggested that she buy a new car. >> It was suggessted that a new car be bought.
B NG CA CU TRC CH NG GI " IT".

Cng thc:
It + be + adj + for sb + to do st.
>>B ng:
It + be + adj + for st + to be done.
VD: It is difficult for me to finish this test in one hour >> It is difficult for this test to be finished in one
hour.
B NG TRONG TRNG HP 2 TN NG.

Trong : Oi = Indirect Object.


Od = Direct Object.
Cng thc:
S + V + Oi + Od
>>B ng:
1/ Oi + be + P2( of V) + Od.
2/ Od + be + P2( of V) + to Oi.
( ring ng t " buy" dng gii t " for" ).
VD: My friend gave me a present on my birthday.
>> A present was given to me by my friend on my birthday.
I was given a present on my birthday by my friend
- See more at: http://oxford.edu.vn/goc-tieng-anh/hoc-tieng-anh-cung-oxford/ngu-phap-tieng-anh-cau-bidong-622.html#sthash.k2CCeu4L.dpuf
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