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Adjectivele in limba engleza au urmatoarele caracteristici:

a) nu variaza dupa gen si numar


b) se aseaza inaintea substantivelor
Exemplu:
a good cake ---> good cakes

A. Tipuri de adjective

opinion adjectives (adjective de opinie): descriu ceea ce credem despre


cineva sau ceva.
Exemple: beautiful, great, nice, expensive, cheap, ugly etc.
fact adjectives (adjective de fapt): descriu ceea ce fiintele sau obiectele
determinate sunt cu adevarat
Exemple: short, large, long, green, round etc.
! Adjectivele de opinie stau inaintea adjectivelor de fapt

B. Adjectivul demonstrativ

Desemneaza fiinte sau lucruri pe care le aratam precizand in acelasi timp


apropierea sau departarea in timp sau spatiu.
Forme:
singular:
- this (acest, aceasta)
- that (acel, acea)
plural:
- these (acesti, aceste)
- those (acei, acele)

Exemple:
This man is a doctor.
That girl is a pupil.
These children are small.
Those boys are playing in the scoolyard.

C. Adjectivul posesiv
Desemneaza raportul de posesie dintre un posesor si ceea ce acesta
poseda:
Forme:
singular:
- my (meu, mea, mei, mele)
- your (tau, ta, tai, tale)
- his (lui, sau, sa, sai, sale)
- her (ei, sau, sa, sai, sale)
- its (lui, ei, sau, sa, sai, sale)
plural:
- our (nostru, noastra, nostri, noastre)
- your (vostru, voastra, vostri, voastre)
- their (lor)
Exemple:
This is my house.
It is his car.
That is our shop.
Those are your books.

D. Comparativul adjectivelor

a) Comparativul de egalitate / inferioritate:


"as ... as" (tot atat de / la fel de)
"not as ... as" (nu atat de / nu la fel de)
"not so ... as" (nu atat de / nu la fel de)
Exemple:
She is as pretty as her mother.
He is not as tall as his brother.
b) Comparativ de superioritate:
- pentru adjective scurte (monosilabice) se adauga terminatia "-er" la
finalul adjectivului respectiv
- pentru adjective lungi, acestea sunt precedate de adverbul "more"
Exemple:
tall ---> taller
(inalt ---> mai inalt)
slim ---> slimmer
(slab ---> mai slab)
fast ---> faster
(rapid ---> mai rapid)
big ---> bigger
(man ---> mai mare)
beautiful ---> more beautiful
(frumos ---> mai frumos)
interesting ---> more interesting
interesant ---> mai interesant
difficult ---> more difficult
dificil ---> mai dificil

E. Superlativul adjectivelor

- pentru adjective scurte (monosilabice) se adauga terminatia "-est" la


adjectivul precedat de "the"
- pentru adjective lungi, acestea vor fi precedate de "the most"
Exemple:
the tallest (cel mai inalt)
the slimmest (cel mai slab)
the fastest (cel mai rapid)
the biggest (cel mai mare)
the most beautiful (cel mai frumos)
the most interesting (cel mai interesant)
the most difficult (cel mai dificil)

F. Comparative si superlative neregulate


bad
good
far
much
old

worse
better
farther
(further)
more
older (elder)

the worst
the best
the farthest (the
furthest)
the most
the oldest (the eldest)

rau
bun
indepartat
mult
batran

Exercitii:
1. Traduceti in limba engleza urmatoarele propozitii:
a) Aceasta masina este rosie.
b) Acele fete sunt in clasa intai.
c) Acei barbati sunt doctori.
d) Aceasta este clasa mea.
e) Acela este cainele ei.
f) Acestea sunt caietele noastre.

. Adverbe de mod

- arata modul in care se petrece o actiune


Mod de formare:
- de obicei, aceste adverbe se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ly la
finalul unui adjective.
Exemple:
beautiful ---> beautifully
sad ---> sadly
capable ---> capably
slow ---> slowly
easy ---> easily

B. Adverbe de loc

- arata locul in care se petrece o actiune


Exemple:
here, there, upstairs, downstairs, anywhere, everywhere, outside, inside

C. Adverbe de timp

- arata timpul in care se petrece o actiune


Exemple:
today, yesterday, tomorrow, Saturday, Monday, now, finally, later, soon, just,
still

D. Adverbe de durata

- arata perioada de timp a unei actiuni


Exemple:
forever, shortly, long, permanently

E. Adverbe de comparatie
- arata gradul de intensitate al unei actiuni
Exemple:
extremely, greatly, hugely, partially, perfectly, strongly, totally, almost,
very, entirely

F. Adverbe de frecventa
- arata gradul de repetabilitate al unei actiuni
Exemple:
always, constantly, often, rarely, regularly, seldom, sometimes,
occasionally, rarely, never

G. Adverbe de probabilitate
- arata gradul de probabilitate a unei actiuni
Exemple:
certainly, perhaps, maybe, possibly, definitely

Exercitii:

1. Cunoscand urmatoarele procente corespunzatoare adverbelor de


frecventa, realizati propozitiile de mai jos, conform modelului.
never ---> 0%
rarely ---> 10%
sometimes ---> 25%
often ---> 50%
usually ---> 75%
always ---> 100%
Exemplu:
Sam / have / shower / evening (75%)
Sam usually has shower in the evening.
a) I / eat / cake / afternoon. (25%)
b) Tim / sleep / living - room (50%)
c) I / go / school / Sunday (0%)
d) Dennis / play / tennis / weekends (100%)
e) She / run / park / morning (10%)
2. Transformati urmatoarele adjective in adverbe:
horrible --->
careful --->
nervous --->
desperate --->
slow --->
sudden --->
bright --->
proud --->
3. Subliniati termenul corect din urmatoarele propozitii:
a) Denisa was wearing a pretty / prettily dress at the wedding.
b) I had a terrible / terribly dream last night.
c) Final / Finally, she passed the exam.
d) She was walking rapid / rapidly.
e) Sam is fluent / fluently in French.
f) Was your grammar test easy / easily?
g) They were talking loud / loudly so everybody could hear them.
4) Alegeti varianta corecta:
1. Please don't talk so .................... . I'm trying to sleep.

a) louder; b) loudest; c) loudly


2. We .................... go on picnics on weekends. We love fresh air.
a) never; b) usually; c) seldom
3. The bouquet was .................... . She loved it.
a) beautiful; b) beautifully; c) ugly.
4. James .................... put the broken glass into the rubbish bin.
a) careful; b) more carefully; c) carefully