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1. During intramembranous ossification,

1. Blood vessels along the bone degenerates.
2. Blood vessels is converted into yellow bone marrow.
3. Osteocytes are revert into osteoblast.
4. Trabaculae fuse and form the spongy bone.
5. Spongy bone replaces the compact bone.
2. Arrangements of the osteons of the compact bone
1. Osteon is perpendicular to the long axis of the long bone.
2. Not changed after the childhood.
3. Along the stress line
4. Due to the arrangement of the canaliculi
3. Regarding cartilages.
1. Epiphyseal plate
2. Epiglottis is an elastic cartilage.
3. Hyaline cartilage is abundant & weakest.
4. External ear has fibrocartilage.
4. Regarding the bone remodelling at a healthy adult.
1. Bone resorption is done by osteoblast.
2. Bone formation is greater than bone resorption.
3. Vitamin C is important to promote osteoblast into osteocytes.
4. Calcitriol decreases the absorption of ca2+
5. Regarding rickets
1. It is associated with deficiencies of ECF Ca2+, PO432. Bone resorption occurs faster than deposition.
3. Tetany will not occur in early stages of rickets.
4. Plasma calcium level is slightly decreased.
5. It occurs in children.
6. Bone scan,
1. Bone tissue intakes the radio active waves.
2. Hotspots appear in response of the decreased metabolism.
3. Coldspots appear responsible to the increased metabolism.
4. It is a new technique for diagnosis bone abnormality.
5. It is less effective than identifying by X-ray.
7. Membrane surround the medullary cavity
1. Periostium.
2. Endostium
3. Diaphysis
4. Metaphysis
5. Epiphysis
8. Regarding bone tissues,
1. There is no nerve supply.
2. Only endosteum get nerve supply.

3. Only Periosteum get nerve supply.

4. Only medullary cavity get nerve supply.
5. Nerves follow the arteries.
9. Regarding osteoporasis
1. Is the thickening of bone due to excessive calcitonin.
2. May be prevented by adequate Ca2+ intake & weight bearing exercise in young age.
3. Effect more women than men.
4. It is treated primarily through administration of PTH.
5. It is a condition in which bone deposition exceed the bone resorption.
10. All of the following are associated with compact bone except,
1. Osteocytes
2. Canaliculi.
3. Trabeculae
4. Concentric lamellae
5. Transverse & central canal
11. Regarding osteoclast,
1. Bone refashioning occurs.
2. Active in less than 10% of the bone surface in an adult.
3. Derived from osteogenic cells.
4. Imbibe by phagocytosis.
5. Absorption occurs in the influence of PTH.
12. Ca2+
1. Hypercalcemia cause neuro hyperactivity.
2. Act as 2nd messenger.
3. 60% of serum calcium bind with protein,
4. Bound Ca2+ is important for most function.
5. Ingested Ca2+ is normally eliminated by urine.
13. Which blood vessels are associated with hole in the shaft of along bone?
1. Epiphyseal arteries & veins
2. Metaphyseal arteries & veins
3. Diaphyseal arteries & veins
4. Periosteal arteries & veins
5. Endosteal arteries & veins
14. Regarding bone growth.
1. Rapid in adulthood.
2. Growth in the epiphyseal plate cause diaphysis to grow in thickness.
3. In Kwarsiokor the formation of the bone is lower than the loss of the bone.
4. Bone tissue growth in thickness by interstitial growth.
5. Appostitional growth occurs throughout the life.
15. Regarding spongy bone,
1. Houses the red bone marrow.
2. Arranged in osteons.
3. Located primarily in the long bone.
4. Dont contain harvesian system.
5. Trabeculae are consist irregular lamelle.