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# Time and Distance

Rule 1
(i) Distance = Speed * Time
(ii)Time =

## Ex. 5: Express 10 m/sec in km/hr.

Soln: Applying the above formula (v), we have,

Distance
Speed

(iii) Speed=

10m/sec= [

1.

Time

j g I m/sec

(v) x m/sec = x x -

y ] km/hr = 36km/hr,

km/hr
2.

## Ex. 1: Find the distance covered by a man walking for 10

minutes at a speed of 6 km/hr.
Soln: Applying the above formula (i), we have
10
10
Distance = 6 km/hr x - hrf-.- 10 minutes = ~ hrl
60
60
= lkm
Ex. 2: Find the time taken to cover a distance of 125 km by a
train moving at a speed of 50 km/hr.
Soln: Applying the above formula (ii). we have,

## A train runs at the rate of 45 km an hour. What is its

speed in metres per second?
a) 12 m/sec
2

Illustrative Examples
3.

4.

5.

125
Time =

Exercise

Distance

(iv)x km/hr = I *

## Ex. 3: A train covers a distance of 1250 km in 25 hours. Find

the speed of the train.
Soln: Applying the above formula (iii),

b)25 m/sec

c) 10 m/sec
d) None of these
2
A motor car takes 50 seconds to travel 500 metres. What
is its speed in km per hour?
a) 32 km/hr b) 36 km/hr c) 34 km/hr d) 38 km/hr
How many km per hour does a man walk who passes
through a street 600 m long in 5 minutes?
a) 3.6 km/hr
b) 7.2 km/hr
c) 8 km/hr
d) None of these
Compare the rates of two trains, one travelling at 45 km
an hour and the other at 10 m a second.
a)4:5
b)3:5
c)5:4
d)5:3
The distance of the sun from the earth is one-hundred
forty-three million four hundred thousand km and light
travels from the former to the latter in seven minutes and
fifty-eight seconds. Find the velocity of light per second.
a) 300000 km/sec
b) 30000 km/sec
c) 3 x 10 km/sec
d) Can't be determined
6

.
A
The wheel of an engine 4 metres in circumference
2

Speed = - ^ = 50 km/hr
25

6.

## Ex. 4: Express a speed of 18 km/hr in metres per second.

Soln: Applying the above formula (iv), we have
18 km/hr ~ 1

I m/sec = 5 m/sec.

7.

## makes seven revolutions in 4 seconds. Find the speed

of the train in km per hour.
a) 18 km/hr b) 24 km/hr c) 36 km/hr d) 27 km/hr
Sound travels 330 metres a second. How many kilometres
is a thunder-cloud distant when the sound follows the
flash after 10 seconds?

420

8.

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS
a) 3.3 km
b)3km
c) 3.2 km
d) 3.5 km
What is the length of the bridge which a man riding 15
km an hour can cross in 5 minutes?
a) 1 km

9.

b) 2 km

c) 2 km

d) 1 km

## time = 7 x 60 + 58 = 478 seconds

.-. speed =

b)

5_

c)3.6

36

15
.-. speed of the train = = m/sec
2
(using the given rule (
15
15
m/sec = ~
2
2

= 300000 km/sec

30
= x7 = 30 metres

d) 10

/X

478

## A man crosses a street 600 m long in 5 minutes. His

speed in kilometres per hour is
IClerical Grade Exam, 19911
a) 7.2

143400000

18
" =27 km/hr
5

## [Asst. Grade Exam, 1987j

a) 18km
b)15km
c)16km
d)17km
11. A train travels 92.4 km/hr. How many metres will it travel
inlOminutes?
[BankPO Exam, 1991]
a) 15400
b) 1540
c)154
d) 15.40
12. xA train covers a distance in 50 minutes i f it runs at a
\
speed of 48 km per hour on an average. The speed at
which the train must run to reduce the time of journey to
40 minutes, will be
|Central Excise and I Tax Exam, 1988]
a) 50 km/hr b) 55 km/hr c) 60 km/hr d) 70 km/hr

## (Using the given rule (v))

330x10
7. a; Hint: Distance = Speed * Time =

= 3.3 km

... 5
5 . 1
8. d; Hint: Required answer = > 5 x = = 1 - km
^
60 4
4
(Using the given rule (i))
600
18
9. a; Hint: Required answer = -5
x 6 ~0
5 = 7.2 km/hr
x
X

## 1. a; Hint: Use the given rule (iv)

ie required answer =

45x5
18

25

12

,5x3

x5

km

17km

1
m per sec
I i . a: Hint: speed of nam

500
2. b; Hint: Speed of the motor car in m/sec = -TJT =10 m/sec

( 77
Distance covered in (10 * 60) sec = ^ ~ x 10x60

10x18
10 m/sec = a = JO km/hr (Use rule (v))
600
_
3. b; Hint: Man's speed in m/sec = -- = 2 m/sec
5x60
18x2
_
2 m/sec = : = 7.2 km/hr

t * | g j m/sec = - m/sec

## metres = 15400 metres

12. c; Hint: Distance = (speed x time) = 48 x 1 = 40 km
60 J

Speed =

Distance

(40x60

Time

40

km/hr = 60 km/hr

## 4. c; Hint: Speed of the first train = 45 km/hr

18
Speed of the second train = 10 m/sec = j 0 * = 36 km/
hr

Rule 2
Theorem: If a certain distance is covered at x km/hr and
the same distance is covered at y km/lir then the average
Ixy

## .-. ratio of the speeds of the trains = 45 : 36 = 5 : 4

Distance
5. a; Hint: Speed =
Time
Here, distance between the sun and the earth
= 143400000 km and

## speed during the whole journey is

km/hr.

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A man covers a certain distance by car driving at 70

km/hr and he returns back to the starting point riding
on a scooter at 55 km/hr. Find his average speed for

Time and

-1\

Distance

## the whole journey.

Soln: Applying the above theorem, we have,
2x70x55
Average speed =

5 5

2.

## Theorem: A person is walking at a speed ofx km/hr. After

every kilometre, if he takes restfor t hours, then the time h e

## km/hr = 61.5 km/hr.

will take to cover a distance ofy km is

Exercise
1.

Rule 3

## A man covers a certain distance by car driving at 40 km/

hr and he returns back to the starting point riding on a
scooter at 10 km/hr. Find his average speed for the whole
journey.
a) 8 km/hr
b) 16 km/hr
c) 12 km/hr
d) None of these
A man covers a certain distance by car driving at 30 km/
hr and he returns back to the starting point riding on a
scooter at 20 km/hr. Find his average speed for the whole
journey.
a) 24 km/hr b) 27 km/hr c) 15 km/hr d) 12 km/hr
A man covers a certain distance by car driving at 15 km/
hr and he returns back to the starting point riding on a
scooter at 35 km/hr. Find his average speed for the whole
journey.
a) 20 km/hr b) 18 km/hr c) 21 km/hr d) 24 km/hr
A man covers a certain distance by car driving at 40 km/
hr and he returns back to the starting point riding on a
scooter at 20 km/hr. Find his average speed for the whole
journey.

hr. Or.

## in other words, required time

_ Distance to be covered

+ Number of rest x

Speed
Time for each rest

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A man is walking at a speed of 12 km per hour. After

every km he takes rest for 12 minutes. How much time
will he take to cover a distance of 36 km.
Soln: Detail Method:
Rest time = Number of rest x Time for each rest
12 = 3 5 x - = 7hr
[ v To cover 36 km, the man has to take rest 35 times,
as he takes rest every hour]

a) 1 6 - km/hr
3

b)26km/hr

36 ,
Total time to cover 36km = + 7 = 10 hours.
12
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem,
Here, x= 12 km/hr
y=36km

c) 36 km/hr

d) 2 6 - km/hr

t = 12 minutes

## A train goes from a station A to another station B at a

speed of 64 km/hr but returns to A at a slower speed. I f
its average speed for the trip is 56 km/hr, the return speed
of the train is nearly.
| Hotel Management, 19911
a) 48 km/hr b) 50 km/hr c) 52 km/hr d) 47.4 km/hr
On a tour a man travels at the rate of 64 km an hour for
the first 160 km, then travels the next 160 km at the rate of
80 km an hour. The average speed in km per hour for the
first 320 km of the tour, is
[SBIPO Exam, 1988|
a)35.55
b)71.11
c)36
d)72
2. a
3.c
4.d
b; Hint: Let the return speed of the train be y km/hr
Then, applying the given rule, we have,
2x64x_y _ ^

= 71.11 km/hr

hr.

Exercise
1.

3.

"(64+v) ~~
or,2 x64 x y = 56(64+y)
or, y = 49.8 = 50 km/hr (nearly)
(2x64x80^
b; Hint: .-. Average speed = I ^ go I km/hr

60

36
,\
Total time = + ->6 -1) =3 + 7=10 hours.

2.

12
:

4.

## A man is walking at a speed of 6 km per hour. After every

km he takes rest for 6 minutes. How much time will he
take to cover a distance of 18 km.
a) 5 hrs
b) 5 hrs 42 min
c) 4 hrs 42 min
d) None of these
A man is walking at a speed of 18 km per hour. After
every km he takes rest for 18 minutes. How much time
will he take to cover a distance of 54 km.
a) 18 hrs
b) 18 hrs 54 min
c) 16 hrs 54 min
d) None of these
A man is walking at a speed of 9 km per hour. After every
km he takes rest for 9 minutes. How much time will he
take to cover a distance of 27 km.
a) 6 hrs
b) 6 hrs 45 min
c) 6 hrs 54 min
d) None of these
A man rides at the rate of 18 km an hour, but stops 6
minutes to change hours at the end of every 7th kilometre
How long will he take to go a distance of 90 kilometres
0

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

422

5.

a) 6 hrs
b) 6 hrs 12 min
c) 6 hrs 15 min
d) None of these
A man rides at the rate of 20 kilometres an hour. But
stops 10 minutes to change horses at the end of every
25th kilometre. How long will he take to go a distance of
175 kilometres?
a) 9 hrs 15 min
o) 9 hrs 45 min
c) 10 hrs
d) 8 hrs 45 min

## Time taken to cover x km at 40 km/hr =

x
x _1
or, 4x - 3x = 30 or, x = 30
' 3 0 ~ 4 0 ~ 4
Hence, the required distance is 30 km.
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
hove

2.b
3.c
Hint: Here instead of every kilometre, every 7th
kilometre is given. Hence, we should first calculate
no. of rest ie

30x40 10 + 5
the required distance = ~ ~
- 30 km.
40-30
60
Note: 10 minutes late and 5 minutes earlier make a difference of 10 + 5 = 15 minutes. As the other units are in
km/hr, the difference in time should also be changed
into hours.
15 1
.-. 15 minutes = ~TZ ~r hr.
60 4
x

90

12

## Now applying the given rule, we have

+ 12x
18
60

= 5 hrs+ 1 hr 12 min
= 6 hrs 12 min
5.b;

## Hint: No. of rest

175
:

~25

Exercise
1.

-1 = 6

175 , U
1
.-. required answer = -r + 6 x - y hrs 45 min
20
60

Rule 4
Theorem: A person covers a certain distance between two
x

2.

## destination y hours earlier. The distance between the two

s

*r(*i + y\)
km. Or,
(?-*) J
3.

Required distance
Product of two speeds
Difference of two speeds

## A man covers a certain distance between his house and

office on scooter. Having an average speed of 15 km/hr,
he is late by 5 min. However, with a speed of 20 km/hr, he
. 1
reaches his office 2 min earlier. Find the distance be2
tween his house and office.
1
d ) 7 - km
2
A man covers a certain distance between his house and
office on scooter. Having an average speed of 60 km/hr,
he is late by 20 min. However, with a speed of 80 km/hr,
he reaches his office 10 min earlier. Find the distance
between his house and office.
a) 120km
b)90km
c)80km
d)60km
A man covers a certain distance between his house and
office on scooter. Having an average speed of 45 km/hr,
he is late by 15 min. However, with a speed of 60 km/hr,
a)15km

## points. Having an average speed of x km/lir, he is late by x

points is given by

hrs.

## Difference between the time taken = 15 min = hr.

4

l.c
4.b;

40

x Difference between
arrival times

b)15^-km

c)7km

## he reaches his office 7 min earlier. Find the distance

2
between his house and office.

(See note)

Illustrative Example
A man covers a certain distance between his house
and office on scooter. Having an average speed of 30
km/hr, he is late by 10 min. However, with a speed of
40 km/hr, he reaches his office 5 min earlier. Find the
distance between his house and office.
Soln: Detail Method Let the distance be A: km.

a) 45^- km b) 6 7 k m

Ex.:

4.

d) 3 7 ^ km

## Ram travels at the rate of 3 km/hr and he reaches 15

minutes late. If he travels at the rate of 4 km/hr, he reaches
15 minutes earlier. The distance Ram has to travel is
|CDS Exam, 1989|
a) l k m
b)6km
c)7km
d)12km

l.d

c)45km

2. a

3.b

4.b

423

Rule 6

Rule 5

## Theorem: A person goes to a destination at a speed of x

Theorem: A person walking at a speed ofx km/hr reaches
km/hr and returns to his place at a speed of y km/hr. If he
his destination x hrs late. Next time he increases his speed
takes T hours in all, the distance between his place and
by y km/hr, but still he is late by y, hrs. The distance of his
( xy
xT km. In other words,
destination is
yx
+
y
destination from his house is given by (x, -y^x + y)]

Required distance
km.
Total time taken x

Illustrative Example
A boy walking at a speed of 10 km/hr reaches his
school 15 minutes late. Next time he increases his
speed 2 km/hr, but still he is late by 5 minutes. Find
the distance of his school from his house.
Soln: Applying the above theorem, we have
the required distance

## Product of the two speeds

Addition of the rwo speeds

Ex.:

l ^ | (
60 J

Illustrative Example
Ex:

A boy goes to school at a speed of 3 km/hr and returns to the village at a speed of 2 km/hr. If he takes 5
hrs in all, what is the distance between the village and
the school?
Soln: Detail Method: Let the required distance be x km.

2 ) x H = 10km.
' 2

Exercise
1.

2.

3.

4.

## A boy walking at a speed of 15 km/hr reaches his school

20 minutes late. Next time he increases his speed 5 km/hr,
but still he is late by 10 minutes. Find the distance of his
school from his house.
a) 15km
b)10km
c)18km
d)20km
A boy walking at a speed of 45 km/hr reaches his school
10 minutes late. Next time he increases his speed 15 km/
hr, but still -he is late by 5 minutes. Find the distance of
his school from his house.
a) 10km
b)12km
c)25km
d)15km
A boy walking at a speed of 30 km/hr reaches his school
40 minutes late. Next time he increases his speed 10 km/
hr, but still he is late by 20 minutes. Find the distance of
his school from his house.
a) 30 km
b)25km
c) 40 km
d) None of these
A man walking with a speed of 5 km/hr reaches his target
5 minutes late. I f he walks at a speed of 6 km/hr, he still
reaches 3 minutes late. Find the distance of his target
from his house.
a) 3 km

b)2km

c) ! km

## and time taken during the second journey = hr.

x x .
2x + 2>x
.-. + = 5 =>
= 5 => 5x = 30
3 2
6
.-. x = 6
:. required distance = 6 km
Quicker Method: Applying the above rule, we have
the required distance = 5 x

1.

2.

## the required distance =

= 6 km.

Exercise

d)lkm

l.b
2.d
3.c
4. d;Hint: Herey = 6km/hr-5km/hr = 1 km/hr
Now applying the given rule we have

3x2
3+2

3.

4.

1
A man walks to a town at the rate of 5 kilometres an
hour and rides back at the rate of 10 kilometres an hour,
how far has he walked, the whole time occupied having
been 6 hours 12 minutes?
a)31km
b)29km
c)22km
d)17km
A man walks to a town at the rate of 4 ki lometres an hour
and rides back at the rate of 5 kilometres an hour, how far
has he walked, the whole time occupied having been 9
hours?
a)20km
b)25km
c)18km
d)15km
A man walks to a town at the rate of 5 kilometres an hour
and rides back at the rate of 7 kilometres an hour, how far
has he walked, the whole time occupied having been 6
hours?
a)17km
b)35km
c)17.5km
d)35.2km
A man walks to a town at the rate of 8 kilometres an hour
and rides back at the rate of 6 kilometres an hour, how far

424

5.

6.

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS
has he walked, the whole time occupied having been 7
hours?
a) 14km
b)18km
c)22km
d)24km
A boy goes to school with the speed of 3 km an hour
and returns with a speed of 2 km/hr. If he takes 5 hours in
all, the distance in km between the village and the school
is
|NDA 1990|
a) 6
b)7
c)8
d)9
A car completes a certain journey in 8 hours. It covers
half the distance at 40 km/hr and the rest at 60 km/hr. The
length of the journey in kilometres is
a) 192
b)384
c)400
d)420

## Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we

have
2x10x21x24
Distance =

11
, 12 31
km/hr, y = 10 km/hr, T = + = hours
2
60
5
Now applying the given rule, we have

Exercise
1.

2.

3.

4.
the required distance

xlO
2
11
+ 10

a,
w

22 km

3.c

4.d

Rule 7
Theorem: If a person does a journey in Thours and thefirst
half at S, km/It r andthe second halfat S km/hr, then the
2

distance

4. a

Rule 8
Theorem: The distance between two stations, A and R is D
km. A train starts from A and moves towards B at an average speed of x km/lir. If an another train starts from B, t
hours earlier than the train at A, and moves towards A at
an average speed of y km/hr, then the distance from A,
where the two trains will meet, is {D-ty

x + y)

km.

Illustrative Example

## Where, S, = Speed during first half and

S = Speed during second half of journey
2

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A motor car does a journey in 10 hrs, the first half at

21 km/hr and the second half at 24 km/hr. Find the
distance.
Soln: Detail Method: Let the distance be x km.
x
x
Then km is travelled at a speed of 21 km/hr and
km at a speed of 24 km/hr.
Then, time taken to travel the whole journey

2x21
2x10x21x24
21 + 24

3.d

S,+S,

So..v =

2.b

5.a

40x60
1
x8 = 192 km
6. b; Hint: ofthejourney
2
- ^ 4 0 + 60
.-. The total length of the journey = 192 x 2 = 384 km

2 x Time x S, x S

## A motor car does a journey in 12 hrs, the first half at 15

kjn/hr and the second half at 30 km/hr. Find the distance.
d)210km
a) 190 km
b) 280 km
c) 240 km
the
first
half at 10
A motor car does a journey in 6 hrs,
Find
the
distance.
km/hr and the second half at 20 km/hr.
d)
None
of
a) 90 km
b)80km
c)60km
these
A motor car does a journey in 27 hrs, the first half at 14
km/hr and the second half at 13 km/hr. Find the distance.
d) 364 km
a)264km
b)351km
c)251km
A motor car does a journey in 9 hrs, the first half at 12
km/hr and the second half at 15 km/hr. Find the distance.
d)96km
a) 120 km
b) 100 km
c) 124 km

l.c
2. a

21 + 24
Note: Remember that half of the journey means half of the
distance and not the time.

l.c;Hint: x

= 224 km.

2x24

= 10 hrs

= 224 km.

Ex.:

## The distance between two stations, Delhi and

Amritsar, is 450 km. A train starts at 4 pm from Delhi
and moves towards Amritsar at an average speed of
60 km/hr. Another train starts from Amritsar at 3.20
pm and moves towards Delhi at an average speed of
80 km/hr. How for from Delhi will the two trains meet
and at what time?
Soln: Detail Method:
Suppose the trains meet at a distance of x km from
Delhi. Let the trains from Delhi and Amritsar be A and
B respectively. Then,
[Time taken by B to cover (450 - x) km]
40
- [Time taken by A to cover x km] =
60
450-x
x
40
80

60 " 6 0

(see note)

425

## Time and Distance

Another train, starting from B, 2 hrs earlier, travels towards A at 50 km/hr. Find the distance from station A at
which two trains meet?

## .-. 3(450-x)-4x = 160

7x = 1190 => x = 170.
Thus, the trains meet at a distance of 170 km from
Delhi.
170
Time taken by A to cover 170 k m

60

a) 5 km

hrs

= 2 hrs 50 min.

2.a

d) 4 - km

4.d

3.c

40
Note: RHS = 4:00 p.m. - 3.20 p.m. = 40 minutes = hr
LHS comes from the fact that the train from Amritsar
took 40 minutes more to travel up to the meeting point
because it had started its journey at 3.20 p.m. whereas
the train from Delhi had started its journey at 4 p.m.
and the meeting time is the same for both the trains.
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
the distance from Delhi at which two trains meet

c) 4 km

l.c

## So, the trains meet at 6.50 p.m.

b) 5 km

Rule 9
Theorem: The distance between two stations A and B, is D
km. A train starts from A and moves towards B at an average speed of x km/hr. If an another train starts from B, t
hours later than the train at A, and moves towards A at an
average speed ofy km/hr, then the distance from A, where
the two trains will meet, is {D + ty

km.

x + y)

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

= 1450-^x80
M^60
A 60+ 80
190

170 km.

## Time taken by A to cover 170 km =

170

hrs

= 2 hrs 50 min.
So, the trains meet at 6.50 p.m.

Exercise
1.

2.

3.

4.

## At what distance from Delhi will a train, which leaves

Delhi for Amritsar at 2.45 pm and goes at the rate of 50
km an hour, meet a train which leaves Amritsar for Delhi
at 1.35 pm and goes at the rate of 60 km per hour, the
distance between the two towns being 510 km?
a) 150km
b) 170km
c)200km
d)210km
The distance between two stations A and B is 900 km.
Atrain starts from A and moves towards B at an average
speed of 30 km/hr. Another train starts from B, 20 minutes earlier than the train at A, and moves towards A at
an average speed of 40 km/hr. How far from A will the
two trains meet?
a) 380 km
b) 320 km
c) 240 km
d) None of these
The distance between two stations A and B is 450 km.
Atrain.starts from A and moves towards B at an average
speed of 15 km/hr. Another train starts from B, 20 minutes earlier than the train at A, and moves towards A at
an average speed of 20 km/hr. How far from A will the
two trains meet?
a) 180 km
b) 320 km
c) 190 km
d) 260 km
Two stations A and B are 110 km apart on a straight line.
A train starts from A and travels towards B at 40 km/hr.

## The distance between two stations, Delhi and

Amritsar, is 450 km. A train starts at 3.10 pm from
Delhi and moves towards Amritsar at an average
speed of 20 km/hr. Another train starts from Amritsar
at 4 pm and moves towards Delhi at an average speed
of 60 km/hr. How far from Delhi will the two trains
meet and at what times.
Soln: Detail Method:
Suppose the trains meet at a distance of x km from
Delhi. Let the trains from Delhi and Amritsar be A and
B respectively. Then,
[Time taken by A to cover x km] - [Time taken by B to
cover (450 - x) km] =
x
20

50
60

.. (see note)

450 - x _ 50
60

~ 60

3 x - 4 5 0 + x = 50
or, 4x = 500

x = = 125 km.
4
Thus, the trains meet at a distance of 125 km from
Delhi.
125
Time taken by A to cover 125 km = -ZT - 6 hrs 15
minutes.
So the trains meet at 9.25 p.m.

50
Note: RHS = 4 p.m.-3.10 p.m. = 50 minutes or, 77 hrs.
60
LHS comes from the fact that the train from Delhi took
50 minutes more to travel up to the meeting point

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

426
because it had started its journey at 3.10 p.m. whereas
the train from Amritsar had started its journey at 4
p.m. and the meeting time is the same for both the
trains.
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
distance from Delhi at which two trains meet
450-t ~^x<

20

500

A 20+ 60

1 2

5km

y = 36 + 36* j =48km/hr
Now, applying the given rule we have
68 + 1x48 I f - * 3
J148+36J
2. a;

125

5 + 70

## So the trains meet at 9.25 pm.

Exercise
A train which travels at the uniform rate of 10 metres per
second leaves Patna for Kanpur at 7 am. At what distance from Patna will it meet a train which leaves Kanpur
for Patna at 7.20 am and travels one-third faster than it
does, the distance from Patna to Kanpur being 68 km?
a)28km
b)42km
c)36km
d)40km
A train going 50 km an hour leaves Calcutta for Allahabad
(900 km) at 9 pm. Another train going 70 km an hour
leaves Allahabad for Calcutta at the same time, when
and where will they pass each other?
a) 375 km from Calcutta, 4.30 am
b) 525 km from Calcutta, 4.30 pm
c) 525 km from Allahabad, 4.20 am
d) None of these
A starts from Allahabad to Kanpur and walks at the rate
of 12 km an hour. B starts from Kanpur 2 hours later and
walks towards Allahabad at the rate of 8 kilometres an
hour, i f they meet in 9 hours after B started, find the
distance from Allahabad to Kanpur.
a)204km
b) 104km
c) 140km
d)240km
The distance between Delhi and Patna is 1000 km. A
train leaves Delhi for Patna at 5 pm at 150 km/hr. Another
train leaves Patna for Delhi at 6.30 pm at 100 km/hr. How
far from Delhi will the two trains meet?
a)690km
b)310km
c)590km
d)410km
The distance between two stations A and B is 220 km. A
train leaves A towards B at an average speed of 80 km
per hr. After half an hour, another train leaves B towards
A at an average speed of 100 km/hr. Find the distance
from A of the point where the two trains meet.
a) 180km
b) 120km
c) 160km
d)80km

2.

3.

4.

5.

l.c;
v'

1
Hint: t = 7.20am-7am = 20minutes = hr
A
3
\ A 18
x = 10m/sec=\10xy =36 km/hr

## x 900 = 375 km from Calcutta

375 _ 1
1
time = - - - - - I hrs = 9 pm + 7 hrs = 4.30 am

= 6 hrs 15 min.

20

1.

km

50

3 6

3. a;

## Note: This problem can also be solved by Rule 9. Try

to solve by that rule also.
Hint: The distance from B where the two meet
= 9 x 8 = 72 km
.-. the distance from A where they meet = D - 72 km
Let the D be the distance between Allahabad and
Kanpur.
12
(D + 2 * 8 )

4. a

20

= D-72

or,3D + 48 = 5D-360
or, 2D = 408 .-. D = 204km
5.b

Rule 10
a
Theorem: If the new speed of a person is of the usual
speed, then the change in time taken to cover the same
distance is

## 1 x usual time or, usual time is given by

Change in time
hrs.
a
Note: A person improves his timing or becomes late depends on the -ve or +ve sign respectively of the
above expression.

Illustrative Examples
_ .
Ex.1:

3
Walking of his usual speed, a person is 10 min late

## to his office. Find his usual time to cover the distance.

Soln: Detail Method: Let the usual time be .v min.

## "lme and Distance

427
his office. Find his usual time to cover the distance,
a) 27 minutes
b) 25 minutes
c) 24 minutes
d) 20 minutes

3
4x
Time taken at of the usual speed = min
4
3
[Note: If the speed of a body is changed in the ratio a
: b, then the ratio of the time taken changes in the
ratio b : a.]
-X

= 10 :

3
By walking at of his usual speed, a man reaches office 20 minutes later than usual. His usual time is
[Railways, 19911
a) 30 minutes
b) 60 minutes
.1
c) 75 minutes
d) 1 hours
2

= 10=>x = 30 mm.

## Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we

have
Usual time =

Change in time

10

10
1

= 30 min-

utes.
Here sign is (+ve) and hence in the question late time
has been given.
E\.2:

l.a

2.c

3.c

4. a

Rule 11
Theorem: If a train travelling x km an hour leaves a place
and t hours later another train travelling y km an hour,
where y > x, in the same direction, then they will be to-

" -

## his timing by 10 minutes. Find his usual time to cover

the distance.
Soln: Direct Formula: Applying the above theorem,
Usual time

Change in time

10

2_,
4

= -40 minutes

_ I
4

## Here (-ve) sign shows that the person improves his

timing. Hence in the question improved time has been
given.
.-. correct answer = 40 minutes.

Exercise
Walking of his usual speed, a person is 15 min late to
his office. Find his usual time to cover the distance,
a) 30 minutes
b) 25 minutes
c) 15 minutes
d) None of these
Walking of his usual speed, a person is 6 min late to
his office. Find his usual time to cover the distance.
a) 12 minutes
b) 18 minutes
c) 24 minutes
1
Walking - of his usual speed, a person is 12 min late to
his office. Find his usual time to cover the distance.
a) 36 minutes
b) 18 minutes
c) 6 minutes
d) Can't be determined
Walking - of his usual speed, a person is 18 min late to

5.b

t(xy)
gether after travelling

v-

## km from the starting place.

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A train travelling 25 km an hour leaves Delhi at 9 a.m.

and another train travelling 35 km an hour starts at 2
p.m. in the same direction. How many km from Delhi
will they be together?
Soln: Detail Method I:
Let the required distance be x km
From the question,
x

x
-

= 2p.m.-9a.m. = 5 hours.

or, x(35-25)
35x25
35x25x5

= 437^-km.
10
Detail Method II:
The first train has a start of 25 x 5 km and the second
train gains (35 - 25) or 10 km per hour.
x=

25x5
the seconcrtrain will gain 25 * 5 km in

10

or 12 hours.
2
.. the required distance from Delhi = 12 * 35 km

= 437-km.
2

428

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have

19 13
x
?_
required distance = _4
19 _ 13
4 12

## 25x35x(2 p.m.-9 a.m.)

the required distance

35-25
25x35x5
10

1'
= 4 3 7 - km
2

19x13x5
'
r

7 ^ 7 ~

19x13x5
4x2x7

km

4 _ 65
! 9

.4

h r S

Exercise
1.

## A train leaves Calcutta at 7.30 am and travels 40 km an

hour, another train leaves Calcutta at noon and travels
64 km an hour, when and where will the second train
overtake the first?
a) 480 km, 7.30 pm
b) 480 km, 2.30 pm
c) 840 km, 7.30 pm
d) 480 km, 6.30 pm

## required answer = 7 am + 4 hrs

14
9x60
= 11 am +
14
3. a; Hint: Here,* = 4 km/hr
24
Time taken by A to cover the distance of 24 km = = 6

## A man starts at 7 am and travels at the rate of 4 km an

4
hour. At 8.15 am a coach starts from the same place and

hrs
Time taken by B to cover the same distance = 6 - 2 = 4
hrs (according to the question)

, 1
follows the man travelling at the rate of 6 km an hour,
at what o'clock will the coach overtake the man?

24
' v = = 6 km/hr and / = 1 hr
4

a) 12.50 pm

b) 11.38- am

## the required answer

c) 12.53 pm
3.

4
min =11.38 am.
7

1. a; Hint: t = 7.30 am - 12 noon = 4 = hrs
2
2
Now applying the given rule, we have
64x40

6x4
x l =12 km from Delhi.
6-4

d) None of these

## A starts from Delhi to Alwar (24 km) at 6 am walking 4

kilometres an hour. B starts from Delhi an hour later and
reaches Alwar one hour before A, where did they meet?
a) 12 km from Delhi
b) 10 km from Alwar
c) 10 km from Delhi

60-40

9
...
x - = 480 km
2

Rule 12
Theorem: If two persons A and B startfrom a place walking at x km/hr and y km/hr respectively, at the end of t
hours, when they are moving in same direction andx <y,
they will be (y -x) t km apart.

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## Two men A and B start from a place P walking at 3 km

and 3.5 km an hour respectively. How many km will
they be apart at the end of 3 hours, i f they walk in
same direction?
Soln: Applying the above theorem, we have
the required distance = (3.5 - 3 ) 3 = 1.5 km.

Exercise
1.

480 15 _ 1
Required time = = = 7 hrs
64
2
2
.-. required answer = 12 noon + 7 hrs = 7.30 pm.
2.
2. b; Hint: Here t = 7 am - 8.15 am = 1 hrs
4
.-. Applying the given rule we have the

## One man takes 100 steps a minute, each 5 decimetres

long, another walks 4 km an hour, if they start together,
how soon will one of them be 75 metres ahead to the
other?
a) 3 min 30 sec
b) 2 min 40 sec
c) 4 min 20 sec
d) 4 min 30 sec
Two men A and B start from a place P walking at 4 km
and 5 km an hour respectively. How many km will they
be apart at the end of 4 hours, if they walk in same direction?
a)3km
b)4km
c)2km
d)4.5km

:

429

## Two men A and B start from a place P walking at 6 km

and 8 km an hour respectively. How many km will they
be apart at the end of 2 hours, if they walk in same direction?
a) 2 km

b)8km

c)6km

d)4km

d:Hint: 100 steps = 5 x 100 = 500 dm = 50 m
50 _ 5
Speed of the first man = 50 m per minute = ~rz - ~ m/sec
60 6
5
5 18
.-. m/sec = 7 t - =3 km/hr
6
6 5
Now, applying the given rule, we have
x

75

(4-3)/ =

-x60
1000

## .-. t = = 4 min 30 sec

2
2,b
3.d

Rule 13
Theorem: If two persons A and B startfrom a place walk-ig at x km/lir and y km/hr respectively, at the end of t
hours, when they are moving in opposite directions, they
ill he (x +y)t km apart.

Rule 14
Theorem: Two men A and B walkfrom PtoQ,a distance of
'D' km, at the speed of 'a' km/hr and 'b' km/hr respectively.
IfB reaches Q, returns immediately and meets A at R, then
the distance travelled by A (or distance from P to R) is
2D ~~Z

## I km and the distance travelled by B (or PQ +

km.

QR) is 2D

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## Two men A and B walk from P to Q, a distance of 21

km, at 3 and 4 km an hour respectively. B reaches Q,
returns immediately and meets A at R. Find the distance from P to R.
Soln: Detail Method: When B meets A at R, B has walked
the distance PQ + QR and A the distance PR. That is,
both of them have together walked twice the distance
from P to Q, i.e. 42 km.
Now the rates of A and B are 3 : 4 and they have
walked 42 km.
Hence the distance PR travelled by A
3
= -j of42km=18km
Quicker Method: When the ratio of speeds of A and
B is a : b, then in this case:
Distance travelled by A " 2 * Distance of two points

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## Two men A and B start from a place P walking at 3 km

and 3.5 km an hour respectively. How many km will
they be apart at the end of 3 hrs, if they walk in the
opposite directions?
Soln: Applying the above theorem, we have
the required distance = (3.5 + 3) 3 = 19.5 km.

a+b

Exercise

## Two men A and B start from a place P walking at 2 km

and 5 km an hour respectively. How many km will they
be apart at the end of 2 hrs, i f they walk in the opposite
directions?
a)7km
b)8km
c)12km
d)14km
Two men A and B start from a place P walking at 3.5 km
and 4.5 km an hour respectively. How many km will they
be apart at the end of 3 hrs, if they walk in the opposite
directions?
a)21km
b)24km
c) 18 km
Two men A and B start from a place P walking at 5.5 km
and 6.5 km an hour respectively. How many km will they
be apart at the end of 5 hrs, if they walk in the opposite
directions?
a)60km
b)50km
c)45km
d)30km

Id
2.b

3.a

i n t s

[Jtb,

= 2x21

3+ 4

= 18km.

Exercise
1.

2.

## Two men A and B walk from P to Q, a distance of 18 km,

at 4 and 5 km an hour respectively. B reaches Q, returns
immediately and meets A at R. Find the distance from P
toR.
a) 15km
b)16km
c)12km
d) Can't be determined
Two men A and B walk from P to Q. a distance of 22 km.
at 5 and 6 km an hour respectively. B reaches Q, returns
immediately and meets A at R. Find the distance from P
toR.
a) 16km
b)18km
c)20km
d)15km

430

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

3.

Delhi. After passing each other they complete their journeys in 4 and 16 hours respectively. At what rate does
the second man cycle if the first cycle at 18 km per hour?
a) 8 km
b)9km
c)12km
d)6km
A man sets out to cycle from Delhi to Rohtak, and at the
same time another man starts from Rohtak to cycle to
Delhi. After passing each other they complete their journeys in 16 and 25 hours respectively. At what rate does
the second man cycle if the first cycle at 25 km per hour?

4.

## Two men A and B walk from P to Q, a distance of 30 km,

at 7 and 8 km an hour respectively. B reaches Q, returns
immediately and meets A at R. Find the total distance
travelled by B.
a)35km
b)36km
c)32km
d)33km
Two men A and B walk from P to Q, a distance of 24 km,
at 11 and 13 km an hour respectively. B reaches Q, returns immediately and meets A at R. Find the total distance travelled by B.
a)26km

b)28km

c)30km

3.

d)32km

c) 1 2 - k m d)20km
2
A man sets out to cycle from Delhi to Rohtak, and at the
same time another man starts from Rohtak to cycle to
Delhi. After passing each other they complete their journeys in 9 and 16 hours respectively. At what rate does
the second man cycle if the first cycle at 16 km per hour?
a) 12km
b)15km
c)8km
d)6km
a)21km

l.b

2.c

3.c

4.

4.a

Rule 15 t
Theorem: If two persons A and B start at the same time in
opposite directions from two points and after passing each
other they complete the journeys in 'a' and 'b' hrs respectively then A's speed: B's speed = 4b \4a

b)18km

l.b

2.b

3.d

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

4. a

Rule 16 V

## A man sets out to cycle from Delhi to Rohtak, and at

the same time another man starts from Rohtak to cycle
to Delhi. After passing each other they complete their

Report of guns

journeys in i-

## rate does the second man cycle i f the first cycle at 8

km per hour?
Soln: If two persons (or train) A and B start at the same time
in opposite direction from two points, and arrive at
the point a and b hrs respectively after having met,
then
j

the place hears the second report t minutes after the first,

and

## A's rate : B's rate =

Thus in the above case

## 1st man's rate

2nd man's rate

5
.-.2nd man's rate = 7
6

_
x 8 _ 0

,2
~ " km/hr.

## then the speed of the train, supposing that sound travels at

330 metres per second, is 1188

km/hr.

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

Two guns were fired from the same place at an interval of 13 minutes but a person in a train approaching
the place hears the second report 12 minutes 30 seconds after the first. Find the speed of the train, supposing that sound travels at 330 metres per second.
Soln: Detail Method: It is easy to see that the distance travelled by the train in 12 min. 30 seconds could be travelled by sound in (13 min - 12 min 30 seconds) = 30
seconds
.-. the train travels 330 * 30 metres in 12 min.

Exercise
1.

2.

## A man sets out to cycle from Delhi to Rohtak, and at the

same time another man starts from Rohtak to cycle to
Delhi. After passing each other they complete their journeys in 4 and 9 hours respectively. At wjiat rate does the
second man cycle if the first cycle at 9 km per hour?
a) 4 km
b) 6 km
c) 8 km
A man sets out to cycle from Delhi to Rohtak, and at the
same time another man starts from Rohtak to cycle to

330x30x2x60

* 25x1000

1188
=

1f

13
T

25

k m

have

431

## Time and Distance

25^
13-
2_
speed of the train per hour =1188
25
f

1188
25

2
,.,13
or 4 7
25 km.

Illustrative Example
Two runners cover the same distance at the rate of 15
km and 16 km per hour respectively. Find the distance
travelled when one takes 16 minutes longer than the
other.
Soln: Detail Method: Let the distance bex km.

Ex.:

Exercise
1.

## Two bullets were fired at a place at an interval of 12

minutes. A person approaching the firing point in his
car hears the two sounds at an interval of 11 minutes 40
seconds. The speed of sound is 330 m/sec. What is the
speed of the car?

x
N

1188
a)
c)
2.

3.

4.

35
1881

594
km/hr

b)

35

JC(16- 15) _ 16

or,

## Two bullets were fired at a place at an interval of 34

minutes. A person approaching the firing point in his
car hears the two sounds at an interval of 33 minutes.
The speed of sound is 330 m/sec. What is the speed of
the car?
a)72km
b)36km
c)45km
d)51km
Two bullets were fired at a place at an interval of 28
minutes 30 seconds. A person approaching the firing
point in his car hears the two sounds at an interval of 27
minutes. The speed of sound is 330 m/sec. What is the
speed of the car?
a)44km
b)66km
c)64km
d)54km
Two bullets were fired at a place at an interval of 38
minutes. A person approaching the firing point in his
car hears the two sounds at an interval of 36 minutes.
The speed of sound is 330 m/sec. What is the speed of
the car?
a)66km
b)49km
c)99km
d)98km
2.b

3.b

4. a

15x16

60

16
:.x = x l 5 x l 6 = 64 km
60
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem,
15x16 16
.,
Distance =
* = km.
16-15 60
6

Note: The above theorem may be written as, " I f two runners A and B cover the same distance at the rate of x
km/hr and y km/hr respectively, then the distance travelled, when B takes t hours less than the A, is
xy
y-x
Ex.:

km."

## See the following example,

Two cars run to a place at the speeds of 45 km/hr and
60 km/hr respectively. I f the second car takes 5 hrs
less than the first for the journey, find the length of
the journey.

Soln: Distance

l.a

x _ 16

'TTT6 ^

km/hr

km/hr

45x60
:

60-45

x5 = 900 km.

Exercise

Rule lfr

1.

## Theorem: If two runners A and B cover the same distance

it the rate of x km/lir andy km/lir respectively, then the
distance travelled, when A t~kes t hours longer than the B,
xy
xt km. or

## Two men start together to walk a certain distance, one at

3
3 km an hour, and the other at 3 km an hour. The
4
former arrives half an hour before the latter. Find the
distance.
1
b)15km
c) 15
d)7km
a) 7 - km
:

Distance =
Multiplication of speeds

x Difference in time

Difference of Speeds
to cover the distance
(See Note)

Two bicyclists do the same journey by travelling respectively at the rates of 9 and 10 km an hour. Find the length
of the journey when one takes 32 minutes longer than
the other.

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

432

3.

a) 3 8 km
b)36km
c)48km
d)24km
A man walks from A to B and back in a certain time at the
rate of 3 km per hour. But if he had walked from A to B

4.

## at the rate of 3 km an hour and back from B to A at the

rate of 4 km an hour, he would have taken 5 minutes
longer. Find the distance between A and B.
a) 14km
b)12km
c)6km
d)7km
A car starts from P for Q travelling 20 kilometres an hour.

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A carriage driving in a fog passed a man who was

walking at the rate of 3 km an hour in the same direction. He could see the carriage for 4 minutes and it
was visible to him upto a distance of 100 m. What was
the speed of the carriage?
Soln: Detail Method: The distance travelled by the man in 4
3x1000

x4 =200 metres.
60
distance travelled by the carriage in 4 minutes
= (200+100) = 300 metres.

minutes

## 1 hours later another car starts from P and travelling

300

1
at the rate of 30 kilometres an hour reaches Q 2 hrs
before the first car. Find the distance from P to Q.
a) 90 km
b) 150 km
c) 240 km
d) 270 km
2.c

## 3. d; Man's speed in the first case = 3^- km/hr

Man's average speed in the second case
2x3x4

24
d= 100 metres =

## km/hr (See Rule 2)

3+ 4
Now, applying the given rule,
7

km per hour

1000

= 4 km per hour
2
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
x = 3 km/hr
4
1
t = 4 minutes = - 77 hrs
60
15

I. a

60

100
1000

10

km

## Now, applying the above rule, we have

24

we have 2(AB) = 2

7
24

60

14 km

## the required answer = 3 + ^0- = 3 + ~ = 4

km/hr

15

Exercise

A
.-. AB = = 7
2

1.

^1 , 1
4. c; Hint: Herer= 2+ 1 = 4 hours
2
2
Now applying the given rule we have
x4 = 240 km
the required distance = 30x20
30-20

Rule 18t

A carriage driving in a fog passed a man who was walking at the rate of 6 km an hour in the same direction. He
could see the carriage for 8 minutes and it was visible to
him upto a distance of200 m. What was the speed of the
carriage?
a)9km/hr

2.

## Carriage driving in a fog

Theorem: A carriage driving in a fog passed a person who
was walking at the rate ofx km/hr in the same direction. If
he could see the carriage for 1 hours and it was visible to
him upto a distance of'd' km, then the distance travelled

b) 7 - km/hrc)7km/hr

d) 8~ km/hr

A carriage driving in a fog passed a man who was walking at the rate of 5 km an hour in the same direction. He
could see the carriage for 6 minutes and it was visible to
him upto a distance of 120 m. What was the speed of the
carriage?
a) 6 j km/hr

1
b) 5 - km/hr

c) 6 km/hr

d) None of these

## by the carriage in t hours is (xt + d) metres and speed of

the carriage is \ + ~ | km/hr.

3.

433

## ing at the rate of 6 km an hour in the same direction. He

could see the carriage for 12 minutes and it was visible
to him upto a distance of 150 m. What was the speed of
the carriage?

2.

^
3
3
a) 7 - km/hr b) 6 - km/hr c) 5 - km/hr d) 8 km/hr
4.

A carriage driving in a fog passed a man who was walking at the rate of 8 km an hour in the same direction. He
could see the carriage for 15 minutes and it was visible
to him upto a distance of 500 m. What was the speed of
the carriage?
4.
a) 10 km/hr

b) 8 - km/hr
2
d) None of these

c) 12 km/hr

l.b

2. a

3.b

4. a

Rule 19
Theorem: A person takes x hours to walk to a certain place
and ride back. However, he could have gained t hours, if he
had covered both ways by riding, then the time taken by
him to walk both ways is (x +1) hours.
or,
Both ways walking = One way walking and one way riding
rime + gain in time

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A man takes 8 hours to walk to a certain place and

ride back. However, he could have gained 2 hrs, if he
had covered both ways by riding. How long would
he have taken to walk both ways?
Soln: Detail Method:
Walking time + Riding time = 8 hrs
(1)
2 Riding time = 8 - 2 = 6 hrs
(2)
2 x ( l ) _ ( 2 ) gives the result
2 x walking time = 2 * 8 - 6 = lOhrs.
.-. both ways walking will take 10 hrs.
Quicker Approach: Two ways riding saves a time of
2 hrs. It simply means that one way riding takes 2 hrs
less than one way walking. It further means that one
way walking takes 2 hrs more than one way riding.
Thus, both way walking will take 8 + 2 = 10 hrs.
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
Both ways walking = One way walking and one way
riding time + Gain in time = 8 + 2 = 10 hrs.

Exercise
L

## A man takes 6 hrs 30 min in walking to a certain place

and riding back. He would have gained 2 hrs 10 min by
riding both ways. How long would he take to walk both
ways?

a) 8 hrs
b) 8 hrs 20 min
c) ^ hrs 20 min
d) 8 hrs 40 min
A man takes 5 hrs 42 min in walking to a certain place
and riding back. He would have gained 1 hr 18 min b>
riding both ways. How long would he take to walk both
ways?
a) 6 hours
b) 6 hours 50 min
c) 7 hours
A man takes 7 hours in walking to a certain place and
riding back. He would have gained 3 hours by riding
both ways. How long would he take to walk both ways?
a} 10 hours b) 12 hours c) 8 hours
d) 9 hours
A man takes 8 hrs 32 min in walking to a certain place
and riding back. He would have gained 2 hrs 14 min by
riding both ways. How long would he take to walk both
ways?
b) 10 hrs 36 min
a) 10 hrs
d) 10 hrs 40 min
c) 10 hrs 46 min

l.d

2.c

3. a

4.c

Rule 20
Theorem: A man takes x hours to walk to a certain place
and ride back. However, if he walks both ways he needs t
hours more, then the time taken by him to ride both ways is
(x-t) hours.

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A man takes 12 hrs to walk to a certain place and ride

back. However, i f he walks both ways he needs 3
hours more. How long would he have taken to ride
both ways?
Soln: Applying the above theorem, we have
required time = 12 - 3 = 9 hrs.

Exercise
1.

## hours altogether. 1 could walk both ways in 7 hours.

How long would it take me to ride both ways?
1
3
a) 4 - hrs b) 5 - hrs
' 4
4
2.

3
c) 4 - hrs
4

1
d) 4 - hrs
2

## A man takes 5 hrs to walk to a certain place and ride

back. However, if he walks both ways he needs 1 hours
4
more. How long would he have taken to ride both ways?
, 1
a) 3 hrs

,11
.11
b) 3 hrs c) 4 hrs

.1
d) 4 hrs

434
3.

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS
A man takes 8 hrs to walk to a certain place and ride
back. However, if he walks both ways he needs 1 hour
more. How long would he have taken to ride both ways?
a) 9 hrs
b)7hrs
c)6hrs
d) None of these

^ 3 ^ 1 3 ,
1. c; Hint: Here t = 1 6 = hrs
4
4 2
Applying the given rule, we have
the required answer = 6
2, b

1
4

3
= 4 hrs
2
4

## Note: The above example may be written as "A man leaves

a point P at 6 a.m. and reaches the point Q at 10 a.m.
Another man leaves the point Q at 8 a.m. and reaches
the point P at 12 noon. At what time do they meet?"
Soln: Applying the above theorem, we have
x = 10 am - 6 am = 4 hrs
y = 12 noon - 8 am = 4 hrs
First man starts at 6 am and second man starts at 8 am
Therefore, second man starts (8 am - 6 am = 2 hrs) late
than the first.
.-. t = 2hrs.

3.b

Rule 21

## Theorem: A person A leaves a point P and reaches Qinx

hours. If another person B leaves the point Q, t hours later
than A and reaches the point P in y hours, then the time in
which A meets toBis{y-{f

Exercise
1.

## A man leaves a point P and reaches the point Q in 3

hours. Another man leaves the point Q, 1 hour later and
reaches the point P in 3 hours. Find the time in which
first man meets to the second man.
a) 2 hrs
b) 3 hrs
1
c) 1 - hrs

2.

## A man leaves a point P and reaches the point Q in 5

hours. Another man leaves the point Q, 2 hours later
and reaches the point P in 7 hours. Find the time in which
first man meets to the second man.

hrs.

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A man leaves a point P and reaches the point Q in 4

hours. Another man leaves the point Q, 2 hours later
and reaches the point P in 4 hours. Find the time in
which first man meets to the second man.
Soln: Detail Method: Let the distance PQ = A km.
And they meet* hrs after the first man starts.

a) 4 hrs
Average speed of first man

km/hr

3.

## Distance travelled by first man

Ax

km

4.

They meet x hrs after the first man starts. The second
man, as he starts 2 hrs late, meets after ( x - 2 ) hrs from
his start. Therefore, the distance travelled by the second man =
Ax

4.x-2)
4

, 1
b) 4 - hrs

c) j hrs

d) ? | hrs

## A man leaves a point P and reaches the point Q in 6

hours. Another man leaves the point Q, 4 hours later
and reaches the point P in 6 hours. Find the time in which
first man meets to the second man.
a) 6 hrs
b)5hrs
c)4hrs
d)3hrs
A man leaves a point P at 8 am and reaches the point Q
at 12 noon. Another man leaves the point Q at 9 am and
reaches the point P at 1 pm. At what time do they meet ?
a) 10.30 am
b) 11.30 am
c)10am
d)They will never meet
1

km

La

A(X-2)

Now, + ' km = A
4
4
or, 2 x - 2 = 4
.-. x = 3 hrs
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
x = 4 hrs, y = 4 hrs and t = 2 hrs
.-. the required time - (4 + 2\
\

| =3 hrs.
+ 4j

2.c

3.b

4. a

Rule 22
Theorem: A person A leaves a point P and reaches Q in x
hours. If another person B leaves the point Q, t hours earlier than A and reaches the point P in y hours, then the time
in which A meets to B is

{y-t

hrs.
x+ y

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

435

## hours. Another man leaves the point Q. 2 hours earlier

and reaches the point P in 6 hours. Find the time in which
the first man meets to the second man.

hours. Another man leaves the point Q. 2 hours earlier and reaches the point P in 4 hours. Find the time in
which the first man meets to the second man.
Soln: Detail Method: Let the distance PQ = A km
And they meet x hrs after the first man starts.

d) 1 - hrs
2
A man leaves a point P and reaches the point Q in 5
hours. Another man leaves the point Q. 3 hours earlier
and reaches the point P in 7 hours. Find the time in which
the first man meets to the second man.
a) 1 hr

A
Average speed of first man = km/hr
A
Average speed of second man = km/hr
Ax
Distance travelled by first man = km
4
They meet x hrs after the first man starts. The second
man, as he starts 2 hrs late, meets after (x + 2) hrs from
his start. Therefore,
the distance travelled by the second man
=

b) 3 hrs

c) 2 hrs

a)lhr

b) 1 - hrs

c) 2 - hrs

d) None of these

La

2. c

3.b

Rule 23

Ax A(x + 2)
Now, +
- km = A
pas i
'4
4
2x + 2 = 4 .-. x = l h r
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
x = 4 hrs, y = 4 hrs and t = 2 hrs

## Theorem: Speed and time taken are inversely proportional.

Therefore, S T = S T
x

Where, S

= S 7 ....
3

## S , S ... are the speeds

2

and T , T , 7 .... are the time taken to travel the same disx

tance.
Note: Also see Rule 32.

4+4

hr

## Note: The above example may be written as "A man leaves

a point P at 8 am and reaches the point Q at 12 noon.
Another man leaves the point Q at 6 am and reaches
the point P at 10 am. At what time do they meet?"
Soln: Applying the above theorem, we have
x = 12 noon - 8 a.m. = 4 hrs
y = 10 a.m. - 6 a.m. = 4 hrs
First man starts at 8 a.m. and second man starts at 6
a.m. Therefore, second man starts (8 a.m. - 6 a.m. = 2
hrs) earlier than the first.
t = 2 hrs
.-. the required time = (4 - 2

4+4

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A person covers a distance in 40 minutes if he runs at

a speed of 45 km per hour on an average. Find the
speed at which he must run to reduce the time of
journey to 30 minutes.
Soln: Required speed = 45 x 40 = S x 30
2

45x40
S, =

2.

## A man leaves a point P and reaches the point Q in 3

hours. Another man leaves the point Q. 1 hour earlier
and reaches the point P in 3 hours. Find the time in which
the first man meets to the second man.
a) 1 hr
b) 2 hrs
c) 30 min
d) Can't be determined
A man leaves a point P and reaches the point Q in 6

30

1.

2.

Exercise
1.

Exercise

= 1 hr

, .
= 60 km/hr.

3.

## A person covers a distance in 8 minutes if he runs at a

speed of 9 km per hour on an average. Find the speed at
which he must run to reduce the time of journey to 6
minutes.
a) 12 km/hr b) 10 km/hr c) 9 km/hr d) None of these
A person covers a distance in 24 minutes if he runs at a
speed of 27 km per hour on an average. Find the speed at
which he must run to reduce the time of journey to 18
minutes.
a) 27 km/hr b) 36 km/hr c) 45 km/hr d) 48 km/hr
A person covers a distance in 12 minutes if he runs at a
1
speed of 13 km per hour on an average. Find the speed
at which he must run to reduce the time of journey to 9

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

436

4.

minutes.
a) 16 km/hr b) 21 km/hr c) 24 km/hr d) 18 km/hr
A person covers a distance in 16 minutes i f he runs at a
speed of 18 km per hour on an average. Find the speed at
which he must run to reduce the time of journey to 12
minutes.
a) 16 km/hr
b) 18 km/hr
c) 24 km/hr
d) None of these
2.b

1.

3.d

4.c

Rule 24
Theorem: Without any stoppage if a person travels a certain distance at an average speed of x km/hr, and with
stoppages he covers the same distance at an average speed
f
S
x-y
ofy km/hr, then he stops 60
{ y J

4.
Difference of speed

3.

Or

## Speed without stoppage

Without any stoppage a person travels a certain distance at an average speed of 40 km/hr, and with stoppages he covers the same distance at an average speed
of 30 km/hr. How many minutes per hour does he stop?
a) 7 min

2.

l.a

Exercise

x60

minutes.

Ex.:

l.c

## Time taken at the speed of 80 km/hr = hrs.

80

c) 15 min

d)Noneofthese

Without any stoppage a person travels a certain distance at an average speed of 42 km/hr, and with stoppages he covers the same distance at an average speed
of 28 km/hr. How many minutes per hour does he stop?
a) 15 minutes b) 14 minutesc) 28 minutes d) 20 minutes
Without any stoppage a person travels a certain distance at an average speed of 27 km/hr, and with stoppages he covers the same distance at an average speed
of 15 km/hr. How many minutes per hour does he stop?
a) 26 min 40 sec
b) 30 min
c) 26 min
d) 16 min 40 sec
Without any stoppage a person travels a certain distance at an average speed of 15 km/hr, and with stoppages he covers the same distance at an average speed
of 12 km/hr. How many minutes per hour does he stop?
a)15min
b)12min
c)16min
d)18min

Illustrative Example
Without any stoppage a person travels a certain distance at an average speed of 80 km/hr, and with stoppages he covers the same distance at an average
speed of 60 km/hr. How many minutes per hour does
he stop?
Soln: Detail Method: Let the total distance be x km.

_1
b) 7 min

2.d

3.a

4.b

Rule 25
Theorem: A person has to cover a distance of x km in t
hours. If he covers nth part of the journey in mth of the total
fx
time, then his speed should be I ~

\-n)
J km/hr to cover

## the remaining distance in the remaining time.

Illustrative Example
Time taken at the speed of 60 km/hr = hrs.
60
he rested for

6080

hrs

20x
:

Ex:

_ x

60x80 ~~240

hrs

x
x
x
60 1
his rest per hour = - . _ x ^ - t a
= 15 minutes.
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem,
Time of rest per hour
Difference o f speed
Speed without stoppage

## A person has to cover a distance of 80 km in 10 hrs. I f

he covers half of the journey in th time, what should

## be his speed to cover the remaining distance in the

time left?
Soln: Detail Method:
.elf di: lance

80 1-^-j =40 km

## Time left = 10 1-x60 minutes

.-. required speed

80-60
80

x 60 = - x 60 hr = 15 minutes.
4

-4 hrs
5)
40

10 km/hr
T
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
:

-3"

## And time spent in journey by walking = hrs.

4

80
the required speed

10 km/hr.

x
x
Therefore, "^" 7"

10

## A person has to cover a distance of 15 km in 3 hrs. If he

1
2
covers of the journey in rd time, what should be

2.

3.

4.

1.

2.

3.

2
covers one half of the distance in rd time, what should
be his speed in km/hr to cover the remaining distance in
the remaining time?
[Bank PO Exam, 1991 ]
a) 12
b) 16
c)3
d)8

l.b

2. a

3.c

29 25x4
x
5
29

20 km

Exercise

1
3
covers ~ ofthe journey in th time, what should be his
speed to cover the remaining distance in the time left?
a) 18 km/hr b) 15 km/hr c) 16 km/hr d) 14 km/hr
Laxman has to cover a distance of 6 km in 45 min. If he

,48
25x4
= 5 x
60 25 + 4

1
2
covers of the journey in th time, what should be
his speed to cover the remaining distance in the time
left?
a)5km/hr
b)9km/hr
c)6km/hr
d)12km/hr
A person has to cover a distance of 40 km in 5 hrs. If he

hrs 48 minutes.

29x

or

## his speed to cover the remaining distance in the time

left?
a)12km/hr b)10km/hr c)5km/hr
d)15km/hr
A person has to cover a distance of 60 km in 15 hrs. If he

,48
29
100
= 5 = . \ =
= 20 km
' 100
60
5
5
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem,
the required distance

Exercise
1.

## A man rode out a certain distance by train at the rate of

30 km an hour and walked back at the rate of 5 km per
hour. The whole journey took 7 hrs. What distance did
he ride?
a) 30 km
b)25km
c)28km
d)35km
A man rode out a certain distance by train at the rate of
13 km an hour and walked back at the rate of 12 km per
hour. The whole journey took 5 hours. What distance
did he ride?
a) 32 km
b)26km
c) 31.2 km
d) 26.5 km
A man rode out a certain distance by train at the rate of
15 km an hour and walked back at the rate of 12 km per
hour. The whole journey took 9 hours. What distance
did he ride?
a) 48 km
b)60km
c)36km
d) None of these

La

2.c

3.b

Rule 27
Theorem: A man travels D km in x hours, partly by air and
partly by train. If he had travelled all the way by air, he

4. a

Rule 26
Theorem: A man rode out a certain distance by train at the
rate of x km/hr and walked back at the rate of y km/hr. If
the whole journey took 't'hours, then the distance he rode
xy
tkm.
x+ y

## would have saved of the time he was in train and would

b
have arrived at his destination y hours early, then the dis-

## tance he travelled by air is D

ajb

km.

x-v

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A man rode out a certain distance by train at the rate

of 25 km an hour and walked back at the rate of 4 km
per hour. The whole journey took 5 hours and 48 minutes. What distance did he ride?
Soln: Detail Method: Let the distance be x km.
Then time spent in journey by train

25

hrs.

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A man travels 360 km in 4 hrs, partly by air and partly

by train. I f he had travelled all the way by air, he would
4
have saved of the time he was in train and would
have arrived at his destination 2 hours early. Find the
distance he travelled by air and train.

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

438

## Soln: Detail Method: oftotal time in train = 2 hours.

3. b; Hint: Distance travelled by the air = 400
.-. Total time in train =

2x5
4

5
= hrs.
2

3
x - = 270 km.
2
2
.-. Distance covered by train = 360 - 270 = 90 km.
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem,
=

360

8-4

= 300 km
.-. distance travelled by the train = 400 - 300 = 100 km
.-. required ratio = 3 : 1 .

5 3
Total time spent in air = 4 = hrs.
2 2
By the given hypothesis, if 360 km is covered by air,
then time taken is (4 - 2 =) 2 hrs.
.-. when hrs is spent in air, distance covered

4/5

Rule 28
Theorem: One aeroplane starts t hours later than the scheduled time from a place D km away from its destination. To
reach the destination at the schedued time the pilot has to
increase the speed by 'p' km/hr. Then the plane takes
4Dt

t +

+t
hours in the normal case. And the normal

4-

5x2

## Distance covered by air = 3 6 0

4-2

= 3 6 0 x - = 270 km.
4

2D.
speed of the aeroplane is

Exercise
1.

2.

## A man travels 480 km in 6 hrs, partly by air and partly by

train. If he had travelled all the way by air, he would have
3
saved of the time he was in train and would have
4
arrived at his destination 3 hours early. Find the distance he travelled by train.
a) 320 km
b) 160 km
c) 260 km
d) 220 km
A man travels 120 km in 5 hrs, partly by air and partly by
train. If he had travelled all the way by air, he would have
2
saved of the time he was in train and would have

3.

arrived at his destination 2 hours early. Find the distance he travelled by air.
a)80km
b)40km
c)85km
d)90km
A man travels 400 km in 8 hrs, partly by air and partly by
train. If he had travelled all the way by air, he would have
4
saved ~ of the time he was in train and would have
arrived at his destination 4 hours early. Find the ratio
between distances travelled by the air and the train.
a)T:3
b) 3 : 1
c)2:l
d) 1:2
2. a

4Dt

+/

km/hr.

## Note: Normal case indicates the original case in which speed

of the aeroplane has not been changed.

Illustrative Example
Ex:

One aeroplane started 3 0 minutes later than the scheduled time from a place 1500 km away from its destination. To reach the destination at the scheduled time
the pilot had to increase the speed by 250 km/hr. What
was the speed of the aeroplane per hour during the
journey?
Soln: Detail Method:
Let it take x hrs in second case.
1500

Then speed

or,

1500
+ 250
1
x+-

1500|x + - j - 1 5 0 0 x
^ , \
=250
2

x\ + -

or,750 = 250x x +

l.b

r +

or, 2x +x-6
1

=0

t X _ _
or, x + 3 = 0
2
1

## Time and Distance

or, 2x + 4 x - 3 x - 6 = 0
2

4Dt

or, x ( 2 x - 3 ) + 2 ( 2 x - 3 ) = 0

V +

1
hours in the normal case

## the train takes

or, (x + 2X2x-3) = 0

2.?
(original case) and the normal speed (original speed) of
(

## Therefore, the plane takes hrs in second case, ie

3 1
+ = 2 hrs in normal case. Thus, normal speed =
2 2
1500

2D

km/hr.

the train is
r

4Dt

= 750 km/hr.

## Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem,

Normal speed of the aeroplane
2x1500

2x1500

1_ 4x1500x1
4

2x250

= 750 km/hr.

J_
+

Illustrative Example
A train leaves the station 1 hour before the scheduled time. The driver decreases its speed by 4 km/hr.
At the next station 120 km away, the train reached on
time. Find the original speed of the train.
Soln: Detail Method: Let it takes x hours in second case.

Ex.:

120

Exercise
1.

Then speed =

## One aeroplane started 1 hour later than the scheduled

time from a place 3000 km away from its destination. To
reach the destination at the scheduled time the pilot had
to increase the speed by 500 km/hr. What was the speed
of the aeroplane per hour during the journey?
a) 1500 km/hr
b) 1000 km/hr
c) 850 km/hr
d) None of these

120
or,

x-l

120

120
x-\
120(x-x + l )

= 4

or,

-4x

or, 4x^ - 4 x - 1 2 0 = 0

or, 120 = 4x

or, x - x - 3 0 = 0
2

or, x - 6 x + 5 x - 3 0 = 0
l

2.

3.

## One aeroplane started 1 hrs later than the scheduled

or, x ( x - 6 ) + 5 ( x - 6 ) = 0

## time from a place 2400 km away from its destination. To

reach the destination at the scheduled time the pilot had
to increase the speed by 800 km/hr. What was the speed
of the aeroplane per hour during the journey?
a) 1600 km/hr
b) 800 km/hr
c) 1200 km/hr
d) 1550 km/hr
One aeroplane started 30 minutes later than the scheduled time from a place 1800 km away from its destination.
To reach the destination at the scheduled time the pilot
had to increase the speed by 300 km/hr. What was the
speed of the aeroplane per hour during the journey?
a) 600 km/hr b) 800 km/hr c) 1200 km/hr d) 900 km/hr

or,x = - 5 , 6 .-. x = 6
Therefore, the train takes 6 hours in second case, ie
( 6 - 1 = 5 ) hours in original case.
120
.-. Original speed = ~ r ~ - 24 km/hr
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem,
2x120
Original speed of the train
,2,4*120x1
:

2x120

l.b

2.b

11-1
3.d

= 24 km/hr.

Exercise

Rule 29
Theorem: A train leaves the station t hours before the scheduled time. The driver decreases its speed by p km/lir. At the
next station D km away, the train reached on time. Then

1.

## A train leaves the station 1 hour before the scheduled

time. The driver decreases its speed by 50 km/hr. At the
next station 300 km away, the train reached on time. Find
the original speed of the train.
a)100km/hr
b)150km/hr

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

440
c)200 km/hr
2.

d) None of these

## V =3 km/hr and V V = 9 km/hr

i
2
V = 6 km/hr and V,
3 km/hr
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem.
2

## A train leaves the station 1 hours before the sched2

uled time. The driver decreases its speed by 80 km/hr. At
the next station 240 km away, the train reached on time.
Find the original speed of the train,
a) 180 km/hr b) 160 km/hr c) 200 km/hr d) 120 km/hr
A train leaves the station 30 minutes before the scheduled time. The driver decreases its speed by 30 km/hr. At
the next station 180 km away, the train reached on time.
Find the original speed of the train.
a)140km/hr b)125km/hr c)120km/hr d)100km/hr

3.

V, - V = 27(4.5X4.5-4) = 3 km/hr
2

## = 4.5+ = 6 km/hr and

2
v 2

2.b

- y-

Jy(y~ )
x

3
= 4 . 5 - - =3km/hr.
2

l.b

, = v+ Vv(y-*)

3.c

Exercise

Rule 30

1.

## Theorem: When a person travels equal distance at speed

and V km/hr, his average speed is x km/lir. But when
2

## he travels at these speeds for equal times his average speed

isy km/hr, then the values of K, and V are [y + yjy(y - x))

2.

km/hr and (y - yjy(y - x)) km/hr respectively. And the difference of the two speeds is given by 2^y(y-x)

km/hr.
3.

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## When a man travels equal distance at speeds V and

V km/hr, his average speed is 4 km/hr. But when he
travels at these speeds for equal times his average
speed is 4.5 km/hr. Find the difference of the two
speeds and also find the values of V, and V,.
Soln: Detail Method: Suppose the equal distance = D km
Then time taken with V. and V speeds are
2

## When a man travels equal distance at speeds V and V,

km/hr, his average speed is 8 km/hr. But when he travels
at these speeds for equal times his average speed is 9
km/hr. Find the difference of the two speeds.
a) 6 km/hr
b) 5 km/hr
c) 4 km/hr
d) 8 km/hr
When a man travels equal distance at speeds V and V
km/hr, his average speed is 6 km/hr. But when he travels
at these speeds for equal times his average speed is 8
km/hr. Find the difference of the two speeds.
a) 7 km/hr
b) 6 km/hr
c) 8 km/hr
d) 10 km/hr
When a man travels equal distance at speeds V! and V,
km/hr, his average speed is 5 km/hr. But when he travels
at these speeds for equal times his average speed is 9
km/hr. Find the difference of the two speeds.
a) 10 km/hr b) 12 km/hr c) 14 km/hr d) 8 km/hr
2

l.a

2.c

3.b

Rule 31

D
D
Y hrs and y

## Theorem: A person travels for T hours at the speed of

hrs respectively.

2

Total distance
Total time

## end of it, if he finds that he has covered f of the total

distance, then his average speed, to cover the remaining
{W+R T }y-\
2

2V,V
I 2

= 4 km/hr

v, + v

2D

## distance in T hours, should be

km/

In second case,
average speed =

v,+v

= 4.5 km/hr

Illustrative Example

Thatis; V ^ V ^ Q a n d V , V , = 18
Now, (v, - V ) = (V, + V, ) - 4V, V
2

= 81-72 = 9

hr.
Ex.:

## A person travels for 3 hrs at the speed of 40 km/hr

and for 4.5 hrs at the speed of 60 km/hr. At the end of
3
it, he finds that he has covered - of the total dis-

## Time and Distance

tance. At what average speed should he travel to
cover the remaining distance in 4 hrs?
Soln: Detail Method: Total distance covered in (3 +4.5) hrs.
= 3 x40 + 4.5 x60 = 390 km.
3
Now, since of the distance = 390 km
2
5 2
' - of the distance = 390 * - * - = 260 km.

l.a

3.c

2.b

Rule 32
Theorem: If a person A walking at the rate of 5, kmhr.
takes t\ to cover a distance and another person B,
walking at the rate of S km/hr, takes t hours to cover the
2

## same distance, then

.-. average speed for the remaining distance =
260

65 km/hr.
4
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
the average speed for the remaining distance
:

\ 1

iS*,/,

=S t

2 2

=Distanceor, S t = S t
] ]

2 2

constant.
Thus we see that both speed and time are inversely proportional to each other. That is, if the speed increases to 4
1
times, the time will decrease to times.
Application of the above theorem,
Case I: I f A takes 8 hours to cover a distance and B is four
times faster than A, then what time will B take to cover
the same distance?
We have, S\t = S t
x

(40x3+60x4.5| - - 1

390x2
4x2

= 65 km/hr.

Exercise
1.

2.

## A person travels for 4 hrs at the speed of 30 km/hr and

for 6 hrs at the speed of 40 km/hr. At the end of it, he
3
finds that he has covered of the total distance. At
4
what average speed should he travel to cover the remaining distance in 3 hrs?
a) 40 km/hr b) 35 km/hr c) 45 km/hr d) 60 km/hr
A person travels for 2 hrs at the speed of 15 km/hr and
for 3 hrs at the speed of 20 km/hr. At the end of it, he
2
finds that he has covered of the total distance. At
what average speed should he travel to cover the remaining distance in 5 hrs?
a) 8 km/hr
b) 9 km/hr
c)6km
d) None of these

km/
3.

## Case II: I f A takes 8 hours to cover a distance and he is 4

times faster than B, then what time will B take to cover
the same distance?
We have,
S t =S t
x x

=>45 x8 = S

2 2

xt

:. t = 32 hrs.
Case III: I f B is 20% faster than A, then what time will he take
to travel the distance which A travels in 20 minutes?
2

We have, 5,f, = S t

2 2

120 _
-5, xt
100
20x100

= Il foi y min
120
Case IV: I f B takes 30% less time than A, to cover the same
distance. What should be the speed of B if A walks at
a rate of 7 km/hr?
5, x20

5 0

100-30
Again, 7 x r

## A person travels for 3 hrs at the speed of 12 km/hr and

for 4 hrs at the speed of 15 km/hr. At the end of it, he

.:S

4
finds that he has covered of the total distance. At
what average speed should he travel to cover the remaining distance in 6 hrs?
a)6km/hr
b)8km/hr
c)4km/hr
d)5km/hr

2 2

7x100
70

100
= 10 km/hr.

Exercise
1.

## If A takes 6 hours to cover a distance and B is 2 times

faster than A, then what time will B take to cover the

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

442
same distance?

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

c) hrs
d) 4 hrs
2
I f A takes 4 hours to cover a distance and B is four times
faster than A, then what time will B take to cover the
same distance?
a)2 hrs

b) 3 hrs

a) 2 hrs

_1
b) 2 hrs

d) l | hrs

c) 1 hr

## I f A takes 3 hours to cover a distance and he is 3 times

faster than B, then what time will B take to cover the
same distance?
a) 9 hrs
b) 6 hrs
c) 8 hrs
d) None of these
I f A takes 4 hours to cover a distance and he is 2 times
faster than B, then what time will B take to cover the
same distance?
a) 6 hrs
b) 8 hrs
c) 9 hrs
d) None of these
If B is 25% faster than A, then what time will he take to
travel the distance which A travels in 25 minutes?
a) 25 minutes
b) 20 minutes
c) 30 minutes
d) None of these
If B is 30% faster than A, then what time will he take to
travel the distance which A travels in 26 minutes?
a) 15 minutes
b) 20 minutes
c) 25 minutes
d) None of these
I f B takes 10% less time than A, to cover the same distance. What should be the speed of B if A walks at a rate
of 9 km/hr?
a)10km/hr b)15km/hr c)20km/hr d)5km/hr
I f B takes 40% less time than A, to cover the same distance. What should be the speed of B i f A walks at a rate
of 15 km/hr?
a) 15 km/hr
b) 20 km/hr
c) 25 km/hr
d) None of these

## A person travelled 120 km by steamer, 450 km by train

and 60 km by horse. It took 13 hours 30 minutes. If the
rate of the train is 3 times that of the horse and 1.5
times that of the steamer, find the rate of the train per
hour.
Soln: Detail Method: Suppose the speed of horse = x km/
hr. Then speed of the train = 3x km/hr and speed of
the steamer = 2x km/hr
120 450 60
Now, + + = 13.5 hours
2x
3x
x
(Since 13 hrs 30 minutes =13.5 hrs)
360 + 900 + 360
or,

1620
6x13.5

2.c

3.a

4.b

5.b

6.b

Exercise
1.

## train and x km by horse. It took T hours. If the rate of

3

train is 'n' times that of the horse and'm' times that of the
TOC] +

+ X

3.

km/
J

1 ( mx\ + x
2

## hr, rate of the horse is

k m / h r

c) 29 km/hr
d) None of these
A person travelled 50 km by steamer, 60 km by train and
60 km by horse. It took 15 hours. If the rate of the train is
4 times that of the horse and 3 times that of the steamer.
Find the rate of the steamer.
a)10km/hr b)30km/hr c)15km/hr d)18km/hr
A person travelled 25 km by steamer, 40 km by train and
30 km by horse. It took 7 hours. I f the rate of the train is
4 times that of the horse and 2 times that of the steamer.
Find the rate of the horse.
a)15km/hr

29
b)

n \
mx + x + roc

## A person travelled 60 km by steamer, 225 km by train and

30 km by horse. It took 15 hours. I f the rate of the train is
3 times that of the horse and 2 times that of the steamer.
Find the speed of the train per hour.
29
a) km/hr

## steamer, then the rate of the train is

13.5

1
Speed of the horse = x 60 20 km/hr.
3
1
2
Speed of the steamer = - x 60 = - x 60 = 40 km/hr.
3/2
3

2.

60 km/hr.

7.a

Rule 33

= 20

## .-. Speed of train = 3x = 3 x 20 = 60 km/hr

Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have

l.b
8.c

= 13.5

6JC

km/hr.

l.c

2. a

3.b

## Time and Distance

reduced in arrival (40 minutes) is equal to the time
increased in arrival (40 minutes) then
Speed

Rule 34
Theorem: A person covers a certain distance on scooter.
Had he moved ,x km/hr faster, he would have taken f,
;

2

taken t

## hours more, then the original speed (S) is

x x {t +t )~\
,
km/hr and the distance is given by
x

L '2*1 -hX2

\ + x)
x

2x(3x2) ,
/
x - 1 2 km/hr
(3-2)

Now, Distance =

km.

(l2 + 3 ) x ( l 2 - 2 )
. \^ v \ Diff. between
(l2 + 3 ) - ( l 2 - 2 ) '
arrival time

Illustrative Example
A man covers a certain distance on scooter. Had he
moved 3 km/hr faster, he would have taken 40 minutes less. I f he had moved 2 km/hr slower, he would
have taken 40 minutes more. Find the distance (in km)
and original speed.
Soln: Detail Method: Suppose the distance is D km and the
initial speed is x km/hr.

15x10 40 + 40
5 -x 60 = 40 km.

Ex.:

Then, we have
D

40
D
and
60
x- 2

3D

or,

and

x+2

'

x+3
D

x-2

2D
o r

Here,

60

above method.

## = t ) , put this into the formula and get the

2

Exercise

_ 22

0)

1.

_2
(2)

2D

x(x + 3)
or, 3 ( x - 2 ) = 2 ( x + 3)

40

' 4c^2)~3

3D

## From (1) and (2) we have

80
ence of40 + 40 = 80 minutes = ~ hrs.
60
2. This question is the special case of the above theorem.

xjx^3)~3

## Note: 1.40 minutes late and 40 minutes earlier make a differ-

2.

x[x-l)

or, 3 x - 6 = 2x + 6

## A man covers a certain distance on scooter. Had he

moved 4 km/hr faster, he would have taken 30 minutes
less. I f he had moved 3 km/hr slower, he would have
taken 30 minutes more. Find the original speed.
a)24 km/hr b)20 km/hr c) 28 km/hr d)18km/hr
A man covers a certain distance on scooter. Had he
moved 6 km/hr faster, he would have taken 30 minutes
less. I f he had moved 4 km/hr slower, he would have
taken 1 hr 30 minutes more. Find the original speed.

.-. x = 12 km/hr
Now, if we put this value in (1) we get

a) 7 km/hr

b) 6 y km/hr

D = 2T
3

c) 6 y km/hr

d) None of these

12x15 = 40 km.
3

## Quicker Method I: Applying the above theorem, we

have
the required speed

\3

3)

- 1 2 km/hr and

i
\
x3
x2
3
3
2

## A man covers a certain distance on scooter. Had he

moved 8 km/hr faster, he would have taken 30 minutes
less. I f he had moved 6 km/hr slower, he would have
taken 15 minutes more. Find the distance (in km) anu
original speed.
a) 36 km/hr b) 24 km/hr c) 18 km/hr d) 30 km/hr

l.a

1 2 x - ( l 2 + 3)
the required distance

3.

= 40 km.

## Quicker Method II: In the above question when time

2.c

3.a

Rule 35
Theorem: A thief is spotted by a policeman from a distance
ofd km. When the policeman starts the chase, the thief also

444

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

## starts running. Assuming the speed of the thiefx kilometres

an hour, and that of the policeman y kilometres an hour,

a) 150 metres
b) 200 metres
c) 300 metres
d) 1 km
A thief is spotted by a policeman from a distance of 300
metres. When the policeman starts the chase, the thief
also starts running. Assuming the speed of the thief 12
kilometres an hour, and that of the policeman 15
kilometres an hour, how far will have the thief run before
he is overtaken?

4.
then the thief will run before ne is overtaken = d

km
Or,
The distance covered by the thief before he gets caught
- x Speed of thief
Relative speed

a) l k m

b) 1.2km

c) 1.5km

100 _ 1
1. b; Hint: d= 100 metres =

Illustrative Example
Ex:

## A thief is spotted by a policeman from a distance of

200 metres. When the policeman starts the chase, the
thief also starts running. Assuming the speed of the
thief 10 kilometres an hour, and that of the policeman
12 kilometres an hour, how far will have the thief run
before he is overtaken?
Soln: Detail Method: Relative speed = 1 2 - 10 = 2 km/hr
0.2
the thief will be caught after =

10

-^

10

\
15

hr.

I 2

-6

100
1000

3.c

4
10 km = 400 metres

4.b

km

Rule 36

have

## To find the average speed

Theorem: If a moving body travels x x ,
x ,... x , metres,
moving with different speeds S S^ S
S
metres per
second in time T , T , T , F seconds respectively, then it
is necessary to calculate the average speed of the body
throughout the journey. If the average speed is denoted by
K, then,
u

0.2 km
the required distance -
2 km/hr

1 U

km/hr = 1 km.

Exercise
1.

2.

3.

km

## y = 1 kilometre in 8 minutes = 7 km/hr

2
Now applying the given rule, we have

2.d
1

1000

=

d)2km

## A policeman goes after a thief who has 100 metres'start.

If the policeman runs a kilometre in 8 minutes, and the
thief a kilometre in 10 minutes, how far will the thief have
gone before he is overtaken?
a) 350 metres
b) 400 metres
c) 450 metres
d) 460 metres
A thief is spotted by a policeman from a distance of 400
metres. When the policeman starts the chase, the thief
also starts running. Assuming the speed of the thief 8
kilometres an hour, and that of the policeman 10
kilometres an hour, how far will have the thief run before
he is overtaken?
.2
a) 2 km
b) 1 km
c) l km
d) V
5
' 5
A thief is spotted by a policeman from a distance of 150
metres. When the policeman starts the chase, the thief
also starts running. Assuming the speed of the thief 12
kilometres an hour, and that of the policeman 18
kilometres an hour, how far will have the thief run before
he is overtaken?

## Total distance travelled

Total time taken
Xj +

Case I =

" X^

+ ... *r

T T +T +...
]+

+T

S T +S T +S T +...
i

Case 11 =

T +T +Ti+...
x

X,

+X-,

+ ST

+T

+ ... + x

+X-,

Case 111 =
*1

s,

+ + ...+

S\

Illustrative Examples
Ex. 1: A train travels 225 km in 3.5 hours and 370 km in |
hours. Find the average speed of train.
Soln: Applying the above theorem (case-I)
Average speed =

225 + 370
_, _ ^ - 70 km/hr
+

MATHS

445

## Ex.2: A car during its journey travels 30 minutes at a speed

of 40 km/hr, another 45 minutes at a speed of 60 km/hr
and 2 hours at a speed of 70 km/hour. Find its average
speed of the car.
Soln: Applying the above theorem (case-II)
Average speed

Rule 37
Theorem: A train does a journey without stopping in T
hours. If it had travelled x km an hourfaster, it would have
done the journey in t hours, then the origninal speed is
(

' V )
j _ J * J km/hr and the length of the journey is given by
x

^ x 4 0 | + ~ j x 6 0 | + (2x70)
60
- = 63 km/hr.
30 45 ,
+ +2
60 60
Ex.3: A man walks 3 km at a speed of 3 km/hr, runs 4 km at
a speed of 4 km/hr and goes by bus another 16 km.
Speed of the bus is 16 km/hr. I f the speed of the bus is
considered as the speed of the man, find the average
speed of the man.
Soln: Applying the above theorem (case-Ill)

Tt
km.

T-t

Illustrative Example
Ex:

## A train does a journey without stopping in 8 hours. I f

it had travelled 5 km an hour faster, it would have
done the journey in 6 hours 40 minutes. What is its
original speed?
Soln: Applying the above theorem, we have,
the required original speed
2
20
6

=
^ - x 5 = 4 - = 25 km/hr.
8-64
3
r

Average speed

3 + 4 + 16
3 4~ T 6

- + +

23
=

_2
=

16

Exercise

Exercise
1

&

## A train travels 150 km in 5 hours and 250 km in 3 hours.

Find the average speed of train.
a) 50 km/hr b) 60 km/hr c) 100 km/hr d) 80 km/hr
A train travels 220 km in 6 hours and 340 km in 2 hours.
Find the average speed of train.
a) 80 km/hr b) 70 km/hr c) 50 km/hr d) 35 km/hr
A car during its journey travels 2 hrs at a speed of 25 km/
hr, another 4 hrs at a speed of 30 km/hr and 4 hours at a
speed of 35 km/hour. Find its average speed of the car.
a) 62 km/hr b) 31 km/hr c) 29 km/hr d) 58 km/hr
A car during its journey travels 40 minutes at a speed of
30 km/hr, another 50 minutes at a speed of 60 km/hr and
1 hour at a speed of 30 km/hr. Find its average speed of
the car.
a) 40 km/hr
b) 35 km/hr
c) 45 km/hr
d) None of these

1.

2.

3.

4.

## A car finishes a journey in 10 hours at the speed of 80

km/hr. I f the same distance is to be covered in eight
hours how much more speed does the car have to gain?
|BSRB Delhi PO, 2000]
a)8km/hr
b)10km/hr c)20km/hr
d)16km/hr
A train does a journey without stopping in 8 hours. If it
had travelled 6 km an hour faster, it would have done the
journey in 6 hours. What is its original speed?
a)20km/hr b)15km/hr c)21 km/hr
d)18km/hr
A train does a journey without stopping in 5 hours. I f it
had travelled 3 km an hour faster, it would have done the
journey in 2 hours. What is its original speed?
a) 10 km/hr
b) 5 km/hr
c) 2 km/hr
d) None of these
A train does a journey without stopping in 9 hours. I f it
had travelled 8 km an hour faster, it would have done the
journey in 6 hours. What is its original speed?
a)27km/hr b)16km/hr c)24km/hr
d)18km/hr

speed of 2 km/hr and goes by bus another 32km. Speed
of the bus is 8 km/hr. I f the speed of the bus is considered as the speed of the man, find the average speed of
the man.
a) 1 5 - km/hr

b) 7 y km/hr

c) 3 km/hr
6

d) None of these

La

l.b

3.b

1. c;Hint
2. d

10-8
3,c
4.b

5.c

x = 20 km/hr

Rule 38
Theorem: If a car travels a distance of D km in T hours
partly at a speed of x km/hr and partly aty km/hr, then the
distance travelled at a speed of x km/hr is
[p-Ty

4. a

80

x-y

km.

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

446

Illustrative Example

Illustrative Example

Ex:

Ex:

## A car travels a distance of 170 km in 2 hours partly at

a speed of 100 km/hr and partly at 50 km/hr. Find the
distance travelled at a speed of 100 km/hr.
Soln: Detail Method: Let the distance travelled at the speed
of 100 km/hr=x km.
The distance travelled at the speed of 50 km/hr =

## A long distance is covered by Rakesh in 56 minutes.

2
He covers of it at 4 km/hr and the remaining at 5
km/hr. Find the total distance.
Soln: Applying the above theorem, we have
56

( l 7 0 - x ) km
170
or,

170
170-s

100

60
:

50
56

or. 100

170-x

60

= 2

= (170-2x50^

3.

100
100-50

1.

2.a

## A long distance is covered by Rakesh in 5 hours. He

covers of it at 12 km/hr and the remaining at 16 km/hr.

2.

## Find the total distance.

a)64km
b) 128km
c)32km
d)45km
A long distance is covered by Rakesh in 3 hours. He
covers ~ of it at 5 km/hr and the remaining at 15 km/hr.

## A car travels a distance of 85 km in 2 hours partly at a

speed of 50 km/hr and partly at 25 km/hr. Find the distance travelled at a speed of 50 km/hr.
a)60km
b)15km
c)70km
d)25km
A car travels a distance of 80 km in 3 hours partly at a
speed of 45 km/hr and partly at 20 km/hr. Find the distance travelled at a speed of 45 km/hr.
a)36km
b)44km
c)46km
d)34km
A car travels a distance of 160 km in 3 hours partly at a
speed of 90 km/hr and partly at 40 km/hr. Find the distance travelled at a speed of 90 km/hr.
a)54km
b)64km
c)81km
d)72km

l.c

4 km.

Exercise

Exercise

2.

50

.-. x = 140km
.-. cartravels 140 km at the speed of 100 km/hr.
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
the required distance

1.

30
X

## Find the total distance.

a) 30 km
b)35km
c)25km
d)25km
A long distance is covered by Rakesh in 6 hours. He
1
covers of it at 4 km/hr and the remaining at 2 km/hr.
2
Find the total distance,
c)14km
d)18km
a) 16km
b)12km

La

2.c

3.a

Rule 40
Theorem: A thief goes away with a car at a speed of x km/
hr. If the theft has been discovered after't' hours and the
owner sets off in another car aty km/lir, then the owner will

3.d

Rule 39
Theorem: A person covers a certain distance in Thours. He

## overtake the thieffrom the start in

covers ~ of it at x km/hr and the remaining at y km/hr. The

X/

y-x

hours.

Illustrative Example
Ex:

km.
b ,

## A thief goes away with a Maruti car at a speed of 40

km/hr. The theft has been discovered after half an
hour and the owner sets off in another car at 50 km/hr.
When will the owner overtake the thief from the start
Soln: Detail Method: Distance to be covered by the thief
and by the car owner is the same.
Let after
hours owner catches the thief,
0

S,T, = S T
2

= Disance

840
fx 50= |

x + 10

t = 2 hours.

\>:

840

## Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we

have
40
the required time

50-40

or,

3.

o r

= 2

'

x(x + 10)

,1
c) I hrs

b) 2 hrs

or, x +10x-4200 = 0
or, x - +60, -70
.-. x = 60 km/hr [We take only +ve value ofx]
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
2

## the original speed

= V(2xl0) +(4x840xl0x2)-(2xl0)
2x2
2

V400 + 6 7 2 0 0 - 2 0

1.

1
d) 2 hrs

1. c; Hint: t = 2 PM - 1 PM = 1 hour
Applying the given rule, we have
1

45
;

54-45

1 - 5 hours

3.

ie 2PM + 5 hrs = 7 PM
3.c

Rule 41
Theorem: A car travels a certain distance 'D' km at uniform speed. If the speed of the car is 'x' km/lir more, it takes
t' hours less to cover the same distance, then the original

## speed of the car is

^(xtf

+(4Dxt)-xt

km/hr.

It

Illustrative Example
A car travels a distance of 840 km at uniform speed. I f
the speed of the car is 10 km/hr more, it takes 2 hours
less to cover the same distance. Find the original speed
of the car.
Soln: Detail Method: Let the original speed be x km/hr.

260- 20

60 km/hr.

Exercise

Ex:

x + 10

2.

2. a

840

## A thief steals a motor car at 1 PM and drives it at 45 km

an hour. The theft is discovered at 2 PM and the owner
sets off in another car at 54 km an hour. When will he
overtake the thief?
a) 5 PM
b) 3 PM
c) 7 PM
d) Can't be determined
A thief goes away with a Maruti car at a speed of 20 km/
hr. The theft has been discovered after 15 minutes and
the owner sets off in another car at 30 km/hr. When will
the owner overtake the thief from the start?
a) 30 minutes
b) 20 minutes
c) 45 minutes
d) None of these
A thief goes away with'a Maruti car at a speed of 15 km/
hr. The theft has been discovered after 1 hour and the
owner sets off in another car at 25 km/hr. When will the
owner overtake the thief from the start?
a) 1 hr

840(x + 10)-840x _

1 .
x 2 hours
2

Exercise

_840

## A car travels a distance of 84 km at uniform speed. Ifthe

speed of the car is 1 km/hr more, it takes 2 hours less to
cover the same distance. Find the original speed of the
car.
a) 6 km/hr
b) 8 km/hr
c) 7 km/hr d) None of these
A car travels a distance of 350 km at uniform speed. I f
the speed of the car is 20 km/hr more, it takes 2 hours
less to cover the same distance. Find the original speed
of the car.
a) 25 km/hr b) 50 km/hr c) 75 km/hr d) 35 km/hr
A car travels a distance of 35 km at uniform speed. If the
speed of the car is 2 km/hr more, it takes 2 hours less to
cover the same distance. Find the original speed of the
car.
a) 5 km/hr
b) 4 km/hr
c) 7 km/hr d) None of these

La

2.b

3.a

Rule 42
Theorem: A car travels a certain distance 'D' km at uniform speed. Ifthe speed of the car is x km/hr less, it takes't'
hours more to cover the same distance, then original speed
+ 4Dxt +xt
of the car is

2t

km/lir.

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

## A car travels a distance of840 km at uniform speed. I f

the speed of the car is 10 km/hr less, it takes 2 hours

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

448
more to cover the same distance. Find the original
speed of the car.
Soln: Detail method: Let the original speed be x km/hr
From the question, we have
840
10
or,

\
T

## actual time taken by A and B is

hours and

840
-+ 2

840

840

x-10

hours respectively.
y

840x-840x + (840x10)
or.

Illustrative Example

(x-10)x

Ex.:

## or, 8400 = 2x - 20x

or, x -\ -4200 = 0
2

2

## Soln: Detail Method: Let the speed of Ram and Shyam be

or, x ( x - 7 0 ) + 60(x-70) = 0

## or, x = 10 and -60

.'. x = 70 km/hr
[ . we take only +ve value of x]
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem,
Original speed

_V^xIO)

## The ratio between the speeds of Ram and Shyam is 6

: 7. If Ram takes 30 minutes more than Shyam to cover
a distance, then find the actual time taken by Ram and
Shyam.

Distance = 5,7j = S T
2

## are the time taken by Ram and Shyam respectively to

cover the distance]
6

7-6

or,

+(4x840xl0x2) + (2xl0)
2x2

%-r,

or,

30

260 + 20 280
=
;
=
= 70 km/hr.
4
4

or, 1 = 6 0
7 T

or, T = hours
x

Exercise
1.

2.

3.

## A car travels a distance of 84 km at uniform speed. If the

speed of the car is 1 km/hr less, it takes 2 hours more to
cover the same distance. Find the original speed of the
car.
a) 8 km/hr
b) 7 km/hr
c) 6 km/hr
d) None of these
A car travels a distance of 35 km at uniform speed. Ifthe
speed of the car is 2 km/hr less, it takes 2 hours more to
cover the same distance. Find the original speed of the
car.
a) 5 km/hr
b) 7 km/hr
c) 8 km/hr
d) 6 km/hr
A car travels a distance of 350 km at uniform speed. I f
the speed of the car is 20 km/hr less, it takes 2 hours
more to cover the same distance. Find the original speed
of the car.
a) 50 km/hr b) 60 km/hr c) 40 km/hr d) 70 km/hr

7,
"
2

2.b

3.d

X :

3 hours

## .-. Actual time taken by Ram = hours and

2
Shyam = 3 hours.
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have

I
* -

## Time taken by Ram = ~ = hours

1-*
2

'
Time taken by Shyam =

l.b

1 ^
1u
= x = 3 hours
7 2 7
6

Exercise

Rule 43
Theorem: The ratio between the speeds of A and Bisx:y.
If A takes T hours more than B to cover a distance, then the

1.

## The ratio between the speeds of Sita and Rita is 5 : 6. I f

Sita takes 1 hour more than Rita to cover a distance, then
find the actual time taken by Sita and Rita,
a) 6 hrs, 5 hrs
b) 6 hrs, 4 hrs

## rime and Distance

c) 5 hrs, 4 hrs
d) None of these
The ratio between the speeds of Ramesh and Suresh is 3
: 4. I f Ramesh takes 30 minutes more than Suresh to
cover a distance, then find the actual time taken by
Ramesh and Suresh.

2.

## remaining journey at 16 km/hr. Ifthe total journey is c: I

km, what is his average speed for the whole journey?
:

1
,1
b) 2 hrs, 1 hrs
2
2

a) 2 hrs, 1 hr

,1
d) 2 l hrs, hr
c) 2 hrs, 1 hrs
2
The ratio between the speeds of Sudhesh and Vivek is
2 : 5 . If Sudhesh takes 3 hrs more than Vivek to cover a
distance, then find the actual time taken by Sudhesh
and Vivek.
a) 5 hrs, 3 hrs
b) 5 hrs, 2 hrs
c) 4 hrs, 3 hrs
d) None of these

, 1
a) 1 2 - km/hr

b) 1 2 - km/hr

c) 15 km/hr

d) 1 2 - km/hr

## A man covers th of his journey at 25 km/hr and the

remaining journey at 15 km/hr. Ifthe total journey is of 50
km, what is his average speed for the whole journey?
a) 18 km/hr

6
,,2
c)"17- km/hrd) 1 6 - km/hr

b) 20 km/hr

R.a

3.b

2.c

l.a

Rule 44
m
Theorem: If a person covers th part of the total journey
it speed 5, km/lir and the remaining journey at speed S

## km/hr then his average speed for the total journey is

2.d

J.c

Rule 45
Theorem: To plant a pillar at every certain distance
Case I: When the system is open, ie road, path etc.
If pillars are to be planted at every d km distance on
the road or the path of / km length, then the total no.
/

SS
]

n)

. In other words

of pillars are
2

S,

km/hr.

w _
+-S
n

In other words,
Total no. of pillars

## Total length of the road

Illustrative Example

Ex:

## A man covers one-third of his journey at 15 km/hr

and the remaining journey at 30 km/hr. I f the total
journey is of 175 km, what is his average speed for the
whole journey?
Soln: Applying the above theorem,
Average speed
15x30
1--|xl5 + -x30
3J
3

10 + 10

Illustrative Example
Ex:

## A road is of 900 km length. A contractor wants to

plant some pillars on the road at every 10 km of distance. Find the total no. of pillars that the contractor
has to plant.
Soln: Applying the Case-I of the above theorem, we have,

= = 22 km/hr
2
2

Exercise
A man covers rd of his journey at 30 km/hr and the
remaining journey at 60 km/hr. If the total journey is of
270 km, what is his average speed for the whole journey?
a) 36 km/hr b) 37 km/hr c) 45 km/hr d) 42 km/hr

+1

## the total no. of pillars

900
:

+ 1=91.

10

Case II: When the system is closed ie, circle, square, rectangle etc.
If pillars are to be planted at every d km distance on a
rectangle, or a circle, or a square etc, then the total no.
of pillars are given by
Perimeter
Distance between two adjacent pillars

Illustrative Example
Ex:

## A person wants to plant trees at the edge of a circular

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

450
field of radius 7 km at every 11 km of the distance.
Find the no. of trees he will have to buy for this purpose.
Soln: Applying the aboe theorem,
22
Required no. of trees _ 7

22
7 I km]
n

Exercise
1.

2.

3.

4.

y-x

Ex.:

= 4.

## [Since perimeter of the circular field

= 27tr

Illustrative Example

x2x7
11

Xt + d

and at

## Supposing that telegraph poles on a railroad are 5 0 metres

apart, how many will be passed by a train in 4 hours i f
the speed of the train is 45 km an hour.
a)3601
b)3600
c)360
d)361
A railway passenger counts the telegraph posts on the
line as he passes them. I f they are 50 metres apart and
the train is going at the speed of 48 km per hour, how
many will he pass per minute?
a) 15
b) 18
c)16
d)20
A road is of 800 km length. A contractor wants to plant
some pillars on the road at every 16 km of distance. Find
the total no. of pillars that the contractor has to plant,
a) 50
b)49
c)51
A person wants to plant trees at the edge of a circular
field of radius 21 km at every 6 km of the distance. Find
the no. of trees he will have to buy for this purpose.
a) 21
b)22
c)23

A hare sees a dog 100 metres away from her and scuds
off in the opposite direction at a speed of 12 km an
hour. A minute later the dog perceives her and gives
chase at a speed of 16 km per hour. How soon will the
dog overtake the hare, and at what distance from the
spot whence the hare took flight?
Soln: Detail Method: Suppose the hare at H sees the dog at
D.
D
H
K
.-. DH = 100 metres
Let K be the position of the hare where the dog sees
her.
.-. HK = the distance gone by the hare in 1 min
12x1000

x 1 = 200 m
60
.-. DK=100m + 200m = 300m
The hare thus has a start of 300 m
Now, the dog gains ( 1 6 - 12) or 4 km in an hour.
.. the dog will gain 300 m in

60x300

1
or 4 min.
A

4X1WVJU

12x1000 , 1
= - ^ x 4 - 900m

## 1. b; Hint: In the given condition system will be closed.

Hence the required no. of telegraph poles
45x4x100

3600

50
2. c; Hint: Distance covered by the train in one minute
48x1000
:

60

3.c

50
4.b

100
x= 12km/hr d- 100m=

1
- km

800 metres.

800

## Quicker Method: Applying he above theorem, we

have

y-

16 km/hr and / = l m i n = 7 r h r .
60

16
the required time =

Rule 46
Dog and Hare

## Theorem: A hare sees a dog d km awayfrom her and scuds

off in the opposite direction at a speed ofx km/hr. Ift hours
later the dog perceives her and gives chase at a speed ofy

12x +
= hrs
16-12
40
3 ,
40

f t

,1
2

3
9
the required distance = ~
^ = \\
1
40
10
x

xt + d

y-x

/touts
10

-3.

## Time and Distance

Exercise
1.

, 1
a) 7 min, 750 metres
2.

takes 4 leaps.
.-. the grey-hound takes 1 leap whilst the hare

A hare sees a dog 5 0 metres away from her and scuds off
in the opposite direction at a speed of 6 km/hr. Two minutes later the dog perceives her and gives chase at a
speed of 8 km per hour. How soon will the dog overtake
the hare, and at what distance from the spot whence the
hare took flight?

4
leaps.

## .-. the grey-hound goes 2 m whilst the hare

b) 15 min, 1500metress

xl m
3
4

## c) 7 min, 350 metres

d) None of these
A hare sees a dog 200 metres away from her and scuds
off in the opposite direction at a speed of 24 km/hr. Two
minutes later the dog perceives her and gives chase at a
speed of 32 km per hour. How soon will the dog overtake
the hare, and at what distance from the spot whence the
hare took flight?

## .-. the grey-hound gains

c) 7 min,3km

3
xl
3
4

175
.-. the grey-hound gains m in

175

12
x
2
5.

or 210 leaps.
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
the required no. of leaps

d) 7 min, 1 km

l.a

or m i n one leap.
12

_1
b) 7 min, 2 km
2

a) 8 min, 2 km

,3
2
4

2.c

50
11 4
x
4 7

Rule 47
Theorem: A hare, pursued by a grey-hound, is 'L' of her
own leaps ahead of him. While the hare takes 'h' leaps the

Exercise

1.

50x21

= 210 leaps

## A hare, pursued by a grey-hound, is 30 metres before

him at starting, whilst the hare takes 4 leaps the grey-

2

## the grey-hound will overtake the hare are

Illustrative Example
Ex.:

2.

## A hare, pursued by a grey-hound, is 50 of her own

leaps ahead of him. While the hare takes 4 leaps the
grey-hound takes 3 leaps. In one leap the hare goes

i
,
,3
1 metres and the grey-hound 2 metres. In how
4
4
many leaps will the grey-hound overtake the hare?
Soln: Detail Method:
3

4
2

3.

,"..-1.

JL'^i

' V

## the grey-houind 2 metres. How far will the hare have

gone when she is caught by the hound?
a) 120 m
b) 150 m
c) 80 m d) Data inadequate
A hare, pursued by a grey-hound, is 60 of her own leaps
ahead of him. While the hare takes 6 leaps the greyhound takes 3 leaps. In one leap the hare goes-4 metres
and the grey-hound 12 metres. In how many leaps will
the grey-hound overtake the hare?
a) 30
b)60
c)40
d)45
A hare, pursued by a grey-hound, is 20 of her own leaps
ahead of him. While the hare takes 5 leaps the grey3
hound takes 4 leaps. In one leap the hare goes 2
metres and the grey-hound 3 metres. In how many

## .-. the grey-hound should gain ^ m over the hare.

Now the grey-hound takes 3 leaps whilst the hare

## leaps will the grey-hound overtake the hare?

a) 176
b)186
c)276
d) None of these

452

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS
.-. No. of leaps that grey-hound takes to overtake

40
l.a

hare = \JZ^

X6

20
5_
2__1
3
2

l e a

P s

x

40
= 240 leaps.
6 8

## ie grey-hound will take 60 leaps to overtake the hare.

Now, grey-hound's 3 leaps = hare's 4 leaps

1.

3.a

Rule 48

2.

## Theorem: A hare, pursued by a grey-hound, is 'L' of her

own leaps ahead of him. While the hare takes 'h' leaps, the
grey-hound takes 'g' leaps. If /i, leaps of hare is equal to
g, leaps of grey-hound, then the number of leaps in which
3.

h
the grey-hound will overtake the hare are k
x
g\

## A hare, pursued by a grey-hound is 20 of her own leaps

ahead of him. While the hare takes 4 leaps, the greyhound takes 3 leaps. 2 leaps of grey-hound is equal to 3
leaps of hare. In how many leaps will the grey-hound
overtake the hare?
a) 3 60 leaps
b) 90 leaps
c) 120 leaps
d) 270 leaps
A hare, pursued by a grey-hound is 25 of her own leaps
ahead of him. While the hare takes 6 leaps, the greyhound takes 5 leaps. 4 leaps of grey-hound is equal to 5
leaps of hare. In how many leaps will the grey-hound
overtake the hare?
a) 625 leaps
b) 652 leaps
c) 265 leaps
d) 500 leaps
A hare, pursued by a grey-hound is 22 of her own leaps
ahead of him. While the hare takes 9 leaps, the greyhound takes 4 leaps. 2 leaps of grey-hound is equal to 5
leaps of hare. In how many leaps will the grey-hound
overtake the hare?
a) 200 leaps b) 110 leaps c) 88 leaps
d) 210 leaps

Illustrative Example

Ex.:

l.c

## A hare, pursued by a grey-hound is 40 of her own

leaps ahead of him. While the hare takes 8 leaps, the
grey-hound takes 6 leaps. 4 leaps of grey-hound is
equal to 6 leaps of hare. In how many leaps will the
grey-hound overtake the hare?
Soln: Detail Method:
Since grey-hound is overtaking hare, therefore, we
have to express leaps o f grey-hound in terms of the
leaps of hare.
v 4 leaps of grey-hound is equal to 6 leaps of hare.
;*; 1 leap of grey-hound is equal to leaps of hare.

## .-. 6 leaps of grey-hound is equal to x6 leaps of

hare = 9 leaps of hare.
In equal time, when hare takes 8 leaps, then greyhound takes 9 leaps equivalent to hare.

Exercise

4
.-. grey-hound's60leaps = hare's x60 = 80 leaps.

2.b

Quicker Method:

20
= 60 leaps.
5_4
3

2.d

3.c

Rule 49
Problems on monkey
Theorem: A monkey trys to ascend a pole. If he ascends in
first minute and slips down in the second minute, then the
multiple of ascend and descend is
Length of the pole - Distance of ascent
Distance of ascent - Distance of slip down
Now consider the following cases.
Case I: Ifthe result is a whole number, then this whole number will be multiple. And the required answer will be
(2 x multiple+1).

Illustrative Example
Ex:

## A monkey tries to ascend a greased pole 14 metres

high. He ascends 2 metres in first minute and slips

## Time and Distance

down 1 metre in the alternate minute. If he continues
to ascend in this fashion, how long does he take to
reach the top?
Soln: Detail Method: In every 2 minutes he is able to ascend 2 - 1 = 1 metre. This way he ascends upto 12
metres because when he reaches at the top, he does
not slip down. Thus, upto 12 metres he takes 12 x 2 =
24 minutes and for the last 2 metres he takes 1 minute.
Therefore, he takes 24 + 1 = 25 minutes to reach the
top. That is, in 26th minute he reaches the top.
Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem, we
have
14-2
Multiple =

1.

2.

3.

,
= 12

2-1
Required answer = 2 x 12+ 1 =25 minutes.
Case II: Ifthe result is not the whole number ie it is a fraction,
then the multiple will be the whole number of that
fraction and the required answer will be
2 x Multiple+ -

Exercise

Distance of ascent

Illustrative Example
A monkey tries to ascend a greased pole 92 metres
high. He ascends 10 metres in first minute and slips
down 1 metre in the alternate minute. If he continues
to ascend in this fashion, how long does he take to
reach the top?
Soln: Detail Method:
In every 2 minutes he is able to ascend 1 0 - 1
= 9 metres.
This way he ascends up to 9 x 10 = 90 metres.
Thus upto 90 metres he takes 10 x 2 = 20 minutes and
for the remaining distance 92 - 90 = 2 metres, he takes

4.

## A monkey climbing up a greased pole, ascends 10 m and

slips down 3 m in alternate minutes. If the pole is 63 m
high, how long will it take him to reach the top?
a) 16 min 42 sec
b) 16 min 40 sec
c) 18 min 42 sec
d) None of these
A monkey tries to ascend a greased pole 91 metres h igh.
He ascends 10 metres in first minute and slips down 1
metre in the alternate minute. If he continues to ascend
in this fashion, how long does he take to reach the top?
a) 19 minutes
b) 18 minutes
c) 20 minutes
d) None of these
A monkey tries to ascend a greased pole 58 metres high.
He ascends 12 metres in first minute and slips down 4
metres in the alternate minute. I f he continues to ascend
in this fashion, how long does he take to reach the top?
a) 13 minutes 30 seconds b) 12 minutes 50 seconds
c) 12 minutes 40 seconds d) 12 minutes 5 seconds
I f a snail, on an average, creeps 31 cm up a pole during
12 hours in the night, and slip down 16 cm during the 12
hours in the day. How many hours will he be in getting
to the top of a pole 4.2 m high?
-,,->30
a) 312 hrs

b) 624 hrs

c)

d) 655 hrs

Ex:

r r hrs

63-10
I.a; Hint: Multiple =

## .-. required answer = 2x8 +

63-(l0-3)x8
10

= 16 + = 16 hrs 42 min

## .-. total time = 20 minutes 12 seconds.

Quicker Method: Applying the above theorem,
92-10

82

10-1

~9~
9

## Multiple is in fraction, hence multiple will be the whole

number of 9 ^ = 9 + 1

## [ See case II]

2 _1
- min = 12 seconds.

M u I t i p l e :

10-3

2. a
3.b
4. c; Hint: Length of the pole = 420 cm. Now in 24 hrs, the
snail creeps up (31 - 16) cm or 15 cm, therefore in (24 x
26) hrs, the snail creeps up (15 * 26) cm or 390 cm. Therefore, he has (420 - 390) cm or 30 cm more to get up. And
he goes 31 cm in 12 hrs and therefore over 30 cm in

12x36

10

92-(l0-l)xl0

## r j hrs. Therefore, he reaches on top in (24 26 +

x

10

20 + - = 20 min 12 sec.

12x30 ' , . 1 9
= 6 j j ) hrs [The number of days (26) has been
so determined that (420 cm - 15 cm x 26) may be equal to
31 cm or just less than 31 cm].
This kind of questions can also be solved by the given

P R A C T I C E B O O K ON Q U I C K E R MATHS

454
rule (Quicker Method). See the following steps given
below.
4.2-0.31
Step I: Multiple

0.31-0.16

7.

^
= 25^26
15
15

## Here, Case II: of the given rule will be applied.

Step II: Required answer

8.

4.2-(0.31-0.16)x26
12x30
= 24x26= 12 2x26 + x0.31
31
= 6 3 5 ^ hrs
Note: Here difference between the periods of ascend and
descend is 12 hrs, hence we multiply the given formula
by 12. We hope, now you can appreciate this formula.

Miscellaneous
Two cars A and B are running towards each other from
two different places 88 km apart. Ifthe ratio of the speeds
of the cars A and B is 5:6 and the speed of the car B is 90
km per hour, after how long will the two meet each other?
[BSRB Patna PO, 20011
a) 26 minutes

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

b) 24 minutes

c) 32 minutes
d) 36 minutes
Two boys begin together to write out a booklet containing 817 lines. The first boy starts with first line, writing at
the rate of 200 lines an hour, and the second boy starts
with the last line, then writes line 816, and so on, backwards proceeding at the rate of 150 lines an hour. At
what line will they meet?
a) 466th
b) 465th
c) 467th
d) 468th
A starts from P to walk to Q, a distance of 51.75 kilometres
at the rate of 3.7 5 km an hour. An hour later B starts from
Q for P and walks at the rate of 4.25 km an hour. When
and where will A meet B?
a) 26.25 km from Q
b) 25.50 km from Q
c) 25.30 km from P
d) Can't be determined
A train leaves Delhi at 5 am and reaches Kanpur at 10
am. Another train leaves Kanpur at 7 am and reaches
Delhi at 2 pm. At what time do the two trains meet?
a) 8.45 am
b) 3.45 pm
c) 6.45 am
Suresh travelled 1200 km by air which formed (2/5) of his
trip. The part of his trip which was one third of the whole
trip, he travelled by car. The rest of the journey was
performed by train. The distance travelled by train was
[Hotel Management Exam, 1991J
a) 1600 km
b) 800 km
c) 480 km
d) 1800 km
A certain distance is covered at a certain speed. I f half
this distance is covered in double the time, the ratio of
the two speeds is
[Bank PO Exam, 1986]

9.

a)4:l
b)l:4
c)2:l
d) 1:2
If a boy takes as much time in running 10 metres as a car
takes in covering 25 metres; the distance covered by the
boy during the time the car covers 1 km, is
[Asst Grade Exam, 1987]
a) 400 metres b) 40 metres c) 4 metres
d) 2.5 metres
Suresh started cycling along the boundaries of a square
field from corner point A. After half an hour, he reached
the corner point C, diagonally opposite to A. If his speed
was 8 km per hour, the area of the field in square km is
[BankPO Exam,1988|
a) 64
b)8
c)4
d) Can't be determined
Two trains start at the same time from Aligarh and Delhi
and proceed towards each other at the rate of 16 km and
21 km per hour respectively. When they meet, it is found
that one train has travelled 60 km more than the other.
The distance between two stations is
[BankPO Exam, 19881
a) 445 km
b) 444 km
c) 440 km
d) 450 km

<
1. c; Hint: Speed of the car A = - 90 = 75 km/hr
x

,-. Reqdtime

-x60 = 32 minutes
90x75

## 2. c; Hint: Let the two meet at the xth line.

From the question,
x

817-x

200

150

x =466.85

## ie at the 467th line, they will meet.

3. b; Hint: A has already gone 3.75 km when B starts. Of the
remaining 48 km, A walks 3.75 km and B walks 4.25 km in
one hour ie they together pass over 3.75 + 4.25 or 8 km in
48
one hour. Therefore, 48 km are passed over in or 6
o

## hours. Therefore A meets B in 6 hours after B started.

And therefore they meet at a distance of 4.25 * 6 or 25.5
km from Q.
4. a; Hint: Let the distance between Delhi and Kanpur be x
km
Suppose the train leaving from Delhi is A and the train
leaving from Kanpur be B.

A's speed = ,
~ < km/hr
10 am - 5 am
5
n

x
_x
B's speed = ~
^
~ ^ km/hr
2pm-1 am
1
r

## Since B starts two hours later than A, the distance al-

2x
ready covered by A at the time of start of B = km

## Time and Distance

1 st speed = {xly) km per hour

2x 3x
Remaining distance = * - - km

x x

1 ^

\2x

## Relative speed of approach of two trains = + -

'
2nd speed

V
km/hr
Time taken to cover the remaining distance by both trains

f'

^l = l 5i = Z
x

= 12x

12

## 4 hrs= 1 hrs= 1 hr45 min

Ratio of speeds =

x^
km per hour

2v

l:-=4:l

10x1000

## .-. the two trains will meet at 7 am + 1 hr45 min = 8.45 am

5. b; Hint: Let the total distance be x km. Then,
-x = 1200 r x = 3000km
O

x

## .-. Distance travelled by train = [3000-(1000+ 1200)] km

= 800 km
6. a; Hint: Let x km be covered in y hours. Then,

km

= 400 metres
25
8. c; Hint: Distance covered in half an hour = 4 km
2 x (side of the square) = 4 km
or side of the square = 2 km
.-. Area of the square field = 4 sq km
9. b; Hint: Suppose they meet after x hours. Then,
or, x-

21x-16x = 60 or,x=12
Now, distance between the stations
= ( I 6 x l 2 + 2 1 x l 2 ) k m = 444km
Note: See Rule 11 of the chapter "Trains".