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Vert 42 Leaf Col 01.

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De la WIKIPEDIA, enciclopedia liber

De la WIKIPEDIA, enciclopedia liber


Vert 42 Leaf Col 01.3

Buburuz - Coccinella septempunctata

De la Wikipedia, enciclopedia liber


Buburuz

Clasificare tiinific
Regn:
ncrengtur:
Clas:
Ordin:
Familie:
Gen:
Specie:

Animalia
Arthropoda
Insecta
Coleoptera
Coccinellidae
Coccinella
C. septempunctata

Nume binomial
Coccinella septempunctata
(Linnaeus, 1758)
vdm
Buburuza, numit i mmru sau grgri, (familia coccinellidae) este o insect ce
triete pe toate continentele unde exist afide cu care se hrnete. Att adulii ct i
larvele sunt prdtori vorace de afide, i din aceast cauz buburuza a fost populat
artificial n America de Nord ca un agent de control biologic i n scopul reducerii efectivului
de afide.
Cuprins
[ascunde]
1 Descriere
2 Galerie
3 Note
4 Legturi externe
Descriere[modificare | modificare surs]
Buburuza adult poate atinge o lungime de 0,76 i 1,0 cm. Elitrele sunt roii cu apte
puncte negre. Coloraia reprezint un mijloc de descurajare a speciilor inamice. Pentru a se
proteja, buburuza se preface moart sau secret un lichid, la nivelul articulaiilor de la
picioare, care le d un gust neplcut[1].
Galerie[modificare | modificare surs]

Ou

Larv


Adult

Attracting Ladybugs in the Garden


Apart from aphids, ladybugs also require a source of pollen for food and are attracted to
specific types of plants. The most popular ones have umbrella shaped flowers such as
fennel, dill, cilantro, caraway, angelica, tansy, wild carrot & yarrow. Other plants that also
attract ladybugs include cosmos (especially the white ones), coreopsis, and scented
geraniums, dandelions.
Apart from planting attractive plants in the garden, you can also promote ladybug
populations by elimination of spraying insecticides. Not only are ladybugs sensitive to most
synthetic insecticides, but if the majority of their food source is gone, they won't lay their
eggs in your garden. As difficult as it may be, allowing aphids to live on certain plants is
necessary to ensure that there is enough food for ladybugs. In addition, resist the urge to
squish bugs & eggs in the garden, unless you're certain that they are not beneficial.
Predatory ladybugs are used for biological control of plant pests. In some cases, ladybugs
can provide strong control of pest populations, especially in combination with other
predators or parasites of pests. Ladybugs can be purchased for consumer use, but keep in
mind that released ladybugs may not establish in your gardenif they do not like the
conditions, they will simply fly away. A good way to increase ladybug and other beneficial
organisms is to encourage the growth of populations that are already present. Make
conditions as favorable as possible and avoid spraying chemicals that will harm them.
Gardeners sometimes mistake ladybug larvae and pupae for pests and kill them. Make sure
you are familiar with what the different lifecycle stages of ladybugs look like so you can help
them find a happy home in your landscape.

Grow plants that attract ladybugs, praying mantises and other predatory insects. Attractive
plants include angelica, cosmos, yarrow, marigold, and raspberry canes. Beneficial insects
also enjoy culinary herbs, such as dill, caraway and fennel.

Fill shallow dishes with a layer of small rocks or pebbles. Add water to cover the bottom half
of the rocks. Place the dishes on the ground around your garden. Beneficial insects will visit
to have a drink of water.

Provide beneficial insects with ground cover for protection. During the day, insects need
protection from predators, particularly birds and larger insects. Grow a low-growing plant,
such as thyme or oregano, to give insects the cover they need. Alternatively, cover the soil
with a layer of straw mulch or cut leaves.
Spray your plants with an artificial insect attractant. The attractants are often organic and
will not harm plants. Alternatively, make your own attractant by mixing 10 parts water with
one part sugar and one part brewer's yeast or whey yeast.

First off, see if you can attract these polka-dotted pals to your garden naturally. You can do
this by having tulips and lilies and other cup-shaped flowers around. The ladybugs love this
bloom shape due to the fact that these blooms capture water and keep things inside them
somewhat cool. Thus, ladybugs like to make their homes in them. If this doesn't bring in the
ladybugs, at least you should be able to enjoy some nice butterflies! Additional plants that
can attract ladybugs due to their shape and pollen include dill, fennel, white cosmos, and
geraniums.
The next avenue to explore for attracting ladybugs is actually to just go get some. You could
call around to nurseries or you could even order some ladybugs online. They are cheap and
easy to introduce to the garden. Plan on setting them out there on a cool night, in fact you
can refrigerate the bugs for a couple hours to slow them down before setting them out.
Keep the plants wet for a few days after introducing the polka-dotted pretties, in order to
stop them from migrating and to encourage them to make their home in your garden.
Now, you know that you have succeeded in establishing ladybug colonies in your garden if
you can find their unique eggs. These are quite small and perfectly round. They are a pale
yellow and you can find them in groups of up to thirty or more on the underside of leaves.
Remember that ladybugs like it cool, so check on leaves lower down on the plants. They can
be hard to find, but once you find them, you will know what they are.
The wonderful thing about ladybugs is that they are lovely and do no harm whatsoever in
your garden. Each ladybug can eat up to fifty aphids a day! What is more, in a year, you
could have up to three generations of ladybugs inhabiting your garden. So get to it and
whet your ladybug whistle!

Flowers for Beneficial Insects


by Diane Linsley

http://www.dianeseeds.com/flowers/beneficial-insects.html
Why should vegetable gardens be unattractive and boring? There's simply no excuse for it
when there are so many beautiful flowers and herbs available. For those of us who tend to
feel guilty if we plant anything "impractical" in the vegetable garden, here are two reasons
why we should plant flowers:
1. Many flowers attract beneficial insects.
2. Some flowers are edible -- a very practical reason!
Beneficial insects are unbeatable for controlling bad bugs. A few years of reading Organic
Gardening magazine convinced me to avoid pesticides and seek out safer alternatives. Not
only are beneficial insects good for your garden, but they're also nice to have around when
teaching children about nature.
If you have small children, consider planting only edible flowers in the vegetable garden, so
they don't get confused about what's safe to eat. Other flowers can be planted in a border
outside the vegetable garden. Be cautious and well-informed before eating any plant or
flower. Some people have allergic reactions to certain flowers.
It's usually best to stick with annual flowers inside the vegetable garden, since you'll be
rotating your crops every year. It's nice to have a special section for perennial flowers,
maybe as part of the herb garden. Some herbs are perennials or biennials, so they need a
permanent spot where they won't be disturbed by digging or rototilling.
Annual Flowers and Herbs
Alyssum (Lobularia maritima) -- Attracts hoverflies and parasitic mini-wasps.
Basil -- The flowers attract bees and other beneficial insects. The aromatic foliage may repel
aphids and tomato hornworms.
Calendula -- Edible flower petals. Attracts hoverflies, bees and butterflies.
Cornflower (Centaurea sp.) -- Attracts lacewings, hoverflies, parasitic wasps, ladybugs, bees
and butterflies.
Cosmos -- Attracts lacewings, hoverflies and parasitic wasps.
Dill -- A favorite food of the Eastern black swallowtail butterfly. Can be used as a trap crop
for aphids. The umbel flowers attract lacewings, ladybugs, hoverflies, and parasitic miniwasps.
Fennel -- A preferred host plant for swallowtail butterflies. Also attracts bees, hoverflies,
lacewings, ladybugs, and syrphid flies.
Love-in-a-Mist (Nigella damascena) -- This self-sowing annual has beautiful, blue flowers in
early summer, followed by ornamental seed pods. The seeds are edible and can be used in
fruit salads and baked goods. Nigella sativa (Black Cumin) has spicy, pepper-flavored seeds.
Marigold -- Attracts butterflies and hoverflies, and the roots produce a secretion that kills
root-eating nematodes in the soil. The flower petals are edible.

Zinnia -- Great for attracting hummingbirds, hoverflies, parasitic wasps & flies, ladybugs,
bees and butterflies.
Perennial Flowers and Herbs
Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum) -- Edible, licorice-flavored leaves for tea. Spikes of
blue flowers attract bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects. Blooms the first year from
seed.
Basket of Gold (Alyssum saxatile) -- The bright yellow flowers bloom in May, providing an
early food source for ladybugs and hoverflies.
Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) -- Attracts lacewings, bees and butterflies.
Bronze Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) -- The handsome bronze foliage feeds swallowtail
butterfly larvae. The flowers attract lacewings, ladybugs, hoverflies, parasitic wasps and
butterflies. Ground fennel seeds are great for sausage and spagghetti sauce, and the leaves
are used in fish dishes.
Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) -- Leaves and flower buds are used in recipes. Makes a nice
edging. Deadhead to prevent excessive self-sowing. Attracts bees and butterflies like crazy.
Garlic Chives (Allium tuberosum) -- The flowers attract bees and beneficial insects. The
leaves have a nice, strong garlic flavor. Chives and garlic chives make good companion
plants for roses because they repel aphids.
Goldenrod (Solidago sp.) -- Attracts praying mantis, lacewings, beneficial wasps, beetles,
bees and butterflies.
Hesperis (Dame's Rocket) -- The young leaves are edible. Pretty purple or white flowers
attract bees and butterflies.
Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) -- The flowers attract hoverflies and bees. The fragrant
foliage is used in potpourri.
Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis) -- The lemon-flavored leaves make a good tea. The tiny
flowers attract hoverflies, tachinid flies and parasitic mini-wasps.
Parsley -- A favorite food of Eastern black swallowtail butterfly larvae. The umbel flowers
attract hoverflies, tachinid flies, and parasitic wasps.
Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) -- This perennial wildflower is sometimes listed as
an herb because the roots are used in herbal medicine as an immune stimulant. The flowers
attract praying mantis, beneficial wasps and flies, bees and butterflies. The ripening seeds
attract birds.
Rocky Mountain Penstemon (Penstemon strictus) -- Lovely spikes of blue flowers attract
ladybugs, hoverflies, bees and hummingbirds.
Salvia -- Attracts bees, butterflies and hummingbirds.

Viola -- I let these self-sow wherever they like. They don't disturb the vegetables, and the
edible flowers make nice cake decorations. Attracts a variety of small beneficial insects.
Yarrow (Achillia sp.) -- Attracts ladybugs, hoverflies and parasitic mini-wasps.

Four Plants that Attract Ladybugs to Your Garden

Jeanne Rose, Yahoo Contributor Network


Apr 26, 2010 "Share your voice on Yahoo websites. Start Here."
Ladybugs are a very good insect to have in your garden because they eat aphids and many
other harmful insects. Ladybugs are used in gardens as a great natural insecticide because
they feed on the bugs and mites that are harmful to your garden. There are many different
ways you can get ladybugs into your garden including having their favorite plants around. If
you want to get ladybugs into your garden naturally, you should try adding some of these
plants that attract ladybugs.
Queen Anne's lace is a plant that you should add into your garden to attract ladybugs.
Queen Anne's lace is one of the best plants to use if you are trying to attract ladybugs
because of the many insects this plant attracts. The ladybugs like this plant because it feeds
on the aphids and other insects known to inhabit this plant. This plant is known for having
flowers on it which resembles lace in appearance and is a relative of the carrot. Queen
Anne's lace is known to be a wild carrot and it has many herbal properties in it. The red part
of the flower which is on the inside is where the insects and ladybugs love to hang out at.
Daucus carota (common names include wild carrot, (UK) bird's nest, bishop's
lace, and Queen Anne's lace (North America)) is a flowering plant in the
family Apiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe, southwest Asia
and naturalised to North America and Australia. Domesticated carrots are cultivars of
a subspecies, Daucus carota subsp. sativus.
Fennel is another plant you should think about adding if you want to attract ladybugs to
your garden. Fennel is an herbal plant that has medicinal properties and aromatherapy
properties and it often grows in wild fields. Fennel is a perennial herb that is native to the
Mediterranean areas but has been growing all over the world for many years. The fennel
seeds have a very aromatic smell to them and are often used as ingredients in roasts and
stews because of their flavor which is similar to onion. The fennel seeds and flowers help
attract the ladybugs because of their sweet aroma and taste. A lot of other insects also
enjoy the smell and taste of the plant and those insects also help attract the ladybugs.
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a plant species in the genus Foeniculum (treated
as the sole species in the genus by most botanists). It is a member of

the family Apiaceae (formerly the Umbelliferae). It is a


hardy, perennial, umbelliferous herb, with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is
indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in
many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on
riverbanks.

Tansy is also another great plant you can add to your garden if you want to attract
ladybugs. Tansy is an herbaceous perennial and was first discovered in Europe and Asia.
Tansy plants are golden and have flat-topped flowers on them which grow together in a
cluster formation. Tansy is a known toxic plant and grows very invasive but around North
America the plant has decreased toxicity throughout the years. If you want to add Tansy to
your garden to help attract ladybugs you should look for the non-toxic versions of Tansy
plants which can be found at many flower stores around North America. Although these
plants might not be as toxic as they once were, they are often times very invasive and can
take over your yard if you are not careful. Tansy is a great plant to have as a ladybug
attractor if you already have this plant in your yard. The ladybugs are attracted to the
cluster formations of golden flowers and the sweet scent it gives off.
Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare) is a perennial, herbaceous flowering plant of
the aster family, native to temperate Europe and Asia. It has been introduced to
other parts of the world and in some areas has become invasive. It is also known
as Common Tansy, Bitter Buttons, Cow Bitter, Mugwort, or Golden Buttons.
Dandelion is also a plant you should think about planting if you are trying to attract
ladybugs to your garden. The dandelion is a plant that has a lot of medicinal properties and
is often used to treat high blood pressure. The dandelion plant has a golden flower on the
top of it which is where the ladybugs like to feed. The ladybugs are attracted to the
dandelion plant because of the sweet smell and taste of the flower. Also a lot of different
insects like to feed off of the dandelion and some of them are food for the ladybug.

Although the dandelion is a perennial weed and can be very aggressive at reproducing, it is
a very sustainable plant that helps attract ladybugs to your garden.

Recipes for Attracting Beneficial Insects to Your Garden


Aphids, mites, thrips, and other insect pests can do some serious damage to plants in your
garden. But don't worry, you don't need to reach for the pesticides to combat these tiny
bugs. Try these recipes for attracting beneficial insects to your garden. Ladybugs, lacewings,
and other good bugs will arrive for the free meal, and stay to munch on the bad bugs.
Homemade Wheast:
Wheast, a combination of whey and yeast, is used by commercial insectaries to feed
ladybugs, lacewings, and other insects. You can buy this bug food from organic gardening
suppliers, or you can make a homemade version, minus the whey.
Ingredients:
1 part sugar
1 part yeast
Directions: Add water to the sugar and yeast, mixing until it becomes the consistency of a
paste.
Application: Apply the Wheast paste to small wooden stakes, and place them in the soil
around your plants. Or, dilute the Wheast in water and apply it directly to your plants using
a spray bottle.
Sugar Spray:
A sugar-water solution applied to plants can dramatically increase your ladybug population
in just a few days.
Ingredients:
10 tablespoons sugar
1 quart of warm water
Directions: Dissolve sugar in water.
Application: Use a spray bottle to apply solution directly to plants infested with aphids or
other soft-bodied insects.
Beneficial Bug Food:
This recipe uses a little honey (made by bees!) to attract good bugs to your garden. You'll
need to store it in your refrigerator, and don't keep it longer than a week.
Ingredients:
1/2 cup sugar
2 tsp. honey
4 tbsp. brewer's yeast
2/3 cup of warm water
Directions: Mix all ingredients together well.
Application: Dilute two spoonfuls of the mixture in a quart of warm water. Use a spray
bottle to apply the solution to your plants.

What You Can Plant to Attract Ladybugs & Lacewings


Here is a short list of herbs and veggies that you can eat and use to attract these good
guys:
Coriander/Cilantro
Dandelion
Dill
Fennel
Lady bugs will also be attracted to Marigolds
There are billion other flowers that can be planted to attract these and other beneficial
insects, but want to help you really maximize your small space.

Annuals
When you're planting your vegetable garden in the spring, plant annuals nearby or plant a
garden border to attract ladybugs. Marigolds, prairie sunflower, hairy vetch, alyssum,
scented geranium and Queen Anne's lace all attract the beetle, and some, like the marigold,
are vegetable companion plants, too.

Perennials
Plant baskets of gold, golden marguerite, butterfly weed, tansy, hesperis and viola in your
perennial garden to attract ladybugs and keep pests away. This natural form of insect
control is a way to eliminate chemical pesticides from your garden.

Herbs
Among the herbs that attract ladybugs are dill, Queen Anne's lace, yarrow, fennel, catnip,
lemon balm, bee balm and coriander. Strong scents and umbrella-shaped flowers lure the
beetles, and because many herbs are perennials, they'll keep attracting them.

How can you attract native ladybugs?


Rather than importing these aggressive invasive species, gardeners can employ some
alternative methods to attract native ladybugs naturally.

Planting flowers among your crops will attract a variety of beneficial insects, from bees that
will aid in pollination, to predatory wasps that will eat cabbage worms, and even the beloved
ladybugs. Since lady beetles supplement their insect diet with pollen and nectar from
flower, plants that are heavy pollen-producers will lure them to your garden. Composite
flowers, or flower-clusters, provide a place for the ladybugs to nestle when they are not
hunting.
Some great companion plants that attract ladybugs are:
Sunflowers and other aster-family flowers, such as marigolds, coneflowers,
calendula, and cosmos.
Herbs like cilantro, dill, a chamomile.
Composite flowers including yarrow, Queen Annes Lace, and sweet alyssum.

Offer your ladybugs a water source, in the form of a muddy puddling spot, a shallow birdbath with corks or stones as resting places.
Above all, do not use pesticides in your garden or yard if you want to employ ladybugs!
Even organic pesticides will impact their populations, leaving you ladybug-less and with
aphids aplenty.

Are ladybugs worth the trouble?


Absolutely! They are definitely one type of insect you want in your garden; but buying lady
beetles is not the best way to get them there, whats moreits ecologically irresponsible.
Instead, creating an inviting habitat is a solution that will not only attract your ladybugs, but
other beneficial insects as welland that benefits your garden along with your local
ecosystem.

Anthriscus silvestris - Hasmauchi


Hasmauchi
De la Wikipedia, enciclopedia liber

Hasmauchi

Hasmauchi (asmauchi, asmui, hamaciuc; Anthriscus silvestris) este o plant


erbacee, plcut mirositoare, cu flori albe, uneori glbui, dispuse n umbele mici. Este o
plant bianual i face parte din familia Apiaceae, fiind nrudit cu ptrunjelul i
cu morcovul. Hasmauchi are nsuirea de a diminua viscozitatea sngelui.[necesit citare] Este
folosit n anumite zone din Moldova la unele preparate culinare, att n stare proaspt (la

salate) precum i uscat (ciorbe etc.), avnd un gust acrior-amrui specific. n Ardeal se
numete cherval[necesit citare]; frunzele ei proaspete servesc la asezonarea ciorbelor.
Universitatea Regal din Groningen i Hanzehogeschool i-au propus s produc un
medicament contra cancerului bazat pe podofilotoxin, o substan din rdcina de
hasmauchi.[1] Acestea vor livra substana respectiv unor companii farmaceutice, care vor
scoate medicamentul pe pia.[1]
Note[modificare | modificare surs]
1. ^ a b http://www.volkskrant.nl/vk/nl/2672/WetenschapGezondheid/article/detail/3415488/2013/03/26/Fluitenkruid-als-medicijn-tegenkanker.dhtml
Vezi i[modificare | modificare surs]
Nume alternative romneti de plante
Anthriscus cerefolium, n englez Chervil
Legturi externe[modificare | modificare surs]

Wikimedia Commons conine materiale multimedia legate deHasmauchi


Ce proprietati are hasmatuchi? (www.lumeabucatelor.ro)
Anthriscus sylvestris (ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/)

Cultivare
Hasmatuchi este inrudit indeaproape cu patrunjelul. Atinge cca. 50 cm inaltime si se lateste
pe cca. 20 cm. Are frunze plate, de culoare verde deschis, cu o aroma slaba de anason, iar
la maturitate isi schimba culoarea in maro-roscata. Infloreste in mijlocul verii si da flori mici,
albe.
Hasmatuchi creste usor prin seminte plantate primavara, sau toamna tarziu. Planta rezista
bine si la transplantari, astfel ca poate fi insamantata direct in gradina, intr-o locatie umeda
si umbroasa. Nu rezista prea bine in verile fierbinti, dar se adapteaza foarte repede in
ghivece si gradene.

De Cumparat
http://everything-ladybug.com/ladybug-pest-control.html
http://everything-ladybug.com/ladybug-pest-control.html

http://everything-ladybug.com/ladybug-pest-control.html

Pradatori pe. Tipuri de insecte care ataca culturi


http://www.buglogical.com/garden-ladybugs/
http://www.buglogical.com/garden-ladybugs/
http://www.buglogical.com/garden-ladybugs/