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May 22, 2015

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Date: 3/12/15

Lab Partner: Garrett Ringer

Purpose/ Problem/ Objective: To explore the relationship of velocity and

acceleration for a ball rolling down an incline plane. To calculate the velocity

of the ball rolling along the floor and describe its motion. To describe the

motion of the ball as it rolls down the incline.

Diagram/ Sketch:

Materials: Metal ball baring, crate, masking tape, triangular ruler, stopwatch,

meter stick,

iPad: Coach my video app

Methods:

1. Build a ramp with the triangular rulers and crate. Mark every .5 meters

beyond where the ramp meets the floor with tape. Mark the release

point at the top of the rulers to repeat that same position.

Ryan Trinter

2. Begin the iPad videotaping. Release the ball from the release point with

no initial velocity. (Note that the ball should not cross over the tape

markers).

3. Repeat the process for a total of three videos to play back in the Coach

My Video app.

4. Play back the videos in the app. Begin the stopwatch when the ball

touches the floor. Record the times the ball reaches the half-meter

markers. Repeat this process with all three videos until you have

collected all data, then average the times for each distance.

5. Now play back the videos and record the time it took the ball to go

down the ramp. Record this time once for each of the three videos and

average

Data and

Trial

1

2

3

AVG

1

2

3

AVG

1

2

3

AVG

1

2

3

AVG

1

2

3

AVG

1

2

3

AVG

1

2

3

AVG

Distance [m]

.5

.5

.5

.5

1

1

1

1

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

2

2

2

2

2.5

2.5

2.5

2.5

3

3

3

3

RAMP

RAMP

RAMP

RAMP

Time[s]

.330

.330

.330

.330

.711

.693

.693

.699

1.089

1.155

1.089

1.111

1.452

1.518

1.485

1.483

1.848

1.914

1.848

1.870

2.277

2.310

2.234

2.274

1.122

1.617

1.551

1.430

these times.

Observations:

Mass of Ball:

0.0666 kg

Ryan Trinter

Analysis of Data/Graphs:

Ryan Trinter

Ryan Trinter

Calculations for this lab involved finding the average velocity of the rolling

ball and its approximate acceleration with the average velocity. To find the

average velocity, use:

V=d/t

The delineated distance was 3 meters, and the time was about 2.274

seconds, calculating to be about 1.32m/s. To find the approximate

acceleration from the top of the ramp to the floor, use:

a=V/t

The Vi and Vf measurements come from the velocity at the top of ramp (Vi=0

m/s) and the average velocity of the ball rolling along the floor (reference

paragraph above). In this situation, t=1.430 which is the average time it

took the ball to travel down the ramp. The acceleration calculates to be

Vi= 0

m/s

a=?=.92

m/s2

t=1.43

Vf= 1.32

0s

The final calculation involved finding the kinetic energy lost to friction during

the balls time while rolling across the floor. To do this use the equations:

KE= (1/2)mV2

Work=KE

Ryan Trinter

Find the velocity for the ball at the 0 to .5 meter segment and the 2.5 to 3

meter segment. The 0 to .5m segment (KEi) has a velocity about 1.52 m/s,

which calculates to an approximate KE of .077. The velocity at the 2.5 to 3m

segment is 1.24 m/s, which computes to a KE of .051. Therefore, the KE

means that the work done by friction was roughly -0.026 units.

L1: As the ball continues to roll along the floor, it slowly loses speed due to

friction. It slows down the farther it rolls.

L2: a best fit line shows the approximate velocity on the graph, and it shows

the balls distance from 0 at any given point on the line.

L3: The ball traveling down the ramp is moving in an accelerating, downward

inclined motion. However, the ball was moving in a straight line on a flat

plate, also decelerating due to friction.

L4: This data feels accurate and correct for a ball rolling along the floor.

L5: There is a constant acceleration along the ramp.

L6: There was a very minor loss in kinetic energy along the 3m distance

measure. The ball lost approximately .026 units of kinetic energy.

S1: My data matched the expected values well. As expected, the ball

decelerated very slowly from the beginning to the end of the track. This is

validated through my calculations for velocity and work.

S2: My results supported the purpose. I found and examined the velocity

and acceleration of the ball at different point in the lab and investigated

relationships between the velocity and acceleration of the ball.

Ryan Trinter

S3: One of the largest sources of error can be found in the frame rate of the

recording iPad. Many numbers were found to be exactly the same because

they showed up in the same frame one the iPad. It is impossible to exactly

when the ball crossed the .5 meter markers.

S5: A deeper investigation into the acceleration of the ball may clear up a

discrepancy there. The value for trial one seems a little bit low.

S5: One subject which could be investigated further is to see how the mass

of the ball affects the calculations found in this lab.

Conclusion:

This lab had conclusive results that thoroughly examined the

relationship between different aspects of motion for a ball rolling down an

inclined plane and onto the floor. After three video tapes of the ball rolling

were reviewed, the time that the ball reached certain distance points were

recorded and used to calculate different measurements for the ball. It was

found that the ball maintained a constant acceleration while it was rolling

down the incline, explaining by the increase in velocity from a resting

position. However, it was also found that the ball maintained a nearly

constant velocity throughout the three meter track on the floor, as shown by

the linear regression in the graph. The work done by friction was so small

that the loss in velocity would not be sufficiently shown in a graph with a

quadratic regression.

Even though these results follow expectations extremely well, minor

complications could be found in various spots in the lab. A source of error

Ryan Trinter

can found in the recording speed of an iPad. Its frame rate allowed the ball

only to cross in certain frames on the video, and often those frames were the

same because of the consistency of the experiment. Therefore, it is

impossible to tell exactly when the ball crossed a certain distance. Also,

there was a slightly low recording for the first trial of the ball rolling down the

ramp. However, these problems are so minute that they do not affect the

lab. The results were still valid and the experiment was successful.

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