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# Name:_______________________________________________

## INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA

MID-TERM EXAMINATION
SEMESTER II, 2008/2009 SESSION
KULLIYYAH OF ENGINEERING
Course Code : ECE 1231
Time

## Course Title: Electronics

: 3:00 pm-5:00 pm

Date
Duration

: 21-Feb-2009

: 2 Hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

## Do not use your own sheet.

A total mark of this examination is 100.
This examination is worth 30% of the total assessment.
Answer ALL questions.

## Any form of cheating or attempt to cheat is a serious offence

which may lead to dismissal.

Marks
Marks
Obtained

Question
1
25

Question
2
25

Question
3
25

Question
4
25

Total
Marks
100

Midterm Examination
2008/2009

Semester II

## Q.1 [25 marks]

13
(a) Consider a pn junction at T 300 K in which I S 10 A and n 1 . Find the forwardbias voltage to produce a current of 150 A.
(6 marks)

(b) In the circuit shown in Fig. 1, find the diode voltage V D and the supply voltage V such
that the current is I D 0.4 mA. Assume the diode cut-in voltage is V 0.7 V. Also
determine the power dissipated in the diode.
(9 marks)

Fig. 1

Midterm Examination
2008/2009

Semester II

(c) Consider the Zener diode circuit shown in Fig. 2. The Zener breakdown voltage is
VZ 5.6 V at I Z 0.1 mA, and the incremental Zener resistance is rz 10 .
Determine VO for R L and R L 2 k .
(10 marks)

Fig. 2

Midterm Examination
2008/2009

Semester II

## Q.2 [25 marks]

(a) Briefly explain the advantage of connecting an RC filter to the output of a diode rectifier
circuit.
(4 marks)

(b) The input voltage to the half-wave rectifier in Fig. 3 is S 75 sin[ 2 (60)t ] V. Assume
a diode cut-in voltage of V 0 V. The ripple voltage is to be no more than Vr 4 V. If
the filter capacitor is 50 F, determine the minimum load resistance that can be
connected to the output.
(4 marks)

Fig. 3

Midterm Examination
2008/2009

Semester II

(c) The input signal voltage to the full-wave bridge rectifier circuit in Fig. 4 is
I 160 sin[ 2 (60)t ] V. Assume V 0.7 V for each diode. Determine (i) the
required turns ratio of the transformer to produce a peak output voltage of 100 V, (ii) the
diode PIV rating, and (iii) the average value of the output voltage.
(8 marks)

Fig. 4

Midterm Examination
2008/2009

Semester II

## (d) In the voltage regulator circuit in Fig. 5, V I 20 V, VZ 10 V, Ri 222 , and

R L 380 . Determine I L , I Z , and I I .
(9 marks)

Fig. 5

Midterm Examination
2008/2009

Semester II

## Q.3 [25 marks]

(a) Define ripple voltage. How can the magnitude of the ripple voltage be reduced?
(4 marks)

(b) For the diode clipper circuit in Fig. 6, plot O versus time over two periods for
sinusoidal input signal. Assume V 0 for each diode and I (max) VB1 and B 2 .
(7 marks)

Fig. 6

Midterm Examination
2008/2009

Semester II

(c) A diode clamper circuit with sinusoidal input signal is shown in Fig. 7. Assume
V r f 0 . Plot (i) the capacitor voltage versus time and (ii) the output voltage versus
time.
(8 marks)

Fig. 7

(d) Consider the circuit in Fig. 8. The output of a diode OR logic gate is connected to the
input of a second diode OR logic gate. Assume V 0 for each diode. Determine the
output VO1 and VO 2 for: (i) V1 V2 0 ; (ii) V1 5 V, V2 0 V; and (iii)
V1 V2 5 V.
(6 marks)

Fig. 8