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ME 3322A

Mid Term Exam #1


Fall 2011

Problem 1 (30 points)


A rigid tank contains 12 kg of nitrogen. The tank is equipped with an electric resistance of 11 ohms that
carries a current of 0.45 Amperes for one hour. The specific internal energy of nitrogen increases by 7
kJ/kg during the process. During the process find:
a) The direction and magnitude of work exchanged between the system and the surroundings
b) The direction and magnitude of heat transferred between the system and the surroundings

Problem #2 (30points)
A closed and rigid tank with 1.5 m3 volume initially contains saturated vapor Refrigerant 134a at 50 C.
The system is cooled until its temperature reaches 10C. Calculate:
a) the mass of vapor at the beginning and end of the process
b) the amount of heat and work exchanged between the system and surroundings

Problem # 3 (40 points)


5.6 kg of water is contained in a piston-cylinder system which undergoes a constant-pressure process. The
pressure is 1 bar. Initially the water substance in the cylinder has a quality of 65%. During the process
the piston is heated until the temperature of its content reaches 200C.
a) Find the magnitude and direction of work that is exchanged between the system and surroundings
b) Find the magnitude and direction of heat that is exchanged between the system and surroundings

File:Mid Term 1 Problem 1.EES


10/5/2011 4:51:01 PM Page 1
EES Ver. 8.881: #1733: Mechanical Engineering Department, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta GA
"ME 3322; Mid Term 1, Fall 2011"
"Problem 1"
"a"
"The only work is due to electricity"
R=11 "Ohms"
i=0.45 "Amperes"
time=3600 "seconds"
W=-R*(i^2)*time "W"
"This work is done my system on surroundings, and is negative. Therefore the surroundings does work."
"b: Apply first law"
m=12 "kg"
deltau=7000 "J/kg"
Q-W=m*deltau
"Heat has been transferred from the surroundings to the system."
ME 3322; Mid Term 1, Fall 2011
Problem 1
a
The only work is due to electricity

R = 11
i = 0.45

Ohms
Amperes

time = 3600
W = R i

seconds
2

time

This work is done my system on surroundings, and is negative. Therefore the surroundings does work.
b: Apply first law

m = 12
u

kg

= 7000

J/kg

Q W = m u
Heat has been transferred from the surroundings to the system.

SOLUTION
Unit Settings: SI C kPa kJ mass deg
u = 7000
m = 12
R = 11
W = -8019
No unit problems were detected.

i = 0.45
Q = 75981
time = 3600

File:Mid Term 1 Problem 2.EES


10/5/2011 7:51:17 PM Page 1
EES Ver. 8.881: #1733: Mechanical Engineering Department, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta GA
"ME 3322; Mid Term 1, Fall 2011"
"Problem 2"
"Use basic SI system"
V_total=1.5 "m^3"
T_1=273+50 "K"
T_2=273+10 "K"
v_1=volume(R134a, T=T_1,x=1.0) "specific volume of sat. vapor at state 1"
v_2=v_1
v_f2=volume(R134a, T=T_2, x=0.0)
v_g2=volume (R134a, T=T_2, x=1.0)
v_2=v_f2+x_2*(v_g2-v_f2)
"Part a"
m_1=V_total/v_1
m_2=m_1 "Because the tank is rigid and closed."
"Part b"
W_12=0.0 "Because of no volume change."
u_1=IntEnergy(R134a,T=T_1,x=1.0)
u_f2=IntEnergy(R134a, T=T_2, x=0.0)
u_g2=IntEnergy(R134a, T=T_2, x=1.0)
u_2=u_f2+x_2*(u_g2-u_f2)
Q_12-W_12=m_1*(u_2-u_1)
m_g_2=m_1*x_2
ME 3322; Mid Term 1, Fall 2011
Problem 2
Use basic SI system

V total

= 1.5

m3

T 1 = 273 + 50

T 2 = 273 + 10

v 1 = v 'R134a' , T = T 1 , x = 1

specific volume of sat. vapor at state 1

v2 = v1
v f2

= v 'R134a' , T = T 2 , x = 0

v g2

= v 'R134a' , T = T 2 , x = 1

v 2 = v f2 + x 2

v g2 v f2

Part a

m1 =

V total
v1

m2 = m1

Because the tank is rigid and closed.

Part b

W 12

= 0

Because of no volume change.

File:Mid Term 1 Problem 2.EES


10/5/2011 7:51:18 PM Page 2
EES Ver. 8.881: #1733: Mechanical Engineering Department, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta GA
u 1 = u 'R134a' , T = T 1 , x = 1
u f2

= u 'R134a' , T = T 2 , x = 0

u g2

= u 'R134a' , T = T 2 , x = 1

u 2 = u f2 + x 2
Q 12 W 12

u g2 u f2

= m1

u2 u1

m g,2 = m 1 x 2

SOLUTION
Unit Settings: SI K Pa J mass deg
m1 = 99
mg,2 = 29.06
T1 = 323
u1 = 255359
uf2 = 64884
v1 = 0.01515
vf2 = 0.0007926
Vtotal = 1.5
x2 = 0.2936
6 potential unit problems were detected.

m2 = 99
Q12 = -1.389E+07
T2 = 283
u2 = 115002
ug2 = 235612
v2 = 0.01515
vg2 = 0.04971
W12 = 0

File:Mid Term 1 Problem 3.EES


10/5/2011 4:51:58 PM Page 1
EES Ver. 8.881: #1733: Mechanical Engineering Department, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta GA
"ME 3322; Mid Term 1, Fall 2011"
"Problem 3"
"Use basic SI system"
m=5.6 "kg"
P_1=101330. "Pascals"
x_1=0.65
T_2=200+273 "K"
"Knowing P, find all needed info for state 1."
v_f1=volume(water, P=P_1, x=0.0)
v_g1=volume(water, P=P_1, x=1.0)
u_f1=IntEnergy(water, P=P_1, x=0.0)
u_g1=IntEnergy(water, P=P_1, x=1.0)
v_1=v_f1+x_1*(v_g1-v_f1)
u_1=u_f1+x_1*(u_g1-u_f1)
h_f1=Enthalpy(water, P=P_1, x=0.0)
h_g1=Enthalpy(water, P=P_1, x=1.0)
h_1=h_f1+x_1*(h_g1-h_f1)
V_tot_1=v_1*m
U_tot_1=u_1*m
"State 2 is superheated stream, obviously."
v_2=volume(water, P=P_1, T=T_2)
u_2=IntEnergy(water, P=P_1, T=T_2)
h_2=Enthalpy(water, P=P_1, T=T_2)
V_tot_2=v_2*m
"Part a"
W_12=P_1*(V_tot_2-V_tot_1)
"Work is done by the system."
"Part b"
Q_12=m*(h_2-h_1)
"We could solve by writing"
Q_12_alternative-W_12=m*(u_2-u_1)
SOLUTION
Unit Settings: SI K Pa J mass deg
h1 = 1.886E+06
hf1 = 418962
m = 5.6
Q12 = 5.536E+06
T2 = 473
u2 = 2.657E+06
ug1 = 2.506E+06
v1 = 1.089
vf1 = 0.001043
Vtot,1 = 6.099
W12 = 597974
9 potential unit problems were detected.

h2 = 2.874E+06
hg1 = 2.676E+06
P1 = 101330
Q12,alternative = 5.536E+06
u1 = 1.775E+06
uf1 = 418856
Utot,1 = 9.943E+06
v2 = 2.143
vg1 = 1.675
Vtot,2 = 12
x1 = 0.65