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Definiia operaional a birocraiei.

Avantaje Webber, reionalitatea, eficacitatea, eficiena, preciyia , viteya, stabiblitatea,


competena, disciplina, discreia, neutralitatea
Cheia birocraieie este funcionarul prin concurs, pltit pentru ceea ce face. n yilele
noastre lumea este n schimbare.
Deyavantaje: criticat de sociologi,astyi are conotaii negative n limbajul comun.
Devine iraional punnd n pricol atingere ascopurilor organiyaiei i cheltuind banii
acesteia.Weber spune c n birocraii oamenii mici ajung s controleze oameni mari
Grup primar- microgrupurile, grupuri mici n care relaiile sunt interpersonale, fa n
fa.Sunt numite grupuri de lucru.
Efect pervers. Boudon definete efectele perverse ca comportamentele individuale
raionale sau msuri colective raionale care au efecte nedorite: paradoxul lui Tocqueville.
Regulile jocului politic sunt expresia unuicompromis politic ntre participani pe baya
unui set minim de valori comune. Regulile sunt exprimate ntr-un cod elaborate de
specialiti, comisii parlamentare, juriti, dar n sunt inventate pornind de la zero.Au n
spate istoria instituiilor.
Despre instituiile totale.
Goffman. Sunt organizaii nchise, izolate de restul lumii, unde toate aspectele vieii
individuale sunt controlate pn la cel mai mic amnunt.spitale , manastiri. Activitatile s e
fac in comun. El leag apariia instituiilor primare de modernitate, raionalitate,
birocraie.
Studuiul lui Gofman a demonstrat c indiviyii isi pastreaza o marja de libertate, serbari,
mici ceremonii.
Focault inst totale sunt custi crude si savante, separate de lumea exterioara dezvolta o
stiinta noua.Instituiile totale au acceasii viziune asupra lumii, indiferent unde le gasim.
Manastiri
9.
Dai exemple de conflicte i compliciti din sistemul politic local din Romnia.
Artai cauzele lor

10.
Descriei interaciunea politic dintre diversele grupuri i organizaii implicate n
retrocedarea proprietilor, n Romnia
11.
12.

Care este decizia reflectat n tabelul de mai jos?


Rolul membrilor slabi din coaliiile de guvernare (exemple)

13. Este pus n joc un premiu de 100 de puncte. Pentru a-l ctiga, este nevoie de o
majoritate de voturi (9 voturi). Din comitetul respectiv fac parte 4 persoane, avnd
dreptul la urmtoarele voturi: A=8 voturi; B=7 voturi;C=1 vot; D=1 vot. Care sunt
coaliiile probabile i de ce?
14. Dilema prizonierului
Two members of a criminal gang are arrested and imprisoned. Each prisoner is in solitary
confinement with no means of speaking to or exchanging messages with the other. The
police admit they don't have enough evidence to convict the pair on the principal charge.
They plan to sentence both to a year in prison on a lesser charge. Simultaneously, the
police offer each prisoner a Faustian bargain. Each prisoner is given the opportunity
either to betray the other, by testifying that the other committed the crime, or to cooperate
with the other by remaining silent. Here's how it goes:
If A and B both betray the other, each of them serves 2 years in prison
If A betrays B but B remains silent, A will be set free and B will serve 3 years in prison
(and vice versa)
If A and B both remain silent, both of them will only serve 1 year in prison (on the lesser
charge)
It's implied that the prisoners will have no opportunity to reward or punish their partner
other than the prison sentences they get, and that their decision won't affect their
reputation in future. Because betraying a partner offers a greater reward than cooperating
with them, all purely rational self-interested prisoners would betray the other, and so the
only possible outcome for two purely rational prisoners is for them to betray each other.
The interesting part of this result is that pursuing individual reward logically leads both of
the prisoners to betray, when they would get a better reward if they both cooperated. In
reality, humans display a systematic bias towards cooperative behavior in this and similar
games, much more so than predicted by simple models of "rational" self-interested
action. A model based on a different kind of rationality, where people forecast how the
game would be played if they formed coalitions and then they maximize their forecasts,

has been shown to make better predictions of the rate of cooperation in this and similar
games given only the payoffs of the game.
The prisoner's dilemma game can be used as a model for many real world situations
involving cooperative behaviour. In casual usage, the label "prisoner's dilemma" may be
applied to situations not strictly matching the formal criteria of the classic or iterative
games: for instance, those in which two entities could gain important benefits from
cooperating or suffer from the failure to do so, but find it merely difficult or expensive,
not necessarily impossible, to coordinate their activities to achieve cooperation.
Numele membrilor
grupului
A
B
C

Ierarhia proiectelor
1=
2=
3=
1=
2=
3=
1=
2=
3=

proiectul
proiectul
proiectul
proiectul
proiectul
proiectul
proiectul
proiectul
proiectul

Groapa de gunoi ecologic


Parc de distracii
Parcare subteran
Groapa de gunoi ecologic
Parcare subteran
Parc de distracii
Parcare subteran
Groapa de gunoi ecologic
Parc de distracii