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# ELEMENT OF MACHINE DYNAMICS AND DESIGN (ME-205)

## SESSIONAL TEST # 1 (30 MINUTES)

24th September, 2012
1. Define the following terms: (6 marks)
a. Fatigue
d. Grip

## b. Pulley correction factor

f. 5/8 in-18 UNRF means -----------

2. A multi-cylinder engine is to run at a constant load at a speed of 600 rpm. On drawing the crank effort diagram
to a scale of 1 m = 250 N-m and 1 mm = 3, the areas in sq mm above and below the mean torque line are as
follows: + 160, 172, + 168, 191, + 197, 162 sq mm. The speed is to be kept within 1% of the mean
speed of the engine. Calculate the necessary moment of inertia of the flywheel. Determine suitable
dimensions for cast iron flywheel with a rim whose breadth is twice its radial thickness. The density of cast iron
is 7250 kg / m3, and its working stress in tension is 6 MPa. Assume that the rim contributes 92% of the
flywheel effect. (9 marks)

## ELEMENT OF MACHINE DYNAMICS AND DESIGN (ME-205)

SESSIONAL TEST # 1 (30 MINUTES)
24th September, 2012
1. Drive the following relations for flywheel: (6 marks)
a. Coefficient of fluctuation of speed
b. Max. fluctuation of energy
c. Coefficient of fluctuation of energy
2. Define Elasticity (1 mark)
3. A square-thread power screw has a major diameter of 32 mm and a pitch of 4 mm with double threads. The
given data include f = fc = 0.08, dc = 40 mm, and F = 6.4 kN per screw.
b. Find the torque required to raise and lower the load.
c. Find the efficiency during lifting the load.
d. Find the body stresses, torsional and compressive. (8 marks)

## ELEMENT OF MACHINE DYNAMICS AND DESIGN (ME-205)

SESSIONAL TEST # 1 (30 MINUTES)
24th September, 2012
1. Define Stiffness (1 mark)
2. Define and draw compound belt drive. (1 mark)
3. Define modes of failure in shear loading of a bolted or riveted connection with the help of diagrams. (4 marks)
4. A single cylinder, single acting, four stroke oil engine develops 20 kW at 300 rpm The workdone by the gases
during the expansion stroke is 2.3 times the workdone on the gases during the compression and the workdone
during the suction and exhaust strokes is negligible. The speed is to be maintained within 1%. Determine the
mass moment of inertia of the flywheel. (9 marks)

## ELEMENT OF MACHINE DYNAMICS AND DESIGN (ME-205)

SESSIONAL TEST # 1 (30 MINUTES)
24th September, 2012
1. Write down three advantages of flywheel.

(3 marks)

## 2. Symbol of Spot welding is ---------.

3. Symbol of Seam welding is ---------.
4. Define Ductility

(1 mark)
(1 mark)
(1 mark)

5. The figure shows a connection that employs three SAE grade 5 bolts. The tensile shear load on the joint is
5400 lbf. The members are cold-drawn bars of AISI 1020 steel. Find the factor of safety for each possible
mode of failure. (9 marks)

Table A-18

E
ELEMENT
O MACHINE
OF
E DYNAMICS
S AND DESIIGN (ME-205
5)
S
SESSIONAL
L TEST # 1 (3
30 MINUTES
S)
24th September, 2012
1. Define th
he following: (3 marks)
a. Coefficient of
b. Coefficient of
o fluctuation of speed
c. Coefficient of
o fluctuation of energy
B
(1 mark)
2. Define Brittleness
3. Drive the
e relation forr lap joint welding. P = 0.707 he lw1 + 1.414 he lw2
w

(4 marks)

4. The C clamp
c
shown
n in the figure, uses a 5/8
5 in-6 Acm
T
frictional coefficientss are 0.15 fo
or the
threads and for the ccollar. The co
ollar, which in this case is the anvil sttrikers swive
el joint, has a friction diam
meter
of 7/16 in.
i Calculatio
ons are to be
e based on a maximum fforce of 6 lbff applied to th
he handle att a radius of 2-3/4
in from the
t screw centerline. Find
d the clampin
ng force. (7
7 marks)

E
ELEMENT
O MACHINE
OF
E DYNAMICS
S AND DESIIGN (ME-205
5)
S
SESSIONAL
L TEST # 1 (3
30 MINUTES
S)
24th September, 2012
1. Write do
own the stepss to calculate
e the fluctuattion of energ
gy of flywhee
el with the he
elp of turning moment dia
agram
for a single cylinder double actin
ng steam eng
gine. Also drraw the turnin
ng moment d
diagram for a four stroke
e ICE.
(5 mark
ks)
he following terms: (2 marks)
m
2. Define th
a. Resilience
b. Horse power rating
oint for a tie rod of a cirrcular section to sustain a maximum
m pull of 70 kN. The ultiimate
3. Design a knuckle jo
d against tea
aring is 420 M
MPa. The ulttimate tensile
e and shearing strength of
o the
strength of the material of the rod
erial are 510 MPa and 39
96 MPa respe
ectively. Dettermine the tie rod section and pin se
ection. Take factor
f
pin mate
of safetyy = 6. Also ca
alculate the stresses
s
indu
uced in the jo
oint. (8 mark
ks)

## ELEMENT OF MACHINE DYNAMICS AND DESIGN (ME-205)

SESSIONAL TEST # 1 (30 MINUTES)
24th September, 2012

1. Drive the relation for the stiffness of two fasteners / screws in series. (4 marks)
2. Symbol of Projection welding is ---------. (1 mark)
3. Define Malleability (1 mark)
4. Design and draw a cotter joint to support a load varying from 30 kN in compression to 30 kN in tension. The
material used is carbon steel for which the following allowable stresses may be used. The load is applied
statically. Tensile stress = compressive stress = 50 MPa, shear stress = 35 MPa and crushing stress = 90
MPa. Also verify your results by calculating the induced stresses. (9 marks)

## ELEMENT OF MACHINE DYNAMICS AND DESIGN (ME-205)

SESSIONAL TEST # 1 (30 MINUTES)
24th September, 2012
1. Drive the following relations for flywheel: (6 marks)
a. Energy stored in flywheel
b. Stresses in flywheel
2. Define Service factor (1 mark)
3. Design a knuckle joint to transmit 150 kN. The design stresses may be taken as 75 MPa in tension, 60 MPa in
shear and 150 MPa in compression. Also calculate the stresses induced in the joint. (8 marks)

## ELEMENT OF MACHINE DYNAMICS AND DESIGN (ME-205)

SESSIONAL TEST # 1 (30 MINUTES)
24th September, 2012
1. Define lap joint and types of lap joint with the help of diagram. (3 marks)
2. Define the following: (4 marks)
b. Creep
c. Multiple strand factor
d. Tooth correction factor
3. Design a knuckle joint to connect two mild steel bars under a tensile load of 25 kN. The allowable stresses are 65
MPa in tension, 50 MPa in shear and 83 MPa in crushing. Also calculate the stresses induced in the joint. (8
marks)

## ELEMENT OF MACHINE DYNAMICS AND DESIGN (ME-205)

SESSIONAL TEST # 1 (30 MINUTES)
24th September, 2012
1. Define Cotter joint and types of cotter joints with diagram. (6 marks)
2. Define Toughness (1 mark)
3. The turning moment diagram for a multi-cylinder engine has been drawn to a scale of 1 mm = 1000 N-m and 1
mm = 6. The areas above and below the mean turning moment line taken in order are 530, 330, 380, 470,
180, 360, 350 and 280 sq.mm. For the engine, find the diameter of the flywheel. The mean rpm is 150 and the
total fluctuation of speed must not exceed 3.5% of the mean. Determine a suitable cross-sectional area of the
rim of the flywheel, assuming the total energy of the flywheel to be 15 / 14 that of the rim. The peripheral
velocity of the flywheel is 15 m/s. (8 marks)

## ELEMENT OF MACHINE DYNAMICS AND DESIGN (ME-205)

SESSIONAL TEST # 1 (30 MINUTES)
24th September, 2012
1. The figure shows a horizontal steel bar 3/8 in thick loaded in steady tension and welded to a vertical support. Find
the load F that will cause a shear stress of 20 kpsi in the throats of the welds. (3 marks)

## 2. Define the following terms with the help of diagram. (3 mark)

a. Throat
b. Leg
c. Hardness
3. The areas of the turning moment diagram for one revolution of a multi-cylinder engine with reference to the mean
turning moment, below and above the line, are 32, + 408, 267, + 333, 310, + 226, 374, + 260 and 244
mm2. The scale for abscissa and ordinate are: 1 mm = 2.4 and 1 mm = 650 N-m respectively. The mean speed is
300 rpm with a percentage speed fluctuation of 1.5%. If the hoop stress in the material of the rim is not to exceed
5.6 MPa, determine the suitable diameter and cross-section for the flywheel, assuming that the width is equal to 4
times the thickness. The density of the material may be taken as 7200 kg / m3. Neglect the effect of the boss and
arms. (9 marks)
ELEMENT OF MACHINE DYNAMICS AND DESIGN (ME-205)
SESSIONAL TEST # 1 (30 MINUTES)
24th September, 2012
1. Drive the relation for the torque and efficiency of a power screw. (5 marks)
2. Define Plasticity (1 mark)
3. Define Velocity correction factor (1 mark)
4. Design a knuckle joint to transmit 150 kN. The design stresses may be taken as 75 MPa in tension, 60 MPa in
shear and 150 MPa in compression. Also calculate the stresses induced in the joint. (8 marks)