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A Detailed Lesson Plan in Science 7

I. Learning Objectives:
Describe ways of using Earths resources wisely
At the end of the lesson, the students will be able to:
A. Identify the natural resurces found in the Philippines based on the video presentation;
B. Explain the effects of some human activities on natural resources using the situation given;
C. Share their insights on ways to reduce the effects of human activities through class discussion.
II. Subject Matter
Topic/Lesson: Philippine Natural Resources
References: Science 7 Manual, Quarters 3 and 4, DepEd, pp. 86-104
Integrated Science: Science and Technology Textbook for First Year, DepEd, pp.
Geography and Natural Resources of the Philippines by Domingo Salita,1997, pp. 78-92
Instructional Materials: Audiovisual set (laptop, projector and speakers), title banner, illustrations and diagrams,
envelope, cartolina paper, pentel pen marker
III. Strategy/Procedure
Teachers Activity
A. Preliminary Activities

Learners Activity

May we all stand for the prayer. Who can lead the
(A student lead the prayer)
Good morning class!

Good morning sir!

You may now take your seat.

Thank you sir.

Let me check the attendance first. Make sure that you

are in your proper seats so that you will not be marked

(Check attendance using a seat plan)

Very Good! Everybody is present.

B. Review of the Past Lesson
Do you still remember our lesson last meeting?
What had we discussed?

Yes sir.
We have discussed on using latitude and longitude in
locating places on Earth.

Yes. Exactly! We made use of latitude and longitude in

locating different places on Earth.
What is the relationship between the latitude of a place
and the climate it experiences?
The closer the latitude to the equator, the warmer the
climate and the closer it is to the poles, the colder the
climate they experience.
Very Good!
C. Motivation
To start our new lesson, I will be showing you a video
of the beauty and splendor of the Philippines.
And now, just sit back, relax and let me take you to a
tour around the Philippine Archipelago. (Show video
presentation about the physical features and varied

life forms in the Philippines)

D. Presentation / Discussion
What are the things you have observed in the video?
Yes! Exactly. Our country is bountiful in natural
resources starting from varied physical features down We were able to explore the different rich natural
to the diverse plant and animal forms.
resources found in the Philippine Archipelago.
Talking about how lucky we are in the Philippines to
have such things, what can you associate with the
word resources?

These are the things that are available around us which

we use for different purposes.

Good. How about another idea.

Resources are things that can be used to support, help,

or drawn on when needed.

Based on your answers, we can define resources as
things used by people in order to survive or satisfy
Anybody who wants to give examples of resources?

Very Good!

(student answer varies)

e.g., air, water, plants, animals, soil, rocks, minerals,
crude oil, and other fossil fuels, sunlight, wind, car,
house, clothes, jewelry, money, etc.

Resources such as air, water, plants, animals, soil,

rocks, minerals, crude oil, and other fossil fuels,
sunlight, and wind are considered as natural resources
because they are already available in the nature.
Very Good!
Now, since we are talking about resources, Philippines
as an archipelago, is considered to be rich in natural
Lets name out the natural resources of our country.
We are blessed with the presence of different water
What are these water forms

Bays, rivers, lakes, falls, gulfs, straits and swamps.

What is the importance of these water forms?

These bodies of water support the survival of diverse

organisms for food as well as for economic activities.

The presence of water in a specific environment is said
to be accountable for supporting high biodiversity in
that area. Biodiversity means the presence various
plants and animal life in a particular habitat.

Can we name some of the plants and animals we can

find in our country?
(students answer will vary)

Those species that you have mentioned are all

Since our country is rich also in biodiversity,
Philippines is considered to be the home of endemic
species. When we say endemic species, these are
species which can be found only in a certain area and
not in any other places.
What endemic species do you know which exist only Tamaraw, tarsier, Mouse deer (Pilandok)
in the Philippines?
Where can we find them?

Tamaraw in Mindoro, Tarsier in Bohol and Mouse

Deer or Pilandok in Palawan (etc.)

We also have mineral deposits in the country.
What are the minerals that you know?

(students answer may vary)

Gold, Copper, Chromite, Iron, Manganese, Nickel,
Sand, Limestone, Marble, Clay, Silica, etc.

Where are these minerals located or can be found?

Some are found near volcanoes, in rocks and near

rivers, beaches etc.

Philippine mineral deposits are classified as either

metallic or non-metalllic.
Gold, Copper, Chromite, Iron, Manganese and Nickel
are some of the metallic minerals we have while Sand,
Limestone, Marble, Clay, and Silica are some of the
non-metallic minerals we have in our country.
Where do we usually use metals?

We use metals in softdrink industry, at home, in

school, farm, and other places.

Yes indeed.
Mineral deposits can be found were volcanoes or
trenches are present. We have many volcanoes in the
Philippines and most of them are active.
Can you name some of the famous volcanoes?

(Answers may vary) Mt. Mayon, Mt. Pinatubo

Because of the presence of numerous volcanoes in our

place, our country belongs to the Pacific Ring of
Aside from that we also have energy resources.
What are some of these energy resources?

We have solar energy, geothermal energy,

hydrothermal energy, wind energy and natural gas.

Do we have examples of the energy resources in our

Geothermal Energy Plant at Puhagan, Valencia
Very Good!
E. Practice
We have already familiarized ourselves with the
natural resources we have in our country.
Today, we are going to brainstorm on how people
destroy natural resources.
Now, I want everybody to group themselves according

to your monitorial group in the class.

(Students are starting to form their group)

Group 1 will saty here in front at the right corner,

group 2 here in front at the center, group 3 here in
front at the left corner, group 4 at the back left corner,
group 5 will be at the back center, and group 6 at the
back right corner.
In the count of five, you should be sitted with your
group.(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
Ok. Everybody settle down. Now that you are with
your group, you use a leader, secretary and two
representative or reporters.
Listen to the instruction.
I be showing you some illustrations. You will be
shown a Before and After of a certain situation or
activities. Afterwards, you are going to determine the
effects of these activities to our natural resources. Take
note of the group number in the illustration. Each
group have their own assigned situation based on the
Did you get it?

Yes sir.

I will be giving first this envelope with a cartolina and

pen inside. On the cartolina, there is a column for
human activity that is written and on the other column (students will open the envelope)
is the effects. You are going to write down the effects
on the cartolina provided under Effects. A leader or
member of the group will present their work in the
class. You are going to discuss the human activities
and its effects in front of the class.
Now read the human activities that is assigned to your
Lets start.
(Present Before and After of a certain situation or
activities in PPT)
Group 1


Human Activity
When roads are built,
mountains are blown off
using dynamite.

Group 2

Ricefields are turned into

residential or commercial

Group 3

People cut too many trees

for lumber or paper or
building houses.


Group 4

More factories are being

built to keep up with the
demands of a fast growing
population & industrialization

Group 5

Too much mining & quarrying

for the porpuse of getting
precious metals & gravel/stone

Group 6

Plastics and other garbage are

thrown on the rivers and other
bodies of water

Now that you already visualize the way people destroy

natural resources, you can now start writing down the
effects. Lets do this for 10 minutes.
(Students perform the activity)
After Performing Activity
May I request all groups to paste their work on the
Group Report
Anybody who has a question to the group?
As we can see, nature provided us with the rich natural (Somebody from other groups will ask the reporter)
resources which are of great benefit to us. In return, let
us protect and conserve the richness of the countrys
natural resources.

IV. Evaluation
Direction: On a one fourth (1/4) sheet of paper, answer the question below with a brief answer.
1. Since many of the resources that we have today are not in endless supply, as a student in what way can
you help conserve and protect our natural resources?
V. Assignment
Make a slogan showing how to protect and conserve our natural resources. Put it in a cartolina of any
color. Design your slogan artistically and make it presentable to the class. Deadline for the submission of
slogan will be on Monday, June 1, 2015.

Prepared by:
Pablo A. Ragay Jr.
BSED-IV Biological Science
Negros Oriental State University