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Viscous Fluid Dampers

Shock Transmission Units

Preloaded Spring Dampers

Seismic Shock Absorbers

Dampers For Cable Stays

Dampers Seismic Shock Absorbers Dampers For Cable Stays FIDH Group Viscous Fluid Dampers for Seismic &
Dampers Seismic Shock Absorbers Dampers For Cable Stays FIDH Group Viscous Fluid Dampers for Seismic &

FIDH Group

Viscous Fluid Dampers for Seismic & Civil Engineering Industries

Fluid Dampers for Seismic & Civil Engineering Industries FIDH Group Designing & Managing Hydraulic Systems
Fluid Dampers for Seismic & Civil Engineering Industries FIDH Group Designing & Managing Hydraulic Systems
Fluid Dampers for Seismic & Civil Engineering Industries FIDH Group Designing & Managing Hydraulic Systems
Fluid Dampers for Seismic & Civil Engineering Industries FIDH Group Designing & Managing Hydraulic Systems
Fluid Dampers for Seismic & Civil Engineering Industries FIDH Group Designing & Managing Hydraulic Systems
Fluid Dampers for Seismic & Civil Engineering Industries FIDH Group Designing & Managing Hydraulic Systems
Fluid Dampers for Seismic & Civil Engineering Industries FIDH Group Designing & Managing Hydraulic Systems

FIDH Group

Designing & Managing Hydraulic Systems Solutions

A family legacy, a worldwide presence S ince 1950, Douce-Hydro has designed and manufactured hydraulic
A family legacy, a worldwide presence S ince 1950, Douce-Hydro has designed and manufactured hydraulic
A family legacy, a worldwide presence S ince 1950, Douce-Hydro has designed and manufactured hydraulic

A family legacy, a worldwide presence

S ince 1950, Douce-Hydro has designed and manufactured

hydraulic cylinders and systems for all kind of industries, from the standard to the most technological or heavy duty cylinder. Since 1990, the company has been a family owned business, operated by its dynamic CEO Mr Jean-Marc Vandenbulke, which perennity is ensured into the future with the accesssion of his son Mr. Franck Vandenbulke at the head of the US Headquarters in 2000, and since 2009, also as the Executive Vice-President. Within the scope of its significant international expansion, the companies Douce-Hydro Inc. and Douce-Hydro GmbH have been created respectfully in the USA in 1996 and in Germany in 2007. In July 2008, Douce-Hydro acquired Jarret Structures brand, trademark and patents for viscous fluid dampers for the seismic and civil engineering industries, extending its range of products. Jarret Structures offers a wide range of patented damping devices and, by utilizing its extensive design software, test and simulation capabilities, has the ability to create specialized products to meet complex and unique shock absorption application requirements. Through both internal research and research programs carried out with large universities worldwide, Jarret Structures is able to offer technically innovative and commercially viable solutions to most shock absorption problems.

viable solutions to most shock absorption problems. Mr Jean-Marc Vandenbulke CEO FIDH Group CEO Douce-Hydro SAS

Mr Jean-Marc Vandenbulke CEO FIDH Group CEO Douce-Hydro SAS CEO Douce-Hydro Inc. USA CEO Douce-Hydro GmbH Germany CEO Jarret Structures Inc. USA

Mr Franck Vandenbulke Executive Vice-President Douce-Hydro SAS General Manager Douce-Hydro Inc. USA General Manager Jarret Structures Inc. USA

EXCELLENCE

EXPERIENCE

EXPERTISE

EFFICIENCY

E XCELLENCE E XPERIENCE E XPERTISE E FFICIENCY Mr Jacky Vandenbulke Production manager Douce-Hydro SAS Mr

Mr Jacky Vandenbulke Production manager Douce-Hydro SAS

Mr Daniel Métais Financial Director Douce-Hydro SAS

Mrs Mathilde Gillet-Vandenbulke Sales Manager Douce-Hydro Inc. USA Sales Manager Jarret Structures Inc. USA

Ms Anne-Frédérique Leroy Export Manager Douce-Hydro SAS

Mrs Marcelina Cozette Sales Manager France Douce-Hydro SAS

ORGANISATION

CHART

FIDH GROUP Douce-Hydro SAS (France) Jarret Structures Division Worldwide Headquarters Design and Manufacturing
FIDH GROUP
Douce-Hydro SAS (France)
Jarret Structures Division
Worldwide Headquarters
Design and Manufacturing
Douce-Hydro Inc. (USA)
Jarret Structures Inc (USA)
North American Headquarters
Sales Office, Repair & Warehouse Facility
Douce-Hydro GmbH (Germany)
German and Austrian Headquarters
Sales Office

EXCELLENCE

EXPERIENCE

EXPERTISE

EFFICIENCY

Engineering

E XPERIENCE E XPERTISE E FFICIENCY Engineering Mr André Encinas Production Manager Mr Adrien Brioy

Mr André Encinas Production Manager

Mr Adrien Brioy Engineer – Project Manager

Manager Mr Adrien Brioy Engineer – Project Manager WE ARE THE EXPERTS As the world leader

WE ARE THE EXPERTS

As the world leader in design and manufacturing of custom viscous fluid dampers, hydraulic cylinders and systems, Douce-Hydro helps its customers meet their challenges with industry leading edge solutions.

20 design engineers and technicians.meet their challenges with industry leading edge solutions. Over 60 years of technical experience and customer

Over 60 years of technical experience and customer feedback.leading edge solutions. 20 design engineers and technicians. CAD-CAM Siemens NX mechanical design software allowing

CAD-CAM Siemens NX mechanical design software allowing delivery of industry-leading design results, superior power, productivity, flexibility, and coordination for product and design development. results, superior power, productivity, flexibility, and coordination for product and design development.

Finite Element Analysis (FEA), fatigue analysis, 2D and 3D designs.and coordination for product and design development. Ability to create specialized products to meet complex and

Ability to create specialized products to meet complex and unique shock absorption application requirements. requirements.

Cost-effective design methodology.and unique shock absorption application requirements. Research and development: diligent and highly creative

Research and development: diligent and highly creative research team, constantly innovating unmatched solutions aligned with emerging requirements. unmatched solutions aligned with emerging requirements.

and highly creative research team, constantly innovating unmatched solutions aligned with emerging requirements. 4
and highly creative research team, constantly innovating unmatched solutions aligned with emerging requirements. 4
PROJECT MANAGEMENT: The Douce-Hydro Difference Pre-project review. Engineering Constant and open communication with our

PROJECT MANAGEMENT:

The Douce-Hydro Difference

Pre-project review.PROJECT MANAGEMENT: The Douce-Hydro Difference Engineering Constant and open communication with our customers: dedicated

Engineering

Constant and open communication with our customers: dedicated and experienced team composed of a project manager, engineers and designers for each project. dedicated and experienced team composed of a project manager, engineers and designers for each project.

Developing new systems and solutions: bringing integrated solutions tailored to our customer’s most demanding requirements and ensuring that our customers bringing integrated solutions tailored to our customer’s most demanding requirements and ensuring that our customers benefit from solutions which are continuously evolving and improving.

Specification management and project follow-up: offering the most advanced support to our customer, working hand-in-hand, from project initiation to delivery offering the most advanced support to our customer, working hand-in-hand, from project initiation to delivery and on-site installation.

Extensive experience with third party certifying organizations such as ABS, Bureau Veritas, DNV, Germanischer Lloyd, Lloyd’s Register, TÜV and US Army Corps such as ABS, Bureau Veritas, DNV, Germanischer Lloyd, Lloyd’s Register, TÜV and US Army Corps of Engineers, etc

Lloyd’s Register, TÜV and US Army Corps of Engineers, etc Following customers requirements, we can manufacture
Lloyd’s Register, TÜV and US Army Corps of Engineers, etc Following customers requirements, we can manufacture
Lloyd’s Register, TÜV and US Army Corps of Engineers, etc Following customers requirements, we can manufacture

Following customers requirements, we can manufacture according to European Norm EN15129 and have the dampers receive CE certifi cation. and have the dampers receive CE certification.

requirements, we can manufacture according to European Norm EN15129 and have the dampers receive CE certifi
requirements, we can manufacture according to European Norm EN15129 and have the dampers receive CE certifi
requirements, we can manufacture according to European Norm EN15129 and have the dampers receive CE certifi

Project Management and Engineering System

Customer

 
 
 
  Project Requirements Project Communication
  Project Requirements Project Communication

Project Requirements

Project Requirements Project Communication
Project Requirements Project Communication

Project Communication

  Project Requirements Project Communication
  Project Requirements Project Communication
  Project Requirements Project Communication
  Project Requirements Project Communication
  Project Requirements Project Communication Project Management Team Project review Feasibility

Project Management Team

Project review Feasibility analysis Design proposal Cost analysis - Project quote Project delivery time analysis

analysis - Project quote Project delivery time analysis Customer Approval – Purchase order Project initiation –

Customer Approval – Purchase order

Project initiation – Kick off meeting

– Purchase order Project initiation – Kick off meeting Engineering Development of customized solution and systems

Engineering Development of customized solution and systems

Assembly drawings Detailed drawings Calculationt notes Finite Element Analysis (FEA) FAT testing procedure Maintenance manual Safety review and process

Quality

Management

Inspection test plan Full traceability Materials certificates Commissioning Record manufacturing data book Safety review and process

Process

Management

Planning/Project update Manufacturing processes Welding procedure qualification record procedure Welding procedure specification Paint procedure

Shipping Management

Logistic and shipping procedures Packing procedures Managing domestic and international shipments Managing customs worldwide

Service Management

Start-up installation on-site support Worldwide technical assistance Follow-up After-sales

Worldleading industrial tools

The largest manufacturing capabilities in the cylinder and viscous fluid dampers industries

in the cylinder and viscous fluid dampers industries Our facilities in Albert (France) Outstanding industrial
in the cylinder and viscous fluid dampers industries Our facilities in Albert (France) Outstanding industrial
in the cylinder and viscous fluid dampers industries Our facilities in Albert (France) Outstanding industrial
in the cylinder and viscous fluid dampers industries Our facilities in Albert (France) Outstanding industrial

Our facilities in Albert (France)

Outstanding industrial facilities: 24 000 sqm/258 335 sqft production facility Over 80T overhead cranes handling
Outstanding industrial facilities:
24 000 sqm/258 335 sqft production facility
Over 80T overhead cranes handling capacities
Height of 13 meters/43 feet

Manufacturing capabilities

8

Up to 1,2 meters/48” bore dia.Manufacturing capabilities 8 Up to 2,4 meters/94.5” external dia. Up to 27 meters/89 feet in length

Up to 2,4 meters/94.5” external dia. Up to 27 meters/89 feet in length Maximal dimensions
Up to 2,4 meters/94.5” external dia.
Up to 27 meters/89 feet in length
Maximal dimensions
Turning & Boring
94.5” external dia.
89 feet in length
2,4 m external dia.
27
m in length
48” inside dia.
1,2 m inside dia.
Honing (vertical)
89
feet in length
27
m in length
57
Milling & Drilling
feet in length
17 feet high
17 230 mm in length
5
060 mm high
8
feet wide
2
350 mm wide
51” diameter
1 900 mm diameter
Grinding
98
feet in length
27
m in length
35” diameter
900 mm diameter
Polishing
80
feet in length
24
m in length
TIG / GTAW (Gas Tungsten
Arc Welding), MIG / GMAW
Welding
(Gas Metal Arc Welding), SAW (Submerged Arc Welding)
2
690 sqft
250 sqm
Painting
Hydraulic test
Capacity: 2 110 gallons
Flow: 124 gal/min
capabilities
Power:
50 kW
Booster Pump: 10 150 PSI
Capacity: 8 000 litres
Flow: 470 litres/min
Power: 50 kW
Booster Pump: 700 bar
CNC Turning Lathe
Grinding machine:
Diameter: 900 mm/35 inches
Length: 30 000 mm/98 feet
One of the largest grinding machines in Europe !

Worldleading industrial tools

Worldleading industrial tools 5-AXIS CNC lathe/Tour CNC à 5 axes Swing over top slide: 900 mm/35
Worldleading industrial tools 5-AXIS CNC lathe/Tour CNC à 5 axes Swing over top slide: 900 mm/35

5-AXIS CNC lathe/Tour CNC à 5 axes Swing over top slide: 900 mm/35 inches Maximal center distance: 6 500 mm/21 feet

State-of-the art, digitally computerized (CNC) & competitive machineries park.900 mm/35 inches Maximal center distance: 6 500 mm/21 feet Douce-Hydro / Jarret Structures owns some

Douce-Hydro / Jarret Structures owns some of the largest equipment available in the world for the manufacture of hydraulic cylinders, piston accumulators and viscous fluid dampers. cylinders, piston accumulators and viscous fluid dampers.

cylinders, piston accumulators and viscous fluid dampers. Large dimensions vertical honing machine Centerless polisher

Large dimensions vertical honing machine

fluid dampers. Large dimensions vertical honing machine Centerless polisher Dia. 60 up to 500 mm Length:

Centerless polisher Dia. 60 up to 500 mm Length: 10 000 mm Allowable weight: 17 000 kg

polisher Dia. 60 up to 500 mm Length: 10 000 mm Allowable weight: 17 000 kg

Heavy duty CNC lathe

polisher Dia. 60 up to 500 mm Length: 10 000 mm Allowable weight: 17 000 kg

Automatic welding bench

Improving business performance and manufacturing excellence

3 520 m² Assembly Hall Over 80 T handling capacity

Construction of new assembly area of 3 520 sqm/37 890 sqft achieved in march 2010.
Construction of new assembly area
of 3 520 sqm/37 890 sqft achieved
in march 2010. 5 new overhead
travelling cranes of 20 tons capacity
each + 2 new overhead travelling
cranes of 40 tons capacity each.
New assembly hall of 3 520 sqm. Operational since may 2010. Over 80 tons handling capacity.

10

since may 2010. Over 80 tons handling capacity. 10 New in-house sandblasting equipment - Length 30

New in-house sandblasting equipment - Length 30 meters / 98 feet

in-house sandblasting equipment - Length 30 meters / 98 feet New painting system unit 31 x

New painting system unit 31 x 8 m = 250 sqm/2 690 sqft.

feet New painting system unit 31 x 8 m = 250 sqm/2 690 sqft. New heavy

New heavy duty CNC turning lathe Swing over top slide: 1 400 mm/55 inches Maximal center distance: 27 meters/89 feet

Test results after 2 000 hours in salt spray test   Chrome Nickel C h
Test results after 2 000 hours in salt spray test   Chrome Nickel C h

Test results after 2 000 hours in salt spray test

 

Chrome

Nickel

Chrome

KERADOUCE ®

     

Corrosion resistance

Corrosion resistance
Corrosion resistance
Corrosion resistance
Corrosion resistance
Corrosion resistance
Corrosion resistance
Corrosion resistance

Scratch resistance

Scratch resistance
Scratch resistance
Scratch resistance
Scratch resistance
Scratch resistance
Scratch resistance

Abrasion resistance

Abrasion resistance
Abrasion resistance
Abrasion resistance
Abrasion resistance
Abrasion resistance

Wear resistance

Wear resistance
Wear resistance
Wear resistance
Wear resistance
Wear resistance
Wear resistance
Wear resistance

Elasticity

Elasticity
Elasticity
Elasticity
Elasticity

Impact resistance

Impact resistance
Impact resistance
Impact resistance
Impact resistance
Impact resistance

Surface finish (Ra/Rt)

Surface finish (Ra/Rt)
Surface finish (Ra/Rt)
Surface finish (Ra/Rt)
Surface finish (Ra/Rt)
Surface finish (Ra/Rt)
Surface finish (Ra/Rt)
Surface finish (Ra/Rt)
Elasticity Impact resistance Surface finish (Ra/Rt) ® Rod coating VERY HIGH CORROSION RESISTANCE REPLACES

®

Rod coating

VERY HIGH CORROSION RESISTANCE REPLACES NICKEL-CHROME

D eveloped by Douce-Hydro “Research &

Development” team, KERADOUCE® is a multilayer coating, waterproof and very hard, which is applied on the rods of hydraulic cylinders and dampers, and has an excellent corrosion resistance. It is homogeneous, uninterrupted, non conducting, flexible enough to support functional rod bending, and ecological.

Since 1990, with thousands of hydraulic cylinders and dampers in use worldwide, our KERADOUCE® coating has proved its high efficiency and reliability.

coating has proved its high effi ciency and reliability. ASR 300 -150-230 with KERADOUCE® coating Building

ASR 300 -150-230 with KERADOUCE® coating Building bracing working in traction and compression

 

Mechanical

Characteristics

 

Standard thickness

300 µm

Hardness

900 HV = 67 HRC (Rockwell C)

Standard surface finish

Ra = 0.1 to 0.2 µm

Adherence following norm NFEN 582

>50 Mpa = 7 250 psi

Corrosion resistance into acetic salt

 

spray test (ASTM B 117 & 287, NF ISO 9227, NF ISO 3769)

2 000 hours minimum

Application types

Corrosive environments, extreme environmental conditions such as marine, seaports, offshore, steel works

Quality control

Quality control ISO 9001: 2008 certifi ed Total Quality Management Quality Process: Inspection test plan, safety
Quality control ISO 9001: 2008 certifi ed Total Quality Management Quality Process: Inspection test plan, safety

ISO 9001: 2008 certified

Total Quality Management
Total Quality
Management

Quality Process: Inspection test plan, safety review and process, full traceability, material certificates, commissioning, record Inspection test plan, safety review and process, full traceability, material certificates, commissioning, record manufacturing data book.

Tests: Static pressure test, dynamic test, fatigue cycle test, NDE testings, cushioning simulation test bench, side Static pressure test, dynamic test, fatigue cycle test, NDE testings, cushioning simulation test bench, side load dynamic test, load pressure test, traction test as per DNV lifting appliance rules, liquid penetrant, custom testing following customer specifications.

Electronic chart recorder.custom testing following customer specifications. All our welders are certified. Dynamic test: 1300 kN Test

All our welders are certified.customer specifications. Electronic chart recorder. Dynamic test: 1300 kN Test example - Force/Velocity Damping

Dynamic test: 1300 kNElectronic chart recorder. All our welders are certified. Test example - Force/Velocity Damping Forces vs Velocity

All our welders are certified. Dynamic test: 1300 kN Test example - Force/Velocity Damping Forces vs
All our welders are certified. Dynamic test: 1300 kN Test example - Force/Velocity Damping Forces vs
Test example - Force/Velocity Damping Forces vs Velocity 275 kips Nonliner Damper w/velocity exp.=0.32, C=362
Test example - Force/Velocity
Damping Forces vs Velocity
275 kips Nonliner Damper w/velocity exp.=0.32, C=362 kips(ft/s)^0.32
Nominal
(+15%)
(-15%)
Velocity [ft/sec]
California office buildings 8 & 9, Sacramento
256 viscous fluid dampers ASR 1500-108 AH
Configuration: Double acting, double rod, internal reservoir
Rated Load @ velocity: 275 Kips @ 0.391ft/sec
Characteristic equation:
F = [362 • V0.32] Kips, (±15% tolerance)
Total stroke: 4.25 inches
Damping Force [kips]

Retrofit / Dampers Worldwide technical assistance

Retrofit / Dampers Worldwide technical assistance A complete service, 7 days/week Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures has long

A complete service, 7 days/week

Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures has long recognized that «After-Sales Service» is a key element in achieving and maintaining customer satisfaction. To this end, the company has established 2 large repair centers staffed with a team of highly skilled service technicians: a large repair center staffed and a parts warehouse in Albert, France, adjacent to its modern production facilities, as well as a repair and warehouse center located in Michigan, USA, by Douce-Hydro Inc. In addition, Douce-Hydro is dedicated to offering its customers worldwide Technical Assistance: its highly skilled technicians can be sent anytime and anywhere in the world. Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures can also offer supervision of work or witnessing of installations.

BEFORE

Structures can also offer supervision of work or witnessing of installations. BEFORE AFTER BEFORE AFTER 13
Structures can also offer supervision of work or witnessing of installations. BEFORE AFTER BEFORE AFTER 13

AFTER

BEFORE

Structures can also offer supervision of work or witnessing of installations. BEFORE AFTER BEFORE AFTER 13
Structures can also offer supervision of work or witnessing of installations. BEFORE AFTER BEFORE AFTER 13
AFTER
AFTER
Structures can also offer supervision of work or witnessing of installations. BEFORE AFTER BEFORE AFTER 13
Structures can also offer supervision of work or witnessing of installations. BEFORE AFTER BEFORE AFTER 13
ANTI-SEISMIC DEVICES GENERAL ELASTOMERIC TECHNOLOGY P. 15 -16 FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERS ASR SERIES P.
ANTI-SEISMIC DEVICES GENERAL ELASTOMERIC TECHNOLOGY P. 15 -16 FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERS ASR SERIES P.
ANTI-SEISMIC DEVICES GENERAL ELASTOMERIC TECHNOLOGY P. 15 -16 FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERS ASR SERIES P.

ANTI-SEISMIC

DEVICES

ANTI-SEISMIC DEVICES GENERAL ELASTOMERIC TECHNOLOGY P. 15 -16 FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERS ASR SERIES P. 17
ANTI-SEISMIC DEVICES GENERAL ELASTOMERIC TECHNOLOGY P. 15 -16 FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERS ASR SERIES P. 17
ANTI-SEISMIC DEVICES GENERAL ELASTOMERIC TECHNOLOGY P. 15 -16 FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERS ASR SERIES P. 17
ANTI-SEISMIC DEVICES GENERAL ELASTOMERIC TECHNOLOGY P. 15 -16 FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERS ASR SERIES P. 17
ANTI-SEISMIC DEVICES GENERAL ELASTOMERIC TECHNOLOGY P. 15 -16 FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERS ASR SERIES P. 17

GENERAL

ELASTOMERIC TECHNOLOGY

P. 15 -16

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERS

ASR SERIES

P.

17

STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITS

AB SERIES

P.

18-20

PSD: PRELOADED SPRING DAMPERS

BC + AT + ATC SERIES

P.

21-24

PSD: PRELOADED SPRING DAMPERS BC + AT + ATC SERIES P. 21-24 DAMPERS FOR CABLE STAYS

DAMPERS FOR CABLE STAYS

AVE SERIES

P. 25

GENERAL

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPER

STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNIT

PSD: PRELOAD SPRING DAMPER

AVE SERIES

Technologies

Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures' devices use special fluids made of viscous silicon.

Our technology which has proven to be industrially successful over the past 50 years, uses the fluids characteristics to obtain device function.

 

Device functions

Fluid characteristics COMPRESSIBILITY

SPRING FunctionFluid characteristics COMPRESSIBILITY DAMPING Function

DAMPING FunctionFluid characteristics COMPRESSIBILITY SPRING Function

Fluid characteristics COMPRESSIBILITY SPRING Function DAMPING Function
Fluid characteristics COMPRESSIBILITY SPRING Function DAMPING Function
Fluid characteristics COMPRESSIBILITY SPRING Function DAMPING Function
Fluid characteristics COMPRESSIBILITY SPRING Function DAMPING Function

VISCOSITY

BEHAVIOR LAW:

 

F

= C.V α

T he force-velocity relationship of the non-linear dampers is given by F = C.V α (C is the damping constant;

V is the seismic relative velocity, and α is the damping exponent). This relationship is graphically illustrated below.

α=1 F α=0.1 V
α=1
F
α=0.1
V

The graph above shows that, as a generalized behavior, the lower the alpha value (α), and the higher the velocity (V), the resulting force (F) will stabilize and will not increase any further, limiting structural stresses and displacements.

Thanks to the use of this silicon fluid technology, Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ is able to design for very low alpha values between 0.07 ≥ α ≥ 0.8, with alpha values in a range of 0.1 ≥ α ≥ 0.2 being the most common. Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ approach allows for significantly greater damping results and efficiency.

GENERAL

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERSTU:

SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITPSD:

PRELOAD SPRING DAMPERAVE

SERIES

Performance

The graph shows the influence of alpha value on the energy dissipation:

Force ALPHA 0,1 ALPHA 0,5 Displacement
Force
ALPHA 0,1
ALPHA 0,5
Displacement

T he area here above represented in ORANGE, shows the amount of energy dissipated with a damper using

an alpha of 0.5 during a single cycle. The area here above represented in GREY and ORANGE, shows the amount of energy dissipated with a damper using an alpha of 0.1 during a single cycle.

A s a result, for two dampers with the same force, stroke and velocity, the amount of dissipated energy is

increased with an alpha of 0.1 compared to the use of a higher alpha value (0.3, 0.5, etc.).

THE LOW ALPHA VALUE TECHNOLOGY (0.07-0.15) ALLOWS TO:

Increase the energy absorption capacity at any given speedetc.). THE LOW ALPHA VALUE TECHNOLOGY (0.07-0.15) ALLOWS TO: Control and stabilize damping force at high

Control and stabilize damping force at high velocity(0.07-0.15) ALLOWS TO: Increase the energy absorption capacity at any given speed Create dampers with low

Create dampers with low maintenanceTO: Increase the energy absorption capacity at any given speed Control and stabilize damping force at

GENERAL

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPER

STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNIT

PSD: PRELOAD SPRING DAMPER

AVE SERIES

FVD: Fluid Viscous Dampers

PRELOAD SPRING DAMPER AVE SERIES FVD: Fluid Viscous Dampers ASR Series A Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ damper is

ASR Series

A Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ damper is

designed to dissipate seismic or dynamic energy on a structure. Douce-Hydro’s/Jarret Structures’ ASR series dampers work in tension and compression. The dampers can reduce longitudinal and transversal or vertical displacement of a deck. They can be installed in different type of structures, for example, longitudinally between the deck and the abutment, or in transverse between the deck and the pier structure of a bridge. They can equally be installed in a building for brace or base isolation. Seismic energy is dissipated into the damper unit instead of being dissipated in the concrete or steel structure.

of being dissipated in the concrete or steel structure. BEHAVIOR LAW:   F = C.V α

BEHAVIOR LAW:

 

F

= C.V α

Working Principle:

Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ viscous fluid damper works on the principle that rapid flow of viscous fluid through a narrow orifice or port, generates high resistance, which then dissipates a large amount of energy. The energy is dissipated in heat.

Force depends on velocity

The energy is dissipated in heat. Force depends on velocity Dynamic F Reaction x Reaction at
Dynamic F Reaction x Reaction at low velocity
Dynamic
F
Reaction
x
Reaction at
low velocity

F

= Pressure x Surface

F

= (P1-P2) x Sdiff

(P1-P2) depends on flow into Vf, fixed by the velocity.

P1, P2: internal pressure into the chambers Vf: fluid velocity into the gap Sdiff: surface of the piston where the pressure is applied.

17

GENERAL

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERSTU:

SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITPSD:

PRELOAD SPRING DAMPERAVE

SERIES

Shock Transmission Units

AB Series

SPRING DAMPERAVE SERIES Shock Transmission Units AB Series A Shock Transmission Unit (STU), also called Dynamic

A Shock Transmission Unit (STU), also called Dynamic Connector, is designed to be connected between

bridge structure components to form a rigid link under dynamic loads induced by forces such as vehicle braking and earthquakes. At the same time, the structure will be able to move freely under slowly applied loads such as thermal expansion and creep shrinkage. The unit is connected between elements of bridge structures at expansion joints, or near the bearings between the superstructure and the substructure. The use of STU allows the load sharing of a suddenly applied force.

A special valve is fixed between the 2 chambers

force. A special valve is fixed between the 2 chambers F V>Vcut Vcut X STU acts
force. A special valve is fixed between the 2 chambers F V>Vcut Vcut X STU acts
F V>Vcut Vcut X
F V>Vcut
Vcut
X

STU acts as a very stiff spring in dynamic loading (during earthquake or braking)

P1, P2 internal pressure into the chambers V<Vcut : F<10% x Fmax (thermal expansion possible) V>Vcut : F=Fmax (the structure is locked under a minimal displacement)

Working Principle:

A STU should block the deck of a bridge during a quick motion and behave like a spring with a very high stiffness to reduce the displacement. At the same time, the Shock Transmission Unit should deliver a low reaction force during the slow displacements of thermal expansion or contraction of the deck.

GENERAL

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPER

STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNIT

PSD: PRELOAD SPRING DAMPER

AVE SERIES

Shock Transmission Units

AB Series

Performance:

The graph below shows the performance generated by an STU at low velocity, and during a dynamic event at high velocity. The Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures' AB series are velocity dependant.

THEORETICAL FORCE / STROKE DIAGRAMME Force (kN) Fmax Vcut Course (mm) Traction Compression Rdyn Rdyn
THEORETICAL FORCE / STROKE DIAGRAMME
Force (kN)
Fmax
Vcut
Course (mm)
Traction
Compression
Rdyn
Rdyn
Free displacement at low velocity (force <10% nominal force (Fmax)), Velocity < 0,05mm/s (thermal expansion)
Blocking Force, when the velocity increases (0,05mm/s< Velocity < 0,15mm/s), the force grows up with very high
stiffness (during braking or earthquake)

Temperature and Aging:

A variation of the outside temperature, which can range from - 55ºC to + 80ºC, does not change the damper's characteristics. There is no aging of the silicone fluid. The Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures' AB units have been tested in very severe environmental conditions, including fire.

GENERAL

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERSTU:

SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITPSD:

PRELOAD SPRING DAMPERAVE

SERIES

FVD and STU Dimensions

PSD: PRELOAD SPRING DAMPERAVE SERIES FVD and STU Dimensions Dampers Stroke   Y X ØC E

Dampers

Stroke

 

Y

X

ØC

E

NxØD

A / B

Ea / Eb

 

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

 

ASR 300 Fmax = 300 kN Alpha = 0.1

 

ASR 300 - 100

+

50

 

961

801

140

25

4xØ20

200

150

-

ASR 300 - 500

+

250

1

961

1

801

140

25

4xØ20

200

150

-

 

ASR 650 Fmax = 650 kN Alpha = 0.1

 

ASR 650 - 100

+

50

1172

942

160

30

4xØ27

250

180

-

ASR 650 - 500

+

250

2172

1

942

180

30

4xØ27

250

180

-

 

ASR 1000 Fmax = 1 000 kN Alpha = 0.1

 

ASR 1000 - 100

+

50

1 478

1 158

200

40

4xØ33

300

220

-

ASR 1000 - 500

+

250

2 478

2 158

225

40

4xØ33

300

220

-

 

ASR 1500 Fmax = 1 500 kN Alpha = 0.1

 

ASR 1500 - 100

+

50

1 517

1 197

255

45

4xØ39

350

255

-

ASR 1500 - 600

+

300

2 767

2 447

280

45

4xØ39

350

255

-

 

ASR 2000 Fmax = 2 000 kN Alpha = 0.1

 

ASR 2000 - 100

+

50

1 740

1 330

325

55

6x44

400

290

-

ASR 2000 - 600

+

300

2 990

2 580

360

55

6x44

400

290

-

The range of dampers size is not limited, we can design dampers following your request, for example 2 000 kN, 3 000 kN, 4 000 kN, 5 000 kN Do not hesitate to contact us to obtain more details and explanations.

Others designs :

ASR Appuis sur chaques faces
ASR
Appuis sur chaques faces
ASR Appuis sur chaques faces
ASR
Appuis sur chaques faces

Installation :

We can provide our dampers with different accessories such as :

Anchorscan provide our dampers with different accessories such as : Sliding plates (stainless steel plates) Mounting

Sliding plates (stainless steel plates)faces Installation : We can provide our dampers with different accessories such as : Anchors Mounting

Mounting bolts: We can provide our dampers with different accessories such as : Anchors Sliding plates (stainless

Etc.provide our dampers with different accessories such as : Anchors Sliding plates (stainless steel plates) Mounting

GENERAL

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPER

STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNIT

PSD: PRELOAD SPRING DAMPER

AVE SERIES

Preloaded Spring Dampers

Working Principle:

The PSD works on the principle that rapid flow of viscous fluid through a narrow orifice or port, generates high resistance, which then dissipates a large amount of energy. The energy is dissipated in heat. In order to avoid the displacement before reaching a certain force level, Douce- Hydro/Jarret Structures can define a preloaded value, F0. Before reaching this value it is not possible to compress the unit. After the dynamic compression of the PSD, the unit has the ability to return to its original position due to the integrated spring function. For example, this return force value is defined in order to overcome the friction force of the sliding pot bearings. In order to generate this damping and spring function in two directions, a double- acting PSD is used.

PSD Series

in two directions, a double- acting PSD is used. PSD Series BEHAVIOR LAW: F = F0
in two directions, a double- acting PSD is used. PSD Series BEHAVIOR LAW: F = F0
BEHAVIOR LAW: F = F0 + KX + CV α Static Dynamic reaction reaction
BEHAVIOR LAW:
F = F0 + KX + CV α
Static
Dynamic
reaction
reaction
LAW: F = F0 + KX + CV α Static Dynamic reaction reaction AT10S-2000E Linkspan «

AT10S-2000E

Linkspan « Quai des Flotilles » in France.

GENERAL

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERSTU:

SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITPSD:

PRELOAD SPRING DAMPERAVE

SERIES

Preloaded Spring Dampers

Design layouts of the different functions:

Spring function

Design layouts of the different functions: Spring function Force K(x) Displacement (X) F = P X
Force K(x) Displacement (X)
Force
K(x)
Displacement (X)
functions: Spring function Force K(x) Displacement (X) F = P X S F = K(x) Preloaded

F = PXS

F

= K(x)

Preloaded + Spring function

Internal Pressure Increases

K(x) Preloaded + Spring function Internal Pressure Increases Force K(x) F0 Displacement (X) F = F
Force K(x) F0
Force
K(x)
F0

Displacement (X)

F

= F O + K(x)

Preloaded + Spring function + Damping

22

- We use Preloaded Spring Damper

- We add a head to the piston to obtain damping

Damper - We add a head to the piston to obtain dampin g Force K(x) CV
Force K(x) CV α F0 Displacement (X)
Force
K(x)
CV α
F0
Displacement (X)

F = F O + K(x)+CV α

GENERAL

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPER

STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNIT

AVE SERIES

Preloaded Spring Dampers

Mechanical & design characteristics of standard devices type BC60S

Contact area on each side
Contact area on each side

Devices

L

De

Dp

L1

H

Stroke

F0

K

RM

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

kN

MN/m

kN

BC60S100-25

426

120

18

190

125

25

100

4.4

300

BC60S200-80

927

150

22

230

155

80

210

2.25

580

BC60S400-40

795

185

30

350

190

40

390

9.4

1200

BC60S400-80

1120

185

30

350

190

80

390

4.7

1200

BC60S600-45

930

230

33

430

235

45

580

13

1650

BC60S600-90

1335

230

33

430

235

90

580

6.5

1650

BC60S850-90

1660

265

36

485

270

90

850

7.2

2300

PSD: PRELOAD SPRING DAMPER The range of dampers size is not limited, we can design
PSD: PRELOAD SPRING DAMPER
The range of dampers size is not limited, we can design dampers following your request. Do not hesitate to
contact us to obtain more details and explanations.
Other design:
Contact area on one single side
Attachment in traction and compression

Temperature and Aging:

A variation of the outside temperature, which can range from - 55ºC to + 80ºC, does not change the damper's characteristics and the amount of energy dissipated per cycle. There is no aging of silicone fluid. Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ PSDs have been tested in extreme environmental conditions, including fire.

Installation :

We can provide our dampers with different accessories such as :

can provide our dampers with different accessories such as : Anchors Sliding plates (stainless steel plates)

Anchors

Sliding plates (stainless steel plates)fi re. Installation : We can provide our dampers with different accessories such as : Anchors

our dampers with different accessories such as : Anchors Sliding plates (stainless steel plates) Mounting bolts

Mounting bolts

Etc.provide our dampers with different accessories such as : Anchors Sliding plates (stainless steel plates) Mounting

23

GENERAL

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPERSTU:

SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITPSD:

PRELOAD SPRING DAMPERAVE

SERIES

Preloaded Spring Dampers

Design layouts of the different reactions and attachments:

BC10S: compression in one direction

and attachments: BC10S: compression in one direction Force K(x) FO Stroke BC60S: compression in two
and attachments: BC10S: compression in one direction Force K(x) FO Stroke BC60S: compression in two
Force K(x) FO Stroke
Force
K(x)
FO
Stroke

BC60S: compression in two directions

K(x) FO Stroke BC60S: compression in two directions Force K(x) FO Stroke K(x) AT: PSD in
K(x) FO Stroke BC60S: compression in two directions Force K(x) FO Stroke K(x) AT: PSD in
Force K(x) FO Stroke
Force
K(x)
FO
Stroke

K(x)

AT: PSD in TRACTION

24

Force K(x) FO Stroke K(x) AT: PSD in TRACTION 24 ATC: PSD in TRACTION and COMPRESSION
Force K(x) FO Stroke K(x) AT: PSD in TRACTION 24 ATC: PSD in TRACTION and COMPRESSION

ATC: PSD in TRACTION and COMPRESSION

K(x) AT: PSD in TRACTION 24 ATC: PSD in TRACTION and COMPRESSION K(x) Stroke FO Force

K(x)

Stroke FO
Stroke
FO
Force FO Stroke FO K(x)
Force
FO
Stroke
FO
K(x)

K(x)

GENERAL

FVD: FLUID VISCOUS DAMPER

STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNIT

PSD: PRELOAD SPRING DAMPER

AVE SERIES

Dampers for cable stays

AVE Series

Performance:

The graphs below show the performance generated by the damper during a dynamic event at a frequency of 1 Hertz. The value of the velocity exponent of Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ damper can vary from 0.3 to 2. As the velocity increases, the force increases.

Force

to 2. As the velocity increases, the force increases. Force F=C.V 0,4 0,6 F=C.V 1 F=C.V
F=C.V 0,4 0,6 F=C.V 1 F=C.V 2 F=C.V Force
F=C.V 0,4
0,6
F=C.V
1
F=C.V
2
F=C.V
Force
Force F=C.V 0,4 0,6 F=C.V 1 F=C.V 2 F=C.V Force Velocity Displacement   L D Ø

Velocity

F=C.V 0,4 0,6 F=C.V 1 F=C.V 2 F=C.V Force Velocity Displacement   L D Ø Stroke

Displacement

 

L

DØ

Stroke

RM

Mass

Units

mm

mm

mm

KN

Kg

AVE5-100

525

127

100

5

50

AVE6-100

525

127

100

6

50

AVE7-100

525

127

100

7

50

AVE8-100

525

127

100

8

50

AVE9-100

525

127

100

9

50

AVE10-100

525

127

100

10

50

AVE12-100

525

127

100

12

50

AVE15-100

525

127

100

15

50

AVE20-100

525

127

100

20

50

AVE25-100

525

127

100

25

50

AVE30-100

525

127

100

30

50

AVE35-100

525

127

100

35

50

AVE40-100

525

127

100

40

50

AVE45-100

525

127

100

45

50

AVE50-100

525

127

100

50

50

AVE55-100

525

127

100

55

50

AVE60-100

525

127

100

60

50

The range of dampers size is not limited, we can design dampers following your request. Do not hesitate to contact us to obtain more details and explanations.

Installation:

A cable stay damper can be installed easily with standard anchors.

Maintenance:

Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ Cable Stay Dampers are maintenance free. A regular visual inspection can be done on periodic basis in order to check the corrosion protection system.

25

BUILDING PROTECTION Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ devices are easily adapted to meet the requirements of different
BUILDING PROTECTION Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ devices are easily adapted to meet the requirements of different
BUILDING PROTECTION Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ devices are easily adapted to meet the requirements of different

BUILDING

PROTECTION

BUILDING PROTECTION Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ devices are easily adapted to meet the requirements of different

Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures’ devices are easily adapted to meet the requirements of different types of structures:

As an energy dissipation device in a base isolation systemto meet the requirements of different types of structures: As a reducer of inter-story drift for

As a reducer of inter-story drift for flexible structures. exible structures.

As a reducer of inter-story drift for fl exible structures.   BASE ISOLATION P. 27 WIND-BRACING
As a reducer of inter-story drift for fl exible structures.   BASE ISOLATION P. 27 WIND-BRACING
As a reducer of inter-story drift for fl exible structures.   BASE ISOLATION P. 27 WIND-BRACING
 

BASE ISOLATION

P.

27

WIND-BRACING BETWEEN FLOORS

P.

28

CABLE BRACE ISOLATION SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY (CBIST)

P. 29-30

Base isolation Application on individual buildings Working Principle: The base isolation is a solution to

Base isolation

Application on individual buildings

Working Principle:

The base isolation is a solution to protect individual or small buildings. This system is a combination using isolators (Elastomeric plot) and dampers. The isolators reduce the force but increase the displacements.The dampers reduce the displacements by dissipating the energy. With this combination, the building structure is protected. The force and displacement transmitted at the foundation are reduced.

and displacement transmitted at the foundation are reduced. Isolators Dampers Without Dampers, the displacement are too
and displacement transmitted at the foundation are reduced. Isolators Dampers Without Dampers, the displacement are too
and displacement transmitted at the foundation are reduced. Isolators Dampers Without Dampers, the displacement are too
and displacement transmitted at the foundation are reduced. Isolators Dampers Without Dampers, the displacement are too

Isolators

transmitted at the foundation are reduced. Isolators Dampers Without Dampers, the displacement are too high

Dampers

transmitted at the foundation are reduced. Isolators Dampers Without Dampers, the displacement are too high Dampers
transmitted at the foundation are reduced. Isolators Dampers Without Dampers, the displacement are too high Dampers

Without Dampers, the displacement are too high

Dampers allow to reduce displacement

Decrease of the acceleration with Dampers without Dampers
Decrease of the
acceleration
with Dampers
without Dampers

Impact of the base isolation on response spectra

Isolator

Reduce the rigidity

Reduce the rigidityIsolator

Reduce the rigidity
Reduce the rigidity

Dampers

Dissipate energy

Dissipate energyDampers

Dissipate energy
Dissipate energy

28

Bracing

BUILDINGS

Application on high buildings

Bracing between floors

Association of PSD in series + Preloaded cable, PSD + Transmitters or ASR.Application on high buildings Bracing between floors This installation is possible on existing buildings. Limited

This installation is possible on existing buildings.PSD in series + Preloaded cable, PSD + Transmitters or ASR. Limited dimensions Wind - bracing

Limited dimensionsor ASR. This installation is possible on existing buildings. Wind - bracing between floors Disposition «X»

is possible on existing buildings. Limited dimensions Wind - bracing between floors Disposition «X» Decrease of

Wind - bracing between floors

buildings. Limited dimensions Wind - bracing between floors Disposition «X» Decrease of the acceleration with

Disposition «X»

Decrease of the acceleration with Dampers without Dampers
Decrease of the
acceleration
with Dampers
without Dampers
Decrease of the acceleration with Dampers without Dampers ASR 1500 - 108 Office state Buildings 8&9,

ASR 1500 - 108 Office state Buildings 8&9, Sacramento USA

1500 - 108 Office state Buildings 8&9, Sacramento USA ASR 300 -150-230 with KERADOUCE® coating Building

ASR 300 -150-230 with KERADOUCE® coating Building bracing working in traction and compression

Impact of the Bracing on response spectra

Dampers

Building bracing working in traction and compression Impact of the Bracing on response spectra Dampers Dissipate

Dissipate energy

PROTECTIONS

CBIST:

Cable Brace Isolation System Technology

New technology to protect structures

Working Principle:

The Cable Brace Isolation System Technology (CBIST) objective is to dissipate the energy in case of earthquake through the development of an innovative system based on a series of tension spring dampers and pre-stressed cables.

a series of tension spring dampers and pre-stressed cables. Cable Brace Isolation System (CBIST) installation Preloaded

Cable Brace Isolation System (CBIST) installation

cables. Cable Brace Isolation System (CBIST) installation Preloaded Spring Damper position at the base Principle

Preloaded Spring Damper position at the base

Principle

Energy dissipation

5 2 4 3 1 1 retainer 2 barrel 3 piston 4 silicon fluid 5
5
2
4
3
1
1
retainer
2
barrel
3
piston
4
silicon fluid
5
cable or transmitter
Energy dissipation 5 2 4 3 1 1 retainer 2 barrel 3 piston 4 silicon fluid

CBIST:

Cable Brace Isolation SystemTechnology

Technique applicable to new structures and when retrofitting older buildings against earthquake risks by using:

Dampers to dissipate the energyolder buildings against earthquake risks by using: External cables to limit the inter-story drift Floor 5

External cables to limit the inter-story driftearthquake risks by using: Dampers to dissipate the energy Floor 5 4 3 2 1 20

Floor 5 4 3 2 1 20 40 Displacement between stories (mm) Building protected Building
Floor
5
4
3
2
1
20
40
Displacement
between stories
(mm)
Building protected
Building without
with CBIST
CBIST
Building protected with CBIST

Advantages:

Architectural design remains the same Design improvement and simplification No internal modification to the building Increase of safety No maintenance Drift per story and acceleration are reduced significantly during an earthquake Cost reduction compared to other techniques Technology innovation Few repair after earthquake

BRIDGES PROTECTION DAMPERS P. 32-33 SPECIAL DAMPERS FOR RAILWAY BRIDGE P. 34 STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION
BRIDGES PROTECTION DAMPERS P. 32-33 SPECIAL DAMPERS FOR RAILWAY BRIDGE P. 34 STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION
BRIDGES PROTECTION DAMPERS P. 32-33 SPECIAL DAMPERS FOR RAILWAY BRIDGE P. 34 STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION

BRIDGES

PROTECTION

BRIDGES PROTECTION DAMPERS P. 32-33 SPECIAL DAMPERS FOR RAILWAY BRIDGE P. 34 STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITS
BRIDGES PROTECTION DAMPERS P. 32-33 SPECIAL DAMPERS FOR RAILWAY BRIDGE P. 34 STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITS
BRIDGES PROTECTION DAMPERS P. 32-33 SPECIAL DAMPERS FOR RAILWAY BRIDGE P. 34 STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITS
BRIDGES PROTECTION DAMPERS P. 32-33 SPECIAL DAMPERS FOR RAILWAY BRIDGE P. 34 STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITS
BRIDGES PROTECTION DAMPERS P. 32-33 SPECIAL DAMPERS FOR RAILWAY BRIDGE P. 34 STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITS
BRIDGES PROTECTION DAMPERS P. 32-33 SPECIAL DAMPERS FOR RAILWAY BRIDGE P. 34 STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITS

DAMPERS

P. 32-33

SPECIAL DAMPERS FOR RAILWAY BRIDGE

P.

34

STU: SHOCK TRANSMISSION UNITS

P.

35

PRELOADED SPRING DAMPERS

P.

36

DAMPERS FOR CABLE STAYS

P.

39

BRIDGES

BRIDGES Dampers R egardless of the type of construction, Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures creates dampers which dissipate a

Dampers

R egardless of the type of construction, Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures

creates dampers which dissipate a large part of the kinetic energy, allowing the displacement of the deck without damaging the abutments and the structure.

Protection by dampers:

the abutments and the structure. Protection by dampers: Longitudinally and transversally on abutments and the piers

Longitudinally and transversally on abutments and the piers

Longitudinally and transversally on abutments and the piers Longitudinal protection Transversal protection Longitudinal
Longitudinally and transversally on abutments and the piers Longitudinal protection Transversal protection Longitudinal

Longitudinal protection

on abutments and the piers Longitudinal protection Transversal protection Longitudinal damper (F= 3000 kN;

Transversal protection

and the piers Longitudinal protection Transversal protection Longitudinal damper (F= 3000 kN; Stroke= 650 mm) High

Longitudinal damper (F= 3000 kN; Stroke= 650 mm) High Speed Train railway bridge of Ventabren in France.

mm) High Speed Train railway bridge of Ventabren in France. Transversal Dampers (F= 500 kN; Stroke=

Transversal Dampers (F= 500 kN; Stroke= 260 mm) Aiton Highway A43 bridge in France.

PROTECTIONS

PROTECTIONS Improvements by using dampers Without damper (= 1 fixed pier) Let consider a bridge with

Improvements by using dampers

Without damper (= 1 fixed pier)

Let consider a bridge with 4 spans, L=300m, M=10 000 t, to protect against a longitudinal earthquake with the following data:

Soil type: EC8-B and PGA = 2m/s².against a longitudinal earthquake with the following data: The deck is supported by 5 identical piers

The deck is supported by 5 identical piers (P1 to P5) with a longitudinal stiffness of Kp = 300 MN/m. stiffness of Kp = 300 MN/m.

In case of earthquake, the central pier must resist at 17 400 kN (shear Force)

1 fixed pier =

no damper, no STU Central Pier must resist at 17400 kN (shear Force)

no STU Central Pier must resist at 17400 kN (shear Force) With dampers If dampers are

With dampers

If dampers are installed on some piers, they will dissipate a large part of the seismic energy and therefore, reduce the forces in the fixed pier. 1 fixed pier + 2 dampers: the dissipation of energy allows reducing the total force at 10 375 kN.

of energy allows reducing the total force at 10 375 kN. 1 fixed pier + 2

1 fixed pier + 2 dampers

The dissipation of energy allows to reduce the total Force at 10375 kN

Comparison with and without dampers

Maximum acceleration of the deck 1 fixed pier 1 fixed pier + 2 dampers Acceleration
Maximum acceleration
of the deck
1
fixed pier
1
fixed pier + 2 dampers
Acceleration

Period

33

BRIDGES

BRIDGES Special Dampers for Railway bridges D ouce-Hydro/Jarret Structures has developed a special unit designed to

Special Dampers for Railway bridges

D ouce-Hydro/Jarret Structures has developed a special

unit designed to react with three different behaviours:

Free movement without force at low velocityunit designed to react with three different behaviours: Blocking during train braking, similar to a Shock

Blocking during train braking, similar to a Shock Transmission Unit function (STU) Damping of the energy during blocking (earthquake), similar to a damper function (FVD) These devices are adapted to be used in association with spherical pot bearings.

to be used in association with spherical pot bearings. Qualification tests Damping function Free movement
to be used in association with spherical pot bearings. Qualification tests Damping function Free movement

Qualification tests

Damping function Free movement Blocking function
Damping function
Free movement
Blocking
function
Special reaction dampers fixed on high speed train bridge in Greece.
Special reaction dampers fixed on high speed
train bridge in Greece.

Special reaction dampers fixed on high speed train bridge in Spain.

PROTECTIONS

PROTECTIONS STU: Shock Transmission Units Dynamic connectors Applications: Shock Transmission Units (STU), also called

STU:

Shock Transmission Units

Dynamic connectors

Applications:

Shock Transmission Units (STU), also called Dynamic Connectors, can be used for both steel and concrete structures. They are disposed on cable stayed and suspension bridges in order to eliminate large displacements of the deck during an earthquake. For other civil engineering structures such as buildings, STU can provide additional rigidity in the frame structure. STU can also be used to strengthen adjacent buildings during a seismic event.

The retrofit of existing steel truss railway bridges with STU can allow heavier trains and take the increasing braking forces without a change to the substructure. STU can be designed to strengthen supporting piers which have been found inadequate due to increase in traction and braking forces, or which have sustained damage caused by corrosion.

Without STU

1 fixed pier =

no damper, no STU Central Pier must resist at 17400 kN (shear Force)

With STU

1 fixed pier + 4 = 5 «fixed» piers

The 5 piers are connected dynamically by blocking devices (STU) The shear force on the central pier is 7780kN but the total force accepted by all the structure is 38 900kN

the total force accepted by all the structure is 38 900kN Comparison with and without dampers
the total force accepted by all the structure is 38 900kN Comparison with and without dampers

Comparison with and without dampers

Maximum Acceleration of the desk 5 fixed piers 3.89m/s 2 1 fixed pier 1.74 m/s
Maximum Acceleration
of the desk
5 fixed piers
3.89m/s 2
1 fixed pier
1.74 m/s 2
0.52s
1.15s
Period

BRIDGES

BRIDGES Preloaded Spring dampers A Preloaded Spring Damper (PSD) is a unit designed to dissipate seismic

Preloaded Spring dampers

BRIDGES Preloaded Spring dampers A Preloaded Spring Damper (PSD) is a unit designed to dissipate seismic

A Preloaded Spring Damper (PSD) is a unit designed to dissipate seismic energy on structures such as

bridges.The PSD reduces longitudinal and transversal displacement of the deck. Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures can provide two types of PSD: working in tension/compression, or acting only in compression. Douce-Hydro/ Jarret Structures can install the PSD compression type longitudinally between the deck and the abutment, or install a PSD tension/compression unit in transversal position between the deck and the pier structure. The PSD acts as a shear key which has the possibility to regenerate itself automatically after a dynamic event. The seismic energy is dissipated in the PSD unit instead of being displaced in a steel or concrete structure. According to their position, these devices can accommodate transversal and longitudinal seismic displacement, and at the same time take into account longitudinal displacement such as creep shrinkage and thermal expansion or contraction.

as creep shrinkage and thermal expansion or contraction. Transversal PSD (F= 2200 kN) St. André Viaduc,

Transversal PSD (F= 2200 kN) St. André Viaduc, Fréjus in France

PSD (F= 2200 kN) St. André Viaduc, Fréjus in France Longitudinal PSD on abutment (F =

Longitudinal PSD on abutment (F = 2500 kN, Stroke = 50mm) High Speed railroad viaduct of Epenottes, France.

= 50mm) High Speed railroad viaduct of Epenottes, France. Transversal PSD on the Deck. (F= 2200

Transversal PSD on the Deck. (F= 2200 kN, Stroke = 50mm) Motorway bridge A51, Viaduct of Monestier in France.

PROTECTIONS

PROTECTIONS Improvement by using PSD I n the previous solutions, the central pier was fixed. Using

Improvement by using PSD

In the previous solutions, the central pier was fixed. Using STU or dampers help us decrease shear in the fixed pier but, when this pier is too stiff, their efficiency will be very weak. If the shear of the fixed pier has to be further decreased, and should it remains fixed during the earthquake, the solution would be to equip that central fixed pier with a PSD so that it can move the deck, thus providing larger shear forces in this pier (see drawing below).

larger shear forces in this pier (see drawing below). In order to solve this problem, an

In order to solve this problem, an elegant solution is to install a PSD between the deck and the pier.

solution is to install a PSD between the deck and the pier. P3 The PSD had

P3

is to install a PSD between the deck and the pier. P3 The PSD had 3

The PSD had 3 functions:

Link the pier to the deck during service. ( Preload force )between the deck and the pier. P3 The PSD had 3 functions: Before earthquake Damp energy

Link the pier to the deck during service. ( Preload force ) Before earthquake Damp energy

Before earthquake

Damp energy during the earthquake ( Energy dissipation )the deck during service. ( Preload force ) Before earthquake Align the deck after an earthquake.

Damp energy during the earthquake ( Energy dissipation ) Align the deck after an earthquake. D

Align the deck after an earthquake.Damp energy during the earthquake ( Energy dissipation ) D u r i n g e

( Energy dissipation ) Align the deck after an earthquake. D u r i n g

During earthquake

dissipation ) Align the deck after an earthquake. D u r i n g e a

After Earthquake

37

BRIDGES

Improvement by using PSD

The PSD installed in P3 has to be able to fulfill the following mechanical requirements:

In service, the deck is submitted to forces such as frictions on sliding pot bearings (2.5% deck weight). Therefore, for this example, the device’s preload for this bridge must be ≥ 2 weight). Therefore, for this example, the device’s preload for this bridge must be ≥ 2 500 kN.

This means that under any static horizontal force lower to 2 500 kN, the device acts as a fix connection between the deck and the pier.the device’s preload for this bridge must be ≥ 2 500 kN. During an earthquake, when

During an earthquake, when the seismic forces are exceeding the preload, the device will act as an elastic link with a damping effect. In our example, we have installed a PSD in the central pier and we have let the 4 other piers free.

A time history analysis has been achieved and gave the following result:

Shear force on P3 = 3 500 kN for a max device compression of 35 mm

   

F P3

F other piers (kN)

F total

Case

Comment

(kN)

(kN)

1

Only P3

17 400

0

17

400

2

STU

7

780

7 780

38 900

3

Dampers

7 500

1 500

13

500

4

PSD on P3

3

500

0

3 500

(FP3 corresponds with the force applied on the central pier and F total is the amount of force applied on all the structure.)

Shear force in P3 was divided by approximately 2.2, compared to the best of the other solutions. In certain cases, the ratio can reach 5.

PROTECTIONS

Dampers for cable stays

AVE Series

T he large global development of the technology for cable stays has created a

need for damping. Initial attempts to adapt commercial dampers failed to meet the specific requirements of the bridge industry because they were not appro- priate for bridges.

D ouce-Hydro/Jarret Structures has developed a new generation of dampers in order to satisfy the

special requirement of damping cable stays. Because long-term vibrations due to wind and rain create fatigue stress in the cables, the idea is to offer a very reliable unit which is able to dampen vibrations without creating any additional stress to the structure.

Working Principle:

The Douce-Hydro’s/Jarret Structures’ Cable Stay Dampers (CSD) work on the principle that rapid flow of viscous fluid through a narrow orifice or port, generates high resistance, which then dissipates a large amount of energy. The energy is dissipated in heat. In order to avoid any possible leakage, the body of the unit is made of a single stainless steel part. A piston head is moving through the viscous fluid, and the lamination of the fluid creates the viscous damping.

The behaviour law of the viscous damper is F= C.V α . According to the specifications required of a particular application, Douce-Hydro/Jarret Structures can provide a value for the coefficient alpha which can range from 0.3 to 2.

can provide a value for the coeffi cient alpha which can range from 0.3 to 2.
can provide a value for the coeffi cient alpha which can range from 0.3 to 2.

Viscous dampers for cable stays (CSD)

40

Reference list

BUILDINGS - STRUCTURES

 

Year

Product

Qty

AUSTRIA

Hospital

2012

ASR 1000

6

CANADA

Sky dome Toronto stadium protection of the roof

1992

BC 5A

22

CHILI

Applexion seismic reinforcement for a tower

2005

ASR 20

8

CHINA

Beijing building Hotel Xian XI Historic Museum Beijing Tien an Men Square Beijing Hotel

2001

ASR 500

52

2000

ASR 500

36

1998

BC 10S150

125

FRANCE

Buildings, Nice Buildings Buildings Private Home Morne Rouge - Martinique School Le Robert in Guadeloupe Island Chemical Tanks storage - Lyon School Bellefontaine Caribbean Island 4 buildings Chemical Tanks storage Hotel Tsantelenia Val d’Isère Private individual house School Ducos Martinique Caribbean Island Chemical Tanks storage in Lyon Tower Société Générale La Défense

2012

ASR 650

2

2011

ASR 200

4

2008

ASR 300

12

2006

ASR 50-10

4

2003

ASR 150

36

2003

ASR 300

8

2001

ASR 50

160

2001

ASR 100

160

2000

ASR 300

32

2000

BC 60S8C

6

2000

ASR 3C

12

2000

ASR 50

160

2000

ASR 300

32

1994

AMD 700-150

2

INDIA

Power Plant Kaiga 4 Power Plant TAPP 3 Power Plant Kaiga 3 Power Plant TAPP 3

2003

AB 500-100

80

2003

AB 500-100

80

2002

AB 500-100

80

2002

AB 500-100

80

ITALY

Giaggiolo Building Olympic Stadium Rome Supermarket Carugi Florence

2004

BC 0S100BF

16

1990

BC 50S

32

1990

BC 1D

12

SWITZERLAND

Buildings Seismic isolation equipment at CERN

2012

ASR 120

5

2005

ASR 30

4

 

ASR 60

4

SPAIN

Hang Yu Building China medical center Hospital

2004

ASR 500-150

10

2002

ASR 700-150

44

TAIWAN

Hang Yu Building Da Ping Lin Building China medical center Hospital Taipei Financial Center tuned mass damper

2004

ASR 500-150

10

2002

ASR 1000-160

32

2002

ASR 700-150

44

2001

ASR 900-1000

8

UNITED STATES   Year Product Qty   Office state Buildings 8 & 9, Sacramento CA
UNITED STATES   Year Product Qty   Office state Buildings 8 & 9, Sacramento CA

UNITED STATES

 

Year

Product

Qty

 

Office state Buildings 8 & 9, Sacramento CA

2008

ASR 1500-108

256

Harbor View Medical Center,

Seattle

2006

ARS 1500

6

Genentech Building Lexington Avenue Building, New York City Genentech Building, South San Francisco

2006

ASR 900-200Z

3

2004

BC 5B

8

2003

ASR 900-200

8

King County Court house Trump Tower San Francisco Opera 3 COM Building Santiago Creek Vancouver water Reservoir

 

2003

2003

2002

2002

2000

1998

BRIDGES - VIADUCTS

 

ANGOLA

Bridge of Kuala

2009

ASR 1000

2

CHINA

Jing Yue River Bridge

2010

ASR 2000-1400

4

 

ASR 2000-1700

4

Yanglu Bridge Shenzen Corridor Bridge Pedestrian footbridge Beijing

 

2005

2005

2004

ASR 500

7

CYPRUS

Limasol project Viaduct Petra Tou Romlu

 

2005

AB 750-200

20

2000

BC 60S

4

 

ASR 900-130

20

FRANCE

Viaduct for the tramway of Grenoble

2012

BC60S-400

4

 

BC60S-800

2

Linkspan « Quai des Flotilles » Highway A9 Bridges

 

2012

AT 10S

8

2011

ASR 4C

2

2009

ASR 200

4

 

ASR 300

64

High speed train Perpignan Figueras

2005

BC 60S1500

16

 

ASR 650

8

Viaduct of Monestier Viaduct of Catane Grenoble RD10 Bridge of Potiche and Hilette Viaduct of Peru - Guadeloupe Road RN 202 Viaduct of Carbet - Guadeloupe Viaduct of Caen for Tram Road RD19 bridge of Falicon over La Banquière Ship pontoon Guadeloupe Viaduct of Blanchard in Guadeloupe Island Highway Bridge Viaduct Saint André Highway Bridge Viaduct of Pal in Nice RN 114 - Bridge on Tech river

2004

ASR 100-40

4

2004

ASR 500-200

8

2004

ASR 100-40

4

2003

ASR 150

8

2002

ASR 900

9

2002

ASR 500

8

2002

ASR 300

8

2001

ASR 300

4

2001

ASR 300

4

2001

ASR 300

8

1998

ASR 1200

56

1998

ASR 900-160J

4

1997

ASR 880-210A

4

BRIDGES - VIADUCTS

 

Year

Product

Qty

FRANCE (continuing)

 

Railway Bridge TGV high speed train of Ventabren Highway A43 - Structure PS24 Bridge PI14 Bridge PS13 Bridge PI09 Bridge OH11 Viaduct of Nantua Highway A51 - Plaine de la Reymure Bridge d’Iroise Brest Highway A43 - Viaduct of Aiton HighwayA43 - Structure PS 3 Viaduct for airport Raizet of Pointe à Pitre Viaduct of Reveston Perpignan Railway Bridge Busseau sur Creuse

1997

ASR 3000-650

8

1996

ASR 500-100C

4

1996

ASR 150-60C

8

1996

ASR 300-80B

4

1996

ASR 500-160D

8

1996

ASR 500-100E

8

1995

ASR 300H

2

1995

ASR 250-340A

8

1995

ASR 500-260B

16

1995

ASR 900-140A

4

1994

ASR 880-210A

28

1990

ASR 50

4

1988

BC 10S150C

8

GREAT BRITAIN

 

Bridge Newark Dycke Bridge Piff Elms Bridge

2008

AB 1000

10

1999

ACC 400-150

4

1998

ACC 300

4

M5

Motor Way

1998

BC 1G

2

Baswich bridge railway bridge

1997

ACC 1100-160

8

 

BR 60S

2

GREECE

 

Bridge of Lionokladi-Domokos 25-52 km

2010

ASR 1500-400

4

 

ASR 3000-200

4

ASR 3000-400

8

ASR 1500-500

4

ASR 2000-500

2

ASR 1000-500

2

ASR 1000-500

4

ASR 3000-600

8

ASR 3000-300

6

ASR 3000-500

6

Bridge of Domokos 0-14 km (SG 3, 5, 10 & 11)

2009

ASR 1500-350

8

 

ASR 1000-200

4

ASR 1500-350

34

ASR 1500-440

8