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DRAFT

FORM 5

Novels

Step by wicked
step
Table of Contents
Synopsis
Elements
Activities
Assessment
Answer Key
Glossary
Panel of writers

Curriculum Development Division.Ministry of Education Malaysia. 2010

STEP BY WICKED STEP

NOVEL

Introduction
What is a novel?

Only in a novel are all things given full play D. H. Lawrence

A novel is a long narrative in literary prose. Novels tell stories, which are typically
defined as a series of events described in a sequence. The novel has been a part of human
culture for over a thousand years, although its origins are somewhat debated. Regardless of
how it began, the novel has risen to prominence and remained one of the most popular and
treasured examples of human culture and writing.
There have been stories and tales for thousands of years, but novels must combine a
few unique characteristics in order to be defined as such. First, a novel is written down,
rather than told through an oral account. Secondly, novels are meant to be fictional in form,
differentiating them from myths, which are said to have their basis in reality or theology.
Although some modern scholars argue differently, there is no truly established guideline for
length, point-of-view, or even establishment of a moral or philosophical point in novels.
Sources

: http://www.wisegeek.com
Date accessed
: http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novel Date accessed

: 5th July 2010


: 5th July 2010

The elements of a novel include the following:


i.

Plot - the structure of a novel. It shows the arrangement of events and actions within
a story (please refer to notes on Freytags Pyramid below for details).

ii.

Setting - the time, place, physical details, and circumstances in which a situation
occurs. Setting enables the reader to better envision how a story unfolds by relating
necessary physical details of a piece of literature.

iii.

Theme - is the main idea, or message, of an essay, paragraph, or a book. The


message may be about life, society, or human nature. Themes often explore
timeless and universal ideas and may be implied rather than stated explicitly. Along
with plot, character, setting, and style, theme is considered one of the fundamental
components of fiction. It is the universal statement or feel when you read a piece of
writing.

iv.

Character and characterisation - a character is a person in a narrative who may


represent a particular class of group of people. Characters in a novel a the vehicle
by which author conveys to us his / her view of the world. Characters maybe classify
either main character or minor character. The characterisation of a character is
revealed by actions, speech, thoughts, physical appearance, and the other
characters thoughts or words.

v.

Language - used by author to reveal the theme and purpose of the novel.

Notes on Freytag's Pyramid


Gustav Freytag was a nineteenth century German novelist who saw common patterns in the plots of
stories and novels and developed a diagram to analyse them. He diagrammed a story's plot using a
pyramid like the one shown here:

1.

Exposition: setting the scene. The writer introduces the characters and setting,
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providing description and background.


2.

Inciting Incident: something happens to begin the action. A single event usually
signals the beginning of the main conflict. The inciting incident is sometimes called
'the complication'.

3.

Rising Action: the story builds and gets more exciting.

4.

Climax: the moment of greatest tension in a story. This is often the most exciting
event. It is the event that the rising action builds up to and that the falling action
follows.

5.

Falling Action: events happen as a result of the climax and we know that the story
will soon end.

6.

Resolution: the character solves the main problem or someone usually solves it for
him or her.

7.

Dnouement: (a French term, pronounced: day-no-moh) the ending. At this point,


any remaining secrets, questions or mysteries which remain after the resolution are
solved by the characters or explained by the author. Sometimes the author leaves us
to think about the THEME or future possibilities for the characters.

AUTHORS BACKGROUND

Anne Fine was born on 7 December 1947 in Leicester, England. She graduated in
politics from University of Warwick. She currently lives in County Durham, England. She is a
Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and was awarded an OBE in 2003. She was
married to the philosopher Kit Fine but divorced in 1988.
Anne Fine is best known for her children's books, of which she has written more than
50. She also writes for adults. She was appointed the second Children's Laureate, holding
the position from 2001 to 2003.

Her books for older children include the award winning The Tulip Touch and GoggleEyes, which was adapted for television by writer Deborah Moggach for the BBC. Twentieth
Century Fox filmed her satirical novel Madame Doubtfire as Mrs. Doubtfire, starring Robin
Williams. Her books for younger children include Bill's New Frock and How to Write Really
Badly. Her work has been translated into 27 languages.

When it was first published, Step by Wicked Step took some reviewers' breath away. But
it was hard to argue an author shouldn't write about a state of affairs that affects so many
of our children. And, at heart, I think the adults who read the book simply shared the
same shock I felt when, after walking my children to school under a giant billboard that
declared, "Since You Passed This Poster Yesterday, Another 400 Children Were Affected
by Divorce", I began researching the subject of what is often called 'reconstituted'
families.
I knew from the lives around me that parental separation was only the beginning of the
Notes for teachers and other adults from Anne Fine
complications for children. Often the really tough time comes when one parent or the
other sets up home with someone new, and the children aren't ready.
We have six stories in the book. Only five could be fitted into the radio adaptation - and
even that was a squeeze. Both book and radio adaptation has the structure of boxes
within boxes. The children's school visit to Harwick Hall provides both the outer frame
and the explanation for why all five children should just 'happen' to be from broken
families. Richard Clayton Harwick's long-hidden journal provides an inner tale that
triggers off, one by one, each of the stories of the listening children.
I quite deliberately made the toughest emotional tale that of the Victorian child, Richard
Harwick. Set in the past, with all the protagonists now lying safely in their graves, any
child disturbed by the sheer antagonism between the prototypically overbearing and
unfeeling stepfather and the young grieving Richard can comfort themselves that this sort
of thing is part of 'history'.
Those of us who know better - including a host of young readers whose depth of feeling
and unhappy circumstances may mirror Richard's more than we care to think - can take
the story more at its emotional face value.
I've been a shade more protective in the other stories, sometimes by showing things well
on the way to a happy ending (Claudia and Pixie's stories), or by showing how the sheer
determination of a child can give strength and purpose (Colin's story). Ralph's story is a
5
robust one from start to finish.

I've
I've tried
tried to
to be
be honest
honest about
about the
the lack
lack of
of choices
choices most
most children
children are
are offered,
offered, and
and the
the lack
lack
of
of real
real opportunity
opportunity to
to speak
speak frankly
frankly and
and openly
openly about
about their
their feelings
feelings and
and situations
situations to
to the
the
adults
adults around
around them.
them. To
To this
this end,
end, I've
I've shifted
shifted through
through scores
scores of
of perfectly
perfectly normal
normal 'case
'case
studies'
studies' of
of families
families after
after divorce,
divorce, and
and picked
picked what
what II worked
worked out
out was
was aa fair
fair cross-section
cross-section
of
of scenarios
scenarios and
and emotional
emotional states.
states.
IfIf adults
adults reading
reading the
the book
book or
or listening
listening to
to the
the adaptation
adaptation are
are startled
startled by
by this,
this, II think
think the
the
only
only thing
thing that
that II can
can say
say is,
is, 'Look
'Look around
around you,
you, and
and listen'
listen' because
because none
none of
of these
these stories
stories
is
is particularly
particularly unusual.
unusual. (Colin's
(Colin's seems
seems saddest,
saddest, of
of course;
course; but,
but, from
from the
the numbers
numbers of
of
runaways
runaways on
on our
our streets,
streets, II think
think we
we can
can assume
assume that
that even
even Richard
Richard Harwick's
Harwick's story
story is
is
commoner,
commoner, even
even now,
now, than
than we'd
we'd care
care to
to imagine.)
imagine.)
The
The book's
book's been
been aa great
great success
success in
in schools.
schools. There
There is,
is, of
of course,
course, the
the 'autobiography'
'autobiography'
element
element which
which can
can be
be mined
mined to
to advantage.
advantage. (Each
(Each child
child has
has aa very
very distinct
distinct story-telling
story-telling
outlook
outlook and
and style.)
style.) The
The mix
mix of
of sexes
sexes in
in the
the stories
stories works
works well
well with
with classes
classes of
of all
all sorts.
sorts.
The
The sheer
sheer 'domestic'
'domestic' element
element of
of the
the tales
tales ("Our
("Our family's
family's not
not like
like that."
that." "My
"My family
family is.")
is.")
keeps
keeps up
up the
the interest.
interest.
But,
But, from
from the
the letters
letters II get,
get, what
what really
really seems
seems to
to touch
touch aa nerve
nerve about
about Step
Step by
by Wicked
Wicked
Step
Step is
is the
the depth
depth of
of the
the children's
children's feelings.
feelings. All
All too
too many
many tales
tales for
for young
young children
children
assume
assume far
far too
too narrow
narrow an
an emotional
emotional range.
range. Many
Many children
children do
do enjoy
enjoy 'fun',
'fun', yes.
yes. But
But all
all of
of
them,
them, like
like adults,
adults, lead
lead complicated
complicated and
and demanding
demanding emotional
emotional lives,
lives, often
often lived
lived in
in
strained
strained and
and stretched
stretched families.
families.
In
In giving
giving five
five of
of them
them so
so intimate
intimate and
and honest
honest aa voice,
voice, Step
Step by
by Wicked
Wicked Step
Step empowers
empowers
all
all who
who share
share the
the story.
story. ItIt was,
was, emotionally,
emotionally, one
one of
of the
the hardest
hardest books
books I've
I've ever
ever chosen
chosen
to
to write.
write. But
But II only
only have
have to
to read
read the
the letters
letters of
of children
children responding
responding to
to it,
it, to
to be
be glad
glad II kept
kept
at
at it.
it.

Update:
Update: since
since Anne
Anne Fine
Fine wrote
wrote these
these notes,
notes, Collins
Collins Educational
Educational have
have published
published
the
the playscript.
playscript. This
This is
is an
an entirely
entirely fresh
fresh adaptation,
adaptation, and
and not
not the
the broadcast
broadcast
version.
version.
6

Source: www.annefine.co.uk/stepnotes.phpaccessed Date access: 6th July 2010


SYNOPSIS

It is a wild and stormy night when five British school children from Mordanger
School arrive ahead of their classmates for a week-long field trip at "haunted" Old
Harwick Hall. With the aid of flashes of lightning, the two girls Claudia and Pixie and
three boys, Robbo, Ralph and Colin find a long-abandoned secret room containing a
mysterious journal. On the cover, it reads, Richard Clayton Harwick My Story. Read
and Weep. From the journal, the children uncover the story of a boy who runs away
from the sinister influence of a loveless stepfather. Richard Clayton Harwick's longhidden journal provides an inner tale that triggers off, one by one, each of the stories of
the listening children, all of whom also have "steps," or step-parents, to share their own
sagas. And what engrossing, heart-rending stories they are: of hurting but still
humorous children picking their way through a minefield of embittered or
uncommunicative or just plain immature parents, insecure or reluctant step parents and
resentful step siblings. However, the lack of a principal plot is of no consequence as the
novel main purpose is to serve as a forum for the various stories. "Step by Wicked
Step" proves that all pain eventually heals and that we have the power to change things
for the better.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

NOVEL

Elements
PLOT SUMMARY
This novel is really five stories within a story that are induced by a story, like a
nesting puzzle. So, we have six stories in the book. There may be a lack of a principal plot
here but it is of no consequence as the novels main purpose is to serve as a forum for six
various stories of Richard Clayton Harwick, Claudia, Colin, Ralph, Pixie and Robbo.
In Step by Wicked Step, five boys and girls find themselves in an old house on a
stormy night. In a hidden tower room they discover an old diary, that of Richard Clayton
Harwick, who left behind a journal account of his wicked stepfather. Read and Weep, says
the spidery writing on the cover of the book.

After Richard Clayton Harwicks father passes away, he was sent to Mordanger
School for four long years. He wishes to burn Mordanger to ashes as to him, theres no
meaner place on earth than this boarding school. When he returns to Old Harwick Hall, he
could not get along with his wicked and loveless stepfather, Reverend Coldstone. Being
robbed of all his precious tokens from home, Richard makes the decision to leave and
become a cabin boy when a great ship strains at the tide. His decision has caused anguish
in his mother and sister, who have spent a fortune seeking his return. He did not return to
see his mother or sister until he read a square print from Riddle & Flook which requested
him to claim his ownership to Old Harwick Hall. By then, Richard knows that his stepfather,
mother and sister have passed on. Only then, he realises his decision to leave has changed
the lives of his family members.

Harwick's story prompts Claudia, Colin, Ralph, Pixie and Robbo to tell their own tales
of stepfathers, stepmothers, and stepsiblings, who are in turn eccentric, beloved,
unwelcome, and almost always misunderstood. Each vignette* is a wonderful study of
human nature. As the lightning flashes, the children begin to relate their own tales of step
parents, stories that are full of warmth and humour, yet with a fair share of sadness.
At first it seems the children could have nothing in common. Sports-mad Robbo,
quick-witted Ralph, sensible Claudia, fiery Pixie and dreamy Colin seem as different to each
other as it is possible to be. Yet they soon find they have one thing in common, and that they
are all the products of broken homes and they once have a turbulent relationship with a
step- or steps- Below are the five stories in steps by wicked steps spin off from Richard
Clayton Harwicks My Story. Read and Weep. As Ralph says, Stories dont have to be
written, he reminded Claudia. This is the night for stories. Off you go, he reiterated.

*vignette n. /vin-yet, vn-/ descriptive passage within a larger work


(French, little vine)

Here are the brief description of the vignettes of Claudia, Colin, Ralph, Pixie and Robbo.

Colins Story:
The Bluebird of
Happiness
Colin and his mother left his
father when he was a few
weeks old. His mother
takes up with a person
whom he thinks of as his
father. However, his
immature mother also
leaves this stepdad after a
while. Now he misses him
so badly that it hurts.

Ralphs Story:
A Tale of Three
Stepmothers
Ralph's life, though
merry, is as
complicated as a
maze as he has
three stepmothers
and many stepfamily members.

10

Claudias Story:
Green Pyjamas
After Claudias parents
divorce, Dad finds a
girlfriend, Stella. Claudia
feels disloyal to her mum
whenever she has a good
time with her father and his
new girlfriend. Even though
Stella tries her best to be
accepted by Claudia and
her daddys friends, she is
being ignored. Finally,
Claudia realises her
rudeness and she comes
out of her closet by wearing
the green pyjamas given by
Stella.

Story within step by wicked step

Pixies Story:
The Pains in my Life

Robbos Story:
Dumpas the Problem

Pixie has to deal with two really


irritating stepsisters and a father who
pretends he doesn't notice how
difficult things are for her. One day
her stepmother ( Lucy) and Pixie
have a fight. They pour out their
frustrations. Only then they realise
that it is all because of Pixies father
who is selfish, always pretending
he didnt notice things, and leaving
them for Lucy to sort out the mess.

Robbo and his sister, Callie always


think that the birth of their
stepbrother, Dumpa has caused
numerous problems between them
and their step father, Roy. When the
relationship between Robbos
mother and Roy is on the rock,
Robbo realises that Roy does not
move on because Dumpas the
problem. Finally, Robbo realises that
his mother is always stuck in
between when Callie and Roy
quarrel. This has caused mum and
Robbos stepfather to be upset.

CHARACTERS
Name of character
Robbo
Ralph

Descriptions/ Attributes/ Personality


School pupil, sports-mad especially football
School pupil, quick-witted, hardworking and occasionally likes to

Colin

intercept impolitely during a conversation


School pupil, longs to be reunited with his stepdad, dreamy as
he drifts through the hours of each school day as if his thoughts
were hundreds of miles away and this drove his teachers to

Claudia

despair
Steady, sensible, did not get along well with her stepmother at

Pixie
Richard Clayton

the beginning
Fiery, a good reader, selfish
Owner of Old Harwick Hall, lost his father at a very young age.

Harwick

His mother remarries the priest, Reverend Coldstone whose


wrath Richard cannot stand. He runs away, without knowing that
he has made a decision that will change three lives; his
stepfathers, mothers and sisters. When he inherits Old
Harwick Hall, he has lost his three closest members of the

Rev. Coldstone
Mr. Plumley

family.
Richards wicked stepfather, strict and cold-hearted
A staff of the school who accompanies the children to Old
11

Miss O Dell

Harwick Hall
The school teacher who picks five of the children on a trip after

Mr. Digby
Lucy
Charlotte

a quick glance at her list.


Gardener at the Harwicks household
Maid at the Harwicks household
Richard Clayton Harwicks sister.

OTHER CHARACTERS IN THE VIGNETTES


VIGNETTE
1. Claudias Story : Green Pyjamas
2.

Colins Story : The Bluebird of


Happiness

Characters
Dads girlfriend, Stella, who is

a cook
Colins immature mother
Colins endearing stepdad (Jack
) who calls him many

3. Ralphs Story : A Tale of Three


Stepmothers
4.

Pixies Story : The Pains in my


Life

nicknames.
First stepmother, Annabelle
Second stepmother, Janet
Third stepmother, Flora
Stepdad, Howard
Pixies stepmother, Lucy
Two stepsisters , Sophie and

Hetty Payne
Pixies dad, whose
lackadaisical attitude towards
his family makes things
difficult for the family to come

5.

Robbos Story: Dumpas the

together as a happy one.


Roy ( a.k.a The Beard), Robbos

step dad.
Callie, Robbos sister who

hates The Beard


Dumpa, Robbos newly born

Problem

step brother

12

Robbos mum, Hope

SETTING
1.

The haunted house of Harwick.

2.

Domestic households of Claudia, Colin, Ralph, Pixie and Robbo.

THEMES
Family relationships
Coping with new family members for example Pixie understands that her new stepmother
is having as much trouble adjusting as she is.

Family unity
The nucleus of moral values, the family unit, is being invaded by outsiders (step or
steps) and this causes disharmony.

Dealing with adversities


Young children and adults may find difficulties dealing with frustrations, fears and sadness.

Being happy
Life has dealt us one hard blow, there is no reason for us to be unhappy for ever. For
example, Claudia realises it is not fair to hate her new stepmother, Stella.

Think long enough before making a decision


Richard Harwick made a rash decision to run away and that had changed the lives of his
stepfather, mother and sister.
Sibling rivalry
Resentful step-siblings cause burden and hostility in a home.
Coping with change
All pain eventually heals and that we have the power to change things for the better.
13

Being brave
Characters like Claudia and Pixie are brave as they confess to their own rotten behaviour.

Dealing with Separation and Divorce


It deals with a social phenomenon that many people are experiencing, the idea of a divorce
as somehow horrible. Separation and divorce, and the events leading up to them,
interrupts the stability and predictability that children need.

VALUES
1.

It is important that children should tell their parents about their real feelings and vice
versa.

2.

One has to be brave when facing adversities.

3.

We must not judge someone without knowing all the facts. We should weigh our
pros or cons, and study the facts.

4.

Adults or parents should be more thoughtful in making decision as it would affect the
lives of their children.

LITERARY DEVICES
Anne Fine uses similes to emphasise a certain characteristic of a thing. The comparison
made in a simile is often unusual. The listener or reader can form a mental image of the
comparison. This increases understanding of what the author is trying to communicate.
These are some of the similes used by Anne Fine:
Simile
1.

Like someone stepping on stones over a river with water raging on both sides (p. 21)

2.

When a great ship strains at the tide, and needs a cabin boy, nobody asks the lad
who speaks as roughly as a gardeners son, and claims to be Dick Digby, whether
his mother knows hes off to sea. (p.25)

3.

... dressed black as a bat (p. 16)

4.

She ( Hetty ) is still wary of me, and I still get on with her that bit better when all the
lights are out, and I dont have to watch her cocking her one side and fiddling with her
hair or rolling the cat like a sausage across the downie (p.103)

5.

It was like the Arctic. (p 87)

6.

Like leftover shoved in a fridge (p. 2)

7.

.as narrow as the ones that archers used (p. 8)


14

8.

over a black and white tiled floor that looked like a huge checkerboard glazed
(p. 4) tight little circle, like campers round a (p. 6)

9.

She picked her way..like someone stepping .(p. 21)

10.

And Id just stare down at my plate on my face that said, plain as day, with a look
Why should you? (p. 40)

Hyperbole
Hyperbole is exaggeration. It puts a picture into the readers mind. Anne Fine occasionally
makes a point by overstating an action or object as in the following hyperboles:
1.

As the driver swung the minibus (p. 1)

2.

Just as if the dull-looking binder on the desk was a delicious birthday cake (p. 10)

3.

No tears! I would have found obedience.How many nights my pillow would become
a flood (p.17)

4.

How many cloudless afternoons I was to water with my private showers (p. 17)

Personification
Personification is a a figure of speech in which inanimate objects or abstractions are
endowed with human qualities or are represented as possessing human form. Anne Fine
uses personification to make this novel more dramatic and interesting or to convey a certain
mood. By using this literary device, it also helps us to relate more to the object or idea that is
being personified because it is easier for us to relate to something with human attributes.
1.

Flinching as the twisted fingers of trees scraped at the glass (p. 2)

2.

And then another flash shot generously across the sky (p. 7)

3.

The wind still whistled through the tree, but in the room the silence is palpable (p. 34)

Repetition
This device is mostly used in two of the vignettes to emphasise on the subject in hand, as
shown in the following:
1.

It isnt a story, said Colin. There isnt anything to tell. We just went on. (p.51)

2.

There isnt a story, said Colin. (p. 53)

15

3.

There isnt a story, said Colin. We just went on. (p. 56 )

4.

Ive told you, said Colin. There isnt story. Its just that, as we went on, I started
getting into trouble at school (p. 57 )

5.

Dumpas the problem (pgs 107,112,119 and 125 )

STEP BY WICKED STEP

SETTING/ACTIVITY 1

Old Harwick
Hall
Time : 40 minutes

Aims

Materials

To enable students to be aware of the setting

To enable students to read and identify the


setting based on textual evidence

1
2

Chunks of the story


Handout 1 Chunks of the

Story
Worksheet 1

Steps
1
2
3
4
5

Paste chunks of the story ( Handout 1 taken from pgs. 1-30 ) around the classroom.
Tell students to read and identify the place, time, background, physical, mood and
Notes
social settings of Richard Clayton Harwick
My Story. Read and weep.
Distribute Worksheet 1
Tell students to write short notes on the various types of setting.
Students try to relate the setting with the main story

16

The setting refers to the geographical location ( place), the time and the general environment and
circumstances that prevail in a narrative. The setting helps to establish the mood of a story.
There are several aspects of a storys setting to consider when examining how types of setting
contribute to a story for example:
Place Where does the story take place?
Time When is the story taking place?
Physical details What do you see in the place where does the story take place?
Background ( of characters) Is the protagonist rich?
Social conditions What is the daily life of the characters like?
Mood or atmosphere- What feeling is created while reading the story?

STEP BY WICKED STEP

SETTING/WORKSHEET 1

Old Harwick
Hall

This is Old Harwick Hall. In each bubble, write out the setting which you can
identify from the story.
Place

Mood

Time

Social
Setting

Physical
details
17

Protaganists
Background

STEP BY WICKED STEP

SETTING/ HANDOUT 1

Chunks of the
Story
Another brilliant flash lit up a jagged, stone tower, strangled by ivy.
Is that it?
No, that's the old church.
They'd all heard about the ruined church. It was forbidden ground, and if you were caught
climbing on its perilously steep slopes, you were sent home, even though this was a school
week. All they could see of it from the minibus as they swept by, was a dark silhouette of
tumbled stone.
Cripes! the driver said suddenly, stabbing at the brakes.
Everyone turned from the side windows and stared ahead.
There it is!
Strick!
Through the arcs of the wipers, they could make out a towering mansion with dunce-hatted
turrets, standing black against storm clouds. Moonlight flickered eerily against its dark
windows.
(pgs 1-2)

18

The heavy drapes, the plain dark coverlet, the framed old maps surely even his frail and
nodding great-grandmother had spent her childhood in a brighter room than this. All he
could tell from looking round was that, when it was left to spiders all those years ago, the
last child to sleep in that high, ornate bed came from a family with a mint of money.
(p. 9)

It was the Reverend Coldstone. It was not Sunday, but still I wished him back in his dark ivysmothered chapel.
Sir, I am in a hurry.
He gripped my arm tighter, and loomed over me. His pale face peered in mine. He was
dressed black as a bat, and ( Ill say it fearlessly, now he has done his beat to beat the fear
out of me) he was no more welcome than one of those sinister, misbegotten creatures in my
mothers pretty morning room.
(p. 16)
Then he stepped back. There was a flash of anger in those ice-blue eyes. And, when he
spoke, his voice was even sharper than mine, with, I sensed, far more practice.
Trust me, he warned. I shall take time to mend your manners soon.
(p. 17)
... all of us suffered Mr Coldstones anger as money slipped steadily away. What! Yet
another costly search! Let the ungrateful boy be lost for ever! Lilith! Waste more of your
dwindling fortune on this folly and I will make you pay for it twice over!
And so he did. Last year she died ( of him too close, and you too far). And, from the day
that she was buried, he would not give a penny to look for you
( p. 28)

Here, out of the driving rain, they exchanged battered rucksacks and brand new holdalls as
the driver took off in a spray of wet gravel, and their teacher stared miserably at the huge oak
and iron door.

19

Ring the bell, Mr Plumley, prompted Claudia.


What bell?
Quite right. No bell that anyone could see.
(p. 3)
The door grated open, over a black and white tiled floor that looks like a huge checkboard
glazed with storm water.
(p. 4)
Poor Mr Plumley had marched straight into a giant floor-to-ceiling looking glass that reflected
the wide curve of stairs sweeping out of the shadows behind them.
(p. 4)

When I was young, my father took a fever. Day by day, everything changed. A dreadful
silence fell upon our house. The maids wept in corners, My mothers dark dresses
billowed as she hurried across landings, impatiently snatching from the servants hands
the things she begged my father to lift his head from the pillows and try : poor thing
indeed!
( p. 15)
- but early one evening I came across George the gardener leaning heavily on his
spade, and took the courage to ask him.
Mr Digby. Is my father dying?
He lifted his head and stared.
Oh, Master Richard! he said, pushing the spade aside and crushing me into his breast.
And then I knew.
That night, Lucy the maid came in my mothers room to hear my prayers and say
Goodnight, God bless
(p. 15)

Is that it?
No, thats the old chapel.
Theyd all hear about the ruined chapel.

20

( p.2 )
The dust lay thick on shelf and desk and chair, on lantern and candelabra, on books
and cushions even on the floor, where the brash patterns pressed by the soles of their
shoes made them feel even more like trespassers. It is quite obvious to every one of
them that no one had stepped in this room as long as anyone alive could possibly
remember.
(p.
9)
Ralph gazed at the cobwebs glinting in the moonlight.
(p.
9)

STEP BY WICKED STEP

SETTING/ACTIVITY 2

Theres No Place
Like Home
Time : 40 minutes

Materials

Aims
1
2

To analyse the setting of the story


To examine the similarities and differences
between the setting of the fiction book they are
reading and the one they live in.

Worksheet 2 Graphic
Organiser

Steps
1
2
3
4
5

Distribute copies of the worksheet to the students.


Tell students to write the title of the chosen vignette in the novel.
Instruct students to write one setting on the top left of the ceiling. Then, tell them to
write the setting in which they live (on the top right of the ceiling). This can be as
general or as specific as youd like.
Tell students to write four ways in which the setting from the book is similar to the
setting in which they live (in the box below the question How are they alike?).
21 settings differ (for examples, climate,
Tell students to list four ways in which the
landscape, location, flora and fauna, culture, history and economy).

Notes
This graphic organiser can also be used to compare and contrast other literary
elements for examples, character or value. Students can compare one character
with another or themselves.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

SETTING/WORKSHEET 2

Theres No Place
Like Home
Write the title of a chosen vignette, the setting in the book and the one in which you live in.
State how are the two settings alike and then list four ways in which the settings differ ( for
example, the climate, landscape, location, flora and fauna, culture, history and economy).

TITLE OF THE VIGNETTE:


_________________________

( a setting in the book )


setting)

(the setting in which you


live)

How are they


alike?

22

How are they different?

STEP BY WICKED STEP

VOCABULARY/ACTIVITY 3

Vocabulary
Robot
Time :

40 minutes

Aims
1

1
2
3
4
5
6

To enable students to learn the meaning of new


vocabulary found in the fiction.

Steps

Materials
1
2
3

Vocabulary Robot graphic


organiser
Dictionary
Thesaurus

Give copies of the Vocabulary Robot graphic organiser to students.


Tell students to write a word from the novel they are reading. They should write it
inside the robots head.
Have them write the sentence containing the vocabulary word on the robots left
boot.
Let students find the definition for the word as it is used in the sentence and write
the definition on the right boot.
Invite students to use a thesaurus to find four synonyms and four antonyms for the
word and write them on the robots hand.
Finally, have students draw a picture of the word on the robots body. If the word is
not a concrete noun, they may need to23
illustrate the concept (especially if the word
is a feeling, an adjective, or an idea).

Notes
Give copies of the Vocabulary Robot graphic organizer after each lesson
so that students can create a vocabulary journal. They can use a pocket
folder to store all the vocabulary words they learn throughout the year.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

VOCABULARY/WORKSHEET 3

Vocabulary
Robot

Write a word from the novel inside the robots head. Find the definition of the word as it is
used in the sentence and write the definition on the right boot. Use a thesaurus to find four
synonyms and write them on the left hand. Find four antonyms and write them on the right
hand of the robot. Draw a picture of the word on the robots body. (If the word is a feeling, an
adjective or idea, you may illustrate it using an emoticon, cutting from the newspaper or
magazine, etc)

24

STEP BY WICKED STEP

CHARACTERISATION/ACTIVITY 4

Similar but
Different
Time : 40 minutes

Aims
1
2

To identify the characteristics of each character


To compare and contrast between two
characters.

Materials
1
2

Names of the characters


Worksheet 4

1
2
3
4

Steps into groups of four.


Divide students
Tell each group to choose a representative.
Give each group Worksheet 4.
Ask them to write the two names on the Worksheet.

Students discuss the character traits of the chosen characters.


Group presentation students state character traits and justify with textual
25
evidence.

Notes
We can identify character traits by analysing a characters speech, his
or her actions, the writers descriptions and how others react to the
character.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

CHARACTERISATION/WORKSHEET 4

Similar but
Different
Name: __________________

Name: __________________

Write two characters in the two boxes given. Discuss the character traits of the chosen
characters. Are there any similarities or differences? Write two similar and different traits in
the empty spaces provided. Provide evidence to justify your answers.

Richard Clayton Harwick


1. Adventurous as he went sailing across the oceans ( p.
25)
2. Protective as he once said, And I would not harm
Charlotte for the
world, nor let another try it.
3. Rebellious when Rev . Coldstone insisted Richard to
stay but the
latter answered, Sir, I am in a hurry.
4. Remorseful as he wept after reading Charlottes
letter. (p. 28)
5. Wild as this was how Mr Coldstone describe Richard (p.
19 )
26

STEP BY WICKED STEP

CHARACTERISATION/ACTIVITY 5

A Change in
Character
Time : 40 minutes

Aims

Materials
1
2

Worksheet 5
Coloured pens/markers

1.

To examine the ways in which a character


changes and grows over the course of the story

1
2
3

Give each student a copy of Worksheet 5.


Steps
Tell students
to write the name of a character in the box at the top of the page.
Let students describe how the character feels or acts at the beginning of the story.
Tell them to write their description in the box on the left side of the graphic

organiser.
Instruct students to write a description of an event that had caused the character to

change in the arrow at the centre of the organiser.


Tell students to write about how the character feels or acts after the event.
27

Notes
Teacher may ask the students to name something that had happened
in their lives and how their feelings or actions changed because of it.
Could it be the birth of a baby sister? Moving to the new house?
Taking a trip? Having to come to terms with parents divorce?

STEP BY WICKED STEP

CHARACTERISATION /WORKSHEET 5

A Change in
Character
Write the name of the character chosen in the box below. Write how the character feels or
acts at the beginning of the story in the left column of the arrow. Then, write a description of
an event that has caused the character to change in the arrow. Finally, write how the
CAUSE
character feel or act at the end of the story
on the right column of the arrow.
What causes the
character to
change?

CHARACTERS NAME
BEFORE

AFTER

How does the


character feel or act
at the beginning of
the story?

How does the


character feel or act
at the end of the
story?
28

STEP BY WICKED STEP

CHARACTERISATION/ACTIVITY 6

Character
Cubes
Time :

40 minutes

Aims
1
2

Materials

To analyse the traits of a character in the novel


To make connections between the character
and people or events in their lives

1
2
3
4

29

Character Cube templates


( Worksheet 6 )
Coloured markers and
pencils
Scissors
Bottles of glue

Steps
1
2
3
4
5
6

Distribute copies of the two Character Cube templates (Worksheet 6) to each


student. ( For sturdier cubes, copy the templates onto cardboard.)
Ask students to follow the directions to fill out each of the six panels.
Tell them to cut out the cube pieces along the solid lines.
Instruct them to glue TAB A behind the bottom of Panel 4.
Show students how to fold the paper along the dotted lines so that it forms a cube.
Have students glue each of the tabs behind the panel it meets

Notes
1. This activity may be given as group work.
2. Create a mobile of students Character Cubes so that the others can
see all the six
sides of six major characters of step by wicked step. Hang a string
across the
classroom. Tie a paper clip to the end of a 10 cm thread. Fasten the
Character Cubes
STEP BY WICKED STEP

CHARACTERISATION/WORKSHEET 6

Character
Cubes

Complete Panels 1 to 6 in the Character Cube templates. Then, cut out the cube pieces
along the solid lines. After that, glue TAB A behind the bottom of Panel 4. Fold the paper
along the dotted line so that if forms a cube. Glue each of the tabs behind the panel it meets

30

31

(Adapted from The Big Book of Reading Response Activities by Michael Gravois )
STEP BY WICKED STEP

PLOT/ACTIVITY 7

32

Trace the
Steps
Time : 40 minutes

Aims
1
2

Materials

To enable students to trace the development of


a character
To enable students to identify the events in
sequence, how a problem affects the character
and how the conflict is resolved

1
2
3

Story in strips
Paper
Glue

Steps
1
2
3

Tell students to reread a vignette ( choose one of the six stories ).


Let students write out four steps ( exposition, conflict, climax, and resolution) taken
by the main character of the chosen vignette as in Worksheet 7.
Paste all completed worksheets around the classroom for other students to read.

Notes
The plot of a story is how the writer arranges events to develop into a
story it is the sequence of events in a story. The plot is made up of an
exposition, a conflict, climax and resolution.

33

STEP BY WICKED STEP

PLOT/WORKSHEET 7

Trace the
Steps

The protagonist takes many steps in his/her life. Write the steps that he or she has
taken from the start to the end of the story.
The character that I have chosen is _____________

The First Step ( Exposition )

The Second Step ( Conflict or Problem )

The Third Step ( Climax )

The Fourth Step ( Resolution )

34

STEP BY WICKED STEP

VALUES/ACTIVITY 8

Picking up
values
Time : 80 minutes

Aims
1
2

Materials

To associate the events with values that a


reader should pick up from a story
To locate evidence to support the values in the
story.

1
2

The text
Worksheet 9

Steps
1
2
3
4
5

Teacher gives brief explanation on values found in the six stories.


Teacher gives an example of a value with example from a vignette.
Students discuss in groups for other values found in other stories in this novel.
Students write a letter or e-mail to a friend about the values in the book.
Teacher evaluates the letters and discusses the contents in the next lesson.

Notes
Values are picked up as we read a novel. There are many moral values
attached
Values to the actions of a character or narrated by the writer. Some
moral values are kindness, love and care, sympathy, and tolerance.

35

STEP BY WICKED STEP

VALUES/WORKSHEET 8

Picking up
values

Write a letter to a friend on values you have learnt from Step by Wicked Step. You man use
the introduction below to start your letter
Dear
Dear Diana,
Diana,
Hi!
Hi! Have
Have you
you read
read the
the novel,
novel, Step
Step by
by Wicked
Wicked Step
Step by
by Anne
Anne Fine?
Fine? IfIf you
you have
have not,
not,
you
you must.
must. ItIt is
is the
the latest
latest novel
novel that
that every
every teenager
teenager and
and adult
adult should
should read
read to
to discover
discover
about
about themselves.
themselves. There
There are
are many
many values
values II have
have picked
picked up
up from
from this
this novel.
novel. These
These
values
values will
will help
help us
us identify
identify our
our problems
problems and
and how
how to
to make
make life
life more
more comfortable.
comfortable.
Firstly,
Firstly, II learnt
learnt that
that we
we must
must _________________________________________
_________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
Thats
Thats all
all for
for now!
now! Do
Do share
share your
your views
views on
on the
the novel
novel after
after you
you have
have read
read it.
it. Bye.
Bye.
Thank
Thank you.
you.
36

Your
Your friend,
friend,

STEP BY WICKED STEP

THEME/ACTIVITY 9

Main Ideas
Time : 40 minutes

Aims
1
2
3

Materials

To identify the themes


To provide textual evidence to support a theme
To give reasons for deciding on a theme

1
2

The text
Worksheet 9

Steps
1
2
3
4
5

Explain the concept of theme.


Give examples of themes.
Give students Worksheet 9 with key phrases of themes or main ideas.
Tell students to tick the appropriate phrases according to the story
Tell students to choose a significant idea or theme and state how it had left a deep
impression on them. Teacher discusses the responses.

Notes
The theme is the authors underlying meaning or main idea that he or
she is trying to convey to the readers. Some of the common themes are
friendship, love, nature, believing in oneself, dont judge a book by its
cover, etc.

37

STEP BY WICKED STEP

THEME/WORKSHEET 9

Main Ideas
Put a tick ( ) in the blank column if the main idea can be found in all the six stories
or vignettes.

Themes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Peer pressure
Love and care
Teenage problems
Effect of parental divorces
Family relationship
The virtue of tolerance
Coping with a new member of the family
The need to express your views
Child abuse
Friendship

Put a tick ( ) against each story which has the given theme. Then choose a
significant idea that has been introduced by the author which has left a deep
impression on you. Give reasons for your choice with supporting information from
the novel.
Theme

Stories of:
Richard Claudia Colin
Ralph Pixie
Harwick

Broken Family
Family relationships
Coping with change
Think before making a decision
The need for tolerance

38

Robbo

The most significant idea that impresses me in Step by


Wicked Step by Anne Fine is
______________________________________________________________________

STEP BY WICKED STEP

THEME/ACTIVITY 10

Whats the
Problem?
Time : 40 minutes

Aims
1
2

Materials

To identify the problems or crisis faced by the


characters
To determine the theme based on the crises and
problems faced by the people in the story

1
2
3

The text
Worksheets 10a and 10b
Coloured pens

Steps
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Divide students into groups.


Brainstorm students on the problems faced by the characters in the novel.
Ask students to fill in Worksheet 1oa.
Tell students to draw or find a picture which best suits a character in the novel and
draw or paste it on the space given in Worksheet 10b.
Tell students to use coloured pens to fill in the speech bubble with a problem that
the character faces.
Ask students to share the problems by pasting Worksheet 10b on the wall.
Students and teacher discuss to determine a central theme in the story. (Teacher
may encourage students to say out their own problems instead of those of the
characters in the novel in Worksheet 10b).

39

Notes
The theme of a novel is rarely stated directly. They usually must be
inferred. A theme can be revealed by the way characters change in a
story, conflicts in the story, and statements/speeches made by the
narrator or characters.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

THEME/WORKSHEET 10a

Whats the
Problem?
For each story, suggest the main problem faced by the lead character. Discuss in your
group and fill in the worksheet.

No.

Story

Problem

Richard Clayton Harwick My Story.


Read and Weep

Claudias Story : Green Pyjamas

Colins Story : The Bluebird of Happiness

Ralphs Story : A Tale of Three Stepmothers

Pixies Story : The Pains in My Life

Robbos Story : Dumpas The Problem

40

STEP BY WICKED STEP

THEME/WORKSHEET 10b

Whats the
Problem?
Instructions:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Choose a character from the novel.


Find a picture of a person from a magazine or newspaper that best suits the
description of the chosen character (or you may draw a picture of the character).
Paste or draw picture in the box given below.
Write out (from the first persons point of view) the problem faced by him/her in the
speech bubble provided.
Display your work on the wall/notice board.

My problem is

41

Picture of the character

_________________________
(Name of character)

STEP BY WICKED STEP

THEME /ACTIVITY 11

Theme it all
Time :

40 minutes

Aims
1
2

Materials

To find out the writers message in each story.


To find clues to justify their findings.

1
2

The text
Worksheet 11

Steps
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Give a brief explanation on how a theme


Notes
is explored in a novel.
Give some common themes in literature (see Notes).
Divide the class into six groups of students.
Ask each group of students to brainstorm the theme(s) for each characters story.
Justify each theme with an event or incident in the story.
Ask students to share their findings with classmates.
Each student chooses a theme and fills in the worksheet given.

42

The 12 Most Common Themes in Literature


- The Importance of Family
- Overcoming Adversity
- Yin and Yang: Just when you
think life is
finally going to be easy,
something bad
happens to balance it all out.
- Human Beings All Have the
Same
Needs - Love
- Sacrifices Bring Reward
- Man Struggles Against Nature

- Man Struggles Against Societal


Pressure
- Man Struggles to Understand
Divinity
- Crime Does Not Pay
- Friendship is Dependant on
Sacrifice
- Love is the Worthiest of Pursuits
- Death is Part of the Life Cycle

(adapted from http://www.life123.com/parenting/education/children-reading/ Date


accessed: 25 August 2010 )

STEP BY WICKED STEP

THEME/WORKSHEET 11

Theme It All
Discuss with your partner. For each vignette in the novel Step by Wicked Step
choose a theme.

1. Richard Clayton
Harwicks story
Read and Weep
1.

2. Claudias story

3. Colins story

Green Pyjamas

The Bluebird of
Happiness

______________________________________________________________________
Evidence : _____________________________________________________________

2.

______________________________________________________________________
Evidence : _____________________________________________________________

3.

______________________________________________________________________
Evidence : _____________________________________________________________

4.

______________________________________________________________________
Evidence : _____________________________________________________________

5.

______________________________________________________________________
Evidence : _____________________________________________________________

6.

______________________________________________________________________
43
Evidence : _____________________________________________________________

4. Ralphs story

5. Pixies story

6. Robbos story

A Tale of Three
Stepmothers

The Pains in My
Life

Dumpas the
Problem

STEP BY WICKED STEP

VALUES/ACTIVITY 12

Facebook
Time : 40 minutes

Aims
1
2

Materials

To encourage students to talk about the values


they can pick up from some events or incidents.
To introduce students to use a social media and
networking website to talk about values in
literature.

1
2

The text
Worksheet 12

Steps
1
2
3
4
5

Give a brief history and the functions of Facebook ( see Notes).


Tell students to elicit value(s) learnt from one vignette of the novel. Teacher
explains values in literature ( see Notes ).
Let students work in groups of four.
Tell students to write a value they have learnt on the Wall of the Facebook in
Worksheet 12.
Let students from other groups give comments on the Facebook Wall but remind
them to write in proper English as this is a language task.
44

Notes
A Brief History and Functions of Facebook
Facebook, a social networking website launched in February 2004 was founded
by Mark Zuckerberg. It has more than 500 million active users in July 2010.
Facebook has a number of features with which users may interact. They include
the Wall, a space on every user's profile page that allows friends to post
messages for the user to see. Users can create profiles with photos, lists of
personal interests, contact information and other personal information.
What is there to value in literature?
A work of literature can be valuable in several ways. Literature has
- moral value if reading it teaches a lesson that will inspire the reader to live a
better life.
- ethical value if reading it helps us asks questions related to the standards of a
"good" life.
- entertainment value if reading it is an enjoyable way to pass the time.
- cultural value if reading it sheds light on the place and time of the author of

STEP BY WICKED STEP

VALUES /WORKSHEET 12

Facebook
Write a value you have learnt on the Wall of the Facebook in this worksheet.
Let students from other groups to give comments on the Facebook Wall but write in
complete sentences.

45

STEP BY WICKED STEP

ENRICHMENT/ACTIVITY 13

Looking Out
Devices
Time : 40 minutes

46

Aims
1

Materials

To allow students to explore ways in which


literary device or figurative language is used in
the novel

1
2

Worksheet 13 Graphic
Organiser
Handout 13

Steps
1
2
3
4
5

Choose a literary device, for e.g. simile, hyperbole, metaphor or personification.


Discuss its meaning in class, and share examples ( see Handout 13)
Give out a copy of Looking Out Devices graphic organiser to each student. Tell
students to write a literary device on the top line.
Instruct students to look for examples of the device in the novel they are reading.
Tell students to write the phrase with the device and its page number in each lens
of the binoculars,
Form groups of four and discuss the students findings.

Notes
Teacher may look at the literary devices given in the introductory section
of this handbook for reference.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

ENRICHMENT/HANDOUT 13

Looking Out
Devices
47

Find two examples of similes.


Write them in the binoculars with the lines and page number taken from the novel.

Simile

Simile

over a black and


white tiled floor
that looked like a
huge checkerboard
glazed (p. 4)

.as narrow as the


ones that archers
used (p. 8)

STEP BY WICKED STEP

ENRICHMENT/WORKSHEET 13

Looking Out
Devices
48

Find four examples of ________________


Write them in the binoculars with the lines and page number taken from the novel.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

BEYOND THE TEXT/ACTIVITY 14

Real life
real people
49

Time :

40 minutes

Aims
1
2
3

Materials

To write a narrative on a persons life


To retell a story of a real-life event in written
form
To develop story-telling ability

1
2

Envelopes
Writing Paper

Steps
1
2
3
4
5
6

Ask students to think of a real life person who had gone through a life-changing
event of any of the six characters in step by wicked step.
Tell students to focus on the four major milestones in a plot exposition, conflict,
climax and resolution.
Instruct students to write out a narrative based on the four major milestones in the
plot.
Give each student an envelope to put in his/her story.
Tell them to give a title to the narrative (like those vignettes in Step by Wicked Step
) on the envelope.
Remind students that they may use pseudonyms or nicknames for the characters in
the story.

Notes
Teacher may correct the narrative like any other written work or read
them aloud in the class.
If a student does not have real life experience or knowledge of divorced
parents, let him or her create a fictitious story pertaining to this issue.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

BEYOND THE TEXT/WORKSHEET 14

Real life
real people
50

1. Draft the outline of your story based on milestones in the plot given below.
2. Focus on moments where a character goes through a life-changing event, has an epiphany
(a moment of sudden and great revelation or realisation), or overcomes an obstacle.
3. Give a title to your story.

TITLE OF STORY : ________________________


Climax
(e.g. the character has an
epiphany)

Exposition

Resolution
(e.g. the character
overcomes an
obstacle)

Conflict

(e.g. life-changing event)

STEP BY WICKED STEP

BEYOND THE TEXT/ACTIVITY 15

The Ripple
Effect
51

Time :

40 minutes

Aims
1
2
3

Materials

To enable students to analyze the ways in which


an action can have multiple repercussion.
To identify the main conflict and minor conflicts
To analyse cause-and-effect relationships

1
2

The text
The Ripple Effect graphic
organiser

Steps
1
2
3
4

Discuss with the students what will happen when they throw a stone into water. The
ripple will spread in all directions and can have an effect on several different things.
Relate this concept to an occurrence in the novel.
Give copies of The Ripple Effect graphic organiser to students and ask them to
write a sentence describing an action from the novel they are reading.
Tell students to continue reading, have them write down the many different effects
that result from this single action.

Notes
An example of the Ripple Effect in Colins Story: The Bluebird of Happiness
Cause
Colins mother leaves Colins stepdad, Jack lamenting that the latter does not have
a proper job.
Effects
Colin becomes upset as Mum is always too busy doing things (p. 52) but with his
stepdad, he can talk to him (p. 53).
Colin misses stepdad badly that he smells Jacks tobacco tin. He can stay awake
for hours and hours, talking to him, although he wasnt there (p. 56).

STEP BY WICKED STEP

BEYOND THE TEXT/WORKSHEET 15

The Ripple
Effect
52

Write the cause on the boat and its effects on each ripple.

Write the cause on the boat and


its effects on each ripple.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

BEYOND THE TEXT/ACTIVITY 16

Writers
Magical Tools
53

Time : 40 minutes

Aims
1

Materials
1
2
3

To identify the literary devices in the story

Lines taken from novel


Worksheet 16
The text

Steps
1
2
3

Give each group is given Worksheet 16 from the story.


The students read and identify the literary devices ( for examples, simile, metaphor,
personifications etc.).
Students fill in Worksheet 16.

Notes
Simile
- figure of speech involving a comparison between
unlike things using
like, as, or as though.
e.g. She floated in like a cloud.
Personification - is giving human qualities to animals or objects.
e.g. The daffodils nodded their yellow heads.
Metaphor - A comparison in which one thing is said to be another.
e.g. The cat's eyes were jewels, gleaming in the darkness.
Hyperbole - a figure of speech involving exaggeration
e.g. How many nights my pillow would become a flood.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

BEYOND THE TEXT/WORKSHEET 16

Writers
Magical Tools
54

Write out the literary device based on the example given. State a reason for your choice of
literary device.

Example from text

Literary Device

from stepping silently past


doorways, and moving like a shadow
through the house,

Simile

Reason
the usage of the word
like

.No tears! I would have found


obedience.How many nights my
pillow would become a flood
I stood like a trespasser in the
shadow of the lime walk, and watched
the house
he shook his grizzled head as to tell
himself he was a foolish old man
dreaming of better times,
Dumpas the problem
(pgs 107,112,119 and 125 )
Outside, the wind still whistled through
the trees,

STEP BY WICKED STEP

ASSESSMENT/ACTIVITY 17

Have I
understood
55

Time : 40 minutes after each story

Aims
1
2
3

Materials

To assess students ability to understand the


story.
To assess students ability to extract information
and produce a written response.
To assess students ability to make inferences
and draw conclusions.

1
2

The text
Worksheets 17a - 17f

Steps
1
2
3

Let students re-read each story or vignette of this novel.


Tell students to produce a response to all comprehension questions on each story /
vignette.
Let teacher evaluate the task.

Notes
This task can be given after each story is read and discussed.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

Have I

ASSESSMENT/WORKSHEET 17a

56

RICHARD CLAYTON HARWICK MY STORY Read and Weep


Answer the following questions based on Richard Clayton Harwick My Story: Read
and Weep. Write your answer in the space provided.
1.

Where was the minibus taking the five pupils to?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

2.

Dont even want you coming up their garden path to give them a free paper!
What does this line suggest?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

3.

How does the author describe the pupils on pages 1 and 2?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

4.

Theyd all heard about the ruined chapel. It was forbidden ground...... (p. 2).
Why do you think the school authority forbid children from going there? What is the
punishment if they are seen there?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

5.

What is the literary device used in the following expressions: fronds of strange
plants....fingered them as they passed, ornaments chattered...
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

6.

Pixie preferred safety in numbers.


What is the author trying to convey in the above line?
___________________________________________________________________

57

___________________________________________________________________
7.

Who discovered the door in the wall? Where did the door lead to?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

8.

....the tangled veil of stretched and broken cobwebs ...


What does this tell us about the room?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

9.

What evidence was there in the room to suggest that the last child to sleep in that
tiny room was from a very rich family?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

10.

Why did the children rush to pretend to sleep when they hear the bus in the
courtyard?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

11.

What were Pixies reasons for them to be together in one room?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

12.

What was Ralphs reaction to the finding of the album?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

13.

What was Miss ODells reason for the five children to be together in the minibus?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
58

14.

Why do you think Richard adds the line Read and Weep to the title of his album?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

15.

How does Reverend Coldstone treat Richard?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

16.

What is Richards reaction to his mothers request No tears, my dearest. just as he


is about to visit his father?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

17.
.

What was Richard distressed about after visiting his ailing father?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

18.

Why does Richard stamp on his fathers grave?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

19.

What does Richard overhear his mother and Coldstone talk about?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

20.

Richard was sent to Mordanger after his mother marries Mr. Coldstone. What is
Richards attitude about school then?
___________________________________________________________________

59

___________________________________________________________________
21.

What message does Charlotte convey to her brother about their mother?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

22.

What does Richard accuse Charlotte? What is Charlottes reasoning for this
accusation?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

23.

Why does Richard feel that it would be best for him to leave the family?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

24.

What is the common feature that all five young children have?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

25.

A lot of difficulties were faced by Richards family after his disappearance. What
does that teach us about making decision?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

STEP BY WICKED STEP

Have I

ASSESSMENT/WORKSHEET 17b

60

CLAUDIAS STORY GREEN PYJAMAS


Answer the following questions based on Claudias Story Green Pyjamas. Write
your answer in the space provided.
1.

What did Claudias mother moan about her dad?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

2.

Why were Mum and Granny in a rage late one night after a flood of phone calls?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

3.

Why didnt Dad dare to come near the house after the phone calls?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

How does Stella look like, according to Claudia?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

5.

What would Stella do when Claudia goes out for tea with Dad?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

6.

Read the extract below and answer the following question.


What about Flora?
Shes very well, thank you.
61

Stella would try again.


I dont know Flora, do I?
And Id just stare down at my plate with a look on my face that said,
plain as day: Why should you? Youre nothing to do with me. Youre not
my mother. Why should you know anything at all about my friends. If I
wanted butter, Id ask Dad to pass it, even if Stella was closer.
(p. 40)
Based on the extract above, what do you think of Claudias behaviour? Do you think
she should behave in such a manner? Give a reason to support your answer.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
7.

What couldnt Claudia bear when she was having a perfectly normal time with Dad
and Stella?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

8.

What did Stella buy for Claudia as a late Christmas present?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

9.

Why was Claudia guilty of saying Yes I enjoyed it when she gets home to her Mums
place from the weekend with Dad?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

10.

Why did Claudia hate Stella?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

11.

Why did Stella say, Tucked up in bed in your nightie? (p. 61)
___________________________________________________________________

62

___________________________________________________________________
12.

Wish me luck, she said. And I realized for the first time that she was nervous. What
was Stella nervous about and why?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

13.

What did Stella do when she set the tray across Claudias knees?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

14.

What did Claudia do behind the giant ferns?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

15.

What did Claudia find out about the things that Dads friends talk about?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

16.

How did Dads friend treat Stella?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

17.

What did Claudia feel about the way dads friends treat Stella?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

18.

The way dads friends treated Stella made Claudia make a huge decision. What was
that decision?
___________________________________________________________________

63

___________________________________________________________________
19.

What did Dads friends do after Claudia addressed Stella by her name for the very
first time?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

20.

From the story, what did Claudia find out about Stella?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

21.

What did you learn from Claudias story? Justify your answer with textual evidence
from the text.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

STEP BY WICKED STEP

Have I

ASSESSMENT/WORKSHEET 17c

64

Colins Story : The Bluebird of Happiness


Answer the following questions based on Claudias Story Green Pyjamas. Write
your answer in the space provided.
1.

How old was Colin when his mum leaves his real father?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

2.

What is the reason Mum gave about her separation from Colins real father?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

3.

Read the extract below and answer the questions that follow:
Then she took up with my dad. I call him that because he came when I
was eight months old, and I dont remember anytime before that. He
looks a bit like me, anyway. His hair is dark, like mine, though he has
silver patches over his ears. He knows the words of practically every
song youve ever heard, and he rolls his own cigarettes out of tobacco
in a tin. And he cant sit on a park bench without every dog in the world
coming up to say hello to him. Sometimes they even try to follow him
home.
(a)

How does Colin describe the similarity between him and his new father?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(b)

From the extract, what are some peculiar habits of his new dad?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(c)

In your opinion, what makes the dogs try to follow him home?
_____________________________________________________________
65

_____________________________________________________________
4.

What are the various names Colins stepfather (whom he now called Dad) has for
him?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

5.

Where does Colins mother work after they had moved out from the flat?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

6.

In your opinion, why does Colin keep calling his stepfather as Dad instead of
stepdad?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

7.

Read the extract below and answer the questions that follow:
I didnt finish with him. I pretended. Each night I took the tobacco tin
out of the toe of my boot, where I kept it hidden, and put it under my
pillow. Then, very softly, so Mum wouldnt hear, Id hum our favourite
song. And, when I was ready, I unscrewed the lid. There were only a
few old shreds of tobacco in there, but still
Again he stopped, and glanced around at them. They were all
staring back. Claudia was even biting her lip. But no one was laughing
at him.
So bravely, he went on.
But still, it smelled the same. It was like burying your head in his
woolly. Or squashing up in the chair, to watch telly. And Id pretend
that he was there with me. And I could talk to him, just like before.
(a)

Why does Colin hide the tobacco tin inside his boot?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(b)

How does the smell of tobacco remind him about his Dad?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(c)

Why do you think nobody is laughing at Colins story?

66

_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
(d)

Do you think Colin can accept the fact that his father is no longer staying with
him? Why?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

8.

What does Colin do to show that his Dad matters a lot to him and will still be his
Dad? ( refer to p. 61)
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

9.

In your opinion, why does Ralph stop addressing Colins father as a stepdad at the
end of the story?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

10.

When did Colin last see his Dad? In your opinion, can Colin find his father someday?
Give a reason to support your answer.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

11.

Do you like Colin? Give two reasons to support your answer.


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

12.

Google the song, The Bluebird of Happiness Write out the lyrics and state how the
song can be related to this story.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

13.

Find out the mythology of the bluebird of happiness in the Internet. Share your
findings with your classmates.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

STEP BY WICKED STEP

ASSESSMENT/WORKSHEET 17d
67

Have I
understood
Ralphs Story - A Tale of Three Stepmothers
Answer the following questions based on Ralphs Story - A Tale of Three
Stepmothers. Write your answer in the space provided.
1.

When does Ralphs mother get her hair trimmed?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

2.

Why was Pixie confused after Ralphs explanation?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

3.

How did the lunch boxes help Ralph to remember where to go?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

4.

Who came up with the lunchbox idea?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

5.

Why were Ralphs brothers fed up with Annabel?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

6.

Why did Ralphs father stop listening to jazz?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

68

7.

Why did Brandy go with Ralph to his dads house?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

8.

Explain the incident that had caused Annabel to be so angry that she decided to
leave dad.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

9.

Why did George think their dad had found Janet ( Ralphs Stepmother Number Two)
in a Gaol?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

10.

Why do Ralphs parents fond of Janet?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

11.

Why did Janet leave Ralphs parents?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

12.

Why did Ralphs mom stick to Janets schedule even though Janet was not a part of
their lives anymore?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

13.

How would you describe Flora?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

14.

Why was Flora more acceptable to Ralph and his brothers as compared to the other
two stepmothers?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

69

STEP BY WICKED STEP

ASSESSMENT/WORKSHEET 17e

Have I
understood
PIXIES STORY THE PAINS IN MY LIFE

Answer the following questions based on Pixies Story: The Pains in My Life. Write
your answer in the space provided.
1.

Why did Pixie call the Payne family The Pain?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

2.

What was the agreement made by Dad and Lucy to Pixie when they buy the house?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

3.

What made Hetty move from her sisters bedroom?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

4.

In what way did Hetty drive Pixie mad?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

5.

What was the first try made by Pixie to get Hetty out from her room?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

6.

What present did Pixie give to Lucy during Christmas?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

70

7.

How would Pixies Mum react if she realises something is missing at her home?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

8.

Read the extract below and answer the questions that follow:
And as for you! I thought you were supposed to be an intelligent girl!
But you still manage to walk round this house as if you sincerely and
honestly believed that without me and Sophie and Hetty, everything in
your life would be hunky-dory!
She threw up her hands.
Go on, then. Carry on. Im used to it. Go on, all three of you, treating
me as if Im the only problem in your lives. Keep on telling yourselves
that, if it werent for the Wicked Stepmother, everything would be fine.
Carry on living in your dream world!
(pg. 97-98)
(a)

What does Lucy mean when she said, everything in your life would be
hunky-dory?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(b)

Who are the `all three of you that Lucy is referring to?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(c)

What can you infer from Lucys fury in the above extract?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

71

9.

Read the extract below and answer the questions that follow:
But instead he just got on with his own selfish, quiet life, pretending he didnt
notice things, or leaving them for Lucy, and never trying to sort out any of the
horrible, horrible mess hed made by changing all our lives for ever.
But Lucy just said to him coldly:
Please go away.
Maybe she thought that he was interrupting. But I dont think so. I see she was
just fed up with him forever staying out of things, and not facing up to what was
bothering everyone, and only creeping in when he thought the trouble was over,
and it was safe.
(p. 99)
(a)

What made Pixie and Lucy ask Dad to go away?


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(b)

Why was Pixie fed up with Dad?


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

10.

Read the extract below and answer the questions that follow:
Lucy, what I said about not wanting to come except for not hurting Dads
feelings, thats not exactly true. Sometimes, when mums going on at me, I wish I
could come and live here all the time. So I cant hate it that much. I blew my
nose again. Its just that, whenever Hetty teases me about my name, or
something, I want to go straight home again and never come back.
Teases you? About your name?
Calls me Priscilla.
Lucy looked baffled.
How is that teasing?
My tears welled up again
Priscilla! I wailed.
( p. 100)

(a)

What is Pixies feeling in the above extract?


72

_____________________________________________________________
(b)

_____________________________________________________________
Why did Pixie wish that she could come and live in her fathers house all the
time?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(c)

What, on the other hand, makes Pixie want to go straight home and never
come back?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(d)

From the extract, what does the word it mean?


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(e)

In your opinion, why does Pixie hate anyone who calls her Priscilla?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

11.

Read the extract below and answer the question that follows:
So now were back exactly how we were before. Except that
everythings different. Im not pretending any more. Everyone knows
how I feel and I know how they feel. Were not playing Happy Families
said Pixie.
Based on the above extract, how did Pixie and her stepmother resolve their
differences?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

12.

Who do you think is to be blamed for the unhappiness in Pixies family? Give a
reason to justify your answer.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

13.

If you are unhappy about something, is it good to let people know how you feel? Give
a reason to justify your answer.
73

___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
STEP BY WICKED STEP
ASSESSMENT/WORKSHEET 17f

Have I
understood
ROBBOS STORY - DUMPAS THE PROBLEM

Answer the following questions based on Robbos Story - Dumpas The Problem.
Write your answer in the space provided.
1.

How old was Robbo when his dad and mum decide to split?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

2.

Read the extract below and answer the questions that follow:
Dad came back a lot, and Mum would send Callie and me out in the
garden, while they stayed in the kitchen, arguing and arguing. Callie
kept going back inside to try to make them stop. But I just stayed out
there, kicking the ball to myself, over and over. And after a bit, Dad
stopped coming round, and we had to start visiting him at his new place
instead. I didnt mind, but Callie hated it. She said that it was cold and
nasty and horrible, and the sheets felt funny. She tells me things I never
realised, but, once shes come out with them, I know theyre true, and I
cant understand why I didnt work them out for myself in the first
place.
(p. 105 )
(a)

Who came frequently to visit Robbo, Callie and Mum?


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(b)

Why were Callie and Robbo sent out to the garden when Dad came?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

74

(c)

What did Robbo and Callie do when they were sent outside?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(d)

Why do you think Callie hated visiting Dad at his new place?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(e)

In your opinion, why did Dad stop visiting them?


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

3.

Who gave the nickname The Beard to Roy?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

4.

What was Callies first negative remark about Roy?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

5.

Since Dumpa was born, Callie hated Roy even more. Why did Callie behave in such
way?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

6.

Read the extract below and answer the question that follows:
Dumpas the problem, you see, hes only three. And hes the sweetest
child in the whole world. Even Callie admits it. I never thought anything
about babies till Dumpa was born. I thought that they were just boring.
But when Roy took us to visit Mum in the hospital, he scooped this tiny
knitted bundle out of its little swinging plastic tub, and put it in my
arms. And suddenly it sneezed-the neatest little sneeze you ever heard
and its eyes pooped open in surprise, and it stared up at Roy peering
over my shoulder.
(p. 106)

75

What was Robbos opinion about babies before Dumpa was born?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
7.

What makes Mum say that Dumpa is definitely his dadas son?
___________________________________________________________________

8.

___________________________________________________________________
Why did Robbo feel like cheering the moment he knew Roy has returned home?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

9.

How did Callie know that Roy is lying about his sick mother?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

10.

Who was responsible behind the idea of reuniting Mum and Dad?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

11.

Read the extract below and answer the questions that follow:
Ask your dad if hed like to have you for a couple of extra days over
half-term.
Tell your mum if she needs some new tyres on that car of hers, I know
a man who gets them very cheaply.
Dont forget to take the spare fruit cake round to Daddys house.
Why dont you give Mummy these plant cuttings Anne Sue left me? I
know Ill never manage to make them grow.
Callie was getting pretty confident now.
But I wasnt nearly so sure. I reckoned there was still a big difference
between the two of them trying to get along like reasonable people,
sending each other unwanted fruit cake and plant cuttings and things,
and their wanting to get back together in the same house.
(p. 111 )
(a)

What was Callie confident about?


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

76

(b)

What was Robbos view about the incident above?


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

12.

What had happened between Callie and Roy on Dumpas fourth birthday?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

13.

What were Callie and Roy arguing about?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

14.

Why did Mum refuse to let Callie do as instructed by Roy?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

15.

Read the extract below and answer the questions that follow
Because shes not my daughter? Is that it? He dropped Callies wrist as if it had
scorched him. Well, let me tell you something, Hope. If Im good enough to get up
half an hour earlier than I need every morning to drive her to school, and good
enough to work overtime to pay for repairs to the roof over her head, and good
enough to trail round the supermarket for her favourite foods, then Im good
enough to stop her carelessly scratching my car!
(pgs. 113-114)
(a)

What is Roys tone in the above incident?


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(b)

Do you think Roy is doing the right thing in the above incident? Give a reason
to support your answer.
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

16.

Read the extract below and answer the questions that follow

77

But I was wrong. Callies next words came out so muffled that neither of us could
hear them properly. But they came out. Mum stopped the patting and looked at
me. What did she say? Sometimes you have to take a risk to finish the game. I
took a deep breath. I think she probably said she wants to go and live with Dad.
Mum looked as if Id slapped her. But Callie doesnt even like your fathers place!
She says its cold and gloomy, and not like a real home at all. Callie just buried
her head deeper in Mums lap. So, once again, it was up to me.
(pgs. 123-124)

(a)

Why couldnt Callies words be heard properly?


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(b)

What does Robbo mean when he said, Sometimes you have to take a risk to
finish the game.?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(c)

Why did Mum feel like Robbo had slapped her?


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(d)

Do you think Callie has made a good decision? Give a reason to support your
answer.
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

17.

The phrase Dumpas the problem has been repeated many times in this story (see
pages 107,112,119 abd 125). Do you think Dumpas the problem in this family? Give
reason(s) to support your answer.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

18.

Who is your favourite character in this story? Why do you like him/her? Support your
answer with reasons.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

78

STEP BY WICKED STEP

ASSESSMENT/ ACTIVITY 18

Have I
understood
Based on the novel of your choice, discuss the problems faced by a character.
How does he/she overcome the problems?

Format of an acceptable response.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

State the novel of your choice.


State the task you are working on.
Elaborate on the issue.
Support with evidence from the text
Give a simple conclusion.

Skeletal sample:

The novel I have chosen is Step by wicked step by Anne Fine.


It is about problems teenagers face when changes take place in their family
relationship.
One character in the novel is Colin. He is unable to forget his Dad or stepdad.
Describe the problem.
How did he overcome the problem?
Colins another problem is his mother.
Describe the problem.
How does he overcome this problem?
Write a conclusion.

79

Note: The response must be in prose and not in point form.

STEP BY WICKED STEP

ASSESSMENT/ACTIVITY 19

Have I
understood
Describe a memorable event in the novel you have chosen. What lessons has it taught
you?
Format of an acceptable response.
1.
2.
3.
4.

State the novel of your choice.


Respond to the task describe an event.
State the lessons you have learnt ( at least two)..
Give a simple conclusion

Skeletal sample:

The novel I have chosen is Step by wicked step by Anne Fine. It is about problems
teenagers face when changes take place in their family.
One event in the novel is ...
Describe the event.
State the lessons you have learnt
Write a conclusion.

Note: The response must be in prose and not in point form.

80

STEP BY WICKED STEP

ASSESSMENT/ ACTIVITY 20

Have I
understood
The following are the novels studied in the literature component in English Language:
Step by wicked step Anne Fine
Catch Us If You Can Catherine MacPhail
The Curse Lee Su Ann
Choose any one of the novels above and answer the question.
Use information from the novel to support your answer.
Compare two characters in the novel you have studied. How are they similar and different?

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

81

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

STEP BY WICKED STEP

NOVEL

Answer Key
ACTIVITY 1

: OLD HARWICK HALL

Place setting- in an old mansion


Evidence
a jagged, stone tower, strangled by ivy.
a towering mansion with dunce-hatted turrets
Time setting - Long time ago
Evidence
The dust lay thick on shelf and desk and chair, on lantern and candelabra, on books and
cushions even on the floor, where the brash patterns pressed by the soles of their shoes
made them feel even more like trespassers. It is quite obvious to every one of them that no
one had stepped in this room as long as anyone alive could possibly
Physical details Old Harwick Hall
Evidence
no bell at the door
black and white tiled floor.
has floor-to-ceiling looking glass.
Protagonists background setting - Richard Clayton Harwick came from a rich family.
Evidence
He had a gardener, George and a maid, Lucy.

82

All he ( Ralph) could tell from looking round was that, when it was left to spiders all those
years ago, the last child to sleep in that high, ornate bed came from a family with a mint of
money.
Social setting Male dominated setting
Evidence
Mr. Coldstone is controlling everything inside the house. According to Richard, all of us
suffered Mr Coldstones anger and There was a flash of anger in those ice-blue eyes.
And, when he spoke, his voice was even sharper than mine, with, I sensed, far more
practice.
Trust me, he warned. I shall take time to mend your manners soon.
Mood setting Solemn, Sad
Evidence
A dreadful silence fell upon our house. The maids wept in corners, my mothers dark
dresses
billowed as she hurried across landings, impatiently snatching from the servants hands the
things she begged my father to lift his head from the pillows and try : poor thing indeed! A sip
if water, a slice of peach, a tiniest fragment of dry toast.

ACTIVITY 2

: THERES NO PLACE LIKE HOME

Compare your house with that of Richard.


Richards Mansion
It was built like a castle turrets, mansion
Spacious, many rooms
Without much love
Filled with history of ancestors of the same
lineage.
Overly lavish, proof of overabundant wealth
ACTIVITY 3

My House
Condominium unit
Three rooms, living rooms on the same floor
Cosy, worn with love
History of only one generation in picture
frames on the console tables
Moderate, rich only with love and history of
childhood of the past

: VOCABULARY ROBOT

quarrel

talk

dispute

consensu
s

outburst

acceptan
ce
consensu
s
83
acceptan

disagreement

agreement

I think they had another


little spat last night .
( p. 112)

ACTIVITY 4

argument

: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT

COLIN

PIXIE

HAS AN IMMATURE MOTHER

HAS AN IMMATURE AND INDIFFERENT


FATHER

His mother gets in and out of a


relationship frequently

Her father is selfish for he always


pretends that he did not notice
things

DREAMY

FIERY

He drifts through the hours of each school


day as if his thoughts were hundreds of
miles away.

-her stepsisters drive her up the wall


- She almost doesnt want to bother
to see her father anymore
-she cant stand it when people
sneer at her.

SELFISH

SELFLESS

-Id have a bedroom to myself

He asks for cash instead of


Christmas presents so that he will
be able to save enough money to
look for his stepdad.

- Do you think it would kill him( Dad) to try


and stick up for me once in a while.?

84

COULD NOT GET ALONG WELL


WITH STEPMUM, LUCY

COULD GET ALONG WELL WITH


STEPDAD, JACK

- And I didnt choose you, either, Lucy


pointed out. But I still try to get along
with you.

The thing about Dad is you can talk to him.

ACTIVITY 5

: A CHANGE IN CHARACTER

Claudia
CHARACTERS NAME
BEFORE

AFTER

How does the


character feel or act
at the beginning of
the story?

CAUSE
After Claudias parents divorce,
Dad finds a girlfriend, Stella.

What causes the


character to
change?

Claudia feels disloyal to her


mum whenever she has a good

After seeing her fathers


Claudia sees her dads

time with her father and his new friends ignoring Stella and
she realises that it is
girlfriend. Claudia becomes
hostile towards Stella,
disregarding all the latters effort

How does the


character feel or act
at the end of the
story?

rude of them to behave in


such a manner.

to warm up to her.

friends treatment of
Stella, Claudia realises her
own rudeness and she comes
out of her closet by wearing
the green pyjamas given by
Stella.

85

ACTIVITY 6

: CHARACTER CUBE

NAME OF CHARACTER

: COLIN

PANEL

SUGGESTED ANSWER

PANEL 1
PANEL 2

COLINS STORY THE BLUEBIRD OF HAPPINESS


COLIN -Loving, Hopeful, Understanding, Patient, Mature,
Tolerant
1. Mum leaves Dad a few weeks after Colin was born.
2. Mum takes up with new dad, Jack
3. Mum and Colin leave Jack in a flit ( hurry)
4. Colin misses Jack and wows to reunite with him one
day
Colin does not give up hope of being reunited with his
stepdad, Jack.
It isnt a story, said Colin. There isnt anything to tell. We
just went on.
The Question Id like to ask Colin Would you leave your
own Mum so that you can live with stepdad, Jack?

PANEL 3

PANEL 4
PANEL 5

PANEL 6

ACTIVITY 7

( Any possible and reasonable answers for the three


questions )

: TRACE THE STEPS

NAME OF CHARACTER : ROBBO


The First Step - Exposition

86

Robbos parents divorce and mum marries the Beard, Roy. Robbos sister, Callie
does not get along well with stepdad, Roy. The situation worsens when his
stepbrother, Dumpa is born.
The Second Step Conflict or Problem
Mum and Roy have constant arguments. This is because Mum has to be the umpire
between Callie and Roy. As a result of that, their relationships are on the rock.
The Third Step - Climax
Roy and Callie have a big row. He also finds out that Rob is also having a hard time
trying to fit in, just like Callie trying to come to terms with steps. Robbo realises that
Dumpas the problem why Roy did not leave them.
The Fourth Step - Resolution
Robbos sister decides to move to his Dads house to give Mum and stepdad, Roy a
breather.

Or
NAME OF CHARACTER : RICHARD HARWICK
The First Step - Exposition
Richards father dies.
The Second Step - Conflict
He notices that his mother is having an affair with the Reverend Coldstone. The
Reverend is in fact living in their house and taking responsibility as a stepfather.
The Third Step Climax
His house was like a tomb. Richard leaves the house. He feels that his presence is
not wanted by his mother.
The Fourth Step - Resolution
He returns to his home upon seeing the advertisement asking him to come back.
He finds a letter From Charlotte. He feels remorse and is contemplating whether to
stay or leave.
ACTIVITY 8

: PICKING UP VALUES

Accept any reasonable answer in the format of a letter


ACTIVITY 9

: MAIN IDEAS

87

Put a tick ( ) in the blank column if the main idea can be found in ALL the six
stories/vignettes.
Themes
1.
Peer pressure

2.
Love and care
3.
Teenage problems

4.
Effect of parental divorces

5.
Family relationship

6.
The virtue of tolerance

7.
Coping with a new member of the family

8.
The need to express your views
9.
Child abuse
10. Friendship

Put a tick ( ) against each story which has the given theme. Then choose a
significant idea that has been introduced by the author which has left a deep
impression on you. Give reasons for your choice with supporting information from
the novel.
Theme

Richard
Harwic
k

Broken Family

Claudi
a

Coping with change

Think before making a


decision

Pixie

Robbo

The need for tolerance

No.

Being brave

ACTIVITY 10

Stories of:
Colin
Ralp
h

WHATS THE PROBLEM?

Story

Problem

Richard Clayton Harwick My Story.


Read and Weep

He could not get along with his stepfather


and so he ran away from home.
Claudia feels disloyal to her mum whenever
88

Claudias Story : Green Pyjamas

Colins Story : The Bluebird of


Happiness

Ralphs Story: A Tale of Three


Stepmothers

Pixies Story : The Pains in My Life

Robbos Story : Dumpas The


Problem

she has a good time with her father and his


new girlfriend. Claudia becomes hostile
towards Stella, disregarding all the latters
effort to warm up to her.
Colin and Mum leave Jack, the only father
figure Colin ever knew. This causes him to
miss Jack so badly that it hurts. He is still
pining for Jack and hopes to save enough
money one day so that he can be with his
stepdad again.
He has to deal with too many step family
members and relatives as a result of his
immature parents decisions.
She has to deal with two really irritating
stepsisters and a father who pretends he
doesn't notice how difficult things are for
her.

Robbo and his sister, Callie always think


that the birth of their stepbrother, Dumpa
has caused numerous problems between
them and their stepfather, Roy. When the
relationship between Robbos mother and
Roy is on the rock, Robbo realises that Roy
does not move on because Dumpas the
problem. Finally, Robbo realises that his
mother is always stuck in between when
Callie and Roy quarrel. This has caused
mum and Robbos stepfather to be upset.

My problem is nobody
seems to be thinking about
me so I always fight with my
step sisters, Sophie and Hetty
Payne. One day I had a big
fight with my stepmother,
Lucy. We pour out our
frustrations of having to
89 new members of a
accept
family. After a heart-to-heart

is all because my father who


is selfish, always pretending
he didnt notice things and
who would just decide to
stay safely out of things, as
usual leaving both Lucy and I
to sort out the mess.

Pixie
_________________________
(Name of character)

ACTIVITY 11

: THEME IT ALL

Family unity
The nucleus of moral values, the family unit, is being invaded by outsiders (step or
steps) and this causes disharmony.

Family relationships
Coping with new family members, for example Pixie understands that her new stepmother
is having as much trouble adjusting as she is.

Dealing with adversities


Young children and adults may find difficulties dealing with frustrations, fears and sadness.

Being happy
Life has dealt us one hard blow, there is no reason for us to be unhappy for ever. For
example, Claudia realises it is not fair to hate her new stepmother, Stella.

Think long enough before making a decision


Richard Harwick made a rash decision to run away and that had changed the lives of his
stepfather, mother and sister.
90

Sibling rivalry
Resentful step-siblings cause burden and hostility in a home.
Coping with change
All pain eventually heals and that we have the power to change things for the better.

Being brave
Characters like Claudia and Pixie are brave as they confess to their own rotten behaviour.

ACTIVITY 12

: FACEBOOK

Accept any reasonable answer


ACTIVITY 13

: LOOKING OUT DEVICES

Simile
1.
Like someone stepping on stones over a river with water raging on both sides (p. 21)
2.
When a great ship strains at the tide, and needs a cabin boy, nobody asks the lad
who speaks as roughly as a gardeners son, and claims to be Dick Digby, whether
his mother knows hes off to sea. (p.25)
3.
... dressed black as a bat (p. 16)
4.
She (Hetty ) is still wary of me, and I still get on with her that bit better when all the
lights are out, and I dont have to watch her cocking her one side and fiddling with her
hair or rolling the cat like a sausage across the downie (p.103)
5.
It was like the Arctic. (p 87)
6.
Like leftover shoved in a fridge (p. 2)
7.
.as narrow as the ones that archers used (p. 8)
8.
over a black and white tiled floor that looked like a huge checkerboard glazed
(p. 4) tight little circle, like campers round a (p. 6)
9.
She picked her way..like someone stepping .(p. 21)
10.
And Id just stare down at my plate on my face that said, plain as day, with a look
Why should you?
Hyperbole
1.
As the driver swung the minibus (p. 1)
2.
Just as if the dull-looking binder on the desk was a delicious birthday cake (p. 10)
3.
No tears! I would have found obedience.How many nights my pillow would become
a flood (p.17)
4.
How many cloudless afternoons I was to water with my private showers (p. 17)
Personification
1.
Flinching as the twisted fingers of trees scraped at the glass (p. 2)

91

2.
3.

And then another flash shot generously across the sky (p. 7)
The wind still whistled through the tree, but in the room the silence is palpable (p. 34)

Repetition
1.
It isnt a story, said Colin. There isnt anything to tell. We just went on. (p.51)
2.
There isnt a story, said Colin. (p. 53)
3.
There isnt a story, said Colin. We just went on. (p. 56 )
4.
Ive told you, said Colin. There isnt story. Its just that, as we went on, I started
getting into trouble at school
5.
Dumpas the problem (pgs 107,112,119 and 125 )

ACTIVITY 14

: REAL LIFE REAL PEOPLE

( Accept any reasonable answer - the answer depends on the real-life character a student is
relating to.)
ACTIVITY 15

: THE RIPPLE EFFECT

ACTIVITY 16

: THE WRITERS MAGICAL TOOLS

Example from text

Literary Device

92

Reason

from stepping silently past doorways,


and moving like a shadow through the
house,

Simile

the usage of the word like

.No tears! I would have found


obedience.How many nights my pillow
would become a flood

Hyperbole

Flood An exaggeration to
the amount of tears

I stood like a trespasser in the shadow of


the lime walk, and watched the house

simile

the usage of the word like

he shook his grizzled head as to tell


himself he was a foolish old man dreaming
of better times,

simile

the usage of the word as

Dumpas the problem (pgs 107,112,119


and 125 )

Outside, the wind still whistled through the


trees,

ACTIVITY 17

repetition

Repeated to emphasise the


point that Dumpa causes
all the unhappiness.

personification

the wind was given human


attribution as it whistled.

: HAVE I UNDERSTOOD

Activity 17a
RICHARD CLAYTON HARWICK MY STORY : Read and Weep
1.

Old Warwick Hall

2.

The setting of the old haunted hall was so unfriendly and completely uninviting; even
if one was to go there to distribute free things.

3.

The author uses the expression ...leftover pupils... perhaps to mean that they had
been herded into the minibus when the school bus had been too crowded.

4.

The chapel has dangerously sleep slopes and could be dangerous for the children. If
seen there, the children will be sent home for a week even if there was school.

5.

Personification of these items

6.

Pixie, like the other children, was probably scared to be in the building and the storm
out there was not making things any easier too. Hence, they preferred to be together
as numbers proved it is safer.

7.

Colin discovered the door and it led into a tiny room ( A tower off a tower)

8.

Nobody had entered the room for a very long time.

9.

The heavy drapes, the plain dark coverlet, and the high ornate bed gave the
impression that the room had belonged to someone from a wealthy family.

10.

If Miss ODell found them asleep in the same room, she would not separate them.

93

11.

She was upset because they had been taken out of the school bus and furthermore,
she did not want a bed next to Shreela.

12.

Ralph seemed emotional that someone had actually been brave enough to write
about his personal issues and this had given Ralph and his friends an opportunity to
peep into their life.

13.

Miss ODell felt that the five must have had something in common to be chosen to be
together in the minibus.

14.

The story of his life, as he writes it, is sad and reveals of the pain of the knowledge of
his dying father and the intrusion of Mr. Coldstone into the family.

15.

He is harsh towards Richard, demanding the young boy to be in his best behaviour.

16.

When Richard is told not to cry, he is anguished because he has been weeping with
the knowledge that his father is about to die.

17.

That his father had told him to take care of his mother and sister but had not
mentioned about Richards need / happiness at all. Richard feels that his own
happiness is not counted for.

18.

He wishes for his father to wake up from the grave and tell him that all things in the
house has gone wrong since the fathers death. That he (Richard) had practically
become a stranger in his own house.

19.

Coldstone remarks that Charlotte is giddy and that Richard is wild. However mother
does not defend them.

20.

He thinks that the school is an evil place he has only learned to freeze, starve and
be beaten and bullied there.

21.

She tells her brother that their mother is doing all this to make Richard grow up
strong and manly.

22.

He accuses her of forgetting their father


She reasons that the father is dead and gone and that there should be no reason for
them to be unhappy forever.

23.

His mother would find life more pleasant without his sulks and scowling face
reminding him of how she was a traitor to her fathers memory and Charlotte would
surely learn to live again.

24.

They all have a second home address.

25.

No one should make decisions that will change the lives of everyone around them
without thinking about it for a long time ( or any other acceptable answer )

Activity 17b
CLAUDIAS STORY GREEN PYJAMAS
1.

She complained that he spent all his time running the caf and hardly ever see him.

2.

They had a huge row with Dad and for the first time, they heard about Stella.

94

3.

He thought Mum might kill him.

4.

She looks sort of plain and mousy.

5.

She would spend hours reading in the bedroom, and the rest of the time keeping
busy in the kitchen.

6.

She is rude. She should not be rude as Stella is trying to be nice to her. /
She may be rude. She has every reason to be so. No one could accept a step
especially when Claudia, who is trying to come to terms with her parents divorce not
long ago / or any acceptable answer

7.

She could not bear to sit there having a perfect normal time with Dad and Stella while
her Mum was at home frantically cleaning out the gerbils, or rinsing the glass wall
light shades under the taps, or hosing mud off the steps.

8.

A pair of green pyjamas.

9.

She did not want to hurt her mum the way her Dad had.

10.

She hated her because if Stella had not come along, Dad would have stayed with her
and Mum.

11.

She noticed that Claudia had not worn the green pyjamas she bought for the latter.

12.

She was nervous as Dads friends would be watching her closely, wondering if they
would like her, trying to work out why Dad had left home for her, and if shed be a
wicked stepmother to me.

13.

She tucked Claudia in bed as if she were a baby.

14.

She was eavesdropping the conversations throughout the meal.

15.

They talked about everything but not a word about Mum, or Dad, or Claudia or Stella.

16

They treated her as if she were some kind of ghost.

17.

They were plain rude.

18.

She decided to get to wear the green pyjamas Stella bought her and got to the dining
room to join in the supper.

19.

They began to talk to her / Mary asked Stella where she had found such lovely
pyjamas while George said it was clever for her to get the right size for Claudia.

20.

She was nervous to meet Dads friend / She has given time to Claudia and Dads
friends to accept her ( or any acceptable answer)

21.

Life has dealt Claudia one hard blow but there is no reason for her to be unhappy
forever. She has to move on to be happy. She came out from behind the fern, and
stood in her pyjamas at the top of the stairs, where everyone could see her
or

95

She didnt bother to eavesdrop more than a few minutes longer. This indicates that
Claudia has come out of her hiding ( from reality) and she needs to move on ( or any
acceptable answer )
Activity 17c
COLINS STORY THE BLUEBIRD OF HAPPINESS
1.

His mother left his father a few weeks after he was born.

2.

She said that he was a bit of a rough-house and they were safer away from his real
dad.

3(a)

Both of them have dark hair.

3(b)

He knows the words of practically every song and he rolls is own cigarettes out of
tobacco in a tin.

3(c)

The dogs likes him / He is friendly and likeable / Dogs can sense a good man/ Any
acceptable answer

4.

He claims that his father has a billion names for him including Col, Collie, Sonny-boy,
Buster and Mr Bluebird.
At the school canteen

5.
6

He does not feel as though his stepfather is not his real father for Jack is the only
father he has known.
OR
He accepts his stepfather as his real father because this father treats him like his
own son.

7(a)

He does not want his mum to find out.


Or
He is afraid that his mother will find out that he still thinks about his father.

7(b)

His father likes to roll the cigarette and the smell of tobacco will remind Colin about
him.

7(c)

Even though they know what Colin has done is a bit weird but they feel sorry for him.
It feels real and upsetting that Colin cannot reunite with his Dad.
OR
The others can relate to his feelings.

7(d)

No, he keeps doing things that his Dad used to do like taking out the tobacco tin and
humming their favourite song. ( or any acceptable answer )

8.

He will always secretly sneak his fathers name and their old address onto all the
forms for school.
OR
He is still saving up money in order to find him one day.
OR
Any acceptable answer

9.

After listening to Colins story, Ralph finds that Colins stepfather deserves to be
called dad because he has treated Colin well.

96

Or
Colin really loves him.
Or
Ralph is assured that Colins Dad is like a real dad.
10.

Five years ago. Colin will / will not find his father someday because( accept
any reasonable answer ).

11.

Any acceptable answer.

12.

BLUEBIRD OF HAPPINESS
(Words by Edward Heyman and Harry Parr Davies / Music by Sandor Harmati)
Art Mooney & His Orchestra - 1948
(verse)
The beggar man and his mighty king are only diff'rent in name,
For they are treated just the same by fate.
Today a smile and tomorrow tears,
We're never sure what's in store,
So learn your lesson before too late, so

(refrain)
Be like I, hold your head up high,
Till you find a bluebird of happiness.
You will find greater peace of mind
Knowing there's a bluebird of happiness.
And when he sings to you,
Though you're deep in blue,
You will see a ray of light creep through,
And so remember this, life is no abyss,
Somewhere there's a bluebird of happiness.
13.

The mythology of the bluebird of happiness has deep roots that go back thousands
of years. Indigenous cultures across the globe hold similar myths and beliefs about
the bluebird. It is a widely accepted symbol of cheerfulness, happiness, prosperity,
hearth and home, good health, new births, the renewal of springtime, etc. Virtually
any positive sentiments may be attached to the bluebird.
In magical symbolism, bluebirds are used to represent confidence in the positive
aspect and egotism in the negative. A dead bluebird is a symbol of disillusionment, of
the loss of innocence, and of transformation from the younger and naive to the older
and wiser.
( Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluebird_of_happiness )

Activity 17d
RALPHS STORY A TALE OF THREE STEPMOTHERS
1.

The third Saturday in the month.

2.

There were too many details.


OR
She could not keep up with the series of days when Ralph stayed with his Mum and
Dad.
OR
97

Ralph had too many relatives and his story had too many details.
OR
There were too many names to remember.
3.

If he was carrying a Mickey lunchbox, it meant that he was supposed to go home to


his mother. If he was carrying a Dumbo lunchbox, it meant that he was supposed to
go to his dads place
OR
Ralph would look at his lunchbox and he would know which house to go to; Dumbo
means Dad and Mickey means Mum.

4.

Annabel
OR
Stepmother Number One

5.

She went with them everywhere


OR
She never left them alone with their dad
OR
They thought it was unfair that she spent so much time with their dad.

6.

Annabel disliked jazz.


OR
He wanted to please Annabel.

7.

Their mother was varnishing floors and she didnt want Brandy to leave paw marks
on the newly varnished floors.

8.

Brandy the cat curled himself up comfortably and sat on her bread dough. Yet Dad
stood up for Brandy. Annabel said that the cat had a malevolent aura and the quarrel
continued. A while later, Annabel ran off with someone who thought he was a
descendant of King Arthur.

9.

She was strict like a prison warden.


OR
She was very keen on rules.
OR
She had rules for everything.

10.

She brings order to their family


OR
She is good at planning and scheduling things

11.

Ralphs parents took advantage of her.

12.

She thought that it was too good to give up


OR
the schedule was helpful to her.

13.

Free spirited
OR
Disorganized
OR
98

Vibrant personality
OR
Extroverted
14.

Accept any reasonable answer with justification.

Activity 17e
PIXIES STORY THE PAINS IN MY LIFE
1.

Pixie found that they were awful and they drove her up to the wall.
OR
She disliked her stepsisters, Sophie Payne and Hetty Payne.

2.

They agreed that she would have her own bedroom.

3.

They had a big fight and Hetty smashed her sisters little glass animals.

4.

Pixie hated the way she cocked her head on one side and fiddled with her hair.

5.

She tried haunting Hetty by making some noise between the two beds.

6.

Soap

7.

Whenever she notices something is missing, she just keeps on and on at her about it
until Pixie brings it back.

8(a).

Everything will be all right as though nothing unpleasant had happened.

8(b)

Dad, Mum and Pixie

8(c)

She is trying to pour out her feelings.


OR
She is trying to make a point that she is not the problem of all the unpleasantness in
the family.
OR
She is also trying very hard to make things work.
OR
Any acceptable answer

9(a)

Pixie felt that he was interrupting.

9(b)

She was just fed up with him forever staying out of things, and not facing up to what
was bothering everyone, and only creeping in when he thought the trouble was over.

10(a) Remorseful
OR
Sad
OR
Apologetic
10(b) When her mum kept going on at her.
OR
She was unable to endure her mums nagging.
10(c) Whenever Hetty teases her about her name.
99

10(d) Staying with her Dad, Lucy, Sophie and Hetty.


OR
The idea of coming to her fathers house.
10(e) She feels that the name does not suits her.
11.

By not pretending anymore


OR
By saying out how one feels
OR
By having a heart-to-heart talk

12.

Accept any reasonable answer.

13.

Accept any reasonable answer.

Activity 7f
ROBBOS STORY - DUMPAS THE PROBLEM
1.

Six years old.

2(a)

Dad

2(b)

Dad came to discuss with Mum and it always turned into heated argument so they
did not want Callie & Robbo to hear it.
OR
To allow their parents to settle their problems.

2(c)

Callie tried to make her parents stop fighting while Robbo would kick the ball to
himself, over and over.

2(d)

Callie said that Dads place was cold, nasty, horrible and the sheets felt funny.

2(e)

He was tired of arguing with Mum.


OR
He did not want to upset the children.

3.

Callie

4.

Our dad went out to work for years and years to pay for a nice house and all the
funiture, and now.The Beards moved in and taken everything, and its not fair.

5.

Roy was always giving orders/instructions to Callie and Robbo, plus he acted like he
was their biological father.

6.

He just thought that babies are boring/He thought nothing about them.

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7.

Whenever Dumpa hears Roy returns home through the gate, he will struggle and
leave whatever he is doing just to be with Roy.

8.

Robbo could not stand listening to Dumpas whimpering since Roy left home
temporarily.

9.

She noticed that Roy had rushed off to hospital without a phone call and there was
no phone call from Roy. She only heard lots of hissy whispering, and Mum had red
eyes and she was more polite to Dad on Saturday morning.

10

Callie

11(a)

She was confident that her Mum and Dad will be reunited soon.

11(b)

Robbo felt that there was a big difference between people trying to get along and
people wanting to get back and living together.

12.

A big or heated argument happened between Callie and Roy

13.

Roy caught Callie trying to push her bike down the narrow space between the
bushes and his car. Roy warned Callie to stop or she might scratch his car.

14.

Mum understood or knew Callie better and Callie could not be instructed all the time.
OR
Callie was stubborn.

15(a) Angry
OR
Upset
OR
Impatient
OR
Furious
15(b) Yes, because he had done his part to take care of Callie.
OR
No, he should not be physical when teaching a child as stubborn as Callie.
OR
Any acceptable answer.
16(a) The way Callies uttered her words are not clear
OR
muffled
OR
soft
OR
almost whisper.
OR
She was sobbing
16(b) One has to make drastic decision
OR
risky decision to put things back in order.
OR
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One has to make painful decision for a happy ending.


OR
Someone must sacrifice if one wants a happy ending.
16(c) When Robbo mentioned that Callie might want to move in with Dad
OR
She didnt believe what Robbo have said about Callie.
OR
She was taken aback by what Robbo had saidn about Callie wanting to go and live
with Dad.
Callies decision to live with Dad.
16(d) Yes, Callie would rather stay with her Dad than to be unhappy living with Roy.
OR
No, Callie should learn to be more forgiving and understanding.
OR
Life has dealt us one hard blow but there is no reason for us to be unhappy forever.
17.

Accept any reasonable answer.

18.

Accept any reasonable answer.

ACTIVITY 18

: HAVE I UNDERSTOOD

See skeletal sample given in Activity 25

ACTIVITY 19

: HAVE I UNDERSTOOD

See skeletal sample given in Activity 26

ACTIVITY 20

: HAVE I UNDERSTOOD

Compare and contrast two characters.


The novel I have chosen is Step by wicked step written by Anne Fine. Colin and
Claudia are the two characters I have chosen to compare and contrast. Although they are
two differing characters, they also have some similarities.
Both Colin and Claudia come from broken or separated families. They both have
step parents. Colins mother has left his biological father and `took up with Jack. Jack is the
only father figure Colin ever know. However, Colins mum leaves Jack after a while. This
causes him to miss Jack so badly that it hurts. On the other hand, Claudias father has left
her mother for another woman, Stella. She feels disloyal to her mum whenever she has a
good time with her father and Stella. Both Colin and Claudia really want their parents to
reconcile as they pine for how it used to be when they were happy.
Colin and Claudia also do not adapt to the drastic changes their families undergo.
Colins unwavering loyalty and want for his dad to be back and Claudias misguided loyalty
to her mother shows that these two characters find difficulties dealing with changes. There
are frustrations, fear and sadness. Furthermore, both Colins and Claudias mothers do not

102

take their emotions into consideration. It is as though everything is only happening to them,
and will never have an impact on the children.
However, Colin and Claudia are markedly different individuals. They deal with the
changes in their respective families differently; Colin is portrayed as a boy always pining for
his father even after five whole years. However, Claudia becomes hostile towards the new
lady in her life, Stella, disregarding all the latters efforts to warm up to her.
Both Colin and Claudia have different personalities too. Colin is a dreamer who
dreams of an ideal life where his dad and mother will be together forever and happy. He
secretly keeps his fathers tobacco tin and saves money so that he can look for him one
day. This makes him too depending on his stepdad and emotionally attached to him. This is
probably due to the fact that he needs love from a man called father. Claudia is more of a
sensible and rational person. After seeing her dads friends ignoring Stella and judging it as
rude, she goes to compliment Stella on her stellar choice of green pyjamas. Claudia is more
independent and is not afraid to voice her opinions. Unlike Colin, Claudia is brave in coming
to terms with her parents separation. She is independent and not afraid to voice her
opinions.
Even though they experience broken family relationships and find it difficult to accept
changes, the way Colin and Claudia accept new additional member of the family is different.
They have different views in accepting reality and this has made the story more inspiring and
colourful.

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STEP BY WICKED STEP

NOVEL

Glossary
astonished
Aura

v.
n.

amazed
a distinctive but intangible quality that seems to surround a

Brash
Candelabra

adj.
n.

person or thing; atmosphere:


self-assertive in a rude way
traditional term for a set of multiple decorative candlesticks,
each of which often holds a candle on each of multiple

Cripes
Dandelion

punc.
n.

arms or branches connected to a column or pedestal.


Old-fashioned slang an expression of surprise
a Eurasian plant (Taraxacum officinale) of the composite
family having many-rayed yellow flower heads and deeply

Doddery
Dolefully
Droning
Dwindling
Firebrand
Forlornly
fudging
gaol (Brit.)
Horrid
malevolent

adj.
adj.
adj.
n., v.
n.
adv.
v.
n.
adj.
adj.

notched basal leaves.


slow and unsteady
sorrowfully, mournfully
speaking tediously in a dull monotonous tone
becoming gradually less
a person who causes unrest or is very energetic
Pitifully sad and abandoned or lonely
to make or put together dishonestly or carelessly
jail
causing a feeling of horror
wishing evil or harm to others

104

Malevolent
Midshapen
misbegotten
moonbleached
Niggling

adj
adj.
adj.
adj.
adj.

evil
badly shaped; deformed
unlawfully obtained; badly conceived, planned, or designed
white like the moon
petty, especially in a nagging or annoying way; trifling or

Palpable
pock mark

adj.
n.

overly concerned with details; exacting and fussy.


able to be touched or felt
a crater-like scar left on a person's face, normally caused

Rapturous
Ratty
reckoned
ridiculous
Rivulets
scorn
Seraphic

adj.
adj.
v.
adj.
n.
n.
adj.

by acne.
experiencing or manifesting ecstatic joy or delight
dilapidated; shabby.
expect, believe
pathetic, silly
small streams of liquid
contemn, despise, disdain
of or resembling a seraph (a celestial being having three

seraphic
Shrubbery
Sinister

adj.
n.
adj.

pairs of wings); blissfully serene; rapt


angelic, angelical, cherubic, sweet
an area in a garden planted with shrubs.
giving the impression that something harmful and evil is

Sliver
Snide
Snigger
Snorted

n.
adj.
v.
v.

happening or will happen


thin, narrow
expressive of contempt; critical; sneering
a disrespectful and quiet laugh
an explosive sound made by the sudden forcing of breath
through a persons nose, used to express indignation,

Spindly
Unhinged
Vivid
Wistful

adj.
v.
adj.
adj.

derision or incredulity
weak or lacking solidity in construction
mentally unbalanced
powerful
showing sadness or unhappiness.

Dandelion

Seraphim

105

STEP BY WICKED STEP

NOVEL

Panel of
Writers
Coordinators
Diana Fatimah Bt Ahmad Sahani
Masreen Wirda Bt Mohammad Ali
Tengku Ireneza Marina Tunku Mazlan
Eileen Jessie Ah Guan
Ng Yew Kee

Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum, KPM


Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia
Aras 4-8, Blok E9
Kompleks Kerajaan Parcel E
Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan
62604 Putrajaya

Jimmy Then Choon Jing

SMK Bintulu, Peti Surat 97


97007 Bintulu, Sarawak.

Panel of Writers
Yong Wai Yee
(Panel Head)

SMK Seri Hartamas, Jalan 48/70A,


Desa Sri Hartamas, 50480 Kuala Lumpur.

Vasantha Mallar a/p Narendran

SMK Victoria, Jalan Hang Tuah.


55200 Kuala Lumpur

Norfidzah Mohd Nordin

SMK Taman Melawati, Taman Melawati,


53100 Gombak, Selangor.

Norrol Sham Mohd Yunus

SMK Raja Puan Muda Tengku Fauziah,


02200 Kaki Bukit Perlis.

Fathur Radzi bin Che Mohammad

MRSM Alor Gajah, Lot 1720, Mukim Air Paabas


78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka.

Diana Teng Bt Abdullah

SMK Horley Methodist, Jalan Raja Musa,


36000 Teluk Intan, Perak.

Anbalagan Munusamy

SMK St. Andrew Muar, PS11 Jalan Hashim,


84000 Muar Johor.

Rasyidi Bin Muhammad Radzi

MRSM Taiping, Jalan Bukit Larut,


34000 Taiping, Perak.

106

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