0 Voturi pozitive0 Voturi negative

25 (de) vizualizări7 paginiAMEM_314_Labs_7 Deflection of Beams_

Jun 23, 2015

© © All Rights Reserved

DOC, PDF, TXT sau citiți online pe Scribd

AMEM_314_Labs_7 Deflection of Beams_

© All Rights Reserved

25 (de) vizualizări

AMEM_314_Labs_7 Deflection of Beams_

© All Rights Reserved

- Beam End Force Summary
- Chapter 11 Analysis of Indeterminate Structures by the Flexibility Method
- Mechanics_of_Structure_II.pdf
- Aisc 360_staad Design Param
- deflection of beam.doc
- CM2200_2009_HW_3_sizedistii
- Matrix Method _Beam
- AMEM_314_Labs_7 Deflection of Beams_8 Macalay's Method.doc
- Studs manual-2
- Beam deflection
- Result Structure
- Enhanced BEAMANAL.docx
- SolutionsNPMaAVT99
- Laporan Matlab
- 8020-tslot
- 8 and 20 nodes Elements
- Analysis of Continuous Folded Plate Roofs
- Design Aid for Continuous Beams
- How to ...._
- Loaded Flat Plates poepoe

Sunteți pe pagina 1din 7

width)

1.

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this laboratory experiment is to find the relationship between the

deflection (y) at the centre of a simply supported beam and the span, width.

2.

MATERIALS - APPARATUS

Steel Beams, Deflection measuring device, 500g weight

3.

INTRODUCTORY INFORMATION

The deflection of a beam, y, will depend on many factors such as: The applied load F (F=mg).

The span L.

The width of the beam b, and its thickness h.

Other factors such as position, method of loading, the material of which the beam is

made will also influence the deflection.

If we wish to find the relationship between y and one of the possible variables it is

necessary to keep all the other possible variables constant throughout the

experiment.

3.1

Length calculation

In this experiment the same beam is used throughout and the centrally applied point

load is kept constant.

Thus keeping all possible variables other than the deflection y and the span L

constant we may investigate the relationship between y and L.

Let y Ln where n is to be found

Then y = kLn where k is a constant

Taking logarithms:

log y = n log L + log k which is in the straight line form (y = mx + C).

Thus plotting logy against log L will give a straight-line graph of slope n and k may

be determined.

3.2

Width calculation

In this experiment beams of the same material but of different width are used. The

span and loading are kept the same for each beam. Hence keeping all possible

variables other than width and deflection constant the relationship between y and b is

determined.

Let y bn where n is to be found.

Then y = kbn where k is a constant.

Taking logarithms,

log y = n log b + log k which is in the straight line from : (y = mx + C).

Thus plotting logy against log b will give a straight line of slope n and K may be

determined.

4.1

a) Mark the centre of the beam on each side of this point mark off distances off

500, 600, 1000 mm.

b) With a span of 500 mm measure the height of the central point on the

deflection -measuring device. Apply a central load of 500g and measure the

new height.

c) Repeat 2 for spans of 600, 1000.

d) Enter your results in the table below and complete the table

e) Plot the graph of log y against log L with log y on the y axis and logL on the

x axis.

f)

Draw the mean straight line of the graph and measure its slope to determine

n.

4.1.1

Results

A/A

Width b

(mm)

1

2

3

4

5

6

Length L

(mm)

Deflection y

(mm)

LogL

Logy

30

SLOPE = n = y Ln

4.2

a) Mark the beams with the same span so that they will be supported near their

ends and also mark the mid point of the span.

b) Take the beam of largest width, measure the width with the vernier Calipers.

c) Support the beam at the two marked supporting points and measure the

height of the mid-point with the deflection measuring device.

d) Apply the 500 g load as the mid point and once again measure the height at

the centre.

e) Repeat 2, 3, and 4 for each beam.

f)

Enter your results in the table below and complete the table.

g) Plot the graph of logy against logb with logy on the y axis and logb on the x

axis.

h) Draw the mean straight line of the graph and measure its slope to determine

n.

4.2.1

Results

A/A

Length

L (mm)

1

2

3

4

5

6

Width b

(mm)

Deflection y

(mm)

Logb

Logy

800

SLOPE = n = y bn

5.

QUESTIONS

Plot the graph of log y against log L with log y on the y axis and logL on the

x axis. Determine slope n. How does your result compare with the generally

accepted relationship?

Plot the graph of logy against logb with logy on the y axis and logb on the x

axis. Determine slope n. How does your result compare with the generally

accepted relationship?

Calculate the corresponding deflections y, during length calculation (b has

constant value), according to the formula shown below.

Calculate the corresponding deflections y, during width calculation (b has

variables values), according to the formula shown below.

Compare the observed and calculated values of deflections y.

F *L

4 8 *E *I

y = deflection of beam (m)

F = force (N)

E = Young's Modulus (N/m2)

I = moment of inertia of beam (m4)

h=0.004 m

1.

OBJECTIVE

To determine experimentally the deflection at two points on a simply-supported beam

carrying point loads and to check the results by Macaulays method.

2.

APPARATUS

Beam deflection apparatus, steel beam, two dial test-indicators and stands,

micrometer, rule, two hangers, weights.

3.

PROCEDURE (Experimental)

Assemble the apparatus as shown in fig. 1 with the beam simply supported at its

ends A and B. Place load hangers at point C and D distant a and b

W1

W2

Y1

A

Y2

R1

R2

l

Figure 1

shown in the figure and set up the dial gauges to bear at these points on the upper

surface of the beam. Zero the dial gauges with the hangers in position.

Apply suitable loads W1 and W2 at C and D respectively and note the deflections at X

and Y as indicated by the dial gauges. Record the values of W1 and W2 and the

corresponding deflections at X and Y. Sketch the arrangement and indicate on the

sketch the distances a, b, and l. Also the distances of points X and Y from end A.

Measure the cross-sectional dimensions of the beam, using a micrometer.

Calculate the deflections at X and Y, using Macaulays method and compare the

values with the observed results.

4.

THEORY

W1

W2

X

A

RA

B

RB

b

x

Figure 2

M XX R A x Wl x a W2 x b

(i)

M XX R A x Wl x a

(ii)

M XX R A x

(iii)

Egn. (i) gives the bending moment at any section of the beam provided bracketed

terms are discarded when they become negative. For this reason, the bracketed

terms are known as the Macaulay Ghost Terms.

Since

EI

EI

d2y

M

dx 2

d2y

R A x W1 ( x a ) W2 ( x b)

dx 2

(iv)

justified since

x1

x1

xx

x2

( x a)dx

EI

( x a)d ( x a)

dy

x2 W

W2

RA

( x a) 2

( x b) 2 A

dx

2

2

2

EIy R A

x 3 W1

W2

( x a) 3

( x b) 3 AX B

6

6

6

(v)

(vi)

By integrating the bracketed quantities as a whole, the constants A and B have the

same values for all values of x.

This may be shown to be the case as follows:

Put x = a in eqn. (v) and omit the term in (x-b) since it is then negative.

Then,

EI

dy

a 2 WI

RA

(a a ) 2 A

dx

2

2

RA

a2

A

2

EI

d2y

RA x

dx 2

EI

dy

x2

RA

A1

dx

2

EI

dy

a2

RA

A1

dx

2

Integrating

Putting x = a

Since the two equations concern the slope dy/dx at the same point that the constants

A and A1 must be equal. Similarly by putting x = b it may be shown that the constant

is again A.

The actual values of the constants A and B are obtained from the boundary

conditions, that is, in eqn. (vi):

y = o when x = o and

y = o when x = 1

In the particular case considered, B = o.

5.

PROCEDURE (Calculations)

a) Set up an expression for the bending moment for any section in the extreme

right-hand panel of the beam, measuring x from the left-hand end. Put in

square brackets, the ghost

b) Integrate to obtain the slope equation and again to obtain the deflection

equation and again to obtain the deflection equation, adding the constants A

and B respectively at each stage. Integrate the ghost terms as a whole.

c) Calculate the constants A and B from the condition that the deflection y is

zero at the two values of x corresponding with the supports. Omit negative

ghost terms.

d) To determine slope or deflection at a particular point on the beam substitute

the corresponding value of x in the appropriate expression and omit any

ghost term which may become negative.

5.1 Results

Width of beam, b (m)

Thickness of beam, d (m)

Span, l (m)

Load W1 (g)

Load W2 (g)

Distance a (m)

Distance b (m)

Deflection at Y1 (mm)

Deflection at Y2 (mm)

Youngs Modulus, E = 210 GPa (assumed)

5.2

Calculations

Reaction RA =

bd 3

m4

12

Reaction RB =..

Flexural rigidity EI =

By means of Macaulays method calculate the deflection at the points X and Y using

the appropriate values of x and tabulate the results, as follows:

Point

Observed

Calculated

Deflection

Deflection

1

2

6.

CONCLUSION

Compare the observed and calculated values of deflection at the two points and

comment on probable causes of discrepancy.

- Beam End Force SummaryÎncărcat deAlo
- Chapter 11 Analysis of Indeterminate Structures by the Flexibility MethodÎncărcat depraveen
- Mechanics_of_Structure_II.pdfÎncărcat deMijanur Rahaman
- Aisc 360_staad Design ParamÎncărcat deamraja2001
- deflection of beam.docÎncărcat deMohammed Imran
- CM2200_2009_HW_3_sizedistiiÎncărcat dedakennet
- Matrix Method _BeamÎncărcat deMAGED MOHMMED AHMED QASEM
- AMEM_314_Labs_7 Deflection of Beams_8 Macalay's Method.docÎncărcat demalicat alwrood
- Studs manual-2Încărcat dekiruba
- Beam deflectionÎncărcat depetronashscribdid
- Result StructureÎncărcat deismail
- Enhanced BEAMANAL.docxÎncărcat demark perez
- SolutionsNPMaAVT99Încărcat deEpic Win
- Laporan MatlabÎncărcat derahmad
- 8020-tslotÎncărcat deDaniel Regis Davila
- 8 and 20 nodes ElementsÎncărcat deZishan Naveed
- Analysis of Continuous Folded Plate RoofsÎncărcat denandika
- Design Aid for Continuous BeamsÎncărcat deadelmo1175
- How to ...._Încărcat deSrikar Avr
- Loaded Flat Plates poepoeÎncărcat deszzer
- Technical_Reference_2007.pdfÎncărcat deArifin
- Study of the Discrete Shear Gap Technique in Timoshenko Beam ElementsÎncărcat deNblazaliaa
- siloÎncărcat deuvarajmecheri
- Energy 1Încărcat deKausalya Aravind
- How2 Beamsv2 FINALÎncărcat deboyzes
- Prestressed Concrete 2014Încărcat deVelagala Laxman Reddy
- Project BridgeÎncărcat deAbdulla Samin
- Analysis - EtabssdsÎncărcat dewelwel
- AaaÎncărcat deRamona Le
- Mechanics of Structure IIÎncărcat deMijanur Rahaman

- 02.General Specification for Skid Mounting Assemblyt --03-GTS-02 REV. 1[1]Încărcat deAshok Kumar
- Design of Monorail SystemsÎncărcat deaiyubi2
- Aci523 - ImportanteÎncărcat deCledson2
- 7. Side ConstructionÎncărcat dearmanimams
- Pre Civil EngineeringÎncărcat deHimanku Bora
- 01 SynergyÎncărcat deamishcar
- Samcef RotorÎncărcat deChihiya Fitria Nurhayati
- CE-GATE-2003Încărcat deVishnu P Sudhakaran
- Steel Plate Girder(24.0m)11.01.11Încărcat deShaileshRastogi
- Conical Water TankÎncărcat desudarsancivil
- Euler Bernoulli PDFÎncărcat deJoshua
- Sr CosmosÎncărcat deΔημήτριος Κρινής
- Basic Questions Related to Thermal EngineeringÎncărcat defarukhali
- JL-95-March-April a Review of Strand Development Length for Pretensioned Concrete MembersÎncărcat deTrish
- Behavior of High-strength Circular Concrete-filled Steel Tubular (CFST) Column Under Eccentric Loading (Seong-Hui Lee)Încărcat dePhan Đào Hoàng Hiệp
- AchuchuÎncărcat deAljhon Bautista
- Concrete Shear ResearchÎncărcat deJan Booysen
- Lecture 8 Columns Jb 9 Nov 16Încărcat deErald Elezi
- Essential Guide CsÎncărcat dehuyxpkiss
- Design%20of%20timber%20structures%20Part%203.pdfÎncărcat deAshok Karanam
- Design Examples AISC 2016.pdfÎncărcat deHector Nicodemo Trejo Romero
- Structures StiffnessÎncărcat deFebri Al Farouk
- Effect of Material Properties on DesignÎncărcat deKumaravel Sivam
- AE2302-LPÎncărcat deHarish Soundharajan
- Concrete DurabilityÎncărcat deapi-3766593
- 1814 3) Design Criteria for Steel Structural WorksÎncărcat dePrasadarao Talluri
- ST and WINF LOAD From ICE Manual of Bridge EngineeringÎncărcat deRAREEE
- STRUCT1Încărcat dekokuei
- Rocker Bearings in Bridge StructuresÎncărcat deAlejandro Guardia Carrasco
- (Sept12-Jan13)Încărcat deMuhammad Farhan

## Mult mai mult decât documente.

Descoperiți tot ce are Scribd de oferit, inclusiv cărți și cărți audio de la editori majori.

Anulați oricând.